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'DO THOU, GREAT LIBERTY, INSPIRE OUR SOULSAND MAKE OUR LIVES IN THY POSSESSION HAPPY FOR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE."
BENNETTS VILLE, S. C.. FRIDAY, JANUARY 20, 1905.
All Former Attaches Elected
WOBK DISPOSED OF.
Several~New Measures Introduced OB
the First Day. Among Them a Joist
Resolution Calling for an In
Tcstlfatloa of tbe State
Promptly at noon on Tuesday, Jan
10th, Lieu ouant Governor Jno. T.
Sloan let la'd his gavel and called thc
senate to ordor. Prayer was offered
by the ohaplain. Rev. Walter I. Her
bert, and tbe body proceeded to or
ganization by tbe electljn of the efl!
eera. It was not long before some
real business was done. In fact the
senate was working w?ll before the
hour of adjournment at 1 30 o'clock,
while that more unwie dy body, thc
house of representatives, presented
the other extreme.
There are many new faces in the
senate. Senator E. J. Dennis of
Berkeley, who came up from thc
bc use of representatives, succzeds his
father, the late Gen E. J. Dennis.
Senator Robert Aldrich of Barnwell,
solong a cemmaudlng figure in the
deliberations of tho body, Js tucceed
f d by Senator George H. Hates. Ex
Qovernor John C. Sheppard of Edge
field has retired from the senate and
in his place is a new senator, T. G.
Talbert. Senater S. G. Maj field of
Bamberg resigned his seat to enter
the congressional race in the Second
district. He is succeeded by Dr. J.
B. Black, who was in thc other bouse
four years. In the place of Senat ir
Thos. Talblrd of Beaufort is Kells
Christensen, Jr., Hie editor of the
Bea-uicrt..Gazette. Senator Geo. S.
Mower cf Newovrry is succeeded by
0. li. Blease. Cape.. J. ?nnyjfy-*.
Brooks cf Greenwood succeeds
tor J. M. Gaines. The other new Sena
tors are: Dr. W. L. Mauldin of
Greenville, who once presided over
the senate as lieutenant governor, E.
S. Blease of Saluda, F. P. McGowan
of L-sureus, J. R. Earle of Oconce,
W. S. Johnson of Fairfield, Walter
H. Wells of Florence, D. F. Edrd of
Lexington, J. u Bivcus of Dorches
The uaw-senators aAid those-who
were re-elected at the last election,
were sworn In by the president of tb-?
sen&te, the sergeant-at-orms holding
the Bible before them as iscuttimary.
The senate then proceeded lo tho
election of officers and Senator Thos.
F. Ravsor of Orangeburg In a few
graceful remarks, nominated for pres
ident of the senate Senator Richard
1. M;.niling of Sumter, Nominations
were then closed and Senator Man
ning was elected unanimously by an
aye and nay vote. Senator Manning
therefore will preside in the absence
of the lieutenant governor.
Senator Blake of Abbeville placed
In nomination for clerk .the name of
the veteran in that position, General
Robeit BJ, Hemphlll of Abbeville,
who was then elected without opposi
tion. This begins his eleventh year
as clerk of the senate and his popu
larity and t fllciency seem to increase
at each new term. Seiator Blease of
Newberry nominate d for sergeant at
arms Mr. J. Fred Schumpert of Now
lerry, who offered for re-ekction, and
Senator J. S. Brice of Yt rk nominat
ed W. H. Stewart of >'i?rk for re
election as reading clerk. Both nom
inees were elected unanimously. Sen
ator Mciver of Chester Held nominated
ReT. Walter I. Herbert for chaplain,
Senator 0. M. Davis of Clarendon
nominated Rev. W. J. Snyder and
Senator Bl ?ase of Newberry nominat
ed Rev. N. A. Hamrick of Lexington.
Rev. Mr. Herbero received 24 votes,
Rev. Mr. Snyder 8 and Rev. Mr.
Hamrick 4. Mr. E. S.. Dingle of
Charleston was reappointed assistant
clerk and Mr. August us M. DBAI of
Richland was appointed bill clerk.
The preshih g tiller mnounced thc
following app liniments: Doorkeepers,
J. F. Bobo, W. E. Evjiis; pag. s, E
V. Cullum and W. ll. Johnson; lal.or
ers, Jack Presslyand Albert Nance.
President Sitan made a brief hut
heartfelt addie.-s In which he express
ed pleasure at being once more willi
the senators. Ills spca ch was couched
in tine language and delivered with
After Lieut. Gov. Sloan had de
clared the senate ready for the trans
action of business, Senator Manning
of Sumter expressed in titting words
his gratification ah thc trust Imposed
in him. Ile thanked the president
and the senate for tho mark of conti
nence and begged their indulgence for
any mistakes that l.e might make,
ne assured them of his Intention al
ways for the right and felt that they
too chcerlhhcd this ideal.
/m A m^t/ioii was made' by -S^vin'.^r
idough that a committee of thr c be j
appointed to annoui ca to thc gover
nor that thehenate was organized and
ready for business. On this commit
tee were appointed Senators Hough of
Lancaster,'. Johnson ?of Fairfield t-.nd
Marshall of Richland. Senator l'eu
rlfoy of Colh ton moved that a similar
message bc sent thc house.
Resolutions /vere Introduced by
Senators Warren of Hampton and
Raysor of Orangeburg in rt gard to thc
omnibus bills for changes aud vacan
oles in county otllccs.
A concurrent resolution was Intro
duced by Senator Blease of Newberry
to Investigate the conditions and af
fairs of the State dispensary. Tills
resolution pro ides that a commltiec
of two senators and turee members
from the house bc appointed to con
duct the Investigation, employing an
accountant and stenigrapher and
having accots at all times to the b .oks
and the right to summon witnesses.
The resolution proposes that the
ccmmlttce ihould he empoweied to
calton any '.Olee i or employee of the
.Hipen** and lo have wltuesaas at
the regular rate of pay for witnesses
in Richland county. It 1* also em
powered, wllh power to commit for
contempt of ooutt. The committee
is, if possible, to make a report before
February 1 and the expenses shall be
charged to the dispensary, to be paid
by the commissioner.
This was referred to the committee
on dispensary, and immediately after
wards Senator Hougli reporl'd that
the governor would present his mes
age. Col. J. E. Normont, G JV. Hay
ward's private secretary, appeared
with the message which was then
read. With lt was a special message
calling the senators' attention ti the
various reports already out, and com
menting on the promptness with
which they had been delivered.
Senator Raysor introdnied a bill
sailing for compulsory education of at
12 weeks per annum, S nai.oi Brown
introduced a bill to reduce tobacco
?harg? s aud Senator VonKolnltz two
ullls relating to the liability of Btook
lolders, both of banks anil of other
juterprlses. Senator Von Kolnitz
liso intn duced a Joint resolution to
illow the Charleston Light and Wa
ler Power company to ereofc a perma
?ent dam across Gr,ose Creek.
The recommendations for commit
tee appointments were then read
md adopted. The clerk of the house
i,ppcaied to unnounca that that body
iad been o-gau'zod and wa-, reidy for
luslness. Senator Raysor moved ad
South Carolina's house of lords, the
enate, took but a bare 20 minutes
Wednesday to dispatch its business,
senator Marshall of Richland Intro
luced a bill to perpetuate the charter
if the South Carolina Histor:cul asso
ciation. This bill also providts a
oom in the State house where the
aluablo records may be kept and an
.pproprlat.lt n of $ 1,200.
Senator Mauldin of Greenville ln
roduced a Joint resolution to have
he governor appoint a committee to
n vi s M ga te the llnanclal affairs of
Senator Blake of Abbeville intro
luced a bill to allow Augustine T.
imythe, Patrick Calhoun and Gam
?iilo Beale to dam the Savannah river
X Trotter's shoals in Abbeville coun
,y for the purpose of Installing a
President Sloan announced these
ijpi^ntmjMits: Pete Sanders, door
V->vJ\7. O. j?>ks, mall carrier;
Andrew Crawford, Jr., secretary to
.he president; Abu Foster, laborer.
THE HOUSE MEETS.
The house of representatives was
;alled to order by the clerk of the last
louse, CJ. Tom C. Hammer, at 12
i'olock Tuesday, Jan. 10. Mr. George
3. Prir.ca of Anderson immetUate^Jj
loininatod Mr. Altamont Moses of '
Sumter as chairman during thc organ
isation. This liomin.'.Hun was second
d by Mr. Beamguard. Mr. Moses was
lected by acclamation. He was es
ortcd to the chair bv Messrs. Prince,
ieamguard and Ford and the oat)1,
yas administered by the clerk.
The chairman announced that the
irst duty was the swearing in of the
K;W members. Thu delegations came
orward as they wir.' called In their
lphabetlcal Older, presented their
redenti^ls to the sergeant-at-arms of
he last house and wore sworn in.
A q'iorum teing prest nt, the house
iruCt-eded to form permanent organl
ition and entered upon the election
f a speaker. Mr. B. A. Morgan of
?reenville nominated Mr. Mendel L.
Imith of Kershaw in au uppropriate
.nd eui? glsi ic speech. The nomlnath u
/as seconded by Mr. J. G. Richards,
r., of Kershaw, Mr. Huger Slnkler
f Charle dun, Mr. D. O. Herbert of
)rangeburg, Mr. Prince of Anders m,
lr. D. D. McCall, Jr., of Marlboro,
Ir. J. E. Beamguard of Yoik. Mr. C.
I. Ford of Fail field, Mr. II W. Fester
f Lancaster, Mr. P. B. Allison of
1 reen wood, Mr. E. T. Lilhite of Barn
iorg, Mr. S. W. DeVore of Elgeflcld
nd Mr. L. W. Haskell of Richland,
iho moved that the nominations be
Messrs. D. O. Herbert, J. E. Beam
uard and C. H. Ford were appointed
ellers and Mr. Smith was duly de
lared elected, receiving li? votes out
f a total of 110. Messrs. B. A. Mor
?an, Gaston and Nicholson were ap
lointed a committee to inform Mr.
>mltb, who thanked the lu tue for
heir expression of cond.lence in him
The nominations for clerk c; rae
icxt,. Mr. D. I). McColl, Jr., nominab
id Mr. T. C. Ila mer of Marlboro. Tue
lomhialioii was seconded by Messrs.
trice, Richards. Headlamps, Trlbble,
lerbert and Lafitte. Messrs. Wbaley,
fraser and Bruce were appointed
ellers, and Mr. Hamer, after roll call,
vas declared elected. This ls hts
i.urth term as clerk.
The other elections proceeded rap
dly. Mr. W. P. Pollock nominated
Vir. J. S. Wilson of Lancaster as ser
(eant-at-arms. Mr. Wilson's nomina
lem was seconded by Messrs. Hamel,
Edwards, Ashley and Rawlinson.
There was no opposition and Mr.
Wilson was reelected and duly sworn.
On motion ->t Mr 0:ts the rules of
ibo hast house, were adopted as the
?ules for the present house, and 500
soples of the rules were Ordered print
MI. J. H. Watson of Anderson ni lu
nated Mr. J. S. Withers of Chester ns
reading clerk. Messrs. Bruce, Gaston
ind Wbaley seconded Mr. Withers'
nomination and he was elected.
Rev. R. N. Pratt of Columbia was
nominated as chaplain by Mr. Moses
ind elected. Mr. Fraser raised a point
if otder that the chaplain not boil ga
regular < fllces of the house could be
idected by bCJlaimation. The motion
was made simply to save time, but the
speaker thought that it would take
more time to look into the point than
to look it up and tl.o motion was
Mr. R'cl.ards then moved that a
?ommlttee of three bo appointed to
notify the governor of the organizing
L?r the house; Messrs, Richards, MJSO,
and Sinkler wiro appointed.
In the allotment of seats, Coonee
and Oran^eb'.irg were thu two first
names drawn from the hat and both
d?l?gations received choice seats near
the ootitre abde.
Speaker Smith, after the allotment
of teat*, announced that, without ob
j^otion, the houso would be us9d to
night for the college celebration aud
an invitation was extended tbe mem
bers to, attend.
On motion of Ur. Gaston the bouso
then adjourned until noon Thursday.
In the house of representatives
Wednesday morning half an hour was
consumed in reading the roll of mem
bers in order to get the names cirreot.
There were few alterations, but the
member from "Anderson" county
asked that his name be recorded as
"Joshuay W. Ashley" instead of "J.
W." The governor's message was re
ceived and read. This occupied quite
a lot of time also, and there was little
else done Wednesday.
Mr. Joseph Glover of Beaufort pre
sented himself before the bar of tbe
bouse and tuok the catii of o alee,
Ou motion of Mr. Alta m mt Moies
bbe parts of the governor's mi s iago
were referred to* tbe committees to
which they properly belonged.
Speaker Smith did not announo^
tibe names of the members of tho va
rious com mitt eos or tho names of the
ittaohes in tbe hall, but will probably
Jo so Thursday.
Amoi'i the bills to be introduced in
ihe bout**- will ba ono to or?ateJ?i\tf'1
mun county; a bill by Mr. p. jflfrme /
jcrt to Hit banks un<lcr^HH'e/i
.ovulations?i for taxatl^aHBWPTOT r
nllls and cotton seed oiPMus. |<
The following bills were presented
Mr. Slnkler-To fix the liability of
iti ckholders In banks.
Mr. Nash-To further provide for
;he creation of the State Historical
Mr. McColl-To regulato the sala-11
des of court stenographers.
Mr. Kershaw-To promote the at
icndance of children upon public
Mr. Toole-To reduce the number
>f hours of a day's work In a cotton
nill from ll to 10 hours.
Mr. Kershaw-To amend the act
Ixlng warehouse oharges on tobacoo.
Mr. Wbalcy-A bill tc authorize
;he Charleston Light and Power com
iauy to construct a permanent dam
Lcross Goose Creek In Berkeley Ccun
The bouse nf representatives got
lown to work Thursday. Quite a I]
lumber of bills were introduced. A
lumber cf concurrent resolutions
ve-e also submitted. Citizen Ashley ?
)??ered a concurrent resolution to ad- ^
mm sine die February 11th. j
When the motion of Mr. Fraser of i
Sumter to change rule 1 of the house,
o have the house stand adjourned I \
it 12 o'clock on Saturday till 12
i'clocfc on the following Monday was
ead Mr. Ashley at onoe opposed lt.
le wanted the members to stay in (
Columbia and attend tojtheir work. f
Chedoas-of.i^-jan was "expensive to febtr \
Jtato. Mr. Morgan of Greenville j
LSked to have the resolution read
igaln. Mr. Fraser then explained j
.he motive for the change. As for .
ilmself, he Bald, he had Dot lost more
han half au hour from legislative
.lme since ho had been a member of I
he house, but it was a notable fact ^
hat much time was lost both in dis
sussions oh Saturday morning as to
vhetber or not the house should ad
ourn and then on Tuesday when of
en times buiiness had to bo done1
iver again. Tho resolution was car
ted by a vote of 93 to 23.
A RUIH TO DEPOSIT
?au8cii a lian on ? Bank in tho City
of New York. | t
At New York three pdlceman and
wo Il-ibrew women were injured In a 11
un on the State bank In Grand street
n the heart of the business s. ellon ot 11
Cast Side Wednesday. Tue run was
ttended by some sensuional Incl-1i
lents. Toe 5.000 persons crowded | (
.bout the bank became si Insisten
hat they broke down an Iron railing
.round a light well In front of the
mlldlng, and lt was only by desperate
.lu..?o'.tig on the partof thc police that
,he excited and unruly mob was pre- | .
rented from foiclng meuy of Its nucn
icr into it. The policemen and wo | |
nen v/ere hurt at that point.
The cause of the run was as extra
i ni i na ry &s the frenzied character of 11
/he run itself. Ou Tuesdty there
vas a rush of depositors to got their i (
noney Into the bank in time to heglD j i
o draw interest at once, and the long
lue of waltliiii depositors couvlnced
ihe excitable Hebrews that something
vas wrong with thc Institution. Five
mildred persons waited In front of
:.ho building all Tuesday night and
.heir number quickly swilled to
>,000 when the bank opened Wednes
lay though not all of that number
The baik which has deposits of
(10 500,000 and a cash reserve of 81,
100,000, and which Cashier A. Vuor
lls said, earned 24-1 per cent, protits
ast year, sent down street for money
iarly Wednesday and $250,000 was
wrought by the wagon load, largely In
ipccic. At the sight of money those
waiting became only more, impatient
"o get at it. Tho hank (Al dubs paid
iT as fa?tas the operation could be
?onducted. In all the bank paid out
Wednesday $55,000 and received In
An I', o j-1 nc Bxplodetl.
At Creston two mon we're blown to 1
Instant death by tho explosion of a big
Erle locomotive there carly Wednes
day morning. A third man was se
riously hurt and the engine was de
mo Ished, tho trucks being Hie only
part remaining on the track. The
dead are: Fred Keller, engineer, and
Chas. Skelrlck, fireman. Frunk Now
mau, of Elmira, N. Y., a travelling
fireman, was seriously Injured and isl
now at the hospital at Akron. It, is
said that tho Injector failed to work.
The engine was drawing east-bound
Wells Fargo expriss.
A Ijnrjc' 1*1 nw.
The largest plow In the world b
owned by Richard Gird of Sin Ber
nardino county, Cal. This Immense
agricultural machine stands 18 feet
high and weighs 30,000 pounds, lt
runs hy steam, is provided with 12
12-inch plowshares, und ls capable ot
plowing fifty acres of land a day. lt
consumes from ono to one and one
half tons of coal a day, and usually
travel at the rute of four miks
AN 1MP0ETANT BILL
? Hew Dispensary law Proposed
by Senator Bayior.
It I? Bsiod on the Linos Sassested
by Governor Heyvrnrd In
Tho most important event in the
State Senate on Thursday was the In
troduction of a bill by Senator RavBor
to amend the Dispensary Law in suma
very important particulars. The bill
follows the recommendations of Gov.
Hey ward in his message, except that
it gives the governor the power to
appoint the State B tard of Uontrol.
The bill provides that a board con
sisting of three members, to ba known
os the board ot directors of tho t tate
dispensary, ls hereby established,
whose duties and powers shall here
after be defined. Tha members of
said board shall be men of good moral
sharacter. not addiotcd to the use of
In toxic i tin g liquors aa a beverage,
''shall be appointed by tho govor
ShaJl rrtle term oi offl03 of Ba'd boird
Bo '*t9? two years, unless sooner re
x>Cd by tho governor; they shall
juallfy and be commissioned as oth<?r
?tate oOlcers. In the event of a va
iancy by death, resignation or other
wise, suoh vacancy shall bc fill d by
jhc governor. Eich member shall re
?elve for his services fifteen hundred
iollars, payable in monthly install
ments, and shall givo bond for the
Faithful discharge of duty In the sum
if 810,000. The board shall make all
rules and regulations, not In onslstent
with law, for the govern-nent of the
iispen^ry. Members of the boa?xl
lannot run for any other cilice, and
Hie present board ls bo continuo for
t,hc terms to which they were elected.
The board sha'l have general super
vision over all county dispensaries,
vprl shall seo that all restricting laws
ind regulations are strictly enforced.
They shall meet once a week at their
juice In Columbia.
A dispensary commissioner shall be
dected by the legislature tot a term
jf two years, aud to receive a salary
)f ?3,000. The governor shall have
?be right at any time to suspend such
commissioner for eau e which he shall
vinsider sufficient, until the next sos
don of the general assembly. The
rovernor shall appoint a successor In
?he inberim and shall report to the
eglslature his reason for his actions
ind in case the legislature sustain,
.he reasons, it shall elect a successor.
The commissioner shall within thirty
lays after thc first of Maroh, 1005,
ind thereafter quarterly, .advertise in
?wo or_moro.daily naners nf this state
md one without it tor oms to"oo iuisqo
io furnish liquor for the quarter.' SuW
lids si all ba sealed in an envelope, '
vith seal of the company, firm or cor
loration, and so sealed sbaT be ex
iressed to the state treasurer. Only
me bid shall be made by any one,
vhich shall state thc qusliby,price and
inamical analysis and aerompanying
ibo bids shall bi a sample of each sort
if liquor, containing not more than
n e half pint, to br; delivered to the
iispensary commissioner. The bids
hall be kept by the treasurer who
nust nut himself Inspect them or al
ow any one elsa bo do so. Tho bids
ihall he delivered bo bhe commissioner
ind opened by bim ab a mectlrg of
?he board in public aud shall keep a
.ecord of such bids.
Ide may reject all bids and adver
ase for more. Ho shall purchase all
fq'iors, and if the purchase docs not
:ome up to sample the seller shall for
'elt the value. The contract shall
,e awarded to the lowest bidder, not
'or any speollled amount, but for such
lua.itlties as may ba actually required
?o till orders received from county dis
pensers, approved by county boards of
sontrol. Ha shall make quarterly
?eports to the state board of directors
if the amounts contracted for, in
s'uding brand", grades and prices,
vtth the names of Reders, during the
irevlous quarter, wbloh rep ?rt the
state b ard shall have published in at
east two daily piners if the state.
The fiscal year shall cn * Novembor
JO. The governor shall jopoint not
ater tban Dec. 15 two! >xperb ac
.omit an ts to examine the'books. The
ijunby boards shall be appointed by
ihe s;ate beard, two by and with the
pensent of county delegations, and
t,he third on the recommendation of
mayors and intendants. They are to
i?old otllce two years. The county
hoard shall ap:-<~?0 P.?i orders for
liquors sont the commissioner by
j unty dispenser?, and shall lilo with
the commissioner, thirty days before
lie advertises for bids, a list of liquors
needed lu the dispensaries, Including
brands, grades and amounts required.
Q< unty hoards shall elect dispensers,
ind no one shall hs cle3ted dispenser
ai clerk who Is related within the
dxth degree by blood or marriage to
.my member of tho state board, the
30mmissioner or member of tho coun
Minya Woman Who Knrused CnHh.
Marie Dassanti, aged 24 years, was
found dead by her husband at Buffalo,
N. Y., Wednesday in a room on the
third floor of the' Terrace Park hotel.
Her hands and rceb wore tied and she
appears to ha\e been strangled to
death. View days ago sha had in
formed neighbors ti'.^t. she had re
ceived a letter from tho D'aok Hand
Society demanding $200 under penal
ty of (kath. A man ls said to have
visited her room Tuesday night, and
evidence of drinking was found Wed
nesday. The woman had l<ei re
ported to have about 12,000, and it
was said that she was to return to
Iii (juin il To Wear Uniforms.
Tho new order of the treasury de
partment relating to the wearing of
uniforms appin s to ihe Charleston
cusbi m house and the Inspectors,
watchmen, welshers, gauger?, board
ing officers and other offiolals on out
side service, will ion the regulation
blue uniforms, brass buttons, badge
and caps, beginning on May 1. The
officials have nob heretofore worn uni
forms and they are nob highly pleased
with tho order which means the ex
pendlture of their nion^y, but they
have to comply, of courte, with thu
A BIG SHORTAGE
In the Finances of Greenville
A BALANCE OF ?1,352
Is Due the* County by Ex-Treasurer 0.
Lawrence Walker.*^ Senator Maul?
din's Commission Will Fully
The''revelations that will In a few
days \>a.made In the legislature rela
tivo td the flnanolal conditions of
Greenville county will or?ate a s mua
tion In the upper part of the state,
but the result; will not be a profound
surprise to tnose familiar with the
loone business methods that are poi
Blble and often prevail with reperd to
county 'govern mont matters under the
present ISWB. Tbe affair will be ful
ly aired under Senator Mauldln's re
solution calling for the appointment
ot a commission to investigate. When
a correspondent asked bim about
the matter Comptroller General
Jones, who was directed by the last
legislature td Investigate the situa
tion, referred to advance sheets of his
report to the present legislature, in
which he says:
"The meager appropriation, $oOO,
for making Investigations was totally
Inadequate to continue the Investiga
tions reported as necessary in my last
report. ' Ilowever, I felt lt my duty
to the taxpayers of Greenville county,
together with the demand of tho ex
trc?fi?'i?r, to proceed with ibu hives
tlgation. I Bent Mr. E B. Wilson,
ohief clerk of this office, and Col.
D. H. Wiso, of Aiken, with instruc
tions to make a thorough investigation
of the county's flnanolal affairs. Their
report shows a startling condition
existing. It appears from the report
that ex-treasurer G. Lawrence Walker i
ls due a balance of 82 352. The bond-"
ed indebtedness of tbe county was
found to be iie4,500.COutstandlng
notes countersigned by the treasurer ?
and charged to him $94,712.34. The i
floating indebtedness consisting of
notes lor money borrowed, 838,800.
Outstanding claims 825,012 08. The
flating debt is fully it? m zed in the '
counVi? supervisor's statement whioh
ls ma part of this report." It ls i
thuj - that< atfc4??;g \ \1 t'
-J-..?tfgft'tiO' ?erjff?:0?..u?j?<, i
!_i.^rvisor, Is 803,8?Z 08, although the
exaot amount is not definitely known, ;
and it will be necessary in-order to ;
arrive at the exact floating'debt of
Greenville county to advertise for all
claims to be flied by some certain
date or be barred. The total debt of
Greenville county at the date of tho
invest gatton as -above set forth, ap
pears to te 8343,024.42
"It appears from the Investigation
relative to the supervisor's report that
tho sum of 838,200 has been borrowed
and expended in violation of law, and
lt appears as if the lenders of this <
mt my were aware of this violation,
from the Btatute authorizing Green- 1
ville county to borrow funds.
"Not one of these notes designated
as floating indebtedness has been 1
counter-signed by the treasurer, as re
quired In section 819, nor ona dollar
of this 838,80') was paid Into the coun
ty treasury to bo disbursed according
to law. In my opinion nooe of these
notes are a valid debt against the
county and csunot be paid until some
action ls tike i by your honorable body
to validate V e same. Io this investi
gation it appears that the late master
of Greenville county hold some $13,
000 in olalms against the county. His
successor, I understand, has turned
these olalms over to the couuty super
visor, I am unable to say what was
the consideration for these claims.
None of till) fl tating indebtedness
which includes this borrowed money,
appears upon the county supervisor's
books, aud no record could be found
showing any en'.ry of thia floating ln
"It will be further noted that the
couuty trea urer's cish books and
some other books of record, covering
the expend?!ures and receipts of -the
dispensary, fees from clerk of court,
tines and licenses and other sources of
revenue other than taxis, have disap
Ho AluM linn;:.
Tho Virginia Supreme Court of ap'
peals refused a writ of error in tho
case of ex-Mayor McCueof Charlottes
ville, convicted of wife murder and
sentenced to hang the 20th of this
month. A Charlottesville speolal
says that when the news of the action
of supreme oourt in denying a writ of
error was conveyed to MoCue he lo3t
his nerve and fainted. MeUuc was
removed from his cell to the steel
cage In the jill. Ile insisted upon
taking bis personal effects In his new
quarters, but was not permitted to
transfor any of bis papers except his
will. After being searched McCuu
said: "I am not going to commit
suicide. I will not snuff' out this
brief time of life left me, for lt is
only a matter of timo anyhow and if I
did commit suicide I could not meet
my darling wife In heaven."
Takes lils Own Lifo.
A dispatch from Durham, N. C.,
says Friday morning while kneeling
in tho attitude of prayer Dr. Albert
G. Carr killed himself with a pistol,
no had been in falling health for
somo time, suffering from insomnia
Thursday night he retired without
eatlug supper and as usual awoke
carly Friday morning. It had been
bis eubt m to awake h!s sen, William
Carr, who 1B superintendent of the
Durham hosiery mill, early every
morning. Shortly after this the shot
was fl.ed. About an hour after thc
ab coe, ? of his son Dr. Carr was found
as before .st tted. He was one of tho
bjst known physicians In tho State
and aside from h s promincoce In his
profession, he wis a ver- i weah hy
mon Ho o tn lc 1 a< out ?:r'(?,dU0 lu
suranoe aa his hf?, \
LEAD THE STATE.
Orangeburg aL?. Anderion Counties
Com? Pin in ?outh Carolin?.
Several Texas Counties Ratso ?nd
Market Bis; Crop* of Good
Orangeburg and Anderten counties j
aro tbe largest cotton producing
counties In South Carolina' and their
yield ot the fleecy ste pie ranks them
well in tbe standing of the counties
in the cotton belt
Obavleston get? but little of Ander
son's cotton but a goodly part of the
yield of Orangeburg, tbe former cot
ton being used very generally b? the
mills in the upper section of South 1
Carolina and Charleston's participa
tion in the prell ts of the second larg
est growing cotton county comes in |
when tho dividends are declared on
the stock of the mills in which there
is much Charleston money.
For a long time, says The Anderson
Mail, it has been known that Ander
son county produces a very heavy
yield of cotton, but very few people
have taken the trouble to ascertain
her exact standing amnng tho cotton
producing counties of the Southern
States, from the latest absolute offi
cial figures, those of the season 1903 04,
the following facts are learned:
Anderson's county yield entitles her
to twenty-second place in the list of
all the counties in the Cotton Belt
and to Bcoond place in South Carolina.
Orangeburg alone Btands above her in
this State, with a lead for the season
of 3,307 bales. Anderson's yield in
1003 was 43.397 bales. Anderson's
yield in 1004 was 43,557 bales. Oaly
seven counties east of tho -Mississippi
produced more ootton, one of tbes .
bdng Orangeburg county, South Car
olina. West of the Mississippi more
ootton was produced by 12 counties in
Texas and one county each in Louisi
ana, Indiau Territory and Oklahoma
Territory. Ellis county, Texa3, leads
the whole Cotton Belt with the enor
mous production of 107,612 bales in
According to the reports of the
United States Census Bureau, Ander
son county stood i?till higher Jn?>
1803-04. Only seven counties'east of
tte Mississippi produced more ootton
than Anderson, Orangeburg county,
South Carolina being one, and the
other six being in Mississippi,and only
13 . ountles west of the Mississippi grew
moref^Two of three were in Western
Louisiana and eleven in Texas. An
derson county stood twenty-first in
the list of all the cotton-produoing
' Tho average yleld_ per acre is said
ts vjw 12 1Z<J vrr.- uoio."- --a.- ,.<r.-viv<i^^a' ?
the estimated acreage this year of
32.000,000 acres, we would have a
yield of 13,440,000 bales of cotton,
while the largest crop lu previous
years was 11,268,000 bales in 1808 '00.
This is, of course, estimating that
the average yield ,1s 42 100 ot a bale
to tbe acre, and that 32,000,000 acres
were planted in cotton last year.
Only Heron Saved.--'''
Seven survivors of the Ill-fated Nor
wegian ship Marpesla, which 'was
wreoked at sea on Christmas day by
an explosion of naphtha resulting in
the death of eleven members of her
crew, have arrived at Ne* York on
the steanor Trinidad from Bermuda
They had been rescued by the Danish
steamer Gallia and were landed at
Bermuda by tho Calila which was
bound from Hamtu'g for Savannah
The Marpesla sailed from New York
for Cette, France, on December 0
with a ca-go of naptha, and encount
ered gale after gale, which weru safe
ly weathered until December 17, when
the ship was hattered and knocked
about in a merciless manner. Cases
of naptha soon gave way and in a lit
tle while freed naphtha was floating
on top of tho water in the bald. By
Chrlstmns day the Marpesla was a
loaded bomb needing only the dicht
est spark to blow tbe whole structure
to atoms. How (?parks retched the
highly charged hold never will be
known, but ccrtalnlv there came a
terrille report and in a moment the
the entire ship was wrapped in Sam
es. ' Seven of the eighteen men OP
board who bad not been caught in the
first burst threw themselves Into the
sea and were rescued by tho Galba
which chanced to be In the vicinity
Moonshiner lillie Oflloor.
John Carver, a mercbsr of a posse
of revenue officers In charge of Capt
Kit Spears of the raiding force, was
shot and instantly killed in Cooke
county, Tennessee, Wednesday morn
ing while on a raid. The officers had
located and destroyed a 70-gallon still
Just across the State line in North
Carolina and had arrested Wilson
Prince, ono of the owners, whllo he
was at work in the distillery. Carver
and Oscar Hopkins, another posse
man, were sent to tho homo of Wm.
N. Brown, a partner In the still, to
arr, BI him. Brown refused to ad- j
mit thc officers but instead shot over
the door ( f his log cabin home, killing
Carver instantly. Tho full charge of
buckshot entered Carver's breast, tear
ing out his beare. Brown escaped.
Price was carried to Newport, Tenn.,
and Jailed there. This ls tho iitst
death on a revenue raid in this section
since Sheriff Dosser of Cocko county
was killed about 4 years ago, within
400 yards of where Wednesday's
KtllbU His With,
A special from Nownan, Ga., says
that ,F. M. Alums shot and alj
most instantly killed his wire theie
Wednesday. Ile attempted suicide soon
afterwards, but was prevented from
ending nls own lifo. There ls consid
erable excitement over the occurrence.
Jealousy on the part of Alums to
I wards his wife and the fact that she
would not live with him aro supposed
to have been the causes of the
Great Gift To Church.
Levi P. Morton, former Vice Pres .
lent of the United States and Govern
r of New Y^rk, ls the giver of ?600,
00 to the fuud for the completion of
tho cathedral of St. John the Devine
in New York City. Tho gift was an
annoutiOed last we 3k, but Mr. Morton s
?ame wai withheld ?util now.
IDIOTS BUEN COTTON.
This Ii What Senator Tillman Sayi
Uo Say? Sertalblo Farmer? la the.
Boutu Aid Holding Their Cot'
ton tor Better Price?.
In a letter to the Atlanta Journal
Senator Tillman says the news from
the South that thefej?is serious
taite among the cotton- planters of
burning a cart of the last cott jn crop,
ls startlirg. In answer to your letter,
asking me to comment on the situa
tion, I will say that I Bee no necessity
to burn, and I will briefly give my
The law of supply and demand la
not at work now in regard to this
staple. During the last 12 months
there has bet n the most Btartllng rise
In price of cotton, followed by the
most unexampled fall in the history
>f the commodity. From 17 1-2 cents
In February to 0 1 2 in December,
breaks tbe record in the cotton mar
Speculation is at the bottom or the
fall, Just as it was behind the phe
nomenal rise. Tbere was no good rea
son for cotton ever going to 17 1-2
and there ls absolutely no reason now
for cotton to be selling at ti 1-2 co cts.
That there is a large crop, probably
the largest in the history of the
staple, 13 no longer disputed, but the
world needs every bale of it.
A short while ago the papers were
filled with .lark forebodings of the dis
asters threaten! il to commerce and
the manufacturing" industries from
the shortage of cotton. The English,
G;-man and French spinners were
looking about throughout tho colonial
possessions of thoEe countries for
suitable land to grow cotton to supply
the shortage in the American otop. i
Now the price of American cotton
has run below the cost of production i
and many silly people in the south are
talking of burning lt. Tho.world needs
all of the cotton that has been grown
this year, and needs lt at a fair price
to the producer-say 8 1-2 cents- 1
which leaves a small margin for pro
A 10,000,000 bale crop, such as we
grew last year, ought to bring 12
.cents, and most of that crop sold for :
that or above. Twelve millions or 12,
500,000, which I consider to be the
maximum yield this season, ought not
to sell below 8 cents.
Sensible farmers In the south are ?
holding their cotton. It costs too :
much to burn it. There is no i
guarantee thr.t there will be a large :
orop In 1905, and the cotton world
was never so bare of cotton in its his
tory as it was the first of last Septem
to 8 1-2 c?pka Inside bf "Wdays, and
tbere will be a million bales that will
not come to the market even at that
price. Ther*o is absolutely no need for i
panic any where, aud none but idiots
will burn cot ton. The southern plant
ers an; in a butter condition financial
ly than tlicy hare ever fctnjpithin my
foi - cotton tte'last two crops. Most
men are out of deb?? and have money
in the bank.
At least half of the cotton which
has not yu t gone to market ls held by
men who are absolutely independent
and need not sell at all if they do not
wish to do so. IX duct, then 1,500,000
or 2,000,000 haled from the last crop
to bo carried over unless tho price
suits and it will bo seen that thc law
of "supply and demand" will go into
force between now and next summer.
Tue cotton will not go into sight at [
tho present price, and I know of no
means to make men sell who do nov
want ito and who are not obliged to.
I will say in conclusion that tbere
will be very little burned and un'esc
tho price raises between now and
April, there will be a large fall off In
the acreage ot the next crop.
There in nothing to be alarmed
about, and the country will J >g along
in the ordinary way after the present
flurry passes off.
Tho Mount viii? Killing.
Sheriff T. J. Duckett of Laurens
Friday wrote Gov. Hey ward an oflljial
communication in regard to the kill.
lng pf Dan Fuller at Mountvlde about
the middle ol' December. The negroe s
dead budy was f^uod in the cabin
where he had lived alone. The murder
had been committed several days be
fore it was discovered. Mr. Euller, the
intendent of the towu, offered a re
ward fo tho arrest of the parties who
committed tbe crime and asked Gov.
lleyward to supplement this. Gov.
Hey ward was on the point of offering
a reward when he received informa
tion that five negroes bad been ar
rested by tho Sheriff's deputies.
W 111 tl av? No Sta IT.
There will be no "Sunburst Colo
nels"' under Governor Charles S.
Dent en i f illinois. The glory of shin
ing in gold lace und of wearing long
swords ls to be denied to those whose
martlul Instincts and social ambitions
hitherto have led them to seek places
on the governor's staff. There will ba
no staff. Such is the news given out
at Springfield. Governor Deneen said
that he lnteuded to get alot g without
a staff. He said he could not Hud in
the statutes any provision for their
appointment, nor could ho find any
special uso for their prcseuce.
Vandals at Work.
A dispatch from Washington says
an unsuccessful attempt was made by
one or more civilians to blow up t ie
statue t f Frederick the Great, recent
ly preseuted by tho E nperor of Ger
many, and now standlug in tho war
colli ge grounds. A charge of explo
sives with a lighted fuse was attached
bj the fence surrounding the statue
but was removed by an employee be
tore lt exploded. No damago resulted.
The perpetrators es-oancd.
llunslan Mltitury Tragedy.
The Berliner Zeitung reports a fatal
clash between reservists and thc looai
garrison at Smolensk, Russia. Thret
thousand reservists, the paper says,
stopped at Smolensk. Tncy ran
amuck rioted aud plundered and the
governor ordered the leen garrison
out, who fired Into the reservists.
The colonel and five of his Junior
otilo TI of tue reservists, i?ultld*d out
To Decide Who Should be
to Save Others.
A TALE OF THE SEA.
The Araeri.aa Dredge Texas Foundered
at Se? ia Stem. Twtaty-Oie
et the Crew'was Drowned,
nnd for Six Days tbe
Survivors were With
A dispatch from Waterford, Ire
land, says the steamer Z no arrived
there on Wednesday with the captain
and 12 men of the American steam
dredger Texas from Dantzlc, via
Southhampton December 12, for Gal
veston, which foundered in a storm off
the Hebrides. Tbe crew entered the
o nail boats but one containing the
onief officers and 21 men sank imme
diately and all ita occupants were
drowned. The survivors drifted
for several days before being picked
The survivors who suffered terribly
from cold and hunger bay that Just
prior to sighting the Zeno they had
drawn lots to decide which should
killed to provide food for tbe n
The Texis foundered at.lmldpl?bJK
Obrlstmas eve. Three of hoiTDoajBf.:
were launched tut. two of them were
swamped. Tho third, with the sur
vivors, drifted H days, the lastr.alx of
whloh. they were absolutely without
food or water.
One of the men died from exposure.
The remaining 12 suffered 'terribly
and drank sea water, the result being
that their bodies are covered with
boils. The gale and ra'n continued
and one of the castaway.; became In
sane. The others were i> hysterical
and almost demented when rescued
by the brJgi,ntlne 'Mercedes, which
transferred them to the Z.no. Oapb.
Plnnott, who belongs tu Galveston,
says they drifted 60.0 miles from the
scene of the disaster, 280 miles north
east oil the Azores. Ile succeeded In
restraining the men from cannibalism.
PERSIA PAYS UP.
ary Gota Handsome Sam.
Jn March 13 last the department
9f state received news hy cable of tbe
murder of the Rev. Benjamin W.
Labar?e, an American missionary,
near Ouroumla, in Persia, by a gang
?ttf?ntio X^urds. A demand waa im
mediatel&?^5jjLi for the arrest and
trial of tjfO?^krers, v/hos?v leader,
a lineal desce
arousing disturbances i
ferred with prompt anc
tlon on the par6 of the lbc.il
The most pressing and earnest rep- '
r?siliations of the Am?ricain lega
tion at Teheran remained fruitless
until Ojtcbsr 12, when the^United
States minister was Instructed by.
cable to make known to the govern
ment cf the shah the piesident'&j.. con
cern in the adequate punishment of
all the criminals and of bis invention
to lay th?? muter bafore congress^
with appropriate rccojomendations
if compliance with his demands for
tull justice were further delayed.
The murderers were thereupon ar
rested, but the Persian government,
?olding the life of a descendent of the
.irophet sacred, offered a pecuniary in
demnity in lieu of the death penalV
'or Mir Chafer and promised the exe
'Hitlon of bis accomplices. After con
?ultatlon with the widow of the Bev.
Mr. Ltbiree, the oiler was accepted,
ind an ludemnlyt of $30,000-greatly
n excess of the Bum named by the
widow->vas paid to the American le
gation on January 3. Solemn assur
ing has been given thai the accom
plices would receive effective and
?witt punishment and that no special
tax would be levied on Christians in
the provino^ to recover the amount of
- - .
The Charleston Post says Constable
Bateman with a squad of assistants
held up a wagon of liquor Tuesday
morning at about 11-15 on Meeting
street, just in front of the fireproof
building, and created Borne diversion
for bystanders by the capture of
bo< Z? which was being hauled through
the streets of the city for parts un
known. Thc wagon and the white
I man in charge were driven off to
headquarters by the constables, and
the negro driver was chased for som3
distance down Chalmers street, and '
then left to finish the raoe un pursued.
There were two barrels and a box of
of ''stuff" Beizad by the cinstables.
Did Not Interforo.
Senator Perkins of California tells
a story of a scene in a court room on
the coast where a man arrested for
rahh?ry vnhnmnntly asserted his inno
cence, even after he had been convict
id by a Jury. "May the Almighty
strike mo dead on this spot if I am
not innocent!" he shouted. "The
judge waited for a minute or two.
Chen he said: "Well, prisoner, &s
Providence has not interfered I will
take a hand and sentenoe you to a
three years hard labor."
Suicido of Kaiser's Dentist.
Doctor Sylvester, tho American
dentist of the kaiser, who suicided,
lay In Btate at his home in Berlin,
Germany, hundreds filing past to see
the re.i,ailis, which will be oromated
at Hamburg Saturday, lt is reported
dhat after the suicide tho body was
.eft unwashed and unheeded several
lUiurs. Tills lias caused .great indig
nation. Dr. Sylvrster was most pro?
nlnent socially ai d made an unmade
careers ai de*lrtd.