Newspaper Page Text
Is the Solution of the Cotton
Situation Say* McLaurin.
HAVING LITTLE FAITH
la Reduction of Acreage. He Con
tends that all the Cotton the South
caa Produce May be Sold at .
Good Prices by Enlarge
ins Our Trade.
To the Elitor of The News and
Courier: The drop!.ln the??prlce of
cotton is exciting all over the South,
and a Convenlon has been called in
Nt w Orleans to consider questions re
lating to the cotton industry. I have
seen many remedies proposed for over
production, but havo beard nothing
about under consumption, and herein
Hes (In myl;oplnion):tho only perman
ent solution of thc r ^blcm.
With proper motu -ds of distribu
tion, there ls room ior a larger crop
of cotton than has yet been produced
in the South. It ls painfully appar
ent that burning cot'.on, reduction of
acreage, etc, are only temporary ex
pediento, and will afford no perman
Can we find newer and wider mar
kets'for our .sta plo product?
That this would be a complete
remedy none can doubt, and that
such markets exist uone familiar with
the question will deov.
FaclEg us on the ether side of the
globe are the leeming millions of
China, and it was among them that
we found a market for our surplus
when the large crops of the late '90s
glutted all other markets.
Five-cent cotton proved a great
stimulus to manufact urlug and led to
tho marvellous development from;i890
to 1?0O, when there was an lrcrease
~ln the.Unlted States of 32 por cent,
whilo in South Carolina the output
from our mills ran up from ten to for
ty million dollars, finding a ready mar
ket in China.
Inde**d demand fnr outstripped pro
ductlon, and there was a bteady ad
vance in the price of spot cotton un
til the China market was practically
closed by troubles in the East, aiK
speculation advanced prices al.norm
ally, and, instead of an expanding
.market with advancing prices, wc an
In the period of a contractor g market
with falling prices, lt ls evident thal
wo are facing another era of low
Can we take advantage of the situa
tion and create such a widespread de
mand fer cotton KO Kia that ?ow pricn!
and over-production will never ht
heard of again?
Cotton is now hclow thc c st ol' pro
duction, lower by comparison than lt
has ever been before. Its natural ad
vantages are such that if we do noth
lng lt will take care of itself, as it
has in the past, I ut by wisdem we
can hasten the day when the klug
shall come to his own awain, and this,
I apprehend, ls thc great purpose of'u
Convention of the cotton growers.
China ls an old country, with thc
stored wealth of centuries; lier people
need our cotton, particularly thc
I beard Minister Wu say once that
the'questlon of clothing was one of
tho greatest problems that c nfrunteo
his people, but Utile cotton is grown
and the methods of manufacture
primitive. They depend lar^^n^-ion'
silk, and he laughingly a^gSteo that, so
groat was the population, that If cot
ton were used^SS in other portions of
the woil?VfCnd you could get "each
Chinaman to add one inch to the
length of the tall of his shirt, lt
would consume the cotton crop of the
So far we have only touched with
our cotton trade one small section in
North China, the exports never ex
ceeding twenty-h ve millien dollars in
It may 'seem strange that a pre?t
or loss on an Industry amounting tc
?340,000,000 annually should be af
fected by the loss of an export de
mand of 818,000,000 or 820,000,000,
but thc sceptical have only to ru fer to
the history of the cotton trade for
1901, during the Hi xeriroubles, when
? \ exports to China almost ceased tobo
convinced of tho value of our at pros
ent comparatively small Eastern
Tho year 1904 has demonstrated be
yond doubt that In spite of the boll
weevil the South can produce a crop
of cotton far In excess of the demands
from present markets, hence neoewd
ty fortes either the curtailment of
the crop or finding newer and wider
No one familiar with present, condl
tions b?lieves that without st me prov
idential disaster the crop of 1008 will
be materially reduced. If the acre
age is curtailed better cultivation and
tho increased use of fertilizer will
make up the dcllcicncy. We have the
large profits of two well sold crops in
our batiks and as long .?a we can hoy
mules end guano we will makocotton.
The South now has a pract ical mo
nopoly in tho production of cotton.
This she should keep at all hazard,
find new markets, and make enough
cotton to supply ti e world at fair
Reduction of acroage may do to
talk, but resolutions will nut reduce
lt, and I believe tint there will be
men in the Cotton Growers' Conven
tion who will take a more compreben- I
sive view of the situation. i
Considering that In China alone i
there ls a population of 400,otio,000 \
whoso trade with us percapita ls now |
Infinitesimal compared with what it
ls bound to develop In the years to i
come, who will undortake to place a i
limit upon the quantity of cotton j
good'j that the Orient will consume?
Trade follows the flag." Unduuht- (
edly tho time was never more favor- (
able for developing new markets; the i
war now in progress scorns nearing an t
end. Japan will undoubtedly retain I
Its position on the mainland of Asia; i
Korcaand Manchuria will ho rapidly |
taught Weatoreu methods, and under \
the tutelage of Japan the Chinese 1
Empire will be opened up to com- j
meroe as never before.
With Alaska, Oui.m, Ifawafl and 1
the Philippines we hi ve huge stepping i
atones to the Orien;, friendly ports i
tinder our own dag, depots, bases of I
supply, and if need be, for our protec- t
tlon, arsenals. f
Nearly fifty years ago a secretary of t
State predloted that large as was our 1
trade with Europe, greater as It1 c
? ? . ? ?? ?? v Vi.rv ?. ? -
night beco?rpe, lt would In thc ful- ?
ness ot the time, be dwarfed In <
jomparlson with the . inevitable
lovdopmeut across the Pacific. 1
t believe that Mr. Howard wai 1
right and thu In China there ha
market waiting, which will enable us
bo sell 20,000, jon instead of 10,000,000
bales above ten cents the pound. 1
If we could with so little effort de- ;
velop a market lu a locality in North
Ubina, lt seemB to me that it could
be done in all accessible portions of
It ought not to be ditlloult to teach
EI thrifty peopie the superiority of cot
ton over silk as an artlole of general
wear. It is cheep ir, and the fact that
it will wash commends it to a people
so cleanly in their habits. Then thc
old saying, "Chinamen oe vcr wash
their clothes and Japs never wash
their bodies," would be moro honored
In the breach than the observance.
All business is done in China under
a system of guilds conducted ou simi
lar Hues to tho Federation of Labor in
this country, and this fact properly
bandled has proven a help rather than
a hindrance to the introduction of
American goods in China. Yuu deal
with an organization instead of indi
viduals. If the cotton burned during
the past weeks had been made Into
cloth and sent into portions of China,
where American goods are unknown,
lt would be a far more sensible p?au of
reducing tho surplus and making CUB
tumers of these silk clad millions in
But 7.000 milos of oceau roll be
tween us and these maikets, it must
be traversed by ships and each day
the 'difficulties in that respect multi
Our carry Ir g trade'ls lu thc bands,
not only of our commercial rivals, but
of the natlors who consume our raw
cotton and are therefore bitterly op
posed to as ?isMng any movement
where tho ultimate effect must be to
advance the price of cotton. If the
market for goods ts to be extended
they will sea to ls that it ls done
under their auspices ?and then not OE
such an extensive scale as to make
the staple scarce and high. Tnt
American merchant Hag ls a strange;
on the high seas, and will be unti
Congres takes some action whiol
will enable the American built, ane
operated ship to compete with its sub
sldiz.d foreign rival. For years meas
ures to that end have been befon
Congress, but the demand has neve
come up from the people, because th
development of this continent ha
heretofore afforded ample. sc<pe, bu
tho days of our national Infancy nr
gone aud ?vo must go out into th
markets of thc world up; n a fool in
of equality with the ollie.- na. o
Upon thc Atlantic our ourryln
trade ls monopolized by cnoimoi
foreign steamship lines that ari no
circling tho globe wah their std j
that Lavo E oper. r.s, Kings and nobb
for their adv?cales and st.? Oitholdci
The na i ions of Europe re joice lu tl
cor.centratitn of thc wealth of the
people in their steamship lines, the
are sustained hy subsidies f:o'u tile
Government and through tl eir co:
trol of transportation they levy tri
ute upon all thc peoples of the cart
and upon none docs lt rest more bea
ily than the cotton grower.
Less than three per cent of oi
carrying tiade with Europe ls
American ships, a trade total 1) a b
lion and a half annually, two thlr
of cur trade with the entire world.
The lirst step In extending and e:
.arging eur cotton market must
transportation facilities. It Its askli
too much of human nature to cxpe
these nations which are looking f
cheap cotton to develop new marled
Cotton man lfaoturing has been inti
duoed into Japan, but has not fou ris
ed, so T am Informed, because of t
Impost iii by ed getting theraw ce
ton. But. for thia 1 have no di ubt tb
by this timo Japan's cotton factor!
>vouJd be important pur*har.crs
The New Orleans convention co
sider no question In which the Sou
ls more vitally Interested than shl
ping. About 35 per cent of the toi
exports of the nation arc shipped frc
Southern potts, while only about i
per cent of the imports enter
Southern p.irts. The great bulk
our exports originate in the South
in tho Mississippi Valley that dral
into the gulf. New Orleans and t
gulf ports arc the natural exit, 1
the great lines of railways run e:
and west and I do not suppose a
one doubts that there i;s a commun
of Interest between th?se transa
cinental lines and the sabsldb
foreign steamship companies. Thal
tho combination which has always
teated every effort In Congress to p
a bill for tho devele paient ed
American merci anv. marine.
The same interests postponed foi
quarter of a century the construct
of the Isthmian Canal, hut under i
present vigorous Federal adminlst
lion this ls la sight, and then natu
laws can no longer be defied. God 1
so fasblonce: this country that
natural direction for its export j;
ducts to move ls north and south, i
east and west. New Orleans should
and some day wdll bc one of ibo gre
est. if not the greatest dlstribut
point In tho world.
At present about 20 per cent of
ships entering North Atlantic pc
come In ballast, while over 00 per c
entering Southern ports come In l
last. This is a serious handicap to
cotton grover, for his Is an exp
product. Il means that every E!
norning in ballast for cotton char
Bnough freight one way to pay the
penses of thc round voyage, which
pense comes from the profits of
maker of that cotton.
About 00 per c^nt of thc cot
joods made In South Carolina go
Jirina, but ender this combination
transconthK ntal railways and fure
iteamshlp lines, these g.:ods do
lake the naturi course bo deep wa1
out go north moro than a thous)
niles by rail and find exit, many
riiein over the Canadian Pacific R
.vay. The cotton prober "ho paj .
When lt comes to our nexb el
neighbors In South A meela, we an
i still worse plight. Our cotton gi
io to South America via Europe.
A vessel loads In South Amer
romes to Ch irloston, or New Orle;
llscharges i. cargo, takes a cons
uentof goods for South America,
ialls direct to Europe and from tin
JO South America, thus com phi
rile circuit of the triangle, and li
ng at a disadvantage by thia dui
/oyago across the Atlantic thc Ar
can exporte-. Hore again "Jonos
lays the frc ght."
Tho foreigner intends to contro
ils ships tho foreign, markets and
s bound by self Interest not to enli
rile cotton uarket to w here lie wi
forced to pay high prices for ipot
iou- Oar consular reports record
dances wlierc American goods
ilgncri to South American ports 1
:een held in Europe and foreign ii
lupliotttes sent forward until
South American purchaser in despair
ieee pt s the Eure pi au substitutes.
Is it goud sense for us to continue
io allow Europe to buy c : cotton,
.arry it across the Atlantic, manu
facture it and then Eend it buck across
;h'i Atlantic and sell lt at a prollt
right at our door? They #111 do so
iust as long as t:iey control transpos
I believe it was Grady wbo said
'cotton is a fool," and 1 add has no
JNO LOWNDES MOLAUKIN.
BennettsvlUe, January 13.
MURDELED HIS BON.
Tho Awful Deed Wa? Doun Wbile
Hie Kath.>r Waa Drunk.
At Greenwocd the coronet M J ury
which adjourned Monday Jan. lo, to
meet again Wednesday to tinlbh hear
ing the evldcnco in the matter of
Scott Cli gg, whose death was reported
Monday Jan. 10, brought lu a verdict
Wednesday afternoon that he came to
Iris death from a gun phot wouud at
the hands of his own father, John
31egg. The verdict was expected in
view of developments after Monday's
hearing. The unfortunate tragedy
bas been the topic offcconversation
evor since it happened. Ry s'in .
sympathy ls expressed for the father,
bi cause of the fact that lt has been
ihown clearly that he was drunk at
the time. In fact, be seemed, as
phrased by some, to be ' perfectly
crazy." Whether he caused tue death
pf his s >u by drunken carelessness or
by the Impulse of a sudden blind way
nfdtunken passion will bc for a jury
bo d solde.
John C'eggwas at once arrested and
is now In the county Jill to be tried
for (,he murder of bis own ben. The
test mouy beard by the jury Monday,
given hy Clegg und his son, was to
the . ff ct that the boy was shot while
the;* were on their way to Greet wood,
and that they did not kucw who did
it. The jury beard from other wit
ncs es that the little boy said Sunday
night, after they had arrived here,
thar, his father bad shot his b:other,
and that this was said in the pie?enee
of the fatbor. The little b ?y's ol anged j
testimony Wednesday was in sub-1
-..tai ce that his fa her pulled ? ut the
pistol to shoot at something tin the
road and they (his dead broth-r and
himself) caught hold of the pis ol and
in some way his brother wus shot.
Witnesses I i vi: g along tin road)
testified that they saw Oleg* and
heard his awful cursing. One man, !
W. P. Rhodos, repeated some ot bis
vile oaths, but could hot swear
whether they were ell rec Lcd : t the
hoy or at the horse. All e>f th? testi
mony showed that John Clegg was as
wild and frei z'cd :.s a man ci it'd be
made hy whiskey, and that as a result
. >f this awful state he c lused the
deat h of one of his owu children. The
boy's mottler has Dieu dead for several
years. Clegg was a pei coman a*
Greenwood. There ls no dispensary
in the cou o ty i and he was dnmk or
mode crtzv by drinking Olbin tiger
whiskey, which must have been of
the viles1! sort, os Clegg seemed and
acted like a crazy man while under
the influence of it.
Will IMHO His Job.
Chatles J. Mulky, p stmaster at
Westminster, 3. C., is the pjstmastei
who has gotten Into trouble by mak
in,' and soliciting contributions f -r
paying the expanses of negro and
Other rieh gates to state and county
con veillions. Mulley Will kse his
position, which ho bas held only since
Ap-il 19, 1904 The Investigation of
inspectors of the po->ti thee depart?
ment showed that he had not only
marie contributions for this purpose
himself, but had solicited and ob
tained contri b itions from otln r post
masters, and it was some of those
wh < bad com plained to the ucpart
ment, as told lu this correspondence,
a clay c>r two ago. In the future all
postmasters who either pay ninney to
politicians for traveling or other ex
penses or sollilt money from other
federal employes for the same thing
will lose their positions. Several
other postmasters are likely to lose
their positions, PS others are reported
to have done tue same thing.
10*. to ii i>y CamiibalH
The Rev. M. L. Stimson, South
S a missionary, who arrived recently
at San Francisco on the steamer
Doric, brings thc first details of the
murder of five Catholic priests and
ti re nuns of New britain last Octo
ber. After the murders tbe savage.
ale the b< dies i f the victims within
sight of the German Igca residence.
Mr. Stimson is settled at Fenapl,
Caroline Islands, and he got the de
tails from the vice governor i-f New
Bristain. He said the nuns and
pri-'sts were su. rounded by a mt h of
natives whose fanaticism had bein
aroused. The priests fought for their
li vt s, but all were soon killed. Then
the cannibals, proceeded to hold a
'catt on the bodies of the dc tl ms
neer the residence of Dr. Ile hi. the
governor. He bas organized a puni
Two Wens Killed.
Two persons wore killed at d two
more very seriously burt Wednesday
as ; result of a bailer explosl in which
ace irred Wednesday morning about
lo o'clock at Graves Mountain, lu
Lincoln county Ga. The dead aro:
William Martin, Jr.. while, son of
William Martin, who owned tl c saw
Willie Johnson, colored a sa v mill
William C. Martin was badly scald
id about the face, hut not si rlously
amt. Another negro whose i ame h
tot known is badi, burned alu ut tho
ody and arm brok- n. Be will proh
ib?*' die. Two other negro? s who
?ere standing near the engine at the
i no of the explosli n, were blown
JV ir a i all fence, a distance of twenty
'eet, hut not hurt, with the exception
if a slight bruise about their bodies.
Culla Thom Muru.
With dramatic fervor, Senator John
fl. Mitchell, of Oregon, on tho floor
if the United States Senate Wodncs
lay afternoon denounced bis accusers
md publicly branded them as "mali
vous and atrocious liars." in a heart
.o heart talk with his fellow moni
tors, ho pr .ela mod his innocence of
ho charges upan which be, with Rep
escntativo Hermann, of Oregon, was
ecently indicted at Portland and ex
cessed oonfldeace in his ultimate vin
Several boys at Fort Gaines, Ga.,
villi the view ?>( Imitating tho farm
?rt; who burned some cotton on the
itreets of that town a short time ago,
icoured matches Wednesday highland
et lire to a cotton warehouse. Toe
ire burned rap elly and 1 I bales if c.it
ron were consumed bef< re, lt was got*
.en under coitrol. One residence
might tiro from .sparks but the llames
vero extingu?.'bed before much dam
ige was done.
Hop or t of Expert Accountants Who
Examined the Books.
statist leal Information Regarding
tho Stute'? Liquor Bualnosa
that lu Interesting.
Messrs. D. Zimmerman and J. W.
Jones, the accountants appointed to
examine the boote and vouchers at
the State dispensary Wednesday re
ported that tboy bad completed their
work. The tallowing statistical lu
formation was given in their reports:
Cash in State treasury
Nov. 30th, '04. 41,268.96
Teams aud wagons. 64.00
Supplies (Inventory Nov
30th, '04. 7,043.76
Machinery and office fix
tures . 0,328 50
Nov. 30th, '04. 1,408.20
Real estate (inventory
Nov. 30th, '04.- 52.800 50
Merchandise in hand3 of
dispensers Nov 30, '04 494.388.2G
of stock at State dis
pensan). 403,50i? 21
Suspended accounts.... 2,890 24
Personal accounts due
State for tilcohol and
empty barrels, etc.. 19,479 31
School fund.$ 518,675.77
Personal accounts due
by State forbupplies,
whiskies, wine;-, beer,
etc. 510,721 28
Total liabilities . 81,029,397 05
Cash statement f Dr fiscal year eutdug
No/. 30th, 1004:
Balance in State treas
ury, Nov. 30th '03... 9 20,98') 92
December. '03, receipts. 355.883.85
January, '04, recjlptt.. 248 001 79
February. '04, receipts.. 237 570 03
March, '04. receipts_ 230 449.40
April, '04, receipts. 189 039.75
May, '04, recelp's. 2lo,018 13
June, '04, recelp-s. 180,452.31
July,'04, receipts. 178,181.02
August, '04, receipts... 219.019.80
I September, '04, receipts 241 437 78
O.'teber, '04, receipts .. 290,528 06
November, '04, receipts 327,522 13
iuMil .O?, :>'!.>, _;?o ii
December, '03.8 350,4 10.01?
January, '04. 230 797 07
February, '04. 252 131.87
Match, '04. 266,612 53
April, '04 . 193 4 17.42
I May, '04 . 101 Od 1 00
' .lune, '01 . 201 072 33
July. '04 . 102,383.96
August, '04. 195,132.51
.September, '04 . 225.584 82
October, '04 . 229 721.Ml
November, '01. 390.H38 84
Balance in State treas
ury Nov, 30th, *04. . . 41 208 90
Purchases for fiscal year ending No
vember 30th. 1904:
wines, . corks,
beer, j labels,
December, S 303,518 00 8 25 771.97
January.. 02 128 3?. . ?J -un
February. 287,532 01 23,412 88
Mareil... 179 408 50 14 314 95
April .... 80 292 55 10,150 04
May. 166.207.56 6,005.41
June. 98 177.23 ,8,589.69
July. 158 290.08 16,464 01
August... 107,501.52 22,905 86
Sept. 184.340 01 18.104.00
October.. 297.044.33 21,900.87
November 325,639 78 24 717.38
Totals.. 82.310.242 58 8211,903.55
Gr??os profits on mer
chandise sold during
year.$ (552,1 1M 7.",
Contraband seizures.... 7,140.97
State's share of profits
on be:.r sold by Ger
mania Brewing Co... 710 7".
Received cn El. T. Ed
en's account. 54 03
Total profits.$ 000,039 50
Supplies used.$ 231,477.03
Insurance premiums. . 10,110.93
Breakage and leakage.. 661,51
Freight and express
Labor (pay rolls). 33,873 69
Expense account. 43,372 87
Litigation. 1,027 64
Revenue license . 125.00
Robbery of dlsiensary,
June Olh, '03. 9 32
Roi ?bery of disj ansary,
May 13th, '04 . 72 30
Lo;s by tire. 980.98
Refunded by Sta ?a boaid
to dispenser, /.lken.. 40S.14
State's net proth passed
to credit schot 1 fund.. 17 1.377.7.'.
Total losses.$ 000 039 50
?J list I iiko Thom.
A special to the Chicago Tribune
declares that thc Colorado Democrats
bave discovered sufficient evidence w
prove that recen j frauda charged to
the Democratic party In that S'ate
were tho work of the Republi sans
themselves. Detectives employe ! by
the Democratic lead TS allege diac
they have developed a chain of evl
(ienco which will show that thc boxes
which revealed f 'adulent Democratic
votes had previously been stuftet b*
the Republicans, with the purpose ef
making out caaes of fraud by the
Democrats and t ten having the boxes
thrown oui of the c.uint.
Killed in H Kl?t.
At New Yurk the custom of an
Italian baker to leave his heavy de
livery basket in a dark hallway of an !
Hast, Side tenement while be delivered
his wares through the house resulted
In a quarrel in which Pasquale Toto
rlello, agerl 45, was killed and his
niece, Mrs Mirla Totoriollo, aged 30
years, probably fatally wounded.
Both victims were stahl el. M rs.
Totoricllo identified the baker, Salvi
tore Ferrari, as the man who did the
stabbing. When Ferrari was captur
ed and brought back to the tenement,
for identification the officers and
their prisoner were surrounded by an
angry mob and tho policemen had to
fight their way out.
Miss Margaret Hagaman of Balti
more h is brought suit against 11 eu ry
Callender ot thc samo city, asking
$20,000 dami.,(es because tho defen
dant, 0 gainst her will, "put bis arms
around her neck and kissed and hug
ged her." One thing certain, we shall
kiss no Baltimore woman without her
In Columbia I art We<?k Was Well
Attended by Delegates.
Anion/- tho Hpo?k?TB WereCongress*
luau Warnock of Ohio, Sena
tor Latlinor, Dr. Niles. .
The Good Roads Association of
South Carolina assembled in annual
session in Columbia on last Thursday.
The following are a list 'jf delegates
in attendance and the counties they
Abbeville, Supervisor G. W. Nick
les, J. C. Lomax ?nd J. R Blake;
Auderson, Supervisor S. (J. Jackson,
J. W. Ashley, J. R. Watson, John K.
Woori, J. A. Hall,, A C. Latimer, M.
P. Trlbble. M. L. Bonham and M.
Berkeley, Supervisor J. H. Harvey
and J. W. B. Breland.
Charleston, SupervLor Wm. P.
Cantwell, T. W. Bucot and Earle
Chesterfield, Supervisor Smith Oli
Clarendon, SupervisorT. C. Owens,
Ll. E. MoFaddin.
Darlington, C. O. McCullough.
Dorchester, Supervisor ll. ll. Gross.
Florence. Supervisor James B Mc
Bride, W. R. Lang ton, W. B. Gause.
Greenwood, Supervisor J. M. Major,
J. B McCants, R. L. Lyon.
Horrv, Supervisor J. L. Boyd..'Ti.
F. Tf?dd, W. L". ftlstmK" y'
KeJrsnaw, Supervisor J. M Sowcll
Lancaster, Supervisor M. C. Gard
Mar.lon, Supervisor J. P. Stack
house, \L C. Scll-jr*.
Orangi.-Jjiirg, Supervisor Olin M
Dmiz'er, .T. D. A. Llvirgitou, J. A
Richland, Supervisor rt'. J?. cPirfurl
lng, P. J. Garrick. L. Ribon. Wm.
Douglass. N. Rawlinson, W. IL Sllgb,
F ll. Ilyat.
Suartanburg, Supervisor I). M.
Miles, M. F. Turner, W. T. B own.
C.don, Supervisor T. J. Beden
hitugh, R. L Me Nady, J..UKS P.
Wtlllcms ;urg, Supervisor John J.
York, Sup.Tvisor Thomas W. Boyd.
Barnwell, Supervisor J B. Morris.
Marlboro, Supervisor M. E. Coward
Laurens, Supervisor IL B. Hum
President F. IL Hyatt called thc
meeting to order. Tho p-ocecdlng>
were opened'by prayer by the Riv
J. W. Daniel. Mayor G bots, on be
h ilf of the city, .welcomed the dele
g itt s.
The following olllcars were tloct.cr
for the ensuing year: V. ll. Hyatt
president; Evie Sloan, secretary; O
M. Dantzler, treasurer.
President Ilya*r. read ids rep-rt foi
?ast yar, which is full of interest.
A learned and highly a? prc elater
address on the subj-jct of i.Lpovet
roals in Cauada, thc United State!
and Mexico was dclivo;?d by Dr. C.
Gov. H ey ward s?r>t a mcssaga ex
pressing reg re is at ids absence, caused
tiy temporary illness, but pledged hi.
warmest sympathies and most tarucs.t
etforhs in the interest of the Soutl
Carolina Good Roads association.
The ussclatlon adopted a cuustltu
tl; n lt a'so adopted a scheme sub
milted by the secretary for tho c r
ganiz itlon of branch county associa
tions, for which a constitution was
also prescriber'; c iples of lids plan foi
organization will ba supplied ti an>
counties which may apply for it.
The following resolution was adopt
''Belt resolved, That this associa
lion memorialize the general a>semblj
to provide, that ail Stile convicts, not
under sentence for Uf?, shall be sub
j: ot to hire by tho respective counties
ol this Stute for service In the con
struction and (Lie maintenance of tlu
public highways. This piaycr bj prc
dieted on the fact that the number 01
convicts available in s onie c u ties ii
t io small to ba e ooo.ideally guarded,
maintained and operated, and on tlu
further fact the free labor available
for road purposes ls inefficient, un
satisfactory and far more expensive
than the cost of the operation of'thc
proper si?.ed uhaingang for any re
quired woik. "
A committee was appointed to cali
on the appropriate legislative com
mitt.es and submit for their c insid
"oration the recommendations adopted
by the association.
At the night session Judge W. R
Warnock, number of congress from
Ohio, addressed the association on
"(loi d Roads" and in commendation ol
Senator Latimers hill which provide!
for federal aid. Judge Warnock, in
warm terms, eulogized Un: scutberi
people for doing homage to Hie vir
tues ot such a lier i and captain a;^
Lob.-rt E. Lee by the titting obser
vance of the anniversary of ins birth
day. Ho predicated the character ol
a people an the character of its ac
cap ted her ?cs.
Senator Latlmer followed Judge
V/arnock and made a forceful presen
t ill--ii of the advantages of lils bib
for federal aid for road buding.
At 1 o'clock p. m., the Association
adj nine 1 till 10 o'clock Friday morn
ii.g. Following ls an account of Fri
d i>'s proo edlugs.
Nearly the. entire morning was con
sumed in the "experience meeting."
'Ibis is considered ono of the most
nroiitable parts of the proceedings.
The Supervisors ; lie road builders
themselves-entered into an informal
a id general discussion of their diiler
c it methods of meeting the difficul
ties encountered and the methods md
costs of bulldi ig and maintaining good
roads. Ooo n atter that received con
siderable comment was tbe compara
tve cost of keeping the difleienl
o altes of road machinery hi repair
Several c nu.ties contemplate purchas
ing an equipment of road machiner*
and were wisely prolltiug by experi
ences of theJr neighbors.
About three hours was spent In this
exchanging of ideas. Tho legislature
will ba asked to remedy tho defects iu
thc law relating to road duty and
com m u tat lon tax.
Under th? operation of the existing
law the citizens who clo not pay the
commutation tax and who are. there
fore subject to such roa 1 duty aro. so
far apart and so difficult of identifica
bion by the county supervisor that the
erst of bli 'ging ihotn together is said
to equal the value of servie s perform
ed. Furthermore, lt ls claimed that
provision restricting their services to
the vicinity of their resp.Coi vc abodes
reduces the number available for any
one neighborhood to such a small forco
that their combined services do not
warrant the exp use of and overseer
to direct, their limited am tint of
A resolution was adopted by the
convention thanking Senator Latlmer
and Congressman Warnock of Ohio
for their able addresses of the,night
before, Mayor Gibbes for the hospital
ity cf the city and the press for Its
Tile Immortal bee.
L -st Thursday was the birthday of
lljbert E. Lee, one of the greatest
tuen ever produced by any country or
people. Ile ranks among tbe greatest
s dolors of tbe world as o military
genius, ard as a private cit'z'm he
wa-* a model of all tbat was noble,
true and great In man. There have
[been soldiers, perhaps, hl8 equal, but
nene bis superior. There tan be no
question as to Gen. Lie's capacity as
a military leader. "When for four
yeats," as tbe Augusta Chronicle says,
"witb an adversary outnumbering
bim as 20 to 0 and tbe bulk of it com
posed of thc same fighting raes SB his
own men, be hold tbe capital of the
Confederacy safe against attack upon
attack, discrediting, as well as defeat
ing, the ablest commanders brought
t.) conquer him and enly yielding at
laut under Grant's systom of heedless
sacrifico; he stands undoubtedly In
tho trout rank of military men. But
it was ready after bis thinned corp?
were su'rounded and surrendered at
Appomattox aud bis stainless sword
was sheathed that the true greatness,
the real berolsm, the magnificent pro
portions of Robert E Lie, tbe civi
lian, were exemplified.
As poor M roost as any others that
had worn the gray, bis inherited
wealth swept away oy tho war, he had
but to heed to the offers tbat were
made hlm,vbad but to nominally-con
ncct himself with this or that organ
, Ization or suebV prop >sed industry or
speculation, to have had an income
? far greater than his ieeds. But be res
olutely refus'd them a'l, until, after
deep consideration, baling satisfied
himself that be could help educate
the sons of the South to recognize the
. inevitable and acept tin situation
make a fresh start and a ?ew South
; hind, lie consented to assume the j
Presidency <f Washington College1
Chow Washington an?* Lee University)
for turuere stipple! hardly adequate
tO his w2t?Sr. - '
It was there, at Lexington, Virgin
!a, that General Lee's heroism and
fame reached their highest point,
however the; m.-iy have flammed lu
the glo-lcs gleaned in Mexico and at
the head of tho Army of Northern
Virgiania. It was in the few years
granted lil m to fill that pest, that
General Lee crowned bis royal life and
wrote his n ime in every Sou'hern
heart, as well as in many gallant ones
? across the sea and at the North. Aud
i bis memory lihould live with his peo
pie for ever." Let us teach our boys
and ?iris that
"No Purer sword led braver band,
Nor bravo, baud bled for brighter
i Nor brighter land had causa more
Nor came a chief like-Lee!"
Whore W?H Buokard Murdered?
Solicitor P. T. Hildebrand Tuesday
' con firmed a rumor that a survey ls be
ing m ide of the territory around Eu
tawville to see whether or not the
place of the murder of Kcltt Bookard
is In Oraugeburg county. Mr. Hilde
brand says that he had beard rumors to
ill's effect frequently, but within the
last fortnight lie bad received from
very reliable sources such Information
that he coula not disregard lt. If it be
proved that the orim -- was committed
in Oraugeburg, the case will bo tried
. in Oraugeburg. The survey ls bel?g
! made by a very competent engineer.
Eutawviile ls quite near the line and
it ls said that the negri) was murder
ed at St. Julian's landing on the
Santee river and in Orangeburg coun
ty. Mr. Hildebrand has received In
formation that the prisoners have
beau removed from the jill in Charles
ton to the Berkeley cjuuty jill at
Monck's Coiner. The case'is due to
.orne up foi trial at Muncie's Corner
the latter part of this month.
A Woman tO Han;;.
Tho State says: "Guv. Bell of Ver
mont is a marvel among governors
. lie has refus d all appeals for the par
dou of a woman who ls sentenced to
be hanged in that State next month
, and cal my declares th>it he will per
mit the decrees of the court to have
\ their way. The woman, a Mrs. Ro
gers, ls under sentence for the mur
I d ;r of ber husband, the date fixed for
tho execution beb g Feb. 6th. Not In
70 years bas a woman boen hanged in
I Vermont. Under the laws of that
State ls seems that tho right to re
view tho sentences of the court is
vested In the legislature as well as
! the executive; and the legislature hav
ing failed to act at Its last sessions the
governor pi opones to let the law take
its curse. Tiiere is very strong senti
ment again.'t hanging a woman and
Gov. Pell w ll not have an easy time
of lt for the next few weeks."
Family and Servant Suffocated
William T. Mason, a lawyer, and
ids family, consisting of wife and two
children, Eden, four years old, and
Marion, six months, with a servant,
Annie Wells, lost thel* lives In a tire
which p irtl.illy destroyed the brown
stone dwell! ig occupied by them at
13:i west,Ono Hundred and Thirtieth
street New York early Sunday morn
ing. The wh le family appears to have
lu en su ff ?cat d. The charred bodies of
Mrs. Mason, the servant and four
year old child were found in the closet
under the roof scuttle tur: ugh which
they are supposed to have been at
tempting to escape. The bodies of
Mr. Mason and the youngest child
v/ere in a bedroom.
fly an explosion of dynamite one
rollo east of Bedford Ind., Wednesday
eve. ?ag, two men were killed and four
others injured. The dead:
William S. Jenkins, Bedford.
William G .rrett, Ojlltle.
-'v\:"'^m'^xj,vQcc erc"im'o.o of tbe
Central Uni- n Telephone company,
bad been working on thc linc east of
that city. They were returning to
town in a wagon in which they bad
thrown the dynamite, explosion cap
and tools. The jarring of the wagr?n
caused thc explosion of the caps. The
wagon was blown to pieces and one of
the horses was Injured.
An Engine Exploded,
At Creston two men were blown to
Instant death by thc explosion of a big
Erle locomotive there early Wednes
day morning. A third man was se
riously hurt and the englno was de
molished, the trucks being the only
part, remaining on the track. The
dead aro: Fred Keller, engineer, and
Chas. Skelrick, fireman. Frank New
man, of Elmira, N. Y., a travelling
fireman, was serlou-dy injured and ls
now at the hospital at Akron, it ls
said that the injector failed to work.
Tile engin j was drawing east-bound
Wells Fargo express.
1 vin sond free to nar man simply upon bis written
request a copy of my to-pepo boorf on lost manhood,
nervous debility- ins potency, sirfctwrft varietals,
enlargement of tho prostate blood poison, und re
flex diseases resulting from tho nbovp, such aa erup
tions of tho r.kln. rheumatism, urinary disorders,
piles, rcotal diseases, etc lt ?111 tell in plain and
simple lanjruage aU that you want to know. It 19
eu tort run !n? and instructlvo and will open your eyes. It will show a simple
way ot cure tn your own home, privately and without tho publicity and ex?
pens? ora local doctor or druggist. I have boon practicing this speciality for mora
than a quarter of a century and havo in my vaults tho names of hundreds upon
hundreds of men whom I havo cured of theso diseases after they hod written mo
for tho book. In theso SS yeors I havo dovcloped a system of Curo that ls entirely /
now and original and differs widely from the old methods. With lt I amenably
to euro mon tn half tho timo. In a simple yet efreotlvo way. ? Write me and I will show you tL\/
way to got bock your vitality and strength, your manhood and health, no matter how old or
worn you aro, and so thoroughly thot you will stay cured forever. If you'Will mention bow yon
aro affected I will enclose besides thelH-page book a Self Examination Iilnnk on your disease so
that I can make a study of your casa and report to you fre?*of charlo. .1 have olghlot her medlotu
books that I will send to men free on receipt of nnuie and udUrc: .;. In a piala unmarked envelops.
Write me today sure. DR. J. NEWTON HATHAWAY,
88 Inman Building 22 1-2 South Broad street, At.rrita, Ga.
f rn n iini in nnni'tir .'
COLUMBIA: LUMBER & MFC. CO;
KILFYRE! KILFYRE ! ! KILPYRK ! ! 1
That is exactly what it is, almire Kill sr. Di n) ?ijra?loa ovary
day at the State Fair showing Its lire lighting qualities.
Every Farmer, Oil Mill, Saw Mill, Ginnery and any one owning
property should bave them. For sale by
COLUMBIA SUPPLY GO..
Columbisx, S. O. The machinery Supply house of tho State ""^
Southeastern Lime & Cernes t Co.
CHARLESTON, ?. C.c
Building Material bf all kindu. High Grade Roofing
"RUBEROID." Write for prides.
Building and Re-Pres?ed Brick. Special Snipes to order. Fire Proof
Terra Gotta Flue Linings. Prepared to lill orders for thousand ojc^.
Whiske I Morpblne
1329 Lady St. (or P
I ence solicited.
All.Dr ig and Tob?ceo
Keeley Institute, of ?5. <C.
. O. Poi 15) Col imbia, ti. O. Ccnfidon'ilal correspond'
m '.TP I A TTT /-jp mn?D,?'S':
A 3JS JLixaVV iff ii'.iiUi.?o:,
A Bill Paseos tho fluuso Chan(ri!>f?
tlio Existing Conditions.
Tile T?ouse speub the whole of last
Friday morning in discusdng a bill to
pr??ibit trespassing on people's 'ands
Mr. Beamguard explained that this
bill reverses existing ooudlticns. The
law as to "p 'Sting" land requires the
owner to publish uotiees in the county
paper for four weeks and to put up
statis on four sides of the land. The
b ll will make trespass unlawful with
out "posting" being necessary.
Mr. Irby made an impassioned
speech against rich men who own
thnu.-an.1s of acres of land trying to
keep their poor and honest neighbors
from shooting on their lands when
they bring rich men here from the
noitb and let them .shoot all they
Mr. Ardrey, author of tho bill, de
clared Mr. Irby's argument to be en
tirely lu favor of the bill. Why should
not those people go to work and then
they wouldn't need to be pottering
around on other people's land shoot
ing the best friend the farmer has
the bird-which destroys the vermin
which kid the crops.
Mr. Toole uhougat the bill too dras
tic lt Is useless legislation and will
make it a misdemeanor for a man
merely to walk across tho lund of an
other, even In inc n p >ra*ed cities.
Mr. flamel declared that Mr. Irby's
ohjecticn ls met, because thc. bill will
not prevent a ma.i from getting the
consent of the owner of the land, and
lb ls. but proper and right that one
soould seeu.e such conset t, no matter
what ls the law.
' Mr. Irby again attaek-.d the owners
of large i states by citing the case of
an Individual in Laurens who has
wrecked uoor mun and acquired their
property, and lt would be unjust to
give such m.-n the right to keep these
poor men from hunting on untenanted
Mr. Liban Mau'.din bf Pickens re
plied with v.qual earnestness that no
man would deuy a poor man permis
sion to bunt on his lands lo keep
tho poor mau in meat. Ile favored
Mr. Morgan of Greenville declared
that this bill is no Innovation, lt
nurdy enacts the law but In a differ
ent form. In reply to a question fr .m
Mr. Irby, Mr. Morgxn declared tbrtt
If a man pays for a piece of land hhs
constitutional rights thereon shauld
not be takeu away from him.
Tue bid as lt dually pa>sed tb a
third reading provides: "That from
and after tho approval of this act, any
person or persons entering upon the
lr.nds of another, f >r the purpose of
huming, lisbing, trapping, netting,
gathering fruit, vegetables, hetbs, or
cutting timber on the same without
the consent of the owner or manager
thereof, shall be deemed guilty of a
misdemeanor and, upon conviction
theieif, shall pty a line of nob less
than live nor more than twenty dol
lars, or bo imprisoned at hard labor
not less than ten or more than thirty
days for each, and every offense."
Tiiej Moan tiusim HM.
A dispatch from Fort Mot e to The
State says: "A meeting of the farm
ers i f this, tho banner section of Or
angeburg County, was heit! on the
10th, tooiscussthe cotton situation.
Capt. .Limes A. Peterkin was mad;
president of the meeting. The general
spirit of the meeting wa3 that lt was
lime for the cotton planter to take ac
tion, and that organization was a
sccrwlty to secure a fair and regular
price for colton, lt was agreed that n
reduction in acreage of 25 per cont
would be made lu this section. Toe
farmers In this section are in a posi
tion te> hold their cotton for what they*
consider a fair price." The farmers In
thc upper part of tho CJunty meafa
business, and we hope they will b&
backed by the farmers of all sections
lOlcotlou Of JmltroH.
Tlie house agreed to the report from
the committee on privileges ano elec
tions, fixing next Thursday, January
?.Gtb, ns the day for election of the
following otllclals: .lu Ige 0/ fifth cir
cult, to succeed Judge. E.ne>t Gary;
judge of seventh circuit, to succeed
Judge D. A. Townsend; suporiut en
id tho penitentiary, to succeed Capt.
D. J. Griffith; three directors of the
penitentiary, to succeed A. K. San
ders, J. G. Mobley and M. O. Row
land, and one trustee of the state Col
ored college at Orangoburg. Tho sen
ate has already agreed upon this date.
Make Home Happy.
Good Music Will Do This.
You want ft swool-toned Piano,
or yon may IprofVr ii rino Organ.
We repros-'nt tho Standard
O Mxk rH, Our pricos und tornia
B will appenl to you. Cull on or ad
$ MALONE'S MUSIC HOUSE
2 In Opera House Bloukf"
T. S. HOI LxYMAIN, M. D.,
Cures all dh eases of men. Lost?
manhood, syphilis (blood poison),
ironorhoea, glee stricture, varioocele,
hydrocele and ill private diseases ot..
men. Catarrh in all forms cure*
uuickly. Piles cured without opjag*
tion or deten ion from business.
Qrider guarani ;e. Rooms 421 and
122 Lcouard building, Augusta, Ga.
Wrlte for hon e treatment. '. Office
lours: 9 a. m. to 7 p. m. Sunday's
) a. m. to 2 p. tn.
/ TEED ;
. 8Y A
ch H AAA BANK DEPOSIT
'.'VvJc^lV^'iJ' Railroad Faro,Paid. 500
J Fir BK Courses Offered.
''~J?3??2IS5iI51 BTordatCost WjlloQulc*
Want It Abolished.
The bouse committee on agriculture
Friday decided upon a favorable re
port on Mr. Ashley's bill to abolish
the ctn ce of commissioner of agricul
ture, c ?mmerce and immigration. Mr.
Ashley appaared and spoke in behalf
or the bill. There were no arguments
submitted in reply, Senator Manning
not being abie, to get there bo defend
the bill which he lutroduced last year
and which has since become law.
Three members were absent, but this
would hardly have affected the atti
tude of the committee. Mr. Seabrook,
the chairman, is very much opposed
to the bill, and some others of the
committee believe that the bureau
should be given a proper trial bsfore
Yt ; (eil ?I,?ii.
The Columbia State says: This is
not tue first time that we have advis
ed our readers to keep an eye on Gov.
W. L. Douglas. His part In the settle
ment ot the Fall Uiver strikostrength- ?
int us In 'die believe that he is destin
ad for higher things. A man who can
take a six months strike in band and
io arrange a settlement between oper
ators and operativo as, in tho language
if the press dispatch, to make "both
.ides regard the outcome of tho dellb
ira.tions as a victory" is more than a
ia.'.slnir figure. Ho is a statesman and
... Good lilli.
The following bill introduced In the
touse by Mr. Culler, If it becomes
aw, will rob "old boss" sales of much
if their Interest, and buyers of such
riling* of tho intense mental pleasure
if speculating whether they had been
juncoed or have buueoed somebody
rise: "That from and ufier che pas
tage of tills act lt shall bo unlawful
or any comm'ai ouniujto^fflMfojL^^
ale at auotl ti or (it^flRpy ar
,icle or bundle of ?rf?STChantilso when
.ho same ls solo for the collection of
liarle? or freight without first open
rig and exposing for examination such
irtk?e or b^'odte."
The Charleston Evenlug Post states
.hat there ls grave concern among the
'social clubs" of that city lest the
eglslaturo respond favorable bo the
^ggestlon ff Gov. Hey ward and enaot
? law-, under which the operation of
uch organizations can bo scrutinized
>y the dispensary constabulary. The
Munabia State says "the social dubs
.re doing a profitable business under
x<stlng condition and they do not
/ant to be. bothered, and this of itself
i sufficient reason for the legislature
o nc ie^e to the governor's recommen
BESIDES-- a number who are out
udor hoad, there are seven prisoners
x the Spartanbhrg j ill awaiting trial
jr murder at the next berm of tim
ourt of general serious, whloh eou
eues on January 23.