Newspaper Page Text
!s the Solution of the Cotton
Situation Sayj| McLaurin.
HAVING LITTLE FAITH
IQ Reduction of Acreage. Me Con
tends that all tlie Cotton the South
can Produce May be Sold at .
Good Prices by Enlarg
ing Our Trade.
To tho Elltor of The News and
Oourler: The drop-in theifprlce of
cotton is exoltlng all over the South,
and a Convenlon has been called In
Nt w Orleans to consider questions re
lating to the cotton industry. I have
seen many remedies proposed for over
production, but havo hear" nothing
about under consumption, and heroin
lies (lu my2oplnion):tbe only perman
ent solution of the problem.
Wkh proper methods of distribu
tion, there is room for a larger crop
ef cotton than has yet been produced
in the South. It is painfully appar
ent thal, burning cot'.on, reduction of
wjreage, etc, are only temporary ex
pediento, and will afford nc perman
Can we find newer and wider mar
kets?for our.staplo product?
That this would be a complete
remedy none can doubt, and that
such markets exist none familiar wltb
the question will dcDv.
Facing us on the other side of the
globe are the teeming millions of
China, and it was among them that
we found a market for our surplus
when the large crop:} of the late '90s
glutted all other markets.
Five-cent cotton proved a great
stimulus to manufacturing and led to
the marvellous development from' 1890
to 1900. when there was an Increase
"tin the.Unlbed States of 32 per cent,
'while in South Carolina the output
from our mills ran up from ten to for
ty million dollars, finding a ready mar
ket in China.
Indeed rlfimnnd fir outstripped pro
ductloD, and there was a steady ad
vance in the price of spot cotton un
til the China market was practically
closed by troubles In the Hast, aur
speculation advanced prices al. nor m
ally, and, instead of an expanding
market with advancing prices, wc art
In the period of a contr?ctil g market
with falling prices, lt is evident that
we are facing another era of low
Can we take advantage of thc situa
tion and create such a widr<-pread de
mand for cotton go ids that ?ow pric?.?
and over-production will never ht
heard of again?
Cotton ls now below the c st ol pro
duction, lower by comparison than lt
has ever been before. Its natural ad
vantages are such that if we do iioth
lng it will take care of itself, as it
has in the past, I ul by wisdom we
can hasten the day when the king
shall come to his own airain, and this,
I apprehend, is thc great purp: se of u
Convention of the coitou growers.
China is an old country, with tht
stored wealth of centuries; her people
need our cotton, particularly thc
I beard Minister Wu say once that
the'question of clothing was one of
the greatest problems that c nf rooted
his people, but Utile cotton ls growi,
and the methtds of manufaclurv
primitive. They depend h^ft^TI pV?'On
silk, and be laughingly aJf?ou that, so
great was the population, that if cot
ton were used^fis in other portions of
' the woild^-and you could get "each
Ohinoman to add one inch to the
length of the tall of his shirt, lt
would consume the cotton crop of t'.ie
So far we have only touched with
our cotton trade one small section in
North China, the exports never ex
ceeding twenty-five millicn dollars in
It may ?seern strange that a profit
or loss on an Industry amounting to
.340,000,000 aunualiy should be af
fected by the loss of an export de
mand of 818,000,000 or ?20,000,000,
but thc sceptical have only to refer to
the history of the cotton trade for
1901, during the Boxer troubles, when
exports to China almost ceased to rx
convinced of the value of our at pres
ent comparatively small Eastern
The year 1904 has demonstrat ed be
yond doubt that In spite of the boll
weevil the South can produce a crop
of cotton far In excess of the demands
from present markets, hence necessl
ty forces either the curtailment of
the crop or finding newer and wider
No one familiar with present, condi
tions believes that without sr me prov
idential disaster t he ci op of 19u? will
be materially reduced. If the acre
age ls curtailed better cultivation and
the increased use of fertilizer will
make up the deticiency. We have the
largo profits of two well so'.d c:ops In
our banks and as long .is we can buy
mules End guano we will makecotton.
The South now has a practical mo
nopoly in the production of cotton.
This sho should keep at ali hazard,
find new markets, and make enough
cotton to supply the world at fair
Reduction of acroage may do to
talk, but resolutions will not reduce
lt, and I believe that there will be
men lu the Cotton (Jrowers' Conven
tion wi:o will take a more comprehen
sive view of the situation.
Considering that in China alone
there ls a population of 400,000,000
whoso trade with us per-capita ls now
Infinitesimal compared with what it
is bound to develop In the years to
come, who will undertake to place a
limit upon tho. quantity of cotton
good'i tbat the Orient will consume?
Trade follows the ilag." Undoubt
edly tho time was never more favor
able for developing new mai leets; the
?var now in progress seems nearing an
end. Japan will undoubtedly retain
Its position on the Mainland of Asia;
Korea and Manchuria will he rapidly
taught Weaterr.u methods, and under
the tutelage of Japan the Chinese
Empire will be opened up to com
merce as never beforo.
With Alaska, Oui,rn, Hawaii and
the Philippines we hr.ve huge stepping
stones to the Orien;, friendly ports
under our own Hag, depots, bases of
supply, and If need be, for our protec
Nearly fifty years ugo a secretary of
State predicted that large aa was our !
trade with Europe, greater aa lt'
might become, it would lu the ful
ness of the time, be dwarfed lu
comparison with the Inevitable
development acrcss the Pacific.
I believe that Mr. Seward wai
right and tht.t in China there ia a
market walting, which will enable us
to Bell 20,000,300 instead of 10,000,000
bales above ten oents the pound.
If we could wi tb so little effort de
velop a market in a locality in North
China, lt seems to me that it could
be done In ail accessible portions of
It ought not to be di moult to teach
a thr-fty people the superiority of cot
ton over silk as an article of general
wear. It ls ohecpar, and the fact that
lt will wash commends lt to a people
so cleanly in their habits. Then the
old saying, "Chinamen never wash
their clothes and Japs never wash
their bodies," would be more honored
in the breach than the observance,
All business is done iu China under
a system of guilds conducted on simi
lar lines to the F?deration of Labor lu
this country, and this fact properly
bandied has proven a help rather than
a hindrance to the lntroducticn of
American goods in China. You deal
with an organization Instead of indi
viduals. It the cotton burned during
the past weeks had been made Into
cloth and sent into portions of China,
where American goods are unknown,
it would be a far more sensible plau of
reducing the surplus and me>klr>g cus
tumers of these silk clad millions in
But 7,000 milos of oceau roll be
tween us and these markets, it must
, be traversed by ships and each day
the difficulties In that respect multi
Our oarryirg trade'ls In the bands,
not only of oi~r commercial rivals, bul
of the natlors who consume our raw
cotton and a-e therefore bitterly op
posed to assisting any movement
where tho ulUmate effect must be ti
advance tho orice of cotton. If tnt
market for ;:o>ds ls to be ex^endec
they will Rea to is that it ls dom
under their auspices and then not oi
such an extensive Ecale as to mak
the staple scarce and high. Th
American merchant Hag ls a strange
on the high seas, and will be uuti
Congress takes some action whlcl
will enable the American built an
operated ship to compote with its.sue
sldiz.d foreign rival. For years meai
urea to that end have been befoi
Congress, but the demand lias neve
come up from the people, because tb
development of this continent hs
heretofore afforded ample sc ?po, bu
tho days of our national infancy ni
jone and must go out into th
maikets of thc world up n a fool in
of equality with the othe? nal o
Upon the Atlantic our oarryit
trade ls monopolizad hv onorniot
foreign steamship lines that ars ho
circling the globe with their Ktd|
that have E open rs, Kings and nob!
for their an vocal es and stiCitholdei
The nations of Europe rr joice lu tl
concentration of the wealth of the
people ID their steamship lines, th*
are sustained by subsidies from the
Government and through tl eir co
end of transportation they levy tri
ute upou all the peoples of the cart
and upon none docs it rest more bea
ily than the cotton grower.
Less than time i er cent of o
carrying ti ado with 10 ne. pa is
American sbip-., a trade totally a b
lion and a haif annually, two th ii
of t.ur trade with the eutire world.
Tue first step in extending and c
larging our cotton ir arket must
transportation facilities, lt Its oskl:
too much of human nature to expe
these natio is which are looking 1
cheap cotton to develop new marke
Cotton manufacturing bas been inti
dUced into J at. an, but bas not four ii
ed, so I am informed, because of l
Impossibility of getting theraw ex
Lon. But for this 1 have no di uht th
by this timo Japan's cotton factor
would hs important pureba;era
The New Orleans convention cc
sider no question in which the Sou
ls more vitally Interested than sh
ping. About 35 per cent o? the to
exports of the nation are shipped fr<
Southern ports, while only a; out i
per cent of the Imports enter
I Southern p irts. The great bulk
our exports originate in the South
tn tho Mississippi Valley that dra
into the gulf. New Orleans and t
gulf ports are the natur;: 1 exit, l
the great lines of railways run e?
and weat and 1 do not su ppr se s
one doubts that there ls a commun
ot interest between these transe
tinenta] lines and the sabsldl;
foreign steamship companies. Tba
tho combination which has always
feated every effort in Congress to p
a bill for the devele pment of
American merci an", marino.
The same interests postponed fo
quarter of a century the construct
of the Isthmian (Janal, but under
present vigorous Federal adminlst
tlou this la la sight, and then nate
laws can no ongtr Le defiod. God 1
so fashioned this country that
natural direction for Its export \
ducts to mo\e is north and south,
east and weet. Nev/ Orleans should
and some day will be one of the gr<
est. If not i he greatest dlstrlbut
point In tho world.
At present about 20 per cent of
ships entering North Atlantic pt
come in ballast, while over f>0 per c
entering Southern ports c rue in 1
!ast. This ls a serious handicap to
cotton grov er, for his is an exp
product. Il means that every t.
coming in ballast for cotton char
enough freight one way to pay the
pennes of the round voyage, which
pense comes from the profits of
maker of that cotton.
About 00 per cent of the cot
goods mule lu South Carolina go
China, tut under this combination
transcontinental railways and fure
steamship lines, these g.;ods do
lake the naturi course to deep wa
but go north more than a thous
miles by rail and Bod exit, many
them over thc Canadian Pacific II
way. The cotton grocer "he pays
When lt comes to our next r
neighbors In South A mejia, we ai
a still worse plight. Our cotton gt
go to South America via Europe.
A vessel loads in South Amor
comes to Oh irleston, or New Orle;
discharges r. cargo, takes a cons
mont of goofis for South America,
salis direct to Europe and from thc
to South America, thus com pie.'
the elrcult of the triangle, and h
lng at a disadvantage by this doi
voyage across the Atlantic the Ar
lean exporte-. Hore again "Junes
pays the frc ght."
The foreigner Intends to contre
lils ships the foreign, markets and
ls bound by self Interest rot to etd;
the cotton a arket to where he wi
forced to pay high prices for spot
ton- Oar consular reports record
stancrs where A mor lean goods
signed to South Aruorlc.au ports 1
been hold In Europe and foreign u
duplicates Bent forward until
South American purchaser in despair
accepts the Eure peau substitutes.
Is lt good sense for us to continue
to allow Europe to buy our cotton,
carry it across ihe Atlantic, manu
facture it and then send it back across
the Atlantic and sell it at a prout
right at our door? They will do so
just as long as tiey control transport
I believe lt was Grady who said
"cotton is a fool," aud 1 add has no
JNO LOWNDES MCLAUKIN.
Benncttsvllle, Janpary 13.
MURDERED HIS BON.
Tho Awful Deed Wau Doun While
the Father Waa Drunk.
At Greenwood the coroner*a jury
whlcb adjourned Monday Jan. 10, to
meet again Wednesday to llnh.h hear
ing the evidence In the matter of
Scott Cl- gg, whose death was reported
Monday Jan. 10, brought in a verdict
Wednesday afternoon that he came to
hiH death '.jma gun shot wound at
the hands of h's own father, John
Clegj". The verdict was expected in
view of developments after Moaday'B
hearing. The unfortunate tragedy
has been the topic of ^conversation
evor sluco lt happened. Hy 3' ma
sympathy ls expressed for the father,
because of the fact that lt has been
shown clearly that he was drunk at
the time. In fbet, be seemed, as
phrased by some, to be ' perfectly
crazy." Whether he caused the death
of hiss m by drunken carelessness or
by the impulse of a sudden Mini way
of drunken passion will be for a jury
J( bn C'epgwas at once arrested and
is now in the county Jail to be tiled
for the murder nf his own sen. The
test'mony heard by the jury Monday,
given hy Clegg and his son, vas to
the . IT ct that the boy was shot while
they were on their w;ty to Greet woori,
and that they diel not knew who did
it. Tho jury heard from othe- wit-|
ncs cs that the little boy said Sunday
night, lifter they had arrived here,
than his fathor had shot his b:other,
and that this was .said iu the pie^ence
. it the father. Theil Ule b v's cl anged
testimony Wednesday was In sub
:tt-at ce that lils father pulled i ut the
pistol to shoot at something on the
road and they (his dead brolh-r and
himself) caught hold of the pis ol and
in Boma way his brother was shot.
Witnesses li vii g along tin road
testified that, they ?aw Oleg* and
heard his awful cursing. One man,
W. P. Rhodos, repeated some of bis
vile o '.Los, but could not swear
whether they were directed nt the
buy or at tho horse. AU of the testi
mony showed that John Clegg was as
wild and fre: z'.ed os a man c n d be
.nado ny whiskey, and that as a result
nt this awful state he ctused the
deat h of one of his own children. The
Doy's rroMier has bi eu dead for several
years. Clegg was a pol coman a'
Greenwood. There is no dispensary
In the county, and be was (bunk or
made cn/.v by drinking blind tiger
wh'skry, which must have been of
the viles* sort, as Clegg seemed a-.d
acted like a crazy man while under
the Influence of lt.
Will IJOBO Hi? Job.
Cliailes J. Mu!ky, p.sin.aster at.
Westminster, ii. C., is the p istmastei
wlio lias gottea into trouUe by mak
Jug and soliciting contributions f"r
paying the cp?nsca of negro and
Otbcr delegates to state and county
conventions. Mulky will kse his
P sillon, which he has held only Since
A pril 10, 11(04 The Investigation of
inspectors of the postuulce depart
ment showed that he had nor. only
made contributions for this purpose
birr.fce'.f, but had solicited and ob
tained contri h ?Hons from other po:>t
masters, and lt was some of those
wh ' had complained to the d?part
aient, R.s told In this correspondence
a day or two ago. In tho future all
poslmostera wno either pay money to
politicians ferr; traveling or other ex
penses or solicit money from other
federal employes for the same thing
will lose their positions. Several
other postmasters are likely to lose
their positions, PS others are reported
Lo have done the same tlih g.
Huton Dy Oaniiibalti.
Tho. Kev. M. L. Stimson, South
S^a missionary, who arrive ! recently
at, San Francisco on the steamer
Doric, brines the first details of tho
n.order of live Catholic priests and
five huns of New Britain last Octo
ber. After thc murders tbe savage
a'.e the bodies of tho victims within
sight cf the German Igca residence.
Mr. Stimson ls settled at Penapl,
Caroline Islands, and he got tho de
talls from the vice governor of New
Bristaln. He said the nuns and
prh-sts were surrounded by a mel? of
natives whose fanaticism had been
aroused. The priests fought for their
lives, hut ull were soon killed. Then
thc cannibals, proceeded to ?old a
fea ?t on the bodies of the dctlma
near the residence of Pr. Flt hi, the
governor. Ile has organizad t puni
Two Wer?! Killed.
Two persons wsre killed ai d two
more very seriously hurt Wednesday
as ? result of a boiler explosl >n which
occ irred Wednesday morning about
IO o'clock at Graves Mountain, lu
Lincoln county Ga. Tho dead are:
William Mariin. Jr.. white, son o'
William Martin, who owned tte saw
Willie Johnson, colored a saw mill
William C. Martin was badly scald
ed about tho face, but not seri' usly
hurt. Another negro whose i arr.- h
ont, known is badly burned about tho
ody and arni brok- n. He will prob
ably die. Two other negroes who
were si anding near the engine at the
t /is of the explosion, were blown
uv ir a i all fence, a di st ance of dwenty
feet, huh not hurt, with the exception
of a slight bruis) ab..ut, their bodies.
Galla Thom lilnrs.
With dramatic fervor, Senator John
ll. Mitchell, of Oregon, on tl.- floor
of the United States Sonate Wednes
day afternoon denounced bis accusers
and publicly branded them as "mali
coua and atrocious liars." lu a heart,
fyi heart talk with Ins fellow mem
bors, he procla med his innocence of
ho charges up in which he, with Itop
resentatlve Hermann, of Oregon, was
recently indicted at Portland and ex
pressed confide ace In his ultimata vin
Several boys at Port Gaines, Ga.,
with the view of Imitating tho farm
ers who burned ;,omc totton on the
.streets of thal, town a short timo ago,
secured matches Wednesday nlghtanc!
-.et (he to a cotton warehouse. Toe
lire burned rap (Hy ?ind 1 1 bales if cot
ton were consumed In f. re lt was got
ten under coitrol. One residence
oaught lire from sparks but the Hames
wers extinguished before much dam
age was d ino.
Report of Expert Accountant* Who
Examined the Booka.
Statistical Information RegarufiiK
thc State's Liquor liuslucss
that is IiitorcatlnK.
Messrs. D. Zimmerman and J. W.
Jones, the accountants appointed to
examine the bonks and vouchers at
the State dispensary Wednesday re
ported tbat thuv had completed tbjdr
work. The roilowlng statistical in
formation was given in their reports:
Cash in State treasury
Nov. 30th, '04. 41,208.90
Teams aud wagons. 04.00
Supplies (inventory Nov
Machinery and ofllce fix
tures . C.328 50
Nov. 30Lh, '04. 1,498.20
Real estate (Inventory
Nov. 30tb, '04.- 52,800 50
Merchandise lu bands of
dispensers Nov 30, '04 494,388.20
of steck at State dis
pensar)). 403,509 21
Suspended accounts.. .. 2,890 24
Personal accounts due
Stats for alcohol and
empty barrels, etc.. 19,479 31
School fund.$ 518,675.7'
Personal accounts due
by State for bupplles,
whiskies, wine.1, beer,
etc. 610,721 28
Total liabilities .$1,029 3.17 05
Cash sta ten: cat for fiscal year ending
Nov. 30th. ' 904:
Balance In State treas
ury, Nov. 30th '03... $ 20,98') 92
December. '03, receipts. 355,883.80
January, '04, recsipt*.. 248 004 79
February, '04, receipts.. 237 570 63
March, '04. receipts_ 236 449 40
April, '04, receipts. 189 039.75
May, '04, receip's. 219,01-H 73
June. '04, receipts. 180,452.31
July, '04, receipts. 178,181.02
August-, '04, receipts... 219,019.80
I September, '04, iccelpts 241 437 78
! O.-teber, '04, reculpts . . 290,528 00
Noveineer, '04, ?eceipts 327,522 13
December, '03.$ 356,440.00
January, '04 . 236,797 07
February, '04. 252 131.87
March, '04. 2(16,612 53
April, '04 . 193 4 17.42
May, '04 . 194.0(11 00
June, '01 . 201 07 2 33
July, '04 . 162,383.96
August, '04. 195,132.51
September, *04. 225.584 82
October, '04 . 229 721.86
November, '04. 390.038 84
Balance In State crcas
ury Nov, 30th, '04 . . . 41 208 96
Purohases for fiscal year ending No
vember 30th. 1904:
beer, j labels,
December, $ 303,518 00 8 25 771.97
January.. 02 128 3?. . 'V xjJl
February. 287,532 01 23.412 88
March.... 179 408 56 14 314 95
April .... 86 292 55 16,150 04
May. 166.207.59 6.005.41
June. 98 177.23 8,589.69
July. 158 296.08 15,401 01
August... 107.501.52 22,905 86
Sept. 184.346 01 18,104.06
October.. 297,044.33 21,966.87
November 325.039 78 24 717.38
Totals.. 82.316.242 58 $211,903 55
Gross profits ou mer
chandise sold durbin
year.$ 052,1 18 75
Contraband seizures.... 7,146.97
State's share of profits
on ber^r sold by Ger
mania Brewing Co... 7li? 75
Received on H.T. Ed
en's account. 54 03
Total profits.$ 060,039 50
Supplies used.$ 231.477.03
Insurance premiums... 10,116.93
Breakage and leakage.. 061.51
Freight and express
e.harues. 99.521 16
Labor (pay rolls). 33,873 69
Expense account. 43,372 87
Litigation. 1,627 64
Revenue license . 125.00
Robbery of dispensary,
June Otb, '03. 9 32
Robbery of disi ensary,
May 13th, '04 . 72 30
LO;S by tiro. 9b0.98
Refunded by Sta e boaal
Lo dispenser, Aiken.. 408.14
State's net prolb passed
to credit schorl fund.. 17 1.377.73
Total losses.$ OOO 039 50
J IIHC I ..ike Them.
A special to the Chicago Tribune
declares that thc Colorado Demei rats
hive discovered sufficient evidente LO
prove that recen J frauds charged to
the Democrat lo party in that S'ate
were tue work of the Republl ar s
themselves. Detectives employe I by
the Democratic lead TS allege iJiai
they have developed a chain of evi
denco which will show t hat tho b >xes
which revealed f'adulent Democratic
votes bad previously been stu ff ec by
the Republicans, with tho purpose ef
making out ca?iC3 of fraud by the
Democrats and t icu having the boxes
thrown oui of the count.
li lil.:.1 lil H Kl..! .
At New York the custom of an
Italian baker to leave his heavy de
livery hankel in a dark ballway of an
Last Side tencmont while he delivered
bis wares through the house resulted
in a quarrel In which Pasquale Toto
Hello, aged 45, was killed and his
niece, Mrs Marla Totorlollo, aged 30
years, probably fatally wounded.
Roth victims were Stabbed. Mrs.
roi irlcllo Iden tl Qed the baker, Salva
tore Ferrari, aa thc man who did the
subbing. When Ferrari was captur
ed and brought back to the tenement
for Identification the cfllccrs and
their prisoner were surrounded hy an
angry mob and tho policemen had to
Qght their way out.
Mis.-. Margaret Hagaman of Balti
more has brought suit against Henry
Callendor of tho same city, asking
i'.'.u.OOO damages because the defen
dant., against her will, "put his arms
around ber neck and kissed and hug
ged her." Ono thing certain, we shall
kiss no Haiti more woman without her
GOOD - R^D&??EKTING
In Columbia Ia?t We?k Was Well
Attended b7 Delegates.
AuiuDK tlio 8t>onk?*rs Were Congress
man Warnock or Oblo, Sena*
tor Lat ? mer. Dr. Niles.
The Good Roads Association of
South Carolina assembled In annual
session In Columbia on last Thursday.
Tbe following are a list of delegates
in attendance and tb? cuntles tbey
Abbeville, Supervisor G. W. Nick
les, J. C. Lomax and J. It Blake;
Anderson) Supervisor S. O. Jackson,
J. W. Ashley, J. lt. Watson, Jobu K.
Woori, J. A. Hall,, A C. Lxtlmor, M.
P. Tr ibbie, M. L. Bonham and M.
Berkeley, Supervisor J. H. Harvey)
and J. W. B. Broland.
Charleston, Supervisor Wm. P.
Cantwell, T. W. Bacot and Earle
Chesterfield, Supervisor Smith Oli
Clarendon, SupervisorT. C. Owens,
lt. E. MoFaddln.
Darlington, C. O. McCullough.
Dorchester, Supervisor IL H. Grass.
Florence, Supervisor James B Me
ndie, W. R. Lang ton, W. B. Ganse.
Greenwood, Supervisor J. M. Major,
J. B MoC*nts, R. L. Lyon.
Dorry, Supervisor J. L. Boyd ./"E.
P. T??dd, W. -C. lfflshoeT*---- ^
Kershaw, Supervisor J. M Sowell,
D. M,. Bethune.
Lancaster, Supervisor M. C. Oard
Marjon, Supervisor J. P. Stack
house,>j. c. Sellers.
OrangL-jpurg, Supervisor Olin M.
Dmiz'er, }T. D. A. Livingston, J. A.
Richland, Supervisai iv. &. S?MXY
hig. P. J. Garrick. L. Ribnn, Wm."
Dclass. N. Rawlinson, W. FI. Sllgh,
F H. Ilyat.
Suartinburg, Supervisor D. M.
Miles M. F. Turner, W. T. B own.
C.don, Supervisor T. J. Reden-1
haugh, R. L McNaily, James P.
Williamsburg, Supervisor John J.
York, Sup?rvlsor Thomas W. Boyd.
Barnwell, Supervisor J. B. Morris.
Marlboro, Supervisor M. E. Coward
Laurens, Supervisor II. B. Hum
Pres cient If. IL Hyatt called tbe
rrreting to order. Tho proceedings
were opened'by prayer by the Riv
J. W. Daniel. Mayor G bbes, on be
half of Ule city, .welcomed the dole
Tlie following ollicars were elected
for the ensuing year: F. IL Hyatt ,
president; Baile M an, secretary; ?
M. Dantzler, treasurer.
President Hyatt, read his r.?p. >rt for
last, y^ur, which is full of Interest.
A learned and highly ai predated
address on the subject of improved
roads In Canada, thc United States
and Mexico was delivered by Dr. C.
Gov. II ey ward s:nt a mes?r.g? ex
pressing regrois athis absence, caused
by temporary illness, but pledged uh
warmest sympathies and most earnest
etlorLs in the interest of the. South
Carolina Good Roads association.
The assclatlon adopted a constitu
tif u IL a'so adopten a scheme sub
milted by the secretary for tho c r
ganiz ttlou of branch county associa
tions, for which a constitution was
also prescribed; c ipiet- o' this plan .'or
organization .viii bj supplied to any
counties which may :"-pply for it.
Tiie fellowing resolution was adopt
'Bs it resolved, That this associa
tlon memorialize the general assembly,
to provide that all St;ite convicts, not
under sentence for bf?', shall be sub
j: ct to hire by tho respective countie
oi this State for service in the con
struction and the maintenance of the
public highways. This prayer ls pre
dieted on the fact that the number of
convicts available in some c u ties IM
t io sm ill to b? economically guarded,
maintained and operated, and on tim
further fact the free labor available
for road purposes ls iueilijient, un
satisfactory and far moro expensive
than thc cost of the operation of .Lin.
pr iper sized chaingang for any ro
il ui red work."
. A committee, was appointed to call
on the appropriate legislative com
mittees und.submit for their consid
eration the recommendations adopted
by the association.
At thc night session .Tudh'e W. R
Warnock, member of congress from
ohio, addressed the association on
"Goi cl Roads" and Iii commendation of
Ss nator Lat i mer's bill which provides
for federal aid. Judge Warnock, in
warm terms, eulogized tim southern
people for doing homage to the vir
tues ot such a lier > an 1 captain ai
Lob .TL E. Lee by the fitting obser
vaneo of the anniversary of his birth
day. Ho predicated tnt- character ol
a people on the c taracter of its ac
Senator Latirasr followed Judge
Warnock and made a forceful prr-sen
tatton of the advantages of lils bil
for ferlerai aid for road bulling.
At l o'clock p. m., th^ Association
adj nine I t ill 10 o'clock Friday morli
ng. Following ls an account nf Fri
cl i>'s proci edlngs.
Nearly tho entire morning was con
sumed in the "experience meeting."
This is considered ono of the most
profitable parts of tho proceedings.
Thc supervisors -;he road builders
themselves-entered into an informal
a ld general discussion of their r?ilTwr
eut methods nf meeting the alfUeul
tics encountered and the methods iud
costs jf build! ig and maintaining good
roads. One n atter that received con
siderable coin te ei t Wtis tho compara
tive cost of letup.ng the dil?eiunt
o akes of road machinery lu repiir.
Several counties contemplate puicins
liig an equipment of r-.-ad n^"'' ^
and were wisely pr?Ut'u?""uy experi
ences of theJr neighbors.
About, three hours was spent In this
exchanging of ideas. The legislature
will ba asked to remedy tho defects lu
the law relating to road ciuty and
com m i ita t ion tax.
Under the operation of the existing
law the Citizens who clo not pay the
commutai ion tax and/who are there
fore subject to such roa i duty are so
far apart and so difficult of Identifica
tlon by the county supervisor that the
c:st of bringing thom together is Bald
to equal the value of servie s perform
ed. Furthermore, lt is clo.lmed that
provision restricting their services to
thc vicinity of their respectivo abodes
reduces thc number available for any
one neighborhood to such a small force
that their combined services do not
warrant the expense of and overseer
to direct their limited am unt of
A resolution was adopted by the
convention thanking Senator Latlmer
and Congressman Warnock of Ohio
for their able addresses of the night
before, Mayor Gibbes for the hospital
ity cf the city and the press for its
Tile Immortal Lee.
L >st Thursday was the birthday of
Hubert E. Lee, one of tho greatest
nen ever produced by any country or
people He ranks among the greatest
s-ldlt A the world as a military
geniu.-, -rd as a private ciCz'jn he
was a model of all that was noble,
true and great in man. There have
ht p. u soldiers, pertup-, his equal, but
nene bis superior. There can be no
question us to Gen. L .e's capacity as
a military leader. ''When for four
yeats," as the Augusta Chronicle says,
"with an adversary outnumbering
bim as 20 to ti and the bulk of it com
posed of the same fighting raes as his
own men. be hold the capital of the
Coufederaoy safe against attack upon
attack, discrediting, as well as defeat
ing, the ablest commanders brought
t.) conquer him and only yielding at
la?t under Grant's systam of heedless
sacrifice; ho stands undoubtedly in
tho frouo rank of military men. But
it was really after bis thinned corps
were su< rounded and surrendered at
Appomattox and bis statutes* sword
was sheathed that the true greatness,
the real heroism, the magnificent pro
portions of Bjbert E Lie, the civi
lian, were exemplified.
As poor ni most as any others that
bad worn the gray, bis inherited
wealth swept away by the war. he had
but lp ticed to the offers that were
made bim, bad but to nominally-con
ncct himself with this or that Organ
ization or sucha, prop >sed industry or
speculation, to have had an income
far greater than his ieeds. But he res
olutely refus d them a)l, until, af tor
deep conslderation, baaing satisfied
himself that he could help educate
the sous of tho South to recognize the
inevitable and accept lhi situation
make a fresh start and a.*ew South
land, bc consented to asaumo the
Presidency i f Washington College
0*uw Washington an** Lee University)
for ?rmere slipped hardly adequate
to his waT?-i. -
lt was there, at Lexington, Virgin
!a, that General Lee's heroism and
fame reached their highest point,
however the, may have flammed lo
the glories g'eaned in Mexico and at
the head of the Army of Northern
Vlrglanla. lt was in the few years
granted him to fill that pest, that
' General Lee crowned bis royal life and
I vrote his name in every Southern
heart, as .voii as m many gallant ones
across the sea and at the North. And
bis memory should live with his peo
pie forever." Let us teach our boys
and girls that
''No Purer sword led braver band,
N ,>r brave, baud bled for brighter
Nor brighter land had causa more
Nor came a chief like-Lee!"
Whore W?H Book ard Murdered?
Solicitor P. T. Hildebrand Tuesday
confirmed a rumor that a survey is be
ing made of the territory around Eu
tawvllle to see whether or not the
place of the murder o' Kcitt liookard
ls In Oraugeburg county. Mr. Hilde
brand s\ys that he liad heard rumors to
this effect frequently, but within the
last fortnight he bad received from
very reliable sources such Information
that he coula not disregard it. If it be
proved that the crimv was committed
in Oraugeburg, the case will bo tried
In O.angeburg. The survey ls being
made by a very competent engineer.
Eutawvllle ls quite near the line and
it is said that the negro was murder
ed at St. Julian's landing on the
San tee. river and in Orangeburg coun
ty. Mr. Ill debrand has received in
formation that the prisoners have
been removed from the j iii in Charles
ton to the berkeley' cjuuty jill at
Monck's Coiner. The case ls due to
orae up foi trial at Mouck's Corner
Che latter part of this month.
A Woman IO Han;;.
The Stale says: "G^v. Pell of Ver
mont is a marvel among governors
Ile has refused all appeals for the par
don of a woman who ls sentenced to
bj htuged In that Slate uext month
and calmy declares that he will per
mit the decrees of the court to have
their way. The woman, a Mrs. Ro
gers, is under s nlence for tile mur
der of her husband, the date fixed for
tho execution being Feb. 6lh. Not in
70 years bas a woman boen hanged in
Vermont. Under thc laws of that
State ls seems that the right to re
view tho sentences of the court ls
vested in the legislature as well as
the executive and the legislature hav
ing failed to act at Its last sessions the
governor proposes to lot the law take
Its course. '1 iiere is very strong 82nti
roent against hanging a woman and
Gov. Hell w ll not have an easy time
of lt for the next few weeka."
1 '..ml!> at (.1 Servant Sn O'. > c.it ed
William T. Mason, a lawyer, and
his family, consisting of wife and two
children, Edon, four years old, and
Marion, six months, with a servant,
Annie Wells, lost the!' lives hi a fire
which puti.illy destroyed the brown
stone dwell! ig occupied by ihem at
13:5 west,One Hundred and Thirtieth
street New York early Sunday morn
ing, ibe wh< le family appears to have
bren sufi icat td. The charred bodies of
Mrs. Mason, the servant and four
year old child were found in the closet
under the roof scuttle thr ugh which
they are supposed to have bern at
temptlng to escape. The bodies of
Mr. Malton and the youngest child
were in a bedroom.
Hy an explosion of dynamite one
mile east of Bedford Ind., Wednesday
evening, two men wero killed and four
others injured. The dead:
William S. Jenkins, bedford.
William G .rrett, Oolitic.
Central Uni n Telephone company,
bad been working on the line east of
that city. r.'.'hey were returning to
town in a wagon in which they bad
thrown the fly nara I te, explosion cap
and tools. The jarring of the wagon
caused thc explosion of the cap3. The
wagon was biown to pieces and one of
the horses was Injured.
An Englue Exploded.
At Creston two men were blown to
Instant death by the explosion of a big
Kile locomotive there early Wednes
day morning. A third man was se
riously hurt and the engine was de
molished, the trucks being the only
part remaining on the track. The
dead aro: Fred Keller, engineer, and
Chas. Skelrick, fireman. Frank New
man, of Elmira, N. Y., a travelling
fireman, was seriously Injured and is
now at the hospital at Akron. It is
said that tile Injector failed to work.
The engine was drawing east-bound
Wells Fargo empress.
I viii ??*nd ire? to any rr^n simply upon his wrlttea
request a copy o? toy et-pngo book ou lost manhood,
nervous debl?lty. Impotency, stricture.- Yaricooole,
enlargement o? tba profile, blood poison, ?nd t?
flex dlHeases resulting from the afcove. such os erup
tions ot tbe skin, rheumatism, urinary disorders,
piles, rectal diseases, etc It will tell in plain mia
simple language all that you front to know. It ls
entertaining and instructivo and will open your eyes. It will show a simple
war of euro In your own homo, privately and without tho publicity end ox?
pense ol a local doctor or dru cel.st. I have boen practicing this speciality for more
than a quarter of a century and bnvo In my vaults tbo names of hundreds upon
hundreds of men whom I have cured of tbeso diseases alter they had written me
for tho book. In theso 25 years I have dovcloped a system of euro that is entirely
now and original and dlflors widely from the old methods. With lt I am enabled
to euro men in ball tho timo, In n simple yet effective way. ? Writo me and I will show you tho/
way to get book your vitality und atrotigth. your manhood and health, no matter bow old or'
worn you aro, and so thoroughly that you will stay cured forever. If you will mention how you
uro affected I will enclose besides the M.page book a Sol t Examination Ulnukon yourdUsenseso
that I can make a study of your case and reportto youfrenof cliargo. I have eight ot her medic**
books tlmt 1 will (?end io mer. free on recul nt of name ;ind address. Ina plain unmarked envelope*
Write mo today sure. DR. J. NBWTON HATHAWAY,
88 Inman Building 22 1-2 South Broad street, Af.rfita, Qa.
KILFYRE! KILFYRE ! ! KILFYRE ! ! I
That is exactly what it is, aFire Killer. Da a > ii"ira^ioa ovary
day at the State Fair showing its fire fighting qualities.
Every Farmer, Oil Mill, Saw Mill, Ginnery and any ono owning
property should have them. For sale by
COLUMBIA SUPPLY 00..
OoluDll-?!?., S. O. Tho machinery Supply house of tho State
Southeastern Lime & Cement Co.
CHARLESTON, S. C. *
Building Material of all kindu. High Grade Roofing
"RUBEROID." Write for priesa.
Building and Re-Presied Brick. Special Shapes to order. Fire Proof
Terra Cotta Flue Linings. Prepared to lill orders for thousands Qr_
for millions. < T*
Whiske Morphine I Clgaret All.Dr ig and Tob?ceo
Habit, I Habit | Habit | Uabba.
Cured by Keeley Institute, of ?3. C
1329 Lady St. (or P. O. Poi 75) Col ambla, fei. O. Confidential correspond
THUS LAW OF TRESPASS.
A Bill Passes tho lionso Changing
tho lOxlHtinc Conditions.
The TTouse spent the whole of las.t
Friday morning In discussing a bill to
protnbit trespassing on people's lands
Mr. Beamguard explained that this
bill reverses existing"conditions. The
lav. as to "p 'Sting" land requires t ^e
owner to publish notices in the county
paper for four weeks and t.i put up
signs on four sides of the land. Tho
b ll will maka trespasi unlawful with
out "posting" buing urccs.sary.
Mr. Irby made an impassioned
speech against rich men who own
thousands bf acres of land trying to
keep their poor and honest neigbbjrs
from shooting ou their lauds when
they bring rich men here from the
noith and let them shoot- all they
MT. Ardrey, author of the bill, de
clared Mr. Irby's argument to be en
tirely in favor of the bid. Why should
not these people go to work and then
they wouldn't need tobe pottering
an.und on other people's land shoot
ing the best friend the farmer has
the hird-which destroys the vermin
which bill the crops.
Mr. Toole ohougnt the bill too dras
tic lt ls u.-e'.ess legislation aud wili
make lt a misdemeanor for a man
merely to waik across the land of an
other, even in luoorp 'ra'ed cities.
Mr. Hamel deda rod that Mr. Irby's
Objection is met, because the biil will
not prevent a ma-.i fforn getting the
CDnsu-ut of the owner of the land, and
lt is. but proper and right that one
should secute such consei.t, no matter
what ls the law.
Mr. Irby again attacked the owners
of large . states by citing the case of
au individual in Laurens who has
wrecked ooor mun and acquired their
property, and lt would be unjust to
give Auch mm the right to keen these
poor men from hunting on untenanted
Mr. Laban Mauldin of Pickens re
plied with ?.quai earnestness that no
man would deny a poor man permis
sion to hunt on his lands lo keep
tho poor man In meat. He favored
Mr. Morgan of Greenville declared
that this bill is no Innovation, lt
merely enacts the law but in a eliilar
ent form. In reply to a eiuestion fr m
Mr. Irby, Mr. Morgan declared that
If a man pays for a piece of land bis
constitutional rights thereon should
not be taken away from him
Tue bill as it dually pa>se.d tb a
third reading provides: "That from
and after the approval of this act, any
person or persons entering upon the
lands of another, I ir the purpose of
hunting, fishing, trapping, netting,
gathering fruit, vegetables, herbs, or
cutting timber on the same with mt
the consent of the owner or manager
thereof, shall he deemed guilty of a
misdemeanor and, upon conviction
theie?f, shall ply a tine of uot less
than live nor more than twenty dol
lars, or be imprisoned at hard labor
not less than ten or more than thirty
days for each and every offense."
'I'll*'} Mi nu liUwin? 88.
! A dispatch from Fort Mot e to The
Skate says: "A meeting of the farm
ers t f this, tho banner section of Or
angeburg County, was held on the
loth, to discuss the cotton .situation.
Capt. James A. Peterkln was mad:'
president of the meeting. The general
spirit of the meeting was that lt was
time for the cotton planter to take ac
tion, and that organization was a
^- to secure a fair and regular
price for co.^n. lt was agreed that a
reduction in a.> agc of 25 per c?nt
would be made li*-'Mg section. Tue
farmers lu this sec.. '--a posh
tion to hold their cot ton i'u. Jil. tbify
cousdder a fair price." The farmers |n
t hc upper part of tho cjunty mea
business, and wc hopo they will b
backed by the farmers of all sections.
Hicctlou or Judges.
Tho house agreed to the report from
the committee on privileges ana elec
tions, fixing next Thursday, January
20ih, as the day for election of the
following officials: Ju Ige of" fifth cir
cuit, to succeed Judge Ernest Gary;
Judge of seventh circuit, to succeed
Judge D. A. Townsend; superinten
of the penitentiary, to succeed Capt.
ID. J. Griffith; three ^rectors of the
penitentiary, to succeed A. K. San
ders, J. G. Moblcy and M. O. Row
land, and ono trustee of the state Col
ored collrgo at Orangoburg. The sen
ate has already agreed upon this date.
?Hake Home Happy.
Qood Music Will Do This.
You want ft sweot-toned Piano,
or yon may fprpfVr a Ano Organ.
Wo represent tho Standard
i???k'TH. Our pHcea and terras
will appeal to you. Call on or ad
MALONE'S MUSIC HOUSE,
In Opera House Blockf X
COLUMBIA, S/C. j
~TTS. HOI L?YMAN, Alf?T'
Cures all dlr eases of men. Los*
manhood, syphilis (blood poison;;"
g morhoea, glee :, stricture, variocjele,
h ./drocele and ill private diseases of .
men. Catarrh iu all forms cured
quickly. Piles, cured without opspa
thm or deten Ion from baslriess.
Untier guarantee. Rwras 421 and
422 Leonard building, Augusta, Qa.
Wrlte for hon e treatment. - Offlc?
hours: 9 a. m. to 7 p. m. Sunday's
9 a. m. to 2 p. in.
& R AAA BANK DEPOSIT
33oWU Railroad Faro.Pald. 500
?> FREF, Courses Of'ored.
.trU?3SESS3SSlW B^ardatCost WH???0"V*
Want tt AboliuhcU.
The house committee on agriculture
Friday decided upon a favorable re
port on Mr. Ashley's bill to abolish
tile i tll?e of commissioner of agricul
ture, c mnmerce and immigration. Mr.
Ashley appeared und spoke In behalf
of the bill. There were no arguments
submitted in reply, Senator Manning
not being able tv? get there to defend
the bill which lie introduced last year
and which bas since become law.
Three members were absent; but this
would hardly have affected the atti
tude of the committee. Mr. Seabrook,
tho chairman, ls very much opposed
to the bill, and some otbere of the
committee believe that the bureau
should be given a proper trial before
The Columbia State say?: This is
not the iir.st time that we have advis
ed our rti.ders to keep an eye on Gov.
W. L. Douglas. His part lu the settle*
ment of the Fal. Uiver Htrike strength
tin us in -,he believe that he ls destin
ed for higher things. A mau who can
take a six months strike In hand and
S J arrange a settlement between oper? ;
j attira and operative as, In the language
of the press ?L patch, to malte "both
sides regard the outcome of tho delib
. M tious as a victory" ls more than a
p.issinc ligure. Hu is a statesman and
A t?otid mil.
Thc followlug bill introduced in the
house by Mr. Culler, if it bec-unes
law, will rob "old boss" sales of much
of t heir interest, and buyers of such
things rr tho Intense mental pleasure
of speculating whether they bad beon
buncoed or have buncoed somebody
elsa: "Tnat from and uft.er the pas
sage of tills aot lt shall bo unlawful
for any commun ouriltrJ?t?jfip*for
sale at audi n or oUgflyHB^y ar*
tide or bundle of5uaudl.se when
tho same isjjoW for the collection of
charge i or tfelght without first open
ing and oxp sing for examination such
article or bundle."
The Charleston Evening Post states
that there ls grave concern among the
"social clubs" of that city lest the
l?gislature respond favorable to the
[suggestion rf G JV. Hey ward and enact
a law-, under which the operation of
such orVur.ix.u ions can be scrutinized
by the dispensary cjnstabulary. The
Columbia State says "the social dubs
aro doing a proutabie business under
ex'sting condition and they do not
want to be bothered, and this of itse'if
ts sut?loient reason for thu legislature
to oc ?ele to the governor's recommen
BESTDKS-* a number who are out
under bond, thero are seven prisoners
In the Spartanbhrg J iii awaiting trial
for murder at tim next term of th?
court of general serions, which con
venes on January 23.