Newspaper Page Text
And Curtail the Use of Commer
cial Fertilizers is
THE COTTON GEO WEES
Remedy lor Low Prices nod Hard Times
Among the Fanners o( tfie Sonth,
Who Make thc Cotton as Set
Ferih by the New Orleans
By a unanimous voto at tbe close
ol its tlrMi session Tuesday, January
24th, the Southern Interstate Cotton
Convent! n. which met last week in
New Orlecus by general agreement
tbe largest and most reprc: sn tatt ve
that bas gathered in the south, de
clared that reduction cf acreage and
commercial fertilizers is the pata
mount ejuestlou to he considered at
tho convention, and it must be settled
before any other business is under" a
ken- Eleven hundred ?iud thirty live
delegates, representing tho 13 otto.'1
growing Sta*es and lerrttorirs, had
registered when the convention was
called tu order, livn that number
did not represent the full strength of
The forenoon and early afternoon
were devoted to the compromising o'
all differences that existe ! as to or
ganization, tho central idea being
that thc work of the convention
should gp to the country with tho
stamp of harmony and practical
unanimity. The result was that, for
mer Congressman Catering's name
was withdrawn and a!! opposition to
Mr. Harrie Jordan's selection ended.
Washington Artiin rv hall, feating
2,000 people, was crowded to the
doors whm the convention mit. As
president of the Southern Cotton
Growers' convention, Mr. Jordau
called jt to order. He said In par: :
"We a*e-all agreed upou four gen
eral prop si lions:
"l. We must tie up and take caro
of the surplus of this crop and remove
"> lt from thc markets or tbe country
until next fall, and luid the balance
of the er ip absolutely in ' ur poss: s
sion until ti e pri?e advances to n r
"2. We must redi ce the colt: u
acreage End use of coo merdai fertili
zers under cotton at least 2.". per cent,
under that of 1904.
"3. We must arrai go fur a gem rai
system of bondi d w; rel o? s s undei
local con .roi of the people Ihn ugho?t
"4. We must ai oi.ee i roccod t
organize the producer.? of the south
in eve ry cotton growing county on a
business bash to carry hilo operatio i
a permanent systi ir, of relief and t ru"
teeth n for tl c future.''
Judge Iv I'., t'eikiusof Pallas nom
inated ftniit?r Lieut. Gov. Jester ot
Texas foi temporary chairman a id he
was unar imously elected, t: ncluding
abrief but ciVeetne address, Gov.
JeBter said: /
"Two reforms must lie inaugurated
by the southern farmers:
"Diversification i1 crops il ?it will
reduce the production of col on and
better faeihtiis for the storage of cot
ton that will give lower Insurance
and interest and better pro! etion."
J. A. H. Lovett of hi' ntsvihe, Ala. ,
Richard Cht atham of Mississipj i and
J. II. Whyte cl .Neu Orleans were
On mo' ion of .1 A. Brown of North
Carolina a committee on permatieut,
organizat ion of one de>-*V(i:e hi m each
State was named and pi ndlng its re
port welc'rwYg addresses liv Mayor
Bcinmar and President Sanders id
the Progressive union were li ', ?ned i'. 1
There were responsos hy Waller Clark
of Clarkesdale, Mis- , and .). Ptip?
Brown? chairman of the Gci rgla rall
Mr. Brown said it v.;>.s the number
of bales which rej, ulaterj tile piice < f
cotton and the trident price would
not adva .ce until it v. ts known tl "
the production this year wa tobo
curtailed. Right milli iu bali -, * o .id
be an ample eri p to raise t ins year.
With th.' 4,000,000 id Burp us 111 Id on
to, it would give precisely the crop
the bears desire, ll- believed the|
south could wldp in the present light.
HAKIS CK KKPUKSKNTATION.
W. I). Nesbitt nf Alabama presi nt
ed the report of tho committee on
permanent organization, lt provided
for Harvie Jordan as president, fora
vice presisent from cacti St.a:.e and for
the three secretaries named hy the
temporary org; ni/, it ion ll Axed ti e
repr?sent?t ion un t in- h.-sis of one
vote for every ion.nco ! nies i f c tton
raised during mo:: 04, as follows:
Alabama. 10: Arkansas 8; Florida 1:
Georgia 14; Louisiana '.?: Mississippi
14: North Carolina 0; Si tl ii Carolina
0; Tennessee 8; Texas 20: Oklahoma
2; Missouri 1, and Indian Territory
At its night session the convention
listened for an hour to titi address by
President A. Britt In of the Nev/ Or
leans cot t n exchange. Mr. Brittin
denied that low pri?es were in any
sense chi1, to fut nie sales. L iw prices
were clue to one ctus? and o :e cause
only, tba. of over production. With
the rem .val of that cause values
would go ap with future regardli ss ni
all the bound selloraof Europe, Africa
or Ameri'-a. ?
Let the acreage he reduced 2-"> per
cent, and all the speculators on earth
cannot keep cotton from going to 10
cents. Speaking of the growing con
sumption of cotton, Mr. Brittin said
10,000,00) hales in three lo ;ive si ans
the world would require a crop of 13,
000,000 hal ss and more. li d. i ring
to the Importance of the preset i con
ventlon, he said that any resolutions
it might pass would amount to little
if they were not. followed up willi
earnest, s r.cero and dc ermined work.
In the Rolutlon of tho problem con
fronting lt, the in Rt sort us since t,i e
War Between tho Sections, he said
the c invention had iii i> si >. diet ? i'
thc great exchange which he had me
honor to reprosenb.
WIM. SO?.VK TUK ['nOIlMCM.
Firmly belie ving it to be the most
importan:, step in tile solution of the
cotton problem, the convention with
out a dis e iting vote Wei n, si ay de
clared In favor of a 25 per c nt. re
duction lu acreage and an ?ffhal re
duction In commeicia fcrtilUi r and
backed tbataotion up with t- adop
tlon of a comprehensive pian lo secure
the support bf every farmer, big and
little, in the cotton bait. An over
whelming majority of thc delegates
were present when the report was re
ceived find acted upon.
At the opening of the afternoon
M> si- n Former Senator McLaurln of
South Carolina spoke along the ?Ines
of national protection for the cotton
grower, saying that hereto! re the
cotton plauter had been sacrificed to
the doctrine of free raw materials, A
reference to President Roc seveltfs
friendliness to the south provoked a
favorable demonstration on the part
of the audience.
For mor Lioi: t. Gov. Jester of Texas
from the committee on "holding and
tlnauciug the balance of the present
crop" presented a report totting forth
that each State and local section
seems amply able to finance Its pres
ent holdings. The committee . be
lieves that the cotte n now In the
bauds of the producer should remain
on the fat in 01 be stored lu local ware
houses protected against weather and |
I said that the banka and commission
I men evinced a willingness ..to aid in
marketing the balance of the crop so
as to hold in check any disposition to
nish in cotton unduly and ,break the
market. Hell af was expressed that
25 per cent, reduction In acreage and
25 per cent, reduotlon in fertilizers
will solve the cotton problem.
COMMITTEE OX ACREAGE.
After the convention had voted an
invitation to Capt. Richmond P. Hob
son to speak, R. H. Jcuklns ef Texas
was rec guized to read the report of
the committee on acreage which the
convention had voted to be of pa:a
The report follows:
"To the IIou. Harvie Jordan, Chair*
mau Interstate Cotton Growers'
"We, your committee, o.i acreage
and the use of f?rtil 7. ?ra, do rcom
mend that acreage planted In cjtton
in 1005 shall be 25 per cent, less ari
in 1904 and that there shall be a re
duction of 25 por cent, in the use ol
commercial fertilizers In growling
"We recommend the following plat
for the accomplishment of said rcduc
' "First: That the vice provident ol
this association for each State shal
call a meeting of all persons Interest ec
in cotton on the llth clay of Februar]
1905, in the county stat of each coun
ty not already organized, on tho. plat
hereinafter-set out, at which meeting
there shall bu olected a county chair
m n and a pre duct chairman for cac1
school district or other sm ill po'.itlca
subdivision of die coun y.
"Second. That there shall be heh
in each school district or other sroal
political sub-division ol the coin ty 01
thc 18th day of F. bruary. 1905, at
o'clock p. m , a met ting of all cit'zeo
of said district or other small polili
cal sub division who are interested ii
the growing of cotton, wblcb meet lr;
shall elect a committee of thr e 01
acreage and membership.
"Third. At said precinct mectin
the farmers and land owners presen
shall bo asked to sun the folio win;
"We the undersigned farmers c
land owners, living lo ( clio d distric
b;at or product) No.-* county <
-, St tte of --, hereby plcd^
( ur elves to reduce thc acreage plant
ed by us in colt m and to r;ducc ot
c msumpllon of f rtlllzer in growii;
c .Hon as shown by the statements st
opposite our nanes.
"Fourth. That said c ni ntttee o
acreage and membership shall immi
diatcly canva-s said dislrie". and as
all fat mers and land ownots In sal
district who ?i not attend tald mei
lng to sign said pledge, and .--aid c -n
i ?..iiiee shall ?eturn said pledge to tL
I chairman of said preeinc*.
"Fifth. Said precinct chair ma
I sba 1 preserve said pledges and thc
shall Immediately report to tho cout
ty chairman, showing the total nun
t;er of acres p anted in cotr.on in sal
precinct in I??04 and the total nun
ber to be planted In 1005, the toti
amount of f rilli/, sr used in growin
cottpn in sal(J precinct and the tot;
amount to bc used in said precinct i
"Sixth. The county chalrnia
,sball I m ?ned ately forward to tl
Stato vice president of their respei
live States a written statement Hhov
lng thu total ?Him! er of acres plant:1
in cotton lo their respective counth
In 10C4 and the total amount to I
planted in 1005, and shall make
like repart as to the fertilizer ust
in said j ears.
"Seventh. The vice president 1
each State, s mil immediately upc
receiving the reports of the ccunl
chal? men forward to the president
Lins association a ieport showing tl
number cf a*)res planted in cotton
his State In the >ear 1004 and tl
Hie ame ut of fertilizer us. d In sa
year in growing calton and tl
amount or cotton to be. planted ai
fertilizer to be used in 1905.
THE PRESIDENT'S WORK.
"Eighth. The persideut o' the a
sedation, upon receiving these r
PL rta, shalt immediately tabulate tl
same and send a copy Hereof
t,i.e county chairmen In the dillere
(..lit ton States and territories.
"Ninth. If any county not 1
ready organized should fail to organ!
the vice president of the State
which said county ls situated sin
causo said county to be or^anizid
herein provldid and If any pr eel n
should fall ti organize, the coun
chairman of tl e county in which pt
i ii cl ls situ?t', d shall cause such pi
dnet to be organized as herein pr
Tenth. It shall bo the forth
duty of thc officers of this associ
Hon to port tin names and address
of such person;, who refuse to sign t
agreement to reduce acreage for l?t
together with the number of acres
cotton planted by such persons
1904 and the number of acres th
they will probably plant in 1 !>(.)"> ai
to nuke a lido report as to fvrtll
Martin V. 1.'alvin and Hart Mill
of Georgia wanted tho report made
special order for Friday, the latt
expressing tho belief that the redi
tlon might tu ve gone to the exte
nf :t;i 1 li per cut., but T. E. Massr
Kale of tho sanie State rallied the cc
vant lon to Immediate consid?r?t!
10 the ground that this was the mi
vlt.ai business that sould como bofe
i io c invention and by an ovorwhcli
ing vote the convention decided up
i i in, ti nally adi ptcd the report wi
t thunderous ayo and without asl
s'le vote in the negative.
Without transacting any otri
business or listening to any of tho r
aerson the programme the convc
Aon recessed until night.
ENDS ITS WOK KS. .
With the unanimous adoption
jhe plan reported by Its commit!
for a permanent organization, head
-y liai vie .Ionian of Georgia as pre
lent and E S Peters of Tex ts as v
president, tbe convention lina
dosed its successful three days' s
?lon Thursday night.
Commissioner of Agriculture R.
Poole of Alabama presented thc
port of the cern raitt en oh statist!
approving the methods of the 1
tlonal G inners' association as
quickest and most feasible way pf
getting out reports.
Fermer Senator MoLaurln of South
Carolina presented the report of the
committee on resolutions, heartily ap
proving the reduction of aorcagc and
fertilizers and urging "all owners of
cotton to hold lo until the govern
ment report on acreage shows to the
world that southern cotton farmers
stand solidly together; that they have
oom plied with their agreement and
demand the valui of their product."
Tlfe following resolution was un
animously, adopted and copies ordered
sent to President Roosevelt and the
sou ti lem senators:
"WeJ'ierebj endorse the movement
on foot to endow the interstate com
merce commission with full and com
plete control over alleged discrimina
tion*! and abuses by railroads, with
power to-enforce their Undings and
request all southam senators and con
gressmen to support and aid in the
passage of this measure."
At the afternoon session the com
mittee on closer relations between
manufacturers and producers made a
report in the Int rest ot the elimina
tion of the specu'ator In cotton. The
committee Bald that the wide fltctua
t li ns are alike disastrous to the maou
facturer, making it Impossible for thc
manufacturer to promulgate prices
for cotton products based ou a uni
form cost of the raw staple and f jr
either the farmer or tho manufac
turer to maintain bis prices. lr, was
recommended then fore that a com
mitteo consisting of one cotton pro
ducer from each State be appointed
to confer with mill ni >n asking that
they j dn hands with tho producers in
effecting a pian whereby the producer
can sell his cotton direct to the manu
facturer and thereby eliminate the
speculator from the market. The re
port was adopted.
[.anMAMBsr 0:0 vxtz vn >>r
The report of the committee on
perrr anent organ-/.itlon followed. It
provides forttie creation of the South
ern Cotton ass elation embracing all
the colt'ti producing S ates and lerri
tories to regulate cotton production,
cotton supply aud financing and espe
clallj cotton marketing, using everj
effort to secure broader markots ant
to lit lit the production to the de naru
at ie nunerati ve prices and to reduct
to a minimum all expense of hand
Hui; eotton and l-s products frot 1 tht
time it leaves Ihr licld until it re iche:
the consumer. Tuere arc to ha Statt
and territorial, c doty and parish ant
sub-c i vison associatif ns all related U
thc i arent stem. Oilicera are to b
elected once a year.
Tbc tx-cutlve cimmittee o! tb
irniD association is to consist cf 2
membeis apportioned as follows:
Alabami, 3; Arkansas, 2; Kb rida
l; Georgia, :t; Louisiana, 2; Missis
sippi, :i; N irth Carolina, 2; Sohfcl
Carolina, 2,Tinntssee, 1; Texas, c
Oklahoma, l; Missouri, 1; lidia
Ii oh State and territorial asnocla
thin is to be composed cf one mc moe
fr*-ni eacli cotton growing count / an
is t.-elect representatives to the mal
body. Bach v. ting -precinct is t
havj two cotton producers in tb
ceunty organization. The pretldeu
and vice president of the Souther
Cotton ass ciation are made ex-t Md
members of its executive committci
The committee recommenced Ilarvl
Jordan for president and E S. Petei
for vice piesider.t and provided a pr<
visional ex cutlve committee. TI
funds for the organiz vtlon and il
operation are to be derived from In
liai ion fees, annual dues anda char*,
on each bale of cotton produc d hy 1
The report was unanimously adoi
te l ar d Mr. Jordan expressed h
thanks fer thc confidence in him.
The following resolution was offe
,ed hy tiie resolution commlttt
[through Ex-Senator McLaurln ar
"That a special committee bo ai
pointed by tills convention to cinfi
with the president of the Unite
Sta es, the secretary of agrlcultu
and the manufacturers of cottt
goods to obtain such concerted aetlt
as will enlarge our trade ia cottt
pn ducts tn fcreigh countries."
J. A. brown cf North Carolin.?. 0
fered this resolution which was ado
ted: "That tb? officers of this coi
ven ti on will le reqtiind and instruc
ed to Immediately formulate a plan
pool 2,uno,OOO oales of tho preset
cotton crop and retire the same unt
after Oct. 1, 190p "
A r?solutifn by E D. Smith
South Carolina was pissed providlr
for tiie appointment of an inspect
hy each couuty in the interest of tl
effective carrying out of the pledge
A resolution offered by J. A. lirov
of North Carolina waa unanimous
adopted thanking lion. S. N. 1
North for tho Information and com
esy lie had extended to theconvenlii
In furnishing the g inners' report 1
quested and expressing it as the d
sire of the convention that tho gover
ment r-. ports ou cotton statlsics shou
be c intlnued.
President Jordan named as the cot
mitite to visit President Roosevelt
the Interest of an enlargement o ' t
ootton trade ex-Senator McLaurl
I ihn M. Parkerjof New Orleans ai
E. A.?he oft of Alabama.
A resolution hy C. H. Jenkins
Texa-i was adopted declaring th i 1
port if the committee of statist cs
iot intended to crit icise tho wot k
the I'ovornment bureaus, expreisli
sonfirience In them and asking co
/ress for appropriations to make, t
icrvke mure efficient.
A t.umber of telegrams from lan
irs ard business men ?mi one from c
Secretary Hoke Smith congratulate
?be convention on its work ant e
grossing sympathy with it were *ea
Tho convention then listened to ;
iddre-s on diversification by it
Smith of Sherman, Tex , and aft
Dened lotion hy Rev. Mr. Sublet t
South Ctrjlina lt finally adj turned.
A Good mil.
Til . following lilli introduced in t
louse "by Mr. Cuiler, if lt bec im
aw, will rob "old boss*' sales of 1 m
>f their interest, and buyers of su
?li in ga of the intense mental plei su
if.speen!:.t lng whether they had oe
tuncoei or have buncoed some JO
ls?.: ' That from and after the p;
age of this act it shall be unlawl
or any common carrier to offer I
ale at audi n or otherwise any 1
icio or bundle of merchandise wb
he same is sold for the collection
hardoi or freight without first ope
tig and exposing for eximlnatiou su
,niele or bundle. "
fourteen Str.kora Killed.
At Moscow, Russia, Weduesd
ivenlng In a light betwet n striki
iud the scHleis, fourteen perse
vero killed. Tiie struggle follow
in attempt of thu str liions to a&som
n a publlo square S mic strik
pulled revolvers, whereupon tho a
liera openod tire and the strikers
Borne Thoughtful fl?gge s'.ions As to
How te Giow 'Ihem
Written by a Man Wjin; ?a? Spent
. Many Years in Rafting
Them for Market. f
The writer of this article is the orig
inator of tiie Cabbage growing indus
try on the Carolina Coast/ I grew my
first cabbage for mafkevio the year
1808; from a beginning of-one-hair
acre, the business baS increased until
at the present time there are over. 4,
000 acres of .cabbage grown>oaob: aea
son in this territory. To grow a sub
cesar ul crop the first and-rnost impor
tant thing ls to secur?'p?auts that are
grown from high grade Beed, as no
amount of care, ferttkizer or cultiva*
tien can make a good crop, if tbe
plants used are grown from Inferior
seed. You cannot judge from the ap'
pearance of tho plant, aB all young
cabbage plants look the same. Your
safest plan 1B to purchase your plants
from a resp mslble dealer who has been
iu tho businoss a long time, and who
has an established refutation. Tbe
better class of seed growers seleot
their stock very carefully, removing
from the held all beads ot cabbage
mt are not perfeot. Some seasons
they bave to cut out two thirds or
their plants and do not save tbclr
seed from more than one tblrd. Seed
selected lu this way will cost from $2,
50 to S3.00 per pound other seed
growers allow their entire crop of cab
bage to make seed, do not usc anj
eare in the: selection of seed grown.
TheteHeed will cost you frcm 40 to GO
cents per pound. The cost of the seed
is two thirds of the coat or growing
cabbage plants, BO you can readily
understand why a plant grower who
pays $2 50 to $3.00 for his seed cannot
sell you plants as cheap as the grower
who buys Inferior seed at 40 to GO
cents per pound. My thirty six years
experience has proved to me that lt
would pay me better to use high grade
seed at a ccst of $10 00 per pound
than to use Inferior seed ir I could get
them rrec. Those who do not make
a regular business of growing cabbage
have been in the habit of settln<;out>
p'anlfi in tho month of. Fe' rai-ry
and March, think ng' that the p ants
do not livedf set e irlier In the winter.
This ls a mistake as a plant set in
December or January under the prop
er conditions will ive-Just as well and
head much earlier The following in
btructlons will give the proper method
of setting. The doutta Carolina sea
coast, on account o? locality, and cli
matic conditions is admirably adapt
ed to the growing of hardy open air
plants. The piant growers sow their
f :ed In thc open fields in tho la*e. fall
I :om Oetoher 20th to November li th
i. IPSO seed germinate quickly ond
! take a very rapid growth for a cou ole
( f weeks, by this time the nights start
0 get c dd. The growth of the plants
i . checked, and usually abnut Deceoi
I er 1st to 10th our frerzing weather
I egina, when the plants stop growing
ontirely. The cold weather has eau.1 ed
lt to become tough ana hard, It is now
in a dormant condition and willie
main in thia condition until tie lat:er
part of February or until the spriag
weather opens up. In tbisconditicn
plants will stand S??^M&Ult Injury.
I have seen my planta'covered with
Ice and sleet for several "days, with
the thermometer down to 18 and not
be injure at all, whtlo the same plants
If they had been In a thrifty growing
condition and full of sap would have
been killed by a heavy freeze or' a
slight frost, to avoid tho danger of
hissing your plants you want to buy
them while Uley are dormaut, the
sooner you do this arter December
15th the better.
ir you have it, select a piece or
dark, mediumly l.,w, well drained
land, break lt up as thoroughly as you
can, then pulverize well with a gcod
oiod breaker or harrows east and
west, 30 inches apart, with a bud
tongae plow. Make up your bed, by
throwing two turrows together wi th-a
single horse turn plow.
Take your plants and set them 20
Inches apart on the south side of the
bed, far enough down, that the top of
the bed will be above tho plant, this
ls done to keep the north and north
west winds from twisting and' break
ing the small plants. He sure to set
the plants well down in the Boil, and
see that the entire stem up to the
first leaves ls in the ground. The
earth should be well packed ?rjund
the plant, lt Bhould be packed so Uren,
that ir you* take your plant by the
lear and pull the leaves would break'
off before tho plant would pull out.
It ls understood that you have used
plants that are in a dormant condi
tion. These plants should not be
fertllizid at al!, until about two weeks
before the regular spring weather
opens up. The top of the plants will
not grow during the winter, but the
roots will Le growing all of the time.
About the middle or last of February
-or Bay two weeks before your regu
lar spring weather starts, take a turn
plow, or half shovel, and throw a fur
row away from tho plants In eaoh al
ternate row, run the furrow close to
the plant, sow In this furrow fertlii
?.er at tho rato of i.OOO pounds to the
acre, this fertilize.- should annalyzf 8
por cont, phosphoiic acid, "? per cer t.
Ammonia, and ? per cent, potash.
After you have put down the fertili
ser, throw tile furrow back, with the
lame plow, being sure to work t ie
ilrt well uparoun' thc plant. About
t,wo weeks afier this fertilizing, go
Into tho furrow tint waa not worked
cofore and do the same thing, then
deep tho alleys wed cultivated, usi ig
for this purpose a cultivator or dia
mond toothed harlow. You-want to
ioep the land front this time on, well
mltivatcd and as well open as p sd
ile, so that the sun and air can get in
md warm up tho joli. The cabbage
.( ots that have been growing all wln
1 r are now stn ag and will take up
, c fertilizer rapid y, and thc plants
* ll grow much fa.1 ter, and make y iu
i head or cabbage t wo to three wee <s
t oner than If you aad set tho platts
i February or Mi.rch. This artie le
i piles to tho growing cabbage In V r
; nla, North and South Carolina,.
'> eorgla and all of thc Gulf Statts.
15 not forget that the success OD
allure or the whole crop depends on
'our getting good plants rrom reliar
tie seed. For this reason you should
?uy your plants from a responsible
jrower who has been tn thc business
i long time and has au established
Yours very truly, .
W. C. ?KKAHTY,
. Young's Island,'S. C.
Want Kff.nroin. >-'?
A dispatch from Manila says lead
rsof the baud of LabroncB, which re
lently attacked the town of San Fran
lo Malab tu, and captured the wlfo
ind two children of ex-Gov. Trias,
low demand ransom for the release of
fi?LlTT???r ULA KUIBHELL. ,
Col. Kcitt^?lve? ? Method That .yyiU
s ul y o tue Cotton Problem.
In a letter to Tho State Col.-Ellison
S^Knltt, of Newberry, gives a rS^bxdti
that will solve the cotton problem a Ad
nia*"k"fe* the South'the richest spot bfj
land on the globe. Here ls bis plan.
Hoad lt ??Hnd?6ce. if you d?n't?3Lgree
with him: **r - *****
The al'-absorbing qirstlon- for-fc-V.u
tiou. ls how can we get rid of ?f cent
c?tfon and make lb impossible for. lb
3ver to return aud distress our peo
I pie? "?fitu will do it:
Let every grower of cotton sow
wheat, ry er oats and barley in ampUi
quantity for home cousuinpt lon aud
some tospare. W.aon thess ?rains ar/1,
taken off the land.sow one bushel of
peas ou euch acre to make p^a-vlne
bay. ' When In bloom cut tile vines
aud cure and house.tbfem for feel, to
sell what ls uot 'n?c?ied on the farm
when- the proper Unie comes. After
thorongti - "preparation cf the laud
plant ample acreage in corn to secure
?uough for liome consumption willi
some to spare. Drop peas between the
lillis of corn or sow them broadcast,
one-half bushel to the acre, the last
plowing to imiprove the land.
Let each farmer ^eoure one or more
mares and raise his mules and h..-raes
Instead of buying them- Tile writer
bad a half brother win raised eight
mule's in niue years from ono inare.
fie missed only one y^ar iu nine; Sner
mau's army stole them all.
Lot cadi farmer, be well stocked
with hogs, sberiv4joa.'Ar cat'le and
pjultry. Lit e^cUj farmer bc-aeJ/taup
portlng aa r.ear as possible.' A??er eaoh
grosor of oott ott has*-doue the ab. ve,
let him plant all the colton tie can
c ultivate well., rrake every p iund he
can and sell it for -.dl-b-5"*-tfcrTK$kg8t,
which will not bo less thar?'ro'ccfHs.
If the growers of cotton will-fall in'
lino and follow the advice given, the
pacple of our souHdand will be the
riebest aud happiest people cu earth in
10 years. ' ' . .
lict every oni win has cotton on
hand hold lc If he can. Ltt thus? who
car. not hold sell dliec-, to our factories
If .,t?my have to give it away, give it
to bur own people., I was told a few
days a?o by th(,"pVesid.en.t of a factory
that he would give more for .lt .than
While a -large crope "vas made last
;:ifaztx,- tho -.writer does not believe there
ls "more cotton In.existence than the
factories will need. List >ekr^'bocausc
of .he h'gh pric? of otbon, tho facto
.rien ran on short lime, some of them
olor-.ed down. Notwithstanding this
there wus no cottcn at the ?-nd of the
Kedson bo be had. Now every factory
will run on full time and c ?tton Ls
cheap at !? cents. The'abbye advice i*
from i'cei who bas^gr?wrff'gathered
and. sold ,52 orrpV.and made money
?very year. He never failed.
005T OF CATCHING LYNCHIjRt!.
..Oj ti* l?4?t' fi ' . ?'/?!
? J": ' ' ' - ' v ,:: UOP.ati '?"? j
Gov. Ileyw?rd B?fcdtT: UKSpb'olni ftl?b
riiK? nn the tfubleot, "
. uyiitv.sf?. k '
Gov. Hey ward,. a& is well known,
employed detectives.,^ work. gai th?
case of the murdi rars dr *Keltt"l3opkJ
ard who was killed and ptjtcheri?d' in
a most revolting manner last fumrfter.
This Is. better known as the1 IC?itaws
ville lynching i'l&boughd.b.had ihc<ap>
pearance of a brutal.ijnxiuder hy a.iew
ratlier tlian an exc?.u'.ion by .a. mob.
The expens? of 'tlil?' Jiiivnspikiatlon
was borne " by Gov. iTcy'ward lil ernie1f
as'lils cbrJtin-ge?t rund" had t.o:ii"ex
hausted. Tuo'd^y. he-'s^ut to the
general as em bl y the following special
message in ro.r ird thereto: .
Gentlcmt n of the General Assembly: ?
I have found it nee? s mr y during
the'pV?t year, in thc proper eriforce-j
mont of the law, to ir.ake an.expendi
ture to which 1 desire to call your
sp?cial attention. j
Owing to tiie Inadequacy' of the
contingent . fund, and having no
special fund at roy disposal, J .was
under the necessity of personally.har
rowing Li e sum of $1,807.27 in order
to c mpleto the 'paj ment of detec
tives employed for 1 be-purpose of
bringing to justice persons guilty, of
participating in lynchings.? I-give
my-p.rsnhal note for tilt's 'amount,
which amount will be due and ?b?y
ab'.e on May 1st, next. ;. And. I re
spr-ctf tilly "ask"XYi? provisions may .be
made-for this payment- hy yi???- ttWTOr
able body. ..JtejpecXfully,
4 P... .C. Eley ward, Governor.
.??1 ; . In-Ooj>ljf Sljapo.- , [i
The1 most bullish SSfc&f statistics s.o
far .issued .thia y.ojyr bj?,the Ncwvpr
ic?ijsV'cpt?on (exchange were those. J/i
sued Saturday showing the .week I^rVl
In slgBt'?nd receipts' and Bn?j^m'cn'? Up
to noon on Saturday as compiled by
Secret try Heater. .The ?cobthr? .that
Chin ; into sight for the past week waa
15.1,002 bales eonlpajed with" 24?'3J^
bales,- tor:.|bp. sar^e,'.week last year,
When lt.Is remembered that the crop
this'.yea?'Is couch larger than th? one
of ?ast""y??ir\'tl^ ls
shown..,-Tb* stetojaicnt proves that the
farmers are actually.iujwoll-as theore
tically holding their cotton, crop. The
statement of receipts show's that only
75,155 bales were rec-dved during the
w'?l'k'-while 10!) Hdfi w^rc shipped -from
the t nt Ire country: -'At tuts rate 'jp ru
minent traders suy^tl at trio poi ts and
country towns Will sot'n be drained aiitl
Hie. farmord will haye the situation
entirely in his ontrol. This is en
couraging, and if the fanner will 're?
duce hts acreage .and his guano bill
and , con birnie to bold his tatton he
will whip the fight ..'J'.he cotton being
held will soon be needed and prices
A Woman to tianjg.' . r iiAnl
Tho Slate says:. "Gov. Hell of Ver
mont is a marvel among governors
Ile has refused all appenls-for-the par
don of a woman who ts sentenced to
he hfiuged In that State next lufitith
and calmy declares that ho will .per
mit tho decrees of the court, to have
thc Xi Iway. Ti e worfl&h,.^ Mrs. .
Rcra, Ls.uuder sentence'for tho n^ui
der.of lier husband, tho date*'jlxod' \o .
tb'e:txtcutlbn being Feb. 3th. N.'it \tc
70 yoars has a woman Inien- hanged i'n^'
y>3r.mont. Under the f?ws bf thati
Sta'jo- Is seems that. 4>Ue.right. - to..:j-(:V
view tho aonteuc.ts. pt th? coartn-iw"
vested, in the) leglsijitiire'as wall &L
the executive and tl?? legls?ature.hay,
lng failed to act at. Its last sessions the
governor proposas to "let the iaw-'take,
tts cnn rs?. . Thcte laivory strohgl?^ntr
ment against barigi?R-.a-t'Vfor4tt-aii.;?a?-i'(
t;.T Ifllliiil tojr Aceldeat:,.; : v
Fourmon were -klllbd by a'eeldeav?t
burhamV?^*mace? P?.. Thai men were
employed at.the Durham Iron works.
They woie operating a cinder train,
which rrmi into a snow.drift; jumpod
the track.,and went over an embank
ment fifty feet high into the Dela
Many HoMons Ti>?t Prompt Men to
'.Pop tho Ofae'stlon." '
" The reasons which prompt men to
make offers of marriage to women are
arj m m y and various as the naxfier
ami 'kinds of women thus .honored.
Not alone are the natural grao?s and
'CMrioB of femininity the fool of at
traction*, .for tba average man. ?Ac
quired accomplishments hiten oount
for a great deal,, and lt fri quently
Bappens tbat wenistt-aro eagerly de
sired for qualltlcations.' wl^o.J, while
.^tjoj gly appealing to those who de
sire thurn, would oct In tho least ap
peal to others occupying a diff ?rent
point of view. " . *\V??
:? Tbese^very general and mot alto
gether luminous retkobUns are sug
gested by a news item which reaches
?.us from northern'New York of an
avalanche of marriage offers which
hos overwhelmed two estimable young
women','.the.daughters of a farmers at
Schuyler. They are not described as
beautiful. So far as we are advised,
they are not distinguished for acooui'
'pUshmen's of the kind which maka
for social pre eminence. Perphapa
they are not more amiable, more af
fectionate, nor more practical In tLe
general duties of housewifery than
others. Their claim to distinction is
that they "killed, cleaned, so lided,
and? hunk'" two 300 pound bogs with
out masculine assistance.
Instantly an overpowering passion
look possession of the heart of every
eligible, bachelor within what may be
called buggy radlu'sVTbe rural delivery
carrier has had to provide himself
with a wheelbarrow to tran-pirb the
' tiers of marriage \ which come by
mall, and "the concourse of veblclci
wbfcb^.Js strut:g aion)p the paternal
fn'ntr tVi.-W-}. every day and evening
suggests thafc.a cuntir>uou#.funfiral la
in progress within. "Perhaps it Is. A
great many na-cindi hopas of domestic
^happiness alon^strlctly bucolic line*
??iish jnjbfae family "settln' room"
?very'twenty-.'our hour-i, and encugb
broken hearts are left, behind by de
parting Bul tors to fertiiiz? thc tam ll
- ?tholr fragments could be composted.
The young wo nen aro ta'd to deoline,
"firmly but kindly," tb? tilers of mar
riage which are pressed upon them
Irj may he thaT, their unique claim tt
distinction pu's them in a class Wblcr
makes lt an hr pertinence for the tult
or to offer them the c ,rani mplace lift
, of the farmer s wife, who can count
i upon a hog k liing nob oftener ^thai
I onc2 a year. Their sphere of sccla!
i triumphs ohvi >usly lies in Cincinnati
' EApi 'BIX fBEN WIVAB. |
, - \.>
Sovoral of Whom Ho Poisoned and
Mai ried Oro. rs.
A dispatch from Chlcrgo says that
John Hoch; wiom the police allege to
bea modern I^.uebeard, is an expoit
chemist-, and miy possess knowledge
tri^a.-secret, poison, is the declaration
of Police Inspector Shlppy.
Ttie in- pect? r says he has evidence
. that'-ITboh wa> ?d rugir ist same years
&S& bibri'-cbaiNOundtd many poldon*.
Tho police nov as-'ert they have'evi
dence that Bioob has had at least
twelve wives In as many years. The
Police also declare that be?ld:s the
twelve wives who are living there
were at least four who died.
. " The poi Icu say they have evldenoa
that H ch had live furnished (lats
with a wife installed lu each at the
sadie time. The (I its were furnished
hy iustalment hoiis:s.
? Information of more alleged victims
of the supposed Hluebeard, Jo'm
Il co, has bet n given the pol'ce by
.J din Prick, an employee ol the Nickle
P ate railroad. Frick had reported tc
tho police a rharg i that his sister,
Mri. Mary Schultz, married Hoch,
wi o then called himself Albiu* M?sch*
' borg, ab Argos-, Ind , in 1900. "'I am
under the be! rf that my sister and
her little girl were done away with.
My sister had about 81 500 at the
time of h r marriage," said Frick.
Kdutivrs of six of flirteen wivet
credited to Hoch, have, expressed thr
h ?iii f to tho police that the s'x womer
died from poison._
Murder aiMl -Suicido.
A tragey in which four men lost
. their.liv S'Ccirred In N giles Ari
zjpa. " Jb"riday: " William ., Walters, e
.gambler, entered the Palace saloon
. owned by M.,M Conn, walked to a
! jijvker table, and without a word ol
: martling,..drew a revolver and opened
'. Are oh the dealer, known as ''Cow
bo*" Johnson, tiring two ahota
through . his head. Walters then
. turned on Conn, the proprietor, who
wad making his way toward the door,
shooting him through the head and
heart'. ' The ' murderer then turned
. his w'?apbn toward the monto dealer,
5 shootii g him through the hack of the
head. He "tired"a shot at George
iieudja,.- a cattleman, which grazed
: the latter's:face, and then turned the
revolver.oh.: himself and sent a bullet
through? his owu brain. All of the
victim's-' died before being able to
mike'statements. 'Walters had been
.implbyod by C >nn, but had bein dis
cha ged a few days before.
Drowned by Tidal Wnvo.
A cablegram, from Christians, Nor
way, says-tlft?-nine persous perished
is the result ol' an avalanche of rocks
4t.Naesd.al, north of Pargon, Sunday.
A mass of rock was suddenly pr?cipi
tait, d Into Lc mvaud lake from the
oeighboring bills, causing an immense
wave twe nty fe t high which swept the
neighboring sh- ?res. Houses,people and
cattle were swi pt away by the rush of
water, and lt 1.? known that ilfty-nine
persons perista d. Thus far only four
oodles have bcun recovered. A great
storm Wednesday stopped the relief
work as tie s ?rro'u?dlng district, is
unable to send help.
Oe od if True.
..In tho city o." New York it is an
noHncqdcthat open gambling has boen
rwhojly.. stopped. Indeed, gamblers,
bpcih br under cover, seem to have
been put entirely put of business, lt
wai g vast undertaking that Dis'riet
Attorney. Jeron e entered upon aud lt
s'iowed .almost impossible for him to
suicepdt-.but he has again illustrated
ti e Aruth of. tt >a saying that where
there ls a will ibero isa way.
: K.-.e,?. xn>u>f?n Jiouorcd.
. ;;#mong the-.'S.'nators selected to be
on the receptloo committee for the
Inauguration o'* President ltoosovclt
IfcSenatO^B. & Tillman of South
ba'rb?h'!?\" "l b lu hot known whether
ithe1 ^r^sid?i?t 'mado -the -selections
himself or whether thev w?re made
by lhdg?<rdler G eneral Wilson, chair
mapjof:Vh*. Ina rgural coinmltteo.
-Odtiviot od ot Mnt-dor.
. ^At-G'reen villi on Thursday in tho
court crr-troneralsesslons John B. Wal
drop, a well-to-do farmer, was found
guilty, qP Uie-ncurdor of. Samuel Mad
dox, Snottier farmer. The verdlot
?was ?ecOmp?nlsd.'wltb a recommen
dation to mercy.
That is exactly what lt ls. af
day at the State Fair showing; it) S
Every Farmer, Oil Mill, Saw h
property Bhould have them. For ai
Coltwnbia, S O The mt
Building Material df all kl
Building and Re-Pros*cd Brick. S
Terra Gotta Flue pinings. Prep
WhUke I Morphine I Glgaren
Habit, Habit I Habit
Cured by Iteelejr
1329 Lady St. (or P. O. Box 76) Co
FLOATING DOWN STREAM.
New Method or Getting- Boc?) Orel
the State Lilue.
Eleven barrels of illicit corn whis
key arrived in Columbia Thursday,
and their artlval form the last chap
ter in an interesting and ck vcr piece
of work done bv the dispensary con
stables of this and the Sumter dis
Information came to Division
Chief Osborne of Columbia severa'
da'yB ago that 12 barrels of North
Caroliua corn whkkiy were being
Moated down the Great Pee Dee river
into this State. Constables P?gues
and Harting of this division and
Division Culef Grady and Uyg of
Sumter went to Ohcrawon last Satur
day to intercept and sez it. They
found that the barrels, which had
been roped together in tandi m, had
become lodged In a fishery b?tlt in
the river about two miles above Che
raw and that seven of t ie barrels had
broken .loose and floated on down to
the town, where they wero taken out
and held by thc sheriff s cbaitabU.
No trace of the remaining liva bar
rels could be found but the disp^nsiry
con tables felt su e that they were
somewhere in the river. They accord
ingly hired a number of negr -63 aud
sent them into the river on Sunday af
tc moon near the place whe e they had
been lodged in the fishery. The
darkies, after wading and diving, lo
cated four of the barrel-? under the
water. They had been drawn down
uoder the tncltnrd portion of the
structure and held there by the f orce
of the current. All of the fo ir were
brought ashore but the fifth and hut,,
barrel could not be found.
All of the stuff is contraband and is
unstamped. Etch of the biruk con
tains ab ml JiO gallons and will bs
seized by the iuternal revenue depart
ment Tlie total amount seized is
about 33,0 gallons. Although there are
no marks on the turr?is to indicate
who the owner ls, Chief Osborne is
satisfied that tho owaer ls a wall
known blind tiger keeper whom tibe
constables always watch put of the
corner of their eye3.
The barrels were attached by a rop<?
running through staples driven In
eaoti eud of each barrel, thus keeping
them in a line. Tney were put lu the
river at a p.dnt in North Carolin! and
floated down, hiing carried only by
the current of the stream. This im
prov s^d flotilla was coovoyed by per
sons in canoes, who guarded and guid
ed the treasurj -Co'umbla State.
THE GOL'Z YLLS MONUMENT
1 Now Btung Built and Will Soon Bc
The following has been given The
State wl?h the request to publish: .
L The monument io be erected to thc
memory of the late Naici.?o Genei
Gonzales is now being built by thc
1 McNeel Marble company of Gaines
ville, G J. The monument is'4 to be
made of selected granite furn'sned by
the Winnsboro Granite company.
The monument will be of the follow
ing dimensions: Full height from the
ground 40 feet. A spire 25 feet in
length and 2 feet 4 inches by. 2 feet 4
luches will rest upon the plinth. 3 by
3. Tbe.cap will be 4 feet 2 Inches by
4 feet 2 Inches, resting upon a die 4
feet 4 Inches by 4 feet 4 Inches and 4
feet high. Upon the several faces of
this die will appear the Inscription to
the deceased editor, all to be prepared
by friends of the deceased.
This die will rest upon a tin-t base
5 feet 4 Inches by 5 feet 4 inches by 2
feet. There will also be a second,
third and fourth base of proper dimen
sions, the fourth base being ll by ll
by 2 f.-et and this fourth base will
rest upon a sub-base which will be 20
feet square. The space witt in the
sub-base outside of the fourth base
will bo sot in gras?, which will present
a mo^t pleasing appearance.
A pen brush drawiDg of this monu
ment has been furnished by tte con
tractors and can now be seen in thc
window ot theGjrzvles Book store,
where the subscribers and other
friends of the monument floata
tion may see the same. Thc full cost
of this monument has hot yet been
raised and the committee ls still ro
ceivlng subscriptions. Tue executive
committee of the G?nz les Monument
association requests all subscribers
who have not yet paid their subscrip
tions to make payment of same co Miss
Jennie G. Gibbes, who has kindly con
sented to collect for tho committee.
Subscriptions can also bo paid to auy
member of the committee.
W. A. CLAUK.
W. J. MUHIIAY,
W. H. LY LBS,
W. II. Ginnies,
.V J. MCMAHAN,
_ Comm! ttce.
A di; p itch from Raleigh, N. C.,
says the house commttte on judiciary
of the general assembly by a unani
mous tote Friday favorably reported
a bill prohibiting "buckotshops" from
operating In the Stato under Sue dr
imprisonment in the discretion of the
court. The bill reported oonforma to
the Missouri law ami a letter from
Gov. Folk oomrce jds lt as being ef
fective and as not hurting legitimate
Tn? South can stop growing cotton
and thcu be-prosperous, but thc spin
ners can't, stop their factories nor the
world stop using cotton cloth without
bringing ruin and disaster.
ire iC Uar., DJ o,) iioradoa evjry
re flghtlo? 4da'.ltlei. '
lill,- Ginnery and coy oue owning
ale by. .- ? .,. .
ioHifiery Supply l?i i?(?e of the State
ie & Cement Co.
TON, 8. G.,
Inds. High Gn de Roofing
Write for; pr Io ?a.
?IA, S. c. ,
peolal Shaper to order. Fire Proof
ared io till orders for thousands or
All Dr M j: aud Tob?ceo
JLnetitxrtes, of C
lumbla, S.'-Q; Confidential correspond
How I Cure Them.
UOOK SENT F HICK ON REQUEST, SPS
CI At MEDICAL LETTER ALSO
Every. si:k worrjin-who earnestly deairos to
rocoTer her health should writo me, describiug
how'aho riflers, and I will p int out to bur a>
simple m en na of pernmnent cure. At any rat?
it will not coBt anything to And out how I pro
pos? to cure ypur disease, so 1 urge that yoo.
write me wi??ont delay. Thousands of^j?J^
women have cured themselves up in tW^r?y.
Out of i ho ripeness of tweiity-tU^-y^rg ex.
(torionco.M^a Ep?^?n^rt??^^hija^pv0fOpe(j ftn
entirolya-w system or currrfS chronio di-eases
md jt adapts itself especially well to the cure
of d'seuM of woraon, to which I have given
ap-cia! study all my lifo. I will understand
your'ca*o, nijd tmderstanding it, I will readily
(ind tho meaim of cure. If tho general run of
doctors havo failed, if pitent medicines that ;
s?em cheap, but nro really costly in the end
have done you no god, then I am more than
cor'ain that. I-will cure you, Torstubbom casca
irrt C:6 ones I want to hear. from. I.'will euro
you fifty per cent quicker than by tho old
method, and give you such a treatment as will
not only cure your disease, but build you up
thoroughly und make you feel better in every
1 want especially t > hoar from women who
hove trouble with ?io womb, ovaries or nor
voiis system, who sulfur, from leuonrrhe* -.
and menstrual dil'.icullfes, disorders or
tho blood, weak heart, headache, neuralgia
vortigo, stomach trouble, rheumatism, skin
affections, kidney troubles, any disease pf the
throat, lunga or urinary organs. To euch ca
those, i will ; gua runt ?o speedy and completo
recovery by my new rlginal inothud. At any
rate, you pliouid invi ntigato this matter fur
ther, and if you will >>-rite mo regarding your
self, I will study you cos? and report to you
fully how to ho euro '.. All this will coat you
no?iing. I will also in :loso a booklet of my own
writing toing into al tho special diseases of
won.sn with syrnnU ins, caiiBcs and effects,
freo of chnrgc. \ on aro at no oxpensc what
ever, so if you reall r w..nt to bo cured and
not be a weakling i ll your life, I expect to
hear from you soon. My private address ts
J. Newton Hatliawav M. D., 88 Inman Bldg,
22* S. Broad St., Atti uta, Qa.
Trv to writo mo tochiy.
. Cures all diseuses of men. Lost
manhood, syphilis (blood poison),
ponorhoea, gleet, .stricture, varloceele,
hydrocele and ali private diseases of
men. Catarrh in all forms cured
quickly. Piles cured without opera
tion or "detention from business.
Under guarantee. Rioms 421 and.
422 Leonard building, Augusta, Qa.
Write for home treatment. Office
hours: 9 a. m. to 7 p. m. Sunday's
fl a. m. to 2 p. m.
?Hake Home Happy.
Good Music Will Do This.
You want a sweet-toned Piano,
or you may prefer a lino Organ.
We represent tho Mt m.dani
M?k?r*. Our prices and terms
will appeal to you. Call on or ad
MALONE'S MUSIC HOUSE,
In Opera House Block,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
onoaouo'?on ? a ? ? ? ? ?.toe-:: ? .
s* / TEED
Cls BY A
Railroad Fire Paid. 600
FflEK Courses Offored
5v^?5QEBEfHBHB3rS Board at Cost Writo Qutc*
Good for Winthrop.
A special dispatch fron Washing
ton to the Columbia R.cord says lt is
probablly that thc WinthiopTralnln^^
school, at Rock Hill, wid come lrvfo <
a large* share of the Poahpdy fund,
which ls to be distributed by the
trustees within a short time. As is
known the trustee* have decided to
close the trust and to do so they will
permanently distribute the fund. ITalf
of ths $2,000,000 trustee fund has
beeu given to tho Peabody Training
s'.hoo'l at Nashville and the other ?1,
000,000 is to be distributed among a
number of institutions. It is said on
the best of authority that the Rick
Hill institution will probably come lu
for a larger part of the remaining II,
000,000 than any other institution in
Served Him Hight.
Ten yoars at hard lubor in tho peni
tentiary was the amtenco Imposed by .
Judge Gage upon Joe Wade, who was
tried and convicted upon the charge
of wlfo beatlntf at the o'oslng session
of court at Monck s Conner on Thurs
day. In passing ? entonce upon Wade
Judge Qa^'G took < ocasi?n to say -chat
he waiai surry the ?atv did not provide
! proper punlshmei t for one who beat
I his wife, that ho > uglit to be hanged
instead of serving a penitentiary uen
tence, bat hu wot ld do the best ho
could by giving tt s prisoner ten ycart
it bard labor.