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"DO THOU, GREAT LIBERTY, INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAKE OUR LIVES IN THY POSSESSION HAPPY FOR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE."
BENNETTS VILLE, S. C., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1905.
VICTIM OF BOMB.
rhe Grand Duke Sergius Assas?
inated in His Carriage.
DItlVER ALSO KILLED.
Toe Uncle and Brothcr?in Law of the
Emperor Nicholas Killed at Moscow
While Driving in a Coach. The
Murderers Were Arrest?
ed and Locked Up.
A dispatch from Moscow say?? that
while the Grand Duke Sergius was
driving Friday from the Nicholas
palace through the Senate quarter,
his carriage was followed by two cabs.
At the law courts a sleigh in which
were two men, oue of whom was
dressed as a workman, went quickly
ah.:i?d of thc ?rand duke's carriage.
The sleigh then slowed up tu allow
tho carriage to pass and at that mo
ment a bomb was thrown beneath
the carriage. The force of the ex
plosion broke all the windows of law
courts and the report was heard out
Bide the city.
The carriage was blow.") to piece?,
nothing but the four wheels remain
ing. The horses were not hurt and
bolted. The grand duke was instant
ly killed. His head was blown off,
actually being separated from his
body, which was frightfully mangled.
The coachman was also killed. He
was so frightfully burred by fae ex
pit sive with which Hie bomb was
ona)ged that he died wi-ie being
taken to a hospital. On the arrest of
the. murderers, neither of wh< m was
known to the police, ene of them
cooly said: "I don't oare. 1 have
done my Job "
An immense crowd gathered at the
spot and made a demonstzatien against
a number tri students, who commenc
ed scattering revolutionary pro lama
tions. Within a few minutes after the
explosion people might have been seen
gathering up pieces of wood and cloth
lng as mementoes of the tragedy.
When the Grand Duehess E"zibeth,
widow of Grand Duke Serguis, wa*
Informed of the occurrence, she
immediately went to the scene vlt'i
out waiting to put on a hat or
doak. The pates of the Kremlin were
closed as toon as the news of the
assassination was conveyed to the
authorities and the remains of tha
raw?7*55e^Wcrtakett--to the Nich
AKKKfcTED BY A POLICEMAN.
One cf the assassins was arrested by
a policeman, who overtook him as he
was running from the scene of the as
saBioatlou. The rr an carried a revol
ver but made no attempt to use it.
He expressed gratification that the
Grand Duchess ESlzabetb was not a>
companing ber hutband, Grard Duke
Sergius, when the latter was killed.
The assas;n refused to reveal his idm
ity, but admitted that he was a mern
ber of the socialistic revolutionary
The head of the Grand Duke
Serylus was literally blown to atoms.
A xtass of his brains was found
nearby by a woman, who handed lt to
a police commissioner. The grand
duke'a pocketbook, which contained
letters and money, waa fuucid nearby.
At A c momi nt ol the exj. osiou the
Grand Duchess Ei'fc-ibeth vas at the
Kremlin, superintend!) g v rk f r the
wounded at me front, and wa- about
to i recced bu the rcsi-L i.ee of the gov
ernor general, expecting te? meet her
husoand there. Her carriage was
waking outside the Kre mlin.
Prayers for the murdered grand
duke wrro held later In thc evming,
the Grand Duchess Elizabeth, civil
and military tniel?is being piestnt.
Thc. body of Grand Duke Sergi iswlll
be nterred in the cathedral eif the
fort rt si of St. Peter and St. Paul
Tht> extra newspapers announce the
deuth of Grand Duke Sergius hythe
explosion of a bcrxb, but nive no de
HWR IN EltAIUlY CAKKIAOK.
According to later details Grand
Duke Sergius, who generally was ac
companied ty his wife when out driv
ing, was ( n this occasion going to 1 ii
private Russian bath In his old otll
cial rcslcienca in Ivcrskala street.
Ti)e vet bl? in which he rode was a
pl lin, shabby, clor.id car l?ge such as
would not be likely to attract atten
tion, lt was felic wed by detectives
in iv couple of cabs The granel dulce
wai; driven rapidly, and was half way
across the Miuare between thc Great.
Belt tower and the Nicholas nate,
when the bomb was thrown b meath
his carriage, where lt exploded, liter
all> demolishing the vehicle, killing
the grand nuke and fatally iijurkg
tt e c river.
Tiio only uctual witnesses of the
assassination were a couple of police
men on beats In the vicinity. Its-Ll
appears to be uncertain whether the
a^as-sin was In a sleigh or hiding In
thti tunnel beneath the Nicholas
tc wer. A few people who hud been
attracted by the sound of the ex plo
sion made their way Inside the Krem
lin before the police w:re able to cle?.e
the gates, but, they were speedily
ejected. While enormous crowds
were gathering outside tho gate the
boely of Grand Duke Sergius was taken
bc way of a private corridor from the
palace to the Che uci; ?T mcnahtry
Priests will pray there throughout the
nb ht andefllcers and aides de camp
will keep vigil over thc body.
K< neuen, Killed.
An explosion i ccu red Thursday
n.crning on the British submarine
boat known as ''A 6," which was in
Queentown harbor. The explosion oc
curred while ollioers were tilling thc
gasoline tanks. A second explosion
occurred as a parly of eleven rescurers
were hrh gin,; up the eh ad and Injured
frc m the hold. The original crew of
th'i hubmarlne boat numbered ten.
Ti e total casualties, Including those
among tho rescuer*, ls said to bo
To the People of the South from Pres?
ide, t Jordan.
Let tho South Continue to (Hand Pat
In tho Protection ot lier
Great Money Staple
To tho People of tho South:
The Southern Cotton asscolatlon re
cently organized at New Orleans, La.,
by the largest and most distlnguiHbad
gathering of prominent farmers; mer
chants, bankcrH, cotton men and
Others, 1B already getting well under
way and exceeding the most sargulne
expectations of those who at Now
Orleans so enthusiastically advocated
The dally press of the south indi
cate today that hundreds of county
and precinct organizations were per
fected ou tho 11th instant throughout
tho entire cotton belt under the plans
adopted by thc Southern Cotton asso-"
elation, and that thousands of Tam
ers, merchants and bankers have en
thusiastically Joined the movement.
Reports this early from hundreds of
counties, townships, precincts and
parishes show that everywhere the
pledges on reduction of acreage aod
guauo are being promptly signed up
by the cotton growers. The very se
vere weather of the past ten days has
in no wiso checked the determination
of the farm ra to Immediately orgau
Izj and meetings everywhere have
been largely attended.
Another matter wulch the cottjn
world must be forced to understand,
and that is, that spot holders of cot
ton in the south are (irmly and unal
terably tlxed In their determination
to hold cotton and refuse to sell at
prices less than 10 cants per pound c e
livered at the ports. Holders lu every
part of the south signify their wllit.g
ness to sign contracts to tie up the
surplus part of the crop until next
fall and tho Planters' Cotton and
Commission company recently organ
ized at New Orleans as a branch of
the Southern Cotton association with
W. P. Brown as president will have
but little trouble, in s-curlng the nec
essary tie up of 2,000.000 bales.
The Southern Cotton association
has already proceeded far enough to
assure it3 sueeess. Its policies of or
gar ization and conduct of its ul!airs,
is broad and liberal enough to com
maud the prompt and active support
of the cotton growers and all allied
business interests In the south. The
cotton world has been absolutely
amazed at the acton of the farmers
and southern bankers during the past
The spinners are demanding the
fuitlllm mt of contracts from the buy
ers. The buyers must yet buy the
cotton to lid their contracts and the
spot cotton is in tbo hands of the pr?
uucers. In many sections farmers
are now hauling their cotton home
from warehouses. In other sections
warehousemen are offering to store
cotton free and bankers are advancing
loans at 0 per cor^t per annum. The
entire south ls working in perfect
harmony and unity to restore the
price of cotton to its legitimate value
of 10 cents.
No colton must be sold on tempo
rary advances. It ls a well laid
scheme of the "bears" and buyers to
bring out cotton on the market so as
to Insure heavy reaction in price and
s:cure the fulfillment ff spot con
tracts. Hold cotton tighter than ever
before and prove to the foreign spin
ner and speculator, who consider the
southern farmers as so many "brain
less laborera," that we cm cumbine
and force tho world to recognize for I
once that the south can and will pro
tect, its i tte rests,
Let thc active work of organization
rapidly prooeed. L-.'t every county
and parish in the south hold its meet
ings on til?.; IOU), organize and elect
delegates to attend the meetings at
the State capitals on the 21st. The
railroads have ni ready intimated their
willingness to give a rate of t hs fare
for the round trip tu all delegates at
tending the State meetings on Feb
ruary 21st. Reduce your acreage and
use of guauo at ieist 25 per cent, or
Diversify your farming Interests
and plant more food crops. Hold your
cotton with a death grip until prices
advance to 10 cents. Pay no atten
lion to temporary advances. Help tu
tie up tho two million bales uf the
surplus and "bears" and export irs
will be whipped to a standstill. The
sixty millions uf dollars cutoff the
value of the crop during tire 1 vii GO
days by speculative depression will be
returned and the south will again . n
joy her period of prosperity.
We must win In thia contest. 1 he
future of every farmer, merolia it,
banker and business and professiooal
men of the south ls at stike. Co
operation is now almost perfect. L t
us stand unfalteringly together. Let
no break In the ranks ce ir amy where.
The cutton ninn are frightened. The
"bear" speculators ?ire frightened
They can't hold out many week.-, lo ig
er. We iiave victory in sight. Stand
by the Southern Cutton association
and with success.
Recognizing the Importance of dis
seminitlig information throughout
tile southern press for tho benefit of
all the people interested In this muvo
ment, the Southern Cotton associa
tion has oponed in Atlanta a depart
ment of publlolty, which will dally
from now un supply all tho news to
the press frum every section ot the
s uth covering the entire work of the
association and all other information
on the cotton situation.
The columns of the southern press
lu all sections have been placed at
our disposal and ls aiding the move
ment in every way possible. Letters
of lnturtst bearing on the present sit
nation and all other matters of news
intended for publicity should be serot
to the Southern Cotton As oclatlon,
caro T. J. Slmmors, Jr., Manager,
Department of Publicity, Atlanta,
We want good strong letters from
farmers, merchants, bankers and
Let the Routh c ntlnuo to stand pat
in tho protection of her great money
staple. We nuw have the situation
absulutely In our control.
BAU VIE JOKDAN,
Pres. Southern Cottou Association.
A MYSTERY SOLVED
Body of a Missing Han Found in
Fair Forest Creek.
lt Is Supooscd That Me Shot Himself
and Fell Into tho Creek
Whcro Ho Was Found.
A dlspa*ob to Tho State says Mr.
F. O. Trcfzor, tho well known jewel
er, who mysteriously disappeared
from Unlou on Tuesday afternoon,
February 7th, was late Thursd ay a?*
ternoon fe und In Fair Forest creek
and evidently committed suicide
while in a state o? mental aberration,
as a wound was found near his heart.
For a week the keenest anxiety has
prevailed aud searching parties have
scoured the country, but though many
indications poloted o his body being
In the crock, nothing could bo really
done, as the stream was greatly
swollen on accouutof the recent melt
ing of the sno^vs, and not until Thurs
day afternoon was it possible to take
out a boat and Institute a thorough
Ills tody was discovered about 4. I?
Thursday aferteruoon ah-3 .the wound
near his heart ?as apparently made
by a 38 calibre piston ball. The dis
cr very was made by J. E. Mabry at
the bend in the creek, a stream about
six miles west, of Union, half a mlle
below the big Rice bridge. The b trty
was kept under water by somo willow
Thursday a big boat 3 by 17 feet
was made and taken out Thursday
afternoon, accompanied hy Gllber J.
Foster, brother of Mrs. Trefzer, H.
G. Balley . and J. E. Mabry. After
galulng the stto.i.u they pulled down
the river, carefully examining every
thing for some distance, when at a
b^nd half a mile below Rice bridge
near the Pruitt pl tc;, Mr. Mibry saw
s m ?thing under the water which
cjuld not be at first distinguished.
Calling to Chas. A. Bethell and
John Bishop, who had joined the par
ty at Buffalo, they pulled the boat up
t o where the o> Jccfc was, and shoo
ing, they pulled out the budy of Mr
Tie'z:r, which had become entangled
ut.der willow branches and could not
rise tJ tho surface of the water.
Mr. Tre z it wore the same brown
suit, blue overcoat and cap that he
had on when ho left Union Tuesday,
Feb. 7th. Ills face was very much
swollen and discollored, though other
wise the body ls well preserved.
Ells body had bam pierced by a pis
toi ball, apparently a 38 calihre,
which, however, has not yet been
found, as it was evidently lost in th
stream. His body ls thought to have
tioated down some distance from
where tracks were previsouly discov
On his person were found a ring,
watch and chain, while lu the upper
left vest pocket was a pocketbook of
the Beaver organization Containing
his own picture, and lu a purse was
Arrangements were at ouce made
for bringing the rema1 ns lo town on
a tl.it cir from Buffalo as a sp?.cial
train, and arrived there about 0
o'olcok after whlc'i tho body was
taken to thc Bailey undertaking
establishment where the ii quest was
In 1880 he married M Us Florence
Foster, daughter of Maj. and Mrs. W.
M. Foster, and of this union live chil
li reu have beon Dorn, the youngest
three years old and the eldest, Miss
Fannie, 17 years of age. About; 1891
Mr. Tre'z.r left U lion for E berton, ;
(Ja . where he conducted a le weir j es :
bablishment fer ten years,'returning
to Union ab .ut three years ago.
Mr. Trefzer was an expert watch
maker, ami of quite an Inventive turn
of mlud. During his first, residence
in Union he b came very much Inter
ested in perpetual m ition, and gave
so much thought tc this that he be
came almost mentally unbalanced,
though he afterwards seemed to re
cover from it. lt was while in Elber
ton that he met with a terrible acci
dent In mending a piece of jewelry
which destroyed the sight of o?r; eye
eutirely and came near killing him;
sluce which time his wife has had to
devote almost her entire time tu con
due ing the business.
Mr. Tre'zar was i m in of very quiet
ili-po^ltlon, and a nit-ni'ior of the
First B.'.pUst church, lie was also a
Mason and a Beaver. Ile had two
brothers iu thU country, hut both
have died within the past few years,
and one brother and a sister still re
side In Germany.
A Fatal M rt ck.
R bert Gilbert, flagman, and Fields
R ee, a colored fireman, were killed
?Tuesday night in the head-on c illi
ston between freight train 71 arid 74
of the Southern raliwiy at Latuems,
twelve miles south bf Greenville. The
track was bli eked for more than
twelve hours. K iglneer Gotzlne, on
train 71, left there near midnight
with orders to take the .siding at La
them, which ls just a spur track In
the woods. Wednesday he admits
that he ran by the far end of thc
switch b.fore discovering it. The
I brakes were quickly applied, but the
train was gob g down grade and was
still moving wlien 74, rounding a
curve, dashed In. Ooizlne jumped
and ei-caped with slight bruises, but
Rice, his tireman, was killed. Gilbert
was on the same train, several others
were hurt, but none, seriously.
A W rook.
A dispatch from Spartanbutg to
The State says No. 37, the Southern's
southbound vestibule, tho handsom
est and n ost i xpei slve train of the
system was wrecked at Fair Forest,
live miles from Spartanburg, at 1.30
o'clock Thursday afternoon. The loco
motive and tender, two mall cars, the
baggage and chair combination car
and thc dinning coach were derailed,
and three sleepers and the Gorton
minstrel coach were left on tho tracks.
Six persons were injured, none seri
Ninety new numbers were baptized
at the Springfield Baptist ohutoh.
In Greenville on Sunday. Tho num
ber that joined at tho revival jual
dosed was 135. The remaining 45
will be baptized later.
Hon. Hoke Smith Writes on the
FARMERS WILL WIN.
He Endorses thc Action of the New 1
Orleans Convention and shows
What Qo-operatisn Cnn Do.
Believes That Lint Cotton
li Worth Ten Cents.
lion II jke Smith, Atlanta, Gs.
Dear Sir: In purs nance to a r?solu- |
lion Dassed by the subcommittee of i
the Southern Cotton association, now 1
in session in this city. I am instructed '
to request nf-^u an article for publl- I
cation Iii the press throughout the I
south giving your opinions as to the 1
probabliity of the success of the work i
undertaken by the Southern Cutten
association in the Interest of not only 1
the cotton planter, but all others in '
terested In the south's great money <
Thc committee Insists on your com- <
plying with their request for the rea- :
sou that they feel that your good
opinion would add much weight to I
the. nu ?vernen t and assist tl. em mate
rially in carrying out the work under
With assurances of my highest es- .
Very truly yours,
Mr. lt'chard Cheatham, Secretary of
the Southern Cotton Association.
Dear Slr: It gives me pleasure to
cjmply with the requ?st contained in
your letter c?f F bruary 9.
I cordially approve the work map
pi d out for the Southern Cotton as>o
claiim. The association will give an ,
opportunity feir bankers, merchants, .
manufacturers and pro'esdGiial men
of the cotton growing Stales to or
g?nlz3 with cotton plant?is luto a
permanent cooperating forte having
as its main object to make the lint
cotton grown in the south bring a l
stabie prie1, of 10 cents a pound.
KESl'LT IS KEASIULE.
Such a result is feasible.. It can
certainly bo accomplished, If all who
will be bene ti ted by lt will help to ac
Lint cotton raised in the southern
States is worth 10 _cents a pound,
The manufacturer can alford to pay
the planter 10 cents. This is true
because the price of 10 cents a pound
will not prevent fabrics made of
southern lint cotton from controlling
the market against all competition.
Silk, fUx, wool and c itton raised in
foreign c mntrles are the competitors
of southe rn lint cotton. Goods cannot
be manufactured from these four raw
materials to succes>fully compete
with goods made from southern lint
cott-n when the lint cotton ce sts the
manufacturer no more than 10 cents
a pound. The manufacturer of cot
ton c tr mt only afford to pay the
planter 10 cents a pound for Hat cot
ton, but a stable price of lo cents
would help the manufacturer by
making more stable, the price of goods
manufactured from Hut cotton.
If t. :c s ut!u rn '-'tites produced an
nually only the quantity of conon re
quited by the mills, s iles at 10 cents a
pound would readily follow. lt has
teen thc greal fluctuati in in the slz-*
of tbe mops and unbusinesslike man
r.er in which much of the cotton ls
markt ted by tho planters and the
general want of trustworthy sources
of information on tbs part of planters
that l ave made po-sible great waste
and loss to the south through the
lluctuatlons in the price of cotton.
L;st year the crop raised exceeded
by nearly 2 000.U00 of bales the
amount needed for this year's con
sumption. Buyers concluded the
price could be forced down below ?
cunts a p Hind, and we were presented
with tho spectacle of au etTort to price
a crop of 13,000.000 bales at over
i 100,000 1)00 less than thc price at
which a crop of 11,000,000 bales sold.
Because the planters have raised 2,
000,000 more bales than will be con
sumed (luring the present year buyers
proceed upon the theory that they
should be paid $100 000,000 less than
they would have been paid had their
er p be ;n 2,000,000 of bales smaller.
This has been very much the mode of
procedure with reference to the sale
of pasi crops. Surely there must b?
a way lo protect the planters and the
c>tton growing Slates fr.un suc'i
losses. If the Southern Cotton assn
elation receives the support which I
believe lt will receive protection can
be had against such results.
As an in mediate remedy the meet
lng at New Orleans proposed:
First. A reduction of acreage In
cotton this year as compared to last
year or 2f> per cent., with a correa
ponding reduo ion in ?lie use of com
mercial fert iii/, TS.
AN IMMEDIATE REMEDY.
Second. Tue sale, now oi no cotton
for le-;s than 10 cents per pound de
livered at the ports.
Third A combined etTort to with
draw fron the market and carry over
to next year 2,000,000 bales.
Tho mere earnest declaration of
these three purposes by the N> w Or
leans convent tm stopped tho decline
In thc price Of cotton and carried lt
up over 95 per bale.
You ask my opinion of the proba
ble succ ss of the work vou havo un
product ion this year so that next year
the mills ab.:orb the surplus carried
over from last year, they will show to
the world that it is their Intention
not to pile surplus upon surplus, and
the holders of surplus crops will onl>
be called on to wait 12 months for
sales Such intelligent conduct by
the planters will inspire all people
with confidence and belp vastly the
cfiorts to give cotton a stablo price of
10 cents per pound. It will make it
easy to withdraw tho present surplus
of 2,000,Oto ba:es from the market
and to orrry lt om to next year. It
will make it poaalb'e for the farmers
to sell at practically 10 cents a pound
the balance of the cotton which they
I believe the cotton planters are In
a Ktronger ?oaccial condition than
ever bet?re, and I have confidence in
tbelr purpose to curtail tho crop. From
what lean learn, they do cob intend
to sell except at approximately 10
cents. Of course, some may bo forced
to do sd, but X believe they aro tew\
The merchants and bankers should
aid them and discourage sales at the
present prices, while at tbe mun a time
lucy should urgo a reduction of the |
Your plan to reduce tho acreage is |
mest Intelligent, and you are im
mensely aided by the fact that the
surplus ottun ls still in the hands of
the planters. Tho.-.o who are selling
cotton futures rely upon the planters
to give up tneir cotton, at preseut
prices and are also relying upon an
other year of overproduction. They
ire basing their opinions upon what]
has happened in years past, when con
3ltlons-vastly differed from those of I
the present time. Then che surplus |
cotton had pass d from the planters
?ow they hold the s jrp'.us and are |
ible. to,keep lt. If the crop is reduc
3d this year so that a ?rice of 10 cents |
Is restored, your organization will de
velop itrength for future years to I
tielp carry a Burplus crop. You will
be able to help perfect) system of low
Insurance and cheap interest, and lui
many Jother ways contribute toward
establishing business methods for |
Cooperation is necessary if astabloj
price 18 to be given to our great crop.
The accomplishment of such a result
will bench t all ot our c.tizens and from
all (who dwell In the cotton growing
States) your association should receive
encouragement aurl support.
NO DEFALCATION CHARGED
Against J. T. Gantt, clio Secretary or]
State by Committee
Tho joint senate finance and house I
ways and means corrmiltee made its
report) Tuesday night on the Gantt]
matter as follows:
'Whereas, tho report of the com
mltteo appointed to examine the
booki? of the state officers, together
with the letter of the secretary of
itato ia reply thereto, has been re
ferrejl tb us, and, whereas, we have
given a hearing to the committee who]
ruado t.he report, and also fco the lion.
J. T.j .Gantt, secretary of state, and
also^oVMi. D. El. Means, clerk of the |
slukjug fund commission, we beg to |
repp-'. '* report of the commit
tee ?nd we commend the I
tiv.n tmgn ana competent manner in
which their work has been done, and
we cill attention to the fact that the
report of the committee does not
charge any defalcation on the part of
the seoretary of state.
"R I. MANNING,
"Chairman Finance Committee.
"Chairman Ways and Means Com.
In connection with the committee
endorsement of the special commit
tee's rinding, Mr. Gantt's boast in his |
reply to the legislature is reaalled,
namely, that ho would resign If the
report was correct.
Some members of the committee |
were severe in their denunciation of
candi t ins in Mr. Gar.tt's dllje, and
wanted a resolution adapted excoriat
ing the secretary of stat?, but wiser
ct uusel prevailed nn-i aitor two days
thc rep >rr. as given above .as igreed
to, the indignant ones : elrig won over.
Stopped Wild Engine.
A runaway locomotive on the D ila
ware and Hudson Riilroac? wos stop
ped recently by anothc r locomotive be
ing sacrificed in a col isi?n which de
stroyed both. The runaway was a
pusher at the end of 3 heavy train go
ing up the steep Yaiesvllle grade, j
The engineers and firemen jumped off 1
at a station, acd the pusher broke
loose and started down i?rade. A warn
ing was f-ent to Wtlk jsbore, Pa., to
ward which the locorr olive was thun
dering at the rate ol' a mlle a min
ute The yardmen had ouly a few mo
ments to decide whether to let the
runaway speed past the passenger sta
tion there, perhaps sicrl?einj; many
Uves or start another locomotive to
ward lt. The latter plan was adopted.
A locomotive was switched to the
main track und starter! up the road.
As the runaway carno Into sight th^
crew of the second locomotive jumped,
and the next minute the collision oc
Booze Soil tl.
The State says Constables ITarling,
Garner and Kellett raided Sellers'
place on Gervais street Tuesday after
noon at 3 o'clock and 8-'iz d 282 half
pint bottles or "Kin-'s Cnolce" corn
whiskey, B?X (tuart bottles of corn
whiskey and 17 bott les of M icon be er.
Tho constables went up between Un
coiling and the roof and found all of
tbe booze hidden theie. No objection
was made by Sellers to tho raid ur
seizure. Tala ls tho argest haul that
has been made in scinto time, as Ute
weather has been tou cold for outdoor
Alter the : .1 ..nilen', oil.
President Roosevelt has ordered a
most rigid Investigation of the meth
ods of the Standard (Jil trust by the
department of commerce arid labor,
ile took this action Thursday after a
001 ferenoewitb Representative Camp
bell, cf Kansas, who Introduced an in
vestigation resolution wbiob was pass
ed Wednesday. The Investigation
will Include far reaching possibilities,
the Hhowing up of discriminations,
blacklists, boycotts, etc., and may re
sult In criminal prosecutions 8galtst
some big meo otiinccted with the
Treated Them Madly.
The Russian consul at Pekin com
plains that the Japanese are cum pell
ing Russians to leave Port Arthur
without their prc porty and that many
Russian sick and wounded who have
been detained at Port Arthur have
died because ot the unsansltary con
dition uf the tuwu. Th?czar has made
a probwt through Franc*.
SENTENCED TO DIE.
Marion Fai r, a White Man, Most Fay
For Murdering Another White Man
on tho Gallows at Columbia
on April 14 Next
The State say's that( there was en
acted in the Richland Court Thursday
a Bcene dramatic In the extreme and
only too infrequently seen in the Slai.e
of South Oarollua. Marlon Parr, a
convicted murderer, waa placed tefore
the bar and sentenced to be banged
on the 14th day of April next. The
court room was well filled with spect
Before the bar itood the criminal,
the first of hii race to be in such a
position since Robert Hodge stood up
to receive his sentence in i860. There
was a deathly silence over the asscm
bled crowd, and during this time
scarcely a word was spoken sive by
the principal actors in Ll is tragedy in
tbe life of a white man who had been
cmvlcted of a foul murder.
When asked the customary question
by the judge, as to whether he had
anything to say why thu sentence of
death should not be parsed upon "aim,
the prisoner in a calm and cool man
ner expressed the opinion that he had
proved an alibi and consequently was
innocent of the crime. He claimed that
becaucj be was poor an 1 friendless be
was being persecuted by Burne on<;, (or
what causa be did not know, lils re
marks were short and he displaced lit
tle, In fact not any, nervousness while
making his speech. Parr cloded with
a plea for the mercy of the court,
seemingly not knowing that the oulj
punishment which could be indicted
under thc verdict was that of death
At tbe conclusion of the prisoner's
remarks and amid complete silence,
the judge started upon the speech
which was to conclude with the words
which would, in all probability, settle
the fate of the prisoner at the bar.
Judge McDonald said that he would
not review the evidence adduced dur
iug the trial and also stated that he
regietted that he could not grant a
new ti i il. This he said he could not do
and perform his duty, and perform his
duty he would, unpleasant though 1J
might bo. The contentions of the de
fendant's counsel he had carefully
weighed and nothing would have
pleased him better than to have grant
ed the new trial, but he had not been
conscientiously able to do so.
He said that before him was one of
the unpleasantest duties which mau
ls called upon to perform for his coun
try. Counsel had been appointed for
the defendant and well had they rep
resented bim. He hoped that they
would bo able to carry the caso to the
supreme court, so as to decide upon
all points of the law. Upon the evl
dence, that court had no power to
act. The correctness or the falsity of
that had been passed upon by a fair
and impartial jury.
Judge McDonald went on to say j
that thc prisoner had claimed that he j
was innocent, but in the human trib
unals such matters c uld only be Ridg
ed on the evidence presented, both
for and against the prisoner. Tnere
might bi an error, but so far as hu
man justice could decide the prisoner
was guilty of a most foul and unjusti
fied murder. Under the verdict de
livered by the jury there could be only
one sentence passed. There was only
one power that c mid Bit.ve the guilr,y
man. uulcss possibly ihe supreme
court granted anewtiial, and that
was the governor. The judge said th;it
bo waa sorry for the ma .1 and hoped
that every eff)rtwoud he made to
sn-e him fron death. During the
time wnich will uo given to thc pris
oner the judge suivi t'ont he would
commend him to God and hoped th"lt
the condemned man would spend Life
time In praying to the Almighty G jd
f.ir forgiveness. He would lind in the
Christian religion that comfort ann
consolation of which he was In sore
need. Tho guilty man had been tried
before God and bis country, so bis ouly
hope was to pray God giant him His
Judge McDonald then sentenced
the unfortunate man to be hung on
Friday, the 14ch day of April next.
There was a sigh of relief as scon as
the fatal words had been pronounced
ami the crowd quickly left the court
room. Parr did not*exhihit ai y emo
tion and seemed as little concerned
in the proceedings as heretofore. Ile
was relumed to the Jail until tho day
of his execution, wh'ch ls Friday
morning, only 26* days distant. Ano
on that morning, unless there is in
terventlon, Marlon Parr will stand
trial before his G d as here be has
stood trial before his country.
Kiln (1 I,y Train.
The Columbia R cord says passen
gers on the early morning train Tues
day from Charlotte brought news of
the accidental killing of Mr. W. G.
Horn at Blythewood, lt seems that
there was a freight on tho sluing at
that station and that Mr Horn at
tempted to cross b?th tracks as the
passenger train passed, not being abie
to seo the approaching train on nc
count of the steam from the freight
e ngine. When struck he was hurled
several feet and was evidently in
stantly killed. Mr. Horn was well
thought of in tiie community at that
Burnt tu Death.
A dispatch from Spartanburg to
Tm- State says while ber mot hcj had
gone out to a well for a buokot of
water Thursday morning, Ethel, the
three-year-old daughter of Rv W.
Lewis, head of the card room of the
Tucapau mill, played too near the Art
aud the tl lines from the open grate set
her dress on lire. She was fearfully
burned and despite tho attention of
several physicians died Thursday
To Kuturu n.i.;i..
A dispatch from Washington savs
tho house committee on military af
fairs Thursday author]/, d a favorable
report on a Joint resolution providing
that Union and Confederate battle
Hags In the custody of the war depart
ment shall Le returned to the proper
authorities In the States In which the
regiments bora tho oelors wera organ
THE PRIVILEGE TAX
Will Go to Clo in BO n College At It Hat
The State Sonate',.Kills the Pollock
Bill After lt Had Passel tho
Lower House. j
While the senate's session Tuesday I
morn i UK waa nob of great length, n
very important piece of business was
transacted when the t ouse bill to give
Winthrop sonar; of the very large priv
llago tax on fertilizers was disposed
of. Tbe bill was killed. Debate was
resumed 0:1 the bill Just attar the sen
ate returned from Joint assembly when
the Judges for tbe ninth and tenth
circuits were elected.
Senator Manning thought the bill
should be regarded cautiously, and for
some time he did not know how to
vote for it was the expression of a
strong feeling that expenditures at
Clemson were inordinate. Ile thought
j lt best, however, to kill the bill be
cause the estimates and reports from
various sources varied by thousands
and thousands of dollars. H 'sides, no
one could tell what would be the
amount of Income of the privilege tax.
And, again, lie did not consider it good
business and economy to establish a
duplicate plant ror ferti'izer inspec
tion. Ile felt sure that after the ag
itation tbe trustees of Clemson would
let the general assembly and the
world know what was going on there.
A friend of all colleges, Senator
Blake said lie was for uo particular
one. lie did nob, however, think that
Winthrop needed tho bureau or the
money. Senator Blake thought Clem
son, Instead uf belrjg a failure, was a
.'grand success" Ile commended the
>onool for establishing itself on the
poor red hills of Oe mee instead of
the rich lands of other counties. He
cited thc fact that Clemson graduates
were well spread through the country.
If Clemson was a failure then kill it.
Senator Blake in stating the advan
tages of Clemson enumerated the ag
ricultural stations and farmers' in
stitutes as examples Ile arg ie i that
the Clemson beq lest and privilege tax
aud Morrill fuuds were all used prop
erly and that Clemson should have
FL T the committee, Senator Hardin
gav3 a resume of ths expenditures
which the legislative com ilttee had
reported at Clemson. He said that
he thought toac tue college could get
along on about 820,000 or $25,000 less.
If it was conceeded that Clemson
had too much tnjney and the bill was
the way to oheck expenditures, said
Senatir McLeod, then lt was an ad
; mission that Clemson bad got beyond
the control of the general assembly.
lie did not think the bill the proper
way to cut expenditures. As to Clem
sou as a failure or a success, he was
very much an enthusiast as to ita ca
pability. Clemson had come at a nec
essary time aud ucoomplished the ed
ucation of the m in who wished to
create rather thau go into one of the
professions, hujh as law or medicine.
S ?natur Mettled's speech was a good
appeal from Jj js staudp_ybai- t
Senator W. J^Dofi&son. author ora
similar bill to the Pollock measure,
said that his purpose in supporting
the bill was to piace Clemsm on a
business basis and remove the uncer
tainty due to the supposed fluctuation
of the privilege tax. The tax had
gradually risen in amount and yet
there waa an unpaid amount in Clem
son's experses last year of 816,000. As
tar as the farmers paying all of the
tax, Senator Johnson held that th-3
merchants piy a la-go part of lt. At
Clemson afc lji.t half ul the bays
ware no: 3 ms of farmers, and there
were only live agriculturists in the
graduating class lade year, so lt ls
.said. At Winthrop almost every girl
'a thc- daughter of a farmer. Senator
Johnson stated that Clemson's total
ncome of 82:10,000 was about 8100,
000 more than the income? of the oth
";}r State institutions, roughly estimat
ed as follows:
South Carolina college.. .8 30,000
Cedar Springs and colored col
This 8230,000 went to about 000
students while the 8130,000'went to
about 2,000 students.
In 18518, Senator Eli rd said he bad
passed a measure through tbe houso
giving Clemson 830,000 nf the tax, but
a N.irth Carolina law (the Patapsco
case) had since held that if the tax
was divided lt cased to be an inspec
tion tax, and was thou a ??urce of
revenue Although he thought Clem
son got too much, be must oppose the
oill because he believed the act would
he uncoustl Lutional and tile tax would
be cut oil.
Tue latter p lint was made the basis
of argument by Senator Hood, who
read fruin a supreme court dlclslon
on inspection tax on telegraph poles!
This tax was lost because tho court
held that it was placed merely for
revenue and not for necessity. He
thought that lt would be dangerous
to divide the tax under the guise of
thia bill which was merely a means
to raise revenue fur Winthrop. After
some motions and counter motions
the direct vote was taken on Senator
Cole L. Blease's motion to Indefinite
ly postpone the bill. The vote was:
Ajes-Senators Blake, Blease.C. L ,
li i :e, Brooks, Carpenter, Douglas,
li irle, Etirri, Hay, Hood, Hudson,
Manning, Marshall, Mauldin, McGow
an, McLeod, Raysor Stackhouse,
Naya-Senators Black, Brown, But
ler, D nnis, Hardin, Hough, Johnson,
W. J., Mciver, Talbert-9.
Tho following pairs were reported
-Senators Williams (aye) with W. E.
.fob m on (na>); Pourifoy (aye) with
Christensen (nays); Blvens (aye) with
Wells (nay): Hydrick (aye) with E.
8. Blease (na;).
And so the bill was killed after
passing thc house.
Uood tor WotXorri.
Tho election of G 20. E. Prince
makes live of thc circuit Judges lo
South Carolina graduates of W<.ff .iro
college, and one of the supreme court
Judges is also a graduate of that in
Sells A Finger to Aa Actress
Who Lost One.
WILL BE GRAFTED ON.
The Op?ration Is Performed by Ticing
the Hands of the Two Women To
gether fer Three Weeks While
the Finger ls Exchanged
One to the Other.
The New York American says: Dr.
A. IJ. Neiden, ot No. 13 Eist Twen
ty-ninth street, said Wednesday that
if his pkms do not go awry he will
Thursday afternoon or Friday graft a
new flncer on the hand of a woman
patient who lost the middle one of
her left iiand by an accident a few
years ago and who has felt very badly
about lt ( ver since. She has been so
humiliate d, in fact, that she has kept
her loss a Beeret from the members of
her family and has worn an artificial
finger, which, aside from being Incon
venient, has causad her great uneaal-_
ness of mind for fear it might drop f
off at an Inopportune moment. Tue
woman declares that the absence of
the ilngtsr so interfered with her
career as an ardst that she was forced
to aband* n che stage.
For all these reasons she came to
New Yuri a few days ago and thronen
an advertisement in the newspaper*
offered 85C0 for a new Anger. Sae re
fused to give her mme and address,
buc produced a large sum of money.
A Brooklyn wjinin, who also shyly
decllaes to reveal her identity for the
i imo being, offered to part with one
finger for 3500, and seemed to think
she had made a good bargain at tint.
Both women aro at Dr. Naldan'a
home now, and declare that they are
ready for Che ordeal.
The woman who cxpeots to get a
new finger was in - high spirits Tues
day. She consented to have her hand
photographed, showing Chat the fin
ger was really missing, and then told
why she was so anxious for another
in its place. She is a striking blonde.
"I lost this one," she said, holding
up her hand, "about six years ago. lt
was shot off, and I was pratty lucky
that the bullet hit my hand instee.d .
of my head. Th3 doctor thit attend-"
ed me might have saved the finger,
but he did a bad job, aad had to am
putate it. At that t<me I was on the
stage, and my husband waa living. II-J
died soon af Ger, and I was forced to
give up my profesilou.
"You see, a maimed hand didn't
I look very well from the front of the
ihpase, and, although I had an arti
ficial tr/jfox. mide, it was not a suo
oe8s. And now"! atn-har_e to get a
finger of dish and blood." -
"The woman who is to sell ?ier&u
ger admits that she wants the money.
"My husband hid two fingers am
putated at Bellevue a year ago," sha
explained Tuesday, "aad he gees
along very well wlohout them. Why
shouldn't I do without one? Wa
don't make a great deal, and so hava
been aole to save only a small amount."
Dr. Neiden spoke hopefully of thi
forthoftmlDg operation. Eli had al
ready placed two nota sid3 by side in
au airy back roora of his offl.:e on the
s cond tl. or, aud betweeu Chem has
had constructed an iron rest upoa
which the arms of his paciencs are to
lie until the transferred finger is on
th 2 hand of thu purchaser.
"About three weeks in all," he de
clared, "will probably be consumed,
and at tbe end of that time I hope bo
have aohieved a co nplete success.
Tbe operation is a delicate one but
not part.cularly dlftlault. The chief
trouble will be In keeping the finger in
place after it is transferred. To do
this it must be firmly bandaged and
both arms enclosed in one plaster
case so :is to prevent ita hiing dis
placed. Two nurses will be on watch
day aud aigbt to prevent, if possible,
any viole nt movement on the part of
either woman. '
"For tbreo weeks at least the two
women must He quiet and will have to
be fed b/ attendants. They cannot
even tum over, so you see the ordeal
will be hi moro ways than one a try
ing one. In spite of that, I hope to
"When this woman who wanta a
new fingir first came to me I hesi
tated a long time before I consented
to take ber case, but she was so anxi
ous and v,be other woman wa3 8o will
ing thal I finaally c.msented. All
that remains now is to have the con
tract sig led, whijh I believe will be
done in the morning, and then we can
Wim tod Thom to Sures;!.
A bill has been introduced in con
gress proving a severe penalty for any
one using the malls for spreading the
boll weevil -pest. The bill fixes the
penalty at $?,000 or live years In the
penitentiary. The bill was brought
forth by rather peculiar circumstanc
es, lt seems that some wild Texan
wrote to a New York cotton firm sug
gesting tbat the best way to reduce
the cotton supply is to distribute the
boll weevil throughout the ?outh.
Tnls firm sent the letter to the oom
mittee on agriculture, and, hence, the
introduction of the bill.
Out i in? A rf ray at AnUurcon. "T*
A dispatch from Anderson says
Mr. G. F. Slipp, an overseer in the
Br< gon cotton mills, was dangerously
cut Friday by Mirlon Tice, an opera
tive in his department. It seems
that Mr. Sllpp had ocasi?n to re
prove Tice for unsatisfactory work.
Tice resented lt, drew his knife and
cut thc overseer in several places.
One of tho wounds ls considered seri
ous, but lt will hardly remit fatally
unless some other complication arises.
Tice escaped after the difficulty and
has not yet been captured.