Newspaper Page Text
Described by a Reformed Yegg
man ia His Testimony
AGAINST HIS PALS.
He Says that South Carolina ls an Easy
Proposition for Professional Bur
glars. Says Cracking Safes
io this State !s Just Like
"South Carolina's the easiest State
to operate In," said John MoCartby,
ahas John O. Dandrell, the reformed
yeggman, who has been given a short
respite from the Vermont State peni
tentiary to come to Charleston as a
State's witness to testify in the safe
blowlrg and p-jstortlce robbery cases
last week In the Untied States circuit
court, the remark being made in pre
facing a description of the manner in
which the y(gg nen do their work.
During the past three or four years
there have beeu made robberies of
safes and vaults in posolllets and
banks in South Carolina, and McCar
thy was probably telling the truth,
when he made the plain and candid
statement, the corroboration of the
many witnesses to his testimony In
the robbery cases, durlrg the past
week, having shown that tue reform
ed yeggman can tell the truth and
really seems desirous of making a
clean breast of bis past and starting
life anew. McCarthy has operated in
many States in the Union, including
the distant California, Mexico, Ari
zona, as well r s the States along the
Atlantic seaboard, South Car dina,
North Carolina, Virginia, Massachu
setts, Rhode Island and V< rmout, his
robbery of a bank at Newfane, in the
last named State a few months ago,
resulting In bis conviction and a sen
tence ul a term of seven years in the
pentiary at Windsor. His testimony
on this point is certainly competent,
and lt m ght be better classed as "ex
The statement that South Carolina
is an easy mark-"lt's just like Und
ing mouey," as McCarthy went ou to
explain-ls riot through any lack of
etUeiency In tho care of postotllees and
bank vaults In this State, but became
of the sparsely settled condition com
paratively speak ii g, and the "open
character of ti e country," which en
ables the yepgmen to easily make
their escape, alter a "job," as the op
eration of breaKh g aLd robbing safes
is termed, lu the more thickly set
tled communities of the North and
West, the robbe is run greater chances
of arrests, and when they lind an easy
mark they naturally woik lt, and this
is why there have been so many safes
blown and robbed In ?south Carolina
during the past few years, and it fur
ther accounts for eleven men no.v
servicg terms in the Federal prison at
Atlanta, fieut up bv Poslollice Inspec
tor Gregory and the other lynx-eyed
detectives of the Post?nico Depart
ment, with the certainty that the
number will be increased by several
more convicts, as a result of the pres
ent term of the circuit court.
"The first thing we do wdien we
reach our base of operations," saii
McCarthy, "ls to secure a Cram's
map, giving the names and location of
banks in cur vicinity, for we always
try to proceed Intelligently in our
woik, and the banks are more invit
ing tbau postotllees. A job is usually
done by four men, although some
times there may be three, but four at
least is almost necessary for a success
ful operation. When we secure the
map, we study the railr; ad time ta
bles and the general topograpical fea
tures of the immediate section. We
select tho bank and one or more of
the gang will go 'scouting* to see that
the job can be safely pulled clT. Ti e
police protection of tho town is in ves
tlgated, and attention is giv.n to the
movements of trains and general ave
nues of escape, as web as a place
where we may safely meet before be
ginning woik. A mau will go imo
the bank ur pi st: tile ito lave a hill
chanced that, he m ght survey the. lo
cati >n of things ana as the '.-conting'
is a most important part of the j tb,
it is always cart fully attended to,
sometimes two ur three days beleg
devoted to this work. The scout re
turns to the bas aod acquaints the
party of his ii ve.slig.alon, and if his
report is favorable, a time is then
fixed for the Job and arrangements
"Thc pn.pa,ai ions of the nitro
glyc?rine is a matter of the lirst con
cern, of course, and Ic- me . ay r ght
here, lt makes a man awfully sick io
handle, lt, even cir ry lng ir, in a grip.
The fun.es will turn a ti an'sstomach,
and some tin es make bim sick for
two or three days. On account of Its
dangerous nature, we can't buy it,
and weare fore; d totx'ract it from
dynamite, which we usually steal from
a quarry or magazine, near the hts;
of opeerati'ns. "We neur start out
on a j b with less than a pint of the
explosive, f r we. need a 1 as a quar
ter or a half pint for a j- b. We lak<
about ten slicks, six Inches lung and
a half ?neil in diameter, crumble ii in
a piece of c o' h, and then place it > us
p;nderi io a can <if warm water. We
keep constant ly renew tho warm wa
ter. which gi v. s the operation tin
name of 'cooking tho soup.1 As the
glycerine comes out of the dynamite
lt bBing heavier than the wat i, 1
drcps to tbe bottom of the can, and
when we have s .Meiern iv extracted
the glycerine, we. draw t ff the water
from ab ive thc explosive by means of
a syringe. Tue glycerine is thin
strained for we. have to get t ut all
particles of dust, in order to make lt
Bater in handling ?ndalo for better
results, when we use on a safe.
"One man will carry the bottle of
glycerine and thc tonis, which consist
of a few cakes e f . oap, drills and im
plements, but gen rally speaking, we
do not laden our.-,- Ives with tonis, for
we always lind a blacksmith's shop,
ora railroad section house at s me
point convenient to thc joh, which we ;
break open and got the brace, sledge
hammer and a few ebb els or crow- ?
bars to prize the outside dour of the i
bank or post ill e and t in n to operate, i
willi on the b^nk or vault.
"In going to the place we all do nut 1
go together. One or two will make
some other point nearby, that thc sus- i
picions of thc conductor and train 1
crew may not bo excited. Wc drop i
off the train as near together, how- 1
ever, as we can mid then wc. make the 1
point of ronrle/.voup, generally in the I
woods at some point already agreed !
upon. Much of our mecess dtp-nels i
upon eluding the railroad people and ?
town authorities and this is not easy, i
when a train ls In charge of such a \
man as Conductor Blanchard, to whom 1
ls more due than any other person i
that tbe bank at St. George was not
robbed, as was testified in court a few <
days ago. A wide awake conductor
will come near to putting oil our Job
at any time.
"Tho time of operating ls between
midnight and 2 o'clock in the morn
ing. Wo time ourselves to begin work
about 12 o'clock. Well, the first thing
we do, upon coming from under cover
-and by the way, wo don't bother to
dlguise ourselves with false beards and
all tbat sort ot thing, usually held in
the publio mind-is to take a stroll
through thc streets about thc bank or
postofflce. We look carefully. It may
be necessary to catch a watchman, gag
him and tie him up, but wa ohmau
like to sleep when everything gets
quiet, and things are quiet in the aver
age country town at midnight. We get
the tools, and if our keys dj not fit
the locks wo then break open the do >r
and reach the safe or vault. Two men
stay on the outside to watch, while
tho othjr two, with an electric flash
light, or dark lantern, get to work on
the safe. The importance of the men
un the outside 1J shown by the break
ers waiting on their signal for the
blowing cf the Bafe. When the holes
have been drilled and prepared for
blowing it ls the men on the outside
who Rive the slgnol for the act,
on the principal that if any sus
picious movement of aa officer or
neighbor has been noted, the noise of
tbe explosion may be deferred until
things again become quiet. The reporr
of glycerin? ii sharp and quick noise
wbich especially cominendB Its use,
for hardly does it take place than lt ls
all over and if lb should be heard by
anybody in the neighborhood, they
soon turn over in their b.^ds and gc
back to sleep, believing tbat they
dreamt of the repjrt.
"A safe is a 'poto' in the parlance
of yeggman. The two men on the in
Ide get down on their knees bofore lt
and begin work. They thoroughly soap
tbe crevices of the outside door, and
then begin to drill the hole for tbe
cotton, saturated with the glycerine.
Toe hole is drilled between the com
bination and the bandle, close to thc
combination, first with a quarter-Inc'
drill, then, wlt'i a live-eight and next
with a half-inch drill. Into this hole
ls placed the saturated cotton, cou
nected with a cvp and fuse, which art
held lu place with s ap which alst
deadens the sound. Then, everythim
is ready for the signal from the t ut
side. It is given and the explosloi
takes place in the lock box on the in
side, breaking the lock and sometime
forcing the f oor off the hinges. Tn
operation of blowing the safe require
Just a certain amount, for a too beav
1er charge of glycorine might kneel
of the handle and jjim the dour am
?Ive trouble. Once the outside doo
is i ff then the yeoman turo their at
tenti jn to the inside sheet do.ir, whiel
is caller! the 'ktister' in the languag
of the safe blowers. This is the hard
est door to open, and the blowers ar
some times at their wits ends to ge
on the inside. A bole ls drilled un
the explosive is inserted. Another ei
plosion takes place, and probably onl
I one sheet of metal comes off. A bo!
is loosened or knocked out of plac?
and Into this opening another cbarp
of glycerine ls inserted, and this oj
oration is continued until the door
linally down aud the cash drawer
"The work of blowing a safe r
quires about an hour and a half, at
Immediately at its conclusion the gat
makes off as soon as possible. Vi
'strike across country1 unless a co
veulent freight train passes, neve
however, dividing tho booty until d;
lighr. on the next morok g Some tina
we have to bury the trc-asure, or
part of it, and the tools having to 1
hidden some times, too. When \
take the train we never ride mo
than about twenty-five miles, when ^
then strike aero s country, putth
further distance between us and o
pursuers. In hurrying the tool bag
treasure, we always carefully sele
the place, making it easy of fiudii
upon our return.
"Dodging bloodhounds is done 1
attaching a small ph ce of cloth, sa
uraitd. with the oil of mustard to t
heels . f our snnes. ' We us<":d to u
vaseline withl doforra, but the trout
about tl.-ls drug is that we could n
?et the stroll off our clothes wh
we wan? cd to do so. ?o the oil
mustard is now us d to advantage,
dodging officers we have a merry tic
of it. some times being cf ten forced
. ace tlie music It all depends up
the character cf the man or men
the hear! of the p sse."
McCarthy could not help but sm
as he thought of somo town mars- i
who have stood in doorwa\s wb
tirol upon, and noon the yeggmen g
ting out of the way of harm, th
tiri; g their guns in the air, makii
gnat, profession of carnpsm> s-. ai
vigilance tn hold their jobs. M:C?
thy can tell some Interesting thb
nf what town officers have railed
do, hut, this ls n it his business, or I
elma?ion at this time.
There are many other interest!
things that McCarthy cn tolland r
teil to a reporter of T e Even'&g Poi
which would nuke good newspar.
stories, but he is now trying to ll
down ills past and the story of 1
aivpn'ures in many States, with tin
i hrlhir g epis- des and such Sidellgl
as beam cist upon them, are loft t
repnr ed at this lime. McCarthy I
re'ormd. Ile has hopes Of making
useful citizen oat of tilca-e'f one
tm se days. Ile has been assigned
tho shoe manufactory department
his prison, a trade which he may f
low when he bids farewell to the pr
on wu Us.
McCarthy will spend a part of 1
time in pris .n, writing a story of 1
adventures, which will be printed
ncok form, and from the public
terest which attaches to the busln
<-f blowlucrand robbing safes, the bc
ought t ) take well In South Carollt
Tiie term of seven years is a good lo
while to upend behind walls ot ur,
ite, but McCarthy seems perfectly
signed to h?3 fat-i. U \ ls determin
to he a better man In the future, a
having broken off with his associa'
be is c?rtalo to amount fco sumo thi
in his remaining days. He ls a stroi
well built man of twenty five yoi
of age, and |ho will leave thc pr??
at an age when Ids faculties on^
to bi well developed, and ready to ?
?ogo in an honest and honorable t
sai ion, as his whole purpose shows
?.If now. lils first robbery was
N >rfolk, in July, 1898, and his li
lias brien committed.
McCarthy is a native of Phllad
phla. The names by which he
?cnown are his bobo names. He c
lot say now where be will finally Ht
ife anew, but he ls bent upon doi
letter, and bo has no fears or doul
that ho will succeed in his purpo
Ho fears no assault by the men up
.vhem he lias voluntarily turr
state's evidence, and in this he pn
tbly counts upon the governmt
jutting his former accomplices bo'nlnd
iho prlfiou walis, and trusting that
;hey too might make a similar deter
mination to-lead a better life and be
?omo useful oltizenB upon being again
ilven their liberty.-Charleston Post.
THE ?ADDK8T WORDS.
ROT. Or. Hillls' Opini?n or Itomr.rko
of Young Rockefeller.
In the course ol his sermon in Fly - 1
mouth church, Brooklyn, recently, '
the Rov. Dr. Newell Dwight Hillls '
referred to the gift of $100,000 made i
by John D. lt eke felier to the A ra er i
can Board of Foreign Missions, and to
Mr. Rjokefeller'8 son. He said in
"The saddest words that have been
written in this generation were spoken
before Brown university by a young
man who ls to inherit one of the
greatest fortunes in this country.
They were spoken in defense of the
trusts. Listen to them: 'The Ameri
can Beauty rose can bc produced in all
Its splendor only by s iori ticing the
early buds that grow up around lt.'
The rose lias 1.000 buds and in order
to produce the American Beauty the
gardener goes around it with a knife
and snips 909 in order that all the
strength of the beauty may be forced
into o .o bloom. lu his ec nomlo
argument this young mau tells the
working classts brutally that 999
small business men must bi snuffed
out of existence in order that his
American beauty, the trust, may be
produced. Listen to Christ: 'Let the
strong bear the burdens of the weak;'
and again: 'Give and it shall be
given unto ynu.'
"These words in defense of the
trusts are the most heartbreaking
tbings in the literature to those who
know what ls g ring t) come In the
fnture. Can you wonder that after
that, when a man gives gifts, we have
no gratitude to return?"
HUNDRED ARS Ot? WiATHEB.
Cold Dsyn in Goorala anti South Car
ol i nu For a Century Pant.
The following interesting clipping
frt m an old die of the Augusta Chron
icle si,o ?.s the cold days in Georgia
and South Carolina for the past one
t uudred years. It will be read with
1804-Cotton killed In May. .
18H5 -The ccld summer.
1818-Great drought, cotton 32 cts.
1827-28-Mild winter. Leaves and
cot ten no* k'l el.
1835-February 7, the cold Satur
1840-"riarrlson freshet" in May.
1844-Another cold sa ntrer.
1849-Great sleet April 15lh, kills
cotton and corn.
1851-Jauuary 21, sec ind coldest
day known in the south.
1855-Fine crop year. Hotsummir.
1800-Largest cotton crop to that
date. Hot summer.
1862-Great fruit crop.
18(14-Cold summer, no fruits.
1866-Hot summer, no fruit.
18(57-Great crop and great decline
1875- March 20, great cyclone.
1880-December 30, temperature at
zjro in Middle Georgia.
1882 -Largest oat crop ever made
in Ge rgia; corn and cotton crop
1884-L-.ng fall drought, nearly
188C-January 8 14, intense cold;
Savannah river at Augusta solidly
1887- Hot summer; temperature at
100 bi June and July and heavy rains
1888- Wet summer; poorest crop
year in many years; no fruit; great
freshest in Augusta; September 10th,
higln r than ever known.
1889- Fr?stln uppsr Georgia, June
1st, and abnormally cud In southern
parts; drought In M ty greatly retards
crop:-; much cotton not up June IC;
great peach crop, first in several
Kc, icc donn Of A Bachelor.
A girl never uuderesr.imites the
importance to t >e world of titles
matinees and bonbons.
When a man retires from business
to t-ik> life ea^y, he has t'i get up all
the earlier to pull his son out of bed.
There is F.omet-hlng ubout a wo
min's hat that makes a man fe .1 sym
pathy for the inventor of Hying ma
You can always c nvince a woman
that it is ra oe becoming for her to
wear her hair tho way s ie does than
it would b: for any to iv else.
When you hear a man praising his
neighbors It's doughnuts tu fudge he
wants to sell his house.
Nothing gives a woman's religion
sued a jolt a ? the suggestion that she
got thc husband heaven really intend
ed fur her.
Now the summer girl will soon hu
gill to freeze on to the reckless youth
who has a mania, for squandering his
coln for l'-e c-eam.
Killed too Bborijr.
Sher'IT J. M. Poag of Tate county,
Miss., was sh .t and killed Wtdnesday
by eight maski d men, names unknown,
who entered the Jail and made an in
eff c ual attempt to liberate James
White, a white prbioner who is to be
placed on trial on a charge of murder.
O ?e of the invaders was wounded.
Ti ey gained an entrance to the J ill
beforo Sheriff Poag was aware of it
Poag ordered them to leave; when
they refused to do so he fl red, wound
lng one man. The others (ired on tlie
sheriff, two bullet? taking effect, one
parsing the left lung. Tue men then
left, taking their wounded c -rnpanton
with them. Sheriff Po&g died an hour
later. Four of the men were arrested
Died While ; i ? ic it k i ti ir.
At Atlanta, Ga., Washington
Dt-ssau of Macon, one of the most pro
minent members of thc Geo-gla har,
died Wednesday willie adrirea-dng the
supreme court of Hie State. The cause
:if the death was apoplexy, which re
mited fatally within io minutes after
lie was attacked. Mr. Djssau was
aorn In Maori tn July, 1852. He was
graduated fron the University of
Georgia In 1870 and began at once the
iludy of his profession, ne was pr?v
ient of the Georgia Bar association
n 1892, a member of the electoral
collection lu 1883, anti was a delegate
is large from Georgia to the national
Democratic convent ion in 1S88.
Two ?VIinerti Found Dead.
A special from Gadsden, Ala , says
iwo miners, Bob Ileald and Horace
Williams, were found d ;ad In a coal
nine near Atalla Wednesday. Fifteen
oilier., left the mino Tuesday night on
iccouut of bad air, but tho two went
lack to Investigate and did not re
urn. It ls nor, known whother they
lied from black damp or beoauso hot
dr was pumped Into tho mine.
A LAST APPEAL
rc- Cotton Farmers to Reduce Their
\ml Bavo Thomsoivcu ?nd ?11 Other
Bnelnoss Mon from Banlo
rnptoy Next FAIL
The recent government report esti
mating tiie total cotton yield of last
season at 13,597,782 bales should for
aver dissipate any furtive delusions
on part of large or small planters
tbat they oan play fast aud loose with
their restriction determination and
depend on fate and Sully or any other
factor to beat off a return of the low
price era next fall, says the Atlanta
(J institut lon. Unless we are greatly
mistaken in its gauging of the situa
tion, the agricultural interests of tbe
south will grasp the full meaning of
this ominous report and ding to the
programme outlined by their state
and geueral organizations as the one
sure rock of safety for the coming
It is extremely probable that the
total crop of 1904 05 will touoh four
teen million bales, with allot the cot
ton not >et in slight or otherwise un
accounted for. Of this sum a large
proportion will bo consumed, part of
it at fair prices and part at prie? s
compelled by tho bear? lu the time of
market distress. A large percentage
of tbe current crop will likewise bc
held over and added to next year's
yield, if the present tenacity ot the
farmers cont iuues.
If, therefore, the south duplicit?s
this spring the aoreage of last spring,
little imagination is required to fore
see that calamitous cona;-.nonce. To
a degree, of course, the bumper crop
of last year was due to abnormal cli
matic c -nditlons, which will hardly bc
repeated in their entirety during the
impending season. It is a matter of
plain logic, however, to anticipate an
other overwhelming yield, should
there be co restriction in the 1904
acreage, even though the meteorolog
ical conditions of the two seasons
were at radical variance.
For the southern farmers to gD to
market next fall with a thirteen or
even a twelve million-bale crop, to'
which must be added the one or two
millions admittedly lobe carried over,
will bi to precipitate, at the very be
ginning of the marketing season, the
disastrous prices which prevailed last
December. Indeed, with unscrupulous
speculators armed by the middle of
June with the knowledge that them
has been no perceptible decrease in
a :reige, and with the anticipated glut
in the market from the present hold
lng movement, it would be by no
means surprising or unnatural if they
were able to hammer c"own prices to
a new low-water mark. It ls need'ess
tu enlarge on the meaning of such a
catastrophe to every state in the
Right now in the thick of tho plant
ing season, when they have it in their
power to dictate the autumn prices for
their product more surely than the
most ingenious clique of speculators,
they must divest themselves of the fa
tal delusi m that SDmehow, by scm?
unfathomable, mysterious necroman
cy, they can produce an overwhelm
ing crop and obtain for it tho prices
paid for a smaller one.
The case is one of plain self-preser
vation, the confronting of a proven
condition, nob a casuiflin,._theory.
Whether from speculative, 'lugglery,
tbe bona tide laws of supply '-.nd de
mand or auy other agenoy, theWrtin
ent, inescapable fact stands QJiu. that
a crop even approaching the dimen
sions of the i ne of last year meats
low prices and consequent disaster to
the farmers and the cotton states gen
erally. This being the case, it ls not
only the duty, but the Interest, of
every cotton farmer to reduce his aore
age radically, flinging finally from him
the temptation to co otherwise, Low
pri"es for one planter mean low prices
for all, a fact that should secure the
universal observation of the restric
We have no intention of as^umintr
the hysterical pese of the alarmist.
Hut, in common with tho most ob
scure farmer, we cannot view with re
lh.h the p"ss bllity of a repetition of
the old, haggard, low price years, with
private and i ubllo ere it prostrate in
many loca'iiies, bu-lness stagnant and
l?velop n.;nt it a standstill. Yet, in
our sincere judgment, that is one < f
tue risks contingent on the produc
tion of another record-breaking crop
next year. We cannot believe that the
s luthern farmers, bearing in mind
these nightmare possibilities, will de
bb irately elect to exouangf for them
?be comparative ease aud affljence of
the last three years.
Fatal Saloon Brawl.
I^y J oj co, a bar;ender, was killed
an1 John Djyle, one of the proprie
tors and a waiter, named Weston,
were injured s-eriously Thui-sday in a
Haloon brawl, on West Tnirty-flrst
street, New York. A party of men
and women became disorderly an1*
were refused service. They refused
to leave and the walter removed the
table. One of the men drew a knlef
and began cutting right and left
Joyce received injuries, whloh q lick
ly proved mortal. Seventy-five per
sons were In the place. Among those
who csciped was the man wdio elia the
cutting. William F. Q-iiney, one of
the proprietors, and four walters were
arrest) d. All declare they used no
weapons, and acled In self-defence.
The party causing the trouble was
composed of eight womon and two
men who drank champagne freely.
Haco War In Kansas.
A dispatch from Coffey ville, Kan.,
says a race war has been narrowly
averted here as the result of an as
sault hy a negro upon Mrs. John Grif
fith (white), wife of a machinist. In
anticipation of a clash the Mayor is
med a pn c'amatlon ordering all citi
zens to dlsaim, and many special of
licers were sworn in. Negroes have
tieen arming to prevent the lynching
if any innocent negro. Wednesday
in attempt to disarm a number of
jlacks resulted In a dozen revolvers
icing leveled.at Chief of Police Smith's
lead. Other negroes rushed to tho
iccne, but a body of whites stopped
diem with leveled rifles. There were
nany arrests. Toe negro who as
laulted Mrs. Gritllth ls still at largo.
Ktlloil in a Hint.
Five hundred shots were fired and a
?uaiber of men were wounded in a
lot, which resulted in the death of
?wo miners, Elias llauklnen and John
Sckdahl. at nibbing, Minn., Wed
?esday. The riot followed a strike of
nlners at the Hull and Rust mines,
vho were refusod an advance of 25o a
lay. When the night crew went to
york a body of strikers ann. d with
liles fired. The miners returned the
Iro. This surprised the strikers who
led, leaving llankinen and Eckdahl
lead on the ground.
PRESIDENTS IN RETIREMENT.
Only Ten Lived lion ger Th RH Mr.
Cleveland Alter TJO.IVi ncr Office. '
Only ten men who have held the
office of president reached or sur
passed Mr. Cleveland's present age of
68; only six exceeded it by so much as '.
ten years, and none exceeded lt by
quite 20 years. Only ten president*
hive survived their retirement from
office longer than Mr. Cleveland, and
four of these lived to a great age.
Washington, who survived hi* re- .
tirement less than three years, (
thought himself an old man when be
was first made provident at 'ho age bf
67. John Adams survived his retire
ment a quarter of a century, and his
son, John Quincy, who outlived bis
retirement nearly 20 years, waa the
only president who had nearly as con
spicuous a public career after occupy
ing the preaidenoy as before.
Monroe's slr years after bis retire
ment from office were parsed in com
parative obscurity as a resident of
this city, and his dying hours were
embittered by scandalous accusations
in connection with Jackson's selzur.j
of Spanish forts In Florida during the
first Seminole war.
Polk outlived his retirement less
than a year, and there is every reason
to supp so that bad Arthur compassed
bis ambition of an election to the
presidency in 1884 he would have died
early in his term, for he outlived hli>
retirement less than two years.
Tyler, who outlived his retirement
j 20 years, emerged f tom obscurity near
the end of his life to preside over the
vain peace convention on tho eve of
the Civil war. He afterward served
in the congress of the Confederate
Buchanan lived more than neven
years after his retirement and tcok
the epportunlty to write what was In
effect a defense of his administration.
Jefferson and Jackson were the only
presidents who exercised a really pow
erful Influence over ?party councils af
ter their permanent retirement from
puhlic office, though Van Huron was
an active politician as lurg as he had
hope of renomination at the hands of
Johnson was the only retired presi
dent to enter th? United States sen
ate, and the younger Adams was the
only one to serve In the house of rep
Cleveland and Harrison have been
the only retired presidents to be con?
splcuously successful in private bus!
ness. It ls not generally known that
Mr. Cleveland still serves as consult
ing counsel in law cases, in which his
experience in the olllco of president
may be supposed to have given him
special qualifications as au adviser.
His fees in such cases are large, as
were tho.;e of Mr. Harrison as a legal
adviser and a lecturer on oonstitu
tional law.-??ew York Sun.
WHAT bULLY BAY8.
The Cotton Kin? (?Iv? WIBO Advice
to Southern Plantora.
"To the uotton Growersofthe South.
"If you wish to win your battle
and obtain a fair price for your cot
ton you must reduce your acreage
"You have surprised the world by
the manner in which you 'nave held
"Surprise it again by cutting down
your cotton acreage.
"Do not be led astray by the pres
ent 8teadlr_e;s of prices.
"Three eames have contributed to
bring about this rise cf more than one
cent a pound.
"First: The urgent demand aris
ing from an unprecedented oousump
"Second: Your courage aad wis
dom in making the buyer meet your
' Third: The belief that you would
out your acreage to such an extent
that the supplios from this crop and
the growth of 1905 06 would n.ake a
oommeicial cr jp no larger than the
' The first two causes loss their
force the moment it ls known that
there is a prospect for a moderately
largo cr ip n xt year.
"Ev.u if the mills take 12,000,000
hale-, ouring tbe current season, this
would leave a oarry-over-?f 1,??? O??
bales Hence the necessity of a
smaller crop this year.
"Do not let any rise in prices be
tween now and the end of the plant
iniz seuson deter you from reduclug
"Such an advance would be merely
anticipating that you" wert making
the decrease which your friends have
advi ed you to make.
"If the June report of the govern
ment shows that you have failed to
make sufllcient reluotlou the only
persons who would be gainers by the
advance would be the speculators who
sell out their futures at a prolit.
"The price of the cotton yiu pro
duce will be regulated bv the.uctual,
not the expected, rec uctlon.
"Don't dep -nd on your neighbor to
do tile reducing.
"In this matter of acreage reduc
tion bear in mind three suggestions:
"Don't rely on b\d weather to cut
down the size of the crop.
"Don't put a large acreage into
cotton simply because it ls too late
to plant corn or other diversified
"lt would b? far better to let part
of your land He idle than to run the
risk of raising a crop so large as to
make possible another period of low
"I am making this appeal to you
because I regard the next few weeks
as critical to thc south and because I
believe that every man who ls Inter
ested in the welfare of the south
Bliould urge the importance of a ro
"DJUSIEL J. SULLY."
WOIM.m a Suicido.
The body of Mrs. Grace Loomis,
who claimed to bo the wife of Charlea
Loomis, said to be a millionaire, was
found Thursday in a balf-tlllle:l hath
tub in a fashionable boarding bouse in
Chicago. Frequent throats that she
intended to kill herself leave no doubt
of suicide. Domestic trouble was the
Ilattlor Miiowcd Fight.
An apparently dead four foot rat
tlesnake which-Joshua Butler of Pitts
burg, Pa., brought td* Iiis home hore
for its skin and rattles thawed out and
attacked his child. Miner John Mc
Mahon killed the snake with a dub
just In time.
The making of shoes for dogs has
now developed Into quite a big in
dustry and is especially nourishing in
Labrador. Tho dogs attaohed to
sledges travel at a great speed over
tho rough leo and some protection
for the feet ls necessary. Tho shoes
aro made of sealskin.
Eave Million! of Collars on Eoposil.
in their Vault?.
The County HM Ton Bank?, All ol 1
Willoh Aro Doing Well an?
Mn kl nj: Money.
The quarterly Btatesments of the
various banks of thc city and county
of Oraugrburg for the quarter ending
Marou 31, showing tbe quarter of
business on that day, gives an inter
estlng insight into the fluanolal condi
tion of Otangcburg County.
There are four banks in the olty of
Orangeburg as follows: BaukofOr
angeburg, K isto Savings Bunk, Peo
pie's Bank and Farmers' and Mer
chants' Bank. These four banks have a
combined caph al of $210,000, and a
combined surplus of net earnings of
about $125,000 additional, which may
be classed as a part of the capital
These four banks had on dr.oosic on
March 31, in r. und figures, thr-e
quarters of a million d- liars. To
gether the combined capital Burplus
and deposits of tbe banks of the city
aggregate considerably more than a
Tnere are six other banks in the
smaller towns of the county, ten
banks in all in Orangeburg County,
and independent of capital and sur
plus there was about a quarter of a
million dollars on deposit in these
outside banks of the county on the
date of tho statement. The aggre
gate amount on deposit in the various
ten banks of Orangeburg County now
foots up very close to a million dol
All of the banks of the county show
a steady ino ease in amount of de
posits, earnings and volume of bust
ness. The greater number' of the.>e
banks have been organized within the
past few years, and all are prosperous
and successful. In business circles lt
is recognized that the business and
conditions of the banks of a communi
ty reilict che general welfare and
business conditions of that c.immuni
ty. .The showing above ls taken at a
season of the year when there is gen
erali? a minimum rather than a maxi
mum amount of money In tho cjunty.
The best showing financially, as ,1s
well known, can be made during the
fall and winter months. Ten years
ago or ev?n five years ago nothing like
tbe above showing could be made
from the s:atemcuts of the banks of
j the county.
The business growth of Orangoburg
city, as well as its growth in buildings
and population, during recent years
have been enormous, and the busi
ness conditions of the city, which is
I the county seat and business centre of
this large and fertile county, rtilx'.s
I a general advancement and prosperi
ty for the entire county that ls noth
ing less tuan remarkable. Orange
burg County has had little outside
capital to come In to build up its
towns and communities is the work of
the native citizens and hume capital
O;angeburg County is almost ex
clusively an agricultural section and
the towns aro almost entirely depen
dent upon agriculture for their sup
port. Tills fact is worthy of consid
oration, and there are few larne man
ufacturing establishments in the
county to accomplish big things or
handle large sums of money. It is
true that there are a few successful
factories in the ciunty, two success
ful cotton mills in tho city, but the
number ls exe edlngly small for a
oouty of the siz ? aud wealth of Or
This county is a fair Illustration of
what is being done all r>\i r the South,
and the North and Eist may weli
keep their eyes ou tLe S ;uth for the
next decade. Greater tilings are yet
In the m iking all over the South, and
there is no finer fit ld in the entire
Southern country for thc investment
of capital and launching of huslne-.s
enterprises than the county of Orange
burg and the city of Orangeburg.
A Hr liliane aitU 1 Jin-.i lile W bitOWaStl
This ls known us t'^e goverum nts
whitewash, and no mttter how often
it appears lu print, there is always a
call for 'ts rcappearli g. As lt must
beapplied not t > any surface, it should
be made or kept in a large kc;tie or
portable furnace, in order to h at as
wanted. It is claimed that about a
pint of the mixture will cjver a square
yard up:>n the outside of a he use, if
properly applied and that it Is suit
able for wood, bri :k or stone, answer
ing as well as oil pain's, and being
much cheaper, and will retain its
brilliancy for >ea?s. Brushes large or
smnll are to be used, according to the
neatness of the job required. Coloring
matter may be used, varying thc tint
ingi to suit the taste. No 'mattoe
what quantity is desired, these are
the pr? p rtions In which the Ingred
ients are to be used. Half a bushel of
go id, un-.la::ked lime; slack with boll
lng water, cover during the process to
keep the steam In; strain the liquid
through a sl.'ve fine enough to retain
all unslacked lumps. Hiss dve a pack
of clean b irrel salt in a little water
and add to the solution; boll to a thin
paste 3 pounds of rice (rice fijur would
be b.-tter) and stir into this boiling'
hot; one pound of nice glue, previous
ly dissolved (to disolve tho glue, lint
soik until S )ft, then put into a vessel;
immerse this ve-sol in another one
larger and full of bnillroj water, and
boll until liquid) In water, and half
pound of whiting. To this mixture
add five gallons of hot water, stirring
well; cover closely and let stand sev
eral days. When so good a whitewash
as this is claimed to be can be so
cheaply made, lt is strange that any
far m-holder will live or let his stock
live in dark dingy quarters. Now is the
time to begin In earnest to Improve
Mclaurin lift Hani.
In the United States Circuit Court
at Charleston on Wednesday a verdict
for 841,030.28 was found against ex
Senator John L. McL&urln in tl e suit
of the International Trust company,
of Baltimore, on a promissory note,
the verdict being found by the Jury
upon the Instructions of the court.
Ttie suit grows out of the Industrial
ventures In which the ex-senator
engaged, upon the termination of his
career In congress. As president of
the Brunswick and Birmingham rail
road and vice president of the Bruns
wick and Western Construction com
pany, Mr. Mr. Lau rh? gave his personal
notes to the trust company, being in
dorsed, however, by Frank A. Urn
s'edt, who appears to have been one
it the promoters of the pr< j ;et, in
which the ex-senator was counect id.
The industrial concerns seem to have
been more on paper than in fact, but
tho notes of Mr. McLaurin were valid,
iven if the Industrial projects wore a
Tbat is exactly what lt ls. al.
day at the State Fair showing its fir
Every Farmer, Oil Mill, Saw M
property should have them. For sa
Columbia, J* G The ma
Wblske I Morphine I Cigarct
Habit, I Habit I Habit
Cured by Keeley J
132a Lady St. (or P. O. Box 15) Cole
se ol td.
r Manufacturers Brick. Fire Proof
Flue linings and Drain Tile. Err
^'Wt ARE LO
? c* FOR YOUR "
TH cl BUBAL FREE DJBLlVEaY
How It Hts Developed Slneo tho Sys
tem Was Started.
So successfully has the rural free de
livery system operated in the United
Statt s, and so indispensable has the
service become, that it has long ago
passed the experimental stage, and is
now one of the everyday business fac
tors of the country.
Probably the next unusual step in
this regard will be the extension of j
the service to Hawaii, Port > Rico, and
the Philippine Islands. No routes
have as yet been established in the
Insular possessions, although one pe
tition from Honolulu, asking for thc
establishment of a route from that
city into Walhall, was received and
reported on adversely.
Following are some faots in regard
to this poupular service, made public
a few days ag j, which are very inter
More than 5,000 new rural routes
were established in the various states
and teriitories during the ten months
ended April 1, and over 1,000 addi
tloual routes were authorized and will
be put into operation within tbe next
sixty days. At this rate, it will be
but a comparatively brief time before
every rural community In the country
sufficiently populous to justify the
service wi'l have rural free delivery.
Postmaster General Cortelyou said re
cently that tho present policy of ex
tension would be continued, and that
there would be no change save that an
effort toward economy would be made
wherever possible without curtailing
On April I there were 29, 090 rural
routes in operation as against 24,568
i n June 30, 1904. Petitions for addi
tional routes to the number of 4,521
arc pending, and of these, 1,016 have
been authorized and will be started
within sixty days.
Illinois still leads In the number nf
routes, having 2,450, as against 2.125
at the last report. Ohio has moved
up into second place, with 2,161, as
against 1,816. Iowa held second place
ten months ago with 1,863, and now
has 2,084 lodlana comes fourth,
with 1,894, as against 1,658. The
other states having a large, number of
routes are as follows: Pennsylvania,
1.679; New York, 1,611; Michigan,
1.594; M asouri, 1,544; Kansas, 1,367;
Wbcmsin, 1,203; Tennessee. 1.231;
Texa*, 1,181, Minnesota, 1,141. Ne
vada bas but 1 route, New Mexico but
3, and Wyoming but 5.
The Ninth Iudiana district has
more rural r utes than any other Con
L'resslonal di-trier., having a total ot
201. The Eighth Indiana district
c ?mes second, with 189_
CARS Fi'R MOT KEB.
I toy H and Girle, tn Her Old ARC.
Don't Ni'Rlect ilor.
What can possibly be sadder than
a mother neglected in ber old age. ?
To think of all the pain, lorrow,
trouble and anxiety she endured for
u-t. ber many sleepless nights and
ourdened days when she held in her
arms the little feverish, fretful body
who would allow no one else to hold
lt to relieve her own weariness 1
Then wheo health again returned lt
was still a continual cry for "mama !
mama !" the livelong day I And then
to think that as the years pass the
growing children will depend less and
less on "mother" till Anally they
cease a together to go to her for her
c lunscl and care, aud think because
she ls growing old, faded and wrinkled
hat 3i e dues not care for love and
tenderness as all other human beings
do. They neglect to show her the
small courtesies we feel due our
younger frlerds, "because ehe will
not notice tin m" or she ls "tco old
fashioned to ULderstand" the up-to
date politeness. To us at leait it ls a
heart breaking spectacle to behold,
for as "mother" grows older we
should give her more Instead of les-,
tif our love and tender care, and
should honor her years and expe
i leuce by asking her advice evon on
trivial subj cts, for she will then feel
that she ls still necessary to us and
can have a snare In cur dally trials
and joys as of yore, when she was all
in all to us.
Take my withered hands in yours,
Children of my soul.
Mother's heart is craving love,
Mother's growing old.
See the snows of many years
Crown my furrowed brow.
As I've loved and pet ed you,
Love and pet me now.
Lay your bands upon my head,
Smooth my whitened hair,
I've been growing old the whilo
You've been growing fair.
I have toiled and prayed for you
Ask not why or how
As I've loved and petted you,
Love and pet me now.
Take my withered hands in yours,
Children of my heart,
Mot ber's growing old, your love
Makes of life sweet uart.
Touch with loye my faded cheek,
Kiss my anxious brow.
As I've hived and petted you,
Love and pet me now.
Take my withered hands In yours,
Hold them close and strong.
Cheer me with a fond caress,
'Twill not be for long.
Youth immortal soon will crown
With its wreath my brow.
As 1 loved and petted you,
hove and pet me now.
Take my withered hands in yours,
This your heart will prove ;
If you owe nie anything,
Pay the debt in love. .
Pre s me in your strong young arms,
Breathe a loving vow
That as I loved and petted you
You'll love and pct mc now.
ce Killet. 03 axutracioa every '
e lighting qualities.
Ul, Ginnery and any one own'ng
ohinery Supply HOUPO of th* iStaTje
:iuatftiite, of &. O
mbia, 8. O. Cen?1 dont lal corr; sjfonu.
BRICK WORKS, m
IA, &- o. ;
Terra Cotta Building Blocks, for g
?pared to fill orders for thousands _ *
MEN?'WRITE TO ?
DR. HATHAWAY ABOUT
He has been Treating Diseases
of Men for Twenty five Years.
His Reputation is Firmly
Established. . ^
? VALUABLE BOOK' FREE.
Whose Knowledge Is Free to th Sick.
Dr. J. Newton Hathaway, ot Atlanta,
tho groat specialist in vho treatment of
diseases of men,- wants to hear" sfjom eve
iu-ui who reads this .vmonncomouflV^hc ii
dieted wiUi any private disenso, Xxl lot JHim
O' plain to thom his new a>stem oM 'driuj/ thia
class of disease, whiah cures in hall1 i ho time
required by tho old method. Dr. Hathaway
lei. (KOO tenting diseases of mon for moro thoa
a quarter century, and ho ia continually
ordinating and perfecting now methods by
which he eon euro i ho afilie tod. Ho has eurea
patients scattored all ovor this country, whom
ho has never seen, whose disease* he was ablo
to euro by a system which ho has for curing
tho dUlicted at a distance, and if you are aar?
fering from any dispose peculiar to your sex,
or any o thor disenso of a chronic or lingering
nature, such us Stricture, Varicocelo, 'Nerv
ous Do i li ty, Loss or Manhood, Blood Poison
(Syphilis), Kidney and Bl iddor Complaints,
Rheumatism, Diseases of tho Heart, Stomach
and Liver, oto., you should immediately. wrlto
thia great specialist, and let him explain to
you tust what ?B ttio rature of your trbufci*
and just what to do for rolief. Ho will conn
sei and advise you for nothing-advice that ia
based on 25 years of actual experience. A.
great many men make, tho mistake of their
lives by placing their casca with their local
physician, for tho nvera^o practitioner no
matter how competent ho may be, has not had
tho experience necessary to successfully treat
such delicate diseases. What you need, sad
what you will bi) connie!led to resort to if you
over got cured, is skillful, scientific treatment,
administered byan exportspo- ialist whom you
know is coin etent o treat you. Dr. Hatha
way luis been established in Atlanta'"" or nearly
li years, and his reputation is known to all.
He hus built up tho largest practico in this',
country by dealing honestly with the pooplo. I
You UiKc no risk whntovor in dealing with him
-you can always feol assured of a "square
You cannot expoct to go through life afflict
ed with n disease that you know will eventual
11 lead you to a possible death, BO write Hr
Hathaway a letter right now. telling him just
how you suffer, and he will immediately send
you his opinion of your case, accompanied by
a valuable book on your disease, all of which
is absolute y freo. (Javo no hesitancy in
Writing him. Tho nnrmnnwit. p.ddressis
J- NEWTON' HATHAWAY, UL D,
88 Inman Hld;;., Atlanta, Ga.
A Proposition of Interest
To all readers of this paper, who
call or write for treatment within tho
next 30 days I will cure them of the
following diseases for ONE-HALF my
usual charge: LOST MANHOOD,
SYPHILIS (blood poison). GONO
R1IE. GLEET. STRICTURE, VARI
COOELE. RUPTURE, CATARRH
and all CHRONIO DISEASES, of
both sexes. Diseases of women cured
without operation. PILKS cured
under guarantee without the knife or
any tying or burning operation.
Consultations, Examination, Advice
T. S. HOI LEYMAN, Itt. DM
Rooms 421 and 422 Leonard" Building,
N. B. Catarrli of worst form cured
quickly at home.
When you make up your
B mind that home ls not home
? without a Piano or an Organ,
come here, or write us, and
. we will sell you the rigbt
J sort of an instrument.
rj Easy torrnR, and fall val?o.
8 IttALONE'S A1USIC HOUSE,
8 COLUMBIA, S. C.
I PIANOS ANO?
N LEARN TY?
And ft. R. AGENCY-Vi
Tho U. Pi SIGNAL G
li-hen 17 yeira. Cl>pa\,
and Our Plan INS UREA
- yon for
jObool o Ir.l:
d'tion. CeUl <gne
GA. TELEGRAPH COLLEOE
' ;r.--.!'-?.d Far
The tanning Business.
Reduce your cotton acrcago and In
crease your Income by putting in a
small canning plant.
Large protlts in canning all kinds of
fruits, vegetables, berries, etc. A card
to us will bring you desired informa
tion. HANKY OANNKI? GO.,
Chapel Hill, N. 0.