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"DO TnOU, GREAT LIBERTY, INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAKE OUR LIVES IN THY POSSESSION HAPPY FOR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE."
BENNETTS VILLE, s. c., FRIDAY, APRIL 28,1905.
A PITHY SPEECH
By Senator Newlands on Jeffer
son Day in New York.
WHO IKK DEMOCRATS
The Senator Says thc Real Democrats
are in the Republican Party as Well
as in the Democratic Party,
and that Bryan Will Lead
Them to Victor}'.
The speech printed below, delivered
at a big Democratic gathering in New
York on Jefferson Day by Senator
Newlands, of "Nevada, is somewhat
sensational, but it will be read with
What ls Democracy? Who aie Dem
oorats, and have we a Demccratic par
ty? These are the questions to be de
termined before the next national elec
tion. Democracy ls a faith, not an as
sociation. Dunocrats are those who
believe in that faith, not tho. e v. ho
are simply enrolled Ju an organization.
The Democratic parly should bi a
homogeneous association of men who
intend to put their faith into practice,
not of men who make a pretence of
faith in order to secure i Qi ce and
spoils. Dem icratic faith implies equal
rights for all and special prtvil ges for
none. It Implies tiust in the piople a
the source of all po*er. It t'-aelos the
holding of all power close in the hands
of the people. It means government
near to the people, lt in? ans that each
county,as to county affairs shall govern
Itself, and not be gove ned by tl e
State; that each S'.ut?, :is t i Matear
fairs, shall govern Itself, Lid ie gov
erned by the nation; that thu na'ion,
in all matters or Hie gi oeral welfare
and defence, entrust?d by tho C msll
tution to lis Governnn nt, shall govern
itself acd not surrender the exercise
of its powers to thc States. It meat s
that the will of the people, when ex
pressed in constitutions and laws, sha:)
be inforced a> c >rdir g to tl-iir letter
and spirit unaffected by partial:ry and
undisturbed by the changing passions
of the hour, lt means tho nighest re
Bpeot for and obedience to tie law,
constitutional and statutory, lt meun.
c government of law,- no* of me h.- lt
noians that the constitutional els! rib
utlon of powers, national or State;
shall be maintained. It means that ti e
powers of governmenti shall be exercis
ed for and dedicated to the benefit ami
happiness of our own people, nod not
for the benefit or conqui si, and f-.ub
Jectlon of other peep!? s. li means con
struction, not destruction, lt means
peace, not war. lt means that i ur sys
terns of finance, transportation .mci
production shall bo frame d with a view
to the prosperity of the many ano not
for the advantage of the few. It m at s
that as to all public utilities, nation
al, State or municipal, the Govern
ment shall either own or & otrtil* that
if such utilities are entrusted to pri
vate enterprise regard shall bc h d
only for a fair return, not sp?cul?t ive
advantage. It me ms the o*en ? o.?r
for competition -Jnd c ?-opera- ton, t ot
the closed door o' n ont poly. lt. m ans
the protection of tile right* to the
many, not of the interests vt thc f w.
It stands against eas., ra k, and
privilege, lt stand?- U r hun ai !.
DEMOCRATS IN DISGUISE.
Judged by these princip es, there
are men in the Democratic organiza
tion who are not Demo 'rats. Jud) ei
by these prlnc pies, there are m n in
the Republican organiz tion who are
Democrats. Judged ny these p'bei
pies, Abraham Lincoln was a Demo
crat. Judg d by these pr incl pl s, in
most matters relating to dornest c leg
islation Theodore It o -o vc-lt i:; a D m
oorat. Should all thc rial Demo ral
in both parties be united in ona or
ganlzatton they would control the leg ,
lslation of the country. In the las
campaign the count s lowed that the
Democratic party had Inst, hut ll ?ose
velt'smessageslio.ved th tDtm cracy
had won The D?mocratie uurtv han
declared for an imaie fiat; assurance
to the Philippines of ultimate llbcrt)
under American proti et i n. Roosevelt
expressed not the assurance, but the
hope, of such liberiy. The De ni er -.t.
ic party in its pla: form had declare
for many domestic reforn s. R o> v 1
wrote into his Administr?t!* n plat
form a demand for tlies.- reforms.
Democrats, whether In the D imocrut
lo or Republican organization, will
support this demand and insure its
accomplishment. Nomischlev lusspir
it, no mere desire to dismember ti e
President's party or to i mbroll his
administration proinots the sup.) ri
by the real D nu erat s l i the D. mo
eratic organizati in ol Roosevelt's clo
m estie, policy They du ?t b i auge it
is their duty to support the man to
whom Providence, has assigned the op
portunity of aec omplisl m nb, Liu tone
man can defeat tbe accomplishment
of Roosevelt's domestic policy, and
that ls Roosi velt. C n d we, dui in.
the next four y ears, cut our elves loo e
from the external co o p,!e.r ion > which
have absorbed us for the last eight
years, we would wi'ia si the trlliti ph
ant success of Democracy In all Um
domestic refoims now pres ling upon
the attention of 'In- c mr ry. And
these reforms would be a c m pl I li d
mainly by thc aid if t* e Domo ra lc
organization, standing lie iii d a R'
publican President of D m 1 ratio
faith, who -Aiii bring to hi support
all the m- n of tho Republican party
of like faith.
WHAT -UNITED DBM( CHATS CAN DO.
The union of Democ ats, whether
nominally In the Democratic or the
Republican organizations, on the
irrigation question, accomplished the
passage of an Act thc mn> t important
in the history of the last half cen
tury; an Act broad, comprehensive
and enduring, which without ot' er
legislation will, within then x'. lift;
years, develop an empire i.i the re
gion west of the Missouri dedicated
tb hooies-'ekers and tue home-build
ers, tin who^e sturdy virtues tbe
perpetuity of the Ropublio rests.
The union of Democrats, whether in
the Democratic or Republican organi
zation, cac, within thc next four
ve?is, oyen up the steel highways of
ths country to the eui tl, proportion
ate and fair use of the entire p opie.
Tbe union of Democrats, whether In
tbe Democratic or Republican organi
zu ion, can, within the next four
years so ir cale tbe tariff wall as to de
stroy tho monopolies erected uuder its
shelter. The union of Democrats,
whether in tbe Democratic or R2
publloan organization, can, within
tue next four j ears, shape a system of
taxation that will brin/ wealth under
proportionate contribution to the ex
penses of the Government. Tbe union
of Democrats, whether in thc D?mo
orutio or Republican organization,
can, within the next four years,
amend and reform the public land
laws so as to preserve the great na
tural wealth of the country-wealth
o' coal, of irou, of copper, of lead, of
timber, and of land-for the entire
people of the United States, includ
ing generations yet unborn, instead
of allowing the publie wealth to bo
absorVod and nion >polizod in this
generation by a favored few. The
union of Damocrats, whether in the
Democratic or R?publlcan organlzi
lloi s, can. within the next, four years,
undor Roosevelt's courageous leader
ship "shackle greed and counning,"
eradicate graft and fraud from the
public service, and restore the simple
uLals of tbe Republic.
ONLY JINGOISM IN THE WAY.
All that ls necessary to accomplish
tl'.ls is freedom from external compli
catii ns. Far eight years we have
buen engaged in foreign activities.
Starting lu the Cuban war for free
dom we. en.ii d in the Philippine war
for conquest. Having acquired mere
right ol way over the Isthmus of Pa
nama by a treaty which guaranteed
Colombia's sovereignty and bound lft
to protect lt against the nations of
world, we, in a moment of tempta
tion wrested by force of arms that
sovereignty from Colombia and took
it i.urs.lves. We have been engaged
:n diplomatic negotiations for the
open do>r in China; for reciprocity
; rt ntlcs with Cuba; for the adjust
ment of the debts of American re
publics. We have been engaged in
iustructing American republics in thc
decencies of international life. We
< H\G he n engaged in law making for
th Philippines and for Porto Rico
and for Panama, Whilst we have
been ennauerlng other countries mo
nt poly has C L quered our own. We
have time to settle the rai head ques
tion in the Philippines; we have not
the time to adjust the railroad ques
tion in the United States. We have
the tim? to gi vd a moderate tariff-to
? he Philippines; we have not time to
correct au excessive tariff in the
United Statis. We can expend vast
.urns in Cul a, In the Philippines, in
Panama, in colonial exploitation and
la naval expansion, but we have nu
money for the internal development
of the Republic. Oar harbors and
our water way s are neglected. Oui
reform legislation rests In commit
tees, and as a result either of favorit
ism or neglect in legislation, tho
greatest pluioeracy lu the history of
i he world has been created, whilst we
have kept our eyes strained towards
thc horizon of imperial and interna
WHAT WILL ROOSEVELT DO ?
Will the many-sided Theodore
R 'ossveit devote himself during the
: ex', four years to the Democratic
p .icy of <lomt-:,t.ic reform indicated
b? his mess; g . or will he continue to
e g ?gc in activities external to our
co .a ry, which will absorb its atten
t o.- ; nd pcs p >ne domestic reform ?
?; the former, D.-mucracy wiii bo tri
umphant before his administration
e. (is. If, on the other hand, he con
ines LO ria/./, e. our p< opie v/ltb
startllug exhiuidons of international
pyrotechnics, plutocracy will ba as
ii rm ly Intrenched at the end cf hlx
ariaiinihtration a^ it was at the be
ginnii g, t.nd some other Democrat-a
Democrat who ls not au Imperialist
bread, as well as at hume-will be
eil1.ed upon to leai the destinies of
' io country. The country demands
Dei Qooracy-whether under Rjpubii
can er Democratic administration.
Democracy is triumphant now If
Kois.v lt sianc2s by Democratic
faith, if not, four years hence Dem
icracy will gird it:? loins for another
struggle against plutocracy, which is
strengthening in wealth and power
every day and every hour. And hs
standard bearer will ba t ie men who
fer years have been pre-eminent for
steadfastness, f >r courage, for pa
lie-.ce under defeat, for faith In the
ultimate wisdi m and power of the
pi opie ; the mau who has been unde
viating, consistent, courageous ; tue
ai.in whose integrity nobody doubts
ar d in whose sincerity everybody be
Heve?. Tue question will then be
thc development o( the Republic at
home. The agency to be employed
wi.l be a conservative Democracy,
and tho loader of this Democracy
will be t ?ie man who has stood true
to Its principles amidst all the glam
or and Illusions of imperial admlnls
Girl id ulai!) Killed.
At Little Falls, Minn., there ls
?n at excitement over the discovery
of the dead body of Minnie Klntop in
;ne wo ds. The b dy was entirely
stripped of clothing, a handkerchief
as tightly twisted about her neck
and the. h> ad was a mass of bruises.
Two ne groes were seen in the vicinity
i f wi ere the body was found and
earch ls being made for them. The
girl, who was about to leave for the
lortl rn part of the State to take uu
homestead cb ims bad been in Little
Fills purchasing supplies. She left
th ie Monday evening for Darling,
fr.?m which station she was to walk to
her home. After leaving Darling she
A is not seen again until her body was
Shook Too Hard.
Tho minister was a groat hand
shaker, shutting down like a viss.
One day he shook a little boy's hand,
and absent mindedly gave an awful
squeeze as he said: "My little fellow,
1 hope you feel pretty well today?"
Willi tears in his eyes tho little boy
answered: "I did till you shook
hands with me."
?TILL AT THJt? HEA1>.
?n FDglish Army Officer Pays the
World May Still
'furn to American Batt IciltiKl l'or
Examples of tho Hlghrst .Mili
tary ?flloionoy and Valor.
lb takes a long time to size up the
merits and results of a tremendous
sonfilot liku the olvll war, and lt is
not surprising that the verdict of
torc?an military students ls constant
ly chang!rg and drawing closer to a
true estimate of the facts. A fresh
review of tue last stage of war, from
Settysburg to Appomattox) has just
appeared lu Englai d from the pen of
Jap tain Battine of the king's hula's,
[u writing of the most critical phase
jf the contest In America Captain
Hat tine has in mind the recent great
military events, and he bolds that
the world may still turn to American
aattleth Ids for examples ot tire high
?st military ( fllcicncy and martial
palor. Ile says:
"The history of the Amrlcan civil
?var still remains the most important
m?me for tho student and the states
man bf.causi lt was waged between
adversaries of the highest)intelligence
and courage, who fought by land and
ita over an enormous area with every
levice within the reuoh of human iu
jenunity and who had to create ev.^ry
uganlzatlon Deeded for tlie purple
after the struggle had begun. Justice
lias hardly been done to the armies
which arose time and again from san
?uinary repulses and from disasters
more demoralizing than ?my repulse
In the Held because they wore caused
by political nud military incapacity
In high p'aces, to redeem which the
soldiers freely shed their blood, as it
seemed, In vain. If the heroic en
durance of the somheru pe pie aud
the fiery valor of the southern armies
thrill us today with wonder and ad
miration, the s!.u-;b.>rn tenacity and
:ourage which succeeded in preserv
ing intact the heritage of the Ameri
can nation and which triumphed over
foes sc formidable are not less worth)
A praise and imitation. The A merl
jars still hold the world's record for
hard fightjh g. "
The vak i of the southern soldiers
has long bi en extolled at home as
well as abroad, and at one time the
eulogists seemed to forget that valor
in any army presupposes equal valor
In the foe. The lighting records of
the combatants in that great w.'.r do
not rest upon mere speculation. Thoj
were written In biool, and the ho k
are open to ti e world'a inspection.
o.nd every elite regiment and elite
:orps on - either--side n?u*t ami-ov-n
without loss of prestige j-tiud c ?ai
parlsou with an elite equivalent In the
ranks of the foe. The North had
more regimeuts in the field than dio
the South, tint the. ratio of hard fight
ing r< gimtnts was the same. There
were seventy northern regiments
which lost from 50 to 80 per cent, of
their strength in sing:-: engagements
aud fifty-three southern regiments lu
Lim same clui-s.
Figures showing losses in actual
ba?les arc eloquent witnesses of the
valor of individual organization. Tl e
highest brigade loss recorded in ne
ittufedorate army was that ol Gregg's
South Carolina brigade, which is
iiredlied with 1 271? Killi d In battle.
In the northern army a Yerinom
brlgacie tik-s highest pl ac?, with ?.
loss of 1,172 killed and the Iron hr]
?ade Is a cio-.e second, svi.h 1,1 Al
deaths on the battle Ik ld. As m<.
northern regiments wi r. legularly re
bruited, the losses fell upmi grea er
uumerlcal strength than was the ca <?
m the South, where r<.cr>!i s w. rt
?c-.rce. The famous "Kantuckj
Drphan" brigade of the S jut being
made up of expatriates inna the land
<f lighters, was never rcciuiud ano
literally fought itnelf to a "fri zzle,"
as the southerners expressed it.
Glregg's brigade, had the banner regi
ment in the South for los-i in ba'ile
during the whole wax-the Flr.it S u b
Carolina. Its record was 281 kided,
and the banner regiment of the Ni ri:;,
che Fifth New Hampshire, went a
notch higher with a lo. s of 2U5 dead
on the fiele1 of honor.
And when lt, earn - to losses In Bingi
engagement Balaklava and ail the
old wt rid records were cut-done both
by "Yank" and "Jbonnie." In a
-ingle, obarge at Gettysburg the First
Minnesota emerged with a li ss of 82
per t ent, killed and wounded, while
the First Texas at Antietam lost 82
2 ;t per cent In thu higt e-.t numeri
cal loss sustained in a singlo engage
ment the lighters of the North and
Suuih als ? show; d their common line
age and equal valor. At Gettysburg
the Twe nty-sixth North Carolina went
iutei action July I willi 820 m n and
lost 58(i killed and vvouu c i. At Cold
Harbor the F.r.->t Maine; heavy artil
lery charged au In treue! el line with
832 rank and tile and lest 586 killed
and wounded in the space of seven
minutes. Both of these regiments
continued lighting in the same cam
paigns until the end of ibo war. lt
ls a singular fact that over the whole
field and throughout the war every
phenomenal display of valor, tenacity
and stubb.ir n courage on one side was
duplicated at sume time by the other
side. For the "Bloody Angle," ludo
hy Lee at Spottsy. vania, there was
tho "Horseshoe Ridge," defended by
Tnoraas at Chkakamauga, and for
Pickett's charge at Gettjsbuig there
was the rush for the stone wall al
Fredcrlcksburg. In the long run
neither side was outfought. Bo li
sides sustained the prestige of Ameri
cans in battle.-Spartanburg Journal.
Ijynchntl hy Nc^roon.
A special from Mariana, Ark., sa>s:
Enraged at the Act:on of John Har
nett, a negro, in shoo th g and killing
Albert Wals field, another negro last
Sunday because tho latter circulated
the report that Barnett was a lian
gerotn man, 20 other negroes em
ployed in a levee camp ne.ir Askew,
have taken Harnett out and hanged
him. From meagre reports the story
of the crime ls as follows: Barnett
came to the camp early last week and
secured work. Wals liold had known
Barnett before and told the bo^s of
a camp that he was a dangerous n an.
Barnett heard of this and tho shoot
WHAT IT COST.
Interesting Figures on Life In
surance in this State.
Almost Now Carried In Policies. The
Three Big Companies Carry a Third
of the Risks. Interesting Sta
tistic-* Gleaned from thc
There has bren much complaint
among Ufa insurance agents gsnerally
that the bitter warfare that bas been
waging lu the management of the
Equitable and tito disclosures that
this contest bas brought out have lo a
eeinsiderable extent destreiyed faith In
li'e Insurance and made business mucb
more rlltllcult to write. But, nays the
Charleston Post, no Buch condition
is rill :oted in the Comptroller Gener
al's comparative tabulation, just com
pleted, of business done by all life
companies operating in this State.
Tr?ese figures i.-.re for the year ending
December 31st last, the figures for
the first quarter of the present year p
nut having yet been tabulated.
Whether the ligures for tho nb-.v quar
ter will show any falling off can not |1
be said, but certain it is that last
year's bus! ue.-:s showed II13 samesteady
Inert ase that bas been manifest for M
the past several decades. '
Tue business of tho "three giants" | j
continues to ciirab in millan dollar
s'rides. In 15103 the Equitable had
810.12(1,551 insurance in force In South 11
Carolina, wrote $370,OOO in 1004, and
beiran the present year with $11,022.- p
055. In 1903 the. Mutual of New
York had la force $14,754,302
wrote S2 04(5 754 and b?gan the new
vrir with 815,756,845. The New 1
York Life, in 1903 had in force 812 - t
201.697, wrote $2,570,180 ar.d begun j
the present year with $13 570,353
lu 1904 thc Equitable received pre
miums amounting to $302,621 36, the f
Mutual $397.225 23, un] the New j
Y rk Lifo 844(1,374 30, as against f
1 uses incurred of 8119,884. $144,580,
$170,423 37, respectively. I I
There is an enormous difference be- 11
tween the total amount this State
?iays out annually for insurar.cj and
the amount lr, receives back in lesses
incurred. But while this ls an appa M
rently very Unlust ?lff jreuco it mu .!. I '
?nt +re-rnrKottca trtiatj-Cr?? -rssrsTiiow
being incurred come largely from bus
Iness written many j ears ago, when
tho State was not nearly so well pro
tee ted by amount nf in urance in
force ; that thc ressrve or a :tual cash
value of dd time insurat ce policies
co~/ in foice In this State l as grown
K steadily as tbe premiums have been
paid In and that this represents a big
To what extent South Carolinians
are Injured, what they pay annually
for this and what th iv get back In
los es Incurred nr.: snown by the fol
lobing Interesting table compiled
iro"i Gie Compte 1er General's fig
ures showh.g the comparative stand
inu' of t e various li'ecompanies with
n ^renee to S uih Carolina business.
Th? figures ar^ f r iLe year ending
December 31, 1904: I
iNsuuANci? tx Kortens.
V ?.<*. BuM'.ne?
Aetna..* 2,208,502 6 325,426
Bankers. 1,684,814 113,412
Comm M111 nal.. 380.009 11,000 i(
Equitable. 11,622,655 3,470,660
Kui. lil y Mutual 1,456,073 302,543
(h rmania. 330,886 205,60 '
Hartford. 632,678 233,533
Home Friendly. 833;470 457.730
Home of N. Y... 1,130,463 182,508
Manhattan. t;it.3!is 231,575
Mass. Mutual... 75,117 10,000
Metropolitan.. 163,208 151,754
Mutai Benefit... 6,423,276 1,472,242
Mutual Of N. Y. 15,756,845 2,046,751
Mutual Reserve 697,081 13,102
Nat ional . 00,000 lol,1,00
N. E. Mutual .. 1,40-.105 280,021
N. Y. Life. 13,570,353 2,570,180
l ucille Mutual.. 1,032,160 738,674
Benn Mutual.. 4,817,504 1,259,973
Phoenix. 1.052,036 77,530
Provident. 1. hil, 054 518,072
Prudential. 2,780,402 1,056,518
Security L.&A. 102,1100 1 ls.uno
Secur. .dut ual. 313,441 31,202
Security T& L. 227,279 13,370
.tale L. of 1. 1,045,600 412,100
Sou. h. & T. 19,000 12,000
State M. L. A... 971,57 1 251,742
Sun of Canada. 506,517 358,046
Travelers'. 2,503,377 245,496
I 'iiion Cent. 2 856,039 615 860
Washington. ?."?.". s t 73,500
Virginia Life... 7,27.<,:'..?:'? 2,730,816
Total.$86,291,855 $20,757,903 |
PKEMIUM3 AND LOSSES.
Received. 1 neurred.
Aetna.$ 71,mil $ 11,597
Bankers. 52,813 23,500
Comm. Mutual. 6,070 17,454
Kquitable. 302,021 199,884
Pldcl Mutual.. 41,780 10,701
Germania. 13,520 1,500
[Hartford. 15,121 0,000
Home Friendly 55,19!) 25,924
Home of N. V... 41,255 ll,out)
Manhattan. 5,248 10,21'
Mass. Mutual... 2,100 2,000|
Metropolitan.. 2,:?C>;? .
Mutual Benefit 208,412 41.26
M ut ual ot' N. V 397,225 114,580
Mut. Reserve.., 201.387 10,600
Nal ional. 2,n57
N. IO. Mutual... 43,470 11,251
N. V. Life. 110,371 170,423
Pacific Mm ual. ;'>:;.:ii I 1,000
Penn Mutual.... 138,032 34,500
Phoenix. 37,932 19,5001
Providcn . 36,354 4,000
Prudential. 92.uso 14,107
Security L.& A. -1,300
Security Mutual 7,470 3.000
Security T, Sch. 12,uno 3,500
Male h. Ol' 1. 27.7 .S -1,5(10
Southern L.&T 483 .
Slate M. L. A... 33,964 2,n7
Sun ol'Canada.. 15,056 2,55-J!
Travelers. 75,707 37,844
Union Cent. 70.311 29,261
Washington_ 1^,662 1,000
Virginia Life... 25 ),?79 71,124
Total.$2,6*13,035 $943,820 1
Thus it will h.: 'cen that South
Carolinians pain out ,u premiums over I
two and a half ra til lpns and received!
In death looses an^j cash surrendvi
values Uttle more Glin a third of that'
yet tuuy aro carryii b nearly nluety
"DO THOU, GREAT LIBERTY, INSPIRE OUR SOULSAND MAKE OUR LIVES IN THY POSSESSION HAPPY FOR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE.
BENNETTS VILLE, S. C., FRIDAY; JANUARY 13, 1905.
Ti i ir TI
Jirm'?Q ulm ll r??nl 1? . . ~~ ~ 41
Destined to Replace Burlap Sacks
for Shipping Purposes,
\ New Market Right at Our Door. Char-1
leston Merchants Give Good Rea
sons Why Bags Alake Better
Packages than Boxes (or
. Shipping Goods.
While cotton growers of the South
ire looking across this continent and
icros3 the Pad ile for tho development
)f a new market for their great staple,
?bey are probably overlooking the best
ind surest market right at their doors
The Columbia State says: Tbe farm
srs of the south do not realize the
lumber of sacks used by the factories
n the distribution of fertilizers every
winter-betwen 4,000,000 and 5,000,
100 are employed to hold thc phos
phate bought by South Carolina farm
ers alone. Nor do they seem to under
hand that the material for these fer
tilizer bags might be cotton but is
ourlap, imported from India. The fol
owing letter, wricteu by Mr. Geo. A.
Wagoner, president of tbe Royal Bag
ring and Yarn mill of Charleston, is
"Tue diherence between the value cf
:otton sacks and burlap sacks for
fertilizers ls DO cents p;?r ton on seam
ess and 00 cents per ton on the sewed
?tton bags. We purchased last year
)urlap> amounting to 3230,000, and
,he duty on same was $05 000. Now
or your further Information I will
tate that the total imports of burlars
rora Calcutta for tho 12 months o:
asb year fr tn Jan. 1st to Dec. 31st
vas 300 765,500 yards of burlaps and
4,158,700 burlaps bags, and from
Dundee, Scotland, and other ports
.here were 30,000,000 yards, makiug a
otal of 3Uu,7o5 550 ynr. s burlaps al
?ogcther imported. The total revenue
or the United State government on
ill burlaps and br>gs amounts to about
123,000,ouo annuully. 1 nile you t^ay
inat you ita ve been talking ti thc
armers on the suv jeot, ani 1 am glan
o note that they tire inclluod to pay
he di ff renee in the oast of the bags.
ioua.ro mlsr.rtkcn, however, when you
ay that ic will take 'rora one to on'
md a half million bales to make the
lags for fertilizers, for by my calcu
<t lon lt would take perhaps 20,000,
100 pounds cotton, ai d. of course, if
,hey would use cotton bags for grits,
Ice, grain, sogar, salt, cement, etc.
t would easily ta ce. 2,000,000 bales of
:otton to manufacture these b.igs."
But the ti dd is no? 1'mi ted to the
?so of fertilizer sicks; lt is unlimited
n the grocery business, and here h
vhat tho grocers ot Charleston hav?
>o s :y < n tlic sn j ?ct:
"Offing i i the scarcity of coop^rcg-e
i number of lai mauufaoturers hav<
>eeu con pe'ed ?o ship their product
n bugs lust . ii of barrels. This ex perl
nee lia ? taught many that the ba.,
s bv (ar Ll . . otter package, for thc
ullowlug re , :>:
"First. No freight to pay on tlu
"Seco d. The sick i ; cheaper.
" third. The sa.k is of value when
' Fourth. A sack Of 100 lbs. is easier
ind cheaper to h indie than a barrel.
"Fifth. The jobber iu loading his
loll very wagou Jan put a sack In his
wagon with >?ne mau instead of two.
"Sixth. The. jobber's delivery man
;an hantile the sack to advantage
,vhen lie reaches the rotaller.
"Why cotton sacks should ba used
?stead of burlaps ls:
"First. B caus: tile empty cotton
lack Is of more value to the consumer.
"Second. Because cotton ls raised
n the Unite;! States, and burlaps ls
mported hum In/ i.-..
"We bave examined carefully the
cotton sack manufactured by the Iloy
II Bag H"d Yam Manufacturing com
pany of Charleston, S. C , and unhes
itatingly recommend this pickige for
,'rlst and salt, and will give it prefer- ]
mee to the burlaps or barrels when
makin,; our purchases of grist and
Signed: Fincken Jordan Co., H. T.
Foster, S. Ilir chm an & Son, J. W.
ll bs in & Sin, Ni elchers & Co., S
II. Wilson & Co., F. Welters, Bio
hine Milling C )., I. M. Pearlstlne &
Sous, ll. Viel, C. Wulbem & CJ ,
Welch & Bason, Otto Tiedeman &
Sons, 1) Uaodi s & Co., F. W. Wag
oner & Co., Malony ec Carter.
And here ls a further endorsement:
To Cotton Planters:
At a meeting of the South Carolina
branch of the Southern Wholesale
Grocers' association held Wednesday,
tlie following rosohit;on was passed:
The members of the association use
for all purposes, when possible to do
so, cotton sacks Instead of other pack
First, because the erupty cotton
sack is of more value to tile consumer
than Ju;u sacks.
S xmid, b cause cotton ls a product
of tbe 60u the rn States, while burlap
is imponed from India.
The cotton sacks manufactured by
the Royal Hag an i Yarn Manufactur
ing company tf Charleston, S. C.,
have bi t n examined by us very care
fully, ami this association recommends
this package for gmt, salt, rice, etc
The object of this resolution ls to
create a n.o.o general di maud for cot
ton. Tinco. M ic Let i Kits,
President) S. C. Division, So,it hern
Wholesale Gr< eera' A s ci uion.
"Tho MK 11, ot a Unit."
Thc teacher, picking up an orange
that was lying on the desk, explained
that it was a unite. Tho nt xt day the
p clings had been loft there: so, pic k
lng up a couple, she a>kcd what they
were. Thero was a paus?. Presently
a bright-faced but shy little girl an
swered: "Woy, that's the skin of a
Enormous Expense Attached to the
Operations of Base Ball.
What lt Costs tho Diar?nt Lcncucn
of tho Country to Amuse
Tbe Charleston Post says indicative |
of the marvelous growth of baseball
164 clubs are mem' era of the national
association, over 2,500 players being
employed. These clubs are in the
principal leagues of the country. Th?
cust of these circuits approximate.
81 658,000 in salaries, 8571,000 in trav_
ellug expenses and 8080,000 for incl
dental expenses, makh g au aggregate I
Ol 82,908,400. This is exclusive of I
independent teams accounting of '
whicb would materially swell the to
tal. Organized baseball is provided I
for 20,907,205 people, accordh g to the|
The salaries of the six South Atlan
tic clubs amount to 836,000, traveling
requires 815,000 and incidental ex-1
penseB another 815,000. The popula
tion of the circuit is about 222 301.
The managers of tbe infant minor are I
bound to hold their salary limit for |
the season at 86,000 under the nation
al agreement, which is based upon
population. These figures will give!
the enthueiasts an idea of the cost of
maintaining the league. The cir
cuit's mileage this season, as already
shown in The Evenir g Post, is 31,120
according to the schedule.
Salaries in the National and Amer
ican Leagues alone reach the sum of
8740,000, and tbelr combined txpanses
are more than 847?,000. Tne Ameri
can serves a population of 8,611,994
and the National 9,380,004. Atten
dance in these two circuits, winch
means paid admissions alone, last
Tue New York Globe recently gave
these figures for the majors:
Sui- Trav- Other !
Cities arien. oiling. eip.s.
Now York.?05.000 $10.000 ?25,000 I
Huston. GO 000 10,000 25,000 |
Philadelphia. 50,000 10,000 18,'? tl
Waahingt n. -10,000 10.000 15.000
Chicigo. 45.000 10.000 18,000
at, Loui*. 45,000 1 0,000 15,000
Cleveland.50,000 10 00:1 18,000
Dotroit. 45,000 10,000 IJ.000
Totuls.?105,000 ?80,000 ?150,000
Now York.?55.000 ?10,000 ?25,000 I
Urooklvn. 40,000 10,000 15 000
Hp.ilun.. 30,000 10,1X10 15.000
Philadelphia.315,000 10,000 20,000
I h'icOgO. 40.000 10,000 15,000
IHttubnrg. 45.000 10,000 IS 000 I
Cincinnati. 45,000 10,000 20,000
ot- Louis. 38,000 10,000 15,' 00
Totnln.*.. ?335,000 ?80,00J ?143,000
- The-expeu*es of tuir- priuci p.-.r
leagues of the United States are ap
proximately as follows:
American-Salaries, 8405,000; ex
censes, 8239,000; population, 7,511,
National-Salaries, 8335 000, PX
ponse3, 8224,000; population, 9,380,
Eastern-Salaries, 8150,000: expen
ds, 8104,000; population, 2,137,8.:2.
American Association - Salari I
8140,000; expenses, 8112,000; popula
Pacific Coast-Salaries, 8144,000;
expenses, 884,000; population, 721 ,
Southern-Salaries, 8118 000: ex
penS''H 888 000; population. 738,242.
Pacific Rational-Salaries, 840,000;
^xpeusts, 832,000, population, 145,
New York State-Salaries, 818 000;
.xp.-nses, 806,000; population, 65";
New England-Salaries, 840,000;
Xpenses, 832,000; population, 468,
Central-Salaries, 840,000; expen
ses, 836 000; population, 426,823.
lamana - illinois - Iowa - Salaries
836,000; expenses, 830,000; popula
Conned icut-Salaries, 826,000, ex
penses 832,000; population, 413 191.
Hudson ll v. r-Salaries, 818,000;
expenses, 826,000; population, 320,
Western Association - Salaries,
818 000; expenses, 826,000; population,
Cotton States-Salaries, 822,400; ex
penses, 826,000; populatisn, 117,UU3.
Northern-Salaries, 821,000; expen
sei, 825,8?0; population, 196;309.
North Texas-Salaries, 810,000; ex
penses, 814,000; population, 334 295.
South Texas-Salaries, 810,000; ex
penses, 814,000; population, 173,643.
Iowa-Salaries, 816.000; expenses.
821,600; population, 133,197.
Enthusiasts have only to read these
figures to figure where the South At
lantic stands relatively in the coun
Carno Ton Lato.
Thomas Yandaw, a conspicuous
figure in Norfolk Va., for over fifty
yeais, claimed up to the time ol
death that he was entitled to a for
tune in California. Five years agi
he was adjudged a lunatic and sent, to
the Eastern Virginia asylum at Wil
liamsburg. Two years ago he dieu
and was burled In a pauper's grave
A letter has just been received at
Norfolk from the Paclfiecoast stating
that Yandaw was entitled to a large
portion of an estate lu California
worth 81,500,000. Yandaw's wife ls
dead and ho left no heirs.
At New Orleans Thursday a well
dressed youug man apparently 36
years old was fouud lying on a bench
in the city park. Employes tried to
awaken him but failed. Ha was sent)
to the hospital where he dh:d from
the t?Tjot8, lt was found, of morphine
poisoning. Three photographs of a
handsome young woman and a note
were found in his packets. The lat
ter asked that Miss Lola Greon, of
2703 Chase street, Anderson, lo-va,a.id
Mrs. L. Matthews, of Torouta, Can
ada, be notified if anythlug happen.d
Rnrnott thu I'rtHon Down.
In an attempt to escipj Wednes
day three prisoners set fite to the
Parish Jail Poi.tchatoula, La. Henry
Taylor, of Vine Maint, Ala., and
James Itoilly, of Philadelphia, Pa.
were cremated, and Lucien G.orge Da
Lxs, of La Fayette. La., was tata ly
j burned. Thc men wero arrested last
I night for dlsoroerly conduct.
Fourteen Inmates of a Canadian
Convent Burned to Death.
WOMEN AND GIRLS
Perish in the Flames. Great Heroism
Displayed by the Sisters of Charity
One Man Sacrificed His Life
And Two Others Fatally
Burned in Rescuing.
? dlspa'ch from Montreal, Canada,
says the ?ltble village of St. Gene
vieve is ia mourning over the loos of
14 lives in a tire which destroyed the
Convent of St. Anne there early Fri
day. One nun, nine children ranging
in ages from 10 to 18 years, and four
old women perished in the flames.
Two nuns were so severely burned
that it is feared they will die.
In their grief over the catastrophe
the villagers find some comfort in re
lating the heroism displayed by Sister fra
ilarle Adjiteur, who gave up hejtf *
and Sisters Marie Therese and f\
Robertine, who were perhaps fifi_
bumed in their efforts to save the " "'"
?Ives of their children and helpless old
women lu their charge.
Oue of the first to reach the con
vent after the alarm was souaded was
Alphonse Garaud, who lives opposite
the convent grounds. He had two
daughter.} In the Institution and his
?rst thought was naturally for their
safety. Stcuring a ladder he raised
lt at one end of the building at a
window rf the dormitory where he
knew one of his children slept.
When he smashed in the window a
.treat volume of smoke poured out.
He rescued one girl and a minute later
a second gill jumped from the adjoin
mg winaow. Urged by Sister Mule
Adjuteur, he ascended the ladder
again and called out, but received no
response. In another moment flames
?ere pouring out of the window and
lie was c mp lied to retreat.
Ttj? build ng waa a grey stone struc
ture, hundi?me in appear ince massive
in character and with the church it
formed a central feature of the pretty
llttie village. Sfc.-O'.Miuvieve Isa vi!!&!-;s
ana- pariah ol
on Riviere des Prairies. It is titree
miles from Beaconsfield and five miles
from Pointe Claire.
Jr n i- at Yo oder 1)11 c.
At Nashville, Tenn., the main
building of Vanderbilt University
was gutted by tire Tnurt-day. The
tire originated in the sec nd story of
the ba ht: i : g from a defective flue. A
nigh wind was blowing and in a few
minuses the structure was a mass of
tUmes. A general alarm was turned
tn and every er glue In the city re
sponded. On account of inadequate
.vater supply the fi re m n experienced
much difficulty in righting the fire.
The loss is placed at 8200,000, with
3115,000 insurance on building and
.unddungs. The operation of the
university will not be interfered with.
Lots or Whiskey.
There must bs a great demand for
whiskey in the dry town of Gaffney.
Plie Spartanburg Journal of Wednes
day, says .:. large quantity of whiskey
in jugs, ke^s, etc., consigned to parties
in Gaffney was put off train No. 39 at
the Southern depot Wednesday morn
ing to be sent back to^Gaffney on the
next north bound train. The express
cir, it is said, contained such a large
quantity of whiskey in jugs that the
express messenger did not have time
to put off all of the jugs of liquor and
.vas forced to bring much of the Btuff
to Spartanburg and send lt baok on
the next train for Gaffney.
Soon; CaUOil Jobs.
Announcement has been made by
the navy department that 29 vacan
cies now exist in the grade of assist
ant paymaster of tho navy. This is
the only grade of the pay corps to
which appointments aro made from
civil life. The examination of candi
dates for these positions has been set
for June 12, at the navy yard in Wash
ington and at Mitre Island, California,
and in tim selection lt ls the first time
when no political influence will have
ticen necessary. The examinations are
open to all cltlz ;ns who are able to
bo present satisfactory letters from re
putable business concerns. Further in
I formation can be obtained from the
I paymaster general of the navy.
Knited by UAH.
At New York four persons were
killel by illuminating gas Thursday
in a tonally house in the upper East
Side. They were Marry Roger?, 75
years old; Hehn Clark, 12; Kite Clark,
lt); and Elizabeth Clark, 7. Their
o ?dles were found by the father of the
three children, Samuel Clark, a truok
driver, who with lils wife and young
on, occupied an adjjlnlng room.
VVnen Clark awoke ho smelled gasend
traced lt to the next room, where he
found his three children and tho wo
man, a friend of the family, dead.
Hie gas had i scaped from a defective
Arrested for Arson.
The Columbia R.cord says a war
rant has b.:en .sworn out for tne arrest
?of J. E. Boyer, a merchant of Brook
land, ch uging him witn being respon
sible for the tire willoh burned that
suburb of Columbia last month. It
will be remembered that this Aro de
stroyed practically the whole village
and indicted a heavy lass on the Co
lumbia Mids company and the resi
dent owners of that town. Since that
timo an investigation was ordered by
thc ouptroller general as required by
law, and Mr. Henry W. Holljway, of
Colu-nbla, was employed to look into
tho matter. Testimony was taken from
sevj a', witnesses tu tho village, and
after s'imo correspondence with Soli
citor Tlmncerman it was decided to