Newspaper Page Text
"DO THOU, GREAT LIBERTY, INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAKE OUR LIVES IN THY POSSESSION HAPPY FOR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS INJTHY OAUSEi"
BENNETTS VILLE, S. C., FRLDiAY. MAY 5, 1905.
Meet in Annual Convention in
the City of Columbia.
Distinguished Visitors from ail Parts of
thc Country Attended the Aleeling.
Gov. Heyward Delivered Ad
dress of Welcome. President
Ogden Given an Ovation.
The Conference fur Education in
the South met In the Columbia Thea
tre Wednesday night, abd the place
was crowded wltu distinguished visi
tors from tlte north and fro ja various
other parts of ti e country. The ad
die?8 of welocme was delivered by
Governor Hejwaid, whose gtaceful
words and graceful manner cuarmea
all of his hearers Thc usual annual
addrehs was delivered hy P.esh ont
Robert 0. Ogden, wno was given the
closest attention. Tue urat?r of the
evening was Dr. George S. D.nuy,
presloeut of Washington and Lee
University, who spoke with earnest
ness on '*A i^outheru li.ierptetatioti
of the Conference for Edueatiuti,"
and whose remarks weie received
with many manifestations of appro
The Conference was called to order
by Mr. E S. Dreher, superintendent
of the Columbia scnools ar.d chai mian
of the local arrangements comodtteti.
He Introduced Governor Hey ward,
who delivered the ado re-sot welcume.
Mr. Ogcen was given au ovation
when became forwurd on the. platfoim
to the speaker'.-> stand in front of some
fifty leaalug tducaters seated on the
theatre stage, In the form of a half
moon. Mr. Ogden digressed very
little from his pubhshtd speeches, hui
in the instar da m whieu lie cid step
cutslce his set speech he was grac-.lui
and easy auel ready and ip.niaocous.
He was trtquentiy interrupted wub
applause, part icularly at his mention
of the names of J. L. M. Curry ai.u
secretary Edgar G&iduer -Murphy
and United fatates CernuiissKner Har
Mr. Denny was also well received.
His earutht and eloquent defence of
the movement ana tue actualit y mo
tives of those making uo the various
boards was heartily applauded.
After the exercises m the theatre
the visitors were given a recopticn in
the hail of the house of representa
tives, the co J tur? i ce being invitee
hereby the Ooltm?ia o .umber of
..commerce, the legis.ature and the
governor. The ha 1 was beautiiu:l>
decorated by Columbia ladies With
palms, ceder and the like, and thore
was a delightful numgiiug ot the rep
reseutatlves of the two sections of tue
The special tialn bearii g the party
Df distlt.gulbhed ? ducat ors arrived-in
the city over the Seaboar ! several
hours late. The cause of tho delay
was cong-sted tratlic on tue Pennsyi
vania read and ail the way down fron,
Richmond time was made up. The '
special was mot at tue North Carolina
ilue by a party of Ucl imbiaos, includ
ing State Superintendent of Educa
tion O. B. Mai tin, Mayor T. II
Gibbs, City Supeilutendeuii E. S. Dr-j
her, Commissioner of Immigration E
J. Watson, Mr. W. E G -i Zilts, ed i toi
of The State; Mr. .J. Mt Manari, M>
T. S. Bryan, i'iof. G. A. Wauchope
and Pr?f. Pattersun Wardlaw.
Tue party NHS met at tue d< pit b\
the local memb .rsof the r. oepticn
committee; ana w.-.s ca-ried at once t>
the homes. Mr. Oi3o*iii and bis part]
were taken to Wright's hotel. Tims,
in the family party weie:
Mr. Roberto. Ogden, It M. Ogden,
J. E. Onamcerliu, ll. P. Wango, Ur.
Wallace KuutericK, Mr. aod Mrs. F.CJ
T. Gates, Dr. J. nes E Russell, all ol
New York; John Wilbur, of Haiti
more; Mrs. C. W. Me, ot Brooklyn.
The lest of the party with their
resideuc :s are a foll >w>:
Mrs. Robert Aube, New York, N.
Y., Mrs. W. C. W ig.it.
Mr. and Mr.-, Ernest Hamlin Ab
bott, New York; Mrs. Joi.n T. "-1 ian.
Rsv. and Mrs. W. C. bitting. Now
York; Howard Caldwell.
Mr. ar.d Mrs. riicpi.en H.ker, N.w
York, N. Y.; Howard Caldwell.
Mr. J din Graham Brooks, Cam
bridge, Mas .; Dr. .1. W. Bi ie oe K.
Rev. and Mis. J. N. Blanchard,
Boston, Mass.; Judge A. C. Hask ll.
Mr. ano Mr-. II. Bishop, New
York, N. V.; Mr,. V\ . V Witsch.
Rsv. ana Mrs. S. N. Grottier, Cam
, bridge, Mass.; O lumbla hotel.
Miss Natalie C otis, New York, N.
Y.; Mrs. W. C. Wright.
Mr. Edward ll Clement. Boston,
Mass.; Dr. lt. A. Lancast r.
Dr. Julius lo. Drehor, Washington,
D. C.; Mrs. K. H. Walch.
Mrs. L. R. Dashiell, Richmond,
Va., Mrs. It. W. Ci: !.. s.
Dr. ElwardT. Devine, New York
N. Y.; Mr. W H. fowriv nd.
Dr. und Mrs. A. S. Draper, Albany,
N. Y.; Mrs. li. C. HuOglns.
Mr. John Emlln, New Yolk, N. Y :
Dr. J. Wm. F i n.
Dr. Roheit Frisen Washington, D.
C.; Colum .ia lintel.^
Mr. A. S. F lss. H, New V rk, N.
Y.; Mrs. A. C. Mob.e.
Rev. ?ind Mr.. II. B. Prlssell, Dr.
A. C. Oiborne.
R.v. and Mrs.-Paul R. Kr .t hing
ham, Boston, Mats ; Mrs. Gultat Syl
Mr. ar.d Mrs. Anderson Fowler, New
York, N. V ; Mrs. W. L. Ai tour
Mr. ano M.s. Henry W. Earn am,
New Haven, Cnn.; M s. E. W. ll ?b
Mis James W. II ziel ors', New
York, N V.; Wrlgh s t?o el.
Miss M. W. Hunlin ton, Now York,
N. Y.: Jurigti A. C. li isrie.l.
Mrs. Arehibild ll ipklns, Washing
ton, I). C ; Columbia hotel.
Mrs. Caa*. B II wi b, Brooklyn,
N. Y.; Miss E. E. M Clint ok.
Ml s II ?wi! t, Brooklyn, N. V.; Miss
E. E. Mcclintock.
Mr. W. H. ih< k, Nev York, N.
Y.; Mr. E. il. Taylor.
RJV. and Mrs. A. B. Kiasolvlng
Brookln, N. Y.; Mrs. J. A. Mectzo.
Mr. Dwight Kellogg, New York, N.
Y,; Mrs. C. L. Baker.
lion, and Mrs. Seth Low, Ne*
York, N. Y.; Maj. BonJ. Sloan.
Mr. and Mrs. Hammond Lamont,
New York, N. Y ; Mrs. AuguBt Kohn.
Miss Morris, Philadelphia, Pa. ; Co
MM. B. B. Munford, Richmond,
Va ; Mrs. R. W. Gibbes.
Miss Ellen Mason, Boston Mass.;
Mrs. A. G. Morris.
Miss lia Mason, Boston, Mass.;
Mrs. A. G. Morris.
Mr. and Mrs. V. E. Macy, New
York, N. Y ; Mrs. J. M. VanMetre.
Dr. and Mrs. E. K. Mitchell, Hart
ford, Conn.; Mn. D. W. Robinson.
Mr?. A. J. Montague, Richmond
Va ; M ra. A H. Jeter. ?
Dr. and Mrs. S. C. Mitchell, Rich
mond, Va.; Mrs. J. A. Willis.
Mr. and Mrs. W. U. Moody, East
Northfield, Mass.; Dr. B. W. Taylor.
M ss L. P. M-Coy, New York, N.
Y. ; Wright's hotel.
Dr. and Mrs St. Claire McKelway,
Brooklyn, N. Y.; Mrs. S. L. Miller.
Rev. W. N. McVicker, Provldenco,
R. I ; Wright's hotel.
Miss Nott, Washington, D. C.; Co
Mr. Geo. F. Peabody, New York,
N. Y.-r Mrs G. Li Baker.
Mrs. R T. Paine, Boston, Mass.;
Mis. R. W. Shand.
Rev. Geo. L. Paine, Dorchester,
Mass ; Mrs. R. W. Shand. |
Dr. L. S Rowe, Philadelphia, Pa ;
MTS. A. G. Morris.
M ?ss Lydia Redmond, New York, |
N Y ; Judge A. C. Haskell. ?
Mrs. John R. Saunders. Riohmond, |
Va.; Mrs. A. H. Jeter.
M s. Geo. F. Seward, New York, |
N Y.; Wright's hotel. j
M'ss Anna L. Seward, New York, j
N. Y.; Wright's hotel. !
Mr. and Mrs. Henry L. Schmeltz, ]
Hampton, Va.; Columbia, hotel. 1
Mr. and Mrs. J. G. Thorp, Cam- i
bridge, Ma-s. ; Mrs. F. H. Weston. 1
Miss Mary Lamar Turpin, Philadel
phia, Pa ; E! M. Brayton.
Mr. Willie D. Wood, New York, N.
Y ; Mrs. John J. Selhels.
Mr. James Wood New York, N. Y.;
Mr. E. B. Taylor. '
Miss Wcod, New York, N. Y.; Co 1
Mr. and Mrs.. Howard O. Wood, f
New Yo-k, N. Y. ; Mrs. S. L. Miller. 1
Mrs. Wt.llam Potter Wilson, Phila- (
lelphia, Pi.; E. M. Brayton. .
RU--HING WORK ON CANAL.
Bight Thousand Mon Now Employed ;
on the BI?- Dltoh. j
Speaking of the actual physical ;
york of building the Panama canal, i
Mr. John F. Wallace, chief engineer c
"f the Panama commission, hald l
Wednesday at Cl i:ago that an or- i
ganlzation bad already been formed \
I'mbodylng a total of 8,000 men. O
lois numher practically fi,OOO men are
; g.-.god in equipment and construe f
tioo work, and 2,000 men are engaged
in policing the c mal zene and in saul
tary work, and in cleaning up the ?
isthmus. This organization will be
rapidly increased, and has been in
creasing at the rate from 800 to 1,000 ?
men a month.
Of the total number of men em
ploy cl about 10 per cent, are high L(
men from thc United Stat s and tue j
rest ar.: mechanics, artisans aud labor t
rs that have been brought fr?.?m the c
nearby South American and Central t
American coasts, and from the West j.
lud?an islands. There ls a demand L
for men expert in the mechanical J
r..des; for instance, steam shovel t
men, draughtsmen, railway track .
foresten, eng'nemen, carpenters, t
?killed in he tvv timber work and in j
the construe i >n of dre ?gos and
Ln addition to thc repair of the
reside; ces ?b ut ii,400 that were con
struct d by the -French, eight three
story hotels are 'e ng constructed at
various centers of population, tuc pur- ?j
pose being the accommodation, princi *T
p;t!ly of the unmarried American men J
eng.-.ged in the work. Two of the *
hotels are completed. Materiil has 1
bean ordered and arrangements made "
for thc remaining six. The h .t ls are J
provided with bath rooms and all '
modern nece-isary hotel appliances *j
Up to date seven American steam f
shovels have been installed, and ten ?
more arc on the isthmus in course of c
ereetion, or are on tho way there, and r
24 additional shovelers have been
asked for from thc commission.
Shou'd ic be decided to change the
cinal to sea level Mr. Wallace said lt
had been estimate! that 14 miles of
summit cut will he necessary, and
that this would ri quire 100 steam
shovels, ab ut 300 engines and train
crews and 15 OOO damp cars. The
service would necessitite four double
track railways for lhn. removal of ma
terial, which would have to be hauled
15 miles on an average. Approximate
ly :h">0 mik s nf construction track will
bashed to Death.
Ten miners were Instantly crushed
to deatli Wednesday and terribly
mangltd at the Conyngham minc of
the delaware and Hudson Company
In the northern narr, of Wilkesbarre,
Pa; Tile men were being lowered into
thc mine and when ?150 from the sur
face a rope broke and the cage fell
.our hundred feet to the bottom of
the shaft. A rescuing party found
be bodies of the men at the bottom
beneath a mass os debris.
At Columbia, Friday morning,
vvhne at work in Tue State's pre s
room where a now press ls going up,
James Pearson, a negro laborer, wa3
decapitated iu a strange and very sud
iden manner. A heavy chain, hung
over a piccd pf running shafting,
caught in a set screw above, and in
bis clothing below and by the time his
bo.ly was even with tho shafting tue
chain was about his neck. B. f ire
any one could start to throw the meter
s viLcii his head was torn olT and tossed
oin; way and ills body thrown the
I*, cunar Aooltlxiit.
At Charleston a vero'ct of acciden
tal death was rendered by the coro
ner's jury in the case of Rubin John
son, who wis killed at tue Standard
Fertilizer works. A larg.? cake of fer
tilizer fell upon the man's back a few
days ago, injuring his spine, which
finally caused lils death. Tue cake
weighed about 300 pounds.
And Stole One and a Half Mil.
lion Dollars from
A MILWAUKEE BANK,
Of Which He Was President, is the Un
enviable Record Made by Frank
Q. Begilow, a Society Lead*
er and Financier of
the Middle West.
Toe greatest sensation in banking
circles In decades followod the an
nouncement late Monday afternoon
of last week of the arrest of President
Frank G. B'gelow of the First Na
tional Bauk of Milwaukee, and until
last Fall president cf thc American
Bankers' Association, charged with
having defaulted with $1,500,000 of
the funds of his batik. His entire for
tune and a large part of the bank
funds bad been lost in the collapse ot
the Oates wheat pool. Overnight hb
iia& been plunged from the highest po
ii tl' n attainable in the esteem of his
Fellow-hankers, who had honored him
with leadership In their national or
ganization, to th*> deepest degradation,
involving iinprb.onmet, lo s of the
?reat wealth he had amassed, and the '
?nanclal and ttooial ruin of bli fami
ly. Until his fall he and his family
bad held a leading placo, not only in
the rrost exclusive circles of Milwau
kee, but throughout thc Middle West. 1
Mr. Bigelow was noted for his high |
regatd for the business maxims of ,
Benjamin Franklin, and bince his ,
iownfall financiers In that city have |
pointed cut that ene of his favorite |
mutations from Franklin was the (
tame as that which adorned tho let- j
:er-heads of the notorious 520 per \
?eut Franklin Syndicale:
"Tue way to wealth is as plain as |
ihe road to market." ,
His ruin is complete and hopeless. ,
ile has returned 8300,000, all thc \
noney In. his pos-e.-sion, but the ?
tmount of the defalcation ls still ,
tbove 81,200,000, with no prospect \
itiat thia amount can he lessened In t
my way. Tho directors of the bank
?ave pledged themselves to fortify the
;ri;fiitof the Institution with Si,?35,
100, replach g the stolen funds, but. 1
,his act ion was not su ttl ?lent to pre- c
rent a run on the bink, i
SON'S FUTURE HLASTED.
The disgrace i f the banker has af- J
Coted his son Gonion Bigelow, who r
vas forced to retire from the broker- j
.ge firm of Tracy & Company, with
iftlocs In Chicago and Nvw York. Th;
llssolution of the partnership was an
touueed within un hour after the de
alcatlon of the. elder Bigelow wa
earned. Mr. Bigelow was arrested '
donday afternoon In Milwaukee, and
he arrest is momentarily expected of !
Ieury G. G?ll, assistant cashlc r of 5
,he bank, who has been removed,
barged with having been a party to '
he falsillcatlon of the bo ks of the t
?auk. A warrant has ut.eii issued for
tis arrest, based upon a complaint
Irawn by United Starrs Dlstrict-At
ortiey Butterfield charging him, with
Hgelow, with the einb zzlement of
be iiank's funds in an am uni ea caed ,
ng $100,00'.), but he has lied, leaving jj
to trace. Subpoenas lias al io been is
ued for four ot t'ie hana's directors.
CHICAGO SENDS AID.
At 1 o'ca-cx in tue af toi 110311 a mil
ion and a half dollars had been sent
o the Milwaukee institution by the 1
;anks of Chicago, and at t hat hour :
0 II. Hamid, of the Corn Fx marge c
?rational Bank; James D. F.igiu, of \
he First National Bank of Cuicago, I
.nd Orson Smith, of the Merchants' ?
joan & Trust Company Bank, all lead- r
ng financiers of Otiicago, wero In con- ;
ultatlon with the directors of the t
Tirst National of Milwaukee. They s
igreod to render every ail possible in i
?becking a panioamong the depositors, r
ind hope to restore perfect contidence. i
The effect of the announcement of t
'resident Bigelow's d?falcation could t
lot be minimized, however, and a run I
?egan oa the bank, which s ion be- 1
:atnc threatening. At 3 o'clock, when j
,he hank's doors closed, more than two I
ihousand persons had leathered in tue 1
?treels walling to withdraw their de 1
ONE MILLION DltAWN Ot!T. '
By that time more than a million 1
lollara had been paid out. One of toe
ir.st callers was a business man who
presented a check for $100 OOO, repre- |
tenting lils entire account. He was
rollo wed by the City Treasurer, who
Jrew out 83110,000 of city funds, and
withdrawals in sun.s from $1,000 to
?10.0U0 quickly followed. The Cham
Der of Commerce was one of the lir.it
concerns to withdraw Its funds. By
bhree o'clock there was a line in front
jf the bank extending fur several
Many business men showid their
confidence In tho bank by miking de
posits while the run was < n, however,
ir d while no payments could ba made
ifier closing ut ms, deposits equld be
received, and In onLr to ta. e advan
tage of this unique condition, a hole
was cut through ttie Wisconsin street
front and deposits were received in
that way, after the doors of th hank
had been closed, until a late hour Mon
day evening. A thal of twenty police
men handled thu crowd.
BIGELOW FOUND AT Ills HOME.
Mr.^Blgolow was found i ii bis library
with bis wife when the Federal M ir^
shal called to serve the i.arrant tipo-.i
him. ' I'll be r- ad y t ? no with you at
once," ho said, and af ter kissing his
wife and Lidding her an air.ict'.onable
farewell left, with the i 111 ter. Mr. Big
elow was taken before United Status
Commissioner Bloodgood and ball fix
ed at v25,O0O, which had not been fur
nished at a late hour. He his broken
down completely and was a nervous
wreck when he was arraigned. UP. had
passed through a frig itful ordeal. It
ls now learned that his confession t f
his embi.zzlemcnt was ma ie at a spec
lal meeting of thc directora called Sa.,
urday evening and which lasted thirty
six hours, being prolonged through
the night and all day Sunday.
CONFESSED TO HIS KUIN.
Mr. Blglow was shaken and so
nervous wt en he rose to address the
directors on Saturday evening that he
could not command his voice for sev
eral minutes, and graduaPy, through
tho members of the directory, spread
a feeling of fear and aprrehenslon as
they noted his ashen pallor and trem
bling limbs. Before he spoke they
knew that a crushing blow was about
to fall upon the Institution.
"Gentlemen," he said at last, "I
have a painful statement to make
the confession that I have misdirected
the funds cr this bank and that an
examination of the books? and a com
parison of the figures, will show that
I am indebted to this institution for
moro than 81,450,00. The money has
been lost in wheat and stocks. Not
a penny of this can be recovered,
and I have to offer toward compensat
ing the bank are personal securities
valued at 8300,000."
This confession came upon the
directors Uko a thunderbolt. They
had apprehended some vague misfor
tune, but the announcement that the
bank's funds had been drawn upon to
th# extent admitted by President
Bigelow, was of a character almost be
yond comprehension. It was later
learned that the total amount would
reach a round million and a half, and
from that time on the board of direc
tors devoted themselves to the gigan
tic task of attempting to deal with
the condition confronting them.
INSISTED ON rUNISUMENT.
After thirty-six hours of delibera
tion they had reached but one con
clusion, and that the necessity for
pledging Individual amounts which
would more than cover the defalca
tion. One of the suggestions made
was that the interests of the bank be
protected by yermlttlug the president
to resign and go to Europe, while the
JI rectors made good the amount of
the embezzlement, but this proposal
met the sturdy opposition of other
II rectors who Insisted upon tho pun
shment of the defaulter. The above
s a sad story. If lt involved the
juilty party alone it would not be so
lad, but lt involves innocent men and
?omen, the family of tho defaulter.
The way of the trancgressor is indeed
lard. B'gelow went to bed one night
.espected and woke up next morning
with the pmspeot of years to be spent
n prison, and with that knowledge
;hat.his family will be left penniless
when the sacrifices they contemplate
mve been made. All because he
gambled in wheat and stocks.
11 null to Si'.O Hull Fight.
The Spanish Council ot State hav
ng authorized the resump: lon of Sun
lay bull Ugh ring, on the ground that
t ls an art, and that tire matadors,
ioreadors, etc., are artists, the natlon
il sport was everywhere resumed Sun
iay with extraordinary ^eothuslssm. z
The occasion was celebrated at Mad
Id with a corrida, In which six bulls
vere announced to be killed by Loja
ita and Mazzantlnito. There was
tn enormous demand for tickets,
which finally reached incredible
irlces. Mai y poor perdons sold their
tlothes and furniture to obtain the
irlce of admission. Tweuty thousand
i; opie crowded the bull ring, and
?0,000, who were unable to enter,
teiod outside to listen to the shout*
md bsllowlngs. The cuutests lasted
wo and one half hours. Six bulls and
deven horses were killed. Mazzanti
llto, who hitherto had been merely a
l'jvillero, acquitted himself with
doh skill that he was proclaimed a
natacior by his admirers, who carried
lim on their shoulders in the arena
imid a shower of cigars, fans, and
ither tokens of approval.
Saved a lilack Ki unit.
Speeding frcm an angry mob of 400
viii! e people at Mount Vernon, Ohio,
rVcdne;;day, Deputy Sher tl James C.
3bellenba?ger, in au automobile, res
;ued George Copeland, a negro youth,
vho had been tracked home hy blooo
io linds and arrested on a charge of
issaultlrg and murdering Miss Ml
anda Bricker, a white woman, aged
>5 years. As sxm as word got oui
,hat thc negro had been placed In jail
i moo quickly gathered. Tue cower
ng and frightened negro was dis
ruised by a big overcoat and placed
n the bottom of an automobile. One
if the sherill's deputies jumped in
ind a record run was made to Canter
jurg, 12 miles away. There Cope
ard was placed lu jail under heavi
,'uard, awaiting the arrival of a train
or Columbus. Deputy Sheriff Gra
?am arrived In Columbus with Cope
and and the negro was taken to tht
.ounty jill. Graham says that Cope
and would have been lynched had ht!
aot gotten him out of town.
A Family Drowned.
Elward Axs n, his wife and little
?on were drowned in the Edawah
Uiver, near Canton, Gi., on Wedn-s
1 ly. Mr Axson was taking his wlfi
iud child for a drive, when the hors'
became unruly. Ile reared for som?
time and then ran away. The horsi
ture through the country at breakneck
J paed, Mrs Axs n and her child
screaming wildly, and Mr. Axson try
ing his utmi st lo slack the speed o
the runaway animal. As the horse
reached the bridge tbat spans the
Etawub river, lt darted to one side
then j imped straight Into the stream
,vnd before assistance could be secured
toe whole family w s drowned. Tr
bodies were dredged out of the stream
Mr. Axson is a grandson of R;iv. D;
Ax-ion of Savannah. Mr Axs m
formerly fron Bos'on. The ilttl boy
vhc was drowned was tho only oui
of the couple.
iii jim Spoke.
At Jacksonville, Fla., Memorial
Dav was obs rved YVedmsday by a pa
ratio of the Confab r.tc Veterans
Sous of Veterans, local mill arv, po
lice and sebo 1 cbll lr- n. The Cen
f derate monument in Hemming Park
and th . gr ;ves In the eeim tories wc
decorated willi Howers. The parad
formed in front of tho city hall and
ma:che i to thc city cemetery, whe
an el qent address was delivered by
W. J. Brian._
Burned 150 Alon tn Death.
The Br.tish steamer Yen Wo was
totally d.stroyed by lire at Tunohon
Wedneday night, lt ls fearc i
150 Chinese who wore aboard tho
lust their livu in tho flames.
Prominent Men Charged With
thc Killing of Morrison.
Many Prominent Citizens of the Town
of Kershaw and of Lancaster
Charged With the Lynching
of Morrison at Kershaw
? special dispatch from Lancaster
bo Th| State says greatly to the sur
prise vf all this section several arrests
have been made in the case of the
lynching which occured at Kershaw,
Lhl3 county, last Ootober. The men
arrested are the most prominent and
nfluential men of Lancaster county.
John T. Stevens, manager of the
Kershaw Merobantile & Banking Co.
Stewart W. Heath, president and
nanager of the Heath Supply com
S. W. Weloh, also with the neath
supply company and son of the mayor
Frank Hough, a beer dispenser and
nemcer of a prominent family.
vTho arrests of the above were made
n Chester, where the men had gone
Warrants are also out for the fol
owlng cliizens of Kershaw: S. L.
Jardner, Jr., Burwell Truesdale,
lenry J. Gardner, John Holden, Wm.
Croxton, Sr., W. E. Belk, Tom Jones,
. W. Austin, and others. It ls un
lerstood that there are 40 warrants
n all,, 16 of the men accused living in
be town of Kershaw and the others
n the country. Two other white
non and a negro are already in Jail on
his oharge. Tbe warrants chirg?
he parties with complicity in the
niching of Morrison at Kershaw in
Tho warrants were sworn out be
ore Magistrate W. P. Caskey several
ays ago by H. B. Howie, a Bpeclal
elective. The four men named
bovo had no notice of the intended
rrest, it ls stated, and had gone to
theater on persoual business wben the
farrants were served. All the par
ies against whom warrants have been
aken out will be on hand at the pre
minvx whloh will be held by Magis
rate Oa'skey Friday morning at this 100
lace Io is understood that the elsi-1 D5
f- * M e t<nvr--Kr^hzrri will HUK
%nu -^umitas and charter a ope?la,
rain and take all who wish to go free
D Lancaster to attend the hearing,
'hore is great confidence among the
eople of Kershaw that the oharges
dil amount to nothing and that tbe
ttlzens will soon be at liberty, al
though it is intimated in some quar
urs that one of the number has tam
il State's evidence. The case has been
rorked up by Detective Howie and
7. H. Newbold of Chester. There
re a large number of atlldavits upon
rhich the arrests were made.
-THE LYNCHING OF MO1UUS0N.
John T. Morrison was lynched on
be night of October 2nd, 1904, in
lancaster county, near the Kershaw
ounty line, four hours af .er be had
tiled Will Floyed, another white
ian. Floyd was Morrison's fourth
ictim. Morrison met Fioyd on the
fternoonof the killing and asked him
Dr the loan of 10 cents. Floyd told
lm he did not have any change,
thereupon Morrlsou shot him twice,
ne shot taking ell'oct in the right
Ide of Floyd's back and tho other
triking his arm, breaking it. Morrl
an is said to have told Jim Robinson
bat he intended to kill Fioyd and
his statement was corroborated later
y Morrison, who said before being
anged that he did not want or need
he 10 cents, but asked for it from an
nemy in order to raise a fuss with
'loyd, whom he had for three or four
eats intended to kill on an old
Tho governor used every possible
aoans to prevent Morrison from being
ynohed, sending Sheriff Uuuter and
eputies from Lancaster tc Kurshaw
n a special train, and another special
rom Camden bearing a company of
.tate militia, was also ordered to th
cene but to no avail. The sherill
van too late. Just as his train rolled
nto the town, tho mob, which han
lathered about the guard house, took
the prisoner therefrom and dispatched
dm to the woods, where he was
l rung up with buggy traces and shoi
The murdered man was the ion ol
iJbort S. Floyd, a suostantlal citizen
iving near Kershaw. Ile was marri?.o
md a farmer and was said tu be au
xcepticnilly tine young fellow, high
y thought of. So great wa? Min in
lignation over the murder of iTloyei
.nat no lot in Kershaw could bi
)ought to bury Morrlsjn and his ho y
vas interred in the pauper's plot.
THE CASU DISMISSED.
The eas :s ag .lust defendants arrost
:d in connection wltu the Kershaw
ynohing wen; dismissed b, Maglsira e
J isky at Lancaster on Friday. The
i ilicitor afterward* wlthdrcsv the pros
jcuth n of all others for whom war
ants had been issued. Thc motion of
,iic solicitor for ttie continuance of
S ic preliminary to next Wednesday o.
ihe ground that he was not ready wa
ir t argued and refused Ne //bold and
?lowie, detectives, wereo&llcd, tmteli?
ot appear. The d fendants attonn.\s
hen made a motion to dismiss, foi
?ni runs II, Urst, that the state f ii ;
io produce any testimony whatever;
tecond becuise the warrants on which
ne defendants were arrested wen
?.vorn cut ; ofore the magistrate ano
dgne I by him while beyond his Juris
diction in Chesterco int.?. Thc motion
?rasgranted. E. D. Blakcuey, Williams
ic Williams, and C. D. Jones repro
jenttd tile defendants. Ev^r/thin*.
vas quiet and orderly, there being no
lemonstrat oa whatovnr. The coun
louse was crowded, there hiing not
aven standing "room at the door and
in tho aisle.
THE COTTON CHOP.
7inal Government Report on the Fro
duct ot Last Season.
louth Carolin? Increased Its Pro
auction Over Proceeding Year
hy Nearly 40 per Cent.
The bureau of the census has just
jsued the final report on the cotton
rop grown in 1004. Tho statistics
jr toorare accompanied by compara
ive statistics for the crops of 1900,
901, 1002 and 1903. Six preliminar}
sports were issued during the gin'
lng season of 1904-6, showing thc
uantlty of cotton ginned to specifier!
ates. The final report aggregates
he quantities included in each of thc
.rel I Hilliary statements, and com
iletes the sixth consecutive crop yeal
or which cotton reports have beer
ublfshed by the census bureau.
The crop of 1004, as returned bj
he gluners, and including linters, !G
3,584,457 bales, of 500 pounds. It
xceeds the crop of 1903 by 3,491,38(
ales, or 35.4 per ceub. Tho largest
rop produced in the United Staten
rlor to 1904 was that of 1898, which,
ccording to commercial returns,
mounted to 11,235,000 bale3 or 15.fi
er cont, less than ths crop of 1904
'he average crop for the five year
erlod ending with 1903 was 9,892,047
ales, or 25.9 per ctnt. less than the
rop of 1004.
Among the cotton producing States
exas has held the first rank for twen
j years. Its production in 1904 was
,134,077 bales. Georgia, with a pro
uction of 1,900 151 bales, was second,
aving passed Mississippi, which held
ie second rank in 1903. Mississippi
third and Alabama fourth. With
ie exception of Kansas, Arkansa-',
id Texas, all the cotton producing
tates show larger crops for 1904 than
ir any other year in which thene re
irts have been 's med. Thc States
inch show the most notable increases
impared with 10Q3 are Alabama,
eurgia, and South Carolina, tie
rgest increase being found lu Gepr
a, where the crop exceeded that of
103 hy 012,330 bales, or 48 3 percent,
he increase In Alabama is 40 5 per
nt, in South Carolina 45 7 per caut,
id in Texas 27 per cent. The larg
temp ever grown In Texai was that
1900, when the State produced
18,870 bales more than in 1904. Tnc
creasa tn the combined production
Oklahoma and Indian Territory
-er 1903 is 72 por cent.
The nun-bar of lo^al cotton welgh
s who reported to the bureau of the
nsus was 1,372. Much care has
?eu tak.'.u by tue bureau of Vie c^n
s to secure accurate average hale
sights, and the returns have been
nipan d with computations made
' Mr. Henry G. Hester, seoretary of
o New Orleans^ Cotton Exchange,
bo coinpiu d tba .. .rage', weight of
mmercial halos, marketed between
?gust 31, 1904, and March 1, 1905,
519 87 pounds, while , the average
sight of the bale exported was
6.90. The adoption of thc aver
ies compiled by Mr. Hester would of
urse result in some variation in the
tal number of hales produced.
The sea island cottnn crop of 1904
counted to 104,317 hales, equal to
,180,434 gross pounds, an Increase
er the crop of 1903 of 44 3 per?ant,
his increase is distributed b:tween
iree Stat, s which produce tnis cot
n-Fir rida, Gaorgia and Sjuth Cir
lna. The av :rage crop of sea island
tton for the five-year period ending
Ith 1?U3 wa3 34 120 844 pouud3. The
op of 1994 1s 20.7 per cant greater
tan the ?i?o-year av ?rage, and is che
rg:\st crop ever grown ia th i Onlted
are-*, the next, larges . b;ing the crop
1902, when the production reached
Thc to:al number of establ'shmeuts
hieb ginned some part of thecropof
103 was 30,337, or 92 3 per cent of the
tal numuer of gluneries reported,
ri ree Skates reported ovar 4 000 ac
ve ginneries-Georgia, Mississippi
id Texas. The total nuruber or the
;tive ginneries in the Statis men
jned was 13,480, or 44.4 per cent of
:e total, arni they ginned 50 8 per
nt of the total cotton production in
ie United States for 1904. The ce?
?s figures sho.v that tho average
imber of hales ginned hy act.vj es
.blishmcnts was 445, compared
ith 338 in 1903, and 358 In 1902.
ne cotton ginning Industry is much
ore developed west i f the Mississippi
ver than cast Of it. Texas, with
1 0 per cent of the number of c t;ou
nnerii s, ginned 23 5 p r cent of thc
?tal proiuot, while Giorgia, with
J.4 per cent of thc toial ao Jve gin
irits ginned bu;. 14.1 per CJIH,. Th
op of 1904 was ginned In 830 couu
es In sixteen States Of tnesecouo
cs 739 w. r.' canvas ed by 0(57 1 cal
(enta ot the cou>.u-. nun au, and 99 5
r cent of the total crop .f 1904 wa
nned In the territory thus canvass? d.
lnet>one counties wera canvass .';
f mail, and lu these were 1 catecl
iA active ginneries, which ginned
ut one-half of 1 per c nt of the cr ip.
tic average ( ate of ti e completion ol
ie final Cinv.iss was M ireh 10, 1905.
The six preliminary n p uts of the
uantity of colt-.n ginned, Issu d b>
io bu eau of the census during the
ast henson, cover tue quantity of out
in ginned to September l, Ojtobei
8, November 14, and D.-.cember 13,
904, and January 10, 1905 Tnt
nal report now Issued in Bulletin lt
revins tho total quantity gluneti
urln>; I r.e seas n.
A f at ir? of much interest discuss
ri in thin bUllulip ls the growth ol
o c > \on si o I 'n :u-try, luiicated in
tie iupplt m i'ntal r' port, of tho hnt II
reduct ol tho cotton iee! oil mills.
Vie unmh r <f these nulls has lu
reased from 357 in 1900 ta 715 in
9J4, an ir ero s- of 100 per cent.
Tue bulletin just issutd comprises
2 pages of text a:id tables, In ad lt
ion to w lion aro pr s h od outline
i vps of each of tb principal c ntou
roduciug Stitos up m which the crop
f 1901 la h i n h c< o tl s.
tViui'Uc.roU ?ii? av no.
At Q i n y, Mass., Albert T. Spar
o, ag? d 3d, son of Councilman Spar
o, .ol a'id Instantly killed his wife
Elizabeth, Thursday morn.ng anc
nen put a bullet through his owe
icad with fat?) re-.ult at South Quin
y. Jealousy between the couple ii
aid to have caused tho shooting.
Kow York Man Cast ia Guatemalan
Frison for Six Weeks
Describes Terrible Experience*- qt
Prisoners. Some Were Flogged
to Deatb by His Bide.
The following strange story was
told to an American and Journal re
porter by Harry Coleman, a locomo
tive engineer, of No. 3062 Park ave
nue, ot bis experience in a Guatema
lan prison, where Joseph Darling, an
attorney, is now being held for con
Coleman told how he wa9 arrested
at the point cf the bayonet for no
other reason than that he had broken
a contract; how for forty-five days be
lay in a dungeon, where be w?s the
daily wltneos of prisoners being flogg
ed to deatb; and of bow in the end he
and a comrade escaped from the coun
try after terrible hardship by cutting
the telegraph wires to prevent their
recapture by the native? constabulary
The story told by him ?3 as follows
"My only reason for telling this
story ls In the hope that something
may be done for two fellow Ameri
cans. Oae is Darling, the other a
man named Hamilton, who has al
ready been eighteen months in thr
G int?rnala prison without trial and ls
dying of consumption.
"I can prove what I say through at
least six United States Ministers wtv>
aided mc and my friend to come back
to this country after our escape.
"I w?mt to Guatemala Octob?r 3,
1902, under a two-year contiaot with
the Guatemala Central Railroad
Company. I was encaged to 'run'
between Guatemala, Mazzatanago and
"Asnear as I can remember itl
I was arrested February 25, 1004. I
bad become dissatisfied with thc
manner in which the railroad com
pany was carrying out, its part of the
agreement, and i ceded tb leave the
c mtry. I was met at the San Jo e
shipping station, 75 milts from Gua
temala, and marched back to the train
I had left a few m meuts before at
the point of the bayonet.
When I arrived In Guatemala I wa*
marched to prison aud thrown into i
a filthy cell. 1 was not given a trial,
nor informed of the charge against
cue, and every effort on my part t
communicate with Godfrey Hunter,
the'American Com ul, met with de I
rlsion. For forty-five days I remain
"The Guatemala prison la a hugf
affair, and when I was there abou;
1,200 prisoners wera in the place. 1
and a man man named I ham il ton were
the only white men; the rest wen
natives. Oar food consisted of rav
corn mashed into a pulp and beans..,
"r*ic?ej?iV ?ar.7-l???n'-n-.-.";i :. i - tv . '
death/ There are two reservoirs at
each end of the prison courtyard and
the prisoners were forced to run from
one tank .to the other, carrying
bucket of water in each hand. A
picked number of strong men stoot;
at short intervals al--cg the line ol
sa'srttat.and they.flogged the prison
era with wiApaas they ran by. Som"
times they were gtten as much as 200
lasbe*. At one time T w?w six moD
dead in thc hospital.
"I finally obtained my freedom b>
smuggling a letter to the president cf
the railroad company, telling him 1
ould finish out my contract.
"As to m as I got out, in comparr
1th a friend, who was also in thi
mploy of thc railroad, I hired pa?r
ul os and secretly left the city at 3
clock the next morning. 1 bari
taken the engine out i n one run just
as a blind.
"For eleven days we walked through
the mountainous country, cutting the
legranh wires as wo went. Af tm
untold hardship we reached the bor
der of San Salvadora, where, aftei
? Imming the river we knew we wen
lie. Toe next day we reached Aca
j? tia In each large city we came ti
we obtained aid from the American
consul and letters of itroduotion ti
ie next one. From San Saivadurt
we went to Port Limon, from theret
Kingston, Ja:uaica, in the West In
ies, and finally to Sautiago, Cuba
and navana, in which last place Cm
ul G jorge Sp'inger give us clothe:
and f. od ana t>ent us to New York.
"I hop3 somet dig may be dme fo
poor Hamilton, who was only guihi
A running over a w; mao acoideutly.'
Dies on Duty.
In a fire alarm cn the East Side
New York City, Wednesday nig> t
j^ng Battalion Chief Wieland wa
k 1 ed, and one en ! of the block ot
I Grand O cuard and Allen streets wa
iutted, causing a 1 ss estimated at
about 8200,000. Toe fire was mulei
I control and Wieland was ascending ;
lad er on the Grar.d street sice whet
lt slipped and he was plunged throug'
a pl ita glass window. Ile was removcv
[ to a hospital, where hn died;
Wherti Hi. ek (aime In.
George Blac&'s tine team of sorrels
run away Wednesday morning) say.*
an exohai g?. One ot the horses
worth 8250, was badly injured, wear,
sorry to stat.; thc Dew buggy, valiie
at 8150, w?s smashed to pieces; tia
nartie.is was broken In several places,
and lt \s to he regretted that a lin
dog belonging to Mart Simp on wau
run over and liuro by t e team. Black
was killed in thc runaway.
Arrested tor Mobb Violence,
P. H. Baldwin, a whlto man ol
Laureo-i county, has b en arrested on
tue charge of b:lt g in the party tba
molbsd and killed Abe McDaniel, Ool
o~cd, lu his house on Saturday nigot.
MoDanU l'a two daughter* swear taat
they recognized "Tilm as one of the
party. Tho negro was a quiet and
thrifty mau aud lived on his owr.
A gang of five white men were ar
rested in a car of lumber in Greenville
on Monday, charged with having rob
bod tlio residence of Mr. Touchstone
at Westminster the night before
They gave their names and placos of
residence-which was probably ficti
tious. They were well dre sod and
Intelligent, but had thc looks of north
And Man} Injured io a Railroad
Wreck at Greenville.
THE OGDEN SPECIAL
Train Wrecked by Running Into a Freight
Train in the City Limits of the City >
of Greenville. Luckily None
of the Ogden Party Were
Killed In the Wreck.
"While rounding a curve inside the
yard limits of the Southern railroad,
at Greenville, and rune lag at the es
U mated speed of 50 mil. s an hour, the
special Pullman train, bearing Robert
G. Ogden and one hundred members
of the Southern Oonference for Edu
cation, crashed into the rear end of
a freight train at 7.65 Saturday morn- " -
ing, killing four persons and injuring ?
a score of others. N me of Mr. Og
den's goes s were killed.
John McL. Cope of Orangeburg,
J. S. Haynes, colored, Pullman em
Jonn Little, colorei, Pullman em
W. W. Cummings, colored, Pullman
Dr. H. W. Farn am of Yale unlver
-ity, left arm broken, leg injured, ser
Mrs. Farnam, painful cut over left
3ye and nervju ; shock. t
Mrs. J. G. Thorp-? of Boston, face
cut on right sirle, bevjre bruises.
Dr. Julius D. Dreher of Selwood,
former president of Roanoke college,
facial wounds and legs bruised.
Mr. Robert M. Ogden, sioretary to
Mr. O^'den, H?gers on right hand
oroken; ugly wound ever right eye.
W. C., Kershaw, chief electrician,
badly injured, internal.
James Hunter, engin .er on special, leg
ind aim broken.
Baggagemaster J-. S. Downes, New
York, facial abrasions.
William Maxwell, Columbia, right
land painfully gashed.
Conductor Edward Acker, Colum
ba, facial abrasions and cuts.
J. W. McCoy, tourist agent of Penn
sylvania railway, bruises ontop and
tide ol head.
Conduotor of St. James dining oar,
contusions on head.
And the following colored employes
i" the Pullman Oar company: S. T.
5VYW. Walker, W. Mic&enfl"aiiffA.^bot
The combination, baggage and
dub car and two diners, together
vi th the locomotive and a freight oar,
vere piled into a heap and In an in
tan t Ure broke out In the cooking end
if the diners. Dr. McKelway, Prof.
Tarnam, Mrs. Farnam, Mrs.
fhorpe, Dr. Dreher and Robert M.
Jgden were eating breakfast In the
econd diner, which was torn to
ileces. Tue door collapsed and the
passw-gers were picked up from the
track ~ _
The seven sleeprrrg <*.ars behind the
liners were left lutact, bun. ?he shock
prui g many locks, imprisoning the
occupants. Seth L iw and Mrs. ?JQW.
Bishop MeYlokar and others were r?s>~
ucl when the doois were smashed
jpen with axes. The passengers in
he St James were quickly removed,
jut the three ojlored men could not
be saved. They breathed the ilamis
ind died. .
When he saw that the crash could
not b ; averted, Eaglneer Hunter, of
he Ogd< n train, applied the emer
gency brakes and jumped. Practically
Ul of the baggage, said to ba valued
it $12,000, was desi-ro,ed. Io is claim
ed that a misunderstanding of orders
ed to the accident. The northbound
passenger tra-n to New York had
>rders to take the siding at Paris, a
.vay station, four miles north of Green
ville. The ire.gut, whica was being
nade up here, was on the main line.
As a result of the wreck President
Ogden aband med his trip to other
?i iuts and the special left Saturday
oigut for the EiS'j, Prot Farnam and
Aife remaining at Greenville In a
.ospltal. Ao the coroner's Inquest Sat
?rday afternoon tue train dispatcher
estiried taat orders tu, the t n'e-ct that
tie O .cen special would arnveao 7:15
vere died in the y ard master's c iii ;o
and later that auottier order was filed
i/iat thc sp.ola! wou.d arrive at 7:65.
Yardmaster Riser testified that he
rt ceiv.d no orders whatever to that
i?eet. Tue muter is being Investi
gated and an i ir rt will be made to
rix the blame for tue wreck.
The scene in t ae morgue at the un
ertakiug establishment of Mr. J. F.
Mackey was oue which horrified news
paper men who are accustomed to see
tragedy in m?ny sickening forms.
There iay poor Cope, wuo, In turning
oo give warning to the engineer, tar
ried one moment too late and was
o.iught under the eugine. There lay
Haynes, who died smoking a ciga
rette; there lay Cummings and Little,
grewsome, fearsome sight, with their
arms uprated as if trying to grasp
something with which to raise them
selves from the horrid death whioh
slowly, relentlessly blotted out thel
Engine No. 110 was one of the best
in the Florida service, a magnificent
pit ea of machinery. After the wreck
it was a mass of ruins. The people of
Greenville opened their homes to the
passengers of the wrecked train, and
entertained them wltha generous hos
Dtieu in His Doilroom.
A largo swarm of bees belonging to
R. L. Kline of Bloomsburg, Pa., has
remained m his bedroom all winter
and not until spring is well advanced
will their quarters be removed to the
garden. Kline ls an expeit bee eul
in rist, and last fall conceived the idea
of having the swarm under his eyes
all winter. Inside bis bedroom he
built a hive, three sides of whloh are