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TWO DIVORCES i
Figure in the Life of Millard, i
Charged With Bigamy. ?
HE NOW ADMITS THIS
In Written Statements Which He Made
Concernios; His Previous Matri
monial Ventures, and Which
Are Produced at Prelim
inary by ProsccuSoo. v
The preliminary hearing, in the ces
of Kenyon V. Millard, who was ar
rested April 21 charged with bigamy
and who has been contlned in thc
Orangeburg county jail in default of
t500 ball, was heard Tnursday mim
ing by Magistrate C. P. Brunsoc, who
Issued the warrant for his arreit.
The prosacutlon was represented by
Mr. R. L. Weeks of St. George and
Hon. T. M. Raysor, while Mess??
"Wolfe & Berry and Col. Thomas 1<\
Brantley appeared for the defendant.
It had been understood that M J lard
would conduct bis own defense, u-^d
lt was learned that thc counsel for
thc defense bad been retained by
friends of Millard, who reside in an
As is usual with such cases, lt at
tracted undue notoriety and Magis
trate Brunsou's ellice was packed to
suffocation long before the lime ap
pointed for the heating. In fact, the
room was so crowded that there was
not room sullloient for those involved
in the case, and the attorLojs were
forced to ask that the room be cleared
before they would take up the case.
Miss Kenyon, who recently married
Millard, wa? the only witness for the
State, aud the occasion was very mor
tifying to her; while Millard, who was
.brought lntoyourt looking fresh and
in good spirits, snowed the tllect of
the strain before an adjournment was
In addition to Miss Kenyon's testi
mony, the State entered as evidence
three letters written hy Millard io
Miss Kenyon since his 'ucaroeraiion,
while the only evidence offered by
thc defense were one telegram ano
four loiters received from Miss Ken
yon since their hcparaliou, ai_d also a
letter from the cleik uf the curl of
Osceola, Iowa, with reference to a di
vorce granted Louisa Mtllaid in 1SS0.
This correspondence was so volumi
nous thai nu effort w..s made to rea/*
it at the time, but M;.g;-.trate Brun
son will reid it caretuily and cither
announce bis cccihit u at a laior date
or lix another time tor hearing the
arguments by attorneys for both
sides. Meanwhile Millard has been
remanded to jail pending tho magis
trate's decision in the matter.
The contention of Hie attorneys fur
the prosecution is that toe interlocu
tory divorce granted Mts. Ada Mil.ard
December 4, 1904, pn vents either
party from marrying lor one year
thereafter, while the defense holds
this to be a mere technicality, inas
much as Millard had nut obtained a
copy of the decree and was ignorant
of Its restrictions.
TUB ONLY WITNESS.
Miss Sallie E. Ken) on, whoso mar
riage to Millard has caused the trou
ble, was the only witness examined.
She was questioned by Mr. Weeks.
She testified as to her marriage lo
Mil'ard on April 10, which was per
formed at Orangeburg by the Kev. E.
M. Lightfoot. Slie met Mihard on
April ti at her home in St. Georgi?.
They were not engaged at that time.
The engagement was the result of
several'day's association. Millard did
not tell her that he hud been previous
ly married uutil after they had bs
comc engaged to be married. He
stated to her that he had a living wife
in California, from wliom he had se
cured a divorce years before, after
having lived with lier only a few
days. After his arrest he told her
more of his married life. Stated that
he had live children by his California
wife, and gave as his reasons for not
telling her of this previous to ihoir
marriage that he was afraid witness
would not marry him, He denied
that he had ever been married other
than to the California wife. Witness
has received three letters from de
fendant since he was cummitted to
jail and separated from her. These
were put In evidence.
On cross examination by Mr. Wolfe
she explained the fact, thai his letters
to lier were addressed tu '"Rebekka,"
while the letteis she had written to
him at the jail were addressed to
"Isaac." Tins was due to thc sn;f
gestion of Millard that their marriage
romance was akin to that of Isaac and
Rebekka, and those names were adopt
ed by them for their correspondence
She had been informed by Millard
before they were married that he had
been previously married in California,
but he stated that he had se en rot! a
divorce. She staled that before they
were married. Millard had written to
California to W. II. Haw, clerk of
court, Dumbolb county, Eureka, Cal.,
asking for acer tl lied copy of the de
cree of divorce <.::.'] 50 cents worth of
stamps had beni enclosed io the let
ter to cover tho charges for the copy
of decree. After the arrest of the de
fendant, a letter from Konka had
come to St. Georges, which t.he had
opened under direction from e'efen
dant. lt contained the copy of de
cree of divorce. She had read it and
forwarded it to defendant at, Orange
burg. Sev( ral letters from wit ru ss to
defendant, and a tel: gram were Iden
tified and put in evidence.
Tile following letter was also placed
Osceola, iowa, April 28, 1005,
Mr. K< ny on V. Millard,
Or?ngeburg, S. C.
Lear Slr: Your letter of April 23rd
in regard to divorce received. 'J lie
record shows adivorci was granted
Louisa Millard In 1880. A certified
copy of tho ou ree wnl lie 81.
Yours resp? ctfully,
F. M. STACY,
Clerk of Court.
THE CALIFORNIA DIVORCE.
The following is a copy of the de
cree referred to in Miss Kenyon's tes
"In the Superior Court of the County
of Humboldt, In the State of Cali
"Ada A. Millard, plaintiff, vs. K. V.
Millard, defendant, interlocutory
"Tills case having been brought on,
to be I leard Hie 1st day of December,
11)04, upon the complai t herein
taken, as confessed hy the defendant,
whose default for not answering your
?om pl ai nt has been duly entered. And l
>ald court having heard the evidence
ind testimony, and which ls sufficient
y corroborated, and af ter having duly
'/Oosldered the same, and made and 1
lied its decision and conclusions of
aw herein, from whlob it appears
that said plaintiff ought to be granted
i decree of divorce together with
other relief, -as is herein specified; 1
uow, in accordance therewith, and on
motion of counsel for said plaintiff lt
IB ordered, adjudged and decreed, and
this court, in pursuance of the Btatute
in such case made and . provided, does
order, adjudge and deoree that the c
3aid plaintiff is entitled to a decree <
dissolving the bonds of matrimony c
now and heretofore existing between ?
the said plaintiff and said defendant;" ?
Mich decree to be entered after the i
expiration of one year from the entry <
of this interlocutory judgement. It 1
is further ordered, adjudged and de- i
creed that said plaintiff be and she ls -
hereby awarded the sole care and
custody and control of K. V. Millard, I
Ed H. Millard and Paul Millard." ?
S IGNORANCE THE PLEA. 1
Trae following is an extract from a <
letter-written by the defendant to '
Miss Kenyon, bearing date Friday, 4 <
p m., April 28th. It ?is written from '
Oran.geburg by the defendant in jail, J
md: was mailed to her at St. George:
*'l have heard nothing from the 1
court house Thursday, but I under- 1
stand that thc prosecution is going to '
try and convict me as a criminal on
the ground that the divorce which was I
..'anted my former wife in California )
lasiV <->*: December would not permit t
mo\o be married to anybody else for '
one year: That is, until next 4th or 1
f>th of December (seven months in the 1
future). I think they are wrong. I 1
thluk that 1 could be married In any j
State outside of California just when ?
I please, after the divorce is granted. ?
If 1 made a mistake that could -easily *
be rectified by my walting until De- *
:ember 4th or 5th and then securing 1
i license in Georgia and being married *
there according to the laws of Geor- I
jia. 1 did not understand all the lit- a
ile technicalities of marriage or divorce
aws in any State. I huew nothing at t
ill about the laws of South Carolina, c
Xever heard one thing about them be B
ore 1 came down here. All the States t
lave different laws and what is law c
?erc ls not law in Georgia." c
He goes on to justify himself in f
Harrying Miss Kenyon on the ground "
.hat he did not know he was doing c
wrong. He discusses the interlocutory t
itvorce and suggests that they can t
wait until after the 4th of next De- s
.ember and be remarried and purposes t
to arrange for her support in the
HIS FIRST .MAUMAQE.
The following is a portion of a let- s
ter written by defendant, addressed to 'J
Miss Kenyon and her mother jointly, 6
fr?.m the Orangeburg jail at this place f
on the Saturday afternoon when he a
was tirst committed to jail:
"I.see by The State that Sister Mary;
in examining my letters, found ene
from my divorced wife, indicating that
she. believed that 1 had a wife some
where else. She was mistaken. When
1 was 21 years old I married a girl
in Farmington, Illinois. Hor people's
name was Cone. Her name was Louisa
Ciue. She had a brot her named Wil
liam Cone, residing there, lie kind
enough to write to Farmington, Illi
nois, and find out all about her. She
was not my wife when I married the
woman whose letter you read. (Here
ls given a statement as to his first
"1 left her and If you will write to
any of the older citizens of Farming
ton, Illinois, you will be able to Know
surely that 1 had no wife when I mar
ried the woman who lives In Califor
nia, and who was my lawful wife un
til divorced December 4th, li)04.
"I have now told you all my history.
There is no one else and nothing more,
and I have nothing to conceal from
you or any one. 1 think the Presby
terian minister married me to Miss
Louisa Cone. I got the marriage 11
ennse at Lewiston, In Fultou county.
I think you had bettor send immedi
ately and find out all about her. If
there are any questions you or your
lawyer would like to ask I will take
pleasure In answering them.
TRIED TO DO RIGHT.
"I am not a criminal. I have tried
to do right. 1 have had a strange
History, but I have never harmed nor
ittempted nor done any act to defile
nor to lead any woman to do wrong.
"I have had to endure it and it was
more than I could bear. I am sorry
;o say that many of our northern so
:iety women are not true to their hus
lands. 1 feel pretty sure that the well
?read southern lady is one whom a
iU8ban'd can trust.
"I recognize no man as my superior,
vhen it comes to purity of character.
am sorry Sister Mary suspicioned
ne of being a scoundrel. It's bad for
ll of us, and would have been far bet
ir to use more patience and not jump
o a hasty conclusion. If I have
icen too hasty or have made any mts
akes, it was of my desire to have my
Rebekkah' with me to bs my helper
nd companion in arranging my man
scsipt for publication as soon as pos
Another letter from Millard tells of
letter he wrote to the clerk of court
ut in Iowa, asking whether a divorce
ad ever boen granted to Louisa Mil
trd. lt is evidently the reply to that
itter that was written on April 2f>th
y Clerk Stacy from O.iceola, Iowa,
rhloh had been copied above, stating
hat a divorce was granted Louisa
Iillard in 1880. Several letters from
liss Kenyon to Millard were intro
uced in cvldeucc, butas they arc not
f a public character and furnish no
ew Information in regard to the
barges against him, they arc not re
In Memory of Ti m rod,
THE State is urging the Columbia
(ibcrary Association to change thc
ami of thc library to "Tho Timrod
library." With no intention of in
jrfcring in a lecal matter, we heart!
/ endorse the suggestion of The
late. It would be a graceful and
cserved compliment to the memory
f South Carolina's sweetest singer,
rho, wc confess willi shaine, was not
ppreciatcd during life as he should
ave been. No man can read the
oems and odes of the gifted Timrod
hhout, being a better man for hav
ig communed with his sweet spirit,
ii perpetuating the memory of such
man as Hery Timrod the Columbia
library Association would be per
)rming an act in keeping willi thc
ojtcts of its organization.
lOat Uoll Weevils.
Charles Howard of the entomologl
il bureau, department of agriculture
it Washington, has been notified of
ie discovery in Fall county, Tex., of
peculiar bug which ls destroying tho
oil weevil. Tho insect was found on
plantation near Waco.
?V?LL STRETCH HEMP
:he Fiend, William Johnson, Guiltj
ol Diabolical Crime.
L Slekening ami Patriotic Cnao. Tin
Vc rd ici Moots tba Approval
of tho People.
William Johnson was convicted o
if criminal assault on Geneva Howell
i. little eight-year-old white girl, in th
sourt of general sessions on Thursday
Johnson is a young mulatto abou
teventeen years of age, but well de
/eloped for his age. The fiendisl
irime was committed near Bowman i
!ew months ago. A full account of i
vas published in The Timen am
Democrat at the time.
Tbe little girl upon whom the fiend
sh assault was made, is quite hand
lome in face, and nh? told of her hor
ri ble treatment at the hands of th
mite Johnson in a calm and innocent
childish way. It wa3 pitiful to lool
j pon her, and her condition tended ti
?ause the nobler sensibilities of man
lood to feel indignant against th
lend who committed the brutal crime
The child was brought into the cour
room in the arms of her mother. Sh
was seated upon a obair in the cour
room, within the bar.
When she was called to give he
testimony, thc chair was lifted and ii
jliis way she was taken to the witnes
i tat ion. After she had testified sh
was taken back to the side of he
not lier iu the same manner. She i
lelplcss and cannot walk a step as th
result of the crime that was commltt
:d npiii her person by the diobalica
icud. Being a little child, she dh
lot realize the hellishness of the erinn
/no fiend had committed, and conse
luently she did not tell her mothe
tntil several days after the assault
vhen the serious effects began to h
nanifested. The testimony produce!
it the trial is practically as follows:
Geneva, in a frank, childish way
old tho jury all the circumstances ii
?onncction with the assault. She sab
he did not utter an outcry ab thi
ime and said nothing about it to he
?other until a few days after thi
iccurrence. She told a plain straight
orward story of the brutal way th<
iend had treated her. While she dit
tot say so, it ls very probable thai
he reason why she said nothing about
he matter she was afraid of tin
coundrel, who had treated her 8(
Hettie Unveil, the'mother of th?
hild, stated- the age of the little glr
0 bo eight years. The child wa;
?earty and could walk before this as
ault, but ls now a helpless cripple
Thc defendant had worked for then
ome time back but was not working
or her at time of assault. She live
ibout I? miles below Orangeburg
She has never been married, and ha
io other children.
ipr. W. M. Carn testified that abou
1 week after the assault he examine!
ihe child. He found Icllammatlou
Later he made a more careful exami
latiou and found the child suffcrini
'rom a loathsome disease. Could no
jell at that length of time after th
issault what force was used. Ther
was no question as to the child's sui
rering from the disease. The child ?
low suffering from chronic poisonini
from the disease. This has producei
i rheumatic condition that has ren
lered her lower limbs helpless.
Dr. D. J. Hydrlck testified that h
nad examined the defendant a fev
weeks ago, after he had been lodge;
n jail. The result of this examina
Jon proved to him beyond questioi
ihat the prisoner had a loathsome dis
:ase. He stated that this was tru
jeyond a question.
On the part of the defense Dr. J
\. Clifton was called to the stand am
ie testified that he had made un ex
iminatlon of the prisoner a few day;
if ter he was committed to jill and IK
lad reached the conclusion that hi
lld not have the disease. Ile ha3 noi
nade a microscopic examination.
The defendant was called to th?
tand and denied thc charge. II?
nade a statement of ids innocence
stated that lie was at the house ol
,he child's mother on the day stated
mt had not committed any suet
The case was given to the jury al
lalf-past one o'clock, just at the houi
et for thc dinner recess, and the jury
lad not only liad their dinners but
lad agreed upon the verdict when
ourt reconvened at :i o'clock.
The verdict found was guilty, and
s there was no recommendation foi
icrcy, the sentence carries the death
The story told by the little girl
inched all present and there are some
'ho think that any other verdict
light have had serious results.
The verdict ls regarded as a just
n.e. by those who heard the testimony,
y appointment of the judge Johnson
as defended by Mr. John S. Bow
lan. Johnson was sentenced to be
ung on Friday, June 1(5.
Bucket shops and lOxchaiiKca.
Before the Supreme Court at Wash
igton the other day Judge Crumpack
. luldly asserted that thc Board of
rade of Chicago was nothing better
ian an Institution established for the
romutkm of gambling. Ile was de
?ndlng the bucket shops In a case
lat ls now pending against them,
ad he did so by declaring that there
as no essential difference between
lem and the large Institution of the
luntry In which commodities and
icurities are dealt In on margin. He
dlculed the contention that an ac
ial delivery of grain is contemplated
hen there is a purchase or sale of
heat or corn in the pits at Chicago.
a admitted that some actual sales
ike place, hut he declared that the
sards of trade of the country could
it be maintained except for tile tran
lotions of a purely speculative nature
lat took place In them. Ile did not
;ny that bicket shops are places
here gambling pure and simple,
jes forward, but he did contend that
?eir transactions are identical with
miijority of tho^c engaged in by the
embers of the legitimate exchanges
i either instance ho contended that
ie so called business done was bet
ng, noshing moro and nothing less;
ul he could not Bee why any legal
vir splitting should ba dono about
ic matter. In commenting on the
isltion taken by Judge Crumpacker
he News and Courier says "if the
jpremo Court shall now hold with
ldge Crumpacker on this point it
ill be Interesting to watch what tho
suit will be. A legal declaration that
ir great stock operators are nothing
ore than gamblers might make it
:ceedingly awkward for some of them
ho are forced to collect their win
ngB In our courts of law. The stat
es on the subject arc pretty much
1 made for thc protection of lambs
thor than for the advantage of
7 Theodor? Prioe Give Reasons Tor
Fis Change oi Heart.
9 He Believes That Thor? Will be al
Material Reduction In the
1 Theodore Price has become a bull
* and is now endeavoring to make up
c for bis wanderings from the light by
* the distribution of bullish literature,
t For Instance, he sends out the follow
* lng letter explanatory of his change of
* "New York, April 27, J 905.
j>> "Dear Sir: For over a year 1 have
l been a persistent and consistent bear
upon the cotton market, believing as
* I did that the relatively high prices
- of 1004 and 1003 would reduce con-,
B "The comparatively low prices of
i late current have, however, reversed
f the trend of trade. The world, in my
0 opinion is about to witness a ti3mend
- ous expansion in the cotton industry
B and the prospector another large orop
* next year is exceedingly doubtful, as
t shown by my orop report, issued to
t "Under these conditions, I believe
that cotton can and should be now
r con?dently bought by all those likely
a to require it during the next twelve
e "Should prices decline still further
r on the marketing of this year's sur
s plus, purchases will, in my opinion,
e become only the more attractive.
"TUEO. II. PltlCK."
1 Accompanying the above is his
1 monthly crop report, which comprises
e a compilation of 2,243 replies of an
1 average date of April 17tb, from 1,400
r out of a total of 2,340 towns in the
> cotton belt to which the subjoined
a queries were addressed:
1 ls the crop late or early In your sec
tion, and to what extent?
i What percentage of increase or de
i creass will be shown by the cotton
1 acreage in your section?
2 What proportion of the proposed
r area has been planted up to date?
2 What perceutage of ii.crease or de
- crease will there be in cotton ferti
2 llzer used lu your section?
1 From thc replies received to these
t he obtains au average indicated acre
t o ge decrease of 14 2 per cent.
J Ile then goes on to say:
J "My previous report was Issued
March 25th aud summarized or an
i average date of March 15 th. In that
1 report the Indicated decrease in acre
? age, as estimated by my correspon
- dents, was 10.4 per cent.
"The decrease now indicated is 14 2
i per cent, which would seem to sug
j gest that as the season has progressed
s thc disposition to reduce acreage has
. become less pronounced,
s "It is noteworthy, however, that
the indicated acreage on the basis of
t the tigures as repotted ls now 1,080,
i 000 acres less than the acreage of
. 1004-03 which produced a crop of ap
- proximately 10,200,000 bales.
4 "My correspondents adhere to their
t previous report as to the reduction in
e the amount of cotton fertilizer used,'
e many of them stating that the in
- crease in the fertilizer tax tag sales
s reported by thc state authorities, is
',' due to the increased quantity of fer ti
1 lizers sold for use on the.-toba3C'? ?.J
? truck acreage, which has been largely
extended this season.
e "The most Important feature Of
v the crop report, in my opinion, how
? ever, ls the fact that the crop is re
- ported on an average twelve days later
n than the normal, while the propor
i- tion of last year was an average of
B fully twelve days earlier than the
normal, lt is plain that the growing
. crop is at lea.it three to four weeks
3 later than last year.
"A notable though unfwrseen fea
s ture was the recent heavy frost, and
2 I have separately tabulated the re
3 marks of my correspondents In refer
t ence thereto. Killing frost occurred
3 South Carolina-Aiken, Charleston,
i and Orangeburg counties. The cot
. ton reported planted in these counties
f prior to the frost averaged 00 per
, cent, much of which has to bc re
Georgia-Columbia, Hancock, Mou
j roc, Harris, Troup, Cobb, Burke,
. Screven, Washington, Coweta, and
' Dooly connties. The cotton reported
} planted In those counties prior to the
frost averaged 25 per cent. Much re
I Alabama-Marshall, Wilcox, Talla
? poosa, Lamar, Hale, Chambers, Bar
bour, Calhoun, Montgomery, Lime
stone, Dallas, Perry, Elmore, Bibb,
Bullock and Lee counties. The cot
ton reported planted In these counties
, prior to the frost averaged 50 per
cent. Much replanting necessary.
Clay. Cotton reported planted in
these counties prior to the frost aver
aged 10 per cent. Much replanting
As'far as present conditions afford
any lu itcitio i, the prospect of a
bumper crop for the season of 1905-00
is not brilliant, and in view of thc
fact that whatever the consumption
this year may be it is probable that
tho world will rr quire a crop of at
least 12,000,000 bales next year, I am
of the opinion that a policy of con
servatism on the part of spinners sug
gests the advisability of protecting
their commitments as far Into the
future as possible by purchases of cot
ton on the basis of present prices.
My reason for this opinion as de
veloped from a close study of the
situation I shall submit in a later
circular. TIIRODQKK H. Piucis.
Saluted 10 nc h Soldier With a Kiss
A touching incident occurred
during tho Easter celebration
here. After the morning service all
in the troops In the region around
headquarters were drawn up in
line before Gen. Llnevltch's tent
and the commander In chief came
out, greeted the troops and passed
down the line saluting each and eve
ry soldier with a kiss. All the men
were much moved and many of them
wept. The incident served to In
crease their boundless worship of the
old, grey leader. Gen. Llnevitch
continues energetically the reorganiz
ation of the various departments of
Killed His Sweetheart?
A dispatch from Woodbury, Ga.,
states that Oscar Stlnson shot and In
stantly killed his sweetheart, Minnie
Womble, a sixteen-year-old girl, at
her home In Woodbury Wednesday
night. After shooting thc girl, Stln
son turned the gun on himself and
shot himself. The wound did not
prove fatal, and he ls still alive. Jeal
ousy ls said to have been the motive.
BOTH Togo and Kujestvnnsky aro
entitled to large crecit for tho fact
that they have not done any prelimi
nary lighting with their mouths.
FAIL TO ACREE.
A Mistrial Entered for the Sec?
ond Time in the
NAN PATTERSON CASK
At Twenty Minutes Past Two O'clock
Thursday Momios the Jury Report*
ed that it Was Hopelessly Dis?
agreed, After which they
The jury that has been trying the
Nan Patterson case in New York for
the past ten days failed to agree and
were dlsclr.<;ged Thursday morning.
Nan Patterson is charged with the
murder of a gambler by the name of
The Jury was given the case at 1.30
o'clock Wednesday and after deliberat
ing 12 hours came into court at 1.30
3'clock Thursday morning and inform
ed Recorder Coll that they had failed (
to reach a verdict. The jury declined \
the recorder's offer to aid them by ad
vice on any point of law regarding
which they might be in doubt, and 1
were sent back to continue their delib ?
orations. At 2.20 o'clock the |ury '
again entered the court room, where
the recorder and other court olllolals |1
were In waiting, and the foreman an
nounced that they had failed to agree
on a verdict. Ile added that their dis
agreement seemed hopeless of adjust
ment. Upon this announcement Re
corder Goff formally discharged the
12 men composing the third jury that
has considered this celebrated cass. It
ls understood that a majority of the
jury was for acqultal, but in what
proportion they stood cannot be ascer
Miss Patterson collapsed on the
jury's announcement and fainted dead
away. She was assisted from the court
by one of her counsel and several court
attendants and revived iu the ante
room. On the second return of the
jury, Recorder Goff made a personal
appeal to the foreman to endeavor
again to reach a verdict. The foreman
entered the jury box andpoHed thc
jurors In opon court, but they were
not able to agree. The recorder then
asked them again If there was nor.
some point in law or something he
could do by which they might be able
to reach a verdict, but the jurors re
mained steadfast and dually declared
their verdict a disagreement. Record
er Goff, before oismissin;? the jury, |1
cautioned them not to tell how thoy
Recorder Goff in his charge to the
jury said: "You must not think that '
because of the humble position of this j
woman you should not give her the j
same consideration as if she occupied
a more exalted position in saclety. | *
Whatever her position, abe is entitled
to the same legal rights as the most j *
prominent and most conspicuous. It
!<there be a reasonable doubt in this ?
lease on the evidence, this doubt must 1
I be thrown into the balance for the 1
defendant. A danger Hes in the re
marks of counsel which might take
your mind off the direct issue. You 1
must avoid this danger." .
Thi recorder described thc two de J
gress of murder and manslaughter in s
the drst abd second degrees, which, ho a
said, he apprehended by the requests 1
to charge was thought by counsel to J
bo applicable in the case, and proceed- c
"I understand that there is no claim ?
on the part of the defense that If the
defendant committed this homicide lt 1
was either justifiable or excusable. I 1
a'.so understand that the defense claims a
that the crime was murder In the first r
degree or nothing. Rut you are not 1
hound to accept the arguments of '
counsel as to thc nature of this crime. '
You are the judges of the facts, if (
there was murder, and in what dagree. ?
The crucial question is: 'Did the ma
kill himself or did this defendant tire
the fatal shot?1
"If the accused falls to take ad
vantage of her privilege to make a
defense, under advice of her counsel,
her failure to do so must in no way,
be held against her.
''Much has been said relating to the
motive which actuated this defend
ant," he continued. "The prosecution
claims that she shot the man because
he had cast her off as his mistress.
But lt ls not necessary to prove mo
tive to convict of murder. If it ls
shown that a motive existed, then it
tends to support the circumstances.
But to do tills motive must be piov
ed, not imagined."
Before giving the case to the jury,
Recorder Goff ruled on the requests
to charge Interposed in Miss Patter
son's behalf. He refused to submit one
of the requests, saying it would be a
direction to the jury to acquit the de
fendant. Ile told the jury, however,
that they might disregard tho tcstl
raony of Julia Smith if they tnought
it right to do so. Ile also refused to
charge requests concerning Pawn
broker Stern and the failure of the de
fens.! to call J. Morgan Smith. Ile said
that claims on either sido were not to
be considered as evidence.
After going over the requests, one
by one, Recorder Goff told the jury it
was not necessary that there should
be direct and positive evidence as to
everything and lt was suillolent that
the facts he proven.
"If you believe that lt was a phy
Hiclal impossibility, so far as the na
ture of tlie wound is concerned, for
Young to have shot himself, then that
is a fact," he said, "hut you must re
member that one Inference cannot bo
proven by another Inference.
"If you believe tho defendant fired
the shot without deliberation or In
tent to kill, hut in a moment of pas
sion, then you may find lier guilty of
one of the other degrees of manslaug
ter. In reaching your conclusion you
must not be swayed hy sympathy or
tohcr influence." This is the the sec
ond mistrial in the case.
On Serious (..liaran.
Jack Mlles, a negro, waa jailed at
Thomasville, Ga., on Wednesday,
charged with attempted assault on
Mrs. Belle H. Parker, of Chicago, on
March 21. The crime occurred at
"Wildwood," tho southern home of
Captain El. Thorndee, a Chicago
millionaire. Mrs. Parker waa In the
room when a bullet crushed through
the glass, two lobes from her head.
Tho officers claim they have evidence
bo convict Miles, and say his motive
was to drive John B. Knowlton, thc
woman's father, from "Wildwood."
Other negroes are implioated in a
onsplracy to this end.
?he Bapid Growth of tho Industry
in the South. ,
?inehurst Gardons at Summerville,
tn this State, Furnishes a
Prisco Taking Product.
.Tho Pinehurst gardens at Sum
ner ville in South Carolina have shown
:uoh success In the cultivation of tea
is to attract the attention of the
?o?utry. The leader in tbii work is
tfajor R. D. Trimble, a native of
Sew York State, who has been con
luoting experiments in tea growing
ind bas succeeded to a degree so re
narkable as indicate a wonderful de
velopment of tea growing in the
louthern part of the United States.
For generations is has been sup
posed tbat tea could ba grown only in
Jhlim and Japan, but of late years
India bas developed a large tea-grow
ng Industry, and within 30 years Cey
on is very much engaged in it, and
low it is transferred also to the
United States. In fact suoh chills as
ire in the winter air of South Carolina
mt improve and help the plants, so
:bat in luxuriant growth American
jca gardens are in advance of the
iverage Asiatic garden, and natives
)f Japan who have'vlsited Pinehurst
lave expressed their wonder at the
splendid growth and production of
jhe plats in that vicinity.
It is the handling of the tea crop
that makes the different varieties and
makes them more or less valuable.
The supposition that there are differ
:nt kinds of r' .nts themselves from
which the varying (?uah ti es are gath
ered is a mistake. It is in the oarly
ind the later gathering and in the
maturing of them that the high quali
ty, or inferior quality of tea is de
The imports of tea In this COUDtry
cost about fifteen million dollars a
year. The expansion of the tea-grow
business in the South is so rapid as to
lead to the belief that the American
market may be supplied with domes
tic tea before many years have passed
-time being required chiefly for the
growth of the tea plant to bring lt to
bearing conditions aa well as to edu
cate those who work in tea gardens to
do so to the best advautage.
The treatment of the tea from the
picking through the sortit g and up to
the tiring, as it is called, is familiar.
This orocess is shown at Pinehurst
and ls of very great interest.
A wide stretch of country is cov
Bred by this beautiful growth, and af
ter the American fashion the Heids
ire adorned with dower bushes and
foliage plants so that it-is more like
in' exquisite private park than like
in ordinary farm.
It ls recognized that Pinehurst tea
8/Of the very Guest grown. At the
Exposition at St. Louis the Oolong
rom Pinehurst took tlrst prize in
?ompetition with the finest brands of
;ea from tbs old ^vorld.
The'Department of Agriculture of
jhe United States is taking the great
est Interest in the development of tea
rrowth and manufuoture, and the aid
t has "given has been a very impor
tant factor in that work. This is
inly one of the scores of instances in
vhich Seoretary Wilson, the head of
hat department, has shown himself
o be conducting it on the broadest
ines of intelligence and enterprise
ind far sightedness. The triumphs
LChieved under the leadership of Sec
etary Wilson in the last six or eight
'ears have made a new record of sue
ters in the department and placed Mr.
rVilson at the head of secretaries of
Pinehurst tea farming is far past
he experimental stage. It is more
han a mere culture and is becoming
n established occupation. It is also
lot an exceptional thing possible only
n the vicinity of Summerville. It
?as taken root there because of the
?terprlse of citizens resident cf South
)arollna, who lirst studied the condi
ious of soil and climate favorable to
ea growing aud then decided that
he required conditions are admirably
act in lower South Carolina, and
specially In Dorchester county. Ex
icriments in tea growing in other
arts of the South are already said to
ie producing good results, and a com
aratively new industry is added to
he list that makes the agriculture of
he United States the most remark
ble In the world In Its range of pro
ucts and vast aggregate in volume,
nd furnishes a new source of wealth
o that section of thc country fast be
oming the garden of civilization.
?KVU HllllHItll Up.
A,t Spartanburg Sump Nance, who
red a pistol shot at. Asha Bishop sev
rai days ago. but who killed
Ittle Lillie Quinn instead, has
urrendered to Sheriff Nichols. He
/ent to the home of a relative,
oe White, near Cherokee Springs,
nd expressed a desire to give himself
ato the hands of the olllcers of the
iw and White accompanied him to
he city. Nance is now in jail. The
icts lu thc case are familiar to the
caders of this paper. On Saturday
ight about two weeks ago Nance and
iishop engaged in a difficulty In the
Vest End section of Spartanburg.
'hey were near the home of Lucius
. ullin and when Naneo fired at Blsh
p, the 8-year-old daughter of Quinn,
dio was playing in the yard, fell with
bullet In her brain, causing a wound
rom whioh death ensued a fow hours
iter. Nance escaped and has been in
iding since the tragedy until he sur
Accidentally Kil'ed Himself.
Gus Wallace, adored, accidentally
tot and killed himself Sunday night,
hilo returning home from a negro
lurch, near lYalr Forest, carrying a
ouble barreled shot gun. At thc
me the gun was (Uncharged he had
lighted from the buggy and was
tiarreling with some negro on the
ladslde. As he attempted to regain
is seat in thu vehicle the gun was
ischarged and the entire load of one
arrel entered his left breast, .pene
ratlng to thc heart.
Crtwuf Hlx I ID.-it.
Tho fishing schooner Florida was
ist In a hurricane near Campeachee
mks about ten days ago and that the
itlrc crew consisting of six men,
ont down with the vessel. There
ere twelve or more vessels of a slml
,r character anohored In tho lmmc
late vicinity and each parted ita ca
Se and went adrift. Some of the fish
.men of other vessels saw a big sea
.riko the Florida. Her lights swayed
i one side and then she went down,
wo of ber. small boats were later
eked up by'another fishing schooner
?tween Galveston and New O;
>That is exactly what it is. a D'lr-,
day at tho ?tate Bair showing its fire
Every Farmer, Oil Mill, Saw Mil
property should have them. For sale
Columbia, S.O. Tliemacl
THE GUINARD I
Manufacturers Brick. Fire Proof T
Flue linings and Drain Tile. Prep
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Whlsko I Morphine I Olgaret
Habit, Habit | Habit
SCured by Keeiov ll
1329 Lady St. (or P. O. Box 76) Goitre
What Dircotor l?auor Sayo About.
Crops tho Past Week.
The week ending Monday, May 1st,
had practically normal temperature.
Though the first of the week was
cooler than usual, the last few days
were very warm, with maximum tem
peratures above 80 dagrees on the
There were rains on the 20th, 27 th
and 2i)th, with hail in a few pUoes,
and destructive high winds In Union
and Saluda counties. The precipita
tion averaged somewhat over an Inch
for the State, though many places re
ported less than an inch, but over the
entire State enough moisture was sup
plied for the present need of all crops
and for germinating recently planted
seeds. There were excessive rains ia
the central and eastern counties that
delayed farmwork from one to three
days, but, as a rule, the precipitation
was needed aud proved very benefi
Plowing and planting were Inter
rupted, but made fair progress with
the soil generally in excellent condi
tion. Cotton planting is more than
three-fourths finished, and early plant
ings are coming up to good stands;
some cotton has been chopped In the
eastern counties. There has been
some replanting done in the central
counties where the nights have been
too cool. Corn planting ls now con
fined to bottom lands, and generally
to the western counties. Early corn
has good stands but is being severely
damaged by cut and bud worms, ne
cessitating considerable replanting.
The corn that was cut down by the
recent frosts is coming out again and
will not need to be replanted. E >.rly
corn is being cultivated.
The wheat crop is being damaged
by tbe Hy in several northwestern
counties, bub is otherwise promising.
The oats crop was scarcely injured by
the frosts and, with exceptions in the
southeastern counties, ls in a promis
ing condition though heading too low
Truck was greatly beneflbed by the
showers of the week and ls promising,
except peas which were injured by the
cold weather of February and again
in April. Some white potatoes were
completely destroyed by the frost,
while the larger portion of the crop
ls making a new growth. Large
shipments of strawberries are being
Protected peach and other fruit
trees were only lightly touched by che
frost of the 17th of April, in the ex
treme northwest, while exposed trees
had all their fruit killed; the damage
ls less in the cantral counties and very
small In the eastern one. Apples are
not promisirg. Pear trees are blight
ing badly. Rice planting has not yet
begun in the Georgetown district,
and is about finished In other dis
tricts. Tobacco transplanting ls well
Advanced generally, and finished in a
Tew sections. Melons and oth?r minor
irops are now doing well. Pastures
ilford excellent grazing. The season
ls from one week to 10 days later than
Another Mine Horror.
Sixteen men were killed and one
will die as the result of an explosion
at the Eleanora shaft near Big Run
Pa., Friday night. The minc is own
Bd by the Rochester and Pittsburg
Coal and Iron Company. The night
shift was small or there would have
been more fatalltizes as every man
was In the mine at the time of the
explosion, except one is reported kill
ed. Three bodies were recovered, two
of them weie brothers named Kirk
wood. The men were English speak
ing and resided at Eleanora, a small
mining village two miles from the
At Omaha, Neb., three persons
were killed Wednesday and six injured
ay the collapse of a three story build
ng at 13th and Grace streets. The
ouildlng was occupied by the Omaha
Zte.-.ket company and the killed and
njured were employes of the concern.
Thc collapse of the factory was due
Xi a heavy wind storm, which near
:he factory assumed th^ proportions
if a small tornada. A terrific storm
if rain and hail followed the destruc
ion of the building several inches of
valor falling in a short time.
Found in Pasturo.
The dead body of John Fogarty was
ound Thursday In a pasture one mile
rom his home, near Woodbury, Ga.
vir. Fogarty left home In the tnorn
ng with the intention of going to
?reenvllle. Mr. John W. Williams
lame by Mr. Forgarty's home to see
lim, but not finding him, Mr. Fo
tarty's finally began a search and
ound hts body with a pistol by his
ide. It is supposed he committed sul
fide but no cause is given for the act.
An unusually tragic death was dla
>overed at Union on Friday morning,
vhen Thomas Howze, the son ot a
imminent business man, was found
lead in a gasoline house. He had
poken Thursday of being sick, and it
s supposed that descending the few
tops into the tank pot, the fumes of
he gasoline overcame him. He was
lot found until hours afterward.
WK shudder when wo think of the
onsequences to the banks had Blgc
ow and Mrs. Chadwick joined forces.
The result would have been just awful.
i Killer. D3 uonsbratlon every
fighting qualities. ^
I, Ginnery and any one owning
linery Supply howse of the State
?BT ~i WORKS, S
ss. o. 5
erra Gotta Building Blocks, for . 5
ared to fill orders for thousands- S
All Dr og and Tobaooo
I . Habits. ?
astitute, of ?3. C.
iola, S. O. Confidential correspond
DR. HATHAWAY ABOUT
Ie lias been Treating Diseases
of Men for Twenty-five Years.
His Reputation is Firmly
A VALUABLE BOOK FREE.
Whose Knowledge is Free to th Sick.
>r. J. Nowton Hathaway, of Atlanta.'
io groat specialist in tho treatment of
incases of mon, wanta to hear from ovory
mu who reads this announcement, who ia af?
icted with any private disease, and lot him
i plain to timm his nev. system of curing thia
lass of difcnso, w inch cures in half tho tima
K]tiired hy tho old method. Dr. ? Hathaway
is beon tenting diseases of men for more than
quarter century, and ho is continually
-iginating and perfecting now methods by
hicli he cnn euro the afflicted. Ho has euroa
itients scattered oil over this country, whom
1 has never seen, whoso diseases ho waa able
euro by n system which ho has for curing
oufUtctcdat a distance, and if you are Bur
ring from any disenso peculiar to vour sex,
any other disease of a chrome or lingering'
.turo; such us Strictu.ro, Varicocole, Nerv
is Debility, Loss or "Manhood, Blood Poison
lyphilia), Kidney nnd Bladder Complaints,
tieumatisni, Diseases of tho Heart. Stomach
id Liver, etc., you ahould immediately write
is great specialist, nnd lot him explain to
iu inst what is tho naturo of your troubla
id just what to do for roliof. Ho will ooun
I and advise you for nothing-advice that it
.sod on '-'."> yours of actual experience. A
oat ninny men make thu mistake of their
res by'placing their cases with their local -
lyBicfan, for tho avcrago practitioner no
titter how competent ho may bo, has not had
o experience necessary to successfully ? treat
ch delicate diseases. What you need, and
ult you will bo compelled to resort to if you
or got cured, is skillful, scientific treatment,
ministered byan oxpertspecialist whom you
tow is competent td treat you. Dr. H atna
ty luis been established in Atlanta"" or nearly
years, and his reputation is known to all.
j has built up tho largest practico in this
untry by dealing honestly with tho people,
ju tako no risk whatovor in dealing with him
you can always feel assured of a "square
Von cannot expect to go through life affliot
with a disenso thnt you know will oy?ntu?l
lead you to a possible death, so write Dr.
itluiway a letter right now, telling him just
w you "slider, nnd he will immediately sand
II his opinion of your case, accompanied by
mluablo hook on your disease, all of which
absolutely froe. Have no hositanoy in
.?ting him. Tho permanent nddresaia
J- NEWTON HATHAWAY, M. D.,
88 I ninan Bldg., Atlanta, Qa.
A Proposition of Interest
To all readers of this paper, who
ill or write for treatment within the
;xt '?0 days. I will cure them of tho
Bowing diseases for ONE-HALF my
?ual charge: LOST MANHOOD,
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il.hout operation. PILES cured
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Consultations, Examination, Ad vico
T. S. HOI LEYMAN, M. D.,
ooms 421 and 422 Leonard Building,
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You want the Hest. Wc have m
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Write ns at once for catalogues,
prices and terms. Address
MALONE'S MUSIC HOUSE, |
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Thc Canning Business.
Reduce your cotton acreage and in
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Large profits in canning all kinds of
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