Newspaper Page Text
LOOK AT HOME.
WhyJDecry Russia for Conditions j
that Exist in This Country. *
A Riot in St. Petersburg Is No Better or1 *
Worse than a Riot in the City of
Chicago. We have Had More
than Rbaslan Czars.
As we pass through life many things
happen which we do not appear to see
-things that are important and
which affect nations. Then, we only
too often fall to see ours jives as others
see us, add to that that we are liable
to get into grooves and wear them so
deep that wc cannot see from their
bottom what is going on around us.
It has been and is the custom in
the United States to damn Russia for
every thing without rhyme or reason
at times; and to magnify many times
every happening there that tends to
injure Russia, be the happening small
We have had a magnificent oppor
tunity to witness that spirit in what
the press and people have to say about
the war between Japan and Russia,
and every little labor trouble that the
wires have called to our attention.
I am not setting myself up as an
apologist for the government of Rus
sia, nor as a defender of its people;
neither do 1 Intend to censure either.
My aim ls to simply point a moral by
a little comparison between that coun
try aud the United States.
Every strike and every row in Rus
sia is at once heralded to the outside
world as a rising of the people for the
purptse of overthrowing its govern
ment. The cruelty of the govern
ment is no doubt greatly magnified in
alike manner. The ruler of Russia is
pictured as standing in hourly fear of
assassination: and every time an
olllelal is assassinated, it is put down
as au attempt to overthrow the gov
ernment, lt bas about reached that
point where thinking people put little
faith lu those accounts.
In order to become fair judges we
must see ourselves as we are. Then
we will be in a position to judge Rus
lt must be remembered that there
are bad men in every country-men
who are not happy unless they are
creating strife, anarchists, commun
ists, socialists and other brands. We
have a very large number of that kine
of people ss i th us, and Russia seems
to have ber full share. There is no
doubt about that. We must recollect
that we have lost more presidents than
Russia bas lost rulers by assassination.
We have continual strikes and riots
with bloodshed just as Russia bas, bu:
the methods of the strikers or rioter.
are somewhat differeut.
President Lincoln was assassinated;
an1 so were Pre .?dents Garfield and
McKinley; and the person of Pre i
dent Roosevelt has to be watched at.d
guarded by trained secret service men
all the time to protect him against the
very c?as? that in Russia set ka the life
of Nicholas. Does all of that mean
that the people of Russia as w.J! as
those of the United Slates are op
pressed by the bead of those govern
ments? Are we to understand that
bloody strikes and thess as luationof
our preMctet'is are conspiracies against
our government any more than the
same happenings in Russia should
be so styled? We must apply the
same rule in b ?th counfcrit s
We have in the United States al
most continual strikes and labor trou
bles; so has Russia. The amount tn
riots here as well as in R issia, why
not give them tho same classification
in both countries? Tiley are. too well
known herc to reti?ir? ? list of them
with thu particulars hi each c.i>e
But I will call attention to the strikes
when President, Cleveland had to send
United State ? tro ps to quell them
and one that is now in progress in
the city of Chicago, the toa ms ti rs'
strike. Ami hg other things the pa
pers convey thc Information that thc
citizens of C.iictgo asked for stat*
tioops to quell the rioting; drivels of
wagons had to go armedd with armed
policemen accompany lng them. On
May 4th more than half a hundred
were burt in all day rioting: on May
(Ith it was said that the tn ops would
be ordered out as the number of .it rll
era was Increasing and the public
peace threatened; on the same day
murderous assau ts were made on the
negn ts who had been brought into
the city to take the places of the
striking teamsters; on May loth,
while President lb Oievelt was in thc
city, the rioting continued a'most in
his very presence; and on May l". h
tbe strlkcis, thc press informs us, had
poisoned s'inie of tua horses. No mau
can tell where lt will end.
If those things had happened in
Russia what an outcry would have
been raised by tho prc. and people of
Chis suppos elly free country of (?ur.-:
Before condemning Russia In that
way, magnifying every event many,
many times, had we not better throw
aside some of our prejudices and
climb out of our old aud daep ruts,
and take a cairn survey of homo af
It seems that the people of Russia
have not as much ?'?pposed freedom
a? wo are supposed to have; but, we
do not enjoy the sam-i tranquility
that the people of Kigland do. Of
the three governments, that ot' Eng
land, to judge by result': \s the be.t -
at least, so far as assassinations,
strikes and riots with bloodshed are
Russia has matty probli ms to con
front and BO have wc. They are .seri
ons ones, ti o. Just now we have con
fronting us several dangers, and
among them may be mentioned the
great and Increasing power of our
money barons and lords; the increas
ing number of violence of lahor riots,
the two foregi lng b leg styled a con
llict between labor arid capital; the
proper regulation of thc g i verrinnen ts
of our lar^e i ii le : the ll eking to this
country of all classes of Huronean im
migrants Including anarchistic Com
munists. sock'.lists and t;.o like; the
great strides that an: being made to
warel a c ntra?z d government, all
democratic; principles being crushed
In the rush, and last but not least,
the race problem.
Taking everything into considera
tion and looking at, the matter from a
dispassionate s andpoint, it seems to
me that we have no room tocompiain
of Russia so blttorlv and to damn ber
for everything win n WO are In a great
measure lu the same boat with lier.
As stated wc must give like events in
JU th countries the same interpreta
ilon, and then draw our conclusion.
From long standing prejudice, we see
-.he mote In the eye of the Russian
government, hut fall to see the beam
n the eye of our own government and
1 write this not for the purpose, as
itated, of defending Russia, but for
?he purpose of calling attention to
lome.matters. It ls often the best way
n whioh to force a truth home. I de
sire to turn the light on matters of a
lerious nature at home. . We have
mough here to keep us busy without
jrosslng the Atlantic to dictate to
jther people, and to Interfere with
meir home affairs.
WILLIAM P. CALHOUN.
FARMERS NOT COMPELLED.
To Answer tho (jucatlons ot Agents
as to Acerage.
A dispatch from Washington to
?he Atlanta Constitution says advices
received indicate that in some parts of
die south the opinion prevails that
?tie last congress passed a law compet
ing cotton planters to report, on de
nand from agents of the census bu
reau, their acreage, condition, number
)f bales ginned, eto. This ls not the
sase. The only legislation affecting
:otton statistici enacted by the ?fty
dghtti congress was the following Joint
.esolution introduced by Representa
re Burleson, of Texas, and finally
Kissed as a part of the bill providing
or the collection of marriage and di
"lie it resolved, eto., That the dl
ector of the census be, and he ls here
>y authorized and directed to collect
.nd publish on the same dates and at
tie same time he makes publication of
he ginners' reports of cotton produc
ion, statistics of the consumption of
otton, the surplus of cotton held by
he manufacturers and the amount of
ittou exported, th", statistics to be
ummarizad as of September 1 of each
ear, so as to show the cotton produc
ion and consumption of the preceding
ear." lt ls obviously to the interest
r the farmers to know something de
ni te as to thc amount o' cotton con
nmcd, exported and on hand, and the
tatistics which will be published as a
esultof the passage of Mr. Burleson's
esolution will bring out the facts. It
cc ms impossible to convince the piant
is of the South that it is equally to
heir interests to have accurate state
acuts as to acreage, condition and
roduction issued by the government,
espite the weight of the evidence in
hat direction. The census bureau
lad a considerable amount of trouble
ist season with ginners who refused
o make reports for use in the six gln
ilug bulletins Issued during the fall,
whiter and spring, and yet the facts
end to show that conditions would
lave been materlaly improved had
his Information been freely given by
ll ginners. lt is argued that such in
O' matlon gives the speculator a club
?.herewith to hammer down prices,
mt, if this he the case, lt should be
bvious that in tbe event of a short
rop tlie farmers would b3 given a lever
/herewith to push the prices up. In j
he opinion of experts here lt is dlftl
ult to see how any legitimate Interest
um be harmed hy having the exact
acts made public.
Bank lor Holly Hill.
The Dank of Holly Hill was organ
'.cd Thursday with a capital stock of
LS,OOO. The following are the board
f directors: H. W. Il lame, A. F.
oyner, W. L. D.^Hay, 0. O. Williams,
Lobest Lide, A- B. Hannett, Dr. J. L.
I. Gilmore. Ollicers: H. W. Rhame,
resident; A. F. Joyner, cashier; Moas
s Ly de, solicitors. Messrs. H. W.
?.hamo, A. li. Bennett and A. P. Joy
er were appointed hy the directors a
uilding committee, with authority
i nuK8 contracts fur the erection of
suitable brick building for the bank,
b is expected that the band will be
lady for business by September 1.
Drowned O ff Che leland.
Thc Charleston Post says J. Amos
^eliy, a painter employed on the Isle
r Palms by Contractor H. D. Sohua
ter, was drowned Wednesday after
Qon off the island. Ile left the
:ach in a boat, which was over
irned by the waves in sight of the
lore, and the unfortunate painter
mk without the possibility of help
lng rendered him. Ills body has
it yet been rec >vered. Kelly with
is wife and child lived in the rear of
r. .lohn D. Cappelmanu's r?sidence,
id Rutledge avenue. He was a man
' kindly disposition and of good
Invitations have been sent out for
ie annual commencement exercise,
Winthrop Normal and Industrial
ill'ge at Ruck Hill, on June 4, 5s
jr" C. Fifty young women will re
ive their degrees. On Sunday
urning, .lune 4, the sermon will be
slivered before thc Young Women's
iris! ian Association, and at night
ev. E. W. Smith, of Greensboro, N.
, will preach tho bacalaureate ser
n. On Monday the joint celebra
DU of the literary societies and an
spectlon of the buildings and de
triments will take place. Ou June
the schedule provides for the
um nae reunion, address to thc
j m nae by Hon. E. D. Smith, of
i ml r. '"Daisy Chain Procession,"
dre s to the graduating class by
>n. M. K. Ansel, of Greenville, and
e award of diplomas aud certiti
Nlilp and Grew IiOHt.
The Chilean croser Presidente Pin
has foundered in tho Gulf of Ancud,
rth of the Island of Chiloe, off the
ithern part of the coast of Chile.
?cording to one report, her com
mder, Capt. Whiteside^ committed
cide tn despair. Another version
s he wasdiowned. The presidente
ito carried a crew of 171 Gille ns
tl men. She was built in France in
12, and was constructed >f steel.
Iii c ipper sheathing. Ilerb^ieed was
mt 1!) knots. She was 2(18 feet
?g and lu r armament consisted of
ir c> Inch guns, two 5 inch guns, and
i small rapid-fire guns. She had
co torped ? tubes.
Portrait ol rimrod.
L'he Columbia Record says: "The
:. of a portrait of Tlmrod to Hie
, by Hon. W. A'. Courtenay was
st kindly and thoughtful and was
hly appreciated, this city having
n the home of the poet. Captain
trtcnay has done more in prescrv
and perpetuating the writings of
mo 1 iban any other man, having
bonally collected and published one
n' re editions of his poems. The
trait will be liung In the library,
loh h is been renamed in honor of
mu? Carolina will have open bar
ms again in less than ten years,
i so called prohibitionists will then
how easily tho whiskey element in
State fooled them.
By Training tho Children to be
Truthful and Honest.
A Very Readable Article on the Sub- '
jeot willoh Wo Clip Prom tho
New York American.
As long as the world shall continue
to exist, as long as it shall be inhabi
ted by human beings, we shall con
tinue to have criminals, just as we
have albinos, or men with six fingers
-that ls to say, we shall still have
born criminals, men in whom a cruel
fate has sown the seed of cruelty, and
whose way of reasoning is different
from that of normal people, and who
are doomed from the day of their birth
to commit crimes. There is no thera
py against this inherited disease. The
only things one could do would be to
kill them or to place them in institu
tions where they could not do wrong.
But besides these born criminals,
whose number Is only between 30 and
40 per cent, of all criminals, and who
commit crimes because of inherited or
acquired tendencies which latter may
be developed by diseases such as typhus
or intlammatlou of the brain, there are
others far more numerous- habitual
criminals, or criminals who err because
they are unable to withstand a sudden
temptation of an outburst ot passion,
and these we can redeem and bring
back to the right road.
First of all, we can direct and guide
the abandoned children, the orphans,
the sick and mischievous children.
These are the ones who most often go
astray, who are driven to crime from 1
hunger and neglect. While they ar
still young, while their evil tendencies
have not yet grown beyond contiol, it
is possible to exterminate these evil
instincts. For this reason there are
fewer youthful criminals in the cities 1
of London and Geneva, where there
are numerous Institutions of correc
tion for children. 1
To day all civilized countries have 1
begun to see the importance of taking 1
hold of the children and more ls being 1
done than any ona bad dreamed of a
few years ago-the States have ma le 1
education compulsory, and humanit?r
Ians Jiave founded institutes which '
look after the welfare of children out- '
side of school hours-while the parents '
are working in the factories-and en
deavor to keep them out of evil com- '
pany and away from the streets.
A wonderful institution which de- 1
serves to be c?pb n . very where is that
conducted by Mr. barnardo, in Loudon,
who surely has saved many thousands
from misery and crime, for this the 1
greatest of all modern philanthropists
takes special care of tho poorest of the 1
poor, the ?ons of diuukards, of con- 1
vlcts and the abandoned and orphan- 1
ed children. 1
The tendencies and inclinations of
each child are carefully studied and 1
work is given it in accordance with its j
ability. But Mr, Barnardo does even '
more, and here is where his institu
tlons are superior to all others. As 1
the children who are under bis care 1
nearly all come from degenerate par- '
ents and more than others are apt to J
give way to temptation, he tries todo 1
bis utmost to keep them away from 1
evil influences. For this reason he has j
employment cilices everywhere and
sends his wards to Canada, to Cape 1
Colony and to Australia, to places in
the country, where quiet rural life 1
may make them useful and honorable ;
Mr. Barnardo keeps an eye upon each
and every one of his wards through c
their whole life and never los2s sight '
of them, and statistics show that in f
spite of the evil tendencies many of 1
them must have inherited only two
tenths of one per cent of them have
gone astray-In only two cases of every
thousand has hts wonderful system of
It ls exceedingly Important to teach
the children to detest alchol, for alco
hoi is at tho bottom of more crimes
than any thing else-lirst because the
use of lt develops all evil tendencies;
second, because many crimes are com
mitted while under the influence of
liquor, and, third, because the saloon
is nearly always the meeting place of
criminals, where they lay their plans
and gather to d?vide their spoils.
If alcohol could be taken out of the
world the most brutal and cruel forms
of crime would cease, and the drink
evil is per se as Important a problem
as the problem of how to prevent
crime. Hut there are many other
things which must be done to prevent
crime. The social inequality, the
great difference between thc very rich
and the very poor, must disappear,
and laws must bc changed to elfect
In Australia, which is Tar ahead of
all other countries lu regard to social
conditions, crimes have decreased sur
prisingly. The eight-hour working
day, the arbitration of all labor (pies
tlons and dltliculties, the high wages
and the disappearance of the very poor
Blass have practically wiped out cer
tain kinds of crime, and whatever
crimes are committed are either com
mltted during an outburst of passion
jr by born criminals.
Ilrcnch ni'Promise Snit,
Damages aggregating a quarter of
i million dollars as compensation for
llleged breach of promise of marriage
ire asked by Mrs. Katherine Poldon
u a suit against W. Gould Hrokaw,
;he millionaire clubman, which was
jcgun in the supreme court in New
ifork Wednesday. K minent counselt,
icores of witnesses, many of them
jeoplc of prominence from distant
)arts of the country, and a packet
?ontalning more than 200, letters al
eged by the plaintiff to have been
vrltten by hrokaw, will ligure in the
?ase. The authenticity of the letters,
tpon which the suit is largely based,
s denied by B roka w's counsel.
They .'. u><< Uo.
The North Carolina supreme court
ias alllrmtd the di cisi?n of the lower
ourt sustaining the act, passed by the
ist legis!;'turo prohibiting "bucket
hops" and the practice of dealing in
atures. The law makes lt a mlsde
leanor to open a place where quota
Ions on futures are furnished or to
uy or sell opt io:"- for future delivery
dien tho actual delivery of tho goods
i not contemplated. The < fTeot of
[ie decision Is to close up ad branches
f cotton exchange houses in that
.ate doing a future business.
How They V?lne Thom.
Two cases were disposed of In a
ew Jerey court lait Saturday. In
ne of them a man was convicted of
.ealing a horse. Ile was sentenced
i twenty years In the penitentiary,
i the other a man was convicted of
Imlnal assault upon a woman. Ile
as sentenced to eighteen months In
.11. From this it would seem that
ew Jersey values a horse much hJgh
' than a woman.
LET TTS BE FAIR.
A Word Ia 'JDolenie of the Jury that
Tried the Bookhsrt Gitse.
The Times and Democrat says' that
in discussing the acquittal at Or
angeburg of the men charged with the
lynching of Keltt Bookhardt the Salu
da Standard falls into Feveral errors,
which we desire to correct}. The Stand
ard says "it seems morally sure that
some of these men were guilty, if not
all; but there had .been hard work
among the jurymen, and then,. you
know, there is a sentiment among
some people that it is no harm to
kill a nigger." As to the innocence or
guilt of the five men tried and acquit
ted, we have nothing to say, except
that there was strong testimony for
and against them which left at least
a part of the jury in doubt as to their
guilt, wbioh doubt was dissolved in
favor of the accused. The oharge that
hard work was done among the jury
men ls all nonsence. There could be no
"hard work done among the jurymen"
after they were drawn to try the case,
as Judge DanUlcr kept them together
under charge of a constable from the
time they were drawn until the case
was ended. Nor could there be any
' 'hard work doue among the jurymen"
before they were drawn, as many of
them were not on the jury panel when
the case was called, and were drawn
after the prisoners were put on trial.
So much for the jury Axing yarn.
The Standard goes on to say. that the
worst feature of this case is that which
led up to the killing. According to ru
mors then current, some of these white
men had been altogether too familiar
with the negroe's sister. He remon
strated, and in the 'fuss' raised by bis
remonstration he got locked up and
lined 85, while the white men went
home to tell lies to their wives. That,
night the negro, Keltt Bookhard, was
taken from the calaboose, terribly la
cerated with knives and sunk in deep
water with heavy iron bound to him.
And then somebody's poor, long sulT
Bring, faithful wife was Aired to go
DU the witness stand and swear to save
a husband who had undoubtedly been
devoting a large part of bis attention
to the 'colored girl,' when the wife
should have received all bis affection."
Not a wjrd of such evidence as the
Standard mentions was brought out on
thc trial, whatever the rumors may
have been before.
We beard the same rumor some
time before the trial, but as lb was
not brought out during the trial, we
came to the cuncluslou that lt was a
fairy story and dismissed it Since
the trial we have heard another ru
mor that is being whispered around,
bo the effect that it was Bcokhardt's
intimacy with a white woman that
caused his untimely taklug off. We
rio not believe that any woman had
anything to do with the brutal mur
der of Bookhardt, but If a woman was
mixed up in It we are rather inclined
to believe that lt was a white and not
i negro woman. In the, trial the
State failed to prove a motive for the
murder of Bookbardt by the men
ihartred with his murder, and we do
not think that the Standard should
ase a mere rumor in making out a
jase against them in preference to
the evidence adduced on the stand,
[n discussing the case we have no
:ight to go bihind the*, evidence
wrought ou? at the trial. Every jury- I
nan that was on the jury BWO: vto try
ihe accused "according to 'I evl- i
lenee," bui. the Stand.Ti?u .':
?hink the jury should have triba them '
'according to the rumors" that were I
jeing whispered around. Wo have na
injection to the Standard or any other
japer discusing the case, but the dis
iussiou should b? conducted honestly
Tho Gai Ueld llcport.
Some of Mr. Garfield's friends are
lefending his beef trust report. They
joint out that that report shosved
hat profits on the capitalization ran
,s high as eighteen to twenty percent
n the case of one company. They
Iso say that Mr. Garfield's critics
'seized upon the 2 per cent and
dnety-nine cents per head figures f
lone and derided the suggestion that
he packers were making so little
nonev. The fact that the 2 per cent,
irotit ls a profit on gross sales, not on
apltal invested, and that lt means
hat the packers are making Immense
urns annually, was apparently lost
ightof." Mr. Garfield's friends now
oint out that "the report says that
dide the pro lit on dressed beef was
inety-nine cents a head, the profits
n the by-products brought the profit
er head to SI.60; and when it is con
idered that the packers handle mlll
ms of cattle each year the volume of
heir earnings is apparent." But
ven S 1.50 per head ls at wide varl
nce with the figures presented by
iuthbert Bowell, who for more than
wen ty-five years has been commercial
ditor of the Kansas City Journal. Mr.
ewell's statement lias been given
Ide publicity. It showed that the
verage net profit to the packers ls
7.41 per head. Mr. Powell eonclud
i his statement in these words: "Ap
ly tile average profit of $7.41 on cat
e, 20 cents on beg?, 50 cents on
?eop and 50 cents on calves, to the
>tal number of head killed in a year
V the 'combine* packing houses,
ves a total profit of 847,727,412.
iguring upon their total capitalizi
on, undoubtedly heavily watered, of
.10,500,000, we have 4:i per cent,
hlch ls ten times what such money
ould produce if loaned in largo blocks
pon the open market. Besides this,
ie trust is heavily interested In the
ock yards at Kansas City andChlca
) and owns outright stock yards at
imerous other cities, together with
i vate car lines, the protibs from
iiich are undoubtedly large."
Killen hy IMny matu.
A dispatch from Marlon to Thc
ate hays Miss Clinnie, thc Dl-year
:1 daughter of Mr. and Mrs. N. P.
nith, was accidentally shot In the
east with a shotgun at 5 o'clock
blay afternoon. She with several
her children, some of whom had the
n, were playing on tho lawn at the
me of Dr. E. B. Utlev, when the
cldent occurred There are vary
$ rumors as to which one of the
lldrcn had the gun, when thef.la.fc
is fired, and vour correspondent
iild not ascertain definitely, but it
thought to have been Herbert Crls
il, son of Mr. II. Crispin!, who re
itly move there from New York.
io' child died from the wound at
10 o'clock Friday night. She was a
ght and popuUr little girl, and
;*re are expressions of grief and
npathy for the family to be heard
Onn ol "Two Johna" Dead,
lohn Stewart Cro->sy, known
oURUOUt the theatrical world as J.
Stewart, one of the "Two Johns,"
i famous f it men of the sta^e, Is
td at tho ago of 71 years. He was
n at Dublin,
Among the General Ofticor? .Killed
\ in Oar Great War. '
The Army and Navy Journal says
from the archives of the Confederacy
on deposit in'the war department the
military secretary, Major Gen. Ains
worth, bas brought to light some in?
tere&tlng data concerning the com
manders of the Confederate forces in
the field in the fatef ul days of 1861-05.
Deducting eleven names of officers
who did not qualify for one reason or
another, we have in thlB list 415 gen
erals, and the records given show that
of these 74 wore killed or mortally
wounded In action, or 18 per cent.
This is a very striking showing
when we recall the almost entire im
munity of the Russian and Japanese
armies fighting io Manchuria from
fatal casualties to general o ii. ce rs. We
recall but one who has been reported
killed in battle in the far East, and if
there are others they must be very
few; whereas the percentage of casual
ties among the general officers of tbe
Confederacy are far in excess of the
percentage of casualties among the
rank and file of the Russian and Japa
nese armies as given by Gen. Bliss,
who has the best of facilities for
learning the faots. No less than 23
general officers of the Confederacy
were killed in battle during the ll
months of campaigning, and the 8
months of fighting commencing witii
Grant's battle of the Wilderness and
ending with Appomattox. Ten briga
dier generals of the Union army were
also killed during this campaign, be
sides 12 colonels commanding bri
gades, 6 of them at Cold narbor
alune. At Franklin 7 Confederate
generals were killed, and during Sher
man's campaign 5, the Union army
loslug 3. At Gettysburg 5 Cjnfeder
ateaud 5 Union generals were killed,
10 in all, besides 3 Union colonels
commanding brigades. At Fredericks
burg 2, Union, and 2 Confederate gen
erais were killed. In all, the Union
army lost In killed or mortally wound
ed 50 general officers, 23 brevet briga
dier generals and 34 colonels com
Taking the proportion as one killed
to 4.52 wouuded, this would Indicate
that 407 Confederate generals were
killed or wounded out of a total of
415. Probably, however, the geueral
officers were the selected victims of
the sharp shooters, who shot to kill.
In one regiment of the civil war, sub
jected to the ordinary casualties of
battle, the 1st Minnesota at Gettys
burg, 28 per cent of tho^c engaged
were killed and 82 par cent were killed
and wounded. In forty-two other
regiments the percentage of killed in
diff?rent battles was 18 or more. The
ratio of killed to wounded In 50 bat
tles of the civil war was 1 to 4.8, vary
ing between 1 to 3 at Williamsburg
and 1 to 6.7 at Arkansas Post. The
average among the regular troops was
1 to 4.52.
Caused Sherman to Quit Shooting
To the Editor of The Sunday News:
1 read with much interest the com
munication in the last number of The
Sunday News, signed by my old friend,
B. Frank Ford, who I hope wld par
don me for making a few minor cor
rections in regard to the shooting of
Miller. Instead of twenty or so hav
lng been called out to draw, there
were one hundred and tiffy, as told
me next day by one of the guard He
ilsci said the number agreed upon was
thirty-? ve, and Miller drew that num
ocr, but said lt was his opinion that
Dbe drawing was a sham, as it was
supposed that Miller was the one who
mot the man; though he, the guard,
lid not think so, bul thought it was
lone by one of Wheeler's men; for
.hey had all sworn never to take a
brager (better known as bummer)
After being thc one selected to be
hot Miller was taken across the dead
lue with one. of the prisoners, and
old the prisoner he did not mind it,
inly he had nine daughters dependent
in him for support and regretted to
eave them thus. A young Texan, I
lave forgotten his name, offered to
ake Miller's place when he heard
his, but Gen. Blair refused it, saying
t was not legal.
Miller was shot about twelve miles
rom Cieraw, In Chesterfield district,
a then called, and, as well as I re
aember, burled on the side of the
oad leading from Oberaw to Camden
[.he grave was pointed out to me the
lext morning as we passed.
At Fayetteville, N. C., wo were
ormed in line again, for the purpose
f drawing for our lives. Ten were to
e shot, but justas the officer stepped
o the first man for him to draw
ourler came post-haste on horseback
nd handed him a paper. After read
ag it we were marched back tn the
Bull Pen" without drawing. At first
pportunity 1 asked one of the guard
mat was up, when he told me that
lampton had put Sher nan on notice
li?t two commissioned officers or
leven privates would be shot for every
ne of our men shot by Sherman's or
ers, In retalation for ''bummers'
Hied; so this Dut a stop to the whole
liing, and relieved us of the dread
nat was hanging over us continually
ir Wheeler's men continued shoot
lg "bummers" regardless of Slier
I could write you more of the
trocitles perpetrated on those that
ere so unfortunate to be prisoners
Ith Blair's corps, the 17th, but 1
:ar I have already taken up too much
' your valuable space.
A. BASCOM COHUKN,
Co D, 2d S. C. Bat., S. C. V. T.
Jesup, Ga., May 20, 1H05.
A Queer (Jilt.
At Pittsburg, Pa., John Bertges,
constable having done .some slight
vor for Anton Lutz, a brewer, and
iving refused cash payment, received
i order for 1,000,000 glasses uf beer.
lie order la not transferable, nor can
?rtgcs ctillect In bulk, tho agreement
?lng that be shall call at tho differ
it breweries controll-d by Lutz as
i becomes thirsty and drink the beer
i Hie premises. Bertges spent most
one oay seeing if the order was
od. It waa. Then he did a little
tiring, and is now sorry that life ls
short. Ills figures show that,
inkling fourteen glasses a day, Sun
y included, lt would take him 2o8
ara to get rid of the little present
ide to bim by the brewer.
Bomb's h'atnl Work.
At Baku, Caucasln, tho governor of
iku, Prince Nakaohldze, was assas
lated by a bomb which wa?, thrown
his carriage. The lieutenant ao
japanylng the governor and a by
mder wore also killed, and the
lehman is believed to be fatally in
THE EQUITABLE KOW
rho South Carolina Folioy Holders
Meet in Columbia.
jovcrnor D. C. Ucywird Klee ted as
President of t bo Soot ty. Tho
Tbe Columbia Record says the meet
ng- ot the policy holders of the Equi
table Life Insurance company held in
Columbia on Thursday waa one of the
nest interesting gatherings ever held
n this State. There were present
nen with policies ranging from 8150,
)00 to men with pol teles of 91,000,
ind the meeting, was in perfeot har
mony. The primary object of tbe
neetlng was to disouss the recent dif
ferences m the board of directors, and
jhe policy holders got down to busi
ness at once. There were about 100
present and proxies for about 500
nore. The officers elected and the
resolutions adopted follow:
D. C. Hayward, president.
J. L. Coker, vice president.
August Kobn, secretary.
Executive Committee-First dis
tict, A. T. Smythe and T. M. Morde
cai, Charleston; Second district, J. C.
Sheppard, Edgetield; Third district,
r. Fred Brown, Anderson; Fourth dis
trict, Wm. E. Beattie, Greenville;
Fifth district, T. K. Elliott, Winns
joro; Sixth district, D. D. MoColl,
iennettsvllle; Seventh district, J. L.
sn Donaugh. Columbia. Tbe resolu
tions are as follows:
Resolved, That the president of
.?his society be requested and author
zed to apply otllolally to the presl
lent of the Equitable Life Assurance
?oe ie ty of tbe Uti itt d States for a list
)f the policy holders in tbe Equitable
Liife Assurance society in South Caro
ina, with their postolllce addresses
Resolved, That it is the sense of this
neetlng cf policy holders of tbe Equi
table Life Assurance society of tbe
;nited States, living in South Caron
ia, that in any scheme for mutuallza
.ion and In any eleotion of new trus
tees or directors for such uoolety that
^presentation be given to this section
if the country; inasmuch as a very
arge portion of the entire outstand
ng policies of the society are held in
ihe South, and this section is now
without any direct representation In
Resolved, further, That this meet
ng of policy holders desires to place
?pon record their confidence in the
tabllity and solvency of the Equita
)le Life Assurance scciety of the
Jnited States. And the policy hold- :
.rs should not be deterred by any- <
hing that has happened from con tin !
ling to keep alive their policies by 1
laying their premiums thereon as
hey severally become due.
R'solved, further. That this meet
ag of policy holders of the Equitable
jife Assurance society of the United <
tates express their sincere and
carty wish that the present difficul
t?s existing in the management of
he society should be speedily and
mlcably adjusted without resort to
ny further litigation-and that such
lan will be adopted to secure harmony
nd a satisfactory solution of the
resent difficulties as will tend to cou
inue the prosperous condition of the
iciety and increase the same.
Died a> Pauper. >..
Edward W. Mitchell died recently
i Chicago and the members of the
blcago board of trade made up a
and to bury him. A writer In the
Tew York American says Mitchell
led a pauper; he was once a great
ian. Where the names of Gates,
forgan, Armour and other stock
lungers and market plungers are now
rioted Mitchell's name was printed
ilrty years ago. Mitchell was a big
rain operator iu Chicago when Fisk
od Gould were piliner up money in
lilroads in New York. In 1868 he
ornered' the wheat market in
blcago. He had a company of fel
>w conspirators against consumers,
hey shot the prices Bky-hieh. Mlt
?eli made a million or more. Then
9 went into the market as a bigger
Unger. Ile was betrayed and sold
it and found himself penniless That
as thirty-five years ago. Mitchell
ir ten years sought to regain his
rtunc, but he was outclassed by
jener minded m?n. Then he be
,rac a pulper. And every man that
is tried to 'corner* a focd produot
is died poor. There is a retribution
r food gamblers. lt does not seem
i follow stock gamblers. The same
il fortune may yet overtake 'those
mservative business men' who,
trough the infamous meat trust, are
bbing the people of the United
?ates. What a warning the lives of
ch men as Mitchell should be to
ir young men whose main desire ls
get rich regardless of the means
ied to attain their ends. At one
me he was a million dollar specula
r but today he tills a pauper's grave,
hat an object lesson such a life
Tho Lia/.lnebB Anti-Toxin.
The Atlanta Journal says the anti
xin for laziness is more than a Joke.
is a genuine product of science.
ie discovery ls based upon the
cory that physical exhaustion Is the
3ult of a poison in the tissues caused
strain. To use a mechanical figure:
ie furance tires of the bodv are
reed and fanned into trer.endous
at. In the combustion of the fuel
e grates are clogged with cinders
?ese cinders leftover In the tissues
e p .ison. The polsjn is counter
ted by the counter poison-tho anti
sin. The real value of the dlscov
>\ doubtless, ls to bc found in its
iii ty to counteract nervous exhaus
in and to strengthen convalescents,
it thc imagination applies lt to
my things. The college athlete
lose veins arc Infused with tue stuff
gilt to beat his competitor, and
us the hypodermic syringe must be
ded to the gymnasium. The golf
d the tennis and thc basket ball
lyer will also want the decoction.
id every fan will want to see his
im Inoculated. Dope may win the
anant. And who will bet on the
:es so Iring as he is ignorant of how
ich each horse has been syringed?
it, thc pace of civilization is rapid
jugh now. Is the wight who goes
doped to fall behind the procession?
Ho Fooled Them.
report comes from Charleston
it many people on James Island
re been taken In by a seller of soap,
Ich they paid for and never re
ved. The Inducements of attract
presents, to be secured with large
choses, brought in many orders
I the agent reaped a harvest at the
e of 88 per box. The seller has de
ted for parts unknown and it may
well for other communities to be
heir guard If tho soap seller and
;e distributor should put in his ap
rance in their neighborhood.
Machinery Supply ?onsb for the State.
WE SELL EVERYBODY.
Headquarters for EVERYTHING in MACHINERY SUPPLIES.
All kinds of Injectors, Lubricators, Pipe, Valves, FittlngB.
Supplies for Saw Mills, Oil Mills and any one in Machinery, business.
Large stock of Well Pumps and Cylinders. Get oiir price.
COLUMBIA SUPPLY 00..
Ooltimbict, S. O. The inaobinery Supply house ox the ?tato
FOR YOUR ORDERS '
COLUMBIA CUMBER & MFG. co.
, COLUMBIA S'c.
Whiake I Morphine I Cigaret I All Drug and Tobacco
Habit, I Habit | Habit I Habits.
: Cured by Keeley institute, of &. C
1329 Lady St. (or P. O. Box 76) Columbia, ti. C. Confidential oorreepono
THE GUINARD BRICK WORKS,
COLUMBIA, ? , O.
Manufacturers Brick, Fire Proof Terra Cotta Building Blocks, for
Flue linings and Drain Tile. Prepared to Hil orders for thousands
Popular Excursions Via. Southern Railway.
Tlie Southern Railway will sell round trip tickets to the following points,
for special occasion:
Tuskagce, Ala.-Commencement exercises of Normal and Industrial In
stitute May 21-2"), 11105. Rate one and one-third fa:e pius 25 cents for the
round trip from all points.
Niagara '/alls, N. Y.-Ancient Arabic Order of Mystic Shrine, Imperial
Council June 20-23, 1905. Rate one fare plus 8100 for round trip from all
Toronto, Or t.-Account International Sunday School Association, June
20-27, 11)05. Bate on certificate plan.
Hot Springs, Va.-Annual Convention Southern Hardware Jobbers Asso
ci?t ion and American Hardware Mfg. Aassooi^iion, June 0-0, 1005, rate one
llrstdais fare plus 25 c's. for rouLd trip from all pr ins.
Calhoun, s. C., South Carolina State Summer School, June 21st, July 29th,
1905. Bate one first class faie p us 25 cents for round trip from all points in
Sou til Carolina.
A til ns, Ga.-Summer School, June 27th July 28th, 1905. Rate one first
class faie plus 25 cents for round trip.
Kn oxville, Tenn.-Summer School, June 20th-July 28th, 1905, rate one
fare plus 25 cents for round trip.
Nashville, Tenn.-P. abody Summer Soho-d. Vanderbilt Biblical Insti
tute June Mth-August 9th, 15)05. Rate one fae pb s 25 cents for round trip.
Asheville, N. C.-A? nual Conference V. M. C. A. a: d Y. W. C. A., Juna
9th-25th, 2905, rate one fate plus 25 cents for round tiip.
Asheville, N. C.-Confer? nee of Young Peoples Missiona'y Association,
June 25th-Jul 2nd. 1905 Bate on? fare plus 25 cents for ?ound trip.
Denver, Col.-Account International Epworth League Convention, rate
very low, and will be given on application.
Asbury Park, N. J.-Account National Association, July 3-7. Ra*e very
low and gi von on application.
Baltimore, Md.-Account United Society Christian Endeavor Interna
tional Convention, July 5th-10th. Rate ene first class fare plus 81.00 for
Buffalo, N. Y.-Annual meeting Grand Lodge B. P. O. Elks, July 11-15,
Rate one first-class fare plus 81 00 for round trip.
Toronto, Ont.-Ace unt International Sunday School Convention, June
'.0th 27th, 1905. Bate one fare plus 50c for roi. nd trip from all points in South
Jarolina. T'ckets or sale June li), 20, 42, 23d final limit June 30th. Exten
sion ol tlnal limit can bc obtained by depositing ticket with'joint agent and
i pon payment of fee of 81.00
Southern Rpilwa can offer many other attractive rates. For full inf r
nation consult any ticket agent, or,
R. W. HUNT,
Division Passenger Agent, Charl ston, S. C.
WEATHER AND CROPS.
lotion Stands Good, But Numerous
Bad llcports Aro Alado.
The followi?g report as to the coa
lition of the crops has been issued by
?ection Director Bauer:
The ?r8t of the week ending Mon
lay, May 22, was warm, the latter
tart very cool, especially the nights.
Choro were local high winds accom
lanying thunderstorms on the 16.h
hat did some damage to fruit trees.
Che latter part of the week was fair
vilh sunshine in excess of the normal
There were general rains on the
t!th, heavy in places, and occasional
howers in the eastern counties on tue
7th, after which the ground dried
apldly. Cultivation of field crops
aade rapid progress during the lat
er part of the week. There is still
widespread complaint of grassy fields,
nd a probability that some land
Canted in cotton will have to be
bandoned owing to the scarcity of
arm laborers. Labor is scarce in all
.arts of the state.
Cotton planting has been finished,
nd more than two-thirds has been
hopped, with chopping still in pro
ress. Cultivation h?.? been begun,
tands of cotton are generally good,
hough there are numerous reports of
lan ts dying on gray lands In the
restera counties and on sandy lands
i the eastern ones owing to too much
iiu and the recent cool nights. In
jme of the southeastern counties,
jme fields have been plowed up and
.'planted. Excessive rains and lack
f cultivation caused the plants to
irn red or yellow In many places, and
ae recent cool nights have checked
a heretofore rapid growth. The
rst squares were noted on the luth
i Colleton county. The general
audition of the cotton crop ooor,
hough promising in a few localities.
Corn is Bullering from want of cul
ivatlon and is turning yellow, but
rhere cultivation has been practic
ble it is In good condition. Stands
re generally goal except on boUom
inds where worms continue destruc
ve. There is yet much corn to be
lan ted on bjttom lands, in the west
.n half of the state.
Tobacco ls doing well. Rloe plant
ig is delayed in the Georgetown dis
let by high tides. The week was fa
irahle for truck and shipments of
)t atoes and beans were heavy. The
rawberry season ls over. Wheat is
.omlsing where not rusted or da"m
jed by the Hessian Hy. Fall oats are
ie, and spring oats have Improved
.pidly. Oats are ripening in the
.stern counties and some have been
it. Pastures are line. Peaches are
entiful in the eastern ounties, but
e very scarce in the western ones. I
he first shipment of peaches was
ade this week. Apples are scarce
id the trees continue to blight. Mel
is, gardens and other minor crops
nt hmo to do well.
THU popularity of the negro in the
rge northern cities is being amply
id sttiklngly demonstrated in Chica
i just at this time.
You want thc Rest. Wo haye 5
exactly what you want. Don't ?
wait to feel exactly ready. We g
an make you able. Our prices Z
are LOW-our terms are EASY. .
Write us at once for catalogues, .
prices and terms. Address
MALONE'S MUSIC HOUSE, ?
COLUMBIA, S. C. ?
Expert Medical ?dvice=Free.
Dr. J. Newton Hathaway, of Atlanta,
Ga., the South's Most Reliable
Specialist, Offers to Give Medi
cal Advice to Every Sufferer
from Any Disease Free of
Garge-Be Sure to Write
Him at Once and Take
Advantage of Thin
300K ON YOUR DISEASE SENT FREE.
If you aro a m ic tod with any disease of a
thron ic nature, you should sit right down and
vrito this g eat specialist and tako avantage of
Iiis special oller to counsel and advise o/ery
utterer without cost, AS Dr. Hathaway has
tad ovor a quarter century of oxoorioncd_ in
ho treatment of these diseases, during <*h'ch
imo Ito has cured sjino ol tho mist stubborn,
[cop seated cases on record, you can readily
npreciats the value this offer will bo to you.
lo will also send you a very valuable book on
?our dis aso, of willoh Ito is tho author, which
rill explain to y u a gro<t many things you
lo not know. Your homo docL.ir w mid charge
ou anywhere from ?1.00 to ?-2."i.O0 for this
arno service and after all you would not be
lonefltted, for the reason that ihoavorago doo
or is not competent to adviso in those coses
.eca'jso to has not had tho necessary oxperi
Dr. Hathaway Ins boon, established In At
antn tor years mid years. anelJiy hone-', deal
ags ? ?th everyone and r.'iidoriKg the S.&sC
killed medical service, lie hts built up the
irgest practice in this country. His standing,
otb professionally, uud financially is of the
ory highest,and you can lind no hotter, medi
al aid or t dvice anywhere. His system of
omo trcatnio t is considered perfect in overy
aspect, which enables him to treat tho attliot
it at thoir homes, nut no matter with what
iscaso you aro aillioted, h iw severe it may be
r h JW many doctors have doolared it incura
lo, write huii und lot him t ill you just what
o can do fdr von. Tho address is J. NlSW
ON HATHAWAY, M. D., 83 luman Bldg,
A Proposition of Interest
To all readers of this paper, who
all or write for treatment within the
ext 30 days I will cure them of the
allowing diseases for ONE-HALF ray
sual charge: LOST MANHOOD,
?Y PH I LIS (blood poison), GONO
III10, GLEET, S LTIIOTURE, VARI
?OCELE, UUPTUi'.E. CATARRH
nd all CHRONIC DISEASES, of
otb sexes. Diseases of women cured
/it bout operation. PILKS cured
inder guarantee without the knife or
ny tying or burning operation.
Consultations, Examination, Advice
T. S. HOI LEYAIAN, M. D.,
Looms 421 and 422 Leonard Building,
N. B. Catarrh of worst form oured
uickly at borne.
f m_^ j GUARAN
fcC-I AHA BANK DEPOSIT
l?\Jm\?\?\? Railroad Fara Psld. 600
?* vi>vt.* r?in..
1'RKK Courses Offared
*WmaritW?TITTstlll Board at Cost Write Quid
iORfilA-ALABAMA BUSINESS C0LLEGE.UaC0a.0s
id R. R, AGENCY-Wo also train TOU for
io U.S. SIGNAL GORPS. School ostab
hod 17 yoars. Choao board, low tuition,
d Our Plan INSURES position. CaLnhieno
?. GA. TELEGRAPH COLLEGE, j