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"DO THOU, GREAT LIBERTY, INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAKE OUR LIVES IN THY POSSESSION HAPPY OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE."
BENNETTSV1IXE, S. C., FRIDAY, JUNE 9, 1905,
NO. 38: TW
Such Is the Fate that Befell the
Russian Baltic Fleet.
CAUGHT IN A TE,AP
A Russian Warrant Officer Tells How a j
Big Russian Battleship Went Down
After an Explosion. First
Stories of the Great Bat
tle at Sea.
* Out of the great fleet that went Into
battle on Siturday. May 27, all but.
four have been captured or sunk by
The admiral of the tl-et, Boj est
ven8ky, is a prisoner and cespcratc-ly
Admiral Voelkershem ls dead, shot
Admiral Nebcgatoff is a surrendered
Two vessels out of all the gallant
Armada that v>as headed for Vladi
vostok have reached tl at port. Such
a catalogue of o ver v. helming ills seems
paso precedent and is all terribly
true. The Japanese report of the
capture of R'-jTRtversky is direct and
exaot, but St. Petersburg insists that
the Ac mirai has escaped.
- The Admiralty authorities there in
Bist that he has reached Vladivostok,
and the Lordin Standard prints a
dispatch from its correspondent in tho
Russian capital in which he asserts
that Mme. Rtdrstvensky has received
atelrgram from Vladivostok signed
by ber husband, saying that he had
arrived there on beard the cruiser Al
mas, and that he was severely wound
ed In the neck, back and abdomen.
Against this is paced the circum
stantial report received by the Japa
nese lExbassy tbat the commander
was captured on Saturday cvenirg off
the Corean iBland of U:elung, with
another admiral and eighty oth<u
KuEsians, including stuff officers. It
seems undoubled that the Aim;-/, has
reached Vladivostok, and in addition
to bearing si me one who at any rate
claims to be Rujestvem>ky, she carries
the story that re-, ugees on board were
eye witnesses of the destruction of
two Japanese battleships I lt is a day
Of strange sLorles.
Admiral Togo ls still scouring the
Sea of Japan in nu st. of some rem
nant of the enemy that may have es
caped him. but the hst of vessels
"Blink?' and vessels ''captured" la a
wonderful one, as it ls set out'in'the
Official dispatches. Bc re is the tally:
Battleships-Prince Suvaroff, Im
perator Altx^nder III., Rorodiuo,
Oshabla, Slssoi-Veltkl ;-.nd Navarin.
Cruisers-Admiral Nakincoff, De
mitri Dcn>ko?, Vladimir Monomacb,
Svletiana ai d Z mtcburg.
Coast D-fcn-jt; Ships-Admiral Ush
akoff, two special service ships, the
repiir ship Kamtchatka and three de
Battleships.-O.il and Imperator
Coast Defence Ships-Admiral Ap
raxln and Admiral Senyanvln.
Making the te. rible total of twenty
two 8hJpR with au aggrigate tonage
of 153 ill.
Now that the glory of thc vic'orl
and the mist rv of defeat are writte>
large, the stories t.f d. ad and wound
ed men in agouy are conning to the
Wreckage and the disfigured bodie
of dead sailors are bbicg washed
ashore along the shores of the Corean
Strait. The twisted and ?battered
hulls of the Ru:s an vessels lie on the
shoals or are hung cn tho rocks, a:id
Japanese tisheimeu are collecting the
fearful Hoi tam cf thc light.
The captured ships, with prisoners,
are arriving at S.ts.eh; ; other prison
ers have been hindi d at TMU Island;
300 have been or:?ught to Iwami, and
tLe captured v s els are belrg brought
te Japanese poits by priz ciews to be
refitted and to fly the Hag of the His
TOGO Sr08lTI0N TACTICALLY PERFECT
From a scoie of various SJtircis,
from crippled R issiah war vessels
staggering into vari' us ports, from
captured Russian ? Ulcers and men,
and from the niggardly r< ports of the
Japanese Naval bureau, adnitional
facts are learned of thc great eucount.
er, none of which chai-ge the main
facts, but all of which and vividness,
action and color to tho story of th?
One intensely Interesting point.
and it is made hy a Russian inform
ant-is that Admiral Togo's dispus!
tlon of his forces was tactically per
fect Not only wore his equartroi s sc
floated as to guard both channels,
that to the. east and thal to the west
ofThU Island, but he had also pre
pared for a deploy of his forci s should
R'destvensky spin, ids ll et, and send
one division around Ji.pe.n on the out
Bide way, while with the oilier ht
made a dash for the Sea of Japan ant
Vladivostok by way of the Coreai
T. go, with his main squadron, laj
off the Corean ?.cast, in the roadsteat
of Masampho, while his torpedo flo
tillas were disposed back of Ts ti Is
Admirals Kamimura and Urlu heb
their squadrons further north, read;
to head off sucn c f the Russian ship
as might get through Ti go's lines, o
to scamper up to the Strait of Tsu
garu and bar the way there, at th
iDStant lt was reported that any o
the enemy were trying to gain th
TOQO'S DISPOSITION WAH IDEAL.
Togo held the Strait, indeed, am
his disposition w.-s Ideal. Togo, tn
his flanship the Mlkasa, made hi
personal iquadion ti afc of the battle
ships; Vice Admiral Kami mura com
mantled the heavy cruisers. Actini
Independ? ntly ai. an advance or scout
ing tquadren were a number of Ugh
cruisers commanded hy Pear Admira
Eatacka. So disputed, Togo was pn
pared for any manoeuvre of the ene
my, and bided his time. But in addi
tlon to these named forces at bis ser
vice it is now evident that the Japa
nese Admiral bad other and lltterally
deep-laid aids at his command. There
ls little doubt now that the obannel
on the Japanese side of Tsu Sbima,
where tbe sea way ls narrow and
twisted by numerous groups of rocky
islets, specially obarted minea were
Moreover, there are many veiled
intimations that submarine boats
played a part, inconspicuous but
dreadful, in the fight.
And then, pernaps, Togo smiled,
when it became evident that Rojest
vensky really intended to maintain
bis double column formation, and was
thus steaming into action, like the
attack of a massed brigade aoross an
open plain, Togo mu it have smiled, if
ever he allowed himself tbat un-ori
ental luxury. The fight was to be
fought then and there, and instantly
Kain I mu ra's ! (j id ron steamed through
the Broughton Strait-the obannel on
the Corean side of Thu Sbima, and
stood ready to prevent Rojest vensky's
attempt to retreat southward, or lo
attack on the enemy's port column
from the south and west.
Ni sb in order came what ls called a
master move on Togo's part. Kami
mura was ready on the south ll ink, sa
to speak, of the Russians'port column,
composed of cruisers. On the eastern
side of the Russians' starboard col
umn, that composed of battleships,
lay the broken and dangerous shore of
Japan. Ahead of the Russians lay
Togo's complementary squadrons, and
gathered for attack on either side ol
Tsu Soima, was Togo's Bwarm of tor
pedoers. To Bay nothing of minef
Togo's master move lay in Btecming
to atb&ok on the port Bide of the
cruiser column. He thus had thi
lightest of the Russian ships betweet
him and Rojesivensky's heavier ves
sels, and while he was enabled witt
hts big guns to reach the double tar
get of cruisers and battleships, thi
Russian admiral's free firing wai
smothered by the line of hlB owr
vessels. Not only this, but both Tog<
and Kamimura were enabled to fin
by broadside, while the rear ships o
the Russian columns could near col;
use any guns at all, coming on a
they did, in line ahead formation.
ROJESTVKN8KY 6 SIGNALS DISREGARE]
The papers are filled wlthoriticism
by naval experts on the Russian Ad
inlral's obstinacy in too rigid adber
enco to his first formation, but in an
H wer to these lt is stated in St. Peters
Lurg dispatches that the commander'
signals were not followed. That con
fusion seized thc Russian column
there is no doubt, nor ls there an
that the shelling by the Japanes
was terrifia and deadly: for all thi
ptt?? oi^b?Tlg?c, io must ?erundeE
stood, was during the daylight of Sat
ord ay, May 27, and before the nigh
attacks by the Japanese torpedeen
completed the confusion of the em
As to the submarines it ls on tb
authority of Captain RoBhlnoff, con
mander o? the armored cruiser Ac
mirai Nakblmoff, and now a ptisonc
ot war at Mojl, Japan, tnat his vess.
was destroyed, either by a mine (
submarine vessel. He asserts thi
his ship, which led the cruller colum
was entering the Corean Strait, whe
suddenly ttiere was a tremendous e:
pu,..km, the cruiser rose out of tl
water, fell back a broken hulk, ai:
Instantly sank, carrying most of bi
crew down with her. Captain Rush
mt? swam to a damaged steam lanni
which wandered about until Sundi
morning, when it wad picked up by
Japanese gunboat. The other au
vlvors used life boats, and were rtsc
ed by fishermen.
The srory of the torpedo boat a
tack and tue night pursuit of tl
shatter d Russian II.et has alreac
been told. The fight af Suuday h
als j b -en referred to, but only lu tl
light of hurried and fragmentary r
p.irts. Fuller and confirmatory di
patches of the action of May 28 a
now to hand from Tokio. It w
this tight that raged arc.und the Lia
court R .oks on Sunday af?.ornoo
These rook barren islets, He to t
northeast of T.->u Shi ma. Taere,
will bc remembered, the batllishi
Nicolai 1. and Orel, and the coast t
fence ves-els Aptaxln and Senyai
nurrendured, with about 2 OOO prise
ers, including Admiral Nebogat
while the protected cruiser Izumr
got away, all live having run t
gauntlet of Saturday's fight io t
Strait, and being headed for the op
Sea of Japan.
STARTED AFTER A NEW FOiT.
With the acceptance of the surri
der of the four vessels tho main fo
of the Japanese fleet stopped pura
and an attempt was made by the J
mirai to get something like a comp
aensive report from his captains. 1
the lookouts reporting the appearai
Of a large vessel In the southwest, 1
Japanese cruisers Iwate and Yaku
.vero dispatched to pursue her. Bi
, cruisers are Meet vessels of a 21 k
speed and quickly overhauled
enemy which was made out to be
' coast defence ship Admiral Ushak
? At 0 o'clock the Hoeing Russian '
within easy gun range, and she <
invited to surrender. She refus
i tho batteries of the two cruisers w
j turned loo.se and the U shako if .
Her crew of 300 men wore rose
f by boats and launches from tho iw
j and Yokumo. Up through tho St
other fugitive units were soon
. chased. Ab 5 in the afternoon
armored cruiser Dmitri Donskol
j seen In a northwestern direction,
,. the Japanese light division and a
B stroyer flotilla were sent to bring
j. down. She was fired on vigoro
and os vigorously replied and mai
p splendid running fight. Thedest
f er flotilla hung on, however, and A
B night came they closed in and broi
clown their victim. She was fe
next morning aground on tho so
eastern shore of Urleung Island,
3 the Corean coast,
a The "picking off" process laste<
f> Sunday long. The protected cn
- Chit?se had run northward on
. lookout for some scattered prize, v
-' ?she overhauled a Russian destr
- and promptly blow her up. The
1 .coted cruiser Nlataka, In corni
.1 with the destroyer Murakumo, si
'?? ed a Russian destroyer In the full 1
of Sunday noon, and chased her until
she ran aground. And so the Sun
day's work of chase and destruction
went on, and, from all reports, it is
still going on, foi it seems to he Ad
miral Togo's dread determination to
sink or capture every lliating thing
that liles the Russian flag.
FELLS OF THE FIGHT.
Russian Officers Give Porno retails of j
the Terrible Rattle.
Tho Japs Had Two Battlo ships and
Two Crntsors Sunk and Sev
eral Torpedo Boats Sank.
A dispatch from Vladivostok, under
date of May 30, says two ships alone
ot Vice Admiral Rojestvcnsky's. power
ful 11 tilla, the swift cruiser Almaz |
and the toi pedo boat destroyer Grozny,
ile at anchor here, todny in the curving
harbor of Goideuhorn, tney having |
-ecarated from the ll et in the early
stage of the battle which began lu the
Korea st ral l s Saturday and beaded, tn
ubedier.ee to oruers, with full speed to
Up to 4 o'clock this afternoon no
other vereis of the Baltic ll ot had
yet arrived and the signal stations at
Askold and R.mskykorsakr.il Island?
reported none lu sight. Officers of the
Almaz and G.ezuy say that both fleets
had already sustained terrible losses
when the Alma/, and Grozny broke
through the hostile Une.
Of tue Japanese two battleships had
gone down before their eyes, and two
cruisers, their sterns high out of the
water, seemed ready to plunge fore
most to the bottom of the Bea. The
Jananese torpedo boats played the prin
cipal role in the defeat of the Russian
fl jet. They were sent In for action
again and again under a perfect hail
of shot from the Russian rapid tiring
guns. More than one aalf of the Jap
anese flotilla of torpedo boats was
The Russian fl et, they say, was even
in a sadder plight. Rajestvensky's
flagship, the Knlaz Suvaroff, and her
sistershlp, the B?rodine, and the cruis
ers Odiaba and Ural were utterly de
stroyed, and when the fog closed down
and hid the scene of battle from sight I
>f the speeding ships, a third great |
Russian battlaship, the Alexander III,
seemed in sore distress but limping
northward, putting up a valiant tight
against throngs of torpedo boats, and
still continuing ber attacks on the I
misers of the Island empire. Torpedo
boats were also clinging around the
other ships of the ti -et like angered
rasps, separate flotillas darting in
again and again to launch their weap
(The Almaz, whioh arrived at her
j anchorage 'here Monday evening, bears
soars of the battle. Her mizzenmast j
is sbot away, and one of her smoke
stacks is pierced by a connon sbot.
But the Grozny, though engaged for
several hours in a running fight at
nort range with a large Japanese de
stroyer, shows no signs of the fray.
After her commander, Capt. An
drit?ski had been wounded and an offi
cer and three men had b eu killed, the
Grczuy succeeded lu sinking her oppo
nent with a lucky placed shot and
iched Vladivostok without further
iventure at ll o'clock this morning.
As the Almaz dropp.td author ex
oi te mont beyond description seized the
thronging spactators who wsth frantic
''huzzis" tested high their caps Clti
zens embraced each other and danceo
Jubilantly upon the pier, ubile the
?rews of tho ships in the harbor joined
in wild cheering. In a trice the boats
were droppid from the davits and in
mom', nt the officers of the cruise rn
and toip do boats in thc harbor and
ihe military ttii lals from tue fortress
.vere swarming on bjard the Almaz Lo
le;.rn nev.s of the tight
The story was short. According to
the officers of the Almaz, the fleet
under Uo jest ver sky met the JapaDi.sc
in the Straits of K Tea near Tsu lslhud
arid the oppo.-.ing fleets immediately
closed in. Being lightly armored, the
Almaz, as had been ordered by Arl
mirai Rojustvenhky before the battle,
separaten itself from the malu ll ??et
at thc tirst opportunity and headed for
'iad.ivo.itok si on after the co mn cuoe
meut of the acth ri, but not too sooi.
to observe that the lo st s ou hol h sides
in the titanic combat Wir? grout,
f I E rly in the battle an i HI er of the
Almaz, while watet lng lt j stvensk's:
11 tgship, the battleship K 1-z Souvar
1T forja signal, saw tin lltg-.i ip shud
der from s em to stern as if uuder a
blow fre.m a gigantic hammer and hes
itate In her course, wnile the waves
rose high fr m her armored sides Then
she commenced to Hst aod sink.
The e Ulcers believe that, the debut
of the submarine boat as an effective
agent in naval warfare, or perhaps a
large mine, caused the disaster to the
Koiaz Souvarol?. Thc dam8gj, how
ever, was so extensive that the fl lgship
soon went down, leaving the deck offi
cers and many of the crew struggling
In the waves.
One of the Russian torpedo boats,
either the destroyer Bulny or the
Bravi, ran In and picked up a number
of the swimmers, ono of whom was
rf cognized through a glass as Admiral
Under a gruelling attack from the
Japanese warships, aided by torpedo
boats, mines and submarines, the Boro
dino, o diabla and Ural were placed
out of action and followed the flagship
to the bottom.
The fog, which had raised and low
ered Intermlttenly during the morning,
bogan tt) settle down again, and the
fl I distance of the Almnz, which had now
d ! succeeded in disengaging her.- elf in the
combat from the struggling ships,
made it difficult for her to see clearly,
but the ctllcers are positive that they
saw two Japanese battleships disap
pear beneath the sea before their eyes,
and that two Japanese cruisers appear
ed on thc point of sinking.
The arrival of the Gnzny at ll
o<clock today was marked by the same
scenes of excitement as those which
characterized the advent of the Alma/.,
The correspondent of the Associated
Press visited the wounded coromandel
of the destroyer, Capt. Andriff kl, al
thc hospital and the captain continu?e:
the details given by tho officers of the
Almaz. Ile described lils combat as E
running light In which thc Grozny wa;
engaged for several hours, Anally sink
ln? tho pursulug Japanese destroyer.
A CLOSE GALL
One Hundred and Ten Convict?
in Penitentiary Poisoned.
PABIS GREEN USED.
It Was Put In Some Cabbage Which the
Convicts Ate for Dinner. Parti
clea of the Poison U?cd Have
Been Discovered In and
About the Kitchen.
The State of Thurslay said there
has been a lot of Hincas among the
c mvlcts at the penittntlary within
the las', 24 hours and it ls known that
the 110 or more who were made slok
suddenly had partaken cf green vege
tables o oked in a large pot. Hone of
the 300 convicts was affected except
the ones who ate of the cabbage thus
prepared, and it ia believed that the
pt lisonlng was not due to any mischiev
ous intent. Col. D. J. Griffith, super
intendent of the penitentiary, stated
that nearly all of the nick had left the
ii.Urinary with the exception cf a few
who were not well anyway, and there
were no casualties of a serious na
Tho convicts who were made sick
ate of cabbage cooked in a put whioh
had not been used for somo time, al
though the cooks deolared that they
cleaned the vessel thoroughly, lt ls
customary to put a little soda into
the vegetables to facilitate the cook
ing, and lt is possible that the action
of the soda on the iron of the pot form
ed a chemical chango which nauseated
the prisoners who ate of the vegeta
bles prepared therein.
The nausea appeared so soon after
the dinner meal that all of the din
ner had not been cleared away, and
some of the vegetables were sent to
Dr. W. B. Burney, the State ohemist,
who was asked to make a careful
analysis. His report bad not bsen made
Wednesday night. It is hardly pro
bable that the oonvlots engaged in
gathering the vegetables and in pre
paring them could have been so mali
clous as to want to poison their fellow
prisoners, but if there was anything
of the kind done it will not be dluioult
to find the ones guilty. Capt. Griffith
feels very much relieved after all is
over because none of the prisoners
failed to respond immediately ts treat
ment and all will be as well as usual
in a day or two. ,
ARSENIC IN THE POT.
The State of Friday says there was
arsenic in the dinner that poisoned
the conviots. Dr. W. B. Burney, the
State chemist, has not made his form
al report of the analysis undertaken
at the request of Capt. D. J. Griffith,
Superintendent of the penitentiary,
but he said informally Thursday night
that he had discoverer^ the presence of
arsenic In considerable quantity in the
sample sent him for examination.
Supt. Griffith and Cant. W. W. Adams
captain of the guard, made a an in
vestigation Wednesday and Thursday
and they hav J arrived at the conolu
sl n that the poison was put into the
cabbage with mallee, and tho pirty
guilty of the crime has been spotted.
As it waa stated Thundjy the con
victs were sickened by eating of din
ner of cibbage cooked in a large pot.
Thinking that not even a convict
she uki be so inhumanly depraved as
to iieek to polslcn bis fellow cmvlot?
n su?h a manne r, Capt Gr.ffivh was
disposed at finit to belle ve lt passible
hat there might have been some
chemical chungo brought about by rea
son of the fact that the cabbages were
ci oked in a pot not used for some time
and tl ab >oda had been used to facili
ta .e '.he proc?s of cooking.
THE POISON FOUND.
Thursday experiments were made
with the samp u pot and with othei
pots. It was found that in no case dlr!
the cabbage MIIOW any signs of poison
from the use of soda lu the cooking.
Bo? in a p rfectly clean pot used elall>
tome nf the green poison on the window
was added. The ?olor imparted to the
cabbage was thu same as that observ?e
in the dinner that mado tho convict.*
sick. Convicts ate voluntairly with nt
bad efiVots resulting from the greem
cooked with soda. Of courao none Ol
them would try the mesa cooked witt
? Piria green contains arsenic. There
fore lt is probable that the dinner wai
poisoned with malice aforethought
Tiiere has been Paris green In the sup
room at tho penitentiary and some o
lt had been used a few wcekB ago t<
kill bugs on the Irish potatoes. Thurs
day Capt. Grllilf.h found traces of thi
green poison on the window sill of th.
cooking room and in eine of tho gut
tees near the kitchen was found mon
in the quantity of aspoonfull. Takini
this in connection with the fact tba
Dr. Burney has found arsenio in th
dinner of last Tuesday lt would appea
that one or more of the conviuts ma.
be found guilty of a diabolic attemp
at wholesalo murder.
Raiding ininti Tilters.
At Charleston the "social dub,
chartered blind tigers, continue to h
raided by the constables and much ei
cltement preval b among the proprio
tors and members, especially at thi
season of the year, when cold beer 1
I considered to bo so very neccssarj
especially with thc accompaniment
1 of comfortable quarters, electric fan;
etc. The raid of ono club VVednesda
, night netted 21 gallons of high grad
whiskey and nearly 1,000 bottles c
export beer. Thc ronewed activlt
of the constables is said to bo due t
special instructions from Columbia t
get uf ter the violators of the law.
TOKO Names lt.
The naval conlliot in whioh tho lin
stan licet was destroyed has been vi
I rlously distinguished os tho battle (
' the Korean SLralbs and the battle <
' Tsu Island. Admiral Togo telegrapl
I to Tokio that "the naval battle fougl
> from tho afternoon of May 27 to Ma
i 28 In the vioinity of Oklno island an
* extending to thc vioinity of Orleun
- Island, is called the naval battle <
the Sea of Japan. " That settles lt.
"DO TnOU, GREAT LIBERTY, INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAKE OUR LIVES IN THY POSSESSION HAPPY FOR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE."
BENNETTS VILLE, s. c., FRIDAY, APRIL 28,1905.
GAUSED A SLUMP.
Different Cotton Reports Vary
as to the Acreage.
Lower than the Estimate of the Cotton
Association, Which Was 18 Per Cent
Reduction. Thc Government
Reports Show 8 Reduc
ion of ll Per Cent.
The following bulletin on the condi
tion of the cotton crop was issued by
thc d 'oartment of agriculture Friday:
Returns to t he chief of the bureau
of statistics of the department of ag
riculture show the total area planted
in cotton In the United States up to
May 25th to be about 28,120,000 acres,
a decrease of about 3,610,000 acres, or
11.4 per cent., from the total acre
age planted last ?car.
The average condition of the grow
ing crop on May 25th was 77.2, as
compared with 33 on May 20th, 1904;
74.1 at the corresponding date in 1903,
and a 10-year average of 85.3.
The percentage or deorease in aore
age in the different States (the com
parison being with the total area
planted last season) is as follows:
Virginia 13. North Carolina 10, South
Carolina ll, Georgia ll, Florida 10,
Alabama 8, Mississippi 12, Louisiana
14, Texas 12, Arkansas 15. Tennessee
10, Missouri 14, Oklahoma ll, Indian
The condition of the crop by States
on May 25th was as follows:
Virginia 87, North Carolina 83,
South Carolina 78, Georgia 84, Florida
88, Alabama 87, Mississippi 73 Louis
iana 73, Tex%s 69, Arkansas 73, Ten
nessee 86, Missouri 84, Oklahoma 88,
Iudian Territory 81.
. WANT AN INVESTIGATION.
A dispatch from Atlanta says Tow
ing to a differenca of 7 per cent in
the government report issued Friday
and the Southern Cotton Association
report Issued May 31st on the reduc
tion in ootton acreage, the Southern
Cotton association bas taken action
looking to a verification of the two
reports. Secretary Cheatham of the
Southern Cotton association has been
Instructed to take the matter up with
government officials and Friday ad
dressed the following letter to Statis
tician John Hyde at Washington,
oalllng on him for the sources hf the
Atlanta, Ga., June 1, 1905.
Mr. John Hyde, Statisclan, Washing
ton, D. C.
Dear Sir: The government report
on reduction in cotton acreage for
1905 issued from your department at
noon today shows a difference of 7 per
cent, less than the report issued by
the Southern Cotton Association at
New Orleans, May 31. The associa
tion h?s been most painstaking and
conservative in Its report and desires
to verify lt with that of the govern
ment, and will ask that you forward
to its ellice a copy of the detailed
sources from which your report was
maoe ?nd the manner of Its tinal tab
Tue association also stands ready to
furnish your department with similar
information giving names and post
?nica addresses of the 17,500 reporters
and bu.-duess In which tuey are en
gaged, from which reports the associa
tion tabulated Its tinal estimate.
A prompt compliance of your office
with this request will very much
oblige, Your truly,
Rica A HU CHEATHAM,
Sect'y. Southern Cotton Association.
CAUSED A SLUM1V
A dispatch from New York says the
government's tir.it monthly cotton re
port of the season giving tho average
of the stock at 77.2 per cent, and re
duction In aceraue at 11.4 per cent,
was prtc ded and followed by active
selling und excitemt nt on the cotton
exchange Friday. The market was
weak i rom the opening under active
pressure ana b.-.fore the report was is
.' ued July sold off to 8.15, October 8 22
and December 8.34 Immediately fol
lowing the aunouueement of the gov
ernment ligures there was great con
fusion on the cotton exchange due to
the New Oileans maiket, whioh shot
up over 20 points, eau-dng a rally of 6
to 8 points hero. This, however, was
sibsiquently lost. It developed later
that the average*, condition was receiv
ed in New Orleans at 75.2 instead of
77.2. July hold off to 8.10 In the New
York market, a decline from Thursday
i of about 24 points, and lost one half
a ceut from the high pjints of last
Wednesday. The market closed steady
? in tone but aa just about the lowest
. prices, a net decline of 31 to 34 points.
, Sales estimated 750,000 bales.
Will Hang Himself,
j A special to the New York Sun
. from Lincoln, Neb., says that Frank
. Harker, convicted of the murder of
5 his brother, Daniel, and also nib
. brother's wife, and now contined it)
the Nebraska penitentiary awaiting
, thc neo>e of the hangman for his
i double crime, is to be his own execu
tioner. As Warden Hecmer shrinks
from the duty of springing the trap
Harker has stepped into the breach
. and informed the warden that ho will
? ba his own hangman, lurker ha
J frankly confessed that he is guilty,
1 and adults that he deserves the pun
2 Ihhment which the law prescribes.
3 An electrical contrivance ls to con
trol the trap, connected with a wir?
- running Into Barker's hands. Ile wll
. be strapped to his hips, but will hav.
e free use of his lingers, and will pusl
e t:;e button releasing the trap.
1 -A dispatch from Paris says lt 1:
8 learned from an unusually well-inform
td source that Dr. Motono, the Japan
ese minister, has demanded on behal
of Japan, from Minister Delcaaso, tht
i- sum of 500.000,000 francs (?100,000
i, 000) as damages for Freuoh breache.
s of neutrality In connection with th?
d vovagc of Admiral Rojestvensky t
o the E ist and sojourn tn Frenoh Asln
"LOOK AT ENGLAND.
A Comparison Between tira United
States with the Old Country.
Some Rcapceta tn Which the Mother
Country Seems to Have tho
advamnso ol Us.
Oolller's Weekly thinks that the
Uulted States should pay higher
salaries. Ambassadors do not get
enough. Neither do oablnet officers.
The President also ls underpalded.
How lamente b'.r I
"Look at Eogland," Eays Collier'*
E.glandpays 1100,000 to the Und
lieutenant of Ireland, $36,000 to the
speaker of the house of commons
and so forth and so on.
"Well, let us accept the invitation,
and look at England.
Who pays tho taxes in England?
We know who pays them here. With
us the poor man pays the taxes.
When he covers his nakedness,
when he satisfies his hunger, when he
builds his house, when he buys tools
tc work with he pays an outrageously
oppressive tariff tax.
Rockefeller pays no more federal
tax than ls paid by a one-horse negro
farmer in the south.
Morgan pays less federal tax than
many a western corn grower who fed
nis stove on ear corn in 1891, beoause
it was oheaperthan coal.
Blessed are our millionaires! Those
of them who are neglected by con
gre?s are tenderly cared for by the
Blessed are the richi-they run the
government and the commou man
pays the bill.
Look at England.
All right, we now look. This is
what we see:
She oompeia her railway corpora
tions to pay an income tax upon the
assessed valuation of 9190,000,000
She compels the coal barons and
the marble quarry owners to pay in
come tax upon an assessed valuation
She compels the landlords, blakers
and merchant princes to pay income
tax upon an assessed valuation of
In thia manner she forces her
wealthy classes to pay on property
and Inoome nearly two million dollars
annually toward the support of the
Her tariff duties are levied exclu
sively upon articles which are not ne
cessaries of life.
Not a dollar of tariff need the poor
man pay to live in perfect comfort.
This tariff upon the non-necessaries
amounts to 8170,000,000.
From lntrxloating liquors the reve
nue ia $$60,000,000.
Thus it will be seen by a look at
England that the poor man can feed
himself, clothe himself, build a house
to live in, and supply it with necessa
ry furniture without having to pay
one dollar of national tax.
In this land of the free he must
pay the tariff tax, or go naked, eat
grass and live in a hole in the ground.
But let us "look at Eagland"
We see her operating her postoffice,
carrying parcels as well as letters.
She does not allow express companies
to amass fortunes by robbing the
people in the carrying of light
Thus she makes $70,000,000 Instead
of letting the corporations make five
times that amount.
She owns ar.d operates the telegraph
lines, and makes $18,000,000 per year
iustead of letting the corporations
What, therefore, is the net result
of the "Look at Eagland?"
We discover tuat the government
supports Itself upon the posseslons of
the people rather than upon their ne
Give us the same system of taxa
tion-compel those who possess the
wealth to pay the expenses of govern
ment-aud I for one, will say, "Make
the salaries what you will so long ai
you will make them have to pay
Want Social Equality.
Because ll '.v. John Gjrdon, presi
dent of noward University, of Wash
Ington, and a white man, has raise(
the rac a question at the negro collcgi
by declining to associate on a soda
equality plane with the student bod;
and faculty, and has sought to cm
pharize the importance of manua
?raining, a committee of alumni
backed by the entire undergraduati
body, bas preferred charges agains
him and petitioned the board of trus
tees for his immediate removal. Tb
formal charges pressed by former Rep
resentatlve White or North Carolina
and^argued at length before a spcclu
meeting of the trustees, follow wha
has been almost open revolt at th
student body during the past fe\
Gov. lleyward has commuted th
sentence of two white boys of Green
ville county who broke into tho dru
^tore of LewlB & Hartzcg and stol
$350, all there was in sight. Andre\
Johnson and James Clinton and Joh
Harris were cmvioted in April 190
rind were sentenced tu serve 10 year
oath. The sentences of Clinton an
Harris have been commuted to thre
years, all of which they have sarved
The sentence of Johnson wascommul
jd to five years and he has yet tw
> oars to serve. This action was rec
ommended by Sollctor Bogga whe
he question of pardon was referred t
Their UuKK" Mumed.
A dispatch from Spartanburg say
Jhlef Grady and several of thc loci
onstablea had a lively time of it on
.aid in the Dark Corner Monda
oght. Arriving Gowansvlllo, thel
vehicles broke down, and they secure
mother and pressed forward In thel
mest of illicit distilleries. Their ral
urrlcd lh)m Into tho lonely, unfre
luented sections of corner, and the
ere fired un several times, but witt
mt results. Their search prove
fruitless, and, returning to Gowan!
ville for their team, they dlscovere
iat it had been cut to pieo s an
.urned up by the Irate moonshiner!
j t\'ieir horses had not been moleste
I nd the meu scoured another cir rhu.
' and carno on home.
O! A Man Who Had Previously
Killed Two Men.
A BAD CAREER ENDED
When Judge Randolph Was Shot Down
Ia the Street of Montgomery, Ala.,
by His Cousin. Whom He Had
Threatened for Refusing
Judge Francis C. Randolph, one of
bhe best known men in Alabama, was
I shot and instantly killed Saturday af
ternoon by John Randolph,' a second
I cousin, in front of the latter's office .
on South Perry street Montgomery,
There are several rumors as to the
I cause of the tragedy, the one given
most cr ed eu co being that Judge Ran
dolph had demanded a loan of money
from his slayer with the accompany
ng threat that unless the loan was
forthcoming violence would ensue.
Tue two men met ' Saturday after
noon and it is said that Judge Ran?
dolph repeated his threats. John
Randolph presentada single-barrelled
repeating shotgun and Judge Ran
dolph attempted to draw a revolver,
whereupon John Randolph fired two
? shots in quick succession, one enter
ing the hoart and the other the neck.
Either would have proved fatal.
A vast crowd, estimated at 1,000
persons, at once surrounded the scene
I of the tragedy and medical aid was
I summoned, but wen a physician ar
rived Judge Randolph was dead. His
slayer was arrested and placed in the
I county jail, where many friends called
I during the afternoon and tendered
j any assistancs needed.
Judge Franois 0. Randolph had
killed two men, one in Alabama and
another in Colombia, to wnich court
try he fled from this state. For the
homioide In Alabama he was acquit
ted, but in Colombia he was sentenced
to death. He was in ol03e confine
ment there for several yea?, during
which time his friends here and In
the state were exerting every effort
to have the death sentence com
muted. Judge Randolph finally ob
tained his liberty and returned tb
I Montgomery. Soon afterwards he
was tried on thirteen charges of em
I bezzfement, alleged to have been com
mitted during his Incumbency as pro
bate judge of Montgomery county.
Since his return here he has been
drinking freely and it is alleged that
[ on several occasions be has threatened
the lives of Montgomery citizens. A
few weeks ago. Judge Randolph was
lan unsuccessful candidate for tho
j Montgomery D?mocratie mayoralty
nomination. The supreme court of the
j state s orne time ago affirmed a decision
I of the lower courts denying cross bills
I from Judge Randolph and his wife,
both petitioning for divorce. In ad
dition to her, he ls survived by a son
? and four daughters.
Fawning on Japan.
Prince Ouktomsky in tho St. Pe
tersburg Rasviet declares for peace in
a half distracted editorial In which he
takes the whole world to task for
shutting its eyes to the yellow peril.
"All the nations blind to the future,"
says the Prince, "are fawning upon
vltorious Japan. Great Britain re
joicing in Russia's fall utters her sar
castic condolences, and America sends
Secretary Taft and a party of eccen
tric American ladies to visit the land
of the Mikado. France, in fear of
ndo-China, allows Japan to boss her
about, while the crowned Hohenzol
lern, who a few years ago sounded a
solemn warning to the Aryan race,
rushes to the station to greet the
little yellow prince Arlsugaw?, and
showers him wich attentions."
Killed by l-iightuing.
Mr. Boyd McRae was struck and in
stantly killed by lightning during the
eleotnot storm Wednesday afternoon,
while under a shelter on his father's
plantation in Brittons Ne^K Marlon
County. He, with his brother and
another young man, had been at work
in the field, and when the storm
arose took refuge in a tenant house,
tho others going inside the house and
the deceased staying under the shel
ter with the horses.
Hali Killed Sparrows.
A special from Mount Olive, N. 0.,
says a severe wind, rain and hall storm
swept over that section Thursday,
night, unroofing buildings and laying
crops io waste over a wide area cov
ered by the path of the storm. The
power house of the electric plant in
the town of Mount Olive was partial
ly wrecked. In a large elm grove on
the outskirts of the tuwn, numbers of
sparrows were killed by the hall stones
were picked up after the storm.
Burned to Ooatti.
A Pennsylvania passenger train,
from St. Louis, struck an oil wagon
Wednesday at Stillwater Junction,
Oaio. As the oil tank burst the en
gine fires Ignited the oil and Engineer
Edward Oimbey and Fireman Cnarles
Pryor, of Columbus, Ohio, were
burned to death. The driver of the
wagon escaped unlnjurded. The train
was not damaged.
Mtnua ma lt.
United States Minister Griscom,
who is stationed at Tokio, in his re
port calls attention to the fact that
Japanese torpedo operations were
?lghly successful in the late battle
and a majority of tho larga Russian
vessels were sunk aa a result mines.
Hilled Thum dot u
Will Clark was engaged to a girl at
High Spring, near Gainesville, Fia.,
out her undo I. L. Mlzall and her un
cle's stepson Pete Rlddlok opposed
the maten. They attacked Clark on
Sunday while he was returning from
a visit to his sweetheart. In the
fight he got hold of Riddlok's pistol
and killed them both.