Newspaper Page Text
Two White Mea and Three Ne
groes Said to be Killed.
COMMUNITY IN ABMS*
Burrell Ale La ne is Killed and His Son
Seriously Wounded by Negro Eni'
ployees on His Plantation at
Turner, Aiken County. A
Lynching is Feared.
The Augusta Herald says according
to numerous reports received in Au
gusta Monday morning a race riot was
started at Turner, S. O., a small set
tlement in Aiken county, Sunday nigbt
In which a prominent farmer was kill
ed, his son seriously wounded and
three negroes either killed or wounded.
ThK death and injury of the two white
men has been contirmed and the sheriff
of Aiken county wired to from Turner
to come at once and organize a posse.
The information received from tho
vicinity of Turner-which has no tele
phone or telegraph connection-is that
J. JJ. McLane, bitter known as Bur
rell McLane, the largest planter in
tho little settlement, was shot to death
by Dave Gardenhclgh and his son,
both negroes, while one of Mr. Mo
Lane's sens was severely wounded hav
ing the whole back of one leg shot
away. A party of some 75 or 100 men
was formed and started lu search of
the negroes, who made their escape,
with the determination to lynch
Telephoue communication with the
olliceof Sheriff ll tinborn, of Aiken, is
to the eile st that sorlous trouble has
been reported there, but uonc of the
details given. Monday morning Sheriff
Bal nb irn received a telegram urging
him to come to Ellenton at once and
organize a posse to scour the couutry.
The sheriff left immediately for Au
gusta to take the 2:25 train from
there to Ellenton, the uearest stutiou
The story, as gathered from various
Bources over the telephone, in the
vicinity o.f Turner, and from pa-srjug
ers oming to Augusta on thc morn
ing train, ls that the negro Gardcn
heik'h, who lives on the McLane place,
had stoleu a child from a negro wo
man living on a ncigborlng place and
was ordered by Mr. MoLtuo to return
it, but did not do so. Sunday after
noon Mr. McL\ue went to the negro
and ordered him to take the child
back or he would have it takeu away
ftom thc negro.
At thia point the Information ob
tainable is rather moanre, but to the
effect that there were words between
thc employer and thc uegro employe
and later in the afternoon Mr. Mc
Lane and his son-which one of *he
three sous cannot be learned-went
the housa of the negro to seo that the
order had be n carried out. They
found several other negroes at the
place. It seems that an altercation
was started by the negroes, when
Gardenheigh and his SJU rushed upon
Mr. McLane and his sou, both of thwn
tlriug a load of shot into the eldar
Mr. McLine, killing him instantly.
The yi uugcr McLane was then (ired
upon, the calf of his leg being snot
away, bul who tired the shoo is not
kuuwn. From reports lt appears that
the two white men tired upon th?
negroes, killing ono of them and
wounolug tlir?e others, but it appears
that the elder Gard'tuheijih raaoe his
escape with some of his companions
and it ls for thom that the party of
white people arc s.architig with the
d?termination of carrying out a
It appears from the report received
in Aiken that excitement is running
high throughout the coinmunlty and
further tn uhle is feared from tho
uegroes. Coroner Owens, of Alk?n,
called at The Herald ottlce Monday
afternoon to get sun.e information
bearing on the rio". Ho said the only
information Sheriff Ruuburn has ls a
telegram a,khig that the sheriff and
coroner come it once to Turnor,
stating that Ii :rr, !1 M; Lane had been
killed in a riot and the whole white
community ii in arms. Mr. Owen:.
Bays Sheri IT Ital born is taking a po^.e
of half a dozeu men from Aiken with
A DIFFERENT STORY.
A dispatch from Aiken puts a new
phase on the affair near Ellenton Sun
day. The coroner's indues1, over the
body of Hurrell McClalne, who was
shot by Dave Gardenbier, brought out
the fact that i^oClaine went armr.d
and without warrant to the negro's
house and demanded to he given the
child in dispute. Garde nh 1er refused
the demand and M eduino shot into
the h?uso. The i.epro returned the
tire, killi d McClalne and Injun d
others, lt is expected that Garden
hier will surrender to tho sheriff of
Death ol ?ii IM il or.
Deriah Wilkins, owner and publish
er of the Washington Post and former
ly representativo lu congress from
0*alo, died suddenly Wednesday of
heart failure at his residence in Wash
ington, D. C. Since he suffered a
stroke of paralysis two years ago
while on a visit to Now York, Mr.
Wilkins had given bis entire atten
tion to the recovery of his health.
Ile had not been con lined to his bed
for some months and no immediate
anticipation of his serious condition
Insects Kill Little Hoy.
At Atlanta, Ga , a mosquito bite
received several weeks ago, has result
ed in the death of little Robert Lamar
Gaissert. one-year-old son or R. L
Galssert, who resides nt Knott'scross
ing, on the East Point r< ad. The in
sect bit the child upon the tender
flesh of the left cheek. At lirst only
a small spot, such as usually appears
in such eases, was visible upon the
child's face. Altera short time, how
ever, the place became Inflamed and
began to swell finally developing Into
a running tote. Though every effort
was made to heal the peculiar Mll e
tlou, each of tho reme lies failed to
bring about the desired re.-.ult.
Miirdnred Two Uirls.
A doilble murder and suicide occur
ed about a milo from Hillsboro, Ohio,
Sunday night at the home of Edward
Dint s, a farmer in that county. Dines's
(laughter Madge, 14 years of age, and
a young woman named Nettie Hart,
who was staying with hor, were shot
and killed hy David Baldwin, a farm
hand, who then committed suicide, lie
killed tho girls with a revolver belong
ing to lils employer and used Dines's
shotgun to kill himself.
PICKS TBE COTTON.
Messrs Jaudon and Bond Have a New
Patents Hare boen Beonred ?nd a
Working Model Made Wbioti
Does all tbat is Cialinod
The News and Courier says alter
eight mouths' of experimentation, al
teration and Investigation, Messrs J.
C. Jaudon and S. L. Bond, of Charles
ton, have perfeoted and patented a cot
ton picker which, they believe, will
make the picking of cotton by hand, a
thing of the past. The machine has
just recently been completed, and after
securing the patent papers from the
Government offices, the picker has been
exhibited to a number of friends, most
of whom believe that Messrs Jaudon j
and Bond have a good thing.
The machine is a one man affair.
Oue laborer, not necessarily a very in
telligent laborer either, can operate
the machine. There are no complica
ted cogs, delicate machanism or tiny
bolts and wheels to snap at the first
heavy strain-in fact, the remarkable
simplicity of construction and ease of
??-oration are two of the most striking
features of the picker.
There have been cotton pickers and
cotton pickers, but most of them were
huge, cumbersome affairs, requiring
many men to operate and costing a
small fortune. For some of them, cot
ton had to grow in very precise and
straight rows and others not only
picked the cotton which was open, but
snapped off green bolls and all and
mashed the whole into a mince pie.
The Jaudon-Bond machine is differ
ent. In appearance it reminds one
strongly of a rapid-fire gun. The sim
plicity of the thing strikes one at first
glance. The picker ls mounted on
three wheels, like a tricycle, and the
two larger wheels are close together
so that they can easily be pushod be
tween rows of cotton without injury
to growing plants. Between the two
wheels ls suspended a sack, and over
the mouth of the sack opens a long
At the end of this cylinder, are
two short cylinders, fitted with teeth,
and as one turns a orank, these two
cylinders revolye, catching the fibre
of the cotton and depositing it in the
long cylinder, whence lt ls carried to
tho sack by a narrow belt. The opera
tion of the crank runs the two ploking
cylinders and the conveying belt.
Thore is nothing to get out o? order
or to mystify the operator, and tiny
delicate wheels and complicated joints
and crauks are conspicuous by their
M-.s.rs. Jaudon and Bond are confi
dent that they nava at last solved the
cotton picking problem and while they
are aware of the fact that hundreds of
other inventors have failed to perfect
a satisfactory machinerthey are eager
ly awaiting the cotton season, so that
the machine can be given a practical
test, and are convinced that lt will do
Planters have become somewhat
wary of cotton picking machines, and,
in the language of thc street, all of
them are from Missouri and have to
be shown. If the machine will do the
work of five or six men, at the ex
p?hse'ot one, thc Charleston men have
a good thing. If the machine will
pick five or six hunddred pounds per
day, th6y will have little trouble in
selling thc machines.
Mr. Jaudon said Saturday that he.
I had received a number of letters and
Inquiries relative to the machine, but
does not seem anxious to dispose of it.
A numbsr of farmers and planters
have s. en the machine and have ex
amined it when in operatiou, and all
agree that it Isa good thing.
THE YELLOW PERIL.
Wo Are Faoe to FACO With It, Says
Ono of KotiHcvelt'B Cabinet.
Notwithstanding the opinion ex
pre.s d by some newspapers and peo
pie that no sane man would enter
tain for a moment the thought that
the suscess of Japan in the present
war with Russia would prove a menace
to the other nations of the world,
many more or less sane people are en
tertaining that very thought at this
particular time. The Baltimore Sun
.says a member of President Roose
velt's cabinet made the significant re
mark that "we are face to face with
the yellow peril," when he had finish
ed reading the full reports of the vic
tory or the Japanese licet over the
Russian Beet. i
The Sun went on to say that "while
it is not thought for an instant that
there is any immediate danger of war
or difficulties of any kind between the
United States and Japan because of
tbs latter's undoubted prestige in the
far Hist, from the trend of tho talk
among prominent members of the ad
ministration it was evident that the
idea expressed so ci gently by the
mi mber of the cabinet exist in many
minds, and in military circles lt is
now recognized that hereafter the
United States will have to take Japan
seriously into account as a competitor
for the supremacy of thc Bael lie ocean,
which has been sometimes facetiously
referred to as an American lake. Ja
pan has now a much more powerful
naval force on the Pacific and, lt ls
thought, could easily take the Philip
pine Inlands from this country."
The people who are talking this
way may not be sane, but they are
talking good, hard sense, all the same,
which will he proven in the next ten
years or earlier. Another paper says
a famous Ameican admiral In talking
to a newspaper correspondent last
week in Washington made the remark
that before many years America would
have to fight Japan, as her success
over Russia would completely "turn
tho heads of thc Haid, conservative
Jap and he. will go a good many seeps
further than otherwise would have
boen thc case. "
The old admiral further said that
he was "afraid that the ambitions ot
tho Japanese will spread ataseriously
rapid rate and that they may next
take some steps In China that will not
meet with the good opinion of the
rest of the world, which will then be
nin to open Its eyes to the fact that it
has been placing Its sympathy with a
mighty wary lot of people." This old
admiral may not be sane, but he talks
ii powerful lot of hard, common sense,
as time will show. We believe that
the United States and Japan will
clash just as soon as Japan recovers
from thc war she is now fighting.
They are an ambitious and conceited
people, and they will not he satisfied
until thev try conclusions with the
United States-or England.-Orange
burg Times and Demoorat.
OUJft NEW NAVY.
What the United. States Might Do ia
a Naval Fight.
A Formidable Array of So? Fighters.
Tho Building ol'Muro ShlpB
It la almost Impossible to estimate
the strength of the new navy of the
United State* now compared with
whab lt was only few years baok, and
while Admiral Togo's sweeping vic
tory is fresh in the mind of the people
ol the world, it is interesting to see
what would probably be the result of
a naval fight by this country today.
The advocates of a new and strong
navy will Indeed be glad to run over
the llstj and Bee the number and
strength of first-class battleships, ar
mored cruisers, torpedo boats, torpedo
boat destroyers, etc., on the active
list in active commission, and ready
at a moment's notice to do battle with
the great powers of the world. All of
our iiiiv.d force ls divided into three
fleets at this time-tue North Atlan
tte fleet, under Admiral Robley, D
Evans, the Pacific and the Asiatic
fleet. The North Atlantic fleet be
ing possibly tbe strongest of tbe three,
contains more first-class battleships
and armored cruisers than the other
two, yet neither of the other two are
considered weak by any means, con
tainlng many of thc smaller and
swifter ssa-going craft of the navy.
Admiral Evau's fie3b consists of the
following compliment: Flag ship Ke&r
8arge, twenty two guns; Alabama and
Illinois, eighteen guns each; Ken
tucky, twenty two guns; Maine,
twenty guns; Massachusetts, sixteen
guns; Missouri, twenty guns; Iowa,
eighteen guns; gun boat Scorpion,
eight guns; cruiser Brooklyn, twenty
guns; Des Moines, ten guns; protected
oruiser Cleveland, ten guns; Olympia,
fourteen guns; Texas, second-class
battleship, eight guns; monitors Flor
ida, Arkansas and Nevada, six guns
each; protected cruiser Newark; gun
boats Bancroft and Costino; convert
cd cruiser Dixie; protected cruisers
Chattanu, gi and Detroit; gun boat
Newport; protected cruisers Tacoma,
DesMoines, Galveston, Aber?nda, col
Uer Caesar; coal supply ship Co!ga;
Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Colora
do and Maryland, all armored cruis
ers; Minneapolis and Columbia, pro
tected cruisers; cruiser Hartford; con
verted cruiser Prairie; gun boat To
peka; converted cruiser Yankee; tor
pedo boat destroc?is, twelve; two sub
marines: eighteen torpedo boats in
reserve; one submarine in reserve
This strength represents the North
Atlantic fleet alone, now under com
mand of Admiral Evans.
There are now in commission, au:l
ready for service at any momeut when
the department may call for them,
the following ships: Three ships of
the class of the Alabama, 11,525 tons
18 guns main gun battery; three of
the Oregon class, 10,228 tons, 10
guns, m lin gun battery; one of the
class of the Iowa, 11,340 tons, 18
guns main battery; two of the Ksar
sarge olas;. 11,525 tons, 22 guns main
battery; three of the class of the
Maine, 11,500 tons, 20 guns; one sec
ond class battleship, Texas, 6,350
tons, eight guns, main battery; ar
mored cruiser.-.; Brooklyn, 0,215 tons,
20 guns main battery; New York
8,200 tons, 18 guns main battery; two
of the West Virginia class, 13,680
tons, 18 guns main battery; two of
the Pennsylvania, 13,780 tons, 18
guns main battery. There are also
two monitors of the class of the Mo
nadnock; 4.500 tons, six guns; one of
the Puritan, li.000 tons, ten guns;
three of the Amphitrlte, 3 990 tons,
eight guns; four of the F,orida class,
3,214 tons, six guns. Besides these
there are four torpedo boat destroyers
of the Decatur class besides numerous
other destroyers and torpedo boats.
There are now under construction,
forty-three shh s of which twelve are
first-class battle ships, ten are armor
ed cruisers, three protected cruisers,
the othors being gun boats, colliers
and torpedo boats. With this formid
able array of sea fighters it can be
seen that the United States at the
present time ls pretty well able to
take care of Itself, should occasion
arise for ber to show her progress on
the high seas of the world. Besides
this lt ls not improbable that since
we have made so much progress alonn
this line during recent years that
now nothing will step this country
from standing second to no country in
the world in naval ecjuipment.
An ObllKluK IOU i tor.
In course of the conference held In
Washington last year by the A merl
'...u newspaper humorists, some one
told the following, declaring that
William Allen White was the hero of
the story. One day there strolled into
White's sanctum a man who was evi
dently a politician. Ile edged confi
dentially towards While ann, supping
a memorandum written by himself
unrfer the eyes of the editor, said;
"Say, old man, I'd take it to bs a
great favor if you'd just manage to
put in the paper that I'm in town
with my wife, stopping at the Blank
hotel. You might work in something
as to my being an eminent Kansan,
or words to ttiat effect. Personally, I
don't care a hang about this sort of
guf; but-well, you know what the
women are. Aud I'll take one hun
dred copies of thc paper."
And the eminent Kansan laid before
the editor a five dollar note. Then
be took his departure. The next
morning, to his intense amazement
and disgust be reads in White's pa
per: "Mr. Richard Dash requests us
to say that be with his wife, ls stop
ping at the Blank hotel; that he ls an
eminent Kansan; that he himself
cares nothing for newspaper notoriety
but that a society note would be some
what gratifying to Mrs. Dash, ile
adds that he will take one hundred
Bi pies of the paper for distribution
among his friends."
l'ail-, '.lilli Koot Anti I.IVUB.
A fall of 2u0 feet from a precipice
In thc mountains at Central, Col., was
the fate of Mrs. George Sheldon Smll
lie Wednesday, but she still lives and
lt is said slic will recover, although
jeverely bruised and cut Mrs. Sm i ll lc,
who is an artist, formerly of Kenosha,
Wis., ls here with her husband, a New
York painter, on their honeymoon.
They were married In Kenosha on
Coast Lin? WAH Pined.
In the Cnlted States district court
at Charleston Wednesday a consent
order was taken beforo judge Brawley,
Judging the Atlantic Oiast Line rail
road guilty of violating the acts of
congress, in using box cars, not pro
vided with the pre-crlbcd safety coup
ling appliance on three counts. A flue
ut 8100, the minimum penalty, was
assessed in each case.
Address to Gradu?tes Delivered by
Hon. Martin P. Ansel.
An Excellent Your's Work Complot
. ed at tho Girls' Industrial Col?
lejce at Rook lilli.
Tbe tenth annual commencement
exercises of Winthrop college closed
Tuesday night of last week, and this
close marked an occasion which must
have awakened the pride of all con
cerned. "The flower of our civiliza
tion" ls an of (..quoted expression, carry
ing with it, however, that intangible
quality which must of necessity leave
much to the innate, delicate apprecia
tion of beautiful things. Tuesday
night, fully ay predated and carrying
with them into another world the
tenderest hopes of loved ones, ware rare
young flowers of our oivlllzttlon, bios
urning into sweet and cultivated wo
manhood. The graduating class with
forty-five members, the large body of
trustees and Mr. M. F. Ansel, who was
to deliver tbe annual address, were all
seated upon the stage. The Imposing
scene was made complete by the pres
ence o? tbe chief executive of the
State, Gov. Ileyward, who had been
invited to present the diplomas and
cer ti neates to the graduates.
Promptly at tbe appointed hour the
exercises beean, with opening prayer
by Rev. A. S. Rogers of the Rook HUI
A. R P. church. This waa followed
by a ti ?ie chorus, under the direction
of Mhs Lillian Ryder, who sang the
solo parts with tine effect, witb Miss
Adeliue Me Arthur pianist. The large
stage was crowded with graduates and
members of tbe faculty and full at
tendance of trustees.
Before a house filled to overflowing
President Johnson introduced, in
words of appropriate appreciation, the
lion. M. F. Ansel, to whom fell the
honor of delivering the annual address
Mr. Ansel bad a warm greeting and a
most inspiring audience. There were
hundreds before bim, the majority of
whom were of "that other great bali
of the world" known as wemen. Thoy
were present in graceful and bewil
dering profusion. Mr. Ansel spoke at
length to bis interested bearers, ear
nestly and forcible of Winthrop, of
worth and of woman.
The event of the occasion to manv
was the presentation of diplomas and
certificates to about four dozen young
ladles. This pleasing tas?r. had been
assigned to Gov. Heyward, who has
hid mauy evidences of partial consid
eration given bim by the fair students
of Winthrop. These fair maidens and
the audience joined In warm and cor
dial greeting to Gov. Heyward, such
greeting as proved the sincerity of the
friendly regard of which the governor
has more than one i been the pleased
and appreciative recipient.
Gov. Heyward was natural and for
cible in bis address to the graduates
in presenting their diplomas. He waa
brief, but lt is not Raying too much to
add that be was fully equal to tbe
delicate duty lu bis felicitous words of
c jmmeudatiun and counsel of hope and
of good wishes.
Below will be found tho names o?
the young ladles who graduated thU
year, with tbe degree ?3. and a
life license to teach:
Normal Latin co\//. ^ Jssps Lees,
Browne, Fielding Ct&*^iJ iam, Clara
H? Covington, Dora Jame.cEpps, Jose
phine Fewell, Minnie Lee farrington,
Margaret Gibson. Hannah Mobley,
Gertrude Reeder, Neva Rogers, Omie
Sanders, Belva Saunders, Mary M. Tew
and Louise A. Wjlson.
Normal course with music: Misses
FranceniaC. Brennen, Elizabeth Bron
son, Elizabeth Coleman, Lucy Earle,
Ilenn-tta Ave, Julia E Harvey, Sadie
E. Kendrick, Pearl Koger, Nellie
Tuompson, Ruth Thompson, Evelyn
Pomkins and Claire Whigo.
Normal ?-eleu ti tic course: Misses
Harriet Godfrey, Sarah Euzaoeth Har
er, E. Della Johnson. Carrie M. Pe
gues, Mary E. Thomas, Clara Ellen
Normal kindergarten course: Misses
H. Eleanor Det-P irte-s, Aniue Laurie
Darrah and L?llau MoKeown.
Normal course with expression. Mi:>s
Following are those who have fin
Isbed eut the three years' normal
course aud who will receive diplomas
giving them the degree of licentiate
of instruction and a life license to
teach in this Stater
Tbree year normal course. Misses
Mary E. Herbert, Miriam W. Jordan,
Sadie Oliver, Maude Stribllug and
Tuose who have finished the four
year literary coursa with the degree
of A B., but not with a life license of
teach. Four year general llcerary
course Misses Madge A. Craig, Min
nie Green. Alary T. Humbert and Hel
Following are those receiving cir
tlticates: Stenography and typewrit
ing. Misses Jennie Adami, Virginia
Harmore Gambrcll, Lula Byard Hayes
Van Buren McFadden,- Ha May Mc
Leod, Margarette Lee Poag, Mariam
George Rhame, Annie Leltner Snurley,
Carrie Hello Simrll and Ada White.
Piano: Misses Anna Estelle Campbell,
Kittie Halle. Kirkpatrick, Metta OUes
and Irene Wbisnant. Expression: Miss
Nan Eleanor Blakeney Dressmaking:
Misses Mamie Suggs and Susie Mills.
Then carno another sweet Winthrop
chorus, a perfect close to such exercls
At the conclusion of this part of the
programme, another feature, not on
thc programme, caused a general sus
pnnsion of everything else. This was
a sort of uuolllcial, but most heartfelt,
presentation of cerilllcates of remem
brance and of a flection and this sort
of diploma for practice in the higher
court ls one rlghly appreciated by the
choicest class of graduates. Flowers
tied with white, pink and blue ribbon
and interesting packages, large and
small, went up, borne in profusion by
sweet messengers to sweet recipients.
Railroad Killed Three.
Thc spreading of the rails on the
Norfolk & Western at Bedford City,
W. Va., Wednesday afternoon unde-r
a double-headed coal laden train,
caused the r oath of a colored fireman
and tho injury of two white men and
two colorad ti a m ps. The two en
ginns and 17 loaded cars wont overa
40-foot embankment and arc a total
Killed tiy LijihtniriR.
Mr. Boyd McRae was struck and In
stantly killed by lightning during the
olectnct storm Wednesday afternoon,
while under a shelter on his father's
plantation in Brittons Neok Marlon
County. He, with his brother and
another young man, had been at work
In the held, and when tho storm
arose took rofugo In a tenaut house,
tho others going Inside the house and
the deceased staying under the r.hol
? ter with the horses.
Dr. Henry N. Fnydor Addresses the
President ot WofTord College Talked
on "Xho Chivalry of Democracy"
to CleniBon Stud cn tn.
The correspondent ot The State sayB
proud fathers, happy mothers and
professors alike Tuesday of last week
witnessed tbe fruits of their labors,
when diplomas were awarded to tbe
40 graduates of the class of 1905 of
Clemson oollege. Weather conditions
were almost Ideal and not in recent
years has there been so large a crowd
at commencement. In fact the num
ber of visitors was so large that it was
almost impossible for all to secure ac
commodatlons. Each year the atten
danes upon commencement grows lar
ger, and lt was said by many that tbe
crowd tbls year exceed ad all otbers.
It was an inspiring scene as the grad
uating olass marched Into the audito
rium and took their places on the
front row of seats. They were fol
lowed by the faculty, headed by Pres!
dent Meli, with Dr. H. N. Snyder
tbe orator of tbe day, the board of
trustees bringing up the rear, taking
their places on the platform. The
closing day's exercises of commence
ment were opened with prayer by
Rev. B. R. Turnipseed, pastor of the
Methodist church of Aiken, one of
the first graduates of Clemson college
and the first to enter tho ministry.
Thc programme was Interspersed witti
music by the college orchestra.
President Mell lntroduc: d Arthur
Jackson Speer of Abbeville, the first
of the three olass orators, who ^oke
on "Revolutionary Itmsla. " He was
followed by Hobart Fleming Gooding
of Fairfield, whose subj act was "Ar
bitration." Tuen came Lester Ern
est Boykln, who discussed "The Law
of Trial by Impeachment." These
addresses showed much thought and
preparation and were well delivered,
as was evidenced by the generous ap
plause of the audience. Briefly, Dr.
Mell Introduced Dr. H. N. Snyder,
president of Wollord college, who
said he was pleased to come to "the
lair of the Tiger."
ID speaking to the graduating class
Dr. Snyder discussed " The Cnlvalry
of a Democracy," mentioning Wil
liam H. Baldwin as a good example.
Ile began with the knight errant of
a:.clent times aud came on down to
the present day, saylug the knight
errant of the new age is the "worker."
As an illustration of what honesty,
common sense and integrity will ac
c -mplish, thc speaker thrilled his au
ditors with thc story of tile life of
Abraham Lincoln. He told how the
young backwoodsman, sitting before
the firelight uf his lng cabin home,
was to be seen reading his books and
figuring and building the foundation
for one of the greatest minds of his
age; how, when he wanted to go to
the State legislature, his friends, said,
"Well we will vote for him because he
is honest," and he was eleoted. Serv
I lng his district faithfully, he sought a
' seat in congress. But he did not go
about making speeches on the tariff
and other questions which he knew
nothing of and his constituents less.
One day as he passed a neighboring
farm he saw men cutting grass but
they were not making much headway.
Grasping thc implement of one of
tbem he said, "Foll jw me and I will
show you how to cut grass." And he
wielded the great kulfe as ouly one
with such strong arms could. When
election day came the voters said,
"Well, we will vote for the man who
can do something, who does things,"
and he was elected to congress. Then
came the black clouds of war and the
people again looked about for an hon
est man to lead them. They decided
it was Abraham Lincoln and he was
elected. This humble backwoodsman
of humble birth rose from the lowliest
position to the highest in the gift of
man-presldeni ui the United States.
The speaker closed his magnificent
address with these words of admoni
tion: "May 'Duty' he the motto of
the class of 1905 of Clemson college."
Pre-ldent Mi ll announced that seven
members of the gr.-.duatlng class were
absent, having been granted permis
sion to leave college to accept posi
tions. As these had completed their
regular course they would bc given
He then called the members of the
class in the scctio! s in which they
had graduated to the platform to re
ceive their diplomas.
Maj. Augustine T. Smythe of
Charleston, a membar of the board of
trustees, after a short speech, handed
eac i one his certificate, as follows:
Electrical section: J. C. L. Cald
well, E B. Dibble, T. K. Elliott, R.
F Coding. C. P. Jusey, F. W. Lichi
cutte. C. E. Lathrop, B. F. Lee, R.
L, Link, C H. Newman, J. C. Rich
ardson, C. C. Schirmer, J. II. S. Siau,
S. Sorcntrue, A. J. Speer, D. B. Swy
Agricultural section: II. W. Birre,
L. E. Hoy kin, C. J. Lemmon, E. R.
Civil section: C. P. Hillenger, H.
W. Crouch, M. L. Murphy, J. G.
Parks, L. P. Slattery, W. H. Taylor,
W. II. Wise, F. C. Wyse.
Textile section: W. S. Beaty, J.
Brodie, F. E. Cope, A. A. Gindy, M.
The following were absent, having
already accepted1 pos' tions: R. P.
Evans, J. C. Goggans, B. O. K>nnedy,
J. W. Ruff, W. S. Weston, E. E Por
ter, J. M. Jenkins, appointed forcmau
Not until they had been called upon
the stage did the winner of the trus
tees' medal know of his fortune. This
prize is contested for by one repre
Bcntative of each of the lit erary socie
ties, the speeches being made Tues
day. The presentat lon was made by I
Rsv. Mr. Turnipseed. who made a
brlof speech to the three contestants
as they stood upon the stage In the
greatest suspense, in which the audi
ence shared. Finally concluding, he
placed the. medal In the baud of David
Hugh Hill of the Palmetto Hoclety,
whose suhject was, "Is Not War a
Necessity?" The other contestants
were: Allson Perkins DcBose and
Thomas Ervin Stokes.
With the announcement that 0. J.
Lemmon of the senior class had won
the medal for the bast essay on agri
culture-which, however, had not ar
rived-thesesslou of 1005 came to an
The board of trustees Wednesday
decided tc change tho date of com
mencement exorcises from the first
Sunday to the second Sunday in June,
as formerly, tho present date conflict
ing with Winthrop commencement.
THE CADET OFFICERS
Appointed by the Commandant of
Ole jason College Last Week.
Headquarters Corps of Cadets,
Clemson College, S. C., Juno 6, '06.
General Order No. 18.
Par. 2. The following appoint
ment of cadet oin cor?, for the session
of 1005 1900 to rank in the order,
stair and line, in the order in which
their names are read, are hereby an
Staff-Cadet captain and adjutant,
F. F. Barton; cadet captain and quar
termaster, O. L. Derrick; cadet cap
tain hospital corps detachment, A. G
Ellison; cadet first lieutenant and bat
talion adjutant, C. B. Abell; cadet
li rut lieutenant and battalion adju
tant, D. II Hill; cadet first lieuten
ant and chief musician, W. H. Smith.
Line-Captains: E. H. Jones, F.
E. Stokes, J. E. Johnson, M. A. Sav
age, W. P. White, I. W Bull, L. It.
Hoyt, Tv*. A. Sanders. First lieu
tenants: J. M. Moss, T. B Jacobs.
S. L. Johnson, C. A. Grainger, Ii. W.
Sobumpert, W. J. Latlmer, S. P.
Harper, J. A. Gelzer. Second lieu
tenants: L. G*- Soutbard, J. C.
Boesoh, J. H. McClain, D. G. Adams,
A. R. McAliley, J. V. Pnilllgs. P. H.
Adams, D. F. Cherry, J. C. Summers.
Par. 3. Thc following appolut
menti of cadet non commissioned offi
cers for the session of 1905 1906, to
rank in the staff and companies in the
order In which they are named:
Staff-Regimental sergeant major,
F. M Stephsou; regimental quarter
master sergeant, F. M. Furtlck; color
sargeant, J. W. McLondon; battalion
sergeant major, S. R. Perrin; baltal
lion sergeant major, L. W. Perrin;
drum m8j.>r, A. S. Hayward.
A company: First sergsant, W. P.
Sloan; se.rgants' H. P. Lykos. H. W.
Moore, E. P. Plenge, L. E. Dew.
Corporals, D. L. Tindal, D. N. Harris,
J. D. Goldsmith, J. Crlder.
B company: First sergeant, C. E
Jones; sergeants, R. R. Talbert, B. D.
Carter, M. M. Platt, P. Quattlebaum.
Corporals, K. E. Stello, C. F. Cannon,
J. C. Littlejohn, J. L. B yd.
C company: First sergeant, D. S
Hbllls; sergeants, E. A. Crawford, A
M. Klugb, P. L. Howie, A V. Hooks.
Corporals, C. A. McLeod >n, W. M.
Lunn, F. P. Caughman. W. H. Rumff
D company: First seig-'ant, E D
Mccutcheon; sergeants, H. C. Crum,
G. R. Jones, C. W. Wannamak>-r, J.
J. Brown. Corporals, W. C. Erwin.
VV. L. Eisterllng, H. C. Wilburn, W.
E company: First sergeant, J. B
Hailey; sergeants, J. M. Bryan J. W
Uicklln, lt. A. Reid, E. M. Kamlner.
Corp irais, R. E. Blake, T. S. Allen
S. O. Blease, W C. Camp.
F company: First sergeant, J. W.
Keels; sergeants. R. A. Eisterllng, ?
M. Fraser, S. L L bby, W. L. S lone
CorDorals, E H. Wyman, E. H
Shuler, U. C. Johnson, G. W. Spcsr.
G company: First sergeant, H S'e
vens; sergeants, C. W. Buf-ch, P. W
Spencer, T. D Elson, A. V. liol bea
Corpora's, T. P. Kouuedy, lt. B. Du
Pre, W P. Gee.
II company: Flr.;tForgeant, W. A.
Lttimer; s-r g?ants, M. H. Banks, A
li. Taylor, M A. Woods, W. A. Keen
an. Corporals, H. B. Ellis, C. L.
Moori?, J. S. Wessluger, B. B. Ezjll
By order of
CAIT. CLAY, Commandant.
A CHEAP K6P?IATI0N.
Japan ls Hardly Deserving of Her
Spurs by ltussia's Deleat.
In the estimation of some news
papers the Japanese are the greatest
people on the face of the earth. Tills
absurd opinion is bas?e1 on the fact
that they have whipped the Russians
In several naval battles and in seve
ral land batiks. The Russians may
have been a great people once, but
that day has depaited, and Japan is
making a reputation at Russia's ex
pense at a very small cost. As we view
the events that have happened since
the war bsiran tl-ey reveal to us more
the decadence of Ru sia than the pro
gress of Japan. The Ru.-siana have
blundered in everything they have at
ti mpted since the war began. In the
tirst place they were not at ?ill prepar
ed for war either at home or the Far
East. Just previous to and since the
war began they have shown great lack
of common sence In the management
of the navy and tho army.
When the lirst cowardly attack was
made by the Japanese on the Russians
at Port Arthur the Russians had a
tine tleet of war vessels in the Eastern
waters, and they would have done good
service had they been properly manned
and Intelligently used. Inste "-"I of this
being done, the thet wa? do\ led up
and stationed at different places, and
what was a powerful fleet when united,
became an ea>v prey to the enemy In
its fragmentary condition. The lack
of intelligent direction of the ll et and
army in the Far Eist in the tirst few
weeks of the war lias caused all of Rus
sia's later disasters, because tin se
blunders destroyed the morale of the
rank and tile of the armv and navy
This blunder in the (Msposltion and
management of the lloec at the open
ing of the war, has been followed up
by other blunders of the leaders of
thc army and navy until now the
lighting men have no confidence In
their f tllcors.
Tnose who arc In position to know
say that Russia's army and naval
management is notoriously corrupt
and lucompe'ent. Milli ns of dollar^
appropriated by the vernment for
the purchase of guus. ammunition,
and supplies for the army and navy
have been wor.-.t than thrown away in
the purchase of Inferior goods tha.t
are of no sei vice, and the difference In
prlca of these Inferior goods' and the
tirst class goods the government ap
propriated the money to buy went
into the pockets of the thieving gcv
eminent oftlclals who purchased th<
supplies. Instead of entrusting tin
management of her affairs to men
who have brains, Russia lias pushed to
the front and eu'rusted wi:h leader
ship a lot of so cilled noblemen, who
are noted only fo-their incompetency,
and whosii culef aim in life seems to
be to rob the government and live
Ufes of easo and debauchery.
If we judge them by their record
In thc past we arc compelled to ad
mit that thc Russian soldiers and sea
man are brave mon, but it seems that
they lack discipline and leadership,
and consequently are easily demoral
izod. Un no other ground can the
poor showing made by thc Russian
Meet in the late battle be accounted
for. With so large a tleet of modern
war ves8elu it is hard to account for
thc small damage done to the Japan
ese except on the theory that the Rus
sians were either scared to death or in
a state of panic. The condition of the
Russians soon benama evident to thc
Jap3, and they pressed on, and soon
had the Russians Hoeing In evory di
rection. Suoh a catastrophe could not
happen in a well disciplined and pro
perly led fleet.- It is only possible when
the reen who compose the rank and file
of]a ileet has lost all confidence In their
commanders. That suoh waa the con
dition of the Russian fleet when- lt
met the Japanese fl et we verily be*
lleve.- Orangeburg Times and Demo
GOT IN TBE B&LL BOOM.
Tho Iiudrloroaa Mistake of ? Man
an?? Ula Wife.
A man a .u ils wife arrived at a
dance quite late in the evening, only
for the husband to Hud that in slip
ping on the icy pavement h had cut
one kn3e of his trousers. The dress
ing rooms were entirely empty, and
tbe good wife suggested;
"Here, come into the ladles' dress
ing room. Ko one is in there and I
will pin it up and make lt-do for tbe
But examination showed that tbe
out was to?, largo, and no pinning up
would answer the purpcs?.
"I have a needle, black thread,"
suggested tbe maid attendant. "If
tbe gentleman doesn't mind I will
stand at the door and see that no one
The trousers were hastily taken on
and an overcoat made to servo asH
roba. The wife sewed quickly but in
the middle of the task loud voices
were heard arguing with the maid;
"We must come in; a lady is sick.
Qilck, let us in."
The husband blanched; the maid
looked appealingly, the wife glanced
hurriedly around the room.
"Here, quick," she said to her hus
band, grabhing the knob of a door,
"get Into the closest for a moment."
And opening a door she pu- bcd bei
husband through and slammed it. It
another moment "a terrllied hammer
ing w,ts heard on the other side of the
"Quick, Alica," oime a voloe, lei
me back. Q lick,
"But the women are here," said bli
"Oa hang the women," said thi
voice. "I'm In the ballroom.V
THK COT VON AORi?AG ?.
Tho Govornni?nt Estimate Chali- m:
eil by t ru- Cotton Association.
The government's report on tb(
acreage of cotton planted in the Soutt
shows a dccreise of ll 4 per cent
from last year. The Southern Cottor
Association's estimate, publlsbed a
few days ago, showed a reduction ol
18 40 cent, from last season's acreage.
This great discrepancy, says the
Chirl-ston Pest, amounting to mor?
than 2,000,000 acres, caused a sbarr.
break in tbe market. It has als:
stirred thf? Southern Cotton Associa
Mon to d'^maud a comparison cf fig
ures with the government bureau and
v-Ul acu >tless lead to some very warm
denunciations of tia government on
the charge of bcarltg the market,
such as lollowed the publication last
year of the government's crop esti
mare. Now we hope If there is any
thing of this sort that it will be tem
pered with some reason. Despite the
protest made last year against the
government's crop estimate..the event
proved that the large figures predicted
were not only justified, but were ac
tually below the prospects, of that
period and were fairly smothered In
the ultimate returrs The govern
ment might have created a false
market, tu the advantage of the cot
ton planters, by publishing, a lower
estimate than lt put cut, but it can
scarcely be claimed by the most ex
treme agrarian that lt is a function
of government to make false reports
for the benefit of the farmers. Ibis
possible that the government is right
and tbe Cotton Association wrong ic
the estimates or the acreage plantee
tbls year and this possibility should
at least be borne In mind in the con
troversy that is to be j jined over th.
Two Children Drowned.
Wednesday at Waldon bridge or
the Ojbloebnee river, seven mile!
from Calro? Gi., two children of Mr
K P. Wight, EDhel, aged 10, anc
Alden, aged 12 year.-., were drownec
while in bathing. Tbe family wert
on an outing. Mr. J. B. Wlght'i
little daughter came very near drown
lng at the same time.
In Opun I to volt.
The Russian army lu Mancburia ii
said to be in a bad state. According tc
a dispatch from St. Petersburg tht
troops are in open revolt and canncl
he depended upon to do much fighting
Tbe news of Rojestvensky's defeat is
given as the reas.m.
?\larrlau'- of fl Kinj?*
The crown prince of Germany,
Frederick "William, and Princess Ge
elita of Mecklenburg Scbwenn were
married in Berlin on Tuesday. It is
said to be a genuine love match-a.s
so miny royal marriages are not.
Touo, in erne of his reports, says hc
was euabled to win the great battle
on account of the very esec^llent vir
tue of the mikado If a mikado, with
the variegated moral character tba'
tv>e present one has, possesses sue
wrn^erful power as ls ascribed to bin
by 'IV go on account of his "very excel
lent virtue," the power of a rea?l
virtuous mik '.do would bc so i.oto in.
i THE GUINARD
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If you aro a mon B-ffcring fron unnatural,
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physi ian; and every man lu this condition
should write bim without dolay. Everything
is kept Btritcly confidential, and all medi
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?'enrs and years ho lins been entabliBhod in At
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vc ri te him for a book on your disease. He
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iYlALONE'S MUSIC HOUSE, 5
COLUMBIA, S. C.
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Railroad Faro Paid. SOC
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_ Board at Cost Write Quid
And B. R, AGENCY-Wo also train yon for
The ?. S. SIGNAL CORPS. School estab
lished 17 yoars. Cheao board, low tuition,
sud Our Pian INSURES position. Catalogue
free, GA. TELEGRAPH COLLEGE.
A Proposition of Interest
To all readers of this paper, who
call or write for treatment within the
next 30 days 1 will cure them of the
following diseases for ONE-HALF my
usual charge: LOST MANHOOD,
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and all CHRONIC DISEASES, of
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Consultations, Examination, Ad-0*
T. S. HOI LEYMAN, M.D.,
Rooms 421 and 422 Leonard Building,
N. B. Catarrh of worst form cured
quickly at home.
TUE Columbia R?cord says: "The
Japanese government, holding that
seorecy ls no longer necessary, ac
knowledges the loss of a battleship
and several other warships, all of
which happened last year. From
this one might bo inclined to believe
tihat Togo had notglven to tho world,
at least, the true exteut of tri6vdim
age he puttered recently." Welrftve
no l?ea but that ihe Japanese ata
concealing the lossrs they sustained
In the late hattie. They hav mis
. presented thslr loses bef\ j and
there is no reason why they Bhould bo
m re frank about the late battle
BRICK WORKS, i
3IAf &. O ;
if Terra Cotta Building Blocks, for ?
repared to till orders for thousands 5
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Institute, of Si?. IL.
lumbla, 8. C. Ooni'dpotl*' oorretp
House for the State.
In MACIIINFRY SUPPLIES.
, Pipe, Valves, Fittings,
ul any ono in Machinery business.
aohinery Supply house of the State