Newspaper Page Text
?n Cotton Slea! by Investors lo
All Parts of the
NORTH AND SOUTH.
Not Only Were thc Reports Given Out
Ia Advance, but They Were Juggled
With So As to Make Any Kind
ol Market. What a New
York Broker Says.
"Millions of dollars have boen lost
by men who can be regarded in no
sense as speculators or gamblers,
" through the mishandled, doctorod Gov
ernment reports that were framed up
in Washington by one crooked c'.crk,
in order to make half a million dollars
for an obscuro cotton operator in New
York, and less than a hundred thou
sand dollars for himself."
This statomeut was made to a Re
porter of tho New York American last
week by a New York cotton broker
who has been blt badly at times In thc
past, through the weird crop roports
that have been issue d by tho United
States Agricultural Department, and
his declaration was corroborated by
several others gathered In a corner of
tho Waldorf-Astoria cafe Wednesday
night, duscussing thc sensational scan
dal lu Washington.
"These crop reports, especially those
dealing with cotton, have always been
used by growers and manufacturers, as
as well as by speculators, as tho basis
for tholr transactions," he continued.
"They have always been regarded by
tho planters as above suspicion, and
each report lias always established thc
prkoof the white staple approximate
ly for the month following.
"lt is now known that these prices
were as false as tho reports themselves,
and the cotton growers of the South
have been made the victims of this
gang of sharpers for two years through
the instrumentality of a elopartmeut
intended solely to advance the inter
ests of tho planters.
"Deaths and suicides, as well as thc
loss of great fortunes, have followed
tho operations of Edwin S. Holmes,
the Agricultural Department clerk,
and tho coterie of gamblers of whom
ho was the tool.
"lt has been shown that he delib
erately changed thc actual ligures In
the Government reports and made the
cotton market the plaything of these
gamblers, playing with loaded dice,
who not only knew in advance what
thc reports would say, but caused
Holmes to juggle the ligures In the re- ]
ports so as to make them say what
they wanted said, and led to the down
fall o? some of the strongest cotton
houses in the country."
Tho etlect of the revelations In con
nection with this scandal will be of
tho most unpleasant sort. The Govern
ment spends $200,000 a year collecting
tho statistics, and the declaration that
hereafter they will be safeguarded lr
a manner to make leaks Impossible la
regarded in Wall Street as a jest.
Strong commercial Influences will
be brought to bear upon thc President
to order the prosecution of HolmeB.
The Southern Cutten growers' Asso
ciation is preparing a case for crimi
nal action and will demand that it be
submitted to thc ??rand Jury.
That no attempt has b jeu made to
prosecute Edwin S. Holmes, thc clerk
responsible for the leak in thc cotton
reports, is regarded as Incomprehensi
ble In New York, unless there ls an
underlying explanation based upon an
effort to save some other olllcial with
a stronger political pull.
It ls now kuown that the cotton ro
port of last Monday was the first that
has been given out in that city In two
years that was not anticipated there
by some one in collusion with the au
thorities at Washington.
It ls also known that tnese advance
advice? regarding not only cotton re
ports, but wheat, corn and other crop
reports, went to a number of eipera
tors in New York.
There are at least six decoy "inves
tigating departments" in Wall Street
that never investigate, and which have
been established as blinds in order to
make it pe)ssible for the men in touch
with Hoi mos and clerks of his ilk to
give a semblance of respectability to
Whenever they have bit the market
just right, they announce that their
agents throughout the entire South
have sent them in reports which have
tallied exactly with those of the Gov
ernment, even when, as ne>w known,
the Government reports have been
doctored to favor a bear or a bull mar
lt is known that lu?'j Monday's re
port was not tampered with, and lt ls
eurmertain that no advance Information
j'|m Regarding Its contents reached New
jn,York before noon.
t As a result the cotton market jump
J,0,ed 100 points In live minutes,
tims. Something of technical knowledgo ls
ii.s IVequired to understand this phase of
<p], dealing In tho cotton market. Each
' month the Agricultural Department
vs sends out Its report showing the acro
ago of the cotton crop and its conrli
tlon. This latter ls based upon loo as
a full crop. Acreage and crop condi
tion taken together lix the price of
cotton in speculation, anel any altera
tion in tnese figures can be made e>f
great value to a cro(?i<ed operator In
the cotton market.
The June roport was 'cooked" moro
daringly than any report in years.
Tlie actual crop condition was 7f>. It
was mado to apppear In thc report
The acreago was about 124 below
thc normal, and was made to appear
These statements la the Govern
ment report would tend to show a
greater production of cotton than
would be shown by the correct tabula
tion of the agent's figures, and was in
tended to mako a boar market.
When tho July report carne out lt
Bhowed the correct acreage, and gave
the condition of tho cotton orup as 77.
This showed a smaller crop than was
shown by thc J une, report, and was
something so utterly unexpected that
a panic followed in the Cotton Ex
change such as has not been In years,
Nev? York A mer lean i
A special dispatch to The News and
Courier says a distressing accident
happened at Batesburg Monday morn
ing. A mule driven by Robert Knecee
ran away. Knorco got tangled up in
the Unes and was thrown from the
wagem with much force and killed.
He loavcs.a wlfo and several children.
A COTTON BUYING TRUST.
Tho GrennvUlo Nows Publishes an !
Interesting Artiolo About lt?
Ii there a oottou buy in? trust in
South Carolina? Tho Glenville Hows
The full story of the cotton syndi
cate was not published on Friday
morning, and aa the other chapters
aro forthcoming lt shows that the
fai mers aro praotloally forced to take
the bull by tho horns and protcot
themselves against tho ev'ls which
are depressing the market. In tho
I interview Friday a man familiar with
tho methods or tho mills stated that
all competition had been removed and
that the dally price was fixed by tho
president of the syndioato, who hap
poned to bo tho president of a cotton
mill in t? reen ville.
It might be well to says just bera
that tho things which havo caused
such bitter complaint from the farm
ers are not oontlned to this ol ty alone,
Anderson, Spartanburg, Union, Co
lumbia, and in faotall mill centres of
North and South Carolina, have to
battle with the same inlluence and
clement. Georgia and Mississippi are
not in tito dutches ci tho mill trust,
and export houses, which are not per
mitted to buy in tins state, can pur
I abase all they want in Georgia, for
instance, and Bell it to tho Carolina
mills. But they cannot buy direct
from thc Carolina farmers, for lt they
do lt means a boycott.
There aro probably a dozen cotton
brokers in Greenville. They represent
all of tho leading houses from Kaw
York to Texas, and they sell direot to
tho mills. These brokers never handle
any aotual cotton. That ls to say,
they receive prises every day, and if
the manufacturers are satisfied with
tho limits, sales eau bo made Thou
the cotton is shipped in tho mills.
If these brokers could go Into tho
looal market and buy cotton from thc
farmers lt would moan higher prices,
greater competition, and thousands of
dollars to thc planters at tho end of
tho year. But they cannot do lt.
Why? Simply because this mill syn
dicate has given notice that If any ex
port house attempts to buy in tho
Carolinas lt cannot hope to sell to the
mills. There is an understanding and
ag ree mont between the spinners and
the exporters and as a result, practi
cally all of the Carolina product ls
saved for home consumption.
KILLED BY OUTLAWS
Who Aro Put to Dcatli Imtor hy a
?. S. Calhoun of Kansas City, an
Atchlson, Topeka and Santa Fe rail
way detective, was shot and instantly
killed at Codarvale carly Wednesday
by two outlaws, who were shot down
later by a posse of citizens at Hewitts,
seven miles from Cedarvale, close to
the Oklahoma State line. One of the
outlaws, El Madlgun of Pooca City,
O. T., was killed Instantly by thc
posse. The other, William Chadburn
of Winfield, Kan , was fatally wound
ed. The outlaws exchanged shots with
During the exchange J. M. Pope, a
merchant, was shot through the foot,
and a woman named Malone was struck
lu the leg by a stray bullet. Madigan
and Chadburn held up and robbed six
traveling men at the Prettin hotel at
Winfield on Sunday night last and es
caped. At Cedarvale Tuesday night
Detective Calhoun encountered both
of the outlaws on tho street. Not be
ing positive of their Identity.
Calhoun secured the city marshal
and one of the traveling men who had
been robbed. All then started In a
carriage in search of the outlaws Farly
Wednesday the party drove past the
men lu asldestreet. Thc traveling man
Identified them, and the trio in the
carriage were just in tho act of mak
ing a stand when either Madigan or
Chadburn opened tire. Calhoun was
shot through the heart and the out
laws made their escape temporarily.
Murder and Suicido.
At Atlantic City, N. .1., a murder
and suicide Wednesday afternoon
ended the lives of Edward O. Dough
ty and Mela S. Clyde of Philadelphia.
Doughty, the murderor, was insanely
jealous of thc woman, and she In turn,
desirous of discarding him, stirred his
tierce jealousy by taking a walk with
another man. Doughty met her on
the street and upbraided lier for be
ing false. Drawing a revolver he
chased her into a crowded grocery
store at baltic and North Carolina
avenues. She ran behind thc counter
and tried to hide, but he followed and
there sent several bullets Into her
breast. She expired within a short
time. Doughty had a room in tho
building over thc store and heat once
went upstairs and deliberately shot
himself in the broast. Ho died In
Oct? Ton Thousand.
The State says the jury in the
Pickett case Friday awardod young
Pickett $10,000 damage for the loss
of his right arm by being run over by
a Sinthern train at St. Matthews four
years ago. The case was first beard
two years ag > and a verdict was ren
dered for $8,800, but the railroad ap
pealed to the supreme court on the
ground of excessive damages. Thc
appeal was sustained and thc case re
manded for another hearing. Thc
suit was first brought for $10,000 ao
tual damages and $5,000 punitive dam
Eiges, but this last time tho amount
demanded was only $10,000, as no pun
Itlve damnges were asked for. lt is
unusual that every cent of such a
large amount should bc allowod by a
jury. Tho case has aroused much In
Mystery surrounds the death of Miss
Lillian Dcmmelt at the Cone) Island
lospital, presumably from cirbollc
told poisoning, caused Coroner Har
ding, of brooklyn, N. Y., to order
tn Investigation Wednesday after
mon. Miss Detttioolt, who ls said to
je the daughter of IO i ward L. Dam
nolt, a hanker at Pocahontas, Ark.,
vas found 111 In her room at a Coney
Island cottage by a maid. Miss Dom
nolt was unable lo speak when found.
1er symptoms Indicated carbolic acid
)olsonlng, but no traco of thc drug
?ould bc found in ber room.
A Striking Csroor.
A striking career was that of thc
ate Charles 1 bickley, lumberman and
)hllanthroplHt, of Muskegon, Mich,
bickley wont to Muskegon winn a
nore boy, In I860, with only $7 in
ii:; pocket, having worked his passage
.cross Lake Michigan on a schooner.
Io amassed a great fortune, his
vealth at his death being estimated
,t $ I"., 000,000, whllo his benefactions
o Muskegon alone amounted to more
han $1,000,000. Although bc lt
aid to have contributed to every
bur oh in thc city, he never attended
ny, and novar witnessed a perform
nco In a theator.
Eight Men Were Blown Into
Fragments by an Explosion.
On thc Pennsylvania Railroad Nc a
New Cumberland, Pa., on Saturday
Alornlng. Thc Body of One
Man Picked Up Two Hun
dred Yards Away.
Eight ?aen wore blown topleceB and
two others Injured by tho premature
explosion of a big blast of rock powdor
ou the Pennsylvania railroad improve
ments near New Cumberland, Pa., afc
7 :io o'clock Saturday morning. The
accident occurred directly aoross the
Susquohauua river from the scenoof
the Pennsylvania railroad wreok on
May ll, In which twenty-three per
sons were killed and many others in
All tho victims of Saturday's disas
ter were employes of P. S. Kerbaugh
& Co., Incorporated, contractors, who
aro building the double tracks for the
Pennsylvania railroad to connect with
thc Enola yards. Tho bodies of thc
men were terribly managlcd and par
ticles of Mesh and boue were scattered
for 200 yards from the scene of the
Thc dead aro:
James Wiseman, aged Hf ty, dyna
mite boss, 1)8 Front avenue, Pul?alo,
Arthur Green, colored, 23 years of
age, steam driller, Harrisburg.
Robert Thomson, colored, 23 years
old steam drillers helper, Harrisburg.
Frank Mullach, a Slav, 4."I years
Three Italians and one Slav, known
only by numbers.
Thc Injured arc:
William Heed, colored, 20 years old,
a steam driller, skull fractured ?and in
jured Internally. Reed is at Harris
G. C. Miller, 58 years old, of Ida
ville, Adams county, bruised abjut
body, but not seriously.
Not a trace of the two colored men
who were killed can be found and lt ls
supposed their bodies were blown into
tl o river, which is hiing dragged.
Aw i..quest was held Saturday after
noon by Squire Coble, of Lemoyne.
Tile jury roudcred a verdict of prema
ture explosion from au unknown cause
and no blame ls attached to the con
All the killed and Injured were
laborers asido from Wiseman, whose
body was terribly mangled. What
could be found of lt was Klent Hied by
thc fact that he dyed his hair. Illa
scalp and a p irtion of his head were
found on a hill, 2J0 yards from the
blast. Wiseman has been with the
Korbaugh company for llvo years, and
had gone to the sccme of thc explosion
to personally superintend the prepara
tlons for what ls called a "big shot,"
to be lired Sunday morning.
A "big shot" consists of a nerios? o>
blasts, the holes having been drlllod
In a row, and the charges being set
oil simultaneously by an electric
spark. Five of tho holes had been
lilied with powder and the men wore
on the sixth when the explosion oc
curred. lb ls supposed that a small
stone had gotton Into the hole and
that the Iron bar with which the men
wore "tamping" down the charge,
caused a spark by scraping on the
st ne and that this ignited tho pow
John Shetter, the fireman of a
"dinky" engine, 160 feet away, was
thrown to thc ground by the forco of
the explosion and slightly Injured by
Hying debris. Miller was sitting at
the door of tho shack were the men
bunk, 2UU feet from the blast, and
was blown 20 feet and badly bruised.
One Italian escaped because a fel
low workman had playfully snatched
his bab and ran with lt. The owner
ran after the man with the hat and
had just gob out of the range ejf the
explosion whoo lt occurred. An Ital
ian water boy, 12 years old, who was
on his way to the mon with a bucket
of water, was hurled f>U ft et. lOvery
stitch of clothing was born from his
body. A leather holt containing $.112
In paper money, supposed to belong to
tme of the mon, was picked up noar
thc scene of the explosion. Pieces of
Mesh and bone wore found fastened In
the telegraph wires ovor tho railroad
tracks. The fragments of thc bodies
were placedlo rough caskets after the
coroner's Inquest, and they wero
There were no buildings In thc Im
mediate vicinity of bbc explosion and
there was no damage except for thc
destruction of a few telegraph poles
and a large tool sheel lu a nearby,
quarry, which was torn cloar out and
drawn lifteenfect toward the scono of
The explosion shook thc country
for miles around and broke many win
dows lu Harrisburg and towns across
tho river. Twolvo hundred and fifty
pounds of rook powdor had been un
loaded just before thc explosion, but
lt was not disturbed.
Km ,".!..> Shot.
A dispatch from Macon, Ca., says:
"Sailors Crumley, a negro, who was
killed In a shooting affray near Ocmul
gee Park; was a noted burglar and was
being searched for ab tho time of his
death. He was charged with having
entered sevoral homes In Macon In
the past month, and his death ls con
sidered a relief bo the community,
Charlie Johnson, tho negro who killed
him used a revolver afber Orumely had
tired Into a Street car loaded with ne
groes. Orumely had disputed with
Johnson and was attempting to*end
To fut On l**08OllfCOr TI-AIIIH.
The rad.toad commissioner will
nnikc a formal Inspection of the Union
und Glenn Springs railroad from Pride
Lo thc city of Union. While making
theinspeotlon they will go ovm* to tho
big power plant at Neal Shoals where
Doh T. C. Duncan and his associates
iiave built a groat dam across Broad
river and have ono of thc Hoest wator
powers hi tho south. Tho road has
nob promulgated a schedule for Its
passenger trains, having waited for
t,ho. roadbed to settle before inaugura
ting passenger service.
A Bloody Fight,
Throe were klllod and a number
wounded ls reported as a result of a
bloody riot between members of
Poxan Hill's Wild West show and H.
ind O. Trainmen at Gowen, Md.,
vVodnesday. The riot occurred on
die train and the coaches weresaid to
io riddled With bullets.
THE BROWN SHORTAGE.
Commissioner Tstinu (UVOH Out ft
Stfttomonc About It,
The following statomont was made
by Commissioner Tatum lu regard to
the money lost by Dlsponsary Inspec
"inspector O. L. Brown was sent to
Charleston by mo to do some detec
tive work; ho usually bas b:nn used
by myself, as well as my predecessor,
for this kind of work when needed.
While lu Charleston performing theso
duties, Mr. S. S. Matthews, dlspouser
at Charleston, failed to remit to the
state treasurer, as required by law. 1
had adopted a rule, whioh requires
eaoh dispenser who fails to remit dur
lng tho week to bo visited and inspect
ed, aud undor this rule Mr. Matthews
statement was sent Mr. Brown, he be
ing on the ground. The report of the
settlement shows that on the 12th day
of Juno Mr. Brown made settlement
with Mr. Matthows and found him
short 91,048.40, and received payment
of that amount. This report was re
ecived at this olllce on the 14th; same
day Mr. Brown reported to mo verb
ally Ids misfortune, stating that he
bad some other moneys lu tho lost
pocketbook belonging to tho state
along with some of his own. To set
tie up Mr. Brown's account, we made
up $1,824.87; Mr. Brown paid 8242 00.
This amount was made up by my
friends and myself, nut a cent being
contributed by any ono not couneotod
with the Institution; all voluntary; no
one being asked by me to contribute.
Tho question of bond did not enter
tho matter at all, as I was advised by
the assistant attorney general, inas
much as thc law did not imposo the
duty to collect such money on me or
tho Inspector, that neither my bond
nor Mr. Brown's was liable for a cent
of the money. But the dispenser was
still liable on his bond. Tho law pro
vides that dispensers remit directly
tD tho state treasurer. His receipt ls
the only legal dischargo for them.
"it was entirely a moral question
with me. 1 did not propose that the
state lose anything during my admin
istration by myself, or appointees.
The custom bas been ever slnco there
bas been an Inspector for him to col
lect shortages, authorized by the
board, as records will show. 1 have
however, since 1 found that thoy are
not responsible under their bonds for
any moneys collected, issued the fol
lowing order, which records will also
" 'To Inspectors of thc South Carolina
" 'In making settlements with dis
pensors whore tbero ls a difference io
favor of thc state, do not accept that
difference in money, but rcquiro dis
penser to make remittance to the state
treasurer, as required by law, either
by pt s tc 111 co order, express order, ex
press, or certified check.
"'See that this is done and then
give them credit upon the presenta
tion of the receipt from one of these
sources that the amount bas been for
warded to the state treasurer.' "
PASS HIM AROUND.
/V Young K?Hoal Who Worked Col
limbla ?nd skipped'
The Record says W. A. Morrl0 w
tho name of a smooth I' l. lw, JV.
worked Columbia last week, arid a
search is now being made for }dm.
Morris went to Columbia representing
himself as an artist connected with
Munsey's magazine. Ile claimed to
be one of ability and was generally be
licved. Several of the prominent
young mun atound the city took up
with him and he was generally treat
Inquests woro made once or twice
for an exhibit of his skill as an artist,
but be generally bad a way of dodg
ing when the time came for a sketch.
So rapidly did this young man work
his game that In a short two days he
made bis li rst application fora loan
and got lt. Only one of his new ac
quaintances had suspicion that every
thing was not all right and he tele
graphed the Munsey people In New
York. Tao following reply was re
"Have no one on artists' staff named
Morris M us. be impostor." Morris
must have had an Idea that ho had
been found out, for he disappeared at
once before the telegram could b3
brought to his attention. Incidentally
he neglected to settle a board bill and
one or twJ other little matters that
bad b3cn termed lines of credit. All
fir iris to trace him have failed and
Munsey has olTerod to bear all expense
of prosecution if be should be found,
l'eople everywhere should be on the
lookout for this smooth article.
'X'l>? lt loo Crop.
The government monthly crop re
port shows that not all the reduction
has been In cotton acreage. The
acreage In rice ls lessthan that of
last year by about 172,000 acres or
20 por cent, The condition of the
crop ls also b?low that of last year.
These facts are of vital Interest to
the rice planter.* of this section, who
have for tho last two or throe years
been forced to suffer the depression
In prices resulting from a tremendous
Increase In the yield of A merle in
rice A reduction In acerago of 20
per cent should have Its effect upon
the prices of the cereal next fall.
Burled Long Ago.
A curious discovery has boon made
In tho course of somo excavations
that have been lu progress in St.
Martin de Ile, In France. The excav
ators unearthed trenches in which lay
skeletons which were presumably
those of thc citl'/.ms who foll lighting
there In defending thc town against
the 101 g'.lsh in 1027. Among the
skeletons was found a sphcrloal iron
bomb containing a moist black pow
der, which was found to consist of a
bouta third of nitre, a third carbon,
and a tilth of fulphur, tho remainder
being Iron oxide derived from the
rusting of thc lronsbell.
Interest is one of the great romance
of history bbc romances of the Bona
parte family has boen revived by the
appointment of Chas Joseph Bonaparto
of Ballimore, as Seorotary of the
Navy. Secretary Bonaparte ls a grand
nophow of groat Napoleon. His
grandfather was Jorome Bonaparte,
and his grandmother was' Miss Eliza
beth Patterson, of Baltimore whom
Jerome married during a visit to
Amerloa In lH0:t when his brother was
Kirst Consul of france.
Ho Will llniiff.
A special dispatch from Sumter to
rho Nows and Courier says Monday
if tor noon, after a trial lasting three
lays, Oolcolough Stukos was convicted
md sentonocd to bo hanged on August
18 for tho murder of Capt. David JO,
W?lls, at Privateer, on May 12 last.
REPORT OF FERTILIZER BOARD.
The Statement Showing ?ho Amount }
ot T?K Tax Kcoclpte.
Tho nulo saya afc tho meeting of
tho Clemson trustees tho board of fer- i
ttllzer control submittod the following
report of the fertilizer department,
for tho year ending June 30th, 1005.
As the annual tabular Information
in full oannot bo available, until bul- ?
lotins covering the whole season's work
is published, and all bills In thc bands j
of tho treasurer, this report is only
"Tho recoipts from sale of fertilizer
tags amounts to $120.627. 45.
1 'Tho board of fertilizer control con
ceding the Importance of having the
fortlllzei fiscal yoar correspond with
that of tho college, changed tho timo ;
so that the fertilizer year shall end
hereaftor on tho 30th of June eaoh \
year, The secretary was therefore In- 1
struoted to notify the mauufaoturers
and dealers of fertilizers to sond In for
redemption In money all unused tags '
in their possession, by the 30th day of '
"In compliance with bids notice, 1
tags have been sent in amounting to
?8.107.03, which have been redeemed. 1
"By deducting this s un from the
total, viz; 1127,027.82, wc have left a
balance ?f? $118,45^:82 from wbloh the
cxpcnso'of Inspection and analyses is
to be?l?iw???a: Of tills sum, tho
amounfrw ?"'"* ?5.50 was recd ved from
cotton sect* .?al tags, wbloh ls $10,
230.75 In if: iess of last year, due to
the tagging of all moil used for stoca
food, and which has hitherto been ex
empt by law.
''Ou account of the vastly Increased
business in fertilizers, and tho evident
Importance of a closer and moro rigid
Inspection of fertilizers, tho board
deemed lt advisable, lu fact necessary,
to double thc force of Inspectors. It
was also found nocessary to luorease
the wages of these Inspectors, In order
to get suitable men for tho work.
"In order to koop the people of tho
State promptly Informed as to thc
q'maliby of fertilizers being s.dd, the
oiiemlcal force was Instruoed to Issue
wte'Gy bulletins of the analyses of fer
tilizers and mail them to the people of
.'The board of trustees will readily
sec that on account of these increasod
demands theoost of Inspection and an
alyses has boen increased considerab
ly, and If the demands of thc people
arc met for full Information as to the
analysis of fertilizers durin? the com
ing season, and your committee bc
llevos they should be, the c.?st will
still be more Increased another year.
"J. E Tindal,
"Chairman Board Fertilizer Control."
That Should Not bo Allowed to lt -
in ni n on Any Farm,
Thore are threo things on farms
that aro abominations.
The three are mean teams, rusty
tools, and crooked rows. These three
evils are the farmer's own fault. A
good team can bi had at any price.
If you have a "run away" team you
have yourself to blame. They show
their "raisin'." Treat them kindly
"pd they will treat you right. A team
that you cannot trust ls not a team
for tho farm. Get rid of "runaway"
Get lirsb class tools and keep them
in first class condition. You have
seen while out in the country a plow
here, a barrow there, and a cultiva
tor yonder, and mowers and binders
In the shade of a tree.
Won't there be a happy time when
the farmer who left his tools and
machinery out In tho weather starts
lo farm? Won't his old plow "shed"
the soil rapidly?
Wou't his cultivator shovels work
smooth? Well I guess not? lt will
take several days scouring and in
that time he has lost more religion
than bo can get back In a year's
tlrao. Keep tools in the sholter.
Somo farmers make rows so crooked
that they cannot follow them and
they blame thc team, thc tools, "the
old boy" and all things on earth ex
cept tho man who laid oil tho rows.
Straight rows tell the world the
love to farm and you love it enough
to gi yo your b?st at tention to keep
the rows straight. Keep your rows
on a bee line on a level piece of land
or comparatively so. If land has
terraces follow them.
Three points more and I am done.
Get a good team. Get good tools.
Make straight rows and see how much
easier lt ls to farm.
INJURED IN WRECK
Dorailmont ot tim Rngino of Freight
Train Near lllnok villo.
Tho State says au engine on south
bound freight No. 73 was derailed ab
Walker on the Southern railway four
miles this side of Blackville Saturday
afternoon and Ben Horace, a colored
fireman, whoso home is in Columbia,
was buried under the overturned en
gine but escaped being crushed to
death by marvelous good fortune Ho
sustained a cut which luid open one
of his elbows, and bruises of a less
sortons nature on all parts (if his body.
IOnglneer IL C. Wilson, who also
lives In Columbia, was moro fortunate
and escaped with slight Injuries. The
brain was what ls known in railroad
parlance as a doublo-header, that ls
lt was pulled by one engine and push?
od by another. It was the rear en
gine that was dorallod. Horace wa?
arrlod to Columbia Saturday night
and was attended by Dr. F. D. Ken
dall, thc surgeon of the Sjuthorn.
The exact extent of the Injuries could
not be statod, but be ls not thought
ta bo In a dangerous condition. IOn
glneer Wilson remained at tho scene
of the accident.
The track was blocked and passen
ger trains Nos. 33 and 34 wero detour
ed by way of Branchville. The South
ern train No. 33 had left Columbia
for Savatibah when bbo news of the
accident was received and lt was
stopped at tho first telegraph station
and brought back to Columbia and
then sent around over the Charleston
division to Branchville and thence to
Blackville, lt was delayod about five
hours. The northbound train No.
34 was brought around tho wreck thc
name way and ai rived in Columbia
Saturday.night at 9.40 o'clock, willoh
was less than threo hours late.
uotH on' Light.
Thomas Dewey, tho mau who was
oonvlottd Saturday of embezzling
aver $100,000 from a North Carolina
bank has beon ul von a sentenco of six
[rears In tho iUlelgh penitentiary. If
lie has any of tho money salted away,
Llio years In the penitentiary will not
lilm ab?ub $17,000 oach, not a bad
Who Nobly Worked and Suff?r?d io;
the lost Cause.
\ Movement on the l??rt of tho Poe
pie ot tao South to tfreot .
Monuniont to Them.
The following resolutions wero un
uilmously adopted at tho Louisville,
1005, Convention of the United Con
Whereas, a* our reunion of 1909 our
federation turned ovor to the sons thc
sacred duty of raising the funds for
the memorial to tho women of the
Whereas, In HO doiDg wo never re
linquish our deep and abiding love for
the cause, or our intention to aid and
assist it by every means in our power;
Whereas, we have dearly shown this
by our appointment of a committee to
co operate and by tho work, which thin
committee and many other Veterans
In all parts of the South, havo done
during the past year; and
Whereas, lt will ever bo our most
earnest desire to soe Ibis tributo paid
to our glorious women and we are
mort anxious to further cooperate
with and give substantial aid to our
Sons In the performance of thlssaerod
Therefore, He lt Resolved:
1. That each camp of tho United
Confederate Veterans, immediately
after tho adjournment of this Conven
tion and the return homo of Its dele
gates, shall appoint, a committee to
actively canvass its rcspcotlve com
munity ?to raise fundsfor this mcraorl
al to the women of the Confederacy,
to which noble, worthy and just cause
this federation has repeatedly and
solemnly pledge itself and its com
2. That lu case any camp does not
take action within ono month by ap
pointing this committee, lt shall then
become thc duty of Its commander to
make appointment of such committee.
If no action is then taken by the
commander any member of the camp
who ls enthused with that high sense
of his duty to this holy cause and de
sires to honor our Godlike women is
urged to personally take charge of the
matter, secure thc endorsement of his
local camp or Its o ill cora and make
such collections as he can from his com
3. That all funds collected under re
solutions one and two shall bo deposi
ted In soma home bank-at .interest
to the credit of thc chairman of the
United Confederate Veterana' commit
tee of co-operation, (Gan, C. Irvine
Walker, Charles tan, S. O.,) and that
he shall bc promptly advised of such
4. That the abovo resolutions arc not
intended to be obligatory upon camps
as have already taken slmnar action
or have already contributed to this
fund $50 -or more.
5. That each camp ls urged to en
deavor to raise from Harcornmunity, as
its quota, at the very least, tho sum
G. That all camps shall complete this
work by January 1, lUOii, and on that
date make a report of the results
achieved, to the chairmau of our com
mittee of co-operation, Gen. C. Irvine
Walker, Charleston, S. C.
l?'or tho momorlal to the women of
the Southern Confederacy, to bo erec
ted under the auspices of the United
Sons of Confederate Veterans:
To the Women of thc Southern Con
federacy whose loving ministrations
Nursed the wounded to health,
And soothed the last hours of tho dy
ing, Whose unselfish labors
Supplied the wants of their defenders
lu toe licld:
Whose unwavering faith In our Cause,
Shown eyer a guiding star,
Through thc perils and disasters of
war; Whose sublime fortitude
Sustained them under every privation
And all suffering ;
Whose lloral offerings
Are yearly laid upon the graves of
those whom they still honor, and love;
Will teach their children
To emulate the deeds of their Confed
But wi o with a modesty excelled only
Hy their worth
llave ever discouraged
This tribute to their noble virtu res.
GOD Ul,KSS THE MOTH HHS.
The women of the Southern Confed
eracy! Devoted, loyal, patrl?tlc beroi
Let their sons and their daughters,
Let their husbands and their broth
L-it every truo Southerner,
Testify to their undying respoot and
Hy raising a most splendid memorial
To these glorious women!
ly assisting the United Sons of Con
IV ho have taken up this most loving
Slow-to-day-to morrow-the next
lay-Forever-till the word ls done.
Contributions may bc soot to James
dann, chairman, Norfolk, Va, or Gin.
J. Irvine Walker, special representa
Ive, Charleston, S. C.
Tho Depopulation of lr ?land.
The emigration statistics for Ireland
or tho year 1004 furnish melancholy
ending, In that they show how Ire
and continues to lose some of tho bost
if her population. Last year 3<?,902
latives of Ireland, a number ?quiva
lut to 8.H per 1,000 of tho population,
Bft their homes, the vast majority to
o to the United States or Canada,
'he total or 30,902 is a slight falling
IT as compared with sevoral recent
oars, and is Indeed thc smallest ag
r?gate since 1898. Hut, unfortunate
/, the outward il)w has oontlnucd,
or since 1851 no fewer than 3,997,
13 of tho Irish people, have left their
at!ve land. A large proportion of
hese are among tho il >wer of thc
ace, for lt ls almost an axiom in Irish
ilstory that the energetio and enter
rising go, while tho more helpless
Iiuaned to 111 M Do A th.
Ono man was killed and number of
thors had narrow escapes from death
y a Aro which gutted tho double
oti8es 27 and 20 East Forty-fourth
Lrcet, Now York, Wednesday. Tho
ead are Arthur Nealy and hin broth
r, E. Tennyson Nealy, publisher. Ho
laped from tho fourth story window
nd dashed out his brains on tho
avement. With a 'ope made of
tecbs, John Iffozter, an inventor,
iwf?rcd his wife to tho ground safely.
io then came down himself, hut the
jpo broke, though ho escaped with
>w inj tirios. Tlie loss was about
Bookkeeping, Shorthand, Tvp
guaranteed course 20 weeks. Sinf
hand, B mo8. 12 culls for graduated
ni and. Write.
Machinery Supply I
WE SELL I
Headquarters for EVERYTHING
All kinds of Injectors, Lubricators
Supplies for Saw Mills, Oil Mills an
Largo stoe' of Well Pumps and Oy
Columbia, 8. O. The mi
: THE GUINARD
J Manufacturers Brick. Firo Prooi
2 Flue linings and Drain Tile. Pi
. or millions.
WblHke I Morphine I Olgarot
HabP, I Habit Habit
;0.ired by Keeley
13 ? Lady Sb. (or P. O. Box 76) Gol
_BO citri _
STAFF OFFICBRS APPOINTED.
Oolonol Tliompnon Assumes tho Oom
m.'UKl of tho Seoond lti'Kimont.
Col. Henry T. Thompson, the new
ly elected colonel of the Second regi
ment of South Carolina National
Guard, Tuesday annouueed his staff.
Tlie gentlemen named are all experi
enced in military affairs, the adjutant
being Capt. M. B. Brooks of Colum
bia. Col. Thompson's order is as
Headquarters, Second regiment, N. G.
Columbia. 8. C., July 10, 1905.
General Orders No. 1.
I. Havjng been elected and com
missioned as colonel of the Seoond
regiment of infantry, National Guard
of South Carolina, 1 hereby assume
command of the regiment.
II. Toe following arc announced as
thc regimental staff: Surgeon, Maj. S.
C. Z:mp. Camden; adjutant, Capt. M.
B. Brooks, Columbia; quartermaster,
Capt. G. W. Hutobeson, Sumter;
commissary, Capt. A. C. Doyle, Or
angebu-g; assistant surgeon, Capt. S.
M Deal, Columbia; assistant surgeon,
First Lieut. C. W. IHrron, New
Brookland; chaplain, R?V. E. M.
Henry T. Thompson,
Colonel, Seoond Inf., N. G. S. C.,
Tho non-commissioned staff ap
polntmonts will be announced later.
Tho following speolaforder was also
Headquarters, Seoond Regiment, N.
G. S. 0.
Columbia, S. C., duly ll, 1905.
Special O.ders No. 1.
I. Under section No. 48 of the mil
itary code, of South Carolina an eleo
tiou ls hurt by ordered to be held on
Tuesday, July 12, to lill the existing
vacancy In the position of oiptaln of
Company K, Second regiment.
II. Under section No. 48 of the
military code of South Carolina an
eleotlon ls hereby ordered to be held
on Saturday, July 15, to HU the ex'st
lng vacancy In thc position of first
lieutenant of Company II Second
By order of Col. Thompson,
M. B. Brooks,
Captain and Adjutant.
Company II (Conway) has been as
signed to the Second regiment, mak
ing 12 companies to that regiment,
which ls the only one that has the
full complement as yet. Tho regi
ment goes Into camp, July 27.
Tho Oj pay Mot h.
They have an Insect In Massachu
setts whlc'i ls threatening to eat the
State bare and clean of vegetation.
It is ctllod the Gypsy moth, and lt
was introduced a few years ago by a
naturalist who was experimenting
with Bllk-produoing bugs. He im
ported the eggs of a Gypsv moth from
Franca and accidently loft a few of
them In a paper box on a ledg3 out
side of a window. Tho box blew a
way, the eggs doubtless batched nnd
tho mlschelf resulting bas cost Massa
chusetts somo hun ired* of thousands
of dollars already.
Threw Hitnsoll' Under Train.
Mr. John A. Hendrix, formerly a
resident of Columbia, S. C., threw
himself under a moving train at Now
Castle, Ky., Wednesday. He had be
corao short to a small oxtent In his
accounts with a speoial agent Of a
bonding company, representing the
Bell Telephone Company. Mr. Hen
drix was, until recently, a dork In W.
D. Lever's shoo utoro In Columbia.
Up to a fow months ago ho was cor
rect in his habits.
11. ? i ? 11 - < i v Pound,
In South Africa thousands of oattle
die every year from a fever caused by
the bite of tho tsetse Hy. Prof. lino
?Mft Koch, the eminent bacteriologist,
lolegraphs from German South Africa
that he has discovered in thc Hy thc
Infusoria that causes tho disease In
the oattle. This, lt ls thought, will
result In tho perfecting at an carly
lay of a speclllc for tho fever.
No l<'ri)0 i'AHHUH.
Secretary Bonaparte bas fixed hla
ittitudc In tho matter of accorJ/ng
free transportation from the railroads
by returning all tho passes sent him
wit \ tl e statemont that by reason of
tho public position ho ocouplcs he
feels himself ?nanlo to avail himself
of undi considerations.
AGOOD COUNTRY PRINTER
who can set advertisements, and
Lake charge of the type setting depart
ment of a well-st ocked country o ll icc.
should bo ablo to make up forms. To
mob a printer a steady job with good
wages ls open. Apply, with refer
TlUC TlMKS AMD DKMOOUAT,
Orangeburg, S. O.
o-writing,1 English branches, Full
(le courso of either Business or Short
i in about 20 days. Can't supply do?
louse for the State.
In MACHINERY SUPPLIES.
, Pipe, Valves, Fittings,
d any ono in Machinery business,
linders. Qot our price.
acbinery Supply house of the State
BK?CK WOKKS, I
Terracotta Building Block ,f or \\
repared to till ordora for thou ands fi
All Drugand Tobaooo
Institute, of O
umbia, S. 0. Confidential corr?noon
Honest Treatment for
Weak Discouraged mgUt_
Do Not Throw Your Money Away on
Worthless Treatments, But Wr ito
to Dr. Hathaway, tho South's
Most Export Specialist,
Who Can Bo Depended
Upon to Curo You.
25 Years Exporiouce.
MEDICAL BOOKS FREE, Wirte for Them.
If you aro a tn*? mitering f rom unnatural . .
discharges, emissions, prornaturo discharge, or
fruin a completo loss of your nuiiihood, do not
throw your monoy away on tho ninny worth
less treatments from fako raodloal companies,
"institutes/' etc., but sit right down and wrlto
to Dr. J. Newton Hathaway, 88 Inman Bldg.,
Atlanta. Ga. This physioian hos porfootoda
method of troalmont after ovor 25 years of ox
perioueo that will positively restore any weak,
wornout, disoouragod man to n typo of p.orioo.t_.,
manhood, whothor tho patient is yotiug, Old or
middle-aged. Ready nmdo medicines cannot
possib y uiiro this condition, but each and
ovorj cane requires specially prepared treat
ment administered by aa oxport phjslclan who
is conipotont to undorsUind just what your
case requires. Tho vast oxporlonco of Dr,
Hathaway has niven him akuowiodgo of thia
condition in mon not possessed by any other
physi ian; and ovory man in this condition
should writo him without dolay. RvoryUiiug
is kept Htriloly confidential, and all medi
cines, which aro prepared in his own labora
tory, are sent in plain packages. During tho
yoais and years ho has boon established lu At
lanta ho has conduotod his business in an.
honest, straightforward manner, and his ropjv
UUion is known to all, Ho will s:nd to eaob
BUlToror his book for men, cut it UM I '.Manli
ness, Vigor and Health." Ho also euros all
other disenso? of men inch as Strioturo, Va
ricocele, Uloot, etc., and if you aro aflHotod
wrlto him for a book on your disease. Ho
hat) a number of th,MU. Havo no hesitancy in
writing him. Tho address is J. NEWTON
HATHAWAY, M. D.,88 Inman Bldg, Atlan
- 1 ', 8
You want the Best. We have $
exactly what you want. Don't ?
walt to feel exactly ready. Wo .
an make you ablo. Our prices jg
are LOW-our terms are EASY, s
Write us at once for catalogues,
prices and terms. Address
MALONE'S MUSIC HOUSE,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
A Proposition of Interest
To all readers of this paper, v bo
call or write for treatment Within tho
next SO days I will cure them of tho
following diseases for ONE-HALF my
usual charge: LOST MANHOOD,
SYPHILIS (blood poison), GONO
RI1E, GLEET. STRICTURE, VARI
COCELE, RUPTURE, CATARRH
and all CHRONIC DISEASES, of
both sexes. Diseases of women oured
without operation. PILES oured
under guarantee without the knife ei
any tying or burning operation
Consultations, Examination, Adi'
T. S. HOI LEYA?AN, M. D.,
Rooms 421 and 422 Leonard Building,
N. B. Catarrh of worst form oured
quickly at homo.
Railroad Faro Paid. SOO
r'i(KK courses Ottered
Board at Cost V/t Ito Quid
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free, GA. TELEGRAPH COLLKGR.