Newspaper Page Text
HOW TO FIX IT.
Senator Tillman Points Out the
Weak Points of the
AB it is Now Operated and Suggest a
Plan of Making .It an Institution
Without Graft, If the Qrand
Juries Will Mn ke Officials
Do Their Duty.
Mr. James A. Hoyt, Jr., says in
The State that Seuator Tillman went
to Anderson with tho expectation of
making a spceoh In which ho should
outline his views on the dispensary
and giv? his remedies for the oanker
now eating out the life nf..Unit insti
tution. Ho had gone to tho unusual
trouble cf writing out his spceoh,
showing that he desired lt published,
and published in full, in order that
his views might have the widest pub
licity. The conditions wero such that
he was proveuted from delivering his
Bpeech in full, though lt must be said,
in justice to Senator Tillman, that
bad he been ungenerous ho could have
made his speech and bad plenty of
time to do lt in, but ho was very
careful not to Intrude upon the rights
of the other invited speakers, aud
gave way to them, particularly to Mr.
Smith, thc president of the Cotton
Growers' association. Senator Till
man, bad he bad thc opportunity,
might not have stuek close to his
mc.iiuscrlpt, as ho is not accustomed
to speaking that way, and the little
of it which he did read was interpo
lated with side remarks as they would
j cp into his head. But his prepared
bpeech it. of interest and is given lu
full as follows:
1 think thc facts will warrant mo
in olalmn g that 1 know as much or
moro abe in the dispensary and about
thc liquor trudie in general than any
ether ono man In tho State. The law
was enacted in December, 1SD2, and
wont Into clleet 1st of July following.
During this interval I examined mose
thoroughly into thc whole question
and gave tho administration of tho
proposed system tho most earnest
thought. Kvi rhody predietod failure
and 1 was mest anxious that tho ex
periment she uld succeed. I<'or a year
and a half 1 administered the law
almost alone, and 1 therefore had the
fullest opportunity, both bj observa
tiou and experience, to lind out Its
good and bad points, and abivc all,
its wo '.ki cs...
The original draft and much that Is
still in tho h w was the work of tim
piohibition c mmlttce, and only sucn
changes v.tie mace lu tho 1)111 as it
parsed tho House as was evidently ne
cetsary fer tho changed purnobo co
which thc law was to be devoted. At
thc next, session ot the Legislature my
tllorls were devoted eut 1:ely to
strengthening the statute so as to
prevent and punish the illioit sale of
liquor. 1 gave no thought to safe
guarding thc Stale against fraud in
its administration except In tho rules
and regulations, because 1 did not
not then believe, ano 1 ?o not now
helloe, that tito State of South Caro
lina could elect three mon to the
highest responsible elllocu of Gover
nor, Comptroller General and Attor
ney General who would fall so low as
to become thieves. During the 12
years that the system bas been on
trial the law has been changed time
and time again. But my opinion and
advice have had no weight. Toe llrst
bad bluuder wus taking ibo law out of
tho l?anos of men elected by the peo
ple and putting lt Into the hands of a
board elected hy tire Legislature. The
next mistake was taking the appoint
ment Cf the county beard out of the
bands of the State board, and giving
it to the delegation in the Legislature
from each com.ty. Thc State board
is no longer dhectly responsible to the
peuple, and there ls no v. ay to got at
lt unless the Governor should exerohe
his implied power of removal. The
county board is no longer responsible
to tl;e Slate board, because lt docs
not depend upon that bearii for ap
pointment and is not responsible to
that board, i xeept in a way, but looks
to thc Legislative delegation, Temp
tationu that the Governor and other
high State officials would have been
expected lo v.it! stand have, I fear
proven too strong for the boards
elected by thc Luglslaturo. The ad
ministration hy tho State board has
been lax and altogether censurable.
It has allowed st me of tho mest valu
able restrictive features ef tho law to
fall into disuse-liding out request
blauks, soiling to minors, drunkards,
cto. There has been no executive
head with power to see that the 1 iw
was administered in good faith, and
the county boatds have too often al
lowed improper Inllu noes, nepotism
and other hellish mou ves to govern in
electing dispensers. One of tho most
far reaching and destructivo actions
of tho State beaul was the change in
tho manner of buying Ihpior from
that which was Instituted In tho be
ginning, to wit, thc pure: a. e of whls
key to bo sold under thc brand and
name and lu the package of the seller.
Tho original scheme, which has the
soundest reasons in gi od business
judgment fur its inauguration, pro
vided that no liquor, except bought
In barrels and bottled at tho dispen
sary aid labeller' X, XX, XXX,
XXXX, according toago and quality.
All oi' tho bottler sold through thc
dispensary wore of full measure and
all thc whiskey of full proof, as desig
nated on tho label, and all were sealed
tightly with tho best sealing wax.
Tho prices wore put on a card and
hung In tho window, so that there
could bo no cheat h g tf tho purchaser
by the disponeos. Caso goods were
Bomotimes bought but only upon
special orders of individuals. They
wero not kept in ttock. Lot us see
what demoralization has bi eh wr ught
by the departure from this policy,
Thc lirst j ea i s of thc dispensary's < x
istei.ee the looal disponjcrs were not
approachable by any man In the
whl.vkoy trade, beoause no one knew
where tho liquor came from, and then
was no ohar.ee to bribe or corrupt a
looal dispenser to push any special
brand. No oases were shipped di
rectly to the dispensers In the packa
ges frum tho distillery, so there was
no obance to put In extra bottle s as
bribes. Everything went from the
State dispensary, AU cases wero of
Uniform bizo, one for quarts, one for
Dints and one. for half pints, and they
held a given number of bottles. Tho
liquor was mealed bei .ultlo Uly. There
was no ohanoo to chango labels or
alter bottles. The request books
prevented that, and the Governor
was In tho olosest touch with every
cog and wheol in the machinery. I
had a deteotlve who watohed the con
stables anil win roported to me alone
whether or not they wore In collusion
with blind tigers. I had another
detective who watched the dispensera
to see whether they were complying
Rtriotly with the law and regulations.
Wliit key drummers banging around
the hotols in Columbia to get a chance
to sell whiskey were unknown and tho
agents of whiskey concerns travelling
over tho State and cretting in dose
touch with the local dispensers foi
the purb080 of corrupting them were
also unknown, and che oondltlou of
affairs disclosed by the Sparenburg
investigation wes simply an impossi
What aro some of tho temptations
which 8oem to have been too great for
tho Stato board of directors to resistV
Purchasing whiskey as it has been
dono left opportunity for collusion;
this man or that on tho board receiv
ing money as compensation for pur
chasing from a given concern. Th?
State commissioner subjeoted \?o thc
temptation of sending out tht case
goods of this or that linn in prefer
euee to those ordered by the dispens
ers. Tao opportunity for graft, thc
pot phrase now in vogue, was im
menso. The original Boheme adopted
as 1 Kay hastily, depeuded for the in
tegrlty of its administration upon thc
high cbaracter and honor of tht
Stato's highest ctllolals. But wher
we recollect that, as lt Is now admin
lstercd and has been for six or elgh
years, through tho breakage charges
leakage charges, watering tho llquo:
in the local dispensaries because o
bottles not properly scaled, changing
labels, buying places as dispenser, tin
opportunity for stealing at tho dis
pensa ry In not sending out all th<
liquor bought, but shipping it off, 1
ls a wonder wo have not had a worsi
carnival of corruption than seems t<
1 do not doubt after the exposur
in Spartanburg others will equal if no
eclipse lt elsewhere. 1 coulu go mor
into detail and discuss this pe?ase o
tho subjeot more at length, but.
prefer to point out thc remedies whlo
have suggested themselves to m
mind aud which in the future I rec
sure will be adopted and be tho mean
of reforming the dispensary By ste I
and milking it well nigh Jmp.sslbl
for any one any where to steal any c
tho public money or be corrupted b
thc temptations which have been s
We will take the Stato dispensar
tirst. I believe the administration (
this law should be In the hands of me
elcctod by the people, the same as tl
other laws are. I believe aud alwa]
have thought that a board ex oHlol
oom posed of the Governor, Attorn*
Goneral and Comptroller General, 1
be tho best that can be devised. No
to prevent even these high office
from being subjected to temptatit
ui Laying themselves open to oharg
or corruption, such as my enemi
have not hesitated to bring again
me, I sugge t the following plan. L
advertisement be made, as now r
quired by law for bids to be submits
bo furnish tlie State of South Carolii
for a year with such whiskey, brand
rum, wine and beer as lt may reeiiiii
Lob the Act go Into details and hpoi
tloally dexorlbu the kind and q lali
neoded. Whiskey and beor aro t
two main things, and bheso two ti
staple articles and can be descrlb
with suon definiteness and partiouU
ihy that there will be slight need ev
ol an analysis by the chemist. I
these bids be submitted in triplica
sealed with wax. One sent to t
State Treasurer, accompanied by
check for $10,000 as evidence of go
faith, ono sont to tho Chief Justice
the Supreme Court and one sent
the Speaker of the House of ll?p
sen tat i ves. llave these opened duri
the session of the L?gislature in t
presence of the dispensary cjmmlti
of the two bouses, and award t
contract to the lowest bidder. Tl
?et tho State boar ! enter into lt wi
.such lowest bidder, requiring the ci
tractor to deposit, for the fulfilment
his obligation $100,000 in South C
lina Stabe bonds, or such amount
may be thought necessary, wh
shall be subj oot to forfeit If he d
not comply strictly with all the ter
and conditions of his agreement.
Thc contract being thus made
tho purchase of whiskey of a gb
kind and quality at a given price, I
Slate commissioner who whl hi
charge of the business part of thee
pensary can order cut from the (
billcry at such time and In such qu
tit les as may bo necessary tho liqu
needed to supply the demand of
local dispensers. Have tho bottles i
other supplies that may be nnei
purchased in a similar manner to
whiskey, all of these being paid for
eas'.i clu cks on tho treasurer. Let
Stato commissioner take out a rei
lior's license and haye tho liquor I:
bled after dumping and mixing wi
desired, and this must be under
immediate supervision and inspect
of a Unitod States revenue offli
whose books will be a check as to
quantity that will thus enter Into
consumption. Let thc dispenser's bo
and tho Internal revenue collect!
books bo Inspected quarterly by s
person as tho Slate board may appc
for that purpose, to sec that tho qi
ity of the goods contracted for and
goods delivered correspond, and t
all tho goods purchased have been H
out from thc State dispensary or obi
Wiso accounted for. The Leglslati
through Its committee, can exan
Into and report at each session u
the whole management.
La the n.'.me and brand of
liquor be blown Into the gliwaso tl
eau I)1.! no chango of labels. Havi
case goods k- m in stock and con
the purchase of these to special or
from pr?valo Individuals. Do a
with beer dispensaries as now i
i and let the regalar dispensers 1
bael on lee to be Ufc?d oy tili ht
lonly, and not drunk on tho prom!
Above all see that tho requestb<
are always used before a pu roba:
So much for tho conbral depot.
Now for the local dtepenoarles
0i lleve raero satlsfaotii :\ will re
ai d a better administration of
law be had, If the supervision
control of the loo*l dispensaries
placed In thc hands of the county
pervlsors elected hy the people,
mayor of tho bown In which the
pensary ls located, elected also by
people, and one person to be appi
ed by the Slate board, who shall
coi vt; reasonable compensation foi
time and labor. They have tho 1
dh poners elected by tho people of
county. Where there ls more t
one they can be olectod on a J
ticket. Let the Governor have
power to remove for causo and lob
excrolso lt vigorously.
.*A*iy one familiar with tho condi
tions as they now exist oan readily
understand why suoh amendments to
the law as are here outlined will malio :
it almost impossible for any ono con- ,
neotcd with tho dispensary from the ,
top to tbo bottom to steal any of the
We will have hotter 1 quor, and if
the mond juries do their duly we will I
havo no more Sparenburg Bca?d?ls. 1
It must not bo forgotten that no law 1
was evor devised that oan enforce it- I
Ile said a dcteotlve ought to keep <
after tho dispensera to seo that re
quest books aro usvd, and the law Is i
botter enforced. Hs was not afraid 1
about going baok to the Sonate. Ho 1
simply wanted to stand on bia rooord. i
bub if any better man oan bo found,
elect him. He waa not mixing poll- i
ti08 in thia affair, but others were do- ? I
AGAINST TH?? BOOK TRUiT.
Courts Dc ohio that tn ile vi du al Mor
olinntB Gan llcduco Prices.
"A decision has been handed down
In the Uulted States Circuit Court
by Judge Hay. in the action cf
Charlea Schribncr & Sons and the
Boots-Merrill Company against R. H.
Macy & (Jo. for an injin cMon to re
strain Macj's from selling copyright
booka at lona than the retail prices
llxed by tho Publishers' Association
which will have a far reaching e ffect
on all trade combinations," says The
Now York World.
"Stephen H. O.ln and ex-Attorney
General W. H. H. Miller appeared
for tho complainants, and ex Secre
tary of the United States Treasury
J ?ihn G. Carlisle, and Edmond E.
Wise for Macy's.
Judge It-y gives a sweeping decision
In favor of R. n. Macy So Co., dis
missing the complaint and severely
criticising the combination of publish
ers ai d booksellers, which he holds to
be in violation of the Sherman Anti
Editorial y the New York Journal
"Tho Arm of R. H. Miicy & Co.
rendered a really great service to
the public at large and to the busi
ness Interests of the community in
their tight against the Book
"The Book Trust alleged Ita right
to forbid retalle, s to sell books below
a certain price fixed by tho trust.
"Macy & Co., aotlng in behalf of
the purchasing pu hilo, maintained in
lin o nits at considerable oxpeuso,
dn.lr right to sdi merchandise bought
by them for whatever price they
"The case wr.s heard bofore Judge
Ray in the United States Circuit
C urt, Isldi.r Straus and Nathan
Straus partners, appearing under tho
ibm of R. H. Mao j St Co., in behalf
bf tho publie and the rights
ot the individual business
"Tho thanks of thc public arr. duo
to R, II. Macy & Co. for the fight
they made against this particular
form of trust oppression. And still
greater thanks aro duo to Judge Ray
for this excellent opinion, in which
ho sustains thc action of Messrs.
Straus appearing in behalf of the pub
"lt ls to be hoped that tho get rich
(Ulick gentlemen who proposed to get
such money from tho public by mak
ing themselves lords and masters of
pu)chaser, retailer and all others
take to heart thc lesson that is
taught them In che opinion quoted
TWJELV? Mt?N" KILLED
Hy a Largo Mane ot Stone l'/.llin.?;
A mass of limestone weighing
thousands of tons slid from a side of
the quarry of mill A of thc Lehigh
Portland Cement company at Orm
rod, Pa., at nuon Wednesday Just live
minutes before time to unit work.
Twenty-seven men wero at work io
the quarry, whioh ls i,ooo feet h ug,
loo feet across and 100 foot deep. The
heavy rains of tue past two days bad
softened the earth and caused the slide
Where thc fallen mass slipped away
a smooth, nearly perpendicular wall
was left, rising sheer 100 feet above
Lhe bottom of thc quarry, while Jv
entire quarry floor was covered with
broken, jagged roek. Only nine of
the men got away safely, four of whom
esoaped by running up on a mass of
rock at the opposite sido of the quar
ry. The remaining 18 were bu idled
In aspaos ton feet square, and 12 of
them wore killed and six Injured. Two
of the latter may die. All of the
men arc Slavonians whollv^d In shan
ties close to the 4 larry.
Two men who saw the side of the.
quarry quiver shouted a warning to
Hie men. The men misinterpreted
the called and failed to moved out of
/.ono of danger until lt was too late.
With a thuudercu . roar the mountain
of rode foll, pinning tho men f.v.t.
Tue r soucru found six men bu Idled
in one place, four standing and two
lying down. Three were alive and
one dlod beforoho could be gotten out.
Five physicians were summoned who
gave tho Jn j tired first aid on tho scene
and then had thom hurried In wagon-,
to the Allentown hospital. The dead
were laid on hoards and carried to the
slock house. Eight hod los were re
covered before dark, at whioh tim."
two moro were cxposod to view and
two others hulled deep In tho pit
The latter's bodies may not be reacio, d
Most of the men killed or Injured
are single. Others had families In tho
old country. A number of women
from the foreign colony ran to the
quarry when tho news of the accident
reached tin.m and their moaning and
anguish were pitiable.
i<'Cll to Thuir heath.
Five people wore killed in thc Alps
mountains cn Thursday by falling,
Two tourists from Meran, wolle bunt
ing for edelweiss, were killed, Wblh
climbing the Iloefato group a Bavar
ian lawyer foll and was killed, Four
students from Dresden ascending tho
iTehcrgoell, foll down a precipice.
One was killed and the others were
probably fatally Injured. Another
youth of sixteen was killed on Mount
Mythonstook, He fell nine hundred
feet and his body was reduced to pulp.
WantM to hnhate,
Mr. 0. P. Sims, an attornoy of
Spartanburg, has. challenged Senator
Tillman to a joint debuto on the dis
pensary. Mr. Sima has rccontly
been prominently before tho pilbllo
aa attornoy for certain of the Spar?
tanburg dispensary chi ?ala during
tho recent Investigation. It Is said
that ho wlii oppose ?enator Tillman
for thc Scnatorahlp.
HB llKNIKS IT.
(Cont'uucd from first page.)
'About forms of law, lot fools contest,
rbat law willoh ls best administered is
Aud our not agreeing on the dis
pensary question and the iiquor que?
ion comes from the fundamental di!
forence of opinion as to how lt is best
JO police tho liquor trafilo. Tho Pro
libltlontsts declare lt is sinful to
i rink in moderation, wino or whiskey,
while a large majority of u? cannot
see any foundation In morals or re
ligion for any such contention. livery
body recognizes the ovil of drunken
ness, and now to minimize or to pro
vont it ls the whole question. You
say prohibit the sale. 1 say sell by
bonded ellloers, under stringent re?u
latlons, in the daytime only, and have
tho law enforced. The profit which
ls an iuoldent and not a purpose In
this salo, to go where lt ls most need
ed; that ls, luto tho Behool fund of
the State, lt would make no differ
ence If it went luto tho fuud of thc
general treasury, and the school fund
luorcasod from other souioos. Put
that ls a subterfuge. No one drinks
any more or patronizes tho di?pens8:y
because tho prolits go to the Behool
fund, I cannot see any harm or sin
in obtaining revenue from a traillo
that ia Irrepressible. Tho United
States Supreme Court protcots each
citizen In tho right to Import for his
own use, and no law of the State can
prevent lt. Thc poorer and more ig
norant classes, who cannot thus ob
tain liquor, have been, and always
will be supplied thrcugh somo local
i'.gcncy, no matter what the law
pgainst soiling liquor may bo.
TUM EX?MPLBOF KANSAS.
You quote Governor llooh, of Kan
sas, but. vou do no discuss or explain
tho ofiiolal statistics in regvrd to
drinking and tho p^ymeut of thc
United States internal revenue lionise
by retail dealers lu that Sfcute. There
r?,re no saloons in South Carolina for
the yoong to see any more than there
are In Kansas. God forbid thoy
should ever return. Somo of your o >
laborers lu this light against tho dis
pousary system, your allies and coun
scllors, are the editors of papors which
have always fought the dispensary
and are now scheming to got high
licenses after prohibition has failed,
ai lt will fall. There ls not a olvillzcd
Government In Christendom as far as
I know that does not derive a revenue,
from the ?aleof liquor and prohibition
?. as an unknown thing until about
sixty years ago. The United Statis
Government received last year from
this source upwards of $170,000,000
I think there are only three States at
ibis time that cling to prohibition.
IOWA and Vermont had it some years
.igo, but they have abandoned lt for
local option, with the right to vote In
saloons if wanted, and that ls what ls
hoped for here by ye ir chief sponsors
of the press.
One word more and I am through.
Let us see about your historical paral
lel ahout the groat leader who was
commanded to go down against the
Amah.kit's. Tiie Hebrews of old,
true lo their Instincts of thrift slew
the abominable tribe, but saved th.
best of the sheep and oxen, as Saul
claimed for sacritlce, and you go on
to state as an historical fact that "the
Government of a State was command
ed hy the moral sense of the oeoplo
expressed at tho ballot box togo do*-.m
and destroy the liquor trji*^ -, nd
when called to account lt makes tho
pitiful plea that while it has nd.t de
stroyed fho traille it has managed lt
so as to g it money for the taxpayers."
Your parallel is not a parallel at all.
PEOPLE DI I) NOT OUDKK IMtOIlllUTION.
The people of S mtu Carolina have
never instructed its Government to
prohibit the sale of liquor. lu the
separate box provided by the Demo
cratic executive committee in the
Democratic primary of 1892, the yole
stood, ES 1 recollect, .'55,000 for prohi
bition, 25.000 against it, whllo 32,0C0
did not vote on it at all. (I quote
from memory.) That election was a
side show and you have no right to
magnify its significance.
Tliis ls a government of majorities
and no maj >rlty of the people liss ever
given any such order, while when the
question lias been passed on since di
rectly and positively a half dozen
Mmes, tho people said that tho dis
pensary law was a better and more
sane solution. Isn't it ahout time to
stop aUudJng to that election. The
'hspeusary system does not rest for its
support upon Ute money that lt brings
In. lt rosts on the claim of Its de
fenders backed by expcrlenc? of our
people and statistics, as affording
moro protection against thc vice of
drunkenness than any other system,
prohibition or lie oise elthor.
1 f it has done th's In spite of mal
administration and mismanagement,
what would lt not do if such men as
Dr. Cromer and his friends would glv?
bo the enforcement of the law their
great moral support?
We do not ?..:; endorsement, but ii
a Government where a majority rules
ive have had a right to expect oo-ope
ration and assistance, and we have
not brui it yet. "Hender unto Caesar
tho things that are Caesar's," was the
?ommand of tho Muster Himself.
When tho statute has been practically
mnulled by the board of directors,
when tito restrictive features hr.ve
been allowed to drop into issue, bavo
ihe Prohibitionists lent their assist?
?iee, hy st nod in ir up boldly for tho
law? Had they done so we would not
bo now where wo are.
You have neon kind enough, my
lear slr, to remind mo of Joffe.rson's
epitaph. Yen declare tho people do
oot need advico, but they need an op
portunity to vote. Allow mc to re
mind you that one of Jefferson's max
i m s which waa tho very embodiment
of civil liberty and true Domooraoy
was "teach tho people and trust the
You want tho people to vote nov/
while they tue angered and bewilder
ed. 1 v.a.ii thom to vote "sanely"
fl ir they have heard thc faots and
argu nents, and 1 want all of them to
.ot,.: who have an interest in tills
natter, Under the ilrleo Act tills ls
A IT KA LS TO HIS IIHCOHD.
You mentioned Winthrop and Clem
son as among tho things hy which I
wi uki be remembered. You left off
some others that 1 presume to add,
not from a sense of egotism, hut simp
ly to keep ho record straight.
(1.) Tia emancipation In 1800 of
the people, i, jin dry rot, caused by
only one party ftud thc d?monstra
tion that wo could have the most free
and open discussion of political ques
tions without danger, followed hy the.
inaugurath.n of the Stato Democratic
(2 ) 'Ibo Constitutional Convention
and Its work, largely thc result Of my
untiring and oarnost efforts, and my
work In that convention in benah of
common schools, and tho disfran
shiseroent for tho time belog of the
negro majority legally.
(3 ) Last, the inauguration of the
?ai3 of l'quor by bonded c (Huers under j
the dispensary system. I will uot say
that your vlslou is clouded by fanatl
olsna, but if lt be true that he who
makes two blades of grass to grow ,
where only ono grow before ls a public
benefactor, then is lt noe equally true
that be who conceived a s?beme by
which drunkenness was reduced, tom
perance encouraged and decency and
good order incroasod, and withal (
mado tho demon whiskey contribute |
to the education of tho Ignoraut
masBes, noed bo ashamed of his work?
B. li TILLMAN.
Trenton, S C., Aug. 14, lu?G
DBAD AT THB THROTTLE.
Train Hpcrt Past Signals After ?ho
Hoglnoor Wa? Killed.
William B\ Staot, of Harrison, N.
J., the flreoQau of the fast Flying
Virginian, tho Chesapeake and Ohle
railroad through express to St. Louis,
which loft Jersey City at 6:52 o'clock
last evening, saved the lives of his
passengers I- taking charge of the
locomotive after tho engineer, Dan
Mahoney, had been killed in the cub.
When Stoot grasped tho throtUo and
slackened thc speed tho train had al
ready passed at least two danger
The train made Trenton on sobed
ule time last night, but pulled out
of that eltv with a amt king journal.
Mahoney was afraid of that J mrnal
and kept a watch on lt as he sped
alor g. To do so ho had to lean out
of the crib while ho kept ont hand on
thc throttle. OJCC ho bent too far
forward out of his cab window to get
a glimpse cf the defective journal ant!
his hoad was struck by a signal post.
Death was probably instantaneous.
Tho locomoatlve gathered Bteam
and picked up speed, lt was of tho
big hogbaok type, and it is, therefore
Impossible for the fireman to tee the
engineer. To Fireman Stoot the
train seemed to have attained the
velocity of a cannon ball. Ho had
hardly a moment's lull In his work of
shoveling on coal. As he stopped to
mop thc perspiration from his brow,
a lucky g'ance through the other side
of the cab rcvealerl a red light.
"Dan" be yelled, but tbcro was no
answer. Another instant a second
red light was passed. It was plain
that something was wrong and that
he and the passengers behind him, as
things then stood, were riding to al
most certain death. "Kor God's Bake,
why don't yen ?low her up?" ho again
called to the engineer. "Wo have
passed two red bugs. Check her,
Dan, Vor God's sake." In thc lan
guage of railroad men "rod bug"
means a danger signal.
Every moment the eng'nc hounded
faster until the telegraph poles se"m
ed to Stoot like lead pencils. After
lils second warning cry ho did not
walt for an answer, but began to
clamber over Into tho engineer's side
to investigate. Ile found Mahoney
dead. Ills lifeless hand was still on
tito throttle and his bead, wet with
blood, rested on thc edge of the win
dow. Stoot slowed down the engine.
Then ho took tho train on to West
Philadelphia, after putting another
man at bis own end of the boiler.
Not a passenger nor tho conductor
knew of the peril of the train. Ma
honey lived in Brooklyn, and the
body was sent there. He was 10
years old. About a yenr ago bis
wife was killed in a trolley accident
Bli A IN LT5AK3.
Bright Sayings of Wilt Ul. Manpin In
It Is very oasy to make excuses for
those we love.
The older a man ls tho farther he
could jump when a boy.
It does not tnke much courage to
be a boro in tho limelight.
Today's happiness depends upon
the scarcity of yesterday's regrets
Did you ever have as irood a time
on your vacation as you anticipated.
lt ls better to be known as a good
man than to he known as a good fellow.
Some men think they are popular
merely because people Impose on them.
Perhaps they call them "captains
ot finance" because some of them are
In tho ra38 for wealth the men who
are distanced often reap the greatest
be ne hts.
Some churches that talk about
revivals would better talk about re
sit i reet lons.
The p< c'.cetbook nervo of some men
ls much more smsltlve than thoir
We have never head of a business
mau going to a pool hall In soaroh of an
This would bea dreary world indeed
if Ibero were no rainbows to chase oc
Salvation ls to bo had for the asking,
but lt costs work and money and sac
rifi?e to retain lt.
A dispatch from Bullfrog, Nov.,
says Tim Ryan, who ls supposed to
havo been from Los Angeles, has been
found dead near the salt wells in
Death Valley. Ryan makes the
thirty-lift h known victim to die In
that locality this summer. Ryan had
been In Death Valley for li vo years
and lt ls supposed that he drank
from salt springs which are charged
with arsenic. Prospectors arriving
here report finding In the dosest many
skeletons known to he those men who
dud this summer.
Hunting Hov Son.
The Columbia Record says a letter
has been received at tho governor's
ellice from Mrs. Julia Bloden, of
Cnarloston in whtoh she states ?bat
her boy, Willie, about twelve years of
agc, itft her homo about live months
ago and has not been seen since. She.
fears that he was killed near Colum
bia lu a wieck and begs that an in
vestigation be made. The only way
In which this can be dono is through
thc press and the letter ls accordingly
Oh*rg<iH AK&IHH? Collector.
Commisioner Greene, of tho civil
service commission, today sr'1 that
an agent of the commission will he
sent to Newport News, Va., to loves
tlgate the charges Hied by Congress
man Maynard and W. IO. Barret
against Capt. Stowart, collector of the
port there. Stewart ls accused of
playing polillos by promoting llopub
llcans In his ooloo and roduolng Dem
ON THE BIGHT LINK.
South Caroona Industrial and Com
merola! Association Orgmizd
Hy tho Bonrtts or Trade of South CJ?r
oSin* ht Oolnrub!? on
Ijast Wuciiii nany.
Tho South Carolina Iidustrlal and
Oommcrolal association was organized
In Columbia on Thursday, tho mem
bership belt g composed of progressive
young mon representing the boards of
trade and suoh business organ'/- Ulong
lu the oltlcs of tho State. The follow
lng account of thc meeting we clip
from the Columbia Statr :
The call for this meeting was issued
by Mr. John Wood of Keck Hill, seo
rotary of tho Commorolal club o? that
olty. Mr. Wood was brought to South
Carolina about two years ago by tho
business men of lt ck Hill who want
ed a live, energetic and intelligent
man to havo charge of their commer
cial dub and advertising bureau. Mr.
Wood has proved to be tho very man
the people of it ok Hill wanted, and
over since thc creation of the State
bureau of Immigration commerce and
agriculture ho hus given Col. Wa4son
vary cordial tnpport.
Tho formation cf a Stats associa
tlon of bott rds of trade v?as pr? posed
by Mr. Wood some tim? ago and re
eel ved Mio hearty endorsement of thc
bureau of Immigration. In response to
tho call the meeting was organized
Thursday with dcb gates from a seore
of organizations, the folio?; in g being
Anderson Chamber of Commerce
A. S. Farmer, L. A. Ratcliffe, W. ?
Sebyt, C. F. J ibes.
Anderson R?al Es'ate *nd laves*
ment Company-J. 0 Cummings.
Bennottsvlllo Board cf Trade-lt L
Charleston Commercial Club-L. M.
Tinckney J. H C. Wulborn,
Chester, the Commercial and Manu
factur?es'Club -lt B, Caldwell.
Conway hoard of Trade-D. A. Spi
Columbia Chamber of Commerce
10. B. Clark.., T. H. Gibb AS. A. E
Corniles, .1 J. SolbelS, Hal Dek, L
B Dizier, J. D. Nunnam?k?r, C. M.
Stato Bureau of Immigration-E.
Georgetown Board of Tcade
Holmes H Springs,
Greenville. Board of Trade-A. G.
Gown, 1\ T. Havre.
Marion Hus!ec ?; L ague-L M Gis
quo, H. Stackhouse.
Orangeburg Business Men's League
- Wm. L Glaze.
Rook Hill Commercial Club-John
Wo id, .J. KS I.'ar l>oi r,
Su nter Chamber of Commerce-J.
Yorkvdle Com mero! al Club-I. H.
Norris, J. 1\ Whito, W. lt Carroll.
Southern Railway-T. B. Tbacks
Seaboard Air Line R dlroad-Henry
Clyde Steam ?hip Company-A. E.
Real estate-J. T. Harri3, Spartan
Beal Estate-N. W. Brocker, Co
Tue purposes of tho organization
were outlined in the following manner
in the constitution which was adopt
"The object of this hotly shall be
to exploit the resources and advan
tages of South Carolina, both local
and State, upon tho br ?ado-'t, most
approv d and most c IV .c.i ve lines; tlie
upbuilding of its industrial and com
mercial interos's; the i : nc. ion of new
people to aid in In thc vast work of
development a '.altin,; our aottvity for
accomplishment, and tlie giving of
our closest attention to those things
tending to the adv ai cement of South
Carolina to Ilia*; position among her
sister States which is her-, by reason
of ber climate, her soil and her geo
The meeting was called loonier yes
terday by Commissioner Watson. An
address of woloomo tu the elby was da
liver-d by M:ryor T. II. Gibbs and an
address ox pro sing thc Interest of the
Chamber of Com merco of Columbi
was delivorod by tie Urst vice presi
dent, Mc. J.J. Seibels, in the absence
of tho president, Mr. W. A. Clark.
A temporary organization waa marlc
by the selection of Mr. IO B. Claik as
chairman and Mr. It. L. Freeman as
.?.eerelary. Mr. John Woo.l was then
invited to stale t'?e o\ j cts of the
meeting, which he did tu a very earn
est manner. Tberollof the convention
having been perfected, Mr. Wood was
elected permanent chairman and Mr.
10. H. Clark soo "etary,
Commissioner Watson and Mr. T.
h. T.ip.okston, assistant ic u .trial
agent of tho S u them rall way, were
calli d un ?n lo address the convention.
Mr. Wood then read tho prepared
''declaration of principles," which was
a d o p t o d unanimously.
The committee on by-laws consisting
of Mr. Wood, Mr. Claik, Mr l'mck
nty, Mr. G wquo and Mr. Caldwell,
was air.hor z d to report at the after
lu the afternoon the convent lyn
was addressed hy Mr. J. 10 .'gar Boag,
Mr. '1'. li Cl ac?, iton, M.-. 1. II. Nor
ris and Mr. li ggh j s.
Mr. Thackstou announced that 'the
Southern ralhvay( in conj meit n with
lt? connections In the west, will of
fer homosookcrs' i tes on the 17 rh of
October, g (Od f r 15 days, at SO per
cent, of one faro for th round trip.
Tlie people In South Carolina wh ?
have relatives or fri iuds in the north ,
west and want to get them to locate
in South Carolina may advise their
trii nds of these ral es.
Tho com mit too on nominations
made? its report and this being adopted
tho following were cleo.ed ollicers of
tlie assoelatlon for next year:
Prosldont, W. D. Morgan of George
vice presidents,-. P. T. Hayne of
Greenville; W. L, Ghizd of Orange
burg" .1. M. Knight of Sumter.
Socretary and treasurer, John
Wooii, of Kock i 1 iii
lOxooutlve bond; Fred G. Brown of
Anderson; W. B. Moore of YorkvlllO?
1>. M. GasqUOOf Marlon, L. M. I'inck
ney of Charleston; John J. Sel bela of
(Joh; ni bia.
On motion of Mr. W. L G'.r/.s lt
was dee' led to recodo from business
until tho afternoon of October 2.lrd,
Monday of fair work, and according
to the by-laws tho annuli meeting
Will be held in Columbia every fair
week. It was decided to urge all or
ganizations In thc State to send rep
resentatives to tho meeting fair week.
lt solutions of thanks to tho Cham
ber of Commerce of Columbia And to
Col. 10 J. Watson wore ade>pted and
the session ended. Tho members then
hoarded the car in front of the Slate
house and after a lido through tno
business and manufacturing and resl
donoo parts of tho olty wero takon to
Bookkeeping, Shorthand, Typo-'
guaranteed cooroo 20 wooka. Single
liand, 8 mos. 12 calls for graduates ii
Machinery Supply Hi
" M WE SELL EV
Headquarters for T5VERYT1IING ir
All kinda of Injectors, Lubricators, I
Supplies for Saw Mills, Oil Milla and
Largo stock of Well Pumps and-Oylh
C olutnMa, B. O. The mae
I THE OUINABD
Z Manufacturers Brick, Fire Proof '
. Flue linings aud Drain Tilo. Pre
x or millions.
W blake i tforpalne I Olgaret
Habit, I Habib Habit
Cured by Keeley I
Lady St. (or P. O. Bo* 76? Oolu
?p ni Irl
Ridgewood club where a light lunch
The executive oommlt^eo mot and
the secretary was authorized to get
out such descriptive matter as might
bo deemed advisable tc b?. distributed
by thc railroads through.ut the north
west. Tho executive committee la
also talking of gottirg out a magazine.
At tho Turn or tho Hoad.
Whore tl?' rough road turns, and tho valloy sweet
Smiles bright with its balm nud bloom,
We'll forgot i ho i liorna that have pierced tho foot
And UM) nights with tholr grief And gloom,
And tho sky will sud lo, and i lie stars will bonni,
Aiid Wo'll lay us down in thu light lo drouin,
Wo shall lay ns down in tho hinom and light
With a prayer and a tear for re t,
As tirod ollildr n who creep at ni.;ht
, To tho peace of a mother's hrciist,
And for all Ibo grief of tho stormy past
Host shill I ho swo tor ut last-nt lustl
Sweeter bocnilSO of tho weary way
Ami tho lonesome hiebt und lo- g,
While tho darkness drifts to tho perfect day
With Its splendor of light n< d song
Tho light that shall blo88 Olid kiss us and love us
And sprinkle tho roses of heaven above us!
WEATHER AND CR0P3.
Plenty o? Rain, Much of It Was Badly
In his woather and crop report Sec
tion Director Bauer bays that the
moan temperature for the week end
ing Mondr.y, Aug. 14th, was slightly
above normal, over tho eastern half
and slightly below over the western.
ITheextremea were a maximum of 103
[degrees at Blackville on ti e fyh, and
' a minimum of Ci degrees at Green
ville on the 9th. There waa less than
the usual amount of sunshine. High
winds, damaging to corn and cotton,
prevallod during thc middle of the
woek in thc western countlea. Bot
tom lauds were Hooded along.-tho up
per portions of the Saluda, Broad.
Wateree and Great Pcs Dee ri vers and
their tributaries, and considerable
The long drought was broken o vor
the entire atate. The rainfall wa8
heaviest in the central counties where
lt amounted, lo places, to over alx
Inohes, and was leaat in Beaufort and |
Gcorgetosvn countlea, where lt waa
genera!ly less than half an inch.
There was rain nearly every day and
the ground 18 now thoroughly satur
ated. The rain was needed and in
places Jwaa very beneficial, but in
others lt caused deterioration In crops,
especially cotton,and.Interferred with
farm work, espeolally baying and
pulling fodder. Nearly all crops havo
been laid by, and further cultivation
ls now impracticable.
With.very few exceptions, tho re
ports on cotton indicate rapid deteri
oration due to excessive shedding,
rust and the plants turning yellow.
These conditions prevail over prac.i
odly thc entire aiate, but are most
marked on sandy landa. In . miny
places growth has stopped, while ia a
few plains are making now growth.
Bolls are opening rapidly in tho BCUtb
central c< unties and considerable has
boen picked. Tho exoeisiYo heat of
the 5th, Otb, 7 th and 8th was vory
damaging on cotton.
There ia a general Imbrovemcnt In
the condit ion of the lato corn duo to
the ample moisture which carno op
portunely. Tobacco curing is nearly
finished. Peas, aweet potatoes aili
all varieties of cane aro doing well.
The frequent rains Interf erred with
preparations for fall truck orops. Rice
made line progress. Pastures Im
proved rapidly and again afford line
grazing Turnips were sown expen
sively. Late fruits, especially apples
and peaciics, aro rotting badly.
A Fat?! Ouarrol.
A fatal quarrel occured at Bates
burg on Wcdncaday between Mrs.
Laura A. Miller and Mrs. Young
Rikard. It seems that Mrs. Rikard
had borrowed a sausage stulTor from
Mr;;. M55lev. Mrs Miller sent her
word to send it back, Whllo Mrs.
Miller, who was about (10 years old,
was aweepeng the piazza, Mrs. Rlk
ard came up and told her abe ought
not to speak to her as she did. Mrs.
Miller then told Mrs. Rlkard that her
children had been taking ber fruit.
Mrs. Rikard made some reply, when
Mia. Miller struck her with the
broom. At thia junturc Mrs. Rlkard
took tho broom from Mra. Mlllor and
belabored ber with lt, when tho old
lady fell over dead.
Only Mix i : . pod.
A telegram from Batavia, Dutch
Fast Indies, fi reportes an ugly out
break of Ach?nese rebela who attaokod
thc Dutch post at Rambong, killing
two ofllocra and twenty-two mon. Only
six men of the poat sucooddod In es
caping and these wero wounded.
Two negroes were killed by inhaling
carbonic acid gas while cleaning out
an old well at Wadesboro, N. G., on
A.* OA tftFZ?$i &
writing, English branches,
? coarse of either Business or Short
i about 20 days. Can't supply de
mse for the State.
i MACHINERY SUPPLIES.
Mpo, Valves, Fittings. -
any one in Maohinery business,
udora. Got our price. .
minery Supply house of the State
Terra Gotta Building Block-,for
pared to fill ordors for thou ands
I "kti Drugiarid T:>baooo<
nrs-tit-u-te, off O
mbla, 8 0, Q$nfidfthtial oorretson i
Expert Medical Advice==Free.
Dr. J. Newton Hathaway, of Atlanta,
Ga., tho Sooth's Most i?oliable
Specialist, Offers to Givo Medi
cal Ad vico to Every Sufferer
from Any Disease Free of
Cargo-Bo Sure to Write
Him at Once and Take
Advantage of This
BOOK ON YOUR DISEASE SENT FREE.
If.yoti aro atll?ctod with any disease of a
chronic naturo, yo? should sit right down and
writ i- this g cat specialist and tako a vantage of
this special oftor to counsel and adviso Ofetf
BufYuror without cost. As Ur. Hathaway haa
had ovor a quarter century of experience in
tho treatment of tlie:o disoascs, during vhlch
t imo ho has cured s tao ol tho m.st Btubborn,
doop Healed oases on record, you ban roadily
appr?ci?t.? tito value this ofter will ho to you.
lie will also send you a very valuable book on.
your diacaso, of which ho ls tho author, which
will explain to y ti a grot many things you
do not know. Your homo doctor would elinrge
'you anywhere from ?1.00 to $25.00 for thia
same service and alter all you would not bo
bonolUted, for tho reason that tho average doc
tor is not competent to adviso in thoso casca
because l.o has not had tho necessary oxpori
Dr. Hathaway has boen established in At
lanta lor years and yc.irs, and by honest doal
ings with everyone and rendering tho most
skilled medical service, ho has built up tho
largest practice in this country. Mis standing,
both professionally, and financially ls of the
very highest,and you evin Hud no bettor modi
cat aid or sdvico anywhere. His systom of
home troatmont is considered perfect in every
lospoot, which enables him to treat tho atlliot
od tU. tl;oir homes, add' no mattor with wliat
disenso you are alllicted, bow severo it may bo
or h >w many doctors have declared it incura
ble, write filin and lot him tell you juijt what
he Chn do for von. Tho address is J. NEW
TON HATHAWAY, M. 1)., SH Inman llldg.,
A Proposition of Interest
To all readers of this paper, who
call or wrlto for treatment within the
noxt 30 days. I will cure them of tiny
following diseases for ONE-HALF my
usual charge: LOST MANHOOD,
SYPHILIS (blood poison), GONO
RIIE, GLEET, STRICTURE, VARI
COGELE,. RUPTURE, CATARRH
and all CHRONIC DISEASES, of
both sexes. Diseases of women cured
without operation. PILKS cured
under guarantee without the knife er
any tying or huming operation.
Consultations, Examination, AdV 1
T. S. HOI LEYMAN, M.D., '
Rooms 421 and 422 Leonard Building,
N. B. Catarrh of worst.form cured
quickly at homo.
.| You want the Best. We haye ft
? exactly what you want. Don't 5
? wait to feel exactly ready. We ?
?J an make you able. Our prices: 8
o are LOW-our terms aro EASY.. 2
* W ri te us at once 'or cat alogucs, ?
? prices and terms. Address jj
J MALONE'S MUSIC HOUSE, g
J COLUMBIA, S. C. I
And R. lt, AOKNOY-Wo ?Ino train you for
Tho U. S. S10 NA I. CORPS. School oatAb
7 yoara. Chcao board, low tuition,
Plan INSURliS position. Catalogue .
GA. TI?LKORAPH COIiLriOK.
Z* \/ *< (<?(> f/^f BY M ;
'^y^J^y Railroad Far? Paid wt
fi i< li Cruv^r. 0?'<?M!'t
. jio/>*? wrlf
As a result of drinking Asheville W?;
quor In two groat an abundance and
sleeping beside tho railway traok Da
vid Psyoook, a Union, S. G., negro, ls
In the Mission Hospital minus his left
hand, says the Asheville Citizen.