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Senator Tillman Points Out thc
Weak Points of the
As it Is Now Operated and Suggest a
Plan of Making .lt an Institution
Without draft, if the Grand
Juries Will M'ike Officials
Do Their Duty.
Mr. James A. Hoyt, Jr., says in
The State that Senator Tillman went
to Anderson with tho expectation of
making a apeeoh in which ho should
outllno his views cn the dlapensary
and glv? his remedies for the canker
now eating out tho life of..that inati
tution. Ile had gono to tho unusual
trcublo of writing out his speech,
showing that he desired it published,
and published in full, in order that
bia views might have thc wldc8t pub
licity. The conditions were such that
he was prevented from delivering his
speech in full, though it moat bc said,
in justice to Senator Tillman, that
had he been ungenerous he could have
made bis speech and bud plenty of
timo to do lt In, but he was very
careful not to intrude upon the rights
of tho other invited speakers, aud
gave way to them, particularly to Mr.
Smith, thc president of tho Cotton
Growers' association. Senator Till
man, bad he had the opportunity,
might not have stuck close to his
manuscript, as lie is not accustomed
to speaking that way, und the littlo
of it which he did read was interpo
lated with side remarks as they would ?
* cp Into lils head. But his prepared
bpi.cch is of interest and is given in
full as foilows:
I think the facta will warrant me
in olalmirg that 1 know aa much or
more about the dispensary and about
the liquor traillo in general than any
other one man In the State. Thc law
was enacted in December, 1SD2, and
wont Into effect lat nf July fellowing.
During this interval 1 examined most
thoroughly into thc whole question
and gave tho administration of the
proposed syhtcm the moat earnest
thought. K ver bod y predicted failure
and I waa mest anxious that tho ex*
p?riment should succeed. For a year
and a half 1 administered the law
almost alone, and I therefore had the
fullest opportunity, both nj observa
tion arid experience, to lind out Its
good and bad points, and above all,
The original draft and much that ls
still lu the h w was tho wink of tho
prohibit iou c remittee, anei only SUCH
changes were made in the bill as it
passed tho House as was evidently ne
cet sary fer the changed purpose to
Which the law w aa to be de voted. At
the next session of the Legislature my
efforts were devoted entirely to
strengthening thc statute so as to
prevent and punish Hie illicit halo of
lieiuor. 1 ga\e no thought to safe
guarding the State against fraud In
its adaiinlstration except in the rule?
and regulations, oteauso I did not
not then believe, ano 1 do not now
belie>o, that the State of South Caro
lina could elect three o.on to the
highest responsible i Muja of Gover
nor, Comptroller General and Attor
ney General who would fall so low as
to become thieves. During the 12
years that tho system baa been on
trial the law hus buen changed time
and time again. But my opinion and
advice have had no weight. Thc llrst
bad blunder wus taking tho law out of
the banca of men oleclea by the peo
pie and putting lt into the hands of a
board elected hy the Legislature. The
next mistake was taking the appoint
ment i f the county bouicl out pf the
hands of the Slate board, p.nd giving
it to the delegation in the Legislature
Horn each cou..ty. Tho State hoard
ia no longer directly responsible to the
people, and there is no way to get at
lt unless th?; Governor should oxoroli o
his implied power of removal. The
county boara ls no longer responsible
to the Slate hoard, because it does
not depend upon that board for ap
pointment and ia not resp risible to
that board, except In a way, but looks
to thc Legislative delegation. Temp
tathire; that the Governor and other
high State olllciala would have been
expected lo withstand have, I fear
proven too strong for the boards
elected by the Legislature The ad
ministration by tho State board has
been lax and altogether censurable,
lt has allowed s: me of thc most valu
able restrictive features of the law to
fall Into disuse-tilling out request
bianka, soiling to minora, drunkards,
eto. There has been no executive
head with pow< r to see that the 1 iw
waa administered in good faith, and
the county boards have loo often al
lowed inproper Influences, nepotism
and othor hellish motives to govern In
electing dispensers. One of the most
far reaching and destructive actions
of the Slate b( aid was the chango in
the manner of buying liq ?or from
that whioh waa instituted lu tho be
ginning, to wit, the purchase of whls
koy to be BOld under the brand and
name and in the package of the seller.
Tho original scheme, which baa tho
soundest reasons In good business
judgment for its inauguration, pro
vided that DO liquor, except bought
in barrels and bottled at tho dispen
sary and labelled X, xx, XXX,
XX XX, according lo ago and quality.
All of tho botths sold through thc
dispensary wore of full measure and
all thc whiskey of full proof, aa desig
nated on tho label, and all were .scaled
tightly with tito best sealing v.ax. ;
The prices wore put on a card and
hung lu the window, so that there i
could bo no Sheath g ef tho purchaser
by the diSponcei'S. Caso gooda were ?
sometimes bought but only upon
special orders of individuals. They
wero not kept In stock. Let us soo
what demoralization has been wr ught
by the departure from this policy. :
The llrst yoara of tho dispensary's i x 1
Jstenoe tho local dispensera were not ?
approachable by any man in the I
whit,key trade, because no e?no knew ]
wbero thc liquor carno from, and there :
wa? no oh ance to bribe or corrupt a !
local dispenser bo pu b any special l
brand. No c.1 "ja were shipped di '
rcotly to the dispensers In the packa- (
ges from tho distillery, KO there, was I
no ohanto to put in extra bottles as f
bribes, ?vorytulng went from tho c
Bt?tO dispensary. AU caaos wero of (
uniform size, one for quarts, one for ft
Dints and one for half pints, and tboy j 1
bold a given number of bottles. Tho | c
liquor was sealed bermttioally. There
was no ohanoo to chango labolB or
alter bottles. Tito request books
prevented that, and the Governor
was in tho closest touch with every
cog and wbeol in the machinery. I
had a detootlve who watched tho con
stables and who reported to me alone
whether or not they wore in coll vision
with blind tigers. I had another
dotcotlve who watohed tho dispensers
to see whether they were complying
strlotlv with the law and regulations,
w illi key drummers banging around
tho hotels in Columbia to get a chance
to sell whiskey were unknown and the
agenta of whiskey concerna travelling
over tho State and srettlng in olosc
touch with the lcoal dispensers foi
the purbo80 of corrupting the na were
also unknown, and che condition ol
affairs disclosed by the Spartanburn
investigation was simply an imposai
What aro some of tho temptation!
which seem to have been too great foi
tho State board of directors to resist?
Purchasing whiskey au it has beet
dono left opportunity for collusion
this man or that on the board recciv
lug money as compensation for pur
obaslng from a given concern. Tin
State commissioner subjected to tin
temptation of sending out the casi
goods of this or that llrm lu prefer
euee to those ordered by the dlspens
ers. The Opportunity for graft, tin
pot phrase now in yogu?, was lm
menso. Thc original eohorao adopted
as I Kay hastily, depended for thc in
tegrlty of lbs administration upon th<
high character and honor of th
Stato's hlguest officials. But wboi
we recollect that, as it ls now admin
lstercd and has been for six or elgh
years, through the breakage charges
leakage charges, watering tho llquo
In t* e local dispensaries because o
bottles not properly scaled, changln?
labels, buying places as dispenser, tb
opportunity for stealing at tho dis
pensary In not sending out all th
liquor bought, but shipping it oft, 1
ls a wonder we have not had a wors
carnival of corruption than seema t
1 do not doubt after thc exposui
in Spartanburg others will equal if nc
eclipse it elsewhere. 1 coule go moi
into detail and discuss this phase e
tho subject more at length, but
prefer to point out the remedies whlo
have suggested themselves to m
mind and which in the future I fe?
sure will bo adopted and be tho meat
of reforming the dispensary By ste)
and making it well nigh imprsslb
for any one any where to steal any i
the public money or be corrupted L
the temptations which have been I
We will tako the State dispensai
ilrst. I believe the administration i
tills law should be in the hands of mi
elected by the poople, the same as tl
other laws arc. 1 believe and alwa
havo thought that a board ex offlol
composed of the Governor, Attorm
General and Comptroller General,
be the best that can be devised. Ne
to prevent even these high olthv
from being subjected to temptatii
oi laying themselves open to oharg
or corruption, such as my onemi
have not hesita tod to bring again
me, I sugge.it tho following plan. L
? advertisement be made, as now i
rpired by law for bids to bc submitt
Lo fm nish the Stato of South Carol!
for a year with such whiskey, bram"
rum, wine and beor as lt may mini
Let the Act go into details and spe
tioally describo the kind and quail
ueoried. Whiskey and boer aro t
two main things, and these two t
staple articles and can be descrlt
with sueh definiteness and partlcul;
I ty that there will he slight need e\
ot an analysis by the chemist. I
these bids be submitted In trlpllo;
sealed with wax. Ono sent to I
Slate Treasurer, accompanied by
check for $10,000 as evidence of go
faith, ono sent to tho Chief Justice
tho Supreme Court and ono sent
the Speaker of the House of ll?e
scntatl ves. llave these opened dur
the session of the Legislature In I
presence of the dispensary cam mit
of the two bouses, and award I
contract to the lowest bidder. Tl
let the State board enter Into lt w
otoh lowest bidder, requiring the c
tractor to deposit for the fullllmem
his obligation il00,000 in South c
lina State bunds, or such amount
may be thought necessary, wi)
shall be aubjootto forfeit if be el
not comply strictly with all the te)
and conditions of his agreement.
The contract being thus made
the purchase of whiskey of a gi
kind and quality at a given price.
State commissioner who will h
charge of thc business part of the <
pensary can order cut from tho 1
Ilbery at such time and In such.qu
tit les as may bc necessary the llqu
needed to supply the demand of
local dispensers. Have the bottles 1
other supplies that may be nee
purchased in a similar manner to
whiskey, all of these being patd foi
cash checks on thc treasurer. Let
State commissioner take out a re
tier's license and haye the liquor I
tied after dumping and mixing w
desired) and this must be under
immediate supervision and inspeoi
of a Uni tod States revenue oilli
whose books wdll be a check as to
quantity that will thus enter into
consumption. Let tho dispenser's bc
and the internal revenue oolh ct<
books be Inspeoted quarterly by s
person as tho State board may appe
for that purpose, to see that the qi
i ty of tho goods contracted fur and
goods delivored correspond, and t
all the goods purchased havo been h
out from the Slate dispensary or obi
wiso accounted for. The Leglslati
through Its committee, can exan
into and report at each soaslon 11
the whole management.
L -l, tho mme and brand of
liquor be blown Into the glasiiso tl
eau be no change of labels. J Ia vi
case goods kepi In stock and con
thc purchase of those to special or
from private Individuals. Do a
with beor dispensaries as now ]
iud let tho regalar dispensers 1
beeron Ice to he used ny th b(j
only, and not drunk on the prcml
Above all nee that tho requestb<
;ire always used before a pureba:
So much for tho ."entrai depot
Now for the h eal dispensaries
b lleve mero satlsfaoth 0 will re
\ud a better administration of
law be had, If tin supervision
control of the local dispensarle.1
placed In the bunds of tho county
per visors elected by the people,
mayor of tho town In which tho
pet Bary !s located, elected also by
people, and one person to bo app'
d by the State board, who shall
sel ve reasonable compensation foi
imo and labor. They have tho 1
Ihpensors emoted by tho poople ot
jounty. Whore there is more I
md thoy can be elected on a J
iokot. Let tho Governor have
)owor to remove for ?ftUS?'ftnd l?t
?xorolHO lt vigorously.
>Auy one familiar with tho condi
tions as they now exist can readily
understand why suoh amendments to
the law as are here outlined w?l? mako
it almost Impossible for any ono con
nected with tho dispensary from tho
top to tho bottom to steal any of the
We win have better 1 quor, and if
the ?rand Juries do their auty we will
have no more Spareanburg scandals.
It must not bo forgotten tliat no law
was over devised V.iat can enforce it
Ile said a deteotlve ought to keep
after the dibpousers to soo that re
quest books aro uswd, and the law ls
botter onforced. Hs was not afraid
about going baok to tho Sonate. Ile
sim ply wanted to stand on his record,
but if any bettor man oan bo fouud,
eleot him. He was not mixing poli
ties in this affair, but others wero do
AGAINST THF BOOK TfiUiT.
Courts Decido that Intlovltlual Moi
oliants Gan ltcduoo i'rloos.
"A declijiou has been handed down
In the United States Circuit Court
by Judge Kay, in tho aotlon cf
Charles Schribnor & Sous and the
Bobts-M orr ill Company against R. H.
Macy & Co. for an Injin e lon to re
strain Macj's from selling Copyright
books at h; .s than the rets.ll prices
fixed by tho Publishers' Association
which will have a far reaching e ffect
on all trade combinations," says Tt?e
Now York World.
"Stephen H. Oiln and ex-Attorney
General W. H. H. Miller appeared
for tho complainants, and ex Secre
tary of the United States Treasury
J ihn G. Carlisle, and Edmond E.
Wise for Macy's.
Judge lt*y gives a sweeping decision
In favor of lt. H. Macy <fc C ?., dis
missing the complaint and severely
crit icising the combination of publish?
ors and booksellers, which he holds to
be In violation of tho Sherman Anti
Elltorialy the New York Journal
"The ?rm of R. H. Macy & Co.
rendered a really great service to
the public at large and to the busi
ness interests of thc community lu
their tight against the hook
"Thc hook Trust alleged its right
tn forbid retall?is to sell books below
a certain pi lco lixed by tho trust.
"Macy & Co., acting in behalf of
t he purchasing publie, maintained in
tht o mts at considerable oxpeuso,
oh., ir right to sell merchandise bought
bv them for whatever price they
"The case wr\s heard before Judge
Ray in the United Slates Circuit
U urfc, Isidor Straus and Nathan
.Straus partners, appearing under thc
Urra o.' R. II. Macy vt Co., in behalf
ol the public and tbo rights
of thc Individual business
"Tho thanks of the publie arc due
to R. II. Macy & Co. for tho fight
they made against tills particular
form of trust oppression. Anti still
greater thanks aro duo to Judge Ray
for this excellent opinion, in which
ho Bustsins the action of Messrs.
Straus appearing in behalf of the pub
"lt is to bo hoped that the get rich
quiok gentlemen who proposed to get
such money from the public by mak
ing themselves lords nod tmsters of
pm chaser, retailer and all others
take to heart thc lesson that is
taught thom in the opinion quoted
TWxTvi? Mi?b? KILLED
Hy m. ljai-Ko Mans ul Sterno Fal li nj;
A mass of limestone weighing
thousands of tons slid from a side of
the quarry of mill A of thc Lehigh
Portland Cement company at Orin
rod, l'a., at noon Wednesday Just live
minutes before time to quit work.
Twenty-seven men wero at work in
the quarry, which ls 1,000 feet h ug.
150 foot across ami loo feet deep. Thc
heavy rains of tue past two days had
softened the earth and caused tiic slide
Where thc fallen mass ?lipped away
a smooth, nearly perpendicular vmll
was left, rising sheer 100 feet above
the bottom of thc quarry, while the
entire quarry floor was covered wltn
broken, jagged rook. O.ily nine of
the men got away safely, four of whom
esoaped hy running up on a mass of
reek at the opposite sido of the quar
ry. The remaining 18 were hu Idled
In a sp?cj ten feet square, and 12 of
them wore killed and six Injured. Two
of the latter may die. All of the
men are Slavonians who lived In shan
ties close to the quarry.
Two men who saw thc side of the
quarry quiver shouted a waining to
tho mon. The men misinterpreted
the called and failed to moved out. of
//nie of danger until lt was too late.
With a thundcroui roar tho mountain
of roca fell, pinning tho men f.v-.t.
Toe r seuers found six men huddled
In one place, four standing and t.y.i
lying down. Three were alive and
jue died before he could bo gotten out
BMvo physicians were summoned who
?ave the Injured first aid on the scene
Mid then had thom hurried In wagons
Lo the Allentown hospital, Tho dead
were laid on boards and carried to the
;!<?ek house. Eight bodies were re
covered before dark, at which time
two more were exposed to view and
two others hurled deep In the pit
Tho latter's bottles may not bo reached
Most of the men killed or Injurod
vre singh!. Others had families In the
dd country. A number of women
From t he foreign colony ran bo the
piarry when the news of the occident
reached them and their moaning and
aignish were pitiable.
I ell to Tholf DcKtti,
Five poople were killed In the Alps
no ;..!ains cn Thursday by falling.
Two tourists from Metan, whllo hunt
ug for edelweiss, wer': killed. Wolli
(limbing the iloefata group a Rivar
an lawyer fell and was killed. Kum
itudents from Dresden ascending tho
lehergoell, foil down a precipice,
int-was killed and tho others were
)robably fatally Injured. Another
oul.h of slxt'.c.i was killed on Mount
ily thonstock. Ho fell nine hundred
cot and his body was reduced to pulp.
YVuiiiM to DohatO,
Mr. 0. P, Sims, an attorney of
Ipartanburg, has. challenged Senator
Tillman to a Joint debate on the dls
ionsary, Mr. Sims has rcconlly
icon prominently before the public
H attornoy for certain of the Spar
anburg dispensary ollloala during
ho recent investigation, it is saul
hat bo ?/ll) oppose Senator Tillman
or the Sonatorshlp.
HB DKNIRS IT.
(Oont'iiuod from tlrst page.)
"About forms of law, lot fools contest,
That law which is best administered ls
Aud our not agreeing; on tho dis
pensary question and tbe liquor ques
Mon comes from the fuudamdutai dix
forence of opinion as to how lt ls best
to police tho l'quo? traS?o. Tho Pro
blhltloulHts declare lt ls sinful to
drink in moderation, wine or whiskey,
while a large majority of us oaunot
see any foundation in morals or re
ligion for any suob contention. Every
body recognises the evil of drunken
nehs, and now to minimlz3 or to pro
vent it is tho whole quostlon. You
say prohibit tbo sale. I say sell by
bonded eilioers, under stringent reKU
latious, in the daytime only, and have
tho law enforced. The prollt which
Is an incident and not a purpose in
this salo, to go where it ls most need
ed; that is, into the Behool fund ul
the State, lt would make no differ
ence if lt went into tho fund of the
general treasury, and the sohool fund
increased from other souioes. Hut
that is a subterfuge. No one drlnkf
any more or patronizes tho dispensary
hecause tho prolits go to the soho J!
fund. I cannot see any harm or slr
In obtaining revenue from a trailh
that ls Irrepressible. The Unlbet
States Supreme Court protects eaot
citizen In tho right to import for lilt
own use, and no law of the State oar
prevent lt. Tho poorer and more ig
HOI nut classes, who cannot thus ob
tain liquor, have boen, and alwa^i
will be supplied thrcugb soma looa
agonoy, no matter what the law
?gain?t selling liquor may be.
TUB EXAMPLE OK KANSAS.
You quote Governor Hooh, of Kan
ana, hut vou do no discuss or cxplair
the o Alola) statistics lu regird t<
drinking and thc psymout of tin
United States internal r- venue Hot ns
by retail dealers in that State. Then
:.<ro no saloons In South Carolina fo
tho young to see any moro than ther
are lu Klusas. God forbid the
she Uid ever return. Sumo of your o )
laborers In this light against tho dh
ponsary system, your aillos and conn
sollors, aro the editors of papers wblo
have always fought tho dispensar
andar? now scheming to got big
licenses after prohibition has failed
an lt will fall. There ls not a civilize
Government tn Christendom as far a
I know that does not derive a revenu
n om the 8.%leof liquor and prohibitio
was an unknown thing until abou
sixty years ago. The United Statt
Government received last year fror
thia source upwards of $170,000,00(
I think thero are only throe States a
;hls t ime that cling to prohlbiMoi
IOWA and Vermont had lt some yeal
ago, but they have abandoned lt ic
local option, with thc right to vote I
saloons if wanted, and that la what 1
hoped for here by your chief sponioi
Of t he press.
One word more and I am thrbugl
Let us see about your historical para
lol about the great leader who wi
commanded to go down against tl
Amalekitcs. The Hebrews of oh
true to their Instincts of thrift sic
the abominable tribe, but saved tl
best of the sheep and oxon, as Sai
claimed for .saerlllco, and you go c
to state as an historical fact that "tl
Government of a State wasoommani
ed by the moral sense of the ,)eop
expressed at tho ballot box to go dov,
and di struy the liquor tr:-*--^-- , i
when called to account lt makes tl
pitiful plea that while lt has heit d
stroyed tho tratllc lt has managed
so as to gob money for the taxpayors
Your parallel ls not a parallel at a
PEOPLE DID NOT OHDElt I'KOllllUTIO
The people of South Carolina ha
never instructed its Government
prohibit thc sale of liquor, lu tl
separate box provided by tho Dom
eratic exxutivo committee in tl
Democrat ic primary of 1892, the yo
stood, cs 1 recollect, .'15,000 for prol
bltioo, 25,000 against lt, while 32,0
did not vote on ll at all. (I quo
from memory.) That election was
side show and yen have no right
magnify its f-ign'.tioance.
This is a government of majoritl
and no maj >rity of the people hase*j
given any such order, while when t
question has been passed on stneo <
reotly and positively a half doz
rimes, tho people said that tho d
pensary law was a hotter and mc
sane solution. Isn't it about time
stop alluding to that election. T
dispensary system does not rest for
support upon th? money that lb brln
in, lt rests on the elalm of Its c
fonciers hacked hy expcrleici of o
people and statistics, as afford I
moro protection against the vice
drunkenness than any other syste
prohibition or license either.
If it has done this in spite of mi
administration and mlsmanagomei
what would lt not do If such men
Dr. Cromer and Ids friends would gi
to the enforcement of thc law tin
groat moral support V
We do not ai lc endorsement, but
a Government where a majority ru!
-v o have, had a right to expect co-oj
ration and as distance, and we ha
not had lt yet. "ltonder unto unes
thc things that are Caesar's," was t
. . nmand of the Master iii ms?
When tho statute has been practica
annulled by the board of elreeto
when i ha restrictive features br.
been allowed to drop into is ne, ha
tho Prohibitionists lent their asst
iince by standing up boldly for t
law? Had they done so we would i
bc now v hi re wo aro.
.1 ICKKEKSON'S AUTHORITY.
You have been kind enough, i
'ear slr, to remind me of Jofferso
epitaph. You declare the pet pie
not need advice, but they need an c
portunity to vote. Allow me to
mind you that one of Jefferson's mi
ons wnie.ii was the very emboohm
it civil llborty and true Domoora
was "teach tho people and trust I
You want tho people to vote tv
.vhile they oro angered and bewild
jd. 1 /.a.tb them to vote "sand
:fter they have hoard the facts a
ir>,u Klents, and 1 want all of them
/oto who have an Interest In ll
natter. I Inder tho Brice Act tlllf
mt allow? d.
AP PE A LS TO ms ItKCOHD.
You mentioned Winthrop and Cle
?.MI as among tim things by wblcl
would be remembered. You left
?orne, others that 1 presume to at
mt from a sensoof egotism, hut sin
y to keep tho record straight.
(i.) Tho emancipation li) i soo
?ho people from dry rot, caused
j 11 i y one party and the demonst
,lon that wo could have the most f
md open dtsousslon of political qu
(lons without danger, followed by 1
inauguration of thc Stale Domoora
(..! ) i he Constitutional Convent
,nd its work, largely thc result of
intlrlng and earnest efforts, and
vork In that convention In behalf
ommon sohools, and tho dlsfr
obtRemeut for Ibo time hoing of tho
negro majority locally.
(3 ) List, the Inauguration of the
salo of l'qiinr Dy bonded t tlloers under
tho dispensary system. I will not say
that your vlslou ls clouded by fanatl
olsra, but If lt be true tl at he who
makes two blades of grass to grow
where only ono grow before Isa public
beuofaotor, then Is lt not iqually true
that bo who conceived a soborne by
which drunkenness was reduced, tom
pertmco encouraged and deceuoy and
good order inorcasod, and withal
mado tho domori whiskey contribute
to the education of the ignorant
masses, noed bo ashamed of his work?
B. R TILLMAN.
Trenton, S C., Aug. 14, 1905
DH Al) AT THB THROTTLE.
Train Hpcil Past Signals After tho
lOnjftiioor Wa? Killed.
William P. SUot, of Harrison, N.
J., the flremau of the fast Flying
Virginian, the Chesapeake and Ohio
railroad through express to St. Louis,
which left Jersey City at 6:52 o'clock
last evening, saved the lives of his
passengers by taking charge of the
locomotive after tho onglncor, Dae
Mahoney, had been killed In the cab.
When Stoot grasped tho tbrotUo and
slackened the speed tire train had al
ready passed at least two danger
The train made Trenton on soiled
nie time last ulght, but pulled out
of that cltv with a smelting Jmrnal.
Mahonoy was afraid of that J )urnal
and kept a watch on lt as be sped
aloi g. To do so he liad to lean out
of the cab while, ho kept one hand on
thc throttle. OJCO he bent too far
forward out of his cab window to get
a glimpse cf thc defective journal and
his head was struck by a signal post.
Death was probably instantaneous.
Tho leicomoatlve gathered steam
and picked up speed, lt was of tire,
big hoghnok type, and it is, therefore
Impossible for the tircman to f ee the
engineer. To Fireman .Stoot the
train seemed to have attained thc
velocity of a cannon ball. He had
hardly a moment's lull in his work of
shovollng on coal. As ho stopped to
mop the perspiration from his brew,
a lucky glance through the other side
of the cab revealed a red light.
"Dan" he yelled, but there was no
answer. Another instant a second
red light was passed, lt was plain
that something was wrong and that
he and the passengers behind him, as
things then stood, were riding to al
most certain death. "For God's sake,
why don't ye.u . low her up?" he again
called to the engineer. "Wo have
pissed two red bugs. Check her,
Dan, for <? id'* sake." In the lan
guage of railroad men "rod bug"
means a danger signal.
10very moment thc eng'nc hounded
faster until the telegraph poles .so'un
ed to Stoot like lead pencils. After
his second warning cry he did nob
wait for an answer, but began to
clamber over into the engineer's side
to investigate. He found Mahoney
dead. Ills lifeless hand was still on
the throttle and lils head, web with
blood, rested on thc edge of thc win
dow. Stoot slowed down the engine.
Then ho took tho train on to West
Philadelphia, after putting another
man at bis own end of thc boiler.
Not a passong9r ne>r the conductor
knew of the peril of the train. Ma
honey lived in Brooklyn, and tho
body was sent there. Ile was 40
voa rs old. About a ye*.r ago his
wife was killed In a trolley accident
BB. A IN LT5AK3.
llrlght Sayings of Will M. Mn nit In in
It is very oasy to make excusos for
those we love.
The older a man ls the farther he
could jump when a boy.
It does not take much courage to
bc a hero in the limelight.
Today's happiness depends upon
the scarcity of yesterday's regrets
Did you ever have as good a time
on your vacation as you anticipated.
It is better to bc known as a good
man than to be known as a good fellow.
Some men think they arc popular
merely because people Impose on thom.
Perhaps they call them "captains
of linanoe'' becaude some of them are
In tho raso for wealth the men who
are distanced often reap the greatest
Sumo churches that talk about
revivals would better talk about re
Tlie pi ekctbook nerve of some men
is much more smsltive than tholr
domestic uer' i.
We have r.wer head of a business
man going to a pool hall In search of an
o nico boy.
This would bc a dreary world indeed
If there were no rainbows to chase 00?
Salvation ls to be had for the asking,
but lt costs work and money and sac
ri In o to retain lt.
A dispatch from Bullfrog, Nov.,
se.ys Tim Ryan, who is supposed to
havo been from Los Angeles, has boen
found dead near thc nalt wells In
Death Valley. Ryan makes the
thlrty-lifth known victim to dio in
that locality this summer. I; , an had
been in Death Valley for live years
und it is supposed that ho drank
freno salt springs willoh ar? charged
with arsen'o. Prospectors arriving
here report Unding in tho de.;cst many
Skeletons known to he those men who
dud this summor.
11 II nt i nc iier Hon.
The Columbia Rooord says a letter
has been received at tho governor's
Miloo from Mrs. Julia hi iden, of
Charleston In which she states that
her boy, Willie, about twelve vears of
ige, loft lier homo about live m nt,hs
vgo and has not boen seen since. She
fears that ho was killed near Colum
bia In a wreck and begs that an In
vestigation be made. The only way
n which this can be dono is through
bbc press and tho letter ls accordingly
< ?ii .-.? )-.<." Against. Collector.
Commisloncr Greone, of tho civil
icrvlcc commission, today said that
in agent of tho com m I ssl-in will ho
tent to Newport News, Va., to hives
: I gate thc charges fi lcd hy Congress
nan Maynard and W. IO. harret
iga!nat Capt. Stowart, collector of the
)ort there. Stewart ls aooused of
playing politics hy promoting Lt )pub
leans In bia ullloo and roduolng Dom
ON THE BIG ET LI NB.
South Caro'hm Industrial and Com
mrroial Association Org>niz~d
Hy tho HDni ?lu or Tr?do of Mouth <!nr
oltnA in OoJnnil)!? on
Thu South Carolina Industrial and
Oommorolal association was organized
ID Columbia on Thursday, th? mem
bership belrg composed of progressive
young men representing the boards of
trado and such business organ'/, \tlons
In the cities of tho State. The follow
ing account of tho meeting wo dip
from tho Columbia State:
The call for this meeting was issued
by Mr. John Wood of Kock Hill, sec
retary of tho C jmmorolal dub ot that
city. Mr. Wood was brought to South
Carolina about two years ago hy the
business m:;u of lt ck Hill who want
ed a live, energetic and intelligent
mau to have charge of I heir commer
cial dub and advertising bureau. Mr.
Wood has proved to be tho vos y man
tho people of it ole Hill wanted, and
ever slnco tho oroation of the State
bureau of Immigration commerce and
Agriculture bo has gi von Col. Wa'sou
very cordial support.
Tho formation of a State assooia
tlon of bo; r is of trade was proposed
by Mr. Wood some- tim ; ago and re
coi ved the hearty endorsement of thc
bureau of Immigration. In response to
the call the meeting was organized
Thursday with doh gatos from a s^ore
of organizations, tue following being
Anderson Chamber of Commerce
A. S. Farmer, Li. A. l.tatclltTo, W. E
Sebyt, C. F. J ,nes.
Anderson R'al Es" ate and Inves
ment Company-J. C Cummings.
Bennettsvlllo hoard of Trade-K L
Charleston Commercial Club-L. M.
Pin ok ney J. II C. Wulbern.
Chester, the Commercial and Manu
faoturees' Oh b-lt B. Caldwell.
Conway hoard of Trade- D. A. Spl
Columbia Chamber of Commcroc
E. B. Clarke, T. H. Glbbis. A. E
Gorzales, J J. S ilb?is, Hal D'ck, L
ll Di zier, J. 1). Nuunamaker, C. M.
State Bureau of Immigration-E.
Georgetown Hoard of 'I1 .ade
Holmes ll Springs.
Greenville Hoard e?f Tracie-A. G.
Gown, iv T. Havne.
Marlon Buslno s Ii ague-L. M G.\s
qu?, H. Staolcbouse.
Orangeburg Business Men's League
-Wm. L Glaze.
Rook Hill Commercial Club-John
Wo id, J. E.I/ar Boag.
Sumter Chamber of Commerce-J.
Yorkvllle Commercial Club-I. H.
Norris, J. P. White, W. Et Carroll.
Southern Hillway-r. li. Thacks
Seaboard Air Linc Railroad- nenry
clyde Steamship Company-A. E.
R.uil estate-J. T. Harria, Spartan
Real Estate-N. W. Bracker, Co
Too purposes of tho organization
were outlined lu the following manner
in thc constitution which was adopt
"The obj30t of this body shall bo
to exploit tho. resources and advan
tages of South Carolina, both local
and State, upon the broadest, most
approved and most effective lines; the
upbuilding of ivs Industrie and com
mercial Interests; the h: uc;.ion of new
people to aid us lu tho vast work of
development a valtlug our a ifclvity for
accomplishment, and the giving of
our closest attention to those things
tending to thc advancement of South
Carolina to that position among lier
sister States which ls hers by reason
of her ol I mato, her soil and her geo
The mooting was called to order yes
terday by Commissioner Watson. An
addrtsiof welcome to the eity was de
liven d hy M:iyor T. H. Gibbs and an
address oxpre s'ng the Interest of the
'Jhambor of Commerce of Columba
was delivered by the iir:.t vice presi
dent, Mr, J, J, Selbels, In the absence
if the president, Mr. W. A. Clark.
A temporary organization was made
try the solee'.hm of Mr. E B. Clark as
chairman and Mr, lt. L. Fieeman as
lecretary. Mr. John Wood was then
Invited to state the o', j cts of the
meeting, winch he did in a very earn
st manner. T?ie roll of tho convention
having been perfected, Mr. Wood was
ducted permanent chairman and Mr.
E. li. Clark secretary,
Commissioner Watson and Mr. T.
B. Tnackstoo, assistant inuu,trial
iigent of the S uthern railway, were
salli d upon io address the convention.
Mr. Wi o.l then read tho propared
"declaration of principles," which was
The committee on by-laws consisting
>f Mr. Wood, Mr. Clrhk, Mr Binok
ity, Mr. Garqito and Mr. Caldwell,
.vas author z d to report at the after
In tho afternoon the convention
vas addressed by Mr. J. Elgar Boag,
Vir. T. B. Tbackston, M.-. I. II, Nor
ls and M r. 11 ggh gs.
Mr. Thackston announced that the
Southern railway, In conjunction with
ts connections in tho west, will of
erhomesaokers' i i s on tho nrhof
ictobor, good f r if> days, at 80 PT
sent, of one far ! for tho round trip.
L'he people in South Carolina wli >
lave relatives or fii iuds In the nortii
vest and want to got thorn to locate
n South Carolina may advise their
rh nels of these rates.
The com mit too on nominations
nade its report and this being adopted
he following were oleotod oiiiccrsof
lie association for ni at year:
Provident, W. D. Morgan of Georgs
Vice preslcl into, P. T. Hay nc of
Ireonvlllc; W. L, Glaze of Orange
nug; J. M. Knight of Sumter.
Secretary and treasurer, John
Vood, or Bock nm.
Executive board; Fred G. Brown of
anderson; W. B. Moore of Vorkvlllo;
s, M. Qasquoof Marlon, L, M. Pluck
ey of Charleston; John J. SolbclsOf
On motion of Mr. W. L Glaze lt
'as decided bo recodo from business
ntll tho afternoon Of October 23rd,
tonday e?f fair woek, and according
> the by-laws tho annual mooting
dil be held in Columbia every fair
eek. lt was decided to urge all or
antzatlons in tho State to send ryp
^sontatlves to the mooting fair woek.
lt solutions of thanks to the Cham
Rr of Commerce of Columbia and to
ol. E J. Watson wore adeipted and
ie session ende... Tho members then
carded tho car In front of the State
Ouse ami after a rido through tho
nslness and manufacturing and resl
moo parts of tho ol ty wero takon bo
Booklcceping, Shorthand, Typo
guaranteed course 20 weeks. Singl
hand, 8 mos. 12 callo for graduates i
Machinery Supply H
V/E SELL E^
Headquarters for TSVKUYTHINO I
All kinds of Injectors, Lubricators,
Supplies for Saw Mills, Oil Mills and
Large stock of Well Pumps and-Oyll
C Oltiml>ia, S. O. The rn?
s THE GTJINARD
Manufacturers Br lok. Fire Proof
Flue linings and Drain Tilo. Pre
Whisks i Morphine | Oigarei
Tibli, I Habit I Habit
Cured by Keeley 1
1S29 Lady St. (or P. O. Box 75) Oolu
Ridgewood club where a light lunch
Tho executive commlUeo mot and
thc secretary was authorized bo get
out such descriptive master as might
bo deemed advisable to bs distributed
by the railroads throughout thc north
west. Tho executive committee is
also talking of gsttirg out a magazine.
At tln> Turn of tlio 11OA<1.
Wlioro i he rough road t u ms, und t he valley ?weet
Smiles bright willi ils ha lin Mid bloom,
We'll forgot I ho I lieras thal have pierced ilu> foot
And Um nights willi I heir grief And elootn,
And the sky will ami le, anil I lie stars will botUU,
And we'll lay us down in tho light to dream,
We shall lay ns down in tho bloom and light
With a prayer and a tear l?>r ru t,
As tired childi- n w ho ereep at nt .?lit
, To I be peace of a mot her'? breast,
And for all tin' grief of tho stormy past
Hoot shall bo Bwo itor at lost-at Instl
Sweeter because of tho weary way
Ami the lonesome night md lo- g,
While the darkness drifts to tho porfoot <lay
With Its splendor of light ai d Bong-?
Tho light l hal shall bless and kiss us and love tts
And sprinkle tho roses of boavoaaL'OVO u.sl
WEATHER AND CR0P3.
Plonty ol U?ln, Muoli ol It Was Badly
In his weather and crop report Sec
tion Director Bauer says that the
mean temperature for the weekend
ing Mondr.y, Aug. 14th, was slightly
above normal, over the eastern half
and slightly below over the weBtern.
The extremes were a maximum of 103
degrees at Blackville on the tyh, and
a minimum of 64 degrees at Green
ville on the 9th. There was less than
the usual amount of sunshine. High
winds, damaging to corn and cotton,
prevailed during the middle of thc
week in tue western counties. Bot?
tom lands were Hooded along-the up
per portions of the Saluda, Broad.
Watoree and Great Poe Dee ri vers and
their tributaries, and considerable
The long drought was broken over
thc entire state. The rainfall was
heaviest in tho central counties where
it amounted, in places, to over six !
Indus, and was least In Beaufort and
Georgetown counties, where it was
generally less than half an inch.
There was rain nearly every day and
thc ground ls now thoroughly satur
ated. The rain was needed and in
places ?was very benctlch.1, but In
i ?thors lt caused deterioration In crops,
especially cotton, and.Interferred with
farm work, especially haying and
pulllug fodder. Nearly all crops havo
been laid hy, and further cultivation
is now Impracticable.
With very few exceptions, tho re
ports on cotton Indicate rapid deteri
oration due to excessive shedding,
rust and the plants turning yellow.
These conditions prevail over prac'.l
odly the entire state, but are most
marked on sandy lands. In. miny
place.! gr .nv th has stjppai, whllo In a
few plants are making new growth.
Bolls are opening rapidly In tho south
central er unties and considerable has
been picked. Tue excessive heat of
the 5th, Otb, 7th and 8th was vory
damaging on cotton.
There is a general imbrovemcnt In
the condlilon of thc lato corn duo to
the ample moisture which came op
portunely. Tobacco curing ls nearly
linlshed. Peas, sweet potatoes an I
all varieties' of cane aro doing well.
Tho fri q lent rains interferred with
preparations for fall truck oiops. Rico
made flue progress. Pastures Im
proved rapidly and again alford line
grazing. Turnips were sown expen
sively. Late fruits, especially apples
and peaches, aro rotting badly.
A )<'AtMl Qumriol.
A fatal quarrel occured at Bates
burg on Wednesday between Mrs.
Laura A. Miller and Mrs. Young
Rik ard, It sterns that Mrs. Ul karel
had borrowed a sausage stutter from
Mrs. miller, Mrs Mlllci neut her
word to send it back. Whllo Mrs.
Miller, who was about (?0 years old,
was awoepeng the pia/./.a, Mrs. 11:k
ard came up and told her she ought
not to speak toberas she did. Mrs.
Miller then told Mrs. Itikard that her
children had been taking her fruit.
Mrs. Rlkard made some reply, when
Mrs. Miller struck her with the
broom. At this Junturo Mrs. Rlkard
took the broom from Mrs. Mlllor and
belabored her with it, wheo tho old
lady fell over dead.
Only Six iOflonpod.
A telegram from Batavia, Dutch
Fast Indies, ? reportes an ugly out
break of Ach?nese rebels whoattaokod
the Dutch post at R&mbong, killing
two ofllccrs and twenty-two men. Only
six mon of the post sucoeddod In es
saplng and theso woro wounded.
Two negroes wero killed by Inhaling
jarbonlO acid gas while cleaning out
lu old well at Wadcsboro, N. C., on
CA^y OA ?TP^ ~~
.writing, Er?lieli branches, Full
o course of oitiior Business or Short*
n about 20 days. Can't supply de
ouse for the State.
n MAOHINFRY SUPPLIES.
Pipe, Valves, Fittings. -
any one in Maohlncry business,
noora. Got our price. .
clanery Supply house of the State
Torra Gotta Building Blook'.for
spared to Hil orders for thou ands
I .?ii ?MKund ?'^??UJ
xipstitutre, off ?3. d.
nabi?. H G. Osnflrtential correr on *>
Expert Medical Advice==Free,
Dr. J. Nowt'ui Hathaway, of Atlanta,
Ga., tho South's Most Reliable
Specialist, Offers to Givo Medi
cal Advice to Every Sufferer
from Any Disoaso F roo of
Cargo-Bo Suro to W ri to
Him at Onto mid Take
Advantago of This
BOOK ON YOUR DISEASE SENT PRE?.
If.you aro allliftod with any disenso of ft
shronic nature, you should alt right down und
(vrilo this g ont. Rpooinlist. and tako avantag? of
Ulis special ofl'or to counsel ami advise OTory
?u (turor without, cost. As Dr. Hathaway has
lind over a quarter century of oxvorlonce In
Lho treatment of those diseases, during vhlch
timo ho hus cured s ino oj tho mu9t stubborn*
Jeep sealed (Misos on record, you ivm readily
appr?ci?t.? tho value this ofter will ho to you.
Ile will also send you a very valuable book OH.
ymir dispuso, of which ho ls the author, whioh
Will explain to y ll a groit many things you
do not know. Your home doctor would charge
you anywhere from $1.00 to $'_>.>.00 for this
same service and aller all you would not bo
hciicllttcd, for the reason that tho average doc
tor is not comp?tent to advise in theso oases
becanao l.o luis not had tho neoessary experi
Dr. Hathaway hns boon established in At
lanta (or yours and years, and by honest doal
iiif^H with everyone and r.-udering tho morft
skilled medical service, hq hns built up tho
largest practice in thia country. His standing,
bolli professionally, and lluanciully is of the
very highest,and you can lind no bettor niodi
cal aid or advice anywhere. His system of
home treatment is considered perfect in evory
respect, which enables him to trent lho allliot
0(1 iU- thoir h?rhos, intd no matter with wliat
disease you aro alli lo tod, how severo it may bu
or low many doctors luivo deolarod it incura
ble, writ? bini and lot him tell you just what
he olin do for you. Tho address is J. N1?W
TON HATHAWAY, M. H., SS Inman Hldg.,
A Proposition of Interest
To all readers of this paper, who
call or wrlto for treatment within tho
noxt 30 days. I will cure thom of the-,
following diseases for ONF-HALF my
usual charge: LOST MANHOOD,
SYPHILIS (blood poison), GONO
RHE, GLEET. STRICTURE, VARI
?O0ELE, RUPTURE, GATAltltH
and all CHRONIC DISFASES, of
both sexes. Diseases of women cured
without operation. PILKS cured
under guarantee without the knife er
any tying or burning operation.
Consultations, Examination, AdV .
T. S. HOI LEYMAN, M. DM *
Rooms 421 and 122 Leonard Building,
N. B. Catarrh of worst.form cured
luickly at home.
You want the Best. Wc hayo
exactly what you want. Don't
walt to feel exactly ready. Wo
an make you able. Our prices
are LOW-our terms arc FAHY.
Write us at once for catalogues,
prices ami terms. Address
MALONE'S MUSIC HOUSE, fi
COLUMBIA, S. C.
nd It. lt, AGKNCY-.Wo ?l?o train you for 4
ho U. ?. 81GNAL COUPS, t?ohool eatab
uhod 17 yoarn. CThonn board, l.nv tuition,
id Our Plan INSUKKS position. Oatnloeus
oe. GA. TKLKGIIAIM1 COI.LKGlfi.
Railroad F?ro r'nid jot
IT itv Ccu'??.?-s Oliarsi
O"'..O?? writ? >ia-J
Iiost lits Hand,
As a result of drinking Ashovllle ll-?
nor In t wo groat an abundanoo and
coping besldo the railway traok Ba
ld Psyoook, a Union, S. C., nogro, is
i the Mission Hospital minus his left
ind, says the Asheville Oltlzon.