Newspaper Page Text
HOW T? FIX IT.
Senator TUImun Points Out the
Weak Points of the
As lt Is Now Operated and Suggest a
Plan of Making lt an lustltution
Without (irait, If the (hand
Juries Will Mn kc Officiais
Do Their Duty.
Mr. James A. Hoyt, Jr., says In
The State that Seuator Tillman went
to Anderson with tho expectation of
making a speech in which he should
outline his views on the dispensary
and gi vd his remedies for the canker
now eating out thc lifo cf^that insti
tution. He had gone to tho unusual
trouble of writing out his speech,
showing that he desired it published,
and published lu full, In order that
his views might have the widest pub
licity. The conditions were such that
ho was prevented from delivering his
speech in full, though lt must bo said,
in ju-.tico to Senator Tillman, that
bad ho been ungcucrous ho could have
maoe his speech and bad plenty of
time to do lt In, but lie was very
careful not to intrude upon the rights
of tho other Invited speakers, and
gave way to them, particularly to Mr.
Smith, the president of the Coctou
Growers' association. Senator Till
man, bad he bad thc opportunity,
might not have stuck close to his
manuscript, as he is not accustomed
to speaking that way, and the little
of it which be did read was interpo 1
lated with Side remarks as they would
yep into lils head, hut his prepaicd
bpecch is ol interest and is given lu
full as follows:
1 think Hie facts will warrant mo
in olaimu g that 1 know as mucli or
more about the dispensary and about
tho liquor trahie in general than any
ether one man In tho Slate. The law
was enacted in Di eember, 1SU2, and
went Into elleet lat of July fellowing.
During this interval 1 examined most
thoroughly Into the v.bolo question
and gavo tho administration of tho
proposed By stem the must earnest
thought. Everbody predicted failure
and 1 was most anxious that the ex
periment she uki succeed. For a year
and a half 1 administered the law
almost alone, and 1 therefore had the
fullest opportunity, botii hy observa
tion and experience, to lind out its
good and bad points, and above all,
Thc original draft and much that is
still lu tl o h w \s.?s the v.oik of tho
prohibit lou c min.cleo, and only BUOh
elna.gus we ie made lu tho bill as lt
passtti tho House as wan evidently ne
eetsary fer tho changed purpose to
which the law was to be devoted. At
the neoct session of the Legislature my
efforts were devoted euthely to
strengthening the statute so as to
prevent and punish the illicit sam of
liquor. 1 gave no thought to safe
guarding the State against fraud in
its administration except in tho rules
and rcgu.atlons, because I did nob
not then believe, ano 1 do not now
believe, that tito State of South Caro
lina could elect three mon to ti e
highest responsible ellloeu of Gover
nor, Comptroller General and Attor
ney Goneial who would fall BO low as
to become thieves. During the 12
years that tho system has b^cu on
trial the law has been changed time
and time again. But my opinion and
advice have had no weight. The llrst
bad bluuder wus taking the law out of
the hands of me n elected by the peo
ple and putting it into the hands of a
board elected by the Legislature. The
next mistake was taking tho appoint
ment ef the county boatd out t?f the
hands of tho Slate board, and giving
it bo the delegation in the Legislature
hom each county. Thc State board
is no longer directly responsible to Hie
people, and there is no v.ay to got at
lb unless the Governor should exeroli e
hts implied power o? removal. The
county heard is no longer responsible
to bb? Slate hoard, because it does
not depend upon that board for ap
pointment and is not responsible to
that board, exce pt in a way, but looks
to thc Legislative delegation. Temp
tations that the Governor and other
high State olliclals would have boen
expected to withstand have, I fear
proven too strong for thc boards
elected by the Legislature. The ad
ministration by tho State board lias
been lax and altogether censurable.
lt has allowed s< meof tho most valu
able restrictive features i f the law to
fall into disuse-liding emt request
blanks, soiling to minors, drunkards,
eto. There has been no executive
bead with power to see that the hw
was administered in goul faith, and
the county boards have too often al
lowed improper Inllu mees, nop itlsm
and other hellish motiven to govern in
electing dispeusers. One of the most
far reaching and destructive actions
of the State bi ard was tho change in
thc manner of buying liquor from
that which was Instituted in tho be
ginning, to wit, tho purchase of whis
key te? he sold lintier thc brand and
name and lu the package of thc seller.
Tho original scheme, which has the
soundest reasons In good business
judgment for its Inauguration, pro
vid ed that no liquor, except bought
in barrels and bottled at tho dispen
sary and labelled X, XX, XXX,
XX XX, according lo age ant quality.
All of tho bottles field through thc
dispensary woro of full measure and
all the wubskoy of full preiof, ns desig
nated on the label, and all were sealed
tightly with the best sealing wax.
The prices wore put on a card and
hung In tl ie window, so that there
could be no sheath g ( f tho purchaser
by thc dlspencors. Case goods were
sometimes bought but only upon
special orders of Individuals. They
were not kept In Btoi k, Li t us soo
what demoralization hus been wr ught
by the departure from this policy.
Tho drat years of t'.e dispensary's ? x
isuei.ee tho looal disponicra were not
approachable by any man In thc
whiskery ti ade, bcoauso no ono knew
where the liquor carno from, and there
was no oh anco to brlbo or corrupt a
looal dispenser to pu b any special
brand, No owes wore shipped di
rectly to the dispensers In the packa
ges from tho distllicryj so there was
no chanco bo put In ext ra bottles as
bribes. Everything went from tho
State dispensary. All cases wero of
uniform sizo. one for Quarts, ooo for
pints and ono for half pints, and they
hold a given number of bottles. Tho
'fi ' ''h'i. } '
liquor was sealed bermltloally. There
NV aa no chance to change labels or
alter bottles. Tho request books
prevented that, and tho Governor
was in the closest touch with evory
cog and wheel in the machinery. I
had a detective who watched the oou^
stables and who reported to me alone
who jher or not they were in collusion
with blind tigers. I h ?ul another
doteotlve who watohed the d'sponsors
to see whether they were complying
strlotly with Wie law and regulations.
Whiskey drumaiora banging around
the hotels tn Columbia to get a chance
to soil whiskey were unknown and tho
agents ot whiskey concerna travelling
over the State and urettlng in oloso1
touoh with the lco?l dispensers for
the purbose of corrupting them were
also unknown, and che condition of
affairs disclosed by the Spartanburg
investigation was Blmply an impossi
What aro some of tho temptations
which seem to have been too great for
tho Stato board of directors to resist?
Purchasing whiskey as lt has been
done left opportunity for collusion;
this man or that on tho board receiv
ing money as compensation for pur
chasing from a given concern. The
State commissioner subjeoted to the
temptation of sending out the case
goods of this or that llrm lu prefer
ence to those ordered hy the dispens
ers. Tue opportunity for graft, the
poo phrase now In vogue, was ira
menso. The original soborno adopted,
as I say hastily, depeuded for the in
tegrity of its administration upon tho
high character and honor of the
Slate's highest cflloials. Put when
we recollect that, as lt ls now admin
istered and has been for six or eight
years, through the breakage charges,
leakage charges, watering tho liquor
In tho local dispensaries because of
bottles not properly sealed, changing
labels, buying places as dispenser, the
opportunity for stealing at tho dis
pensary in not sending out all thc
liquor bought, but shipping lt eft, it
ls a wonder wc havo not had a worsr
carnival of corruption than Booms t<
I do not doubt after the exposure
in Spartanburg others will equal If nol
eclipse it elsewhere. I coule go mun
into detail and discus? this phase o
the subject more at length, but J
prefer to point out the remedies whlcl
have suggested themselves to in\
mind and which in the future I fee
sure will bo adopted and be tho mean
of reforming the dispensary systrn
and making lt well nigh lraprssibl
for any one any where to st? al any o
the public money or bo corrupted h
the temptations which have been s
We will take the State dispensar
Ural. I believe the administration c
tliis law should ho in the hands of me
elected by thc people, the same as th
other laws are. 1 believe and alway
have thought that a board ex o ttl oh
oomposed of the Governor, Attorne
General and Comptroller General, t
be, thc best that can he devised. No
to prevent even these high office)
from being subjected to temptatic
bi iay'ng themselves op ti to ohargi
or corruption, such as my enemh
have not hesitated to bring agalni
me, I sugge t the following plan. Li
advertisement bo made, as now r
quired by law for bids to bc BUbmittf
ho finnish the State of SouthCarolii
f r a year with such whiskey, brand
rum, wine and beer as lt may rtqnir
Lot the Act go Into details and hpoi
tleally describe the kind and quail
needed. Whiskey and beor arc tl
two main things, and these two a
staple articles and can be descrlb
with suou definiteness and particule
lty that there will be slight need ev
Of an analysis by the chemist. L
these bids be submitted in triplica
sealed with wax. One sent to t
Stato Treasurer, accompanied by
check for $10,000 as evidence of goi
faith, ono sent to the Chief Justice
the Supreme Court and one sent
the Speaker of the House of Hep
sentatives. llave these opened duri
thc session of tho Legislature in t
presence of thc dispensary cammi tl
of tho two houses, and award t
contract to the lowest bidder. Tl:
let the State board enter into it w!
.such lowest bidder, requiring the ci
tractor to deposit for thc fulfilment
his obligation $100,000 In South C
lina State bonds, or such amount
may be thought necessary, wh
shall bo subject to forfeit if he d
not comply strictly with all the ter
and conditions of his agreement.
Tlie contract being tims made
the pu rebaso of whiskey of a gh
kind and quality at a given price, I
State commissioner who will ht
charge of thc business part of tho (
pensary can order cut from thc c
l.lllery at such time and In such.qui
titles as may be necessary the itqu
needed to supply the demand of I
local dispensers. Have thc bottles ii
other supplies that may be linet
purchased In a similar manner to I
whiskey, all of these being paid for
cash checks on the treasurer. Let
State commissioner take outi a rei
lier's license and haye the liquor b
tied after dumping and mixing wi
desired, and this must be under
immediate supervision and Inspect
of a Unitod States revenue ollie
I whose hooks will be a check as to
quantity that will thus enter into
consumption. Let thc dispenser's bo
and the intimal revenue collect?
books bc inspected quarterly by si
person as tho Slate board may appc
for that purpose, to see that thc qt
ity of tlie goods contracted for and
goods delivered correspond, and t
all tho goods purchased havo been s
out from thc Slate dispensary or otl
wise accounted for. The Loglslati
through Its committee, can exan
into and report at eaoh session u
i.he whole management,
L d. tho n .me and brand of
liquor bo blown Into the glas^so tl
can bo no chango of labels. Iiavi
case goods kept in stock and con
the purchase Of these to special on
from private Individuals. Do a
with beer dispensaries as now i
and let the regalar dispensers 1
beor on Icc to be used hy th bo
only, and not drunk on thc pren 1
Above all sop that tlie requestb<
arc always used before a pureba:
So much for tho contra! depo',
Now for the looa! dhpennarles
believe moro s\tlsfaoti< u will re
and a better administration of
law bo had, If th a supervision
control of the local dispensarles
pl iced in thc hand;, of tho oounty
pervisors elected by the people,
mayor of the town in which the
p i ;ry is 1.teated, elected also hy
people, and one person to ho app<
ed hv the Slate board, who abai!
coi ve reasonable compensation foi
time and labor. They have tho 1
du pensors elected by tho poopleof
county. Where there is moro I
ono they can be elected on a j
ticket. Let thc Governor have
powor to remove for causo and let
oxcrclso lt vigorously.
'?Any ono familiar with thc rendi
tions as they now exist can readily
understand why suoh amend monts to
the law BS are hero out lined will mako
lt almost Impossible for any one con?
neut rd with tho dispensary from tho
top to tu?., bottom to eUiftl any of til?
Wo will have bettor 1 quor, and if
tiie grand juries do their auty we will
bavo no moro Sparsanbum scandals.
I*? xnuati not he forgotten Chat no lu ?
was over dovised that oau enforce it
Ho said a doteotlve ought to keep
after the dispensera to seo that re
quest books aro uswd, and tho law Is
hotter enforced. Hs was not afraid
about going back to the Sinato. Ile
simply wanted to stand on his rcoord.
but If any bettor mun oan bo fouud,
olcot him. Ho was not mixing poll
tlos In this affair, but ethers wero do
AGAINST THF BOOK TBTJJT.
Courts Dcotclo tlmt IiulcvlrtuM Mer
client FI Gan llctfuee i'rloos.
"A decision has been hsndod down
in tho Uuitcd States Circuit Court
by Judge Ray, lu tho aotlon cf
Charles Sohribuer & Sous and the
Bobbs-Merrill Company against B. H.
Macy & Co. for an injin o'lon to re
strain Macy's from soiling c< pyrlght
books at IO?IS than the retail prices
Axed by tho Publishers' Association
which will have a far reaching effect
on all trade combinations," says The
New York World.
"Stephen IT. Olin and ex-Attorney
General W. H. H. Miller appeared
for tho complainants, and ex Serre
tary of the United States Treasury
J ?lin G. Carlisle, and Edmond E.
Wise for Macy's.
Judge It-y gives a sweeping decision
in favor of H. H, M^icy & Oo., dis
missing the complaint and severely
criticising the combination of publish
ers ai d booksellers, which he holds to
be in violation of tho Sherman Anti
Elltorlaly the New York Journal
"The firm of lt. H. Macy & Co.
rendered a really great service to
thc public at large and to the busi
ness interests of the community in
their tight against the Hook
"Tho hook Trust alleged ils right
to forbid retalle.s to sell books below
ac?rtalo pilco fixed by the trust
"Macy & Co., acting In behalf of
the vurchaslng public, maintained In
lin e -uts at cmvld,rabio expenso,
th? lr r got to sell merchandise bought
bv thom for whatever prloe they
"The case was heard before Judge
Ray in tho United pintes Circulo
C urt. Isidor Straus and Nathan
Straus partners, appearing under the
firm o: R. II. Mao & Co., in behalf
ol the public and the right?
of the Individual business
"Tho thanks of thc public arc. din
to R. II. Mrxy 5c Co. for the fight
they made against this particular
form of trust oppression. And still
greater thanks aro due to Judge Ray
for this excellent opinion, lu which
ho sustains thc action of Messrs.
Straus appearing in behalf of the pub
"lt ls to be hoped that the get rich
quick gentlemen who proposed to get
such money from tho public by mak
ing themselves lords and masters of
pm chaser, retailer and all other*
take to heart thc lesson that ii
taught thom in oho opinion quoter!
TW?LViS mm KILLED
Hy A I<ar/(o Mano ot Ht.mo lV'.llin;;
A mass of llmeslono weighing
thousands of tons slid from a side ol
the quarry of mill A of the Lohigl
Portland Cement company at Orin
rod, Pa., at noon Wcdnosday Just ti vi
minutes before time to quit work.
Twenty-seven men wero at work in
th? quarry, which ls 1,000 feet long,
iou feet across and 100 feet deep. The
heavy raina of tue past two days li ad
softened the earth and caused tho slide
Where thc fallen mass slipped away
a smooth, nearly perpendicular v/all
was loft, rising sheer 1 O?) feet above
the bottom of thc quarry, while the
entire quarry iloor was covered with
broken, jagged rock. Only nine of
thc men got away safely, four of whom
escipcd by running up on a mass o?
rock at the opposite sido of the quar
ry. The remaining 18 were hu idled
in a spuoi ten feet square, and 12 of
them were killed and six Injured. Two
of the latter may die. All of the
men are Slavonians who lived In shan
ties close to the quarry.
Two men who saw thc side of the
quarry quiver shouted a warning to
tho men. Tho men misinterpreted
the called and failed to moved on j of
/.ono of danger until lt was too late.
With a thundercui roar tho mountain
of rocic fell, pinning the men f.v.t.
Tue r seuers found six men huddled
In one placo, four standing and two
lying down. Three were alive and
one died before he could bo gotten out
Five physi cians were summoned who
gave tho jnjured first aid "ii tho scene
and then had thom hurried In wagons
to tho Allentown hospital. The dead
were laid on boards and carried to the
stock house. Eight bodies were re
covered boforo dark, at which time
two more were exposed to view and
two others bulled deep In tho pit
Tim latter's bodies may not be reached
Most Of tho men killed or injured
are single. Others had familles in the
old country. A number of wo non
from the foreign colony ran to tho
quarry when the new3 of tho accident
reached th*.tn and their moaning and
anguish were pitiable.
tell to Their Dc nt ti
Five people were killed in the Alps
mountains on Thurs..ay by falling.
Two tourists from Moran, while hunt
ing for edelweiss, woro killed, While
climbing the 11 oe fats groupa llevar
?an lawyer fell and was killed. Pour
students from Dresden ascending the
Flehergdclli f?u down a preoiplco.
One was killed and thc others were
probably fa! ally Injured. Another
youth of Sixteen was killed on Mount
M y thens took. Ile fell nine hundred
feot and his body was reduced to pulp.
WftlltH l(> DllhALO.
Mr. O. 1'. Sinei, an attorney of
Spartanburg, has. challenged Senator
Tillman to a Joint debato on tho dis
pensar y. Mr, sims has recently
bOOU prominently before the public
:ts attornoy f-u* certain of tho Spar
tanburg dispensary otBoals during
tho recent Investigation, lt is saul
that ho will oppose Senator Tillman
for tho Sonatorship.
HE ?K?HRS IT.
(Cont'oucd from first pago.)
"About forms of law, Jot fools contest,
That lav; Which ls best administered ls
And our not agreeing on tho dis
pensary question and the liquor ques
tion oomes from tho fundamental dlf
i fcronco of opinion -NB to how it ls host
to polloe tho liquor trafilo. Tho Pro i ]
hlbltiouists declare lt is sinful to | f
drink in moderation, wino or whiskey,
while a largo majority of us cannot
see any foundation lu morals or re
ligion for any suob contention. Ky or y
body recognizes the evil of drunken
ness, and how to minimizo or to pro
veut it is the whole question. You
say prohibit the sale. I say sell by
bouded oilioers, uuder stringent rcgu
latlons, in the daytime only, and havo
tho law enforced. Tho profit which
ls an incident and not a purpose in
this salo, to go whore lt is most need
ed; that is, into the Behool fund of
tho State, lt would make no differ
ence If lt went into tho fuud of thc
general treasury, aud the school fund
Incrcasod from other souiocs. Hut
that is a subterfuge. No one drinks
any more or patronizes the dlsponsary
because tho prollts go to tho Kobool
fund. I cannot see any harm or sin
in obtaining revenue from a traille
that is irrepressible. The Unite)
States Supremo Court proteots eaob
citizen in tho right to Import for bis
owu use, and no law of the State can
prevent it. Thc poorer and more ig
norant classes, who cannot thus ob
tain liquor, have been, and alwa\s
will be supplied thrcugh some local
agency, no matter what the law
o gainst soiling liquor may bo.
Tim KXAMI'LIC OK KANSAS.
You quote Governor Hoch, of Kan
sas, but vou do no discuss or explain
tho ollloial statistics in rcgird to
drinking and tho payment of thc
United States Internal roveriuo Hot use
by retail dellars in that Suate. There
;;rc no saloons in South Carolina for
the young to see any more than there
are In Ktusas, God forbid they
should ever return. Some of your o >
laborers In tills light against tho dis
pousary system, your allies and conn
scllors, are tho editors of papors which
lia vc always fought tho dispensary
and are now scheming to get high
licenses after prohibition has failed,
a* lb will fall. There is not a civilized
Government In Christendom as far as
1 know that does not derive a revenue
from the sale of liquor and prohibition
was an unknown thing until about
.sixty years ago. The United States
Government received last year from
this source upwards of $170,000,000
I think there are only three States at
Ills t hue that cling to prohibition.
IOWA and Vermont had It some years
igo, hut they have abandoned lt for
local option, with tho right to vote in
aloons if wanted, and that is what ls
hoped for here by your chief spun ors
of the press.
One word more and I. am through
Let us sec about your historical paral
iel about the great leider who wau
commanded to go down against the
Amah kites. The Hebrews of old,
true to their instincts of thrift slew
thc abominable tribe, but saved the
nest of tile sheep and oxen, as Saul
claimed for saerllice, and you go on
to state as an historlcs.1 fact that "the
Government of a State was command
ed hy the moral sense of the people
expressed ab tho ballot box to go\dowu
and destroy the liquor tr^*^'; nd
when called to account lt makes the
pitiful plea that while it has not de
stroyed tho traille it has nnnaged lt
so as to get money for tho taxpayers."
Your paraded ls not a parallel at all.
PKOPLE UH) NOT OUDKU PROHIBITION.
The people of S >uth Carolina have
never instructed its Government to
prohibtt the sale of liquor. In the
separate box provided by the Demo
eratic executive committee in the
Democratic primary of 185)2, the yole
stood, cs 1 recollect, .'15,000 for prohl
bition, 2.0.000 against it, while 32.0C0
did riot vote on it at all. (I quote
from memory.) That election was a
side show and you have no right to
magnify Its Significance.
This is a government of majorities
and no maj >rlty of the people has ever
given any such or.ler, while when thc
question lias boen passed on since di
icc ly ?ind positively a half dozen
limes, tho pi opio said that tho dis
pensary law was a better and more
sane solution. Isn't it about time to
stop alluding to that election. The
dispensary system does not rest for its
support upon the money that lt brings
In. It rests on the claim of its de
fenders backed by ex por lei. ca of our
people and statistics, as affording
moro protection against thc vice of
drunkenness than any other system,
prohibition or license either.
If lt has done th's in spite of mal
administration and mismanagement,
what.- would lt not do if such men as
Dr. Cromer and his friends would glv
to the enforcement of the law their
Kr eat moral support V
We do not ask endorsement, but in
a Government where a majority rulos
fl o h ive had a light to expeot co-opo
ration and assistance, and we have
m it had lt yet. "Hender unto caesar
tho things that are Caesar's," was the
.ommand of tho Master Himself.
When thc statute has been practically
tnnulled by the board of directors,
vinni tho restrictive features hr,ve
bei ii all- wed to drop Into Issue, have
the Prohibitionists lent their assist?
ance by standing up boldly for the
law? Had they dime so wc would not
be now where wo are.
.1 KKK KUKU N's AUTlIOlUTY.
You have been kind ? nough, my
dear sir, to remind mo of Jefferson's
epitaph. You declare the pee plc do
oot need advice, but they need an op
portuolty to vote. Allow mo to re
mind you that one of Jefferson's max
ims which was tho very embodiment
of oivll liberty and true Democracy
was "teach thc people and trust the
You want the people to vote now
.vbile they are angered and bewilder
ed. I want them to vote "sanely"
after they have heard thc facts and
arguments, and I wantali of them to
vote who lowe an interest in this
matter. Under the Brice Act this ls
APPICALS TO HIS UKCOUD,
You mentioned Winthrop and Clem
son as among tho things by which I
! we uld bc remembered. You left off
some others that I prenti mc to add,
not from a souse of egotism, but simp
ly to keep the record straight.
(1.) Thc emancipation in 181)0 of
the people from dry rot, caused by
only one party and tiio demonstra
tion that wo could have the most freo
and open dlsousslon of political ques
tions without danger, followod by tho
Inauguration of tho State Democratic
(2 ) 'Ibo Constitutional Convention
and its v/ork, largely thc result Of my
untiring and oarnest efforts, and my
work in that convention in behalf of
common schools, and tho disfran
mlsemeut for tho timo being of tho
icgro majority legally.
(3 ) Last, the inauguration of the
lale of If quot by bonded ctn oe rs under
iho dispensary system. I will not Ray
matyouk vlnion ls clouded by fanatl
>ism, but if it be true tl at he who
nakes two blades of grass to grow
?vhcre only oro grow bsforc ls a public
acuofaotor, then is it not equally true
jhat ho who conceived a soborne by
which drunkenness was uduouu, tom
perance encouraged and decency and
mod order lnoreasod, and withal
nado tho demon whiskey contribute
:o the education of tho Ignorant
nas?es, need bo ashamed of his work?
lb lt TILLMAN.
Trenton, S O., Aug. 14, 1905
DIAD AT THB THROTTLE.
Trula Sped I'ast Signals After tho
lOiifftnoor Wa? Killed.
William F. Stoot, of Harrison, N.
I., the fireman of the fast Flying
Virginian, tho Chesapeake and Ohio
railroad through express to St. Louis,
which loft Jersey City at 6:52 o'olcck
last evening, saved tho lives of his
passengers by taking charge of the
locomotive after tho engineer, Dan
Mahoney, had been killed in the cub.
When Stoot grasped tho throttle and
slackened the speed the train bad al
ready passed at least two danger
Tho train made Trenton on sobed
ide time last night, but pulled out
af that cltv with a smoking Journal.
Mahoney was afraid of that J lurnal
?vnd kept, a watch on it as he sped
idol g To do so he bad to lean out
>f tt.o cab while he kept ono hand on
thc throttle. Guee ho bent too far
forward out of lils cab window to get
a glimpse cf thc defective journal and
hts hoad was struck by a signal post.
Death was probably Instantaneous.
TOo locomoatlve gathered steam
and picked up speed. It was of thc
big hogback type, and it ls, therefore
Imp issi ble for the fireman to tee the
engineer. To Fireman Stoot the
train seemed to have attained thc
velocity of a cannon ball. He had
hardly a moment's lull In his work of
shoveling on ooah As he stopped to
rm p the perspiration from his brow,
a lucky glance through thc other side
of the cab revealed a red light.
"Dan" he yelled, but there was no
answer. Another instant a second
rod light was passed, lt was plain
that something was wrong and that
he and the passengers behind him. as
things then stood, were riding to al
most certain death. "For God's Hake,
why don't yen .-.low her up?" he again
palled to the engineer. "We have
pissed two red bugs. Check her,
Dan, for God's sake." In the lan
guage of railroad mon "rod bug"
means a danger signal.
Fvcry moment the engine bounded
faster until the telegraph poles seem
ed to Stoot like lead pencils. After
his second warning cry he did not
wait for an answer, but began to
clamber over Into tho engineer's side
to Investigate. Ile found Mahoney
dead. Ills lifeless baud was still on
the throttle and his head, wet with
blood, rested on tho edge of the win
dow. Stoot slowed down the eugine.
Then ho took tho train on to West
Philadelphia, after putting another
man at bis own ond of the boiler.
Not a passenger nor tho conductor
knew of the peril of the train. Ma
honey lived in Brooklyn, and the
body was sent there. He was 40
years old. About a ye*r ago bis
wife was killed in a trolley accident
BU A IN LT?AII3.
Bright HayiiiKO of Will ld, Mttiipin in
It ls very oasy to make excuses for
those we love.
The older a man is tho farther he
could jump when a boy.
lt does not take much courage to
be a hero in the limelight.
Today's happiness depends upon
tlio soarclty of yesterday's regrets
Did you evor have as good a time
on your vacation as you anticipated.
It ls better to be known as c. good
man than to he known as a good fellow.
Some mon think they are popular
merely because people impose on them.
Perhaps they call them "captains
of finance" because some of them are
In tho raae for wealth tho mon who
arc distanced often reap the greatest
Sime churches that talk about
revivals would better talk about re
Thc pf cketbook nervo of some men
ls much moro smsltive than thoir
We have never head of a business
man going to a pool hall In search of an
This would bc a dreary world Indeed
If there were no rainbows to chase oc
Salvation ls to be had for the asking,
but lt costs work and money and sac
rifice to retain lt.
A dispatch from Bullfrog, Nov.,
says Tim Byan, who ls supposed to
havo been from Los Angeles, lias been
found dead near thc nalt wells lu
Death Valley. Ryan makes the
thirty-fifth known victim to clio in
that locality this summer. Byan had
been in Death Valley for (Ive years
ind it is supposed that he drank
from Salt springs which are charged
with arsenic Prospectors arriving
here report finding In thc detest many
dteietons known to be those men who
:lkd this summer.
i I II -ii m;-.- Her Mon.
Tho Columbia itooord says a letter
has been received at thc governor'.s
allloo from Mrs. Julia Moden, of
?uarleston In whtoh she states that
lier boy, Willie, aLout twelve years of
ige, loft her homo ahmt five m ?nths
?go arid has not been aeon since. She.
fears that ho was killed near Gulum
ala In a wreok and begs that an in
vestigation bo made. The only way
In which this can be dono is through
bbc press and thc letter ls accordingly
<;ii?. I'KI'H A^alunt. Oolloo tor.
Commlsloner Greene, of the ol vii
icrvlce commission, today said that
M agent of the commission will he
tent tO Newport Nows. Va., to hives
itgate the charges filed hy Congress
nan Maynard and W. IO. harret
igainstCapt. Stowart, collector of the
port thero. Stewart ls accused of
playing politics by promoting lt a pub?
loans In his oilloo and roduolng Dcm
ON THE RIGHT LINE. I
8outh fur o" ina indus' vial and (om
meroin! *s?opi?>t!on Qrg*?iiz'?
Hy the BoH(ti or Trullo of South Car
olina I? Columbia on
Tho South Carolina Industrial and
Commercial association was organized
lu Columbia on Thursday, the mern- I
bershlp beh g composed of pronrosslvo '
young mon representing the boards of 1
trado and suoh buBinoss organ'/\ttons !
In th? oltlcs of tho State. The follow
ing account of tuc meeting wo clip
from the Columbia Statr :
The call for tbls meeting was Issued
by Mr. John Wood of Rook HU), seo
rotary of tho Comoierolal club ot that
olty. Mr. Wood was brought to South
Carolina about two years ago by the
business m:m of lt ck Hill who want
ed a live, energetic and intelligent
man lo have charge of Iheir commer
cial olub and adverlislrg bureau. Mr.
Wood lias proved to b6 thc very man
tho people of it cit Hill wauted, and
ever since tho creation of the State
bureau of Immigration commerce and
*grioulturo he has given Col. Wa'son
vary cordial support.
Tho formation cf a State assoola
Mon of bott rds of trade w as proposed
by Mr. Wood somo Mmo ago and re
wived tho hearty endorsement of the
bureau of Immigration. Xn response to
.Jro call tho meeting was organize cl
Thursday with dob gales from a sjore
of organizations, toe following being
Anderson Chamber of Commerce
A. S. Farmer, L. A lUtehf?c, W. E
Sebyt, C. P. Jones.
Anderson R'al 10s!ate sud Invert
mont Company-J. C Cummings.
Bennottsvillo Hoard o? Trade-it li
Charleston Oom merci al Club-L. M.
Pinokncy J. ll C. Wulbern.
Chester, the Commercial an^l Manu
factur?es'Club-lt h. Caldwell.
Conway Hoard of Trade-D. A. Spi
Columbia Chamber of Commerce
E. ll, Clarke, T. II. Gibb's. A. E
Gonzales, .1 J. S d bois, Hal Dick; L
B Dizier, J. D. Nuuuamaker, O. M.
State Bureau of Immigration-E.
Georgetown Board of T:ade
Holmes H Springs.
Greenville li rad of Tracie-A. G.
Go'vn, IV T. Havne.
Marlou Business L ague-L. M Gas
quo, H. Staokhouie.
Orangeburg Business Men's Lsaguo
-Wm. L Glaze.
Rook Hill Commercial Cub-John
Wo id, J. Edgar Boag.
Sumter Chamber of Corcmcrcc-J.
Yorkvlllo Com mere'-il Club-I. n.
Norris, .1. P. Willie, W. lt Carroll.
Southern Hillway-i\ H. Tbaoks
Seaboard Air Linc II tllroatl -Henry
Clyde Steamdilp Company-A. E.
R.ail estate-J. T. Harris, Spartan
Real Estate-N. W. Hrocker, Co
Toe purposes of tho organization
wore outlined in tho following manner
in thc constitution which wa? adopt
"The obj?ctof this body shall be
to exploit the resources and advan
tages of South Carolina, both local
and State, upon the broade.it, most
approved and roi st effective lines; the
upbuilding of ivs Industrial and com
mercial loteros's; the lu' ue;,lon of new
pi opie to aid us In tho vast work of
ievc'opmrnt a val Mu our activity for
accom; Bailment, and the giving or"
our closest attontlon to those things
bending to the advancement cf South
Carolina to that position among her
sister States which ls hers by reason
of her climate, her soil and her geo
The meeting wa:; oalled toorder yes
terday hy Commissioner Watson. An
address of welcome to the city was de
liver? d by Mnyor T. H. Gibbs and an
<\chiross oxpre sing the Interest of the
Chamber of Commerce cf Columbi
was delivored by ti e tir:.t vice presi
dent, Mr. J. J. Salbeis, in the absence
of tho president, Mr. W. A. Clark.
A temporary organization was made
by the scleotton of Mr. IO li. Clark as
chairman and M r. ll. L. Kt coman as
secretary. Mr. John Wood was then
invited to stale the o' j cts of the
meeting, which bc i!id in a very earn
est loamier. The roll of tho convention
having been perfected, Mr. Wood wus
elected permanent chairman and Mr.
E. H. C it lc Si C clary.
Commissioner Watson and Mr. T.
B. Tnaokstou, assistant hu. u ?trial
agent of the Southern railway, were
call: cl up >n lo address tho convention.
Mr. Wood then read tho prepared
"declaration of principles," which was
The committee on by* laws consisting
of Mr. Wo d, Mr. Claik, Mr Piuok
nty, Mr. Gaequo and Mr. Caldwell,
was au'dior !z d to repon at tho after
noon s-, s; lon.
in Co afternoon tho convention
was addressed by Mr. J, EJgar Boag,
Mr. T. B. T ack ito t, M.*. I. H. Nor
ris and Mr. li ggll |, s.
Mr. Thackston announced tnatthe
Southern railway, In conj unction with
Ita connections In the west, will of?
fer honacsoekcrs' i I s on thc !7rhof
Ootobor, good f r 15 days, at ?0 p.r
eent. of one faro for Mi round trip.
The people In South Carolina wh >
have relatives or fri inda In the north
west atid want, to got them to locate
In Sooth Car.'.Ina rntfy advise their
friends of these ral es.
Tho commit too on nominations
made its report and this bel?g adopted
the following were elco.cd ouloefs Of
tho association for next year:
President, W. i>. Morgan of George
Vice pr?sidants,'I*? T. Hayno of
O teen vii lc; W. li. Glftza Of Orange
burg; .1. M. Knight of Sumter.
Secretary and treasurer, John
Wood, of Rock Hill.
Executive board; Fred G. Brown of
Anderson; W. B. Moore of V irkvlilo;
L?. M. Gasquoof Marlon, L. M. Block?
ney of Charleston; John J. Solbclaof
On motion of Mr. W. L Glaza it.
was decided to recedo from business
until the afternoon of October 23rd,
Monday of fair week, and according
to the by-laws Coe annuli meeting
will be hold In Columbia every fair
week. It was deoided to urge all or
ganizations in thc State to send rep
resentatives to the mooting fair week.
R ?solutions of thanks to tho Ohara?
her of Coin meroo of Conimbia and to
Col. E J. Watson wore adoptod and
the session ended. The members then
boardod thc car in front of the State
house and after a ride through tho
business and manufacturing and resi
dence parts of tho olty wo to taken to
Bookkeeping, Shorthand, Typo
yiiaranteed conreo 20 weeks. Singh
-land, 8 mon. 12 calls for graduates i
Machinery Supply H
" , WE SELL E>
Headquarters for KV IC RYTH ING li
All kinds of Injectors, Lubricators. 1
Supplies for Saw Mills, Oil Mille and
Largo stock of Well Pumpa and-Oyll
A COLUMBIA SI
C oltimtoi?, 8. O. The ma*
I THE GUINARD
Manufacturers Brick. Fire Proof
Kine linings and Drain Tile. Pr<
whisKe i morphine | Olgaret
Tihlt, I Habit I Habit
Cured by Keeley 1
lSr.9 Lady St. (or P. O. Box 76l" Coln
?p oil ri
Ridgewood club where a light lunch
Tho executive coimitteo mot and
the secretary was authorized to get
out such descriptive matter as might
bo deemed advisable to bo distributed
by the railroads throughout the north
west. The executive committee Is
also talking of gottlrg out a magazine.
At the Tuen or tho Road,
Whore tho rough road tunis, and tho valley flweot '
Smiles bright with its balm nod bloom,
Wo*ll forgot i li<> i horas timi have pierced tho feet
And tim nights with I hoir grlof and gloom,
And tin1 sky will HUI Mo, and Clio stars will beam,
And we'll lay us down in Ibo light to dream,
\V<> shall lay us down in tim bloom and light
With fi pmvor mid li t?>ar for re t,
As li rod cliildr n who croup nt nt i;ht
, Toi!u> pence <>i n mothor's l)r?ust,
And for nil thu grlof of tho stormy past
Kcsl nhill I hu BWO tor nt last-at, lastl
Sweeter bocauso of tho weary way
And tho lulu's, une night ?nd lo - g,
While tho darkness drills to (ho perfect day
With Its splendor of light a. d cong
Th<' light) hill shall bli-ss and kiss US und love ns
And sprlnklo tho roses of hon von nL'OVO uni
WEATHER AND CR0P3.
Plenty of Kairi, Muoli ol It Was Urully
In his weather and crop report Seo- .
tion -Director Bauer bays that the
mean temperature for the week end
ing Mondr.y, Aug. 14th, was slightly
above normal, over the eastern half
and slightly helow over the western.
The extremes were a maximum of 103
degrocs at Blackville on tie 8,ih, and
a minimum of Gi degrees ab Green
ville on the yuh. There was less than
tho usual amount of sunshine. High
winds, damaging to corn and cotton,
prevailed during the middle of the
week In the western counties. Bot
tom lands were Hooded along.'the up
per portions of the Saluda, Broad.
Waterce and Great Peo Dee ri vers and
their tributaries, and considerable
The long drought was broken over
thc entire state The rainfall was
heaviest In the central counties where
it amounted, in places, to over six!
Inches, and was least in Beaufort aud
Georgetown counties, where it was
generally less than half an Inch.
There was rain nearly every day and
tl\e grouud is now thoroughly satur
ated. The rain was needed and in
places ?was very beneficial, but in1
others lt caused deterioration In crops,
especially cotton, and Interferred witli
farm work, especially haying and
pulling fodder. Nearly all crops have
been laid by, and further cultivation
is now impracticable.
With very few exjeptlons, tho re
ports on cotton indicate rapid deteri
oration due to excessive shedding,
rostand the plants turning yellow.
These conditions prevail over prac'.i
odly thc entire state, but are most
marked on sandy lands. Ins nnny
p'aoes growth has stopped, while in a
few plants are making new growth.
Hobs are opening rapidly in the south
central er unties and considerable has
boen picked, Tho excessive heat of
tlie 5th, ??th, 7th and 8th was vory
There ls a general Imbrovement In
the condition of tile lato corn duo to
tlie ample molsturo which came op
porlunely. Tobacco ouring is nearly
ilnlshed. Peas, sweet potatoes an 1
all varieties of cano aro doing well.
The fr?quent rains Intorferrcd with
preparations for fall truck crops. Ric?;
made tine progress. Pastures Im
proved rapidly and again alford line
grazing. Turnips wore sown exten
sively. Late fruits, especially apples
and peaches, aro rotting badly.
A I'r.tnl Oliarrol.
A fatal quarrel occured at Bates
bing oft Wednesday between Mrs.
Laura A. Miller and Mrs. Young
Rikard. It seems that Mrs. Rikard
had borrowed a sausage stutfor from
Mrs. Miller. Mrs Miller sent her
word to send lt back. While Mrs.
Miller, who was about (?0 years old,
was swoepeng the piazza, Mrs. R.k
ard came up and told lier she ought,
not to speak to her as she did. Mrs. I
Miller then told Mrs. Rikard that her
children had been taking lier fruit.
Mrs. Rikard made some reply, when
Mrs. Miller struck her with the
broom. Ab this j tinturo Mrs. Rikard
took tho broom from Mrs. Mlllor and
belabored hor with lt, when tho old
lady foll over dead.
Only .'?ix l<;*oni>ml.
A telegram from Batavia, Dutch
ICast Indies, i loper los an ugly out
break of Ach?nese rebels who attaokod
tho Dutch post at Rambong, killing
twoofiicers and twenty-two mon. Only
six mon of the post suecedded In es
caping and theso wcro wounded.
Two nogroos were killed by inhaling
uarbonio acid gas wbllo cleaning out
an old well at Wadosboro, N. G., on
writing, Erglish branches, Full
3 course of either Business or Short*
n about 20 days. Can't supply de
ouse for the State.
n MACHINERY SUPPLIES.
Pipe, Valves, Fittings. .
any ono In Machinery business,
miers. Get our price. .
3hinery Supply house of the Stat?
Terra Cotta Building Block'.for
?pared to ?11 orders for tbou anda
I . ~n D-?gund x' V??OCJ
Hah ? ts.
Lnes-tlt-ate, off o
imbia. 8 O. ftenfhlentl*! cnrreir-on-'i
Expert Medical Advice==Free.
Dr. J. Newton Hathaway, of Atlanta,
Ga., tho South's Wost Reliable
Specialist, Offers to Grive Medi
cal Advice to Every Sufferer
from Any Disoaso Free of
Cargo-Bo Sure to Write
Him at On co and Tako
Advantage of This
BOOK ON YOUR DISBASE SENT FREE.
If.you uro nlllieOjd with any disoaso of a
chronic nut uro, you should sit right dowu and
writo this g ont Specialist and tako avantage of
this special oiler to oouusol and udviso orory
Run'oror without cost. Aa Dr. Hathaway ha*
had ovor a quarter century of experience In
thu treatment ol' tho.-o diseases, during vhloh
timo ho has cured sine ol tho m .st stubborn,
deep soatod eases on record, you cnn readily
appreciate tho value this offer will ho to you.
I le will also send you ii very valuable book on.
your disease, of which ho ls tho author, which
will explain to y u a gre it many Ulinga you
do not know. Your home doctor would charge
?you anywhere from $1.00 to $'25.00 fqr this
?wine service and alter till you would not bo
bonontlod, for tho reason that thoavorago doc
tor is not. competent to ndviso in theso cosos
because i.o has not had Uio necessary oxporl
Dr. Hathaway has boon established in At
lanta for years and years, and by honest deal
ings with everyone and rendering tho most
skilled medical service, ho lins built up tho
largest practice in this country? His standing,
both professionally, and financially is of tho
very nighest,and you CAn Hud no hotter medi
cal aid or advice anywhere. His systom of
home treatment is considered perfect in. every
respect, which enables him to treat tho alli tot
ed ni. thoir homos, iiUd no mnttor with what
disease you are alllielod, how severo it may bo
or how many doctors have declared it incura
ble, writo him and let. him tell you jiyt what
ho elm do for von. Tho address is J. NliW
TON HATHAWAY, H, D.? 88 inman . Bldg,
A Proposition of Interest
To all readers of this paper, who
call or write for treatment within tho
next 30 days. I will cure them of the-.,
following diseases for ONE-HALF my
usual charge: LOST MANHOOD,
SYPHILIS (blood poison), GONO
RIIE, GLEET, STRICTURE, VARI
COCELE,. RUPTURE, CATARRH
and all CHRONIC DISEASES, of
both sexes. Diseases of women cured
without operation. PILES Cured
under guarantee without tuc knife er
any tying or burning operation.
Consultations, Examination, AdV 1
T. S. HOI LEYMAN, M. DM '
Rooms 421 and 422 Leonard Building,
N. B. Catarrlvof wOrst.form curod
quickly at homo.
J You want thc Best. We hayo 2
? exactly what you want. Don't e '
? wait to feel exactly ready. Wo ?
g an make you able. Our prices. S
arc LOW- our terms are EASY. Z
W rite us at once for catalogues, ?
prices and terms. Address
MALONES MUSIC HOUSE, 2
? COLUMBIA, S. C.
And R. R, AflKNOV-Wo also train you for '
Tho U. S. SIGNAL COltrS. School eatab
I ?sh od 17 yoArs. Oheao board, low tuition,
and Our Plan ?NSUUKS position. Catalogua
free. GA. TKLKGItAPH CObLKGK.
i?./ -J\J Railroad V
/ T6I0 ,
ara Paid ddt
Kti CourMa Ofttrsi
Lost Hts limul.
As a result of drinking Asheville li
quor iii two great an abundanoo and
sleeping beside the railway traok Da
vid Psycock, a Union, S. C., negro, ls
in the Mission Hospital minus his left
hand, says the Asheville Citizen.