Newspaper Page Text
"DO TI?OU, GREAT LIBERTY, INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAKE OUR LIVES IS THY POSSESSION HAPPY OR OUR DEATHS ULORIOUS IN THY OA USE,"
BENNETTS VILLE, S. C., FRIDAY, JULY 7, 1905.
OVER AT LAST
Russia and Japan Have Conclud
ed a Treaty of Peace.
JAPAN GAVE ALL UP
Rather Than Continue tho War. Witte
Was Greatly Surprised al the Gen
erous \ction of the Japs
in Accepting the Terms
Submitted by Him.
Tho lon ir and bloody war between
Russia and Japan cime to an .honora
ble end at Portsmouth, N. H., on
Tuesday, August 29, when thc two
nations agreed to terms of peace
through their coinmlRSioncrs, which
had boen negotiating for about ten
The terms bf peaco were settled by
Mr. Witto and liaron Komura at the
session of the conference Tuesday
morning, and Tuesday afternoon pre
liminary arrangements for an armis
tice wero concluded and the actual
work of framing tho "'Treacy of
Portsmouth" was, by mutual agree
ment, turned over to Mr. De Martens,
Russia's great International lawyer,
and Mr. Dennison, who for 2f> year?
has acted as the len al advisor of the
Japanese foreign e nice.
This happy conclusion of tho con
ference, winch a week ago would have
been shipwrecked had lt not been for
the heroic Intercession c f President
Roosevelt, was sudden and dramatic.
For the sake of peace, Japan, with
tho magnanimity of a victor, at the
last moment yiolded everything still
in Issue. Russia refused to budge
from the ultimatum Emperor Nicho
las had given to President Roosevelt,
through Ambassador Meyer, No lu
demnity under any guise, but an
agreement to divide Sakhalin and re
imhurse .Japan for the maintenance of
thc Russian prisoners were his last
words. They h,ad been repeatedly
reiterated In Mr. W! fte's Instructions
and in the form of a written reply to
the Japanese compromise proposal,
they were delivered to Baron Koruma
Mr. Witte went to the conference
declaring he was powerless to change
the dot of an i, or the cross of a t In
his Instructions. Emperor Nicholas'
word had been given, not only to him
but to PrcBldor.t Roosevelt, tho head
of a foreign state. When Baron Ko
mura, thorefore, first offered the new
basis of compromise which was *.he
complete renunciation of indemnity,
coupled with a proposition for the re
demption of Sakhalin at a price to be
fixed by a mixed tribunal, consisting
of representatives of thc neutral
powers, in fact if nob in words, the
solution effered by President Roose
velt. Mr. Witte again, returned a
non possumus. lt was what Mr
Witte termed In his interview with
the Associated Press, the "psycholog
Mr. Witto did not Hinch, lie ex
pected a iupturc and as he expressed
lt afterward, he was stunned by what
happened. Paron Komura gave way
on all the disputed points. With the
preclence that has enabled the Japa
nose to judge the mental proces es of
their adversaries on the ti ld of battle
and upon the sea, they l a t realised in
advance that peace cou Iii bo obtained
in no other way. they hud warned
their governments. President R jose
velt, had also, it is l.eiioved, ad vi erl
Japan that it was better to m :et the
Russian position than to trike the
responsibility of continuing the war
for the purpose of collecting tribute.
The mikado at tho ?e sion of the
cabinet and the elder statesmen Mon
day, had sanctioned the final cooees,
sion. When Baron Komura yielded,
the rest was mere chi d's play.
Articles 10 and ll, (interned war
ships and the ll mi tatton of Russia's
sea power in the far oas?) were with
drawn. Japan agreed that only that
portion of the Chinese Extern rall
road south of Ohautufu, thc position
occupied by Ova ma, should be ceded
to Japan. Both sides, once the dead
lock was broken, wanted a "jost and
lasting" peace, and In that hpirit it
was decided to practically neutral!/"
Sakhalin, each country binding itself
not to fortify its half of tho island,
and Japan assuming an obligation not
to fortify tho Lo Perouse Strait, be
tween Sakhalin and Hokkaido, which
would bar Russia's commercial route
to tho Pacific
The plenipotentiaries went further.
They decided to add a new clause, in
the nature of a broad provision for
mutual Commercial privileges, by
. which each country will secure for the
other the benefit of the "most favored
nation clause" and the "open door."
Thc new treaty, therefore, will be a
wonderfully friendly document, of
character al n o*-1 to raise the suspicion
that the two ec un tries have not ne
gotiated ? peace, but have concluded
tho basis of a fu.ure alliance. There
ls, however, no evidence, as rumored,
that'any secret clauses are to be ap
p dyed to the present treaty.
Before leaving tho conference build
ing felicitations were exchanged with
thc president at Oyster Hay. Roth
baron Komura and Mr. Witto tele
graphed. The former confined him
solf to appraising Mr. Roosevelt of
thc conditions upon which poacc had
boen concluded. Mr. Witte frankly
laid his tribute at the presidents feet.
In his message he said:
"History will ascrlho to you the
glory," and added tho expression ol
Russia's hearty appreciation of thc
president's "generous Initiative."
Mr. IV oscvelt replied with words ol
thanks and congratulation.
Then began tho jubilation. Mr.
Witte ai d Raron He R sen returned
to the hotel for luncheon. Tho Ja
paneso had remained at tho confer
ence hall to lunch with Mr. Pierce.
.Thc news that peaco had been con
i duded had preceded tho Russian pion
ipotentlarics and such scenes of wile
rejoicing have never before neon wit
newsed In tho stato of Now Hampshire
as greeted them upon their arrival at
the hotel. Mr. Witte, dazed at the
budden and happy termination of tho
oonfereroe was fairly overpowered by
tho tremendous ovation ho reoolved.
He could only express his gratitude by
shaking the hands of everybody, and
In response to tho volley of questions
tired at him as to tho terms, murmor:
"Wo pay not a kopeck and we get
half of Sakhalin."
A scene of the greatest excitement
followed the receipt of the nows In
the lobby of the Hotel Woolworth.
The official bulletin was telephoned
from tho conference room at tho navy
yard by Mr. Saoto and like an electric
thrill Hooded through tho room.
There were screams of joy. Men
threw their hats aloft, women actual
ly wept. Then there was a rush for
the telegraph offices and In an Instant
the news was speeding to the remotest
comers of tho earth, Mr. Witte, ac
companied by Itaron De Rosen, came
to the hotel for luncheon. There was
a wonderful demonstration upon their
arrival. A great crowd had gathered
under tho porte coohere of thc anr.ex,
where thc Russians are quartered and
when their automobile drew up, the
air was torn with frantic cheers. Hats
were thrown aloft. Mr. Witto, as he
stepped out of tho motor car, seemed
quite overcome. Too full for utter
ance, he could only grasp and shake
the hands that were extended to him.
Raron R son also was equally moved
and received the congratulations of
the crowd In silence, For about live
minutes thc two plenlpotentinries
were kopt upon tho porch listening to
tho Incoherent praises of thc hotel
"Do you pay Indemnity?" was thc
"Pas un sou" (not a ceut), was Mr.
Forcing bia way to tho door, Witto
encountered the members of thc Rus
sian mission, who rushed forward to
shake his hand. Rrlciiy In Russian he
gave them the Joyful tidings. Then,
as he started up the stairs, the nows
paper correspondents clamored for In
"What have you done? How ls lt
[settled? ' they cried.
"We pay not a kopeck of indemni
ty," he repllod as he turned at the
landing half way up the stairs. "Wc
get half e>f Sakhalin. Tuat ls the
agreement in a nutshell."
The Associated Tress correspondent
accompanied M. Witte to his room.
Ile had been quite overcome by the
great ovation no had received and tho
intense strain he had been under. He
threw himself into his arm chair, and
after a few minutes to "pull himself
together,'1 he began to speak, slowly
and deliberately--almost as If he were
talking to himself.
"lt seems Incredible," ho said, "1
do not believe any otuer man In my
place wuuld have dared hope for tho
possibility of peace on the oonclitloiiB
to which we have Just agreed. From
all sides, from President Roosevelt
down to my own friends in Russia, I
received up to the last moment, even
this morning, urgent representations
that something must oe paid to Ja
At this point M. Witte, who was
still laboring under excitement, almost
lost control of himself.
Groat Forest FlroH.
A dispatch from Houlton, Maine,
says forest lires continue to bum in
parts of Aroostook and Piscataquls
counties, and will not diminish until
there has been a heavy fall of rain.
The ono doing thc most damage ls In
the woods around tho southwestern
portion of Drews D?ke in New Lime
rick, extending into Oakland. Unless
rain falls soon thc Oro is expected to
reach what, ls known as the "Letter
A Woods". Wednesday night the
cottages of Dr. Innis and Frank L.
Dyer, of lOiterhrook, and tho Ingra
ham cottagos, along the south shore
of the lak", svere humed. The los.-,
was not heavy on these, as mfst of
tho furnishings wore removed. II mid
Lon and near by towns arc envolopo
with sm .-ko, and have been for several
days. Fi res are burning In swamps
for many miles around Fort Falflield.
At presont largo lires are huming In
the western part of Dlmostono and
near Fort Fair li Jd village, but they
are. not speadlng much. The dry,
black s wamp soil burns to the depth of
two or three feet.
Walked to Her Death,
At Chicago in sight of hundreds of
passengers crowded about the rail of
the steamer li estland, a woman walk
?d from the partly swung bridge into
the ri vor at Wells street Wednesday
night as thc bridgo moved ba'.'k into
place, after the passing of the excur
sion boat. Tho elTjrts of a di /.on life
savers who leaped from boat and docks
to thc river were futile, as the viotlm
failed to rise to the surface after the
fail. Tho playing of the excursion
boat's searchlight about the spot and
shrieks of the whistle caused much
excitement on the boat and among
passengers In the Northwestern rall
way devot. Scores of suburbanlts
missed trains while they lingered about
the docks and aided in the starch.
At Plainfield, N. J., slipping
through the foot bars of lils crib tho
baby son of William IO (Jhevers was
caught by the throat and strangled to
death, The mother entered the room
und discovered tho Infant's plight j ist
as he waa making the last fcebloet?ort
to free himself. Death came before
she was able to get him out. She ran
Shrieking with tin; body lo nor arms,
to a doctor's otllee and swooned when
Informed medical attention was use
less. The family was preparing to
move to Foxborn, Mass.
Mutti bo I'/'.ld l?'oi\ .
If a Chinese dies while being tried
for murder tho fact of his dying ls
; taken as evidence of hts guilt. He
has departed, but somebody mus!) suf
fer, and his eldest son, If he has ono,
, ls therefore sent to prison for a year.
If ho no son then his father or his
brother gets a Hogging. Its all In the
family and somebody has to pay for lt.
Croat OH Torror.
A violent earthquake ls reported
from Sultana and Palona, simultan
eous with thc eruption on Vesuvius
and Stromboli, Many houses foll,
I church steeples tottered and there
. was a great panic. Tho population
) Of tho vi 1 lagen litt* lied tO thc. ruin i ? y.
A QUEER CLUB
Robbed Women of Their Lifetime
Savings After Marriage.
ONE HUNDRED WIVES
That is thc Number thc Rascal Now
Sought had. tte Joined the
(lang Six Years Ago, and
Soon Became a Ring
leader Among Them.
The New Ycrk American says In
vestigation of thc marvelous marital
exploits of Dr. George A. Wltzhoff,
bigamist, revealod recently that there
ls an organlcd hand on tho East Side,
numbering seventy- livo members, wbo
during thc last ten years have married
more than 1,000 ye ung women for
their savings, deserting them within
a few days or weoks, according to the
length of time lt took to cajole them
out of their money.
The head of this combine ls known
as Harry Kaufman, and when arrested
and arraigned In thc 10,sex Market
Court two years ago he was confronted
by twenty six women who claimed
him for husband.
Dr. Wi?htff, whose matrimonial
exploits wore unearthed through the
efforts of Miss Dora Dorf, whom he
married under Mic name of Weston,
j >lmrd tho organization six years ago,
and immediately became one of Its ;
ringleaders hy leaton of his pleasing
address, his accomplishments and tho
fact that he could speak six or seven
languagos, and woo In all of them. ,
It was found, through one of his
earliest wives, Mrs. Sophie Youcker,
of No. 205 Broome street, that Wit?,
ht. 1? has married more than thirty
young wemen whose names are known,
and probably ls the husband of moro
than one hundred Hist Side girls, In
addition to thc wives he married In
The Identification of WUz'mff, as
the husband of tho young women
whoso names were furnished by her,
was complete, as Mrs. Youcker (thc
name under which Witzhoff married
her) llrst laid her linger upon a por
trait of Wltzhoff, and then upon the
name of each woman, exclaiming in
"That is tho man that married that
lt was found that Wltzhoff usod the
name of Sohotty, Sohottlo, Cohn,
Kahn, Stein, Goldstein, Swartz (mar
rying two women under that name,)
Krieger, Hurwitz, ducker and others,
including the thirteen names publish
ed recently In "Amor?om."
lt was found through a woman who
recently called upon Attorney Buna
min. Franklin, No. 146 Nassau street,
that thc man's real name ls Vlvltz
hoff, and that he went under that
name when living with his mother at
East One Hundred aud Sixth street
and Third avenue.
Letters received by Attorney Frank
lin from out of town showed that tho
man sought had wives In Bridgeport,
New Haven, Pittsburg, Hartford and
other cities, and that he owned prop
cr ty In Pittsburg during tho Lime ho
lived there, and when he married a
young woman named Thorpe.
The organized gang, which has been
engaged in marrying lOist Sale young
women for their money, has had head
quarters, and maintained an associa
tion as firmly h.?und together as was
tho association of "G?mirons." They
operated through the medium of ma
trimonial agencies, or "Sohaizans,"
who woro hand-in-glove with the mem
bers, and who hunted up the young
women eligibles, presenting them to
tho mon harpies who sought their t.av
Pinol pal among those sch?tz ons,"
according to the story of some of the
victims to thc "Amorican" were a
Mrs. Epstein and aman named Fried
man, whose addresses are known, and
whose operations will be made the
subject of police inquiry.
"I was married tu Harry Kaufman,
thi Ingleader of the band," said Mrs.
E. Rosenberg, of No. 7 E.drldgo
street, "and gave him $25. That is
all he got out of ma. Toe gang mar
ried more than 1 UU0 girls on tho E.ist
Sido. Twenty six women were in
eourt and aooused him of marrying
them. He ls now in Sing Slug."
"1 have found more than twenty
girls myself that WitzholT, or Youkcr,
married," Bald Mrs. Youcker, "atula
large number that Kaufman married.
Tho organized band of these harpies
numbers sevonty live, and they have
been operating for many years. Abovo
1,000 girls have been married and do
zened by them." A condition of terror
pervades the Wast Side in tho district
boundod by Kid ridge street, the Etst
Uiver, Grand Street and Henry stic.t.
Girls who have boen victim'./, d aie
afraid of violence at thc hands of the
members of tho "oand," as it la o til
ed, and hesitated to betray thoir
trouble, even ott Unding that they
have been mulcted of their life sav
ings, lt is this fear that has pre
vented the dheovercy of tho opera
tions or the band before.
Mrs. Anna David, of No. 2?4 Stan
ton street, who was marrhd by WlU
luff under tho name of "Goldstein,"
ls now conducting a small and pros
perous business, and would not ad
mit her Identity as one of the victims
of thelma:1.. It had bron said In ad
vance, by her friends, that Mrs. David
would not make a charge against the
bigamist, for fear that some of his
friends would shoot her.
Additional proof of tho fear of tho
residents of the district for tho mem
bers of thc gang was furnished when
Mf. Sophie Youcker '.vas asked to au
company an "Amorican" rcportor and
Attorney Bonjamin Franklin, to the
houses of sevoral of thc women who
have been victim!/sd.
"1 v/oidd not think of lt," she cried,
"unless 1 have proper protection. The
members of the hand would shoot me,
1/ they thought 1 was investigating.
1 will not tako you to soo any mem
bers of the baud, for I would be
marked for death."
Sho was assured if protection.
Tho operations of tho gang were
unearthed largely through tho efforts
of Attorney BcnJ.vmln Franklin and
Attorney Abraham Jacobs, No. 03
Canal street, who ls a member of the
firm of Greenthal & Grecnthal, No. 40
Chambers street, who aro attorneys for
Numerous letters received by Attor
ney Jacobs showed that a largo num
ber of marriages of the "Wluhoff"
order have taken placo among tho
di it rieb, and through Mrs. Rosenberg,
a client, he discovered that nine of
theso girls had boon married to Wltz
h.lT under various names.
Attorney Franklin accompanied an
"American" reporter on a tour of tho
IO ist Side to investigate the report
made by Mrs. Rosenberg, and an
ama/Jng coudltlou of things was dis
"There ls not the slightest doubt,"
said Attorney Franklin, in the olllce
of the "American," after thc investi
gation that had been made through
the Jewish eiuarter, "that the gang
has been operating for more than len
years. Witzhoff joined lt moro than
live years ago and became a leader.
Tho gang nov/ holds tho district para
l) 7.od with fear, and undoubtedly haa
viottmized ab:)ve l.ooo girls.
"I believe that we will be ablo to
lind a lanie number of the women who
have been married by Witzhoff, Kauf
man and the others, but the dilllcultv
of getting dlrcot testimony, from even
the people who have been swindlod, is
understood only by tho.-e who are
familiar with the resilents of tho dis
trict and their reluctance to air their
trouble la court.
"And I might say thatthe marriage
of those girls to these men, and their
desertion, ls the greatest shame that
can be put upon a family; therefore
you can readily understand why it is
that these families pocket their losses
and suffer in silence."
Gov. I ley ward has suspended for 30
clays W, J. Gideon and J, P, Ilarllng,
two dispensary constables charged
with unwarranted conduct. The com
plaint was made by J. B. Horriot, a
Columbia; butcher, who has been un
der suspicion by tho constables. The
two named went to Horrlot's resi
dence on Gadsden street and presented
a searoh warrant on tho afternoon of
July 6th. Two ladies were sitting on
the porch. Ono constable made a
searoh despite the remonstrances of
thc ladies that Ilerrlot was not at
home. The constables had gone by
Horrlot's place of business and had
there been told that Ilerrlot was at a
hall gamo. Gov. Hey ward acted Tues
day upon thc the recommendation of
A. S. Osborne, division ohlof constable,
who had made a caromi examination
of the clrcumitances. Tho suspen
sion will last for 30 days. It ls said
in Osborne's report to Chief Ilammet
that he suspected Ilerrlot of storing
liquor In the basement of his residence
for Hunt Bros. Ilerrlot, accompanied
by a lawyer, presented the papers to
Gov. Hey ward Tuesday, and Chief
Ilammet was instructed at once to
suspend the constables for 30 days.
Gov. Hey ward's position ls that the
constables should not have searched
the placo until Ilerrlot himself was
present. They had ample evidence of
At Augusta, Ga., City Policeman
F. J. Murphy, acting as quarantine
chicer, was killed oughtrlght, Flag
man Geo. J. Tott so badly injured
that he died at the hospital shortly
after, and throe others v/cro slightly
Injured in a wreck of a Southern rail
waw passenger train on Its way to
Charleston within the etty limits there
Wednesday morning. Afior theongine
baggage car and .second class ouch
had passed tho orosslng, the rear
wheels of the tl rst class coach owing
to a defective switch, took a siding
and the car was thrown completely
over. Olllcer Murphy, who had jump
ed and was trying to dodge, was mash
ed beneath the wrook. Flagman Lott's
legs were cut nearly elf and ho dlod
wolle they were being amputated.
Too Pullman In the rear of thc train
did not leave thc track and none of ita
occupants were hurt. The injured were
passengers In the overturned ouch.
Consul General Simm ins at New
Chwang has reported to the state de
par; m nit as follows In regard to the
progress of the anti American boycott
lo China: "In regard to the at
tempted boycott made to arouse a
feulii.g of luistlilfcy to American goods,
I have the honor and pleasure to re
port that thc movement has boen a
failure. Several attempts have been
made to organize tho anti American
fentime.nt, but each meeting resulted
in stronger declaration In opposition
to interfering with the sale of Ameri -
can goods. A numbor of loading Chi
nese merchants assured me that they
would have nothing to do with a
movement to boycott American goods
and they advhed their friends to re
frain from agitating the subjoot."
A strangor, supposed to havo boon
a Mormon elder, aged ahOUt forty-five
was fe und dead in thc power house of
tho Bristol, Va., iron company late
Wednesday night. He had applloi
for lodging there early In the evening,
saying he was on hil way to Gato
City, Va., but had exhausted his
funds. An Inquest revealed that his
death was the result of cerobral hem
orrhage. A Mormon ritual and other
papors fi.una on his person indicated
I that his name was either Robert C.
Young, of Three Mlle Crock, Utah, or
IL. W. Youndo, of Bslanto, Utah.
( hio paper contained thc name of
H (Miry llalbrook, Greensbooo, N. O.
Thc body was burled here this after
noon among tho graves marked "Un
As the result of a race war at Car
lisle, ind., tho negro Baptist church
waa destroyed early Wednesday by
dynamite which was placed under the
altar. Bloodhounds have been put on
tho ?rall of tho dynamiters. Threats
aro being made that if any arrests are
mad i every nogro in town will bo
Of the War Between the Rus
sians and thc Japanese.
WHICH NOW ENDED.
It Lasted Five Hundred and Twenty
Seven Days. Tbc First Blow Struck
at Port Arthur by thc Japs,
Who Were Victorious In
Nearly Every Battle.
W*r began, Feb. 8, 1004.
Duration 527 days.
Cost to Ruasla $1,870,000,000.
Cost to Japan $1.500,000,000.
Russia's casualties lu battle 420,000.
Japanese Casualties In battle 170,
liiuslau warships lost or cipturod
Japanese warships lost or oapturod
Value of Russian sid ps lost $150,
Valuo of Japaneso ships l03t $15,
Japan broke off diplomatic relations
with Russia^ on Feburary 7, 1904,
after hoing 'convinced that further ne
gotiations regarding the integrity of
?hina in Manchuria and K >rca and
respective saberos of Inlluenoo in those
countries were usjlcss.
The first blow fell next day. Ad
mirai Togo,; in command of tho lirst
Japanese fl<>et, reaohed Fort Arthur,
sent In his Jorpedo boats and destrjy
ers, and during the night and early
morning, sank thc cruiser Fallada and
drove tho ^battleships Retv'zin and
Tsarcvitchjjagrouud in a badly dam
aged condition. The Russians were
completly taken by surprise.
From that timo a serlos of victor
ies crowned tho Japanese armH. Fort
Arthur was effectively blocked, and
the entrauoe almost wholly blocked by
sunken merchant steamers. On April
13th Admiral Togo decoyed the Rus
sian llagshlp Fctropalovsk over mines
that had been planted and the war
ship was sunk In three minutes. Ad
miral Makaroff, commanding thc Rus
sian lleet, and 700 of his ollleers and
orow went down with her. The fam
ou8 Russian wat artist, Vcrostbhagin,
was among tho lost. Grand Duke
Cyril was saved.
The Jaiv neso continued to bombard
Port Arthr <i and in June the Russian
lleet atte-'.Red several times to es
capo. lu .Vieso attempts the Russian
v nt. .i->r,ihqtt.ted or drtyon
diss.'tfc-. ' leutral ports. With the
oaptu?rdf Port Arthur later on, the
Russian sea power In the far E*t>t wss
reduced temporarily to zero.
The sailing of Admiral Rojestven
sky's vast lleet and his subs?quent
completo defoat in tho battle of the
Sea of Japan aro occurrences of so
comparatively recent date as to ne
cessitato no review of that memora
ble, but one sided conlllct.
J AX'S WIN ON LAND.
On land the Japanese were uniform
ly victorious in the important battles.
Victories at thc Yalu, Klnchau, Toi
issu, Motion Pass, and Llao Yang fol
lowed In rapid succession. In al)
these battles the fanatical bravery of
the Japaneso won over the slow, but
stubborn Russians. Tue battle of
Llao Yang was the largest of the war
to that time. Half a million men,
about equally divided, and L,300 guns
were engaged, and for a week tho des
perate ligating wont on. Q3n. Kurokl
had the Japanese right, attempting a
(linking movement; Gen. Oku held
tue center, and deo. Nodzu tho left.
All wore und jr command of Field
Marshal Oyama, Japan's greatest sol
Goo. Kuropatkln clung to his strong
position with desperation, bringing ut
all his reserves. The slaughter was
dreadful and the Japanese attack con
Finally, on the night of Scptembei
4th, Gen. Kuropatkln said ho could
hold out no longer and withdrew his
weary array across the Tai tao river
leaving Llao Yang In il.imes. Con
servativo estimates of tao casualties
wer?:-, Russians, 10,009; Japanese
12,000. The Japanese captured many
Russian guns and some supplies.
The siege of Port Arthur was a lon?
and bloody one, hut tin J ap??ese tidal
ly triumphed after a total loss In kill
ed and wounded estimated at lll.oot
men. The Japanese captured upwarc
of 30,000 men and Immense quantities
of guns, small arras and r.ramunltion
MUKDUN TUM OU10ATK3T HATTI,IC.
Alter tho fall of Pori, Artiiur, Mar
shall Oyama had beon drawing bb
troops luto position for the battle ol
Mukden, which lt was real zed, woulc
be the great laud engagement of the
war. The forces engaged were throe
armies of Russians, numbering 37(
battalions of Infantry, 171 batterie!
of artillery, 178 sot?las of cavalry
numbering :iU0,00i> rlll.iS, 34,000 gun
ners, with 1,308 guns and 20,700 sab
ors, an aggregate of 301,500 men. Ii
ls difficult to speak with acuracy o
Um Japanese numbers, which com
prised sixteen divisions. A dlvislor
may comprise anything from 10,001
to 30,000 men. It may be assumer
that they averaged 25,000, maklm,
the Japanese arms 100,000. The tota
forces engaged stand at the enorm u
ligure of 701,500. The live armies en
gaged for nineteen days, fighting ovo
a front of 100 miles. Thc Russians let.
some 30,000 dead. They had over 100,
000 wounded and lost 50,000 prisoners
with enormous quantities of foodstuff
and war material. The Japanese eas
naitica totaled 50,000.
Gen. Kuiopatkln was recalled tin
next day. Gen, Llnevltch succeeder
him, but no Important engagomcn
had boen fought-up to tho signing o
tho treaty of peaeo.
The war i\;\n lasted 527 days. It
estimated c ?st to Russia ls very dosi
to $1,000,000,000, to Japan $1,100,
000,000. Tho Russian looses in killel
and wounded and prisoners were 420,
000; Japanese losses, 170,000. Ru rsl;
lout by capture or Birdiing In battle 7
IShips and uiic .lapaiu J 12. Tiie vain
of Russian ships was $.50,000,000 am
the Janancso $15,000,00y
A SAD CASE.
Young; Bouzard, lispenior at Fort
Motte, Fas Been Arrested
For Hoing Short In His Aooonuta
Two Thousand Two Hundred
?nd Fifty Dollar?.
n. F. Bouzard, lato dispenser at|
Fort, Motto, was arrested on Monday
at tho Instigation of tho Amorlcan
Surety oompany, the complaint hav
ing boon tiled by Solioltor P. T. Hilde
brand. Ho waa carried before Magis
trate BcunBon who lix jd ids ball at'
$2,000. Bouzard was short in his ac
counts and wa H cheeked up and olosod
out on tho 10th of last April. The)
prosecution has been delayed in order j
to glvo tho accused opportunity toi
provo himself innocent of tho ohargo
as he olalmed that ho could do. Hut.
checks alleged to have been sent have
never been received. The amount of
the shortage is $2,271.81.
Boi.zud is about 30 years of age,
a very intelligent young man, and was
married less than a year ago. Under
the laws of South Carolina lt is the
duty of the county board of control to
take the initiative in criminal pro
coi.flings against defaulters In county
dispensaries, and the complaint was|
signed by H. C. Pauling, C. A. Stro
man and H. lt. Gibson, members of I
tim county board. The witnesses
named in tho complaint a?e: -A., H.
Dean and R, W. Nichols, inspectors;
H. O. Pauling, ohairman of the coun
ty board; M. H, Mobley, bookkeeper
in tho commissioner's otllco, and J
Fuller Lyon, bookkeeper in tho State
Tho ilrst Intimation tho f hidala of
the State dispensary had of the irreg
ularities In the Fort Motte dispensary
was on March 30, 1004, when Capt, A.
II. Dean, inspeotor, examined Bou
zard's accounts. On this occasion a
shortago of over $1 000 was discovcr
td, but before Capt. Dean could com
plctc the investigation to his own sat
isfaction he was called away to look
after somo other business of greater
Mr. W. O. Tatum, the commission
er of tho State dispensary, detailed
Inspector R. W. Niohols to proceed to
Kort Motte with Instructions to open
every packago of goods in the ware
house of the dispenser at that plaoo.
Accordingly, Inspector Nichols com
menead his investigation of thia mat
ter on April 14, 1005, at which time
Bou/.xrd strenuously opposed the open
ing of numerous boxes and barrels in
tho back rows of the store room, as
suring Inspector Niohols that they
were "all right" because Capt. Dean
had examined them, which statement
proved to he false. In spite of Bou/,
ard's importunities Mr. Niohols pro
ceeded to open every packago in tho
establishment in the presence of Mr.
IL C. Pauling of the board of control,
who had been summoned to assist in
tho verification of the Inspector's fig
ures In thc account of stook then on
hand. Mr. Pauling, by tho way, ls an
uncle of Bouzard'a wlfo. At the con
elusion of his labors Mr. Niohols dis
covered a shortage of 82.271 81 which
which inorease was occasioned by his
Unding over $000 worth of empty cases
In the back rows. Strango to say,
Bou/, ird insisted that he did not know
how thoeo empty boxes and barrels)
got there. This, too, In thc face of
the fact that no person but himself
worked in that dispensary.
Bouzard did not undortake to resort)
to the old trlokof an alleged "robbery"
to cover up his shortage, but boldly
asserted that his accounts would bal
mee If ho cou'd obtain credit for live
remittances which ho claims to have
made by express to the Slate treasur
er, from whom, he alleges, ho had not
boon ablo to obtain a receipt, although
he had written to that functionary in
regard to the matter. When the treas
urer was advised of the situation by
ong distance telephone, he replied
that the live "remittances," aggregat
ing $1,540.22, were not received and
that Bouzard had been so Informed.
No such shipments of funds In pack
ages or by money orders can be found
in thc records of the Southern Ex !
press company. Thl9, lt will be ob
served, still leaves a deficit of $722 50.
When Bouzaid was confronted with
this damaging evidence he stated that
ho had sent the State troasurer s yer
al hundreds dollars In checks, obtaln
.1 by him from various sources and
none of them had been acknowledged
hy that official. At this juncture In
spector Nichols urged Bouzard to fur
nish him with tho names of the per
sons from whom these checks had been
btaincd, so that duplicates might bo
)| issued, but Bouzard said he could not
recollect the name of a single person
eonncotodwltii tho alleged check trans
The Amerloan Surety company of
New York being on Bouzard's bond
11 in the sum of $3,000, Commissioner
f I Tatum sent a notice of claim In this
case to Messrs. Moss Sc Lido, attorneys
for thc bond oompany in Orangoburg,
from which place lt was forwarded to
ll Mr. Marlon M.Jackson, general at
j|torney for tho surety company with
oillcera at Atlanta, Ga., who did not
recel yo from the State tho sworn state
ment of loss until Juno 21. The delay
i In transmitting tho formal claim waa
f occasioned by tho confused condition
of Bouzard's account,
i Mr. Jackson arrived In Orangeburg
) on Juno 20, at which time he received
1 a call from Messrs. Glaze Sc Brantley,
attorneys for Bouzard, who asked fur
ther time to enable them to Investi
gate the alleged Irregularities in the
ellice of the State treamror respect
r I lng tho missing remittances Bald to
t I have been mado by Bouzard. Mr.
Jaokson deollned to grant this reqnest,
Htating that lt was a matter zesting
entirely with the State.
It was then asked whether tho sure
ty company would romain neutral, pro
? vlding the State made no demand for
1 payment, until the attorneys for tho
t accused had had an opportunity to ex
f amino tho books of tho Stato treasur
er and of the State dispensary commis
sioner with a view to sustaining lU.u
Zard'Sclaim as to remittances and tho
reducing the amount of tho alleged
shortago. At tho oarnest solicitation
of Bouzard's attorneys Mr. Jackson
went with them to tho State dispen
sary commissioner aud the attorney
Mr, Jaokson then statod to them
tu Vu tho American Surety company
wished to pay the claim, whonover the
State asked it, and cxplainod that a
delay had been requested ot his comp
any but lt had been deollned upon the
ground that lt was a question between
Bouzardand the State with wbloh the
surety company bad nothing to do,
and that tho only course left to Mr.
Jackson was to pay the olaim when
requested by the Stato and then deal
with the aooused. bo/.ard was then
given until August luth to adjust tho
On tho latter date Attorney Moss
advised Mr. Jackson at Atlanta, Qa.,
that Bouzard's attorneys reported
that nothing practical has cume out
of their investigation. They found
that Bouzard had sent five statements,
claiming certain remittances had been
sent State treasurer, but that nono of
tbc8o remittances had been reoeived
by tho Stato treasurer, the amount of
these remittances aggregating $1,549,
On the recommendation of Attorney
Jackson thc claim for $2.27L 81 was
Immediately paid by tho American
Surety company to Mr. W. O. Tatum,
commissioner of tue S'-atc dispensary.
WHY TBE DIFlfiKENC? ?
Homo fie M eli! n;v Qtt Ht lons A ck (1
tho Mayor .ol N wherry,
The Ncwborry News and Herald
propounds a few searching questions
to the mayor of that city. "We are
Willing," - says the Eiltor, "to admit
for the sake ct,argumcnt that possibly
our moral aeumou^t'he i^ht to know
thc distinctions between wrong?-is
possibly not quite RO acute as that of
our distinguished mayor and for that
reason we humbly implore the privi
l?ge of making an Inquiry without the
Intent of condoning wrong doing in
any shape or form. We stand for the
moral purity and uplifting of this com
munity as strongly as does our distin
guished mayor, that ls In proportion
to our ability to do so.
"Now we would like to know where
be draws the distinction between a
little social game of cards that is not
disturbing auy ono and betting on an
intercollegiate game of baseball, right
out in tho open, or possibly ho and his
vigilant policemen did not know such
a thing was going on the past summer.
Is a social game of oards more heinous
in his tight than a bucket shop where
a man can go and gamble on the mar
ket and lose from 8100 to any amount
before he can turu down the steps.
"And has he not licensed tho buok
ot shop to do business In this ol ty at
so much per year and does ho not
know that gambling is going on there
every day ou a large scale, and does
ho oonsldcr that right and proper.
Docs he consider tbis right and a lit
tle game of cards so heinous that he
mu*t make an eavesdropper out of hla
policemen to lind out if gentlemen are
playing a social game of cards. Under
stand that wo are not saying either
ono is right but we are asking a nigh
er authority for Information and to
draw the distinction of moral turpi
"Is a mau a 'gentleman' who puts
up a hundred on tho cotton market or
an intercollegiate baseball game and
the one who plays a social game of
0 u iis a gambler. That ls thc question
we put to our distinguished mayor. If
he allows and licenses thc one why is
he so anxious to rectify tho other, ls
lt a mora1 and legal question or what?"
We will await the answer of the may
or with Interest. Like the Eiltor of
the News and Herald wo would Uko
to have a little light on the questions
he propounds. We are old fashioned
possibly In our notions, but to our
mind gambling ls gambling no matter
where it ls done.
1 Many HhnckH.
A dispatch from Portsmouth, N.
H., says a seilosof earthquake shocks,
tho severest ever experienced In this
section, woro felt here late Wednes
day evening. Buildings trembled
I perceptibly, dishes wore shaken from
shelves, and In many oases people
rushed lu terror from their bouses
into thc street. There were three
distinct shocks and breach Instance
the tremor was accompanied by a
s.und like distant explosion. The
tirst Impression was that thc powdar
magazine at the navy yard had ex
ploded, ant\ hundred of queries al ng
this line were received as tl ie yard*
There had boen no < xplosion, however,
and the shocks were felt along thc
entire Nesv Hampshire oast line.
i >i\" s k'oimmcd.
A dispatch from lt ck Hill to The
State say8 a great deal of indignation
was expr?s ed thore Saturday morn
big when it was ascertained that be
tween 30 and-lu djgs had been pois
oned Friday night. Somo of the ani
mals killed were v.limbic as pots and
in tlie held, some of them being regis
tered and other.-* that would have been
registered later, lt has not been de
termined whether the poison was
placed about in yards wbero the dogs
could get lt or whether it was placed
at some one point and was takon by
thc animals whilo rambling at night.
tvl In t Wi Ca??.
At Atlanta Mrs. S. J. Stewart, who
was in charge of the linen department
at thc Piedmont hotel, luis boon ar
rested, charged with stealing linen
and other articles from tho hotel, lt
ls said she confessed to a friend that
sho was being worked over timo and
took tho artloles In bi>" of salary,
whioh sho thought ought to have been
paid ber. Tue Stowarts aro said to
bo lu destitute circumstances and tho
caso presents a pathetic side. She
waived examination Thursday and
gave a ?200 bond.
Oorpso In Woll.
Thc Now Orleans authorities con
tinuo to have a groat deal of trouble
with Italians In the parishes jost
above New Orleans. Kxtraordinary
( Hms aro made to concoal cases and
report ls made of a body of one yollow
fevor victim being thrown Into a woll
near Kenner, in order to prevent ul?
oovery of the ease.
Death on in? Itali?
William Hottal, aged 21, son of J,
K. Hottal, of Spartanburg, was killed
near Laurens on the O. and V. C.
railroad Thursday night. Thc young
man was on route to Augusta to entor
tho railroad buslnosa. Tho body arrlv
! od homo at 3:30 Thursday afternoon.
A WILD STEER
Runs Amuck in the Streets of
New York City.
Biby Nearly Killed and a Boy Playing
io the Street Saves His Life By
Clinging to tbe Horns of the
Infuriated Animal As
He Ran Wildly On.
The Now York A mci loan says there
was a wild steer chase, with spectacu
lar features, late one afternoon on
tho Enst Sido, which ended with the
capture of ono of tho animals on the
jtcps In front of the residence cf Arch
bishop F*rloy, at Fiftieth street and .
Madison avenue. The other was
caught at Fifty-second street on the
Credit for tho capturo is largely due
the pollco of the E*st Fifty-first street
station. The condition of their uni
forms and those of tho reserves who
participated in the chase attest tho
part they took in the work,
The bulls, which almost depopulat
ed the streets during their brief period
of liberty, csoaped from the abattoirs
of their United Dressed Beof Comp
any, at Forty-fourth street and First
avenue. They were frisky and care- v
free, and swished their tails as they
trotted out onto First avenue.
It was a few moments before their
escape was noticed by the employes
of the company. By the time they
discovered the loss, both steers were
charging with lowered heads up the
avenue, followed by a mob calling out
words of warning to those in front to
beware of impending danger.
When the steers reached Fifty-sixth
street they turned west to Second
avenue. Children ran to covrr, and
women ran soreamlng from the path
of the "cows."
At Second avenue they turned south
again. Ono took to tho sidewalk, and
bellowing with rage, spied a red para
sol, whioh served to shade a baby car
riage, which was being trundled by a
young woman. Tho latter saw tho
steers coming, but seemed paralyzed
with fear. Then Policeman Sohauen
berger dashed aoross the Btreet and
catching up the child, pulled the wo
man into a doorway. The enarged steer
vented his anger on the offending par
By this time the streets were filled
with an excited orowd. Now and again
the steers would turu upon their pur
suers and the people would soatter.
Policeman Saohaucnbcrger joined in
the chase; giving an occasional toot on
his whistle for warning. Passengers
on pasB?n? surfaoo oars trembled with
fear. Conductors closed the guards
and the cars were sent whizzing away.
At Fifty second street toe animals
swerved west again. Across Third and
Lexington avenues they went at an
easy lope to Park avenue, where they
crossed the bridge to Madison avenue.
Then began the struggle for suprem
acy between man and beast.
Nearby was a boy at play. The boy
tried to Dee, but the steer was olose
at his heels. Tho boy literally "took
the bull by the horns." Tho beast toss
ed his head angrily, but witnesses say
the lad held on. Then a mounted po
liceman came dashing up swinging a
larat. He caught the bull, whioh was
thrown, tied and later a wagon took
lt back to thc slaughter house.
In the meantime the other steer
! was rapidly nearing his end. The
clamor had reached the Eist Flfty
lirst street station house, and Sergeant
Ennis had dispatched all his available
men to pursue and capture it if possi
At Fiftieth street thc b.-ast took to
the sidewalk, and had the door been
j open would have paid a visit to Arch
bishop Farley's homo. As lt was he
s aned up the steps. Tnat was the
e. d. Moro policemen oauio to the res
cue and Taurus was pulled to tho
ground and tied.
H.-.: In Suckers Hurt,
At Indianapolis, Ind., fifteen per
sons, twelve women and three men,
were injured in a rush for bargains at
a Washington street storo woore some
kitchen u-onsils had been advertised
for sale at a low price. Bofore open
ing time two thousand persons bo
selged the doors, knuoking down and
trampling on each other in their anx
iety to secure tho coveted bargains.
Just as tho crowd was admitted a wo
man fainted and fell. Others, pushed
and struggling behind, knooked two
other women down. Then many foll
over tho prostrate bodies of the bar
gain seekors. When the police ar
rived they wore oompolled to use thoir
clubs olear the storo.
Found Do ad.
A social to The S tato from Char
leston says Frlongo ProIngo, a Nor
wegian diver, was found doad In hts
bed at a Market street boarding house
Wednesday. An attending phystolan
?javo a certificate that the man died
of natural causes and an inquost was
not held, Prolnge was regularly em- .
ployed by the Riverside Iron Works
and he did considerable work about
the harbor In examining tho hulls of
vessels and other work bdlow the
surface of tho water, Ile was 40
years of ago. Ho was without rota
tivos thoro and his body will be inter
red by the lt1 vcmlde. Iron works.
IUI led lu tito Air,
At Greenville, O do, Aoronaut Bald
win of Los Antivllle, Ind., was Tours
day blown to shreds as his balloon was
Hosting in the ftl?. Ho was giving at
tho county fair an exhibition of the
uso of tho dynamite from a balloon
for war purposes. Ho had three sticks
of the explosive with him. When ho
had roaohed a height of 2,000 foot the
dynamlto acoldentally oxploded and
balloon and man were literally torn to
fragments. Baldwin's wife was one
of tho several thousand persons who