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GOOD J J im AUx FfiEB.1
An Opportunity That No Femur
Should Let Pass Bim.
2iO\v liv ?i-y P?vi; rotaive Kea?&r oi
This Paper Can Get Good Rending
Sf stier ft.T?3oii?to?y Fr ?a.
Tho Bulletins named below aro of
fered to tho farmers everywhere free
of oharge by the National Department
of Agriculture. Thcso Bulletins aro
published at an expense of thousands
and thousands of dollars; and the big
gest and most enterprising farmers,
tho ablest and most exporlonoed scien
tist, have co operated lu making thom
as accurate, helpful and up to date as
money and brains can make them. If
theso publications were issued there
fore by some private publishing house,
tbey could not be sold for less than 60
couts eaoh; and at this price undoubt
edly some good agent could sell you,
Mr. Header, not a fow copies bearing
on subjects in whloh you aro interest
ed. And that would bo all tight, too;
you would get your money's worth.
But now those Bullotlns are oiTcrod
free, and tho long wintor nights are
coming wiu n farmers should have
plonty of reading matter on baud.
We urge ovory farmor to make a list
of those ho wishes -those relating to
the orops and subjeots in willoh ho Is
especially interested to his Represent
ative or Senator in Congress, or totho
Seoretaryof Agriculture, Washington,
D. C. The copies asked for will then be
promptly forwarded, free of cost to
him. Some of the Bulletins relating
to gardening, ilower-growlug and
housobold work, your wife may need
for herself; get them also. Here is the
Hst from whloh you can make your
No. 22. The Feeding of Farm Anl
No. 24. llog Cholera and Swine
No. 26. Peanuts: Culture and Uses.
No. 27. Flax for Seed and Fiber.
No. 28. Weeds: And How to Kill
No. 29. Souring and Other Changes
No. 30. Grapo Diseases on the Pa
No. 31. Alfalfa or Lucerne,
No. 32. Silos and Silage.
No. 33. Peach Growing for Market.
No. 34, Meats: Cern position and
No. 35. Potato Culture.
No 30. Cottonseed and Its Products.
No. 37. Kaffir Corn: Culture and
No. 38. Spraying for Fruit Diseas
No. 39 Onion Culture.
No. 4L Fowls: Care and Feeding.
No. 42 Facts About Milk.
No. 43. Sewerage Disposal on thc
No. 44, Commercial Fertilizers.
No. 46 Insects Injurious to Stored
No. 46. Irrigation in Humid Cli
No. 47. Insects Affecting the Cot
No. 48. The Manuring of Cotton.
No. 49. Sheep Feeding.
No. 60 So'ghum as a Forage Crop.
No. 51, Standard Varieties of Chick
No. 52. The Sugar Baet.
No. 54. Some Common Birds.
No. 65. The Daily Herd.
No. 50. Experiment Station Work
No. 57. Butter Making on the Farm.
No. 58. The Soy Pean as a Forage
No. 69. Bee Keeping.
No. 00. Methods of Curing Tobacco
No. 61. Asparagus Culture.
No. 02. Marketing Farm Produce.
No. 03. Caro of Milk on thc Farm.
No. 04. Duoks and Geese.
No. 05. Experiment Station Work
No. 06 Meadows and Pastures.
No. 08. Tho Black Rot of the Cab
No. 69. Experiment Station Work
No. 70. Insect Enemies of the
No. 71. Essentials in Beef Produc
No. 72. Cattle Ranges of tho South
No. 73. Experiment Station Work
No. 74. Milk as F< cd.
No. 75. Tho Grain Smuts.
No. 77. The Liming of Soils.
No. 78. Experiment Station Work
No. 79. Experiment Station Work
No. 80. The Poach Twig-boror.
No. 81. Corn Culture in the South.
No. 82. The Culture of Tobacco.
No. 83. T< bacci. Soils.
No. 84. Experiment Station Work
No. 85. Fish as Food.
No. 80. Thirty Poisonous Plants.
No. 87. Experiment Station Work
No, 88. Alkali Lands.
No. 89. Oowpeas.
No. 91. Potato Diseases and Treat
No. 92. Expoiirnent Station Work
No. 93. Sugar as Food.
No. 94. The Vegetable Garden.
No. 95 Good Hoads for Farmers.
No. 96. Raising Sheep for Mutton.
No. 97. Experiment Station Work
? No. 98. Suggestions to Southern
No. 99. Insect Enemies of Shade
No. 100. Hog Raising in the South.
No. 101. Millets.
No. 102 Southern Forage Plants.
No. 103. Experiment Station Work
No. 104. Notes OU Frost.
No. 106. Experiment Station Work
No. 100, Breeds of Dalry Cattle.
No. 107. Experiment Station Work
No. 108 Saltbushcs.
No. lol). Farmers' Reading Courses.
No. 110. Rice Culture in tho Unit
No. ill. Farmers' Interest Li Good
No. 112. Bread and Bread Making.
No. 113, Tho Apple and How to
No. 114. ExpcrlmcntJStation Work
No. 115. Hop Culture In California.
No. HO. Irrigation In Fruit Gruvs
No. 118. Grape Growing In thc
No. 119. Experiment Station Work
No. 120. Insects Alloting Tobacco.
No. 121. Bean?, Peas, and Other
Legumes as Food.
No. 122. Experiment Station Work
No. 123. Red Clover Seed: Informa
tion for Purchasers.
No. 124. Experiment Station Work
No. 125. Protection of rood Prod
ucta from Injurious Temperatures.
No. 12?. Practical Suggestions tor
No. 127. Important Insecticides.
No. 128. Eggs and Their Use* as
No. 129. Sweet Potatoes.
No. VU. Ilou??bold Teats lot De
tection ot Oleomargarine and Reno
No. 132. Insect Enemies of Grow
No- 133. Experiment Station work.
No. 134, Tree Planting in Bural
No. 135. Sorghum Syrup Manu
No. 130. 10 ir th Roads.
No. 137. The Angora Goat.
No. 138. Irrigation in Field and
No. 130. Enamor: A Grain for the
No. 140. Pineapple Growing.
No. 141. Poultry Raising on tho ?
No. 142. Prlnoiples of Nutrition
and Nutritive Valuo of Food.
No. 143. Conformation of Boof and
No. 144. Experiment Station Work
No. 145 Carbon Blsulphld as an
No. 140. Insecticides and Fungi
No. 147. Winter Forage Crops for
No. 148. Celery Culture.
No. 141). Experiment Station Work
No. 150. Clearing New Land.
No. 151. Dairying in the South.
No. 162. Soables in Cattle.
No' 153. Orchard Enemies in the 1
Pacific Northwest. 1
No. 154. Tho Home Fruit Garden:
Preparation and Care.
No. 155. HDW Insects AfTeot Health :
in Kural Districts.
No. 166. The Homo Vinoyard.
No. 157. Tho Propagation of Plants
No. 158 now to Build Small Irri
NJ. 169. Soab in Sheep.
101. Practical Suggestions for
No. 102. Experiment Station Work
No. 164. Rape as a Forago Crop".
No. 105. Culture of the Silkworm
No. 100. Cheese Making on the
No. 107. Cassava. '
No. 108 Paarl Millet.
N i. 109, Experiment Station Work
No. 170. Principles of Horse Feed- ;
N ). 171. The Control of the Cod- ;
No. 172 Sc vie Insects and Mites
on Citrus Treen.
No. 173. Primer of Forestry.
N >, 174, Broom Corn.
NJ. 176. Home Manufacture and
uso of Un fermented Orapo Juice.
No. 170. Cranberry Culture.
No. 177. Squab Raising.
NJ. 178. Insects Injurious In Orin
berry Cul. ure.
No. 170. Horso-shoelng.
N ). 181. Pruning.
N ). 182. Poultry as Food.
N ), 183. Meat on the Farm-Butoh
eriug, Curing, Eic.
No. 184. Marketin? Livestock.
No. 185. Beautifying the Horm
Ni. 180, Experiment Station Work
No. 187. Drainage of Farm Lands
No. 188. Weeds Ujed in Mediolne
No. 180. Information Concerning
tho Mexican uottoo Boll Weevil.
No ino. Experiment Station Work
No. 191. The Cotton Boll Worm
N ). 102. Barnyard Manure.
N t. 193. Experiment Station Work
No. 194. Alfalfa Sead.
No. 15)5. Annual Flowering Plants
No. 100. Usefulness of the Amerl
No. 107. Importation of Garni
Birds and Eggs for Propagation.
NJ. 198. Strawberries.
No. 199, Com Growing.
No. 200. Turkeys.
No. 201. Gieam Scperator on Wes
No. 202. Experiment Station Worl
Nu. 203. Canned Fruits, Preserve)
and J ?1 ?cs.
No. 204. Thc Cultivation of Mush
No: 205. Pig Management.
No. 200. Milk Fever and Its Treat
No. 207. Game Laws for 1904.
No. 208. Varieties of Fruits Bec
om mended for Planting.
N ?. 2)9. Controlling the Boll Wee
vil lu C< ttonseed and at (fineries.
No. 210. Experiment Station Worl<
No. 211. The Use of Paris Green h
controlling the Cotton Boll Weevil.
No. 212. Thc Cotton Boll Worm
No. 213. Raspberries.
N). 214. tt :ncllolal Bact.orla for
Lou u QI I nous Crops.
NJ. 215. Alfalfa in thc Eastern
No. 210. Control of thc Cotton Boll
No. 217. Essential Steps In Seour
lng and Early Crop of Cotton
Nu. 218 The School Garden
No. 210, L'.sson Taught by tin
Oraln-Rusfc Epidemic of 1004.
X i, 221. Fungus Diseases of thc
No 222. Experiment Station Work
- XX VIII
N J. 223. Miscellaneous Cotton In
seots In Texas.
No. 224. Canadian Field Peas
N . 225. Expotimcnt Station Work
N ?. 220. Relation of Coyotes to
Stock liaising In tho West.
N . 227, Experiment Station Work
No. 228. Forest Planting and Farm
Throe Ijtvlnjr Wives.
John W. Chastcon, who had been a
resident of Live 0.?k, Fla., for several
years, has been arrested and lodgod in
Jail hero charged with bigamy. It ls
alleged Chasiccn has three living
wives. At tho outbreak of tho Span
Ish-Ameiioan war Chasteen loft his
second wife, who now lives in Califor
nia, and enlisted in the army. Beo
ently he applied for a pension from
tho Federal government. His second
wife, believing him to have died while
in the army, had likewise applied for
a pension as a widow of a Holdlcr. By
a i omparlson of notes at tho pension
bureau, his second wlfo was informed
of his whereabouts. Tho outcome
....... ?.I" ? -..-<-1
n tv. inn ctiicnu.
Burned Wiro and Ohtlilron.
At Madison, Ind., Geo. Ford, a far
mer, set Uro to his house Thursday
morning, burning his wlfo and three
children to death. Ford in under ar
rest and is believod to be insano.
Ufeuy Requisitions Coming in Every
Day for Them,
Interesting Circular Lottor Issued
hy ttxo Sis-tii 3?i ?rlnttittAe?t ofi
The state superintendent of. educa
tion Is Bonding out the following olr
To County Suporlntondents and
This o?loe ls receiving library re
qul8itlons at the rate of ono a day.
Now ls the r**ne to push this work, I
think that the state appropriation
will ?hold out until tho end of tho
year, but lt will bo impossible to get
the state mouey during January and
February, as we have to walt for the
appropriation bill. Let us bear from
every first-class teaoher on this im
portant matter. Surely every ono of
this ol ass oan raise $10 In order to se
ouro a 840 library During tho past
eighteen months libraries have been
established and increased as follows:
Anderson. 16 3
Bamberg . 8
Barnwell. 12 1
Berkeley. 8 1
Charleston. io 3
Clarendon. 12 ;i
holleton. ll l
Edge Held. 13 2
IvalrUold. 14 2
Lflorcnco . 17
Srocnville. 1? 1
3 roon wood. 14 2
Hampton . 5)
Lancaster .... . 9
Laurens. 18 1
Marion. 22 2
Marlboro. 15 2
)rangoburg. 19 G
Picken?. 10 1
L?chland. 30 10
Sumter. 12 1
Union . 8
Total. 251 Gl
Wo have received notice of ?hc
building of quite a number of new
chool houses UDdcr the act of the
iaat session of the legislature to on
fjourago adequate Behool buildings.
The comptroller general will, in a few
lays, send out another apportlDnment
if dispensary funds. The law pro
vides that Borne of this money may be
used for this purpose. This ls a great
opportunity for a community which
needs a new school building, It gives
i good opportunity also for several
communities to consolidate theil
Please let your trustees understand
hat local or special taxes may bo vot
ed after January 1st. There ought]
o be a great many such taxes voted
for next year. This ls the only plan
under tho law to replace the dispan
<ary funds In those counties which
wive or may vote out the dispensarlos.
Por the last two or three years the
iohools have been receiving fri m $200
000 to $250,000 from dispensary pro
uts. This amount exceeds either the
ooll tax or looal taxis Local tax
itlon is one of tho best ways to raise
chool revenues, because it require!
oeal Interest and enthusiasm. Most
)f the states raise tho great part of
.heir school funds by local taxati n.
While some districts have voted all
?he constitution allows them to vote,
/et loss than 20 per cent, of our school
.cvenuresaro raised In this way. Let
as agitate this question now so that
he people may be ready to vote by
Allow mo again to call the atton
lon of teachers to the Teachers'
Reading circle. Progressive teaohers
mould keep studying, and lt will give
renewed zeal to study with other such
teachers in the township or county.
Wishing you a most successful ses
don, I am, Sincerely yours,
O. B. MAHTIN,
State Supt. E'mention.
It ibbera Killed.
The four robbers who took four
nundrcd dollars from the post< lllvV
U Wild Hose, Wis., and then i111 cl
Ohe bank wltnout getting booty, ear
ly Thursday morning, were ovortakon
>y a posse of citizens late Thursday.
A battle In which more than two hun
ired shots were tired, raged for near
ly two hours. O.ie of the robbers was
killed, one was mortally wounded, and
Ohe fourth surrended. None of the
robbers have been Idem Mod They
refu te to talk. Although the robbers
tept up a valiant running Ure, but
aie member of the posseo was wound
id. Tue posse originally included
jsn constables, but as the tlvht waxed
warm lt was constantly recruited, un
til at the llnlsh one hundred cltlz ms
were tilling with smoke the valley In
which the robbers cornorcd, three
niles from Wild Rose
Hods II In Own Wo.
At Now York, William R. Travers,
millionaire mm of loisuro, son of
tho celebrated wit and Wall street
operator, William R. Travers, com
mitted suloldc Friday by shooting
himself through the head In lils apart
incuts In Madison avenue. Thc sui
cido ls inexplicable, Mr. Travers ho
ing In the prime of Ufo, in fair health
and the possessor of a large fortune.
Mr. Travers married Miss Lily Harri
man, a sister of Mrs. W. K. Vander
bilt Jr. Tho couplo separatod throe
years ugo, Mrs. Travers going to Paris
Won't ItnliiBtftto lllui.
Gov. Hey ward has dcollned to roln
sta te Treasurer Wbctsell, of Dorches
ter, In splto of the faot that tho dele
ijatlor requested it and Whctsell plac
ed on deposit tho amount of his al
leged shortage. Ho expressed his bo
lief In Wbetscll'5 Innocence of lntcn
national wrong doing, but felt he
oould not aot as bc did in thc case or
the Edge Hold trcasuror for the reas
Ou limo the oomplruner g?nerai char
ged that there was evidence against
Whctsell of fictitious entrhs and Ir
regular dashing of warrants.
Tine police In GrecnvlHo bavo noti
fied tho gamblers ot that city that
thoy must shut up shop.
WEATHER AND CROPS.
linar Report for the Burean tor the
The weather bureau in charge -y*
Seotion Direotor Bauer issued Wed
nesday the final orop report for tb o
year as follows; The woek euding
Monday, October 2nd, had a mean
temperature about four degrees above
normal in the oontral and western
parts aud about normal on the coast.
Tho extremes were a maximum of I
04 at Blackville on September 25th,
and a minimum ot 00 at Florenoe and
Greenville on September 28th. There
was considerable oloudiuess over the I
eastern pa?t, but almost continuous j
sunshine over the western parte.
There were no high winds or other
conditions that were damaging to
orops or that Interfered with farm
With the exoeptton of trace of rain
over tho eastern half of the state, the
week was without precipitation. The I
drouth has become intensified over
thc central aad western oountles
where toe ??round is too hard and dry
for fall plowing and seeding opera
tions, and wber., in many localities,
water ls soaroe, with wells and small
streams rapidly drying up. The
weatbor conditions were entirely fav
orable for haying operations and for
gathering oom and cotton,
There has been no ohange in condi -
tion of cotton, except that there con
tinues to bo some premature openly j.
Tho entire crop has opened unusually
fast and picking will bo finished ear
lier thanu8ual with continued favora
ble weather. Ina few localities there
ls a small to p orop. but for the orop
In goneral and on sandy lands in par
ticular, t <o tcp orop is unimportant,
and tho ocourenoe of either an early
or a very late killing frost will not
vary the yield materially. Tho aver
age of tbe actual ligures from a full re
port on tho p8iocntago of tho orop al
ready picked, indioato that for the
eastern division of the state 71 per
cent, has been picked; In the central
division 7(> per cent., and in tho west
ern division 6!) per cent. Reports on
sea-Island indioato that about 30 por
cent lias been picked. At least two
thirds of tho unpicked cotton ls ready
to pick, and picking will bo practical
ly finished, with continued favorable
weather, by the oud of October.
All late food and forage crops are
suffering for rain. Corn is being
boused 1 - many localities. Weather
Ideal for saving pea-vine hay and for
baying generally, but has been unfa
vorable on truck along the coast, and
for Bowing fall oats._
HolplOHB ?to Bavo niiii.
At New York notwithstanding a
desperate strugglo of his wife and son
to bold him by thc feot after ho bad
fainted and toppled over tba sill of an
open window, Geooge P. Krapp, cash
ier of the Cooper Exohango Bank, fell
to tho st cet from tho fourth fioor of
his homo at No 209 West 97 th st reot
today and was killed. Mrs. Krapp
and her son, Harbert, saw Mr. Krapp
who was In ill health, suddenly fall
over baokwards. Both mother aud
son jumped to tho window in timo to
seize tho falling man by tho feet.
They held him safely for a few see
onds, screaming for help, but tho as
slstance was slow in oomiug, and Air.
Krapp's weight began to slip away
from his rescuers. The realization of
this terrible faot oaused the wife'
strength to leaye her completely nd
tho son, with his mother hollas
his sido, compelled to hold his tarbor
alone, was too light foi his father's1
superior weight. Exhausted and on
tho point of being dragged over the
window sill hloise f, the boy lost his
grip and Mr. Krapp fell to the street.
He died soon afterwards.
ROT Would Suooood.
If a biy ls t-> succeed in life's battle
for bread and position among thoso at
tho top he must be alive, says an ex
ohange. If ho is a cigarette fiend he
will nevor be anything or anybody but.
a oom mon drudge. Success tells what
a yi.ung man must do to win: No young
man can hope to advance rapidly who
lacks an enterprising progressive splr
it. Indeed, enterprise ls a rcqulsit to
employment. No ono wants to employ
a youth who lacks push. Ile must be
allvj to and in tOUdh with the spirit
of tho hour, or he is not wanted any
where. The enterprising employer
wants every employe to Bhare ids splr
it. The unenterprising business man
feels all tho more keenly the need of
assistance from those who can mako
up for his falling. Eorce, push, dyna
mic qualities are everywhere In eager
demand, while the (lawing, incompe
tent, un progressive wait In vain for a
start or for promotion.
l*rov?d a t'ost.
The mosquito unintentionally im
ported from America, hasbcon making
such havoc with the Hawaiian Gland
ers' idea of personal comfort that the
government has been vainly looklcg
for outside assistance to cope with it.
The introduction of the mo1 quito eat
ing Afrloan frog has done something.
Hut the mosquito still sings and thc
once happy islanders are now hoping
that more complete results will follow
the coming of Alvin Soale of Leland
Stanford University, and his proposed
attempt to acclimatize a certain mos
qultO-eating American fish.
The Columbia States takes occasion
to correct Teddy as follows: ''Mr.
Roosevolt claims to bo an historian,
and it is well known that he is also a
lltcrator. Ho should, then, be moro
faithful to history and to literary tra
ditton thon lie shows himself in bis
mimicking of thc smthernors who
have Invited him to ride the best horse
in the country, slr.' Acaordlng to his
tory-as written in New England
and according to literary tradition
as preserved in the same sacred region
-this must necessarily bo tho best
boss In the country, by gad, sub.."
uot on* Light.
Thc president of ono Insuranco
company borrows $100,000 from Mr.
McCall's company at tho Interest r&te
of 1 1 2 per cent, per annum; thea
Mr. McOall borrows $76,000 from tho
other president's company, at the
same rate. Of course, both compan
ies lost money, but why complain?
Tho Columbia State says tho polloy
holclrrs should commend these gentle
men for their moderation; they might
havo takon tho money and mado the
companies pay them tho intorest.
MIIIHIHK From Homo.
Nothing lias been heard of Edward
Bceman, a bookkeeper of a lumber
concern near Charloston, who disap
peared from tlicro about threo weeks
ago. Ills dlsappearaoo Isa mystery.
He !r> known to have had about ??O?
on his person when he loft there and
lt is thought ho hoarded a train and
is somo distance from Charleston,
probably at or on route to Oregon,
whoro he has rolatlves, Ho has a
wife and one child. He *as marriod
about a year ago.
Il?-.*v <lio President Won M Han?
abalee From aa Antagonist.
In thc spring of 1801 G oui ?o D.
Wiso of Virginia and two other young
aontuerners, ultu of whom stood six ,
feet four, were attending school in
Waebjn.rtou. The morning the news of \
the flrlug on Fort Sumter reached i
them they docldcd that it was their
duty to return at once to Richmond, !
their homo, and enlist lu thc southern
causo. As Mr. Lincoln wn? to give a .
public reception that uHrot, young :
Wiso proposed that they attend, to seo
what ?ort of man tho president really
"No,?' said tho tall fellow. "I for ono
won't go near tho rascal."
"But," urged tho third youth, who ot
once fell lu with tho suggestion, "there
is going to. bo war, and Mr. Lincoln
will undoubtedly riso to groat promi
nence. We really owe it to ourselves
to know something about tho mau."
More abuse followed from tho tall
"Now look here," broke In young
Wisc, after tho argument had gone on
for a spell, "Fred and I here are going
to that reception tonight, nud you aro
going with IIB."
The upshot of tho matter was that
tho three young mon went to tho re
ception and lined up with sovernl hun
dred others to greet President Lincoln.
Of the three friends the tull fellow
stood flvst in linc, with his hnuds held
resolutely behind lils back.
"I'll go," ho had finally said, "but I'll
no vcr shake hands with him."
Slowly tho threo southerners passed
up with tho lino until tho tall fellow
stood opposito the president. His two
friends waited breathlessly for the
expected or tho unexpected, they
scarcely knew which.
The president reached out his hand.
Tho tall fellow, with his bunds still bo
hind him, looked tho president straight
In tho oyo and with a proud toss of
the head passed on without taking tho
Across the sad face of tho president
flashed a look of surprise und Inquiry,
and then a merry twinkle leaped to his
eyes, ns he had divined tho causo of tho
"Just a moment, young mau," he
said, ns the tall fellow wus passing ou.
"How tall uro you?"
"I-I-I'm six feet four," stammered
tho youth, utterly astonished at the
"I believe I can match you," returned
tho president. And thou and there,
before tho assembled throng, ho turned
back to back with tho southerner to de
termine which of tho two was the tall
er. Tho southerner outmatched tho
"Young man, I can't match you," thc
president was forced to admit, "but,"
ho added, putting out his hand again
and smiling kindly Into tho eyes of tho
young follow, "I never let anybody tall
er than I am got by mo without shak
And tho southerner, completely over
come, took the extended hand. Nor did
ho over again speak Ul of Mr. Llucolu.
The Gront CH jr.
It never misses; lt can never miss
any ono. It loves nobody; it needs no
body; It tolerates all the types of man
kind. It has palace? for the great
of tho earth; lt baa crannies for all tho
earth's vermin. Palace and cranny
vacated for a moment find new ten
ants as equally as tho hole ono makes
In n stream-for aa a critic London ls
wonderfully opon minded. On succes
sive days it welcomes its king going
to be crowned, Its general who hus
given it a province, its enemies who
have fought against lt for years, Us
potentato guest from Teheran-lt will
welcome each with identically raptur
ous cheers. This ls not so much bo
causo of a fickle mindedness ns be
cause, since it is so vast, lt hos au
diences for all players. It forgets very
soon, because lt knows so well that lu
tho seal? of things any human achieve
ment bulks very small.-Huepfcr's
"Soul of London."
"Did you ever notice," Inquired an
old veteran, "that the sergeants and
corporals ol' the anny now wear their
chevrons with tho point upi It's only
been in lato years that they've done so.
The marines always did, but tho army
for years had tho points down. It'l
only lately that the chevron hos been
understood. Tho chevron ls inherited
from tho feudal days and incant a roof.
A mon who hod rank enough to bo n
noncommissioned officer was required
to bo a freeholder, a mon who owned
tho roof over his hoad. Thc chevron
represented a gabled roof. Tho pri
vates owned no homo. Tho Increase hi
rook for different grades of noncom
missioned officers was measured hy
additional roofs, the sergeant, for in
stance, having threo chevrons against
ono for tho lauco corporal. You'll find
that nearly all of these military devices
havo some origin of historical interest."
-San Francisco Chronicle.
Kline,,. From Shi?linlJtln.
What a queor old earth lt is! Down
In Martinique wo havo a safety volvo
In wicked old Mont Peloe, whick
botches out death to thousands aa the
spirit moves her, and away up in Alan
ka thero is another on Unlmok Island,
callad Shlshaldln, striving with might
and main to melt aoine of tho leo of Ht.
Rilas and worm tho gold hunters of the
Klondiko and Nome. Shlshaldln ls the
most romarkohlo volcano In tho world.
In addition to a continuous omlaslon of
douse white amoke or steam, circular
rings apparently soveral hundred feet
In diameter and of wonderful sym
metry and whttoness emerge In puffs
at short intervals from the very top of
tho mountain. It couses one to think of
the possibility of old Pluto of Pondolon
smoking a elgarotte.-New York Preas.
HI?; Flro in Ilambm'K.
A dispatch from Hamborg to thc
Nows and,Courier says at nine o'clock
Friday night lire, started probably bj
rats, among tho freight stored In thc
Southern Hallway dopot, and await
lng dollvery, destroyed thc depot and
contents, and platter ii, six cars, load
ed with merchandise and cotton, and
cotton on thc platform, in all 210
hales of cotton, and damaged the
storo of iL C. Folk about $700; tho
sale? and livery atablo of Jones Broth
or.'i about $200 and their stock of ve
hicles about $:t00. Tho losses on cot
ton aro estimated at 811,000; mer
chandise in cars and depot at $20,000,
which Includes cotton mill supplies
in tho oars, worth $3,000, the depot
and platform at $10,000. Mr. Folk
was fully Insured, as was probably
Jones Brothers, and the railroad and
cotton losses aro doubtless covered,
Tho total loss ls from $40,000 to $60,
000. Tho town has no lire dopart
mont, and tho flames could only ho
fought by a buokot brigade.
A seven year-old colored hoy at
Donalds killed his flve-yoar-old broth
er on Friday with a shotgun,
- ?. ' '. *"? ?"
OHBAP XX0UB9IOH ?&TE8 TO
Columbio, S, C, And lloturu, Vi?
Sonthorn M c.* I way,
The Southern Railway will soll ex
cursion tlokets to Columbia, S. 0., and
return, from all pointe within tho
State of South Carolina, and from
Charlotte, N. C., Ashovllle, N 0,
Wilmington, N. c., Augusta, Ga.,
Savannah, Ga., and interino-Hato
points, aooount STATK AQIUOULTUKAI.
AND MECHANICAL FAUL OOTOUKR,
24th-27th, 1906, daily Ootober 22ud
to 20jh inclusivo, and for morning
trains scheduled to arrive in Columbia
before Noon, October 27in, at rate of
one first olass fare plus 25 oents plus
50 oents for round trip, tho fifty oents
covering ono admission to Fair
For Military Companies and Brass
Bands in Uniform, 20 or more on one
tloket, one cent por milo traveled in
each direction pluss arbitrarles per
capita. Datc8of sale samo as for Civil
ians as rdi?wn abovo.
FINAL LIMIT ALL TICKKTS OOTOBJBR
Southorn Hallway, in addition to
the regular passenger trains running
on convenient schedules to Columbia,
will oporato special trains Ootober
25th and 20th between following
Between Branchville, Camden, Sum
Ur and Columbia. Spartanburg and
Columbia and intermediate pointe.
Anderson, Bilton and lntermeadiate
points to Columbia.
For further information, apply to
any tioket agent, or write
H. W. HUNT,
Division Passenger Agent,
Charleston, S. G.
To CHICAGO, III , AND RETURN
Account National Baptist Conven
tion (Colored), October, 25th 31st,
1905. Jue fare for the round trip
Tickets on salo Ootober 23rd and 24tb
limited to return leaving Chicago not
later than November 5th, 1905.
F jr further information as to rates,
schedules, etc, call on any Southern
Hallway Agent or address,
R. W. BUNT, D P. A.
Charleston, S. C.
PKOOKS MOKOAN, A. G. P. A.
Leaps I rom a Window.
In New York, rather than face
trial on tho Indictments charging him
with fraudulently taking money from
the Weissel estate, Armitage Math
ews, lawyer and secretary of the coun
ty Republican committee, committed
suicide today by Jumping fr< m a win
dow In his apartment to a stonepaved
courtyard. He struck on his bead,
fracturing his skull, and died in a
short time. Mathews, who was a
young man, had advanced rapidly,
both in the practice of bis profession
and in- politics. He was a friend of
Former Governor Black and of Abra
ham Gi ?ber and they were loyal to
him in his trouble, acting as legal ad
vlsers aud doing all they could to aid
him to obtain the chango of venue
from his ccuo'oy, for which ho appeal
ed. Tho change of venue was denied
Woduesday ard tho trial of the case
was set for Taursday before Justice
Davy lu the orlminal branch of the
supreme court. Karly Wednesday
morning Mathews received a speclall
delivery lotter. After reading lt his
housekeeper heard him go to a bath
room and open a window. A few seo
onds later ho jumped to his death.
Several tenants in a houso in tho rear
of Mathews' apartment saw him
jump. A doctor was hurriedly tum
moned, but could do nothing and
Mathews died in a few minutes.
Ill? Cannai i'rojecictl.
President John S. Shaw and the
board of directors of thc Lake Erb
and Chlo Uiver Ship Canal Company,
accompanied by a number of engineers
and other advisors, started from Pitts
burg, Pa., Friday on a two days' trip
to examine the two routes proposed
for a ship canal connecting tho Evie
Lake with the Ohio river. At Asbta
bula, Ohio, tho Pittsburg party will
be Joined hythe <. Miers of th^ Ohio
and Pennsylvania .Ship canal Comp
any, of which Joseph H. Cassidy, of
Cleveland, ls president, and the two
organizations will continue the trip to
gethor. One of the two routes ls from
Ashtabula, Ohio, to Pittsburg, the
other from Erie to Pittsburg. Bich
route ls about 105 milos long, and the
cost of either would be about 830,000,
000. President Shaw is of the opluion
that tho work could be completed and
the canal oponed to traillo in the Bum
mer of IOU.
ltpfasod rv Knout
William S. Brown, of Wakefield,
N, J., filed in tho United States oir
cult court at New York a suit for $10,
000 damages against William C. Mus
uhcnbclm, proprietor of the New As
tor hotel. Browns says that on the
night of August 0 ho attended the
theater in New York with h's wife
and was dolayed so that he missed his
last train homo. He went to the hotel
and applied for a room, but lt was re
fused to him. The hotel clerk, bc says,
intimated that Brown was with a lady
not his lawful wife and refused him
accommodations in the presence of a
number of guests in the hotel lobby in
such a mannor as to cause him $10,
000 worth of damage to tho feelings
of his wife and himself.
OAI'IH IItorn Wanted.
The government ls In qu ;st t'f car
penters to go to Panama to work.
Transpotation will bc furnished and
a steamer sails every five days fre-m
New York City. It takes seven days
to make the trip and wages are paid
enroute. Men work but eight hours
por day and 60 cents per hour ls the
schedule paid. Tho examination of
applicants has boon suppondad for a
short time. All that is required ls for
a man to qualify an a good carpenter.
POSTMASTERS throughout tho coun
try mint pay their debts or retire
from thc publlo service. Worried be
yond endurance by the army of Collec
tors scoking tho payments of debts
contracted by clerks In the depart
ment, the postmaster general last
Saturday Issued an order in which he
announces that he "will not harbor
anyone who c mtracts a debt on the
strength of his official position and
then, whlthout sufficient oxouso neg
lects to make payment." This Is
taken to apply to postmasters as woll.
TUKUM has been considerable lnllu
enco brought to bear upon Atlanta's
city council, urging a suspension of
the ord I ni nco against pool soiling at
tho coming state fair. Tho council
rofused, ard lt ls claimed that the
fair will be a falluro In conscquonoo.
If fairs cannot no conducted success
fully wltlK ut allowing these gambling
features they had bettor not bo hold
Tnw governor has restored Treasur
er Patterson of Edgcllold to his office,
ho having madoa deposit to oover fully
Bookkeeping," Shorthand, Type
guaranteed course 20 weeks. Singl
hand, 8 mos. 12 calle for graduates i
Write lor Prices on i
Babbit Couplings Ouages
prills Guage Cocks Oil Cups
Hack Saws Oil Cans Belt, leath
Fittings Injectors Pipe
Lace Leather, Packing all kinds, Sbaftb
else In maohim
Columbia Supply Ca.. - -
1 THE GUINARD
f Manufacturers Briok, Fire Proof
2 Flue linings and Drain Tile. Pre
# or millions.
TEN THOUSAND DROWNED.
Poarful Work of tho Tj phoon on tho
Coast of Chin?. * -
The steamer Tartar, which arrived
at?Vlotorla, B. 0 , on fest Wednesday
night from tho Orient, brought news
from Shanghai that the loss of Ufo
among the native of tho island at tho
mouth of tho Yangtse Uiver as a re
sult of tho typhoon at the beginning
of September was tremendous. Tho
North China Dairy Nows, of Shang
"To the east of Taraagmlng, two
Islands, one calling Yawoshwa, tbe
other Shihlou8ha, distant about twen
ty miles from Woosubf, have suffered
muon from tho typhoon, nearly all the
Inhabitants having been swept away.
Tho islands have only been inhabited
for a short time, comparatively speak
ing, as they aro of recent formatlou
and are not much above high water
mark. It ls reported that nearly 10,
000 people have beou drowned on these
two islands and the smaller Islands
adjacent. Tamagming itself bas not
suffered much, hoing well above the
high water making."
The Shanbal papers say that the
damage to the Canadian Paotflo Liner
Empress of Japan by the typhoon will
necessitate tho expenditure of 8100,000
for repairs. During thestom the steam
er Peohill, formerly the Kio Grande
du S fl, foundered near the mouth of
the Yangtse. Her crew ot 64 were sav
ed by the German steamer Albeugo.
Own Your Own Hinno.
It is surprising tho amount of reut
a mau will pay, if he stops long enough
to figure lt out. Many young men who
marry and "settle down" and begin to
pay rent will be far better t ff In ten
yearsjlf they begin purohasng property
this year than if they continu > to pay
rent. Many of thom do not stop long
enough in their dally work to think of
a possible rainy day and years pt old
age, but go on spending the fruit of
their toll until the time comes when
they havo to step down and out to
make room for tho young men of the
future. Then comas tho old, old ques
tion. They are not prepared for an
emergency of thia kind, and they wish
that they had bought when they were
young and have a home of their own
when the the time of acquiring lt is
passed. Ninety-nine times out of a
hundred the property purchased in
creas s in value. Why not Ague th IP
out to your own satisfaction, make up
your mind and start at once to pre
pare a home, Where were you six,
eight, ten, or fifteen years ago and
what did you have. If you have paid
rent all these years you have your rent
receipts to show where your money
has gone, but where is tho home you
might have owned If yeti bad been
paying your money towards a home of
yt ur own. What will you haye them?
Will lt be a home of your own or t
bundle of rent receipts. All real es
tate has a value, and If purohasod at
this value the buyer oannot possibly
lose. Lor,k around you, If you aro an
old resident of this city, you know
about what certain pieces of property
sold for ten or fifteen years ago. What
are they worth today? We do not
need to answer. In the hlBtory of the
past you have many models, and all
b if ore you is an almost absolute cer
tainty that real estate valures will
continue to rise, with tho inorease of
population and tho natural demands
for residential and business locations.
Which do you prcfor, the comfort of
y ur own home or a package of rent
rocelpts, and live in the other fellow's
house. Why longer pay tribute to
Caesar? Why not be independent?
A Canadiau farmer, noted for his
absent mindedness, wont to town one
day and transaotcd bis business with
bho utmost precision- He started
baok; on his way home, however, with
the firm convlotlor that ho had for
gotten somethi g-what it was be
could not rocall, try how ho would.
As ho neareo homo tho oonvlotlon In
creased and three times he stopped
blah' i8oand went oarofully through
hh pocketbook in a vain endeavor to
?isoovcr what ho had forgotten. In
due course bo reached home, and was
mot hy his daughter, who looked at
him surorlse, and oxclaimed, "Why,
father, where havo you loft mother?
Major General Corbin, cabling to
tho war department regarding tho ro
cont typhoon in Manila, says that all
of tho ohioors and six passengers on
board the Ley tc, the government coast
guard boat, were lost. Tho diapatoh
add? that temporary shelter post? at
six points were destroyed.
Will Uto? lt.
A Kansas City Judge has well nigh
broken up carrying concealed woapons
In his district by Imposing $500 finos
or an alternativo ot 500 days on tho
gang. Some immigration of tho sort
of this judgo would bo acceptable down
SCHWAB, tho steel magnate, has or
dcred himself a $160,000 silver dlnnor
sorvlco. Even with that, however
saya the Chicago Itscord, he will ?
it. impossible to take moro than one
mouthful at a timo.
THE Marlon county farmers are
standing out for ll cents for ootton
Only two bales wero sold In Marlon on
Friday and none oe Saturday.
R N ?' Bl?
-writing, English branches, Full
e course of either Business or Short*
in about 20 days. Can't Supply de
ter Ejectors Hammers
ig, Collars for Shafting and anything
. - Columbia, S. C.
Terra Cotta Building Block ir
pared to .flu orders for thou ands
Honest Treatment for
Weak Discouraged men.
Do Not Throw Your Money Away on
Worthless Treatments, But Write
to Dr. Hathaway, tho South's
Most Export Specialist,
Who Can Be Deponded
Upon to Curo You.
25 Years Experience.
MEDICAL LOOKS FREE, Wirte for Them.
If you ATO a man Bittering from unnatural
ilischurgos, omissions, oromuturo diso' argo, or
from a completo losa of your maoliood, do not
throw your monoy away on tho many worUi
IOHH i rout i un 11 from fako modical companies,
"instituios," otc, but sit right down and writ?
to Dr. J. Newton Hathaway, 88 Inman Bldg,
At limtn, Ga. This physician lias perfected a
method of treatment after ovor 25 yoars of ex
perience that will positively restoro any weak,
ivoruout, discouraged man to a typo of pecfeot
nanhood, whothor tho patient is youug, old or
nlddle-aged. lloaci; made medicines cannot
>ossib y euro this condition, but oach and
ivory case requires spoaially prepared troat
uent admiuiutored by au export physioiau who
s competent to understand just what your
?so roquiroH. Tho vast oxporlonoe of Dr.
lathaway has niven him a knowledge of this
londition in moa not possess vi by .any other
>hy8i*ian; and every man in tins oonditloa
ihould write him without delay. Everything
B kept stritoly oonlldontlal, nod all medi
dnos, which aro prooarod in his own labora
,ory, are sent in plain p.iokages. During the
rears ?nd voars ho has boon es'tablished in At
mit i ho "has ooudu;tod his h isl ness in an
iqr.ost, straightforward m:\nnor, and his repu
ai ion is known to all. Ho will B*nd to ?aoh
mfferor his book for mon, entitled '.Rlaall
leas, Vigor aid Health." Ho also oures all
>thor disouio' of mon such as Strioture. Va
ricocole, G loot, otc, and if you aro atti io tod
,vrito liim for a book on your disease. He
?as a number of th tm. Havo no hesitancy in
ivritinn him. Tlio address is J. N13 WTO M
HATHAWAY, M. D., 88 luman Bldg., Atlan
- - ORGANS - -
.of tho best puality $45 up
From $225 up.
for catalogues . and .terms.
Malone's Music House,
1432 Main Street
Almost opposito Masonic
Templo. . -
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Htruok m Mino.
A dispatch from Tokio, Japan, says
the British steamer LMio struok a
ligating mino ninety miles east of
Shatung lighthouse on September 30
and fifteen of her orow and passen
gers are reported missing, among
thom two foreign engineers.
Girls, just beoaiuea young man has
a oarrlage and a horse that oau go
fast, do not conoludo tbat he is Jost
tho man you mint have for a hus
band. Takes something more than
that to matee a sensible giri happy.
Look for a man. Don't be in a hur
ry. There are lots of them in the
world, only lt takes a Httlo time to
7N Spartanburg the gamblers have
threatened to give out tho names of
soma of their patrons if the authori
ties persist In their purpose of closing
up the dens In that olty. The men
who visit gambling dons should bo ex
posed. Wo know of no moro effective
way of breaking up the gambling hab
it than that.
Accouru NO to the census of 1900
tho wholesale value of the 'patent
medlolnes, consumsd in tho United
States during the connus year was
'.Dom, $(?0.000,000. Adding to this
one third for tho retailer's profit, we
?ot the enormous sum of about 180,
900,000 annually spent by the people
for patent medlolnes.
TIIK Philadelphia Press says holders
if policies In tho big Ufo oompanles
tro. at loast Unding out that they have
beon paying too muoh for their in
surance. Tbat ls their part of the rev
TIIK Augusta Herald says: "Caro
lina's graft ls not confined to the dis
ponsry alone, no matter how wloked
folks would havo us believe it." That
ls too true.
IK you havo In mind anything that
will help the town to grow and pros
por iet it oe known tbat those Jntor
ast^d in puihing tho town- to .the
front may havo tho benefit of your
judgmont In tho work they have h'ad.
Ture Chicago Journal suggests Vhat
the lifo insurance companies get out a
now form of polloy Insuring reputa
tions against suffering from exposure