Newspaper Page Text
440 Trust Control One. fifth of
WE ABE THE EICHEST
Our Millionaires ?rc Kings ludecd. In
1855 There Were Onlj Twenty.eight
Millionaires in New York While
Tooday lt Roast Over
Tho article bolow is a collection of
paragraphs from an artlolo by Cleve
land Moffett entitled "The Shameful
Misuse of Wealth," and published in'
SUCOCBS Magazine It will ?rove in
teresting to many as a comparison of
figures lu the growth of the country's
It is admitted that we are tho rich'
est people in tho world today,-thc
rlohest people the world baa over seen.
The vaunted wealth of Croesus ib es
timated at only eight million dollars
bub there aro seventy A mer loan eu
tates that average thirty live millions
eaoh. New York is beyond compari
son thc richest city lu existence; the
New York Herald estimates its wealth
* at thirteen thousand million collars.
And to tue country at larne thc laut
annual report of the controller of the
currenoy snows that the slock of gold
in the United Status, ($1,320,400,000),
1B greater than lhat oi any other land,
while our banking power aggregates1
nearly fourteen bullens as against its? i
than twenty billions for ali loreign 1
countries. We pi educe one third of
Ibo world's coal, one- lui rd of its grain,
one-hith ct lis wheat and three
fourth of its cotton. Wc products
more steel aud lion than England and
Germany together and our ruanui ?o
tures are nearly double those of Great
Britain and Ireluuel combined. Our
railroads carry iwmo as much mer
ohandiso every ytur Kb is Carried Oy
all the iaihoadb of all thc other na
James Bryce in "The American
CorumonweaiLn, " observes that up to
.1830 or 1810 lhere were no great for
tunes In AU. eilen, lew large roi Limes
arid no poverty. Bul, v riuiug of thc
later eighties, LC sa\?: "Now there is
some poverty, many largo foraines,
and a greater number oi gigantic for
tunes than io a><y (.thor country lu
the world." That was twenty >earu
agol What would Mr lhyoj say to
day if ho could read statistics shotting
that there arc three million illUially
recognized paupers lu the Uniieu
State?? That a million aud a halt
chilarcu between the ages of ten and
fifteen are employed in oui mlooi ana
factories? Ta??b one person in ever)
twelve who dieri lu Wow York e>Ly is
buried in thc peeler's Hud?
As showing tuc rapid growth of in
dividual fortuues lu this country theiej
lu lute)cst in a hst oi lien men print
ed by the New Yolk bun in 1855 ac
cording to which Now York oliy ac
that time boa&ied only twenty eight
millionaires. Aud * pamphlet pub
lished some y( ars cat lier say? that in
1846 Philadelphia could show ouiy
ten estates valued at a million or moroj
tho richest being that of Sit puen
Girard which icathiO seven millions.
In contrast to winch lu 1802, acocrd
lug to tue Now York fri burne, lucre
wi le Loen over two hundred million
alies in Philadelphia.
As to N. ti Yoik city the number
of its millionaires, aocorciug io toe
best information, is over t..o thous
and while ibo number ol millionaire:!
In thc United bules ls i*.i ll >.-.L II Vt
thoub&nd or bull the bJtal i on ber lu
the world. Wc shall pr-. . ny HLC
what a huge part of tho o . ..cual
wealth is pLsi esked auel o ntrolled by
these live thousand Inoivlouais, Tnere
1B ono family alos?, the bi <. < f
which slandd thc richest a.< d m >.i
poworiui man in the World, Jo u L>.
Rockefeller, and t!?e wealth oi uh it
fumily iii estimated at n thousano mit
lion dollars, a sum uo hugo that thc
Luman miuo quite fails tu g:asp lu,
sum bo huge that li at ibo bi it tl
Christ Mr. Becki feller hud begUi
making a. colihi a mint lc <i << hud io
all these dollars accumulate daj ano
night for ail these centuries ho would
not y6t, lu 1000, have amassed a
thousand million dollars, Anci if Mr,
Rockefeller si.enid luuay turn li,ls
wealth into gold c io ai d luke il cu?
of tho country, say imo Canada, he
would carry acroi.s tho border three
times as much geln au wi uld then re
malli In the Li.nttd State?, Nor
would he cany it bimbel! for the
weight of .t would be om, thousand
sevoii hundred and lift) tom;. Aua if
he loaded it on the backs of porters,
each nan hearing nhs uv.n v/el.ht lo
collei ?. old, ( ay 160 poor ds,) iL would
require twenty-three tbouhand meii LO
move it. And if \ he y wrist ei u ri feet
apart tho hot of them wen d reaoh
forty-four miles atd would cccupj
Ut teen hours In pussh g a given peino.
None of which takes any itccouut o?
the ci ally li tcrest en this fortune
which interest if paid ingold we.uld
require the streng!h o? teven mei e..
Continuing our list of multi-mill
looaires sud taking the nine richest
A mer leans aftei Mr. Boc kef tiler, it IN
easy to sec that these nh e must have
a billion between them, Bince Andrew
Carne gie alene I.s.. mt re than a third
ol a billii u, and tho 11 ber t Ight In
elude Marshall thin, W. is. Vander*
hilt, John Jacob Astor, J, P. M rgan,
Russell Sage, J. J. Uni, Senator Wm
A. Clark and V/ininm llockt fol er,
This gives us tv.o thousand million
dol?an, for ten mool
And, without mentioning further
names, I u? ,r thc following estimate
of tiie live thousand leading fortunes
In the United ?i,ale: ; it, ls only au ap
proximation ina ii han i ci n fcpp cv. d
as reasonable by the statistical < ?p n
of R, c. Dunn Sc Co.. and by byron
W. Holt, editor of Moody's M.iga
'/Ino," a monti,ly review for investors,
bankcr i and men of affairs. Also by
severn) financial authorities In New
Yoik City to whom l have submitted
lt. I have seen higher estimates, but,
after cari fm consideration, I behove
that this ene m.:.y be accepted as Well
within the I rubi
MO. OK KOHTUNKS AMOUN'
io aggregat ug * 2 ooo ooo,ooo 00
4!>u >ggre gating :i 000 ooo,ooo 00
4600 aggregating lo ooo.ooo.ooo.oo
6000 aggregating 16 000,000,000 t)()
Sp that live thousand nu n in thia
country actually own (without count
Jng what they control,) nearly one
sixth of our entire national wealth,
It ls interesting bo consider how
much richer tho rich will got, and I
may remark hore that thor? 1B no
need to h q dre how uauoh poorer the
poor will got. If they are to live at
all they o\n get rnuoh poorer. What
Kroater burden of poverty oan we put
on tbe four mllltuu A mo rie vu fami
lier, who today with their bo*t tAll oan
gather lesa than four hundred dol?ate
a ye?*' P What moro can wo take from
them than wo bave already takon?
The Massaohust tts Bureau of Libor
bas colleotod statistics showing bo A
tbo peor families spend their pitiful
incomes. It appears that 83 88 ciao.
wc:k goes for food. Shall we cut that
down? Or shall we cut down the
$2.01 a month thoy spend for cloth
ing? or tho 91 50 a year they spend
for furniture and household furnish
ing.,? Or the $7 a month they pay
for foul, dark rooina in a tainted ton
And these aro not the poorest of
the poor, these are aclf-reupcotlng la
borers, producers of tho national
wealth; theru aro millions of others
whose lot la worse than theirs,-ten
million, Hubert Hunter estimatos, in
helpless poverty, out of work, out of
bealth, out of heart with the world,
broken driftwood, vagrants, tramps
what shall wo t.ako from them?
Sixteen yeats ago Tarnns? G. Shear
man, a distinguished eorp iraWon law
yer and brllllaut writer on economic
questions. prophesied that "within
thirty years the United States will be
sub9taut,laUy owned by less than one
lu tl ve hundred of the malo popula
In tho United States today tnerr
?re 440 larg .? industrial, franchise and
transportation trusts with a capital
ization of over twenty thou aud mil
Hon dollars. Which, rays tho "Wall
Street Jeurnal," ls "or.u-tlfth of the
wealth .In tho country and the most
powerful part of it for lt 1? wealth
nuder such concentrated control that
lt practically sways too wlu.lo."
It may b? obj coted that th"! ch 11
dren of millionaire lines have a per
feet right to dispose as they please * f
their fortunes and their llv:s. if the>
choose to follow tho unprofitable way.',
of steam yaohts and motor cars, why
after all, this ls a freo country. To
willoh we might reply that no man
has a moral right to squander mil
lions on Bhow and sellisli pleasures
while thousands of his fellow men an
perishing of want, while tens of
thi usan da by their utmost labor ano
pain can barely secure Lite necessities
of life, ltemi.mbor the wit toiling
ai my enslaved in our fiCorles and
mines, men, women aud children,
millions of them, giving the strength
uf their bodies and the hope of their
seuls that a f w thousand rich men
may draw handsome dlvirbnds on in
vestments, dividends which they havr.
done nothing to earn and which 1?
bores them io spend.
Extraordinary happenings arc al
ways unexpected yet ot.ee In a cen
tury or so, like the advent of a mighty
conqueror or reformer, they do come
?op;'.K.-\ Aud if there Bhould arlss
tn this lanr! a man of thirty or forty
who, starling with two or three bil
lions ( iwued or controlled by bim,)
should be great enough to brush as rt*
the tram?is of indolence and tempta
tion, great enough to seo that never
in modern timos bas there been effcr
i j to a mau, not even to Napoleon, no
stupendous a obauoo as this to wield
absolute desp tic power, grout enough
llnally to uso his two or three bil
lions to its full potentiality then,
well there would surely be interest
ing history roado In that man's life
time 1 Wc have had our Iron kings,
railroad kings, copper kings, sugar
kings and otuois, out there is one
kind of king we havo not I ad yet. A
real king? Y?r, for bow long, pray,
wc uld this republic stand against
the aggressions of such a man, a great
minded despot without oonsoicnoe or
bounds to his ambition, one In o>uo
oarisou to whom eu?. Il lokfellers and
Oarru gi H would s-cm I.kc blundering
beginn?rt? Already our miilloaa'.r
H.;v, nate . have begun to buy our
curls, and legislatures, to corrupt
our cities, to debauch thc publie con
science; bc would liulsb the wmk and
uo it thoroughly, he would make the
laws, own tho newspapers, subsidize
churches and colleges, nu uld nubile
opinion, direct tho machinery ol
justice, control thc Industries, tin
o.'.iiks, tho insurance companies, the
I conditions of labor, regulate supply
And demand, tlx prioes, absorb pro
tito, centralize everything, be every
TO PROTEO C WILD BEASTS.
Oi. v.-moil tn lOtitflatltl to Iti-Htriot
Bl? li un tl UK in Ali CA.
A dlspatoh from Loudon says: A
plea for tho protection of wild aol
mais has been made by a deputation
which waited on Lord Elgin at the
colonial office on behalf of thc So
el; ty fer the Preservation of the Wild
K moa of the E upiro. Tne doputa
lon was headed by L >rd Ourzon of
l< noltston. lt pointed out to Lord
E gin that many of the mo:?t Interest
lng species of wild animals lu ibo v .r
lous colonies and AfricMi protectorat
es wero in danger of extinction by
pot hunter? and sportsmen, and sub
mitted tue following recommenda
tion to him:
That the returns of all game ani
mals killid should continue to bo in
cluded lu tho annual reports of each
protectorate or colony.
That & map Bhould bc prepared
showleg thc present game nerv?s In
That thc sale of bides, horns, etc.,
of gaaio animals in the British domin
ions lu A Tncu fend at Aden should bu
That the sale of elephant tusks
weighing 'ess than twenty-live pounds
should bc prohibited,
That no shooting whatssovor, ox
c pt for administrative re&sous, should
be permitted in a reserva,
Muldu U|i l<'lvo Hlfi?n UOAOllOS.
At Wawona, Cal., ti ve Yosemite
V.uley stage coaches were beld up last
week thc entrance to thc National
l'.irk by a lone highwayman, wno ob
talned a considerable amount of m ul
ey and jewelry. Tue conveyances were
halted in rapid succession at a curvo
hi tho roan noar A wallace, at tho
Identical Spot where a bandit a year
?go robbed several wealthy tourists
:;f their valuables. The Stages were
traveling sufilclr-utly fAr apart to
fcvold each other's dust ?it I woori the
ihut vehicle ron obed tho turn in tne
ruad, the highwayman, wins-.: f -.atur
is were bidden by a duster thrown
,v.r ld., heal, stepp (lout, pointed a
fun at the di iver and odmmaudsd bini
?0 lult. Some of the wouieh pan en
ters screamed willie others began
wldly to secret their valuables,
"1 think that's the funniost Joke I
ever wrote. Everybody laugiis thc
list time they read it; you're thc only
ixcoptton," said Y. ung Scribbles, dis
gustedly, ''Wby, 1 laughed," replied
l.dum. "YOU did? N .t ?D'S 1 could
?ntico lt. No: you worn't bom at
ho timo."-Philadelphia Proas.
TH BOU? a THE STATE
BHOUE NU WS ITEMB FItOWl AIIIJ
4 Baton of Information in Condensed
Form for Buay
The Lutheran Synod will establish
a large publishing house In Columbia.
Southern train No. 20 ran over and
killed an unknown negro at Winns
hero, S. C , Sunday night.
Tho Bank of Mayosvllle, a amah in
stitution, bas been olosed by order of
State Bank Examlnor Hollouian. De
positors will get their money in full.
The town of Belton is to have an
opera boiute. W. K. Stringer, bank
president, han already lot tho ooutraot
for building lt. .
J. II Sloan president of the Amorl
eau National BAiik, of Spartanburg,
ano! also of the Southern Trust Co., of
that city, died U^t Thursday.
Sixty five personu.ns attended the
state campaign meeting in George
'.own on SUurday.
Diok Watson W?S killed with
razK by Willie Bull-both oolorcd
in Darlington on Saturday.
R uiben Ford, a negro seotlon hand,
wan mu over aud killed by a train al
Union on Saturday.
Tho total stealings by Treasurer
Hughes of tho Union Building and
Loan v? iodation amount to $(30,008.
10 vin Crano, aged 18, of Pine
Mountain, Ga., was ruu ovor by
train in Walhalla and died from his
injuries on Friday.
Hov. J. 8, Moffatt of Chester IB
prominently mentioned as the proba
able successor of Dr. F. Y. PrcsBley
aa president of Erskine college
A negro was run over %nd killed
near Whillsboro by the Southern'
fast mull on Sunday night. He had
fallen asloep on tho track.
The gntnd jury of Spartaiburg
have presented the conductor and en
ginoei of a freight train on tue South
ern for running the train on Sunday,
ind they will be prosecuted.
Commissioner Tatum lias appoint
ed Lucius L Bultmau of Columbia
in,til recently a beer dispenser-to
sucoaed the late J as. T. Barks as a
e!e:k at the state dispensary.
Aaron P. Prioleau, colored, late
contestant for a seat In congress, wan
oommltteed to jail in Charleston on
Friday to servo a sentence of three
monti s for tampering with the mailt?
while running an a pastal clerk on the
A tittil lo Coast Line.
According to a story In The State
of Tuesday, a negro woman named
Nettle Brocks, said to be from Green
wood, waj guilty of the most inhu
man of or 1 mes, infanticide, having
.'. cabled a new born babe to death in
bor cabin in Columbia Sunday night.
M -. S A. Pros doy, of D.ie Weat,
has only recently aooepted a professor
ship lu an Egyption college, the Col
lege of As?uc, at Assut, Egypt and is
now en his way to begin work In that
institution. Thc town of Assut har.
?bout lo.oco inhabitants. Tue col
lege has an enrol.menti of about 850
Btudents and has a high standard ot
OWING THOUSAND S
Broker Alexander Skips Out fro 111
Revelation of t'.o il lauclal embar
rassment of thc ilrm of cotton fae
tura of Alexandoi & Ah x lader, at Au
gusta, Gi.., ime of the largest in the
state, dr v b p discrepancies of about
$145 ooo, fob .wing the disappearance
o? Thomas W. Ali xander, head of the
Mr. Alexander left Augusta July
7o:), after hoi rowing $200 from a
friend, saying tie was going ?.o New
York. The. following night ids broth
er, Bishop Alexander, the Junior
member of the, li rm, received a tele
gram from him asking that hts cnico
dot k b;! opened and three letters found
there be delivered. O IG of the letters I
wu3 io his partner, in willoh a state
mont was made of the finanoial em
barrassment of tho linn, and saying
that if Mr, Alcxaud -.x WAS not bick In
August i by Wednesday hu would
er !)? .. i ngaln Another letter
A' s ;i ?1 , i I toa inoal mill prosl
rl . t, uud a third to Mr. Alexander's
T.JO maimer hi which the money
was S40U1 .r!(l har. not been made known
by the ihr?, o b.uiks who are thc los
ors, exc.pt that it was In the shape of
loans. Tue Georgia Railroad bank
sustains a loss of il lf>,000, which was
marked (If Its books Thursday, and
charged to tho surplus aud undivided
prob a accounts. Tiic National hanks
of Augusta lose:- $7,OOO, and tho Na
tlonal Exchange bank $2 000. Thc
available assets of tho firm amount to
about ?S0.000, while thc personal lia
bllltlcsof T. w. Alexander, in addi
?don to the amount of loans, ls about
In his letters T. W. Alexander
states that he alone ls responsible,
that his brother knew nothing of the
financial end of tho business, and
'.ad nothing to do with it. Much
sympathy ls expressed for his broth
WAHI StosMOl Shot.
The. commission appointed to In
vestigate thc surrender of Port
Arthur 'IM ?nlshtd Its labors and re
O'lmmondn that Lieut. Gen. Stoossel,
t ie former commander of tue Russian
fore s at fort Arthur, be dismissed
from the army and shot, that Lieut.
Gon, Fock, who commanded the -Uh
Ii]wet Siberian division at Port Ar
tbur, be dismissed from the army and
undergo a year's hard labor; that
(icu. Kftlss, chief of staff of Gen.
StoOfiBel, be dismissed and banished,
and that Admiral Alexleff, former
vlceioy In Hie Kar Lint; Lieut. Gen.
Smirnoff, commander of the l'ort
Arthur fortress, and Gen, Vemand
er bo reprimanded. The formal trial
if these officials will take place
Moltii i- ForKolH lint- Oil 11<1<
Terri Qed by Uro on a Long isiand
bectric train at Atlantic avenue and
I lue. bi place, Wooflhaven Sunday a
woman loft hor baby behind to join
the crowd rushing panlc-st.rlokcn from
tho cars. Passengers among whom
.varo women, tried to escape by doovs
uid windows. Tho odes of tlie ohild
i' ranted a. physician, who rescued lt |?
from the ll vmos.
Hereafter tho "opened hy mistake"
meuse will bo a miHtake that will
wat $200. Tho posti nico depart
?ont, lias ruled that mail must be
ooked over before leaving tho ollloo,
ind that any letter put In your box
>y mistake must ho returned beforo
caving tho posteilloo undor a penalty
if $200 for failure to do so.
TWELVE YEAR OLD BOY. }
Aooidontally Shot And KU I od By lil? ,
By an cooldontal discharge o' a
gun, a 12-year-old boy WM Instantly
killed by his unolo Wednesday after
noon lu the county, 12 miles from Co
lumbia, on the Winnsboro road In the
Camp Ground neighborhood. The
uamo of tho little fellow who was tho
victim of the lamentable mishap was
Sam Sharp, a son of S. S. Sharp, a '
prosperous farmer of that section, the ?
uncle, whose guu was discharged with <
suoh deadly result, was D. T. Sharp.
Mr. Sharp, the undo, is only 22 yoars i
of ago. A heartrending feature of
tbe tragedy was that the mother of ?
the boy was standing noarby when tho
guu was dl80hargod and was a horrifi
ed witness of tho entire affair.
Mr. J. L. Sharp, a brother of the
young man in whose haud tho gun was
discharged, carno to Columbia and :
notified Coronor Walker.
From what oould be learnod from
Mr. Sharp when he arrived in the
oity D. T. Sharp went to tho homo of
S. S. Sharp in tho af tornoon and had
his single barrel breech lop,dlng gun
with him. While thore his relative
laid the ?un on a picoo of lumber and
traced tho outlines of tho stook on it
for the purpose of making another
Kim stock. When ho started homo,
young Sharp, thinking that the shell
had boen extracted from the gun,
threw it over his arm and went to
ward the front of tho house. Tho
llttio follow was on a shed near which
his unolo passed and in the play be
tween thom tho gun waB dlsoharged,
the load entering the ohild's head
making a fearful wound. It ia said
that the unolo ls almost crazed with
CHANGES AT CLKM80N.
Vaoanolcu in Faculty Filled at Ite
Tho board of trustees recently held
a very important moetcng and con
sidered carefully all the interests of
tho college. Appropriations were
made for oarrylng on the work of the
various departments. Four members
of the faculty resigned: Prof. J. S.
MoLuoas, assistant professor of Eng
lish for ten years; Mr. B. M. Par
ker, inBtruotor lu textile industry,
Mr. Tlmberlake, instructor in draw
lng, and Dr. Nelson, assistant veter
Prof. McLucas has been elected pro
fessor of English at the Carnegie
Technological institute, Pittsburg,
Pa Ho graduated at the University
of South Carolina aod later took hlB
iraster*8 dogree at Harvard.
Mr. B. M. Parker has accepted a
position with his alma mater, the
Agricultural College of North Caro
lina at Raleigh.
Mr. Tlmberlake has gone In to
moro remunerativo work than teach
ing he wlil bc in thc cotton oil mill
business at Harts ville. Mr. Timber
lake was at Clemson only one year,
hut during that time ho mada many
Dr. Osoar Nelson has gone to
ILckensaek to pn.c.lce as a veteri
narian. Ho Isa skilled practitioner
aud will likely succeed.
Mr. D. W. Daniel was oleo' f d as
sociale professor of English,
E Earle assistant professor .
fextllo department and. Dr. M> ii
Powers pf New York university asis
Sheriff Hhot liy Deputy.
Sher.if J. R Turner of De pend,
Fia., was shot in the left breast and
perhaps fatally wounded by his deputy,
C. M. Kurt.'/., willie they were raiding
a "blind tiger" at Lake Helen Tues
day morning. Kuri/ ll red at one
of tho negroes, who was try;iig to
escape. The bullet struck tho side of
a door, glanced and penetrated SherllT
Turner's broist. In tho excitement
that followed all the negroes escaped.
KIBHUU WroiiK Woin?ii.
Testimony in the divorce case of
Mrs. Miry K ix ?beth J -nen ugiinst
Judge Orville Davis Jones, of Edina,
Mo., Populist candidate for Governo
ln 181)6, reads like a chapter from the
Decameron. The case was called be
fore Judge O'Neill Ryan, of thc Cir
cuit Court, and Mrs. Jones testified
that she changed places with lier ser
vant and reoslvad a kiss from her hu&
oand intended for tue lips of the
maid. Judge Jones, who ls lighting
tho case, looked surprime! wlion hin
wfc recited the details of tho soiiemo
Into which she hau entered with thc
servant to entrap her husband. Sie
said bhe took her seat In the dining
room ono dark, moonless night. The
shades v/ore olosely drawn and the
room was blaok as a dungeon. Her
husband's room, she testlliod, was
next to thc dining room. Aboutit
o'clock her husband opened the door,
Mho said, and called to tho servant
asking If ho oould come in. "I did
not answer," she said. "1 sat per
fectly still. My husband cropt silent
ly Into the room, throw his arms
around me and planted a kiss on my
Ups. All the time he thought he was
kissing the servant. The next day 1
hld in the pantry and heard Judge
Jones telling Kate how ho enjoyed tho
Tin y Wen) Thirsty.
In the oapital oity of Maine,
in a hotel not far from tho railroad
Station, was employed for some years
before tho enactment of the Sturgis
law a very popular dispenser of ardent
comfort. Ono stormy night the train
from Bangor was belated until nearly
midnight, and a party of Boston
mon arrived tired and hungry
After registering, they spied
light In the dispensary, and fount1
ibo "chemist" on duty, arida supply
pf malt and spirituous fluids and some
crackers and cheese were obtained.
As the ordlnanoes of most cities In
prohibition states required 10 o'olook
dosing, "Jake" was asked why ho
rappelled to ho open so lato. "Well,"
ie replied, "wo don't generally, but
st now thc legislature lu lu session,
md wo have to be accommodating to
Wheat Drop For The Yoar.
The Dally Trade Bulletin lias Is
med Its annual cstlmato of tho wheat
jrop, making the total yield 720,000,
300 bushels. Including supplies
wrrlod over, tKe total supply for
,ho year ls 821,000,000 bushels. The
?Btimated consumption is 45,000,000
nishels. The aggrogato world's orop
s H.ooo oo? bushels moro than last
Child ri M !lui iicd To Death
Anulo Wlmblsh, aged 1(5, and R?h
rt Wlmblsh, ?ged 6, children of Mr.
,nd Mr. R. W. Wlmblsh, of Savan
tah, Ga., were bumed to doath Thurs
ay night at tho homo of tho'.r grand
athor, W. G. Jordan at B't. Valloy,
?. juaru. a nra
ST0EM HITS TENT
OF PAWN 1412 BIL.L.VJ CHEAT WILD
?nd Causes Paulo Among the 2000
Spectators Pawnee Bill Pre
One of the most violent storms of
tho season swept over Bayono, N. J.,
on Wednesday as the climax of a pe
riod of boat and humidity that had
caused a number of deaths and many
prostrations, and driven sovoral per
Tho wind blow at fifty miles an hour
and lightning struck in many places
whllo tho rain for an hour fairly do
luged tbe city.
Lightning struck two of the Now
York Yacht Club's thirty-footer?, the
Minx and Dablnda, caught in the
storm during tho race oil Glen Cove,
L. I., and their esoapo from dostruo
tlon was remarkable. A bolt also
struck the dome of the Brooklyn Fire
Headquarters and playod bavoo In
many places in Staten Island, killing
one man. Portions of Williamsburg
More than 2,000 mon, women and
children In tbe main tent of Pawnee
Bill's Wild tfest and Far Kurt Show
at Bayouno, N. J., wore thrown Into
panic when thc storm pounced down
The spectators stampeded, while the
wind toro down all of the auxiliary
tents, liberating 400 performing hors
es and uprooting troos and Bonding
the water In sheets driving through
The borBO tent oollapsod upon tho
herd and the animals kicking their
way to liborty, while Ms>jor Lillie
(Pawnee Bill) and bia aids were doing
their best to restrain tho audience tn
tho main tent. To the co lness la due
fact that no ODO was seriously burt,
though women had their hats and
gowns torn In tho mad rush for the
In tho ring of the main tent a
troupe of Arabian aorobats were be
ginning their performance when the
storm broka. Suddenly two of tho
guy ropes, shrunk by the rain, snap
ped at either end of tho great oval
tent. The ridge poles bent and the
main supporting polei swayed and
From the spectators went upa or y
that the tent was about to fall. Oae
end did fall. Pawnee Bill oaught at
the aupportlug pole which threatened
to drop on the heads of a group of
women. The pole struck bia Shoulder
dislocating lt, but ho had diverted L.H
fall: Pawcee Bill stood with a mega
phone, and In spite of thc paiu lu his
Injured shoulder called In stentorian
"All spectators o une Into the arena.
The tent will not fall, bub j ou will
keep dry herc."
Many obeyed him, but hundreds of
others fought their way to the exits
and rushed luto the drenching rain
despite thc assurances of thc attend*
ants and of the police on duty. The
rts^rvssfrom the stations reached the
tent when the stampede was fairly
uuder way and aided in extricating
tho women and ohildren.
Many reported the los? of purses and
jewels lt ugHand bracelets were pick
td up by omployes and sent to the
M/ "Ape station.
Tito horses from their collapsed
tent raced through tho streets, but
Pawnco Bill's cowboys raced after
them and lassoed tho ailmals ore
after another. No elf )rt was made to
bold an ? xhlbltion Thursday night.
Pawn- e Bill said his loss would reach
Ohartcod With Chert?
A dispatch from Charleston says
three Southern raliway baggage
masters, Mallet, Browning arri Pea
cock of the Charleston Columbia run,
have been dismissed from service on
nciount of theft. Searob ol their
homes in Charleston has netted the
constables considerable quantity cf
the stolen goods and upon the con
fessions of the men, t ie railroad au
thorities have decid od not to prose
cute them. One of the men has been
In the sei vice of thc company for 15
years. The men have been suspected
for some time, but it was nob until a
few days ago that tho evidence was
deemed Kullii?iontly c uicluslvo by thc
detectives of the road to charge tho
men with the guilt. The matter was
brought to a focus by tho repeated
claims for l isses on the run between
Charleston and Columbia, which have
increased considerably recently. The
railroad odicials refuse to discuss the
matter, except to admit that losses
have occurred and three men have
been dismissed. The reason gi von
for not prosecuting thom ls the recent
failure of the juries to cou viol men
who were oharged with breaoh of
T?? llorso'fl Foot,
If tho horse cannot readily uso his
foot lu a natural way, lt ls a great
hurt tc his vaiud. The HoMcshoers'
Journal says that a large por cent, of
k'.l the horses are continually moro or
less lame. Of this number it ls esti
mated eighty par c-jnt. are lame in
tho foot. Ho tr many horses retain
the shape of tho foot In ooltboodV
Very few and for a very short tl mr,
not losing this shape solely on account
af shoe, but b'cuise tho shoe ls an
Improper one, usually, in fact, nearly
ilways, too heavy, the u>e of the frog
?titlrely destroyed; this Consequently
wasting,.thc sede pared and drying up
n consequence; the wall losing itt
itrength to carry the weight through
?XOOHSIVO rasping of tho whole fabric;
if tho horn becoming a dry, brittle
itrophlcd mass, instead of hoing sup?
ile, linn at the heels, with perfcot
jars and an clastlo frog, giving a
ipr logy motion to thc leg in the riding
iOrsesofso much value. Tneso cvlla
?oiild always be remedied If we could
inly got ail farrlors au intently Intelli
gent and humane to leave ( IT bbc old
J\l?ke Haldon ion Wagon,
Five hundred men, women and
ihildron took part Thursday In a Hot
n tho H ist Side of N iw York, dur
ng which they made n raid on a
vagon load of Ice Intended for freo
I retribution a nong thom and took
very pound In the wagon, Police rc
erves woro callod out, but when they
url ved the Ice and crowd had dlaap
Typhoid fever is "oaught" nine
Imes In ten oltlier from liles or drink
tig water. And tho drinking wator
atches lt not from tho lower regions,
ut from il 1 tilly premises-the germs
f thc diseases being swept In by the
alus. The Hy, likewise, fetohes the
Isease germs from nob distant lllth.
low this is not theory. It ls a faot.
t is not to be questioned. Being so,
no oan prevent fever, If you koop
our prerrls?s olean and wholesome
sing Hmo freoly-tho titos and tho
oods will havo nogorms to oarry,
mm OF. POO A HON ? AS
Was Burled at Gravesend, I0n?., ?nd
Wm. 10 Curt.1s7~v#rlt!ns? from Lon
don to tho Washington Star says:
Speaking of distingu? died A merl
oana, reminds me that thorn has been
aotlvo Inquiry here of late oonoerning
the whereabouts of tho remains of the
first Amorloan prluooss. Pocahontas
was her malden name, and she after
wards became Mrs. John Rolfe. She
was tho mother of a considerable por
tion of tho proHont population of Vir
ginia and also has several promluent
descendants on this side of tho water,
Including Lieut. Gen. Baden. Powell,
Inspector general of cavalry in tho
British army. The present inquiry
seems to have been inspired by the
approaching celebration of the 300th
anniversary of tho settlement of
Jamestown, Va., and tho Jamestown
exposition. An association of women
has apparently undertaken to recover
tho dust ot La Belle Sauvage," as
Hbo was called by admiring Europeans
upon her first appearance In London,
and rebury it in hor native country,
after the manner In which John Paul
Jones bas recently been honored.
It will be very d. Ill mit and, Indeed
impossible to gratify their ambitious
aud commendable Intentions, for the
dust of P(Cihontas was destroyed by
ll? nearly 200 years ago. Mr. Ilonr/
S. Wellcome, one of the leading Amer
loan o'tlz ms of London, who has
taken groat Interest lu everything
that relates to Pocahontas, presented
hor p ?. trait to tue senate of the Uni -
od States several years ago, and
Senator Daniel, who ls descended
from Pocahontas, acccptod the gift
In behalf of congress.
Mr Welloome's investigations show
ed that Mrs. John Rd fe died in 1017,
ot smallpox, at Gravesend, at the
mouth of tue Thames, whore she waa
waiting for a vessel to return to Vir
ginia. Sho wau burled in St. George's
?huroh, and thc register contains an
entry of that faot. The ohuroh, how
ever, was entirety dest royed by tire In
1720 and rebuilt lu 18:il. During ttu
rebuilding ibo romains of several half
burned collins were removed from thc
vaultB. Tney had no marks by which
they could be Identllied lt ls believed
that the remains of Pocahontas were
among this nameless dust
THI?K? ?ILLMAN CUTE
Fuir Visitor in SonatO Gallery Thun
KxpreeHoa Uer Opinion.
An observant parson In tho senate
gallery yesterday noted an occurrence
which, while without bearing upon
tim matters of state which were un
dor consideration in that august body,
ls Interesting tor several reasons, one
of which is the f*Cu that Senator
Tlllmau unoonsoiously figured In the
Taree beautiful young ladles enter
ed tin (gallery aud seated themselves
near the above mentioned person.
Two of them; j ldged by their con
versation wore frequent visitors to
the galleries while thc third was ap
parently a visitor to Washington.
Sho asked li rat of all tba,- Senator
Tillman be pointed cut to her, and
an expression of disappointment came
into her faoc when si ie was told that
ho was not In the onanabar. Sovoral
minutes were spent then In carual
references to the "next best" Sen
at or Tillman being absent, and the
next bo tt was Senator Li Follette.
Suddenly o <e Of tho two were more
oi less familiar wita faces of the
Senators' exo'aimed, ' There ls Till
man right beyond Batley-ace?"
Imm?diat- ly the other two looked
and saw the South (Jaro'.lnlau in a
characteristic pos*, wich h'.s tbumb
In his vest, hair magnllicontly tous
led, and his ono oyo loosing keenly
at thc presiding olllcer.
There was a mo m eu 6 of silent con
templation on the pare of tho vouug
lady who had never Lciore seen the
senator; then, In a tone walch evi
denced a desire to contradict what
had beoome a tixed impression with a
blt of emphasis on the "1" which ls
beyond the printer's art, s ie said:
"Why, 1 think ho's ou-.o,"
ALL liLKKL LOACH.
l- l, nt ot Itu Kind KvOV .Undo in Unitod
The tlrst all-steel passenger car for
a railroad ev jr made lu the Uolttd
States passed through G ecnvllic
over the Southern Hillway Monday
morning, tue car for the past two
?eeks having been on exhlbtion at the
master car bulldets at Washington
Wednesday and equipped for active
service sivya Tue News.
Tao new car Is the first of three
which are being nmde for tho South
ern Road as an experiment. If these
three prove successful, the entire road
will be equipped with the all-steel
coaches anu other re-ads with lesa
courage for experiments will quickly
follow suit. Thc Pennsylvania otb
dals have recently bebome Interested
in tho move of the Southern and they
also have ordered an experimental
oar, whioh will soon be In actual ser
illo, if they provo praotioal, that
road also will adopt them Immediate
The lirst steel car ls considered a
handsome atlalr by the railroad men
who have seen lt, and has created a
stir of Interest among the olllolals of'
thc roads, lt is over 7 1 feet in looth,
Uti feet Inside length, i> feet I .inch
wide and 14 feet 2 lucaes high. The
entire car 1? made of compressed steel
and what little wood ls used ls lire
Many a wrcok could have been pr;
vented If steel had been used Instead
of wood. Such a thing as being
crushed beneath tho seat would bc
almost an impossibility. So, If tho
steel oars are adoptod generally by
the railroads as lt seems probable
that they will be reduced to a mini
mum. The greatest disadvantage of
tho new oar ls its oxoosslvo weight.
lOxploHion i- m i fc'lvo,
Ag a result of an explosion In tho
Dixon mine, at Hugor, W, Va., in the
cBbt end of the Tug River Held, at 8
o'clock Thursday Wallace Mitchell
nod four miners. Ernest Jones, Pal
mer Harris and lt,bert Harris, broth
ers, and John Gilmore aro dead, and
hill CroU?O and Langdon WhiLosides
will die from burns and shook. The
men were going on duty f jr tho night
and had started down tho shaft lu a
buoket. They had geno about half
way down, when thc explosion occur
red. The llr.it live mon named wore
blown out of tho bucket and down to
tho bottom of tho shaft, whero they
wore later picked up. Their burlies
wero crushed almost to a pulp. Thc
IX plosion was cause 1 hy tho mon hav
lng a gast l:nc lamp in tho buokvt,
while descending, tho light Igniting
in accumulation of gas,
It is carder to laugh troublo away
dhan to ory lt away.
ayn-.. ,. J-.
ll?sult ot Senator Ttlluian'? Np^eoh
_ at Lamar.
A special to tbo Columbia State
says thc speech of Senator Till iran
dclivorod by him at Lamar WcdncecUy
ls the genoral topic of conversation.
It lb olaimed by many that they
hu vd never seen Tillman more -ener
getic and v!g. rous. S T ral remark
ad that 'it is the BU mo old Ben of
'92." There ia no douot but tbat he
made a (treat impression on the ' wool
bats." ,l'ihe old court bouso ring" L
the ory. Somo people in Darlington
and other parts of the country
brouKht out Mr. D. T. McKoithan
for the State Senate and Toe County
Messenger, in commenting on bia oan
did:07, mentioned nu. platform and
advised the opponents of the State
dispensary to form and advised the
opponents for the bouHo of reproson -
tatlives and lt has been Bald that a
slate wag made. It soems that Till
man was Informed of tho faot and
hence ho urged organization of those
favoring the retention oi the State
dispensary to Join they rt?&t bo as
well organized an the \antis" aud
must work as energetically in order
bo defeat the "court house ring."
It ls reportod that Immediately af
ber the meeting a number of peop'e
met and discussed tuc situation and
as a ooustqueooe lt )s likely that a
full dispensary blokot will be put ID
tho field for the legislature.
NSW MEXICO ?BKMBLKS.
Ono Hurt! qtinko After Another
Passes Over Kio Grande Valloy.
A dlspatoh from Santa Fi., N. Mt', j
nays that two more earthquake shock;
ocourred at Sooorro Wednesday morn
lng. Tho shocks were fol? distincte
ns far south as E. Pa^o, Taxas, when
Tuesday a street oar was thrown frou
the track by a ?hook Refugees trot
Sooorro and ottier towns In the lt
G;audo Valley are daily 0 >mlng t
.S^nta Pu ana Albuquerques.
All Wednesday night ono tronco,
.iftcr anottior passed over tho lowoi
lt lo Grande Valley, keeping the peo
ple at the highest tension. But lev
people havo slept In houues for tlu
past few nights. Ojservers report?e
chin spirals of smoke In tho lava Ueldb
,n tho direction of Al&ma G ?rd?
probably from hot springs or otho)
volcanH manifestations. A drench
lng rain pasned over thu Vitley durin?
tim night, adding bo thu discomfor
Envy ls the tributa small mindi
pay to success.
It, la beater bo ride a hobby than
to sit by the roadside and grumble.
Children may go tho way yoi
point, bot they are more apt to K<
the way you lead.
When a man begins hunting for ar
excuse for a mean action ho can gen
erally lind it.
S'jm?? mon lob broblo drive them tr
drink, tu^i there are more men whe
bsat broublo bo it.
There ls somothlng wrong about a
boy that does not take kindly to pow
der burns and noisa on fie Fourth
There ls something good in evei.
the worst of us. The paoktng hous<
proprietors have not yet put oannee
German oarp on tho markot.
This ls about tho time of year
when the ambitious ollege graduati
discovers that his diploma does noi
pr(J idlce tho prospeoblvo omployei
ugalnt?b him. ?
This ls bhe season of year whet,
the weary professional mau goes tc
a northern tinning resort for a change
and rest. After disposing of all his
change he oomes home to rout.
All the world's a stago, and the
press agents earn their money.
You can not down a man who
uses his failures for building stonet.
Yesterday was a failure If you om.
not recall lb wlbh pleasure today.
The easiesb way out somtlmes prc
vides tho shorbesb way in again.
A lob of men have lost oharaoter bj
sbrlvlng to build up reputabion,
Y .u can nob csblmate bhe good J
churoh ls doing by bhe heighb of itfc
God measures the gift by the heart
of tho giver, and not by tho size o?
Wo arc too apt to think about tht
virtues of our friends and talk abouv
Thc man who spends all of his time
boasting of his anooitry Is not giving
his posterity an equal show.
If tho women ever strike for elghi
hours a whole lot of men will go ti
working ov?rtlme without pay.
Don't make tho mistake of think |
lng the opportunity knock! bub onoe.
Opportunity knocks evory day.
Our lOiiornioua Trade
A itatement Issued by the Depart
mont of Commerce and Labor say?
tl tat the foreign oommeroe of th(
United States in tho tisoal year just
nndod aggregated $2 ?70.000.000. Il
the trade with Porto Rico and Ila
wail, whic!i was Included in out
foreign oommeroe prior bo their an
nexation were added, the total woulc
materially exoeed S3, 000,000,000
Both Imports and exports exoeed
bhose of any earlier year, total lm?
ports hoing 11,220,000,000 and ex.
ports SI, 144,000,000.
Halt For foul try.
Salt is as essential for poultry as for
humans or animals, out lb is nob
wise to ferd lt by Itself. Tho bettor
way ls to use lt to season tho food
whenever that oan bo done. Tho
warm mash in tho winter, whether
fed morning or niuht, gives one an
opportunity to supply sovoral condi
ments whloh could not be so readily
given to tho fowls In any othor way. j
Insurance At Al
T. S, Soase, President.
PALMBrrO MUTUAL PIRR
A homo fi re. Insurance company that
Management Capable and Conservativo.
Write for particulars.
We have Pt
)no 25 horao power Talbott, soconci hat
y hoon overhauled. Thia lingi ne ia i
; groat bargain for anyono who ia in tl
Wo aro hoadquartore for anything in
irompt atloution will bo given to all in
aro. Write us whon you aro in tho ir
0 got our prices before placing your o
CelntvbU^npply^Co,, . .
Methodism ira Japan.
- A ootuwlHulou representing tbo
Motfodtst Bplpoopal Church, tn?
v?etht aii?t oburoh of Oauada ?nd the
Mthofllst Episcopal Ohurch, ?ssni*
mr ?dy adopted a resolution that mia
men stations .'n Japan whlcli
heretofore been supported by the
hreo nepcrate oburohes, be oonsolMv
tod. the union to bo in off ?ot in M?y,
1007, at a gonerr.l contorenoe to be
held In Japan, The oburoh will be
known as the Methodist ohurob of
Japan. A Superintendent' to serve
for eight years will bo appointed st
th? conference in Japan nett year.
A-joorg the nr embers of the commis
aim was'Bhshop Gdloway. from the
Many that shout Hallelula on the
hilltops do lt mor? to praise them*
?cives than to help the lonesome o: ti
zan* lu the valleys below.
Praytr ls a petition, not a demand.
Ara You Sick?
If You )favo a Disease For Whioh You
Aro Unable to Find a Cure Write Us,
We Havo Been Remarkably Successful
In Ourlug Deep Seated and Stubborn
If you havo any disease of n obronio na
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failed to euro you
or how much othor
troatmout you have
token, wo want you
to writo usa lotter.
Wo aro speolalists
with over 20 years
hoon located in At
lanta for nearly 18
ye?rs, where wo
have established a
reputation for cur
ing our pa t i on ta
which wo heliovi ls
second to nono in
iluan <inl I v. is of tho
very higiicst, and
you can consult us with porfeot confltlonco
We do not resort to claptrap mot?n? a to
secure patients, but conduct our practico
in a st aighforward imuinnr.
is chronic disoasos of both men and wo
men-auch as Norvou? Debility, (norvous
exhaust ion, norvous prostration, iovt vital
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Stricture, Rheumatism, Varlcocele, Catarrh
of tho ?li lioi i'iii organs, Specific Blood
Poison, Stomach, llowol, Liver and Heart
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Wo invito ovary atlliotod rjorsoo to con
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After you have received theso, together
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I follows: DR HATHAWAY & CO., 88 -B,
Inman Building, Ai Inula, Go.
J, IIIttTOll H AT1UWAT, M. D.
Graduate dart mouth Bed. f-1
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Sum Med. fe., Beard
Kidney and Bladder
Murray's Buchu, Gin and Juniper
has a direct curative action on tho
kidneys and bladder, relieving at once
the distressing symptom?, pain in the
Headache, daik colored, scanty, burn
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and promptly restoring these impor
tant organs to a normal, healthy con
MURRAY'S BUOIIU, GIN, AND
is not a "quack nostrum," but a com
bination of drugs endorsed, recom
mended by a multitude of leading phy
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ous clogging Impurities, and I ? ren
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orders, Dropsy, Gravel, Jaundice and
Scanty or Painful Urination.
Price $1.00. Guaranteed satisfactory
to every purchaser.
AT DRUG STORES.
Prepared by the
Murray Drug Co.,
Columbia, S. ?.
One 60 n. P. Udell Automatlo En
One 00 II. P. Erle City Boiler.
One Drag Saw.
One Cut Ol? Saw.
One Self Feed Rip Saw.
One Broom Handle Lathe.
Ono Hoc Handle Lathe.
Two Polishing Drums.
One Hand Lathe.
One Large Grind Stone and Stand.
Two Oar Loads short lengths of Ash,
Walnut, Persimmon and Dogwood.
One hundred feet of Shafting.
One lot Shafting Hangers.
Ono lot Pulleys*
126 Doz. Base Ball Bats.
Tlie above is situated in a two-story
factory building, dimensions 50xl00ft.,
with ell attached 30x50ft, two stories.
Lot measuring 200 feet frontage and
524 feet in depth. Rail Road into tho
yard. In a desirable part of thc city
of Orangeburg, S. O. This property
will bc sold In part or in whole, lb can
bo utilized for most any kind of ontor
prlse* For full particulars,apply to
JAB. L. SIMS,
Orangcburg, S, O.
that will last a life time ls what you
want. Our Organs have a pure tone
nul have lovely cases. Wc can supply
von with an Organ that will please In
every particular for onlv $05 and $70,
delivered. Wi Ito us for our special
terms of payment, and for illustrations
of the beautiful Organs referred to.
1 f you prefer a Piano we have beau
tiful and good now Uprights from $185
up on easy terms.
Addra's Malono'i Muslo Go.,
Columbia, S. G
U.R. faro Paid. Hotos Tska
SOO I'UI'.H COTJRSJRf
Board at Coat. Write Crutch
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.K, 8. 0.
ls SAFE, SOUND, .SUCCESSFUL,
nd ongino in stock which lias rooent
in first-class condition and will bs
io market for suoh a ni zo ongine.
tho way of machinery rtupplios, and
quince and ordors ontrustod to on?
larket for anything, and bo ante
. - Colombia, S> C.