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title: 'The Marlboro democrat. (Bennettsville, S.C.) 1882-1908, August 03, 1906, Image 5',
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HOW IT WORKS.
inspartia! View of the Prohibition j ?
Experiment as Seen by
MAY?TIS AND POLIOS
Of the County Scats and the County
Officials Who Live There lu Several
C( unties. Ti o Experiment
Succeeds la Some and
Falls In Others.
Fifteen of tho 41 counties in South
Oarolina have within tho last two
years olosed the dispensary by popular
vote under what ls known as the
"Brice law." These counties now
have prohibition, as do tho oounties of
Marlboro and Oreen wood, which have
never had dispensaries. Wishing to
obtain a fair, Impartial and accurate
Idea of the working of prohibition
under this system of limited local
option, Tho Stato sont to its corres
pondents in tho county seats of tho 15
counties the following letter:
'Please obtain from the sheri IT
supervisor and superintendent ol
education of your county and from the
mayor and chief of polloo of youi
town a statement as to conditions
nineo and before the oloslug of the
dispensaries in your county, as tc
sobriety, law and order. Ask the
BherlfiC and ohlof of police paitioularly
as to the comparative prevalence of
blind tigers under dispensary and pro
hlbltion, and also as to the 'jug
trade. Give impartially tho senti
ment of the people oonocrning oondi
tiona before and after voting out thc
dispensary, asking each of tbeso
cfftolals if ho considers that the peo
pie desire dispensaries reopened or
aro satisfied with the prescut situa
Mon." The replies arc presented be
low and they speak for themselves
SPARTAN BU ltG COUNTY.
Sheriff John M. Nicholls states
there ls less lawlessness In tho county
and that conditions generally arc bot
ter. "I do not think that tho people
desire tho rouponing of tho dispeu
sary. Tho court records show that
there are not as many blind tigers ab
in tho days of thc dispensary."
Ghitff of Police A. B. Dean, of
Spartanburg, in reply to a question,
stated that there is at present tn
Spartanburg prohibition lu every
sense of tho word. Tt:e tigers have
been driven out aud with tue excep
tion of tho "pooket trade" there is at
prisent practically no illicit selling of
whiskey here. "The jug trade is still
heavy, although 1 ttdnk that there
has been a falling off recently." Thc
conditions as to law and order ano
sobriety are better, as tho police due
ket will show, and for the police de
partment matters arc certainly quiet
er than when thc dlsptnsaiy was
here. I do not think that the people
generally desire thc reopening of the
dispensary in Spaitanbuig."
Mayor John li1. Floyd, of Spartan
burg, stated that there was no com
parison between the number of drunks
and disorderlies which come up before
him now and the number whion came
up during tho dispensary regime.
"The present admlnintration of the
Oity's affairs ls trying to give thc peo
ple praotioal prohibition and is suc
ceeding. The general condition of
the town In regard to law, order and
sobriety ls much better than when the
dispensary was in Spartanburg."
Mayor Floyd stated that the bund
tigers bad beer, driven out of business
and that they would he kept out.
Inquiry at the express ellice In rc
gard to the jug tiadu resulted in a
statement being made that there ls a
slight diminution in tho traillo, but
thia was thought to be owing to thc
hot weather. The cypress cilloials
State that there is a ?egular trade
which varies but little. At times
these nhl),mein:; amount to over 100
gallon per day. Thc correspondent
eayB "in the city of Spartanburg there
are practically no blind tigers, the
illlolt dealers having bein driven out
by the city administration and tile
Spartanburg force of Slate constabu
Mayor das. Thompson, of Walhalla,
says that there have not been over
half dozen cabes before him foi
drunkenness since thc dispensary was
voted out. When the dispensary was
here be frequently had that many per
week. There aro no act! ve tigers In
town. The Jug trade ls not ono-hun
dredth as muon as thc dispensary sold.
Wants no moro dlspensury.
Ohief of Police Davis, of Walhalla,
Bays that law and order and sobriety
have inoreased at least 80 per cent,
since tho dispensary was closed. Has
arrested but one man for drunknesslu
inn last three months. Ile watches
express for jug trade. Whon a per
son receives more than a half gallon
per week he must show what bc is do
lng with lt. Have a town ordinance
to that effect. Don't want dispensary.
Prohibition is a success.
Sheriff Will Kay says conditions
have improved undor prohibition
There aro fewer tigers and much less
drunkenness under prohibition than
under tho dispensary. Considers
Walhalla tho driest town of Its size lu
tho Stato. Liquor can scarcely be
found here at all. The people over
whelmingly favor prohibition.
Mr. J. S. Gollcns, county superin
tendent of education, says: "As rc
gards tho Information you desire con
coining tho dispensary and liquor
trafilo beforo and after thc dosing of
tho dispensary, 1 shall say the condi
tions are much bettor since tho dis
pensary closed than they were before.
\be order of our town ls far suporlor
.ow to what it was under thc dispon
Ary system. Tho majority of the
?opie of Oconee county desire no dis
oensarles for tho betterment of her
The ?my?r of Piokcns, J. Mci)
Bruoo, says: "That the people arc
Stistlod and thora ls less drunkness,
and less disorder, in fact not enough
Of disorder to Justify tho keeping nf a
polloo. The policeman was turned
off after tho dispensary was closed and
we havo not needed ono sli.ee. As
for blind tigers, about tho same;
there would bo moro If lt were not for
State constables keeping them down."
Shorlff J. G. Jennings says: "That
since dosing tho dispense rles there
are less blind tigers In thc county
than there wore when thc dlspemary
was in operation, there would bc a ore
If it were not for Sttto constables.
There Is less drunkness and disorder
by 9, largo per cont. Tho people aro
athfi d with present conditions and
in not desire dispensaries reopened. I
Tho supervisor, Msj. G M. Lynoh,
lays: "That tba people are sathflad
. ith pr? sent conditions. There is
ss drinking and disorder and not as
?iany blind tigers as there were when
llspensary was in operation.
u .unty Superintendent of Educa
tion lt. T. Halium says: "That the
sentiment of the people is against the
dispensary and they do net desire lt
to bo opented. Tb ore ls less of drun
kenness and disorder.
Mayor Wilie, of Lancaster, ls ab
sent from the olty and no expression
could bo obtained from him but the
acting mayor, Waideu T. S. Garter,
said: "There has been great impro
vement in conditions of both town
and county. Virtually no blind
tigers now. Ruc ly seo or hear of a
drunk man. Remarkable increase in
cash trade of town. People thorough
ly satisfied with prohibition "
Sheriff J dm P. nutter says:
"There is much less drinking and
drunkenness than when the d upon
sary was hero. Believe a majority of
thc people here want to see State and
county dispensaries wiped off the face
of th* earth."
M. 0. Gardner, county superviso!
Lancaster: "Conditions ovor count)
greatly improved. Seldom hear of i
blind tiger. M, jorlty of people satis
tied with prohibition."
I. T. Hunter, oblef of police o
Lancaster: "Conditions wonderfully
Improved In town of Lancaster slno<
d 8p"nsary closed. Rtcords show onlj
live (5) arrests for drunkenness f.-r firs'
six months of this year as against
fifty-four (54) arrests for same month
of 1005. Fewer blind tigers. Jiu
trado somewhat inoreased. Peopli
satisfied with prohibition."
G. 0. Wheeler, mayor of Saludi
says: "There ls far less drlnkini
and less disorder In tho town of Salu
da since the dispensary was removed
1 believe this to bo true in the count
at large. As to whether or not lt I
desired that dispensary bo reopens
in this county sentiment is divided."
Dr. J. W. Pitts, ex mayor, said
"Tho amount of drunkenness an
rowdiness has greatly decreased sine
tho removal of tho dispensary and
am sure tho majority of the people e
the towu and eouuty are pleased a
those results. "
JJ. F. Sample, Sr., superintendente
eduoatlon, stated that "there is lei
drinking in tho town of Saluda sine
tho removal of the dispensary, by th!
I moan that drinking on tho part (
the people from the county, has di
created. There aro fewer arrests, bl
no laxness In the enforcement of lav
The town dil dals are as rigid as eve
1 could not say whether thoro is mo
or less drinking In tho county at lari
but do believe there ls more UH
whiskey handled. In my opinion tl
people of thc county prefer the leg
sale of whiskey to the illicit salo uf
and would rather have the dispensa
purged of rottenness and graft thi
Il B. White, treasurer, gavo lt
his op'nlon "that sobriety in tl
town of Saluda has increased at los
60 per cent, since the dispensary w
voted out and that there had beer
corresponding increase in law a
oider. Ho further thinks the poul
uf the county do not want the dlBpc
sary reopened. Thero in less la wie
ness in the county and more sobr
B. F Sample, Jr., sbcrlif, sa
"There ls considerably less drunki
ness In the town of Saluda than wt
the dispensary was here. Do r
know how it, is in the county at lari
The order hero ls much better. Th<
was much complaint about the v,
thc dispensary was managed a
many of our people In the coui
think that tho dispensary, propo
and honestly managed, if that eau
done, the best solution of tho wi
Chief of Police W. H. Harris,
Newberry says: "There ls no cc
parlson as to conditions now :
when we bad the dispensary. rJ
police docket will show that lawh
ness has been greatly reduced WI
the dispensary was here lt rcqul
thc work of two police to keep dc
rowdyism and make a certain str
and corner passablo tho negre
mostly drunk, crowding the thoron
fare so. Now that ls all changed ?
no chicer ls needed there. As
blind tigers, there aro no more ii
than before; In faot, there are few
The conditions are better ten to on
As to conditions in the county, SI:
ill' Hu ff ord says bc can tell only wi
be hears. That uhcre have been
ports of blind tigers in different pa
of the county, but these reports w
also in circulation while tho dlsp
Lary was hero.
Sheriff Green says that there
been a great Improvement over
county since the dispensaries w
olosed Some blind tigers existed wi
ube dispensaries remained open, ;
since their removal the number
tigers has shown some decrease. Th
are a fow blind tigers, but the fjffU
aro vigilant and suppress them
they appear. There have boen bl
tigers all tho time. Kcwor e-nmplal
of drunkenness and shooting and ot
disorders reaoh thc olllco of the she
now. Mr. Green lives two miles no
of the oily on the puhlio roads,
solde m sccs a caso of drunkeni
now^but while the dispensaries w
opeitfrien, noisy anet drunken, pas
Along tiie road.
Mr. L M. Murphy, oblef of pol
:>f Anderson says that conditions b
Improved In tho city. There has h
lome whiskey sold, but this has h
in small quantities and from jug si
ped herc to Individuals. That Is
xtent of lt. Thero have been tl
jonvlotlons In tho polloo court
lolling liquor this year.
Mr. E. lt, Nicholson, oounty su
Inteudcnt of eduoatlon, thinks t
londitlons have Improved slnco
dosing of the dispensary, ile has
jr;en moro than half a dc/.en drun
nen since then. Drunkenness In
:0untry bas been reduced greatly,
ibservatlon leads him to beliovo.
UN KIN COUNTY,
The correspondent says in the
if Linton the police and Stain con
des arc very active now, and 1
die blind tiger situation so wei
?and that but very little liquor It
ale, oven with what blind tigers
n dispensary clays. Police Sergi
Cvans, who has been connected v
he foroea off and on for tho pant
eais, Said; "As to drunkcnncsi
ms generally decreased. Thcrooi
how arrests for drunkcn'iess, Ji
1)05, 10; and Juno, 11)00 ft. A
lind tigers, lt ls much easier to i
roi thom now, as moro sentlmei
gainst them and the people are
ig the polloo moro In broaklng tl
p. I believe that if the people v
) voto again, they would go atroi
galtst tte dispensary than they did <
ts t year, foi the majority N do not i
.vant lt at ah, and especially after the i
way lt has been run. Quite a great
nany prefer h'gh lioerss to either prc
uibttion or dispensary." i
sherill J. W'Handers, when asked, i
Mid: "When the dispensary was here
bbo jail was nearly always full. Now
lt is often almost empty. There is
?ot one fifth the drunkenness in this
county now that there was in dispon
Bary days, and I do nut believe the
majority of tho people would have
the dispensary hack."
Tl A H ION COUNTY.
Mr. J. R. Wilson, county superin
tendent of eduoation, when asked con
oerning the situation, said that he
thought there was less liquor in the
towns, but there seemed to be more
in the country in some plaoes than
there was before the dispensary was
voted out. He said some had declar
ed themselves in favor of the dispen
sary who had voted against lt before,
and gave as their reason that they
had to order liquor in too large
Supervisor I. P. Staokhouse said:
"The results of abolishing the dispen
sary in this county are, In my opin
ion, in every way satisfactory and
hopeful to the friends of temperance,
reform and moral betterment."
Mr. E. O Rogers ci the Marlon po
lice foroe thinks thero ls less drunken
ness and disorder on the street than
there has boon for years. He says lt
is very raro that a man is reported
for being drunk. On being asket con
cerning tho "jug trude," he estimated
that between 16 and 20 gallons were
reoolved hero daily. Ho believes there
are more blind tigers than beforo tho
dispensary was voted out.
Mr. S G. Miles, mayor of the town
of Marlon, says: "I think that the
general condition of law and order 1B
an Improvement. There is not as
much drunkenness as before tho dis
pensary was voted out, although there
are live blind tigers now whoro there
was one beforo. The "jug trade" ls
largo, but there is nothing Uko as
much liquor uBod as bofore."
Sherill Evans Bald: "Do not be
levo conditions havo been Improved
by romoval of dispensary, blind tlgors
galore; sentiment pro and con divid
Supervisor Wm. Phillips says that
thoro ls dcoldedly loss drunkenness
now tban bofore the dispensary was
voted out. Does not know whether
or not tho law is any botter observed.
Mayor Little, of Gaffney says tbat
be was mayor of Gaffney for two year?
befor the dispensary was voted out
and he docs not hesitate to say that
hero were tl ve blind tigers then to
one now. That the jug trade in his
opinion ls now greater than then.
That in his judgment the people are
well satlstied with conditions as they
stand and that under no clroumstanocK
would they have tho dispensary baok.
That numbers of people whom he
knows In person who spent all their
earnings for whiskey at the dispensa
ry are doing well now and saving
Ohtefof Police T. H. Lockhart of
Gaffney Baya that there 1B nothing
like as many blind tigers are running
now as when the dlsyen?ary was open,
that there ls a great deal less whis
key shipped to Gaffney than when the
dispensary was tlrst voted out, that
be knows quite a number of people
who are doing well now who spent all
they made for whiskey before the dis
pensary was voted out.
Sheriff B. J. Sessions says: "I oan't
say that 1 BOC. any appreciable change
In thc citizens' observance of law and
order in Horry county siuoo we voted
out the dispensary. The J ?g trade I?
enormous, liquor ls ordered in largei
quantities, and. they Boom to have
just as much. I can't say that there
aro any blind tigers, but I have every
reason to behove there are, and that
they aro moro plentiful now than he
fore, thc voting out of the dispensary.
Candidly I believe, from tho expr?s
sions I hear throughout the county,
that In the light of present oondl
tions, if thc vote were again ordered,
the paople would voto to rcopon the
County Supervisor W. K Holt ob
8orvcs: "I oan't say as to OOnditiOOG
in Conway, but my Impression is that
there must bo less drinking through
out the rural districts of the oounty
Binoe the voting out of the dispensary,
yet tho jug trade is a great one.
Then, too, if they oan't got the liquor,
they will make lt anyhow. If whis
key oould bc wiped out or kept out, 1
think that would suit our people, but
considering present conditions. 1 be
lieve the people much prefer tho re
opening of dispensaries in this coun
ty, In incorporated townB, however,
for I don't behove they approve of tho
woods dispensaries. In other words,
1 hear freq lent expressions that they
prefer thc dispensary liquor to blind
tiger liquor, and lt's one or the other.
Tho mayor of Conway, Mr. H. L.
Burroughs, speaks particularly of
Conway, and says: "There may be
loss drinking In Conway now than be
foro the dispensary was voted out of
the oounty, but we don't have as good
ordor. Tho prevalonoo of blind tl
Ifors, whloh I bellevo is about 20 to 1
inorease, keops the town In a stir.
Tho blind tigers are reinforced by the
enormous Jug trade to whloh the town
ls subject. 1 know tho people are not
pleased with blind tigers, and think
[.hoy prefer the dispensary. Were thc
vote again had on thc question of dis
pensary or no dispensary, I think
.hero would be little chango 'n the
result unless oomblnod with the pri
mary when the people turned Out
ihen the dispensary, I think, would
30 voted baok."
Mr. S. O. Jaokson, county suporvl
lor, is of tho opinion that drunken
ness has decreased In thc olty, but has
ihown an Increase In tho country dis
tricts. He says that there are a great
nany blind tigers In the county.
Mr. R. L. Koys, agent of the ex
press company, estimates the increase
n tho "Jug" trade at '?00 per cent. An
iv^rago of about 50 gallons hi received
it the local ollloo cacti day, with an
tverago of 10 gallons per day for thc
lame period last year.
ciuicicN vn.i.K COUNTY.
Mayor fl, H. Mahon, of Greenville,
isked to compare thc conditions lu
he county beforo and after thc vot
ng out of thc dispensary, said, "lt
s Impossible to got whiskey. The
igcrs are under practially perfoot
ontrol. 1 believe I am safo In say
iig, off hand, that where there wore
bree arrosts for drunkenness and dis
rdorly conduct as a result of lntoxl
atlon under the dlsponsary, there ls
ut ono now."
Sborlff Gllreatb said: "Mind tig
rs havo not Increased in number
luce, tho dispensary reign. Tho jug
rade of liquor consumed now IB about
ne-fifth of that oonsumed during tho
ispensary reign. The Jug trade per
aps lnoreased slightly when the dis
oosary was first voted out. The
' ? ? ? " ?}?
wnstahles bocana? exceedingly VlgH
inb, and the jug trade dropped oft
rapidly until today hardly ai much
whiskey la whipped Into tho city
through, tho express ciaos as Was
ihippod In Immediately following th?
abolition ot til? dispensary, - (jrli.no
has dooronsed very materially ?nd tba
srresta for drunkenness have dropped
?ff very decidedly."
Chief of Fol loe Beoknell, of Green
vu lo: "Blind tigers ar? under oon
brol and conditions In tb? city az?
good. A dooided deorease in rowdy- j
Ism and fewer arrests. Polio? records
show that for th? six months ending
January 1, 1006, (under the dispen
sary) there were 647 arrests, a..d for
tho six months ending July 1,. 1006
(under prohibition) thore wer? 337 ar
rests, a falling off of nearly 60 per
Sheriff Blaokwell says: "A blind
man can oom? hore and tell tb? differ
ence. In faot there is uo comparison
as to sobriety, law and order. Take
tb? Fourth o' July, for Instance,
when there were several thousand
people bere. Tber? was not a disor
derly man hero and I did not see on?
under the influence of whiskey. All
blind tigers of any imp?rtanos have
heen squashed. Of course there are
a number of pocket blind tigers, but
bhero is not ono-tenth of whiskey sold
as prior under tb? dispensary. And
there is not any big sight of an in
crease in the 'Jug' trade either. I
don't know positively tho sentiment
of tho people, but I am of the opinion
that they are satlsflod with present
oondltlons. I am confident they
don't want the dispensary again."
Mayor O. S. McCullough ot Darl
ington, wben Interviewed aald: "We
have had a great deal botter order In
the town of Darlington slnoo the dis
pensary was removed than before.
Tho records show that," said bo,
turning to bis books, showing a de
crease of fully one-third in
tho oases reoordod In tho
same period of time before and slnoo.
"Wo bave lees blind tigert In town
now than under the dispensary, hut
the Jug trado is some larger, I thing
the sentiment of the town is that aa
long as Floronco, Tlmmousvllle, B.sh
op vii lo and Uheraw are with dispensa
ries, tho people want ono lu town
here to keop trade. But they really
prefer not to have a dispensary at all
and think that other towns should
vots lt out."
Chief of Polloe A. B Dargan stat
ed: "We have less drunkenness and
hotter order There are more blind
tigers, but most of them are walking
ones. Tire jug trade has Increased,
but I don't think the people want the
dispensary hack. It is my opinion
that they would like to have a high
license systom so far as tb? town ol
Darlington is concerned."
Supervisor C. W. Milling gave lt as
his opinion that oondltlons have im
proved under tho prohibition roglm?,
that there is bettor law and order and
that drunkenness bas doorrased.
The superintendent of education
was also interviewed but ho declined
to express an opinion, saying that so
'ar as he is concerned he does nob oare
for liquor in any shape or form. .
SAVJ5D FROM GALLOWS.
Gov Bey ward Commutes th^ Son
tenor of Dob Sm lie.
Gov. Hey ward Friday commited to
life imprisonment the senteu" f Bob
Smalls of North Carolina, w?.., - ) . ?>r
sentence of death In Darlington jail.
Smalls was sentenced to he h ail red In
May of last year, but an appea' was
taken to the supreme court. /., new
trial could not be obtained and the
case then cimo up to Gov. Heyward.
Bob Smalls and J jhu Null wc/e ?Jwo
vagabmd white men working at a
saw mill in Darlington county. They
killoe! a hard working negro named
Frank Scott on the 6bh of March,
1005. Soott had shot a dog belonging
to a Mr. Harper for whom tho white
men were working. Scott was stop
ped on the public highway by thtso
two young white mun and was shot
down without provocation. Tho as
sailants were drinking. They perhaps
acted moro in a spirit of bravado than
with intent to murder, for the wound
was in Frauk Scott's thigh and his
death was caused by an artery being
After Scott was wounded, and after
wards it turned out to be a fatal
wound, Noll, In a savage and reckless
spirit tired at Mr. Howie, a white
farmer, who was remonstrating with
the two young men. Noll was nen
benccd to servo for lifo and Smalls
was sentenced to be hanged.
Gov. Heyward has been deluged
with petitions in Smalls' bohalf. It
was stated that this man was hardly
responsible. Ho had never known
the dilTerenco between right and
wrong and has expressed great peni
tence slnoo. There have been more
petlblons in behalf of ll.i i man than
for any other prisoner whoso life bas
been demanded by tho law since Gov.
Heyward came into otlloo.
The prosecution endeavored to show
mulloo booauso of an alleged throat
Smalls had made. A wittier who
oould not bc ohtalnod at tho time of
tho trial has slnoo made an affidavit
bhab Smalls did nob make such a
bhreab ab bho Mme specified. This re
lleves tho case of tho legal aspoot of
murder, hut on aooount of the brutal
ity of the homicide, Gov. Heyward
t.hlnks that Smalls should be required
lo spend the remainder of his days in
Smalls was but 10 when he oommit
lied this orirne. He was from Asho
Doro, N O., and his case was one to
Only Two li lind:,
There are two kinds of pcoplo on
lusl two kinds of people, no more, 1
Nob Ino sinner and sahib, for 'Ms well
The good are half had, and tho had
aro half good.
Nob tho rich and t he poor, for to count
a man's wealth
IfOU must Hist know the state of his
conscience and health,
Mot thc humble and proud, for In
life's little span
rVho puts on vain ali s ls not eonnted
^ot tho happy and sad, for tho swift
L ing each man lils laughter and oach
man his tears,
S'o The two kinds of people on earth
Lro tho people who lift and the peo
ple who lean.
Wherever you go you will lind the
Ire always divided In Just these two
ind oddly enough, you will lind. too;
'here's only one lifter to twenty who
n which class aro you? Aro you
easing tho load
>f overtaxed lifters who toll down
lr are you a leaner, who lets others
Tour portion of labor and worry and
?:^Z< v/r. . v. ;
HAD A BIG'TIME AT ISLE OF
And PUSH Resolutions ol Thanks to
Those- Who Contributed to
The following were reported bv the
committee* on resolutions, wbloh was
composed ot Messrs. J lt. McGheos,
J. E. Normont, N. Qt. o.tcon, Wm.
! Banks and Jas. L. Sims, and unani
It has been the good fortune of the
members of the s .uti? Carolina Stato
Press Association to have many cor
dial greetings from many good friends
in many plaoes. Theso greetings
have had muoh to do with the life of
our Association, and they are among
our most oherished recollections.
It has now fallen to our lot, in the
kindly disposal of the gifts which
Dame f rtune has smilingly shower
ed upon us, to havo a welcome that
rovealed fuller and deeper moaning of
friendly consideration than was con
stantly iu ovldenoe In the attentions
s' own us by our friends of the Gor
man R ilo Club and of the National
Thoroforo, bo it resolved, That we
regrot sincerely ll mt wo can Und no
words to adequately oxpross our great
appreciation of this welcome, graci
ous and cordial, and of the many
courtesies that were ours.
Resolved, That in the grytoful ac
knowledgments wbloh wo hereby ten
der to our Gorman-American friends,
that wo feol and recognize not only
the value of their kindly reception,
but that more than all do wo appro
olato this renewed ovldenoe of the
patriotism aud faithfulness whtob
binds them to their brethren in this,
their now Fatherland.
, MU. ?ADSDI?W A MKMliKll.
Resolved, That lu oleotlng Coi. P.
? H. Gadsden an honorary member of
this Assoolation, tho members of the
Stato press have attempted to oonfer
a distinction which is far from custo
mary ; this beoauseof the manner In
wbloh Col. Gadsdon, as president of
i tho Charleston Consolidated Railway,
Gas and Electric Company, has spared
no expenso to his company and no
trouble to h.msuif in preparing for
this meeting of tho Association and
in adding to tho cr joymeut of the
members by many courtesies and by
> unremitting attention,
Rdsolved further, That the Assoola
tion is sensible of its Indebtedness to
Col. G. G. Greenough, commandant
of Fort Moultrie, for his courtesy in
i permitting tho members of the press
to visit tho forts and garrisons of
Charleston harbor, and to Capt. Geo.
L Dyer, for bis hospitality at home,
and to the other (/Ulcers at tho Naval
Station, which, on our next visit, we
bopo to see completed.
Resolved further, That wo hereby
oxpro?s our appreciation of the mark
ed oourtesy of Capt W. S. Benson,
U. S. N., for the uso cf tho Wistaria
for tho delightful excursion.
"BSTEBMBD CONTHAirOUAIUEB. "
In dosing this, the most eu j jyablo
u sslon of tho Stato Press Association,
in all its history, bolt.
R s dved, That the thanks of the
Association are duo and hereby arc
tendered to The News and Courier
and the Evening Poht, not only for
the excellent, manner in wbloh they
have kept track of tho meanderings
and mind wanderings of the members
of the Association, but also because
of tho wbolesouled mauner lu which
thc men who mako those papers have
desertod their offices in order to con
tributo to the pleasure, comfort and
entertainment of the- A?soolatlon.
Especially are tho thanks of thc
Association due to the managing
editor of Tho News and Courlor,
Majjr J. C. Hemphlll, not only for
bis genial presence, adding much to
the pleasure and Interest and vivacity
of thc mootlugs, but also because of
his well intended kindness in tender
ing bis editorial columns to the mom
hors of the Association so that the
readers ~f Tho Nows and Courier
might bo given an opportunity by
this comparison to apprcolato bow
ably Tho Nows and Courier is editen
seven days out of every lifty-two
VRAIS? FOU IHN? HOSTS.
Messrs Riddock & By ms, proprie
tors of tiic Hotel Seashore, whlon was
the headquarters of tho Association,
drew this prize:
Hospitality the world over ls the
samo, except in Charleston, where lt
has an enlargement of thc heart. Wc
arc at a loss for words with which to
express our appreciation of the many
kindnesses shown us. The service
hus been all that could be deired. We
note the uniform oourtesy of every
attaobo from the clever clerks In tho
oflloe to tho bell boy?, and in every de
tail tho entertainment has been com
plete, therefore, belt.
KoBolvod, That the thanks of this
Assoolation be, and are hereby, ex
tended to Messrs Ulddook & Myrna,
the proprietors, and the Assoolation
trusts that their success as hottllsts
may know no bounds.
LANGSTON A MF? MBWniCK.
Mr. hanks offered thc following:
Rosolved, Tnat on account of his
conspicuously fatlhful services to this
Association as secretary for a period
of thirteen yoars, the South Carolina
State Press Assoolation hcroby elects
and declares that G. C. Langston is
oiooted an honorary momber for lifo.
Mr. Norment offered the following:
There ls no more strong atti Ibu te to
bo found within tho scop, and influ
ence of our Association than ls the
fraternal oord that binds together
kindred spirits. With this ls linked
inseparably appreciation of sorvlce and
al?'Ctlon of deepest Interest lu all that
oonoerus eaoh and overy momba' of
our Association. Knowing that your
eommlttoo voices tho sentiments of
our entire Association, be lt resolved,
therefore, that wc do not need to ex
press to our brother, C. C. Langston,
who for twelve yoars bas been our val
ued and eillolent secretary, our sincere
regret at tho necessary severing of
theso oillolal relations. He does not
neod to be told that he carries with
hlm-our sympathy and affection in the
reasons that make his resignation
neoss ary. With thc prayer that he
will soon bo restored to health, that
he will soon bo again numhored among
our activo workers, we wish him
hoaltb, happiness and prosperity.
IN MHMOHY OK UOSWKI.I. T I.OUAN.
Mr. N. G. Ostoen, on behalf of the
committee, rcportod tho following:
When a man dies, who, by having
used and Improved tho talents gi von
bim by bis Creator, has distinguished
himself In bis life-work and has put
his fellow mon under obligation, lt ls
right and proper tbat they should hon
or his memory and put upon record
testimony of their appreciation of hts
worth and character.
Therefore, be lt resolved, That in
the death of Roswell T. Logan, the
.South Carolina State Press Associa
tion bas lost a valued member, and
the State of South Carolina i son who
served hor well and faithfully. Hts
love for bis State and bis ability as a
newspaper man-were attested through
out tho many years of faithful and ar
duous work in the several positions be
so ably Ailed.
Resolved, That a page in our minu
tes bo imorlbed with his name, age
and dato of death and a oondensed
narrative of his servloe.
M'i u:sc resolutions were all adopted
unauim usly and with hearty spirit.
EDUCATION OF NEGROES.
Wants His I'coido tu Uconino Broad
winnora With; Good Morals.
Tho Chattanooga, Tenn., Darby
Times, of July 24, says: The enter
tainment given at tho auditorium
last night under the auspices of tbe
colored department of tho Y. M. 0.
A. was a signal success, a number of
white people being present besides
possibly 2,000 negroes.
The principal event of the evening
was tho address of T. E. Miller, of
O.augcburg, S. C., president of the
state .college of S ou th Carolina for
negroes at that point. He v?as con
gressman from that district to the
ttftytlrst congress as well as being a
member of the state legislature of
South Carolina for a number of years.
His subj.lot was the needs of educ
tion for tue negro raoo. He said that
when Booker T. Wellington iirst
started out with his doctrine of a
tooth brush and a bar uf soap as the
llrst needs of tho negro, be considered
him narrow-minded, listening to bim
with horror and disgust. "Now,
however," he said, "he has broadened
out and I admire bim when ho gets
upon the platform and asks every
thing for tho negro, that the white
He evidently did not approve of In
dustrial eduoatiou as tho salvation of
the negro, as he said he wanted a
thorough education that would per
meate every oro/ice where there was
a negro and make them the equal of
ail, making every little negro girl a
prluoess to rule In lier community.
"Wo need that eduoatton that will
make us bread winners and rulers of
our own homes.
"I would not give ton cents for a
white boy or girl who oau only sc*u a
poem or rattle ou a plano and cannot
make a cup of tea or cook a beefsteak
or biscuit when the Ber vant 1B away."
Ho su ld he felt the ?amo way about
the negro. They should all have a
trade beforo they went higher.
"We want tho education that will
lift us up aud make us the rqualof
any race or any pe pie regardless of
the eolor of our skin or tho kinks of
"Lotus give "hanks for the now
south whioh intends to do right by
thc negro, for they do intend to treat
the negro right.
"Don't go olf and say I told you to
get the dollar. No, I bay the moral
Viollnr, for the white race cannot Lulld
up on an immoral dollar."
He sought to Impress upon bis
audience thc importance of saving
and owning their own homes, thus
making themselves respcoted citizens,
who should cast their ballot for the
pure man regardless of publltio or
ne closed by making an appeal to
the negro as a race to upi if ? them
selves, saying that If they tried to do
right, tho wbke raoo wouM assist
them, as they were all lindar the
same God, and all brothers in timo of
DEMOCRATS NEKD FUN DB,
GoiiKrosHlonal Campaign Calls for
Representative James Matthews
Griggs, o! Georgia, chairman of the
Democratic Congressional committee,
will be In New York early next week.
He will be accompanied by his Urst
lieutenant, Representative Elton
Jackson Howers, of Mississippi. These
two leaders are going to the metro
polis to pajs thc bat around. The
Democratic committee needs money
and it needs it badly, and Messrs.
Griggs and Bowers are going to In
vade tho money devil rig'it in his lear.
It is thc found expectation of Mr.
Griggs that Wlllllain Rindolph
nearst, one of the most eminent coin
collectors of tills party, will hand
over a generous contribution to the
Mr. Griggs is grievously disappoint
ed over the acknowledgment of a let
ter he recently forwarded to Senator
Clark, of Montana, the multi-million
aire, who, lt was believed, would con
sent to a seperatlon from some of his
means "for thc good of thc party," in
the fall oampa'gn. Tue customary
invitation to deliver a number of
speeches waa sent to Senator Clark,
and lt v/as i xpeoted that a reply would
be roceived in the shape of a good
s z.;d check. Mr. Clark replied that
bc weuid be bus> in Montana this fa 1
and that bc would not bo able to vi?it
any other State. The envelope con
taining bis letter was shaken again
and again, but there wu* no check.
The Democratic c remittee has tine
headquarters and a large o Ul oe force
In Washington's tallest, skyscraper,
but lt has not even a bun,; hole around
which to build a 'Har'1" BO far a*
ti naners go, as it is understood that
Chairman Griggs wai. requested to pay
his rent in advance.
Attack -d a Juror,
Bass Barelleld an ex convict, was
shot and killed at New Boston, Tex.,
by Louis Odom, one of the jurors who
sent him to thu penitentiary twelve
years ago. Haiclieid killed Dr. P/ibort
Lee, a prominent young physician of
the town Ho was himself a mau of
(niluenoo ano a desperate attempt was
mado to save bis Hf 3 Odom, who
was on thc jury, voted to hang him
and held out on Lbat verdict against
the eloven other jurors, but Anally
oomnromisi d ou. a verdict of twenty
yearj at bard labor In tho poulton.
tUry, a much longer term than the
other jurors wanted to give the
prisoner. Bareliold went to jill
tlneatenlng vengeance ?gal st the
obstinate juror. Ho did not remain
In prison the twenty years for willoh
ho was sentonood, but got out 01 a
pardon. He. began at onoe to perso
Mite Odom, and meeting bim, oponod
Ure on bim, to which O lom replied,
londhig two bullots Into tho ex-oon
Five persons, all young mon rang
ngfrom 10 to 28, were Instantly kill.
>y lightning on tho grand stand while
vltnoBBlng a baseball game on Sunday
-t Maytowco, Wis. Four others were
DI BD TOOITOBK. I
Lover* Drcwr. 3tt?. Enselva? lUther
Thun uiyn Haotn o.hor Up
Grievously disappointed because
tbolr parente would not pirmtt them
to marry, Gustavo Katokr, ?gad 19
your?, and Ella Miller, a beautiful girl
of 18, committed lulolde together
Tuesday night by jumping Into tbe
Doh.ware river. Wednesday night tbe
bodies of the young couple, olapsed lu
eaoh other's arms, came to the sur
face near Chestnut street wharf, Poll
adelpbia, and were tak^n fiom the
rlvor by the poltoe.
Kftthke and the girl had boon miss
lng nineo Tuesday when they left
their homes to visit friends in another
tart of tho olty. Ho had been paying
attention to tho young woman for
about four years and was anxicus to
make her his wife. The parents of
botb, however, objected because of
their youthfulness, and these obj o
tiona caused tho young couple much
sorrow. The young woman had ofter
spoken of ending her life if not per
mittad to marry, but little attention
was paid to her remarks. lu-fore leav
ing borne Tuesday Kftthke told a
ooo du ho was going out tor a launob
ride on the Delaware river with Miss
MHtav Ht was in good spirits, appar
ently, and told the relatives that if
anything should happen to him not to
let the soioner bury him Iii told tin
cousin, jokingly, to hang crepe on the
front door and lay a bunch of 18 roses
ou his o m i.
The young man and woman failed
to return to their homes that nleht
and the next day ttiey wore reported
to the police as missing. The morn
ing mall of Wednesday brought a let
ter to the girl's mother In which the
j daughter said tho mother would nevf r
sac her again.
Nothing more waa heard of Ihn cou
ple until Wednesday night when th?
churning of thc propeller of a tug boat
which was tielng up at Chestnut
street wharf oauaed the bodies to com:
to the surfaoe. The way the arms
were clasped about each other lt Is
supposed tbat K&thke and MI'isMlllor
embraoed and jumped Into the river.
BOMBA ttUBLKB IN CROWD.
And l'?lK'it Mon Aro !? iurnd by tho
At New York while peaco negotia
tions between local union* 2 *nd 480
pf tbo Plumbor8' and Gai Fitters' as
sociation were in progress Friday eve
ning, two bombs or largo torpedoes,
Ulled with bits ( f alone or metal, were
thrown from the Third Avenue Ele
vated K ti hoad structure Into a group
of tho members of the latter union
waltiug outside Teutonia hall at S x
teentb street and Third aveouo for a
meeting to begin. E.ght of tho groups
suffered outs and abraslous.from the
L eal No. 2 recently lost a strike
sgalust the master plumbers. The
latter refused *o employ any but mom
bersof No. 480. which ls 8dilated with
the national organizion, while No.
2 is not, and required tho mombers of
No. 2 to join No. 480. Many members
were willing to do so and applied for
membership of No. 480 There was a
section of No. 2's membership, how
eve?' whloh opposed the mergor, and
it is believed that some of that party
were responsible for the bomb throw
lng. Overtures were mado, however,
for an aualoible mergor, and both un
ions wore in session Thursday night
for that purpose, No. 4Sd in Coucou
la hall, and No. 2 in tho Clarendon
hotel in E ghteon street.
About 600 members were inside the
ball and 100 others with many of N t
2's members woo were seeking admis
sion to No. 480 wero outside on the
sidewalk. Thc bombs fell in the midst
of the group. Several were knocked
down by the foroe of tho explosion,
and others Hung against tho do >rs.
N me of the men were dangerously
injured and most of them were able o
leave the hospital after thoir woundB
An Intruder Hhot,
Thursday night some one attempt
ed to onter tho sleeping room of Miss
Irma Nottlee in her father's residence
at Lanes. A similar attempt having
been made a few weeks previous, Miss
Nettles had armed hersolf with hor
brother's revolver. Having been
awakened by the disturbance, Bbc
tlrod dlrcotly through the window
blind. An examination revealed
blood stains around the window and
leading off therefrom, in tho dlrco
tlon of Gourdin, tho trail was follow
ed about three or four hundred yards
to a spot where thc victim had dis
carded his blood-stained garments,
consisting of a shirt and overall. The
bullet evidently took elf ?ot about the
face or neck, as the snlrt was bloody
from the nook down. The trail oould
not be followed after tho garment?*
wero discarded, but a pleoo of shirt
was found with blood stains on lt near
Gourdie, three miles distant, which ls
unmistakably a part of the same shirt
EiTorts arc being mado to apprehend
olio guilty party.
Six lives constituted the total paid
Wednesday by Chicago and vicinity to
lakes and rivers. Two boys were
drowned while swimming. Ono lost
lils life in an . n'.-rt to got a water lily
and a man fell from a bridge while
fishing. The fifth victim died from
injuries suffered by striking a timber
while driving. Tho sixth fell into the
river while running tooatoh abuH In
a baseball game.
A :ll?p?toh to The Stato says Rsv.
Alf Harrison Purroughs, tilt marry
ing parson of Bristol, Tenn-Va., has
married his two thousandth doping
couple tho count beginning 15 yoars
?go with tho establishment of his
dretna Green In the bordor city.
Jon pie No. 1,999 came from Tonnes
iee and lovc-slck pair No. 2,000 carno
from the Old Dominion.
Insurance At A
T.S Scase, Prcsldont.
PALME ITO MUTUAL PIRK
Ahorne flro'lnsuranco company that
Management Capable and Conservativo.
Write for particulars.
We Have [
One 25 horao power Talbott, second hi
y boo?i overhauled. Thia Kunine ii
i groat bargain for anyone who is in 1
Wo aro headquarters for anything ii
irompt attention will he given to all i:
aro. Writo us whon you aro in tho ;
o get our prices before placing your <
Colombia SupptylCw,, - -
Fivu Minora Killed.
Xs ii result of an explosion of gas tn
a Dixon mme sb Huger, W Va , flvo
miners were killed and two injured
ftft'iously. They y.?!!! die: Tho sasw
started down a shaft in a buokot
wfeen the explosion o&o? blowing
ont the bu.ket to tho bittern of
the ?haft, A gasoline lamp wa? th?
Town bw pr. Axvmy,
Tne village ot Fourneaux de Mau
rlgne Madonna, Fiance, was devasta
ted Wednesday morning hy a water
spout. Twenty three houses were
swepb away. It ls feared the death
list will be a long one. Thus far thir
ty are re ported mlsslug. The dam
I age to property ls estimated at five
?Ix ?t ii Birth,
?t K'n?8ton, Williamson county,
Tenn., a negress Thursday gave birth
I to six children. The children were
all alive at the last accounts.
Are You Sick?
If You Have a Dlsoaso For Whioh You
Aro Unable to Find a Cure Write Us.
Wo nave Beon Remarkably Successful
in Curing Deop Seated and stubborn
If you havo any disease of a ohronio na
tur?, no matter liow many dootora havo
fulled to ?uro you
or bow much other
trent mont you have
taken, wo want you
to write IIB a let.ter;
We aro specialists
with ovor 20 years
boon I o ca tod In At
lanta for nearly 18
years, whore we
reputation for cur
ing our pa 11 on ts
which wo bol ?ova is
second lo none in
Our standing holli
loan ?ul I v, is ot tho
very hlghost, and
you can consult ?is with perfect confidence
Wo do not rosort to claptrap methods to
secure patienta, hut conduct our praotloe
in a st aighforward mininer.
is chronic dlsoasos of both mon and wo
men-such na Nervous Debility, (nervous
exhaustion, nervous prostration, lout vital
ity, otc., Kidney and Bladder Diseases,
Stricture, KbeumatiBm, Varicocolo, Catarrh
of tho different organs, SpQciflo Blood
Poison, Stomach, Bowel, Liver and Heart
I) tacases, Piles, i'i'll nin, Enlarged Piostato,
diHoasea peculiar to women, otc, rte.
Wo invito every aillictod person to con
null, UH free. Send for examination blank.
After you havo receivod these, together
with our expert, opinion of your caso, and
you a'o not entirely sat tailed, both as to our
reliability and ability to ouro your diseaso,
you will not oven be oxpeotod to takotreat
mont. Vf o l>o Not Deal In Patont
Modtotnea. All necessary medicine i
aro prepared in our own private laboratory
to ault tho conditions of each individual
case, without extra charge. Address usas
follows: DR -HATHAWAY & CO., 88-11,
Inman building, Atlanta, Ga.
J, SIWTOS B ITHIV?AT, M. K.
Cradtt?tDirlmiulh lui. fd
l*4.S?tWt). h. Mtmbir
8Ut? Mei. 5o., F: J td
of Health, elf.
Kidney and Bladder
Murray's Buohu, Gin and Juniper
has a direct curativo action on bhe
kidneys and bladder, relieving at once
the distressing symptoms, pain in the
neadacho, dark colored, scanty, burn
ing mino, di/.zieness, bloating, cbc.,
and prompbly restoring these Impor
tant organs to a normal, healthy con
M (JURAY'S BUOriiJ, GIN", AND
ls nob a "quack nostrum," but a com
bination of drugs endorsed, recom
mended by a multitude of leadlnjr pla
titude of luading physicians, it fin.?Vies
and cleans the kidneys of all poison
ous clogging Impurities, and r. ' ren
dering the urine bland, soothing and
antiseptic, ls a sped Ho lu painful blad
der ailments. Of unquestionable vlr
ture in all Kidney and Bladder dis
orders, Dropsy, Gravel, Jaundice and
Scanty or Painful Urination.
Price $1.00. Guaranteed satisfactory '
to every purchaser.
AT DRUG STORES.
Prepared by bhe
Murray Drug Co.,
Columbia, S. ?.
Ono 50 n. P. Lidoll Automatio En
K One 60 H. P. Erle City Boiler.
One Drag Saw.
One Cut Off Saw.
One Self Feed Rip Saw.
One Broom Handle Lathe,
One Hoe Handle Lathe.
Two Polishing Drums.
One Hand Lathe.
One Large Grind Stone and Stand.
Two (Jar Loads short lengths of Ash,
Walnut, Persimmon and Dogwood.
One hundred feet of Shafting.
One lot Shafting Hangers.
One lot Pulleys*
125 Do/.. Hase Hall Hats.
The above ls sit uated In a two-story
factory building, dimensions 50xl00ft.,
with ell attached 30x50fb, two stories.
Lot measuring 200 feet frontage and
624 feet In depth. Rall Road Into tho
yard. In a desirable part of the city
i of Orangeburg, S. O. This property
will be sold in part or in whole. It can
be utilized for most any kind of enter
prise For full particulars,apply to
JAS. L. SIMS,
Orangeburg, S. O.
that will last a life time ls what you
want. Our Organs have a pure lone
and have lovely cases. We can supply
you with an Organ thal, will please In
every particular for only $<>?> nod $70.
delivered. Wi Ito us for our special
terms of payment, and for illustrations
of the beautiful Organs referred to.
If you prefer a Piano wo have beau
tiful and good new Uprights from $185
op on easy terms.
Adorers Malone's Muslo Go.,
Oolunohia, S. O.
$r AAA BANK DEPOSIT
3?UUvF R.?.F*rePald. Mote?Tafe*
" BOO I'UHKCOUBSBJ
Coard at Cost. V/r1to<
?fiORaiA-AlJUlAMA BUSINESS C0UEa>,M*M* ft*
J. B. Atkinson, Sec'y & Treas.
rg, 8. 0.
Is SAFE, SOUND, ."SUCCESSFUL.
Agon ts Wanted.
and engine in ?deck which linn recent?
? in first-class condition and will be
the market for euell a td/o engine,
a t ho way o? macliinery raupplies, and
nquiries and ordora entruetod to on?
markot for anything, and be eure
>rd ere elsewhere.
. - Colombia, S?,C.