Newspaper Page Text
?Nf* A Vit ?nw ^* 77 ZI TVS "S?
KILL? GIRIJ AND WOUNDS umn
S W??W l'E^A?V?
B?ayer Mobbed and Boaton by Fol
low-Workore Before the Arrival
of the Folio?.
At New York, Thursday there wes
mordor done In the grimy sweatshop
of Heller So (Jo., at 67 Spring street.
Antonietta Naolool, a pretty nine
tomi-year-old Italian girl, who was to
have beet a bride In two weeks'1
time, wac ?bM? through the head and
the left breast and died instantly.
Tho young man whom she was to
have married, Yinoenzo Lovora, was
shot, too, but hts wounds aro not
serious. He is now In St. Vincent's
Tho man who ls charged with the
shooting ls Guiseppe Figlia. Ho ls a
little wlzened-up blt of a man, and an
expert tailor. JU ls said that it was
the Jealousy whioh tho little tailor
aroused In Antoinette Naolool and
her sweetheart, who, though they
had worked In the sweetshop moro
than two years, could not fcq lal tho
now-oomer's work that led co tho
fatal shooting. The girl, nor follow
employos say, had taunted Flglla
with his punlnoas until he had boen
goarded beyond enduranoe.
When Flglla had been disarmed,
after discharging the bullets, whioh
killod tho bride-to be and wounded
her betrothed, the sweatshop work
ers pounced upon the maraudorer and
almost tore him to pleoes before the
polloo arrived. It was neoesiary to
oall out tho reserves to get Figlia to
the Hulbert y street station in safety.
He required the attention of a sur
geon before he was looked up. He
was badly out and bruised.
The ?hooting ooourred at noon
Thursday. Flglla, ao?ordlng to the
stories thp/j tho sweatshop workora,
had gone to the sink ho wash his
hands before eating his frugal lunch.
As he was standing there, soourlng
the grime from his stubby Angers,
AB Boon as she osmo within speak
ing distance, the girl, it ls seid, ad
dressed to tho little man some insult
ing remark. Then, it ls charged,
she spat in his faoe.
Tho rod color rushed over Flgllia's
swarthy feaures at the Insult which
the girl had offered him. The two
were standing within three foot of
eaoh other. Figlia pulled a rovolver
from his hip pooaet. He fired twloo.
The first shot penetrated the girl's
left oheek and ranged upward. The
seoond entered her left breast and
- pierced the heart. Without a cry the
girl fell to the Aoor.
Lavora, her sweetheart hed wit
nessed all that happened. He rushed
upon Flglla, paying no heed to tho
revolver's smoking barrel. The tail
or fired twice more.
One shot broke Lavora's Jew and
"ho other lodged in the fleshy part of
his right shoulder. Bub the wounds
felled to stop the rush. With blood
Bbreemlng fiom his shoulder and faoe
he grepppled with his sweothoert's
murderer end bhe bwo rolled aboub to
gobbet looked in each other's arms.
As soon as bhe revolver had been
wrested from him, bhe other workers
book oourege enough too atteok him.
They oamo upon him In a body. They
Btruok bim with their fists and kiok
ed him as ho writhed on the Aoor,
trying in vain to shield his body
from tho blBws that wero being rained
, upon it. One of the workers piokod
upFlglla's rovolver, end had lb level
ed In bhe prosbrauo m*.n'a direction,
when polioeman Fulvey appeared.
Fulvey had blme bo grab his arm and
Bolza bhe rovolver before he had a
ehenoo to Aro.
Deoteotive McLaughlin Joined
Fulvey. They had bo draw bbelr
olubs to drive the infuriated
Italians baok from bholr prisoner
MoLaughlln senb in e oall for thc
reserves, end nob until bhey arrived
wes lb deemed safe bo bake Figlia
through bhe streets to the Mulberry
Bbi %ev. polloo station.
Vinoenzo Lavora was removed to
Sb. Vlncenb'a hospital._
MAKE THK BOMB BillGHT.
A Lay Sermon l'or Motliore, Fathoi a
How muoh better to UBO Borne of
the good bbings of lifo as wo goalong;
to make our homes as cherry and
bright as possible now. Do not starve
today, either body, mind or soul, think
Ing-thab poverty will kneok at your
door tomorrow. Don't board and
sorimp through all tho best days of
your life that you may bo generous in
your will. Lifo is uncertain, and it
ls bebter to make your ohildren happy
while under tho parental roof, to edi
to that home e ?rory agenoy that will
make their lives swooter and bobter,
than to de..y thom these that you
may leave them at large aooount when
you aro gone. It will be too lato for
them to return kindness to you then.
Don't keep the parlor Bhut up and
live in tho kitchen, unless you want
the boys and girls to be anxious to
leayo you. Don't think they must not
go anywhere but to Sunday aohoo)
and prayer mr.otlng; romembor you
were young onoo yourself. Do not ask
them to walk two miles to a singing
or kcture after working hard all dey
when there aro two or three horses In
your barn that would et j jy the trip
as much as they. For God's sako, show
them you think as much of them as
VDU do your beast if not moro. Tako
time to enj)y tbo saciety of your
friends, especially tho companionship
of your children; it will only bo a fow
years at tho best that they will bo
with you, and tbeso ought to be years
of happiness to both you end them.
Would you nob rabbor haye thom back
when out In bbo world to that blessed
heme, though lb may nob heve been
a menslon, where bhoy roooived moro
joy and comfort than the world oan
afford, then to have them forgot
home in e week end hardly return to
your burial? If wo are vory happy In
this lifo wo must en j y whet every
dey brings. We should bo gretefu)
and glad for all tho good tbat cornea
Into our lives, and petlently boar our
trials, believing that all things If
rightly uaod will fib us for tho enjoy
mont of perfrovi happiness horoa/ter.
Murder and Hntolde,
Ab Atlante after a fight with hor
drunken husband, In whioh he used a
hatohet and a 32 oalibre revolver,
Mrs. Jno. F. Ocoper wa? knooked
nearly to pieces ab her homo, and ber
husband ls dead from a selMnflioted
wound aftor he thought his wife's
life extlnot. There were no oyo wit
nesses to the fight, so itsoausels un
known. Her wounds indloeto that
|*io woman was attacked from bohlnd.
Blood on hor hands indloeto she made
a fight for her life. Both bodies wrre
on a bed and wero found by tho ohild
ren on returning home.
Bdieon Has Oompletodl Hie Most
For years Edison, tho Wizard of
eleotrioity, bas been giving out de
tails of an Improved storage battery
onwblob be ha? booti at work. It
1B said to bt all that could ba dosirod
ti a motor-In do Itel y longer lived
than any battery now in uio, so light
lt oan be unod to run a btoyole or
light veblole, remarkably oheap, and
Us oost ot operation ls next to noth
This wonderful engine WAS entirely
complete Bavorai years ago, and al
most any other men than the mighty
Ed lion would have at ono? placad lt
on the market, leaving the public to
discover any possible defects. Not so
the Wlzzard-ba dosirod a thorough
test. He nUw-rt them at work undor
every oonoelvable handicap and strain.
Some represented automobiles speed
ing over oorduroy roads tor months,
and Infinitely mora required of them
than will ever be demanded In ordi
These tests thousands of machines,
have proven the batten/ all that oan
bo desired In a ol ic.ip motor. It ls
the longest stop In tho use ot eleotrio
ity asja motive po^er, yet attained.
It greatly simplifies the problem of
aortal navigation, giving a motor
light, bub powerful enough to drive a
As heretofore, tho lnvontor has
had to piaotloally oroate tho material
of whloh tho motor ia mado. He has
had to search the world for rare min
arais, and from bli giant mind evolve
praotloal methods of transforming
thom Into tho wonderful mcohanlsm
the world ls so eagerly awaiting.
There ls no doubt fchl? motor ls
woll nigh perfect as a ohe&p, inde
structible power, doming aa does
with ohoap aloohol as a fuel, coin
cident with an evur lnoreastng de
mand for suoh motors >n farms, In
?hops, OB vehicles, and In places
whero lt was never beforo thought of,
this new motor may bo regardod as
one of the greatest bloaslngs provi
dence through EdiBon, has oonferred
Stook Food Fraud.
The Raleigh Progressive Farmer
prints a notable artlole exposing the
obook food fraud, whloh it pronounces
tho most stupondoui swindle now be
ing praobioed upon Amerloan farmers.
Millions and millions of dollars are
Bpenb every yoar-several thousand
dollars a year perhaps lu this vory
country-for gaudily advertised
"stook foods" "oondltlon powders"
oto., ior farm an?malo, white the In
vestigations aud tests mado by the
Experiment Stations have demon
strated that theso preparations are
nothing moro than oommon meal,
bran, otc, with a little ohoap sul
phur, salt, Epson salts, peppor, salt
peter, cte., ju I dod to chango tho taste
and tho mixturo (hardly more valua
ble thanBhlp stuff) put up iu Haming
paokages, advertised in farm papers,
and sold to gullible farmers at rates
rauglng from 8250 to $2,600 a ton.
Theso stook foods, winch can bo
found in almost any country store,
have rocontly boon tested in seven
different Experiment Stations, und
our farmers who aro paying suoh
enormous prioes for tho mixtures,
should be interested la the results -aa
reporbod by Tho Progressive Farmer.
In Minnesota steers without stook
food gave better rosults than those
using the steck foods. In Kansas two
lot of sheep were fed an thoso without
stock foads made 117 pounds greater
gain. Tn Massachusetts a (.light gain
in butler was made-but at a In
creased cost of 48 cents a pound I Of
nineteen experiments in NO?V Jorsey,
sixteen showed ao gains, and in the
three oases whare gains wore made
from stook foods, their lost was so
greai as to make their use unpro?ba
ble. In Iowa $1.40 u steor was lost
by using these highprloed mixtures.
And so lt goes. Tho Progressive
Farmer gives ?nstanos after Instance
but we mention these examples more
ly to warn our farmers against wast
ing further the many hard-earned
dollars that go ont from our oouutry
oaoh year for theso much-ad vor tlsed
frauds-for frauds they are, although
ao conspicuously advertised In many
farm papers: aud the Progrosslvo Far
mer reports that lt loses $1,000 a year
in advertising patronago by exposing
them to its readers. Hero is ono lit
tlo leak whloh our farmors may atop
and keep some good money at home.
Lat Btook foods alono.
Tlioy Do No Hui m.
Tho Pcmborg Herald says: "It ls
said that Dantvder, the Orangeburg
negro, is preparing to again couteBt
the seat of Congressman Lever. The
only thing in these oontosts is the
foes allowed by oongrois, and that is
what Dantzlor and his nogro lawyer
are after. In faot, we havo little
doubt but that the lawyer, Moorer, is
tho prime mover In this contest busi
ness. A stout buggy traoo properly
admlnlstored would ho the hes) moans
of stopping this sort of 'graft,' and
we commend lt to the white psoplo of
Orangoburg." We fully agree with
The norald in everything ifc aays in
tho abovo paragraph except the aug
gestion about tho uso of the "stout"
buggyy trace proporly admlnlstorod.
Suoh solon would bo harled with de
light hy the rodmouthod Republicans
of tho North and do Orangeburg and
tho wholo State great harm. DanUler
and his lawyer really do no harm in
their contest, and if the Republicans
In Congress want w olroulato a few
thousand dollars through tha?e elec
tion graf tors we oan stand it. Con
gressman Lever will have no trouble
In holding Ids seat, as Dantzler did
not get many votes in tho district.
Should Not Ito Allowed.
Ono neighbor should not allow his
?tock to depredate upoa his neigh
bor's fields. There ls no tolling how
muoh trouble and annoyanoo this lu
to a man who ls ongagr.d in raising
?crain and wintor vegetables. Tho
law requiros that all steck should be
ihut up and not be allowed to run at
larg?, but a man does not want to
b ke up his neighbors stook whon lt
???noys him aud no man should force
lils neighbor to do it by failuro to ob
ier ve the araenltlos of lifo. Every
man should praotloe the golden rulo,
that is to do to othors as would have
Shem do to him. So if your stook ts
running out and annoying your
lelghbor, h* neighborly and shut
>hem up, as you would want him to
lo if his stock was annoying you.
Flnod For Whlpuln? Hoy.
A lady at Yorkvlllo sued a man
or whipping her ohild. The man
la!med that he whippod tho oMll
coause hoimpisod upon his ohlldren
t sohool. A verdict fpr $100 dam
gos was awarded the lady,
BOMB TI M BL. Y STGGBB?10NS TO
Tua LAND OWMEK8,
Pr?Hint Euinous Frito lots Must Be
Stopped end a Bettor Hyatom
Working our fenns with "standing
wages hands" is fatt booomiog a thing
of the past, sail the Southern Culti
vator. The greater part of our ne
groes muon, prefer to work on shares
as they term lt or to rent tho land.
The majority of our farmers havo
been very lax In their methods of
making contraots. A more verbal
agreement was entered into, whereby
the landlord was to furnish so many
aores of land to be cultivated on
shares, or for so many pounds
of lint ootton. Very few land?
lords have any definite understanding
as how this land is to be kept up;
how fertilized; how plowed and culti
vated and what crops were to be
planted. The Idea has been for the
negro to plant and make all the oot
ton possible and this was all. Now
we think the time has arrived for a
radloal ohange and according to our
best judgement, it should ba executed
something Uko this:
1, There should bo a written cou
traot. The negro ls freo, and while
?the majority do nothing but abuse
this freedom, still wo had as well be
gin to adjust our methods to this con*
ditton and treat with him as a freo
agent, but put proper and neooasary
restrictions upon him. No ono can
ontor upon a oontraot with another
without assuming certain conditions,
and these oondltions should be clearly
sot forth and their fulfillment duly
2. Tho preservation of the soil
should be demanded and a forfeit for
all failure to keep up terraces and
suoh safeguards fully agroed upon.
S. Some system looking to the ro
tation of orops should also bo don?and
4. Just how muoh was to be furn
ished as the work on tho orop pro
gressed should also be dearly sot
If any ono can suggest othor or of
fer a bettor form of oontraot our ool
umns aro open to thom, Wo so often
hear men making remarks Uko these
"I would like to farm if I oould oou
trollabor." "I oan not get a nogro
to take any oare of the land." "I
oan not make them work Uko I want
to," etc., and tbore is universal com
plaint of tho unsatisfactory oondition
of negro labor. Now the question
arises, Who is going to rule? If we
tamely submit we will certainly bc
We may have moro or less olash by
undertaking to hav* a rational agroo
ment, but as wo conoelvo it, 'tis ours
to dlotate the terms, and thou lt is
loft with thom to accept or not. The
sooner we begin some rational sys
tem, tho bettor for bobh partios. We
are fully aware there are many far
mers ot that forceful oharaoter that
simply rule on their promises, and
they havo been enabled to got along
well, but others are not constituted
this way and they suffer.
Tho strong should help tho weak,
and those who can do without a writ
ton contract, should use one to help
their neighbors. All other oountrios
have a system and wo must hava ono,
too if we wish tho best reaults in our
farm operations. We admire the
example of Mr. J. C. Strlbllng, of
Pendleton, S. 0. Ile says no tenant
can stay on his laud who will not
agree to sow down one third of his
land every year, or oarry out a regu
lar throo /ear rotation of grain, oom
and ootton. This io good business;
in tbeond it will be bsnollolal to Mr.
Strlbllng, to his land and to the ne
Ot course, our negro laborers are
going to get worse and worao each
year as long as wo submib to
their trifling and oaroless ways. It
is simply a question o' who is going
to diotate terms We do not advo
cate wronging tho negro In any way,
but If weare to dwell together In uni
ty and for tho upbuldingof ouragrloul
tural interest, thon we must bogin a
more rational and exaotlng systom of
demands upon them for tho proper
carrying out all labor oontraots.
Wo call upon all our readers not to
make trades for another year without
a v/rltten contract and put it in there
how they are to improve tho laud,
about terraces, rooks, stumps, gullies,
galled spots and what they are to
plant and how they are to cultivate
it. lt ls a little trouble, but it will
pay both ways-it will pay In oalling
your attontion more olosoly to tho
noods of your land, and it will pay lu
getting tho negro to do some botter.
We do not claim it will bo a "royal
road;" thero will be many obstacles to
overcome; but it ls oortalnly a road
loading in the right direotion.
Got Ula Woll Dug,
An Irishman took a oontraot to dig
a woll. When ho had dug about twon
ty feot down, ho oamo ono morning
and found that tho well had fallen in
and was filled to tho top. Pat looked
oautlously around and saw no one was
near, he then took off his hat and ocat
and hung thom on the windlasa, and
crawled into some bushes and waited
events, In a short timo tho noighbors
discovered that the well had fallon In,
and seolng Pat's hat and coat on tho
windlass supposod that he was at tho
bottom of tho excavation. A few
hours of digging olearod tho loose
Barth from the well. Just as tho ex
cavators had roached tho bottom and
were wondering where tho body was.
Pat oame out of tho bushes and good
naturodly thanked thp diggers for re
lieving him of bia sorry Job.
Pitch Hutt lo.
Seven negroes shot, threo of whom
will die, is the rosult of a general row
ind shooting affray, growing out of
tn old feud at Marlotta, Fla., Sunday
norning. Those fatally woundod aro
Lester Brimson, Alox Prime and
lomos Hadley. They are In the
lospltal for treatment, ap are the
our other woundod men. Seven no
fres, oharged with doing tho shoot
og, have been arrested and aro in
All. Tho oilmax oame th tough one
icgro, strklng another with a fonoo
doket. Friends of each armed them
ed ves and tho war began. Tho Jaw
tone of one of the negroes was shat
ered and his tongue shot off.
B'.??oa Htm Hight,
At Huntsville, Ala., Oalob Brown,
, negro, criminally assaulted a white
roman on the streets Saturday.
Irown was seen to oomrait the orimo
y a polloeman, who shot him, but
io made his escape. Later he was
ound doad at big home.
Tho investigation of tho Eastern
tate Hospital at Williamsburg, Va ,
as Anally resulted In thc dlsobargo
? tho physicians in charge.
USE OF urmamj IVESKS.
MOT? and Move Pooptej Who Stand
Wh?n Thoy Reefl s&id Write.
Upright reading danke aro constant
ly growing ?u popularity. Uniik* or
dinary desks, they a**yuenally fitted
to their user?. The/ OVO comfortable
only when they ave Af th? proper
Contrary to what oo.^M?sht think,
rending while on ooa*C Yent 1? not
tiring, rt han teen adorned chiefly
by porsou? who nm oompatlad to sit
at n dnnk much of th air time and
Uko to stand up for * chango. Writ
ing ls Just ac easily aoeocnjjliahca at
these desk?. J
"We're ?old a gvaai many auch
deafen to lawyer?," cold a doolor,
"and they un? them nt home. This
given nome relaxation after they
hav* nat ah day In their offiocs at
ordinary doak?, loaning ovar In tl un
wny men do.
"Lawyers, more than any other
class of professional men, arc cleo
compelled to read at night. They
ar? my best ouetomerf for tho up
right desks, although X soil them as
well to architect?.
"Thc mou who nco them arc ol
wnys enthusiastic. They flay that to
stund up ot their work la less fa
tiguing than to ult down, and is lu
nny ooeo a groat rollof from tho mo
notony of the other attitude."
Are Minister?? Sous Bad?
The bishop marked thc name? of
those whom ho deemed "worthy of
remembrance for som? norvic? per
formed In religion or politics or lit
erature or nclonoe or art or com
morco or philanthropy or warfare
or som? other nspoets of th? various
lifo of th? nation." Of suoh name?
he found 1,3TO who wcro the chil
dren of olergym.cn or ministers, tak
ing no account of tho?? who were
grandchildren of olorgymou or re
moto descendants. Of tho children of
lawyers, there w?r? 510, and of doc
tors 360. The son? of clergy mon
who became themselves clergynnvn
wore 850. He further assorts that
"superiority which tbs olergy enjoy
In rospoot to thoir ohildron, to tho
other profession? Hos beyond dis
pute. Tho Buporlority has beou not
of numbers only, but of dogree
Pi om olerical homos have sprung
moro distinguished sons than from
tho homos of any ?ocular profes
Ancient Jeweler*? Association,
Birmingham jewelers have boen
famed since tho middle of tho ?evon
toonth century. When Chavles II.
brought whh him to England the
French fashion of wearing metallic
ornaments Birmingham at once took
tho load lu supplying thom, aud tho
city thoa commenced a career of
prosperity which has never ?evo for
brief periods Buffered abatement.
Even Southey, who could scarcely
find sufficiently censorious language
to desoribe Birmingham, allowed
that it "excelled every other pilco In
tho world for watch ?hain?, neck
laces, bracelets, buttons, buoklta and
snuffboxes, though," ho said, "they
wore dearly purchased at tlie ex
pense of hoalth and morality."
Strength of Sand.
Over thirty y oars ago M. Beauer
noud, a French savant, preved by
experiment that a quantity of dry
: and, placod In a box of thitvjshoot
iron, or even In a canvas bf L and
subjectod to a slight comp- ?slon.
forms a mass capable of roaisti/ a
pressure of sixty tone, witr it
breaking or oven straining thc ir
or bug. The sand, however, rema ii
perfectly divisible, so that If a .v ill
bolo bo mado in tho box or bi-..,. lt
will (low Blowly, and with so llu 1 o
unce that a small pieco of pater
pasted over the opening will chick
tho How, even with tho sixty tt'iis
weight upon lt.
UHien Banks Were Established.
It hi to Italy that tho first os'.ab
lishment of banks is credited. Tieso
banks were founded by Lombard
Tho un mo "bank" ie derived f?m
tho word "banco," which origin*Hy
WHS a term applied to benches se; tn
tho market-place for the oxchangii of
money. Tho first public bauk Ina
opened in Venteo In 1550. Tho Bank
Of England wa? established in 1?98.
Scrapings of a Tunnel.
In cleaning out tho Hoouac tunnel
the scrapings from tho roof und
other dirt which had fallon from the
engines and had been swopt Into
small plies beside tho tracks
amounted to 23,031 cubic foot. It
took 7 7 cars with double drop sidon
to tako this out, their capacity
equalling 275 ordinary flat cars.
Fifty mon were employed eight
Properties of Vegetable?.
Vogotablos not only contain stimu
lants but aro cnpablo of producing
an intoxicating influence on those
who dopend on them exclusively for
food, according to an investigator
ile cites a CUBO In which some young
people of his acquaintvuco suffered
from partial Intoxication as the re
Bttlt of o purely vegetable meal.
Wluvt l'a nama Stands For.
lt lu supposed by some that Mana
ma derived Its n a mo from tho native
word for butterfly, Explorers of tho
Interior toil of swarm of butterflies,
which at time? riso on nlopos of tho
mountains In dei.to clouds, darken
ing tho sunshine.
Fat Oadot? I lar ved.
ft has been decroed by the au
thorities at Wost Point that no fat
cadet may go Into onvalry, because
of bis lack of nglllty and tho unne
cessary burdon to tho horco.
\V?nc? Their frayer?.
An out of the ordinary feature of
tho South Carolina Carolina Oottftr*
onoo in Columbia last week was a
message from Govornor-elect An6e',
who sont his greetings Rud "asked
bbe prayers of thc conference for his
ulmlnistratlon." Tho massage wan
jroughfc by IUV. W. M. Duncan. In
ibis oonnootlon tho Rev. Mr. Tray
prick called attontlon to tho faot that
Wade Hampttn, thirty years ago,
m mo upon thc door of tho conference
ind aakod its prayers. This was in
L8tfl, as the reconstruction povorn
nentwas ovorthrown by Hampton and
ihe Domtorats. Th? aoorotary of the
ion ferenco wa? di rooted to writ? to Mr.
\.nsol, assuring him that ho hid the
tjmpathy and prayers of tho confer
moo, though no formal ordor was
)assed for any special prayers,
Thc American Sugar Helloing Com
pany was found guilty of accepting a
chato of ?2(1,000 from thc New York
Gen. J. Franklin Boll is to rai re
adled from Cuba January lat, i and
?cn. .Theodore Whit placed In t un
OUB OIL MILLS.
ALARM" I?AO?ER3, OLI VBl QUO W
[MHB Ar D| HUTTE'lt-M\Hf?UH.
The Industry Can Increase the Hout h's
Production Over fifty Mil
lion Dollars Per Annum
"South Carolina's oil mills nore
never moro prosperous," said ODO of
the leading ootton seed orushersof the
state to a Columbia Record man re
o&utly. "The same thing n i^ht be
asid," be added, "of tho mills through
out the South.'?
Good time for tho mills moans tre
mendous onhauoemrnt of the wealth
production of tho community, and h 8
statement will be troloomed according
ly. No industry in tho South amouotn
Ho moro and 1B talkod about less. Juet
bow vital the business is to Southern
prospority may bo realized from a
nummary of the information romain
tug with Tiie Rsocrd man after a long
conversation with the crusher quot
"There are," ho said, "about eight
hundred cotton socd oil mills ard cot
ton oil refineries located lu tho South.
Of those, about nevonty-llys are own
od by Eastern, K srfchern and Western
stockholders. Ono oompany, a ma
jority of whose stockholders, and all
of whoso oxoeutivo ollloers, are South
ern mon, owns about ninety plants.
Tho balance, over six hundred, arc
ownod by local pooplo, mauy tnou
sands of whom aro farmers.
"To tho South, therefore, belongs
alargo part of tho development of this
wonderful industry, and tho prouts,
when any aro made, aro divided
among tho people who oithor product
tho cotton, or whoao interests are
identified with those of tho ootton
"It is tho only manufacturing in
dustry that noithor asks nor re?oives
national or stato promotion or sub
ildy; that totea its own skillet; thal
for years returned to tho farmers fron.
76 to 100 por cont, of the gross vahn
of its producta after paying cash for
tho raw material and tho oust of pro
duotion. It feeds both maa and boast
and helps to clothe tho human family.
lt ls tho bingle American Industry
that has survived foreign and domes
bio opposition without 'squealing,' and
yet as had, or now bas tho olive grow
ors of Europe and California, tin
American m -at paoke^s and the but
ter makers of the Weat crying around
choir government for ptotocMor
agatcst this ycung gi:<nt. Its record
ls brilliant with good deeds and it.
work J? only just beginning. Ita pro
meters and thoao who have ;.;ive>\yearf
to its development, may woil ho prouo
of Its achievements, and rcmemlTiirint?
the difficulties it has < voreome, ano
ibo bright future before it, they car
ignoro tho few opponents that art
Still left at home and abroad, as thoy
out no moro figuro nov/ t han the* 11/ bo
tho ox's horn."
Dlsousslug tho value of cottonseed,
formerly a waste product, he f.*ld thoj
are now used, principally, ior plank
ing, miling, feeding stook or f?rtil z
"About eitfbt par cont, of the seer
orcp," ho stated, "ltj needed fo;
panting purp, ??a, amountlngi on th?
acreage of 1905 00, to about 405,000
tons. Tho total production of send,
n a basis of tho orop of 1005 00, nt
DUO pounds of seod to the balo of cot
ton, was 5,130,000 tons. Deductlug
the ernennt for planting left 4,726,
880 tons for other uses, lt appears
from tho government reports that
About 3,500.000 tons were orushod al
t' o oil mids during the samo year, or
aboub seventy per cent, of tho s?.*ed
available over and above that neces
sary for planting purposes.
"lt is generally known tbat while
tho seod has a certain feeding value,
lt docs not compare with the feeding
v.tluo of meal and hulls, tho latter
being in far better mechanical oondl
tlcu. Besides, who i seed arc fed to
octtle, or put uuder orops, it entailii
au enormous loso of tho cotton seac
products which should be Bftv?d.
"Tho fertilizing value of seed ls
confined almost entirely to tho
amount of meal contained In it. As
this average-) from 775 to 825 pounds,
it io evident that ovary pound over
that quantity in a ton of 2.000
pounds hi almost wasted when used
i'or fertilizing tho land instead or" ho
ing orushed by the mills.
"Thu milis wdl gem rally exohange
meal and hulls for seed with thc
farmer un a bads that will maka it
far bettor for tho .'aimer todo this
than to feed them to block cr uso thc
seed for fertilizing tho soil.
"If tho eced aro crushed at the
mills, the chlof product is a high
grade material, and tho by-pioduots
surpass any other stock feed.
"Not over about seventy per cent,
of tho surplus seed aro converted Into
oil mill product, but If all thc aoeci
exclusive of what ls needed for plant
ing wore orushed, thc groas commer
cial value would be douuio the yaluti
of thc-, raw soed unod In any other way,
and would Inorease the value uf the
South's prod nc .s f rom tl .ls source
alone, nbouti 850,000 ooo. lu addition
to this, nearly $1 D.000,000 would he
paid cul In v/dgos ny tho mills, prac
tical] y all of which would ho disburs
ed In the South where the seed arc
Mou? the G? rr lore.
Some of our exchanges have made
meir.ion ol tho fact, that farmoro liv
lng along tho lines of rural roufs
have contributed a buihal or so of
corn to thocanlo'. Tilla ls a SUg
gestloa that might well bo noted up
on by tho patrons of cvory rm al
route. The carriers have a govern
ment position, lt bi true, but lt is b"
no means a soft, una p. it tikes a
good dmi of management to make
both ends meot when they arcobllgtui
to keep* two horses, live in town and
buy all tuc noco?asary provision at
tho market price. Tho carrier* of
?ir country have gone over their
routes during th? muddy weather at
v groat lncouvenler 0$, and are al
R'U)s faithful in the dh.ch&rge of
ihOit dulles. A bushel of
jom or so given tu tho Oitrrlor would
tard ly be mb sed h.- the farmer, but
t would bo a groat Having In ho ex
pense of horse feed a^.d thc geni-rous
ict would certainly ho appreciated by
tho faithful mail min,
lillico in How.
Thursday night a few milos fr?m
Wlntersvlllo Dock Jone?, a white
nan fifty year? cid, and ll or act,
Imlth, a white man twenty-soyon
ears c'd, were killed at tho
mino of tho former. .Smith went to
ee Jones daughter; both mon wore
Irlnklng. Jones ordered Smith from
ho houso, and as he did not leave
hot him through tho stomaoh with a
hot gun. Jones fell dead from a pis
ol bullet in tho brain. Will Smith
sys lloraos Smith ?hot Jones;* but
Irs. Jones says Will Smith fired tho
?tal shot. /
ORIGIN OF NATIONAL HOLIDAY.
JToha A4M.ni? #poh9 of .Inly Second
Instead of the Fourth.
On the 8d of July, 1776, John
Adams, thea ono of tho ropreseutn
tlve? of Massachusetts In the Conti
nental Congress, wrote to his wife
"Yesterday th? greatest question
.wa* deolded whioh was ovor debated
In America., and a greater perhaps
never wa? nor never will bo decided
In a second lotter, wlitton the
?ame day, he said :
"But the day la past. Tho ld of
July will be the most memorable
epocba In the history of America. I
em apt to boltevo it will bo cele
brated by succeeding geuoratione a?
tho groat annlvoraary festival. It
ought to bo commemorated aa tho
day of deliverance by nolemo aots of
devotion to Cod Almighty. It ought
to be solemnleod with pomp und pa
rade, with ?how?, games, sport?,
guns, bell?, bonfires and illumina
tions, from ono end of this continent
to the other, from thia time forward,
When tho resolution was taken up
the 2d day of July, 1776, tho inde
pendence of tho Thirteen Hulled
Coloulos from tho throuo of Groat
Britain was definitely decided upon.
Tho 2d, and not tho 4th, may bo
called tho truo date o^ the separa
tion, Wo could with propriety cele
brate tho "Fourth" two days earlier.
That tho participants In the work
considered tho 2d na tho true date ls
shown by tho letters written by John
Adams, quoted at tho beginning of
tho article Tho popular fancy, how
ever, seized upon tho 4th, tho dato
of acceptance of Jefferson's moro
drumatlo declaration of tho reasons
for tho separation, as the proper day
The dobnte upon tho document
wau continued until tho afternoon of
tho 4th, and, says Jefferson, might
have run on Interminably nt any
other season of tho year. But tho
weather wns oppressively warm, and
tho hall lu which tho deputies ant
was clone to a stable, "whence tho
hungry flies swarmed thick and
floreo, alighting on tho logs of tho
delegates and biting hard through
their thin silk stockings. Treason
waa prefornblo to discomfort," and
at last the delegates wore brought Lo
snob a atnto of mind as to agroo to
tho Declaration without furtlier
It ls a mistake to suppose that tho
document was eigned by tho dele
gates on that day. It ls Improbable
that any signing wan dono save by
John Hancock, tho president of tho
Congress, and Charles Thomson, die
Anothor amusemont feature
brought forth und vorKing on tho
sensational, la shown In tho illustra
tion, and there is no doubt that lt
will give ploosuro-seekers who rldo
thereon an exhilaration far removed
from tho ordinary. It ls called a
"round about." In tho center ls a
towor, probably IfiO foot high. Sup
ported at the top of the tower is a
frnmo, consisting of semicircular
ribs, which revolve with n s'inft lu
the con ier of the tower. Suspended
from the ribs on cables are a num
ber of cars. When tho shaft and
circular frame arc rovolvod at groat
spood tho curs gradually loavo tho
lovel of th? ground and shoot out on
each side. Tho position of cars would
bo similar to that of a car swung on
tho end of a cord.
Largest Plower in tho World.
Tho largest flower lu the world
has been supposed lo bo that of
rafucsiu arnold!, which forms tho
entire plant and grows to a dlamoter
of throe feet as a flat, circular para
site on trees In Java and Sumatra,
but a still larger-single specimens
weighing as much ns twenty-two
pounds -has been reported to exist
In Mindanao, ono of tho Philippines.
A German authority now declares
that the largest flower yet discov
ered is produced upon ono of the
Aroldoae of Sumatra. The plant has
a leaf thnt may attain a circum
ference of fifty feet, and the leaf
stem ls a column twelve feet high
and threo feet In cl rca ni f o renee.
The fully expanded (lower takes the
shape of a mammoth funnel four foot
in diameter. lt ls light green or
whito outside, and the Interior is
vino red and velvety. The pindi
creamy yellow llvo feet high, has a
Count Boni do Castellano has lost
his wife and her monoy and his scat
In tho I''reneh Chamber of DoputloB,
but he still has his reputation. Ho
couldn't lose that If ho tried.
Springfield, (Mm-s.) linton.
The proposed Ship Subsidy bill was
denounced as conscription by Prosl
lent Samuel Gompers bet?re the
(Vmorlcnn Federation of Labor.
A Comm oreo Commission Bulletin
?hows that iho not earnings of rall?
ways in tho Celie states Increased
icarly $97,000,000 last, year.
Work on Hie Virginia Bullditg for
i/ha Jamestown Exposition luis been
Halted by fi strike.
Tho amount of cotton reported by
die Census llnre.au as ginned up to
November l l la 8 621,480 bales against
7,601,180 last year.
President, KOOSOVOlt received an en
l/husl?stle reception from tho Porto
Uleans, to whom lie promised oltlzcri
The American Federation of Labor,
lt its annual sessional Minneapolis,
Minn., declared for woman sulVrage.
Tho Norfolk and Western Railroad,
inriounced a ten per cent wage in
jreasc, eifcetlve December 1st?
Prosldent Roosevelt finally refused
o icscind the order for tho discharge
)f a bp.talllon of negro troops of tho
AO TUB l'A UM Hilf? TO M BET ANO
To Carry on tho fight for Living
Fri?os for Cotton to
Tho regular annual reorganization
of the Southern Cotton Association and
.lection of officers for tho y ?ar 1007
will take piece In the near futuro.
Meetings will bo called In all tho div
ll sub-divisions, Oountioi or Parishes
and States of th? Cotton bolt. The
County meetings are hareby oalled for
tho first Saturday In December in all
tho Cotton growing oountles at their
rospeotive County seat for the purpose
of electing offloors for tho ensuing
year and to seloot from one to throe
representatives to .attend tho State
division Meetings to be held at all th?
State Capitols on tho first Wednesday
lu J .-.ninny, 1007. At the State Div
inion meetings tho State officers mutt
he elected and also the members of
tho Now National Executive Commit
tee. The inseting of the Nations1
Executive Committee will bo hold st
Birmingham, Ala., January 15 10
1907, at which time the offlcftrsof th'
National Asscolatlon will bo elected
sod "the policies of the Association
outlined for tho year 1007. Tho An
nual Convention of tho Southern Cot
ton Asscolatlon will be hold at Bir
mingham, Ala., on Jan. 17-10 1007
whioh will bo attended by delogatt??
from all over tba South, said delega-,
tes to be ohoBon by tho various coun
ties without restriction to Numbers.
Those dates condensed aro as follows:
State Meetings Wednesday, Jan. 2.
Executive Committee, Tuesday and
Wednesday, Jan. 15 10, 1907.
General Convention, Thursday,
Friday ?nd Saturday Jan. 17 18 19,
THOM PT ATTENTION DKRIKBD.
To maintain Ihe power and ?m
oi onoy of tho Southern Cotton Asso
elation it ls imperativo that these
maetlngs be fully attended bj tho peo
plc and the best men that can be sc
oured elected as efflcors to tho various
positions to bo filled. Indifference oi
lnaotlon will seriously oripple tho efll
olanoy of tho Association. The Aaso
elation is in need of funds to properly
carry on it work and lt ls earnestly
hoped that at all the County Meetings
tho annual due3 will bo promptly paid
up. Tho Southern Cotton Ausoolation
has saved millions of dollars to the
South in the psBt two years of its ex
ielenco and it should neaivo tho loy
al and patriotio support of all the peo
plo of tho South. In the meantime
stand pat for highor prioes and sell
the balance of tho crop as slowly ss
possible Continuous storms, frosts
and freez?a has cut the crop down tc
a supply inadr-quate to meet tho do
mands of the ootton trado for 1907
and present prices are too low. Let Ul
have a great rally of the pooplo at
these meotlnga and with renewed hopo
and courage, deeply thanking an al
mighty Providence for tho blesslcgs
whloh the South has enjoyed for the
past two years, cement our hearts' and I
thoughts Into a oloaer bandage of un
ity for the material and moral up
balldlug of our dearly beloved Coun
try. Yours truly,
Pres. Southern Cotton Association.
WILL DBMAND?N aUIRY.
Huimtor Tillman ls Orodltod With
Much an Intention.
W. W. Prloo, tho Washington cor
respondent) of the Columbia Rcoord
nay? it is understood at Washington
that Senator Tillman will introduce
a resolution In Congress calling for an
Investigation of President Roosevelt's
aotlcn in dismissing from tho army
without honor and withont trial by
court-martial threo negro companies,
some of whoso members oommittod
murder at Brownsville, Texas.
Senator Tillman has not yet arriv
ed In Washington and it ls imposai; lo
to verify this rumor, but it is hollev
od that his Bpeeoh in Chicago indi
oi--tes that he viii take such action.
A Republican politician in discussing
tho report said:
"If Tillman doofi introduce an in
vestigating resolution lt will bo tho
smartest thing ho has done slnco ho
became a Senator. It will pub tho
Repubhoans in a hole. It will hush
Republican criticism of the Pr?sident
and force Congressmen and Senators
of his party to stand by him fraoti
cally to a man in bis aoblon in dis
missing the negro troops. Tillman is
shrewd enough to seo that such will
lo the tffeot of introduoting by him
of a resolution providing for an in
quiry into the Brownsville affair.
Will bo Hanged.
Ab Atlanta, Will Johnson, positive
ly identified by Mrs. J, M. Gamble
and J. N. Camp a? tho negro who at
tacked and assaulted them in June
and In October, was Saturday oon
vlotod by a jury and sentonoon to be
hanged on January 4. Johnson was
8rro?tod on the 1st day of tho trial
Jue Glenn who was first oharged with
Ono 26 horao power Talbott, second 1
ly been overhauled. This ISngino i
a great bargain for anyone) who ia in
We ar? headquarters for anything
prompt at*?ntion will bo given to all
oar?. Write uawhea you aro in tho
?io get pourricea before placing yoni
Ssis;*?!? Siipviy u?3-. > -
Early Cabbage Plants Gua
EARLY JEP.BEY CHARLESTON QUC0
WAKEFIELD LARGE TYPB
ThoKftrltoa? WAK F Fl ELD The 2a
Oabbago Orown Scound TCarlloat Hoad
PRICE: InloUeM te 4 tn. nt $1.(50 per m.. & to S
F. O. Ck. YOUNG'S ISLAND, 8. C. My
G"^nlnA I guarantee l'lnnta to glvo pwr<
UBHMUCO prie* to any onatomor wlin la t
grown In tho ?pon Sold, on ttnaooaet of Son!
growing; tho hardloat planta that can bo gro
roaut In tho Interior of tho (Southern Ht atoa
Maroh. They will aland aovoro oolrt without
bago TWO lu Throe wooka eoonor than lt yo
My T .argent Ountomorn nvo tho Market q
tho South. Their profit dependa upon thom h
otiano my planta for their oropa.
I alao grow a full lino of othar Plants nnd
Uto Planta? Apple, Pe?oh, Pear, Plum, Che
terrai te penont who make ap dab VJf/?Vjf
-*<kt?, Wilt? <<* I'lu?tf?t?i4 epilogue, w VV 4VH
BA1XB0AD MVRQJ3R 0DIT
AKHtnHt tho Bouihoin Hallway Will
Ho Honra 1?? tl ?nu Mr y.
The OoJuDcbJ* State M.ys the unit
brought by tho Stute of South Caro*
Wu? against tho Southern railway, al
laging a violation of tho constitution
of tho State hy tho railway company
lu leasing the old South Carolin* and
Georgia railroad and ii? extonslon
from langville to Marion, N. 0., ls
down on the roster for tho present
week of the civil court to bo tried Sat
urday. But the hearing will uot be
gin at this Mme as the attorneys en
gaged on both sides held a conference f .?
of NOT. 12 at which lt was aureed
that it should be heard at A special
term of court to be held by Judge
Memrnlnger in January.
Several years ago the Southern ac?
quired the South Carolina and Geor
gia railway and its ooaneotlons by
lease. The charter of the Southern
under Its requirements, presorloos that
it shall oonstruot A line to Charleston.
This has not boen d no and the ac
quirement of the already eotablished
line ls con nt rued as tho purchase or
lease of a competing line of railway.
Throe years ago the legislature pass
ed a j dnt resolution authorizing the
tuohey general to bring suit against
thc Southern, testing the alleged vlOs
latlon, aud to employ the necessary y -'v
counoil to ausist in the prosecution off J
tho oaso. Several ot the strongest at
Corneys in the S toto wore employed
p.ud tbe ?ult was begun by the lato
Attorney General U. X. Gunter And
lt was brought in Kershaw county.
Laut year, by tbe agreement of all the *
counsel interested, an order/was ts
susd trauafering tho hoariug to Rloh
l*nd oounty. The caso haa never .
beon heard as tho only time lt was
over called for a bearing it was contin
ued at the request of tho attorneys for
Tho trial of the oa?a and its result
are awaited with muoh interest by all
who are oonvommt with the situa*
Mon. It ls stated by the offloials of
tho Southern that thtro are many Im
provements amounting In money to a
large figure that are being held In
abeyance awaiting tho settlement of
the oaso. It is said by thoso on the f
other side that this is being used as. A JV
lever to induoe a favorablo settlement"
of the ease for tho railroads.
ROY. Dr. Alfred" E. Dickinson, for
forty years editor of the Religious
Herald, died in Richmond.
for thc I Tomes or the Churches at low
prices and on easy terms.
A GOOD HOLIDAY PRESENT
can be had, either of a piano or an or
? gan on easy torms at a speoial prioe
AT MALONE'S . -
. Wrlto at onoo to
Malones Music House,
Columbia, S. C., for cataloga, priced k torms
I. KiWTOX H llHtttAY, M. ?.
lege tsaEi.Prt!,V. Hieb,
Med.Sociely. lr. Vernier
Swelled. Se., E???
rf He*Uh. eta,
Are You Sick?
If Yon Havo a Dlsoaso For Which Yen
I Ar? Unablo to Find a |Ouro Wrlto Ifs.
Wo Havo Boon Remarkably Successful
in Curing Deop Seated aud Stuunora
If you bar? any dltseas? of a chrouio na
ur*, no matter lum many doctora havo
failed t? euro you
or how muoh ?thor
treatment you havo
taken, wo want you
to writ? lu a letter.
Wo aro specialist*
with ovor 20 year?
been loca? od in At
lanta for nearly 18
yearn, whore wo
have established a
reputation for cav
ing our pa t i ea ta
which we believa in
aecond to non? in
Our standing heth
financially, ia ot th?
Tory highest,, and
you oan consult ns with perfect confidence
we do not rosort to olnptrap mothods to
pscuro patients, hut condina our praotioe
in a st aighforward manner.
[ is chronic diseases of both men and wa
inui-such as Norvoua Debility, (nervana
exhaustion, nervous prostration, lost vital
ity, etc., Kidney and Madder Diseases,
Strioture, Rheumatism, Varicocole, Catarrh
of the different organs, Spocido Blood
Poison, Stomach, Bowel, Livor and Wea rt
Diseases, Pilo*), Fistula, Enlarged Pi ostato,
diseases peculiar to women, otc, otc.
Wo invito every alllioted person to eon
suit nu free. Send for examination blank.
After you havo received tinsse, together
with our ?xpert ?pinion of your oas?, and
you aro not entirely satisfied, both ns to eur
reliability and ability to miro your disoaao,
you will not avon be o\ poet od to take treat
ment. We Do Not Deal tn lvareoat
^^dloineis. All necessary medicines
ro prepared bi our own private laboratory
o suit tho conditions of each individual
case, without extra charge. Many oaaes
enrabio by our homo treatment plun. Bx-,
pert opinion of your ense froo. Write for
examination birnie. Address us as follow*:
DR HATHAWAY A CO., 88-B, Inman
Building, Atlanta, Oa.
land engine in stook which ha? rooout
8 in ?rat olaee condition and will ba
tho ruarkot for auch a size engine,
in tho way of machinery euppli vi, autj
inquiries and orders outrnoteci ta otw
market for anything, and to an*i
order* eke where.
. . dalrniblu.. X, fl v
ranteed t? Satisfy Purchaser
K38I0N AU0U8TA OHORT BT?MMED
TRUCKER FLAT DUTCH
rl!cst7Ut A UtU? inter xmrgeat and Latest
Variety than Snooosslon Oabbago
Im. at Sf .26 per m., 10 rn. ?nd eyer. at$t.00 por m.
Sp?otnl Hxpress Roto on Plante la Vary Low.
inaner satisfaction, or Hill refund tho rmrnhaso
llvifatlsfleil at omi ol season. These plants oro
li Oarellnn, In a climate that ls just suited to
?vn In the United Atntos. Theae plant:, con bo
ilurlng the months of .Innuary, Pobrnnry, nnd
holHR Injured, nnd will mature a head ot Onh
n grew yonr own plant? In not boda nnd cold
nrdonora near tho Interior towns and cities of
lavin* Karly Cabbage: for thatroaaon they pur
Fruit Trees, snob as Strawberry and Sweet Po?
try and Apricot Trocs, lfitf Bushes and Grape
, C? GERAI Y, YOUNG'a?sLAND, A C.