Newspaper Page Text
pH|E COTTON MEN
E; Met In Annual Convention in Co
lumbia Last Week.
HAD GOOD MEETING.
Much enthusiasm Waa ?Manifested1, and
the I.itu Law and Bucket Shops
Were Denounced, The Corn
Congress and llnrvle Jor
don Were (Indorsed.
The South Carolina divinion of the
Southern Gotten Association met In
Columbia ou Wednesday ot last week-.
The meeting wan attonded by dele
gatos representing 20 counties. The
interest manifested was ' encouraging
and the attendance was evou Urger
than had been expected.
The following were present at the
Andersen-M. A. Maha Hay.
Barnwell-F. H. Orceoh, W. W.
Moore, J. A. Jenkins, J. B. Morris,
W. T. Waiker.
Clarendon-O. 0. Soarborough, S.
M. Haynesworth, E. D. Hodge.
Darlington-ii. H. Rogers, A. M
Coker, E. M. Williamson.
Florence-J. W. MoCown, James
B. McBride, T. A. Clarke.
Greenville-R. Mays Oloveland,
Greenwood-W. J. Moore, J? M.
Lancaster-W. G. Hough, W. J.
Lee-E D. Smith.
Laurens-J. H. Wharton.
Marlboro-T. S. E aus, W. W.
Bruce, W. A. Rogers.
Orangeburg-J. E. Wannamakor,
J. A. Peterkin, J. M. Moss, J. R
Fairey, N. N. Hayden, B. F. Kollor,
W. W. Wannamakor.
Rlohland-W. W, Ray, Riobard
Singleton, F. H. Hyatt, F. H. Wes
ton, Z. T. Lykos, W. H. Padgett, A.
Patterson, R. S. McKenzie. W. J.
Lykes/J. A. Byrd.
Saluda-W. F. Whittle, W. W.
Padgett, Ii. B. Binase, J. M. Forrest.
Snartanhnrg-E. L. Archer, Ralph
Union-J. W. Gregory.
York-John L. Rainey, W. S.
Wilkerson, C. E. Spencer.
Williamsburg -W. D. Bryan.
After organization the following
odleers were elected:
President- E. D. Smith of Florenoe.
Vice President-E. L. Archer of
Secretary-Fi H. Weston, Colum
Treasurer-F. n. Hyatt, Columbia.
Secretary Weston read the minutes
of tho last meeting After these had
been approved Mr. Hyatt made bis
report as trnasurer. This was rofor
red to an auditing committee. Mr.
Hyatt stated that two counties an
swered to the assessment this year.
Others had ooutrlbuted liberally,
some gave not at all. However, all
salaries hud been paid and all ex
penses met. Tho balanoo on hand
is not enough to boast of and the ex
ecutive committee needs money with
whioh to push the work this year.
There was a tight over eleot'.ng rep
resentation on tho executive commit
tee of the general association. Mr.
Hyatt and Mr. E. D. Smith are ex
olllolo members, for Mr. Hyatt ls the
treasurer. After some discussion and
several ballots Mr. E. L. Archer and
Dr. W. W. Ray were eleoted.
Mr. Smith made a strong argument
in favor of tbe holding corporation.
The farmers who will not come into
the association need no proteo M on,
and If they put their ootton on the
market when tbo prices are below
the association's minimum, this oot
ton could be bought up to the extent
of 2,000,000 bales and could be held,
by along with tho ootton held by the
and su?" tatton members, until their
of her citizp*or prices should bo met.
5~ To do thiB would require a capitali
zation of 8100,000,000, to be raised by
members of the association subscrib
ing to thc oapltal stock $5 per bale
on every bale they propose to raise.
There oould bo State and oojuty or
ganizations, regularly oharterad, with
regularly appointed buyers, etc.
Mr. Smith denounced foroibly the
aotlon of Secretary Shaw in withdraw
ing $100,000,000 from circulation in
the summer. This had unsettled the
monoy situation generally, but forced
Wall street down upon Southern
loans-and tho ootton larmors had
Mr. Archer dlBRgroed with Mr.
Smith. This holding corporation
should be organized without connec
tion with the association. Further
more, he bclievo8 tho plan impractic
Mr. Hyatt briefly expressed his op?
position when he was oalled upon to
speak, but ho stated that In Birming
ham next week he will talk at length
on "How to Flnanco the Cotton
Crop," the subjeot assigned him by
Mr. J. E. Wannamakor made *
startling statement. OD a recent
visit to Barnwoll he had bee i told
that there are poopi. In that county
who are living in squalor, with poor
shelter for themselves, less for their
shivering animal? and nono for thjri?
farm implements. They buy their
meat, even their oabbages and other
vegetables. Why? Because they
plant cotton, plant lt blindly without
thought of tho future Ho supposes
that the same conditions exist In
many counties. 1 Ie opposes the "hold
ing corporation," believing that it
would bo better to build warehouses
and to continue tho work of educat
ing the farmers to tho appreciation of
the need for diversltloatlon.
Mr. MoBrlde took the vlow that
the work suggested by Mr. Wanna
makor lu that of Clemson oollogo or
agricultural societies, and that the
cotton association has a broader Held.
It should promote organf/.ttlon and
co-operation along the line suggest''''
hy Mr. Smith.
opposion TO LIEN uw.
After selecting tho delegation to
the?Blrmingham convention, the con
vention authorized Provident Smith
to-nemo the members of tho execu
tive oommlttee. Ho soleoted the fol
E, Mciver Williamson of Darling
R. Mayes Oloveland of Marietta,
B. F. Keller of Cameron, Orango
Ri M. Pegues of Kollook, Chester
W. D. Bryan of Taft, Williams
The following resolution was otter
ed by MY. Grog on behalf of the Flor
ecce oauuty deles Allon s
"Resolved, That tho asisoolatlon
appoint a oouamlttae to memorlaMzg
?.io g?ner?! nsnauioiy to iepva* (Tue
law known ?a the lien law for sup
This waa voted on without discus
sion as these are practical farmers
aiiu knout wiixv tho Hw is. Taei?
waa opposition, but tho motion pre
vailed and the following were ap
pointed by tho chair to memorialize
tho legislature: Waltor Gregg of
Florence, B, F. Keller of Cameron,
W. M. Mobrlde of Florence.
The follow i UK were elected dele
gates to tho Birmingham convention:
W. J. Cunningham, W. J. Moore, E
D. Hodge, A. M. Cokor, w. W. Bruce,
Dr. lt. H. Smith, J. W. MoOown, W.
F. Whittle, J. A. Petorkin, o. E
Spenoer, E. D. Smith. J. M. Major,
Ri M. Baguen, E. M. Williamson.
lt ls related that a distinguished
Greonwood lawyer says that In his
county gambling ls the highest form
of or I me. It was a Greonwood dole
gato, Mr. W. J. Moore, who lntroduo
ed the following:
"Resolved, by the South Carolina
division of the Southern Cotton asso
ciation, That ?.? oondeum and dis
approve of the dealing In what ls
oommoply known as 'futures,' being
Injurious to tho morals of our peoole
and entailing great iinanoial loss on
"Resolved, further, That we ear
nestly hope and believe the legisla
ture of South Carolina will enaot
ouch lawB 8B will prohibit exohanges
and buokot shops from being operat
ed in this State."
This was adopted without discus
Mr. Smith offered the following
resolutions, which were adopted:
"Resolvod, That this convention
recommend to the Birmingham con
vention tho advisability of each
county appointing a Belling <*nd finan
cial agent, authorized in writing,
Higned by the individual members, as
..?nhl agent tu sell tho ootton of the
local asaoolntion at a prion not less
than that agreed upon hy the national
association, and to give said agent
tho power to nogotiate loans, fix tho
rate of interest, storage aud lnsur
anoo charges. "
This is avery important resolution,
for it give? form and purpose and
business objective to the association.
The session on Wednesday night
was an ex;orienoe meeting, at whloh
the delegates oxohanged ideas mu
A HUMAN MONSTER
llofuaod Dooont Burial tor tho WI io
Ho Haul AIIUBOCI.
10very ouoo In a while we run upon
a brute clothed in a human form. A
?dispatch to the Augusta Ohronlolo
from Washington, Ga., says tho de
tails of tho tragio death from burn
ing of Mrs, Charles Elliot near Aonla,
in this county, twelve miles from I
Washington, were brought to theolty
Tuesday night by neighbors of thei
i dead woman, who had come to Wash
ington to get a collin and ongago a
hearse altor the positive refusal of
Charles K Hot to provide a decent bu
rial for the remains of his wife, for
whoso death ho was Indirectly respon
Tho horrible aooldent whloh cost
the faithful young wife and mother
hor life occurred* Wednesday night
and death ended her sufferings Friday
evening about 8 o'olook. For the
faithfulness and loving devotion cf
a young wife and mother on t o one
hand and tho oruel indlfloronce and
neglect of a husband and father on
the other, the circumstances sur
rounding this case are v ithout a par*
allel in the history of Wilkes county.
Whilo Oharlcs Elliot was oil on a
drunken spree Wednesday night, Mrs.
Elliott wrapped her four little child
ren up as comfortably au possible for
the night. After this was done there
was not enough bod olotblng in tho
house to proteot her own body from
tho severe cold, so she wrapped the
last bed quilt in the house about her
and laid down in front of tho wood
Uro to keep warm until ber husband's
roturn. VVhllo down before tho fire
asleep tho quilt which oovored her
caught afire from a spark and produo
ed horrlblo burns on the face and body
of tho unfortunate woman. There
was no ono living near enough in the]
neighborhood to hear tho agonizing
cries of Mrs. Elliot and her four ohil
dren were too young to of?or hor any
assistance, the oldest being j not 61
In this condition, Mrs. Elliot re
mained until the return of her hus
band, In an intoxicated condition,
about 4 o'olook in the morning of tho
next day. Even after Mr. Elliot re
turned and found his wife in suoh a
8oriouB condition he made no effort to
seoure modloal attention for his wife.
Late In the afternoon of tho day fol*
lowing tho aooldent lomo of the neigh
hors learned of the affair, and upon
their own initiative tho best medloal
attention that tho community afford
c was scoured.
Tho shock to; the young woman's
system was too severe, however, and
she succumbed to doath Friday, leav
ing four children, the oldest of whom
1B 6 yoars and tho youngest four
Daring tho whole time subsequent
to his return to hi? home at 1 o'olook
Thursday morning and tho time of
his wife's death, Elliot manifested
little concern in tho mattor and would
sit In ono corner of the little room
with an air of total unconoern whilo
several neighbors and a physlolan
wore working heroically to savo his
wife's lifo. Ho made no effort to so
coro provisions for his ohildren in tho
meantime Fuel, provisions and cloth
ing woro all furnished by the nolgh
Following the doath of Mrs. Elliot,
Charles Elliot was asked ooncorning
tho funeral arrangements, when the
[coolly replied that ho had spout his
last cent for two gallons of whiskey
for Christmas and was not ablo to
take oro of tho remains of his wife.
"1 will attend to tho burial as soon
as I got able," he is reported to have
Taking tho ohildren in their own
oaro and considering the brutal fath
er io moro In tho matter, tho neigh
bors of tho community have taken tho
altair in their own hands ano have by
privalo subscriptions among thomsel
ves raised $25 for defraying tho burial
expenses of Mrs. Elliot. The remains
woro takon to her old home in Lin
coln county Saturday for lntorncent
at Llncolnton Saturday afternoon.
Tho increasing number of railroad
wrecks premises to dooroase the sup
ply of "popular young ra 1 oad men.'
Thc latest typewriting reocrd ls
hald to be :i00 words por minute. Tho
operator ls wo suppose a woman.
HOW TO PLANT COEN.
TUM WlIiMAMBON Pl,AN GIVEN
IN A FMW WOK UH.
The Formula Wfctoh May Hevolu
tiertza A$rk.uU*?s ia 9,93th 0?? O'
Una and Inrloh Farmern,
We have published frequently the
formula for the "Williamson plan" or
the way devised by Mr. E. Molter
Williamson, of Darlington, to make
five ears of oom grow whore but one
grew before. The formula aa given
heretofore has been a little long. The
following has been prepared for the
Columbia State by Mr. James Horny
Kloo, Jr., as the most oonolse form In
wbioh lt oan be given:
Break land In winter one-fourth
deeper than oom mon; lay off in six
foot rows, leaving five luoh balk.
When time to plant break out balk
with scooter, following In same fur
row on this ridge. Ridge them with
same plow, going deeper; run corn
planter with Dixie plow, with wing
taken off. Plant as early as possible,
upually about the middle of March.
Drop oom grainB every six inches.
Use no fertilizer Give first working
with harrow or any plow tbat will not
cover plant. Second working with 10
or 12-inoh sweep on both sides of
plant. Thin after this working.
Com should not be worked again
until sufficiently stunted, so that lt
will never grow largo. When it is
about 10 to 12 lnehes high put on fer
tilizer. Mix 200 pounds ootton seed
meal, 200 pounds aold phosphate, 400
pounds kalnlt. Put half In old swoop
furrow, on both sides of every other
middle. Cover by breaking out mid
dle with turn plow. One week later
treat tho other middle in the same
way, fertilizer and all. In a few dava
side oom In first middle with 10 Inoh
swoop. Put all your nitrate of soda
In this furrow, If less than 160 pounds
ls unod; if more, pm half. Cover with
one furrow or turn plow, then sow
peas In middle broadcast, at rate of a
bushel to the aero, and finish break
ing out. Lay by early. More oom ls
ruined by late plowing than by laok
of plowing. No hoeing is neoossary
and middle may bo kept olean until
time to break out by harrowing.
For 60 bushels to the aero leave
stalks 16 inohes apart; for 76 bushels,
12 indies; for 100 bushels, 8 inohes
DJ not pull fodder; do uot out tops;
let peas and pea vines die on land.
Value in fertilizer to land ls worth
mora than forage.
Evory farmer In this oounty should
give the plan a trial.
A SCOLDING WIFE
And * Woolton I,OK GIVOB Vat Ijnlioy
Patrick Lahey, of Sands street,
Brooklyn, N. Y., has a wooden leg
and troubles of his o itu. It isn't the
leg that worries Lahey, lt is the use to
, whtoh his wlfo puts it when ho un
straps it. The man, who is well along
lu years, told his woes to tho com
plaint olerk in the Adams Stroet
Court one day last weok.
"I've been sleeping in lt for tho
past four weeks," said he. "If you
never slept with a wooden leg, never
tried to turn over in b d or tuck the
covers around your feet, you can't
understand the troubles of a man try
ing to rest with ono."
"Why don't you take it off?" ask
od the olerk.
"Take it off," replied Lahey, "take
it off I Man, do you think I'm as shy
in my head as I am in my legs? It I
take lt off she hides lt, and then when
I want to go out 1 got to stay In.
Sometimes I do ba hopping around
the floor for three hours hunting un
der the bed, behind the stove, in tho
washtubs, and lu the top of olosots
for my leg.
"Tho last time I took it off. Fran
ces (that's my wife's name), hld lt,
and when I found it she tried to take
lt from mo, and. threatened if she got
lt again she'd use lt as a club to beat
me. Kow there should be some law
to prevent a woman making a man
sleop with a falso limb or to prevent
his wife beating him with it if he
loaves it off."
"Sure," said the clerk. "I'll give
you a summons and you hand it to
"Hand it to hoi ? Man, do you think
I'm orazyV Send it to her by a polloo
man, and the biggest ono you have."
Tbis being promised Lahey stump
ed out. expressing the hope that the
Court will arrange matters so that ho
oan sloop in peaoo, and not in pieces.
Captured Elliott Still.
An llllolt still operated by an eight
horse power steam engine, was de
stroyed by State Constables Hayes,
Hoy and Jenkins, In York County,
Wednesday morning. The constables
who made the raid are under Chief
Fant, in charge of the Spartanburg
division. The still had a oapaoity of
eighty gallons per day, and was the
finest of the kind ovor oapturod by
tho officers. York is a prohibition
oounty in name._
This gentle rein oomes at the right
time. The water wagon for seyeral
days will have other duties to per
Whon the government decide? to in
crease the salarios of its mall carriers
it should not overlook Its female em
Limberger oheeso ls satd to be a
euro for tuberculosis. Some persons,
however, may profer to dlo with con
It has como. A solon11st says John
D. Rookefollor is tho future Amorlcan
typo. Get ready to shave your head
and renounce the oyster.
Carrie Nation says that hugging ls
responsible for ail the immorality in
Washington, D. C. A kind of cl rolo
as lt were, that bas no end.
The faot that Mr. Rookefollor is too
poor to eat oysters reminds us that
boob of these objects of publlo inter
est aro notoriously bald.
Tho faot that the Presldont missed
three shots at a wild turkoy is not
startling. But tho faot that his press
agonc let tho item get into print ls
Success seldom oomes to tho man
who waits for lt, and then only In tho
oaso of tho oafo employe
A New York man while trying to
Imitate Caruso dropped dead. A oase
of monkeys perhaps.
The auto enthusiast who frequently
pays out his ooln for ropalrs may bo
?aid to Huffer from one kind of car
* HIVE IN AN AQU Af lUr?,. <
?..A V?y> of ?.alu? HOYT *. Mt?* .
Hinty Bru (Vii>k?.l .
Eh erybody In curious to se}) bees ac
tually at work. Take a rectangular <
glasa aquarium and place lt on a win
dow elli, elevated slightly at the eldo
non? the window. so thf when the
.latter 1? raised an iueh ti., ?bees tnay
pass In and out If doslr \ tho bees
may be kept for some timi \ y conflue
mont by raising the aquarium au Inch
en blocks and using ?? strip! of wire
screen cloth to prevent tho tyeea from
When confined the bees shojild be fed !
a sirup of equal parts of sugar au'd
water. A frame or two of bees may
be purchased for a trifling sum.
Fut wlthlu this glass aquarium some
rustic supports to represent projecting,
undocnyed portions of tin? Inside of the
hollow trunk. Keep all covered by au
opaque cloth when not observing what
ls going on wlthlu this glass hoe homo.
Then the bees will be free to work
and to adapt themselves to the envi
ronment. They cnn suit their own ',
fancy about attaching combs to the
sticks; they may build diagonally or lu
uuy other form that they may prefer, 1
and they may attach the comb to sidos
or ends Just when and wkero they ?
think lt ls necessary.
In the art?llela] blves the combs are
attached only at tho edgos, hut in nat
ural conditions within the hoe tree or
In Us counterpart, ns represented by
the old fashioned box hive with opaque
sides and In our transparent inverted
aquarium, tho bees cun build combs
and attach them lu any way that they
Ono of the moat Interesting objocts
for study Is to note when Ute been
think lt necessary to put out a side
support from a long comb. They seem
to believe that they are really within
a hollow tree and that lt ls likely to be
swayed by the gales. Of course when
so swayed long combs laden with
honey or with young bees would bc
too much for tho unyielding rigidity of
tlio upper part of tho combs. These, If
they have no side stays, would bond,
crack and be crashed against each
Tho beos havo learned this and give
the combs a tine support whenever lt
Is necessary. They do this, lt is true to
! a certain extent, lu the regular eight
or len frame hive, but not with tho
naturalness with which they do-lt lu a
large, unobstructed spaco.
Not long ago a veteran beekeeper
took a colony of boos from an attic,
whoro they had boen for many years.
"Well," said ho, "you should have
seen the funny forms of those combs
most Interesting thing I over saw.
There was one pillur nlmoit round-a
solid center right and several feet long
-and these combs around tbat; the
most fantastic tshnpo you ever saw."^
Suburbau 1,1 fe.
M.vtmllni; < I.ml<>.
A philanthropist said of a banker:
"Brown ls n mean man. Ouco I
made him slid) out, though. Listen.
"Two laities, representatives of a
children's fresh air fund-a noble
charity-called on Brown nud asked
him to contribute. He gave n dollar.
With all his millions, he gave ?l ex
" 'It's all I can afford,' he whined.
"My Office is in the same building as
Brown's bunk, and a few minutos later
tho two ladles came to me. When I
saw Brown's name down for only a
dollar I was mad.
".Ho soys It's all he can aff>?-d, eh?'
I began. 'Woll, ladles, Just .lt hore
"And I called my head clerk, ascer
tained my balance in Brown's bank,
and wrote a check then and thero in
the derk's name for $273',U'10--the en
" 'Draw this nt once,' I said.
"The clerk departed, and n minute or
two later Brown himself rushed In
breathlessly, the check In his bund.
"'Harry,' he said, '.what 1B tho mean
ing of this?'
"I pointed to tho ladies' subscription
" 'I have Just learned,' I said, 'that
you could only afford to give a dollar
lo the children's fresh air fund. This
made me think that thlugs were look
ing pretty fishy at tho bank. 1 decided
I had bettor draw out'
"Brown had to add two ciphers te
his subscription before I would con
sent to tear up the check."
IMmueU'? Keen Banlneas IiiMtfttoi.
When tho Hon. Mr. Ward wrote his
novel "Tremaine," he was fearful of
acknowledging himself the author, un
til its fate should have been ascertain
ed. He accordingly, the bettor to pre
servo his Incognito, sent the manuscript
copy by the wlfo of his attorney to Mr.
Colburn. Tho work, although accepted,
was not considered likely h> pay ex
tremely well, and consequently a
trifling sum was given for it. Contrary,
however, to Mr. Colburn's expectations,
lt ran to three editions.
'ilio Ingenious author of "Vivian
Grey," then twenty-two years old, hav
ing heard of the circumstances, deter
mlnedlouselt to advuntago, audaccord
Ingly having arranged his work for
publication, he proceedod to find out
tho honorable gentleman's fair messen
ger. This lie quickly effected, and upon
a promise of giving her ?20 Induced hor
to be the bearer of his novel to the
Tlie woman was Instantly recognized
by Mr. Colburn os the samo person
who brought him "Tremaine;" and rec
ollecting tho great Bale of that novel,
he leaped at the manuscript presonted
to him with the utmost eogernese. It
was quickly read, and a handsome sum
glvon for tlie copyright. A short time,
however, enabled Mr. Colburn to find
out his error, but too late to remedy
himself. Tho work wns not succ?s
and a considerable sum wau let'
Nearly I,ynohod Ulm.
Timely police Interference only
saved Frank Gallo, of South Boston,
from lynching at the bandi of an an
gry mob, whon ho was caught in the
alleged aot of cutting off a little girl's
braid in front of tho Theatre Comique,
in his pockets were found five braid*,
including ono that Margaret 10 Quin
lan, aged 15, identified as hor own.
A pair of koon shears wore also fcund.
Gallo claims helsa barber and that
ho carno by the braids honestly.
Tho cry of "Jaok the Snipper" was
takon up by the orowd on Tremont
Row when the little girl found her
bair was gone and tho mob cot in
ohaso of Gallo. Patrolman Tighe
hoard the uproar and arrestod the
man after a hard light in tho mud and
slush, the orowd lighting to get at his
prisoner and beat him, Tho polioo
beliovo Gallo ls the man who for a
year past has been terrorizing young
girls by snipping off their braids In
tho midst of orowdn of shoppers.
The story of Atlanta's rtoent co tin
oil meeting reads as if Mr. Koosovelt
himself might have boen proxont.
STANDS BY HIM.!
rexas Senator Speaks on the !
Foraker Resolution as to '
Performance in Hie Brownsville Affair.
Af 1er a Brief Response the Ohio
an AgreBs to Allow Matter
to (in Over Until Mon
Soon after th?,senate met today
Senator Foraker's resolution provid
ing for an Inquiry by the senate Into
the dlsoharge of the negro troops of
the Twenty* fifth infantry on aooount
of the Brownsville, Tex., episode was
laid before the enate and Senator
(Ju lb or H on made an address on the
subject. He eald that he would have
kept quiet but for the faot that great
injusttoe had been done the people of
Mr. Cu Iberson said tbae the conduofc
of the negro soldiers had been vory
irritating to tba Brownsville people
and especially so to the women. He
related tbat on Aug. 4, last, the day
before the "shooting up" of tbe town
a orimlnal assault had been commit
ted by one of the soldiers on tho wife
of a reputable olt zon and said that no
arrests had been made for the crime.
Mr. Oulberson defended Capt. McDon
ald of the Toxas Rangers, to whom
Mr. Foraker had referred beoause of
Maj. Blooksom's roforonoo to him nu
a man who was ' 'so brave that he
would not hesitate to ohargo hell with
a buoket of water." Mr. Oulberson
said that he knew Maj. Blooksom to
be a gentleman.
DKFENDICD TEDDY'S C0UK8K.
In defending President Roosevelt
for his dismissal of the troops Mr.
Oulberson said the fact that the troops
were negroes had nothing to do with
their dlsoharge. Confusion as to tho
legal questions Involved was, he said,
responsible for the statement that tho
president had no authority to make
the dlsoharge. The president's consti
tutional authority and the authority
given him by tho article of war dear
ly ocnercd tho case and made his ac
tion legal, te declared. He contended
that uisoharges for orimlnal offenses
are also discharges made to effect pun
Mr. Oulberson said that there was
a distinction between "discharge
without honor" and "a dishonorable
discharge." In the former caso the
president could exerolse his discretion
as bo had done in this Instance, while
a dishonorable disohare oould only oe
made as the result of a oourtmartlal.
He Instanced several cases to sustain
To e9tab lsh the motive aotuatlng
tho negro soldiers in oreatlng tho al
leged disturbances, Mr. Oulberson read
resolutions reoontly adopted by negro
oltizens of lljstoa, whloh admitted
that the soldiers "shot up" tho town
and s?id they "wero determined todo
for themselves what the uniform of
their country would not do-protect
them from insults and punish at the
same time tho authors of their mis
CAUSKD WAVK OK MKKRIMKNT,
Dlsolaimlng any partisanship for
the president, Mr. Oulborson oreated
a wave of merrlmout by saying: "I
have nothing to do with the presl
dent in this matter. I oare nothing
about him. My personal relations with
him are about as cordial as those of
the senator from Ohio" (Mr. Foraker),
In all falrneiB, Mr. Oulberson Bald,
the country ought to know that the
report made to the president was ro
After reading muoh of tho testi
mony taken before the Brownsville
grand jury, Mr. Oulberson drew tho
conclusion that the faot that no In
dlotme^t was returned was not an ev
idence of tho weakness of the oase,
but rather of the fairness of the peo
ple of Brownsville, who did not wish
to do Injustice to the innocent. The
evidonoe, he oontendod, proved be
yond doubt that the shooting was
done ny tho nogro soldiers, but failed
to identify tho guilty ones.
no concluded his speech by a brief
roferenoe to tho nogro question in
goneral, saying lt had existed from
the early history of tho country down
to tho present time and still continu
ed to bo the most important and the
most dangerous question whioh con
fronts the Amerloan pooplo. He refer
ed to the growth of this quostlon lead
ing to the Civil war wherein nearly a
million white men lost their lives.
Wednesday, ho said, tho condition of
tho blaok raoe with its ages of slav
ery, its ignorance and poverty, excited
o deepest sympathy of tho great
-jdy of the white people of tho South.
STILL TH JO QKKATK8T PROBLUM,
"But," ho eontlnued, "in spite of
the past, with Its oonillots and saoriil
oes, sorrows and destruction of lifo
and property, this problom is still tho
greatest with which wo havo to doab
It Involves labor, eduoatlon, suffrage,
soolal order, civil liberty self-govern
mont and the Integrity of tho whlto
raoo. The ond no man can seo. South
erners feol dooply and profoundly on
this race problom and its ultimate so
Senator Forakor at onoe took tho
door, remark.ng that it belittled the
present question to make it a vehiolo
for discussing tho raco quostlon. He
did not propose to discuss that ques
tion or the morits of the Hrownsvlllo
affair. Ho wanted his resolution adop
tod, which would insure further in
quiry, and hi? present purpose was
but to defend himself regarding the
orltioism ohargod against him for
mentioning Capt. MoDonald.
Commenting on Senator Oulborson's
statement that Senator Forakor's
speeoh two weeks ago had offended
certain Texans and had roilooted par
ticularly upon Capt. McDonald, tho
Ohio senator said he did not know
what McDonald resented unions it was
tho torm "gentleman."
CATT. MCDONALD'S HKBKNTMKNT.
Mr. Foraker read from the Cincin
nati IOnquirer au aooount of Capt. Mc
Donald's resentment, oimmentlng
freely as he progressod. Among other
things, Senator Foraker said: "I
don't know why Capt. McDonald would
ohargo 'hell with ono buoket of water,'
unless it was that he had no other me
for tho buoket of water."
'Mr. Foraker oonoluded his remarks
by putting tho intorvlows in Tho
Reoord and asking for a voto on the
Senator Oulberson replied briefly by
saying tho country was to be fellol
salea on the faot that the Ohio vena
lor had turned bia attention to derla-1
lon of a captain of Texas Bangers.
An amendment was offered hy Sen*
?tor i judge to contine the inquiry bj?
bhe committee on military affairs to a
Question of faot in regard to tte con
duct of the negro aoldiers, in that it
reoognlzed that the order waa issued
by tuc pressai "tr: thc sssrcira o?
bis constitutional authority as com
mander- iu'Chief." This would have
the effect of presenting an investiga
tion of the constitutional questions
Involved in the president's order dis
missing the troops ' Mr. Lodge asked
that the further discussion of the c
question be postponed until Monday |c
on account of his inability to speak to*
day baoauso of a sore throat, Al
though Mr. Foraker bad previously ob
jected to deferring consideration of
the resolution he at once consented to
the postponement when Mr. Lodge
plnood his request upon personal lt
grounds. Upon motion of Senator!I
Hale the resolution will be taken up
on Monday noxt and pressed to a oem- <
The sonate then went into exeou- t
tlve session and at 3.55 p. m, adjourn- 1
ed until Mondav. i
DIED AT HIS POST,
Tho llorriblo Doath or Bravo lingi- I ?
noor Maxwoll In Wreck.
Tbere seems to be no end to the
railroad wrecks. The Seaboard Air
Line's fast mail No. 32, northbound t
from Atlanta to Rlohmond, orashed
Into a string of loaded freight oars at
Peaohland, a flag station 10 miles
east of Monroe, N. C., late Sunday
night partially wrecking tho passen
ger train and killing Engineer S. H
Maxwell of Raleigh, N. 0.
Bunning 50 miles an hour Engineer
Maxwell sighted the freight train as
bo rounded tho curve near Peaohland
and with ooncorn only for tho passen
gers, wheso lives wore in his caro, he j
applied the emergonoy brakes in an
effort to moderate the impending
crash. The speed was reduood to 10
miles an hour wheu tho train struck
and tho fireman jumped without bc
lng hurt. Maxwell stuok to his post,
was oaugbt between the engine and
tender and slowly roasted to death in
view of tho resouors, who strained
every nerve to reaoh him.
Helplessly pinned in an upright po
sition with both feet In the il robo x,
the brave man Uvoi four hours, fully
oonsoious, talking oheorfully to the
rescuers, his last words being a mee
sage to his wlfo and ob i ld at Raleigh.
No one elso was hurt. The horoio
engineer was a son of Mr. and Mrs. E.
K. Maxwell, of Walhalla, S. O. He
was a young man.
Fort FiBhor's Anniversary.
Fort Fisher's anniversary, January
15, may well be made tho oooasion of
a reunion of tho blue and the gray
survivors of the commands which
participated. The battle was a not
able one in many ways and had it oo
ourrod at an oarlier period in the war
lt would be moro oonsplouous in the
pages of history. When tho post fell
all eyos were centered upon tho fate
of Poterburg and Richmond, whore
Grant and L?o oontended for the
mastery from Juno, 1304, to April,
Tho Spartanburg Journal says in a
strategic sonso Fort Fishor was an
outpost of the Confederate Une on
James Ri vor. It guarded tho prluol
pal ohannel for the entry of foreign
supphea to the Confederacy and also
offered protcotlon to Leo's route of
oommunloation with the south At
lantio ooast. The Federal attaok
was desperate In tho extreme and the
Confederate dofense most horoio. Or
angoburg County bore a gallant part
In that horoio defense,
The prlnolpal leader of the Con
federate forces In the battle at Fort
irisher, Colonel Limb, is still living.
Several of the Federal generals sur
vive, notably Gen. A. A. Ames, load
er of a division-, Goo. N, M, Curtis,
who led tho brigade whloh ll rat foroed
the palisades, and Gan. Galusha Pen
nypaoker. The naval bombardment
of the fort was one of tho floroest on
reoord. The fortress was constructed
of sand and logs and proved so form
ldablo against ship's Uro that tho plan
was adopted as a model for students
In military engineering.
One of the thrilling incidents of tho
battle was the ohargo of a Federal
naval brigade along the sand beach up
to the walls of tho fort. Admiral
Robley D. Evans, then a subordinate
oftloor, was a participant in this col
umn. Many of tho soldiery In tho gar
rison were North Carolinians, and lt
ls slgnilioant of the growing spirit of
tmlty among old foes that the public
men of tho stato have baen foremost
In inviting combatants of 18(15 to a
fraternal handshake on the ruins of
thia famous stronghold of the Oonfed
Tho Inoreaeod Coat ol' Ijivtntr.
The St. Louis Globe- Demoorat says
"Interviews with olty housewives
brought out tho faots that nine-tenths
of them aro struggling with tho prob
lem of how to make a ton-dollar week
ly income oove.r a twe'.vo dollar weekly
expense. Tho oost of food, fuel, doth
leg, rents, home furnishings, helps,
and all itoms of household expense
has Increased to such proportions that
tho problem of making the earnings
cover tho actual necessary outlay Is
becoming a serious one In every com
munity. It is claimed that tho uni
formity uf the prluo scalo of all food
products all over tho United Statos
louds color to thc charge that there is
a strict eg roe mont among corpora
tions willoh handlo them. All kinds
of tcstilo fabrics lin vu ad vaned 20 to
50 per cent In price during tho last
livo years, and the statistics of thc
department ol' labor and commoroe
show an increase in tho cost of foods
alone during the past ten years of 50
per oont. Tho Increase of ronts IQ at
tributed to tho increased oost of labor
and building material-not to increas
ed values or real estato. It is shown
hy the government's ligures that the
oost cf baoon has advanced 43.5 per
cent; potatoes, 43.1 per cent; eggs,
41 8 per cent; dry and plokled pork,
31.1 par cont; frosh pork, 30 per oont;
fleur, 20,3 per oont, and oom meal
28. (J por cont. Those aro tho articles
solootod by tho bureau of labor as the
staples of a workingman's bill of Ure.
The inoroaso In the prioo of baal has
boen oven greater than the figures
here given, and other items cf diet
have inoreased accordingly.M
lian lllni Down.
Sheriff Oorley, of Lexington, has
a- rostod John t? ooro, oolored, who ls
wanted in North Carolina for killing
a white man at Gaatonla. Tho negro
tried to osoapo from Shorlff Oorley
hy running aoroitft the toll bridge over
Congaroe river into tho olty of Colum
bia, "bub tho sheriff was too qulok for
him, and the ncgio ls now In Lexing
ton jail walting for a North Carolin*,
GETS A JftlSPITIS.
C. rt. A?AM8 AOHANtW ?OR '
f overnor Hey ward Gives Him a Kew 1
Is; se Until 2 la -vase Caa I
H. A. Adams, the Waltorboro man*
layer, whoa? oaae has ooouplod mor?
lone In the courts than any other
.apikal case in years, will not be bang?
id Friday, aa bis death warrant ?tip
dated. Governor Heyward Wednes
lay respited him until February 22,
it the request of the board of pardons,
in order tbat late petitions la his fa
/or, wbloh are now in the hands of
?he oourt officers, may be examined
>y the board.
The Columbia Booord says Messrs.
'lruber and Fishburne, the Walter*
3oro attorneys who have attraoted
statewide attention by their bard
Igbt for Adams' life, are confident
?bat when tho mombers of the pardon
Doard shah ..ave given due considera
tion to the petitions recently scoured
n Adams' county they will reoora
nojvd at least a commutation to Ute
imprisonment-possibly a full pardon.
The respite given their client Wed
nesday, is due solely to their own Ig
norance of the proc?dure of the exe
mtive otil?os when the petitions are
The papers are first sent to the
ludgo and the solloltor, that they may
indorse upon the records their recom
mendations as to tho disposition of
the petition for pardon or commuta
tion. Then the papers are filed In the
'xecutlvo offices until the board of
Tho board has uniformly declined
io oonsidor petitions wltbout expr?s
dons from the trial judge and tho so
loltor who proseoutod tho oase, and
the governor has just as consistently
refused to take action upon snob p?ti
tions until they Bhall have passed
through the hands of the board. The
petitions and other papers In the
Adams case did not reaoh the exeoutlve
OUICOTB until Sunday.
Following the usual custom, Gover
nor Hey ward Immediately forwarded
them to tho solloltor. The fatter be
log out of the state, lt was impossible
that he should examino the paper
deolde upon his recommendation and
return thom in time for the board ot
pardons to take aotion In the ctso at
tho mooting whloh convened Wednes
day. Tho papers are still in tho solid
In viow of these facts, and being
dispesod to give the condemned man
every ohanco, the board of pardons
unanimously passed a resolution re
questing Govornor Hoy ward to order
Adams respited until February 22.
Between that time and now lt is bop
ed that the papers will have been re
ceived in corred form and the final
recommendation of the board deo'.dod
Former State Senator Peurlfoy was
there Wednesday to appear before the
board in opposition to the petitions,
should these oome up. When inform
ed ot the olroumstauoes ho said tbat
ho would not obleot to a respite until
tho papors could be had. In this case
the aotion of Governor Heyward was
slmlllar to that In the Henderson
oase, whloh ls fresh In the public
I/ton Cannon 1'AUIO.
At Toledo, Ohio, while the Bostook
Animal Olrous was giving Its matinee
performance at tho Coliseum building,
Trainer narry Bay was attacked and
seriously ir Jared by a lion named
Ubarllo. The Hon, whloh had been
performing, sprang upon him, bearing
him to the door and immediately tho
audlenoe wss panlo stricken. The
beast grabbed Bay by the arm while
on the floor and laid with his body
over the trainer's prostrate form. Bay
with his free arm picked up his revol
ver whloh ho had dro ?ped on the floor
wbeu he fell and tired several shots
into tbe taos of tho enraged beast,
who then let go of hie arm and sefzad
tho man in the side. The two attend
ants, Miller and Cunningham, sprang
to the traps of the safety cage door
and opened them, admitting into tue
dens the othor Hons used in the aot.
This caused the animal to release Bay,
and two trainers named Gelland and
Joy at once rushod into the arena and
drovo elf the beast.
An Obfoot IiOHion.
Tho domooratio voto in Illinois in
tuon waB 603,001. That was whoo
the party stood for a positive and
progressive demcoraoy. In 1002 Mr.
Hopkins was chairman of the state
committee and oonduoted the cam
paign. The domooratio vote that year
was only ?00,026. In 1004 Mr. Sulli
van became a member of the national
committee, and he and Mr. Hopkins
controlled the state organ' zUion.
That year the demooratlo vote fell to
327,000 notwithstanding the faot that
lb was a presidential oampalgn. In
1000 Hopkins-Sullivan influence still
controlled, and tho demooratlo vote
fell to 271.084. Here was a falling ott
of 231,071 In six years-a loss of al
most fifty por oent. In the language
of The Commoner "how long will lt
take that sort of party management
to build up a demooratlo party in the
state of Illinois? ls lt not about time
for the rank and tile of the party to
bring tho Illinois organization into
harmony with thc demooratlo voters V
BIS., .'JL'UMII. i-.JJJllUJJULl'i.. I. LiiUL UIUJU'U'JiJltt?l?L
Ono 25 horse power Talbott, second li
ly been overhau led. ThiB Engine i
a groat bargain for anyone who is in
Wo are headquarters for anything :
prompt attention will be given to all
care. Write u?wlien you aro in the
to get pourrioee before plaoing your
Columbia Supply . .
j^Earty Cabbage Plants Guai
? ARLY JERSEY CHARLESTON 8UCCF.
WAKEFIELD LAHOe TY PB ?
Th? Karlie?? WAKEFIELD Tho Ear
Cabbage-Grow? Second Harltoal Jlead V
PRICE: InloUof 1 io4 m. nt $1.60 perm., D to 9i
I r. O. ?*. YOUNG'S ISLAND, 8. C My 1
. I fmarantoo Planta to RIVO purol
l Vjuarantec pfioo to any ouatomor Who in di
J grown In tho opon Sola, on Hcnvoaat of flout)
? ?rowlnp: tho hanllont plant? that can lio ttrow
I ronot In tho latorlor of tho Southern St atoa ?I
I March, They will ntaml aovoro oohl without I
I bujeo Two to Throe wooka aoonor than it you
My I.arfr??* OnSts&ftrfl ir.-, thc ?.?????O? Qa
?ho Benth. ThOIC profit doponila upon thom lia
ohaso my planta for their aropa.
I niuo grow ft full Uno of othor riants and ?
| tn to PlAutai Appia, Pouch, PCM, Plum, Ohoti
??f?rm* to tomnawU ?ut? at? ?ta? \Y/ ?\/?
Oh Writt wt til')ttrKH Witff?ilfi
GOOD x&m vo* ?. a
Bcionco at ii**t uncover* ? Uo?l
Curo Foi lUioiunutlsiu
After years of oxpc/lmunb
solontSllc remedy lia** beto found that
not only j'elieveBj but absolutely cures
?tuy cured. hh?i!s?atla:.i i:, :
by un excess of poisonous acids In tho
blood. Tho now discovery KUKU
MACIDM, though purely vegetable, and
acting through nature's channels,
neutralizes these acids and sweeps all
poisons and harmful germs out of the
blood. At tho samo timo lt tones up
tho stomach and regulates tho liver
? IliiKUMAoiDK therefore, cures tho
disease permanently, because lt re
moves tho cause. It has cured hun
dreds of cases after tho most noted
doctors and hospitals have failed.
H ii KUM ACHIM cured James Wilkes, of
Dillon, 8. U., after ho had been hold
in bed by rheumatism for thrco years
and his feet wore drawn up almost to
his back. This is only ono of tho
many marvelous cures RAKUMACILMQ
has already performed. Kn KU MAUI UK
ls curing many cases of Rhournatlsm,
Sciatica, lumbago, gout, kidney
trouble, indigestion add constipation,
right in this community today.
Because it has cured so mauy others
wo behove it will euro you. All the
leading druggists in this place sell and
Vt rook on Union P*o? tie.
Union Paolflo Overland Limited
and Los Angolsa Tra?na Hoi. 2 ?ad 3,
both bound foi Omaha, Keb., had
a collision Monday night at Bruie Sta?
tlon, twenty miles west of North
Platte. The Los Aegeles train oraah*
od into tho observation or.r In the rear
of the Overland Limited. Twenty-five
to thirty passengers were In the ob
servation oar and one, E. W. Hastings,
an aotor, of New York, was instantly
killed. One passenger named Jen?
nings was soaldod,
George Burnham, dr., vloo presi
dent of the Mutual Reservo Fund Life
Insurance Company, was sentenced to
two years in Sing Sing for larceny,
Some people are so easter to get to
orown woarnlng that they skip the
Thore ls something wrong with the
1 father who oan sleep late Christmas
The Hamburg-A merioan tourist
liner Prlrzessln Victoria Luise ran
aground near Kingston, Jamaola, and
her captain blew out his brains.
I. Fareftdd* Kel?* tah**
SOO FRRB ?OtJI
Board at Coon
for the Homes or tho Churches at low
prices and on easy terms.
A GOOP HOLIDAY PRESENT
can be had, either of a plano or an or
gan on easy terms at a special price
Write at onoo to,
Malones ! Music House,
Columbia 3. C., for catalogs, prloea& terras
J. MWtOX BITBIWIY, M
Graduate Part mouth Bed Col-]
lege 1881. Bi,Pt?l,K HR*.
Hid.Society. li. KeniUr
IOU M. to., tar?
Are You Sick?
If You Have a Disease For Willoh You
Are Unable tep?ind a<|Oare WriteTTfe.
We Have Been Remarkably Successful
lu Curing Deep Boated .and Stubborn
If you haye any disease of a efcronle na
ur?, no matter how many dootora have
failed to oure you f
or how muoh .other I
treatment you have .
pu.-m, we want you
to writo us a letter.
Wo are specialists
with over 20 years
been located in At
lanta for noiirly 18
?rears, whore we
lavo established a
reputation for cur
ing our patients
which we hoi tove is
second to none in
Our standing both
Hmm /ml ly, is ot tho
vory highest, and
you oan consult us with perfoot eonfldonoo
We do not resort to claptrap methods to
soon re patienta, vit oouduot our praotloo
in a at nighforward manner.
is ohroaio diseases of both men. aud wo
men-such as. Nervous Debility, (nervous
oxhnuation, norvous prc stratton, lost vital
ity, otc, Kidney and niaddof- Diseases,
Stricture, Rheumatism, Variooeele, Catarrh
of tho different organs, Sp?cifie IUood
Poison, Stomach, Howe!, Liver and Heart
Diseases, Piles, Fistula, Enlarged Prostate,
disoaaes peculiar to women, eta, etc
We invite every afliloted. person to eon
suit us free. Bend for examination blank.
After yeu have received these, together
witli our export opinion ot your case, and
yon aro not entirely satisfied, both as to our
reliability and ability to oure your disease,
you will not oven bo oxpeoted to take treat
ment. Wo Do Not Doal In ?*atnnt
MedloluoH. All necessary medicines
aro prepared in our own private laboratory
to Bult tho conditions or eaoh individual
catto, without extra charge. Many oases
curable by our homo treatmont plan. Bx
pert opinion of your oaao free. Writo for
Iexamination binn*. Address ns as follows)
DR HATHAWAY & CO., 88 -?, Inman
Rullding, At Viii?, Oa.
tanti ongino in stock which has recent*
s in first class condition and will bo
tho market for suoh a size engine,
in the way o? machinery supplies, and
inquiries and oidora entrusted to our
market for anything, and bc sure
' ordere oleo where.
> ? flelrirabla, f, 6.
.ant??d te Satisfy Purchase |
OSION AUGUSTA OHOftT OTEMMtD
TRUCKER ,FLAT DUTCH
iles? Ila! Allttlolatcr L-ryes* ?nd Latest
arlety than Succession Cabboite
ii. at $1.25 per m., 10 m. and over, nt$1.00 p<r m.
Special express Kate on Plants la Vory Low.
lasor satisfaction, pr will refond tho pnrohaso
BSailsfled nt ?mt of season. These'Plants aro
i Oavollna. In a ollnmto tlia% I? Jn?t pulled to
m In the United Htfilo;.. Thono plants oan oj
urina; tim mont hu of January, Pebi'iiary.iatja
>otn?; Injured, amt will mature a hoad or Oap?
i grew your own plants in hot beda ana ooia
rdencrs r,c?r thc ?ntorSof towrie sr.d eitlei e!
ivlng Early Cabbage i for that reason they pur*
rrutt Trocs, snob as Strawberry and S s-A.?* PO?
ty and Aprloot Troco, Fig Bushs? and Grape
(X GERATY? YQWIQ'S ittayiNoVjt?.