Newspaper Page Text
Met In Annual Convention in Co
lumbla Las! Week,
HAD GOOD MEETING.
Much Enthusiasm Was Manifested, and
the Lien Law and Bucket Shops
Were Denounced. The Corn<
Congress and Harvle Jor
don Were Endorsed.
The South Carolina division of the
Southern Cotton Association met in
Columbia on Wednesday oft last week.
The meeting was attended by dele
gates representing 20 counties. The
interest manifested waa ' encouraging
and the attendance was evon larger
than had been expected.
The following wore present at tbe
Andersen-M. A. Mahafley.
Barnwell-F. Fl. Oreeoh, W. W.
Moore, J. A. Jenkins, J. B. Morris,
W. T. Walker.
Clarendon-O. C. Soarborough, S.
M. Haynesworth, 10. D. Hodge.
Darlington-H. H. Bogers, A. M
Cokor, E. M. Williamson.
Florene?-J. W. McCown, James
B. MoBrlde, T. A. Clarke.
Greenville-B. Mays Olovoland,
Greenwood-W. J. Moore, J< M.
Lancaster-W. C. Hough, W. J.
Lee-E D.* Smith.
Laarens-J. H. Wbartou.
Marlboro-T. S. 10 ann, W. W.
Bruno, W. A. Bobers.
Orangeburg-J. E. Wannamakor,
J. A. Peterkln, J. M. Moss, J. B
Falroy, N. N. Hayden, B. F, Koller,
W, W. Wannamaker.
Blohland-W. W, Bay, Blohard
Singleton, F. SI. Hyatt, F. H. Wos
tou, Z. T. Lykes, W. H. Padgett, A.
Patterson. B. S. MoKenzle, W. J,
Lykes,'J. A. Byrd.
Saluda-W. F. Whittle, W. W.
Padgett, L. B. Blease, J. M. Forrest.
Spartanburg-E. L. Aroher, Balpb
Union-J. W. Gregory.
York-John L. Bainoy, W. S.
Wilkerson, C. E. Spenoer.
Williamsburg -W. D. Bryan.
Aftor organization the following
odlcers were elected :
President- E. D. Smith of Florence.
Vice President-E. L. Archer of
Seoretary-Fi n. Weston, Colum
Treasurer-F. H. Hyatt, Columbia.
Secretary Weston read the minutes
of tho last meeting After these had
boon approved Mr. Hyatt made his
roport as treasuror. This was refer
red to au auditing committee. Mr.
Hyatt stated that two oouuties an
swered to the assessment this year.
Others had contributed llborally,
some gavo not?t all. However, all
salaries had boon paid and all ex
pauses met. The ualauoo on hand
is not onough to boast of and the ex
ecutive committee needs money with
whloh to push the work this year.
There was a light over Bigoting rep
resentation on tho exooutive commit
tee of the general association. Mr.
Hyatt and Mr. E. D. Smith are ex
otllolo members, for Mr. Hyatt ls the
treasurer, Aftor soreo discussion and
several ballots Mi. E. L. Aroher and
Dr. W. W. Bay were eleoted.
Mr. Smith made a strong argument
in favor of the holding corporation.
The farmers who will not come into
the association need no proteotion,
and if tbey put their cotton on tho
market when tho prices are below
the association's minimum, this oot
ton oould be bought up to the extent
of 2,000,000 bales and oould bo held,
hy "ttlong with tho cotton held by the
and the fotlon members, until their
of her citir^Ot prices should be mot.
; To do thia \v?u?d t?^utreia capitally
zation of $100,000,000, to beiaAaod ny
members of tho asBoeiation subscrib
ing to tho capital stock $6 per bale
on every balo they propose to ralso.
There oould bo State and ooanty or
ganizations, regularly obarterad, with
regularly appointed buyer?, etc
Mr. Smith denounced forolbly the
aotion of Seoretary Shaw in withdraw
ing 9100,000,000 from circulation in
the summer. This had unsettled the
money situation generally, but forced
Wall street down upon Southern
loans-and the cotton 1 armers had
Mr. Archer disagreed with Mr.
Smith. This holding corporation
should be organized without oonneo
tion with the association. Further
more, he believes tho plan impractic
Mr. Hyatt brletly expressed his op
position when he was oalled upon to
speak, but ho stated tbat In Birming
ham next week ho will talk at length
on "How to Fi naneo tho Cotton
Crop," tho subject assigned him by
Mr. J. E. Wannamaker made a
startling statement, On a recent
visit to Barnwell he had bee i told
that thero are people in that county
who aro liviug In Equator, with poor
shelter for themselves, less for their
shivering animals and none for their
farm implements. Thoy buy tboir
meat, oven their oabbages and other
vegetables. Whyv Because they
plant cotton, plant lt blindly without
thought of tho futuro. Ho supposes
that tho same conditions exist In
many oountics. 1 Io opposes tho "hold
ing corporation,'1 believing that it
would bo bettor to build warehouses
and to continue tho work of educat
ing the farmers to tho appreciation of
the need for dlversliioation.
Mr. McBride took the view that
the work suggested by Mr. Wanna
maker is thfct cf Olomson collego or
. li_l aXnlatIaft r . .' tl-.??- ?.i. ?
MMHUOluWi tu BUOiUl'tCD) Rmi ui icu Ull8
cotton association basa broader Held,
lt should promota organ?/, itlon and
co operation along tho line suggested
by Mr. Smith.
OlTOSfiD TO Ll ION UW,
After solcotlng tbe dolegatlon to
thCj?lrmJngham convention, the con
vention authorized Proaldont Smith
to name the mombors of tho execu
tive oommltteo. Ho soleoted the fol
E. Mol ver Williamson of Darling
U. Mayes Olovoland of Marietta,
B. F. Keller of Cameron, Orango
Bi M. Pegues of Kollook, Ohcsfcor
W. D. Bryau of Taft, Williams
The /ollowlng resolution was offer
ed by Mr. Gregg oa behalf of the Flor
enos oaunty d?l?gation:
"Resolveil. That the asvsoolatlon
appoint a oouamlttee to memorialize
?he general assembly to repeal the
law Irnown as the ?lon law for sup?
This wee voted on without di sous*
alon as these are praolloal farmers
and know what tho law ls. There
was opposition, but the motion pre
vailed and the following were ap
pointed by the ohalr to memorialize
the legislature: Walter Gregg of
Florence, B. F. Keller of Cameron,
W. M. McBride of Florence.
Tho following were eleoted dele
gates to the Birmingham convention :
W. J. Cunningham, W. J. Moore, E
O. Hodge, A. M. Coker, W. W. Bruoe,
Dr. R. H. Smith, J. W. MoOown, W.
F. Whittle, J. A. Peterkln, C. E
Spenoar, E. D. Smith. J M. Major,
B. M. Pegues, E. M. Williamson.
lt 1B related that a distinguished
Greenwood lawyer says that in his
oounty gambling ls the highest form
of erl ma. It was a Greenwood dele
gate, Mr. W. J. Moore, who Introduc
ed the following:
"Resolved, by tho South Carolina
division of the Southern Cotton asso
ciation, That we condemn and dis
approve of the dealing In what ls
commonly known as 'futures,' bel?g
injurious to tho morals of our peoole
aud entailing great ilnanolal loss on
"Resolved, further, That we ear
nestly hope and believe the legisla
ture of 'Jouth Carolina will enaot
ouoh lawB as will prohibit oxehanges
and bucket shops from being operat
ed in this State."
This was adopted without discus
Mr. Smith offered tho following
resolutions, whloh were adopted:
"Besolved, That this convention
recommend to the Birmingham con
vention tho advisability of eaob
oounty appointing a Belling md finan
cial agent, authorized in writing,
signed by the individual members, as
sole agent to sell the cotton of the
local association at a prioo not less
than that agreed upon by the national
association, and to give said agent
the power to nogotlate loans, tlx the
rate of interest, storage aud lnsur
This is a very important resolution,
for it gives form and purpose and
business objectivo to the association.
The session on Wednesday night
was an experience meeting, at whloh
the delegates exohanged ideas mu
tually hoi of ul.
A HUMAN MONSTER
Kol unod Dooont Burial tor tho WI io
Ho lind Aluieocl.
Every ouoo In a while we run upon
a brute olothed In a human form. A
dispatch to the Augusta Ghronlolo
from Washington, Ga., says the de
tails of the tragic death from burn
ing of Mrs, Charles Elliot near Aonla,
in this oounty, twelve miles from
Washington, were brought to theolty
Tuesday night by neighbors of the
dead woman, who had oomo to Wash
ington to get a collin and engage a
hearse after the positive refusal of
Charles 10 Hot to provide a decent bu
rial for the remains of his wife, for
whose death he was ludlrcotly respon
Tho horrible aooident whloh cost
the faithful young wife and mother
hov life occurred, Wednesday night
and death ended her sufferings Friday
evening about 8 o'olook. For the
faithfulness and loving devotion of
a young wife and mother on t o one
hand and tho oruel indifference and
noglect of a husband and father on
the other, the circumstances sur
rounding this caso are v ithout a par
allel in tho history of Wilkes oounty.
While Charles Elliot was off on a
drunken spree Wednesday night, Mrs.
Elliott wrapped her four little child
ren up as comfortably as possible for
tho night. After this was done there
was not enough bed clothing in tho
house to proteot her own body from
tho severe cold, so she wrapped tho
last bed quilt In the house about her
Hind laid down in front of the wood
lire to keep warm until her husband's
roturn. While down before tho Uro
asloep the quilt which oovored her
caught alire from a spark and produo
ed horrible burns on the faoe and body
of tho unfortunate woman. There
was no ono living noar enough in tho
neighborhood to hear the agonizing
cries of Mrs. Elliot and her four chil
dren wero too young to offer hor any
assistance, tho oldest boin? just 5
In this oondiMon, Mrs. Elliot re
mained until thft return of her hus
band, in an intoxicated condition,
about 4 o'olock lu the morning of the
next day. lOvon aftor Mr. Elliot re
turned and found his wife in suoh a
sorlous condition he made no offort to
seouro modlOal attention for his wife.
Lato in the afternoon of tho day fol
lowing tho aooident somo of tho neigh
bors learned of the affair, and upon
their own initiative tho boBt medloal
attention that tho community afford
ed was Booured.
Tho shock to; tho young woman's
system was too severe, however, and
she succumbed to death Friday, leav
ing four children, the oldest of whom
is 5 yoars and the youngest four
During tho whole timo subsequent
to his return to his homo at 4 o'olook
Thursday morning and tho time of
his wife's death, Elliot manifested
little oonoorn in the matter and would
sit in ono oornor of tho little room
with an air of total unconcern while
several neighbors and a physician
wero working heroically to savo his
wlfo's life. He made no offorc to no
ourc provisions for his children in the
meantime. Fuel, provisions and cloth
ing wero all furnished by the neigh
Following the doath of Mr?. Elliot,
Charles Elliot was asked ooncerning
the funeral arrangements, when the
coolly repliod that ho had spent his
last cent for two gallons of whiskey
for Christmas and was not ablo to
take ciro of tho remains of his wifo.
"1 will attend to tho burial as soon
as I got ablo," he 1B roported to have
Taking tho children in tholr own
oaro and considering tho brutal fath
er nu moro in the matter, tho neigh
bora of tho community havo taken tho
altair in their own hands and havo by
private subscriptions among thomsol
ves raised $25 for dofraying the burial
expenses of Mrs. IOU lot. The remains
were taken to hor old home In Lin
coln oounty Saturday for intornr.ent
at Lincolnton Saturday afternoon.
Tho inoreasing number of railroad
wrecks promises to dooroaso the sup
ply of "papular young ra l oad mon.'
Tim latest typewriting reocrd is
httld to be :t00 words per minuto. The
operator ls wo suppose a woman.
"nmt-m^M-winwim nmpmmt I?HIMIM??IV^II in n'ln."
HOW TO PLANT COEN.
TUM WILLIAMSON PLAN OIVKN
IN A FHW WOHDS.
Tho Formula Which May Bevoln
tlon?ze Agriculture infJouth Gaio?
lina and Snrloh Farmers.
We have published frequently the
formula for the "Williamson plan" or
the way deviled by Mr, E. Molter
Williamson, of Darlington, to make
live ears ot oom ?row where bub one
grew before, The formula ai given
heretofore haa been a little long. The
following has been prepared for the
Uolumbla State by Mr. James Horny
lltoe, Jr., as the most oonolse form in
whloh lt oan be given:
Break land In winter one-fourth
deeper than common; lay off In six
foot rows, leaving five Inch balk.
When time to plant break out balk
with ti oo ot or, following In samo fur
row on this ridge. Ridgo them with
?ame plow, going deeper; run corn
planter with Dixie plow, with wing
taken c ff. Plant as earl; as possible,
upually about the middle of Maroh.
Drop oom grains every six Inohes.
Use no fertilizer Give Brst working
with harrow or any plow tbat will not
cover plant. Second working with IO
or 12 I nob sweep on both sides of
plant. Thin after this working.
Corn should not be worked again
until sufficiently stunted, so that it
will never grow large. When lt ls
about 10 to 12 inches high put on fer
tilizer. Mix 200 pounds ootton seed
meal, 200 pounds acid phosphate, 4001
pounds kalnlt. Put half In old sweep
furrow, on both sides ot evory other i
middle. Oover by broaklng out mid- j
die with turn plow. Ono week later
treat the other middle in tho same
way. fertilizer and all. In a few dave
side corn In first middlo with 10 Inoh
swoop. Put aU your nitrato of soda
In this furrow, if less than 150 pounds
ls uticd ; If more, put half. Cover with
one furrow or turn plow, then sow
peas in middle broadcast, at rate of a
bushel to the aero, andilnlsh break
ing out. Lay by early. More corn ls
ruined by late plowing than by laok
of plowing. No hoeing ls nooessary
and middle may be kept olean until
time to break out by harrowing.
For 60 bushels to the sore leave
stalks 10 inohes apart; for 75 bushels,
12 Inohes; for 100 bushels, 8 inohes
Do not pull fodder; do not out tops;
lot peas and pea vinos die on land.
Value in fertilizer toland is worth
more than forage.
Evory farmer in this county should
give the Dian a trial.
I A SCOLDINGTwiii"
Amt a Wootton LOK OIVOH Pat Lahoy
Patrlok Lahoy, of Sands street,
Brooklyn, N. Y., has a wooden log
and troubles of hin o un. lt Isn't the
leg that worries Lahey, lt is the uso to
whloh his wife puts lt when ho un
straps lt. The mau, who is woll along
in years, told his woes to the com
plaint olerk In the Adams Street
Court ono day last week.
"I've been sleeping in lt for tho
past four weeks," said he. "If you
never slept with a wooden lear, novor
tried to turn over in Ird or tuok the
co vors around your feet, you can't
understand the troubles of a man try
ing to rest with one."
"Why don't you take it oflV" ask
ed the olerk.
"Take lb off," replied Lahey, "take
it oft I Man, do you think I'm as shy
in my head as I am in my legs? If I
take it off sba bides it, and then when
I want to go out 1 got lo stay in,
Sometimes I do be hopping around
the floor for three hours hunting un
der the bad, behind the stove, in tho
washtubs, and lu the top of oloscts
for my leg.
"Tho last time I took it off. Fran
ces (that's my wife's name), hid it,
and when I found lt she tried to take
lt from me, and threatened if abo got
it again she'd use it an a olub to beat
me. Now there should bo some law
bo prevenb a woman making a man
sleep with a falso limb or to prevent
his wife beating bim with lb if he
loaves lb off."
"Sure," said the clerk. "I'll give
you a summons and you hand lt to
"Hand it to hoi f Man. do you think
I'm orazyV Send it to her by a polloo
man, and tho biggest one you have."
This being promised Lahoy stump
ed out. expressing the hope that tho
Court will arrange mattors so that ho
oan sleep lu peaoo, and not in pieces.
Captured Hllioli tum.
An illlolt still operated by an eight
horse power steam onglne, was de
stroyed by State Constables Hayos,
Hoy and Jenkins, In York County,
Wednesday morning. The constables
who made the raid aro under Chief
Fant, in charge of the Spartanburg
division. The still had a oapaolty of
eighty gallons per (hy, and was the
finest of the kind over oaptured by
the officers, York ls a prohibition
oounty in name._
This gentle rein oomes at the right
time. The water wagon for several
days will have other duties to por
Whon the government decides to in
crease tho salaries of its mall carriers
lt should not ovorlook its female om
Ltmborger ohooso ls said to he a
oure for tuboroulosls, Some persons,
however, may prefer to die with con
It has oomo. A soloutist says John
1). Uookofollor is tho futuro American
typo. Get ready to shave your bead
and ronounoo the oyster.
Carrie Nation says that bugging ls
r capons! bio for all the Immorality in
Washington, I). C. A kind of clrolo
as lb were, that han no encl.
Tho faot that Mr- Rookofeller ls too
poor to eat oystors rotnlnds us that
both of these objects of public inter
est aro notoriously bald,
Tho faot that the President missed
three shots at a wild turkey is not
startling. But tho faot that his press
agonc let tho item gob into print la
Success seldom oomes to tho man
who waits for it, and then only In the
oase of tho oafo employe.
A New York man while trying to
imitate Caruso dropped dead. A case
of monkeys perhaps.
The aubo onbhuslast who frequently
pays out his ooh? for ropalrs may bo
said to suitor fro ir. one kind of oar
HIVE IN AN AQUAr
Many B?o Work-.r .
Everybody is curious to nee bees ac
tually ot work. Tuke a rectangular
fci?aa aquarium and placo lt ?co ? win
dow- i;l}l, elevated aligbtly a? thc side
nearest the window, so thf /(when the
hitter ta raised an luci? tU jheos wey
pasa in and out. It desl? \ the boes
may bo kept for tome timi \ i conflne
mout hy raising the aquarium an inch
on blocke and using a nt rip1 of wire
screen cloth to prevent tho tyees from
When confined the bees should be fed
a HI.'up of equal parts of auger au'd
wa toi. A frame or two of bees maj
he purchased for a trifling sup.
Put within this glasB aquarium some
rustic supports to represent projecting,
uudocayed portions of tho inside of tho
hollow trunk. Keep ?ll covered by au
opaque cloth when not observing what
is golug on within thia gloss hoe homo.
Thea the bees will be freo to work
and to adapt themselves to the envi
ronment They can suit their own
fancy about attaching combs to tho
Sticks ; they muy build diagonally or in
any other form that they may prefer,
and tlicy may attach the comb to aldos
or onds just when and where they
think lt ls necessary.
In the artificial hives the combs are
attached only at tho edges, but in nat
ural conditions within the hoe tree or
lu Its counterpart, as represented by
the old fashioned box hive with opaque
sides and In our transparent Inverted
aquarium, tho bees can build combs
and attach them lu any way that they
One of the most Interesting objects
for study ls to note when tho bees
think lt necessary to put out a side
support from a long comb. They seem
to believe that they are really within
a hollow tree and that It Is likely to bo
swayed hy tho gales. Of course when
so swayed long combs Inden with
honey or with young boes would he
too much for tho unyielding rigidity of
tlie upper part of tho combs. These, If
they have no side stays, would bend,
crack and bo crashed against each
Tho beos have learned this and give
tho combs a Ano support whenever it
ls necessary. They do this, lt ls true to
a certain extent, In tho regular eight
or ten frame hive, but not with tho
naturalness with which they do. lt in a
large, unobstructed spneo.
Not long ago a veteran beekeeper
took a colony of boos from an attic,
where they had been for many years.
"Well," said he, "you should have
seen the funny forma of those combs
most interesting thing I over saw.
There was one pillar almost round-a
solid center right and several fuet long
-und thcao combs nround that; the
most fantastic shape you eyer uuw."
Extorting ( "hm Ky.
A philanthropist sahl of a banker:
"lb-own Is a mean man. Ouco I
made him shell out, though. Listen.
"Two lollies, representatives of a
children's fresh nlr fund-a noblo
charity-called on Brown and asked
him to contribute, ile gave a dollar.
With all lils millions, he gave $1 ex
" 'It's nil I can afford,' he whined.
"My office Is In (he same building as
Brown's bank, and a few minutos luter
tho two ladles carno to mo. When I
F?w Brown's narnu down for only a
dollar I was mad.
"T?o says It's all ho can aflV-d, eh?'
I hogan. 'Well, ladles, Just Mt hore
"And I called my head clerk, ascer
tained my balance lu Brown's bunk,
and wrote u check then und there In
the clerk's name for $278}?40-Tthe en
" 'Draw this ut once,' I auld.
"The clerk departed, and n minute or
two later Brown himself ruihed In
breathlessly, the check In his bund.
" 'Harry,' he said, '.what ls tho meun
"I pointed to tho lodieB' subscription
"'I have Just learned,' I enid, 'that
you could only afford to give a dollar
to tho children's fresh air fund. This
made me think that things were look
ing pretty fishy ut tho bunk. I decided
I hud bettor draw out.'
"Brown bad to add two ciphers to
bis subscription before I would con
sent to tear up tho check."
Dlunicll'u Keen BnaliiM* Iuntlnot.
When tho Hon. Mr. Ward wrote his
novel "Tremaine," he was fearful of
acknowledging hlmsolf tho author, un
til Its fute should huvo been nsccrtuln
ed. Ile accordingly, tho better to pre
servo bl? Incognito, sent the manuscript
copy by the wlfo of his attorney to Mr.
Colburn. Tho work, although accepted,
wes not considered likely b) pny ex
tremely well, and consoqueutly a
trilling sum wns given for lt. Contrary,
however, to Mr. Colburn's expectations,
it run to three editions.
'llio ingenious author of "Vivian
Grey," then twenty-two year? old, hav
ing heard of the circumstances, deter
mined lo use lt to advantage, audaceord
Ingly having arranged his work for
publication, he proccedod to find out
tho honorable gentlcmnn's fuir messen
ger. This he quickly effected, and upon
a promise of giving her ?20 Induced hor
to be the beurer of bia novel to the
The womnu was Instantly recognized
by Mr. Colburn as tho same person
Who brought him "Tremaine;" and rec
ollecting the great sale of that novel,
he looped at the manuscript presented
to him with the utmost engerness. It
was quickly read, und a handsome stun
glvon for the copyright. A short time,
however, enabled Mr. Colburn to find
out bis error, but too luto to remedy
himself, Tho work was not suecos
and n considerable sum was los*
publication? far_ s
Wo;..-ly hynoliott Illui.
Timely pollco interference only
saved Frank Gallo, of South Boston,
from lynching ac the hands of an an
gry mob, when he was caught in the
allegod aot of outtlng off a little girl's
braid in front of tho Theatre Comique,
in his pookots were found (Ive braids,
Including ono that Margaret 10 Quin
lan, aged 15, idontliled as hor own.
A pair of keen shoars were also fcund.
Gallo claims helsa berber and that
he came by the braids honestly.
Tho ory of "Jaok tho Snipper" was
taken up by the orowd on Tremont
Kow when tho little girl found hor
hair was gone and tho mob set in
chase of Gallo. Patrol mau Tighe
heard the uproar and arrested the
man after a hard light in the mud and
si uah i the orowd fighting to get at his
prisoner and boat him, The police
believe Gallo ls tho man who for a
year past bas boen terrorizing young
girls by snipping off their braids in
the midst of orowds of shoppers.
Tho story of Atlanta's reoent conn
ell meeting reads an. if Mr. Roosevelt
himself might have boen prosont.
STANDS BY HIM:
Texas Senator Speaks on the
Forakei' Resolution as to
Performance lo thc Brownsville Affair.
After a Brief Response the Ohio*
an Agress to Allow Matter
to (io Over Until Mon
Soon after the.senate met today
Senator Foraker's resolution provid
ing for an Inquiry by the senate Into
the dlsobarge of the negro troops of
the Twenty*fifth Infantry on aooount
of the Brownsville, Tex., episode was
laid before the enate and Senator
Oulborson made an address on the
subjeot. Ho said that he would have
kept quiet but for the faot that great
Injustloo had been done the people of
Mr. Oulberson said that the oonduot
of the negro soldiers had been very
irritating to the Brownsville people
and espeolally so to the women. He
related that on Aug. 4, last, the day
before the "shooting up" ot the town
a orlmlnal assault had been commit
ted by one of the soldiers on the wife
of a reputable olt zen and said that no
arrests bad been mado for the orlme.
Mr. Culberson defonded Oapt. McDon
ald of the Texas Bangers, to whom
Mr. Foraker had referred beoause of
Maj. Blooksom's io t orono o to him as
a man who was 1 'so brave that he
would not hesitate to ohargo hell with
a buoket of water." Mr. Culberson
said that he knew Maj. Blooksom to
bo a gentleman.
DEFENDED TEDDY'S COURSE.
In defending President Itoosovelt
for his dismissal of the troops Mr.
Oulberson said tho faot that the troops
were negroes had nothing to do with
tholr discharge. Confusion as to the
legal questions involved was, he said,
responsible for the statement that tho
president had no authority to make
the discharge. The president's consti
tutional authority and the authority
given him by the article of war dear
ly ochered the cano and made his ao*
tlon legal, he declared. He oontecded
that t?lsoharKes for orimlnal offenses
are also discharges made to effeot pun
Mr. Culberson Bald that there was
a distinction between "dlsohargo
without honor" and "a dishonorable
dlsohargc." In the former caso the
president could exerolso his discretion
as he had done in this instance, while
a dishonorable dlBOhare oould only oe
made as the result of a oourtmartial.
Ho instanced several oates to sustain
To estab ish the motivo aotuating
tho negro soldiers in oroating tho al
leged disturbances, Mr. Oulborson read
resolutions reoontly adopted by negro
oltlzens of Heston, whloh admitted
that the soldiers "idiot up" the town
and said they "were determined todo
for themselves what the uniform of
their oountry would not do-protect
them from insults and punish at tho
same time tho authors of their mis
CAUSED WAVE OK MEURIMENT.
Dlsolalming any partlzanshlp for
the president, Mr. Culberson oreated
a wave of morrlmoul by saying: "I
have nothing todo with the proti
dent in this matter. I oare nothing
about him. My personal relations with
him are about as cordial as those of
the senator from Ohio" (Mr. Foraker),
In all fairness, Mr. Culberson said,
the oountry ought to know that the
report mado to tho president was re
Aftor reading much of tho testi
mony taken before the Brownsville
grand jury, Mr. Oulberson drow tho
conclusion that the faot that no In
dictment was returned was not an ev
idence of tho weakness of tho caso,
but rather of the fairness of the peo
ple of Brownsville, who did not wish
to do lu Justino to tho innocent. The
evldonoe, he oontended, proved be
yond doubt that the shooting was
done cy tho negro soldiers, but failed
to Identify the guilty ones.
ne oonoludod his speech by a brief
refcrenoe to the negro question In
general, saying it bad existed from
tho early history of the country down
to the present timo and still continu
ed to be the most important and tho
most dangerous question whioh con
fronts the American pooplo. Ho rofor
ed to tho growth of this question load
ing to the Civil war wherein nearly a
million white men lost thoir lives.
Wednesday, he said, tho oondition of
the blaok raoe with its ages of slav
ery, its Ignoranoo and poverty, exoltod
che deepest sympathy of tho great
body of the white peoplo of tho South.
STILL TUE GREATEST PROBLEM.
"But," ho continued, "in splto of
tho past, with its oonfliots and ?merill
oes, sorrows and destruction of life
and properly, this problem is still the
greatest with which wo have to deal.
It involves labor, oduoatlon, suffrage,
soolal order, olvil liberty self-govern
ment and the Integrity of tho white
race. The ond no man oan see. South
erners fool deeply and profoundly on
this raoo problom and Its ultimate so
Sonator Foraker at once took tho
Moor, remark.ng that lt belittled the
present question to make lt a vohlolo
for discussing tho race question. Ho
did not propose to discuss that ques
tion or thc morita of the Hrownsvlllo
affair. He wanted his resolution adop
ted, which would Insure fur thor in
quiry, and his prosont purpose was
but to defend himself regarding the
criticism ohargod against him for
mentioning Capt. McDonald.
Commenting on Senator Culborson's
statement that Senator Forakor's
speeoh two weoks ago had offended
certain Texans and had rolleoted par
ticularly upon Capt. McDonald, tho
Ohio senator said he did not know
what McDonald resonted unless it was
the torm "gentleman."
CAPT. MCDONALD'S RESENTMENT.
Mr. Foraker read from tba Oinolr.
natl IOnqulror ao aooount of Capt. Mc
Donald's rose it-men t, c.-m mon tiny
freely as he progroBsod. Among other
things, Sonator Forakor said: "I
don't know why Capt. McDonald would
ohargo 'hell with ono buoket of water,'
unless it was that ho had no other uss
for tho buoket of water."
'Mr. Forakor oonoludod hts remarks
by putting tho interviews in The
Record and asking for a voto on the
Senator Culberson replied briefly by
saying tho country was to bo toltol
tated on tho faot that tho Ohio atna*
tor bad turned his attention to deris
ion of a oaptaln of Texan Rangers.
An amendment was offered by ?en?
ator Lodge to contine the inquiry by
the committee on military affairs to a
question of faet in regard to tLe eon?
duct of tho negro soldiers, in that it
recognized tbat the order waa issued
by tbe president "tn theexerolse of
bis constitutional authority as oom
mander-lu? oh I af." This would have
the effect of presenting an investiga*
tion of the constitutional questions
involved in the president's order dis
missing the troops ' Mr. Lodge asked
that the further discussion of tho
question be postponod until Monday
on account of hie Inability to speak to
day because of a sore throat, Al
though Mr. Foraker had previously ob*
Jcoted to deferring consideration of
the resolution he at once consented to
tho postponement whon Mr. Lodgo
plaoed his request upon personal
grounds. Upon motion of Senator
Hale the resolution will be taken up
on Monday next and pressed to a con
The sonate then went into execu
tive session and at 56 p. m, adjourn
ed until Monday.
DIED AT HIS POST,
Tho Horrible Doath of Bravo KUR?
noor Maxwoll in Wreck,
Tbero seems to bo no end to the
railroad wreoks. Tbe Seaboard Air
Line's fast mall No. 32, northbound
from Atlanta to Hi ol. m omi, orashod
into a string of loader") frolght oars at
Peaohland, a flag vcation 10 miles
east of Monroe, N. O., late Sunday
night partially wrecking the passen
ger train and killing Engineer S. E
Maxwell of Raleigh, N. O.
Running 60 miles an hour Engineer
Maxwoll sighted the freight train as
be rounded the curvo noar Peaohland
and with ooncorn only for tho passen
gers, whoso lives woro In his oare, he
applied the emergonoy brakes in an
effort to moderate the impondlng
crash. The speed was roduood to 10
miles an hour wheu tho train struok
and tho tlroman jumped without be
ing hurt. Maxwell stuok to his post,
was oaught between the engine and
tender and slowly roasted to death in
view of the resouers, who strained
every nerve to reach him.
Helplessly pinned in an upright po
sition with both feet in the lirobox,
the brave man HVOJ four hours, fully
oonsolojs, talklDg cheerfully to the
resouers, his last words being a mes
sage to his wlfo and child at Raleigh.
No one else was hurt. The horoio
engineer was a son of Mr. and Mrs. E.
K. Maxwell, of Walhalla, S. O. He
?vas a young man.
Fort Klshor's Auntvoroary.
Fort Fisher's anniversary, January
15, may well be made tho occasion of
a reunion of tho blue and the gray
survivors of the oommands which
participated. The battle was a not
able one In many ways and had it oc
curred at an earlier period in the war
it would be moro oooBpiouous in the
pages of history. When tho jost foll
ail eyes were contorod upon tho fate
of Potorburg and R'.ohmond, where
Grant and L?o contended for the
mastery from June, 18(14, to April,
Tho Spartanburg Journal says in a
strategic sense Fort Fisher was an
outpost of the Confederate 'lue on
J&moB Rlvor. It guarded the princi
pal ohannel for the entry of foreign
supphes to the Confederacy and also
offered protection to Leo's route of
communication with the south Afc
lantlo coast. The Federal attaok
was desperate In the extrome and the
Confederate dofense most horolc. Or
angeburg County bore a gallant part
in that horoio defense.
The prlnoipal leader of the Con
federate forces in the battle at Fort
Flshor, Colonel Limb, ls still living.
Several of the Federal generals sur
vive, notably Gen. A. A. Ames, load
er of a division; Gen. N. M. Curtis,
who led the brigade willoh drat forced
the palisades, and Gen. Galusha Pen
nypaoker. The naval bombardment
of tbe fort was one of tho fiercest on
record. Tho fortress was constructed
of Band and logs and proved so form
idable against ship's Uro that tho plan
was adopted as p" model for students
in military engineering.
O-ie of the thrilling lnoldcuts of the
battle was the ohargu of a Federal
naval brigade along the sand beach up
to the walls of tho fort. Admiral
Robley D. Evans, then a subordinato
otlloer, was a participant lu this col
umu. Many of tho soldiery in tho gar
rison were North Carolinians, and it
ls slgnllloant of the growing spirit of
amity among old foes that the publie
men cf the state have baen foremost
in inviting combatants of 18(15 to a
fraternal handshake on the ruins of
thia famous stronghold of thoConfod
Tho IiioreaBOtl Clout ol' IJIVIIIK*
The St. Louis Globe-Demoorat says
"interviews with olty housowlvos
brought out the facts that nino-tenths
of them aro struggling with tho prob
lem of how to make a ton-dollar week
ly lnoome oover a twelve dollar weekly
expense. Tho cost of food, fuel, cloth
ing, ronts, home furnishings, helps,
and ail items of household expense
has inoreascd to snob proportions that
the problem of making the earnings
oover tho actual nooessary outlay ls
becoming a serious one in every com
munity. lt ls claimed that tho uni
formity of the prloo scalo of all food
products all over tho United States
lends color to the charge that there ls
a strict 8groement among corpora
tions whloh hundi? them. All kl:-: da
of tcstilo fabrics havo advanced 20 to
50 per cent hi price during tho last
live years, and the statistics of the
departmont ci labor and oommoroo
show an Inorcase in tho cost of foods
alono during ibo past ten years of 50
per oent. Tho lnoroaso of ronts lu at*
tributed to the Increased cost of labor
and building material-not to increas
ed values of roil estato. It is shown
by tho government's ligures that the
cost of bacon has advanced 43.5 per
cent; potatoes, 43.1 per cent; eggs,
41 8 per cent; dry and plokled pork,
31.1 por cont; frosh pork, 30 por cent;
(U ur, 20,3 per oent, and corn meal
28. o por oont, Those aro tho artioles
soleotod by tho bureau of labor as the
staples of a workingman's bill of fare.
The lnoroaso in the prioo of baot has
boen oven greator than the figures
here givon, and other Items cf diet
havo Inoreascd accordingly. "
lian Him Down.
Shoriir Oorley, of lexington, bas
a roHtod John iv ooro, oolored, who ls
wauted in North Carolina for killing
a white man at G?stenla. Tho negro
tried to oaoapo from Sheriff Corlcy
by running aoross the toll brldgo over
Congaroo river Into the olty of Colum
bia, .but tho sheriff waa too quiok for
him, and the negio is now in Lexing
ton jail walting for a North Carolin*,
?V. A. liDAMB HAB A UH ANON
Governor Hey ward Gives Bim a JTew j
Xe: ie Until Hl? Oase Can ;
Se Heard, j
It. A. Adams, tho Wa.torboro man. ?
Hlayov, whose case has ooouplod mor? '
time In the courts than any other ;
capital case In years, will not be hang
ed Friday, as his death warrant stip
ulated. Governor Heyward Wednes
day respited him until February 22,
at the request of the board of pardons,
in order that late petitions In his fa
vor, wbioh are now in tho hands of
the court odloors, may be examined
by the board.
The Columbia lt coord says Messrs.
Gruber and Flshburne, tho Walter
boro attorneys who have attracted
statewide attention by their hard
light for Adams' life, ara confident
that when the members of the pardon
board shall have given due considera
tion to the petitions recently se ou rad
in AdamB' oounty they will recom
mend at least a commutation to life
imprisonment-possibly a full pardon.
The respite given their ollent Wed
nesday. ls due solely to their own ig
norance of the procedure of the exe
cutive od?eos when the petitions are
The papers are first sent to the
Judgo and the solicitor, that they may
tndorso upon the records their recom
mendations as to the disposition of
tho petition for pardon or commuta
tion. Thon the papers are filed in the
executive offices until tho board of
The board has uniformly deollned
to oonsidor petitions without expr?s*
slons from the trial judge and tho so
licitor who prosoouted tho case, and
the governor has just as consistently
refused to take action upon suoh peti
tions until they shall have passed
through the hands of the board. The
petitions and other papers in the
Adams oase did not reaoh tho exeoutlve
officers until Sunday.
Following the usual custom, Gover
nor Hey ward immediately forwarded
them to tho sollcUor. The fatter be- '
lng out of the state, lt was Impossible
that he should examine the paper
deolde upon his recommendation and
roturo thom In timo for the board ot
pardons to take aotion In the case at
tho mooting whloh con vt nod Wednes
day. Tho papers are still in the solici
In vlow of these faets, and being
disposad to give the condemned man
every obanco, the board of pardons
unanimously passed a resolution re
questing Govornor Hoyward to order
Adams respited until February 22.
Between that time and now it is hop
ed that tho papers will have been re
oelved lu correct form and tho final
recommendation of the board decided
Formor Slate Sonator Feurifoy was
there Wednesday to appear before tho
board in opposition to tho petitions,
should these oome up. When inform
ed of the olroumstanoes he 6aid that
ho would not obleot to a respite until
the papers could be bad. In this oase
the aotion of Governor Heyward was
simular to that In the Henderson
oase, which ls fresh in the public
Iilon OAUBOB Panto.
At, Toledo, Ohio, while the Bostook
Animal Circus was giving its matlnoo
performance at tho Coliseum building,
Trainer Harry Bay was attacked and
seriously ir Jared by a Hon named
Charlie. The lion, whloh had been
performing, sprang upon him, bearing
him to the door and Immediately the
audienoe was paulo stricken. Tho
beast grabbed Bay by the arm while
on the floor and laid with his body
over the trainer's prostrate form. Bay
with his free arm picked up his revol
ver whloh ho had dro med on tho fi Dor
when he fell and fired several shotp
Into tbe faoe of tho enraged beast,
who then let go of his arm and sefzad
tho man In the side. The two attend
ants, Miller and Cunningham, sprang
to the traps of the safety oago door
and opened them, admitting into the
dens the other Hons used in the aot.
This caused tho animal to release Bay,
and two trainers namod Galland and
Joy at onoo rushed into the arena and
drovo elf tho beast.
An Ob|oot liflHSon.
Tho domooratlo voto in Illinois in
1000 was 603,061. That was whoo
tho party stood for r. positive and
progressive democracy. In 1002 Mr.
Hopkins was ohairman of the state
oommlttee and oonduoted the cam*
palgn. The democratic vote that year
was only .''00,026. lu 1004 Mr. Sulli
van became a member of the national
committee, and he and Mr. Hopkins
controlled the state organ'zjttlon.
That year the domooratlo vote fell to
.127,000 notwithstanding tho faot that
lt was a presidential oampaign. In
i imf. Hopkins-Sullivan Influence still
controlled, and the demooratlo vote
fell to 271.984. Here was a falling off
of 231,077 In six years--a loss of al
most fifty por oent. In the language
of The Commoner "how long will it
take that sort of party management
to build up a democratic party in the
I state of IlJIaolsV Is lt not about time
for the rank. Hid (He of tho party to
bring tho Illinois organization into
harmony with thc demooratlo voter/. V
UllL., X1UMJB1A ?i..J!81i..UJ!J-J.!illJX'JUUJUJJl'iHt!]IJLi
We Have I
Ono 25 hoi MO power Talbott, second h
ly boon overhauled. This Engine ii
a groat bargain for anyone who is in
Wo are headquarters for anything i
prompt attention will bo given to all i
caro. Write us when, you are in the
to got pourricoe before placing your
?.lumbla Supply 6?" . .
Early Cabbage Plants Guar.
SAAL? JERSEY CHARLESTON BOCCE!
WAKEFIELD LARGE TYPS ?
TbeRarlleat WAKEFIELD Tho Karil
Cabbage Grow? flooond Earliest Hoad Va
PRICE: inloU of I lo 4 m. at 11.60 per m., 6 to Om
r. O. Et. YOUNsVa ISLAND, s. c My S;
r> 1 Knarantoo Planta to give pnrohi
ViUeranteo p?loo to any onatouer wuo i* .II?
grown In tho opon told, on Hoavoant of South
arm*Intf tho hardiest planta that oan ho fcrowr
remit In the lalorlor of tho Houthorn Htatoa ?lu
Mnrr.li. :i'ii<-i will fitaa.l aovoro col.l without lu
hugo 'i'?yt? to Throo wooka aoonor than lt you
lr*nMy'T.ar t 0n8tJome,B %rtt tj,e Marko* Oar
tho Booth. Their i>rollt dependa upon thom ha^
ohano my plants for thotr oropa,
j nlflo grow A full Ur > ot othor Planta And Fi
tato Plant?t Appin, poach, Pear, Plum, Ohorr;
, Ipac?? T<trtM te KW nt ? fc? n ?V? ap ?lab XV M (
fee** Write tn uimtnmi <inlaim> av.lv*>:
GOOD ?. t?.
?Juro Pos Hheuiitatlaiii,
After years of experiment a lie.w
reJentMlc remedy is&s been fou?d that
O?Jiy ro?!;.-V?but ,'io?utc?v.ci?ref?
Uheumatlsm and kindred diseuses, to
day cured. Rheumatism Is caused
l)V an excess of poisonous acids In tho
blood. Tho new discovery. RUKLN
MAUI UK, though purely vegetable, and
noting through nature's channels,
neutralizes theso acids and sweeps ali
poisons and harmful germs out of the
blood. At tim same timo it tones up
tho stomach and rcgulutes tho liver
RHKUMAOIDK therefore, cures tho
disease permanently, because lt re
moves tho cause. It hos oured hun?
dreds of eases after tho moat noted
doctors and hospitals have failed
RHICUJMAOIDH cured James Wilkes, of
Dillon, S. 0., after he had been hold
In bed by rheumatism for three years
and his feet wore drawh up almost to
his back. ' This is only ono ot tho
many marvelous cures RAKUMAOIDK
has already performed. RHKUMAOI?JB
is curing many cases of Rheumatism,
Sciatica, lumbago, gout, kidney
trouble, Indigestion add constipation,
right in this community today.
Because it has oured so many others
wo believe it will euro you. All the
leading druggists in this place sell and
Vf rook on Union PAO' flo.
Union Paolflo Overland Limited
and Los Angol?s Trains No J. 3 and 8,
both bound fox Omaha, Nob., had
a oolllslon Monday night at Bruie Sta
tion, twenty miles west of North
Platte. Tho Los Aegolos train crash*
od Into the observation cir in the rear
of the Overland Limited. Twenty-five
to thirty passengers were In the oh"
servationoar and one, E. W. Hastings,
an aotor, of New York, was instantly
killed. One passonger named Jen?
nings was soalded.
George Burnham, Jr., vioe presl
dent of the Mutual Reserve Fund Life
Insurance Company, was sentenoed to
two years In Sing Sing for larceny,
Some people are so eager to get to
orown wearnlng that thoy skip the
There ls something wrong with the
father who oan sleep late Christmas
The Hamburg- A mer loan tourist
Huer Prlrzessln Vlotorla Luise ran
aground near Kingston, Jamaola, and
her captain blew out his brains.
P^^ W av aj
<?l~ AAA BANK OtPOSSf
?j)3?WUU Fare rW. Hotel***
^ ~V BOO PRUBI
Board at Coati Writ?
I BEST PIANOS,
for the Homes or tho Churches at low
prices and on easy tor ms.
A COOP HOLIDAY PRESENT
can bc had, cither of a plano or an or
gan on easy terms at a speoial price.
Writ? ?t Ono? to,
Abalones Music House,
Columbia 3. C., for catalogs, pc loos & terme
Are You Sick?
i If You Have a Disease Fer WMoh Toa
j Are Unable tep?lnd a'|0nre Write"/ Va.
We Have Beea Remarkably Sucoosoful
.in Curing Deep Boated.and Stubborn
If you have any disease of a ?brenle oa
ure, no matter how many dootora bave
failed to eure you
or how muoh .?thor
troatmout you have
taken, we want you
to v.. it o usa letter.
Wo are special lata
with over 20 years
heou located in At
lanta for noarly 18
years, whore wo
havo established a
reputation for cur
ing our pa ti on ts
which wo hoi io ve ls
second to none In
Our standing both
finan jially, is ot the
vory hi gb sst, and
I. MW (OK B At IU Vi AY, H. R
CradaateVartmouth ltd. Cot)
Hed.Soel?ty. li. HemUr
you oan consult ua with perfeot eoufldoiioo
Wo do not resort to olaptrap metlioda to
sooure patients, tnt conduct our praotioe
lu a st aighforward maimer.
is ohroato diseases ef both men and wo
men-auch as Nervous Docility, (uorvouii
exhaustion, norvous prout mt lon, lest vital
ity, etc., Kidney and Madder Disease*,
Stricture, Rheumatism, Varioeool?, Catarrh
of tho different organs, Speolfle Blood
Poison, Stomach, bowel, Livor and Heart
Diseuses, Pile?, Fistula, Enlarged Pi estate,
diseases peouliar to women, eta, eta.
Wo invite every afUioted person to eon
suit ur free. Send for examination blank.
After you havo received these, together
with our export opinion of your caso, and
you are not entirely satisfied, both aa to our
reliability and ability te euro your disease,
you will not oven beoxpeoted to take treat
ment. Wo Do Not Doal in Patent
Mcdiolnoa. All nooessary medleineB
are prepared in our owu private laboratory
to suit tho conditions or eaoh individual
caso, without extra charge. Many oases
curablo by our home treatment plan. Bo
port ?pinion of your case free. Write for
oxamlnatiou blau*, Address us aa fol lowie,
DR HATHAWAY & CO., 88-B, luman
Building, Atlanta; Qa.
and engino in ntock whioh has recent*
B in first class condition and will be
the market for auch a size engine,
n tho way o? machinery supplies, and
nquiries and ordors entrusted to out
market for anything, and be emt
. . fltlambla. *.
ant??? te Satisfy Pufchascr |
19I0M AUGUSTA SHORT 8TEMMRD #
TRUCKER FLAT DUTCH fe
[esk Ila! A little later Largest and Ltitot.1 jj
rloty tbnn Buooosslon Cabbage
. at $1.28 per m., 10 m. ?nd ovar, ot $1.00 per m. 3
pedal Bipreas Rate on Plants te Very Low. fl
??.or satisfaction, pr will refund tho purchase T
? ntUllori aloixt of floason. Thrno plants are fl
Oaroltna. In a climate that ls Just milted ta c
i In tho united States, Thone plants oan tie gt
.rina; tho month* of January, February, ano S
nins Inlured, and wit] mature a hoad ol Oab? Z?
grew your owu plant? la hot boda ana ?OM S
da?era near the Interior towns and pities of M
/lng Karly Oahbagoitor that reason they pur? Vi
rult Troei, such as Strawberry and Sweet Pe* jr
Y aud Apricot Trees, Fig Butha* and, Grape
CX GERATY? YQU*q? puyo,a ?. $ *