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title: 'The Marlboro democrat. (Bennettsville, S.C.) 1882-1908, May 17, 1907, Image 5',
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? deco uo
ern Man's Viows of the 1
Chain Gang in
Mr. Boors Engaged Jn tho Immbor
Business lu Orangoburg County
' Writes ny Interest lng Lot tor to ii
Connecticut Newspaper. Ho Thinks
Wo Havo Solved tho Problem for
Dealing With linzy Negroes.
Tho Hartford, Conn., Courant says
Mr. Geo. A. Beers, formerly of Bris
tol, Conn., but now engaged in the
lumber business in Kowesville, S. C.,
writes interesting of what he has
seen in South Carolina with reference
to the manner in which the whites
deal with the idle or vicious negroes.
The chaingang, he thinks, is adapted
to the needs of that section and is
operated without inflicting undue
cruelty or hardship upon the men
sentenced to serve time in its ranks..
After living in thc South for two
month in a community where the
whites do not number over 200 and
the blacks are at least 1,100, and after
having had an average of 40 negroes
employed for that time. Mr. Beers
puts forth his ideas in regard to the
negro on the chaingang. The negro
will not work more than he is oblig
ed to in order to keep body and soul
together and he has no idea of the
future and no care for it. If he has
a reasonable amount of rice and hon
ey today with a little pork fat to help
it out he is all right and the morrow
may take care of itself.
It goes without saying that in every
community in thc South there are a
large number of idle negroes who
will not work under any considera
tion and in many cases, most for that
matter, they are young men. Thc old
time plantation darkey has practical
ly ceased to exist and there are
grown up in his place a modern ne
gro who was taught to believe him
self as good, or a little better than
the whites, and it is from these the
vagrant class is drawn that make up
the men who work on the chaingang.
From vagrancy to the commission
of small crimes is but a step and it
Beems Mr. Beers says, that the South
has solved a question as to what to
do with ? class that will not work
and is a constant menace to thc civil
welfare of the communities, in a way
that is right for this section. The
North is considering the question
what to do with the "rounder" and
the idle moderately vicious persons
in order to escape constant convic
tion in thc courts with the attendant
Thc judge of every local court in
South Carolina corresponding to Con
necticut police and justice courts im
poses an alternative sentence for the
crimes that come under her jurisdic
tion. He give $10 or '20 days on the.
chaingang, or a proportionate penal
ty for the offences that come before
him. When a negro goes to jail he
is kept there only long enough to flt
him out with a striped suit and then
he is turned over to the county com
missioners, who place him on a chain
gang and he is sent with his gang to
some piece of country road and put
Practically all the roads in South
Carolinaare country roads and, until
recently, were not much bettor than
cartpaths, but din ing the last few
years many of the roads leading from
one large town to another have been
put in fine shape;. It is no great job
to work roads in South Carolina as
the land is practically level and all
that is necessary is to run the road
machine along the highway and
scrape the sand into the middle of
the road and then, with the men on
chaingang, open the ditches down to
clay and cover the sand with a coat
ing of clay, which hardens and makes
a good road surface. Tho gang op
erating in one part of the .State put
into good shape in four days nearly
a mile of road. There were 15 of the
men chained together, four trusties
wearing -the stripes, but no chains,
and fovir white men who acted as
roadmakers and guards.
The county of Orangeburg owns
the equipment, which consists of one
big wall tent, 16 by 20 feet, a small
er tent for cooking, two old stoves,
bunks for the men, eight mules, the
necessary wagons for transportating
baggage from place to place and a
road machine. Altogether the in
vesmtent on the part of the county
may be $2,000.
Four men are paid wages but even
white men do not earn big pay in
this county and county commission
ers, who by the way are elected by
the people, receive $400 a year ex
cept one of their number who is road
commissioner and who is paid $700.
It was Sunday when Mr. Beers vis
ited the camp and the men were
resting on their bunks, which were
strung along the two sides of the
tent. As it was a cold day a stove
had been put up in one end of the
tent. The pipe was run along crotch
ed sticks to the other end and the
interior of the tent was comfortable.
All the men wore chains at tached to
each ankle and these? chains wore at
tached to short ones, which in turn
were attached toa long oin1 and these
held all the men on one side of the
tent together. The chains are never
taken off day or night.
Practically all of the men were
under 25 years of age anti t hey did
not seem to feel their degradation in
the least. As a matter of fact a ne
gro who had been released from thc
gang came into Kowesville, his home,
Saturday night and went around
shaking hands with all, both white
and black, and did not seem to feel
that ho had been in a position at all
out ? f l''c ordinary.
Thc question was asked if thc coun
ty could not get better service out. of
thc men if they were not chained to
gether, and the answer was that it
would require a guard to each negro
under these condition:, as the men
would run away and once lost in the
swamps they could never be found
In considering this quest ion it must
bc remembered thal, the Southern
negro has not the same sensibility of
feeling that the white man has and
he does not feel his degradation.
Again, ho will not. work steadily un
less he is made to. In a mill under
Mr. Peel 's care lhere are 40 negroes
and not a Monday morning comes
that half Of the gang are not absent
under one pretext or anot her and the
slightest pretext is enough for him
GEORGIA LYNCHING !
I Man Lynched and His Family
And Told To dot Out Of Tho Stnto,
Tho Mun Wu? Accused of Shoot?
tug a Plantar.
The Augusta Herald says Charlie
Harris, a tiesto? was lynched Tues
day night about 9 o'olock, near the
Drano place, in McDuflic county, for
shooting Hardin Pearson, a promi
nent young farmer residing near Har
According to the authentic infor
mation Mr. Pearson, who had the
negro employed, was giving some
directions concerning the operation
of the farm when a dispute arose
and thc negro drew a pistol and (ired
five times at Mr. Pearson, most of
the bullets taking effect.
He was dangerously wounded and
as soon as the news reached the pub
lic a posse was organized to search
for the negro, who had fled. After
several hours he was located about
ten miles away from the scene of the
shooting and he wai taken into cus
tody, presumably to be carried to
Thomson and lodged in the McDuflic
While en route news of the dan
gerous condition of yountr Pearson
reached the crowd and the negro,
according to the story told by those
who had him in charge, made a des
perate break for liberty in the cover
of the dence growth of a nearby
The daring attempt to escape seem
ed to satisfy the posse of the danger
ous character of the negro and his
intentions as plainly manifested en
raged them to such an extent till he
was promptly taken into the thick
swamp, whence he had tried to es
cape, and was there riddled with bul
His body has not been recovered,
though it is understood that Sheri fl"
Hawes, of McDuflie county, is hives
ligating the matter thoroughly.
The full statement of the story as
it has been related, is to thc effect
that Wednesday Hardin Pearson
went over to thc farm which he had
Charlie Harris, the negro, working,
and when instructions were given as
to how some work should be done
the negro deliberately drew a revol
ver, and shot Mr. Pearson several
times, so that now he is at the point
of death, his life being completely dis
The negro fled when he had finish
ed the shooting, but in a short time
a large posse was organized to search
for him and from time to time their
number was augmented by men who
had heard of the atrocious deed. For
hours a hot pursuit was kept up un
til thc negro was located near the
Drano farm, about ten miles away.
He was immediately taken iii charge,
to bc delivered to proper officials,
but with the above related result.
The lynching is the second to occur
in the territory within the last two
years. The other was that of a Cum
mings negro, who assaulted a young
white girl near Appling and was
lynched on thc public highway by a
crowd of 300 people, who took him
from Appling jail.
After the lynching was over Wed
nesday night, thc report states that
a body of the posse went to the home
of the negro and after whipping oth
er members of the family instructed
them to leave the section and never
come back again.
Tho Sanio Old (ins.
In discussing thc chances of the
Democracy in thc next campaign the
Greenville News says: "Bryan has
drifted away from the true princi
ples of Democracy as they were inter
preted and practiced by Jefferson."
What were thc true principles of
Democracy as they were interpreted
and practiced by Jefferson, and
wherein db they differ from the Dem
ocracy of William Jennings Bryan?
Will the News please enlighten us.
The News goes on to say that "the
party has too many false leaders, and
it may be said to be drifting aimless
ly. With true Democracy nailed to
thc masthead of the good old ship,
with a leader at the helm who ?swill
ing to turn back into the old and
tried path, the Democratic party
could go out and meet the enemy and
become the ruling power." This is
the same old gag that wc have been
hearing since 1896.
Papers like the News seem to loose
sight of the fact that the Denn ?erat
ic party suffered its greatest defeats
in 1894 when Cleveland was Presi
dent, and in 190-1 when Parker tried
to be President. On both occasions the
so-called safe and sound Democracy
were in charge of things, and what
they did, or did not do, about ruined
the party. Under the matchless lead
ership of Bryan the party won a glor
ious victory in 1896, but was swin
dled out of it. by the Republicans
with the aid of such so-called Demo
crats as Cleveland and those who aid
ed and abetted him. What the Dem
ocratic party needs isa readjustment.
There are many in its ranks who are
Republicans, and they should be
made to go where they belong. We
are sorry to say that we have some
such wishy-washy Democrats in Soul h
Carolina.-Orangeburg Times and
THE Chicago Record-Herald says
that Abraham Lincoln would not feel
flattered by thc? claims of many peo
ple that they look like him. But
if Lincoln were sensitive he would
have been heart-broken long ago
over the claims of republican news
papers that they thought like him.
DR. James II. Carlisle of Wofford
college Saturday celebrated the 82nd
anniversary of his birth. Many citi
i/.ens and students called upon him
during the day and the local chapters
of the I). A. K. remembered him
with beautiful floral tributes. He
truly a grand old man.
to stop work in the middle of the
They receive $1 a day, and that is
big wages for them when the cosl of
living ls considered. Mr. Beers has
watched them making their purchas
es of honey and rice, flour, sugar,
pork and tobacco on Saturday nighi
io thc stores of Bowenville. These
supplies were calculated to last a
Areek and it was evident that an av
(rage of $1 purchases all tho food
hat the family will need for a week.
\s nothing has to be spent for fuel
md but little for clothing, if. will be
seen that the r.jgro docs not have to
RICH COCOS ISLAND,
Siigllsh Admiral iioltoved It Conceal*
Thousands of dollars have been '
ipent in vain efforts to unearth Ind
ien treasures in Cocos island. The
sland is in the Pacific ocean, 500
miles southwest of Panama. The .
latest expedition for thc recovery of
the hidden wealth was made by Ad
miral Palliser of the British navy. He
died recently at his home in Chiches
ter, England. The admiral served
in tho Baltic and Black seas, in the
Cai ish war in 1817 and in the Paci
fic. It was while in the Pacific that
he heard of the Cocos island secret.
Admiral Palliser ?earned the secret ,
from Capt. Hackett. Thc captain re
lated the story of the hidden millions, ,
while on his deathbed. He declared
that in 1812 a British ship turned
pirate and hid its treasure on the is
land and in 1835 the barkentine M~ry
Dior carried billion and jewels irom
the Peruvian town of Callao and de
posited them on the same piece of
land. A man named Keaton once
found $30,000 worth of jewels on the
island. Ile bequeathed the secret to
Hackett and the latter handed it on
to the admiral.
The admiral made a half dozen
fruitless attempts to unearth thc
treasures, but failed. In the last ex
pedition the party was broken up
when six men were injured by a
landslide during a blasting opera
PIUMIUS LIKU APES.
Explorer Kinds Very Low Typo of
Man in Tropical Africa.
In his report lo tho Itrltish Foreign
0 ill CO on condition in tho Congo Freo
State, Viscount Mountmorres, writes
of pigmies that represents tho lowest
typo of man. They look like apes
and wore lt not for tho fact that -they
shoot with hows and provide shelter
for the women of their tribes and
their children they would ho taken
for apes. Tile explorer saw them
only for a few minute?, but he ts the
first man who over saw enough of
them to write concerning their exist
ence. The explorer covered 3,400
miles tn canoo and on foot. Ho takes
a hopeful view of tho future of the
It. was while on the Uangi river
1 (nat he found the pygmies. Ho was
forcing his way through the brush
when be was annoyed by Hie falling
of small arrows. Ile looked in thc
trees ?tad saw what be thought was
a numebr of chipantes springing
from branch to branch. They wore
about three feet nine inches tall.
They showed their teeth do and chat
tied something that may have hoon
their language. Tho explorer had lit
tle chance to Investigate them as he
would have been compelled lo lire lo
selfdefonco, if he had remained under
Hie troon. He found that they live
in trees. Their shelters were built In
lurks of trees and were made by
plaiting the smaller boughs. The
little men and women wore no cloth
Press Association Orator.
The State says at the recent meet
ing of the executive committee of
t he State Press association it was de
cided unanimously to invite Mr. Al
fred B. Williams of Richmond to de
liver the address before the annual
meeting of the association to be hold
in Charleston .lune 18 to 15. Friday
night Mr. Charles M. Galloway, who
acted as secretary of the meeting,
received the following telegram from
"I appreciate the honor you do me
and accept, with pleasure the oppor
tunity to meet, again my old friends."
Mr. Williams .vas in the newspa
per business in South Carolina for
many years. As editor of thc Green
ville Daily News he made the editori
al columns of that paper read from
one end of the country to the other,
and some of his editorial writings
were classics indeed. Of recent
years he has made his home in Rich
mond and as editor of the News
Loader he has become a writer of
Worse Than War.
The people killed in a half dozen
South American wars does not begin
to touch the number killed and hurt
by American railways during the
course of a year.
The accident bulletin issued hythe
interstate commerce commission for
the three months ending December
31, shows that, during the quarter
casualties to railroad passengers and
to railroad employes while on duty
numbered 20,944, an increase of 1,
094 over those reported during the
preceding three months.
Tho number of passengers and em
ployes killed in train accidents was
474, an increase of 207 over tho pre
vious quarter. The number of pas
sengers killed in train accidents in
this quarter, 180, is the largest on
record except that for the quarter
of September 30, 1904. Three acci
dents, two collisions, and one derail
ment, caused 143 deaths.
The number of employes killed in
coupling cars and engines was 84, as
against 81 the preceding quarter. The
total number of collisions and derail
ments was 3,965 (2,220 collisions and
1,739 derailments), of which 391 col
lisions and 190 derailments affected
passenger trains. The damage to
cars, engines and roadway amounted
Thc most disastrous accident dur
ing thc quarter was a collision be
tween a passenger train and a train
of amply coaches at Terra Cotta, D'.
C. In this accident, the commission
er says 4.'5 were killed and 63 injur
Gives Mini Something To Think
About in liusincss.
Hov. Dr. C. ''\ Mod, lately of bon
don, has becomo pastor of the Fifth
Avenue Uaptlah church) of New York
which is commonly known as "John
I). Itockofollor's church." A dispatch
to tho Denver NOWS, under date of
Now York, April L's, .says that in his
Sunday sormon, Dr. Akod "uncon
sciously looked straight al the pew
tho oil magnate usually occupies:
"Can yon reconcile your business
wih God? Was yslorday's deni in
harmony with His mind? will your
books Stand a heavenly audit? In
your oilier dare you put up tho pray
i r thal is to say. should you dare
If you had any realizing belief In tho
Dfflcaey of prayer "Abide with me;
nome no! to KO jon rn, hut lo abide
With mo!" Will you reconcile your
business methods with (?od? A minis
try which does not force these QUOS
lions homo is sawdust and clinft.
TllE "discharged stenographer"
kvho sold that 1 larriman letter to
Hie newspapers seems to recognize a
hot document when he gets hold of
niTTQ uiQ nivn&ns:
ludgo Willis Brought Suit on i
Ground of Desertion.
Ms Wife Infatuated With Baxter, a
Suttor for tho Daughter's ITaiid,
Ignored Judgo's Authority.
At Trenton, N. J., a recommenda
tion for an absolute divorce from his
wife, Mrs. Ann Wain Willis, has been
made by the master in the suit of
Judge Benaja P. Willis, of Mount
Holly. Desertion is given as thc
cause, but the carryings-on of Mrs.
Willis and Harry Baxter about six
years ago form the real reason.
Eckard P. Budd, the special master
appointed by the chancery court,
took much testimony, which gave in
detail the performances of thc pair,
which interested the whole of South
jersey for a time. The principal
sacts brought out were that after
twenty-five years of happy married
life Baxter appeared to break the
serenity of the Willis home. He was
a stranger in Mount Holly, but not
long after he came there he began
courting Miss Mabel Willis, daugh
ter of Judge Willis.
The latter investigated Baxter's
antecedents, and forbade him to come
to his house. Mrs. Willis joined with
her daughter in resenting' this dis
play of parential authority, and, ac
cording to the testimony, when
Judge Willis told Baxter to leave the
house Mrs. Willis became very angry
and said that if she had a pistol she
would shoot her husband. Having
the support of both Mrs. Willis and
her daughter, Baxter ignored the
orders of Judge Willis, and continu
ed to visit the home.
The report points out that Mrs.
Willis seemed completely infatuated
with Baxter, who dominated all her
actions. They were frequently to
gether, and at times Mrs. Willis, bei
d?ugiger and Baxter took trips of
considerable duration. Judge Willis
several times ordered Baxter to leave
the house, but his wife always sided
against him, and told Baxter to pay
no attention to his orders.
Reports of what was transpiring
spread through the community, and
on one occasion Baxter, defying the
authority of Judge Willis, locked
himself in a room in the Willis home
and refused to leave. About mid
night a crowd of citizens visited the
home prepared to tar and feather
the intruder, but was kept from do
ing so by Judge Willis' son, who ap
peared in front of the house with a
On the following day Baxter at
tempted to escape from the town,
but was overtaken and soundly
thrashed by Judge Willis, upon whom
he afterwards made an assault with
a revolver, and it is believed by wit
nesses would have killed him had not
other citizens interferred.
When Baxter was committed to
jail, Mrs. Willis visited him there
and brought his meals. She also fur
nished bail of $1,000 and employed
counsel to defend him. Baxter was
convicted of assault and battery and
tined $500 and costs. The fine, ac
cording to the testimony was paid by
Mrs. Willis, whose testimony/at the
trial had been against her husband
and in favor of Baxter. r'
These incidents lcd to an estrange
ment between Judge Willis abd his
wife, who thereafter refused to speak
to him, but lived in a seporat? room
in the house and directed in writing
instead of verbally what was needed
for thc maintenance of the house
hold. About four months alter the
trial Mrs. Willis left her husband en
tirely and went to live with Baxter
and her daughter, wdio in the mean
time had been married. They are
now said to be residing at Hemp
stead, Long Island.
Another Sensation Created* in the
Walhalla Methodist Church.
A letter from Walhalla to Tho
State .says it will bo recalled that
.some weeks ago Ibero was an unu
sual and Kensal Ional scrvleo at the
Walhalla Methodist church, when Us
pastor, Kev. J. C. Younge, made most
humble apologies for certain articles
written derogatory to certain officers
In Ibo Methodist church.
On that day Rev. Coko !). Mann,
who ls a resident there and a mem
ber of the house of representatives
and former pastor of Walhalla church
arose and said that there wero evil
mon in the Methodist church and If
some one did not chock their work
the church was going to tho had in
Things had quieted down; noth
ing more was scarcoly heard of the
events of that day. lint on Sunday
after tho pastor's sermon, Mr. Mann
asked that ho he allowed to mako a
statement. This ho did In language
most scnthing and denunciatory. He
narrated briefly the val ions efforts he
had made to preter charges against a
presiding Oidor, and all without suc
Ile told of the manner of his own
trial, where Ibo presiding older was
tho presiding offlcor, prosecutor and
elliot witness and after a trial last
ing sovernl hours, with only tho wit
nesses for the prosecution sworn,
that he (Mr. Mann) was exonerated.
Ho made an unmerciful attack upon
the veracity of the presiding elder,
saying that he had as much confi
dence lu lils voracity as he did In
that, of Lemcrlck Gadsden of Cl rls
tophor Williams, two well known
negro characters of tho town.
Mr. Mann sahl ho was very anxious
to provo his charlies and that be
stood ready lo light these alleged
falsifiers in tho church at. any time
and in any way they chose to como at
11 fi VIVl'i!) HY I'.HIiAT! V139.
A Man Who Was Hanged Brought
Hack To Life.
It is reported that John Arm
strong, tho negro hanged at Colum
bus, Texas, Friday, April 19, for wife
murder, revived after being placed
In tho collin, and winn delivered to
his oro! her at Sealy for burial was
given medical attention.
It is declared that Armstrong is
now living, and that friends and rol
lt Ives are keeping the fact quiet,
rearing the state may again step In.
Tho fact that the negro's feet touch
ed tho ground when he was hanged
lends credence to tho report.
If Armstrong is living, he will he
the only living man who luis poid
the death penalty. The fact that he
was pronounced dead at tho hanging
rendors tho state powerless to en
force the doath penalty, lt lb said.
GOOD JOBS OPEN.
Civil Service Places Seem to go
Begging in These Patts
Commissioner Mcllhcnny's Undertak
ing Scconcd by President. Thinks
Prejudice is Hoing Overcome.
An offort is bolng mndo to popu
larizo tho civil service muong tho
people of tho South and St fa under
stood that lt was with that idea in
mind that President Roosevelt a few
months ago appointed J. A. Mcllhen
ny, ono of hts rough riders, as civil
It is known that tho President has
not boen satisfied with tho class of
peoplo who enter tho civil service
lists from Hie South. Inquiry devel
oped tho curious fact that among the
better class of peoplo in the South,
thoro oxistod a real projudico against
tho lower grades of the govern meut
service. In a measure, at least, this
prejudice was duo to tho tact, doubt
less, that many, perhaps a majority,
of tho napplicants for civil service
positions from tho South wore ne
in tho opinion of Commissioner
McHhenny this projudICo gradually
ls being over come. The people are
beginning to understand that poli
tics cut no figure n a civil soovlco ex
amination, and that, although the
Republican party has hoon ni nation
al control for many years, the sub
ordinate positions in the government
service are open alike to persons of
ali shades of political opinion. If they
satisfactorily demonstrate their ca
pacity to fill them.
Commissioner McHhenny ls con
vinced, too, that an important rea
son for tho receipt of so few applica
tion from young white men and wo
men of tho South through the Civil
service ls thal that section of the
country ls experiencing a phenomenal
industrial development. This has
afforded both men and women of
good capacity exceptional opportuni
ties to better themselves In a material
way and the government service does
not offer them so many attractions
ns lt. might offer them ii the condi
tions were different.
Practical steps have been taken,
however, to induce well equipped
young white men and women of the
South to enter tho public service,
Home Southern educational Institu
tions are now preparing their stu
dents particularly to take civil ser
vice examinations, and lt ls expected
that this will bavo an Important in
(luonco in Improving the class of ap
plicants from that part of the coun
BEST FOOD POR IIORSIOS.
Save Money ?nd Have Better Stock.by
Using Cotton Seed .Meal.
At a meeting of tho South Caro
lina Live Stock Association, held at
Columbia, S. C., on Keb. 8th and 9th
an address full of practical advice,
backed by scion tl ile knowledge was
delivered by the eminent, Dr. Tall
lintier, of Raliegh, N. C., on "Practi
cal Stock Feeding In tho South." Dr.
Huller is a recognized authority on
feeds and what he says should have
special weight and influence through
out the entire south, and that part
of hts discussion touching the feeding
of horses, mules and colts ls of spec
ial Importance to the southern breed
In the official report of the general
discussion which followed Dr. But
ler's address, this occurs. Dr. But
ler was asked:
"You apeak of feeding horses cot
ton seed meal. What, about the
muscular forming properties of cot
tonseed meal compared to corn and
Dr. lintier: "There ls enough
known about feeding horses cotton
seed meal for nie to state that if you
had a horse that you were feeding
14 pounds of corn dally, that, you
could take out four pounds of that
corn and put In two pounds of cot
ton seed meal and get better results.
Not because corn ls not the best food
we have for supplying heat and ener
gy, but there ls another thing needed.
When a horse that supplies you mus
cular energy he is burning np his
muscles Just as you burn coal in a
furnace to supply energy to run the
machinery in your factories, and he
has got to have something to build
up those wasted muscles, and corn
does not contain lt In sn ilici?n t quan
tity. A little Colton seed meal is
better than an additional amount of
corn. When you are already feeding
your horse stover and ten pounds of
corn, I would rallier have two pounds
of cotton seed meal added than lour
pounds of corn. I would rather have
two pounds of cotton seed meal add
ed than four pounds of oats. Corn
ls a splendid horse feed, but we are
wasting over two million dollars a
year in South Carolina feeding an
"In what proportion would you
feed corn and cotton seed meal?"
Dr. Huller: "Thal would depend
upon your hay."
"Henty of hay?"
Dr. Sutler: "An average ration for
a thousand pound horse doing real
hard work, is about IB pounds of
grain and Iii to I fi pounds of hay.
In stead of IT. pounds ol' fodder and
If? pounds of corn I would take T>
pounds ol' grapevine hay and ? to s
pounds of stover and t hen add I'?
pounds of corn and li pounds ol' cot
ton seed meal and got better results.
If I had oats and cotton seed meal at
all, boca USO it is bad to feed unless
you can mix lt with something niuo.
If I did not have any poa vino hay, I
would certainly put some cotton seid
meal in the ration of a hard working
horse, unless I had plenty of oats,
and they were cheap."
This is important testimony from
Hu? highest authority, and should in
terest every farmer and horse owner
in tho South. Wo send thousands of
dollars into the northwest, every year
for com. Wo send into the north
west every year thousands of dollars
worth of our colton seed meal. No
body ls benefited by this but the rail
roads. If we koop our cotton seed
meal at home to feed it will help us,
and Dr. Huller says it will help our
horses and Dr. Sutler knows.
The Philadelphia Record suggests
that President Roosevelt direct Sec
retary Cortelyou and Treasurer Rli.s*
to publish a detailed account of the
receipts and expenditures of tho re
publican national campaign commit
tee. This ls calculated to make Mr.
Cortelyou wriggle if not to talk.
Over in London recently a man
slew a prominent citizen, and there
was supposed to be a tremendous
.social sensation back of the alVair.
The murderer has just been sen
tenced to death, after a trial whi< .
lasted one day and at which be en
tered a plea of insanity. In certain
ways the English are not so slow.
General Leonard Wood, who was
a mere physician ten years ago but
now a major general in the regular
army, is soon to be stationed at Gov
ernors Island. There is good reason
for this. General Wood is sent to
Governors Island because is it the
best job in the army.
The Awkard Fix Confronting a
Man Left s Fortune.
Ho Is Up Against II Forgery Indict
ment If Ho Returns to Claim tlio
Millions Left Him.
With a fortune of millions of dol
lars awaiting him on lits moro re
turn to Lake county, Iii., John Yulo
Smith, tho only hrothor of tho lato
"Sllont" Smith, who died recontly in
Japan, is in a perplexing predica
ment. The whereabouts of the miss
ing brother ls not definitely known,
but ho Is thought to bo In Chill. Hut,
whoreovor ho ls, bo la n free .nan,
whllo, If ho roturns to Chicago to
claim his sliaro of lils dead brother's
$50,000,000 fortune, be runs a long
chanco of Anding in Jail. Many of
tho residents of Lake county still
rem?mbor John Yule Smith, and a
great many of those declare tho hoir
of the Smith millions will never ap
For 22 years John Smith has been
a fugitive from justice, having been
Indicted on several charges of for
gery and later Jumping his bail. The
other members of the Smith family
tried to forgot tho "black sheep,"
and as a result there was general
Surprise when, after "Silent" Smith's
death, t became known that ho had a
brother. In the last ten years before
his death the millionaire was not
known to have mentioned his broth
er's name, nor even tho fact that he
had a brother living.
If John Smith fails to appear In
Cheago for his share of his brother's
fortune lt will only be because of his
own fear of arrest. Tho Indictment
still hangs over him, but ho will not
bo prosecuted even if ho does re-ap
pear. Tho money which he fradu
lently obtained was refunded by "Si
lent" Smith, who also reimbursed the
man who went tho fugitive's booti.
Timo has also softened tho wrath of
his victims and it ls quito certain that
none of thom would seek to have
him punshod If he should return. The
official who caused hlsarrest Is now
chief of po!leo in Waukegan, and he
says that If Smith should return to
the State he would do nothing unless
compelled hy one of his victims, and
that in nil probability the indictment
against him would be quashed.
The crime for which John Smith
was indicted was fraudulotly obtain
ing money on worthless mortgages.
He sold a large number of thoso doc
uments, and evaded suspicion for a
long time hy paying the interest, upon
thom when it became due. When the
fraud was discovered Smith Hod tint
a year later was arrested lu Kansas,
and after extradition papers had been
soon red ho was lodged in jail in Hake
county. II?? had considerable difll
Ctllty in seeming ball, notwithstand
ing the fact that "Sllont" Smith
worked hard for lils brother's release
When he dually was set free on a
bond, he lefl tho country, two days
later, and is at present supposed to
bo localed in Chill, whore he bad
considerable money, il is rumored.
WIMi GMT li H; 11 KU PAY.
Schedule of Increased Salaries of
Kural Mail Carriers.
No branch of tho public servleo is
of more Interest to tim rural popu
lation of tho country than the rural
delivery of mail matter. It has had
a phenomenal development, and care
ful administration and eflicient man
agement has brought with it increas
ed responsibilities for tho rural car
rier. These employes are required to
perform services in a suitable con
veyance which they must furnish
The poatofllce department, having
those facts in mind, succeeded dur
ing the last session of congress lu
socuring substantial recognition for
tho class of employes through an In
crease of upwards of $0,000,000 In
the appropriation for tho next liscal
The calculations incident to a pro
portionate distribution of the amount
appropriated under authority of con
gress lo Increase tho maximum sal
aries of rural carriers to not exceed
ing $'.i00 iior annum-necessarily
required most, careful consideration.
The work has been progressing un
der the immediale supervision of the
fourth assistant postmaster general
and tho superintendent of the rural
Postmaster General Meyer has ap
proved tlu> detailed adjustment and
tho new schedule, which will become
effective July 7. I'.?07, will make a
graded Increase in tho compensation
of carriers of from 9 to 25 per cont,
based upon the number of miles tra
versed hy carriers as shown by tho
records of tho department. Tho re
adjustment 'adopted will involve an
expenditure for rural service during
tho fiscal year of nearly $35,000,000.
Tho schedule is as follows:
Kontos. Per Annum.
24 or ?nore miles.$noo
22 to 21 milos.$864
20 to 22 miles.1 0
1 S to 20 miles.$?20
IC. to IS milos.$<>:>(?
to lfi milos.$640
to H milos.$604
to 12 milos.$4 OS
to 10 miles.$122
to S mik'
IM KUNAI. MACHINE
Intended For An Atlanta Girl Was
Opened by Her Mother.
Atlanta has another sensation on
hand. I'Yod Hush, arrested for send
ing an Infernal machino to tho homo
of lils sweetheart. Miss Kate Mc
('arlhy, was said to have been identi
fied by a negro messenger boy, who
said he received tho package from a
man "who looked Uko Hush and who
stood in the Street after sending In
Ibo call. Tho machine exploded
when Mis. McCarthy, mot her of the
girl oponed tho package and tho
bouse was almost demolished.
Tho negro said he had Instructions
not to send tho box until Thursday
morning but lt went out last night
by mistake. Miss McCarthy was al
tho t heater, and her mother received
tho package instead. An attempt to
opon lt resulted in an explosion which
shattered the interior or tho homo
and threw Mrs. McCarthy across the
hall into the room where twins were
Sleeping. She suffered serious in
juries, luit will recover.
Hush ls a business partner of C.
V. Doolittle, a commission merchant
who accompanied Miss Hush to tho
theater. Hush, when arrested, deni
ed any knowledge of ibo Infernal
machiltO. The box was of oak, eight
Inches long. It contained dynamite
and a pistol so arranged as to ox?
piode whoa the box was opened.
The concussion shook tho whole
Former Gov. Odell of New York
refersto political reformers ns grass*
hoppers. They seem io lu? ve done a
?ooo (leal of damage to his crops.
IK the court should impose lines
against the Standard in the aggre
gate sum of $29,000,000, we believe
it will be a sign that the price of oil
is going up.
? WOoi?n JAILER,
lio lives Alone in Houso Connected
With the Prison.
Rhode Island has within its bor
ers a woman hiller who is woll on
i years, but who manages the most
nruly prisoners, as well as any man
ould. She is Mrs. Evolyn G. Smith
nd sho lives in tho old penal lusti
ution known as the Kent county
jil, In East Greenwich. She has
ved there all her lifo and by the
mks of tilings will continuo to make
lint her abodo until sho goes to the
Tlie old Jail wo? oroctod In Kent
ounty about 100 years ago. It con
ista of n two and a half story houso
f box-liko type. In tho rear thoro
a wing made of bricks in which the
ells are found. Mrs. Smith lives
a the houso and lins solo chargo of
ho jail and its occupants. She is
hie to hold lier position as jailor
fllciently, probably from inherited
blllty in that lino of work. Sixty
Ive yeas ago the old jail was presid
ed Ivor by Karl Pago, a granduncle
>f Mrs. Smith. Then title to the
>ro porty and tho position of jailer
insscd to her grandfather, then to
1er father, and upon lils death to her
lusband. When tho latter died there
vas no other surviving member of
he family, and, aB Mrs. Smith had
icen raised in the jail and knew all
ibo Ut caring for the prisoners, tho
ibunty authorities gavo her tho office
.kinking that she would lill it as woll
is any man could.
MOSTLY IN THE PAPERS.
bounty Peoplo Not Interested in
Proposed New County,
Tho St. Matthews correspondent of
Plio Stato says more aggitatlon on
ho subject of a new county has hoon
.onduetod hy the various county pa
cers and their correspondents than
ny the people who are most luterost
3d. One meeting was held in that
portion of Lexington county that was
Lo bo included In the new county,
hut results wore not so satisfactory
lu fact no deltnito steps toward the
foi niatlen of a new county have been
taken, such as snvoying tho linos,
etc., and these lines must he estab
lished before th?; real fight begins. In
the meantime friends holding each
view of the subject are lining up for
REST TIMK TO GET WELL.
All Poisons Can Re. Driven Out Of
tho System Now.
Right now ls the best season of
the year to get rid of the blood, liver
and kidney affections that have boen
troubling you. You need building
up in-order to stand tho strain of
the hot weather of Slimmer. Let
Rheumatism, Sciatica, Cont Catarrh,
Indigestion or Constipation run
through these months and they be
come chronic and hang on for years.
A regular course of Rhcumacido
taken at the present Hmo will thor
oughly cleanse the blood, tone up the
stomach, set the liver and kidneys to
doing their normal work again, and
will build uii the entire system.
While lt is the most wonderful
blood purifier, in the world, yet. Rhe
nineide is a purely vegetable prepar
ation that operates through entirely
natural methods. It has been tested
in the delicate stomach of a baby
without tho slightest harm.
Hot ter get a bottle today and start,
to get well. Rheumaeido lias cured
hundreds of stubborn cases after all
other remedies, noted physicians and
even the grent Johns Hopkins Hos
pital have failed. Rhoumacide has
cured thousands of cases and wo
believe it. will cure you. Your drug
gists sells lt.
Rheumaeido "gets at joints from
the inside" and "makes you well all
None ever saw an angel
Except the ones in books;
I don't believe a mortal
Knows how an angel looks.
We guess at something misty,
With trailing wings of whito,
With amber tresses floating,
And garments strangely bright.
But I believe that angels
Walk here In mortal guise;
Though we discern but faintly
Through hoavy-lldded eyes,
Or see them as they leave us,
Who walked before us here,
Their angelhood quito biddon
Because it lived so nour.
I can remember angels
Who seemed but common folks,
Who wore old-fashioned bonnets
And faded winter cloaks;
Who came when dire disaster
Crowned lesser home mishaps,
Or when new claimants crowded
The dear maternal lap.
With curving arms wide open
To take the weary In,
With patient love to listen
To childish want and sin.
What better thing could angel
,For childish sinners do
Than listen to their story,
And bid them strive ?mow?
And there are fireside angola
Upon whoso faded bair
Wo see no crown of glory
And yet the crown ls there!
Then, there aro mother angels
With patient love, and true,
Whose loving hand upholds us
The darkest trials through.
Ah. me! tho childish angel
Who beckons as I write
Perd?anse I should not know him
In mystic robe of white,
He wears a schoolboy's jacket,
And where tho shadows fall,
I walt, through long and lonely
To catch the long-hushed call.
VOl'R GRAND MOTHER USED IT.
But She Never Had Sulphur Tn Such
Convenient Form As This.
Your grandmother used Sulphur
is her favorite household remedy,
find so did hor grandmother, Sul
phur has been curing skin and blood
liseuses for a hundred years.
But In the old days they had to
lake powered sulphur. Now nan
ook's Liquid Sulphur gives it to you
In the best possible form and von get
he full benefit.
Ifnudcock'fl Liquid Sulphur and
liniment, (illicitly cure Ke/.oinn, Tot
er, Salt Rheum and all Skin Dis
eases. It cured an Ugly ulcer for
Mrs. Ann W. Willett, of Washington,
). C. In three days.
Taken Internally, it purifies the
ilood and clears the complexion
ifour druggists sells lt.
Sulphur Booklet free, if you write
Hancock Liquid Sulphur Company,
One 26 Horse Powor Talbott, BO
l?ntly hoon overhauled. This Kilgin
bo a great bargain for anyono who
Wo are headquarters for any!
plies and prompt ntlontlon will bo t
trusted to our caro. Wi tto UH wher
and ho sure to got our prices bofoi
Columbia Supply Co.,
K?LLS HIS BROTHER
Shocking Tragedy Occurred Sun
day Night in Salute
Walk? Into The Bedfooa* of Hil
Brother mid, In n Drunken Condi
tion, Shoots Him Down.
A shocking fratricide was commit
ted on Sunday night in the extreme
northwestern section o? ?miUM? oyu.u
ty whoa Lawton Lowory, a young
white man, shot his brother, Preston;
Lowery, to death In tho homo of the
From the meagre information ob
tained Monday morning at this dis
tance from the awful tragedy lt ap
pears that Lawton Lowery, who lives
in the home of his bro uer whom he
has slain, carno in soino timo during
the night, and going to hlB brother's
room with a shot gun told him he
was going to kill him. The dead
man replied: "No, I reckon not; but
Booing the drunken condition of Law
ton and fearing ho would do some
thing rash, ho rnn under the bed
from him. After romuining under
the beti for a short timo he started to
come out, whereupon tho -fatal BhoB
was fired and ho was killed almost
The affair is deeply (Jep?orol by the
people In that section who know the
two boys. Lawton was tho older and
unman led. Preston Lowory waa
married. Thoy lived In tim same
homo and wore farming together.
There seem to have boen .no cause
at all for tho homleldo and it ls at
tributed to the drunkenness of Law-^
ton. w ho, It ls said, was addicted noCT\
only to drink but also to the. uso of
Realizing next morning tho enor
mity of his crime, lt 1B said that the
Uvng brother ls now begging, that ho
also be killed. Tho homo of the
Lowery boys ls In tho Panhandle
section of Saluda coonty and close to
the Edgofield line. They aro spjjis of
A Kansas newspaper wanta; to
know what is to become of . the
Philliphines. Thousands of people
in this country have their theories,
but the American public doesn't
seem to be worried at all about the
proposition, provided we can get rid
of this white elephant some way or
other without compromising the na
A drunken man in Cleveland shot
a little girl, but explains that he
was aiming at an adult who happen
ed to be passing. Does he expect
to be released for another shot at
WASHINGTON political gossips now
say that President Roosevelt has de
cided on Cortelyo? as his successor,
and that all the power of the admin
istration is to be exerted to force
his nomination by the Republican
O. o of tho groatost mistakes rand*
by p-oplo residing in tho country nud
ania 1 towns ia thoir fai'uro to o>usult
the experienced specialist for thoir
dw'p-Boatod or chronic dls?rdorB.
Thoy mif?or al- ng tiny nitor tidy,
shortening thoir livofl by months and
your, , oithor throuch igno'tuicoof whatk> .
tbt> specialist could do for thom or tho
bel lof hat spooial t realm nt would ra
qui e thoir remevsl to tho city.
His not nooo3fii-y that you should
roui u in tho samo city in ordor to re
coi .> bonoflt of our social treat mont.
Wt? in? ito td! ?uno roi 8 from doop
sealcd, lony-B'jv'fting troubles ot lloart,
Hoad. Lungs, Stomach, Bowoti, Livor,
Bh'dder, Blood, Nerves, or disousou pe
OUl ar lo either s?x, to writo or call
Upon us and lcar.i what we htvvo don?
for others similarly afflicted, and what
wo tan do for them.
There ls no chirlo for this consulta
tion, und it ?B worth your timo and ef
fort whether you decido to bogia trent
mon or not.
For moto than twenty years, I, end
thosp-oiallstsassociated with mo,Lavo
given our ontiro limo, thought and
Btndv to the onro of tho doop soatod
obr ni-) or aorvous disordois, which
bavo battled tho loss oxporloncod all
W> Rte ver yon may think your ailmont
is, it is not probablo that von cnn ba
quite iuro of your own diagnosis or
flint of tho ordinary physician.
Or you may writo na, tlrst, In, ontiro
oonfldonoe, If you chooso. Sn mb cse*
do not need a personal visit, although
al wo -H adv'pa Vie.
Send l'or our booklot on "Brain and
Nerve Exhaustion " Mailod froo In
Dr Hathaway & Co.,
.22i S. Broad St., Atlanta, Os.
Please sent? mo in unprinted ODVOI
ope, your book for mon, for whioh
there it noclmrgonnd whioh duos
not plaoo mounuorany obligations
Name of paper.
Pianos and Organs
At Factory Prices.
Writo us nt once for our special
pinn of paymont on n Plano or Organ
If you buy either instrument'through
us you get n standard make, on?
that will last a life-time. Write
MA LON KN MUSIC HODSH, %
Columbia. 0. O.
For catalogs, prices and terms.
No matter how limited yonr means or etta*
?aUon.lt yon desire attaorough business train?
lng and good position, write for our
GRBAT HALF RATB OFFER.
Success, Independence and probablo FOR?
TUNK guaranteed. Don't delay ; write today.
The OA.-ALA. BUS. COLLHuU. Mecoo. Chg
cond hand Englno. and which has re
0 ls in lir?t class condition und will
ls In the markot for such a slzo en
tiling In tho way of mnchinory sup
?lvon to all Inquiries and orders on
1 you aro In tho markot for anything
o placing your orders elsewhere.
Cobmbia, S. C.