Newspaper Page Text
SOM F, BIRDS THEY SHOULD PRO?
As They Destroy Inser?s, Weed Seed
. ?nd Numerous Other Enemies of
Tho substance of this article is hui
^u summary of an account of tho work
"of the Biological Survey of the De
partment of Agriculture, prepared
for the National ideographic Magazine
hy H VV. llenshaw.
The Biological Survey was estab
lished in ?886, with Dr. Cl lt. Mer
riam as director. The relations of
f. the, bird to the crops were not (hen
j ?well understood. It ls not enough,
I*-* says Mr. Honshaw, to be told that
hirds feed on Insects; we munt know
tho particular kinds they eat. Tho
fact that the crow sometimes eats
corn is not sufficient evidence an
which to condemn the bird. Wo
must learn thc nature of its food at
all times; hence the necessity for
the examination of the birds stom
achs to learn not only the kinds of
food eaten, but their relative quan
lt is not enough to know flint
birds oat inser ts, or that they destroy
crops. Binls are injurious al ono
time and not at another; in one re
gion a pest ; in another a blessing.
The Tree Sparrow Beneficial.
We may roughly group our small
birds Into two classes --the seed oat
??rs and the insect eaters.
Mr Tho seed eaters, mostly of the
Sparrow family, have stout bodies
and strong conical bills, especially
designed for crushing seeds. Their
name is legion and the family con
tains more species limn any other
group of birds.' lt is well that this
is so. for the destruction of weed
seed ls of tremendous Importance to
the farmer, whose trouble lo keep
ahead of the weeds, great as il is
now, would be vastly increased were
it not for the soberly-Chid and unob
trusive little sparrows. We may get
an idea of the value of the service
these birds reader by noting what is
done for the farmer by the tree-Simr
row, one of the most confirmed seed
eaters of the group. A quarter of
an ounce of seed for a day is a safe
estimate of the food of an adult
troosparrow. On this reckoning, in
bined consumption of weed seed by
the sparrow family results In an an
.'?.?hual saving of only 1 per cent, of
the value of the crops the total .sum
total saved to thefarmer in 1906 was
Though seeds form the chief part
of the subsistence of sparrows, the
destruction of scods is by no moans
all we have to thank these birds for.
They eat many insects also, and
scorns to know instinctively that
while seeds aro excellent for adult
birds, they are necessarily good for
nestlings, and hence feed the hitter
almost exclusively on insects.
Sparrows, however, are not the on
ly birds that consume the seeds of
weeds. The Kastern quail or hob
white is a confirmed eator of weed
seed. Highly esteemed as bobwhite
is by the epicure for food and by
the sportsman as an object of pur
suit, ho is probably worth so much
more as a weed-destroyer thal tho
farmer can ill afford to have him
shot, even though the privil?ge is
roundly paid for. A bevy or two of
quai) on a farm is an asset the value
of which no thrifty farmer should
(jf?erlook. Doves also are seed ent
ers, especially the turtle-dove, whose
crop oftn is so packed with the KOGdH
of weeds that it can hold no more.
The farmer has no quarrel with
birds that confine their attention to
grass and weod seed, and welcomes
their presence always and every
where. There ari' birds, howovor,
which eat suc h seeds as com. wheal
md barley, and whoso place in the
[armer's esteem is by no means so
C'dl assured the crow and th?
aokbirds for instance. There are
evernl kinds of blackbirds which at
Imes attack crops as also docs the
row. The destruction by the crow
.f meadow mice, and of cutworms
ind other insect pests and the de
tructlon of many kinds of Insects hy
he blackbirds, however, are consid
red in most localities to offset tho
minago done in other ways and even
o leave a balance in favor of the
Birds That Kat Insects.
Many Ards, ns flycatchers, warb- |
ors, swallows and chimney-swifts,
ive exclusively, or almost so, on Irt
OCts, and very many more, as black- (
ilrds, orioles, and some hawks, de
ictic! on them for ?1 considerable part ,
if their livelihood. The little spar- ]
ow-hawk lives very largely upon x
;rasshoppers, crickets and beetles, j
md even one of the larger hawks ,
gm ho Swainson hawk ol' th?' Western
llalns-at certain seasons destroys
Hough of these injurious insect , to <.
ether with small rodents, to save
he Western farmer upwards of a .
.und red thousand dollars n ?ca r ,
If all Insects preyed upon vcget-i- t
ir?n 00r Inquiry '"to Ocr? VfilttO of ,
all insects ?rc destructivo of vege
tation, and their relations to each
other and to birds are very complex
and puzzling' The insects that foec"
on vegetation at some stage or oilier
of their existence probably encounter
all others, both lu number of species
and of individuals; but there are two
other classes of insects which deserve
attention hore, tin- prodaceons and
ttie parasitic. The predaceous in
socts. either in the adult or larval
state, feed upon other Insects and
hence in tho main ?ire beneficial. It
would seem, therefore, that in so fili
as birds destroy predaceous insects
do them harm. That birds do de
stroy a greater or less number can
not he denied, hut as many specie's of
this group secrete nauseous fluids,
which serve, in a measure at least,
to protect them, and as many are of
rodi lng habits and not readily found,
the number destroyed by hirds ls rel
atively not large. Moreover, some of
the predaceous insects, when insect
food is not available, become vege
tarians, and hence assume the role
of enemies of the farmer; so that
when birds destroy predaceous In
serts they may be doing the farmer
oit her a good turn or an ill turn,
according to circumstances.
The relation of birds to the so
called parasitic insects ls stilt more
intricate and puzzling. Parasitic In
sects hil a very Important (dace in
tho economy of nature; it is even
claimed hy entomologists that they
do more effective sorvice in aiding to
keep true tho balance in the insect
world than any other agency. They
attack insects in every stage of ox
Isence and insure their destruction hy
depositing eggs, on, or in, the bodies
ol' adults, their larvae (the worin or
caterpillar Stage), their pupae, or
their eggs. Now, hirds recognize no
fine distinctions in the insect world.
All is grist that comes to tin1 avian
mill, and parasitic insects are snap
ped up hy hirds wi! bout the slightest
regard to the fact that they are use
ful to man. Hence wo have a compli
cated problem to unravel in respect
to tho inerrelation of Insect pests, of
insect parasites thal, destroy them,
and of hirds thal destroy both pest
and (heir parasites.
Hawks and Owls Reneiiclnl,
The hawks and red owls spend most
of their lives in killing small rodents.
Their work is complementary. Hawks
hunt their prey between Hie hours
of daylight and dark; owls bimi in
the early evening and morning hours,
or hy moonlight; sometimes when
pressed by hunger hy day.
The bulk of the depredations on
hirds and chickens due to hawks is
are too often made victims of a bad
name; for while both species occa
sionally snatch a chicken, Hie habit
is far too uncommon to justify the
name "hen-hawk." The good those
two big hawks do in the long run hy
Model of lOconomy,
A certain farmer who is noted for
his closeness In money ma I lei s has a
IL' year old son. who is industrious
as his father in penurious.
Recently the father mid son made
a compact whereby the latter would
receive ten cents for every cord nf
wood he sawed and filled In tin
wood shed. Immediately the hoy
been mo very busy nt the wood pile
und bis earning have been piling up
al a rapid rate, his mother keeping
her son's hard earned savings for
him. "What are you going lo do with
all your motley?" the thrifty youth
was recently asked.
' ('.oin' to buy a new saw with lt,"
was the reply.
Democratic County Convention.
On Saturday, April 2f?, the various
county precinct clubs of the Demo
cratic patty of ??tl Hie counties
will meet to elect delegates to Ihr
county convention which meets on
May 4. Ruch club is entitled to one
delegate for U"> members or majority
fraction thereof and at the county
convention 10 delegates will he elect
ed for the State Democratic conven
tion which noels May 20 in Colum
bia. The precinct clubs will organ
izo with the election of a president,
i vice president and a secrelarj ami
She was a little girl and very
[lollto. 'Twits the first time she had
?eon on a visit alone, and she had
icon told how to behave.
"Now, Kthel, should they ask you
o stay and dine, you must say, 'No,
haul; you, 1 have already dined."
It turned out .inst as papa had
"Come along, Rthel," said the host,
'You must have a bite with us."
"No, thank you," said the dignified
ittle girl. "I have already Hit ten."
When a man in search of a home
>r business location goos io a town
md finds everybody full of hope and
inthtisiasm over prospects ol the
?lace, he too, soon became InibllhcJ
Vit ll the same spirit, drives down
lis stake:-, and goes to work with
"Pa, what ls the menning of in
onslstency?" asked Freddy.
"Inconsistency, my son." explained
ni, "means a man who growls all
lay and then goos home and kicks
ho dog for barking at night." Har
e cheaper advice is to get thc
lt costs to follow it.
JOHDAX l'HGES HKD?UCTION.
President of Cotton Association AU*
vises Partners to Curtail Acreage.
In a signed statement to tile tai
m?is of Hie Hont li issued last woo?,
Hal vie Jordan, president ol' the
Southern Cotton association, tiroes
a reduction in cotton acreage ol
per cent. Unless this is done, he
says, pricer, will bo lowered in tho
fall. Mr. Jordan also urges grow
ers to hold to what remnants of cot
ton they have. His statement seys
"With a shortage In the world's
supply of cotton amounting to 4,000
000 bales, due lo had seasons las!
year, the price of cotton continues
to go steadily down. American
mills have been for some time cur
tailing the manufacture of cotton
goods, due to trade depression and
the condition of the foreign trade is
none too bright at the present time.
If the same acreage is planted in
cotton this year thal was planted lu
lim? and followed hy good seasons
in America, India and Kgypt, ibo
growers will lind hut lil ile or no
profit in the harvest next fall."
THE KA ST IO lt SKASON.
This WeeU tile .Mos! Sacred ?if tile
Last Sunday was Palm Sunday,
which is (?ne of Hw most notable
days of the year, being Ibo hist Sun
day in I.em. the Hrs I day ol Holy
Week and the Sunday immediate!,/
preceding Kastor, li commemorates
christ's triumphal entry into Jerusa
lem, accompanied hy the inuit ii mle
who greeted Him with hosannas,
waving palin branches and .'(alter
ing them before! Him in Hie way.
All over ih,. \vOiid. the week ron
morning with Palm Smithy is observ
ed as tho most sacred ol' all the year.
There is now hardly a conni ry op.
the globe which does liol hold some
to whom its olihservnnces are among
the most precious of their experi
ences. Many of tim churches of cer
tain denominations are decorated
with flowers and evergreens.
in the observance of the Easter
season, which many find so spiritual
ly helpful, wo have the stimulus of
' sense of oneness, knowing that we
join with an inn uniera Ide co in pun y
:>f worshippers. The coming Sa bbs tn
is Kastei', and on that day. at least,
Hie whole Christian world is one. in
commemorating and rejoicing in the
fl i.."., 1 r- .. -? *
- . .. .v v., .,,ui?gei u? oe-I
.ause his parents objected to his]
naniago io Hattie Majkow'ski. aged
IT years. Louis llolski, aged IS years
111 Ot and seriously wounded I he girl
it her home friday morning.
llolski called (ju his sweetheart
he night before and a quarrel fol
lowed. Ile told her thai he had come
o kill her and kill himself.
"My mother says you can't have
mo," he said, "and il I can't marry
?.on. i'm going to end it all."
Helero (he girl could cry ont, Hoi -
?kl had pulled a revolver from his
[locket and fired ttl her. The girl '
'ell and llolski ian away.
Miss Majkowski said that Holski
tad declared that he pitt two bullets,
inc for her and one foi himself,
Holski and the girl hn\e hoon keep
ug company two years. His mother
lowever, objected io their marriage j
ind Holski had been despondent. *
lestroying vats and mice far moro'
han compensates the farmer for the
insignificant damage he : liff er S at
Holli hawks and owls often swal
ow thoir prey entire or in large frag
md often some of the feathers. Avian
ind ven some of the feathers. Avian
ligestion is both good and rapid, hut
s is unequal to the task of assimila
inj; such substances, and accordingly
Killi hawks and owls throw up these
ejecta in the boin of neatly rolled
?ellet?. In studying the food habits
if birds of prey much use is made
if tin e pellets, and the vicinity ol
nest of a pair of horned owls, for
listan.c often contains an unniistak
ble ii tord of the birds' food, and
icrhap" that of the young, for
non? hs or even years.
l'i?..ii tho foregoing it will at once
Pjost that the practico of offering
mu o' i es indiscriminately for tho
tends of hawks and owls, as bas
icon done hy some states, is a mis
ake. and results not only in tho
.'ns?lng (?f public funds, hut in the
esl ruction of valuable lives, which
an he replaced, il at all, only with
reit difficulty ami aller the lapse
f a term of years, lu no one pnrtlc
ilar does the public, especially lin1
portsnian and fanner, need to ho
ducafed mort! than in the value of
iiwks. The temptation 'to shoot ti
awk or owl, perching or Hying, is
.?Ol 1 nigh irresistahle, and tho bad
tlbil i: having the natural result of
0 reducing the numbers of these
Irds ns to make it Impossible for
he survivors to do Hie \/ork nature
utonded them to do. Tho notable
icrease of noxious rodents in the
ist decade in certain parts of the
Initod SL'iteM and the resulting darn
go to crops without doubt are due
1 no small part to tho destruction of
heir natural enemies, ediiof of which
re the birds of prey, j
Ignoranco of tho law) docs not ex
ose any one. '
PICKS H HY WA HD TO WIN.
Columbia Banker Hays Ho Will Bc
(ho Next Senator.
That Duncan Clinch lleyward will
be the next United Stales Senator
from South Carolina ls the opinion
expressed by W. A. Clark, presi
dent of (he Carolina National Dank,
of Columbia, tn au interview in The
"The contest bel ween Bx-Cov John
Gary Evans and ox-Oov. lleyward
will bo hard fought probably," says
Mr. Clark, "but J think thc lotter
will win. Hi> ls a high ?lass man
In every respect, and is allied with
.Mr. (Mark predicts (he reeled lon
of Hov. Ansel next fall wi? bout ser
ious opposition, and savs the Dem
ocrats will be for Bryan in Hm na
tional congress and the Uepuhlicans
lor Taft. *
A 1.1 ?KUM AX IS lOXIM-H.l.i:!).
Norwood's Name Knisod from Holls
ol' Columbia City Council.
At a meeting Tuesday night the
Columbia City Council erased from
the roll (d' mom hors the name of
Keast er A. Noorwood. "roi- conduo.!
unbecoming an Alderman," becatise
he recently pleaded gullly before?n
magistrate of petit larceny. Not ;t
dissenting vole against Hie resolution
expelling him was cast.
ritlOAK Ob I.M.HT.MNH.
Kills Two Horses Hut Did Not Kill
Tuesday morning lightning struck
a buggy, driven by I ht HOV Tracey, ;i
farmer, near Adams station. Ca li
shattered a wheel ami killed Ute (wo
horses. The boll ian lo the leather
reins and divided into two parts, fol
lowing Ibo reins to the heads ol' (he
horses. Mr. Tracey was shocked, hut
not seriously Injured.
A man who sent ;i dollar for a
"potato hug killer'' received two
blocks of wood with the following
dit eel ions:
"Take the block whioh is No. 1
lu tho right hand, place (he bug on
No. 2 and press lbeni together. Re
There is no sense in sending dele
gates who can not he trusted to
truly represent tho State, and at the
same time exercise judgment. If
the sentiment bc in favor of Bryan,
i let tho convention elect only those
who arc known to favor Bryan, but
Ido not bind them hand and foot and
send them as mere baggage checked
to Mr. Bryan. While favoring him.
circumstances may arise where thc
delegates nullit deem it advi >able to
vote for some other man and they
should be free to exercise their
Thc State says the Journal and
Review "is laboring under a misap
prehension; it is not a question of
trust, it is a question of representa
tion. If delegates aro sent to Na
tional conventions to speak for
themselves, act upon their judgment
and be responsible to none, then
they should bc free to vote as they
please. But if they aro going to
bear a message from thc Slate of
South Carolina to thc other Demo
crats of the country and to vote,
not for themselves, but for tho ma
jority of thc Democrats of South
Carolina then the judgment of
South Carolina should be binding.
" If The Journal and Review will
consider for a moment it will con
cede that delegates instructed to
vote for a certain candidate arc not
"as mere baggage checked to" that
man, but are sent to discharge the
honorable duty of representing their
State at the convention, and declar
ing tho expressed will of their peo
ple as regards candidates for thc
presidency. That is, in our judg
ment, a higher honor than represent
ing themselves, or exercising perso
nal judgment. It is also more in
harmony with Democratic principles.
If a majority of thc Democrats of
South Carolina advocated the nomi
nation of Mr.Bryan as the standard
bearer of the party, South Carolina's
vote should be cast for him; thc peo
ple may bc in error but it is of first
consequence that their will, right or
wrong, bc declared. If, on thc
other hand, the people have no
choice, no preference, no favorite,
then they must rely upon thc judg
ment of the delegation. The ques
tion seems to us a very simple one
for Democrats to decide."
THE Evening Sun, a bright paper
started at (?reenville some time
ago, has suspended publication.
Tin-; American made watch tba'
is sold to thc English retailer for
$7.-il costs the American retaileh
$10.15. This may explain why the
"frienda of Hie tariff" want the job
of revising it, says tho Commoner,
Tine President is saki to threaten
a veto of the public buildings bill
in order to force Honcrona to pro
A KING'S FOCKETS.
Someone lias Ascertained Precisely
What He Janice in Them.
Like ovur.v inna who curries Ihe look
of his clotho? Kill? ICdward carries
very Utile In his pockets besides a
handkerchief, in his waistcoat pock
et he earlies a gold pened case, a
cigar cutter, u little pass key, u gold
watch, carefully regulated by Green
wich, tinto, and a half a aoy.cn sover
eigns. In lils coal pocket <.?> canns
a tiny notebook and in the whiter he
pata his gloves in ?tn. pneaet of his
topcoat. Phis king never carries a
rlrar-ease. except a gold euse which
holds Olio Cigar, bul bc always luis a
small Pox ol' lozenges. Unlike bis
nephew, tho Kaiser, he never ?arries
a fountain pen in his pocket.
Hearing Koth Sider.
Last summer lhere (ted at Wash
ington a lawyer who for many years
had shocked a lurg< Hanmer of his
friends by his rather liberal views
A friend ot tue deceased, who cut
short ?i ('anadian trip io hurry back
lo Washington tor Hie purpose of at
tending the last riles of Ins colleague,
entered the late lawyer's nome some
minutes altor tho beginning ol' Hie
"What pari of the Hervir? lg this?"
he inquired in a whisper ol' another
levai friend standing in Hie crowded
"I've jusl rome myself," sahl tho
other, "but l believe they've opened
foi the defense." ibu pei s Weekly.
Oldest Congregational Pastor.
The oldest Congregational pastor in
lOllglaud is Hie Kev. Thomas Cord,
(d' llormastte. Lincolnshire. Al
though he completed bis ninety ninth
year on April L'2 last, Mr. Lord still
lakes art ?\e patt in religious work.
lt? ? ? illly bo pi'< ?< u< d h.:- live thous
andth sermon on the se ve nt y-ilurd
anniversary of his ord I mi Hon. Ow
lng io failing eycidghl iii" veteran
pastor lao; lo trust entirely lo bis
memory, which is so lear that he e in
recite entire chapters of Scripture.
Farthest Point North,
Point Harrow. Alaska, is Uncle
Sam's farthest point north. A lol
ler from Del roll lo Poinl Harrow goes
lirsf by train lo Seattle, S5,r.<)ft miles;
theil by orean strainer lo Valdez. 1,(100
miles farther north and west; mon
dog sleds, oxer iee and snow 2,TOO
miles more to thc north and west,
The letter travels in ene direction
over fi.SOU milos--all ik#> dinlnneo tn
director of customs is to announce
Ihe first of each month thc rate of ex
change thai is lo govern for the
month. Kor September, 1007, (ho
premium on gold was flxou at 47.S
To Improve thc Port of Valparaiso.
A loan of ^.i.?OO.OOO lil ."> per cent
has been accepted by the Govcrutnen!
of Chile, the proceeds to be used in
improving (he pori of Valparaiso, lt
is proposed lo donnie Ibo capacity ot
the docks and increase the facilities
of the custom house, lt is slated thc
work b io be taken up Immediately
and pushed to completion.
No Concellatloii Orders.
Manufacturers of balbriggan under
wear from ali paris of New York
state, representing ai least no per ccu!
of Ibis hi'lfdness Hiere, recently niel
In Utica, and, aller a general dis
cussion of Hie market conditions, un
animously adopPa) a r?sid ?t iou lp the
effect thal tho mills would accept no
Cleveland Annexing Boroughs.
Cleveland is aol conten? willi hav
ing become lue chief ell} lt: Ohio by
Ihe census of 1000, bul has ,usl voted
lo annex one ul brr llourisillllg sub
urbs. The Cleveland I eader confiden
tly prophesies (bal foiir ot her suburbs
will be annexed io ihat city bet?re
He'll Divide, He S ivs.
Congressman Nicholas Longworth's
answer to the report (hal he hus won
$3,000,000 on Wall street, is in sub
stance, (bat he'll divide with the mau
v. ho pro\ i s il.
Tea 7 Cent? * Pound.
One tea company 111 India bas Hil
ler cultivation c.i.'ai acres, while an
other has 1,303 acres, ll costs lo pro
duce Ihe len and place ii in (he mark
et at Calcutta from 7 to !' cents a
If you arc looking for '?.. gloom v
things you will |ire' \ . to lind
(hem Hut if von a iHllg for the
bligh4 ihincs yOn . . ..iso be pretty
sure of finding ...
"How is >. boy at college soi
ling ab . ais language studies?"
"He's mg just about even. He
Ino iud l?ngllsh and learned
1" .. pi talk baseball."
"Why did you resign from lim vege
tal ian (lilli?"
"1 was expelled because 1 called ono
of the mom hers a cali."- Fliegende
Friend---An' how's yer wile, Mike?
Mike- Sure, she's awful sick.
Friend--ls it dangerous she ls?
Mike-No, she's too weak to bo
dangerous nny more.
FOUT. MAN TRIDE8.
rho Chcroki i Are the Moot Advanced
The Che oi ?os, who tracked Do
goto's foolhiep? tor many weary days
while bc was inarching through the
Southern forests and swamps and
who Loo welcomed Oglethorpe to
Georgia, are Hu . ?:? si advanced In
dians in civ ili/uC.oi. the most
eager for education, spending $200,000
a year on their schools and colleges.
The Chickasaws have live colleges,
with 400 students, maintained at a
yearly cost of $4?,000. They niso liavo
Hi i rf ecu district schools, coating $li>,
Thc Choctaws have 150 schools, In
some of which tho higher branches
The Seminoles, one of the smaller
trihes. have ten colleges and sixty
live common schools, with a total
attendance of 2,1)00.
Nectr; of thc Golden Fr-< c.
Every pair of eagles whose habits
1 have hud an opportunity of watch
ing over a period of a few years
would seem to have Invariably at
least two alternative sites fer their
nests: BO nie have Ihre?' and I know
of one with four siles in fad. : only
know of one pail- out of many nea
habitually resort to hut one pla. and
T'm> reason for this is, however ap
parent, for owing io Its situation it
lias never been disturbed. Th - nest
is hi a sinai! cavern on the taco of
an absolute wall of limestone rock
eu me 800 feel high, at about 400
feel from 'Im summit. Above the
Cliff il t." l as Of fooSO stone ,'lt Hil
ungle ol 16 degrees oi so, above which
ai;;iin rise other preclnlcos. To reach
the ii cn ree t point above this nest
would be a long day's work.
'" 1 i
The Double Canals on Mars.
For the first time the much-discuss,
ed double canals on the planet Mars
have been eau yb I on a photographic
plate. Professor David Todd of Am.
lu i.st College <?:d it. 15,000 feet above
sin level in ?bu Chilean Andes, with
his line ceb s lui enmura, made by
Gaertnei of chicago, especially for
Hu college telescope, which has an
object glass ls Inches in diameter,
and is the larges! ever used in tho
Southern ix inlsphere.
Joke on Governor Hoch.
There seems 'o be a joke on Oov_
ci mn lim b of Kansas. He appoint
n.i i p \v-.,m "f fiona Oonntv a
li re Wade ,v., Ike def'.ult.
IIIUU ?>ie.i. ..?,._,, kilts WJ miii.
Has the Freedom of Morocco.
At least one European has tho free
dom of Morocco without danger of
molestation or capture. Mme. Du
Oas!, a pretty society woman of Par
is, who had visited tl.e country ne.
fore, was commissioned sometime
ago by the French Government to
in v est ?Kate ami report on the agricul
tural resources of Morocco. She has
made many journeys Into Hie inter
ior, being furnished with escorts
sometimes by Raisuli, tue famous
bandit; sometimes by the pretender
Muley Mohammed, and occasionally
by Ihe Sultan himself.
Rattles of the Rattlesnake.
The rallies of (he rattlesnake, Ile
edgewise. lt ?s evident (hat they
must do so. Inasmuch as they arc hut
continuations <>f the backbone. The
snake carries the rallies on tho
ground except when he raises them t?
sound his warning. This will ho
evidenced by the fact that in every
.make of any si/.e that is. killed tho
i nti les an- worn through on lae un.
Mr. Jacob A Hiis tells of a little
boy who earned his living hy black
ing boots. Every Sunday he attend
ed a mission school. Tills school,
I h i;ou gb its well.meaning toachors,
decidid to have a Christmas lice. Tho
gills for Hu pupils were provided for
lbein hy the teachers and some pat.
rons of the school.
Jimmy, the bootblack was thero
Christmas I've, but was much dis
appointed when his present proved to
bo a copy of Browning's poems. Ho
folded it c an fully in tho paper In
which bi' received it, and took lt
The next Sunday thc superintend
ent of the mission school announced
that any child who was disappointed
with hi- or her gift could exchange it.
.lim.ny marched boldly to the. front
"What have you there, Jimmy?*'
"And what do you want in ex.
Queen of Siam's Jewels.
The Queen ol" Siam possesses tho
finest collection of jewels in the
The walls of her bed chamber aro
literally ablaze with precious slimes,
while in a safe in her Majesty's o
pnrtments are diamonds, rubles,
pearla and emeralds, fashioned Into
quaint necklaces of fabulous value
One Utile article aione. intended to
serve as a thimble, is in the shapo
of a lotus flower and is valued at
Only those things that are put Into
living are learned.