Newspaper Page Text
HISTORY OF COTTON.
.snail-: FIGUUK8 THAT 1?KF,1\I,Y
OONCHJtN TIMK SECTION.
Kxtvucfs Fruin a Speech Mude lu
Congress by Representative I fell i n
Moro than 3,000 years ajgo coll?n
was found growing in India and Her
odotus lolls us lhal tho nativos railed
it "treo wool.'' I lo.said:
"They intuit.' clothes of this tree
wool and claimed thal it oxeeeded in
beauty und goodness tho wool ot the
tn 1492 Columbus found cotton
growing lu tho West I ntlies ?ind il is
certain that colon caine to Jamestown
with our lathers in I ?07. tor it was
cultivated thal year in Virginia. Pick
ett in his history of Alabama, tells
us thal as early as 17?S colton nour
ished in Louisiana. Mississippi and)
How io seperate tho cotton from
the seed was an important problem |
With our lat hm s. and this tedious
task was performed with the lingers.)
So slow was the process that four
pounds of lint per week was as much
as a good hand could do.
in 17L's there was groat rejoicing
tn Ibo South when a mau in Phila
delphia Invented a machine tor sop
oralillg seed and lint, and Ibis ma
chine could Hirn ont only ten pounds
ol' lin! per day. Not until lily Whit -
noy, ol" Georgia, Invented tho saw
gin in I .!.::. was this feature of the
cotton problem solved. file first
cotton gin operated by any other than
hand was run by wa tor in Canfield,
S. C., by .lames Kincaid, in 1 /95.
For a long time spinning and weav
ing were dom? by individuals and
families in their homes. They used
the little ha ntl carder, tho one-thread
spinning wbeel and tho wooden loom.
These were followed by the inventions
of Cartwright, Wyatt, and others, the
carding envine, tho spinning jlnncy
and tho power loom, all run by 6 ten tn,
und tho manufacturo of cotton be
came one of the most Important in
dustrie? in tho world.
in 1 784 wo exported from tho
United States eight bales of cotton to
Kngland. and this fibre bad beeu
?operated from the seed by tb hand.
At Annapolis. Md., in a political con
.mni inn i 7 s i]. James .Madison of
Mr. Madison's prediction has como
trilC. Tho S Outil produces Su por
Cont, of Ibo world's crop of cotton.
This colton belt is l.ir.o miles jong
from east lo west and ??00 miles wide
and has 111 il about I IX,000*000
In ISSI) the amount of capital in
vested in cotton mills iii Gie South
was $2->000*000, and lOilaj we have
invested in this Importun! Industry a
little over twelve limes that amount,
Twenty-five years ago the South
had only COO,000 cotton spindles mid
today wo have about I 0*000,000. In
I SOO there were 330 cotton mills in
the South and now we have over
BOO. Creal Britain, or HU? United
Kingdom, is the greatest cotton man
ufacturing country in the world, and
has over 40.000,000 spindles.
America stands next to tho mother
country with 20,OOo.OOO spindles.
Germany comes third with 0,000*000
applies. Russia is fourth with 7 ,
000,000 spindles, and Crance is fifth
with f..ooo,ooo spindles.
In 1900 New longland cotton mills
consumed 2,349,478 bales of cotton,
and lu the same year our Soulhern
mills consumed 2,374,225 bab s; ^?,
00 ll bales more than our Northern
mills consumed. This is a splendid
showing for the South when you re
mein ber that the North has nearly
twice as many spindles as we have.
There ir ode faei howwovor, connan.
?.tl with both that we applaud and
llnil both Northern anti Sinthern
mills consumed more cotton than
ever before. We are the greatest
cotton producing people in the world,
with tho cheaposl and best manufac
turing facilities on earth.
longland leads in exporting coll?n
gtiods, ami Germany is second in tbi
lisi ; the Un Hod States is third and
Franco is fourth. Hast year the Unit
ed Slates Imported more cotton goods
than she sold or exported. longland,
or the United Kingdom, exports every
year mole yards of coll?n cloth than
our American mills produce for both
home and out sitie t ratio.
During tho calendar year ending
December, 190G, Hie United Kingdom
exported cotton manufactures lo Ibo
value of $484,000.000, and tho Unit
ed Stales, during the ?nine period, ex
ported colton manufactures to Ibo
value of $52,OOO,000) and yoi we ex
ported twice as much 'as we ?lid in
Gov. Johnson's Washington bu
reau says Congressman Hammond
of the Second Minnesota District,
feels confident that Johnson will be
nominated for President and elect
ed. Thc bureau can't name another
Western Democratic Congressman
who agrees with Congressman Ham
Congressman Leeor Doos Not Approve
of tho Karo Discussion.
Tho Columbia State say? Congress
man A. I?'. Lover wu? lu tho etty on
Saturday on Iiis way to his homo IM
Lexington fro ni Suinter, whero he
participated in ibo farinera' conven
tion Friday. Mr. Lover was well re
ceived in Subi ter. At tho banquet
Friday nigh! his address was received
with pleasure not unmixed willi sur
prise, for ho spoke very Iraak I y willi
reference tu the alleged race pro
Ile declared that the people ot' tho
North are willing to Iel the people
of the South sottb their (?wu pro
blema, provided the} don't make tools
ol' I lionise!ves in Bottling the (|iics
lions. il?* was very pointed with ref
erence tO tho Wild talk Of some peo
pie of the South who in addresses to
Northern audiences ? iv?* the wrong
impression ol' the Southern corni I*
When asked about Hie matter by
the Reporter ot Tho State Sa tu rd a}
Mr. Lever declared that hail it not
been tor the tact that Congressman
lie!Hn bad introduced :t Mini (.'row
ear bil!" tor tho district ol' Columbia,
and subsequently shot a negro, the
Slate ol'Ohio would UlldoUhtedl} have
gone Democratic. The negroes of
Ohio would not have voted tor Tali,
bul the Kellin altair may chango il
The State goes on lo say thal Con
gressman Lever did uni deny that be
was hilting at Senator Tillman nbflj.
ile admitted llial lu- does nol approve
(d' Senator Tillman's way ol' using
tall, which io those thai do not know
bim is ol' the most violen) kind. Air.
Lever's speech at Sumter is said to
have been very bold and was well re
Lever declared that friends of Ills
in congress from Northern states had
declared time and time again thal
they are willing to lei the South set
tle her problems, and to help tho
South, il' necessary, but ?hey could
not forever resist the appeals of their
constituents in Hie North when those
constituents are aroused hy the wild
talk ol men who do not properly rep
resent tho View? ol' the South
THK News anti Courier says
"Judson Harmon ought to explain
how it happened that a Cleveland
Democrat should have been prefer
red in Ohio to a thick-and-thir Bry
an supporter." The action of the
. -"?linn which sent instruct*
J IUI UUttillu. w .
number are willing to make conces
sions to unite the party.
THK Nashville Tenneesean says
"the Charleston Nows and Courier
is bitterly disappointed in Mr. Wat
terson because the latter announced
that he will support Bryan and fur.
thermore believe that thc Nebrask
an can win. The News and Courier
reminds us of the lone juryman who
bewailed tho obstinacy and folly of
thc other ll."
THE Republican leaders are prac
tically committed to the Aldrich
currency hill; and since the majori
ty of the House is opposed to this
Standard Oil measure, some pretend
ed substitute, making its provisions
still more favorable to the Standard's
interests will probably be forced
through in the name of currency re
SOME up-country paper says it is
undemocratic for the people to in
struct their representatives to the
various conventions. We thought
democracy meant the rule of the
THE Oafl'ney Ledger says "that
thoii? i>n'i one mah in live wno
cares a continental whether Bryan
is the nominee of the Democrats or
not." Thc Ledger has always op
posed Bryan, and yet its county in
structed its delegates for him. It
thus appears that The Ledger could
not influence the people of its coun
ty to go the way that fourth-fifths
of them wanted to go.
THE State of Minnesota will send
an instructed delegation to Denver
for her Govornor?Johnson, but so fai
ns we have seen not a Johnson paper
objects to Minnesota's "fettering"
her delegation. They only object
to delegations being "fettered," as
they express it, for Bryan.
THE Bamberg Herald asks: "If
South Carolina is going to send a
delegation to the national Democrat
ic convention with instructions to
vote for Bryan, why not send th,,
vote bv mail and save railroad
are'.'" Simply because there are
hundreds of patriotic Carolinians
who are anxious for tin? honor of
taking at their own e xpense the vote
of their State for the most distin
guished private citizen in the world
to Denver. J
Tina CAI. ii OF THE SOUTH."
A N?*w Hook That IN Meeting With a
Tho Washington correspondent ot*
Tho State snvs Mr. lt o hort Kee Dur
ham, the author ol "The ti. ll of tho
South," has boon in Washington dur
ing the past wonk and numerous con
gressmen huvo^boon discussing ?vii h
him hb-as in his remarkable book.
Senator (buy, who was introduced to
tho author ai Congress Hull the other
day said: "Why, I lin ve just rend
(hal hook, and I should think that
President Roosevelt would have given
you $100,000 not to have written that
South Carolinians are particularly
in "Tho Call Ol' he South" because
some ol' the principal characters are
from (bal Slate und some ol' tho
scenes, so thal ii will be interesting
to know thal i lie hi st edition has al
ready been oversold and the publish
ers are now .cellini; oui another. Mr.
Durham is. ol' ionise phased, al
though many ol' die remarks lie hears,
here shout ii ure condemnatory.
\ newspaper man from Ohio came
Into this olllce Hie other night and
begun to rail mil against Durham,
who he had lever seen, for writing
such a book. I asked what he ob
jected lo. "Oh." he said, "my wife
and several ol the women folks al
niy house read i lie i hine, the other
day and they have been nervous over
since; ii bas upset I he whole family.
Hesides," he wen! on, I do not like
it. because ii makes out thai a South
Carolinian is so milch beter than
people from oiln i parts id the COU11
i III: M CHIC* N I DOW H.AT.
Col. Karon On Hie New Style in Wo
Col .lane's T. Macon of tile lOdgO
lield Chronicle, has been consider
ing the "Merry Widow.'1
The "Merry Widow" as woman,
hat or phrase, has become disgusting.
Thc hat is supremely hideous. Tho
writer Ol' tills, as his people well
know, is devoted to dress, finery,
fashion, style, bul the "Merry Wid
ow" hat ls hopelessly Ugly in Itself,
and gives a woman an air ol' loudness
and unrelinedness. Imagine a great,
Illimitable far-prend i li g "sailor" with
a buce hideous fort built, around the
crown. This fort ls sometimes cir
cular, sometimes square, sonietimss
three cornered, sometimes live cor
nered, sometimes seven cornered, and
sometimes nine cornered. And then
lone, straight, stiff, cheap quills aro
SO disposed on the fort as to make
make women look common, and give
thom locomotor ataxia mid volh'nlus,
Durn I li "Merry Widow " *
ll A VIO SOCIAL KO IJ A KIT Y Kl NN UK
IN MOW VOKK.
Nothing tu recent years bas so
Stirred the while people of this coun
try as the ".-ocia] equality" dinner
given in New York oil Monday nicht
week under ibo auspices of the Cos
Tho purpose of the dinner, and nf
(lie movement of which it is a part,
was, frankly and confessedly? to
break down the social barriers be
tween the two races, and I lie advo
cacy of intermarriage, ox pro ed by
whites und blacks alike at this re
markable dinner, was creeled with
the loudest enthusiasm ol' the even
TbOre were ninety three people al
the dinner. Hie proportion of negroes
being about i wo io one. wliilc among
Hu' whiles were a lar.ee number of
white wonien, a ill I ia I ed wiih "settle
ment" work and socialism
The seating arrangements were so
(?. vised thai a white wi man ?liva*'
hildy sal between negro nun
Tl'i? Sucessful Man.
The successful man is the mau
who has made il happy heine lor his
wife and children No mal lei what
lie bar liol dOlie in Hu- w ,r. .. ? j( \
in: wealth and honor, il be lia., done
that lie is a success If lie basil t done
that, and ii is his own fault, (hough
he be the highest in Hie land ho is
a most pliable failure How many
men In a mad pursuit ol' cold, which
cha motorizes the age, realize I hill
there is no fortune which csu ho left
to their families as great as tho
memory ol' a happy home.
( 'bailee to Make Money.
Senator Mcl.aurin has Introduced
U bil! in Ibo United Slate Senate on
Tuesdaj providing thal llie govern
ment billi offer $50,000 lo ho paid
lo any person who shall within two
yeti I'S, discover piafhal means for
Hie ex ter iii I ii hi lo ii of Ibo cotton boll
Don ! crumble w hen
wrong. Koli hp your
make theil! fiO richi.
A woman worries over chapped
knees as il every body knew it
"Knocking" lit someone else's
door may helf lo smash ii lil, bul it
won't strengthen yours.
Now it is. reported that "razorless
shaves" have boori perfected. Ruf
us Rast ut; Johnsing Brown will 860
to it, says tho Washington Herald,
that razorloss ".scraps" are novor
THIC F?SHBKMAN'8 I* AH A DISH.
Nu Such A m.'.i i H;; S|ioi't mn he bound
Elsewhere in the World.
The fisherman > paradise in the
United States is found at Miami. Kia.
Thor.' J: re oilier tarpon ?rounds f linn
ItU'cr-Vin. I.?.?s II ors who a . .
.Uti tlll'il WltJ >.. ne SOU I ?1 e ni 111.,.;
point ol donna v?ar alter yeal will,
(tattering regularity, und some ot
whom have landed from live to toi
linge I fill or 200 pounder-, m one n>
.on 'Mi.i i hal tm ?moll angling sport
ar. he .o.in l elsewhere in the World,
nur so man> ii. li. as in the waters.
. hali .ap the si.?ires of tho various
;-eys Which dot th hay a p I tho O'lll
S! ronni. 'I'nero are over six li und red
.mils ol tish hut Ween .Miami and Ko)
\\?'. t. and IJIO ol IliebU are known
as game ii ?li Ou i ol the fascina
ions of the giimy tarpon is that he
; mysterious Ile comes in schools
?.'lenee no 'in seems io know. Iii
? sighted Cometimos us early as
'a nun O h it. although he jumps and
locking!) lash? .. Iiis six feet or so
i shining silver) body In Hie eyes
I (!''. i a.m r spoilsman, ho refuses'
M noller lae um.-I tempting billi, lu
. brun rv be beg.ns to take iho hook
iud m I lils-; mo li I ll angers begin to
lirrive on Hie sei ne and to engag<
. ludr Inuits and gu ides for the Bea
con. Leslie s Weekly.
Itcilcltillg a Decision.
\ commercial traveler tells lin
it musing experience which happened
10 him in the Interior of I'eniisyh
ania The traveler landed m the
il a a and sought Hie Olli) hotel III
|jV< p aie a small build mg not
Ut en ia i get Mian (lie average dwell
?Hg Ile . lopped on i lu- porch bul
tarina vinci's raised in anger, lie
iiuspd ai I l?o door. Apparently
h. ic va: a i|iiarrel in progress, am)
is tiii' dxiiih'Uieisi -bowel no indica
rum oi diiuiiiishii'g. ii>e traveler
^nocked loudly on the door.
'H?llo?" he er.ed. 'Who's the
beopnetor ol ibis phieo?'?
Josi vi' slav where jo are," came
n feminine tones from the house
"lOzrii an' nu- is decldin' (bel p Int
' ruppem-e" (be Dominating Amount.
Tuppence men liing, of course.
I wo ?lenee, and tupia I to Hie sum of
.Our cents in United States currency
is t!ie domln ling sum in London
11 is much au institution as ibu war
debt, beer, or Hie game of cricket.
,'iieiever you go. whatever you do,
Abai ever von seil or whenever you
?pun your month il ls luppence or a
- ries ol timi <iini that is extracted
.rom you. Tuppence is as much as
.i fairly well to-do worker can afford
or his meal al midday. I n the poor
r restaurant thai sum ?*ets him two
?t lt y i oast is Popular.
The increasing popularity of toast.
>u\?s im London Lancet, ig a souc
i?t Interest In." fact in that ii possl
?ij indicates that lifter all the pub
'!(! ... Hi; 'lie in. ipi.Hy of modeln
. Mead. Holler niillin... as now prac
ned. is ti lionet lier different from the
1.1 mell ml minding wheat hot wooli
times, leads to iii. diminution ot
be gci'tn 'd Hie wheat. The pbeu
liat HUH) 11.11 VOI o the old-fashioned
? a: w tis due pei hu ps lo the retention
f his gerin.
Indian Dables Don'I t ry.
v Hi d mn tor children is an In
di; ' i crt a rn cl or," snyi Dr Charles S.
Stood J of Idaho. 1 have neve.'
leen an In.lian mollieroi' father pun
ish n child, not have | ever seen an
indian child cry. \n Indian child
novoi sobs when hurt Just an extra
ump o' (lie hnglti black eves and u
s i un trow ti is all to indicate lo the
observer thal lim lillie fellow is
suffering. I have never heard oven
au Ind an bah) cry."
Alconol is i lie lue of tin working
man, Inasmuch as lt lessen:- Iiis pro
ductive powers tba-, lowering bis ol'
lleieric;, as a workman. lt render:!
.un careless ami Indifferent as to
Hu Wollare ot' uis family, and re
sults in Hu- children drifting into
: in works! |i an . inc evy at a (ir .
: nie tl le n III, > o ghi lo he guilllllg
line knowledge necessary to lit them
lor Hu- circumstances ol the future
Jolinsou (J ra ss.
lt Prejudice could b, overcome,
i ne ts one of the mosi valuable hay
ea we have. lt is al home in
i ur ' l?male and tau be depended on
lo make a crop lt is akin to sor
ghum and partake! to some extent
ol sorghum's hardiness. Cut tho
oars earl)', just as the lits! beads
amear. ll loo old it b of but littlu
Novel Ea rm.
one ol' the most curious "finnis"
m thc conni ry ls conducid! h." Misa
\bhj I ai m op of Granby, Mass. She
lias a lltllo piace uh among tho hills
vhore sin -aises mice, weasels, fer
ie!-, I'd I) li 11? gunna pigs, and waler
? als. She lu,s in lier 'thargo all
.old U bOtlt 'J..'.Oil nil I HUI ls, and her
eiiieiprist has been a success.- Leo
Wlllll Ile Dad MlSSell.
"Gracious! . oxclaltnod Mrs Good
ley, "just listen io Hun clergy man '
I'm positive lu ', swearing. Evident
ly lie's missed lils vocation."
' No, replied h?f husband, "I
Hunk lt waa lils train."--Philadel
Here I? a New*?ne.
Some of the BO called Democratic
panere that are really owned by the
trusts are so anxious to defeat the
nomination of Bryan by the Demo
crats that they have been putting
on1 all sort o? ahsurb rumors about
Mr. iiiyan. Tue lau .st yarn atarted
out by these papers along: thia line is
to the el?ect the growth 0f the boom
for Gov. John A. Johnson, of Min
nesota, is disconcerting, for the rea
son that Gov. Johnson is believed by
the republican leaders not only to be
a_ stronger candidate, but they be
lieve his candidacy would compel
the republicans to ignore much of
the campaign thunder they have
learned since 1896 and that with in
the last week the possibility of the
defeat of Mr. Bryan for the nomina*
lion, the effect of the financial de
pression, the attitude of labor, and
his own popularity, have been im
pressed upon Mr. Roosevelt, by close
friends as contributory elements
which make the present political po
litices of the adminisration danger
ous to the republican party, in the
face of a possible change in the
democratic political situation.
This is a yarn out of the whole cloth.
The Republicans would he delighted
to have Mr. Bryan shelved, as they
know he is the most formidable can
didate the democrats could nomi
WI io Pays thc Hills?
At Petersburg very recently Judge
Gray said: "1 am out of politics,
and ? am poing lo stay out." And
yet there is a Gray boom for the
Denver nomination. Headquarters
are advertised and growing bulle
tins spread before the public show
ing the growth of Gray, and the de
cline of Brvan sentiment. By
whose authority is this being done?
Who is attempting to dragood this
excelleut man, who has such a true
conception of the dignity of the
bench, and such an accurate idea of
what the anti-Bryan pother means?
And who is, or are, footing the bills?
It? costs something to compaign in
this wav, says the Washington Star.
Only the other day Senator Cul
berson, in a statement, sought to
put an end to the use of his name
by the anti-Bryan people, No head
waters have been onenr il ir. hi? be
the leader of the South. But all tho
time he has lu en a Bryan man. con
ced? d Ihe Nebraskan's nomination,
and regarding it upon the whole as
the party best move. Senator Cul
berson refused to allow himsfelf to
bc uicd by the enemies oftDemocra
* Senator Dance) also hes ?hared in
the golden guff which has flowed in
a hip.h tide fri m Wall street sour
ces. Ami yet he has never made a
sign that hedesired or appreciated
such attentions. He has twice sup
ported Mr. Bryan for President, and
while differing with him now on cer
tain policies, is far from being his
enemy, lithe expected happens at
Denver. Mr. Bryan will have no
more earnest or acti\e Supporter
than the Senior Se nator from Vir
ginia. He like Senator Gul berson re
fused to he used by Wall Strict asa
cat's paw to defeat Democracy.
Gov. ?Johnson of Minnesota, has
taken the anti-Bryan bait.L. He is
said to he a poor iran, ard can not
he putting up for what is being done
in his name. There aro Johnson
headquarters in Chicago, in Wash
ington and one or two other places,
and Johnson "literature" is circulat
ing like leaves in an autumn wind.
His living high, and going every
where. There is quite a general de
sire to know the details of an ac
tively which can! not he for the
health of the performers, and
which in a suspicious world linds a
variety of explanations. In other
words, who is putting up the money
to push the Johnson boom.* Is it
Wall Street ro real Democrats who
thinks so much of Mr. Johnson?
SliNATOK Poraker is win king tho
negro issue for all there is in it, and
dei lares to the Senate that there
must be "action on the Brownsville
affair, or no adjournment," The
Republicans are up against a tough
proposition, and find they cannot
serve two masters and will have to
choose between Teddy and the ne
TilK Charleston Post says "Speak
er Cannon is a vicious old partisan
and a representative of the interests
and a stand-patter and almost every
thing else that is mean." That is a
true indictment of the man wdio con
trols all the legislation of thc coun
NOT A ilOKSHLKSS AGK.
fcaets (teeto to Indicate That It la
Farther Away Than Ever. .
Tho horseless age that, lum beeu so
persistently predicted la not merely
slow lu coming; the (acts seem to in
dicate that ll ls Inrther n?av thu ot.
ever and |?ei'liai s 'hay in ver . (.me.
People must be riding a groat Jeal
moro thun they ever rode before.
Thu automobile Industry lu this,
country has quadrupled in value In
the last three year? and has devel
oped at even a ?renter rate in tho
ne inner of machines manufactured.
Hut the statistics pf horseflesh keep
on expanding. There were moro
than fourteen mil lion horses in this
country in I ti07. hut according to
the ligures for the year just closed
there are lil,71 ..uno horses in ihe
United Stales Ut the present limo.
This ls a gain ot nearly 4 0 percent,
in a decade, a much larger one than
the human clement cao show In spile
of our large and con ti n Hons Importa
tions As mechanical rivals multi
ply he rises in the scale ot dignified
personality. The last horse wilt
probably lake his leave at about tho
sanie time as the last niau.-Heston
Squeaky Shoos In Demand. .?.
Sm ti 11 automatic pumps, very in
geniously contrived spirited air la
between tho layers nf the solos 0*
each finished pair of shoes.
"That beats me,'1 said tho visitor.
"I never saw air put in shoe soles
before. Pneumatic like that, aro
they very springy?"
"No,. they're noisy," answered the
foreman of thu Lynn factory.
"These shoes are lor the export
trade. They go lo Africa. A native
African judges the white mans shoes
by their squeak. The louder thu
squeak, the liner thu article. In
tact, (be native' won't wear a non
squenklng, silent shoe. lt ls wind
between tho solea that make shoes
squeak. Pot in enough and your
fool gear will be as noisy as t wo
pigs under a fence."
A Plrelesj House.
Td den: ons tr a te his faith lu tho
practicability of electricity tor all
dornest!-: purposes, au offlcii.l of un
illinois electrical company has re
cently built a hou..?* at Carrolltoii,
111., without a chimney or any other
means of making ust. of fire. The
00use is heated by steam and the
cooking done by electricity, both
supplied by tho heal, tight and pow
er company with which tho gentle
man is connected. This construc
tion marks the beginning of au ef
fort to ohtain customers for current
to bo used In tho kitchen, and u
Biiecia) rato has beeu lix ?d for that
aald a forester. "I'll tell yon how to
do it, md the rule holds good not
only lo re among our familiar pines
iud walnuts, hut In the Antipodes,
among Hie strangest banyans, bao
babs and what-nots. Soft woo.I trees
'nive needle leaves, slim, narrow, al
most uniform in breadth. If yo?
don't believe me, consult the pine,
tho spruce or thu fir. Hard wood
trees nave broad leaves of various
Bini pe- i he oak, the ebony, the wal
li t, the mahogany and so on."
livery Hird a Weathercock.
"Where's the wind?" scoffed tho
Bailor. "Why, look at tho turds -
they'll tell you. Don't you know
that livery birds a weathercock?
Stop inolslenln? your finger and
ouldie' il up," he went on, In a toni*
ol disgust. "The practice ain't hardly
cleanly Look at tho birds is all
you gol to do, for every bird sets*
with US bead always straight at the?
wind. Every live bird in a tree ia
as reliable a weathercock as them
dead birds on the spires what ls so
much considered in this hero Lentwu
Why (io to Hed?
It seems to mo we make a mista ko
in prescribing special hours for go
ing o bed and getting up. Why
should we thus gorge ourselves willi
slumber? Why should wo not fol
Irw the example of tile .!.,>. and lake
an occasional mip when WU have not ti
ing better to do? Why should wo
go to bed when wo don't feel sleepy?
Why should we liol tako forty wink?
when inclined thereto? lt strikes
mo there ls too much method and
regularity about oin- soainherous ar
rangements. Lon .on Graphic.
Railway whistles inflict torturo on
BO many peopW Mitti tho efforts
abroad to check th plague have won
approval from tho puople. Austria
has introduced a system of dumb sig
naling to start and stop the trains.
Belgium is trying compressed air
whistles instead ol steam, and Gor
mans experiments with 'MUDS.
Statues to .Ministers.
Considering how great a part the
ministers of all our denominations
have played In the national lifo for
at least ten cent II ries, it is simply
astounding to find how few aro tho
statues that have been raised to them
in public places during tho past livo
hundred years or so.- Sunday
Hardest lo l'ight.
GosBlps aro almost invariably
great Hara, "but," asks the Howard
Courant with unexp otufl candor,
"did you ever hear a story about
yourself that wasn't partly true?"