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S.lectiiig the Dairy Cow and Calf
In milking |)reparatioiiH fur conduct'
inv r the lioine dairy, or in sustaining the
dairy already started , it |h cssentiul that
goi.d dairy cows should be employed.
This Htatement p.e* without saying.
Tliere is no more important matter to
lie looked alter in connection with the
hi me dairy than the selection or brted
ing of dairy cattle, says a writer in Sue
cissful I'arimr. No one, ■as yet, has
mads much of a hucui-kh in dairying
wiiVre. c(.wh of a beef type have been
l<i j.t. Among our cows are two distinct
typis; the Inn-l" type and the milk type.
A cli m,.',- inspection 1 show* that they are
« >1 ruite oppotiitc formation-. The beef
i<wis of a square,' rat her q t> cVy buildj
bread over the top of the sliouldois,
sli'iit, round and thick n ek, with heavy
Hank. Tlie dairy animal is strikingly
(lifftrent, showing wedge shape behind,
bread in the center, and tape ring 'for
ward! the flunk Will cut, with a neck
long, thin and flat. Briefly told, these
aro the two ci^aract eristics of the beef
Ir is true tf at wj oit 'ii find ci<ws ol
the heel i<nn that ar 1 tair milkers, 'but
usually for a s iort t'.'ii •. Tfiay are not
lasting milkers, and their heifer calves
rarely make as good cows as their moth
ers. The cow t at mill s for a long per
iod, hh a rule, is tiie mcst profitable cow
t» kaep in the dairy. As a matter of
fact, the ('airyinan cannot afford to keep
a cow -that is idle for any givat period
during the year. It is a losing'proposi
tion where the farmer pays hoard for
his. cows for six or seven months during
the year. If he hopes to niakci dairying
a success in the true ssnwe cf the word,
the dairyman must waeri out the "rob
ber" cows, and get. Hueli cows as will
pay. This may best ba clone by careful
breeding and selection. Ohd of the best
methods to pursue in bringing about
t .is condition of affairs is by using a
good bull from one of our dairy breeds.
In the selection of ahull, it is well to
find out what kind of a milk producer
his mother was ; the kind of an udder
she had, whether it was well shaped,
and all the teats perfect. This is an im
portant point, for if the dam of the bull
had poor teats it is more than likely
that the majority of his heifers will be
deficient in this important point of a
cow, namely the licldar. This defect is
one that is transmitted through' the bull
with almost unerring certainty. In
selecting the dairy calves choose only
the best heifer calvts from the b:st
milkers. It is a losing proposition every
time to try to raise a puny calf. They
never make profitable, cows because un
able by their weak constitutions to
stand the heavy work required of the
The dairy calf must be fed in such a
way that when it becomes a cow it will
go on in the way we want it to, that is
to produce milk, and not put on flesh.
They, therefore, must not be allowed to
get fat when young as they are likely to
form the habit of laying on flesh which
will stand by them throughout their
The writer has found in handling
dairy calves, that in the beginning it is
the best to feed the calves with milk,
fresh from the cow, by using part separ
ator milk and an addition of oil meal, or
llaxHeed, to take the place of the butter
fat removed by the separator. When
the calf is a mouth old, give it skim
milk and oil meal alone. At this per
iod it will begin to eat oat chop and
bran and some little roughage. Allow
it all it cares to eat of these foods.
Continue the milk for seven or eight
months, if at all possible, and uruin ra
1 tiop.s until over n year old. In this wtiy
largo, strong calves can bo raised with
out getting them too fat nmUho capacity
for digesting large quantities of coarse
food, which ia wanted in tile dairy cow,
will be developed. Heifers should he
bred to calve at from two yearn to two
years and a half old. Heifers with first
calves should hi; kept milking 1 for a long
period, as it is with the first calf that
the habit of Incoming long milkers is
[Under iliis head advertlsenicuts will !>»• pub- !
lislunl at thu raio of 1 cunt ;i word for each in-
st - ni ""-i . . |
Foil Pale — Two lots, AVcst Eighth street
cloau in. Inquire at \ r arney's. tf
Fok 'Sale — House and lot in Imperial.
Enquire of Dyke ifc Cooley. 00-al
Fok Pale — 480 acruH of good, soft, i
huh oth hind, 4 lniles |roni Imperial. I
Water reiuly for uh?. Price $1:1.50 j
per acre] Address J. I). Lanoford^
Highland; Cal., or T. I*. Banta, Ini-
I* 1 "'". Cnl. tf_
Water Stock — For sale on vry eisy j
terms, by Imperial Writei*. CcmjanyJ
Xo. 1. Inquire of It. I). Mei'lurrm,
For Pale — Native grown j aim trees, or-,1
namental varieties. AddreKsJor call
on F. (i. Havenw, Si'slsee, Cal. tf
Twenty Thousand Grape Vixn.i for sale \
ThunpHon's >Seecl'.essj Muscat, f-nl-
tana, etc. ; als > soire poach si ml ajiri-
cot tnerf, -i to 4 "feet higli, rt a very
low price. We also carry a full line
of nursery stixrk ; 190 pounds cf
WashingtMi Robuwta palm se.d for
sale. Jurupa Nursery Co., Uiver-
HAY AND GRAIN
Sorghum May — Finest quality sorghum
hay bouncl in hu. idles, forsa'e on pre- ■
niii-es, four miles south cf Imperial.
Inquire on premises, or of E. E. Foh- j '
ter or of 11. I). JJc?herrin. • •
Sorghum Fodder — If you want some ex- i
tra quality line, hriglit sorghuni, '
build in ctiiveiiient sized bundles ,1 1
dr.i]> a card to L. 10. Srack, Lock Box
U 4, Imperial, for particulars. 4!)-4t
Sorghum for Pale — horses wanted on !
barley pasture. Fre:l Fuller. tf
Any Person having property of any kind :
they wish to dispose of, leave it with ;
E. \V. Harrington, Imperial. Public ;
Sale every Saturday at 1 o'clock ]>. m. '
sharp, (mo. I. Mob, Practical Auc- i
tioneer, Imperial, Cal. tf
House Buildixo. — AM kinds of ranch!
work, leveling, ditching, hordering, or i
any other kid of work. (Jivespeci- !
ficatio; s, arid estimates will he given. I
Satisfaction guaranteed. \V. F. (Jil-;
k'tt, Imperial. Oftice in Edgar Bros;' i
Hardware store. Telephone, seven!
short ringH. ' . " 4!ltf
)* - ' I ■
Imperial, Cal., March 17, lUOJ}.— No-
tice is hereby given that I herewith j
give my son, Saul Forrester, his time, | ;
and that I will not he responsible for I
any debts contracted by him nor col- j
lect any moneys due him from the ; ;
date above given. L. L. Forrester *-52 ; .
\ , ! ■
For Sale— 1000 feet of 5^ Boston well j :
casing, in good order. Can be bought ! •
at reasonable price. Address C. 11. i
Swallow, Mgr. Yuha Oil Co., Silsbee, '
Cal., or 74i) Logan Aye., San Diego, !
Cal. Mwa I
HARNESS AND SADDLERY CO.
Wholusate and Retail ManufaeturerH of
Harness and Saddlery Goods, Blankets, Robes,
Whips and Turf Goods
239 S. Main St. Los Ai geles, Cal.
GOODS ARE NOT SOLD
So we are going to inaugurate a sale — nn auction sale — a clean up of
every Ladies', Misses' and Childrens' Shoe in the house.
ALL OF THE* HARDWARE, ALL OF THE NOTIONS
AMD DRY GOODS AND INCIDENTALLY
A FEW GROCERIES
Watch for the circularw we shall soon issue.
Imperial Farmers' Store,
W. D. MONTGOMERY, Proprietor.
j Farm in"; Implements, Wagons, Vehicles, etc. We have just re-
ceived a carload of barb ware.
Veir-c! oti ElgS-itH Street, Imperial. C«»I.
LUMBER AND BUILDING
MATERIAL OF ALL KINDS
Wholesale and Retail
Hoy aridGralnof Every Description
| OLD BEACH |
| STAGE LINE |
■•'•• GEO. W. McCAULLKY, Prop.
Livery J\:qs Turnisbed at Old Beach and lm=
y? penal for touring all Parts of tfte Valley,
m - .. * ■
I Good Accommodations at Hotel at %
% OLD BEACH J
yfc Stajre lea ves Old Beach (on South Pacific railroad) each Tuesday. %
■_^ Thursday and Saturday morning at 7 a. in. jfe
Stage leaves Imperial each Monday, Wednesday and Friday morn-
ifel Fare eacli way $3.00. Additional charge made for conveyance on ±j£
wv extra days and for night trips.
v^ Ho'el rate, rooms SI. OO, meals 50 cents. Board and lodging 52.00 v/y
I a day. ™
Adnlnh Froco 126 SOUTH sprino street
/^T^ MANUI'AC'fUKKK Ol' AND I>KAI,KK IS
giß^ Optical, IVfathematical and Engineering Instruments
hzhfc Drawing Instruments and Materials
Ws/ Mail Ortlem Promptly Attended to