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MEXICO IS RESPONSIBLE
Win. E. Smythe Discusses the Colo
rado River Problem
William E. Smythe is the first man.
so far as we are informed, to take up
the question of the Colorado river and
discuss it from the standpoint of jus
tice to the United States and the peo
ple of this valley. In his Fourth of
July address he discussed the threaten
ing situation on the Colorado river and
urged that the annexation of Lower
California would be the true, states
manlike solution of the difficulty. On
this topic he spoke in part as follows:
• "Has the expansion of the Republic
toward the southwest permanently
ended with the establishment of the
city and county of San Diego? In
considering this question, we instinc
tively look across the mountains to
the great desert where rolls the Colo
rado. While we are celebrating the
past, the inexorable river is making
history in the present.
**The government of the United
States, first through its administration
• andjthen'through committees of both
houses of congress, deliberately refused
to countenance a private monopoly in
the waters of the Colorado. Then the
representatives of that monopoly, de
claring that they would accomplish
their object regardless of the wishes of
the United States, applied to the gov
ernment of Mexice and obtained the
most sweeping rights to the waters of
the stream. In pursuance of those
rights, they proceeded to make a new
heading just below the international
boundary on Mexican soil.
••Through that new heading, made
with the consent of Mexico in utter
disregard of the attitude of the United
States, like an angel of wrath came
the whole volume of the Colorado,
submerging railroads and industries,
destroying'homes, farms andj towns.
and threatening to lay waste not only
the opulent Imperial Valley, but the
region higher up the stream in Arizona
and California for whose benefitj/he
United States is now constructing
massive works of reclamation. The
descructive power of the Colorado.when
the sluggish fall to tne Gulf g yes place
to the rapid fall to Salton Sea, men
aces everything which men have done
or planned to do on the lower courses
of the stream, even far above Yuma.
"Mexico was under solemn treaty
obligation with the United States to
maintain navigation on the Colorado
river. By granting these sweeping
rights, specifically denied by the United
States, Mexico has not only failed to
maintain navigation, but absolutely ab
olished navigation, for the time.
•'Thousands of citizens of San Diego
county are suffering In their rights and
(property, or are in imminent- peril of
-.such suffering, because of the divar
PASSENGER STATION HOLTON INTER URBAN RAILWAY AT HOLTVILLE
sion of the great river from the place
where it flowed before those rights
were granted by Mexico to the place
where it flows to-day.
••I want to say that morally, if not
legally, Mexico is responsible for every
dollar of loss which has befallen, or
which shall befall, the citizens of the
United States. Was it not an act of
international discourtesy; at least, for a
friendly government, bound alike by
treaty stipulation and by every tie of
good will, thus to anticipate and at
tempt to nullify the decision of the
United States while the whole compli
cated problem of the Colorado was
still pending at Washington? And does
not that act of discourtesy become a
live question of international politics
when it is followed by such fearful con
sequences to a nation which had com
mitted no offense against its neighbor?"
Mr. Smythe proceeded to argue that
the annexation of Lower California by
means of peaceful negotiation and for
just compensation, will assuredly be
compelled by events and that it is the
logical solution. He suggested that if
the Mexican constitution forbids such
a policy, constitutioas rmy bi cianged
while boundaries fixed by natural con
ditions cannot be changed by human
legislation. He declared that without
a single, responsible control of the en
tire stream it would be difficult, if not
impossible, for either nation to use it
to the best advantage,
"It has been suggested." said the
speaker, "that Mexico might be willing
to cede a strip of its territory in order
to give the United States a free hand
in the reclamation of the desert. If
HOLTON INTER URBAN RAILWAY BRIDGE OVER ALAMO RIVER AT HOLTVILLE
Mexico can cede a strip, it can cede
the whole peninsula. We can afford
to pay all it is vorth to Mexico, for it
will be worth far more to us.
••I hope the day may come, and
come soon, when the Stars and S ripes
shall float over every mile of the Colo
rado river and over every mile of Low
er California from Tia Juana to Cape
The bakery and meat market is now
completed and we Invite all to call in
and see us. Special attention will be
given to the cantaloupe packers and
growers to call on us and get your
supply of bread and meat and if you
want a pie we have it. Don't forget
the place, back of the Franklin hotel.
120 acres of the finest land in the
Mesquite lake country. The land in
this region is undoubtedly the best that
can be found. Easily put in crop, good
drainage, price right. Bert R. Chaplin,
640 Acres unimproved land, a spot
cash deal and one worth looking into.
Bert R. Chaplin, Imperial, Cal.
80 acf*e« all to young alfalfa and
looking good, will sell at $30 if sold
within the next few weeks, and Mr.,
this farm is all fenced, good soil, well
located, go and look it over. See Wil
son about it.
320 acre farm, good soft soil and well
improved, 3 1-2 miles from Imperial.
Price $30 per acre ; terms. See Wilson
Teller, Singer agent, Postoffi.ce build
R. H. INGRAM
General Sup't S. P. R. R. A stockhold
er in and associated with Mr. W. F.
Holt's Imperial Valley enterprises.
It will pay you to see Wilson
for the best bargains in the Imper
ial Valley, or I have the best trad
ing list in the Valley. Go out and
look them over with me. I keep
rigs for that purpose and will offset
my time against yours. Office
Commercial Hotel, Imperial, CaL
El Centro Bakery and Meat Market
Salton Sea Ga^e Taken at Salton, CaJ I.
Liners under this heading will be in-
serted for 5 cents a line each insertion.
. FOR SALE
FOR SALE — A fine quarter section of
fine, soft, sandy land, two miles from
El Centro ; especially adapted to can-
taloupes, malaga grapes, onions and
early vegetables Forty acres leveled,
ditched and ready for crops. Enquire
at this office or address B, care Press
office, El Centro, Cal. j-23-j-14
FOR SALE— A fine registered Poland-
Jl6 Geo. D. Abrams, Heber.
FOR SALE — Fresh, gentle family cows.
Apply to A. S. Fell, 4 miles northeast
of El Centro. may-19tt
I have an order for 160 shares of water
stock that can be located in either of
the water companies No. 1, No. 5 or
No. 6; will divide to suit purchaser in
forties or eighties ; $13.50 per share ;
all cash. Write or see F. H. Stanley,
Brawley, Cal. n 4tf
FOR SALE — A steam engine, 14 horse-
power with 150 feet belt. Inquire at
WILDS — of wild turkeys (acclimated).
Address only G. G. G. Brawley, Cal.
Office for rent in the Garner building.
Apply to I. L. Wilson, oct 21 tf
For Rent: All of Sec.
36, T 14 S, R 13 E, S. B. M. for
; five years on very easy terms.
;! Address, J. J. CHAPPELL,
1534 Sutter St., San Francisco.
WANTED— To Trade 80 acres of land
with water stock, 4 miles from town,
for horses or mules. Address: Lock
Box 133, Imperial. July 22 tf
PASTURE— I can furnish grain and al-
falfa pasture for 5o head of cattle on
my ranch. H. M. Kinne, El Centro,
\VANTED— Hogs to pasture. Will trade
good alfalfa pasture for sows. Ad-
dress H. H. Peterson, Imperial.
WANTED TO TRADE— lmperial prop-
erty for acreage at Holtville or will sell
and take pay in leveling land. Ad-
dress E, care of Press, El Centro, Cal.
WANTED — Position as cook on a cook
wagon for ditch camp or threshing
outfit. Apply at this office or address
A. care the Press, El Centro, Cal.
WANTED— 2O to 80 shares of water
stock in Imperial Watercompany No.
1. On easy terms or cash if price ia
satisfactory. Address, J. H., Box 15,
WANTED— Hay baling, $2,00 per ton.
Work guaranteed. Address Bucher
Bros. Heber, Cal. my-12-tf
WANTED-200 shares of Water Co. No.
5 stock. Will pay spot cash. Price
must be reasonable. Fuller & A ten,
El Centro, Cal. April 14-tf
I WANT TO BUY— 2o to 40 shares of
stock in Imperial Water Co. No. 1, at
rock-bottom price for spot cash, ad-
dress E. W. Fales, Imperial, Cal.
FOR EXCHANGE— WiII exchange 123
acres grazing land, with wood and
water in Ventura County, 4 miles
from S. P. R. R , worth $1200 for re-
linquishment or other property in
Imperial Valley. M. .W. C, 623
Bryson Bldg., Lo's Angeles, Cal. dl6tf
TO EXCHANGE— For Imperial prop-
erty, 80 acre ranch near Anderson,
Shasta county. Is excellent property
with all modern improvements, value
$1500. Salisbury Realty Co. my-26
WANTED— SOO acres of barley to har*
vest with header. Address A. S. Fell,
Imperial, Calif. m-5-tf