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WEED CONTROL IS COMMUNITY PROBLEM
RATHER THAN FOR INDIVIDUAL FARMER
"OVER THE TOP"
By An American AEftíkw Guy Empey
Machine Gunner, Serving in France
Copyright It 17, by Arthnr Ony Empty
Dandelions Gone to Seed, Illustrating One Method of Weed Distribution.
Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agricultura.)
The problem of suppressing weeds
Is a many-sided ono and an Important
part of the management of the farm.
Successful crop management Includes
successful weed management.
Larger Crops Mean Fewer Weeds.
Generally speaking, tho larger tho
crops, the fewer tiro weeds present
This Is especially true with small
grain and hay, since good stands of
theso crops will tend to smother out
weeds. Furthermore, pastures that
ore given good care by top-dressings
and by not over-grazing nlways con
tain fewer weeds nnd more grass than
those poorly managed. ,
8pecial Methods of Handling Certain
Tho farmer should know the kind of
weeds which he has to fight, becnusd
In the case of soma of them special
methods have been discovered which
greatly reduce tho amount of work
necessnry. The United States depart
ment of agriculture has Issued bul
letins treating Individually a number
of the worst weeds nnd these publica
tions may be obtained, on request
Rotations and Weeds.
An -Important benefit from practic
ing a rotation Is In tho control of
weeds. If land Is planted to the same
crop year after year, certain weeds
have ample opportunity to make top
growth nnd maturo their seeds, and
theso weeds therefore become firmly
established; but If the land is planted
to different crops In succession theso
weeds do not have the opportunity to
make nearly as much headway. Fur
thermore, adopting a rotation usually
means the growth of grass, .clover, or
other forage crops. These crops not
onlydlscourago many kinds of weeds
by their shading effect, but also give
TO CONTROL BLIGHT
Experiments Prove That Bor
deaux Mixture Is Effective.
Results Given of Tests Conducted
Last Year In Aroostook County,
Maine, by the Department
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture!)
That thorough spraying will control
late blight In seasons of bad infec
tion has been proven many times in
the past and most recently In tests
conducted last year In Aroostook
county, Maine, by the United States
department of agriculture in co-operation
with the Maine agricultural ex
periment station. Some potato grow
ers have expressed their opinion that
it does not pay to spray potatoes for
this disease, a rowers of this opinion
claim that when tho weather condi
tions aro such that tho blight Is se
vere, sprnying does not control It fiufll
ciently to give an appreciable Increase
In the yield, and that In seasons when
the attack Is light the lncreaso in the
yield from spraying Is not sulllclent
to cover tho added cost In ono block
where small test plots sprayed with
standard bordeaux nilxture wgre in
terspersed with untreated check
plots, tho average yield on 11 of the
former wasTU the rato óf 181.2 bush
els per acre, while that on an equal
number of untreated plots was at tho
rate of 143.5 bushels per acre. This
was an lncreaso of 37.7 bushels per
acre, or more than 20 per cent In
favor of bordeaux mixture.
In another similar block tho aver
age yield of five plots sprayed with
bordeaux mixture was at the rate of
nearly 237 bushels per acre, while that
of the four untreated-check plots in
the same block was 174.3 bushels.
The gain hero was 02.5 bushels per
aero or about 30 per cent duo to
spraying. Six applications wefo made
on all tho above-mentioned sprayed
.On these experimental plots, spray
ing ought to have been started ten days
or two weeks sooner, or by the end
of tho first week in July. In spite of
this fact, the yields given above Indi
cate quite plainly that spraying paid.
Moreover, many persons who saw the
plots during tho latter port of tho eea
eon nave testified to the striking dif
ferences on sprayed and unsprayed
weeds a poor chance to maturo seeds,
as they are cut for hay before most
weeds ripen. Again, adopting a rota
tion often means growing cultivated
crops on land whero such crop's havo
not been raised. The value of cultlt
voted crops In cleaning land of weeds
has already been emphasized.
Demonstrations of tho value of a
rotation in controlling weeds aro avail
able in many localities. For example,
In western Kansas wheat Is usually
grown continuously, nnd when this Is
the caso weeds are very troublesome;
but when a rotation, Including a cul
tivated crop and a forage crop, Is
adopted, tho weeds that are so com
mon under continuous wheat growing
do not have so much chance to mako
growth and to mature their seeds.
Hence, weeds become very much re
duced. Another example Is furnished
in parts of eastern New York, where
It Is customary to keep land In mead
ow for many years. . These meadows
becomo foul with orange howkweed,
ox-eye daisy, wild carrot, nnd other
weeds. Introducing n cultivated crop
and a grain crop soon disposes of most
of theso weeds.
Co-operation in Controlling Weeds.
Probably no feature of Weed control
Is more Important than co-operation
among those concerned. Weed con
trol Is a community problem rather
than one for the Individual farmer to
solve, and without the co-operation of
his neighbors the results of tho In
dividual fanner's efforts aro moro oí
less discouraging, because where
weeds are allowed to grow undis
turbed they produce sulllclent eeeds
to Infest the adjacent lnnds. The nec
essary cooperation might be arranged
through agricultural clubs and other
portions. On all the treated plots, the
spraying was done with a traction
sprayer which maintained a good
working pressure of at least 100 pounds
per square Inch.
Adjoining one of the experimental
blocks was a field where spraying was
begun earlier and eight or nine appli
cations were made. It was planted
with tho samo lot'of the same variety
of seed, fertilized the same, and, ex
cept for spraying, received similar
treatment In every respect. The yield
an the portion of this field Immediate
ly adjoining one of the unsprayed
check plots was 207.3 bushels per acre.
Comparing this with 'the averages of
the unsprayed check plots mentioned
above, shows a gain of 123.8 and 03
bushels per acre, respectively, or over
80 nnd 53 per cent. In none of the
above figures Is any account made of
the extra loss resulting from tuber
rot In storage In the crop produced
on tho unsprayed plots.
Nineteen hundred and seventeen
was ono of the worst blight years In
the history of Aroostook potato grow
ing. The results cited above show
conclusively that, even under the con
ditions that existed, late blight can bo
controlled by a grower who sets out
to do tho Job 'thoroughly. Moreover,
they Indlcato that It can be done at a
fair profit when tho cost is considered
In connection with the vnluo of tho
increased yield resulting from the
These recommendations apply par
ticularly to tho potato sections lying
north of n Une drawn from New York
EMPEY AND HIS COMRADES MAKE THEIR MACHINE
GUNS PERFORM SOME MARVELOUS TRICKS.
8ynopstfc Fired by tho sinking of tho Lusltanln, with tho loss of
American lives, Arthur Guy Empey, an American living In Jersey City,
goes to Knglnnd and enlists as a private In tho British army. After n
short experience as a recruiting ofllccr In London, ho Is sent to train
ing quarters in France, where he first hears the sound of big guns nnd
makes tho acquaintance of "cooties."; After a brief period of training
Erapey's company Is sent into tho front-line trenches, where ho takes
his first turn on the flro step while the bullets whiz overhead. Empey
learns, as comrado falls, that death lurks always In tho trenches.
Chaplain distinguishes himself by rescuing wounded men under hot
fire. With pick nnd shovel Empey has experience as n trench digger
In No Man's Land. Exciting experience on listening post detail. Ex
citing work on observation post duty. Back In rest billets Empey
Writes nnd stnges n successful play. Once moro In the front trenches,
Empey goes "over the top" In n successful but costly nttack on tho
KEEPING THE TRACTOR BUSY
Owners of Power Outfits Urgedto
Make Good Use of Them in In
creasing Food Supply.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Owners of tractors which uro not
kept busy through tho plowing and
seeding season will perform n patri
otic neighborly duty by granting use
of these outfits to neighbors, who may
be short of labor or hands to preparo
seedbeds. A reasonable rate of hlro
for tho tractor would enable the trac
tors to mako a return during other
wise Idle periods, but, most Important
will mako it possible for others at' rea
sonable expenditure to have a full.acre
age and add to tho nation's Important
food supplies. Thosarao might be fol
lowed with regard to horses and va
rious farm machlnesi which should not
bo allowed to remain Idle when a food
producing neighbor can keep them busy
on victory crops.
CHAPTER XXII Continued.
This punishment Is awarded whero
there Is a doubt as to the willful guilt
of a man who has committed an of
fence punlshablo by death.
Then comes the famous field pun
ishment No. 1. Tommy has nicknamed
It "crucifixion." It means thnt a man
Is spread-eagled on a Umber wheel,
two hours a day for twenty-ono days.
During this time ho only gets water,
bully beef and biscuits for his chow.
You get "crucified" for repeated minor
Next in order is field punishment
This Is confinement In tho "clink,"
without blankets, getting water, bully
beef and biscuits for rations and doing
all tho dlfty work that can be found.
This may bo for twenty-four hours or
twenty days, according- to tho gravity
of the offense.
Then comes "pack drill" or default
ers' parade. This consists of drilling,
mostly at tho double, for two hours
with full equipment Tommy hates
this, because it Is hard work. Some
times he fills his pack with straw to
lighten It, 'and sometimes ho gets
caught If he gets caught, ho grouses
at everything In general for twenty-
one days, from tho vantage point of a
Next comes "O. B." meaning "con
fined to barracks." This consists of
staying In billets or barracks for twen
ty-four hours to seven days. You also
get an occasional defaulters' parado
nnd dirty Jobs around tho quarters.
The sergeant major keeps what Is
known as tho crlrao sheet When n
man commits an offense, ho Is
"crimed," that Is, his name, number
and offenso is entered on the crimo
sheet Next day nt 0 a. m. he goes to
theláprderly room" beforo tho captain,
whdelther punishes him with "O. B."
or sends hlra beforo tho O. O. (ofllccr
commanding battalion). Tho captain
of the company can only award "C. B."
Tommy many n time has thanked
tho king for making that provision In
To gain the title of a "smart soldier,"
Tommy has to keep clear of tho crime
sheet, and you havo to bo darned smart
to do It
I havo been on it a few times, most
ly for "Yankeo Impudence."
During our stay of two weeks In
rest billets our cnptaln put us through
a course of machine-gun drills, trying
out new stunts and theories.
After parades were over, our guns'
crews got togothcr nnd Also tried out
somo theories of their own In reference
to handling guns. Theso courses had
nothing to do with tho advancement of
the war, consisted mostly of causing
tricky Jams in the gun, nnd then the
rest of tho crew would endeavor to lo
cate as quickly as possible tho causo
of tho stoppage. This amused them
for a few days and then things came to
Ono of the boys on my gun claimed
that be could play a tuno while tho
gun was actually firing, and demon
strated this fact ono day on the target
range. Wo were very enthusiastic and
decided to become musicians.
After constant practice I becamo
quito expert in the tuno entitled "All
Conductors Ilnvo Big Feet"
When I had mastered this tune, our
two weeks' rest camo to an end, and
once again wo went up tho line and
took over tho sector In front of O
At this point the German trenches
run around Uio baso of a hill, on the
top of which was a dense wood. This
wood was Infested with machine guns,
which used to traverso our lines at
will, nnd sweep tho streets of a little
village, where wo wero billeted whllo
There was ono gun in particular
which used to get our goats, It had tho
exact range of our "elephant" dugout
entrance, and every morning, about tho
UmoTotlons were being brought, up, Its
bull-its would knock up tho dust on the
road: moro than ono Tommy went
West or to Blighty by running into
This gun gvt our nerves on edge,
and Fritz seemed to know Jt, because
ho never gave us an hour's rest Our
reputation as machino (runners was at
stake; we tried various ruses to locate
and put this gun out of action, but
enea vas proved to bo a failure, and
Fritz becamo a worso nuisance than
ever. He was getting fresher and moro
careless every day, took all kinds of
liberties with us thought ho was Invincible.
Then ono of our crew got a brilliant
idea and we were nil enthusiastic to
put it to tho test
ITere was his scheme:
When firing my gun, I was to play
my tune, nnd Fritz, no doubt, would
fall for It, try to Imitate mo as an
added Insult. This gunner and two
others would try, by the sound, lo
cate Fritz and his gun. After having
got the location, they would mount
two machine guns In trees, in a little
clump of woods to tho loft of our ceme
tery, and while Fritz was In tho middle
of his lesson, would open up nnd trust
to luck. By our calculations, it would
take at least a week to pull o!T the
If Fritz refused to swallow our bait,
It would bo Impossible to locato his
special gun, and that's tho ono wo were
after, because they all sound alike, a
Our prestige was hanging by t
thread. In the battalion we had to en
dure nil kinds of Insults nnd fresh re
marks as to our ability In silencing
Fritz. Even to tho battalion that Ger
man gun was a sore spot.
Next day, Fritz- opened up as usual
I let him flro away for a whllo and
then butted In with my "pup-pup-pup-
pup-pup-pup." I kept this up quite a
while, used two belts of ammunition,
Fritz had stopped firing to listen. Then
he started In; sure enough, ho had
fallen for our game, bis gun was trying
to Imitate mine, "but, at first ho made a
horrible mess of that tunc. Again I
butted In with a few bars nnd stopped
Then ho tried to copy what I had
played. He was n good sport all right,
because his bullets were going away
over our hends, must havo been firing
Into the nlr. I commenced to feci
friendly toward him.
This duet went on for five days,
Fritz was n good pupil nnd learned
to disguise tho location of his machino
gun and get his range. Somo of tho
most commonly used stunts ore ns follows:
At night, when ho mounts his gun
over, tho top of his trench nnd wants
to get tho range of Fritzs trench ho
ndopts tho method of whnt he terms
'getting the sparks." This consists of
firing bursts from his gun until tho
bullets hit the Gorman barbed wire.
IIo can tell when they are cutting tho
wire, because a bullet when It hits a
wire throws out a blue electric spark.
Machine-gun flro Is very damaging to
wlro nnd causes many n w' 'ng party
to go put at night when It Is quiet to
repair tho damage.
To disguise the flaro of his gun at
night when firing, Tommy uses what Is
called a flare protector. This Is a stove
pipe arrangement which fits over tho
barrel casing of the gun nnd screens
tho sparks from the right nnd left, but
not from tho front. So Tommy, always
resourceful, ndopts tills scheme: About
three feet or less In front of the gun ho
drives two stakes Into tho ground,
nbou Dvo feet opart Across these
stakes he stretches n curtain made out
of empty sandbags ripped open. He
soaka this curtain In water and Area
through It Tho water prevents It
catching fire and effectively screens
the flaro of the firing gun from the
Sound is a valuable asset In locating
a machine gun, but Tommy surmounts
this obstacle by placing two machine
guns about one hundred to ono hun
dred and fifty yards apart Tho gun
on the right to cover with Its flro the
sector of the left gun and tho gun on
the left to cover that of tho right
gun. This makes their lira cross ; they
arc fired simultaneously.
By this method It sounds like one
gun firing nnd gives tho Germnns the
Impression thnt the gun Is firing from
n point midway between tho guns
which nrc actually firing, nnd they ac
cordingly shell that particular spot
The machine gunners chuckle and say,
"Fritz Is a brainy boy, not 'alf ho
But tho men In our Unes at tho spot
being shelled curso Fritz for his lgno-
rnnco nnd pass a fow pert remarks
down tho line In reference to tho ma
chine gunners being "windy" nnd
afraid to take their medicine.
Z i V
f '00 YO. ! IOOVM
Showing How Fritz Is Fooled.
rapidly, In fact, got better than his
teacher. I commenced to feel Jealous,
When ho had completely mastered the
tune, ho started sweeping the road
again and we clicked It worso than
over. But ho signed his death warrant
by doing so, beca uso my friendship
turned to hate. Every time ho fired he
played that tune and wo danced,
Tho boys in the battalion gavo us
the "Hal Hal" They weren't In on
our little frnmeup.
Tho originator of tho ruso and the
other two gunners had Fritz's location
taped to the minute; they mounted
their two guns, and also gavo mo the
range. Tho next afternoon was ect for
tho grand finale.
Our three guns, with different eleva
tions, had their flro so arranged, that,
opening up together, their bullets
would suddenly drop on Fritz nko a
About thrco tho next day, Fritz start
ed "pup-pupping" that tune. I blew a
sharp blast on a whistle, It was the sig
nal agreed upon; wo turned looso and
Fritz's gun suddenly stopped in tho
middle of a bnr. Wo had cooked his
goose, and our ruso bad worked. After
firing two belts each, to make suro of
our job, we hurriedly dismounted our
guns and took cover In the dugout Wo
knew what to expect soon. We dldn'
havo to wait long, thrco salvos of
"whizz-bangs" camo over from Fritz's
artillery, a further confirmation that
wo had sent that musical machlno-gun
ncr on his Westward-bound journey.
That gun never bothered us again,
W wero tho heroes of tho battalion,
our captain congratulated us, said It
was a neat plcco of worjc, and, conse
quently, wo wero all puffed up over tho
Tbero tiro several ways Tommy uses
MORNING STAR & MITCHELL
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
LORDSBURG, NEW MEXICO
GEO. L. KELLY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Lordibnrg, New Mexico
Practice la All Courts.
LYMAN H. HAYS
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Practice In Pabilo Lands and lttalnaT
Gas Attacks and Spies.
Three days after we had silenced
Fritz, tho Germans sent over gas. II
did not catch us unawares, because tha
wind had been mado to order, that is,
It was blowing from the German
trenches toward ours at the rato ol
about flvo miles per hour.
Warnings had been passed down tin
trench to keep n sharp lookout for gas.
Wo had a new man nt tho periscope,
on this afternoon In question; I wai
sitting on tho fire step, cleaning my
rifle, when ho called out to me:
"There's n sort of greenish, yellow
cloud rolling along tho ground out In
front, It's coming "
But I waited for no more, grabbing
my bayonet, which was detached from
tho rifle, I gavo tho nlarm by banglns
an empty shell case, which was hang
ing near tho periscope. At tho same
Instant, gongs started ringing down tin
trench, tho signal for Tommy to don
his respirator, or smoko helmet, as w
Gas travels quickly, so you must nol
loso any timo; you generally have
about eighteen or twenty seconds In
which to adjust your gas helmet
Empey Is assigned to tho
Intelligence department, but
finds It Is not the "soft" snap
that he anticipated. The next
Installment tells of some of his
experiences In his new Job as a
(TO BE CONTINUED.)
Acts of Heroism Recognized.
Twenty-four acts of heroism were
recognized by tho Carneglo hero fund
commission in Its fourteenth annual
meeting. In seven cases silver medals
wero awarded, In 17 cases, bronze
medals. Ten of tho heroes lost theft
lives, and to tho dependents of nina
of theso pensions aggregating $4,500
a year wero granted. In addition to
these money grants, In two cases, $2,
100 was appropriated for educational
purposes, payments to bo mado as
needed and approved, and in 11 cases
awards aggregating 8,000 wero mado
for other worthy purposes. Pay.
ments In theso cases will not bo mado
until tho awards have been approved
by tho commission.
Cornmeal In Honduras.
Bccauso of tho marked success of
recent governmental and jprlrato ef
forts to promoto tho production of
moro cereals during the period of tho
war, writes Consul Walter F. Boyle,
Puerto Cortos, an American company
has importer! nnd erected tho first mill
for tho milling of cornmeal. This was
purchased In tho United States and
has been crectod at Satv Pedro, Sula,
Honduras. It Is a small equipment.
but marks tho beginning of a new In
DR. R. E. BUVENS
Offlcei llronrn Block. Pyramid St.
I.oriUburc, N. II.
Contractor and Builder
PLANS and ESTIMATES
Lordsburg : New Mexico
"M One Bloci anil Sare A Dollar1'
FRANCISCO B ARELA
Fcesh Meats. - Vegetables and
Groceries. PROMPT Deliveries
Phone No. 6 - 2 Rings
Store North of S. P. Tracks
Custom Assay Office
Crltchett & Ferguson
KEPRESENTAT1VE I"OR OEX SI1IPPKM
. P. O. Box 712 El Paso, Texas.
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Gives more satisfactory resulta la
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A long freight haul sated to the
consumers Id both states, Arliona
and New Mex.
Prices In competition with the
Arizona Copper Oo.
FAYWOOD HOT SPRINGS.
for Rheumatism, Stomach Trouble,
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lrprmUff ArtJcfeju '
WIDIMAHN PUNC, CVAPOHATKD
LMUy digud by li sai
Homachtf MrondeWU IN iu body
AT LCAOINO OyOOItTS
Lordsburg Lodge No. 30
A. F. & A. M.
Heats the 3rd Thursday nlm-Eit of each
Month. VUlllng- Brothers Invited.
n. m. FisnErt, w. si.
Q. P. JEFFUS, Secretary.
Pyramid Lodge No. 23
K. of P.
Sleets Every Tuesday Evening. Ylsltln
n. D. SMYTH. C. C.
J. MALONE, IC R. A I.
Woodmen of the World
CAMP NO. 88
Meets every 2nd nnd 4th Saturday nlcht
at the IC of P. nail
12. U. FlflHEII. O. C. ,
Ik SI. IlEYNOLDS, Clerk.
CAMP NO 50
Ueets every 2nd and 4th Tuesday
nlshts at the IC of P. Hall.
INEZ WIIIOIIT, Guardian.
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