Newspaper Page Text
vie co Ce.x.
A SMALL ENTERPRISE WELL KEPT-
Published In the Interest of Columbus and the Lower hihnbres Valley
Columbus. Luna County, New Mexico, September 29. 1911.
GOVERNMENT MAKES REPORT
Eslrnsivc Investigations of P. E. Fuller
of the United States Department
of Agriculture is Very
The .'vimlirt s Valley proper is
I he terminus ol' t he Mimhres riv-
ff, it being un extensive rolson or Little Hatchet mountains on the ,,r the Southwest Trail, published ply is absolutely inexhaustible,
basin, comprising over li.'n.mi, west ami the Portillu mountains j,y the Nock Island lines, or which and there are surface indications
acres of land. 'oil the east, from the northern t,.,. were Ml.oniof this issue, to bear out that theory. The to
The Mimhres river heads in source or the Mimhres river to Hen rly sets forth the wonderful pogrup'.y or the country show
the Hlack range ol' mountains in lbc nd Mexico line, includes possibilities or pumping for irri- Columbus to lie near the center
( Scant county on the south of the ",:!(') square miles. nation in tin lower Mimhres V.il of a vast basin. l,,rom the north
continental divide, running south In Senate Document No. II. ley: comes the nnderllow of the tils
a distance or ". miles, thence Klfty-sccond congress, tirst ses "Amon the dist rlcts that got appearing Mimhres river, which
continuing oast and south some siou. page '2'2, is given a brier their water by pumping none iui drops out of sight soon after it
t T miles, where it terminates in report or the investigations made pressed the investigators nince leaves the Hlack mountains. This
the I'alomas lakes. Old Mexico, by L. Clupp, jr.. C. K.. who meas ravorably than the lower Mini- stream drains I. H'0 square miles
It isa notableexampleol a stream need the How or the Mimhres riv , ,.s Valley at Columbus, New or mountain country that has a
wliose water isahnost totally lost cent Kind's ranch. ! miles north Mexico. This town, scarcely high annual rainfall. Its su tor
t tundi rllow.only during the. uost ol' Domini;. The report says in two years old, is located within a cancan course runs southward
torrential Hoods does it become a part: "The indications for a la rgo short distance of the Mexican through sand and gravel, audit
live stream to tliesouthern boun underground How are exception- boundary. 71 miles west of K outcrops in a chain ol' lakes jus!
dacy line of New Mexico. Many ally good. The lower Mimhres Is asi. on the line of the Kl Paso vt across the international bound
canyons and draws contribute believed to lie an underground Southwestern System. It is the aryinMexico.Thelirstofthe.se.
their water to the Mimhres un- river; in that case the surface nuv )nrt f ,.ntry between Kl lakes is but three miles from the
derllow from the mountains west water is only the surplus appear Paso and Douglas. Arizona. I ''or town or Columbus. l'rom the
ol' the Mimhres river, percolating , ing after the underground chan
hi'." th sund and gravel bed pans ' mil is surcharged."
at the mouth of the canyons.
With the practice of irrigation
the fatteung or live stock will
form one ol' the principal indus
tries, and will ITer inducements
to the dairy industry. The pos
sibilities ol' fruit raising will no
doubt result in the erection or
The climatic- conditions intho
Mimhres Valley make it an ideal
residence section and the social
adsantages are excellent.
mm. i...,..u.. i i 'timr,.,,. mI.mv., s,,il bolding tb" s'"",,, while i v,,nrs mnnerous wells have been
I lie eieva I ion is n i icei a oo e .... . . . . . . .
I level The water sheds,,l,' llwl,,,M' t,,p soil' m" mon'!nk n "n'1 mound Columbus,
oMhelimbres river proper in- "I"'" 1,,ul P"..s, receives n.,dlwi,n astonishing results. With
,.,de the west sloped' the Hlack " ''. "''" ,n,lan easy lift or from twenty to tif-
range, the south slope or the,
( 'ontinental divide, the west slope
or Cook's ridge and Hanover and
Mack peaks, while the Silver City
drainage area, which is also con '
tributary to the Mimhres Valley!
nnderllow, includes the south and
east slopes of Tie Pinos Altos,
Hear and Mullock peaks, and thej
east slope of the Miirro uiouiii
talus. The above described drain j
ago area is that which contributes
to the Itio Mimhres north oT Dem I
ing, while south or Deming thej
Cedar (! rove range1, the Hatchet
V'l'Wtll HMur l li life i tin ion if
, ...i ti.
illlll I'lllllllll II1MIIIIIIMI'-1 UIU . lini
slopi-ofcniok'srhlgcSierraMag-'I'l"'' hwmiiv a limited artoslan
dalena.and ...uny smaller nioun-J H"W just above the burrloru.cn
tains ......tribute tlm water from i Un.Hl.
their slopes Into the basinofthe. There Is no evidence of sodium
It is uultmliitc d tlierufroiii that
the catchment urim cumpi'lslng
the sheds which drain into th..'A
Mimhres Valley north and west
of Drilling includes about J.'.khi
-quuro miles, and oT this area
about 1, 1. "0 square miles Is moun
tainous, having an elevation of
(t.VCO to ,('(() feet alniveseii level.
The total area which may he con-
struedas drainage between the
liel'erring to the land Mr. Fill
The surface is renin rkubly lev
el except for the uniform slope
towards the river channel, and
has ample fall to irrigate prop-r-l.v.
Undeclyingthis soil is the hard
or clay loam or the recei t geolog
ical periods, and it is this condi
tion which makes the Miml)res
Valley most ideal from an irriga-
tion standpoint. The heavier
lower soil, which, however, due
to the slope toward the ri or irrigation that How from ,"(M to fanning, but a well on a farm
channel, and which was round tcpo pdlons a minute. The pumping from iX) to I.MHigal
from levels to be I .".." feet per j,m. well, about three miles Ions a minute, assures wealth
mile, provides excellent drainage; (,., Columbus, has a How of and independence to the owner,
which prove its water logging. about 1,:I0 gallons ami produces In fact., then' is nothing so hide
Due to the greater coarseness enough water to irrigate -J(M) pendent as to have your irriga
of the rormation at lowerdeptlistlacres. There is a lirt of only tion supply, in inexhaustible
whereby the friction to the How , nineteen feet. Mr. K A. Pierce, quantities, right on your own
is less, ami the watec plane cisos the owner, uses a tiftcen horse- farm, where your water title can
when each succeeding stratum is power gasoline engine. His well .not bonttacked in the courts, and
penetrated, it is doubtful if u is :;0 reel deep, and the water'.vou can use your water when
strong artesian How could be oh- conies up through an eight inch '.vim need it. The tendency In
(allied within the area occupied , casing. isi'b districts, or course. Is to
i i i. .. . . i. i..
by the untain ranges des
Ujribed. though it might he possi-
curbmmto (black ullmll) In any of
(t'untlnuwl un I'ttKoS)
RICH PUMPING DISTRICT
Southwest Trail in Its September Num-
bcr Exploits the Wonderful
Resources of the Lower
The billowing article which ap
peared in the September number
some years before Columbus south, in Mexico, the drainage Is
.grewintoa town it was a euttloialsononhwurd, theohain or hikes
shipping point, the stock from ' heing at the lowest point of this
the I'alomas ranch, across the'hasln. Abrupt mountain ranges
border in Mexico, being brought skirt the basin, and it catches
here for loading. j the Hood waters from the Klori-
"Around Deming. N. M.. ,i das, the Tres ller.nanes, Cook's
miles north or Columbus, the un
derllow has been siiccessrully
pumped and used lor irrigation
for several years. Not until re
cent l.v however, has it been dis-
: covered tliat the best source of
snoolv lav nearest the Mexican
j boundarv. Within the last two
! t v r,,,.t wells are being used for
, ") the A. . Mailev ranch
ibereisu well IK', feet lleei) in
wliich the water comes within
thlw foo, llf ,he top. It has a
How ..f l.MH) gallons a minute,
; pmnM,, by gllsollne engine.
Dozcmis of other wells In UhmIIs
ti'ict have a good How, which is
behu? tisi'rt f' h't'igatloii, and on
other randies drilling is in pro-
gross The district is new, but
already results may be seen on
many of the farms. It does not
take long for the water t make a
showing in a region that has such
excellent climatic conditions.
"It is claimed hir the Colnm.
bus district that its water snu
",I,,M niouniums. ,u
..i ...i.. . i..,. 1 i i..
: I"""1 " "
water is round at renin KM) to 200
I'eet, and it would not be surpris
ing ir an artesian How wen?
struck heroic long. The district
is so new that the people do not
V(M K'nmv wlmt ,,u'-v ,mv,t
"There is at hand about lUO.OfO
p i . . m
acres or cultivable land that will
he enormously Inductive when
ho water s applied. I he rain
fall is too light for successful dry
use uhi umm o .uei.oui uie in-
, . - , ,
oxperienced ir, igationists soon
; 1t,u' l-so'i , econoniy
. m cost of drilling a well and
l"HtaIlhK a pumping plant runs
, " l'"
- i10 iUlh nf Wl'U- Tho vvau
ranch was bought by Its present.
ti'tyiitnuvit on I 'agi' U)