Newspaper Page Text
E. R. STAMPS, -
JANUARY 9. 1874
jj- Messrs. Walker, Taylor & Co., Adver
tising Agents, Baltimore, are sole agent for
The Enquirer in that city. Our paper may
be found on file at their office, 134 West Bal
This body resumed its session on
Monday, after a vacation for the
It is true, that one not fully cog
nizant of all the tadious detail of
legislation, is not apt to giv full
credit to the work of a legislative
body. He frequently overlooks the
time necessarily consumed in rou
tine and the delay consequent up
on the partisan opposition always
existing in a body where both polit
ical factions are fully represented
It doubtless occurs to a cursory ob
server that the slightest bill or res
olution meets with a consideration
totally, at variance with, its insigni
ficance, while to the practiced
Statesman there is nothing that
does not demand earnest and care
ful consideration. While therefore
a legislature may be performing its
full duty, it may appear to an out
sider to be wasting its time in use
less driveling. There is, however,
so urgent a necessity for action on
the part of our legislature thai we
risk the remarks we have to make
The material condition of North
Carolina demands the deepest con
sideration of her law makers. Her
agriculture is at a low ebb, her man
ufactures too few to be noticed and
her people are groaning under a
debt which is about a fourth of the
taxable property of the State. It
is but the direst folly to legislate
about speculative form3 of govern
ment and means of party promo
tion, when the people are ground
down by debt, business stagnant
and crowds of our sons are annual
ly leaving our borders for more
hospitable climes. We have heard
it remarked, with what amount o
truth we do uot say, that North
Carolina, as a State and as a people
was in a worse condition to day
than immediately after the war.
That her people were poorer and
the future darker.
With such a state of things, what
r solemn responsibility is there res
ting upon our hgislature. No ques
tion before it can be paramount to
that which has the material relief
of the people as its object. It
should take hold of the matter of
the State debt with fearless hands,
and treat it as it would a case of an
insolvent firm or bankrupt indivicU
ual. It should do more to foster
the manufacturing interests ; it
should r.akc greater efforts to in
duce immigration ; it should exer
cise the strictest economy in the
administration of public affairs ; it
should abolish every useless office
not fixed by the constitution ; it
should devote its energies to the
furtherance of practical schemes,
instead of wasting days of discus
sion on pet schemes of railroad con
solidation beyond the power of the
legislature to effect; in short it
should realize that they are the
servants of a people too poor to sup
port them in social idleness and
convivialty, and that they are as
sembled to work for the best inter1
est of the State.
When we look over the work thus
far of the present legislature, there
is scarcely a thing we can point to
as a matter of actual general utili
tv to the State. Almost the entire
time seems to have been devoted to
petty local concerns and political
manoevering. We hope an inter
course with their constituents dur
ing Christmas may have shown
them the wants of the people, and
that the remainder of the session
mav be spent in labor that will
bring forth good results.
THE CHIEF JUSTICESHIP.
The President seems to have got
ten himself in a most anomalus po
sition in the matter of the Chief
Justiceship. His first nominee
was so manifestly incompetent that,
not only the democratic and inde
pendent press openly denounced
him, but many of the most fire-
tried radicals loudly proclaimed
their adverse criticism. To such
an extent did the opposition go that
the President, in spite of his usual
obstinancy, was forced to withdraw
his name. No sooner, however,
was it known upon whom his second
choice would fall than a hubbub,
more turbulent perhaps than the
first, was raised, but this time whol-
y within the radical family circle.
An active canvass of the feeliug in
political circles in Washington has
taken place over Mr. Cushing's
nomination as Chief Justice, and it
is evident that a lively war is brew
ing. Mr. Cushing is not consider
ed radical enough, even for the non-
political office of Supreme Court
Judge, tnd consequently many
leading radical Senators,and several
prominent journals, are bitterly op
posed to his confirmation. Com
ment upon the nomination is earn
est, and in some instances angry,
many of the more prominent Sena
tors regarding it as an attempt on
the part of the President to punish
them for refusing to confirm Attor
ney General Williams, since he
knew that they would prefer some
man of more decided Republican
principles than Mr. Cushing.
Mr. Cushing is also regarded by
the Radicals, as to a great extent
their political enemy, although affil
iating with them. His views as to
the rights of States and constitu
tional requirements are not ortho
dox, according to Radical standard,
and with his confirmation the power
of the party, that always aims to
set the Constitution aside whenever
party interest requires it,will doubt
less be materially diminished.
Another strong ground for Re
publican opposition to Mr. Cushing
is his age. It is feared that though
he may, with his remarkably vigor
ous constitution, survive the present
administration, he could hardly
expect to outlive the next, which
might not be in full accord with the
present dominant party.
All of this perplexity is enjoyed
by the Democratic portion of the
Senate, who are but lookers on in
Venice, and yiew the situation with
the most perfect composure and
Of Mr. Cushing's qualifications
for the high office for which he has
been nominated, there is scarcely
but one sentiment. He is not the
jurist of Marshal, nor Story, nor
Taney, nor Ohase, but his vast
learning, literary as well as legal,
will make him a Justice of whom
the American people would not be
ashamed. We hope that dissen-
tions may grow so strong that he
may yet be confirmed, though at
present the chances seem to be
P. S. Since writing the above a
telegram informs us that Mr. Cush
ing's nomination has been with
drawn. A letter to President
Davis, dated March 1861, seems to
be the cause of the withdrawal.
The worst evils, of the panic
have just come to the North. The
breaking of large commercial con
cerns might criple their finances,
but recently society is threatened in
another way and men are, fearing
for their personal safety. The
papers are telling us constantly of
most boistrous meetings of working
men andhhe bitterest denunciations
of the more fortunate class, occoru-
panied sometimes with violent per
sonal attacks. What is to be the
finale of this ebulition in Northern
society it is impossible to say.
Josiah S. Colgate suspended in j
Grant declines to take part in the
Atalaga Castle, at Cartagena, has
Charles Sumner has been in the
Senate twenty-three years.
Nine thousand miners of the Potts
ville region, in Pensylvania, have
A Jersey City editor was waylaid
and knocked down by a member of the
There must be some mistake about
that huge spot on the sun producing
extremly cold weather.
Indications, as developed in debate
in the Senate, are that Cushing won't
Withers received 123 out of 148
votes in Virginia Legislature yester
day for United States Senator.
Reports come from all parts of the
country of the disastrous effects of the
recent heavy and continued rain?.
There was a demonstration, accom
panied with riot, of the unemployed
workingmen ia New York, Tuesday.
President and Cashier of the First
National Bank of Anderson, Ind., con
fused accounts and later fled.
The Baptist Weekly wants forty
thousand dollars immediately fort he
American Baptist Home Mission So
ciety General Spinner is in favor of the
passage of a law which shall provide
for the speedy redemption of national
bank notes in legal-tender notes.
The Now York Bank statement
The Political Revolution in Ohio The
Governor s inaugural.
The recent political revolution in
Ohio culminated yesterday in the
inauguration of William Allen as
Governor, at Columbus, being the
first time for twenty years that a
democrat has been honored with that
distinction. Governor Allen, in his
inaugural address, which was admira
bly brief, refers to the Constitutional
Convention cow assembled, recom
mends the reduction of the public
taxes in proportion to the reduced
abilities of the people to psy, and
suggests that the expenditures of the
State government be reduced down to
the very last dollar compatible with
the maintenance of the public credit
of the State and the efficient working
of the State government- He asserts
that he does not mean "that vague
and more verbal economy which pub
lic men are so ready to profess with
regard, to public expenditures," but
" that earnest and inexorable economy
which proclaims its existence by ac
complished facts." "In the prodi
gality of the pas':," wisely says the
new democratic Governor of Ohio,
"you will find abundant reason for
frugality in the future."
Governor Allen ignores national
topics altogether in his inaugural,
modestly concluding, perhaps, that it
being the first time a democrat has
filled the Gubernatorial chir of the
lJuckeye State for so long a period,
the'Leeidlature should take the initia
tive in expressing the sentiments of
the people of the etate upon lederai
matters of pressing moment. But the
democratic revolution in Ohio is a
fait accompli, and the labors in Col
umbus yesterday attest it3 certainty
H. WHITLOCK & CO.,
Iron Front Clothing House,
Cor. of Main and iitt Streets,
Judge Durell Taking Time by the
He does not think it prudent to
continue in office and run the risk of
impeachment. The telegraph in
forms us he has resigned lielore
the Congressional investigating com-
mittoe had finished its labor oi in
quiring into his oonduct he was urgent
to eret an anoointment as Minister
abroad. This would virtually have
whitewashed him. No doubt he
thought that much was due to him
for his subserviency to the administra
tion and the republican party in the
infamous affair ol overturning the
legitimate government of Louisiana.
But the President seemed to be afraid
of granting this reward ia the face of
the damaging charges against uureu
As a last resort, now that the investi
gating committee is about to report,
he follows the example of Judge
Delahoy, oi Kansas, and Judge bher
man. of Ohio, and resiens. ut can
or will the President accept his res
ignation until the report is made and
justice be done? Party services
should not shield him. While the
reDublican? are singins pseans over
Vl nrtTwitf!n o ti 1 1 tn rt i ah TTlATlt O f
hows a loan, increase of nearly half demccrat3 in hig h places they and
People of Edgecombe and other counties please take notice that we offer the largest
assortment of Overcoats Talmas, Capes, Dress and Business Suits, for Men, Boys and
Children, suitable for this season.
We appreciate the fact that money is very scaree, and ofler oar Good a at greater bar
gains than any house in town. Our slock of
BOOTS AND SHOES,
HATS AND CAPS,
TRUNKS AND VALISES,
LADIES' AND GENTS'
is Terr laroe, and will be sold low for Cash. Call and price our 3oods and be convinced
that our goods are cheap.
Missouri is all right on the back
A resolution passed the House
condemning in strong terms the
President and eery member of the
Forthsecond Congress who voted
for or took the pack pay, and de
manding that no Democrat who had
voted for it from Missouri be eleva
ted to any office of trust or profit.
During the discussion Governor
Woodson was condemned for the ap
pointment of Gen. F. P. Dlair as
State superintendent of insurance,
and Democrats were condemned for
voting for Fernande Wood for
The vote on the passage of the
resolution was 102 yeas to 14 nays,
a million; legal tenders r alf a million,
and the specie increase is four and a
the administration cannot aliord to
let prominent and notorious offenders
! in their own party escape. The party
! hoa onniKrh minim tn har alreadv
The nomination of Col. Hughes to without shouldering such an addi
be Judge in the Eastern district of tional and crushing weight. Herald
Virginia seems to hang fire in the
THE TEXAS MUDDLE.
Grant seems to be learning a lit
tle wisdom and discretion from ex
perience. Having had enough of
interference in State politics in the
Louisiana matter, he refuses to aid
Gov. Davi3 in his nefarious schemes
to overthrow the legal establishment
The Texas case presents a shame-,
ful attempt at usurpation. The
Republican and Democratic candi
dates ran under an act signed by
Gov. Davia himself, thus recogniz
ing its legality ; the state was fully
canvassed by both parties, acting
under the same provision of the law,
and now, because the party of his
Excellency is badly defeated, he has
the unblushing audacity to declare
the election void, to forbid the as
sembling of the Legislature and to
call upon the President to aid him
in his wicked designs. But the
game is too patent for even Grant's
connivance, and he advises his pet
to keep cool and grin and endure it
with the best grace he can. Davis
must surely have a bad case when
our worthy President can find no
excuse for intermeddling in his
Senate. It haa been -wader diseusaton
for some time.but without decided ac
tion of any kind.
Church and Stofopresents some eauses
for Bishop Cummins' movement, and
treats upon the Rev. Orbey Shipley's
article in the Contemporary Revietc on
the subject of confession aad the
Mr. Johnson declares himself in full
accord with the Grange movement
and says the time has arrived for good
men of all parties to associate and
bring about such reform as the exi
gencies of the country require.
The Catholic lievieic urges the Fourth
of July next as the day upon which
the proposed Ameriean pilgrimage to
the Vatican and other Catholic
shrines in Europe should be started.
Archbishop Manning, of London, has
written a letter assuring the head of
the American pilgrimage that "the
Catholics of England will give a
hearty and timely welcome to the
Catholics of the United States."
Gen. Roger A. Prtor, formerly of
Virginia, a member of the TJ-S.Hcuse
of Representatives in I860, and a
firery secession General in 1861, but
now of New York City, has not as
tonished those who know him best
by his late charming speeches to the
Abolitionists of Brooklyn, in which
he made savage denunciations of his
own people and of the sin of slavery.
An exchange apologises for him by
saying that he is of a poetio tempera
ment. Conkling introduced in the Seate a
substitute for the Salary bill which
passed the House, and it was agreed
to substitute the repeals act of March
last so far as it increases all salaries
except those of President of the Unit
ed States and Justices of the Supreme
Court, and fixes all salaries with the
exception of the above named the
same aa they were prior to March last.
All back pay not drawn or returned
is declared to be covered into the
Treasury and the proceeds of the bill
now goes back to the House for the
concurrence of that body.
We surrender a large portion of
our space in this issue to the sketch
of Hon. Weldon N. Edwards.
Such characters should be made
familiar to our youth, that they
may emulate their noble deeds.
Hon. Caleb Cushing since the
war has purchased a farm near
Alexandria, and hence it is that we
sometimes see him written " Mr.
Cushing of Virginia."
Emigration from Georgia. The
Atlanta Constitution of the 5th says :
" Yesterday morning the unwelcome
spectacle was seen at the Union Pas
senger depot at Atlanta, of five hun
dred emigrants, in one body, on their
way from Southwestern Georgia to
Arkansas. There were four hundred
blacks and one hundred whites." A
letter from Marengo county, from a
raliable source, informs us that Ala
bama is being depopulated of negroes,
who are going by the thousand to the
rich Yazoo Valley, in Mississippi.
The new order of the Patrons of
Husbandry hag grown beyond all
precedent. There are now over ten
thousand granges in the States, with
a membership of 751,125. The in
crease in the number of granges in
the month of December, 1873, was
1,225. There are State granges in
every State except Maine, Delawere
Bex Frasklin ox Off jtL Sal
aries. Ben FranSlin haSfin his
time, very clear ideas on the salary
question. He was the author of the
primitive constitution of Pennsylva
nia, while in a condition of transi
tion from colonial to confederate
government. The thirty -sixth article
was as follows ; "As every free man,
to preserve his independence (if he
has not a sufficient estate) ought , to
have some profession, calling, trade
or farm, whereby he may honestly
subsist, there can be no necessity for,
nor use in establishing offices of
profit, the usual effects of which are
dependence and servility unbecoming
freemen in the possessors and expect
ants, faction, contention, corruption
and disorder among the people.
WTherefore, whenever an office,
through increase of fees or otherwise,
becomes so profitable as to occasion
many to apply for it, the profits ought
to be lessened by the Legislature."
A witty Cincinnati lady, writing
from Washington says : Boston
draws herself up severely, scans your
cerebral developments through her
eyeglass, and coolly asks ; " What
do you know?" New Fork displays
her diamonds, and pertly asKs ;
" What are you worth?" Philadelphia,
with prim hands and pursed-up lips'
asks . " Who was your grandfather?"
While Washington stops between the
waltz and the german to enquire,
"Can you dance?"
The wreckage tables for 1873 show
that 450 vessels belonging to, or trad
ing to ports in the the United States,
were wrecked in the twelvemonth,
against 417 in 1872. This is an in
crease of ten per cent., and the gross
damage amounts from $ll,(f97,000 to
We will continue to make clothing to order of the best qualities of Domestic and Impor
BROAD CLOTHS, BEAVERS AND FANCY CASSIMERS.
We will always have a full line of PIECE QOODS on hand to select f.-om and have
them made up at our
BRANBH ESTABLISHMENT IN RICHMOND, VA.
Remember the fact that we use none but the beat materials and best trimmings. We
will make them in any style the customer may desire, and in all cases guarantee a good
fit and perfect satisfaction.
V?" All persons wishing I hare Clothing cut, of their own cloth, will do well to bring
them to our store and hare them cut to fit.
H. WHITLOCK & CO.
P. S. We are agents for one of the largest CIGAR FACTORIES in Virginia, and are
ready to supply dealers and smokers with FINE CIGARS at Wholesale, cheap for cash.
Tarboro', N. C, Jan. 16, 1874. tf
MULsi mules n KEARNEY'S
un or auuui uio -uiu iusi., wo w in u
50 head of
FINE, BROKE MILES
M P () 11 T A N T T O F A II
3r Only $40 A Ton.
M E R s
AN IMPORTED NATURAL
A. Genuine .n.lra.a.1 Deposit
A monopoly of this valuable dei'O-il has been created i
CROWN OFFICERS. " ""J "J He
Tbe name of GUANAHANI is a reaistered TliADE MARK , it q 4,mr.
FICE, and all persons are warned from making use of the m in ;,, ;:.'. - ..."
Uers of any kind. " u ",lu ,erui-
EXAMINE ANALYSES OF
Prof. F. A. GENTH, Philadelphia, Pn.fe
sylvania. """"""J " reuu-
Prof. P. B. WILSON, Baltimore, laie Asistaut to the great German Chemist Barron J
V on Liebig. ' .
IMPORTED ONLY BY THE
CUANAHANI GUANO COMPANY.
PRESIDENT MA J. N. M. TANNOR. of Rowlett &. Ti.m.r
VICE-PRESIDENT ROBT. A. MARTIN, .f Robe-t Martin &. Co
FRANK POTTS, of Mcllwaine & Co.; C. R. BISHOP, of Bishop & Branch JOV p
- 1 uiaiauu t. til a I jL.X U AK: JUHN MASS' IflHV
ARMISTEAD ; W. A. K. FALKENER ' Ma' JUHN
WM. II. GRIFFITH, of Baltimore, Ceorl Agent.
Petersburg, Va.. December 17th, 1873
To the Farmers and Guano Dealers of North Carolina and Virginia:
Gentlemen: To the many of you with whom I am nersonallv aennainted T
that of good results from GUANAHANI GUANO, I have not the shadow of aiin..h n'l '
taining, as it does, in such large amounts, the essentials for plant food, succens from its
application would seem certain. It being of animal origiu, you will ea at ouc that ii
inorMliAntB mnt hm all cnlnalil in tha anil Tr ... n n r . . u
11 7 . ; , . """ " "'"W nunc acia, is ibe most
arailable Jorm known to chemistry : the other part, from undecompoaed animal matter U
nraf.MKI. 1 V. a .l.tM. ..It. TA..M: n T i r . .. ... '
K....v. vw. -"'"'"o i ci uruu uuaiiu. i am oi eacu oi you ine kindness of a
thorough examination of the accompanying analyses by two of the great chemuts oi the
country. With respect, yours truly,
WM. R. GRIFFITH, General Agent.
THE COMPANY GUARANTEES THAT EVERY CARGO WILL BE AXALYPED BK
FORE IT IS OFFERED FOX SALE '
STORE TO LET.
THE STORE rdjoininir th.U of Mr. J. H.
Bell, now occupied liy Messrs. H. Mor
ris & Bro.
For particulars, apply to
Jan. 16, 1874. tf
A New Book.
BUSBEE'S North Carolina Justice and
Form Book for County Officers, now in press,
and will be ready (or delivery find sale Feb.
Price, half bound Sheep back and mus
lin sides, - - $2 00
Price, full law Sheep style, - - 2 25
Sent by mail on receipt of price. Send in
your orders. .TAS. II. ENNISS,
Jan. 16, 1874.-lm. Raleigh.
for sa'e at the vacant lot adjoining Mr. B.
J. Keecb, on Main 8treet
, Parties wUl find it tf heir .mdwaarjae to
wait until they see oar stock befo? f they
purchase. Having bought then, from first
hand, direct from the West, we will be able
to o&ei them at low prices.
Jan. 16, 1873. tf.
THE mercantile copartnership heretofore
existing in Tarboro ugh. under the name
and style of JONES & MAYO, was dissolved
by mutual consent, on the Bret day of Janua
ry, 1874. M. R. JONES,
r. a. max u.
M. R. Jones is authorized to collect the ac
counts of the Ute firm of Jones & Mayo, and
to use the name of the firm for that purpose.
P. H. MAYO.
Thanking the public for their kind favors,
I respectfully ask a continuation of the same.
M. R. JONES.
Tarboro, N. C. Jan. 16, 1874. 41
The fciily known remedy for
RALEIGH, N. C.
The 55th SessionlOpens Jan. 26th, 1874.
The Principals congratulate themselves on
the success which has attended their efforts
during the past year ; within which time
over a hundred boys have been instructed
by them. The Academy aims to teach well.
It prepares boys for any College, and for the
practical pursuits of life.
Tuition, per session, 920, $25, $30.
Board and Room, f 15 and $16 per month.
A few boys can secure board with one of
For other particulars, address,
J. M. LOVEJOY, J. W. WHITE, Prin'a.
R. W. LOVEJOY, Assistant Instructor.
Jan. 16, 1874. 2t
WnsliliiRtoii, N. C
Moses J. Fowler, Proprietor.
THIS HOTEL (formerly the Adams' Ho
tel,) has been newly furnished and thorough
ly renovated and is this day opened for the
accommodation of the public. I am prepar
ed to take boarders by the
DAY, WEEK OR MONTH,
ar.d will spare no effort to make them com
fortable. My table shall be supplied with
the best in the market, and my cook is quni
THE PATRONAGE OF THE TRAVELING
Come once, and if you do not come again,
it shall not ba my fault.
MOSES J. FOWLER.
Washington, N. C, Jan. 6, 1874. 4t
PORK, MEAT, LIME, FLOUR,
200 BBL9- 0F POKK
"Pj BHDS. LOOSE MEAf.
100 T0NS aULl' L,ME'
1 00 BBL8- KLOUR-
OA fa SACKS SALT.
In Store and for sale by
8. S. NASH & CO.
Tarboro, Jan. 16, 1874. t!
THE BRICK STORE HOUSE THIRD
door from the Court House,
Apply to, M. WEDDELL & CO.
Jan. 2, 1874. tf-
And a positive remedy tor
GOUT. GRAVEL. STRICTURES, DIABE
TES, DYSPEPSIA, NERVOUS
Non-retention or Incontinence of Urine, Ir
ritation, Inflamation or Ulceration of the
BLADDER & KIDNEYS,
Leucorrhoea or Whites, Diseases of the Pros
trate Gland, Stone in the Badder,
Colculus Gravel or Brickdust Deposit and
Mucus or Milky Discharges.
Permanently Cures all Diseases of the
BLADDER, KIDNEYS, AND DROPSICAL
Existing in Men, Women and Children,
ty NO MATTER WHAT THE AGE.
Pro. Steele says : " One bottU of Kear
ney's Fuid Extract Bucht is worth more
than all other Buchua combined."
Price, One Dollar per Bottle, or Six Bot
tles for Five Dollars.
Depot, 104 Duane St., New York
A Physician in attendance to answer cor
respondenco and give advice gratis.
CF" Send Stamp for Pamphlets, free."3
Nervous and Debilitated
OF BOTH SEXES.
No Charge for Advit and Consultation,
Db. J. B. Dtott, graduate of Jefferson
Medical College, Philadelphia, author of
several valuable works, can be consulted on
all diseases of the Sexual or Urinary Or
gans, (which he has made an especial
study 1 either in'rnale or female, no matter
from what cause originating or of how long
standing. A practice of 30 years enables
him to treat diseases with success. Cures
guaranteed. Charges reasonable. Those
at a distance can forward lettes describing
symptoms and enclosing stamp to prepay
Send for the Guidcl to Htaltl. Price 10c
J.B. DYOTT, M. D.,
Physician and Surgeon,104 Duane St., N. Y.
Dissolution of Copartnership
rpiIE Copartnership heretofore existing un
JL der the firm name of Farrar, Pippen &
Co., terminates to-day by limitation and mu
tual consent. The business of the concern
will be settled by O. C. Farrar and Wm. M.
Pippen. O. C. FARKAR,
WM. M. PIPPEN,
Jnn. 1, 1874. F. 8. ROYSTER.
THE undersigned beg leave to Inform, the
public that they have this day entered in
to a copartnership lor conduching the busi
ness of general merchandise under the firm
name of O. C. FARRAR & CO. They can be
found at their old stand, where they will be
glad to serve their friends as heretofore,
With thanks for past obligations they respect
fully solicit a continuance of the same.
O. C. FARRAR,
Jan. 1st, 1874.-tf F. 8. ROYSTER.
Boarding and Day School,
FOR YOUNG LADIES,
Louisburg, N. C.
THE filth session begins Wednesday, 14th
January, 1874, and continues twenty
Circulars furnished on application.
MISS CORNELIA A. CRENSHAW.
Dec. 20, 1873. 6t
Select Boarding and Day
Hillstoi-o IS". O.
THE MISSES NASH AND MISS KOL
lock will resume the exercises of their
school on Friday, February 6th, 1874.
Circulars forwarded on application.
Dec. 20, 1873. 2m.
Ammonia, from both Nitrogen and Nitric Acid 2 to 6 per cent
Bone Phosphate of Lime 25 to 50 Der cent
LETTER FROM PROF. WM. C. KERU, STATE GEOLOGIST OF NORTH CAROLINA :
Raleigh, N. O.. January 7th, 1874
Wm. R. Griffith, Esq., General Agent Guanahani Guano Company, Petersburg Virginia :
Dear Sir : D. F. A. Genth, whose Analysis of the Guanahani Guano you have shown me
is Chemical Mineralogist to the Geological Survey, and has no superior as a chemist. I
have no hesitation in endorsing any analysis fron his laboratory. And I think the an
alysis justifies his statement that the substance examined by him is a VALUABLE MAN
URE. From his report, and that of Prof. Wilson, it is evidently a TRUE GUANO, both in
origin and composition, and its action on crops may be expected to be the same in kicd
and in degree, proportion to its relative per ceutage of the valuable ingredients Phos
phoric Acid, Ammonia and Potash, that of the flrsi, being unusually high.
W. G. KERR, State Geologist-
The following analyses of different cargoes and samples by two of the leading chemists
of the country, are given fcr the guidance of the public :
LETTER OF PROF. P. B. WILSON, LATE ASSISTANT OF BARON J. VON. LIEBIQ
CHEMICAL LABORATORY OF PROF. P. B. WILSON, No. SO 8econd Street.
Baltimore, December 1st, 1873.
Maj. N. M. Tasnor, Piesidert Guanahani Guano Company, Petersburg, Va.:
Dear Sir : I have drawn samples of the Guano, as it has arrived in cargo lots, and find
it exceedingly uniform in the amount of Phosphoric Acid it contains, namely, from 15 to
19 per cent. This is combined with Lime, and is of animal origin, and readily assimilable
by plants. It contains potential ammonia and nitric acid, having a combine 1 Nitrogen
value equal to from 2 to 3 per cent, of aoimonia, with the alkalies Potash and Soda, and
valuable proportions of Sulphate of Lime. The whole forming a very desireable combina
tion for all crops, and when applied to land, the crop receiving proper tillage, must in my
opinion, give as good results as any guano offered to the farmer.
Being ol animal origin, the organtic matter has undergone partial decomposition, and it
necessarily contains a valuable amount of Humus, which makes its fertilizing power much
greater than fertilizers which are compounded largely of Peruvian Guano, which, beyoud
its ammonia and small phosphatic value, has little or no power in absorbing from the at
mosphere and retaining in the soil the movable elements absorbed by moisture and brought
down Dy the rains, as the guano yoa are now placing npon the market. All of the
components of this Guano are very soluble in the soil, and possets such physical proper
ties as to render it at all times and under all circumstances as immediately available plant
The late samples you sent me for analysis, from the deposit which yon inform we you
intend to ship from, sjiow a decrease in the phosphatic value, buffi large increase in its ni
trogen compounds. I think, however, from previous observations of cargoes, that you may
reasonably expect, that cargoes taken from where these sample were drawn, will materi
ally improved in the saline compounds, (phosphates alkalies and magnesia.)
Respectfully, &c, P. B. WILSON, Analytical and Consulting Chemist.
Baltimore, December 1st, 1873,
Maj. N. M. Taxxok, President Guanahani Guano Company, Petersburg, Va.:
Dear Sir: The following is the result of analysis of samples drawn by me from three
combined cargoes of your guano :
Moisture, (deter, at 212 degrees F.) 14.99 per cent.
Nitrogen 1.49 per cent.
Equal to Ammonia 1.77 per cent.
Nitric Acid. . , 3.2" per cent.
Having a Nitrogen value equal to Ammonia 1.02 per cent.
Phosphoric Acid 19 41 percent.
Equal to Bone Phosphate of Lime 42.37 per cent.
Chloride of Sodium and potassium 9.36 per cent.
Sulphate of Lime 15.23 per cent.
Organic Matter, Carbonate of Lime, Iron not determined.
Respectfully, &c P. B. WILSON, Analyt. & Consulting Chem,
Chemical Laboratory of Prof. P. B. Wilson, No. 30 Second St..
Baltimore, November 2Bth, 1873.
Maj. N. M. Tannor, President Guanahani Guano Company, Petersburg, Va.,
Dear Sir : The sample of Guano marked No. 19, Chart S, contains :
Moisture (dried at 313 degrees F.) 24.82 per cen;.
Organic Matter 28.32 per cent,
Containing Ammonia 2.73 per cent.
Nitric Acid 6.76 per cent.
Having Nitrogen value to Ammonia 2.13 per cent.
Inorganic Matter .49.60 per cent.
Insoluble Matter 1.60 per cent.
Phosphoric Acid 10.29 per cent.
Equal to Bone Phosphate of Lime 23.48 pr en.
Potash and Soda, as Chlorides... .2.93 par cent,
The Old Hank Building:.
jjlQR particulars, apply to the undersigned.
Dec. 20,-lm. GEO. HOWARD.
A GOOD STORE SUITABLE FOR DRY
Goods and Groceries, will be rented by
the year. Apply to
Dec. 6,-tf. M. L. HUSSEY & BRO.
Respectfully, etc ,
10O 00 per cent.
P. B. WILSON, Analyt. and Consulting Chem.
Chemical Laboratory op Prop. P. B. Wilsok, No. 30 Secokd St..
Baltimore Nov. 9th, 1873.
Maj. N. M. Tannor, President Guanahani Guano Company, Petersburg. Va.,
Dear Sir : The samples of Guanahani Uuano you handed me for analysis, marked No.
6. Chart F. contains :
Moisture (diied at 212 degrees F.) 18.18 per cent.
Organic Matter 29.62 per cent.
Containing Ammonia 2 86 per cent.
Nitric Acid 2.88 per cent.
Having a Nitrogen value equal to Ammonia 90 per cent.
Inorganic Matter , 1 1 ..b3.30 per cent.
Containg Insoluble Residue 6.50 per cent.
Magnesia 65 per cent.
Lime 15.21 per cent.
Sulphuric Acid 1.64 per cec.1.
Phosphoric Acid 11. 9 per cent.
Equal to Bone Phosphate of Lime. 28.1 0 per cent.
roiasn ana soaa, as Ihlonqes, y.UU per cent.
100.00 per cent.
P. B. WIKSON, Analyt. and Consulting Chem.
UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA,
West Philadelphia, 19th, 1873.
Maj. N. M. Tannor, Petersburg, Va.,
Dear Sir: In compliance with your request, I have analyzed sample of " Guanahani
Guano," and bave made additional examination of on average sample from lot of 300
tons the result of which, I beg to embrace in the following. The Guano ia a brownish
powder, with lumps of combinations of lime with Carbonic Pbospborio and Nitric acids.
It contains a considerable quantity of water (about 20 per cent.), and when dried is a paler
brown powder. Tne Guano is evidently of animal origin, and the minute bones, which
were discovered in the same, indicate that it is the result of the decay of bats, mice, fcc.
The quantity of organic matter, which is still present, is about 12 per cent., and this yields
about 24 per cent, of ammonia. A portion of the nitrogen is present, as nitric acid, of
which about 3 per cent, was found, All the nitrogen present would be equivalent to about
3i per cent, of ammonia. Ths phosphoric acid in the Guano, about 121 per cent., equal to
27 3 per cent of hone phosphate. A considerable quantity of the phosphoric aoid, how-,
ever, is present, as so-called neutual phosphate of lime, which, being slightly soluble in
water, renders the Guano as quick in its action as a corresponding quantity of super
phosphate would do. The small per centage of potash, which was found in the analysis,
adds to its value.
From all the experiments which I have made of the Guauahar.i Qua no, no doubt can
exist that it is a valuable mannnre.
Yours truly, F. A. GENTH.
University, op Pesssylvakia,
Vest Philadelphia, Nov. 28th, 1873,
To N. M. Tamkob, President Guanahani Guano Company, Petersburg, Va.,
Dear Sir : The sample of Guano annlized in compliance with your favor of '21gt nnd 25th,
for phosphoric nitric and sulphuric acids, nnd umiuonia, potash, soda, lime and magnesia,
contains as follows :
Phosphoric Acid, 12.19
Equivalent to Bone Phosphate of Lime, 26.61
Nitric Acid, 3.0i
Sulphuric Acid, 0.81
Nitrogen, equivalent to Ammonia 2.47
Yours truly, F. A. GENTH.
WHOLE AMOUNT OF AMMONIA.
Nitric Acid, (producing nitrogenequui U Ammonia,) -
The Company recommend an application of from 200 to 250 pound jser acre,
but not over tbe larger amonnj.
Aa it will be imposiblc to bring but few thousand tons to this country la time for the spring
trade, orpers mast be sent at aa early day to secure it.
For further information apply at the offie of the
UCANAIIAIVI GUANO COMPANY
PETERSBURG, VIRGINA. ,
N. M. TANNOR, President. ROBT. A, M TIN. Viee-Presldent.i
WILLIAM R. GRIFFITH, General Agent
SOLE AGENT FOR
Cuanaani Quaao Company for Tarboro', PT. C., aa tbe Tlctaltr.