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"ALL'POWERS, NOTiEBlN DELEGATED, REMAIN WITH THE PEOPLE. "-Constitution of N. C.
OLD SERIES, VOL. 50. )
NEW SERIES, VOL, 1. J
JLL ' ;-w
TABBORO', N. C, FRIDAY, MARCH G, 1874.
Q - ' 1
'Utm Alexander Me Cube.
. )MM!-"10NER. .lolin Nirfl"Vt. .loTpll ( ol.ll !ld
lu-itry ('. Cherry.
:cr.i vt .tuTitcviH Hubert 'Vhiie!:r,i-l.
'0ilM!U-l. H. II Villi.
low.-i Wvtch Harry Re.lni.nul, I'.ill Hat tie an.!
-iupn-ior i'uu.-t Clerk ami !',ol-'lr .wify
J. 'tin Nortleet.
Htjit'tr ot Deeds -IS. .1. Kcech.
sheriff- I'.attle Kryaii.
Cannier Wm. T. Godwin
T, ; -Robt. H. Anstin.
Snrrr ier .Jesse Harr 11.
School Ezaniiiwrs E. R. Stamps, Win. II
Knisfhl aud IL H. SUaw.
Keeper Vor House Win. A. Hawaii.
f 'ommlssioners M. P. Ed wards. Chairman,
V in. A. Dustman, N. 15. Bellamy, ami Mae
M aihewson. D. J. Keeeh, Clerk.
AKIUVAL ASH DF.PARTC'U R "1" MAILS
NOKTII AND. SOUTH VIA W. A W. K. K.
I.oave Tarboro' (daily) at - 10 A. M.
Arrive lit Tarbnro' (daily) at - - o
WASHINGTON MAIL VI GREEN VI U.K.
k a i . k i. a ; l a n i) s r v i : t a .
I. uvc Tarbnro' (daily) at - A. M.
ah -if ut Tarboru' (daily; ac - 0 1. i.
Tlio i?Iit :nd the Place ol TOreliug.
Concord R. A. Chapter No. 5, X. M. Law
rence, Hitfh Priest, Masonic Hall, monthly
. onvocaliong iirst Thursday in tv .-ry mouth at
10 o'clock A. M.
Concord Lod;e No. 5S, Thomas (iallii',
MiVRter, Masonic Hall.nieeu first Friday vihl
xi 7 o'clock P. M. and third Saturday at 10
o'clock A. M. in every month.
Repilon Eneaniimicnt No. 1". I. O. O. F.,
Dr. Jo. H. Baker, Chief PatrUirch, Odd Fel
lows' Hall, meet every Iirst and third Thurs
day of eaeh month.
Edgecombe Lodge No. 50, I. O. O. F.,
J. II . Baker, N. (i.. Odd Fellows' Hall, meets
every Tuesday night.
Edeeonibe Council No. VJ,', Friends of
Temperance, meet every Friday liiijlit at the
OJd Fellows' Hall.
Advance Lodge No. 2$, I. O. i. T., meets
every Wednesday night at Odd Fellows' Hall
Episcopal Church Services every Sunday
si 10 1 13 o'clock A. M. and 5 P. M. Dr. J. b.
Methodist Church Services every third,
Sunday at 11 o'clock. Rev. C. C. Dcdson
Preshyterian Church Services second Sun
day of each month at 11 o'clock A. M. and
S o'clock P. M. Rev. J. V. Primrose, Evan
gelist. Missionary Baptist Church Service? the
'2nd Sunday in every mOLth, at 11 o'clock.
Kev. T. R. Owen, Pastor.
Primitive Baptist Church Services first
Saturday and Sunday of each mouth at. 11
Adams' Hotel, corner Main and Pitt Sts.
O. F. Adams, Proprietor.
Mrs. Pender's, (formerly Gregory Hotel,)
.vlain Street, opposite "Enquirer" Oiliec,
frs. M. Pender, Proprietress.
Bank of New Hanover, on Main Street,
next door to Mr. M. Weddell. Capt. J. D.
Cnmmini;, Caeliicr. Office hours from A.
M. to 3 P. M.
Southern Express Office, on Main Street,
close every morning at8J o'clock.
N. M. Lawbence, Agent.
A FAMILY ARTICLE-
Agents make $12.50 per day, $75 per week.
AN ENTIRELY NEW
For Domestic Use,
ONLY FIVE DOLLARS
With the New Patent
BUTTON HOLE WOUKEHj
Patented June 27th, 1S7L
AWARDED THE FIRST PREMIUM AT THE
AND MARYLAND INSTITUTE FAIRS, 171.
A most wonderful and elegantly construc
ted Sewinfi Machine for Family Work. Com
plete in all its Parts, Uses the Straight Eye
Pointed Needle, Sell Threading, direct up
right Positive Motion, New Tuntion. Self
Feed and Cloth Gnlder. Operates by Wheel
and on a Table. Light Running. Smooth
and noiseless, like all good high-priced ma
chines. Has Patent Check to prevent the
wheel being turned the wrong way. Uses
the thread direct from the spool. Makes the
Elastic Lock Stitch, (finest and strongest
stitch known;) firm, durable, close and rapid.
Will do all kinds of work, fine and coarse,
from Cambric to heavy Cloth or Leather, and
uses all description of thread. This Machine
is heavily constructed to pve it strength ; all
the parts of each Machine being made alike
by machinery, and beautifully finished and
ornamented. It Is very easy to learn. Rap
id, Smooth and Silent in operation. Reliable
at all times, and a Practical, Scientific, Me
chanical Invention, at Greatly Reduced Price.
A Good, Cheap, Family Sewing Machine at
last. The first and only success in producing
a valuable, substantia) and reliable low priced
Sewing Machine. Its extreme low price
reaches all conditions. Its simplicity and
strength adapts it to all capacities, while its
many merits make it a universal favorite
wherever used, and creates a rapid demand.
IT IS ALL IT IS RECOMMENDED.
I cun cheerfully and confidently recom
mend its nse to those who are wanting a re
ally good Sewing Machine, at a low price.
Mrs. 11. B. JAMESON,
Peotone, Will County, 111.
Price of each Machine. "Class A." "One,"
(warranted for live years by special certifi
cate.) with all the fixtures, and everything
complete belonging to it, including Bell
Threading Needle, nacked in a strong wood
en box. and delivered to any part of the
country, by express, free of fu. ther charges
on receipt of price, only Five Dollars. Sale
delivery guaranteed. With each Machine we
will send, on receipt of ?1 extra, the new pat
ent BUTTON HOLE WORKER,
One of the most important and useful inven
tions of the age. Ho simple and certain, that
a child can work the finest button hole with
regularity and ease. Strong and beautiful.
Special Terras, and Extra Inducements to
Male and Female Agents, Stoie Keepers, &c.
who will establish agencies through the coun
try and keep our New Macnines on Exhibi
tion and Sale. County Rights given to smart
agents free. Agent's complete outfit, furnish
ed without any extra charge. Samples ol
sewiug, descriptive circulars containing
Terms, Testimonials, Engravings, &c, &e.,
ent free. We also supply
AGRICULTURAL I M PLE M ENTS.
Latest Patents and Improvements lor the
Farm and Garden. Mowers, Reapers, Culti
vators, Feed Cutters, Harrows, Farm Mills.
Planters, Harvesters, Threshers and all arti
cles needed for Farm work. Rare Seeds i
large variety. All Money sent in Post Office
Money Orders, Bank Drafts, or by Express,
will be at onr risk, and are perfectly seen re.
Sal delivery of all our goods guaranteed.
"An old and responsible firm that sell the
best goods at the lowest price, and can be re
lied upon by our readers. tanner s Journal,
Not Responsible for Registered Letters-
Address all Orders to
UUCKLAND SEWING MACHINE,
Cor. Greenwich fe Cortlandt Sts., N. Y.
Oct. 4, lS73.-im.
rpHE STORE rdjoining that of Mr. J. II.
X Bell, now occupied by Messrs. H. Mor
ris & Bro.
For particulars, apply to
Jan. 18, 1874. tf
Dr. J. Walker's Calirornia Tin
egar Uittei"S aro a purely Tcgetablo
preparation, made chielly from the na
tive herbs found on the lower ranges of
the Sierra Nevada mountains of Califor
nia, the medicinal properties of which
aro extracted therefrom without tho uso
of Alcohol. Tho question is almost
daily asked, "What is tho causo of tho
unparalleled success of Vinegar Bit
ters!"' Our answer is, that they remove
tho causo of disease, and tho patient re
covers his health. They aro tho grtat
blood purifier and a life-giving principle,
a perfect Kcuovator and Invigorator
of tho system. Never before in tho
history cf " tho world has a medicine beeu
compounded possessing tho reni.trkabla
qualities of Vinegar Bitters in healing the 4
sick of every disease mau is ceir to. uncy
aro a pentla Purpativo as well as a Tonic,
rchevir.g Congestion or Inflammation of
tho Liver aad Visceral Organs ia Bilious
The properties of Dr. Waixeh's
Yixeoa- Bitters aro Aperient. Diaphoretic, j
Carminative, Nutritions, Laxative, .Diuretic,
Sedative, Counter-irritant Sudorific, Altera
tive, aad Anti-Bilious.
U. H. MrDOSALD & CO.,
InippiKts ami Gen. Apts., San Francisco. California,
oad cor. of Washington and Charlton Sts.. X. Y.
Sold by all Druggists and Dealers.
TIIE ENDLESS LEVER
Champion House Mover i
(Patented Jan. 14th 1ST;'.)
50 Per Cent. Saved by its Use.
NO Farmer should be without this Machine.
Only $'25.00 for a larm right and thou
sands perhaps will be saved. No more tear
ing down buildings or chimneys, for with
machine yon can move a building, regardless
of quality, chimney included, to the desired
location without disturbing the inmates.
Your Barns sre Badly Located.
Gin houses need moving ; You fail to procure
tenants because you. quarter houses are too
Spend $25.00 for the right and you will
never regret it.
It will pay you tomoveyonr houses ifouly j
to gei the use of the valuable ilebrU that will j
accumulate in 2 or 3 years. Cost to a farmer :
to work a sett per day, 4 hands, $3.00. With j
4 hands you can carry a building 400 to bOO j
yards per day,without the use ot complicated
skids, rollers, windlasses, oxen and other
devices generally used. One sett ot trucks
will perhaps do for a neighborhood. Co.-t j
per sett ? 15.00 Trucks furnished at f.-.ctory ;
prices. Great advantages oUered'to buyers oi i
state or corvry rights. j
Al! orders for rights must be accompanied
by the cash, upon the receipt of which I will ,
forward the permit to use or order to lactory j
to furnish the required amount of tracks, j
I have made. $500 per mouth using a sett of
these trucks. It is a n'.re chance to active men. j
Cood men wanted as agents, local and travel- !
iug. Address T. . I. RE AMY,
Raleigh, N. C. j
I could furnish hundreds of certificates, but j
at present only refer to Judge Howard, Tar- i
horo', N. C, and Mr. Chambcrlaiu, President
Citizens' Bar.k, Norfolk, Va. ,
GEN. W. ;. LEWIS, General Asrent for
Eastern N. C. Feb. 13,-tf. ,
THE NEXT SESSION OF THIS 8EM1
nary ol learning will commence on
Thursday, Sept. 4th, 173.
Hampden Sidney is situated in Prince Ed
ward County, Va., within a few hundred
yards of Union Theological Seminary, and I
seven miles lrom armville ttie nearest ac
pot of the Atlantic, Mississippi & Ohio R. R
The locality of the College is most healthy,
and the community around distinguished fa r
intelligence and piety.
There is no Grammar or Preparatory
School connected with the College. It re
tains the curriculum and the great aim of its
teachers is to secure thoroughness in the
training and instruction of their pupils and
thus to prepare them for professional stndies
or the active duties of life.
The ordinary expenses of a student exclu
sive of the cost of clothing, travelling aud
books, are from f 2'2." to ?'2'5 a year.
For Catalogue and further information ap
ply to Rev. J. M. P. ATKINSON,
President Hampden Sidney College,
jy -'ti-tf. Prince Edivard County, Va.
Do you Suffer from Chills ?
Have Them No More!
Will kin s hill Pills
FOR SALE AT
Read the following certihcate. Ilnixlteds
of others can be seen on application :
TO THE PCBLIC.
This is to certify that I have, for two years
past, used in my faniiiy, Dr. Watkin's Chill
fills, and never Knew tnem to tail in a single
instauie to cu-e Fever and Ague. They are I
a most excellent and the best Pill I have ever j
P. F. CARRAWAY. j
Adam's Creek, Craven Co., N. C, Nov. 18th,
1S70. je 7-tf. i
EXCHANGE STABLES !
THE undersigned takes plenstie in inform
ing the public tha', lie has established
in Williamston a large and first-class
Liven, Sale and Exchange
at which he is prepared to board horses by
the day, week or montt'.. Having a good
stock Of horses always on hand, he will sell
or exchange on reasonable terms. He will
also i.end passengers about the country at
moderate rates. Drovers will always liul at
his Stables amide accommodations.
JAMES M. L. SITERSON,
Williamston, N. C.
P. S. Any person communicating with him
can hive a conveyance sent to any part de
sired. J. M. L. S.
Jan. 30, 1874. ly.
Mfl, COO per
WJlU 0U wanted every where. Par
A. H. Blair & Co., St. Louis,
AD V E RTJSE M E MTS
THE FAVORITE HOMEmBy?
I - This unrivalled Medicine la warranted not
to ci.nUin a single, particle of Mskcvrt, or
; any ii-jurknw imuemt substance, tn is
coiUaii.ini; those Southern Root? and Herbs,
which an all-wise Providence Iris placed In
commies where l.ier Diseases nuvt urevail.
It will Cga!rWv'iV iWrrf !er,irn;e-
mcnt of tin' Lr-HAul fir.iJ -
Simmons' Liver Segulator, or Medicine,
Is iiu nent'y a K.i ml y Medicine ; and by be
ins; kept ready for itnjBdi.Urvi' pit jU ave
many an hour of suljMaK tadtuJliy a dullar
in time and doctors' ills.
Alter over Forty Year.-' trial it is still re
ceivini: the mo-t utuiualilied testimonials to
its virtues from person of the highest ciiar
acters and responsibility. F.mipent phvsi
ciaiie commend it as 1 li o most
For Dyspepsia or Indigestion.
Armed with this ANTIDOTE, all climates
and changes of water and food may be laced
without, fear. As a Remedy in MALARIOUS
FEVERS, BOWEL COMPLAINTS, REST
LESSNESS, JAU N DTCE, NAUSEA,
IT HAS NO EQUAL.
It. is tiie Cheapest, Purest and Ueht Family
j Medicine i.i the World !
f-vuiutuaelurol only ,hy i . -
' ZEILIN & CO.,; '
' ' MACON, iA., and PHILADELPHIA.
Pri(?e 1.00. Sold by all Druggists.
Piedmont Air-Line Railway.
RICHMOND & DANVILLE, RICHMOND
& DANVILLE R. W.. N. C. DIVIS
ION. AND NORTH WEST
ERN N. C. II. W.
CONDENSED TIME TABLE-
In eilect on and after Sunday, Feb. 22, 1874.
' Leave Charlotte 7.00 P. t.
' Air-Line Jct'n, 7.23 "
Salisbury, 10.09 ,:
Greensboro' 2.1-j a. m.
Danville, .1.28 "
! " Burkville, 11.40
! Arrive at Richmond, 2.32 r. m.
Arrive at Charlotte, 0.43
L've Greensboro', V 2.00 a m. Arr.l2.30A m
Co. Shops, S. 3.55 " 11.05"
Raleigh, . aaOAJt. S ' - i t.40 ":
Arr. at Ootdsboro,! 11.40 " L've S.OOp.m
NORTH WESTERN N. C. R. R.
Leave Greensboro' I."1) A. M.
Arrive at Salem 3 25 A. M.
Leave Salem 10.30 A. M.
Arrive at Greensboro'.. .12.00 M. .
Passenger train leaving Raleigh at 7.40
P. M., connects at Greensboro' with the
Northern bound train ; making the quickest
time to all Nortaern'tRies, f Price ,of Tick
ets same as via itthec rvntea
Trains to and from points East of Green
boro' connect at Greensboro' with Mail
i Trains to or from points North -or Sonthw
Trains daily, both ways.
j On Sundays Lynchburg Accommodation
i leave Richmond at 9.42 A. M., arrive at
Burkeville 12.8&P. M.I leave Bui keville 4.35
A. M.. arrive- at Richmond 7.58 A. M
Pullman Palace Cars on all night trains
between Charlotte and Richmond, (without
For further information address
S. E. ALLEN,
Gen'l Ticket Agent,
Greensboro, N, C.
T. M. R. TALCOTT,
Engineer & GeuT Superintendent.- -
WEBER'S BAKERY !
THIS OLD ESTABLISHED BAKERY IS
now ready to supply the people of Tar
boro and vicinity with all kinds of
Bread, Cakes, French and Plain
Candle, Nuts, Fruit,
$c, fc, jfc,
embracing every thing usnally kept in a First
Class Establishment of the kind.
Thankful for the liberal patronage of the
past, the undersigned asks a continuation,
with the promise of atlafocUon. i. -'
Private Families can always have
tlieirtakcsHaKea nere at norl
Orders Cor Parties & Baits
promptly filled. Call and examine our stock,
next door t o Fahmek and Enqurer Office
4OlOi4)ZU classes of working people, of
either sex, voung or old, make more money at
wnrk for ns'in their snare moments, or. all the
t c i tt n f ner dav! Aeents wanted! All
time, than at anything else.' Particulars free.
Address G. Stinson fc Co.,Portland, Maine. If
1.48 p.m. 5.0:; a.m.
4..18 " 8.28 "
9.52 " 1.03 r, .
1.1C a. M. 4.00 "
3.50 0 33
. . . nH-
1 j1'? y (-" J
FRmif, : : : MARCH 6, 1874
Bazine's Prison ' .
iVritino- from Canne?; a oorres-1
pohJent of the London Thiihf Trh
fjraph says : " South of Jannea,
in iront ot' the harbor, may be seen
the Lerins Islands; Ste. Marguerite
and St. llonorat, about two miles
distant. The former, which is four
miles in circumferrnco, is associa
ted Jtvitft'oii if;the most interesting
historical problems that have ever
peplexed the world that of the
Man with the Inn Mask; audit
is on this island fortress that an
ex-Marshal of France is now a
prisoner, at present almost as strict
JjluiU jealonsly watched s was the
mysterious victim of "Louis XIV.
The ex-Commander-in Chief" of the
Army.,of ,f lie Rhine is a prisoner in
-the strictest s'ense-cf the term, and
no one has been allowed to see him,
with the exception of Gen. D'Audel
from Nice, ami the Commandant of
the gendarmerie, who escorted him
to the island, but has now left. I
am inclined to think, from inquiries
I have m ule, that lie occupies the
very room in which the Man of the
Iron Ma.sk languished so many
years, and looks out of the window
from which the unknown prisoner
flung into the sea the silver plate
on which he had previously scratch
ed his name and history. Bazaine
now contemplates Cannes, and the
luxuriantlycovered hills of Cannes,
backed by the splendor of the dis
tant Alps. It is a lofty apartment
and not nearly so uncomfortable as
might be expected ; for it contains
a fire-place and a large window,the
latter grated, however, with three
strong iron bars. The prisoner has
been allowed a servant, a medical
man when necessary, and a priest,
for whom an altar has been erected,
according to some accounts, at the
end of the narrow passage from
which the cell opens. These per
sons, together with M. de St. Mars,
Gavernor of the fortress, the pris
oner's family, and Col. Yillette, are,
I believe, all who will be permitted
to see and converse with the ex
Marshall for a long time to come.
The ex-Marshal may k
BtenpadngTap; ana Sown on the lit
tle terrace near his room, and even
that he is allowed to do only at
stated hours. He has his son, a
ittle boy of seven years, with him,
Tind Col. vTillette, his faithful friend
and companion, who, I am told, has
. . . i
given in nis resignation in oraer
that he may remain with his former
commander. Madame la Marechale
is in Cannes with her other child.
The fort is garrisoned by two com
parties of the One Hundred and
Regiment of the Line.
It would be difficult, perhaps to find
a more agreeable prison than the
fortress of Ste. Marguerite, and I
believe that every comfort consist
ent with Bazaines present position
is afforded him ; but at the same
time the sentence which deprives
him of his liberty is with all scrup
tilousness carried into execution."
The Number Seven in the Bible.
, On the seventh day God ended
On the seventh month Noah's
ark touched the ground.
In seven days a dove was sent.
Abraham pleaded seven times
Jacob mourned seven davs for
Jacob served seven vears for
And yet seventy years more.
Jacob was pursued in a seven
day's journey by Laban.
A plenty ot seven years and a
famine of seven years were foretold
in Pharaoh s dream by seven fat
and seven lean beasts and seven
ears of full and seven ears of blast
On the seventh dav of the seventh
month the children of Israel fasted
seven days and remained seven days
in their tents.
Every seven days the land rest
Every seventh year the law was
read to the people.
In the destruction of Jericho,
seven persons bore seven trumpets
seven days. On the seventh day
they surrounded the walls seven
times, and at the end of the seventh
round the walls fell.
Solomon was seven years build
ing the Temple and fasted seven
days at its dedication.
In the tabernacle were seven
The golden candlestick had seven
.Naaman washed seven times in
the River Jordan.
Job s menu sat with him seven
days and seven nights, and offered
seven bullocks and seven rams tor
' Our Saviour spoke seven times
from the cross, on which he hung
seven hours, and after his resurrec
tion appeared seven times.
In the Revelation we read of sev
en, churches, seven candlesticks,
even stars, seven trumpets, seven
plagues, seven thunders, seven
vials, seven angels, and a seven
headed monster. independent.
A Poet Surprised
A correspondent 'ells how the
Poet Laureate was recently caught
" in the sr.ds " by Queen Victoria :
"The queen once sent him word
that she would honor him with a
visit on the following iiy. The
announcement was received with
full loyal welcome from the poet
and his household, which, be it said
in all respect, lias, with all the at
tractions, some of the disadvantages
of the poetical atmosphere. Order
does not there reign supreme in out
ward thii gs. The house was, how
ever, put under arms to receive the
rpyftt; visit ; Tennyson arrayed him
self in solemn dress-coat; Mr3.
Tennyson wore an appropriate toil
ette ; tin younger Tennyson were
6natchcd from mud pies, washed
and dressed, and kept in bondage
to the best c'othrs
afternoon, while a
ior tin- wnoiv
r .1 i i
of strawberries and cream and flow
ers was prepared in an arbor out of
doors. Jiut the day passed, and
the next, and the next, and no maj
esty appeared. The household drew
a sigh of regret and lapsed into
slippers and mud pies once more.
But lo ! one morning, as the chil
dren were at their favorite pastime
in the garden, and the poet medita
ting in his dressing-gown, and Mrs.
Tennyson on domestic cares intent,
a horseman dashed up to the gate,
and shouted, ' The Queen !' and
before Tennyson could don his coat
or warn his wife, the royal carriage
drew up before the house. With
the instinct of a true gentleman, he
went forward to greet his sovereign,
called his family to him, and led
her majesty into the house. Then
there was an awful pause. Sud
denly the poet raised his head, and
looking at the queen, exclaimed,
4 Oh, woe is me ! For five days I
waited, ready in suitable attire, to
receive my queen. My wife was
ready, and my children were wash
ed and pictures to behold, and her
majesty came not ; and now she has
come, and found us in what a plight!'
The poet groaned. The queen
broke into a marry laugh, and the
ice thus broken so gracefully and
wittily did not form again during
Cotton Mulching instead of Cnltivat-
Editor Southern Cultivator:
In the August number for 1872,
p. 599, I suggested the mulching
of cotton with leaves or straw, in
place of cultivating it. In connec
tion therewith I submit the follow
ing experiment. A plot of land
32.8 square rods, or a little more
than one fifth of an acre, was man
ured imperfectly with stable manure,
and planted after the ordinary
manner. After coming up it was
exposed to several heavy rains, be
fore an opportunity occurred to
mulch with pine straw. Then it
was imperfectly mulched and
thinned by hand. The grass ap
pearing in those spots not covered,
it was well mulched at a later date.
It was picked on the 16th of De
cember, and vielded 240 lbs. seed
The plot was adjacent to a wood,
on poor land and badly manured.
The second application ot straw
being taken from the woods and
put under the hot sun, emitted a
gas which injured the cotton to
some extent had the straw been
put on early in the season, at
mospheric action would have re
moved the resin, and the cotton
would not have suffered. This
cotton, after mulching, grew more
rapidly than that beside it cultiva
ted alter the ordinary manner, and
made more one or two spots that
were well manured cave a hand
some yield. Ordinary seed were
used, and neither hoe or plough was
used after planting. On those
spots well fertilized, the crop
matured to the top; on those not
well fertilized, the worm destroyed
the top crop.
' Little Farmer, Florence, Texas,'
asks why apple trees die on prairie
lands. Perhaps the contraction of
prairie lands in summer season
prevent the small tree from using its
small roots by destroying them,
which might be obviated by plant
ing in a barrel of sand sunk in the
earth, or by mulching, to prevent
the prairie cracking.
Edgefield, S. C, Dec. 31, 1873,
The New York Ilcrald has now
in operation an improved Bullock
selffeeding press, which prints a
quadruple sheet of the Herald at
one impression, and needs the at
tendance of three men only. The
press is fed from a web, the sheet
is printed on both sides and each
paper is cut off from the roll. The
press, it is stated, will print 20,000
papers an hour.
Indian antiquity studies show : 1
That the primitive inhabitants of
the Mississippi Valley were con
temporary with the mammoth and
mastodon. 2. That the earth
mounds of the red race are fully a
thousand years old, and some much
older. 6. I hat the Indian occu
pancy dates' back as far as the ear
liest traces of man in Western Eu
la-i Cnilds Pocket Etiquette.
1. Always say, sir ; no sir; yes,-
papa, no, thank you ; good night ; i
good morning. Never say 'how' j
or 'which.' i'..r wh it. Use no slang ;
terms. Renu mber that good spell- !
ing, w. i i.ig and gr.uiimer are the j
base ot ail true education. 1
fac.'s, clean cluthes, j trait, the nose is long and decided
ami clean finger nails I ly aquiline, the lips full and half
. I t . XT I " . .1 , .
.... .A 1 'I- !
emir giiua oi ri'.,i n r. iever i
eave your clothes about the room, j
lave a place for every things and :
every thing in its place. j
j. Rap before entering & room, j
eave it with your face to the cotn
panv. IS ever enter :i private' room
or public place with your hat on. :
i. Always oner your seat to a;
ady or old gentleman. Let your j
ie carnage or
. At the table eat with vour
Fork; situji straight, never .isr vour
tooch pick, although Europeans ::o,
and when leaving a-k to he excus
ed. G. Never put your feet on cush
ions chair or tables.
Never overlook any one when
reading; or writing.
or talk or read i
others are reauing.
When conversing, listen attentively
and do not interrupt or reply till
the other has finished.
S. Never whisper or talk aloud
at churches, or other- public places,
ami especially in private where any
one is singing or playing the piano.
V. Long coughing, hawking.
yawning, sneezing or blowing is ill
mannered. In every case cover
your mouth with your handkerchief
(which never examine nothing is
more vulgar except spitting on the
10. Ireat all with respect, espec
ially the poor. Be careful to injure
no one's feelings by unkind re
marks. Never tell tales, make
faces, call names, ridicule the lame,
mimic the unfortunate, or be cruel
to insects, birds or animals.
Martin Luther on Music.
Music is a noble and divine, en
dowment, and a gift that is utterly
at war with the devil, and one might
there with drive off many tempta
tions and cogitations. For the
devil Ron ho "'It- .tu uiuslu. IvIualC
is one of the best of the arts. The
notes quicken the text into life.
borne of our nobles and scrapejacks
think they could have saved my
most gracious lord 3000 guilders in
music. On the other hand, they
would spend 30,000 to no end.
Kings, princes, and lords must
cherish music, for it behooveth
great potentates and rulers to up
hold good free arts as well as laws;
for private, common people have
not the means to do that, however
much they may delight in them and
love them. Duke George of Ilesse,
and Duke Frederick of Saxony,
kept singers and chantories; the
Duke of Bavaria, King Ferdinand,
and Kaiser Carl do so now. There
fore do we read in the Bible that
devout kings sustained and reward
ed men singers. Music is the best
cordial for a man in trouble, where
with his heart may be quieted,
enlivened, and refreshed again.
Music I have always loved. He
that is master in this art is of a
good sort, and equal to anything.
Music must needs be kept up in the
schools. A school-master must be
able to sing, else I make no account
cf him. lhe young folks should be
continually exercised in this art,
for it makes fine, clever people of
them. Whoso despiseth music, as
do the fanatics (the Anabaptists
and their like,) I am at odds with
him. For music is a gift and en
dowment that comes from God, not
of man. Therefore doth it drive
away the devil, and maketh the
people joyful: therewith are forgot
ten wrath, unchastity, pride, and
other vices. Next to theology. I
give music the nearest place and
the highest honor, and it is to be
seen how David and all the saints
put their devout thoughts into verse,
rhyme and song, quia pads tempore
re gnat musica.
Quantity of Salt in the Ocean.
Everybody knows that the waters
of the ocean are very salt to the
taste; but how many of you have
thought of the immense quantities
of salts of different kinds that must
be in the Atlantic and the Pacific
to give a flavor to such enormous
bodies of water ?
Scientific men have thought
about it; and one of them (Captain
Maury) has told us that if all the
various salts of these oceans could
be separated from the water and
spread out equally over the north
ern half of this continent, they
would form a covering one mile deep.
So heavy would be this mass of salts
that all the mechanical inventions
of man, aided by all the steam and
all the water power in the world,
could not move it so much as one
inch in even centuries of time.
Dear me ! I'm glad Jack-inthe
Pulpits are not marine plants. We'd
be in pretty pickle if we were.
From " Jack-in-the-Phlpit," in
St. Nicholas for February .
What could be sweeter than an
Irish potato ? Gness.
A Discovery at Pompeii.
The form of another human body,
which had been impressed on the
ashes of Pompeii, has been pres-ei v
ed in piaster of Paris. The cast is
said to be extremely beautiful, one
far superior to any'which have been
hitherto taken. The head
is a por-
. .1 ,
open, me ears enormously laro-e.
There is no mu-cular contraction
indicative of a violent depth, and
the whoi person, whic'? is in the
pose of one who sleeps a placid
sleep, shows that this tinhappv cit-
izen ol Pomneii died of nsnliv y!:i.
lie lies on the left side, resting the
heal on the right hand, while the
other arm, bent under the breast, is
almost concealed ; tin; letrs arc drawn
up unequally, the left more than
the I'igbt, which is stretched out
naturally. Around the loins was a
linen covering, which concealed a
small portion of the legs ; the breast
w:t3 naked, without the shirt, unless
there he some appearance of one
under the left armpit, but the feet
were naked, and these have been
cast magnificently. It is worthy
'of note that this body was found at
!a remarkable height, almost on the
(level of the second storv, and near
it were a few pieces of money in
bronze and silver. Thus another
interesting addition is made to the
casts of human forms now in the
A pretty mantlepicce ornament
may be obtained by suspending an
j acorn, by a piece of thread tied
around it, within half an inch of
the surface of some water contained
in a vae, tumbler, or saucer, and
allowing it to remain undisturbed
for several weeks. It will soon
burst open, and small roots will
seek the water; a straight and taper
ing stem, with beautiful glossy
green leaves, will shoot upward,
and present a very pleasing ap
pearance. Chestnut trees may be
grown in the same manner, but
their leaves are not so beautiful as
those of the oak. The water should
be changed once a month, taking
care to supply water of the same
warmth; bits of charnal.o.7i .-i-v
in prevent the water from souring.
If the little leaves turn yellow, add
one drop of ammonia into the
utensil which holds the water, and
they will renew their luxuriance.
Another pretty ornament is made
by wetting a sponge and sprinkling
it with canary, hemp, grass and
other seeds. The sponge should
be refreshed with water daily so as
to be kept moist. In a few days
the seeds will germinate, and the
sponge will soon be covered with
a mass of green foliage.
Large or Small Farm,. In
discussing the comparative benefits
and profits of large farms, we must
not lose sight of the old maxim,
" Little land well tilled," Thorcti
cally, a large farm should be more
profitable than a smaller one; but,
practically, is not the reverse nearer
the trnth ? The true test is the
profit per acre. Do large farms
yield as large a profit per acre a3
smaller ones ? Small farms give
their owners opportunity of con
centrating labor and manure into
a more profitable form, and the
owner can have a more direct over
sight of his laboring force. The
main argument in favor of large
farms is, that the expense per acre
for implements is less, and this
must be conceded. It requires but
little more machinery for three
hundred acres than for one, and the
only increase is in very inexpensive
implements for working the crops.
On a small farm the labor of the
owner is much more available than
on a larger one, though in the latter
case it may be claimed that his
brains are of more use than his
We think that many of our
farmers who now own three hund
red acres, would be much better off
at the end of the year if their en
ergies and labor had been concen
trated upon one-third of the land.
The manure and labor expended on
thirty acres of land, would have
given better crops and more profit
in proportion if it had been ex
pended on ten. In fact, we think
this strong desire of our American
farmers, as a class, to possess large
areas of land, is one of the worst
features of our agricultural system.
The Ready Rooster. Roosters
ore the pugilists among birds, and
having no suitable shoulders tew
strike from, they strike from the
heel, When a rooster gets whipped,
the hens all march oph with the
other rooster, if he ain't half so big
or handsum. It is pluck that wins
a hen. Roosters as a class wont do
enney household work; yoa kant
get a rooster to pay any attenshun
to a young one. Th2y spend most
of their time in crowing and strutt
ing about, and wunce in a while
they find a worm; which they make
such a great fuss over, calling their
wives up from a distance, apparently
to treat them, but as the hens git
thare, this elegant cuss bends over
and gobbles up the worm. Jist
like a man for all the worldl Josh
A E'.u'sl of Eloquence
Western eloquence contimv s to
improve. A Wisconsin reporter
sends the following sketch. law
yer in Mihvauke
was (len'ii'iii,! ;i
handsome young woman accused of
stealing from a large iinocr-upicd
building in the night lime, and thin
he spoke in conclusion :
'Gentlemen of the jury. I am
done. When gaz." with enrap
tured eyes on t hi matchless beauty
of this peerless virg'n, on wIiom
resplendent charms suspicion never
dared to breathe ; when 1 behold
her radiant in the gloriou l!nom of
lustrious loveliiie- which angelic
sweetness might envy l ut could not
eclipse ; before which lib' star on
the brow of the night grows pale,
and the'diamonds of Brazil are dim :
and then reflect upon uttfr
madness and folly ofsitrioosin-.r 'hat
to much beauty would impose irself
to the terrors of an c:iipty build
ing in the cold damp d-ad ol" night,
when innocence like hers is hiding
itveif among the snowy pillows of
of repose ; gentlemen of the jury
my feelings are two overpowing fnr
expression, and I throw her into
your arms for protection against
this foul charge, which tho outra
geous malice of a scoundi t i has in
vented to blast the fair name i f tliis
lovely maiden whose smiles shall he
the reward of the verdict which I
know yon will give."
The jury acquitted her without
leaving their seats. Exchange.
Physiological Properties or
Caffein. The physiological ac
tion of coffee should not be attribu
ted to caffein, but to other principles.
An injection of 0 0 cubic inches of
coffee containing 0-G grain of caffein
killed a rabbit in a very short time,
producing acceleration of the pulse
and respiratory organs, uneasiness,
and finally convulsions. An injec
tion ofJO-75 grain of pure caffein,
however, did not produce death nor
even any symptoms of sickness. An
infusion of 770 grains of very hot
coffee, corresponding to 6--) grains
of caffein, acts upon a man far more
intensely than a stronger dose of
pure caffein. Headache, vertigo,
trembling, and similar symptoms
, i a, nuiuu iaM upvtalu Ol
four hours, Coffee extract, deprived
of caffein by chloroform and injected
into the jugular vein of a rabbit,
causes strong convulsions, but never
tetanus, such as is produced by an
overdose of caffein singly.
T. II. P. speaking in the BiLlleal
Recorder of the Presidency of
Chapel Hill says :
" Of all the men we know, Ex
Gov. Graham would be our choice,
if he were ten years younger. Dr.
J. L. M. Curry, of Richmond Col
lege, Va., would make a good Pres
ident. In our humble judgement,
we need not go out of the State to
find the man for the place that
man is ExGov. Z. B. Vance. If
the Trustees should see fit to elect
him and he will eschew politics for
ever, and'accept, we are persuaded
that in filling the duties of this
honorable position, he can better
serve his ago and country than in
any other possible way."
Missouri State Grange. The
State Grange of Missouri has adopt
ed resolutions endorsing the declara
tion of principles of tho National
Grange pronouncing against mon
eyed monopolies and rings; demand ing
retrenchment in the State and
economy in the family ; inviting
the co-operation of the sisters of
theOrc'er; declaring that to the
producing class a majority of the
people belongs the power assumed
by the smaller find unscrupulous
class for selfish purposes ; disclaim
ing political purposes, and calling
on Congress to economise, renounce
and purify the administration of
When Mr. George Whitfield was
in the zenith of his popularity, Lord
Clare, who knew that his influence
was considerable, applied to him
by letter, requesting his influence
at Bristol at the ensuing general
election. To this request Mr.
Whitefield replied ihat in " general
elections " he never interfered ; but
he would earnestly exhort his lord ship
to use diligence to make his
'' particular calling and election
Scientific Remark. A lecturer
on optics, in explaining the mechan
ism of the organ of vision, remarked,
"Let any man gaze closely into his
wife's eye, and he will see himself
looking so exceedingly small that"
Here the lecturer's voice was drown
ed by the shouts of laughter and ap
plause which greeted his scientific
Five out of nine of the leading
business houses in Manchester,
Iowa, are managed by ladies. It
is suggested that the name of the
town be changed to Womanchester.
" Yes, my hearers," said a Wis
consin minister, "little Johnny
Clem skated into heaven by way of
an airhole on Grass Like, and is
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