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"ALL POWERS, NOT HEREIN DELEGATED, REMAIN WITH THE PEOPLE." Constitution of N. C.
" "T TARBORO', N. C, FRIDAY, MAY 1, 1874. :
OLD SERIES, VOL. 50.
NEW SERIES, VOL. 1. )
Maor Alexander MoCabe.
ronaiisioimi .!'' XorHoet. Joseph C.1,1, and
Henry C. Cherry.
St'ReXiRT AND TBHSL'Rtn Hubert W ll iletlll ! 1 .
I'visyTABLr. J. B. Hyau.
low Wvtoh Harry Redmond. Hill Bult- mid
Jui;'S E. Simonn.
Superior Court Clerk and Pi abate Jtid;r
Register of Deeds -B. J. Keech.
Sheriff Battle Bryan.
Coroner ffra. T. Godwin.
Treasurer lioht. H. Austin.
Surveyor Jesse Harrell.
S hool Examiners. E. R. Stiii:ii6,
Knight and H. H. Shaw.
Keeper Poor House m. A. Dugirau.
Commissioners M. P. Edwards, Chairui;u,
W ni. A. Duggnn, N. B. Bellamy, and" Mac
Malbswsoa. B. J. Keech, Clerk.
i " " MAILS. " .
ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE uK MAILS
NOUTH AND SOUTH VIA W. A W. U. H.
Leave Tiirboro' (daily) at - - ' A-
Arrive :it Tarboro' (daily) at - - J30I.AI.
WASHINGTON MAITj VIA GK EEXV1 M.E.
FALKLAND AND SPA IITA.
I i. 'rrhnra' (dailvl at - - 6 A.M.
Arrive i Tarboro' (daily.) at
i; P. M.
The MRhts and tle Plee ol Jlrelliiff.
Concord R. A. Chapter No. 5, X. M. Law
leuce. High Priest, Masonic Hall, monthly
convocations first Thursday in ev.-ry month at
10 o'clock A. M.
Concord Lodge So. 58, Thomas Gailin,
Master, Masonic Hall, meets first Friday night
t T o'clock P. M. and third Saturday at 10
u'cloek A. M. in every month.
Repiton Encampment No. 13, I. O. O. F.,
Dr. Jos. H. Baker, Chief Patriarch, Odd Fel
lows' Hall, meets every first and third Thurs
day of each month.
Edgecombe Lodge No. 50, 1. O. O. F.,
J. H. Baker, N. G., Odd Fellows' Hall, meets
every Tuesday night.
Edgecombe Council No. 122, Friends of
Temperance, meet every Friday night at the
odd Fellows' Hall.
Advance Lodge No. 28, I. O. G. T., meets
every Wednesday night at Odd Fellows' Hall
Episcopal Church Services every Sunday
tt 10 1-2 o'clock A. M. and 5 P. M. Dr. J. B.
Methodist Church Services every third,
Sunday at 11 o'clock. Rev. C. C. Dodsou
Presbyterian Church Services second Sun
day of each month at 11 o'clock A. M. and
b o'clock P. M. Rev. 3. W. Primrose, Evan
Missionary Baptist Church Services the
Mud Sunday in every moLtb, at 11 o'clock.
Rev. T. R. Owen, Pastor.
Primitive Baptist Church Services first
Saturday and Sunday of each month at 1 1
Adams' Hotel, corner Main and Pitt Sis.
O. F. Adams, Proprietor.
Mrs. Pender's, (formerly Gregory Hotel,)
Main Street, opposite "Enquirer" Office,
Mrs. M. Pender, Proprietress.
Bank of New Hanover, on Main Street,
next door to Mr. M. Weddell. Capt. J. D.
Cummlng, Cashier. Office hours from V A.
if. to S P. M.
Southern Express Office, on Main Street,
closes every aiorning at8 o'clock.
N. M. Lawhesce, Agent.
THE undersigned takes pleasne in inform
ing 'the public that he has established
in Williamston a large and first-class
Livery, Sale and Exchange
at which he is prepared to board horses by
the day, week or month. Having a good
stock of horses always on hand, he will sell
or exchange on reasonable terms. He will
:ilso send passengers about the country at
moderate rates. Drovers will always find at
his Stables ample accommodations.
JAMES M. L. 8ITERSON,
Williamston, N. C.
P. 8. Any person communicating with him
ran have a conveyance sent to any part de
tired. J. M. L. S.
Jan. SO, 1874. . ly.
Do you Suffer from Chilis ?
Have Them No More !
Watkln's Chill Pills
FOR SALE AT
Read the following certificate. Hundreds
of others can be seen on application :
TO THE PUBLIC.
This is to certify that I have, for two years
past, used in my family, Dr. Watkiu's Chill
Pills, and never knew them to fail in a siuglo
instance to cure Fever and Ague. They are
a most excellent and the best Pill 1 have ever
P. F. CARRAWAY.
Adam's Creek, Craven Co., N. C, Nov. 18th,
1870. je 7-tf.
Champion House Mover !
(Patented Jan. 14th 1873.)
50 Per Cent Saved by its Use.
NO Farmer should be without this Machine.
Only $35.00 for a farm right and thou
sands perhaps will be saved. No more tear
ing down buildings or chimneys, for with
machine you can move a building, regardless
of quality, chimney included, to the desired
location without disturbing the inmates.
Your Barns are Badly Located.
Gin houses need moving; You fail to procure
tenants because your quarter houses are too
Spend $25.00 for the right and yon will
never regret it.
It will pay you to move your houses if only
io get the use of the valuable debris that will
accumulate in 2 or 3 years. Cost to a farmer
to work a gett per day, 4 hands, $3 00. With
4 hands you can carry a building 400 to COO
yards per day, without the use of complicated
skids, rollers, windlasses, oxen and other
devices generally used. One sett ot trucks
will perhaps do for a neighborhood. Cost
per sett $fi5.00 Trucks furnished at factory
prices. Grcatd vantage ofieredjto buyers of
STATE Olt COUNTY RIGHTS.
All orders for rights must be accompanied
tiy the cash, upon the receipt of which I will
forward the permit to use or order to factory
to furnish the required amount of trucks.
1 have made $500 per month using a sett of
i hese trucks. It is a rare chance to active men.
'ood men wanted as agents, local and travel
ing. Address T. J. BEAMY,
Raleigh, N. C.
1 could furnish hundreds of certificates, but
a present only refer to J adge Howard, Tar
f'oro', N. C, and Mr. Chamberlain, President
Citizens' Back, Norfolk, Va.
Feb. IS, 1874. tf.
Br. J. Walker's California Yin
Cgar Hitters aro a purely Vegetable
preparation, mado chielly from tho ua
tivo herbs found on tho lower ranges of
the Sierra Nevada mountains of Califor
nia, tho medicinal properties of which
aro extracted therefrom without tho use
of Alcohol. Tho question is almost
daily asked. "What is tho cause of tho
unparalleled success of Vinegar Bit
TEiis?' Our answer is, that they remove
tho causo of disease, and tho patient re
covers his health. They aro tho great
blood purifier and a life-giving principle,
a perfect licuovator and Invigorator
of tho system. Never before in tho
history of tho world has a medicine been
compounded possessing the remarkablo
qualities of Yiskgab Bitters in healing the
sick of every disease man is heir to. They
are a gentle Purgative as well as a Tonic,
relieving Congestion or Inflammation of
tho Liver and Visceral Organs in Bilious
The properties of Dn. Walker's
YI5EGA. Bitters are Aperient. Diaphoretic,
Carminative, Nutritious, Laxative, Diuretic,
Sedative, Counter-Irritant Sudorific, Altera
tive, and Anti-Bilious.
Grateful Thousands proclaim Vin
egar Bitters the most wonderful In
vigorant that ever sustained th sinking
No Person can take these Bitters
according to directions, and remain long
unwell, provided their bones are not de
stroyed by mineral poison or other
mean3, and vital organs wasted beyond
Bilious, Remittent and Inter
mittent 1 evers, which are so preva
lent in the valleys of our great rivers
throughout the United States, especially
those of the Mississippi, Ohio, Missouri,
Illinois, Tennessee, Cumberland, Arkan
sas, Red, Colorado, Brazos, Rio Grande,
Pearl, Alabama, Mobile, Savannah, Ro
anoke, James, and many others, with
their vast tributaries, throughout our
entire country during the Summer and
Autumn, and remarkably so during sea
sous of unusual heat and dryness, aro
invariably accompanied by extensive de
rangements of the stomach and liver,
and other abdominal viscera. In their
treatment, a purgative, exciting a pow
erful influence upon these various or
gans, is essentially necessary. There
is no cathartic for the purpose equal to
Dk. J. Walker's Vixegau Bitters,
as they will speedily remove the dark
eolurcd viscid matter with which tho
bowels are loaded, at the same time
stimulating the secretions of the liver,
and generally restoring the healthy
functions of the digestive, organs.
Fortify tho lo:l.v against disease
by purifying ail it.s liuids v. itu Vixkgar
Bi'i'TKns. No cpuW'iiiic can take hold
of a system thus ibre-anued.
Dyspepsia or Indigestion, Head
ache, rain in tin' Shoulders. Coughs,
Tightness t.-f the Chest. Dizziness, Sour
Eructations ol the Stomach, Bad Taste
in the Month. Bilious Attacks, Palpita
tation of the Heart, Iuilammation of the
Lungs, Pain in the region .j' the Kid
r.eys, and a hundred other painful symp
toms, are the offsprings of Dyspepsia.
One bottle will prove a better guarantee
of its merits than a lengthy advertise
ment. Scrofula, or lung's Evil, White
Swellings, Ulcer.-!, Eryipe':i.- Swelled Ne:-li,
Goitre, Scrofulous !n'!a:t!i:!.i:ii.:, Indolent
Inflammations, Mercurial AiI'.K-tinns. Old
Sores, Eruptions i f the Skia. ':" Dye-, off.
In those, its in ail other ei'it:'. atioii.i! Dis
eases, Walker's Vi.nkoai: l)iin:;is have
shown their great curative power.-; i:i the
most obstinate and ii.t.ae;a!;e m...
For Inllaniiuaio; y r.na ( hrosiic
Rheumatism, Gout, Bilious. Remit
tent and Intermittent IV vers. I iseases of
the Blood, Liver, Kidney.-: Bladder,
these Bitters have no equal. Spirit Di-ases
are caused by Vitiated Blood.
Mechanical Diseases. Persons en
gaged in Paints and Minerals, such as
Plumbers, Type-setters. Gold-heaters, and
Miners, as they advance in life, are subject
to paralysis of the Bowels. To guard
against this, take a dose of Walker's Vi.v
kjar Bitters occasionally.
For Skill Diseases Eruptions, Tet
ter, Salt-lthnuin, Blotches, Spots, Pimples,
Pustules, Boils, Carbuncle. King-worms,
Scald-head, Sore Eye. Erysipelas. Itch,
Scurfs, Discoloration.-: of the Skiu, Humors
and Diseases of the Skin of whatever name
or i..Uure, are literally dug up and carried
out of the system in a" short time by the use
ol" these Bitters.
Pin, Tape, and other Worms,
larking in the system of so many thousands,
are effectually destroyed and removed. No
syt-tem of medicine, no vermifuges, no an
thelminitlcs will free the ystcin from worms
like these Bitters.
For Female Complaints, in young
or old, married or single, at the dawn of wo
manhood, or the tarn of life, these Tonic
Bitters display so decided an influence that
improvement is soon perceptible.
Cleanse the Vitiated Blood when
ever yon find its impurities bursting through
the skin in Pimples, Eruptions, or Sores;
cleanse it when you find it obstructed and
sluggish in the veins; eleanse it when it is
foul ;' you.- feelings will tell you when. Keep
the blood pure, mid the health of the system
it. ii. Mcdonald & to..
Drngjrists and Gen. Ajrti., San Francisco. California,
and cor. of Washington anil Charlton Kts.. N. Y.
Sold by all Iruggits and Dealers.
TUE NEXT SESSION OF THIS 8 EM I
nary ol learning will commence on
Thursday, Sept. 4th, 1K73.
Hampden Sidney is situated in Prince Ed
ward County, Va., within a few hn nil red
yard3 of Union Theological Seminary, and
seven miles from Farmville the nearest de
pot of the Atlantic, Mississippi & Ohio R. K.
The locality of the College is most healthy,
and the community atound distinguished for
intelligence and piety.
There is no Grammar or Preparatory
School connected with the College. It re
tains the curriculum and the great aim of its
teachers is to secure thoroughness in the
training and Instruction of their pupils and
thus to prepare them for professional studies
or the active duties of life.
The ordinary expenses of a student eseht
sivo of the cost of clothing, travelling and
books, are from $225 to S 275 a year.
For Catalogue and further information ap
ply to Rkv. J. M. P. ATKINSON,
President Hampden Sidney College.
jy26-tf. Prince Edward County, Va.
THE FAVORITE HOME REMEDY.
. Tliis unrivalled Medicine 1a .warranted not
to contain a fthigto parttoUef MfiK twr, or
containing those Southern Roots and Herbs,
which an all-wise Providence has placed in
countries where Liver Diseases most prevail.
It will Care 11 Discuses ean.sed hv derange
ment of the Liver and Bowels.
Simmons' Liver Regulator, or Medicine,
Is imineutly a Family Medicine ; and by be
ing kept ready for immediate resort will save
inauy an hour of suffering and iinr.y a dollar
iu time and doctors' bil!i.
After over Forty Years' trial it is ttill re
ceiving the most unqualified testimonials to
its il l ues from persons of the highest char
acters and responsibility. Eminent physi
cians commend it as the most
For Dyspepsia or Indigestion.
Armed with this ANTIDOTE, all climates
and changes of water and food may be faced
without fear. As aRemedv in MALARIOUS
FEVERS, BOWEL COMPLAINTS, REST
LESSNESS. JAUNDICE, NAUSEA.
IT H S NO EQUAL.
It is the Cheapest, Purest and Best Family
Medicine in the World !
Manufactured only by
J. H ZEILIN& CO.,
MACON, GA., and PHILADELPHIA.
Price 1.00. Sold by all Druggists.
Piedmont Air-Line Railway.
EICHMOiND & DANVILLE, RICHMOND
& DANVILLE R. W.. X. C. DIVIS
ION, AND NORTH WEST
ERN N. C. It. W.
CONDENSED TIME TABLE
In effect on and after Sunday, Feb. 22, 1874.
rrc.:.... .... ... .-J
stations. Mail. Express.
Leave Charlotte 7.00 p. m. 8.35 a.m.
' Air-Line Jct'n, 7.28 " 8.55 "
Salisbury, 10.09 11 10.47 "
': Greensboro' -.15 a. m. 1.15 p.m.
" Danville. 5.28 " 3.27 "
" Burkville, 11.40 8.06 "
Arrive at Richmond, 2.32 r. M. 11.02 "
1.43 r. a.
1.16 a. m.
O.03 A. X.
1.03 p. k.
C 33 "
' Air-Line Jncfn, 6. 85
Arrive at Charlotte, 6.43
L've Greensboro', V 2.00 a.m. d. Arr.12.30A x
Co. Shops, g. S.55 " 11.05"
" Raleigh, o. 8.80a.m.'S - 6.40 "
Ai r. at Goldsboro,! 11.40 " pjL've S.OOp.m
NORTH WESTERN N. C. R- R-
Leave Greensboro' '. . . . .... 1.30 A. M.
Arrive at Salem 3.25 A. M.
Leave Salem 10.30 A. if.
Arrive at Greensboro'. .. 12.00 M.
Passenger train leaving Raleigh at 7.40
P. M., connects at Greensboro' with the
Northern bound train ; making the quickest
time to all Northern cities. Price of Tick
ets same as via other routes.
Trains to and from points East of Greens
boro' connect at Greensboro' with Mail
Trains to or from points North or South.
Trains daily, both ways.
On Sundays Lynchburg Accommodation
leave Richmond at 9.42 A. M.f arrive at
Burkeville 12.39 P. M., leave Burkeville 4.35
A. M., arrive at Richmond 7.58 A. M.
Pullman Palace Cars on ail night trains
between Charlotte and Richmond, (without
For further information address
S. E. ALLEN,
Gen'l Ticket Agent,
Greensboro, N. C.
T. M. R. TALCOTT,
Engineer & Gen'l Superintendent.
FOR SALE OR RMT.
THE residence of Mrs. M. E. Lewis, j4
with about four acres of land. Jjpjf.
The house contains eight rooms. On
the lot are KITCHEN, SERVANT'8 HOUSE,
DAIRY, SMOKE HOUSE, GREEN HOUSE
and STABLES, all in good repair. This
being situated in the pleasantcst part of the
T The FURNITURE will be disposed
Apply to M. WEDDELL & CO.
Tarboro', March 13, 1874.
A f te sss
b .S s S5
40l(J4)ZU classes of working people, of
either sex, young or old, make more moneyfat
work for us in their spare moments, or all the
time, than at anything else. Particulars int.-'
Address a. Btinson CoPortland, Maine. ly
) . gy, ji i
MAY 1, 1874
A SLIGHT ACQmiCTAXCE.
met at sx
Mitchell and John Martin
little picnic party in a
country vill.-ige, where she was
passing a fVw weekn of the intoleni
ble hot Mimmer, and he well he
was reading law for the present
with Esquire Morgan, the village
oracle, and working about the
squire's farm to pay his board.
John Martin was it handson&e joung
'man, and as good as he was hand
some. So said Mis. Morgan and
all the ladies of the village, as also
did the children, who loved him
dearly for his kind acts and the
cheerful words which he had for
The young ladies all seemed to
have a great deal of regard for him,
for they each and all foresaw that
such a good young man must make
an excellent husband; and besides,
they felt assured that he would be
come very rich, as well as influential;
for was he not reading law with
Squire Morgan, who had gained
riches, and influence in the practice
of his profession ?
But, somehow, John had failed
to appreciate the regard of any
young lady until he met Cressy
Mitchell, and from that time he
felt that his heart was no longer
Cressy was a beauty, and she
knew it. She doted on it. It was
passing strange that she should
feel willing to deprive herself of
the homage of her many suitors and
banish herself to a country village,
even for a limited period. But she
had planned on making her appear
ance at the summer resort of her
fashionable friends, when the season
was half over, coming fresh and
hearty from her country retreat,
while tho belles of fashion , would
hare become already worn and
weary with fashionable dissipation.
This was the reason of her seclu
sion, and with a swift comprehend
sive glance, she scanned the face
and features of John Martin, in
wardly rejoicing that such a hand
some and agreeable young man was
to be her companion during her stay
in die village. -
She did not have one thought
that he would fail to present him
self ns a candidate for her favor.
She knew her power, and felt sure
that John Martin's love would soon
It was even as she had anticipa
ted. At every picnic, pleasure
excursion or party gotten up in the
village, John Martin was her escort
and companion, and tre the time
which she had allotted herself to
stay had passed, she was sure that
she possessed all the love of John
Martin's generous, noble heart.
She had learned to love him also.
His superiority over all other men
with whom she had associated,
forced her to yield to him the res
pect which was due him, and res
pect Boon ripened into a warmer
feeling, which Cressy Mitchell
would not acknowledge even to her
The time drew near for her to
take her departure from the village,
and John Martin had called to say
good bye. Without preliminaries,
and with no words of cringing
flattery such as her former suitors
had invariably made use of, he told
her in a straight forward, manly
way, of his love for her, and asked
her to sive him her hand in mar
riage. f'or a time there was a severe
struggle in the breast of this beauti
ful creature of fashion. She loved
John Martin. She knew it, and he
knew it, and her better nature
cried loudly for a hearing in this
But pride and ambition whisper
ed in her ear, "You must not thus
fling away all your bright hopes and
prospects for the future; you may
form a splendid alliance; become the
wife of a millionaire; wear laces
and diamonds and revel in wealth
and luxury; do not listen to the
promptings of your heart, but let
reason guide you."
Thus importuned by the voice of
selfish ambition, she put the one
love of her heart away from her,
and, turning to tho man who stood
with folded arras waiting her de
cision, she said :
" Mr. Martin, 1 cannot afford to
indulge in romantic dreams; that I
love you I will not deny, but you
are poor and I am not rich; con
sequently each must form a more
He stood for a moment, as if
transfixed, while the cold, worldly
ideas expressed by Cressy were
floating through his brain. Was
this to b6 the end of the bright
dream of happiness which he had
so tenderly cherished t Alas, he
felt that all the world must be false
and cold, now that his idol had
fallen, and his. beautiful Cressy,
whom he had invested with all the
charms and virtures of an angel,
had changed into a cold, scheming
But he recovered his self-posses
sion, and extending; his hand, he
snook her s warmly, and with a
- gooutye, uresny, tiou bless vou
ana make you happy,
he hurried !
H next day UreSiy jomed her j
fashionable fri-nd at the J
mi . - ..
sprsBgs, arnl lor the time lorgot I
John Martin and his love.
Summer passed, and winter came
with ita round metropolitan pny
ety. It was midwinter, and the
" affair of the season " came eff at
the' house of the leader of the
" ton;1' none but the elite were
there, of course, and indeed, they
were of l.Je " exclusive " set.
.-Cressy was promenading the
spacious saloon, leaning upon the
arm f a cavalier, hr escort sud
denly paused before a tall gentle
man, who stoo I leaning against a
pillar viewing a gay throng with a
weary air. " Misd Mitchell," he
said, " I am happy to be able to
present to you a valued friend of
mine, who informs me that he had
the honor and pleasure of a few
weeks' acquaintance with you du
ring the past summer."
Cressy raised her eyes and met
those of John Martin fixed earnests
ly upon her. Her heart gave an
impulsive bound, but she checked
its mad pulsations and replied cold-
1 J :
" Ah, yes ; I believe I did have
a slight acquaintance with the gen
man." Without another word she moved
on, and, as the gentleman led her
to a seat, he said:
"Really, Miss Mitchell, yoa are
a wonder of your sex."
" Indeed, sir ; and why ?"
" I don't believe another young
lady present would have treated
John Martin, the millionaire, as
cooly as you did just now."
" John Martin, the millionaire,"
4i Aye ; he's as rich as Choesus."
"But when I knew him he was a
" Oh, pooh ! that was one of his
odd freaks ; he always feared he
would be valued for his money, and
not for himself."
As soon as Cressy could free
herself from her obsequious escort
and admirer, she sought John Mar
tin, and endeavored to explain her
conduct : but he would give her no
rA-.lv tr, An. tn. nrl nruf rl
in treaJuff her as - slight ac-
lg ner as " a siignt
In a few weeks he brought his
bride to the city, and introduced
her to his fashionable friends. She
was only a simple, innocent, coun
try girl, but, as the wife of John
Martin, she was welcomed to the
best society. And Cressy never
ceased to regret that she pronounc
ed Martin only 'a slight acquaints
A Mid-Night Scene.
Bilkins heard a suspicious noise
in his cellar, a few nights since at
the dead hour of mid-night, He
sprang out of bed, and without
waiting to make his toilet, seized
his gun and ran around the house
to the cellar stairs. He found the
door standing invitingly open and
a pair of fiery -looking eyes staring
at him out of the Sloomy depths of
the cellar. He began to wish he
wa3 back in bed where he was a
few moments before, but being an
economical man he thought it would
never do to leave such a savage
beast-as that one appeared to be
prowling about his cellar. He
crept into an empty kerosene oil
barrel that lay there, put his gun
through a bunghole, and opened
fire on the disheartening brute.
When he had fired half-dozen
shots,he heard a splashing sound in
the cellar like a stream of blood
flowing from a terrible wound.
This was gratifying in the extreme.
He redoubled his energy, and fired
fifty more shots as fast as he could
load and fire. He was out of am
munition now, and screaming to
Mrs. Bilkins to bring him a light ;
but she was up stairs lying on the
floor with six bed ticks over her,
and couldn't hear.
When he found that he couldn't
get a light he squared himself in
the barrel and placed one eye to
the bunghole, determined to see
what was in that cellar or die in
the attempt. He lay there till
morning without making any furth
er demonstrations, except to use a
little nrofanitv occasionly, when he
got an extra quantity of oil in his
eyes irom tue Darrei. vnn it
was light enough for him to see, he
commenced reconoitering about the
cellar door and discovered that the
floor of the cellar was covered with
cider six inches deep, with here
and there an island of potatoes and
turnips and the remains of six bar
rels floating on the surface. The
only trace he could find of the
animal that so alarmed him was a
small piece of a cat's tail and a few
bunches of fur floating proudly on
the bosom of the lake of cider.
He went to his bed room and re
sumed his clothing and confidently
observed to his wife, at breakfast,
if she said any thing about this
affair he would cave her head in.
Grant and Lee.
The London Time, reviewing
1 1 ",! ,
-u'"cl "esney s essays, says :
n .1 i ru i
i' .l!.p .. -l . i
' i eo,M.ue lor lie ,
most part w.th With our own. 1 he ,
eomuianuer ts. certain ly
not a strategist of the first order,
.U- . l
inn in i ni" urpnr fnmmn'ririiia rv.T -
w . . .. v vviviiii,ivud v.
j war ne out slowly arrr e s at s
: 1... .: T . 1 . . -i
. uuiiciuiiioiis. iiui 111s tenacity tie
serves the highest praise ; on the
field he has often shown true in-
sight; and he has this quality of
greatness, that he can perceive his
mistakes and correct them with per-i
severance and energy.. ; He seems,
also, to have generally apprehended
the true means of overcoming the
South somewhat sooner than most
of his Northern colleagues : and if
he unduly lavished the blood of his
men, he always commanded their
respect and esteem. These charac
teristics may be plainly seen
throughout the course ef his ardous
campaign. Like Colonel Chesney,
we cannot excuse him for hi3 oper
ations in the summer of 1864 ; even
if we believe he yielded to Lincoln
he should not have moved as he did
at first on Richmond, and his mur
derous and useless waste of his
troops would have been fatal to him
two years before. In fact his strat
egy on this occasion was inferior to
i that of the decried McClellan ; and
Grant also wa3 all but foiled by the
silkful Beauregard at Pittsburg
Landing, and was months discover
ing the weak points of Yicksburg.
On the other hand, his attacks on
Forts Henry and Donelson show
real decision and force of character,
his movements against both Yicks
burg and Richmond were ultimately
what they ought to have been, his
conduct at Chattanooga was able,
and he is perhaps entitled to the
chief credit of the conception of
Sherman's march through Georgia.
We have ourselves, like Colonel
Chesney, compared the American
commander to Massena ; but if he
has not surpassed the French mar
shal in war, he is infinitely above
him in all moral qualities.
This determined soldier is not,
however and Colonel Chesney
agrees with our judgment to be
compared with his greatest oppo
nent, in the highest attainments of
the military art ; and as Hannibal,
t t.K.f.n ' '
the rorv Jnf.rior &mL th fl
ry interior Ssnpio, th titmrp.
of Lee eclipses Grant, though Lee
succumbed to the Northern chief.
Colonel Chesney's essay on the
brilliant career of the renowned
leader of the Virginian army is too
short to do the theme justice, but
it 13 very attractive and full of in
terest. We have no space to notice
the pleasing description he has giv
en us of the private life of Lee, nor
yet to comment on the public vir
tues of the high-minded citizen
who drew his sword reluctantly in
what he thought the righful cause,
and bore himself like a true patriot
when reproach and disaster gather
ed around him. A few words are
all that we can devote to the milita
ry powers of this great captain ; and
they are, indeed, superfluous, for
their best monument is the battle
fields of the American war. It may
be said, however, that Lee has a
place in the foremost rank of mod
ern strategists ; he possessed in the
very highest degree ability for the
great operations of war ; few gener
als have ever, in Col. Hamley's
phrase, "interpreted the theatre "
with equal insight and known as
well how to turn it to account ; and
no one certainly since the time of
Napoleon has conquered against
such immense odds and has so long
and fiercely disputed the prize of
victory with failing resources. His
combinations, indeed, bear a strik
ing resemblance in many particu
lars to those of the Emperor ; like
him, he gained astonishing success
by the well-planned use of interior
lines and bold movements against
divided foes; like him, he avoided
the timid system of passive defence
as a general rule, and seemed the
assailant though on the defensive ;
like him he possed a fund of resour
ces in his own genius which effected
wonders ; like him, too, he was swift
and terrible in availing himself to
the mistakes of an enemy. Thus it
has happened that his campaigns
have much in common with those
of Napoleon, and fascinate the
reader for the same reasons. They
exhibit the triumph of profound in
telligence, of calculation, and of
j well-employed force over numbers,
and disunited counsels,
like those of 1796 and 1814, and
his victory on the Chickahominy in
1862 and outmanoeuvring of Grant
in 1864 may fitly compare with
Areola or Rivoll and with the im
mortal struggle on the Marne and
Seine. Lee, too, has never been
surpassed in the, art of winning the
passionate love of his troops, and,
r.s with all generals of a high order,
his lieutenants looked up to him
with perfect confidence, and saw in
his commands a presage of victory.
As an administrator, however, this
great commander, Col. Chesney
tells us, was not successful ; he too
easily overlooked faults and was
somewhat careless of such impor
tant matters as the commissariat
and similar departments: and, re 1
sembling Napoleon in this also, he
trusted too much to the effect of
strategy, and was hot sufficiently
9 VP m T IP VS 110 ,f lhiir.1 i ... .1
. . - .... v, , uv - .ii.--iiu.iin- .ii.li
, Illilit tom
lso nevp. t bowwJ Mf
and his counsellors to his will : and
though he was certainly aware that
.1 . - . 1 .
j - " -" .w'Vt... muuv .U1IHI11
. ..n I f, rt . I. W . -. L. 1 - . 1
Lnr 1 iiirft hi lilt- .-,1111111 nisdo rqnirfl
mistakes m invading the North, iu
maintaining an uselese force in the-
West, md in containing the hope
less defence of Richmond he never
contrived to change their purpose.
Yet the grave that covers Robert
Lee hides the dust of one of the
great men of out age, and the time
has never now come when the victo
rious North can think of him as of
one of her foremost citizens.
A Texan Claude Duval.
There is a stage road between
Austin and San Antonio, Texas,
and there is a genuine "Claude
Duval " on it. He's about twenty
three years of age and is the leader
of a darling gang of banditti.
Lately, one night, the driver of the
mail coach was surprised by a man i
mounting to the box and seating !
himself by his side while the stage
was rolling along at a. brisk rate. I
uiwuuci yiestiur.i a pistoi anu . eriimeiit access to the (Je.hlVuuate
rcejuested the driver to be quiet i archives. The result of the aiudi
and drive into a convenient by way cation, if made, has not been made
off the public road. This done, the I public, but the matter is under eon
stage was stopped, and the passen- sideration iu Washington,
gers, several ladies and gentlemen, j Instead of printing and publishing
were ordered to alight and shake the Confederate archives, let Con"
themselves. This was the first in- ! gress turn them over to the South
timation they had of anything out j ern Historical Society. They will
of the usual course. Several other i be in safe hands nnd'such portions
highwaymen made their appearance of them as are neceesarv to throw
in thfi BPclnrlprl snot ivhprp tho ato
was stopped, and the proceeding
went on without the least noise or
interruption. The robbers were
. . .w .
very tender and gentlemanly in ;
their bearing towards the passen- j
gers, and particularly polite to the J
ladies of the party. They wished
to avoid ruffling or frightening them,
The band took possession of the
small arms of the gentlemen, and
the mail and the baggage, and let
the mall coach pass without hurting
a hair of anybody's head. It was
a very neat, pleasant job of the
kind, and gave the party food for
contemplation during the remainder
of the trip.
DfcuB vs- nj-Bims,
TTI.1. Tl J TT T,'J
J lhere 13 an old bat elegant, but
most expressive saying ; " W hat ie
bred in the bone will come out of
the flesh." Age has lent force to
rather than impaired the truth of
the saw. The high bred man nev
er forgets what is due to others,
however mindful he may be of what
is due to himself ; the 7-brid, e
contra, by derogation cf others
would cover his own bar sinister,
hoping, in a degree, to magnify
himself. Time, circumstance, nor
association can obliterate " flaw,"
which becomes the more apparent
the higher the y-brid climbs the
social scale. Merit alone nor
coupled with riches can make the
thorough gentleman ; as well under
take to make hyperion out of a
satyr. The truly high man tender
ly regards the feelings of all and
the humbler the individual the more
careful is the real gentlemen of
touching his sensibilities.
lhere is no truer distinctive be
tween the gentleman born and the
novus liomo than the deportment of
one and the other to those with
whom fortune has not dealt so kind
ly as with them. Materialism is
all the go now, and materialism will
destroy sentiment, polish, refine
ment, and at last honor. " Money
makes the mere go," but money
nor place never yet convered a hy
brid into a hiqJt bred. RicJtmond
" The Union and the States."
fFrom the late speech of J. M.
Bundy. Why did not utter an
archy followed the events that ims
mediately preceeded and followed
Mr. Lincoln s inauguration ? At
Washington there was rottenness,
treason, cowardice, nervelessness
nd confusion. But the people
the loyal people were sound.
They had, in each State, a.govern-
ment that was true and that was
their own. It was a government
that fulfilled all the domestic pur
poses cf a government. Undr its
protection, by the aid of its ma
chinery, through legal methods
and with out revolutionary process
es they could live in peace and
security and could organize and
send out armies for the salvation of
the Union. The States were long
established realities. They were
something more than mere parts of
the Union. They were the solid
pillows on which the Union rested.
They saved the Union.
Now, let us saved the Staces !
About as complete a swindle a3 favorable to physical development,
is now practiced is that of the Louis- In other words it is to be under
ville Public Library Lottery, The j 3tood that, although a pupil is
recent draw ing ought to convince 1 capable of reasonable understanding
any one mat sucn institutions were
invented for the express purpose of
demonstrating tne aaage that " a
fool and his money soon part."
The Library itself is a mere sham
compared to what it should be judg
ing from the vast profits realized
by the lottery. Exchange.
The Conledtrate Archives
j Savannah AdvertiM r-!l-ui!:-:i! j
I'p.H! t!C villi. f:.n r 1' i'u
Jolllison's :ilil, :i ti lV (,! ... ;,!
hie poriinn rf !( '(', ii;f,
arfhivf-. ( ivil ni'Mtmv, :is
into t!,i jiosscssN.-t, ,J :,-' i-
was carried u, W.-i-liiiurt
ii,iru.iin i..i.i. 11 ....
411 X VI '1 1 1.1.1 I 1
. ! 1 - 1, 1
Mr. Lincoln wu.
Ivlil' 1 1
funnel v hT (
nu o i
n.ui-v- ni iiit:;n- (-".inept.-: ;;111 ;t
bureau was organoid which was
styled the Hurra n e-f 'i-i.lV.K-i ate
Archives. The l-Y-iei;.! la
ment has guanK-.l aithivt-s
with a watchfulness M,!y cfu;illcd
by that of the far fniimd ('.-il.eii!
carefully excluding nil Ymf. ! ates
from access to tin hiiMing where
thisc treasures nr.- .iejnt.-;i( This
wonderful vigils,..-, ,i:t,U.l with
the fart that tlto govoi-Mncm, has
111 yli .1 .". r.t .! I
paid a very hign j i ice for sundry
value, has create.
of litile u- no
that many of the nio.-i important
documents relating to ti:c- war. ?n
both sides, have 1
Sometime since tl
torical Society appointed a
mittee to ask of tho
rov ngu, uu me iatu struiiie win ue
certain find their way to the public.
it is due to the world that the
Southern side of the late war both
in its civil and military aspect,
should be male public, and there
are pens, ready for the work. But
men cannot write full and correct
histories without duto ,1,,.
ments. Memory is a powerful
thing, and a useful adjunct to the
historian, but it will not do for the
basis of work, when facts and re
cords can be easily made available.
The Southern member of congress
may do their constituents and them
selves a service by giving prompt
attention to this important matter.
In dreams, we have no true per
ception of the lapse of time. The
relations of space, as well as time,
are annihilated, so that while ah St
most an eternity is compressed into
a moment, infinite space is travers
ed more swiftly than 'by real thought
There are numerous illustrations
of this principle on record. A gen-,
tleman dreamed that he had enlis
ted as a soldier, deserted his regi
ment, was apprehended, carried
back, condemned to be shot, and at
last led out for execution. After
the usual preparations a gun was
fired ; he awoke with the report ;
and found that a noise in the next
room had at the same moment
produced the dream and awakened
him. Another gentleman dreamed
that he crossed the Atlantic and
spent a fortnight in America. In
embarking on his return, he fell
into the sea, and awaking in hia
fright, he found that he had not
been asleep ten minutes.
European agricultural society are
interested in the manufacture of
wooden shoes, which aro said to
possess many advantages over leath
er, as it is shown that many diseases
resulting in impaired constitutions,
and even in the loss of life, have
resulted from wearing leather shoes
in wet weather. A practical work
man from France has been called
recently to Germany to superintend
the'r manufacture. They arc light
and easy to wear, and provided with
a small cushion within the upper
side to obviate any pressure on that
part of the foot. They arc of a
neat, pleasant appearance, blacken
ed or varnished, large enough to
accommodate comfortable stockings,
and provided with leather straps.
Their price3 range from twenty-four
to thirty-six cents, and a very few
pairs would last a lifetime.
When Children Should BrGix
School. In a paper on the sanitary
aspects of primary education, read
recently by Dr. R. J. Sullivan,
before the New York Academy of
Medicine, an important suggestion
j occurs in reference to the earliest
age at which a pupil should be
admited in our schools. He con
tends that seven years is a min
imum age, not because mental
exertion would be injurious to
I healthy intellectual growth, but
! because school life under its present
! hygienic surroundings is very un-
: anei aiimuea amount oi intellectual
' development prior to the seventh
year, sucn education shomd be
given it out of school and without
the usual restraint. A fact that
renders Dr. Sullivan's views valua
ble is that he was for several years
medical inspector of public schools.