Newspaper Page Text
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I AM A SOUTHEEN MAN, OF SOUTHERN" PBESrOIPLES.5'-Ex-TJ. S. Senator Jefferson Davis.
OLD SERIES, VOI,. 52. )
NEW SERIES, VOL. U.
M iMJ-Jolia Norflci't.
C .HMissioXF.il Uenj. Norfl.'et, Jo:oph Col.b, H.
l c!iiT.-v and tidorg.' Matliewsun.
Sx.:bbtat asdTbeasuuer Koburt Whituhumt.
f.NriTiLE J. B. Hyatt.
rows Watch Harry Redmond, Hill Bailiff aud
lame i E. Siinonsun.
Superior Court Clerk and Probate JuAf
II. L. Suiton, Jr.
llrqister of ZW.t-Alcx. MoCabe.
.( r Josjph Cobb.
Treasurer -llohl. II. Austin.
Surceior Jobu E. Hakr.
Si'liooi Examiners. II. 11. SUaw, V u. A.
Duwu and K. 8. William.
ftWr W House-Win. A. Dugtran.
r-omrtis.'oner Jno. Lancaster. Chairman,
Wily Well, J. B. W. Norvllle, Frank Dew,
M. Eitui. A. McCabe, Clerk.
AUIUVAL AND I'KPARTUCE OF MAILS
MiHTH AMI SOUTH VIA W. & N. K. K.
Le.ivo Turboro' (Jnily) nt - - m
Arrive at Turboro' (daily) at - - 3 SO 1 . M
WASHINGTON MAIL VIA CREENVILLI
FALKLAND AD srAi.i.1.
Arrive ui Tarboro' (daily) at
6 F. M
Tlie Nigbtannd thlMceof Ulcetiug.
Coucon! K. A. Chapter No. S N M. Law.
ii:., i. Pr,,. M:snnic Hall. niouthh
10IM ' , -
evocations lirsi Thursday iu evury month at
10 o'clock A. M.
Concord Lodjxe No. 5S, Thomas Gatlin
Master, Masonic Hall, meets urk r i iu..j
it 7 o clock f. M. ana miru cm""j
o'clock A. It. in every ruoutu.
ll'-piton Encampment No. 13, I. . O. T.,
Dr. Jos. H. Baker, Chief Patriarch, Odd Fol
io vs' Hall, meets every flnt and third Ihurs
dnv of each mouth.
Fd-eeombe Lodsre No. R0, I. O. O. F.,
J. H. I! iker, N. G., Odd Fellows' Hall, meets
every Tuesday night.
E.L'econibe Council No. 122, Friend., of
Temperance, meet every Friday night at the
Odd Fellows' Hall.
Advance Lodjre No. 28, I. O. (i. T., mts
every Wednesday uight at Odd Fellows' Hall
r-.i"opal Church Services every Sunday
nt li) 1-2 o'clock A. M. and 0 V. M. Dr. J. ii.
Cheshire, Kcctor. ,
Methodist Church Service? every third,
Suuday at 11 o'clock. Rev. Mr. Swindell,
rretbitcrian Church Service evary Sun
day, Rev. T. J. Allison, Stated Supply. ek
!y Praver meeting, Wednesdy nlirht.
Missionary Baptist ChurciSerjica the
4th Sunday in every ruOLth, at 11 o'vlotk.
I'.ev. T. It. Owen, l'astor.
rrimitive Baptist Church Services firU
Saturday and Sunday of each month at 11
Adam3 Hotel, corner Main and Pitt Sta.
(.). F. Adams, Proprietor.
Mrs. 1'endcr'n, (formerly Gregory Hotel,)
Main Street, opposite "Enquirer" Office,
Mrs. M. Pender, Proprietress.
Bank of New Hanover, on Main Street,
next door to Mr. M. Weddell. C'a.t. J. I).
CnmmiiiiC, Cashier. Otlice hours from U A.
H. to Z P. M.
Southern Express OOice, on Main Stri-t,
closes every inorning at 9J o'clock.
N. M. Lawrence, Agent.
Tarboro', N. C.
0, F. ADAMS, Proprietor.
rpHIS HOTEL IS NOW OPEN FOR THE
JL accomodation of the traveling public,
and no pains will be spared to make all who
stop at this Hotel comfortable and pleasant.
The table will lie supplied with the best the
market utlordn, and served up by experienced
hands . The proprietor only ask a trial, for
the public to be convinced.
O. F. ADAMS.
Jan. 2, 1874. tf.
rPHl8 OLD ESTABLISHED BAKERY 18
JL now ready to supply th people of Tar
boro and vicinity with all kinds of
Bread, Calces, French and Plain
Candies, Nu.t$, Fruits,
j-c, ,jc, jfc,
mnbriirinjj every thing usnally kept in a First
C!s Kstablishment of the kiud.
Thankful for the liberal patronage of the
; ni tin; undersigned asks a continuation,
with the promise of satisfaction.
I'rivnlo Families can nlway haTi
Ibeir Cukes linked here ut itliort
Of dors far Parties & Balls
promptly filled. Call and cxamino our itock,
next door to Bank of New Hanover.
Nov. 4.-ly. JACOB WEDER.
CIIAMBEBLAU & RAWLS,
STEALERS IN FINE JEWELRY, FINE
Watches Steiliu Silver
W.tre Silver Plated Ware,
C ' Fine Watches Repaired Faithfully
and Sciwitificallv, and Warranted.jg
TARBOKO, N. C.
Jan. 5, 1S72. 1 -tf
I i -
SRAM), SQlAltE & IPUIGIIT
Hive rfeeived upwards of FIFTY FIRST
I'll EMI CMS, and are among the best now
made. Every instrument fully warranted for
live years. Prices as low as the exclusive
us: if the very best materials and the most
ib'irouirh workmanship will permit. The
principal pianists and composers, and the
1'iutio .purchasing public of the South espe-
'"., uuuu iu nie unanimous verdict Ot Hie
!-.3 ; -rtfjrit- ot the STIEFF PIANO. The
Dl It ABILITY of our instruments is fully
Wished by over SIXTY SCHOOLS ANI
'OLLE(iES iu the South, usiny over S0O ol
S'!q Wholesale Agents for several of the
i'l'iti' i jal manufacturers of Cabinet and Par-
,,,r Or-ans ; prices from $50 to f(J()0. A lib-
e: i, .:MMiint to Clergymen and Sabbath
A ! u r,. assort !n-iit of second-hand Pianos,
;it prices ranging from $75 to $300, always on
ind for IlliiHtrated Catalogue, containinir
-c i.aiues of over 2,000 Southerners who hive
'"i.-'iit and are using the Stietf Piano.
CHAS. M. STIEFF,
Warcrooms, No. 9 North Liburty St.,
BALTIMORE, M. D.
"jtoriu, 84 & SO Camdsu St., and 45 A 47
18751 fHf glorious! '
Is an GIfl and Tried Journal Having
jusl llisiezwrt pan the Fifty
TJderst Ifcar of its
Although endorsed as the orart of tho Democratic-ConaerTative Party
in Edgecombe, it is independent in its management and support and subject
to tho demands and wishes of no man or party. It is Democratic, howeTer,
to the backbone, but reserves tho right of journalism to criticise the conduct
and measures of tho party.
LTaving supplied ourselves at a heavy cost with tho most improred ma
chinery and every variety of tho latest styles of types, we are prepared to do
Fine Job Printing f all kinds in a style superior to any other office
in this section at low;;;; thicks than any other establishment for the be?t
quality of work. None but skilled workmen employed, who execute all
work promptly and with the utmost dispatch. We can furnish at short no
tice and at cheap rate?,
Blanks, Bill Heads.
Letter Heads, Cards,
Programmes, Hand Bills,
Circulars, &c, &c.
The wants of COtTNTY OFFICIALS is made a SPECIALTY.
32TSEND IN YOUR ORDERS. -S3
The SorTH-ERXEK-E.v-QriKF.r: is live, reliable, high-toned and courteous, and
devoted to Politics, News and Literature, and giving, as it does, especial at
tention to matters ot tuo
LATEST LOCAL AND
It is invaluable as a xr.ws-paper and should bo a constant visitor to every
fireside in Edgecombe and adjacent counties.
leing leccived on the day ot publication in PITT and MARTIN, it con
tains LAiEK news for the citizens of those counties, than any other paper,
daily or weekly, that ean reach them.
Is invited from our friends in all sections. We are determined to make the
SorrrHEiiNEREyo.riREK tho most reliable and comprehensive news medium in
our section. Agents, with whom wo will make special arrangements, are
wanted to assist us in extending our circulation whioh is already the largest
of any weekly in East Carolina.
Should advert to the fact that our territory being the finest and most pros
perous Agricultural section in the State, or rather the Eden of the South,
tho Southeesee-Esquikr is without a superior a3 an advertising medium.
Our rates are comparatively very low.
The SouxnEENi-.R-ExarihEU is also a largo, thirty-two column paper and
contains more choice reading matter than any East Carolina cotemporary.
None but the best selections, literary, scientific and moral, published. It is,
therefore, excellent as a Fireside Companion. No family should be without
SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $2 PER ANNUM,
which must be paid advasce, since tho new postal law requiring the pub
lishers to prepay postage. Try it for 1875.
Any person sending us a club of eii subscribers accompanied by
tho Cash, will be furnished a copy free.
For further particulars, address
01iailM Sc TVilliamson,
Publishers and Proprietors,
TARBORO', N. C.
WATERS' SEW SCALE VlS)S,
SQUARE and lIPRilTir
touch clastic, the tone powerful, pure and
even through the entire m-hIc, vet mellow inn I
Waters' Concerto Organs
cannot be excelled in ton'? or 1
defy competition. The Concerto Si op is a
tine Imitation of the Human Voico.
Warranted lor 0 years. PRICES I X
TKEMKLY LOW for cash or part cas'i, nni
balance iu monthly or niart-r!y payment.
Second-hand instrum 'ut taken in rxehauge
for new ; also, for salt; at tir.-at bargains.
Aireuts wanted in every county in tin' United
States. A liberal discount 10 Ten her.:,
Ministers, Churches, Schools. Lodges, etc.
Illustrated Catalogues, mailed.
HORACE WATERS A SON,
iw 4 SI Broadway, N. Y. 1'. O. Jjox l,0')7.
Songs of Grace and Glory !
The very bctt Sunday-?' iinol nnj bool .
By W. V. Sherwiu and S. J. V..il. KiO pa-t s.
splendid hymns, choice musi , tinted paper,
superior binding. Price in boards K5 cents ;
f 3.(50 per dozen ; $:10 per hundred. A speci
men copy in paper cover mailed for L'5 cents.
Six new songs, in pamphlet form, lor Sunday-schools,
concerts or anniversaries, lrom
" Songs cf Grace and Glory." Price, 2 pfr
hundred. Specimen copy of iLe unnivecs.irv
sontrs and live sample pages of the book
ni-dltd for tbrer-eeiit stamp. Publishers,
HORACE WATERS & SON,
4S1 Broadway, N. Y. P. O. Box :
De . IS, 187-1. l,,u
Piney Grove School.
IT is with pride that I call the attention of
the publi.: to the condition of Piney Grove
Free White School under my management.
I have had an average attendance of 'Jo schol
ars and they have mad3 rapid progress. As
I expect to Eiake school teaching my pcrma
nent occupation, I put this before the public
1. J. HUNT.
Oct. 9, 1874. V
5 NEWS ! t
SAVE YOUR PHONEY
BY BUYING AT THE
LIVE BOOK STORE.
THE undersigned having just returned
from New York with a FULL STOCK,
BOOKS, STATIONERY, FANCY GOODS,
SOAPS, CIGARS, TOBACCO,
respectful I v solicits the patronage of the
public. Having bought at PANIC PRICES,
I am prepared to offer inducements.
QUICK SALES AND SMALL PROFITS
13 JH.X MOllU,
am also Agent for the American
Cyeiopoedia, Thistle Edition of Waverly,
Stamps and Seals, Sheet Music, Glioe's Slate
Roof Painting and latest periodicals and pa
pers. T. E. LEWIS,
at Redmoud's Old Sfand.
Tarboro', April 10, 1874. tf.
A number of
new and sec
ond hand PI
ANOS & OB
hand for sale
cheap for cash
and by install-
TUNINGS &. ML1SIC4
07" Every NEW PIANO from this this
house Wakkanted to possess all the im
provements claimed by manufacturers gener
allv. Prices reasonable. Terms accommo
dating. Correspondence solicited. augSl-ly
NOTE of date ot Feb. 28rd, 1874, for the
sum of ?421.07, drawn in favor of J. W.
J. House and signed by James Whltehurst,
has been lost. All persons are warned not to
trade for the above note, and the drawer is
notified not to pay the same.
J. W. J. HOUSE.
Sept. 23. lm
TARBORO', N. C. FRIDAY, JANUARY
THE FAVORITE HOME 'REMEDY; '
Is eminently a amily Medicine ; ud by be
ing kept roody for iramudiate resort will save
many an hour of tattering and luaiii dol
lar in time and doctors' bills.
Aaer over Forty Years' trial it i still re
ceiving the most unqualified testiiaouials to
its virtues from persons of the highest char
acter and responsibility. Eminent physi jiane
commend it as the most
For all diseases ot the Liver, Stomach and
Tn SYMPTOMS of Liver Complaint are
a bitter or bad taste in the mouth ; Pain iu
the Back, Sides or Joints, often mls'aken for
Rheumatism ; Soar Stomach ; Loss of A;.ep
tite ; Bowels alternately coeiive and iax ;
Headache ; Loss of memory, with a painful
sensation of having tailed to do Bomeih'mg
which ounht to have been done; Debility,
Low Spirits, a thick yellow appearance of the
Skin aud Eyes, a dry Coujfh .often mistukea
Sometimes many of these symptoms attend
the disease, at others very few ; bat the Liver,
the largest organ in the body, is generally tb
seat of the disease, and if not Regulated in
time, great suffering, wretchedness and Death
For Dyspepsia, Constipation, Jaundice,
Bilious attacks, hick Haadaebe, Colic, De-
Sression of Spirits, Sour Stomach, Heart
urn, Ac, &c.
In Lhtupest, J'urtst and Beit t amity Medi
cine in the World!
Manufactured only by
J. H. ZEIL1N & CO.,
Macon, Ga.. and Philadelphia.
Price, $1.00. Sold by all Druggists.
Piedmont Air-Line Railway.
RICHMOND fc DANVILLE, RICHMOND
&. DANVILLE R. W.. N. C. DIVIS
ION, AND NORTH WEST
ERN N. C. IC W.
CONDENSED TIME TABLE-
In effect on and after Sunday, Dec. 27, 1874.
Leave Charlotte 10.00 p. x. 8.35 a.m.
" Air-Line Jct'n.10.03 " 8.56 "
" Salisbury, 12.20 a.m. 10.54 "
" Greensboro' 3.43 1.15 p.m.
" Danrille, 6.13 V t.&S "
" Dundee, 6.25 8.20 M
" Barkvill. 11.33 i
Arrive at Richmond, 2.22 r. St. 11.09 "
Leave Richmond, 1.38 p. m. 6.03 a. m.
" Burkville, 4.41 "
" Dundee, 9.25 "
" Danville, 9.29 " 1.12 p. jc.
" Greensboro', 12.35 A. . 4.15 "
" Salisbury, 3.27 6 45 "
" Air-Line Jnctn,6.15 " 8.58 "
Arrive at Charlotte, 6-22 " 9.05 "
L've Greer,boro', r 3.35 a.m. eLArr.ll.30p m
Co. Shops, 5. 5.06 " BL'vel0.15 "
" Raleigh, a. 8.48a.m. 5.38 "
Arr. at Goldsboro, a. 11.25 " tfL've 2.35p.m
NORTH WESTERN N. C. R. R.
Leave Greeosboro 4.25 p n
Arrive at Salem 6.10 "
Leave Salem 9.20 p m
Arrive at Greensboro 11.15 "
rassenger train leaving Raleib at 5.41
M.. connects at Greensboro' with the
Northern bound train ; making the quickest
time to all Northern cities. Price of Tick
ets same as via other routes.
Trains to and from points East of Greens
boro' connect at Greensboro' with Mail
Trains to or from points North or South.
1 rains daily, both ways.
On Sundays Lyncbburs Accommodation
leave Richmond at 9.00 A. M., a:riTat
Burkeville 12.43 P. M., leave Burkeville4.S5
A. M., arrive at Richmond 7.68 A. M.
Pullman Palace Cars on all night trains
between Charlotte and Richmond, (.without
For further information address
S. E. ALLEN,
Gen'l Ticket Agent,
Greensboro, N. C.
T. M. R. TALCOTT,
Engineer &. Gen'l Superintendent.
THE undersigned takes pleaauc in inform
ini; the public that he has established
in Williamston a large and first -class
Livery, Sale and Exchange
at which he is prepared to board horses by
the day, week or month. Having a good
stock of horses always on hand, he will sell
or exchange on reasonable terms. He will
also send passengers about the country at
moderate rates. Drovers will always find at
his Stables amide accommodations.
JAMES M. L. 8ITERSON,
Williamston, N. C.
P. 8. Any person communicating with him
can have a crveyance sent to any part de
sired. J. M. L. 8.
Jan. 30, 1874. ly.
J. A. WILLIAMSON
AND DEALER IN
Boots & Shoes, Tin and Wood
en Ware, &c.
Ialn St., - Tnrbo ro', N. C
April 19. ly
nnHESE Mills are in excellent rnnninsr or
X der, and will make good Flour and Meal,
and would ask those who hare wheat they
waul gruuuu w us n iriai.
LAWRENCE & MOORE,
Sparta, N. C.
I have on hand near W. E. Suggs' house,
Three Hundred Thousand feet of GOOD
SEASONED LUMBER, whiet 1 will sell at
low rates. j. u JCOOKE,
Jly24..tf. Sparta, N,C.
January 15, 1875
And Black Ourselves
Others See us.
Mr. W. Hepworth Dixon, as is
well kDown, is again on a Tisit to
this e " entry, and writing letters
home to England. His recent let
ter upon oar Southern troubles, the
solution of the race problem, and
the political interests involved, is
of so much importance that we have
endeavored to reproduce the sub
stance of it in the limited space at
our disposal in this weeks number.
We -have first, an interview with
a Georgia planter, in whose opinion
'the White League is in the carpet
bag, and the White Question as
as found 'in the newspapers is
chiefly a creation of the White
House,' and little more than a po
litical excitement go up to favor
the chances of General Grant for a
third term, as the matter is under
stood by Georgians and throughout
the South. Notwithstanding the
overthrow of Kellogg and the con
sequent interposition of the Presi
dential authority, this Southern
planter says, 'We Southerns, like
you English, and, in truth, like
nearly all Americans, are a law
abiding people. You will never
find us moving outside the legal
texts, a3 we construe our legal
texts. We stand on lav. White
League indignation meeting call
to arms occupation cf the court
house fight of" Governor Kellogg
and appeal to Washington for
military aid these things sound
oraineus in speech, look mutinous
iu leading articles, especially when
they are pointed by a biting tongue
and rancorous pen. Yet when the
truth is fairly told, they come to
very little as facts, and still less as
indications of any wish to override
the law. I read the evidence as it
stands. McEnery and Penn were
duly elected to the posts of Gover
nor and Lieutenant-Governor of
their State. As citizens
in business they had no interests
beyond the frontier to corjupt their
judgment in conducting her affairs.
Kich, respected, patriotic, they were
elected by a large majority of
whites. ut tho carpet-bag had
put a rival in the field. William
C. Kellogg, supported by the negro
militia, seized the court-house and
the ballot-box, rejected nearly all
the white votingNpapers, and des
clared himself elected Governor.
The citizens appealed to every
court within their reach. They
went before the local judges, but
Kellogg was already master in the
local courts. They rode to Wash
ington, but Grant refused to inter
fere. Congress took the matter ';p,
appointed a committee, heaid evi
dence on all sides and saw that
Kellogg had been seated in the
chair of government by fraud and
violence. let a miserable policy
prevented Grant from putting the
usurper down. Like Louis Na
poleon, Grant is silent ana reserved;
like him he is not so deep a Sphinx,
but you can make him out by trial.
Grant is not supposed to nave
opinions, and used to say he was
too poor to nurse opinions; but ne
has shown a great capacity for hold
ing on to office. He is one of those
men whom we Americans describe
as always going ahead, yet never
reaching: a conviction. Still he has
. O . . rr,.
the soldier s appetite tor sway. ne
man is well enough in his camp,
but in the chair of civil ruler he is
weak. Without political theories,
neither hard nor soft, neither grit
nor squash, neither Democrat nor
ltep'tybiican, he has to walk between
all factions in order to absorb the
necessary share of votes. He has
to play the part of negro s tnend to
get the colored votes. Thue, law
and neht are left to struggle witn
an armed intruder ia the streets of
New Orleans. Think of this proud
and wealthy population groaning
under the feet cf a carpet-bag in
truder, seated like some Mumbos
Jumbo, or some Cung of Bonny, on
the bayonets of a soldiery, who must
seem to them no better than a negro
praetorian guard. Yet they are
ready to obey the law, even when
that law is strained so violently
against them, hoping that time,
which always fights on the strong
est side, may set them free. Their
recent effort in New Orleans was no
more than an attempt, unwisely
made bv ancrrv men, to redress the
wrongs of universal suffrage, and
restore tn lost supremacy oi iaw
Such, as Mr- Dixon tells us, are
really 'the views of an expert and
i i ... o . 1 ci . T
loyai citizen oi me douiu. uu uc
asserts that these views are so typi
cal that they are common-place, in
all society within his reach, below
the Delaware. Reviewing the case,
Dixon notes the fart that the peo
ple of New Orleans had agreed to
wait and bide tneir tune, as a new
election was drawing ) near. 'But
Kelloec took his measures to des
feat their hope. Havitog a majority
in the State Assembly,he introduc
ed a nw electoral bill, so comic in
provision that one can hardly read
it without, a laugh. Berataria
never saw such a bill. Artemus
Ward never cracked such a 'goak,'
This bill empowered Kellogg to
appoint a registrar in every parish,
and it authorized the registrar so
appointed to revise the list of
voters. The registrar was to add
names to the list, to strike names
from the list ss he saw fit; in fact,
he was to settle who should vote
and who should not vote. From
his decision there was no appeal.
To prevent any one whom he bad
disfranchised from coming to the
urn and claiming to exercise his
right, the registrar wa3 not only to
take the votes, but wa3 authorized
to choose a number of suitable per
sons to stand by him at the voting
urn and help him to maintain order.
Thus, the usurper w-s to choose the
voters, to conduct the elections,
and to declare the polls. Louis
Napoleon's officers used to boast of
their adroitness in the management
of popular suffrage, but M. Ilouher
never contrived, and General Pali
kao would hardly have dared to
carry out, a system so unblushing
as that of William P. Kellogg. The j
White question 'is in the air and
on the water; it is present iu every
railway car, at ever dinner-table,
and in every drawing-room. It is
because the White question is
everv-where, that the White League
isno-where.' This pride of race is
useful as an electioneering dodge to
the other side. The northorn man,
immersed in his business, is hard to
rouse: bu. the negro has cost him
so much in blood and treasure that
a whisper th&t he is wronged, a
story that he has heen outraged in
flames their blood. In front of such
a situation all the common-places of
political debate give way to one
vast storm of passionate rage. At
such a moment, anything may be
voted, even a third term; hence the
negrao's wrongs are now the fash
ion.' 'The real White Question is
broader than the present hour, Ion
gcr than the life of President Grant.
Can the colored people live in pre
sence ot the whiter Are they
doomed, like the 72edskins, to fade
away before tho fiercer energy, the
tougher fibre, and the' higher men-
tal power of their palo brethren ?
lias the white man, who gave them
reedom, only issued, in his ignor
ance, an edict for their slow but
sure extermination from the soil 1
This is the true White Question,
which awaits an answer from the
hand of time.'
'You may be sure of one thing'
says a distinguished confederate
officer, 'we shall have no disturbance
of the public peace; the time is gone
or argument of force. We see our
way. 1 he white man is too strong
or the black; it is the struggle of a
man with a woman; the weak h s
no chance, it is the same in
masses. Why, then, should we
provoke another issue in tho fight ?
We only need to wait. The negro
cannot stand the impact of white
lie; the friction is too great. As
slaves the colored people were pro
tected and provided for by the whites
As freemen they have the burden
ot providing for themselves. Hence
they are not only more poorly lodgN
ed and fed than formerly and not
ncreasing in numbers; but while
infanticide and child-killing is 'as
common in the negro swamp as on
the Tartar Steppe' the white man's
energy, not to speak of his moral
quality, 'prevents him from killing
the great tree of life on his own
hearth. In a word, and accord
ing to Mr. Darwin, and 'our old
nend Lucretius, who 'explained
one ago how the fittest survive and
the weak are laid low,' the future
ies with 'the race having the high
est gift of vitality ;' which, in the
South, at least, according to Mr.
Dixon's 'Virginia friend and his
countryman, is tho white, there
fore the hopeful conclusion, that
'the White Question is one of time.
Whatever wrong the white man
suffers, he can live it down.
This road is attracting attention
outside the State, and deservedly so.
The New York Evening Post calls
it a NEW TRUNK: LINE TO THE WEST,
and says : "The Carolina Central
Railway Company has just corns
pleted its road, a distance of 242
miles; from Wilmington to Shelby,
connecting at Charlotte with the
leading Southern roads. A conneo
tion will soon be made with the
Western North Carolina road, a sale
of which has been decreed under
the first mortage. It will then be
exttnded to the Tennessee line, con
necting with the Western and
Northwestern roads. When these
two missing links are added the
Carolina Central and the Western
North Carolina will form the short
est line to the Atlantic for a large
nart of the South and West. The
Carolina Central is almost entirey
owned in this city, principally by
Mr. Edward Mathews; wno inrnisn
de the moat of the means needed to
cimnleta it. It is said that it was
tho only unfinished road in the
United States upon which, work was
Grant and Sheridan vs. Holden and
onenaan nas ideas oi his own,
and he is not afraid to make them
known, at least in quarters where
they will do most good. The little,
long-armed barn-burner and bum..
. j. . . . .
mer is not iortunate, However, in
being original. His programme has
been tried before, and we are pleas
ed to say it failed. Sheridan is
just about four years too late if he
desires a patent for controlling the
white people of a Southern State
on the ground that he is the first
inventor. If we remember aright,
and we think we do, Sheridan's
schedule was promulgated and acted
upon in the State of North CarolN
na a3 far back as the year 1870-
In North Caralina in 1870 the
thing was called the Shoffner Bill,
in which, however, there was a
slight variation from the Sheridan
schedule. Before Holden bean
the Kirk war in North Carolina, he
did have the grace to ask the Legs
islature to give him the power to
declare a county to be in a state of
insurrection, so that he might pro
claim martial law. And this having
been done, Governor JTolden proce
ded to organize Military Commis
sions to try and convict individuals
preliminary to their shooting by
drumhead court martial.
General Sheridan, it is true, sug
gested at the beginning of his tele
gram that an act of Congress be
passed, but became so impatient for
blood and slaughter ere he could
conclude his message he could not
refrain from tellinsr hia master
Grant, that if he would issue an or
der declaring members of the
"White League" in Mississippi,
Arkapsas and Louisiana to bo
"Banditti" that "no further action
need be taken except that which
would devolve upon him" in other
words, that Sheridan would shoot
like dogs whomsoever Grant would
telegraph to be "Banditti !"
Holden's programme was a beau.
tifui specimen of obedience to law
and order and constitutional gov
ernment, compared to that of
Grant and Sheridan. But iZolden
and Kirk broke down and bo will
Grant and Sheridan.
And pray what effect in law
would a proclamation from Grant
have if it were to declare the people
of Louisiana, Mississippi and Ar
kansas to be "iSanditti : Would
that piece of paper with Grant's
signature make men outlaws, whom
it would be lawful for every comer
to shoot down like wild beasts?"
Can Sheridan or Grant or both of
them together convert citizens into
convicts under sentence of death
and Federal soldiers into common
executioners, ready to ply their
trade on sight and at will ? Yet
thi3 is what Sheridan recommends.
He is ready "to stop" the people of
Louisiana, ready to try them before
military commissions, organized by
himself, and to shoot them like dogs
upon no other authority than that
Grant has declared them "Banditti
What particular potecy, pray, per
sonal or presidential, is there in the
word "Banditti, that when pro
nounced by Grant or by any other
man, shall give to Sheridan or to
any other man, the right to shoot
down citizens without judge or jury?
But if there be this magic in the
presidential utterance to transform
an untried citizen in the South into
a convicted outlaw whom any man
may put to death, what will destroy
its power in the North: With
Grant to cry out "Banditti" upon
whomsoever he will, and Sheridan
to shoot them down, the end is nigh
at hand and the end is slavery or
independance. And yet Grant's
own organ at Washington City, pub
lished right under his nose, pro
claims that Grant and Sheridan are
in thorough accord on the Louisia-.
Can somo men doubt any longer
what is Grants purpose ?
Now or never, is the time to de.
cide whether Grant or the civil gov
ernment shall be supremo in Amer
ica. Ani thank Heaven, we doubt
not the decision. Kirk fled a fugi
tive from North Carolina. Holden
driven'from the highest office in the
gift of her people, is now the only
man in North Carolina incapable by
special sentence, from holding an
office of honor, profit or trust in the
btate Let Sheridan beware lest
like Kirk he be a fugitive ere spring
time come; and let Grant beware
lest ha like Holden be a disgraced
impeached and convicted cnmnal.
.Among tho many endowments cf
Napoleon, those of the warrior and
commanderMn chief are certainly
the most incostestable. His right
goverment in using properly tho
most different localities a consequ
ence of the inmate topological capaci
ty, bestowed on him by nature, and
fortified by repeated practice; his
rational and well calculated attacks;
bis calmness and presence of mind
in time of danger, all these eminent
qualties are fully proved, by the
continual successes of his repeated
achievements, nd attested by
thcie he conquered. There is as
much partiality as truth, in ascrib
ing hia victories only, either to the
number of men, or his carelessness
in sacrificing them. The first was
not always the case in his battles,
and with the last his opponents, in
more than one battle, deserved to
be more reproached than he. The
fertility of his mind, in extensive,
faricombining, grand projects, is
also as undeniable, although doub
ted, and greatly by many. The
intended conquest ofJEgypt, the at
tempted oppression of Rsssia, and
his chief, great aim, to be attained
by the combination of both, viz: the
humiliation of Great Britian, ought
not to bo taxed by their result, or
ranked because they failed, among
the number of adventurous specula
tions. The means employed for
their attainment were not at all in
adequated to the purpose, and af
forded as much hope of success as
those, by far inferior means, with
which one Alexander subdued Asia,
to the banks of the Indus. 'Tis
the circumspect man that is iudired
by tho means he employed, and by
the suuiciency ot those used, but the
up-right and great man, is onlv to
be judged by his aim. France had
indeed all that she could iustlv
wish for, after the conclusion of the
treaties of Lancvillo Amiens. Her
frontiers towards Germany were
tnose prescribed by nature. She
reigned in Italy after the founda-
tian of the Cisalpine republic. In
her intnor she wanted nothing but
what she enjoyed peace and trans
Ihe lot of Napoleon was the
highest that ever fell to mortal man.
Whatever he might have been
blamed for as done in the rashness
of youth, appeared only at a dis
tance, or was forgotton; his station
was of such kind, that he could do
without the state, but tho state
could not do without him. The
latter feared to lose him, but he
might resign without fear. Yet
nowhere has that maxim, that man
does everything for his idea, and
nothing for its reality, confirmed
itself more strongly, that in the
mode of proceeding adopted and
followed by Napoleon, since the
above mentioned period. Carless
about the peace and the lives of
millions, and heedless of the lessons
and warnings of history, so dili
gently studied by him, and yet so
neglected, he paid only homage to
the idea of becoming all-powerful,
and pursued it with such an over
violent passion, that he lost tho
esteem and regard of mankind, in
the same proportion as such an
idea annihilated in him all regard
for them. There is no doubt that
those astonishing undertakings
which exhausted and terrified the
whole world for a number of years
and those injustices which confused
and disturbed it, are to be considered
as the consequence of the most un.
natural pride, and most destructive
and baneful ambition; yet it must
be admitted that besides Napoleon,
perhaps no man ever existed, dur
ing whose life so many circumstan
ces united to create and foster such
a high degree of pride, ambition,
and love of power.
As wc are continually menaced
with the loss of necessary labor for
the cultivation of our lands, and as
the time seems to be rapidly ap
proaching when the proprietors of
the sou and their sons must do their
own farm work, the importance of
increasing the fertility of our fields,
that we may produce largely on a
small area, is more clearly and for
cibly perceptive. Let U3 prepare to
give up hired labor, which will pro
bably equal onchalt ot that applied
to agriculture m North Carolina,
and reduce our cultivated acreage,
in the same ratio, but keep up pro
ducts by doubling the capacity of
our land. This can bo doue in a
comparatively brief period and at a
small cost. Then the farmer who
employs two laborers and furnish
es two from hi3 own family for the
cultivation of a farm of one hundred
acres, may be applying fertilizer ju
diciously, realize wit!i half tho la
bor on fifty acres a3 much as here
tofore on one hundred; and by pur
suing this policy, the cost of labor
dispensed with will be saved.
When tho above policy is adopted
and pursued the young men of this
country will be disposed to stay on
the farms; for while it sickens the
spirit to labor and toil on poor soil,
witnessing through the whole period
indiction3 of a scanty reward, there
is a magic charm in luxuriant groth
on fertilo feilds. and a satisfying
influence in signs of a bountiful
harvest and large reward. If our
farmers would pursue this course,
they might laugh at the idea of a
lack of labor, replying to all such
suggestions by pointing to their fer
tile fields and enlightened home
muscle ready for their cultivation.
Edward, S. Stokes, convicted of
manslaughter in tho third degreo for
killing James Fisk, Jr.. having failed
to secure a pardon from Governor
Dir, now appeals to Governor Til Jen.
The merits of his case have been suf
ficiently discussed and the refusal to
pardon him met with tyoneral appro
bation. Govenor Tilden is not likely
to reverse tho judgement of h-'s pre
decessor, especially as that judgement
was a sound and just one.