I A.M A. SOTJTT-OilKM OF SOUTHERN" PRINCIPLES '-Ex-TJ. S. Senator Jefferson Davis.
OLD SERIES, VOL. 52.
NEW SERIES, VOL. 2. $
. '.. FRIDAY, JANUARY 22, 1875.
mzgx&m mrm m m. m w if i y "m m
NWJ IS 1-1! Pi 3 83! E3 l
M at or John Nortleet.
Commissi.inbrs Benj. Xoraoi-t. Jnseph Cubb, I'.
C. C hurry aud Goorgo Muthewsun.
jLrr.KT.vRT and TBEAScnER KoUcrt Whiteli'lVst .
I oiisTAM.E J. li- Hyatt.
IVtj Watch Altimore Maenair, Ci.-n. l'.-ii aud
;:imos K. Simonaon.
Superior Court Clerk and Probate JuiIJ
II. L. StatOD, Jr.
Sinister of Deeds -Alex. Me'Oabe.
Sheriff Josi.'lli Cobb.
Treasurer Robt. II. Austin.
Nio-i-f vor John E. Baker.
.SVWt'.taMu.rrj.-II. H- Shaw, Wm. A.
Du"jrau and R. S. Williams.
K,-r Poor House Wm. A. Dasriran.
Commissioners .ino. uni'isu:'.
Wilev Well, J. B. W. Norvul ', ran
M. Exeui. A. MeCabe, Clerk.
ARU1VVL "D DKPARTL'RK OF MAILS
.NORTH AND SOUTll VIA W. & W. K. U.
Leave Tarboro' (daily) at - -
Arrive at T inborn' (daily) at - - J.At..i.
WASHINGTON MAIL VTA ORELN V I I.I-K.
FALKLAND AND fal AK i A.
Leave Tarboro' (daily) at - - ?;V?;
Arrive at Tarboro' (daily) at - -
The ijr!it!H"ia the Ilceot Mtetin.
Concord K. A. Chapter No. 5 , X. M. I.aw-reiu-e
llitfh Priest, Masonic Hall, momhh
convocations first Thursday in evury mouth at
10 o'clock A. M.
Concord Lodsje No. 5S, Thomas Gailin,
vUter, Masonic Hall, meets Bret Friday mirht
it 7 o'clock P. M. and third Saturday at 10
o'clock A. M. iu every month.
Repiton Encampment No. 13, I. O. O. F.,
Dr. Jos. H. Baker, Chief Patriarch, Odd Fel
lows' Hall, meets every lirst and third Thurs
day of each month.
Fd 'oeombe Lod;e No. 50, I. O. O. F.,
J. R.rBaker, N. G., Odd Fellows' Ilal!, meets
every Tuesday eight.
EL-ecombe Council No. 122, Friend of
Temperance, meet every Friday night at the
Odd Fellows' Hall.
Advance Lodge No. 2S, I. O. G. T., meets
every Wednesday night at Odd Fellows' Hall
Kviscoval Church Services every
lit 10 1 -'o'clock A. M. and 5 P. M.
Dr. J. II.
Mithotlist Church Services every third,
Sunday at 11 o'clock. Rev. Mr. Swindell,
res'riierian nuren cnuo v.w;
day (except the 4th), Rev. T.J. Allison, Stated
Supply. Weekly Prayer meeting, Wednesday
Pr.'shutsrinn Church Services every tun
Missionary Baptist Church Services the
4;li Sunday in every moLth, at 11 o'clock.
Rev. T. R. Owen, Pastor.
Primitive Baptist Church Services fir-t
Saturday and Sunday of each month at 1 1
ii i I lit.
Adams' Hotel, corner Main and Pitt Sis.
0. F. Adams, Proprietor.
Mrs. Pender's, (formerly Gregory IIot.:l,)
rfain Street, opposite "Enquirer" Oiliee,
Mrs. il. Pender, Proprietress.
Bank of New Hanover, on Main Street,
next door to Mr. M. Weddoll. Capt. J. 1.
Cummin!?, Cashier. Office hours from 'J A.
M. to G P. M.
Southern Express Office, on Main
closes every mornintr at o'clock.
X. M. Lawrence, Artnt.
Tarboro', N. C.
0, F. ADAMsTProprietor.
1-1113 HOTEL 13 NOW OPEN FOR THE
L accomodation of the traveling public,
ami no pains will be spared to make all who
Mop at this Hotel comfortable and pleasant.
The table will be supplied with the best the
mirkct alTords, aud served up by experienced
hand- . The proprietor only ask a trial, for
the public to be convinced.
O. F. ADAMS.
Jan. i, 1STL tf-
mm BAKERY !
n-HIS OLD ESTABLISHED BAKERY IS
-L now ready to supply the people of Tar
boro and vicinity with all kinds ct
Bread, Cakes, French and Plain
Candies, Nuts, Fruits,
$c, $c, J-?.,
fnihraeiiif? everything usually kept in a First
Clifs Establishment of the kind.
Thankful for the liberal patronage of the
past the undersigned asks a continuation,
with the promise of satisfaction.
Private Families can always lisivc
tiieir Cakes Halved Isere at short
Orders for Parties & Rails
promptly died. Call and examine our stock,
next door to Bank of New Hanover.
Nov. 4.-ly. JACOB WEBER.
CIIAHBERLA1X & RAWLS
1AEALER3 IN FINE JEWELRY, FINE
J Watches Sterling Silver
Ware Silver Plated Ware,
iJ Fine Watches Repaired Faithfully
Mid s.ieniifically, and WarranU-tl.-a
TARBORO, N. C.
J.i:i. 5, 1872.
.'4 i ' ti
V-f- 53 . "'-
GRAM), SQUARE & UPiU(iH
r.:c,.ivf:d ur.wards of FIFTY FIItST
' 'ii-.-MJ Li VIS. anrl arc. nmrai" the best now
made. Kvery instrument fully warranted for
live year;. Prices as low as the exclusive
u'-' oft!,,. V(,ry foest materials and the most
i.m,;, iL.;i workmanship will permit. The
l ' r 1 1; e ; , , 1 uiLta 1,1,1 ni,,iinDra nn1 tlie
i'lnefminj; puhli: of the hou'h efpe
uiiitt; in t he. unanimous verdict of the
Mip-Tiority o the STIEFF PIANO. The
UL i Ail!; .ITY of our instruments is fully
J-' ''-'is!,,.,! ,y ov,.r sixxy SCHOOLS AM)
"-'-I-'.KS, in tha South, usinjr over tldO of
,J"r l'i oios.
'"'I Vliolealn Acrents for several of the
i ':;'-i Ktl maiuiliicturers of Cabinet and Par--r.-aiH
; priecs from f50 to 000. A lih
;',.!.' '1:M")::nt to Clergymen and Sabbath
-(; assortment of seeond-hancl Pianos,
' ii 1 for Illustrated Catalogue, containing
'-' '-'"esjif over a,(io() Southerners who h ive
' -S'U and are UMng the Stieff Piano.
CHAS. M. STIEFF,
rerooms, No. .l North Liberty St.
l"rie. S4 AW. -......!.... c i a. . At
mlTHIillll,' f n
1 vumucu Ub,, .ill il (.vii
' .. ..
11 uj w
h '-' It.'
is ; v .. ' 5? J
J S...iiv..'s 2i
Although endorse1; ;n 'A:
in Edgecombe, it
to the demands and vi;dK':;
to the backbono, but iiv-etv-and
measures of thr- "art v.
Having supplied u'i. .:.
chinerj' and everv vav! t
Fine Job Printi:;
in this section at i.owra :
quality of work. -,':.
voric promptly and n i:!i
tieo and at cheap rates,
Blanks, Bill IL
11 , mn HiliS'liillijlil 1111,1!
i :;eavy t
i it.jst stV
r. - ri c
The wants of Cl'UN'lY O
Tho Got;rnT:it?;z:;;-U :
devot.d to rolitic'?, X. v..; a
tentica to matters of the
It is invaluable as a ::
fireside in Edroo:m;.'o
Being icceived oa the day of
tain3 latei: news fur tho ( it'z
daily or weekly, that t-aa reach
Is invited from our frie els :
:1 l '
our section. Aci::rr, wit a '
wanted to assist us in e-:-:t. n-
of any weekly in East (V.ru.
Should advert to tho fact tint -'ur territory being tlie finest and most pros
perous Agricultural sec'i r. l: State, or rather tho Eden of tho South,
the SouTiir.Kxr.u-EsQi-iiiLi: ii wiihout a bunerior as an advertising medium.
Our rates are comparatively very i .-w.
The Soctukp.n r.ii-ExQCini
contains more choice reading 1,
None but tho best selections, li.
1 1 1
therefore, excellent as a Pin ;-; ;
& 5 " !
which must bo paid i.v
lishers to prepay i;ostago. i.ry 1C
jg" Any person semiinfr us a club or six suoscriber.
the Cash, will bo furui.-lied a copy free.
For further particulars, address
W 4 T rtr Cf'i J n 1 ;"t I
touch elastic, the tone j..-.se:sri,
even through tlic entile . ; 1 , . ;
Ol J w KJ i 1 v . x -
nir t r -- ,
cannot be excelled i'i ton or ,.i
defy coinpetitioii. '; !.e ; ,
tine Im tatinii of the lliari'i '''
Warranted lor 0 vc. !':; ;
TKEMKJ.Y LOW for o-. or ;-:::
hilance in monthly or v..,;-!
Second-hand inslrm:;- laUen in
for new ; also, for :i,' t r. .:t 1
Agents wanted in every -.(u!y i't i
States. A tihi r.i! i'.;--f!i!.! i-'
Ministers, Churches, .Setiools. L
Illustrated Catalogued, niai'.-i.
ISOliACi: VA'i :.;
4v 4SI Broadway, N. Y. P. o.
Songs of Grace and ;
Tlie very best Sundev-s. h""i t
By W. F. Hicrv. Li and . .1.
bplendid hymns, choice :;;.i-! -, i
superior liinding. i'rice in !.o ir
f3.00 per dozen ; SoO i'er lur.dr- ii
men copy in paper cover m .;!, ;! 1
Six new pongs, in j:i!!M!il'l I n
day-schools, concerts or aenive----.
"Songs of Graei: and Kory." i'i ;
l,,ii!re,l- ST'Ccinieu co;i of !!;' a
songs and live sample 1
mailed for three-cent, stamp. a
IIOKACE V.'ATJ- '!
4S1 Broadway, N. Y. V. O
Dee. IS, 17-1.
Piney Grove bchoo
T is with prida that 1 call th"
I the nubli.- to the condition .;
jjree n uiw Ui..v. .. . ' i" ,.,. r s-hol- 1 J. House and signed by Jam
. . n-i.:. i.',.i.,..,i iinibT mv m -itiagemeni. i
1 have liaa an a er.. .u . . - " A ha5 ,H.,.n ,ost. All persons are
ars and they have made n-,, 1 p.. -- As n above note, and
I expect to .ake sehool teaching m, p m " o 8a'nle.
I nent occupation, 1 put tins i-eto. e , j. w
I 1 i
A Tl in Jin
1? si. MSi I -S lit-
Si- kl?ll jf-5
m b9 y
.a' xh:- D-zuv-ratic-Consrvativo l'arty
management and support and subject
or y trty. It is Democratic, however,
bt of journalism to criticise the conduct
rvv"-. m&mwi?. c-xy
H l , U 63 I'A A
t vit'i tho most improved ma
s oi' tvi;-5, wo fir prepared to do
w. fr-rn f.i T " w v. -
V ' TliB tl ,
1 Iciuds in a sfyle s'lp.eriur to any otli'.r olnce
latt any other establishment for tho best
;Ii-l workmen employed, who execute all
:,ost r.ispatcb. We can furnish at short no-
1 vrl c,
7Time5, Hand Bills,
Circulars, Sec, Sec.
riCIALS is made a SPECIALTY.
3 YQUtS. ORDERS. --Z
i ? 'It-', reliable, high-toned ami courteous, nnd
Lit ".'."ire, ar.d giving, as it docs, especial at-
MiD GENERAL INTERESTS,
r atel should bo a constant visitor to every
nt r uititii's.
f piibiication in PITT and MARTIN, it eon
;:s i those counties, than any other paper,
Wo aro determined to mak-i tho j
jli' aud co
uiprehensive news medium in
will make ppH'ial arrangements, aro I
i - irculation which is already the largest ;
r than any East Carolina cotemporary.
v, sciontitic and moral, published. It is,
I'ipauion. No family should lie without
the new postal law requiring the pub-
uniisners ana rTorjnelors.
SAVE YOUR mONEY
Lx l.'L'xlNU AT THE
r(T'. 'r.iiit'r:gt:'il having inst relurned
il from Nev.- York with a F ULL STOCK,
iiiiOKS, ST ATIOXEUY, FANCY GOODS,
iti.LVl'6, CIGAPS, TOilACCO,
;; sp-. ell'ui: v solicits the patronage of the
public. Having bought at PANIC P1MCES,
1 am prepared to offer inducements.
QUICK SALES AND SMALL PROFITS
IS MY MOTTO.
's?" I am also Agent for the American
Cyclopdidi, Thistle Edition of Waverly,
1 Stamps and Seals, Shet Music, Gliue's Slate
' Poof Painting and latest periodicals, and piv-
per-.. T. E. LEWIS,
at itcimoud's Old Stand.
T.irhoro', April 10, 174. tf.
. Veuy Cueap
" K "J-r-StV '.V l.nn.l f,r s1e
i ...ww.w and by install
177 Every NEW PIANO from this this
lionse WVxiiaxtcd to possess all the im
provements claimed by manufacturers gener
r.Ilv. Prices reasonable. Terms accommo
dating. Correspondence solicited, ang'il-ly
liirfi?.0 . MIKSIii olifap ier Ol-h
NOTE of date of Feb. 23rd, 1374, for the
sum of 42 1.07, drawn in favor of J. W.
warned not to
the drawer is
. J. HOUSE.
THE FAVORITE HOME REMEDY.
l.tiva i aiiiil .' MeUlc.ue; unu uy
tii:? kepi ready l'T ii::me.i:ate
Uitiiiv h.iir of sci!i-i ;:i a
esort will save
d many a d-!-
1 ;r in time and dociors' bii s.
Afier --r Fori v Vein s' ti '.a
it in .-til I re-
i-ic iii-oi Hiruuuiitw ti-ftiiiiini:is t
n sjio.!- i
i it t:n
;-tic ot tie; htsriiei, eiiai -
!;:.. Lui'.iu-.ut !iy
T; a bit
-e.;-o-; il ' 1; " Li v't
ii'TOMS of i.iv r (. oinph iiji nr.
'ad ( '. te "n; tin- mouth; Pain in
iili-j .i.iiii! '., ('f.e'.i mistaken for
ii ; S-'-.tr stoiuaeh ; L'.;n of Apcp-
tile ; ).
a!ie n stcly
s i,!' i.ie'.iiorv ,
ivii;.' Jai'.ol t.
.-live and lax ;
v;uh a painful
which itn-ht lo have i'
Low S.iiu;.-, a llii- k veLow ai pe. . ranee ol'tlit
Skill ai.d Kse, a dry Cuu-h ollen luistaLcn
i he (iiseai-c, at o: :;e.
til .iirue-l r::i!i :i
seat of the cli-eas:-.
time, Ki'eal .-uiienn;
Biiiot; -- :i:i-,r:.s, b
i i'.e-e i-vi:.i!tot;i." :.!'.e"i
very Jew ; I. in the Liver
i ii- t-mlv, is tren
i-il if iJe-rulau-d in
wn Umss and Death
, ( 'oil -1 i I
'17. c a.
1'i'resi an'! list l-'ji,!.!;
cm- )t the 1 1 in .'
id .;.' ly
.. IL ZrlH.lN .V C
-,iu. Ca., and i'hiiadvl
r-oi-I Di u.-i-t.-'.
Piec'monl Air-Line Railway
r. i, Hi--i s-. iiivrii i e iMrininv !
ei i)A:r.!Li.K p.. v... x. c. divis.
Ii'N. AX1 Ni 1 T i 1 'iVJ'.oT
KllN X. V: It. V, .
;oaDi:s:Czd time table.
ct ,:t a:.d after f-'nntlav. l'-c. l!7, li
i ; l
.:: 10 00 i
S.-.i;.-l.)ury, l'.i A. m
' ( : een.-.l-.: ' li.-V-i "
" l.'aisvi:!. I'- t "
irrive at Richmond, 2.2 r. m
(t(')ING SOU i h".
.()" A. It.
ve Uiehn:, in;!,
t; -l "i
- "" -
it j L'vcio ir, "
j--1- S . '-f "
" ve "'""P'M
L've Gi'een.Oi'iri''. ;." :i.
Arr. atCio! bnro, ill.
-ter: tj. c. p.. s.
(S.L'.:.M DRaX'.;!!. i
Leave (irpeiisl er;) .2 r
Arrive at Saleta ti.lo
Lave t:a:';.i -() p y
A'liveat C;reCi:l;or,i 11.15 "
lie:. th at o.41
i. ;in;ti.'us at Gieeti'-horo' with the
Northern hound train ; inakin-: the quickest
time to iill .Northern cities. I'iice f Tick
ets stiine u. vi'i other route.
'trains to and Jroni points KaM of Greens-
I'oro' connect iit ('LeenNlinro' with Mail
Tra i'l-s In nr fi-iini i,ii't Yh i !, . ..,-.(1.
'!',.;... A-.V.r- 1,...'. -.,,."..
On SuiKlays' Lyncl.i..iir g Ac.oniniodaiion -Presidents advisers will do well to
leave IUchmon-1 ai O.Oi) A. arriv? a'hecd the voice that this morning
Harkeville 12.4:; P. M., lear. Uurkevnie b rs t0 ticm on the wings of the
A. M., an ive at KifMiiond 7.-:;?' A. M. ',.,. T . . fe
I'ultiuan Palace Cars ") o'.;
betwten Ciliarlotle niel Ttiolnni
i or In.vilier iiiioi iikuioii aonre-.t
.S. E. ALL F.N
Cen'i Ticket Agent.
T. M. T.. TALCOTV,
Engineer & Gen'l Snpcrintendsftit.
rfCtflE undersigned takes pleasuc i.nforni
JL ing the juiblie. that he has cjtdiiiched
iu Yi"riiiisl::i a large and lirst-cia
Livery, SisSc md Exiane
at v.-iiicli he is prepared to Loanhorses by
the day, week or month, ihnig a good
stock oi horses a! ways on hand, will sell
or exchange on reasonable ter- He will
also send passengers about tli country at
moderate rales. Drovers will Avays liuA at
his Stables ariidc acconnnodatis.
JAMES M. L. S EPSON,
Wiliiston, N. C.
P. S. Any person eo;iimuniti'Vg with him
can have a cc .vevanee sent i aw part de
sired. " J..M. L. S.
Jan. 30, 1SV4. ly.
J. A. WILLIilSOX
AND DEAiR IN
Boots & Shoes, In and Wood
en Wai, &c.
iM-iiin f-?t., - i'sirlxJi-o', J". C
AlIESE Mills arti excellent running or
der, aud w ill !io good h lour and Aleai,
and would aslc ttfe who have wheat they
waut ground to gf s a trial.
t .r '? V l? P. 1CA-1DV
Xj.f H1 I. U Cv . . I V V. 1 i 1 . ,
tparta, . C.
I have on hanfear W. E. Suggs' house.
Three H'.iu(lrp'i'1'usand feet of GOOD
SEASONED LF-1PER, w hich 1 will sil at
low rates. 1 E. L. EOOKE,
July24.-tf. Sparta, N, C.
Tha Monster Kew York frlignatlon
Meeting at Cospsr Instate.
From all accounts, I the New
Yorkers had a monster mfceting at
Cooper Institute on Monday night
last. There has been notping equal
to,it. ae are told since the great as
sembly of the people of pVw York
in -April, 1801, when tha'var feeling
wu-j at its height. '
Men of all shades political
opinion, it is said, pnn aside their
deferences to unite li a common
i assertion of the v-rincirles underlv-
. r I, , ,.
ii!r every ionn of retvlv republican
The IsewYork TJ'-ZtZ says :
In the list of the d'Hicers of last
night's meet iiir' the names of or i zi
rial antislavery mcii like Mr. Fran
cis G. Shaw; ar .r' of conspicuous
Hepubiic;iiiS like Mr. Evart-?, Mr.
Peter Cooper, ex-Govcnmr S:ilo
j raoii, Mr. Barney, Mr. William E.
Dodge, .Mr. God wit:, Mr Jessup aud
Mr. Stewart, are to le read side
j J-iue niui in, i(l UiCU UIJil
i trusU'u leaders ol the Jcmocracv ol
Now York. Mr. Belabnt, who c.il-
led the meeting to cnir, struck the
! true key-note of its ntaning when
I he evokod to the w'vjh of ail who
heard him the rea:ilic.io:is of tint
I great demonstration of 1801, in
which, a leader the:,, as to-day he
remains a leader if the constitu
: tional Democratic p:.rty of the Noah
: he accepted f r lio sake of the
; Union the drjad i.ue forced upon
' us by our mieguird brethren of
the South. By tlbse memories Mr.
I Bc'.iLont appfcileJ to them to reuse
! themselves dice more in behalf
; of a thing, ijearc than the Union,
j dearer tlian,coutry, dearer even
j than life itflf,' the thing vrliich
' men call 'civil liborty.' The ac
i knowledge J hetil and patriarch of
! the free prls or'Amcrica, Mr. Brv-
ant, witn yuicu wnoso specca t:ie
meeting opened a republican to
I day as inlSGl he was a Republican
responed completely to the spir-
1 1 of rir. SeLiioni,".s aiUlies, acn
he deciar.d that in the minds of
these wb.lad organized and given
shape andl purpose to the meeting
Cao swiv- ,aad one motive only
bore 'uWnyJa sincere desire to pre
serve the (institution from violation
and to priient an act of arbitrary
power fro becoming a precedeut
in the futre.' To this determina
tion all tie speakers, each in his
owt' wavind from his own stand-"
; point, g;fe varied and earnest e;:-
j pression and to this in all the forms
' m whic?it was presented to them
! the mivfity assembly of the people
! thundeed forth their unanimous
j 'Mmer,' in a maimer which showed,
! bcyou all doubt or peradventure
that hatcvcr pains may he taken
by g!ty eGcials or by purblind
partians to becloud ami beclog the
true-Puc now made up between
Pretdent Grant and his lieutenants
on tie one side and the citizens of
tin United States on the other side,
th people of Nov.' York at least
diinctly tnderstanu that issue,
hVe deiibcrotely resolved to meet
at issue, and mean to determine
at issue is one way, and in one
, re. i ii i.i
tf'uv aione. l lie i resilient ana t tie
lio-ntmnc:. rt 1 snot
! voice. It deals with no complicated
questions oi policy. Jt leaves to
Congress, the things of Congress,
and to the Executive the things of
the Executive. It simply, once for
all and with a purpose that will not
be shaken, calls upon both Congress
and the Executive to remember that
thev exist only by the law and that
! t'hev exist only for the people. It
paoclaims so plainly that every
man in whese heart the spirit of
American freedom has not been sti
lled by party passion or by personal
'i L . r... i.:.-. l :..-
r:ceu muse pause iiiu ma uuaiii'osa
om his pleasure to hear and
heeVl it, that 'the manner in which
the Vedeial troops have been cm
plovec1 i a Louisiana constitutes an
abuse of authority which is danger
ous to public liberty in an equal
degree in every part of the Union.'
Tho Uarjet Baggers.
The Chica'A2W5ie thinks the
government ''i.Ten already too
lenient" with Vt,5Er)et-bag element
of Southern IlX,'!Jjanisra and tells
'die southern mfc;c' i I of Congress
that it does rXZme them to
criticise, much VsrJ threaten, the
republican party crthe administra
tion bcaause the yorthern republic
cans, as a party, j ace disposed to
hold the carpe'ngers responsible
for the disoidAed condition of
things at the Se'uth. Itt adds :
'The government has borne with
their official miscanduct and corrupt
tion until it is i possible to bear
them longer. LU warnings have
been made thg' occasion for fresh
outrage. The i crublican party owes
no favor or au Vantage to the spec
ulative carpt-baeKers. ls it is
they' have SeakeneU it, in one large
fraction 'c tLe country have placed
it in a ajse position and have load
e l it down with a burden of re
proach and calumny for which it is
not fairly responsible, but which it
has had to carry. They have repeb
led from the Republican party thou
sands of votes, have hampered it in
its work of reconstruction and have
brought odium upon honest Souths
ern Republicans. Carpet bag Re
publicans might as well understand
at the outset of their caucusings and
before they precede any further
that Northern Republicans have no
J consideration to extend to the
fraud?, corruptions, trickery, thiev
ery. and pervertion of law which
have characterized Southern carpet
baggers, and that if they wish
equal rights they must rid them
selves of this pestilential curse.'
THE PUSSIDENT'S MESSASE.
Comments of tlio Press.
It is clear that President Grant
has retreated from the position he
assumed when he sanctioned Secret
tary Belknap's 'all of us' dispatch,
and the country is to bo conjjratula
ted on his adoption of more sober
and defensible opinions. Whether
the change be due to the protests of
certain members of his Cabinet or
to tho widespread expressions of
public indignation it is fortunate for
the President that he has reconsid
ered his first determination and
been induced to change his mistaken
policy X. Y. ierald (Ind.)
And this, we suppose, is the com
promise under which the Cabinet
lias been reunited. Instead of de
nouncing the banditti telegram of
Sheridan as monstrous, it is agreed
that the President shall say noth
ing about it. Instead of characteriz
ing the reply of Belknap as a false-
ecause a misrepresentation
of the views of other members of
the Cabinet it is passed over in
silence. Instead of confession that
the troops ought not to have been
left in New-Orleans subject to the
control of a man likn Kellogge, the
act is palliated. Instead of an
admonition or a denunciation of
Gens. Sheridan and do Trobriand
for submitting the army to the
partisan purpose of Kellogg a week
arr-i l.-icl" YrniLijr. tho nrtrnd &3 o
cased upon the plea 'that the army
is not composed of lawyers capable
of judging at a moment's notice of
just how far they can go in the
maintenance of iaw Vad older.' The
last and extreme punishment fcr
Presidential lawlessness was never
so richlv deserved. rNew-York
The concluding portions of this
most lame and importent message
satisfy us that Grunt is getting
fri-htened. It opens in a boister
ous tone, and tapers off with a
piteous whine. X. Y. Sun (nil.)
The President has missed his
golden opportunity. Having, in
the language of Secretary Belknap's
famous dispatch, once 'thoroughly
approved' the acts of Gen. Sheri"
dan, he now recedes from that ap
proval, but seeks to evade the logi
cal consequences of the recession,
which it would have been both
politic and manly for him cheerfully
to accept. N. Y. Evening Post
Displeased fcv Grant's
A correspondent of the Tribune
from New Orleans telegraphs this :
The President's message does not
greatly comfort the Kellogg party
or the army, as it is only a stream
of apologetic special pleading. At
tention is directed to some very
grave errors of fact in tlie docu
ment. For examble, the President
cites the killing of Judge Crawford
and District Attorney Harris, in
North Louisiana, in October, 1873,
as specimens of political murders.
it is very welt known that that they
vvcro assassinated by a band of out
laws, headed by a convicted mur--
derer, who had escaped, and tnat
politics had nothing to do with it.
JuJge Crawford was unusually res
pected as an upright man and liar
ris was an ultra Democrat, the in-,
timate personal and political friend
of Gov. McEnery, and a Southern
man by birth and principle, lie
raised the first company in that dis
trict for the Confederate army,
served through tho war, and was al
ways a consistent and staunch op
ponent ot the liadical otate Cjov
ment of Louisiana. The truth is
that he and Judge Crawford were
fiercely prosecuting a gang of crinv.
inals, who murdered them in re
venge. There was absolutely no
politics in the case.
The lJicayune ol last week pub
lished a list of the murderers con-.
fined in the parish prison during
the years 1873 and 18(4. They
are taken from the official record?.
The total number is 74, and of
these 59 were negroes and well
known Radicals Several were po
liceman or other stipendiaries of the
Kellogg Government. The even
ing papers publish a list of convict
ed criminals pardoned by Kellogg
during the same period. The total
is 84 13 murderers, 6 convicted
of manslaughter, and 9 others for
crimes punishable by death.
If you want to sell your goods
advertise in the Soutiiekxeu Ex-
Grant How He Looks.
The editor of the Atlanta Con
stitutionalist was in Washington
City last week and while there
called upon the President, He
" In company with Mr. Stephens
and his secretary, we paid a visit
to the President. The door3 at the
White House were opened by a
white porter whose face was pro
fusely decorated with ' courage
bumps ' or ' rum blossoms.' He
made up in politeness, however,
what he Jacked in personal pulchri
tude. Gen. Grant's reception room
is in the second story, but the good
natured porter insisted that Mr.
Stephens and his friends should be
seated in a private room on the
ground floor, and instead of having
to go to the President, His Exceb
lency would gladly come to them.
We had not long to wait. General
Grant entered quietly, walked up
to Mr. Stephens and inquired kindi
ly about his health. After that the
writer and Mr. Oglesby were pre
sented in due form. Grant pre
sented his hand, and received us
without the least attempt at stiff
nes3. We were seated in the only
chairs convenient, and Mr. Presi
dent, after glancing around for a
place to sit upon, walked off to a
corner, secured a chair and drew it
up to tho circle. lie had the stump
of a cigar in his hand but did not
put it to his mouth during the in
terview. He chatted about the
theatre and other common topics,
and certainly displayed as little
" arristocracy " as any man of high
position we ever met. His eyes
are not as strong as they used to
be. They were weak and caused
him some trouble. His face has
the same resolute look, but it has
grown puffy and bears the marks of
high steaming. What he will do
with himself, when power drops
from him and with power the
friends and toadies of the sunshiny
hours, it is impossible to say. He
is a strange man and may have a
notable history beyond the Presi
dency ; but the chances are that,
with the loss of authority and influ
ence, ne will seek inspiration or
consolation after that fashion which
rapidly demolishes all men of ac
tion forced into retirement " for
qui.it to quick bosoms is a hell."
. mf -
v The Term Esquire.
There is a cornmonly received
opinion in Great Britain that any
gentleman is an esquire who has
1,500 a year in landed properity;
but the fact is, that no estate, how
ever large, confers the rank. Sir
Edward Coke observes that every
esquir is a gentlempn, and a gentle
man is ueiined to be one 'qui arma
garit' who bears coat armor the
grant of which adds gentility to a
man's family. Camden, a great
authority on such matters, reckons
up four kinds of esquires :
1. lhe oldest son3 of knights and
their eldest sons in perpetual suc
cession. 2. The eldest sons of the
younger sons ol peers and their
eldest sons m perpetual succession.
Lsquires created by the non-
arch's letters patent, or rather in
vestiture, and their eldest sons. 4.
Esquires by virtue of their offices as
justices of the peace, and others who
hold any ofhee of trust under the
crown. To these may be added
the esquires of Knights of the Bath,
each of whom constitutes three at
his installation, and all those who
have at any time been called esquires
by the crown in any documents
In tlii3 democratic community
every one is an 'Esquire' or an
'Honorable,' unless he prefers to be
called Major, Colonel or General
the title of Captain being monopo
lized by the commanders of our
lake schooners and Mississippi flat
boats. 'Governor' and -Judge'
were once highly thought of in this
latitude, but since the appellation
ha3 been bestowed on such people
as the Kelloggs, the Moseses, the
Wellses, the Durells, the Ludelings
and their compeers, no Southern
gentleman feels honored by wear
ing titles which have been put to
such base uses. New Orleans
"Our Living and our Dead."
table. In addition to its usual
the teresting matter, it contains
first chapter of a story entitled
'A Summer Idyl,' by Christian
Keid, which we have already re
ferred to in these columns. It fully
sustains the character of this North
Carolina authoress, and will add
much to the interest of tho Maga
zine. We also find in this number
the first of a serial story by Mrs.
Cicero W. Harris, of Wilmington,
formerly of Graenville and well
known in our midst, The story is
founded in Granville county, and
while Mrs. Harris will undoubtedly
please the general read, her writ
ings will be of peculiar interest to
her many friends throughout the
Our Livuvi and Our JJcad is
noblished monthly by Colonel S. D
Pool, at S3 tier annum. It should
be in every household in the State
The Charlotte Centenial.
We read, with pleasure, the re
marks from various journals in re
ference to a Centenial celebration
to be held at Charlotte. The
movement meets with our warmest
approval. It is a spirit of State
pride that should be encouraged.
We may say that North Carolina
was the cradle of liberty; it was
within her borders that the spirit of
independence first took a root that
was Boon destined to grow to a
large tree, that nobly withstood the
winds of English oppression. With
in the Hornet-nest precinet was
lound as brave a set of pioneers as
yet ever lead any movement. The
brave, sons of Mecklenburg were
forward in the fray, and their des
claration of independence from the
British yoke, dates far anterior to
tho one of memorable note that
took root in Philadelphia. North
Carolina, with such an arry of sons
as Hon. Wm. A Graham, Zeb
Vance and others of like noteriety
would be able to have a Centenial
celebration that would prove a credit
to the State. Why not in connec
tion with the ' celerabtion let us
have an exposition and industrial
exhibition to show what a degree
of rank and influence our proud
State has reached, in the various
branches of Art? Farming indus
try, Mercantile pursuits &c, that
the world may see the mamouth
might in the sc i le of human affairs
we have ascended, as compared with
the small colony of brave freeman
that had the boldness to face, tho
British Lion in his Strong hold.
We add our voice to it, lec it bo
started on a sure footing, and on a
scale of magnitude, to do honor to
our feeling. Mount Airy Watchs
Hard Times in lS19-'20.
People who complain so much of
e existing 'hard times,' would do
well to read the following from
Benton's 'Thirty Years Recollec
tions.' He says : .
'The years 1819 and 1820 were a
period of gloom and agony. No
tq 0110-5-5 noitker -nor cilvorj no
payer convertible into specie; no
measure or standard of value left
maining. The local bapks, all
but those of New England, after a
brief resumption of specie payment.;,
again sunk into a state of suspen
sion. The bank of the United
States, created as a remedy for all
these evils, now at the head of the
evil, was prostrate and helpless,
with no power left but of suing its
debtors and selling their property,
and purchasing lor itseil at it own
nominal price. No price for pro
duce; no sales but those of the
sheriff and marshal; no purchasers
at the execution sales, but the
creditor, or some hoarder of money;
no employment for industry; no
demand for labor; no sale for the
product of the farm; no sound of
hammer, but that ol the auctioneer.
knocking down property. Stop laws,
property laws, replevin laws, stay
laws, loan omce laws, the interven
tion of the Legislature between
creditor and debtor this was the
business of legislation in three
forths of the States of the Union
of all South and West of New Eng
lond. No medium of exchange but
depreciated paper; no change, even,
but little bits of fould paper, narks
ed so many cents, and signed by
6ome tradesman, barber, or inn
keeper; exchanges deranged to
extent of fifty or one hundred
cent. Distress the universay
of tho people; relief the universal
demand, thundered at the door of
all Legislatures, State and Federel.'
Our Government Its Ezact Condi
We have seen nowhere such an
exact and comprehensive statement
of the present condition of the Gov
ernment under which we live as
the following from the New York
Financier. Behold it, citizens !
" The President does as he pleas
es in Louisiana, and notifies Con-
gress that he shall continue to do
so unless the matter is taken out of
his hands ; Congress ignores it, and
be goes from one seizure of power
to another, public placidly looking
on and not realizing that the strue
ture of government is undergoing a
reactionary trial but quite as seri
ous as that sustaiued during the
war. The Government of to-day is
not that founded by the Constitu
tion. It is not monarchial ; it is
not aristocratic); it is not really rep
resentative ; it is an anomaly; a
fierce, although bloodless experi
ment. Tho form remains, but the
thing has changed. What now er
ists ia a representative government
trying to use the powers of a con
stitutional monarchy, clinging to
the assumptions made in the war
under the plea of necessity, and
waging a conflict between tho fed
eral power and the power of the
States, while the people are yet un
der tho soothing influence of the
notion that the govermental form is
so simple and perfect that it will
continue to run on itself without
serious jars, as it did for seventy
Oct.9,1374. . I bept.
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