Newspaper Page Text
C A ITldvTh TO Til If
THE CITY OF CAIRO
VOLUME XLI, No. 343.
CAIRO, ILLINOIS, THURSDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 2, 1909.
ESTABLISHED IN 18C8.
Both Sides Will Try to Agree on
Statement of Facts to the
WARDER PRESENTS CASE OF
DAVIS FOR REINSTATEMENT
Negro Woman From Chicago Makes Sensational
Speecg Asking Deneen to Make Davis' Va
cation Permanent-Had Nothing But
Praise For Annie Pelly's Slayer
and Denunciation For Davis
Special to The Bulletin.
. Springfield, III., De- 1. After .a
conference lasting ail day and until
nearly 11 o'clock tonight, both sides
in the controversy over the petiton
of Frank E. Davs, former sheriff of
Alexander county, before Geovernor
Deneen, for-reinstatement, asked for
a continuance of the hearing until 10
o'elock .tomorrow morning, that they
might be given an opportunity to
agree, If possible, on a statement of
facts to; be presented to the governor.
The request was granted by the gov
ernor and the hearing will be resum
ed, at 10 o'clock tomorrow morning.
PROCEEDINGS OF THE CAY.
Former state senator Walter War
der, of Cairo, appeared as" the per
sonal attorney of Sheriff Davis and
he read Sheriff Davis' petiton, a pe
ttion from the' business men of Cairo,
affidavits and letters asking for the
reinstatement of the sheriff on the
ground that he had done all Gat he
could to prevent the lynching. He
also read ft petitioned signed oy 300
colored citizens of Cairo, asking that
the sheriff be reinstated in office.
Some of the letters were from the nas-
tors of colored churches in Cairo. The I tenle'1 by fifty c the 1('a,'inK col
petitions from business men and of-!0,'el mcn of Cair0 an1 at whlcn a"
ficials wer signed by all the county Bigne,t a strons Protest 'to be present
em! city officials, bankers and promi-i1 ,0 Governor Denee against the re
nent business men. lawyers, a news- '"statement in offce of Sherff Davis,
paper man and officials sent letters At this "'eeting it was stated that
to the eovernor. I1 officers in Cairo and nearly every
Thos Present. j 111311 in tlle cltv new forty-eight
Sheriff Davis was accompanied by hours beforc James was lynched that
flemitv sheriff Thomas A. Fuller. hc! wa to 1,e Iyncne.?. Hundreds of
whom he took with him to guard Will
Jam James when he took the negro
from Cairo to avoid a lynching.
There were also present on behalf of
the sheriff, and made speeches, States
Attorney Alexander Wilson of Alexan
der county, Horace A. Hannou, T. A.
Head (colored) and T. V. Warrick,
(colored), all of Cairo, and .1. P. Nes
bitt of Murphysboro, member of the
state loard of equalization for the
There were present to opose the
reinstatement of Sheriff Davis, Attor
ney A. M. Williams, (colored), of this
city, and Mrs. Ida liarnett, wife of 1 ne Iart tnat sheriff Davis is a Ke
F. L. Barnett. the colored assistant i nrb!icau an'1 that Coroner James M.
State's attorney of Cook county. Mrs. McManus, who succeeds him in of
Barnett spoke at some length, strong-, f!c('- is a I"nocrat, Influenced many
1v nrotptine acainst the reinstate. .f them to ask for the reinstatement
ment ofSheriff Davis
What Negro Woman Said.
She said she had been annointed at
a meeting of colored people of Chica- j
go held in the Institution church 0f
that city on Nov. 16. to Investigate
the Cairo lynching with regard to ,
seeing what measures had been taken
by Sheriff Davis to protect his pris
oner.' At the meeting in Chicago
George C. Hall was the chairman and
W. G. Anderson the secretary. The I
meeting adopted resolutions demand-,
ing an Investigation or the lynching
Mrs. Barnett stated that she had
spent several days In Cairo making
inquiries of both white and colored
citizens and that she was convinced
that Sheriff Davis utterly failed to
provide protection for th two prison
era. William James, colored, and i
Henry Salzzner. white. She declared
that his prisoners could have been
protected, first, by the police; second.
bv the citizens deputized as special
deputy sheriffs; third, by state sol-
diers of Cairo. '
Knew Mob Was Coming.
Instead of calling on any of these
4t,,.o fr sheriff navis. she de-
dared took James Into the country,
accompanied by one deputy and arm-
ed with one revolver a piece. He did
not take the 2 o'clock train, she said.
fey which, h could have gottea his
prisoner away from tho woods where
he had him, and when the mob made
their appearance he made.no effort
to defend his prisoner. LV.s. Harnett
said the sheriff knew thirty hours be
forehand that a mob was.-f'elng form
ed to lynch James by a man . with u
megaphone on the streets crying for
the men to assemble and form trio
mob.. She declared that James was
an industrious negro, who had never
been in trouble before; that there
twas no evidence that he had ever
known the murdered girl and that all
the evidence against him was the tes
timony of a dog who had been given
a coat of James' and who followed
the trail to where James was arreted.
Mrs. Barnett said all the evidence
that -. had found- in Cam - that
Sheriff Davis had attempted to avert
the lynching of James was merely
hearsay, and to the effect that he had
endeavored to throi'f oif the rope af
ter it had been placed around the
neck of James. There was noevidenco
that he had sworn in additional dep
uties. Had Meeting Here.
She said she had attended a meet
ing on Monday night, which was at-
people at the railroad station knew
that the sheriff had taken his prison
er from the city an I were only wait
ing to learn where in order to follow
and lynch the prisoner, she was sur
prised that the negroes of Cairo
should have been made the tools of
the sheriff and his sympathisers, as
she declared they had been. Many
negroes present at the meeting Mon
day night had said they had written
letters to the governor or signed the
petition for Davis' reinstatement and
were sorry that they had done so.
of Davis as they thought Davis would
be easier with the colored people
.than - 'McManns, This she declared
to be a grave mistake. She presentc.l
to the governor a list of names of 150
Prominent citizens of Cairo who had
refU8ed ' t0 sl)?n the petition to re in
state uavis. sne declared tnat ex
amples must be made of the men who
would allow such outrages to occur
an1 citei1 th case of the sheriff of
Vermillion county, Illinois, who fn
,n0!l f,red on the rnoR, "Hns one
and wounding otheis and 'prevented
a prisioner being taken from the Jail
and lynched and who was endorsed
by the community, as a case where
the sheriff bad done his duty. In
Mobile. Ala., this year, the sheriff had
allowed a man to be taken from the
Jail and lynched and hail been im
peacneu ior so doing, an-i me su
Preme covrt of the state had sustain-
e,l tA mpeachment..
Mrs. Bnrnett then fupresented the
resolutions adopted at the meeting of
tne Negro Ministers Alliance of Cairo,
signed by eight colored ministers of
that city, ncludng Presiding Elder
McCracken andDuke, demanding of
Oovenor Deneen that the suspension
from office of Sheriff Davis be made
permanent. She declared that T. C.
Graves , a negro who had been Htrong
ly la lavor ot the re-matatement of
Davis, wag another Judas Iscarot and '
In the matter of lynching of Salz
ner, Mrs. Barnett said. Sheriff Davis
had not made the least effort to pre
vent the mob from entering the jail
and taking ovt Salzner and hanging
l:im. ' .
FOUR OTHERS PLEATED GUILTY
AND WILL BE TRIED LATER
IN THE INDIANA FEDERAL
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1. Eight
former employes of hanks indicted on
charges of embezzlement with two
other men charge with complicity in
the embezzlement, we re arraigned in
the federal court yesterday. Wm.
and Noah ,Marker, charged with ' the
embezzlement of $100,000 from the
First National hank, of Tipton, plead
ed not guilty and will be tried later.
Oscar F. Cochrane, a former book
keeper for the American National
bank, of Indlnnnpolis, charged with
embezzling $7,000, and Paul C. Gall
charged-with complicity in the em
bezzlement of $10,000 from the Cap!
tal National bank, pleaded not guilty.
The following pleaded guilty and
were sentenced to five years at Fort
Max Emmerich, bookkeeper for tlie
Capital National bank, Indianapois,
embezzlement of $10,000.
Harry C. Prinxler, complicity with
13. N. Detzner. teller of the First
National bank, Fort Wayne, embezzle
ment of $7,000.
J. Jf. Pilllps, bookkeeper for the
Tere Havte National bank, embezzle
ment of $15,000.
Frank N. Nicolal, assistant cashier
of the City National bank, of Auburn,
embezzlement of $0,000.
The case of Norman Hamilton, a
clerk for the ISndlana National bank,
of Indianapolis, charged with the theft
of $500, was taken under considera
tion. PRIME STEERS GO UP..
Chicago. Dec-1. Prime steers to
day ' reached- the highest price ever
paid in tho open market In' Chicago.
Nineteen steers, averaging 7,572
pounds bropght 99.50 per hundred
weight; ten yearlings, weighing 1081
were sold at the same price. A sin
gle head sold for 10 cents a pound.
BENEFIT FOR SUFFERERS.
Chicago, Dec. 1. At a benefit per
formance given today by the theatric
ai managers the sm of $0,74o was
roised for the relief fund of the faml
lies of Cherry mine victims. This
swells the relief fund to about $80,000.
CHOSE FOOT BALL CAPTAIN
Madison. Dec. 1. James tDean, right
end of this year's eleven, was today
elected captain of the Unversity of
Wisconsin football team for 1910.
Providing for th Future
More than 3,000 camphor trees hara
been set out In Florida
PEOPLE IN IRON RANGE IN THE
SUPERIOR COUNTRY ARE
ARE GLOSINC DOWN
Over Twelve Thousand Men Already
Out of Work Other Factories
May Close Sx'e Tracks
Are F"H of Cart
St. Pau', Dec. 1. Every line of In
dustry in tho Twin Cities, Duluth,
Superior and alt cities of the north
west dependent on the movement of
supplies are seriously affected by the
It Is estimated that upward of 12.
000 men are made Idle, and thousands
of freight handlers and teamsters are
losing timo as the result of the freight
blockade in the terminal towns, whllo.
the continuance of -tho strike will
throw additional thousands out of
work. Yards are filled wltli stalled
The railroad managers announced
today that they are bringing switch
men to St. Paul to take the places of
Hawley responded: "Lt them
come, we will not object."
The first business affected were
wholesale and commission houses,
which reported nothing moving.
The Minneapolis flour mills closed
tonight. It is estimated that 3,500
mill employes are Idle. The continua
tion of the strike will throw out 1,500
nore employed by the cooperage al
In the stock yards 300 head of cat
tle were received today; whee ,1,800
is the dally average., '; ; .,
In the iron range country the small
towns will soon face famine unless
food is brought in. In Superior 300
men are laid off at the Great .North
ern" machine shops.
On the ore docks at Duluth. and
Superior, ten thousan will soon be
out of employment.
St. Paul and Minneapolis are dis
tributing points for Minnesota, north
ern Wisconsin, northern Iowa, North
and South Dakota, Montana and
Idaho, but the most serious effect
will be in Montana, where the copper
mines and smelters are located.
Unless the railroads can carry ore
and coal to the smelters, operations
will cease. The smelters' coke sup
ply Is limitel.
That all hopes of settlement are
enlel was Indicate-.! by the departure
tonight of Knapp and Neiil. Knapp
said he could do nothing but offer bis
services as mediator, and they wore
MEAT HANDLING SUFFERS.
Portland, Dor. 1. The mot serlojs
1 result of the switchmen's strike thus
far. U the interruption or the trana-
portation of meat to Seattle nnd Ta
coma. The meat companies are shli
ping some fresh meats In express car
attached to. the passenger trains. Th
alternative Is to take care of thi
Seattle trade by water from here.
tThe Portland merchants have in;
niense quantities of goods en route
from the eastern markets for the holi
COPPER MINES CLOSE. ,
Butte, ec. 1. The superintendent 6'
the Amalgamated Copper coinrau
announces that the smelters at Grea'
Falls close tonight as no ore can be
hauled from the mines of the Boston
and Montana company hero on ac
count of tho switchmen's strike
When these mines close five thousand
men will be affected'.
CAR SHOPS CLOSE. V
Spokane,' ec. 1. Freight traffic has
almost ceased on the Northern Pacific
anl Great Northern. Eighty of the
Northern Pacific switchmen and 45
of the 200' Great Northern men quit
A shortage of fuel Is threatened.
Tho Great 'Northern car shops and
repair works at Ilillyard closed today
throwing five hundred men out of em
ployment., "Shortages- of material" it
the explanation given,
Seattle, Dec. 1. (In the Northert
Pacific fand Great Northern bulletl
boards ii notice of nn increase of tw
cents per hour to switch-iion':) wager
are posted, but none returned to work
The Chicago, Milwaukee and "-'ugc'
Sound railroad Is unaffected, and I'
handling all kinds of freight. A'
most large cities of the Pacific norti"
west are reached by other roads be
sides tho awo whose switchmen urr
out, it seems unlikely that they will
THE PUBLIC KM
According to Treasury Report Yes
terday i $1,295,718,757 Internal
Washington, Dec. 1. The public
debt, exclusive of certificates and
treasury notes of $1,295, 718, 757, of
which the net increase is $571,325;
an actual working balance in the
treasury i officea,;,pf, $27,059108; a to-
ciusive or. iv jrerervp ana irww ivnq
of $81.'935.125.' a decrease of $7,1f.7r
953; this summarizes today's treasury
report. ' ' ' -. . -
The Internal revenue receipts re
corded were $24,109,191, an increase
of $2,118,91!: for Novemher. which
makes a total of $113,892,527 for the
five months since the fiscal year be
gan, an Increase of $5,921,073.
Tho customs receipts for November
reached $25,C37,429. For the five
months of this fiscal year, the cus
toms receipts run $27,148,733 ahead
of the corresponding period last year.
New York Dec. 1. I-ewis It. Speare
of Boston, was re-elected president
of the American Associat'on today.
Among the directors selected were
William S. White, of Sioux City; J.
W. Watzek, of Davenport and II. B.
Allfree, of Newton, la.
New Yo"k Dec. 1, Harriman's es
tate Is valued at $l49,000,OO0 accord
ine to the annralsers" estimate which
'is completed, but not yet made puh-ilic.
(N0X GIVES ZELAYA BITTER
SCORING IH LETTER TO HlS
AGENT AT WASHINGTON, D. C.
Diplomatic Relations With Present
Governmont of Nicaragua
Knox Leller Bears Approval ol President Tal
Reparation for Torture and Execution ol
Groce and Cannon Will be Exacted -U.
S. Sympathizes With Revolutionists
Washington, Doe. 1
,uez charge( d'affaires at the Nlca
aguan legation, tonight tendered his
assports by Secretary of State Knox,
hereby severing the diplomatic rein
ions of the two countries. Knox in
ortned Rodriguez by note that the
Jnited States would hold personally
responsible tho men responsible for
he torture and execution of, Groce
and Cannon, recently killed In Nlca-
ragua Knox also Informed RodrJguW
that Nicaragua would bo held to the
observance of the principles of the
Washington conference of South
American republics, In the interest of
general peace and harmony.
The letter which Is definitely de
clared to represent the views of
President Tnft, Is as plain-spoken a 3
anything emanating from the state
department In many years. Its 'ex
traordinary feature Is its evidence of
the Intention to hold Zelaya person
ally responsible for the alleged tor
Uire and execution of Camion and
Groce, exhibiting the unique situation
f ono government holding tho chief
executive of another practically as a
ommon malefactor. 1 Zelaya Is
branded us a violator of the Internu
ional conventions, a disturber of na
tional and international peace, and
tyrant whose administration . has
Ven blot tipon,tb nmo l good
Knox virtually announces recogni
tion of the revolutionists, and, add
'hat all parties will be, held account
ahlo for the actions affecting the in
terests of Americans and the peaco
of Central America.
This brings the crisis as near n
status of war as could be by execu
tive action without a definite declara
tion by congress, which will convene
The Knox letter makes it plaia In
all but so many words that his action
represents the wish of all the Central
American states excepting Honduras,
which Is regarded hro as dominated
by Zelaya, Mexico all along has
shown sympathy with the United
The status of the consular represen
tatives of the United States In Nica
ragua was not. definitely explained lo
niglit, but. it Is expected that they
will be given passports tomorrow.
Following Is Knox's lcter.
Department of State,
Washington, D. C, Dec. I.
Sir: Since the Washington conven
tions of 1907 it Is notorious that
President Zelaya has almost continu
ously kept Central America In tension
or turmoil, that he has repeatedly n;nlu,,, stat(8 wouW b)f ,
flagrantly violated the conventions! ,0Sfl th(? llint)cptlt
and ny a baleful inMuence upon Hon
duros, whose neutrality the Conven
tions were to assure, has sought to
discredit those sacred International
obligations to tho great detriment of
Costa Rica, Salvador and Guatemala,
whose governments meanwhile, it ap
pears, have been able to patiently
strive for the loyal support of en-
gflBfinents, o solemnly undertaken at
aafMngton.' untler' the ad&plces of the
Dnited 8iatc and .Mexfeo.v '; ;?' ' "'
It is equally a matter of common 'timB r(SV,ntf.,) tothave pVeceded the
knowledge that under the regime of 'pactions. If these be verified; and
Zelaya, reiwblican institution ceased tf)t, tlUp8t)n f whither the govern
to exist In Nicaragua, except In Jmnt be pno enfirPy disassociate!
name; that public opinion and the ' fro;JJ thf, present intolerable condl
press have been throttled; that prison ,)ons aru, worthy t0 be trusted to
has been the reward of any tendency mkf, impossible the recurrence of
to real patriotism. My consideration sufh nrts ,n which case the present,
for you impels me to Bbstain from tin- a frjn, 0f your country, as of the
necessary discussion of the painful pther r(.puhiics of Central America,
details of a regime which unfortunate- migbl ,)0 .jp,, t have the In
ly has been a blot upon the history ,1(jIlinlty confined to what la reason
of Nlcaraguc and a discouragement Mv ,,ue the rf.iatiVC8 ef deceased and
to fne group of republics whose as- (mnltivp only so far as the punish
piratlons need only the opportunity , m,nt mlght f;t whcre (t lg reau,
of a free and honest government. I ,
In view of the Interests of the
United States and its relation to the w temporarily withhold the
Washington conventions, an appeal (1,,n)nnil for reparation, meanwhile
against this situation has long slnee takng gnch steps as It deems wls
been made to this government by aand prop t protect American Inter
majority of the Central American ts- To jnR)re Mnn protection to
publics. There Is now added an ap- ,PKiUniat(1 American interests, in
peal, through the revolution, of a cwnsjJoratlon of the Interests of th
great body of the Nicaraguan people. ,najorUy of the Central American re
Two Americans who. this government ,,ublir,f a(! )n the hope of maklnt
Is now convinced, were officers con- lwre fftwe the friendly offices e
nected with the revolutionary force untler tne Washington conven-
and therefore to be dealt with rmnt.
Ing to the enlightened practices ot the! Concluded on Flfta Pa-)
civilized nntions, have been killed K
ine uireci order or zeiaya. Their ex
ecution Is said to have been preceded
by barbarous cruelties. The con
sulate at Managua Is now officially
to have been menaced. There Is lh
a sinister culmination of the adminis
tration which Is also characterized
by a cruelty to its own citizens whirl)
hast until tha rtwont mitt-acm fmtn.t
vcnt ,n a caBe , th3 coun, ,
lmmnnton of lcMy ann0yances and
,njignttiP8 whh.h nmny monfns aR0
, lt ,,mmRa,,a , Bu 4r.
can minister to longer reside, at
Managua. From every point of view
lt has become difficult for the United
States to further delay a more active
response to the appeals so long mads
to do Its duty to Its citizens, to its
dignity, to Central America and t-j
The government vt the United
States is convinced that tho revolu
tlou represents the Ideals and will
of the majority of the Nicaraguan
pcoplo more faithfully than doea the
government., of President Zelaya, and
that its peaceful control Is well nigh
as extensive as that hitherto so stern
ly attempted by the government at
There Is now the added fact, aa of
ficially reported from more than one
irW,: that ' there" Is' "an indication
of a rising in the western provinces
in favor of the presidential candidate
who was Intimately associated with
the old regime. Thus new elements
arc tending toward the conditions of
anarchy which leaves no definite re
sponsible source to which the United
States could look to f(7f reparation'
for tho killing or Cannon and Groca
or for the protection which must be
assured American citizens and Ameri
can Interests In Nicaragua.
In llu'Ke circumstances the presi
dent no longer feels for the govern
ment cf i!c la; a that respect and con
fidence which will make Is appropri
ate hereafter to Maintain' with It
regular diplomatic relations. Implying
the will and ability to respect and
ahsuro what la due from on state to
The govcrnmrnt of Nlcarague H
lifivlty liotir.ed, as will be also the
hader.- of the revolution, that the
l iiittt! Etalts will hold strictly ac
roiMituMo lor the protection of Ameri
can lire and property the factions De
Facto in rmtnd in the eastern and
western portions (it Nicaragua.
As for the reparation found due.
after a careful consideration, for thf
killing of Groce an.) Cannon, the
loath to Im
pose upon tne innocent peopie oi
Nicaragua too heavy a burden of ex
piating the acts of the regime forced
upon them, or to exact the policies
and Imposition of such a burden. Into
the question of ultimate reparation
there must enter the question of tha
existence at Managua of a goveren
ment capable of responding to the de
mands. There must enter also the
I . ,nm i. nnssihlH
! ,0 're thwM actually responsible
r,,, : ;.' " -.hn"Jnitrated the tor
i In mirsuance of this the United