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Tllfc KENHA RECORD
tirs. Adair, "Range Empress,'
One of Southwcst's Strik
IL1S 503,000 ACRES OF LAND
I'er Nephew, Senator Jamei A. Wads-
worth of New York, Once Man
aged Her Vast Cattle Inter,
ests Pioneer in Southwest
I ort Worth. With the (loath of
Airs. Cornelia Adair In London re
cently America lont one of its most
striking feminine personalities. She
no only owned one of the largest
randies in (lie world but through ac
tive management and business fore
sight mnde her ranch tlu host paying
In the United States.
A pioneer of the Southwest, used to
the hardships and rough frontier life,
yet Mrs. Adtilr spent much of her
time In close association with the
noMIJty of England, and freauently
entertained nobility at the "J. A."
ranch in Donley county, comprising
50(1.000 acres and more ti.un lOO'.tXK)
head of cattle. Only a few months
ago Bfrs. Adnlr was host to a party of
English nnhility at the "J. A." ranch,
and returned with them to England,
Intending to return to Texas early In
Bossed Big Property.
She was eighty-five years old, and
since 1885, when her husband dlel
she personally superintended the Im
mense property. She was In truth an
empress of the ranges, had been ex
pert with the lasso, rode with her
cowboys, put through big deals In llvtj
stock and Improved (he "3. A." herd
until It lias become known as the best
In Texas. At al' big stock shows
her cattle have won first prizes.
Mrs. Adair was a -native of Ngw
- rorfc. the (laughter of MnJ. Gen. James
8. Wads wort !i of Oeneaeo. She mnr
ritd John Adair, an Irishman, In the
early 70s and went with him to Colo
rado, Mrs. Adair, Iter husband, Mrs.
Mary Goodnight, wife of her hus
band's partner, and a score of cow
boys made the Journey froio PucMo,
Colo., to the Texns ranch overland,
driving a herd of rattle through a
country menaced both by Indians and
w'ld iinlinnls and where water holes
were few. When within a short dls
tnnce of their destination It was a
gnmlile whether, the entire party and
animals would die from thirst.
The horses the men and women
rode shnmhled along exhausted and
the cattle were dropping out almost,
every minute. A small stream was
foi'iid in the nick of time, members of
the party reaching It one by one and
almost pone. They reached the site
of the "J. A." ranch next day, then a
barren tract of Innd. Two shuntles
were built in which Mrs! Adair and
Mrs. Goodnight lived for several years.
The ranch at first totaled 1.000.000
acres and about a yeur after arriving
there Adulr bought out Uoodnlght's
Wadsworth Once Manager.
After Adair's death Mrs. Adulr em
ployed ItlcBuriJ Walsh to help In man
agement and he was associated with
her until ten years ago, whan he went
to Rhodesia, Africa, and assuror d
management of a 0.0O0.C0C i,cre ranch.
Walsh died tn Africa ' recent y.
When Walsh left, James A. Viv1s
wortli of New York, her nephew. 'jo
ceeded him. but he retired In 194
when, elected United States Senator
from New York. J. H. Holden Is now
managing the ranch. It Is expected
that the Wadsworth family will con
tinue to own and operate the property.
Mrs. Adair, despite her busy life,
took deep Interest In art, literature
and mnale. devoting much time to
study when alone on her ranch In the
seventies. She made liberal contribu
tions to charity, helped build the Y.
M. C. A. et Clarendon, built a
hospital at Clarendon for her ranch
hande and the public and 'Invested
largely in Liberty bonds during the
Most. Gold From Alaska.
Dawson, Alaska. Alaska yielded
the greatest amount of gold In the
Yukon valley this year. Statistics
made public recently by Superinten
dent Richard of the northern com
mercial posts In Alaska, showed that
of the valley's total yield of $4,000,
000 Alaska's output was $2,075,000.
Yukon was $1,200,000, and Atlin, Can.,
Partial Census Returns Indicate
That There Are 6,000,000 or
SOUTHERN STATES Ci LEAD
Group of Nine Commonwealths Has
More Than 2,000,000 Illiterates,
One-Third of Them Native
Washington. The United . States la
still one of the moat Illiterate of the
civilized nations of the world, census
figures for 1920 now available hi some
detail for 28 states reveal. The Azures
First Electric Coast Guard Cutter
VThe world's first electlrc const guard cutter, the Tampa, has Just been
given tier official sea trials off the Pacific coast. She exceeded her speed re
quirements, making lft?.!6 km ts per hour, and completed lier tests without the
slightest trouble with any of Iter electrical equipment or other apparatus. , The
Tanipa is the first of four cutters with the electric drive being bulit for the
show more than 2.000.000 Illiterates In
a group of nine Southern states, one
third of them native whites.
Indications are that the army of Il
literates In the. United States will not
fall ,far short of .6.000.000 or 7,000.000.
There has been progress, however, and
notably In the Southern states. Geor
gia, for example, has 328,838 tlllter
ates, but the percentage of Illiteracy
la 15.3. as compared with 20.7 tn 1B10.
South Educating Its People.
Alabama bus reduced Its Illiteracy
from 22.9 per cent In 1010 to 16.1 per
cent In 1020; Louisiana from 29 per
cent Jo 21.9 per cent; Mississippi frrni-.
22.4. per cent to 17.1 per cent; South.
Carolina from 25.7 per cent to 18.1 per
cent, and North Carolina from 18.6 per
cent to 13.1 per cent, - '
At this rate, even without the pro
posed help of the federal government
the South should be virtually free
from Illiteracy in 30 years. In the
meantime the states that have a large
foreign-born population are faced with
even greater problems than the South.
The New York school authorities .last
year had copied from the census lists
the names of adults reported as Illit
erate and have used this list as the
beginning for a systematic drive on
Country Reducing Figure.
One of the strlklug revelations of
the war was the large amount of na
tive white illiteracy. nd the 1JK20 fig
urea tell very much the same story.
While In Btutes like Alabama. Georgia,
Louisiana and South Carolina the
problem Is still mainly one of the ne
gro. In Kentucky and Tennessee the
native white Illiterates actuully out
number the colored.
The 1910 census gave "the United
States an illiteracy reccrd of 7 7-10
per pent. v Indications are that the
1920 figure, ur-ss the Immigrant
Btutes.' of the East show up too badly,
will run around CH and 6 per cent
still considerably above the Illiteracy
figure for England, France, Germany,
and some of the smaller nations of Eu
rope. For the most part Illiteracy In the
rural districts continues to be much
worse than tn the centers of popula
tion. In Alabama rural Illiteracy la
20.4 per cent and Illiteracy In the
towna and cities only G.5 per cent
Sends Parson Dollar
for Each Married Year
Rev. ft. N. MeKalg of Minne
apolis. Minn., recently received
letter and $20 from a man
whom tie had married 20 yeara
before, lie had forgotten all
about the couple until be re
ceived the letter.
The letter said, that after 20
years of cruising on the sea of
matrimony, the writer found
H tuat nut wire is more woanerrui
than ue ?ver ureamecj one coiaa
bo. For this the writer was
thankful and -therefore be sent
I the preacher one dollar for eacb
year of his happily wedded life.
"r -lleve yoora.rir happy and you
Sare fv, py.i sy- a Writer. ' Unforfun'
atety this rule doesn't work when a
(was thinks he U Ue. for then. hl
I (M.fterwle. R'.uti.n Trauscnpi.
THIS DOCTOR QUITS AT AGE OF 145
New Jersey Physician Thinks
He's Old Enough tg Retire.
Father Advises Him Not to Smok,
but Says He Thinks He Haa
Reached Hla Full 8tature
v by This Time.
Philadelphia. Dr. Charles Smith of
Egg Harbor, N. J who aaya he cele
brated bis oiib bundfed,-and,fty-ttfth
birthday the other tiny, haa decided to
retire and take a rest.
"When a man has worked as hard
aa I have and Is getting pu In yeara,"
said Dr. Smith, "It's about time fur
him to quit working; and begin to en
joy himself." x
Dictor Smith's assertion regarding
hla age U aupHrted ' by old realrienia
of Egg (larhor. some of whom are ever
ninety. Even the , snout skeptical
townsfolk ailiult he U well over oae
hundred. When he became a resident
of Egg Harbor 25 yeara ago he asserted
he was one hundred and twenty. -
Doctor Smith was keenly Interested
In the world's serlesi for be lived In
New York for many yeara.
He, recently took up smoking. "My
fatlier always told me that It was an
Injurious practice and stunts the
growth." he said. "I guess I have
reached my full stature by this time,
so I don't suppose a couple of cigars
a day will hurt tue."
Doctor Smith aaya be' was born on
September 28. 1776. so he la about tea
weeks younger than the United States.
Hla grandfather, he aaya. lived to tie
one hundred and twenty-four, and hla
futher was killed when he waa quite
a young man. comparatively speaking,
at the age of seventy, by the falling
of a tree. :
PENNSYLVANIANS DISPLAY GREAT
FIGHTING SPIRIT IN SCRIMMAGE
. . ..
The photograph given herewith shows members of the Pennsylvania varsity
;and scrub teams in a hot scrimmage, the varsity making a brilliant display and
I defeat in or the srrnhu- Aftor thi nrnrlW truma Cnnoh Tsvi-te r tfAiam.A -,
-. jk- m.m i vii ix tv . ucioiuau txsui
;the men, had displayed "spirit, enthuslasmllgtit, dash and vim."
i 1 : n , ,
FIGURES QUITE INTERESTING
They Prove Consistent ' Ability and
Show Practically Same Men at
Top in Hitting.
Baseball figures' are r Interesting In
more details than one.' They prove
.consistent nbUIty. ... Year In and yeir
out, each set of . figures show prac
tlcalty the same men at the top- In
hitting, fielding, and In pitching,, wrltea
Damou. Itunyon In the New, York Ex
aminer. ' -V i
Cobb, TIorn8by, Speaker, Ruth, SIs
ler It Is a familiar role. Once in a
while a new name appears. Some
times It remains in the. first flight. n
few weeks, sometimes "an . entire sea
son, only to-"drrft downward, to the
lower levels. ;'. '
When you find It staying there sev
eral years you know that name stands
for consistent ability. The owner has
something more than a mere : flash of
skill. The good men. In, baseball, ,us
In every other line, are always" at the
Faber with a losing ball club, man
ages to win ball games by sheer su
periority Jn Individual effort, Walter
Johnson did It as long as his physical
power held out Cobb, Hornsby, Speak
er, Ruth, SIsler. would bat .300 with
a tail-ender every season.
The flgurea don't He In the matter
of consistent ability. They may de
ceive you for a few weeks, or. cause
you to hall a niornlng glory as a per
petual bloom, but over "a ' stretch 'of
years they are bound' t tell the truth.
CRACK RACERS - ARE RETIRED
Because of Bad Legs, Behave Your
self, Black Servant anil Best Pal
Ar Back on Farm. , .. ( '
Behave Yourself, the winner of the
1021 renewal .of the Kentucky derby;
Black Servant, his stable mate and
runner-up In the derby, together with
Best Pal, are back at Idle Hour farm.
Th'anlmala, Which- belong' to E. R.
Bradley, have been temporarily retired
from the track, because of the condi
tion' of their legs. i
YALE'S 1921 CAPTAIN
. ; f ' tsJ
Georges Carpentler Is water
ing on his plans to ' return to
. Yet Tex Rlckard. who has his
contract to fight Tommny Glb-
'bohs, believes he wllL. '
: After Georges went home
prior to his match with Demp
ey,. '.the same rumors'- floated
v across the Atlantic.
' This time he has nothing to
''prove except that he Is the best'
man of his weight In the world.
The purse will still be large, but
Jiut Georges' word Is his bond.
He has given his word.
MARATHON RUNNER IS FOUND
Homer Baker Discovers 'Likely Ath.
.. ' leto , Jn White Feather, Full
Homer Baker, former International
half-mile champion, who Is United
State8 government athletic director tn
the Canal Zone, declares In a letter re
ceived by a friend that he has found'
a Marathon runner, who may be devel
oped for the next United States Olym
pic team. The athlete Is White Feath
er, full-brooded Indian from the same
tribe as the great Tom Longboat.
Wh(,te Feather , la with the United
States1' army troops In the Canal Zone.
He trains. Baker said, three times a
week over the roads from Colon to
The Pawnee scoots after the Civil
ar became showiuea for tSu2ml
' A new puotograph ts given here
with of M. P.. Aldrlch, half-back and
captain of the Yale football team for
1021, as he Is about to make a forward
pass during practice at New Haven.
Lafayette Honors Pitchers.
Bill Tlerney, of New York, and
Jack Longacker, of I'ottstown. Pa,
rantty -(tltchera laat y-er- baa been
honored by their cluaaiijatt-s. Tleruey
waa elected president of te senior
class and Longaoker, president of tfce
Young Jake Schaefer has taken up
golf to Improve his billiard playing.
Introduction of lacrosse Into the
schools la being considered, tn England.
Babe Ruth says that Zeb Zachary of ,
the Washington team la the hardest
pitcher tn the American league for him
to hit. . . . 1
B. Roker, a one time star harrier
of Colgate University, has been ad
mitted to membership tn the Morning
Bide A. C.
Bunny Brief wound up tha season tn
the American association with 42 home
runs to bis credit,' knocking one on :
the final day. - "
' Frank Bruggy, :. the heavyweight
nitcher of the Phillies, will play pro
.fepslooal basketball this winter with
team, In, Brooklyn.' , .' '
The New York Yankees have sold
Johnny Jones, shortstop,- and Frank
Kane, outfielder, to the Toronto Inter ,
national League club.
Mike Gibbons, with hla manager,
Mike Collins, will tour Europe this
fall. lie has bouts arranged tn Lon
don, Berlin and Dublin. "
It was a "wonderful record Umpire
Steamboat Johnson made In tha South
Atlantic ,leaguehe was, the, only, urn
plre to go through the entire eeason, -see
Another International yacht race
with Sir Thomas Llpton a contender,
will probably be held next year. Upton' '
will build the Shamrock y for the
Single-' O, United State pacing
champion, recently defeated nocla,!
Canada's fastettf pacer. In two etr!tf,tl
heats In a special half-title titir..
race for i".00Q. ' 1