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FLEET WHICH THE SEA SWALLOWS YEARLY.
From Nation's Capital
Figures Regarding Visitors to the Wasiiijtoi Monument War De
partment Clerk Saves Nearly All His SaJaryInsaaity on the
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At the news of some terrible s hlpwreck In which hundreds are dro wned like the recent wreck of the
Sirio the whole world stands aghast, lamenting the loss of so piany hum an lives In a single accident. In fact,
such catastrophes as attract public a ttentlon are happily rare. Others les s striking happen, however, from day
to day. The above cut from "L'lllust ration," suggests In a pictorial way what a navy the sea devours In a year.
Statistics of maritime losses and accidents published by the Bureau Veritas (the French Lloyds) show that
in 1905 389 steamships and 649 sailing vessels, a total of 1,038, were lost. So each day "blind ocean" swallows
on an average three ships, a barge, a schooner and a steamer.
AMERICA THE OLDEST.
NEW WORLD IN REALITY MOST
ANCIENT OF EARTH.
Scientists So Conclude After Finding
Skull of Broad-Faced Ox in Alas
ka Precursor of the Buffalo.
' (Seattle, Wash. From the discovery
In the valley of the Yukon of the giant
skull of a broad-faced ox, known to
science ns 'Bos Latlfrona," the geolo
gists and others versed In the mystic
lore of the time when the old earth
was In her baby days read the start
ling fact that the western hemisphere
should be termed the "old country"
and that Mother Asia after all Is much
the junior of the American continent.
E. S. Strait, of Dawson, has sent the
skull of the prehistoric monster to the
Alaska club, of Seattle. Secretary
Sheffield proudly shows It to all com
ers ns one of the treasures of the club.
The skull of the great creature was
dug out of a gold mine on one of the
creeks entering the Klondike near
Dawson. From tip to tip the horns
measure 30 Inches, The skull is sup
posed to have been pushed about to
gether with ;ock and gold nuggets by
the action of the glaciers of the past.
Scientists claim that the B03 Latifrons
is the precursor of the great Amer
ican buffalo. They also state that
there is reason to believe that the
western half of the world knew noth
ing whatever of the horse and camel
and that these were products of a later
age and long following the time when
humanity and animal life throve on
Prof. E. S. Meany, of the University
of Washington, examined the skull
with great interest. He said, regard
"The foFsll skull sent to the Alaska
club by E. S. Strait is undoubtedly a
specimen of the broad-faced ox. A
few years ago a similar specimen was
found underground on claim 18 above,
on Bonanza creek, near Dawson, and
wns presented to the University of
Washington by Judge Arthur E. Grif
fin, of Seattle.
"The same creature formed part of
the Ufe In Oregon during paFt geo
logic ages. The greatest authority on
such things In this region is the ven
erable Thomas Condon, professor of
geology at the University of Oregon.
In his valuable book called "The Two
Islands" is found this paragraph about
"'The precursor of the buffalo In
Oregon was this broad-faced ox. His
horns were longer and stouter and his
bony forehead was wider than that of
the buffalo, measuring 19 Inches
across the line of the eyes. His skull
was not only very wide, but unusual
ly thick, being two and a half Inches
"The book contains the picture of
a skull that was found five or six
miles east of the Dallas, Ore.
"Elsewhere in the book Prof. Con
don speaks of the probable age of
this creature as follows:
'"The field Intended by the term
surface beds includes all slight de
pressions of the surface producing
poiuis with sediment enough to pre
serve bones and teeth washed Into
them, and also swamps and bogs Into
which large mammals often sink to
their death, leaving their bones to
such preserving agencies as might
occur there. And inasmuch as the
latest great surface-leveling agency of
the north temperate zone was that of
the glacial Ice, most of these surface
depressions would date from glacial
times, and would, therefore, be prop
erly designated as Pleistocene. Fur
thermore, up to the glacial period the
horse and the camel were abundant
here, and the question of their contin
uance In Oregon through glacial times'
is still In doubt, so that our group of
surface sediments must provide the
settling testimony on this question.
" 'If the bogs, swamps and minor
surface depressions furnish no horse
or camel bones, then must It be ac
cepted that tho glacial cold drove
these mammals away or destroyed
them. It Is plain that the mammoth
elephant got him a coat of fur and
lived through the cojd spell of the
times. The fossils of this' group of
surface beds, such as the mastodon,
the mammoth, the broad-faced ox and
myloden, though deeply Interesting,
bring added historical attraction from
the fact that a large part of their
geological period overlaps that of pre
"While It must be largely a matter
of conjecture even with the most
skilled geologists, It Is Interesting to
note that Frederick A. Lucas, of the
Smithsonian Institution, published in
McClure's Magazine for October, 1900,
an article on the "Ancestry of the
HorBe.' Illustrating the article was a
diagram giving the times of geologic
ages as computed by Henry F. Os
born, the paleontologist of the Amer
ican Mueeum of Natural History, ot
New York. In that diagram the Pleis
tocene which Prof. Condon gives as
the age of the broad-faced ox, is put
down as extending from about the
500,000 years of the Upper Miocene
to the present time.
'Such specimens as this new arrival
at the Alaska club start interesting
trains of thought. It Is only necessary
here to suggest one. The so-called
new world of America is In reality a
very old world, and It may be that it
is the oldest land on earth. The an
cient inhabitants of America were
strangers to the modern horse, camel
and ox. These creatures were evolved
on the eastern hemisphere and were
brought to . the western hemisphere
since its discovery by Columbus. Yet
geology discloses the Indisputable evi
dence that the progenitors of these
useful creatures did exist hiTO In the
CRIPPLE CURED BY DREAM.
Nightmare Results In Restoration of
Marlon, Ind. A dream tormlnated
with unmual reality In the case of
George Gilpin, who has been a cripple
for many years. Gilpin Buffered a dis
location of the hip joint a number o'f
years ago. Surgeons were unable to
join the dislocated parts properly and
he has been compelled to walk with
crutches since the accident. The In
jured leg became shortened as the re
sult of the accident and he could not
walk without the aid of crutches.
Wednesday night Gilpin had a
dream. He Imagined that a number
of men atticked him and in self-defense
he struck with both hands and
kicked with both feet. When he awoko
he was greatly surprised to learn that
he was using his right leg. Then he
attempted to walk and was delighted
to learn that he could. He was about
the streets during the day' and his
friends coiild hardly bo made to be
lieve his story of the dream.
Surgeons say the only explanation
of the queer recovery Is that while Mr.
Gilpin was asleep the muscles and
tendons became relaxed and when the
violent exercise brought about by the
dream occurred the dislocated hip
joint dropped back Into place.
WASHINGTON. The Washington monu
ment Is visited by almost every sightseer who
rambles over the beauty spots of the national
capital. It Is the highest place, erected by
human hands, to be visited anywhere In the coun
try. An official report just made by the supeiln
tendent of the monument tells some Interesting
facts about the tall pile of stone and the persons
who visit It.
It appears that the whole number who went
to the great monument during the last year was
about the average for the last 17 years. Tho
usual 90 per cent, of the visitors were Inoculated
with the lazy bug, while the remaining ten per
cent, climbed the long stairway to the top ot the
monument. So far so good.
But when It comes to the classification by
months officials balk at the figures. For In tho
balinv soring month of April, which had mire
visitors than any other month last year, fewer persons availed themselves
of the stairway than In the hot, sultry, sticky month of August, when i 3,ol4
persons out of a possible 12,330 climbed the endless stairs with the Affleck
thermometer soaring around the 100 mark.
Official Washington ponders over this fact. Several state officials htive
stated In good set terms that more Information Is wanted In the next report.
It Is understood from high authority that the superintendent of public budd
ings and grounds will be asked to compile statistics the coming year on the
avoirdupois of these persons who slghtsee the top of the monument with a
view to explaining why, in the hottest month of the year, when Old Sol was
sending his burnished shafts straight down into the Washington asphalt and
concrete, that a 65 foot stairway looked better to humanity than an easy tun
ning electric elevator.
LIVES ON TWELVE CENTS A DAY.
Augustus Riley, a clerk In the war depart-.
ment, 74 years old, declares that he spends less
than 12 cents a day for his living.
"My average expense every day" for five
years past has been less than 12 cents," said Mr.
Riley, "and I have had plenty to eat. The system
requires only so much. I sleep like a baby and
at leisure I go for a several ralles' stroll through
"I never get hungry; most people feel that
way when their Imagination runs away with
them. I live on $4.11 a month and I have an
Itemized statement to prove it. My favorite
dishes are apples, eggs and rice. I avoid meats
and Indigestible foods. They tear the vital or
gans up and put them out of use."
Riley saves 95 per cent, of his salary. He
Is a man of strong personality and Is an excel
lent speclment of manhood. He Is not a miser
and he declares he abhors the life of a recluse. He says he lives well and
he Is the envy of the clerks who squander all their earnings and are heavily
In debt. He never takes a drink and abhors coffee.
"I never took a drink In my life and I have never used tobacco in any
form," he said. "It is dead easy to live a life of economy and thrift and there
Is no pleasure in spending all one's earnings in extravagant living. As a
matter of fact, poverty forced a quiet life upon me. After being swindled oi t
of several thousand dollars' in my early life I decided to retrieve my losse.4
and to save some money. Poverty brings good results at times. It did met
good and started me on the right road.
"How do I live on so little? Why, that's simple. My restricted diet, now
that I have a good salary, is simply a matter of choice. It is the healthies.i
and happiest way to live."
INCREASE IN INSANITY.
Statistics gathered by the census bureau tetid
to show that Insanity Is increasing in this coun
try at a tremendous rate, but there may be e
planations. The statistics just made public han,
at first glance, an alarming aspect, which seen.s
to Indicate that insanity in this country has In
creased rapidly in the last quarter of a century.
Whether this Is so remains subject to further
corroboration, for what the figures really show
are the number of insane restrained of their lib
erty and cared for either by the state or by tl.th
own relatives in established institutions. in
crease In the number of inmates at these places
may therefore be interpreted from one point of
view as proof that such unfortunates are now
being given more humane attention than hereto
fore. The population of the country has it.
creased by leaps and bounds until it has passec
the 80,000,000 mark. As the number of canalilo
and intelligent citizens has increased tremendously, it Is by no means a
startling fact that the number of incompetents Is also greater.
There are some people who have made a study of their fellow beings who
take the broad, general ground that everybody Is to some extent, or on some
particular sutiject, insane. 'Hits is, of course, a very broad application of the
term, and does not meet the demands of the situation with sufficient definite
ness to be final or all conclusive. Fortunately, census statistics do not bother
themselves with individual peculiarities of a mild type, or their records
would be impaired even more than they are at present by the great delay in
The statistics which the census bureau is now eivl ni? in iYia rnnntrv In
this particular instance cover observations only to the last day of December,
1903. After a lapse of two years and seven months, it must be said with all
due deference to the hard-working experts engaged upon the task, that their
compilations are more nearly historical than contemporaneous. Nevertheless,
as these statistics are the newest production In their line, they are of much
interest, notwithstanding their age. Thirteen years have elapsed since tho
pinnuin icu..! Hie momio wia ittKen, ami in tnat time the number or
hospitals for their care has Increased from 162 to 328, and the increase in
inmates in the same time from 74,028 to 150,151. In 1880 the number of un
fortunates under restraint in hospitals was only 40,942, showing that on a
basis of each 100,000 of population there has been an Increase from 81 tl in
1880 to 118.2 in 1890, and 186.2 at the end of 1903. Inclease lrom ln
CRIME ALARMS NEGRO LEADER
Booker Washington Sayt Lawlessness
of Black It Pronounced.
. Atlanta, Ga. "Making all allow
ances for mistakes. Injustice and the
influence of racial pride, I have no
hesitation in saying that one of the
elements ln our present situation
that gives me most concern is the
large number of crimes that are be
ing committed by members of our
race. The negro is committing too
much crime, north and south," said
Hooker T. Washington in an address
to the National Negro Business league.
"We cannot be too frank or too
strong ln discussing the harm that the
committing of crime Is doing to our
race," he continued. "Let us stand
up straight and speak out and act. In
do uncertain terms in this direction.
Let us do our part and then let us
cx on the whites to do their part."
Mr. Washington condemned lynch
ing as one of the greatest hindrances
to the progress of the black race. As
Illustrating the progress which the
negro Is making he said the blacks in
Georgia owned at least $20,000,000
worth of taxable property. The south,
he said, offered the best opportunities
as the permanent abiding place of tho
masses of the race.
Invention to Lessen Sinning.
Baltimore, Md. Father Barabaz, of
the Holy Rosary Catholic church, who
has just received a gold medal from
the French academy for the Invention
of a detachable buckle, says the
buckle will prevent people sinning by
swearing when trying to fasten their
clothing. He declares his only rea
son for improving the old style buckle
was to do away with the bad habit,
and believes he has thus performed
faithfully the duty of a clergyman.
To spend money uselessly Is a sin
A Living Lumber Pile.
Utica, N. Y. There has been dis
charged from St. Elizabeth's hospital
ln this city a patient whose injury is
said by physicians to have been one
of the most remarkable, from which
a man recovered. While working In
a mill at Fulton Chain on the morn
ing of June 14 last a piece of wood
nearly two feet long and about an
Inch and a half wide, was thrown
from a saw with such force that It
passed through George Lanz's right
arm and entirely through his body,
pinning the arm to his side. It took
several hours to bring Lans to Utica,
and he was conscious until placed on
the operating table for the removal of
the Bllver and the dressing of ihe
Our fathers find their graves In cu
short memories and sadly tell us hoi
we may be buried in our survlvor.
Slr Francis Browne.
THRIFTY ITALIAN EMIGRANTS.
All Italian immigrants, whether they cons to
the United States or go elsewhere, are expected
not only to send their savings home but als to
return to their native land, either when they have
accumulated a comfortable bank account or at
the end of each season. Official advices received
at the state department, based upon information
furnished by the Italian government, show that
of the 726,331 emigrants who were given pass
ports to leave the country during the year end
ing April 30, 1906, 316,797 came to the United
States, an increase ot 148,008 over the previous
Not only do the Italian laborers who go to
England and other parts of Europe return home
at the close of the season when outdoor work can
be done but many Italians who come to the
United States or go to South America also follow
the same practice. The lmnortnnnA tn italv of
this emigration can be appreciated by tho statement that the laborers s-nd
home annually through the Bank of Naples alone more than $7,600,000. Last
year Italian emigrants In the United States remitted $4,257,680, or 67 per c mt
of the amount received from emigrants at that bank.
The government estimates that the total amount received from all emi
grants amounts to $29.30 per capita.
The proposed immigration law under consideration at ths last session of
congress caused the establishment ot night schoolB throughout Italy to qualify
the people to meet its requirements. The state department is Informed that
these schools have been discontinued because the authorities consider as past
all danger the passage of a law requiring immigrants enfirln the United
gtates to be able -to reail and write.