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UOTJLIUI ill VIS It AMU.
Aeavv storm bwekpinothc
new england coast.
he lllilirt TIiIm fir III Year It ltipnrtit.
Pltirli llmiiagr Urine Don tn lloatt
'Mann IlieUoaalnml to nlilpperi-TriKip
Iloyon. Mnas., flept. 10. The first
'est India hurrlenno of tlio season or
red off this city yesterday, after n
ng but eventful Journey (ruin (lie
opto. Tlio ntorm center last night
Ms somewhere sntithenat of Nantucket,
it mi eiiergntlo la tlio disturbance thnt
heflvy northeast gnlo Is sweeping tho
hllre Now Hngland coast from Host
brt to Wock Inland, while the surf.
(11 by one of the highest tide of the
iwr, In threatening destruction to
tndreds of seashore cottages nnd oth-
property along the wntcr front
Tho ntorm Increased considerably In
liercy on It enmo tfp the coaHt, nnd
ado Itaelf folt nt nn onrly hour yes
rday mornlnR when tho wind bagan
jpplng up from the eastward. Ily 10
tlook tho wind had attained the vo
ily of a Rale, nnd tho nuthorltlcn at
Jashington ordered up tho hurricane
Atipl nil along tae ooaat. Ilnln began
A 1 1 1 u- i . i
iiiuik uiiuiii jiuijii, mm unn cuiiuiiiii'ii
Ith hut llttlo ItitormlMlon ever slnco,
ur-tenthn of nn Inch being recorded
to 10 o'clock Innt night. Heporta
otii along the shore show thnt tho
lrm In n aovoro one. Tho great
right of tho tldo yesterday noon warn-
I nuny of the rottngorfl along tho
liore;- ana many abandoned thrlr
tmm yesterday nftomoon. Tho
hie at Nantucket nt midnight was one
the highest neon for years, and many
the booths nnd bath Iioumm have
fti washed away. The hirbor In well
Sllwl with storm-hound veaeels.
I AProvldonce, II. I., the storm was
fcglng with great fury Inat night. All
long tho Hhoro telephone nud telegraph
tiros aro down. On tho west ahore
Imrly thirty boats broke nuulior In
nnt of the club hnuao of tho llhodo
land Yncht club. Many wero badly
mashed, una too damage tu the amall
veM alonK tho ahoro wna very gront.
-i .wrnnansou nor mo auri ia roil
g very high, nnd part of tho bench
3W, which la occupied by bualncaa
otisea, la already partly BUbmorgod
tonvy damage to property la feared
Uio wind along tho Hhodo island
host In blowing ti gale, and tho sea la
Tho following wrccka aro reported:
ho Gloucester flahlug Rchooucr Harry
eldon. UBhoro off Capo PogueTMasit,
A flahlug schoonor wont nations off
olnt Judith Into Innt night, and wau
reeked In tho breakers.
Tlioftrtwunor Nuntnakot. aahoro nt
'orlj'e-Ktid, Wclr rlvor, onn probably
Havana, Bopt lKfho report thnt
lapt Weyler had Issued orders that
I mull bo opened Is not true.
Col. Uabndan, whllo aklrmlahlng at
Manillas, provlnoo of Mntatizas, has
fipturcd tho Inaurgont lloutenuiit, Col.
frnestor Joroz Vnrona.
Within tho last fortnight twelve In
trgent Incendiaries havo bcon shot,
in) to-day Luis I'urlcol, nuother In
ptidYary, will meet tho aatno fata.
At 8anbnno. on Sopt 3, tho Inaurgont
cmlez, was executed, and ut Puerto
rlnclpo. Angel Nunez Torro nud Al
led Adan, also Inaurgonts, wero put tu
rath tho same duy.
Col. Cruz, whllo aklrmlahlng, hna
Gbn, who was a protege of tho Mur
ills of Bantn Lucia,
A I fin no Tolon, a son of Samuel T. To
ii. tho American merchant of CardO'
is, province of Mntanzaa, who waa or
,ated lost week nt this port on board
ie Ward line steamship Senccn, la
I so u prisoner. Young Tolon wna oap
irnil on board a coasting vessel, nud la
4 In Jnll nt Curdenaa. Col. AlmHiiaa
litjlStaklrmlshlnK. hna killed Joso Al
irtz, the Insurgent leader, who has
finned bo much damage In the Oartlo-
Hi another skirmish ut Corel Fonao,
lotlllde Uonaalmi. another ineurgent
aar been killed.
fhe ImmrgeiitB hava destroyed 300
letrea of railroad between the river
Mlerllenaa and the town of Oaldalarln,
ovliiee of l'lnar del ItU. btowlng up
number of eulvorts with dynamite.
Ulttween Ar'temlna and Canons, this
tie of the military line of l'lnar del
flu, the Insurgents have burned the
rms of jx Lulsa Kaperunxa nnd Col
eimr. At the latter place, In addition
burning four farms, tho lusurgents
(troyed two Htnreh fuotorlM.
JA fwenBr train between Cnrtngenn
ltd Hodna, provlnoo or aania uisru
boon derailed by lnaurgonta, who
uuuermi uiu ioi m,
VTIi lloo-IIou t'oiicrullun.
Nnslivflrei Tenn.. Bept. 10,Tho
oo-lloo annual convention held
Halneaa seaalon yesterday morlng, nt
tided a barbecue at Dello Meade yea
rdav afternoon and a grand concat
i LUeahM of welcome wero dellv
el yteraay morning oy 7ur
i . . ... ,...
iariby and othein and responded
i, Mnark of the I'nlverae J. H.
juk T'i- I' sslon will be reauia
A (tmnil rrmf. .
IMilsvllle. Ky Bopt 10. Two thoti-
aand Bona of Veterans, nsalstcd by lo
cal uniformed eoclctlis, participated In
the annual parndo of the order yester
day morning. Along tho lino of march
great concourse of people gave tho
Juniors n cheering welcome. Tho pa
rade was concluded by a review of tho
column by Commander-ln-Chlvf Una
sell nnd staff. At the afternoon session
Commander-in-Chief Uussell submit
ted ills annual report, allowing n satis-
factory condition of the order. De
spite tho hard tlmo an Increase In the
memborahlp of 40 la roported. Penn
sylvania shows tho largest number of
recruits, Vermont. Maine, South Da
kota nnd Missouri following In the or
der named. Thirteen states show n do
rreaso In membership, Ohio leading tho
list with COO. I'lvo-olfththa of the total
decrease was In the slates of Indiana
nnd Ohio. Commnnder-ln-Chlif Itua-
sell reports ft surplus of $,60d, iigmiut
2.05 when he wna olwted. The re
irialndex of the session was devoted to
tho reading of committee reports.
Tho nrosnects of a lively fight for
the commnndcrshlp disappeared last
night when Col. Oeorgo Hurlburt, of Il
linois, who had bson assured of the
support of Illinois Now York nnd
Massachusetts, announced his with
drawal. This leaves preetlenlly no op-
ponltlou to tho election of Col. Jnmos
It. Hake, of Pennsylvania. Hiwlon nnd
Indianapolis are leading In the contest
for tho noxt enoampmont. Denver's
buncos have boon lessened by tho dis
tance to tho point nnd tho fact that It
U doslrcd to hold tho annual gatherings
ns near na possible to the renter of the
Tho enmpflre nt Phoonlx Hill park
yesterday ovonltiK wub an onjoyauie
Ullitllg lit WltiillprR'.
Winnipeg, Man.. Bept. 10. LI Hung
Chang honored Winnipeg with n Hying
visit yanterday. A large crowd Batii
eretl nt the railroad depot Tho Celes
tlals of the city wero there, ant! cheered
loudly when iho train pulled ttt. MUny
trlod to spook with LI Hung Chang, but
ho hurt It announced that ho would not
npponr In publlo Juat then. Ho remain
ed hero about nn hour and then wont to
Hanlff, whero ho will atop over for n
ahoit while, proceeding thouco to Vail'
Whllo ho was Intorvlowlnc a ropor
ter for a St. Paul paper, Li Hung
ChaiiK nald: "You aro an American,
ohT What are you, n Ilcpubllcan or a
"A Democrat," anawered the scribe,
'Oh. that's too bnd." said tho viceroy.
with u amlle. "Tho Dothocrnta are go
ing out of power. McKlnley will be tho
lletwren Wlnnlpog nnd Itnt Portage
Important onirlaUdlspatchoH wore re
colved by Barl LI from Lord Aberdeen
governor geiiornl of Canada, etatlng
that ho waa Instructed to convey to him
tho Information that her mnjesty
Queou Victory, lnd boon pleusod to np
iwlnt Knrl LI Hung Chung grand
knluht commander of the Duth, nnd
Lonl LI and Urrt LI. Jr. his son
knlshls oommnndorH. Chili Chen I'o
I,ei)K Lull, nmbasBudor, who neoom
pnnlod tho party, was also honored.
LI Hung Chnng Instructed his secro
tnry to Immcdlntoly wire Ixird Abof
dcon oxpreaalng tho thanks of hlmsoU
nud son for tho high honors.
Nliot r n llri'llly.
Now York. Sept. 0. A dispatch
from lluonos Ayres snya:
A corroepondont In Hlo Janeiro tel
cgrnphs that Dr. Carvulhoe. late mln
iBtor of forolgn nffnlrs, wns seriously
wounded by n deputy In tho presonco
of President Moraes nt the Central
railway ntntlon. Thre shots worn
fired, nil tnklng effect In the victim's
Cablo messages received from Homo
Monday eay that Kngland, Germany
nnd Austria will support Italy ngalnHt
Mundny being tho anniversary of
their Independence, the Italians afikwt
tholr consul In Hlo Janeiro as to
whether or not they should obaerve
tho celebration. Slgnor Ilruno told
thorn to Ily the Italian flag, aeeomiui
ntcd by that of Urnzll.
Coffeovllle, Miss., Sept. 10. There
was n uioouy nuei tour miias irom
this place yesterday between W. I).
Johnson and John Wllbourne with
Winchester rllles at fifty yards which
resulted in Johnson's death. An old
feud existed between the men. They
were farmers and lived within a abort
distance of each other and disputes
were of constant oeourrenee. Wll
bourne nnd 8am Iewla, the only wit
ness to the killing, had been hunting
and whllo returning homo they met
Johnson, who at once opened lire
upon Wllbourne without any warn
ing whatever. Wllbourne returned
the fire and n regular fusllade was
kept up until Johnson fell, pierced by
four bullets. Wllbourne escaped
without a scratch.
Iluffnlo, N. Y., Sept. 10. Manufac
turera of casket trimmings, repre
senting 12.000,600 oapltnl and hailing
front New Uedford and UoBton. Mobs..
Now Heien and Merlden, Conn., Chi
cago and Hlgln, III.. Pittsburg and
Cincinnati,. are In session at the Hotel
IrUiuoli. Hie purpose of the meet
ing la eupfHkMd to be the reorganiza
tion ot the National Casket Hard
ware Manufacturers aaeotlallon,
whli'li dlebft4ed ti iar ago.
A. STEEL KlfM'S LOVE.
INDntXW OAflNBOIK flEMEM"
OBHBD MnS. KMMATIOHENOn.
Sha Will Then an llclrtis unit tttlA
h K'r-lo-ffll llir ItnliNppr Mli
una fllrutsl llr Koriur Larcr
Cam la IUr Itrirutv
ng. Bmlly J. Tleh
enor of Lnkevlew,
N. J., who line Juit
become a woman
patentee, has a vary
Intotoitlng llfo hia
tal f. Site was a
noted beauty at
Pittsburg, Pn., In
her youth, and be
longed to ono of
the llrst families of
that olty. Her father wns John Craw
ford, at thnt lime senior partner In tho
urin wiiieit was really tlio foundation
for the groatost tdecl company of tho
country, at present Carnegie, Phlppe &
Co., of Homestead. Pn.
Sho wns born an heiress, was tho fian
cee of a stool king (Andrew Camcgto)
nnd now, at mlddlo ntto, la moving for
tune again In a Meld women seldom en
ter. Twonty-flvo years ago the Crawford
wero tho loaders of soeloty In the Iron
City. They lived In n line mansion at
the Haat Liberty end of Penn avenue.
near whero tho noted Wostlnghotue
imluco new stands on Its green ter
races above the Pennsylvania railroad,
nnd not far from tho "collect" of the
preaont Carnegie firm the home of
Mrs. Thomas Cnrnoglo, John L. I,oUh-
mnn, II. C. Prick and several others.
There were four In the family, Hmlly,
Almoda. Bally and ltdward. The glrle
wero noted for their beamy, and still
retain no small share of It They grad
uated from tho Pittsburg Female Col
lego In the palmy days, when France
Willi d, the great temperanra advo
cate, was n preeaptreM tln . and Its
Klumnae were scattered all over the
Methodlit communities of the United
John Crawford's Iron foundry wan at
Homewood. and In Ida shop were two
young foremen, tho "Carueglo boys,"
who wore great favorites of his and
had the ontreo of his home. "Andy,"
tho younger, had been it telegraph
operator, and the manufacturer even
then predicted great things of his long
headednesa. It was no secret that Andy
fancied "12m" Crawford, the handsom
est of tho girls, una for two years
danced attendance on her. It was un
derstood that tho young folks were
oiiKHRcd, nud It was uonsldercd a groat
match for Andy until Mlsa Crawford
went to spend a summer ut the sea
More sho met and fell In love with
John Tlohrnor, a young man of an ox
ctiiont Newark (N. J.) family, but a
ne'er-do-well. Tlehenor followed her
to her Pittsburg home, and was forbid
don tho limine by the father, who had
hoard 111 report of him, and, anyway
favored Cnrnogle's suit.
Parental opposition only added fuel
to tho young people's love, and, ono
morning, Hmlly did not eomo down to
breakfast. Instead, the ehumbormald
brought down tho usual note, which
fho had found pinned to "Miss Urn's"
"k'm'a" elopement broke up the fain
Ily, nnd, It Is said, brako old John
Cruwford'e heart. He died shortly at
ter, and "Kin's" name wna not men
tloned in the will, a neglect which tho
brothers and sisters did not think It
necessary to remedy. So "Km" was left
psnnllees, with n husbnnd to whoso
worthlesincss was udded disappoint
nient at his wife's disinheritance. Ho
dragged his wife and growing family
about from city to city until sho pluck
Ily determined to get along without
him. She bought a piece of land nt
Lnkovlow, near Paterson, N. J., right
opposite tho Inko tilled up by tho
railroad, which affords a standing Joko
Mlta. MM MA TICIIUNOH.
to the Tlehenor family, who always
Invite their guests to "walk on the
water" to get to the railroad station.
In the severe buslneM s truss a couple
of years ago Mrs. Tlctisnur nearly lost
her home. She was buying on time.
and the mo'rtgage was net half paid off
when all her sources of Income stopped,
and eho saw foreclosure staring her
In the faee.
In this extremity an netresa named
Warrington, who boarded at the house
and knew something of Mrs. Tiehenor's
history, suggested an appeal to her old
lover, who was said to havo remained
alngle till n few years before on neeount
of fair Kmlly Crawford. Mrs. Tlehenor
finally consented, nnd the two called
on Mr. Carnegie In his home ofllce, on
61st atreot, New York.
Positions wero now reversed. The
Jilted lover now had the wealth, and
tho auer was the sued. Whatever trans
pired at that Interview "Bra" Craw
ford's mortgage was raised and a deed
of gift plaeed in ber hands.
Mis. Tfcifcenor la atlll fine looking,
with hazel eyes and nut-brown, curl
ing hair She is tall, has a good figure
and euate refined inauner Hhe has
three liltilren, M. a handsome girl
tf 17, Uesaie, a mouthing piunut, and
John Crawford, who la now employed
In n railroad omee III New York.
Mrs. Tlehenor la very modest about
her Invention, and says that her ob
ject was not to acquire fame, but get
n llttlo money ahead. "I don't atippose
I'll ever appear as a patentee again,"
she laughed. "Tills patent has cost me
eo much time, worrlmeni nnd easu."
AMOS PEUKCn KILLS O, MILES.
ManUrer MrIim Ilia Ittrapa t'uruil hf
a Mirl(T' PliMtN
Amoa Decker, 19 yesra old. shot and
kllletl Oeorgo Miles at Flndlny, Ohio,
the other evening. Tin- troys uunrreled
over a Jokn which some of the boyu In
the neighborhood had played upon a
butcher and also over the butcher'
daughter, to whom both were pylM'
attention. Young Decker then ran to
his home, n block away, for Ills revol
ver, while Miles was detained by Deck'
er'a father. When Docker returned he
rushed up to Miles and 11 red, the ball
entering the atomnrh, causing death In
two hours. Young Decker, aided by
his father, ran to tho edge of the city.
whllo a mob of 200 men, armed with
shotgun, revolvers and pitchforks,
started nfler him. The mob took along
rope. Old man Decker aurceeeded In
Retting bold of a big gray horso for his
son and upon this the boy rode rapidly
away, Ho was headed for Lima, but
AM 08 DICCKRtt.
turned eeiitli a few mtl out from the
city and made good his escape.
Turnvil III tit lltark.
Chnrlefl Iltikor. a bay 18 years old.
whllo at work In a wheat Hold near
Ilurllngton, In., the other day, stepped
upon a rattle snake, receiving Its funga
In Ilia leg. At once, hi entire body bo
gan to awell, and soon reached Immense
proportions, tho skin bHlug stretched
almost to tlio bursting point. Ho was
given largo doses of whisky with but
llttlo effect, oxcept to stop tho swelling,
out aside from that he auffored the
greatest agony and his life was lit dun-
Kor. Ho tins turned black as a negro
In tho fnro and over a greater portion
of his body, nnd no remedy seems to
atop tho sproad at the discoloration or
ease tho pain. Farm hands kllletl tho
snttlio after n tight of several in In
utes, In whleh ono of them hail a nnr
row esoapo from being bitten. The rep
tile was nearly five feet long.
A Jtamarbitbln plant.
The "corpse plant" Is the name of a
most Nmnrkablo carnlvlotis specimen
that grows In the colony at Natal. It
grows to a very considerable alzo, and
Its principal feature Is a bell-shaped
throat something like the flower ot an
arum Illy, hut much larger and deeper,
nnd opening Into n hollow stem.
It almost black In color, and covered
with a thick glutinous secretion. Its
principal characteristic" Is Its loath
some odor, strongly resembling that of
decayed carton. Ily moans ot this It
attracts carrion feeding birds to It
Once thoy alight on It they aro lost
Tholr olaws become ontnugled In tho
secretion, tho boll shnpotl mouth folds
up, and they aro literally swallowed
feathers and nil, and dlgostotl by Juices
Kocrotod In tho throa. of tho plant.
A llumlrnl Million Num.
A peep Into tho heavens through
modern telescope Is a peep Into tho
very depths of mystery. With suah nn
Instrument one may gaze upon 100,000,
000 stars, each ot them a burning, bluz
Ing stm! From what llttlo wo know
of orenllon we cannot but bellove that
each of those suns Is giving light nnd
heat to a train of planets. Just In the
samn manner that our situ gives light
and llfo to his own little flock of
worlds. Ileyond those 100,000,000 sun
there may continue "system after ays
tern and worlds without end." Verily
we may eay with Illehler'a dream man
who was taken on a voyage by an angel
through the depths of space: "Hud
there Is nenr, neither waa there a be
Hallo at I'ratliltnt Van lluran.
Mrs. Martha Larrahee. ef Hiplsy
county. Ind., had on exhibition at the
Oigoadfalran ancient article which has
attracted eetieiderable Interest. It was
a small linen garment or mantle that
was spun and woven In the old country
by the grandmother ot the American
president, Martin Van Duron, and pro
tented to him at his birth. It was sub
sequently prefntod by Mrs. Van Ilttren
to her friend, Mrs. Perlne, and by that
f tn Ily became greatly prized after Its
original owner had attained national
celebrity. For four generation It has
descended from one to another, and has
been carefully guarded as a treasured
heirloom. Notwithstanding Ita great
age It Is still aubstantlal, aud snows
rule affect ot time.
Vrf Largs Thin.
"Out there in something between you
and the glrlt" she asked.
"Yes," he replied sadly. "The dog."
One Maine man hat gone into the
unique business of raWlug dares for
w4diBgi, parties, etc.
FARM AND GARDEN.
MATTERS OF INTKREST
Inni a lti.n.iUt IHnW Admit Ciiltlts-
lluii or Ilia Soil ami Vlrl.lt Tliaraof
Ilnrllrultare, Vltlrullura ami Hurl
eultura. Hit Cornell Ifxperl
meut Slnlloit thus
s u m in a r Izes Its
tesU with toma
toes: 1. Frequent
transplanting o t
the young plant,
and good Ullage,
are neeeseary to
best results lu to-
Plants started under glass about
weeks before transplanting Into
Holds gavo fruits from a week to ten
days earlier than thoeo atortcd two or
three weeka later, while thero was a
much greater dlfforonco when the
plants were slatted six veeka Inter.
Pioductlreness was greatly Increased
by tho early plnntlng.
3. Liberal and cvon manuring, dur
ing tho prreout season, gave great In
croaso In yield over no fertilizing, al
though the common notion Is quite to
the contrary. Heavy manuring does not
appear, therefore, to rrodueo vino at
the expense of fruit.
I. The tests Indicate that poor soil
may tend to render fruits more an
5. Variolic of tomntoro run out. nnd
Ion years may porhaps bo considered
the average life of n variety.
u. I ho imrllcular nolnta nt tirosoni
In demand In tomatoes aro those: Regu
larity in shnne. solidity, large size.
productiveness of nlnitt
7. i lie ideal tomato would probablv
conform closely to the following sculo
Of polnta: Vigor at plant. 8: oarllneas
10; color of fruit. 5: solidity ut fruit
34; shape of fruit. 30: slse. 10: flavor. 5:
coaxing qualities, 6: productiveness, 30.
Solidity of fruit cannot be accu
rately measured either by weight or
0. Cooking qualities nnneor to b
lsrgoly Individual rathor than varletjl
10. Iho following varieties annonr.
from tho Boauson's work, to bo among
mo nest mnrkot tomatoes: Ignottira
iitauty, Mikado, Perfection, Favorlto,
II. Tho following recent Introduce
tlona appear to possess merits for mar
KCt: Uay Htate. Atlantic, llratulvwlnn.
Jiimieo, iwatciilces, ami, perhaps, Lorll
iuiu. iToiuuo and Balzcr.
Tho following ri'cnnt Inlrmlnc
(Ions nro particularly valuablo for ama
lour cultivation: Dwnrf t'liumnlon.
uurniaru, reach. Prelude.
A Tl.plin In Ilk Orchard.
An Incident of eommorelnl Imtmrt-
nnco hnpponod yoslorihiv Lhowlnn that
Texas Is making ru-i I strides to keep
ui wiiii ino pace. jtr. Uing of tho
(Inlvoston Fruit company, wns called
to the telephone yoterdny mornlnc.
"Hello, Is that LnngT" onmo n dis
tinct voico ovor tho telephone
"Hello, Fnlkner. I didn't know voti
wore In town. Where nro you now?"
"I am In my orchard. I havo Lad a
long distance telephone put In."
"Isn't It rather expensive?"
"Yob; but I had to havo it to keep up
wun ino progress ui too world. Any
lime you want anything Just call tro
After some buslnoss talk thoy rang
off. The orchard man Is Mr. C. Kalk
nor, who owns quite an orchard nbout
Hi no miles out ot Waco, 230 miles by
wlro from Oalveslon. Ho Is an excep
tionally Intelligent fruit grower who
enmo to Texas from the caBt and ia
working ills place on buslncsa prlncl
pies. UttlVMton News.
rrntt failure In Dragon.
Mr. S. A. Clarke, of Balom, writing
under dnto of May 31 In tho Orcgonlan,
lays tho failure ot fruit In tho atato
wilt bo tho wont ever known. Ho
had Just gone over CO acres nt hill or
chard and found no fruit on 3.000 Ital
ian pruno trees; not enough to call a
crop on 000 French prunes; not a plum
on 360 Washlngtons, nor ou ICO Ilrud
shaws, save n few near a hoavy fir
grove; on BOO Peach plums a halt orop;
on 1,000 two-year poneh trees no fruit
to speak of; on BOO llartlett trees, 15
to 30 years old, not n txwr, n few pro
teeted trees excepted; on 310 cherry
trees not a tenth of a good yield, ex
eept on 30 Dlaek Ilopublleans; on 1,000
six-year pears nothing to speak of. At
the foot ot the hill. In an orchard ot
apple, plums and cherries over 40
years old, mostly apples, no fruit; even
the apple blooms hail blighted. In an
adjoining I'-year-ehJ orehartl some
ilartletts and Fall Ilutters are heavily
loaded. Ou Mr. Clarke's home orchard
tho entire yield will be about one-
eighth. There is no reason to suppoee
that other orchards ot the valley will
do any better.
Do TarUlta or !' linn Outf
lltilletln 131, Michigan Ilxperlment
Station: It la apparent to any one who
has had much to do with peas that va
rletles run out, or at least lose their
original characteristics. In all oases,
running out does not mean deterlora
lluti. Somotlruos it la simply chang
ing of characters. In our work with
peaa. accurate doserlollons. often II
luatrated with drawings, ore kept ot
the varieties crown. From these bio
graphical records ot tho varieties it is
easy to e that varlettea change from
year to year, eren the old standard
torts, the eharaotera ot which aro sup
posed to be firmly fixed. Studies of
(he question have been made, too. by
growing the same varieties from (lit
fcrent seedwieH. and if ssedsmen
teu.il sell the mm thing und-r a air-
en name, varieties ot ,fina vary great
ly in tno oourso ot tneir history, it
may be said that tn tho eases to be
cited tho variations wero due to a
change mndo In tho seed by a care
less or unscrupulous person, but such
Is hardly the osso, because somo ot
tho characters appear well marked
and distinctive ot that vnrlcly
throughout nil the samples. It Is espe
cially noticeable that tho foliage and
habit ot tho plant Is less varlal'le thnn
tho peas, they bolng generally tlio ob
ject ot tolectlon.
Stratagem was grown from threi
seedsmen. In nil, tho characteristic
dark green foliage, stalky, angular
veins, and exceedingly short nodes ot
the Stratagem wero apparent and va
ried but llttl. Hut tho pods, though
Irregular nnd varying In each sample,
yet taken as a wholo wero distinctly
different, lit two of tho sample the
pods wero fairly uniform, but lit the
third they wero bo Irregular, probably
reversions to ono ot tho parents, that
the pens wore almost worthless. It ll
n matter of common observation tuai
seed poos of ths smiio variety, espe
cially tho wrinkled peas, differ In
color when sold by different seedsmen,
lit several oases peas grown on ins
station grounda and described tout
years ago have changed tue coior oi
In Hi n 9n rls mnntrf nr In Iho forCSl
region thero need bo no real difficulty
In hnvlng nn Ideal pnsturo If tho work
Is done right. Bays Northwestern Fir
mer. In clearing tho land, trcoa tun
bo left hero nnd thero, nnd tho Hind
bowii even nt tho outBot with two ot
ll, run nr mnrn lilndn nf araBSOfl. flUCh M
will grow with us. Ono ot theso BhuM
bo orahnrd grass. Another suouiu ua
whlto clover. A tiilrd anouiti uo iiiuo
a n fourth should bo timothy.
Such n mixture nhould grow well for
several years, until tho stumps m iw
havo rotted. It could men no reno
vated by plowing It up nnd sowing
with grass ee again. A nurso crop cotild
le used, and under such conumont ii
iiait imttar ha cut for fodder na It will
eifi till wa II wlmn crnwlne under the
trees. It would only need to bo tliua
cropped one yoar, when it coum uo
ngnln devotod to pasturing. Such pas
turoa oro very flno. moro especially
when thoy grow orchard grass, for or
chard grasB would grow 53 mom quuo
freely becnuao of tho abode. Thoy alio
furnish a landscapo that Is beautiful
tn InnU lllmll. Thero aro many regions
In this northweU that could thua bo
mado to furnish tho best ot pasture
nnd for bucccssIvo years. Somo of tho
trna tvniild din occasionally, but could
bo provided for by leaving nu ample
supply ot trcoa ni mo iirai, - .
I'.iparlmanlt Willi Flat.
A bulletin hna been lflBucd from Iho
Central Hxpprlmcntnl farm at Ottawnf. ,
by Dr. Baundcrnj aeonng wiin mo cmt;
tlvnllon of flax. It is atnlcd thatther
dry woatcrn cllmato Is not favorobJeS ,
for growing liax tor uoer, as mo taiior
la reduced both In quantity and quaiTly. j,
as compnretl with tho article 'grown '
In tho eastern part ot tho continent? '
In tho cast liax Is grown largely for
tho fiber. Ono ot tho claims put forth
for flax Is, that It can bo grown on
breaking tho llrst year, thus giving tho
farmer n crop tho first season. Tests
wero mndo at tho Manitoba experiment
al farm atl to tho quantity ot seed to bo
sown per noro. From 40 pounds of
seed por aore, 19 bushola and SC
pounds were obtnlnod; from 70 pounds
por ocro 20 bushels por ocro wero ob
tnltted; nnd from 00 pounds ot seed
por acre, 20 bushels CO pounds of seed
wero obtained. Dr. Baundoro does not
think that llnx Is much moro oxhaustlvo
to tho soil thnn'n good crop ot wheat
or oats, and In u rich soil tho dlfforonco
would bo scarcely pcrcoptlhlo. Ameri
can Elevator and drain Trade.
Vfnttc far Wlds Tlrsl.
Our friends should not forget to
speak n word now nnd then for tho
wldo tiro. It Is difficult to havo per
manent roads without it. Wo too fre
quently bco whero somo man with a
narrow tired wagon has driven onto a
lawn and defaced it. Unfortunately,
tho ono that doon tho damage Is seldom
tho owner ot tho lawn. The narrow
tiro damages tho dirt road, while tho
wldo tiro ImprorM It by packing tlgwn
tho dirt Inatoad of cutting Into It. V.'hti
has not been on a country road Just
after tho mud had drlod out and found
tho ruts so deep and tho clods so num
erous nnd hard thnt It waa with the
greatest dlltlculty that ono could drivo
over It at nil. It tho wide tiro makes a
rut at all it Is bo broad and smooth that
It makes an easy track for driving, and
leaves lees hubbies.
Preparing for WhoatQood soil Is
tho prlmo requisite; end it Is not n
ways that the farmer has It, or the fet
tlllsers to make It bo; In sueti oaae ho
should look ahead a little, and set
aside a piece ot ground, and endeavor
to brine it Into condition far a crop aa
soon us it may be done. This In most
respeets can be best or cheapest done
by sowing tho ground to clovor or
rye. One or two crops of these put
under will Insure & fulrly itood crop
ot wheat. Plow the clovor under In
tho tall when fully matured, then
early in th spring sow olovcr again,
or, It preferred, a crop of pets may
follow; and whatever tin crop, tho
last one abould bo turned tinder Just
beforo tlie time for sowing the wheat.
It fertilizers oan bo supplied they
should be lightly harrowed in tho sur
face soil, if not put in with the drill.
A Hit at Oleo. The latest thing the
Rngllsh dairy Journals havo found oul
about orioraargarltw la that It Is mado
ut of the marrow ot the bones of
human skeletons, as well as out ot
other bones! This la, we believe, the
toughest acuaatloa that has bea put
forth ngaiauii the mixture Xx.