Newspaper Page Text
The Present Conditions in Havana.
Cubans Said to Be Lazy and Lacking in Self Re
spect. Spaniards for Annexation.
"Ilnvnnn I little more than a frontier
village today. That In, tho conditions
made familiar to Americans by the
cowboy, gambler, bad man and ko forth
nro nil proton t hero, l.aw In martial
only, for In aplto of the proclamation
making the Spanish law the law of the
city, pending a revision of the system,
I lie town Is remarkably free anil easy.
I don't know about any of the other
cltlM of the Island, for I saw none of
them, but the capital I it (IrUxly
Ouleh, or home such place, now, with n
IiIk Instead of a little population,
liverythtng I chaotic, although when
1 left I could see a great measure of
According to William C. Harmon of
Chicago the foregoing paragraph eplt
mlzes the situation In Havana today.
The chief city of the Antilles Is no
much like the murh-dliriiMml cattle
enmp that to an American tho simi
larity appeal Irroslstlbly. Law Indeed
exists, for tho item rule of the military
governor control all nnd prevent
nerloiii uprising. Yot one American
flolillsr, filled with thr wine of tho
enfos, Ii a terror to a pUtoon of Cuban
pollco. Local soir-govornmout, so says
Mr. Harmon, U nn Idlo dream. Tho
Cutmna, In hi judRtuent, are no more
fit to rule themselves than were the
negro alavea or the aouth the day after
they were liucrntod.
Another thing Mr. Harmon noticed
wan that every Sjmnlnnl In Havana
la for annexation to the United States.
One would naturally expert these men
TYICAL COt'NTHY DWKLLINCI NKAIt HAVANA
to be greatly embittered toward tho
nation which overthrew their, yet tho
hotter classes and these nro all Span
lardH would regret the day that sees
tljo alara and stripes lowored from old
Morro. They fear the numerical su
periority of the Cubans with their
childish Innocence of the rtullmenU of
government. They prefer the strong
firm of Uncle Sam to the feeble anil
vacillating control of any Cuban at
Mr. Harmon war In n position to ob
serve the condition after the Amerl
ran occupation. He was a clerk In the
quartermaster' department of the
army, and ai such wni on duty In
Havana from late In October until a
few days ago. He nerved with Major
llaker, chief quartermaster of the city,
and In the course of hla duties on me In
contact with many kind of people.
Ho Is shrewd In business and withered
a deal of Information In nu unostenta
tious wny. Ho Is firmly convinced
that annexation will gradually come
about, as tho Cubans will not avail
to prevent, and tho mouoyed oIomos
all Spanish will bo dissatisfied with
any other rosult of tho occupation,
"Thoso Cubans," continued Mr. Har
mon, "nro moro children. In fact, a
boy of this country of 10 years who
does not know moro about running
things would be driven from n school
ground. After 1 bcoamo acquainted
with them and their characteristics I
marveled that wo found It necessary to
go thcro nnd fight for them. They
havo about as much praotloal knowl
edge or tho liberty they think thoy
havo obtained as n baby has of a
magazine gun. In fact, If tho gun
should bo unloaded tho baby would
have tho best of It.
"Tho Spaniards aro the morohnnts
and business men of tho city. They
have their nil Invested thoro and, of
course, do not want to logo It. Thoy
are unwilling to trust their lives and
fortunes to any assembly of Cubans,
for thoy know Just how Utile security
this menns. It Is not so much that
they fear they would bo slaughtered,
for thoy arc, many of thorn, natives of
tho Island. Hut tho titter lnoapaclty
of the genuine Cuban to govern him
seir would leave thorn tho prey to any
adventurer who should como nlong
and who should bo smart enough to
gain the ascendancy.
"To begin with, tho Cubans nro ox
rosslvoly Inr.y. They will accept any
thing you give thorn nnd nccopt It as If
It belonged to thorn. They nro too In
dolent to work nnd will llo In the
courts of buildings and die If not re
lieved. I have no
doubt that the re
ports made to mo
by Spanish mor
ohnnta aro strictly
true. Those Span
lards aro high
minded men, truth
ful nnd honorable
If they mako a
promise they will
keep It; a Cuban
will romauco by tho
hour and kcop
nothing. Now hero
Is what ninny a
mcrcbuut told mo
of the reconconlrn
do." "Tho Cuban po
llco force Is a queer
protty b'.uo uni
form, nnd muka a lino showing, but
one half-drunken American soldier Is
nblo to stampodo a whole platoon. Ho
duos It, too, as often ns ho got tho
chanco. While things aro quieting
down a bit, uud nro much beUor than
thoy wore when I wont thoro. tho boys
hnvo all kinds of fun with tho pollre.
Thoy come to tho city and 1111 up and
thou they mako life miserable for the
IMxir roppors. Dlsclplino Is a
good thing nnd Is kept up all right,
but a man awny on loavo, full of whis
ky anil fight Is hard to restrain. So
the pollromnn has little sport in life.
"The Cubans nro very nbstomlous,
but they mnko up In vlvldnos of Im
agination whnt thoy laok In artificial
exhilaration. Never do nuythlng to
day you can put off till tomorror
soems to bo tho natlonaj motto. When
tomorrow conn tho song Is repeated,
so that In tho end nothing Is accom
plished. Tho city Is being worked over
all tho tlmo, but It Is very llttlo clean
er than It was bnforo tho Americans
took hold. It will take years to mnko
Havana a healthy city.
IN A HONE I'HMKTEHY.
ITunltil III llort.
A Seoteh farmer, celebrated In lit
neighborhood (jc hts Imtflenee strength
nnd skill In athletic exercise, very
frequently had the pleasure at con
tending with people who came U try
their siren Mb against him. Iwt D.. a
greet pugilistic amateur, went tram
1-onttmi oh purpose to fight the athletic
Kent. The latter waa working In an
rnsltNMre n little dbrtance from his
house when the noble lord arrived
Ills lordship tied bis horee to a tree
ad addressed the termer. "Friend. I
have heard marvelous reports of your
skill, and have rome a long way to boo
which of it two Is the belter wrest
ler." The Scotchman, without answer
ing, setxed the nobleman, pitched him
over the hedge, and then set about
working again. When Iirtl I), get up:
"Well," said the farmer, "have you
any thing wore to suy to met" "No,"
replied his lordship; 'out perhaps
you'd be good enough to throw me my
horee." Short Stories.
"Prosporlty will como to Cuba at
onco If the natives will get to work.
When I loft there was every prospect
for good crops. Tho tobacco planta
tions nnd sugar fields wero In lino con
dition, nnd tho prices of tobaccos woro
lower than dealera hoped for. It tho
pcoplo could get rid of tho Idea that
thoy will novcr oi&ln be required to
earn their own living .ho Island would
blossom from end to ond. Hut It looks
to mo an If this country will ho forced
to tako tho Island to pay for tho ex
pense that must be Incurred In right
Inn things. Those natives will not bo
fit to hnndlo their own affairs for half
think thv hare won would not do
them any good, so this nation, having
tnkon a hand, will bo forced to hold
It to tho end, Negro rclo Is no more
popular with tho best grades of life
In Havana than It Is in New Orleans
This country maybe did not Intend It, '
but It Is up against It. There is a ,
chanco to avoid tho mlstakos of tho
reeonstructlon of tho south. Hut It
thoy nro avoided this nation must b
tho power to accomplish the feat."
"WINE IS A MOCMt."
AMEniOA OP TO-DAY.
Tranlitnston'i fitrairaU Atlitrti Onttrws
Vary IHffarant Cnndlllcin.
Looking nt the map of North Amer
ica Immediately before tho period when
the United State began Its career as
a nntlon, wo have a rcmarkablo spec-
TACON MAHKBT, HAVANA.
HI BO try Is not r-tcullar to religion.
a contury. I)y tho tlmo thoy could ho
educated up to self-government we
would hnvo thorn In tho fold. That Is
whnt Is coming, In my judgment.
"They will need a lot of civilizing
boforo thoy will como up to tho stan
dard of the wostorn hemisphere For
tnstanco, their comotory customs nro
revolting. Every family, n member or
which dies and Is burled In a local
cemetery, Is required by law to pay a
certain nnnual sum for mnlntoiinnao.
Now, ir tho duos rail In nrroars the
governors do not attempt to collect
from the living delinquent. Nothing
of tho sort. Thoy go to tho ccmotory
nnd dig up the body and toss tho bones
In a ghnstly henp In a xsrltablo 'bone
yard.' There thoy llo exposed and
bleaching under tho hot sun as a re
proach to tho living.
"When tho troops occupied Hnvnnn
thoy ran Into several nuch horrible
things. At first they wero supposed
to bo bones heaped thcro an tho result
of the wholesalo executions or political
prisoners ttfilor tho 'hutch r' Wcylcr.
When nil was known tho governor
general had nothing to do with these
bonos. Tho bodies hnvo been dlsln
tercd be can no com-
ctory dues had not
been kept up. Then
tho soldlors decent
ly covered tho
bones and mnrtlnl
law has put n stop
to the ciiHtom.much
to the worry of tho
men who run the
Americans nro not
so aecustomod to
tho sight of human
hones as to submit
to tholr being
Haunted In their
"Sllico the lowering of tho flag of
Spain tho principal urcupntlon of many
of tho natives has been to parado tho
streets, wavo Cuban Hags and sing
'Cuba Llbr".' They vary tho monot
ony by applying to the commissary do
pots ror rood. Thoy bog during tho
day nnd parado nt night unless dis
persed by the police, something thoy
reHcnt with furious outcries. A beg
gar ' I null his rolo of mendlcnnoy
for a while to Join In a procosslon,
dancing nnd howling about the streets.
Tho pcoplo do not seem to realize that
life amounts to moro than this. Tho
whole thing Is a huge farce.
"Of course, In a city where tho only
Inw Is that of military rulo tho condi
tions for n tlmo must bo poorly defined.
With so many volunteers In or near
It Is Impossible to settlo down to tho
rigidity of tho regular army. With
only a provisional government estab
lished and that presided over by a
military governor who can absolutely
veto anything done, a satisfactory au
tonomy cannot exist. Hut so far no
Cuban outfit has been organized whleh
Is able to handle thing. It Is doubt
ful In my mind If there ever will be
one. The Cubans vastly mil mini bar
the ft(nlh and will not permit the
latter to rule or even have a voice. The
Spanish represent all the business abil
ity and statecraft of the Island aside
from tho American Immigration.
"In the end I believe It must be a
government established by the United
States. Liberty such as the Cubans
Knalhll rttnl Kipaiiiltr.
Hrltlsh patent rights are much more
expensive to maintain than thoso
granted In this country. The life of
a Hrltlsh patent Is fourteen years, but
dining that time renewal fee are de
manded ten times, amounting In all to
$471. In the United States a patent
costs $M and has a life of seventeen
year. Now a patent law reform asso
ciation has been organized In Mnglnnd
to urge that the Hngllsh patent laws
be made to correspond with the American.
tnclo, says Henjamln Kldd In tho At
lantic Monthly. A llttlo fringe of Eng-llsh-spenklng
pcoplo, samo 5,000,000 In
number, occupied tho torrltory nlong
tho Atlnntlc seaboard. The English
sponliltiR torrltory Is llttlo moro than
n patch on tho map, surrounded by
territories belonging to ono or other of ,
utmost nil tho leading powers of Kit-
rnpo. Yot wo look again toward tho
end of tho nineteenth century and n
wonderful transformation has taken '
plncc; n Inter nnd vaster chapter of!
tho world movomcnt, of which wo had
the opening chapters In another hem
isphere, hns been enncted. North,
Miuth, west, from Atlantic to Pacific,
from seaboard to seaboard, tho great
wavo of English-speaking civilization
has flowed, submerging, nay, obliterat
ing nil other forms. Not a squnro mild
of torrltory, onco won, has ever been
given back. Tho meaning of Wnah
Ingtnn's farewell address to somo fl,-
000,000 of pcoplo, surrounded on ovcry l
side by hostile powers nnd hostllu '
natural conditions, appear to ho lost
when tho 6,000,000 hnvo gi-tfii to 70,-,
000,000 and nro already reckoning the
day when they will bo 200.000.000. Tho
pcoplo whom Henry AdntnB dcscrlbil
It mutt have been about two years
and a half ago that tho elderly lady
with i husband, residing In our vil
lage, conceived the grand Idon of mak
ing gooseberry wine. Slio communi
cated It to tho elderly lady without n
husband, who ngaln Imparled It to the
lawyer's wife, a happy mother, with
four unmarried daughters, of whom
I was, and. nlasl still am, the young
est, Tho Ade.V lady with a husband
prevailed upon that nppendago to
gather the fruit: nnd such was his
good will that ho aroso at 0 o'olock
In tho morning from his comfartnhlo
couoh to oboy her behest. Ho ap
peared at breakfast with lacerated
hands nnd n perspiring frame; but
Ms xcal sent him back to tho garden
tho moment ho had satisfied his ap
petite. Tho elderly lady without n husband,
having lost what tho elderly lady wltb
a husband possessed, was fain to help
her cook with her own fair fingers.
Tho lawyer's wife's fout daughters
were pressed Into their mother's ser
vice, nnd mst unwillingly plunged
their fingers Into tho torturing bushes.
After tho picking was over tho tfiiree
ladles were divided In opinion as to
whether tho berries should bo crushed
halved, or left wholo, each ono fol
lowing her own conviction. Tho writer
of this has nn unpleasant recollection
of standing for four hours whllo she
cut every gooseberry clean through
the mlddlo, according to her mother's
In duo tlmo tho wine was put Into
tho casks, and tho casks were rendered
airtight until tho following spring,
when tho sparkling contents wero bot
tled and stowed In their different col
lars. My mother, I remember, was the
happy possessor of six dozen; the
elderly lady without n husband had
two dozen less; but tho elderly lady
with a husband cnrrlcd off tho palm
or quantity, no loss than twelve dozen
or this homely liquor.
Hut whllo tho wlno was yet In tho
casks thcro enmo to our village a
young man with nn unmlstnknble ntr
or gentility nbaut htm. Ho had no
occupation, yet his nttlro was good
In quality nnd fnultlcss In cut. His
purse nppenred well lined and quickly
It was whispered by somo Hint he
was an eccentric member ot n high
family, and had quarreled with his
relations all round, so that was how
ho enrno to settlo In our quiet neigh-
A BUG Alt ItEFlNEUY, PINAll DHL MO.
as living nt tho beginning of tho nine
teenth century "In nn Isolation like
that ot tho Jutes and Angles of tho'
flf-h century' hnvo tamed a continent,
have covered It with n vast network ot
tho most mngnlflcont railroads In tho
world, hnvo grown to bo tho largest
nnd most homogeneous nation on tho '
fuco of the earth, with a great world
movomcnt behind It. nnd cortnlnlv n 1
grcnt world part In tho futuro beforo 1
it. it is because tho man In tho west
ern Btates today. In n dim, Instinctive
way, realizes thoso thlugs, becauso he
has been himself a faotor In It, that
he seems to be willing to tako tho
risks which more theoretical minds
hesltnto at. That was the answer
which I gave mysolf. To look olosor
nt the matler Is only to have tho Im
portance ot It brought homo with
It Is notable that Queen Victoria waa
to have passed through Franeo on
March 0th. The figure nine plays an
Important part In the history or tho
English royal family, queen Victoria'
father was one of nine sons; tho
Queen Is tho ninth sovereign since the
revolution, and was born lu the nine
teenth century. The Prlnee Consort
was born In 1810. The Queen has had
nine children. Tho Prince ot Wales
was born on November 9th and mar
ried tho Princess of Wales In her nine
teenth year. The Princess, too. Is the
daughter of Christian IX. ot Denmark.
First Saleswoman Did you know
that Clara Laeey Is engaged to Mr.
Strutter, the floorwalkerf Second
Saleswoman You don't sayl First
Saleswoman Yes, and he Is awfully
jealous of her. He had her transferred
from the necktie counter to tho bar
gain counter. Second Saleswoman
(loodnesel Why the bargain eouuterf
First Saleswoman lleeaine no tnon ff
there, you know I Puck.
A good memory Is less desirable
than the forntfulnns ot Injuries.
EVKIIY HOTTLK OF WINB LAY IN
borhood. Others, moro maliciously
disposed, averred that ho was a first
My sisters and I believed In tbo
first-mentioned version of tho mystery,
perhaps becauso It was romantic and
suited to our girlish Imaginations.
Ho was Invited to our village
scrfrccs occo or twice a wcok, and as
he always sought mo out the moment
he entered the room I was a target for
all the envenomed darts from tho bows
of the other girls.
Meanwhile tho gooseberry wine had
bcon bottled and pronounced oxcollent
by the select few who tasted It; all
.he bottles were scaled until the fol
The festivities of tho dark season
wero uahered In by a small dance,
given by the elderly lady with a hus
band. Everyone was Invited, even the
unknown, although our hostess looked
on him with anything but favor.
The entertainment seemed meant to
Inaugurate tho gooseberry wlno rather
than anything else, tor Instead ot
champagne our glasses wore frequently
filled with tills home production.
Our hostess, with a beaming coun
tenance, told us that she wished tho
rising generation to patronize this
harmless beverage rather than Its more
The unknown nnu i, alter ono waltz,
strolled away to the conservatory.
When wo were alono ho looked at mo
with sparkling eyes and flushed oheeks,
gently pressing my hand within lilt
arm at the same time.
"Dearest," ho whispered, "may I
hope that some day you will allow mo
to claim this dear hand in miner"
I blushed as became a surprised
maiden, although tho only wonder I
felt was that ho had not asked me bo
' I murmured "Yes" In my most dulcet
accents, and Immediately tecelved his
reward for my aoQulesoenoe.
My heart bounded In response to a
knock at the front door, soon after
breakfast the next morning. I knew
It was the unknown' hand that bad
wielded the ponderous bronze rlnr. I
heard In my distant dnrmltory the door
opened and closed, and then there was
pause. Next a quick step on the
stair, n gentle tap on my own door,i
and tho cntranco ot tho housemaid
bearing a card,
Tho p!oeo of pasteboard -boro my!
lovo's name, and nt the back. In pcn-l
died letters, this short sentence, "Will!
you spare mo a few minutes?"
Not lovcrlllw, certainly; but i clothed.
It In lovo's own language. When V
entqred tho drawing-room I found tho
unknown Impatiently drumming hla
fingers on tho window. Tho face ho
turned toward me was grave not to
say gloomy; but, still unsuspicious, I
went toward him with a gay welcome
on my Hps. Ho shook hands, certainly,
"I havo sent for you," ho said, "to
to dash Itl I don't know how to pub
what I am going to say. It Is most
confoundedly awkward. Tho fact is.'
I had no right to ask you to bo my
wire last night, for I cannot marry If,
"Why did yon, thent" I asked,
"Well, to (ell you the truth, It was
that deuced wine at supper that did It.
It wont to my head nt onco. nnd the
waltz afterward finished the business.,
I am come to throw myself on your"
gonoroslty. My Income dies Willi roe;
If I marry, and as I have no profession
I must keep single."
"do I" exclaimed I. with a withering,
look, and pointing to tho door.
Ho obeyed mo and went, nnd left the
most mlsorahlo being behind him.
After tbo first paroxysm of outraged
naturo was over I crawled to tho col
lar, and I did not leavo that plncc
till every bottlo of goosoborry wine
lay at my feet In shivered atoms.
fhjilcUm Who llcodtail Fortnnas for
Several European physlclann havo
male fortunes by slnglo operations
Dr. Thomas Dlmsdalo, a Hertfordshire
specialist, who was summoned to St.
Petersburg in 17C2 to vaoclunto Em
press Catherlno II., received $60,000
and n ponslon of 92,500 n yonr. A cer
tain Dr. Hutlor, who had obtained a
world-wldo reputation for his opera
tions In lithotomy, received n lakh of
rupcos (thon worth $50,000) from each
ot six Indian rajahs for relieving
them from their pains, Tho lato czar
of Itussln paid Prof. Znchcrlno, a noted
specialist of Moscow, 7G,000 for two
Jays' attendance. Dr. Onlo of Hrlstol
received n check for J250.000 for cur
ing n cortnln prominent nobleman of a
diseased kneo. Dr. Onlo Yowskl, who
traveled nil tho way to Teheran to at
tend tho son of tho Into shah, received
135,000 nnd his axpenscs, Sir William
Jenncr received a baronotcy nnd $50,
000 for four weeks' attondanco at the
bcdrldo of tho prlnco of Wates. Sir
Morel! Mackcnzlo received $100,000 for
nttondlng the Emperor Frederick. Pcr-
haps tho most extravagant too ot all,
however, Is that of an English army
surgeon who charged an Indian rajah
$50,000 for one prescription in a simple
caso of rheumatism.
Couldn't II IMtIiImU
In Felix Moscholcs' "Fragments ot
nn Autobiography" occurs tho follow
ing: Mndnmo Schumann wns wanted
to play at n llttlo musical reunion, but
alio did not respond. Mr. Moschcles
was dcpulod to approach her. "Was
hIio Inclined to plnyt" "Particularly
llslncllncd," was tho discouraging re
sponse. The envoy mentioned hor hus-
imnds's "Carnaval." "One part I par
ticularly love, tho 'March of tho Da
vldsbundlcr.' It I could only hear you
play just that p.igo or two!" This
roused her, "Pago or two, Indeed!"
sho cried, "Wcnn mnn den 'Carnaval'
splelt, splelt man Ihn ganz." (When
ono plays tho "Carnaval" ono must
play It all.) And sh played tho whole.
An "old maid's convention"
held at Elkhart, III., recently.
Of every hundred Portuguese pcas-J
ants only twenty can read nnd wrlto.
Copenhagen has tho largest zoologi
cal garden In Europe. It ombrntc
Three oil wells at Illbl-Elbat, In thcr
Haku district, produced over 0,000,000
barrels last year.
Several soldiers who went through
tho light at Santiago fainted at Co
lumbus, 0 tho other day when they
wero being vaccinated,
Herltn Is to havo a special Insti
tute tor tho study ot bygleno as apt
piled to tho troples. Professor Koch
has drawn up a plan for It.
"Did you say I lied dollboratelyt".
"Well, not exactly. My remark waa
that you couldn't tell a deliberate
truth." Philadelphia North Ameri
can. Sir Walter Ueeant says no man has
fewer amusements thun himself, lie
Is too short-sighted for billiards or
tennis, and has even dropped the occa
sional gamo ot whist.
A French philological Journal esti
mates that ot the 800 different lan
guage spoken on tho globo, S3 aro In
ose In Hurope, HI In Africa, 123 in
Asia, 417 In America and 117 In
A month's suppllea for tho South
Carolina dispensaries, recently pur
chased. InoludH 916 barrel of whis
ky, thirty barrels of gin, ten barrels of
runt, 420 eases ot whisky, 100 oases ot
wine, four carloads of beer, five bar
rels of ale and five barrel ot porter.
Uncle Joshua We's got ter havo
some more coaling stations. Undo
Jededlah What do we need 'era fcrT
Unele Joshua Why, ter aeeommodate
our navy, yo know. Uncle Jededlak
A bigger navyt We don't need that,
cither. Unele Joshua Wo don't?
How'd e defend our new ooaliii
ttaUoBx, UwnT Judge,