Newspaper Page Text
Day of Glory
Palace at Avignon, Once Home of the
Popes, Now Scene of Vanished Splendor
(.Special Correspondence, i
At Avignon, in tlio south of France,
may still bo .seen the palace In which
the popes lived and ruled during what
Petrarch called the "shameful exile
of the church of .leans Christ," and
other writers have named "tho Baby
lonish captivity," In the fourteenth
century. Although defaced and occu
pied as a hnrrucks, the palace retains
its chief architectural features, and is
one of the most massive and most
nearly perfect specimens of fourteenth
century military architecture in exis
Those were troublous days in which
the papal court was established on the
soil of I'rovence, and the palace was
begun on a scale to insure great
strength. It was furlhei strengthened
us construction went on. until Ir was
like a fortress, protected from within
and without by every device then em
ployed for such a purpose. Here ruled
seven popes, all French, from 1 to." t
140S, in great, power and luxury.
Writing of Avignon in the time ui
the popes, Daudet. in his "Letters fro.n
My Mill." thus describes the life ..
"Whoso did not see Avignon in
days of the popes has seen nothing
For gajety. life, animation, the v
cllement of festivals, never wa
town like it. From morning till ni-' '
there was nothing but processions, p
grimages, streets strewn with flow . -draped
with tapestries, cardinal.-' a;
riving by the Rhone, banners wavin
in the breeze, galleys dressed in Ihi-i
the pope's soldiers chanting Latin "r.
the squares, and the tiuWIiug ran 1 u
the begging friars; whip- limn garr- :
to cellar of houses that pressed, hum
ming, round the great papa' palace
Mice bees around their hive, came the
tack-tack of lace looms, the to-and-l'ro
of shuttles weaving the gold thread of
chasubles, the tap-tap of the gold
smith's chasing tools on the chalices,
the tuning of choir instruments at the
lntomakers', the song of the spinners
at their work; and above all this rose
the sound of bells, and always the
echo of certain tambourines coming
from away down there on the bridge
of Avignon; because, with us, when
Only the grim old castle, and the
adjoining church containing tombs of
many cardinals and archbishops, and
two popes, remain as reminders of
the papal reign In Avignon. The old
halls of the palace hnve been cut up
into small npartn nt. and the orig
inal arrangement of its interior is onJv
suggested. In two small remaining
chapels are a few frescoes, and those
are all that are left of its once beauti
ful decorations. The remains of the
kitchen are seen, where, profane his
tory states, heretics were roasted in
Ancient Palace of the Pope3.
the people are happy they must dunce,
they must dance and in those days
tho streets were too narrow for the
farandole, and Ilf'cs and tambourines
posted themselves on the bridge of
Avignon, in the fresh breeze from tho
-Rhone, and day and night ti,' folks
danced, they danced. Ah. the happy
times! the happy town! Halberds
tha' did not wound, prisons whero the
wine was put to cool; no hunger, no
war. That's how tho popes of tho Com
tat governed their peoplo. and that's
why their people so deeply regretted
One of tho bloodiest atrocities In tho
French revolution was committed at j
the palace in Avignon, when sixty-one
men, women and children were huriou
from Its highest tower Into ti ditch,
and quicklime was thrown upon them.
The papal palace is a drowsy place
to-day. basking in the torrid southern
Hims-hine like it decaying monument ti
a dead past. Its drawbridge, portcullis
and Iron gates are gone, but the bal
cony where the pope stood when bo
blessed the people is still to be seen
above the entrance. The tourist Muds
the palnce worth a few hours' inspec
tlon; the student of church history
iinds it worthy of a long journey at; 1
Health Thus Lost Is Restored by Lydla
E. Plnkham's Vegotablo Compound.
How manv women do you know who
are perfectly well ami strong1? Wa
hear everyday the same story oveu and
over again. I do not feel well ; I am
so tired all the time-J " -
Romans Established the Gauge.
The ancient Romans made the
standard gauge of our present rai!
ways. Tho width of the wheel has
of the most up-to-date dining car ts
what it is because it. was original! v
irr " ' ' ' ' ' ',W li
adjuining catle di :
blc tlirniH' um-'I 1
uImi Is ib.- tdjnl.
! i-- i In- simple mar
-. l :;ijics. 1' !'
ol l'our John XII
who is reiurmb"ied fur having left a
treasure of ix.himi.oimi gold florins, and
T.oiiu.oiiu In plate and jewels.
Romance in Early History.
Romance invests the memories of
the foundation ami early history of
the papal palace. Avignon was '.rst
ceded to the popes in 12To, and sov
ereignty over it is said to have been
sold to Clement V by Joanna, the girl
queen of Naples and I'rovence. in HMO.
for SO.OOo gold florins (which were
said never to Lave been paid), in con
sideration lor a dispensation permit
ting her to marry the man of her
le art. Prince Louis de Tarentum. her
first husband, having been murdered.
J'etrareh was a guest and Rlen.l a
ptisoner at Avignon at the height of
the papal glory there, and tho palace
tin kered Illustrious men from far and
near. Trains of warriors, princes with
their gorgeous following, churchmen
of high and low degree, and endless
bands of pilgrims of more common
clay, journeyed to tho walled city by
the Rhone to pay their respects to the
head of tho church.
The last pope to rule tit Avignon
was Gregory XI, who took tho papal
court hack to Romo in MOS. After
his departure Avignon was ruled by a
legale, and after a time by a vice
legate, until tho French revolution,
when tho city was reunited with
France. In 1707 the pope renounced
all right to it forever.
Reign of Anti-Popes.
After the departure of tho popes
who had brought their court to Frenah
soil owing to the turbulence af Rome
schism and disorder held sway nt
Avignon. Three "anti-popes" hold
court horo, holding their place by
foreo. One of them, Ronedlct XIII,
when besieged by an army under Mar-
Suspension Bridge Near Avignon,
tie (boir of the , that of the chariots which lolled
along ihe Roman roads in Hrituin. A
recent i-ic.Uier upon the Milijert at
Newcastle has put the matter l-yond
theory. He said, that man year.-, ago
he had known an old gentlemen who.
in his youth, had been associated with
Stephenson. This old gentleman had
told him that he had asked the gnat
engineer why he had adopted the still
existing gauge and Stephenson had
.-xplained that he found it was the
width between tiie ruts in the roads
along tho Roman wall and that he
thought that if a world power like
Rome had found that gauge the most
effective ho could not do hotter than
to adopt it also. Pearson's Weeklv.
More than likely you spealc the samo
words yourself, and no doubt you feel
far from well. The cause may be easily
traced to some derangement of the fe
male organs which manifests itself in
depression of spirits, reluctance to go
anywhere or do anything, backache,
bearing- lown pains, flatulency, nerv
ousness, sleeplessness, leucorrhoea.
These symptoms are but warnings
that there' is danger ahead, and unless
heeded a life of suffering or a serious
operation is the inevitable result.
The never-failing rt- .ledyforall these
symptoms is Lydia E. l'inkham's Veg
etable ( (impound.
Miss Kate McDonald, of Woodbridgo(
Ji .1., writes :
Dear Mrs. Pinklmm :
" I think that a woman naturally dislikes to
niaki her troubles known to tho public, but
ri'stored health hasmonnt so much to mo that
1 cannot help from telling minu for tho sako
of other suffering women.
" For a long timo I sndt'erod untold agony
with n uterine trouble and irregularities,
w hich Jimdo mo a physical wreck, and no on
thought I would recover, but Lydia E. Pink
htun's Vegctiiblo Compound has entirely
cured mo, and in.udo me well and strong, and
1 feel it my dut v to toll other suffering women
what u splendid medicine it is."
If you are ill, don't hesitate to get a.
bottle of Lydia E. Pinicham's Vegeta
ble Compound nt once, and write to
Mrs Pinltham, Lynn. Mass., for special
advice -it is free and always helpful.
HAVE YOU COWS?
It Might Be of Some Use.
There are some persons who take
a sordid, utilitarian view of every
thing, including the achievements of
science. A public-spirited ei'izen
who was trying to raise funds to as
sist a well-known Arctic explorer in
fitting out an expedition for polar
research, called upon a wealthy wood
merchant, and aske 1 him for a con-j
"What's (he good of it?" ashed tho
"The good of it? Won't if bo worth
something to mankind if ho discovers
the North Pole?"
"Suppose he does find 11. What
good is the JCorth Pole lo anybody?"
Here tho caller's patience gave way.
"I didn't know but ou might have
some curiosity, as an export, to know
what kind of wood It's made of." ho
said, turning on his heel and walking
nut. Weekly Scotsman.
Nothing In It.
"nomembor," said the serious
friend, "that you are a servant of the
"Yes," answered Senator Sorghum.
"The trouble is that iwwaday s you
nro expected to servo the ppople with-
If you have cream to separate a good
Creirn Separator is tho most profitable in
vestment you can possibly make. Delay
means daily waste cf
time, labor and product.
DE LAVAL CREAM
$10.- per cow per year
every year of uee over ail
gravity setting systems
and $5.- per cow over
all imitating separators.
They received the Grand
Prize or Highest Award
at St. Louis.
Buying trashy casli-in-advanco sepa
rators ia penny wise, dollar foolish.
Such machines quickly lose their cost
instead of saving it.
If you haven't tho ready cash
DE LAVAL machines may be bought
on such liberal terms that they actually
2au for themselves.
Send today for new catalogue aud
name of nearest local agent.
The De Laval Separator Co.
Randolph & Canal Stc,
74 Cortlandt Strut
shal Boueicault, escaped by a postern j out accepting any tips." Wellington
gnia unu ueu, i mar.
FOR WOMEN J
troubled with ills peculiar to
tbuir sex, used as a douche is raarvelously auc-
cesstui. Tiiorougniy cleanses, kills diseaso germs,
stops discharges, heals inflammation and local
r.ixm.e h in p..v.ler form to be dissolved In pure
water, .iiul h f,ir inure clcanslnR, healing, Germicidal
tun! cxuiKim.c.a . liquid antiseptics for all
TOILKT AND WOMEN'S SPECIAL. USES
lVr sale at driiRRists, 60 cents a box.
Trial llax and Book of Instructions Pre.
The r. Paxtoh company bobtom, Umi