OCR Interpretation


The Intermountain Catholic. (Salt Lake City [Utah] ;) 1899-1920, August 22, 1903, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Utah, Marriott Library

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93062856/1903-08-22/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

PIONEER CATHOLIC
I circuIa The Colorado
II targ est
I Catholic oldest
lIOn 0 f any C a tb
I I journal of the
n enpaper
oJie
Rocky mountains
in Dernioantain is the property
in Sure re of Intermountain t
Catholic
>
i Ii S f
J
L occoocoooosaeofleoocooooeocooaoooocooooaopoaooaooooooooooo ooaooooooooecotfo A
Volume 4 No 47 Fourth Year Colorado Catholic Twentieth Year
SALT LAKE CITY AND DENVER AUGUST 22 1903
j 1 ORlmN Of TRUE
AND fAlS Rl ION
Intermountain Catholic
ontn r
snvip lo claims of religious truths to tile
jr r 1
Inmuin 1111 lid < 1IUIC must be a starting point No one
tan irlnmitt between the claims of religion and tin
IP f icl 1 Inl of religious scoffers the bold denials of
Jrll nor the impotent stand of agnonsticism since <
nt their Jans from different standpoints li
II prefl
aii ntrimi nts there must be some common starting
nhiHi the contestants agree
11 Hill t Ill v
I
God i o the basis of all religion whether true or
iaK UK septic who ridicules religion ignores God
jheathust who denies the existence of a Supreme
j5 1 > ur tin intervention of Providence finds in the ful
jm ut f In natural cravings the completion of life
jiu jgii tH who neither affirms nor denies the ex
stiiu I l 1 1J assumes a languid attitude towards re
jjrmu admit what confornis to his views and habits
plaits indifferently to what has no immediate bear
u 1 011 Ins daily life
M t Augustine tells his experience when as an ag >
t in the light of Christian truths was breaking ir
ipii in darkened and sinful soul I held my he
ll all sent fearing some pitfall and more and
lIJle 1 was tormented unto death I wished to be as
Hue of things 1 saw not as that seven and three
ide tcu Intellectually St Augustine had no equal
f ID lib time ur since To subdue and overcome his iu j
iidutual f pride it required grace and humility more
niij lgi and philosophy He had listened to St
Imbriis simple presentation of Christian truths and
in > uph unable to answer what he heard his proud i in
jdicu 1 hold his heart from all assent fearing some
jfall 1 and more and more he was tormented
Ihf attitude assumed by St Augustine as made I
n urn m his own confession is the same as that of the i
i uulous ill every age The diverse forms of unbe
jj t ire impervious to reason when there is question of
11 t J i tutl mans relations to his Creator Apart from
T iatiui the very proofs taken from reasouand CQUI
1111 i HUM for the existence of God are logically tested
n t ueu t hristiaii writers whose strong faith has never
Li doulnd whilst on the other hand the siniple ar
tumuit ci addition t or the child was told by the father
Id dod exists and the father was told the same by
Jji lather and so it went back to the first father has
1 11 i ulkKiit to convice some of the most learned in
2 J n I i ami agnostics of the existence of a Supreme
jj lug
ith the sceptic who doubts all things there ca
b < no nhpious arguments He doubts not only the
i s jihauccd but he doubts the proposition to Ii
I d Ihs absurd theory can only be refuted by tel
urLmi Hiat he can not doubt what he knows he knows
JltfMptK or universal doubter is an abnormal crea
iuI i ll1i1Jll it could be truly saila little learning
adougxiout thing His doubtsrof established truths
t l < classed other than mental disease or ignor
ni tin last extreme
AthfiMn as a system of incredulity was never pop
1 r > tind PS i advocates among the learned were few
1 > fiir IItWqfl i Its existence depended on picking
h Ii i Till arguments that confirm the faith which
q i iif IN i into the soul or in striving to account for
Xin uj 1 all i celestial bodies and the world in a
S ul irf n ju from that given in Genesis The great
q5 in M U Illd i most profound scholars who have stud
1 I r i ill j itb revolutions and bearings with
i 1 nh I n t 11 and the various sciences from a super
I cl 11 > pint have becojne satisfied from the
I I L i li I 1 < xisis that I the I simple I account given in
I I I i l i d < wn by the patriarchs and preserved
1 l it1 integrity is correct
I T n I iddites the chosen people of God whose
I ido ideals of truth heroism and sublime
r 1 11 i kind indebted for this knowledge Only
i I j Messiah
J 1 their action toward the
vl Ilimillg they sighed and prayed does
nr L J If I brilliant history become entirely
I I II u fut in the spiritual order they be
11j J and unable to share the rich treas
lt s M I < od promised to their forefathers
1111 Kl ion of a Redeemer is contained in the
11 i iI of their creed I believe with a strong
lUll j Vl 111 I that a Messiah shall come more de
1 i 1 11 l lived Al
111 i th > kings that have ever
u4 i nk > proper to delay his coming no one
I vu IgIy j I I iI of it seta I
I I I iUUflt I to question the truth O or
Ii
I a 1 11 I filii < for it much less produce scripture
I 1 I of it since Israel will never have any
tdi i I uii I vr n but one that shall be of the line
t 1
M 1 II d Solomon l
I k i il 1 tlmusajid years their attitud towards Jesus
I hrjt ha I od to perpetuate not only the crucifixion I
0 It flri j I n i his I claims to be the Messiah the Son of
thl 6erI 1 < t I Father whom they so long and faithfully I
Paf < < I jnius whose I writings command the re
tc t al iiniration of all lovers of truth treats of
1bp In of
j flVtr and sublime calling of the cliildren
Tx
ad ni Ixir relations to Christ different from all
I lnoVritr Their divine mission in lreservinff the
nr Jf dpf < > f God in its purity and prophesying the ad I
< I f lifjiodeeiiicr J invests ihem with a dignity vh ch I
I Continued on Page 2 I
rlus Xu UONORS AM RICA
Rev J J Harty of St Louis Is Consecrated
II
Archbishop of Manila
Rome Aug 15The consecration of
the Rev J J Hart o of St Louis as
archbishop of Manila took place today
in the Franciscan Church of St An
thony Added interest to the ceremony
was given by the fact that the first
archbishop to be consecrated under
Pius X was an American
Cardinal Satolli officiated and was as
sisted by two bishops The new arch
bishop was anointed with holy oil on
the temples and palms of the hands
He was then given the episcopal ring
the miter and the pastoral staff of pow
er Archbishop Harty then offered
I Cardinal Satolli two lighted torches
two loaves of bread and two small
gilded barrels of wine as symbols of
his love towards his consecrator This
offering was followed by the kiss of
peace from Cardinal Satolli
Americans at Consecration
Among those present at the consecra
tion were the Rev Dennis OConnell
lector of the Catholic university at
Washington Mgr Kennedy with the
members of the American college
Bishop Hendrick of Cebu and his
brother Father Joseph Hendrick Mgr
Edward T Fowler and Father David
Fleming formerly superior general of
the Franciscans
The fact that the first American
archbishop of Manila was consecrated
in the church which is the seat of the
general house of the Franciscan monks
I one of the four orders objected to in
the Philippine islands was much com
mented on
I
I Cardinal Satolli later gave at his
I residence in the basilica of St John
Lateran a dinner in honor of Arch
I
bishop Harty Toasts were drunk to
the pope President Roosevelt and to
the success of Archbishop Harty in his
labors in the Philippines Archbishop
Harty will leave Rome next Wednes
day
Cardinal Gibbons was unable to assist
at the consecration of Archbishop Har
ty because today being the fete day
I of isis titular church Santa Maria di
Trastevere he had to assist at mass
there He was received and greeted
by the whole clergy of the church
Cardinal Gibbons left Rome tonight
for Switzerland where he will remain
some time with a friend to recover from
the heat and his labors in Rome The
cardinal however is only suffering
from slight lassitude otherwise he is
perfectly well Before his departure he
received most cordial visits from all
the cardinals still in Rome who wished
to manifest their esteem and affection
I for him
High Office to Wait For Bishop
I As Cardinals Agliardi and Satolli
both persist in their refusal of the of
fice of papal secretary of state Mgr
Merry Del Val will act as such until
the first consistory is held in October
or November At that time the bishop
of Padua a learned prelate and bosom
friend of the pope will be created a
cardinal and it is probable he will then
become secretary of state I
POPE DISCUSSES PHILIPPINES
Rome Aug 1GThe pope at 5 oclock
I this afternoon received at a private au
non = atbolie U ries Doctrine Catholic
Our Objections to Mix Marriages Defined
WhyJs the Catholic church so bitter
ly opposed to the marriage of Catholics
with Protestants
If you consider it wrong why do you
grant a dispensation for money
What does your church require of me
a Protestantif I marry a Catholic
girl Must I be baptized and join your
church
Can a Catholic and Protestant be
married first by a priest and afterwards
by a minister to please the husbands
Protestant parents
Why is not the marriage celebrated
in the church
The Catholic church has always dis
approved of mixed marriages because
First The Catholic party is in great I i
danger of losing his faith How fre
quently a strongminded unbeliever
who daily ridicules all that a woman
who
Protestant
bigoted
holds dear or a
only manifests his hatred of the Cath
olic religion after marriage is the
cause of apostacy of a weekminded in
devouL and illinstructed woman In
a nonCatholic environment as in tho
Southern States many such souls have
drifted away from the church Second
The possibility of the children being
reared nonCatholics How often the
Catholic party dies and the nonCatli
marries again bringing up all the
olic faith Moreover the
children in alien
example of an unbelieving indifferen
tist or Catholichating parent will nave
influence upon the children
a pernicious
counteracted in strong measure
by unless the other parent the church and
school Add to this fact that many
the their children to
allow
refuse to
men in the Catholic faith despite
be baptized
effect
to that e
their written promise
spite unhappiness that of
fect Third The
in the train of such mar
follows
ten too may at
The nonCatholic
riages a divorce and remarry
time secure
any cannot do so without
Catholic
the
grevfous Fourth The essentially
grcvious sin regarding the
moral principles
distinct relations held by Protestants
marriage to
with regard
generally and Catholics
generally the limiting of fam
divorce abortion
ib dispen
ibThe Catholic church grants a
The
ecclesiastical law for
sation from the
she
because
binding mixed marriages
cases that
hopes in certain be Particular obviated She lays
these evils may
First Both
down three conditions that all the chil
must promise
parties Catholic faith Second
reared in
dren be must promise to
ond The Catholic possibleby prayer good
do example everything and pursuasionto bring the I
to the true faith
nonCatholic
granted for
Dispensations are never
absolutely wrong or
which is
anything the divine law The
sinful or against bought but the stipends
be
cannot
Said imposed only oa
simply fines
paid are the
Phose whofcan readily pay them for I
those who can
of the
of the ordinary law
exception obtained In this
church The money
the support of region
devoted to
way Is purposes the
gion and to charitable dispensations gratis
poor are granted countryit is
law in this
The general forbids the ce
different abroadwhich marriages 1n the
ebration of such I
and
blessing of the parties
church the the churclfs dis
of
is witness
the ring
approval consents to a
If the Catholic party
i marriage by a minister
first or second denial of the
is0 public
of a
he is guilty
e from all share in
off
cut
and is
faith of the church To take
sacraments
the Is regarded as
worshIp
part in a false Indeed this manner
practical apostacy is irrational For if
ner of proceeding regards the first mar
the Protestant through a
why then go
ri hge binding ceremony if Invalid by his
meaningless consent Is it honest to
refusing to give who would be bound
deceive the priest witness to a mock
acting as
t refuse
marriage the civil law refuses
In countries recognize where the Catholic mar
fuses to the parfIes are allowed
riage as legal formality of a so
through the of
to go before a state
tiled civil marriage their cviI privileges
ficlal to insure befoi lt tint
This maistrate enforced however appearance has no xellgiqus
I sig nineance whatever
i Does the Catholic church regard the
I marriage of Protestants valid or can
a Protestant be divorced and marry
again on entering your church
I Two baptized Protestants for in
stance a Methodist and a Lutheran
I who are married without being subject
to any of the diriment impediments of
the church are as validly married as
two Catholics for they receive the sac
lament of matrimony which binds until
death The Catholic church has no
power to dispense in the divine law
which absolutely prohibits divorce
Must Catholics believe that the human
race dates from the year 4004 B C
I Does not modern science give the lie di
rect to the Biblical chronology with re
gard to the antiquity of man
By no means Catholics are perfect
ly free to form their own opinion upon
this question which has never been de
fined by the church
The Abbe Moigno writes Splendeurs
de la Foi ii p 612 The exact dat
of the creation of man jof his first ap
pearance upon the earth remains en
tirely uncertain or unknown but there
would be some rashness in carrying it
back beyond 8000 year
Another distinguished scholar Abbe
Hamard La Science et 1Apologetlque
Chretienne p 31 says That it is
necessary to adopt the chronology of
the Septuagint as affording us notably
more time we are convinced but we
fail to see any reason for carrying this
chronolngv beyond the SCOO or 10000
years which it affords us as a maxi
mum
Father Zahm after a careful discus
sion of the question in four articles or
the American Catholic Quarterly 1893
pp 225248 562588 719734 1894 PP
560272 thus sums up The evidence
we have examined regarding the age
of our race proves one thing and proves
it most conclusively and that is i that
the question we have been discussing is i
far from being definitely answered by
Sqripture or science and according to
present indications it seems improbable
that we shall ever have a certain an
swer regarding this much controverted
topic The testimony of astronomy
does not as such make either for or
against the Biblical chronology because
astronomy as a science was not cultiva
ted until some thousands of years after
the advent of man on earth The testi
mony of history and especially the his
tory which takes us back farthestthe
history of Egypt and Assyria Chaldea
and I Bahyloniaadmirably corroborates
the testimony of the Bible concerning
the antiquity of man The sciences of
linguistics ethnology and physiology
have discovered nothing that is incom
patible with the acceptance of the
chronology of Scripture as understood
by our most competent apologists The
statements of geology and prehistoric
archaeology are so vague and conflict
ing and extravagant that nothing defin
ite can be gathered from them beyond
he apparently indisputable fact that
the age of our species is greater than
the advocate of the Hebrew and Sa
maritan texts of the Bible have been
wont to admit It may however be
asserted positively that no certain geo
logic or archaeologic evidence so far
adduced is irreconcilable with archaeo
logy that we are warranted in deducing
from the known facts and geological
record of the Book of Books Amer
ican Catholic Quarterly vol xix pp
269 270 Sir J W Dawson Modern
Science in Bible Lands Vigorous
Manuel Biblique vol i Les Livres
Saints vol iii
A Catholic Gentleman
A Catholic gentleman said the
Rev Owen H Hill S J in his bac
calaureate address to the graduates of
Fordham college is a saint private
Jife and a public spirited citizen of
right principles and sound integrity He
takes a strong hand in the stirring af
fairs of his time and leaves traces of
his time apd leaves traces of his great
faith in the pages of history < He is
possessed of every true virtue from
loveKof God ahd religion to love of
country and authority
ri j
1Pr
J
r r
I
iiz41i y r
I 4M j
1
bt lzc I
r
I l
S4S I
t
r
1c t
2
r
I
i5
IffOST REV J J HARTY
Consecrated Archbishop of Manila in Rome Aug 15
dlence in his apartment Archbishop
Harty who was yesterday consecrated
archbishop of Manila with whom ho
spoke at length about the situation in
lljefPhilippine islands showing himself
fully conversant with the state of af
fairs there Pius X said the efforts of
the clergy towards the pacification of
the chipelago and the triumph of Ro
man Catholicism would always receive
the warmest support at Rome He
I presented Archbishop Harty with a
beautiful episcopal pectoral ii cross
Archbishop Harty then presented to the
pontiff his secretary Mgr W Fowler
and Father Donohue of Alabama to
I words both of whom the pope addressed kind
1
R minist cs 3y Francis Maurice
HcMaster on the School Question Egan
In his time McMaster was looked
upon as a fanatic because he preached
in season and out of season on the
text The school first and then the
Church But the gradual development
of social forces has shown that he was
wise with the wisdom of the Holy
Ghost He had to combat net the
American but the European point of
view for the American has alway
placed the building of the school first
of vital importance And the Euro
pean point of view resulted from a
condition of life in which the great
cathedral was the central meeting
place of the people Teachers and
scholars might gather there People
who know not printed letters might
read in stained plass in symbolical
carvings in finelyconceived statutes
lessons that the soul and heart need
Under the new dispensation the church
was not the center of the city or the
country sides actual life though it re
mained the center of its spiritual ex
istence Therefore McMaster said
Build the school first and worship
anywhere till the school is built To
him more than to any other American
we owe the beginning of that Catholic
public opinion thfit encourages the par
ish schools for Catholic children all
over the land and suppprts them in
squite of all opposition I
The parish choo1 for Catholics is an
American institution It has grown
with tile needs of the people unfor
tunraly It was always looked on b
its promoters or by its opponents as an
American institution but there is no
institution which makes more for the
continuance of ethical principle in the
social system than this school for
which the fowd parochial is too
small a nameI recall with interest
I a conversatio f with McMaster on the
subject ofuCatlwllc schools in connec I
tion with some remarks in a New Eng
land journal on the educational work
done by Msgr Edwards in New York
and Father Scully in Cambridgeport
Narrow bigots the paper had called
them and just after this the editor
> who was a Union college man and a
devout Protestant came our way Mc
Masters controversies did not always
interfere with his desire to give a good
dinner to any agreeable member of the
human race who called on him And
although McMaster had named his col
lege acquaintance a son of Satan or
something to that effect in a previous
issue of the New York Freemans Jour
nal he invited him to Monquins with
the truest Scotch Highland hospitality
The subject of thp parochial school
must come up sooner or later so with
a view of getting the fight over as
early as possible I asked the New Eng
land editor whether he really thought
that theparochlal schools were a men
ace to the repubJic
They segregate he raid they keep
Catholics and Protestants apart and
hey are run in the interests of the
Democratic party They teach no civIC
virtues They are permeated with Irish
or German prejudices they are little
worlds of superstition
McMaster gazed at the frank and
aliant heretic for a moment as if he
would annihilate him
You are wrong he said with that
gentleness which always betokened a
I desire to lead rather than conquer his
opponent the schools have nothing to
do with politics
I The editor looked incredulous
But on this day McMaster was not
inclined to bqmbard his opponent = a
parley was more in his line
You ate an Episcopalian he said
you believe in the atonement of our
Lord the resurrection
Oh of course
I You believe that the morality of the
people of the United States must be
fountfe on Christianity
No morality can be effective in our
condition of civilization Without the
basis of Christian dogma
Who shall teach this
The parents of children the
ch rc1PtsI t L
Then ycfu believe > That the children
1
<
must be taught Suppose the parents
are illiterate or careless or as they
mostly are preoccupied
The churches come in there with the
Sunday schools
An hour a week And think of the
evils that must be combatted in that
hour The child knows nothing of the
mysteries of religion or of the religious
practice of morality until you teach it
The editor smiled There is mor
ality in the air of America The
American is religious by environment
Where is Sunday better keptthan in
America The early Christians could
not have kept the Sabbath better J I
The early Christians knew very lit
tle of what you call the Sabbath
McMaster said The American people
will lose their power of being moral
if you bring them up in schools from
which the very name of Christ must bo
banished if you admit that the Jew
and the agnostic have the same right I
in them as the Episcopalian or thf
Baptist
When that day comes we Episco
palians will have separate schools of
our own This was in 1880 I
McMaster laughed Will not that
policy segregate Episcopalians from
other citizens of the United States I
Certainly not The duties of lit
in con
in our country which bring us
tact every day with men of all opin I
ions and occupations will correct that i
Why are you afraid of Catholic i
segregatiop then Will not the sam
contact with various phases of life
force the student from the parochial
school to be sympathetic and broad i
in the best sense
The editor looked uneasy
Catholics are different he said
you aim to be exclusive and besides
I do not find that those who are taught
your doctrines so sedulously lead bet
ter lives than other people
But they know how to repent and to
die well McMaster said unconscious
ly echoing Newman whom he did not
lore
loveThat accounts of course for the in
dividual but its a poor lessQn for the
good of society
McMaster in a gentle mood smoked
quietly for a while then he turned to
his favorite Belgian waiter
Send over to the City Hall park and
bring two newsboys over here
The waiter not unaccustomed to Mc
Masters way obeyed In the mean
time the guests waited in amusement
After a time the newsboys came
They were plainly of Irish descent
alert ready for anything and expec
tant for they knew McMasters gen
erous ways with all their ilk
The first boys name was Mike His
father and mother were dead he lived
with an old aunt he had gone to a
public school for a year or two
Do you know the Ten Command
ments
The boy grinned tried the first and
stumbled He admitted that his old
aunt found no time to teach him and
that after selling papers all the morn
ing he was too tired to go to Sunday
school He was a Catholic of course
I but he did not know much about being
a Catholic He would not steal he
I said indignantly the police would be
sure to catch him his aunts would
turn him out
I
The other boy was likewise of Irish
descent He nad attended a parochial
school uptown for three years He
knew the Ten Commandments of
course and he stood a short examina
tion in primary theology very well
Steal he said Yes he often felt
like stealing when he had a chance
There were so many chances and so
many things a boy would like to have
but God would punish him sooner or
I later he would have to give back what
he shoUld steal so what was the
se
Suppose we rest the case here said
I McMaster I think on this slight
evidence we may conclude that Relig
> ious schools even inrthis reJi1ii us
country are worth strugg ing t iJ
> ff
< j < t
< o J V
fiJI
I h
fASTfRN CUURCUfSIN
COMMUNION WIIU ROM
Lorenzo ORourke in Catholic World
During the dawning years of the new century the
aged eyes of the Great White Pope have beheld the
coming of the glory of the Lord in many guises and
under beautiful auspices Even in America personally
unknown to him though dear to the liberal Poutitt in
love with the future the opening years of the century I
have been marked by jubilee celebrations which have
awakened wide interest and are the faint counterpart
of the popular celebrations held in Rome
But it is only in the Eternal City and in the shad
ow of the Vatican that the real significance of the sub
lime honors paid by the world to the Pontiff e m bo
adequately appreciated
From the four corners of the earth they como
To kiss this shrine this mortal breathing saint
Probably the most striking the most frequent of all i
the tributes laid at the feet of tho Lion couchant at
the throne of God were those of the different Oriental
Rites in communion with Rome
The unity and universality of tho church have been
strikingly illustrated in a recent series of ceremonials
in the beautiful and classic Church of Sant Andrea
della Valle Rome The venerable Vincenzo Pallotti
wishing to give a visible and eloquent lesson of this
genuine unity in variety that exists in the Catholic
Church arranged a series of religious celebrations to
be held serially in the same church by the various rites
in communion with the Roman See
Latins Greeks Maronites Chaldeans Slavs Syr
ians and Armenians celebrated in harmony the sam
sacrifice at the same altar Italian French English
German Spanish and Polish priests preached in their
several languages from the same pulpit This remark
able picture of unity of creed in variety of custom and
language was regarded by those who witnessed it as
one of the most striking omens of the eV ntu realiza
tion of Pope Leos dream the unification of the sep
aratedchurches of the east under the authority ofthe
Roman See
It is of great int rest to note that all these Oriental
liturgies varying in their ceremonies language and
vestments conform absolutely in essentials to the
Roman Church with which they are in perfect agree I
ment
THE FAMOUS MAKONITE BITE
When the invading hordes of Persians and Mussul
mans poured into the east overwhelming the Catholic
settlements a little colony of Syrians escaping the gen
erral torrent fled into the caverns of Mount Libanus
and there in secret preserved the ancient faith From
time to time they received accessions and in the course
of years this indomitable little tribe formed a power
ful people who later onbecame the scourge of the
Saracens in Syria Such is the hardy people who are
known as Maronites from one of their celebrated lead
ers St John Maro
The Maroni now number nearly 300000 and are
settled for the most part in the region of Mount Lib
anus Reiian the famous Frenchman who delivered
such sturdy blows to the Church met them and was
royally entertained by them in the course of his jour
I ney through Syria during the latter part of his life He
pays this hardy Christian race some notable compli
ments Their simplelives and pure native faith evi
dently made a great impression upon him and inspired
some of the most beautiful pages of his later unpub
lished correspondence
The liturgy of tho Maronites is somewhat different
in form from that with which most Catholics are fam
I iliar It is that attributed to St James the Apostle
t with some modifications taken from the Latin church
This liturgy is the SyroChaldaio with the exception of
a few details Even as early as the thirteenth century
tho Maronites in order to approach still nearer to the
Roman church began to adopt the rich vestments in j
vogue among the Latins The pppes in recognition of 1
their notable1 adhesion to the Holy See have been ac
customed in confirming their patriarchate to present
to them a costly set of vestments An incident of this
kind has happened recently when Leo XIII confirmed
present patriarch Elias Pietro Huayek
The Patriarch of the Maronites has his titular see
in Antioch and resides in Libanus He has jurisdiction
over eight dioceses containing five seminaries There
is an international college at Kaffarai there are be
sides three monastic congregations approved by the
Holy See which observe the rule of St Anthony Fin t
ally c there are about two hundred monasteries
The Maronites founded a college in Rome and placed i
it under the charge of the Jesuits It was suppressed l
during the occupation of Napoleon I Leo xm has
throughout his pontificate distinguished this interesting
nation with special marks of friendship In 1892 he re
established the college of the Maronites at Rome which
Napoleon had suppressed and endowed it with 100000
ire The rector of the college is Don Elias Cury
Scedid
A
THE BULGARIAN BITE
The Bulgarian rite is that of the Greeks which
has been translated into the Slav language by St Cyril
and i St ir thodius brothers and natives of Thessa
> Z <
f

xml | txt