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The Intermountain Catholic. (Salt Lake City [Utah] ;) 1899-1920, August 29, 1903, Image 1

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C h PIONEER CATflOLIC
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Volume 4 No 48 Fourth Year S
SALT LAKE CITY AND DENVER AUGUST 20 1003 Colorado Catholic Twentieth Year
IK CHURCH SCIENCE
LABOR AND CArnAL
BY LATE POPE LEO XIII
I juiM IK clear to everybody that God organized the
toman race into society for no man can get along
thout ocicty everybodys progress and development
wnd < > n society
rjK
U Frederick Bastiat the celebrated French sociologist
nloCTHMl the various benefits man derives from so
CI t a thbo
Look at the least potent of your fellow citizens
n mall artisan How many people how many indus
xrcrc needed to furnish him with the things es
1
tial to his civilized existence with his clothes shoes
111 drink potty luxuries and so forth
And tin man small as he is has certain rights
Thcn arc lawyers to fitrht for these rights judges
oral t nn tlicm and soldiers to uphold them if neccs
w
r ryTh alunc furnishes full proof of thenecessity and
nblitv of organization Man must live in society
r Minitv alone makes it possible for him to satisfy
unavoidable demands life
h i utiles and on
society is i progressive and continues to improve
tJ11 ronturi inherits from the past certain require I
l nt i cttveries and improvements and thus the sum I
t ph a1 1 moral and political benefits grows wonder I I
I ulh Ihi various grades of progressive advancement
i MpJl h v man rc called civilization and the qucs
1 n 1 liai been rl1i i = cd Is not civilization a plant that
cMjron < awl develop only in a society enlivened by
I tc prif of Jesus Christ a society gathered round
1 4j J i fhunh mil recognizing voice of tho church as
tjii i f it mother and mistress
pain it i > given out that a man entering the
riucli aixl obeying its rules cannot achieve the de
c < f civilization that he might attain if illd pend
1h i j mx friin domination and restriction of any kind
To aw the laboring man physically and morally
tV liunh introduced Sundays and 1iolilays that bring
an I it < i tlif toiler and draw him into the church that
mr i > rrpt bis troubles in the joys of religion On I
r liInvs mounted t by the church the innocent joys of
I I i hristian family become a reality One cannot look I
r a I iiwr 1 Mtrht j than an honest workman the wife
s L IJ1 upon his arm surrounded by his children I
T MIU ill Jods free nature Ho is the lord then and I I
mnmion IK twoct mid noble lie know his subjects I i
I In i in In lx > art and they know him and each
JI iv uuilf > rstand the others wishes and demands This
Np in itself is an incentive to work and careful
Tlip laboring man who loves his own docs his
III t iiin 1 and all members of his household are
I
1 1
i VH a time when Sundays and holidays were
1 Ird < l i is iijx > rUu0us calculated to create the habit
di I I the olmrch has eradicated that foolish
JHi mnluvrr knows today that his laborer after
llh l < U1 ufiiHent rest does twice as good work as
t TPIJ ami driven individual And as to the work
hnjIf after thc holidays he likes to go back
1 ft ih < roughly rested he does not rcgard work
I Mflhi4ffltnt that he cannot escape
f is i m it1 < s averted that the church is a hin
S I < mlization and mental advancement To rc
hT jir > incnt it is but necessary to point out I
1u < liunh is i a steady coworker in all profes
x aid i > uruit > tending toward the betterment of I
IIIJJ l ldit
j TT
I IIJj 1 foolish to dcny the fact patent to all
ii made itlf mistress of various natural
k n 1 aon of inteligent studies and well con
J
1 v HiiHnis J speak of natural forces jiot
j umlf r tood and that up to a certain time
i ffT u < If investigation
r
sinp these natural forces to ingenious ma
J n 1 rh rmJuction l of certain necessities was in
d I tl1 ir prices were lowered and all men put in
p J jtj < 1 4o satitfy their wants quicker better and
p I 1 V1 i < admire discoveries of that kind there is
j I Ig 11111 i in the industrial line
fi jl lllTh has always been honestly glad of such
I 1 jJdld am1 peaceful victories of science over nature
I
II H i < Kiiiwledped position notwithstanding cer
I
I L II i Jl lc f the church report that Rome depre j
mine adiievemcnts and quarrels with in j
r Iii T i
l II J 1 Minute sire as absurd as they are illogical I j I
1 I 1Iud the t church he jealous of the various I
TU J < 111 If the of j
< period gained at the expense
1 1
dll iinhlo and resourceful intellects i
f
I j J r 1 HiMhing in the human mind in discoverM
i UN that goes against the authority oLGod
I II id II HJif I I
li
I < 11 I ifflebmted i J forerunner of the 1 science of J
I j I 111 more veneer of science may put space
I I < and God while science drunk in good
jl ii tkl I liim J back to his Creator 1
r f Mlli J of these golden words manifests itself
rr U I r lilt I < vln0 J very moment we might say and I
ilf
IJ
di 4 f 11 v < lurrh dislikes and discourages the disturb I
ing tf 10I1pd > by l superficial men who think they
I tin Mnilnff 1 J because the know a little of every I
1I1P1 if IIa I 1 4 J
c LIf S full confidence in the true man of sci
dC
IU tllig his best energies to the serious and deep
cf ature iI i
I h I
K j dv loar I ed I man of importance forsakes God I he 1
1 tran ail HIIfiit I lmt because of science but J jcm the C onI j I
i l to f science It can truly be said that the
1 I
Continued on Page Two
I
ipI fii
D
< V 4S Wrfg A I 7 r VET
> j
1
ET REV DR COLTON
Consecrated Bishop ot Buffalo at St Patricks Cathedral New York Aug 24
Feast of St Bartholomew
I
II lilt QUrSTlON BOX
Editor Intermountain Catholic
3Iy little girl directed my attention
to an article on the first page of last
weeks Intermountain Catholic It is
headed NonCatholic Queries Being
a nonCatholic and having been mar
ried by Bishop Scanlan twelve years
ago I could give a better answer to
the question than the one given there
I must state that instead of experi
encing any bitterness tho bishop was
kind and well disposed to both of us
when we applied to him to be mar
ried My wife explained to me before i
hand that we should geta dispensa
tion or his consent for the marriage
This the bishop granted without
charge As I am still si Protestant and
being asked by my little girl what
I paid or did Bishop Scanlan show
any bitter opposition 1 make this
statement in justice to my familys
religious feeling I promised at our
marriage not to interfere with my
wifes religion and to allow the fam
ily to be under her religious training
To that promise I have been faith
ful even encouraged them to be good
members of their church I believe the
more faithful they are to their relh
gion the more faithful they will be to
me You are free to use this letter I
as you please Yours truly
AN OLD MINER
I The word hitter to which the writ
er or rather the writers child takes
exception is not a part of Catholic
training or opposition To well dis
posed persons who apply for dispen
sation we understand when all prom
ises aw freely made there is no op
position much less bitter opposi
tion The rule In the Salt Lake dio
cese is to grant all dispensations free
I of charge The power to dispense mat
rimonial impediments should be exer
cised gratuitously The answers to
the queries published last week it
I should be stated appeared first in an
eastern Catholic periodical Editor
Intermountain Catholic
+
Donahoes Magazine
Is it true that Martin Luther was
the founder of popular education
This is not true Statements of this
nature are heard even in the Boston
Normal school but they proceed from
utter ignorance of real facts Rash
dalll in his celebrated work Uni
versities of Europe in the Middle
Ages says It may be stated with
some confidence that at least In the
later middle age the smallest towns
possessed
and even the larger villages
schools where a boy might learn to
read and to acquire the first rudiments
of ecclesiastical Latin while except in
remote and thinlypopulated districts
very
tricts he would never have to go unto
school That
to find a regular grammar
the means of reading writing and the
elements of Latin were far more wide
than has sometimes been
Iv l diffused
supposed is coming to be generally
recognized by students of medieval
life The Protestant historian Pal
thinks that the diocese of Prague
acky
schools
640
must have had at least
in the time preceding the Lutheran
Father Schwickerath infers
outbreak i
1
must
that Germany
from this number
have had towards the close of the mid I
dfeages 40000 elementary or
about
primary dIe ages schools With regard to England j 1
in the same con I
dition land matters A learned were Protestant writer I
whole
asserts The fact is that the
about the dearth of grammar
theory
schools and other schools still more I
before the time of Edward
elementary delusion The immense I
ward VI prestige Is a mere that Edward A1 has j I
mnse of education iSj
acquired as a patron
that he re I I
simplY due to the fact
founded out of confiscated church property
of schools
percentage
which crtv some he and small his rapacious father destroyed I I
The probability is that Eng
stroyed better provided with
was far
land
Simmar schools before the Reforma
grammar than it has ever been since
tton
to
conclusive
Could anything be more
Show groundless is the assertion
utterly
how
Srtlon education dates
sertion that popular
Luther
from the time of Martin
+
Is Servia a Catholic country for the
people of Servia belong II
The I
Greek Miiirbh There
to the
mots part 8GOO Latin Catholics in the
are about who belong to the See of
country founded in 1334 This
Belgrade persecution has not h1dmorc
owing to pers bishops The arch
fhc
four or
than in MontenegrO haS
Anthari
bishop of of Scria This
Primate
of
titlE
the
for centuries was for I
title claimed b Leo XIII on Iarrlh
mali recognized Antharl is one Of I
1902 The See of
7 r founded
extreme antiquity for it was
in 451 but the extant detailed records
date back only to 1172
F
San Francisco Monitor
What are the conditions of entrance
into the Catholic church
Must a convert to your church be
baptized again and confess the sins of
a lifetime
I
The Catholic church iu accordance
with the teaching of the Scriptures
I requires all adults who seek admit
tance into her one true fold the repent
ance of all past sin the detestation of
all past error and the firm certain
belief In all the doctrines taught by
Christ He that believeth and is bap
tized shall be saved C Mark xvi 16
Do penance and be baptized Acts II
38
II 38If a convert is I absolutely sure of his
baptism he cannot be rebaptized d hutS
bound toconfess all grievous sins com
mitt d after baptism If a Protestant
Is uncertain about his former baptism
a frequent case in our day of lax
Christian views and practicehe is bap
tized conditionally with the form If
thou art not baptized I baptize thee in
the name of the Father and of the Son
and of the Holv Ghost The sacra
ment of penance is also given coni
ditionally So that a convert is certain
of the forgivenness of sins through one
sacrament or the other
A convert is obliged to study care
fully the doctrine of the catechism so
that he may have an accurate knowl
edge of Catholic teaching and be able
intelligently to take the oath of the
profession of faith With a sincere
heart therefore and with unfeigned
faith I detest and abjure every error
heresy and sect opposed to the said
Holy Catholic and Apostolic Roman
church So help me God and these
His holy Gospels which I touch with
my hand
I
CONCILIATION BOARD
Decision Will Not Be Rendered For
Some Time
New York Aug 25The board of con
ciliation provided for by the anthracite
strike commission met today behind closed
doors Carroll D Wright met with the
board for the fint time as umpire Sev
eral matters on which the board failed to
reach an agreement were submitted to
Mr Wright
When the board adjourned Mr Wright
said the day had been spent going over
the evidence taken by theboard on those
matters on which the board had been un
able to agree and in hearing the argu
ment of both sides
He said he would not render his decision
as umpire for some time but would take
the evidence with him to Washington and
go over it carefully before deciding An
other meeting will be held tomorrow
I
J G C
PANAMA CANAL MATTER
Colombian Senate Has Appointed a
Committee of Three
Washington Aug 25Dr Herran the
Colombian charge daffaires at Washing
I ton tonight made public the text of the
I I latest dispatch received by him from Sen
or Rico the minister of foreign affairs
I at Bogota regarding the isthmian canal
negotiations Only a general reference
heretofore has been made in the dis
patches showing the feeling in Colombia
I toward the canal project and the appointment
pointment of a committee of the senate
I to take up the matter The text of the i
cablegram which was received in Wash
j ngton on the 21st and which has been
sent to the state department follows
f The senate considering that the Co I
I lombim people are desirous jnamtain I
log the most cordial relations with the
totted States and that the construction I
of the canal is Of the greatest importance
to the universal American commerce has I
appointed a committee of three senators I
to devise the manner of satisfying the
vehement desire for the excavation of a
Panama canal harmonizing national in I
terests and legality
What a Little Act May Do I
A few weeks ago a nonCatholic
strayed into Heaffey it Heaffeys store
and engaged Mr Blaylock in conversa
tion indicating both an ignorance of
and a curiosity concerning the teach i i
jugs of the Catholic Church and be
fore he left in addition to verbal in I
struction he received a little book from
Mr Blaylock giving briefly the teach
ings of the Church Last week he
called to tell his chance acquaintance
that the Sunday following last Sun
day he and his wife were to be bap
tized In and received Into the Church
at the Cathedral The incident is an
illustration of the farreaching effect
of little acts and also demonstrates
how much a layman may do if he has
the work of the Church and the con
version of sinners at heartThe True
Voice
I
c o
The Blessed Sacrament Is not one I
thing out of many but it is all things
and all In one and all better than they
arc In thenjselves and all ours and for I
usand it is Jesus
s 4
s
rA 1 r i
3
I t
Lt
v iii l t i
I
I I 4l ttlL
t t
1
1ct ht r r L
I 4
I
LATE MARQUIS OF SALISBURY
JCheoesllarnedPiisf
In the last century and a quarter
five popes out of eight have chosen
the name of Pius With the exception
of Plug the Eighth who reigned only
a year and our present Holy Fath
er whose reign is now auspiciously be
ginning the other three enjoyed un
usually long pontificates Pius VI
reigned twentyfour years Pius VII
r gne twl trthree Uiile thc thirty
> wo years reign ofPiu IX is the long
est iti the history of thepapacy
On the other hand their reigns were
coincident with the stormiest period in
I the Churchs history Pius VI the
Providence Visitor points out was
reigning during the French revolution i
in France and the ecclesiastical dis
turbances in Austria and Germany I
which are knowp as Josephitism His
pontificate succeded that of Clement I
I XIV and on his devoted head fell the
contumely of those ardent friends of
the Jesuits who had een outraged by
I the suppression of that religious order
I Perhaps the papacy has never fallen so
low in esteem and influence as at that
time
timewhen i
when he died in 1719 many a shrewd
politician thought he would have PI
successor Hallam in writing the His
tory of the Middle Ages about this
time closes a chapter on the popes by
likening the then incumbent of the pa
pal choir to old Priam amid the crack
ling ruins of Troy After great dif
ficulties the cardinals succeeded in
holding a conclave in Venice and in
electing the prior of the Camaldolese
Convent of St George who became
Pius VII His dealings with Napoleon
his imprisonment and the providential
rescue of Europe by Waterloo are the
I I best known facts of modern history
I In much the same way Pope Pius IX
j I was confronted with modern ideas in
I the shape of revolutions and changes of
all sorts He saw the temporal power
of the papacy which had been labor
I iously built up and defended through
centuriesfall to pieces like a house of
cards Ready to preach love he met
j with hatred and violence and oppoi l
i Lion and closed his long reign a pris
oner In tlip Vatican
The other popes who have borne the
I name of Pius have played no inconsid
erable part in the history of the
Church St Pius V is thought of as
embodying all the austerity and morti
fication and unworidliness which turn
ed the tide of the Reformation and set
the great reforming degrees of the
I Council of Trent in activity Elected
I through the agency of the young ne
i I phew of his predecessor St Charles
Borromeo he chose his name in honor
I of Pius IV with whom he had little in
common for Plus IV i is remembered
I beaten having succeeded in chosing the
I Council of Trent and also not hav
InS made a mistake in making a mere
I boy a cardinal since the boy happened
I to become St Charles Borromeo
If one were looking for omens in
names at this time onf would not cast
a favorable horosops for the new pon
tiff it is just four hundred years ago
this August that Pope Alexander XI
died Late in September he was suc
ceeded by ti pope who took the name
of Pius in honor of his uncle Pius II
Tn the middle of October Pius III died
having lived long enough to be crowned
and tn say his first mass after being
elevated to the papacy
None of the popes however enjoyed
I
a greater literary reputation than did
Pius II Aeneas Sylvius Pircolomini
who was Jiving at the time of the fall I
of Constantinople tn H63 But his lit
erary work done when he was a lay
man is typical of life age and is not
usually included in a list of spiritual
books
The name of the first Pius dates hack
to the second century of the Christian
era before even it was borne by a Ro
man emperora rare Roman name In
tre Igng l list of the Greeks who first I
sat on the chair of Fetter So that we
today in union with the Holy See will
repeat a name known and honored as
that of the Bishop of Rome more than I
seventeen centuries ago
When a woman gives way to anger
she begs her own pardon with tears
Marriage based on honest affection
will withstand the ravages of time
t q
MairnpVflui 17 happiness only
when attending to the Affairs of others
I IRre Planets Tnbatit
I
Camille Flammarion one of the most
I distinguished astronomers of the pres
ent day believes that they are He
thinks that the earth Is very small
I when compared with the aggregate of
j planets not only of the solar system
j out also of those that revolve around
I the myriads of stars that are visible
I and of the still greater number that
I probably exist at still greater distances
and are therefore invisible Compared
with this immense multitude of planets
I our earth is certainly very diminutive
I and for this reason inter aPe Flam
I marion believes that God has not cre
ated nIl other planets in vain and that
our notion of the infinite wisdom Ii
i finite power and infinite glory of God
tallies better with the more compre
I hensive scheme that not the earth
alone but all planets are destined to
I be inhabited This opinion does not
clash with the account of the creation
of thk world as it is given in Genesis
It is there said that God created man
ani placed him on the earth but it is
r aid that He has debarred Himself
Lie creating and peopling other
worlds For this reason Flammarions
views cannot be condemned To ap
I prove of them is quite another matter
I Scientists who believe that religion
cannot be reconciled with science ar
gue that the method peculiar to re
ligion is to teach dogmatically whereas
j sciences are not taught in that way
I but they are demonstrated Granting
that such is the case we should expect
i scientists on all occasions to demon
strate all that they assert They how
ever do nothing of the sort Ehere is
in science a stock of information fully
demonstrated and also fully accepted
I by the church Besides thiSsure ground
j there is also in science a vast area
I I taken up by theories on subjects still
i imperfectly investigated
I This theoretical ground is anything
but sold so that the edifices erected
there are destined to crumble sooner
or later and probably at an early date
I There is for instance the great evolu
i tion theory according to which living
i I vegetable matter was first evolved out
I I of the chemical elements of the soil
I from this living vegetable matter some
i rudimentary animal matter was evolv
I Ed from that came the lower animals
I from them step by step came the higher
animals dmd finally from the apeman
was evolved This theory is plausible
j enough but its data being unproved
j are unreliable so that not the smallest
particle of any of these data can be
J uphald as scientifically demonstrated
i truth Such fs the case with the erG
lotion thecry As it now stands it is
i
I merely an opinion a supposition a
I guess that may or may not be true If
I the evolution theory is ever proved to
1 be true it will then be time enough to
consider how it can be reconciled wit
I the statements contained in Genesis
Meanwhile fhe church holds the strictjy
1 scientific attitude of suspending its
I judgment while scientists hold the very
unscientific attitude of arguing like I
I school boys ignorant of logic and ly > if
the evolution theory were already
proved to the hilt
So it is also with Flammarlons views
about the habitation of the planets
His opinion is not based on anything
that is definitely and finally proved
It is a theory and nothing more We
cannot quarrel with men of science for
propounding theories indeed we hold I
that theories play a very important j I
part in the advancement of sciences
But in handling these theories we
should not forget that they tire theories
We must not mistake them for demon
strated facts under these circum
stances What we blame in Flamma
rion is the dogmatic form of teaching
which he adopts as if forgetting that
he is an astronomer he poses as an in
spired prophet or as a mystifying or
acle He forgets that in science dog
matic teaching and oracular sayings
are forbidden He must set the oracu
lar mode aside and he must leave dog
matic teaching to the church He
inust be content with demonstration
then and then alone will he really play
the part of a genuine savant whose i
sayings are received with confidence I I
Let him demonstrate what he believes
to be th truth and all churchmen will
eagerly adopt his views But If instead
of doing that he assumes a lofty tons I
and preaches instead of demonstrating
we must remind him of the saying ne
Eutor ulra crepidam Meanwhile no one
con tax us with inability grasp the
profound teaching of mojlerfi science
because we decline to accept Flamma
rlons views as demonstrated truth
1Th mum Of TRU
AND AlS lLlfiION
Written for Intermountain Catholic
Continued
As opposed to atheism and agnosticism the Cath
olic church teaches that faith in God though prior
to reason is not only in conformity with mans ra
tional instincts but is founded on reason Tho super
natural and the natural like parallel lines have llowed
I
011 since creation without fricrion or interference
Gods grace which is i the supernatural supposes
nature therefore between the two there can be no
hostility or opposition Hence the teaching referred
to is Although faith is above reason yet no dis
sension no disagreement can ever be found I between
them since both came from the infiniteami good God
one and the same immutable fountain of truth and
lend each other a mutual support
Here the Catholic church teaches positively that
there can be no conflict between true religion and rea
son but on the contrary they mutually assist each
other It is also an article of faith that reason or
reasoning can prove with certainty the existence of
God the spirituality of the soul and the freewill of
I man Faith is subsequent to revelation and therefore
cannot properly be alleged in proof of the existence
of God against the atheist or in proof of the spiri
I tuality and freewill of the rational soul again the fol
lower of naturalism and fatalism Catholic faith not
I
only encourages and maintains the dignity of reason
within its own sphere but makes it its helpmate which
is indispensable
The only objection then so frequently madein the
name of science or intellectual progress that faith or
religion is opposed to the development of mans rea
son or subjects the believer to mental thraldomis con i
tradicted by the dogmatic teaching of the church The
revelation made in Paradise and which is the founda
ion of faith requires reason to sustain its claim
Faith being as St Paul expresses it a gift of
God cannot be attained by reason alone requires
the aid of grace and revelation which must in turn t
be supplemented by reason since revelation and grace
would not beget faith in souls that are irrational
When God revealed himself to Adam he was iri
possession of all his senses and endowed wftH I reason
The faith implanted in his soul was transmitted to his
I
posterity Through tlc patriarchal religion it was
preserved in its purity by supernatural assistance and
the light of reason and so continued through the syna
gogue down to the coming of Chrjst The pefsevor
ance and tenacity of the Jews in preserving Gods law
n the midst of most adverse circumstancs is without
parallel in the history of the human race
To the law itself reason can take no exceptions
I Pascal the great defender of Christian truths thus
j I speaks of it I examine this law which they boast
to have received from God and I find that it is ad
mirable In order of time it is the first of all laws
in such sort that before even the word law wasused
among the Greeks for a thousand years they the
Jews had received and observed it without interrup
tion Thus I am struck by the singularity of the fact
that the first law to be met with in the world is also
the most perfect so that the greatest legislators have
I borrowed from it as appears from the Law of the
Twelve Tables at Athensv which was subsequently d
by the Romans For proof which is incontestable
he refers to Josephm Then he continues
But this law is of all others the most severe and
rigorous in all that relates to the observance of their
religion binding this people so as to keep them tt
their obligations and that in a multitude of special
and irritating observances and these under pain of
death So that truly it is astounding that it has ever
been preserved with such constancy and for so many
years by a people so rebellious and impatient while
all other states from time to time have changed their
laws although in many ways more easy The book in
which this law the first of all laws is contained is
itself the most ancient book in the world Homer
Hesiod and others being some 600 oij 700 years more
modern
In all his writings when directing attention to the
Israelites Pascal found ample evidence of the inter
positions of divine providence and their supernatural
place in the world The law of Moses entrusted to their
charge they zealously guard protect and preserve and
even love Visibly he writes they ire a people ex
pressly formed to serve as witnesses to the Messias
They carry the books with them andlove thorn and
do not know their meaning And all this was fore
told that the judgments of God should be confided
to them but as a book scaled up Pascal here l has
reference to the prophecy of Isaias xxix 2 Then he
adds The more I examine them the more truths I
find in that which went before and in that which fol
lowed s ° I find this chain
this religion alto
gether divine in its authority in its duration in its
perpetuity in its morality in its doctrine in its re
sults
Firm and strong in their faith which when con
trasted with the vagaries inconsistencies and abomina
tions of those who separated from the synagogue ap
peals to reason their religion revealed to Adam pre
sents the divine element at every turn of lifo for 4000
years To it the Christian law had nothing to add
beyond the fulfillment of the promises made by God to
the patriarchs and prophets
St Paul after his conversion when preaching to
the Hebrews dwelt specially on this point namely that
their faith for which their fathers made bo many
sacrifices without its fulfillment would be vain His
l

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