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The Intermountain Catholic. (Salt Lake City [Utah] ;) 1899-1920, September 05, 1903, Image 1

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Volume 4No 49 Fourth Year I I Colorado Catholic Twentieth Year
SALT LAKE CITY AND DENVER SEPTEMBER 5 1903
J
I
IUJBEMS SCINCf
i t NOR Pll1or1Y soul
Wh h Is the World Indifferent to Religion
and forgetful of a Possible
Future Life
Intermountain Catholic
drnl r W
H q ij i inn which cannot fail to affect think
III i u Why is the world if not opposed
4 it ui nxlitfiHit to religion Why does man
IIU v oak v n many sacrifices to reach happiness
11 gnus < mental attainments or wealth live
u1 11 i flf a possible future life
Tlit gI1iInnis i I i which might be multiplied in
11 1 t h 1 problems that neither science nor
r + in solve Selfpreservation and pur
m i f Lai i mess are laws of nature commpu to all
r Ur i rational as well as rational Both
u uK idlow the natural law Reason them
J
m illg i Jim between both elevates mans thoughts
niiti 1 with the spiritual aspirations of the
u tans t tind the completion of its happiness
In Iw I Tic fulfilment of its most ardent de
< will fia but temporary satisfaction Per
u i t 1 ippmess in the enjoyment of the worlds
r N l and pKismos is impossible Every time the
+ is I rr satisfied new desires arise To reach
summit i nf earthly happiness is beyond the
r d i t all tin world is i capable < < of giving Hence
1J1iuialJy and reasonably in pursuit of happi
eIlh i atisfy the desires of his soul l during
I hnary i span of life and being tumble to do so
il i i i u t iiispnation of the spiritual aspiration of
jl will naturally and reasonably seek for its
im i 11 miitwhere
A ill attainment of happiness is a law of na
r ill matt believe alike in this matter But why
i P 11 i iffireneo of so many Because of the un
rfit if what transpires after death This is
j Clef ur I ihf > question from its outermost fringes
Tr iiw rums given i by incredulity for casting
L I doubt < > n the certainty of future life would
1 t ill i rtamed fol a moment if applied to a
t J rrisu ctjve business proposition The tra
i I IIi s i IK hidden or buried treasure often leads
1 < PM their lives to obtain it There could
i + rt nnty of finding the treasure which lay
I Id l from human gaze since timebegan But
1 II e f r fr whilst reason may be slow to act 011
nnIi i uncertainty the senses will overrule rea
1 ps l < life to many sacrifices and perils to
n 1 i4alle hidden treasure only to be disap
T 01 I i the end
T1I I i qui stiun of doubt as to future existence
l wing lit same train of reasoning is reversed
L yi i auctions the teaching of faith the senses
ildd grapple with the future its nature or
> I r i < haing no visible or imaginable proofs
ILIat i dIP future is or may be will justify their
f tt i no imply because they know it that it
< vs The voice of conscience and silent
> lit f t jdson are either entirely smothered
lIt i s 1 no to the passions and senses
r 1 f 1JWJI the great activity displayed in
d uppiiiess here below and the means to
i and the indifference shown as to future
I > ss 1h secret wil be found on the principles
1 i tin former and inactivity in the lat
P l 1 founded on the natural law namely
I j happiness The former in striving to
1 i1 1 r i I iation is guide by the passions and
1 II huh srv k immediate enjoyment Hence
trll iiance and constant activity to sue
1 ThY latter guided by dry reason and
nL 1 i it promises to future life making no
IO 1 t I > uses and being to a certain extent
1 I L passions is an object of indiffer
J 1 Iner takes man in the concrete pan
S 1 iss and passions the latter like St
p
II 1 n her eve hath seen nor ear heard nor
I d i into the heaort of man to conceive
r 1 I ill More for those who love lmim It
I h I I i < ss i iu which the mind cannot share
I 1 s U s < s The result is the indiffer
I
r manifest with no thought of the
1
T11J 1 i d 1 hOI i w ofhappiness which religion
1 lioned i by reason common sense
I i for the materialist who is guided
V the PuR es a superstition or the
1 I ual frivolity Some of the great
+ I revealed religion while under < the
IK Hfo of reason admit that their in
r t Iposition i to faith is the effect of
t 1 passions or being cnder the do
m uses In answer to the material
i 1 Itoub cau sail The very splendors
i 11 inn to me arc an evidence of your
an J i Anting are always grandest both
lid 1 truth when they bear testimony
The same is always true of in
y 1111 I i all its ammunition is used up in
radation of false religions and
r 1 us practices and the light of rea
tn ii the true their opposition is fr
r T = ° j i Il was on this line that newton
1 l h uitelloctual dominion atsknowl
In domain of faith
1 h I s pro i and con when directed to
1 JI lulitv are worse than useless when
I amid infallible court to pass on their
i I 1 Msomng of the rational ismainly
Lr 1 i uses and founded on assumptions
iun that of credulity follows the tra
t hnman raee and appeals to pure rea
I 1 1 I r has only to say with Pascal Give
I 1 and snare us explanations The
L do 11 I 1 II T for this l is Nothing l is so weak
1i I 1 11 UI fp < of those who seek to define primi
th J j Each and every one defining
I LH ig ill his own manner they confuse
i Ii him tr tli < Id I deprived 1 of nil 1 1 order and of all
T J tli1 t I I v n amlor J in inextricable embarrassments
al I J I pronoiranrlisis of unbelief who claim
5JMl 1 lv of iniolJcctual progress and to J be
I
m ptlp Of lihpriv when confronted with
Ml i Id
riilil gIfatpl in iutellectual i attainment arc
i lf > A Ir tlI < i i or home recourse to abuse J V
II i his Waterloo from a simple and hith
rii P of r
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H PENROSE
RT REV CHARLES J OREILLY LATE GENERAL W
Consecrated Bishop of Baker City Ore at Portland Aug 31 Died at Salt Lake Saturday Aug 22 Distinguished Veteran
Feast of St Bartholomew of Civil War and once in Command af Troops at Fort Douglas
IaO a
= = = = =
erto unknown priest he would not accept the chal
lenge to discuss in public or private the truths
which he distorted 01 tried to render void by his
eloquent sneer The truth was he could not an
I swer Father Lambert whose incisive logic with
an occasional touch of Ingorsolls own sarcasm
left Ingersoll long before his death worse than
dead Father Lambert could say to Ingersoll us
Newton did to a brother astronomer who questioned
his belief in the divinity of Christ I have studied
these questions said Newton and you have not
The great difficulty with unbelief is that it gath
ers all its objections from the outer fringes of su
perstitious developments They do not touch the
great central and primitive religious truths They
are not sincere hence you seldom find one who has
studied the creed which he attacks Here Pascals
reply to the French infidels is apropos They im
agine they have made great efforts in the way of
instruction when they have spent a few hours in
reading some book of scripture and have Ques
tioned some ecclesiastic on matters of faith This
lone they boast that they have searched in vain
in books and amongst men But in truth 1 tell
them as I have often told them that this negli
gence is insufferable The question at issue is not
the trifling interests of some stranger that it should
be dealt with in this fashion it concerns ourselves
and all that we possess I can have nothing but
compassion for those who are mourning the sin
cerity of their doubts and who regarding them as
the final of all evil and sparing no efforts to es
cape from them make this search the principal
and most serious of their occupations But as for
those who go through life without thinking of this
last end I look on them in a very different way
which them
This negligence in a matter concerns
selves their eternity and all that they possess irri
tates me more than it stirs up pity it amazes and
fills me with fear it is a monster to my mind I do
not say this under the impulse of the pious zeal of
spiritual devotion On the contrary I take it that
this my state of mind is a duty enforced by prin
ciples bound up with the interests of the human
race and by those of selflove itself There ay >
orgy two classes of persons whb can be called rea
srtable those who serve God with their whole
heart because they know him and those who seek
him with their whole heart because they knonw him
not What sparkling truths and deep Christian
charity in these words of Pascal < f r I
PRESERVE THE CATHOLIC INDIAN
delivered
One of the most important addresses
before the convention the American Federation
of Catholic Societies was that of Rev JLG Gauss
financial agent of the Catholic Indian Bureau
Setting forth the fruit of missionary zeal in the
past midst obstacles physical and political he con
cluded with this appeal
But what I of the Catholic laity and the Catholic
future Out of two hundred and seventy
Indians hundred l
thousand Indians in the United States one
and six thousand are Catholics sincere practical
Catholics It should not only be our privilege
devoted
of human feeling as a claim
impulse
ilege as an imperative duty to
fraternal charity but as an
of the Catholic In
to preserve
reparation
national extend the consolations
to
SSSTin his faith and yet more
dim in
of Gods church to
and graces
solations blessings still buded in idolatry and supersti
those tribes
hundred thousand
number fully one
tionand they be acccomplished It is bj
is this tp
How again
national movement by inaugur
a concentrated crusade whoso lpattle cry
ating a truly Catholic wills it
God
yI he saved
bea Indian must e
will bethe political agitation
violent
buTbvioueros be dome active bj benevolence If eight hundred
bv generous a
but by Catholics of this j republic enroll
dred thousand of the Society for the
the banner
themselves undpr
childCl
lndian
>
the Faith among
of
Preservation missionaries
of om
the arms
found
the solution is dOvntroddeli Indians
supported the prayers of crowning our act of charity
heart and the laid countrys at the feet of the l Great Judge
and reparation Gentlemen Of the
seated on the white 1 throne of Catholic Societies will
American Federation standard unfurl this banner and
Tl h Ht up this
follow its lead I s
into th pustit comes
mournfuh
Look out m Tisch improve th ep tesctmtiti il5
not bnck 1 again shadowy futiu with
Sto Cao forth to meet the
thine
out fear and with a mnnG heart r i I
What k
i certain bishop tins QnceAlskrid
Turn
heaven H9 r plied
time simupl lest stay to
str4iglit 011
at once to the right find go
s
J 11 1
mVI1SITV Of RAC
UNDR TU CRSCfNJ
About the Inhabitants of the Ottoman
v Empire Obstacles to Spread of I
Catholic Faith
Just at present Turkey is in i the public eye and
hence the following will befound instructive and
interesting reading i
The Ottoman Empire is remarkable forjliver
sity of race The Turk d loos not liSSIl1mat nor
does the common language here unify Religious
differences receive a more pronounced shade
through politicul causes With the Mahometan
faithful as they call themselves the Koran is
the symbol of superiority while uinpngst the t sub
jugated Christians their various religious rites are
the last l records of liberty and nationhood l The
Moslems for one reason or another leave the prac
tice of religion free it is enough for them if the
Christian be brought under tribute
The present empire of the Sultan in Euronp
comprises Turkey and Albania and in Asia its
extends Palestine Arabia Mesopotamia
sway over Syria Mes
opotamia Kurdistan and Asia Minor the birth
place of its power Egypt acknowledges still an il
lusory vassalage The population of those coun
tries is about twentyfive milion souls of whom
twothirds are Moslems The Moslems arc of two
classes differing in race language and customs
Ottomans and Arabs South of Aleppo Turkish
is the only official language
The Syrians like the Arabs are Semites Their
ancient Aramean is still spoken as a dialect on the
eastern slopes of the AntiLebanon and remains
tire liturgical language of the Maronites Syrians
and Jacobites It is not understood by the mass of
the people whose ordinary language is the Arab
which however they speak less correctly than their
Mahometan neighbore The Arabs of Syria Pal
estine and Egypt are of a more mixed race than
those of Arabia and the wild Bedouins of the des
ert This is particularly true of the fellahs or
peasant class
Although the Mussulmans of Turkey and Asia
are called Turks the ancient Turkish race has been
I so modified that it scarcely exists except perhaps
among the Magyars Disgraceful polygamy the
victims of which were commonly Circassian Greek
or Syrian slaves and sometimes captives of Latin
Slav or German race has produced a new race of
Turks Formerly too the recruiting of the Jan
issaries from Christian youths numbering at cer
tain periods 25000 taken away each year and
brought up in Islamism tended to change the an
cient stock Precocious polygamy a sedentary life
and absence of war have made the later Turk
heavy in soul and body Although he has a certain
subtlety and feline craft his Koran and its fatal
ism have shut him out from humanitys progressive
march The discoveries of science the touch of a
higher civilization the light of revelation leave
him crystallized still His love of the Koran is
offset by his love of money The Moslem function
ary is dangerous to the purse of thQ European un
believer The government itself encourages the
I almost inconceivable venality and the unjust exac
tions of its officials Nor does it prevent them
from pocketing the sums destined for public
expenses The peasant class4are quite different
Honest and laborious they toil on forever resigned
to their hard lot as well as to the injustices of those
placed over them Those peasants arethe descend
ants of the former Christian inhabitants of the
present Mahometan countries for in Western
Asia MinorCilicia Mesopotamia Syria and Egypt
the great majority of the Christians acknowledged
the religion of the conqueror The Armenians i the
Maronites and the Chaldeans remained Christian
In the Balkan countries in Scrvia Bosnia Al
bania and Macedonia a certain number of landed
properties I submitted to Mahometanisrii ahd formed
a sort of aristocracv quite hostile to Christianity
Outside those of Christian descent the great
mass of the Mussulman populatidft is composed
of various tribes united to the Turks by religion
but quite different otherwise Circassians Kurds
Turkomans Druses etc The Kurds in particular
numbering about a million souls and dwelling in
Kurdistan tlthqugh of the same stock as tile Ar
menianSj arcnevertheless the implacable enemies
of the latter They took from thp tarsi I0i < mth
at least ofwhatever they chase t EvenUicviyey
P
jL
f
and daughersof the unfortunate Armenian Christ
ians were taken by the savage Kurds The Kurds
of Cilicia Syria and Cappadocia lire milder and
show a Christian origin Their priests offer a
sacrifice of bread and wine and they practice but
little the law of the Prophet
The Druses are about 300000 and of a religion
resembling the gross rites of ancient Syria They
are generally tolerant and send their children
readily to Catholic or Protestant schools but are
quite as fierce as the Moslems when ordered to at
tack the Christians as was seen in the Maronite
massacres of I860
Whether fervent or indifferent i the religion
of the Koran the Mussulman is almost impossible
to convert Whether it is owing to the gross sen
suality allowed him in this life by his law and
promised him in the life to come or to the peculiar
bleeding of certain great salient truths of religion
such as the existence of God and His law and a
future everlasting reward with certain austere
practices of penance or abstinence which perhaps
satisfy to some degree a blunted conscience the
Mahometan with his dark fatalism and unques
tioning belief is almost insensible to Christian in
fluence In truth Islamism although it seems to
resemble Christianity is the very opposite to it
Characterized by violence savage cruelty and lust
and enjoining these debasing woman destroying
family life by polygamy and thus exhausting the
race it is founded on the hatred of man and not
on the love of him and is without question one of
the basest and most brutal forms of religious de
lusion
A direct and open effort to convert the Moslems
would probably quickly lead to an outburst of fan
aticism The Ottoman government moreover in
heriting the sway and mission of the Prophet
would resent and hinder defections from Mahom
etanism Thus it is that the action of the Catholic
apostolateis confined to the Christians united with
the Holy See or separated from it by heresy or
schism
t
DEMORALIZING THEFILIPINOS
The growth of the American barroon in Manila
and in the provinces has only been outstripped by
the Standard Oil company whose product I found
everywhere in southern and northern Luzon But
an alarming feature of the matter as I saw it all
over the island of Luzon is the fact that the Fili
pinos and Chinamen are taking to American whis
ky and bottled beer like fish to the water The lit
tle brown fellow cannot stand up under American
whisky and beer They bowl him down and out in
short orderIt is ver unusual for Chinamen to
drink American beer but from observation and in
formation I am sure that the drinkhabit is grow
ing alarmingly among them in Manila at least
I was seated in the thirdstory room of a house
in the Tondo district of Manila one afternoon in
April last The weather was warm and sticky All
the windows and doors in sight were wide open
Across the way there was a row of twostory tene
ment houses eleven in number My friend sud
denly said l
There is a condition fot you Those eleven
houses are occupied by eleven American men and
eleven Filipino women The house on the extreme
left is occupied by a colored American who is mar
ried to the Filipino woman The other ten houses
are occupied by ten white Americans who are not
married to the Filipino women You will find that
all of these men OCCUPy subordinate positions in
the civil government They are never seen outside
the house with these women and they leave them
when they tire of them The condition is a com
mon one here and in the provinces and it is much
to be regretted And a < I rambled about Manila
as I did all the time that I was not in the provinces
I fovul that the statement made by DIY friend was
substantially correct n
I asked my friend to tell me why there were so
many American prisoners in Bilibid prison He
said fWhy the Americans sent here have set a
pace in living which calls for the expenditure of
vastly more money than the small fry can earn
they therefore have to steal If you will notice
you will find that hardly a week passes that the
arrest of some American is not announced in the
daily newspapers for misappropriation of trust
funds Living here is very expensive and those
who fly high have to nay dearK for it The number
of Americans here who are in debt all the way from
100 to 5000 would surprise anY one The civil
and military authorities do all they can to check
extraragamic and immoral Jiving but the evil was
nlanted the davs of armv 0f + qu pjk < J n ajitKife is4
hard to root Jt ° out = Cog New York yening Post
f
L T
I AUTIINJIC STORY Of
CARDINALS CONCLA
Record of Ballots TakenCardinal Rampollas
Depression Explained Cardinal Sartos
Expostulations Were in Vain
The Rome correspondent of the Tablet Lon
don of which the late Cardinal Vaughan was the
proprietor gives what the editor of that paper cans
the true story of the conclave in the following
letter
Before entering the conclave Cardinal Sarto
remarked to a friend The election will be a short
onewe shall put Peter in chains perhaps on the
very feast and I devoutly hope the newpontiff will
have his coronation as soon as possible and send
us back to our dioceses Peter was put in chains
Tuesday morning and the new pontiff did order his
coronation as soon as might be but Cardinal Sarto
will not be one of the cardinals who will return ret
joicing to their dioceses He has become Vicar oE
Christ after a conclave which is likely to beco as
one of the most memorable in the whole history of
papal elections and your correspondent has it on
the authority of one of the cardinals of the Curia
who was among his most steadfast supporters that
the holy father has not yet recovered from the be
wilderment of his election Time was wluji tho
truth about the details of conclaves was only dis
covered by the diligent student of history several
centuries on but we have changed all that and
this time some of tip knew twentyfour hours after
the election all its leading phases When the vot 1
ing was concluded at that first scrutiny on Saturday
morning Aug 1 the result justified the confusion
that had been evident in the prognostics of the
press for no fewer than fourteen cardinals received
one or more votes Cardinal RamJ > olla headed the
list with 24 after him came Gotti with IT Sarto
with 5 Serafino Vinnutelli 4 Oreglia Capecelatro
and Di Pietro 2 each while the following had ono
vote each Agliardi Ferrata Richelmy Portanoca
the French and Spanish cardinals with several
cardinals of the Curia and Cardinal Sarto himself
voted for Cardinal Rampolla In the evening scrut =
iny only seven cardinals received votesDi Pigtro
Agliardi Ferrata Portanoa and Cassctta having <
disappeared from the list of thirteen Cardinal
RampollaV votes were increased by 5 giving him
29 Gotti had lost one leaving him at 10 Sartofa I
votes had just doubled raising him to 10 Riehelmy
had J Capecelatro 2 and Vannutelli and Segna one
each iOn
eachOn
On Sunday the morning scrutiny showed that
six cardinals received votes Riehelmy Van imteili
and Segna were no longer among them but Car
dinals Oreglia and Di Pietro had received one suf
frage All who had hitherto supported Cardinal
Rampolla continued to vote for him Sarto received
the three votes cast last time for Riehelmy tlw
one cast for Vannutelli and seven of the votes re
corded in favor of Cardinal Gotti and the position
at the end of this scrutiny was Rampolla 29 Sartin
21 Gotti Oreglia Di Pietro and Cnpecehitro one
each It was clear then that the choice of the sa
cred college would lie between Cardinals Rampollm
and Sarto Each of them had consistently voted
for the other throughout and each of them now °
sought to persuade his respective supporters to
vote for the other
His Eminence Cardinal Rampolla must have
known from the first that many of the electors
7
would wish him to succeed Leo XIII and it was ob
vious to those that lived near him in the Vatican
that he was beseeching heaven to choose somebody
more worthy Certain secrets are hard to keep in
the Vatican and it has since become known to a r
few of us that the great cardinal began to fast
from the day Leo XIII died that he spent most of
his time before the Blessed Sacrament that he was
depressed Cardinal Sarto on the other hand en I
tered the conclave without the faintest thought
that the choice of the cardinals would ever rest on 1
him When he found 011 Sunday morning that the e z
voting was bearing him inexorably into the shadow
of the Tiara his anguish was intense He ceased
to eat he went among his supporters begging them =
with tears not to lay upon him a burden for which
he was unfitted in every way Cardinal Satolli
speaking to your correspondent declared that his t
extraordinary humility contributed asmuch as any
thing else to make the cardinalsinsist 011 raising
Cardinal Sarto to the throne of Peter i
The cardinals then proceeded to vote with the f
result Rampolla 30 that is one more than he had t
hitherto obtained Sarto 24 Gotti 3 Oreglia 2 Di <
Pietro 2 and Capecelatro 1 Cardinal Rampolla re i
newed his entreaties among his colleagues to trans f
fer their votes to Cardinal Sarto His eloquence 3
three of whom
persuaded only six of his supporters fJ
cast their votes for Cardinal Sarto while the other
three voted in favor of Cardinal Gotti The pa
triarch of Venice now led with 27 votes Cardir
Rampolli < had 24 Cardinal Gotti came next with t >
and the rest were scattered in ones with one blank
voting paper In the evening seven of the sup
porters of Cardinal Rampolli transferred their
votes to Cardinal Sarto who gained also one of
the scattered votes one supporter of Cardinal Ram
polli voted for Cardinal Gotti with the result that
Cardinal Sarto had 35 Rampolla 1G Gotti 7 Oreg
lia 2 Capecelatro 1
On Tuesday morning the fathers assembled half
an hour earlier than usual in the Sistine when
Cardinal Sarto was elected supreme pontiff by 50
votes ten papers still bearing CuJin Rampolla
name and two being in favor of Cardinal Go
The agitation of the pontiffelect was extreme
when the result of the final scrutiny was published
He had been prepared for the inevitable by the
regular increase of his votes for the tvg days previ
ous and he had resigned himself to it by the ex
hortations some of them almost reproaches of his
friends
T
There seems to be a general consent nongst
spiritual writers than an aspiration said in time of
temptation makes deliberate consent morally im
possible and with good reason Temptations
however strong vivid naturally seductive or per
sistent are not acts of time will and if not allowed
to pass on to such cannot be Sins
i

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