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The Intermountain Catholic. (Salt Lake City [Utah] ;) 1899-1920, September 12, 1903, Image 1

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1 Volume 4 No 50 Fourth Year SALT LAKE CITY AND DENVER SEPTEMBER 12 1903 Colorado Catholic Twentieth Year
Intellectual Sovereignty Belongs to The
Defenders of Religion Among Philoso
phers Scientists and Writers
Written for Intermountain Catholic
The claim sometimes made is that men of sci
cn + t and culture are and have been the great op
j P aunts of religion and that its greatest defend
i is are inferior intellectually to the great masters
J tf t unbelief The claim still further advanced has
10 ij lliai all the deep researches into the secrets
ut t nature and philosophical studies have been
iiiiiiilv confined to the school of incredulity In
11 < days of Voltaire these claims were so per
Fi mntly made that many inclined 1o shake off the
i ike and obligations of religion found their jus
tt IT ition iu this supposed fact
A brief review of the greatest writers in the
l M t few centuries will show that intellectual soy
rr igntv belongs to those who professed an abid
inc faith in the primitive truths revealed to our
tirt i parents in Paradise Long before Spinoza
i tJII f11 her of modern unbelief distinguished and
j < liolirlv laymen held the front rank as defenders
1 tt religious truths Commencing with Dante in
t1I thirteenth century we have Chaucer in the
I fourteenth Erasmus and Copernicus in the fif
ti nth Shakespeare and Galileo in the sixteenth
t also Kepler and Bacon whilst Pascal who was
I i lrH I the same year 1623 as Spinoza was as su
i premely grand and consistent in defending Chris
i liau truths as Spinoza was weak wavering and
i inconsistent in defense of his new unbelief The
f < miicr took up the old religious truths and clothed
t f tin in with fresh arguments suitable to the time
in whidi he lived and which still remain whilst
Fpinoas false philosophy did not survive the
age in which he lived
Voltaire and Rousseau succeeded Spinoza and
I strove hard by their new discoveries and eloquence
i to revive the lost fame of their master Their
innporary success depended mainly on the ver
Miile character of their countrymen who go after
novelties like their daughters go after fashions
Voltaires patient study added some new lights to
natural science but his theories of natural selec
tion which were opposed to the teaching of sacred
rupture have long since been exploded and are
711 longer entertained by men aspiring to be
ranked as scientists
Knieaus eloquence only reached its sublimity
wlidi peaking of Christian truths The writer
Vds once asked by one of his disciples if he ever
Tlaa tlio great infidels tribute to Christ Receiv
ing a negative answer he replied It is the clos
ii 1g pa < age of one of his works The unstinted
l rain bestowed upon Christ is the choicest and
most sublime Its language could not be sur
jia tV
T In same could be said of Renans hypo
lit ilal praise Tike Lord Byron his most clo
ouoiit and sparkling truths came forth only when
it i I Ins lucid moments he bore testimony against
Lmiselt t This is true at all times and of all men
vlio strive to divorce science from religion or
iMiild up a system of philosophy independent of
t = + < J I Thrv become disturbing elements to the
pt i CM 1 of society by leading youthful but proud
j anti ititus souls away from God and subject to
Ji 1 i atraint
1 s iontrasied with such writers how different
tin ffccts produced by such writers as Sir Isaac
1 < II tn and Pascal The former who has been
v t letl 1 ibo lone watcher of the stars worked his
v Y to the sublime height of belief through his
t uh l of the heavenly bodies of which he was a
plfpt master In studying the laws which gov
I 1r the visible world he devoted all his energy and
p mus in the establislunent of religious truths
IT i THrfoct mastery of the exact sciences was the
1 KV j ho Ipfi to posterity His profound Icnowl
t 1 and philosophical principles are expressed in
1 Linn i < language that always indicate truth or the
it l low of truth 1 as the primary object of his re
1r ili uid study He uses no newly coined ad
5 MM I i s to envelop in darkness his meaning or the
nl i i < i ho treats His knowledge of astronomy
1 Ins logical mind from earth i to heaven where
1 ll1J Id the Creator in his observation and study
< i Ile perfect harmony of the celestial bodies
flit df Xewtons biographers summarizes his
rc 1111011 as follows Had a natural and blind
f IN without contrivance and design placed the
r Irim in the center of themoons orbit and Ju
1 r l ill the center of this system of satellites and
1 sun ill the center of the planetary system the
w ill have been a body like Jupiter and the
11 1i > that is i without light and heat And con
< ni < nilv he Newton knows no reason why there
iv j tJl lv one body qualified to give light to all the
r but localise the author of the system thought I
i < nvouieiit and because one was sufficient to
mi and enlighten all the est Tie then cnn
+ luk 1 in Xewtons words To make such a svs
1 i with 1 all its motions required a cause which
ind 1 rtoed and compart together the quantities
c inittrr in the several bodies of the sun and
flint 1 j nd the gravitated powers resulting from
n I n ill > several distances of the uriniary ilin
+ from Ihie t 51111 and of the secondary ones from
S 11 turn Jupiter 1 and the earth and the velocities
illl which those planets could revolve about those
q i unities nf matter in the central bodies and tQ
I < inpaie and adjust all these things together in so
gat a variety of bodies argues that cause to be
I n1 I blind and fortuitous but very well skilled in
n > i hematic and 1 geometry
To the above simple yet telling argument from
dumb nuritcr X eton borrows and adds another
i frlo the hypothesis of innate gravity lie wrote
V ir if there is innate gravity it is impossible
nnv for the matter of the earth and all the plans
< < s and i stars to fly up from them and become
evenly spread t through nil the heavens without a
Supernatural power and certainly that which can
Jifvfr be hereafter without a supernatural power
< < > uld never be heretofore without the same
paw r
The same logical arguments borrowed from the
viriver and celestial bodies that led Newton from
tine iiftiural to the supernatural when directed to
the old prophecies which were verified in Christ i
+ t r
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The New All Hallows College
HE new additions to All Hallows
1 1 I college were dedicated last Sunday
afternoon by the Rt Rev Bishop
Scanlan He was assisted by the local
clergy The ceremonies were both
impressive and interesting The dedi
catory oration was delivered by the
Re George Harding The pontifical
blessing was delivered by the bishop
The musical part of the exercises was
beautiful the vocal and instrumental
selections being very appropriate
The attendance far exceeded the ca
pacity of the new chapel in which the I
exercises took place Long before the
hour set for the dedication the new
and old quarters of the college were
thronged with citizens of prominence
who were there either by special or
general invitation By the time the
ceremonies began every inch of space
in the commodious chapel was occu
S pied and those who came late or neg
lected to procure seats were forced to
2 stand in the hallways and entrances
r Held a Reception
At the conclusion of the dedicatory
exercises an informal reception was
held in the parlors of the college
Bishop Scanlan and his corps of co
workers graciously showing the many
visitors through the new quarters of
the educational institution A lunch
eon was served in the private dining
room to those who participated in an
active way in the exercises and at G
oclock a number of prominent citizens
took dinner with the priests in charge
of the college
The first number on the programme
was a vocal solo by Professor Charles
Kent He sang Ever More Ever
More The piece was made especially
attractive not only because of the
pleasing manner in which it was ren
dered but because of the fact that
the music was written by Dr J LewIS
Brown the wellknown composer and
musician vho recently visited Salt
Lake City and gave an organ recital
at the tabernacle Professor Kent was
I accompanied by Professor J J Mc
Clellan on the organ Professor Peder
sen on the viola and Master Arthur
Pedersen on the violin
Ceremonies of Dedication
Then came the impressive blessing
ceremonies They were performed by
Bishop Scanlan who followed closely
the ritual of the Roman Catholic
church He was assisted by Rev
George Harding Rev J Guinan pres
ident of the college Rev M J Mur
phy vicepresident Rev T Roser
Rev A Chauve Rev N Walter Rev
Father Estes and Rev Father Myers
The ceremonies lasted about twenty
minutes during which time Master
Pedersen played Andante Religioso
on the violin with a suitable accom
Gounods Ave Maria was then sung
by Miss RenS Pedersen in her usual
pleasing manner her sympathetic voice
seldom being heard to better advantage
than Sunday afternoon
convinced him of the divinity of the Godman and
the overruling of Providence in the affairs of this
world and mans destiny Pascal like Newton
though traveling over a different road arrived at
the same conclusion Both were lovers of truth
directed all their energy research and knowledge
of the exact sciences to the primitive truths of
religion which were so intimately interwoven with
the history and tradition of the human race since
time began
Voltaire life work was in experimenting and
laying down theories which would if verified
upset the account of creation as given in Genesis
lUs dreamy notions or unscientific hypotheses have
long since been discarded < Rousseaus fascinating
language led his deluded followers to the hope of
reaching bights that were inaccessible and of en
joying an earthly paradise overflowing with a su
perabundance of riches and pleasures His fairy
land and castles in the air were a mockery Those
who have followed as time went on witnessed not
only the greatest excesses and disorders but com
munism in the ascendancy and revolutions the na
tural result of disappointed hopes Who have been
the greater benefactors of humanity The contrast
between Pascal and Newton and Voltaire and Rous
seau confines the battle to laymen The former
appeal to the dignity of the soul on which is im
pressed the image of its faker the latter fall back
upon the material world and make man all
sufficient for his wants and nature his God But as
Pascal wrote All the material world the firma
ment the stars the earth and its kingdoms are not
equal to the least amongst spirits for a spirit knows
all these things and itself and the body knows
nothing All material thint Jn one and all spirits
in one and all their productions are not worth as
much as the least impulse of the love of God this
belongs to an order infinitely more exalted
The Protestant bishop William Doane of Al
bany was at one time the rector of an Episcopal
ian church in Hartford and the services at this
church Mark Twain would occasionally attend
Twain one Sunday played a joke upon the rector
Dr Doane he said at the end of the service
I enjoyed your sermon this morning I wel
comed it like an old friend I have you know a
book at home containing every word of it
You have not said Dr Doane
1 have M said the humorist
td Well send that book to me Id like to see it
Ill send it Twain replied
And the next morning he sent to the rector an
unabridged dictionary f
Then came the oration by Rev
George Harding Appreciating the fact
that there were many Protestants in
the audience the clergyman added to
the interest of the occasion by mi
nutely explaining the dedicatory exer
cises dilating upon every phase of the
ceremony His explanation was so
ijfliid that by the time he concluded
thatiportion of his address his large
and attentive audience was in a fat
better mood to understand and ap
preciate the various steps of the dedi
Founding of the College
In a feeling manner indicating hla
sympathy with the institution Father
Harding recounted how Bishop Scanlan
had founded the college many years
ago how he had fostered it year by
year each semester seeing a decided
increased enrollment and awakened in
terest As time progressed and the
name and fame of the institution
spread throughout this section of the
west the duties became so arduous
that the bishop was finally forced to
relinquish his supervisorship and turn
it oer to the clergy which now has it
in charge They soon became thor
oughly imbued with the spirit and sen
timent that actuated every move of
the bishop and under their manage
ment the school has attained the repu
tation which it now bears in the inter
mountain region of the far west
The aims and objects of the college
were the closing theme of the address
He said the motto of the college is to
No subject save the authorship of the Junius
Letters has been the source of s6 much contro
versy as the reputed Bull of Pope Adrian IV and
the donating of Ireland to King Henry n of Eng
land We have already perused much contra
dictory literature on the subject as to make the
suggestion of any further examination an excuse
for impatience in refusal Yet the novelty of a
new discussion by such a student as a professor in
the Chicago University is i a thing to rekindle the
smouldering embers of a moribund fire Mr Ol
iver Joseph Thacher the professor of mediaeval
and English history in that institution is the au
thority who seeks to throw the oil of Mr Rocke
fellers millions on the turbid stream of Irish con
troversy He has chosen the subject of Adrian and
the bull as the theme for an essay which now ap
pears as part of the Decennial Publications of the
Standard Oil University and it is a pleasing irony
that the torch of such profitable learning is sup
plied from the tank of masterly monopoly We
may say at once that the work of Professor
Thacher is a fine example of care of analysis of
logical arrangement and of apparent impartiality
It examines all the authorities all the arguments
all the data disputed and undisputed and gives
copies of all the documents which history has pre
served as having a bearing on the subject while
contrasting their dates and even their phraseology
with other documents so as to tust their historical
value Ilergenrother the renowned German ec
clesiastical historian in this inquiry fares very
badly at the professors hands he concludes that
his many arguments are selfcontradictory and
mutually destructive
The sum of Professor Thachers own conclu
sions is that while Pope Adrian influenced by the
pleadings of John of Salisbury in favor of his liege
Henrys plea for an invasion of Ireland yielded so
far to them and the necessities of his own perilous
position only as to give him the privilege of a
feudal overlordship very different thing from
an absolute sovereignty and the reputed Bull
Laudabiliter in which the grant was said to
have been conveyed wa a myth or a forgery He
believes the pretended Bull to hare been the pro
duction of some mediaeval student a practical
joker one might say for in the monastic ranks of
that age there were not a few who amused them
selves in the composition of documents which were
destined to provide food for much learned specu
lation and debate in after years when no light
could possibly be thrown on their real authorship
AntiCatholic writers have always relied i upon
the mythical Bull as proof that the J ply sec
educate the mind and make more sym
pathetic the heart The first principles
of patriotism fidelity to the flag and
loyalty to the country are instilled in
the hearts and minds of the boys And
at the same time the moral and re
ligious temperament of the students is
zealously guarded that they may when
they leave the school and enter the ac
tivities of life be men of chastity and
Blessing by the Bishop
Those present then joined in singing
the hymn Holy God We Praise Thy
Name That was followed by a se
lection by a sextette composed of Mrs
Browning Miss Pedersen Miss Pen
rose Professor Kent Professor Pea
body and Thomas Ashworth They
were accompanied by Master Pedersen
on the piano
The ceremonies were then concluded
by the giving of the pontifical blessing
by Bishop Scanlan followed by a few
pleasing remarks by the head of the
Salt Lake City church He expressed
his gratification at the large attend
ance and thanked those within reach
of his voice and those who were not
present for the interest they have man
ifested in the past relative to the
growth and improvement of the col
lege He was profuse in his praises
of the members of the clergy for their
untiring efforts to build up the col
lege and raise its standard of merit
to a level equal to that of larger and
more wealthy educational institutions
of the country
claimed and exercised the privilege of giving away
the civil rights of other states > und peoples in an
arbitrary fashion Hence the honest verdict of
other nonCatholic students such as Professor
Thacher must have a distinct value That such a
work should be undertaken and carried to a suc
cessful close in the United States is proof of the
cosmopolitan character of its great schools
Catholic Standard and Times
This note of inquiry may interest a number of
Editor of Catholic Columbian
Dear SirIn you local column of week before
last issue I noted the announcement that Mgr
Specht had recently officiated at the dedication of
a church in Ohio which will be presided over by a
married priest Will you kindly explain why the
Church thus countenances a departure from its
customary regulation of celibacy among the
clergy And in so doing you will enlighten some
of your readers who may have been scandalized by
a bald statement of the facts J C W
It is true that the law of the Catholic Church
forbids men living in the married state to be or
dained priests and forbids men in holy orders to
But while this general law enforces celibacy
there are some exceptions to it in the Church of
the East notably among the Ruthenians who are
descendants of converts from the Russian Church
There we have some bodies of Catholics who have
a married clergy In this thev only imitate the
custom of the Russian and Greek Churches by
which they are surrounded and influenced
In the Russian Orthodox Church the secular
priests must be married and are mostly sons of
priests But the bishops are celibate and are
therefore chosen from the monks
In the Greek Church almost all the priests are
married But they must marry before they are or
dained deacons or they cannot afterwards take a
wife Nor ran a priest whose wife dies marry
again The bishops are unmarried and arc usually
selected from among the monks
There are about a dozen married priests in this
country of whom half are in Pennsylvania They
are mostly Ruthenians originally from Poland
and follow the Greek rite Catholic Columbian
If there be one thing upon this earth that man
kind love and admire better than another itis a
brave man it is a man who cares tpIook thed6vjl
in the face and tell him he is a devil f
Catholic Congress at Cologne Treated Public
Matters from Viewpoint of Catholic
Doctrine and Morality
The congress of German Catholics was held this
year at Cologne from Sunday Aug 23 till Thurs
day Aug 27 It was the fiftieth of its kind Spe t
cial importance attaches therefore to this jubilee
year of the great factor of Catholic progress in I
Germany The first congress was held at Mayenco
in 1S4S
Tho touched all the im
congress upon more j
portant topics of Catholic life Public matters
were considered and treated from the point of view
of Catholic doctrine and morality In this way a
sound public opinion is created adjusted and fos
tered among Catholics on these matters the con j
gross leaving it to others viz to unions societies
the press or it may be to tho Center to carry out
in due course what has been resolved upon The
congress is then only ad it were the head of tho 1 <
organization of Catholics its very important mem
bers being societies of all sorts and newspapers of i
an kinds without whose aid it never could have i
obtained its present importance and usefulness
At first and for a number of years the congress
was even called the general meeting of Catholic i
societies in Germany But in the year 1871 at the i
assmbly at Mayence that name for practical anti 1
judicial reasons changed into the present title
General Assembly of the Catholics of Germany I
I remember well the warm debate on this occasion
which gave signs of the coming Kulturkampf But
though the name has been changed tho connection
between the societies and the congress continues
as before Some of these societies hold their own
metings throughout the year others moot along
with the congress and others again are mentioned
and recommended by the congress to the Catholic
A recent review of the almost endless number
of these societies divides them into six groups
First there are the pious societies including those
for propagating the faith counting seventeen va
rious unions with so many branches each Second
ly societies of charity including those def liug
with temperance and emigration eight unions of
luii ioihsTciiitls Thirdly coma the trade mid 1 lbw
societies thirteen unions including thos < j of faring
ers journeymen workingmen young work ngmert
merchants students and pressmen The students
alone comprise more than tOO branches in the va
rious German university towns Fourth in order
are the societies for literature science and art five
in number including the Goerret society and the
Society of St Charles Borromaeus which takes
the place in Germany of the Catholic Truth so
ciety The Borromaeus society last year counted
104000 members with an income of about 40000
pounds Fifthly political and lastly the social
The most important of the political and indeed
of all these unions is at the present time the Katli
olischer Volksverein the Catholic Peoples Union
It was founded by Windthorst and was indeed the
last great work of the great leader Its object
is to oppose and combat the errors and revolution
ary movement of the Socialists and to promote the
Christian order of society This union holds meet
ings throughout the country wherever Catholics
are attacked or the policy of the Center party is
to be defended and no local organization is as yet
in existence The number of meetings held in
March alone was no less than 192 The headquar
I ters of this union are at MunchenGaldbach Rhine
land It was justly called by the late Dr Lieber
the permanent congress of Catholics By its
I meetings and millions of leaflets and pamphlets it
has done admirable work warding off the attacks
of foes and uniting Catholics wherever opposing
interests as between industrial and agricultural la
borers were threatening the harmony of action
Here indeed lies the strength of the Catholic body
They are a united army bound together by Chris
tian principles by a sound and popular policy and
by the guidance of able leaders
To organize the Catholic young men and to
make them acquainted with political life to keep
I up the tradition of the great leaders and follow in
their steps an association has been founded which
rejoices in the excellent name of Windthorstbund
This union did very good work at the last inac
tions and their organization has already been in
timated by the Liberal party
The most important class organizations are the
Farmers union and the Workingmens societies
The latter are increasing in number as well as in
in the warfare against Socialism Corresponding
to Bebels programme which lays it down that So
cialism advocates atheism in religion socialism in
economics and republicanism in politics these
Catholic workmens societies maintain among their
members and beyond them the profession and de
fense of religion and sojind political economic
views and measures within the present order of
things These societies are very active and many
excellent Dublic debater
a workingman has bcome au o
bater against Socialists by following up the lec
tures given at the meetings held under their aus
pices and attending to the different courses More
over many perhaps most of the societies have
joined regular trades unions which have been
founded in union with Protestant workingmen on
Christian principles as onnosed to the socalled free
trades unions of the Socialists The number of
members of these Christian trades unions amounted
in the year 1902 to 823864 and the total income to
more than 40000 pounds
Besides this there are many local friendly and
insurance societies amongst Catholic workingmen
one of the latest being named in honor of the great
Pontiff of workingnien the Leo Insurance soeiojr
It promises to be a success having already sixty
branches in the archdiocese of Cologne
On receiving some little attention from others
as a drink when thirst or such like we should
lovingly consider the goodness of Qm Lord awl
Master whose wonderful solicitude procures U3
this relief

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