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THE MIDDLEBURY REGISTER.
JANUARY 24, i13.
miimiiKltVHY, - - VKltMONT.
Xnttred at the ilitUllclury Voslopct a$ Sccoml
Terim Slrlcll)- ln AiHnnee.
ONEYEAR in vruMOKT 51.00
SIX MONTI1S 1N VK11MONT 50
THREE MONTHS IN vkmost 40
ONE YEAR OutBidc of Vermont, $1.2ri
ONE YEAR Outsideof U. S 1.50
The Register will bc fouml on flle nt
the CongreKsionnl Librnry reading room,
Washington, D. C.
FRIDAY. JANUARY 24, 1913-
INCOME TAX AMENDMENT.
While tho ultimatc action of the Leg
islnturc on the proposed amendment to
the federal constitution is problemntical
there are some indications that ap
proval will bo denied it. There is a
feeling among many members of the
Legislature that tho action of tho
General Assembly of 1910 refusing to
sanction the amendment should be re
garded as the final verdict of Vermont
on the proposition and that the present
effort to aecure approval is unwar
ranted. In the State at large there is a sen
timent distinctly opposed to the amend
ment in its present form and lor rea
sons that are substantial and valid.
It is contendetl that under it the New
England States would be called upon
to pay nearly lialf the total revenue
raised under such an incomc tax and
that a large part of the moncy so se
cured could and probably would be used
for the exploitation of tho South and
It is realized also that the State may
in the not distant future deem it de
sirable and necessary, in order to meet
its steadily increasing expenses, to levy
an income tax upon its citizens. That
it would be debarred from this source
of revenue were the federal govern
ment authorized to impose a similar tax
is obvious, inasmuch as the taxing of
incomes twice would be an indefensible
An amendment giving the federal
government authority to impose an in
come tax in case of war or other great
emergency undoubtedly would receive
prompt and hearty endorsement in Ver
mont, but the proposition now before
the Legislature contains no such limita
tion and under it Congress could appro
priate the revenue derived from a tax
on incomes for any purpose it saw fit.
It is gencrally conceded that the fed
eral govprnment would bemore eflieient
in the collection of an income tax than
any of the States and for that reason a
tax levied and collecled by it to be paid
to the several States would be univer
sally acceptable; but such is not the
purpose of the proposed amendment,
the approval of which is now sought.
In view of prevailing sentiment and
in the absence of any urgent need on
the part of the federal government
the chances are that the Vermont Leg.
islature will withhold approval of the
proposition, though that will not mean
its failure, inasmuch as ratification by
the legislators of only four more states
is required to make the amendment
The above is from the Montpelier
Journal. The objection which this
paper suggests as tothe bill if correctly
stated, we think, should be decisive.
The income of Vermont, or any other
State, should not be collected to be
used elsewhere, unless in some great
Tho expenses of tho Government al
ready are excessively large and many of
them entirely uncalled for. Vermont is
far more economical than tho Govern
ment. If any such bill is passed let
it be for the benefit of the State.
The one big surprising feature about
the Progressive party really, its Gi-
braltar of strength is its manner of
providing funds for campaign expenses,
The old style the methods adopted by
the Republicans and the Democrats
finds no placo with the Progressives.
It is really amazing to the profes
sional politicians that funds for politi
cal purposes can bo raised without the
assistance of the big interests. That is
the vicious part of our political system.
When the big interests contribute to
the buccess of political parties it is dono
for a purely selfish motive. They figuro
to get big interest on their investmunt
by securing special privileges. Tho
contributions of the big interests pass
through the regular political channels
from the national committee down to
the ward workers. But the money thus
paid out is returned to the original
donors tenfold and the worst part of it
all is that the people have to pny it in
Tho Bystem of raising money for the
Progressives is just tho reverse. The
members of that party, big and small,
are contributing to the support of that
party. Tho contributions start with the
people. Progressives from all over the
country are giving their mite. Local
clubs are being supported, Stato and
national headquarters are being sus-
tained not by a few trust magnatcs,
but by the very ones who believo in
this new party which has made such a
It is a new thingfor the rank and file
of a political party to "dig" nnd sup
port State and nationnl headquarters,
Tho fact that the Progrcssivcs are do
ing it this way just amazes tho big
political bosses who have horotofore
ooked to the trusts and specinl intercsts
for the sinews of wrr.
Now if we are to have clean politics,
f tho country is to bo freed from the
domination of the trusts, if the special
nterests are to be curbed of robbing
the public through special legislation
then those very same peoplo cannot be
expected, nor should thcy be permitted
Tho clean campnign fund can be by
only one route it must emanate from
the peoplo. It's different than the old.
Some may not seo why they should pay
to maintain an organization vvhen here
toforo the bills have been footed by
millionaires looking for greed. But the
Progressive organization is free nbso-
lutcly free from all trust or special
privilegc interest. It cannot take
money from the big intercsts and still
be free from such contaminating influ
ence. The sinews of war must come
from the peoplo who believe in the
cause, who hold patriotism above party,
who believe in the supreme rights of
humanity, who believe that the perma
nence of the government denends on
the absolute rule of the people and by
A campaign fund raised on such a
basis, having bchind it millions of votes,
can be used to pilot any party to victory
with men in oflice and power who hold
paramount the highest ideals of citizen
ship. Burlington Clipper.
Joseph Walker's step in leaving the
Republican party and unconditionally
joining the Progrefsive party was in-
evitable aftor the action of the Re
publican machine in choosing a United
States scnator desired by the interests.
That was a sweeping sneer by way of
answer to all appeals for recognition
from the great liberal element inside
And Mr. Walker himself plainly
forecast the result in his earnest warn-
ing to the old guard not to complete the
disaster they had begun. But they
persisted in disregarding the people,
and as a result the Progressives count
among their ranks as broad, able.
forceful a leader as has stood in the
whole Republican organization. The
Progressives' gain in strength is not
able, not only through Mr. Walker's
individuality and personal force, but
through the positive reason which leads
him to act.
Joseph Walker has done his utmost to
rouse the organization to push iorward
and prove itself to be in thorough sym
pathy with tho times and the changing
conditions. He has done this upon
occasions to his own disadvantage, but
he has proved his courage and vision.
Mr. Walker's strength as a Republican
was undoubted. Twice he has been the
candidate for goverjior in the nartv
caucuses, and once as the choice of the
whole membership of the party as
expressed in the direct primary. In his
service in the Legislature he has many
times proved by his vote and voice his
party support for advanced measuresof
legislation in the interests of the com
Mr. Walker is an out an out Pro
gressive. lie is ready to work in the
rank and file and determined to throw
his whole weight with the party. He
accepts its creed and purposes as he
throws over the old organization which
refuses to see the light.
The strength he brings lies in the
fact that his example cannot fail to
stimulate others to adopt this course of
action Republicans who think and
therefore recognize the hopelcssness
for progress in that party while it is in
tho grip of the reactionaries. Boston
MAKES MOVING PICTURES TALK.
Edison Rewarded After Four Years'
Thomas A. Edison sat back in his
chair and chuckled Thursday afternoon
as there passed upon a screen in the
theatre of his laboratory nt West
Orange, N. J., a procession of hum'an
beings and nnimals that sang and
talkcd and shouted and played upon
musical instruments nnd barked upon
maao vanous ouier noises tiiat tnoving
pictures never before have furnished,
It was a niomcnt of triumph, tho re
sult of four years of unremitting elTort
to give to the world what probably wns
the only developmont possiblo in tho
"movies," to reproduce sound oynchron-
ously with action.
"Ihatsa little raw yet," laughed
uio wizaru, "uut you just give us a
chance and wo'll show you. We'ro
green at working these things yet."
There may have been something "raw
to the trained eyes of Thomns A. Edi
son, but to other spcctators it scemed
that succcss had been achieved.
When tho timo for the show to start
camo there was a short delay, Tho
"old man," as everybody in the big
factory calls Mr. Edison, couldn't bo
found. Finally he was found and his
right hand man and chief engineer,
M. R. Hutchinson, gave the word to
For the first few seconds it looked
just like regular "movies." A large
man in cvening dress strode down a
flight of stairs and to tho front of n
luvishly furnished sctting. When he
renched the front of the "stagc"
things began to happen.
First the big man thrust out one nrm
in customary attitudo and then nnd
even tho spcctators who had known
what was to come were surprised he
began to talk.
"Ladies nnd Oentlemcn," he began,
and there followed an introduction to
the first exhibition of talking moving
pictures, lenl talking "movies," that
has ever been seen. The speech
was delivered in carefully modulated
tones, with articulation of the clearcst,
each action coinciding exactly with
cach cxpression. It was so lifelike and
natural thatgnsps of surprise and won
derment could be heard from different
parts of the darkened room.
In the course of his talk the speak
ing picture took up a plate and dashed
itto the floor. Itflewinto pieces with
acrash.and cach ftagment made its
individual noisc in bouncing up and
back. After that the picture blew a
horn and a whistle and then a man
came on and played the piano. A
girl appearcd and played "Way Down
Upon the Suwanee River" on the vi
olin, and nnother girl sang some of the
old songs, while the pianist and the
violinist nccompanied her.
They went away you could hear
their footsteps as they walked up the
stairs and another man appeared
with two collie dogs, whosc loud barks
were as natural as life. It was hard
to realize that those were not living
beings in flesh and blood until the
lights came on and broke the illusion.
That was one complete reel and it
had taken just six minutes to show,
two minutes longer than the ordinary
phonograph disk revolves.
Four additional "sketchcs" were cx
hibited and in each the illusion was
maintained. Two of these Mr. Edison
hadn't seen himself before a'nd he
laughed heartily as an Irish politician
in one of them delivered an impas
sioned political oration which his daugh
ter, standing behind him, read to him
out of a newspaper. The most start
ling manifestation of the synchrony of
sound and action came when a brick
was sent crashing through a window
above the speaker's head. You could
plainly hear the tinkle of each piece of
glass as it fell.
Men have been working upon the
proposition of moving pictures that
would talk for a long, long time. Mr.
Edison has been at it for four years.
He hns literally "slept on the job," as
his employees describe his absorption
in his work, and when he "sleeps on the
job" he has the reputation of making
The moving talking iden is based
upon two comparatively old proposi-
tions. The talking machine is old and
the motion picture machine is old. But
they have never been harnessed up to-
gether before successfully. Other in
ventors have had actors talk into records
and then go and act the)piece separate-
ly, but the illusion wasn't there, ex-
cept in spots.
Mr. Edison's way is to have the talk
ing and moving picture machines get
ting their impressions at the same time.
They are set up side by side, at any
distance up to 40 feet away from the
actors, and as the character's gesture
is taken by the "movie," his words are
taken by the "talker." When all that
is done the "movie" is placed in its
usual place with its rays illuminating
the screen back of which is the
How to get these two machines to
work together is the problem on which
Mr. Edison has worked four years.
The "timer" is some sort of eontri
vance that is coupled up between the
two machines. The talking machine
can run at only a certain speed, the
speed with which the sound is made,
nnd Mr. Edison has invcnted a mechan
ism which prevents the moving ma
chine from going any faster.
"Tho kinetophone," as the inventor
has named his latcst child, can be used
in a room of nlmost any size. The one
it was shown in Thursday was too small,
Mr. Hutchison said, to get the best
effect. In a big theatre seating 2000 or
3000 persons the best results can be
obtained. The invention has been tried
privately in one of theso and every
sound could be plainly heard at the
very top of the gnllory. New York
HEARING THE LIGHT-
Blind Man Takes a Peep Into the
A blind man stood in the middle of a
large room at the Optical conference
exhibition at South Kensington and told,
without .using his senso of touch, how
many windows there were in ihe room
and how many people stood between
him and the wall.
He did it by "hearing" light and
shade, and tho medium of tho miracle
was tho optophone, the wonderful in
vention of Mr. Fournier d'Albe.
The optophone makes light and dark
ness audible. The invention is based
on the metal sclenium's well-known
property of being aiTected by light.
Mr. Fournier d'Albe contrives to
make the effect of light on the passage
of electric currents through selenium
appreciable in a telephono receiver, nnd
the clockwork mechnnism cnn bo nd
justed so thnt darkness is nudiblc and '
bright light silent, or vice-versa.
The apparatus is contnined in an ob
long box about 2 feet 0 inches long and
8 inches deep and when the blind man
had hi glimpse into the invisible he
hcld the box in one hand.
In the other hand he held the card
board cylindor which acts as the "feel
er" of the optophone, and, moving
this plowly before him, he was able to
tell by the sudden incroase.of sound in
the telephone receiver held to ear when
the tube was pointing at a window.
Whenever any one stood between him
and a window the blind man was able
to tell by tho leslening of tho sound
caused by the interruption of light,
and, swinging the tube slowly round, he
counted the people before him one by
The reporter who tried the optophone
found that a glimpse out of the win
dow sountled like a cinematograph reel
ing off a film. The ticking sank al
most into silence as the receiving tube
was held in the shadoWs of the table,
and leapt into a lively rattle when
placed against an electric light bulk.
"I have found," said Mr. d'Albe,
"that with a delicate galvanometer it is
possible todetect a flicker of light from
another room which is diffused through
the chink of a closed door, and which
cannot be observed by the eye."
The optophone has not yet been so
perfected as to enable a blind person to
distinguish chairs and other articles of
furniture in a room, but eventually it is
hoped to improve the apparatus so that
the operator may spell out the letters
in fairly large print. From the London
THE COAL SITUATION.
The Black Diamond, the oflicial
organ of the coal trade in its issue
of Satuaday, discusses the present
conditions of the coal trade as follows:
Within the last three weeks there has
been a complete reversal of the nation
al coal situation. Three weeks ago
there was a shortagc of coal and the
tail end of a shortage of cars which
seemed to make it almost impossible,
at that time, for even the bituminous
operators to meet the demnnds upon
them for coal; it was considered hope
less for the anthracite operators to
expect to satisfy their customers. This
week there is an accumulation of bi
tuminous coal in about half of the mar
kets that it will take another thirty
days of cold weather to work off. The
best that can be said of any market is
that it is merely steady. As for an
thracite, the situation is so changed
that it seems supply and demand w'ill,
without the intervention of very cold
weather, be about at a balance at the
end of the year.
From a teehnically and actually
strong market, dominated mainly by
the steam trade situation and by car
supply the national coal market has
become a weather market again with
strength or wenkness depending upon
cold or warm weather from now on.
The steam demand is as active as it
ever has been, but the steam users have
more coal at their disposal than they
had before. The factory owners are
buying and consuming more coal for
power purposes now than they have at
any time for five years. In fact they
are buying and consuming more coal
than at any time in history. Also the
railroads, having an immense business,
are now buying and consuming their
maximum tonnage of coal. There have
been times when coke prices were
higher, but the records do not show a
time when coke consumption was
larger for industrial purposes than now.
All this makes for an extraordinary
market for sceam coal, this being jn
dicatcd by the status of steam prices in
every market. Burlington News.
VICTIMS OF SPEED.
No man in the community has a
greater field of fact from which tostudy
automobile regulntion than Police Com
missioner O'Meara. Hisbackground of
information consists of the reports of
his men of violations of law, statistics
of the deaths and personal injuries
caused by motor vehicles, nnd the great
volume of evidence of the increasing
danger to foot passengers on highways
which particularly attract the automo
And Commissioner O'Meara, discus
sing the situation with grentest thor
oughness, declares that the killings aro
to be traced almost wholly to spccd.
It is speed that breaks the prohibition
against more than a fifteen-inile rate in
thiekly-settled sections which causes
slnughter. It is spoed of this sort
which denies the man on foot fair and
equal opportunity on tho streets.
So plain and complete a finding from
tho cliief police authority, confirming
that of tho Hiehwny Commission.
should command the clo.sc attention of
the Legislature. Boston Journal.
Thrown Out of Taxi Window.
Arthur Stanley Miller, 35 years old,
treasurer of tho Bankers Building Bu
reau, and his wife, were scverely cut
about the face and head when tho taxi
in which they were returning to their
home, 570 Fifth street, Brooklyn, ran
into an excavation nt tho corner of
Canal and Centre streets, Matdiattan.
Mr. and Mrs. Miller were hurled
through tho glass window 111 the front
of the machine when it shot downward
into an excavation made in tho lnying of
trncks for the crossing and they had a
narrow escapo from being crushed by
the heavy machine. - Brooklyn Engle.
ECONOMY IS WEALTII
DANIEL WEBSTER AND
EAGLE ROLLER MILLS GO.,
O'Meara Flnds Big Increase in
Auto Vlctlms In Four Years.
SI'KEDING !S TO IiLAME, HE SAYS.
Police Commissioner, Stephen
O'Meara's annual report, issued yester
day, is mainly devoted to automobile
traffic. He finds that:
In four years automobile victims have
jumppd from G killed and 127 injured in
1008 to 22 killed and 483 injured in 1012.
On Beacon street for five or six hours
a day it is difficult and dangerous for
a pedestrian to cross.
Increase in average speed of motor
vehicles is principal cause of increase
in killed and injured.
Many drivers of automobiles whose
cars can attain fifty milcs an hour
believe themselves moderatc when run
ning at speeds from twenty to thirty
miles an hour.
If unlimited policemen were available,
every municipal and district court in
Boston would be kept busy daily with
automobile cases alone.
Mr. O'Meara calls attention to the
fact that nearly every complaint during
1912 concerning the handling of cross
ings came from "an occupant of a
motor car who objected to being delayed
in order that foot travelers might cross
streets without running fortheir lives."
Tho total number of arrests for all !
classes of offenses during the year of
1912 was 75,496 against 70,442 in 1911 and
the proportion of non residedt offenders
arrested by the police showed another
increase, being for the year almost 38
per cent. of the total.
The total amount of fines imposed in
police cases during the year was $135,
634, the number of persons fined was
12,703 and 8559 offenders was given a
total of 3881 years of imprisonment in
The "third degree," a subject which
the commissioner has never discussed
before since his appointment, is referred
to in the report as follows: "The third
degree" is a term in popular use which
is supposred to represent mental and
even physical torture to which prison
ers are subjected by police oflicials in
order to extort confessions. Whatever
it may be and wherever it may be prac
ticed, it has no place in the Boston po
"The standing rule on the subject is as
follows: 'In the examination of pris
oners by question or othcrwise for the
purpose of obtaining confession or in
formation, no police oflicer shall in
fringe upon their legal rights nor shall
he subject them to any pressure or pro
cedure of which he would be unwilling
to inform a court engaged in a hearing
of the case.'
"In the absence of any information or
complaint to the contrary ever received
by me I believe that the rule is obeyed
and that therefore those who denounce
the practice, someof whom are our own
good citizens, should make it clear that
their der.unciations do not npply to Bos
ton and its police."
In summing up 2170 automobile viola
tion prosecutions, they are classified as
Failure to slow down and give sig-
nnl at intersecting street
Making impropor turns at corners
Operating while intoxicated
Operating on wrong side of street
or not as near as possible to
Failure to stop for street cars or
other vehicles or pedestrians
Lamps lacking, not lighted or not
in proper condition
Operating while unlicensed
Operating without license on per
son Operating an unregistered car
Operating a registeredcar without
certificate of registration on
Operating a registeredcar without
numbers, or with wrong num
bers, or with numbors improp
erly displayed or not in proper
Cutting out muillor
Making an unrensonablenoise with
Allowing an unreasonablo amount
of smoke to escnpe
In his cotnments upon tho situation in
Rnstnn tho rnmmissioner states. innart:!
.... .... r t :..
I III, inilll 111 11I11I 11U II BIA
killed nnd 127 injured in Boston in 190S
to twenty-two kilied and 483 injured in
1912, cannot nearly be accounted for by
tho increased use of motor vehicles,
large though that increase has been.
"I believo that the principal cause of
the growth of the list of killed and in
jured is the increase in the average
speed of motor vehicles. To the samo
causo may bo charged an enormous
amount of anxiety, inconvenience and
ECONOMIZE BY USINO
GOLD GOIN FLOUR
NEW ULMi IYIINN.
delay suffered by the walking public.
"This phase of the case is incapable
of statistical rcprcsentation, but every
person who nttempts to cross a street
or to enter or leave a street car where
automobiles are numerous knows what
"The effect of the increase in aver
age speed are seen not only in open
streets andavenuesfrequented by auto
mobiles, but in parta of the city in
which the volume of travel by vehicles
and on foot is so great that a high rate
of speed is impossible.
"The owner of an automobile, who
rushes through the streets and avenues
leading to the heart of tho city and
thereupon finds that he must rcduce his
speed and take his turn with others,.
is quite likely to become impatient, to
forget where he is, to revile in his heart
and sometimes by word of mouth the
policeman who holds him in check, and
to regard all other vehicles and pedes
trians, too, as merely obstacles to his
"The automobile act of 1909 declared
that in thickiy settled places a speed
above fifteen miles an hour for an
eighth of a mile should be prima facia
evidence of violence of the law. That
provision is known to all drivers of
automobiles and to a large part of the
public; but the public has little knowl
edge of the difficulty of enforcing it.
' I think I am right in believing that any
specific maximum of speed is sure to be
treated by many drivers, if not a ma
jority, as a minimum; and it is hard to
convince an owner or driver whose car
is capable of traveling forty or fifty
miles an hour that he is not extremely
moderate when he runs it at a rate of
twenty to thirty miles.
"The violations of the automobile
laws are so numerous that if the num
ber of policemen assigned to automo
bile work could be without limit, every
municipal and district court in Boston
might be kept busy every day with
automobile prosecutions alone. But
with the present force, no more men
can be spared from their general duties
for this particular work.
"But in certain thoroughfares, espe
cially Boylston and Beacon streets and
Commonwealth avenue, extraordinary
measures will be required. In Beacon
street, for example. from the State
House to the cross roads, the situation
even now is such during at least five or
six hours of the day that to cross from
one side to the other is ditiicult and
dangerous. Whenever the city can af
ford to furnish the men, it will be nec
essary to assign them to fifteen or
twenty street intersections in the thor
oughfares, just named, in additions to
intersections already policed, for a duty
in which they never before have been
employed a duty cforresponding more
nearly to the use of block signals o rt
railroads than to legitimate police
Regarding traffic congestion and its
treatment, Mr. O'Meara saya:
" The police cannot widen or st raighten.
the streets, and neither have they the
power to reduce the number of persons
using them. Their task is to insure a
fair division without waste, using their
best judgement and supported on the
one hand but bound on the other by
laws and rules which have been made
by other authorities.
"Conditions in many parts of the city,
especially that part into which the large
retail storeshave been crowded, may bc
compared to a boat at sea built to carry
five men and overloaded with ten all
aware of the situation, but not otie
willing to drop out or even to withdraw
into smaller space." Boston Journal. a
NEW RECORD ON THE HUDSON
Albany, N. Y., Jan. 17. A recorrt
' for continuous navigation on the Hud
330jSon river between Albany and New
24 1 York, 290 days, has already beei; es-
tablished and, unless a sudden drop
in temperature before Monday pre
vents, a record for the lnte closing of
navigation which has stood for 103
years, will be broken.
According to local historians, in
1810, tho steamboat Car of Neptune,
1 the second boat built by Kobert rul
I ton, left Albany for New York Janu
I ary 17 and arriving at its destination
! on the 18th, one day before ice closed
'the river, established a record which
28 ' has stood for more than a century
10 1 The accumulating ice prevented her
consort from attempting the rcturn
trip. The average date of closing
15 ! navigation, since the beginning of thi
use of steam boats in 1S07, has been
9S ; December 15.
241 ! - :-
Walter Tuft hud the mUfortune to
lirenk lii leir llie firbt of lnet week. He
1 r - - .
hen the anie
tippcd ovt r, pinning him uinlerneitth
Mrs. Janetie Norton U at honio from
an extemlcd visit in Lincoln.
Fhv Stokes, Verno Stokes, Mr. Huletto
nnd Maud Uowning nre sick in bed with
grip and 11 host of others have this grip
cold and just ablo to be around.
Mrs. Candoce Bostwick fell and broke
her arni last week Tuesiiay.
Mrs Jesuslm Tnflt of Huntington is
here caring for her son, Walter.
Mrs. O. W. Hill ia verr poorly.