Newspaper Page Text
How the Land Was Opened.
In view of the early enmlug of Mnte
IhmmI to Oklahoma it eauuat mention
of tin' two territories that are to lit
embraeod in tin! new eommouwenltl
not bo amis.
Tin' traet of In nil llrt known a Imliiui
Territory, eoniiilnlng the Cherokee
(Jhoetaw. Creek nml .Seminole nation
together with several other reserva
tlona, covering nn area of 31 ,"! sqnari
miles, was net apart by congress li
1S.H. Bach of the five great nation
were allowed self-government, ain
their nilleers ehmen ly impiilnr elee
tiou, Raeh nation potitaliu'l ediieti
tional Institutions in aililltion to tlio
iup)orted by tlip I'ulted States gov
eminent, together 1th their own re
liginus organizations TIip terriMrj
wni included hi the I.jiiiiuiiH pur
chase of 1803, and win in I8.V.' if
n le a a perm inctit liomp for tlip In
iliitii trilios eat of the Mis-dsslpp
rivvr. In lSOtl tin Crppk Indian
code. I the west part of tln-ir territory
M the United State, anil tin ani
ti up flu Seminole ceded all of theirs
In IXW tjis land, together with thni
known a thp pnhlip land, was renlv
til into thp territory of Oklahoma
which wan organised May 'J, lSUO. it
eapit-il being located at (tuthrie, the
area of the territory covering 3S.S30
iiitire mile. Oklahoma wni a part of
tin trrtet set apart for Indi in trlhs by
noiigrcrf" on June 30, 1531. April 2.1
1S9.1, vi tlio date. t by the prestdeni
of the United States for the opening ot
1,0 WOOO acres of land for settlement,
nml that date will ever !) held 4nein
-unililediy tht? early settlers of Oklaho
ma and their dependent- for on thnt
day. between the hour,s.of 112 m.and
pundown, a state win peopled, nnd
cities, towns, tillage nnd hnm)et
founded. The flrt governor of Okla
homa wai George V Steele appointed
in IfifO, nml ho wa' iicpeeiled in the
orirn'oii'l bv , J.Seny, 0 Ken-J-si.
t M Harnei. V M. .Tonkin, T
II I'Vrctioon and Frank Krantr., the
In IS.ll the I iwi, Sic. Fox and Pot-
tawaHvtiU! Iiuliau l.ui'U, comprising
ly1.0) aiires, .were opened. Other
lands, w '.rj .opened in the following
order '.April ISH'J, the Cheyenne nnd
ArapaJion r.,or.Vattnns,n.On0.t'00. .September-III,
IXW, the Cherokee strip
lUVmifU acres-. May J.I, ISM. a muiiII
8etji"i.kiiiivii s the Kiekapoo lands;
iif.liuie. 1S00, -v strip known as No
Man's hand was., attached to Oklaho
ma hy nn act of conirreim, r reining
H'avvrVoioUy- .Pn August 0, 1891,
the Kiow.i,. Oomiueho, AineliP and
Wicjiila res-'rvati in, representing over
,T.OVl,o.aerei, was oppnpd for honie
h leader. This lmul I now enili mIIpiI
prinutpally in-KioWa. Caddo and Com
At the. opening of homestead Innili
in HXI, owing to the large number of
oat tie grazing on '.the. reservations, in
onler to save cattlemen from a serious
loss, if not absolute ruin, the ortioiis
now .known as rcs'rve Nos I, J, a, and
1, were lield fnnn settlement and
leased fiir cattle grazing, the revenue
thervfro u n(ng to the Indian tribes
owning the land, and the Mime has
Ikiii (Jividtsl among them semi-an-noallj
as 'gns money." Upon the
sale of these lands to homesteaders
Urn money received therefor will be'
h -In by Uncle Sam, and the interest
paid then-ou to the several tribes of
Indians as Uivir interest may appear
One of the conditions of Oie sale is
thatlessees-diall hold iruil expiration
of their leases, rent leiiig paid to the
'Pouchitis; reserves ,os ,, 2, 3 and A,
alCarmnge iient have'be-n completed
for their .ale which, under act of con
gress must occur not later than the
ttl'ioJ. U'enb-r, 101V It was the
eiiny-st "Jj-i-in' of all genuine home
sli;iders.itliat these lands be sold at
puMio-jiucl.i"o to the liighest bidder,
boi Tl M-eiits that the jHiiver- that be
lt.ttiHrtsl tthcrwie and that the
iiiiitj. tlixcjlof under ealel bids
1'iMler UiU ytpui it is feard tlwt the
iMHto-t'-ader will have but little show
altho'iigh omler the ruling none but
h-HOotenders will be entitled to bid
"Tien Jire trick in all trade- but
mr.,M -i ay ihe )-cuUlur-.
Ke-erv No I eiHiiprioet what is- giiii-
pmuy kik)wis the "lug pture" and
rrtu nearly ,.0 rn- Universal i
ttentiu wa attracted to it when
P'-ident Kerelt anU party, in
lsn, sfiit -erentl dajN in huntinr
oFer it m-it eMii.e Im thi -plendid
lrljr of Imnl i n)liel tnny-.1v
tovi-hiv-. with tMitskle mturin-nt
ofatHttit thirty to thiny-fivw mile
covering an aire of v-iy 3Ti01 juar
miles, or in tv than dmibh tfm of tin
tate of Ktade ItUnd In ulity, th
land varie- from bUck to n-i-brviw
od -andr everal streatiH find thti
j crttv me revurse, emptying im
KwS nvr. which form it-s touthert
Utuihlarj Thte crVeks generalK
hre running water in them and evei
in the dnet K'ons frequent pool
can le fountl along them conuiniiu
clear. Mift watr coining fnnn a e-eji
age under their lunki. Mixed tiiub.
fringe he ttreamt that elewher a
a rule, hare been burned lvwk by a
prairie gr tire Thi titiilx-r con
ststr elui maple, citttonwvd, oak
p -pjiii walirit etc ssime of it be ni
cyv r u w j i i.t',ji cnjjcr, ,r I
P. S. During my absence Ar. C. H. Tyler an experienced Registered
have charge of the drug department.
uranes airt other vines. I here seem.
to be an entire absence of hazel brush
and a No of the pawpaw The oil
produces eorn. cotton, oats, wheat,
broom corn, kiillir com, cane, etc., to
gether with all of the grasses of the
south, ea t and west. All kinds of dome-tic
and wild Mowers grow profusely
IVaches, plum', apricots, grapes and
berrie are prod need within two year,
while apples, penr, ete., begin to b.'ar
in three years,. Pecans walnuts, al
monds and other nuts generally do
well Melons and all vine crops ap
pear to lind here their natural home.
Good, pure, sweet water, as a rule ean
easily be found at from 10 to 50 feet.
thoigh 4i'!r the extreme south and
snilhwcjit of the "big pasture" the
water appears s n uvh.u alty.
Reserve No. 2 embraces 5'J,030 acre,
and is ituated about fifteen miles
north and east of l.awtou, part of it
being in Comanche county, the balance
in Caddo. On an average the land;,
art altout on a par with tho-e in the
big pa tu re.
Reserve No. 3 contains about M4.SCO
acre and is located in Comanche coun
ty. The soil is generally sandy, with
more streams and timber than either
of the other reserves.
Reserve. No. 4 contains alxnit 21.000
acres and is huvitixi 'ii-,v mil.,. .r,,,ii.
and two miles west or IK.birt, in Kio 7 tu r0'H,rt of -cr"-"ry of Wir Tf
wa county. The ..oil is generally ' ir r"Kanl ' ,h -"W' of the bat
sandy Soaie of the hilN a-ume al- . r !,,ml of cn ldiers engngetl in the
... ,.i ii, ..r,w.r, r , 'h.Hitingat lirtmiisville,Te-as.siRhth
... . .... ,....,..... -ii ,, -,, ,vll, ,,ua, mill. -
along them, b interim; Teepee creek, t
there is a liOeral siriukling of timber.
Toe full number of acres included in
the reservation lo be dNoscd of lx
t ween now and the 0th of December
will aggregate 505,000. and when thev
are put under cultivation, to a certain-
IV ill,,,' Ill I I -l.lll .!. ....., .....1.1. , . . .... t
wealth ami prosperity of tlie new siatol
Severn! town sit,
nn the new op lung
iallof thuin will develop iiito norma.
nent towns, villages r hamlets .mid
two or thtw if them, at least, van not
fall within reasonable time, to iKvonie
ipproxonitely metropolian cities
lHis-JHiriiil. tO via . Citv I
SCH0JL LVND LEASES.
secretary W.vner Has Filed
Gutiirie. 0ca le. flFml l4
Wnuur. sfArvtary of th territorial
mrd for levsing sohojl Ictfcd, hns,
lade his ipurt to tiie guiorar and.
nenibrsnrthebrj for the month
f November j
Reaemts of the d,-irtH it durinfc
he month wre a follow-):
Vimmon school fund $ 99.S59 X
mma school indmRity fund
tr bi ii ngf i-i
1 OF. Oj
1 5TS J
We have just received more late style
winter suits, pants ?md overcoats
Mens uuck Overcoats
More winter dry goods, more hats
New stock of Selz shoes for
men, women and children
Selz Royal Blue overshoes an1'
rubbers are the best made anj
lireur count Vectiou M fund
At the beginning of the month there
vas on hand the sum of '1,n87.34
i)uring the month $otl,200 were paid to
the territorial treasurer; fJ.B3P.33
were expended for e.penes, including
the appraising of lands, leaving on
lirnil December 1st. $104,00.32, which
amount is on deposit in u number of
different bank, fully covered by ter
ritorial or municipal securities in every
cae, and drawing interest for the bene
lit of the vclioul fund.
The siun of $103 was received for
transfer fees and $121 for timber waste,
during tle mouth.
The, net receipts of the department
for tho iive months, ending .November
"Otli, were as follows:
Common school fund $243,573.09
Common school indemnity fund
CoUege fundr -.
Public builduig fund
Greor couiitv.-section 13 fund
Greer ceAnity, section 33 fund
Not Dishonorable Discharge .
modifies the Jirst reiHirt given out. lb
states that the men composing the bnl-
talion were not -given a dishonorable
discharge, but tliey were simply dis
charged without Jionor, anil this wil'
not prevent the n-enlitment of the
'lion who are able to show that they
pver not tho offenders-.
This statement of the secretary of war
dies not sliow that some of the men
have been reservwllr'.'TT nnMl Xr1"'
lint t iln.i.i L ( tl.t !.. & . :..
,. ,"" -:- ";
iiieir oirnier Maiuuiif mere
denying tho fact that a battalion of sol
dier, which has anion c its numbers.
iy. a half dozen criminals is" not of
-any value to the Ltovernment. They
sire really d-ni'crout if their comrades
"ire to refuse , ghe evidence again-t
f them. All nf this is oouepili-d. but at
the same tiaio the American sencc of
fair play revolts at i'io idea of punish
ment or iniMK-ent men with the guilty
The people who are jroteting do not
desire to eeiisiire President R'Kisevelt
jbuttbeyilo demand. an ii.vestigitiou
that will exonerate L iiocent Ii
is iiiuivvuuiitablg t.iut the otrWer
)Kuld nor lie able to-liow that at las
some of the Jiien were not ' engaged in
tho shooting, Wichita Kagle.
Lovely Calenders .
The business jeople of Heaver hare
re dieted much credit upon themselves
litis season by jxing to their itron
tht In'St line of "jalrMders ever offered
h"i Maiy x-fuuac and expeusirt
dej n-j ,ire Jj nra.
Upon recommendation of Warden
.Tewett of the Kansas State peniten
tiary, pardons were issued and citizen
ship restored to the following by Gov-
' nmr Fraiitz:
inheld McGimiis, Heaver county,
who on September 21, IPOo, w.is sen
tenced to four years for burglary. To
be relea-ed January 25, 1907.
Alton Krite, Reaver county, sen
tenced to four years for burglary.
T. O. James has resigned as county
commissioner of the 3rd district and
(). S .lent, of Guymon. has been ap
pointed to till the vacancy.
Mr 'James has made a gixwl oflicial
during his term and has conscientious
ly looked after the welfare of the in
terests intrusted t his care.
We are nil personally acquainted
with his successor. Mr .lent, but have
ever reason to think that he will till
that position with much credit to him
self and to the interest! of the county.
Weds Texas Bride.
Leonard Dodon returned frini a
business (?) trip to Texas this week
bringing with him one of the fair
dameN of the Lone Star State, as his
His many friends here and on th
North Flat extend congratulations.
New iMeat Market .
KNewhere in this isue will be found
the advertiseni'Mit of the New Meat
Market, of which A. F. R ck is pro
prietorand Mr Stranathan, manager.
The new market i attractive in ap
pearance with everything neat and
clean and the man-icer inform us that
he exKcts t icouJuct an to the
moment shop, .
The ureatest of all new-papers is the
Daily OlolK.IVinoorat. of St. Iiuis.
It has no iial or rival in all the west
and uuglil to Ite in the hands of every
reader of any daily pavr It cists, by
mail. Mstam pn-pjtid daily iii"lu line
.-"unday, one year. .01; 6 m uiths.
S.i";3 months. XS; Jl.iily without
Sunday. on- year, $4.fO; months.
2.ft): in inth. II 01; Sun Iny. edition
a big uo-spster and mvizine com
oined, 4? to 7rt pages every Sunday,
meyear. 12.0); 6 months. $1 to. i,
Mibsoripti n for th JloN-fieni orat.
it the?e prices i the le-t po-ible
new.-paKr investment Send y-iur or
ler today or write for fre -ample
py to lob Printini; Cm ijny. St
ouis, I. Se -KI loii.i n " .
ampaign offer of th "T.vr-t-U' '-V
sue ot me .iutus-ti "n-rit. tw i year
or JUS, elsewhere in this ;aer
The OkI hotnin thinks the president '
oige " too long There were so
nany pxid thing to sty you kn w it
lake mi-iy iri-l m il nil nlmit t"i
prostH'nty under republtiHn Ipolme!
of Liberal, Kansas, J. E. George will pay
highest market price for YOUR WHEAT.
1 will sell you groceries at a price thai is right, and goods that
are good. A fine line of everything good to eat, a
large consignment of fruits and vegetables
Sole distributer of that famous brand of
flour, ENN'S BEST
J R. Bolin, Robt. Hall, O C. Armstrong.
Coal, Pests and Wire
Eclipse Wind Mills
Lincoln Paints & oils.
Carter Tracy Hardware Co.
Having .iust received two carloads of wagons',
buggies and implements, vc can sup- "
ply your needs.
Grand Detour And Bain Wagons
Anchor Buggies and Spring Wagons
Superior and 'Th on as fry in Trills
Sampson and Eclijse Wind Mills-
Iuns, Pipe and Casing.
Come and see
OUR KAFFIR CORN HFADERS
A new supply cf binder twine
and broom corn wire
A full E-wvly cf evoiv 1hdnp needc d for
fall aiid you won' t be disappointed when
coming to town to trade.
J. W. WEBB, President. JAMES BARE, Vict-Pmiient
FRANK LAUGHRIN, Cashier. F. C. TRACT, Asst. Cashitr.
MAUDE 0. THOMAS, Secretary.
THE .BM OF BEAUEA CITY,
Capital Sine:, $10,000,
in kkcto US
James Bare, F, C, Tracu, J. W. WEBB.
Frank Lauohrin s. A. Lauohrin
R. H, Loofbourrow Maude 0. Thomas
EiER 6UIRTES ETENIDED
a?WE NATIONAL ItlOEIii.l
-"J C T . r
S. D. ADAAIS, Prop.
v -re- 'ftv- va- -ro- -vjicr ?c-
NEW MEAT MARKET
' harr owned up a meat market in the irst building
, north of Jl'iite House hotel where ire will endenmr to
furmsli the rem orsl there
hresn and baited Meats,
. l.r. ",
is to be had in the
lie mil also pay
Furs and Hides.
' F. Rqcx