HE EOPLE'S JOUR L
0 4 PICKENS,. S. C., THURSDAY MAY 31, 1894.
R ROBERT KIlRKEY,
Physician and Surgeon,
hie. 0t lins re-rsidnace.\l~ttn -- ree-.
March 8, 1894
1-. 0. BowBN. L. E. CuIrDBE8s.
OWEN & CHILDRESS,
Attor neys at Law,
Pickens. S. C.
i. J. W. NORWOO), Dentist. Dr.
WLW M. N. iwooD, Assistant Office,
883 Main 8truct, Greenville, S. C.
Jan. 9, '92 y
DR. J. P. CARLISLE, Dentist Gren
ville, S. C. 01lice over Addison &
McGee's Drug Store.
J. S. COTHRAN,
G. G. WELs, Greenville, S C.
M. IF. ANSIM,
T. P. CoTintAN,l pcenS p
C L. HOLLUNSWorTH, Pickens, S. C.,
Have associated themlvesnh together fop
the practice of law in its various branches,
and will give careful attention to all busir
ness undertaken by themli.
Loans and discounts negotiated.
May 1, 1894.
The Exchange Hotel,
GREENVILLE, S. C.
C. W. HENDERSON, Proprietor.
Mloaern Improvements Large Rnoms.
Special attention to Commercial Travel an
Tourists. Table Fare Unsurpassed.
Fine Climate the year round. Ap. 7, 9'2
J. E. IIAGOOD, J. L. THIORNLEY, Jn
L. C. THORNLEY.
HAGOOD & THORNLEY BROS.,
Liery, Joel, ie I Zialnie gtablg,
Easley and Picktns, 8. c..
Carriages, Buggies. and Saddle Horses, at
- reasonable rates.
X" Your patronage solicited.
ABE CLARK. GEO. E. COOPER.
Clark & Cooper,
W'alIIQ ad Draite Mounti,
TOMBSTONES, of every description
Also. MANTELS, s'TAUARY, VASS
and Wrought Iron FENCING, Greenville,
8. C. Sept. 19, '91.
If you want the finest PICTURES made
in the State, go to
113 McBee Aveune Grcenville, S. C
SW Crayon Portraits a specialty
Having an experience of lifteen years
in treating all diseases of cattle, and
having made the disease of Murrian, in
all of its forms, a specialtb , I offer my
services to the public. Will trait cattle
suffering with any ordinary disoaes.
11. P. GRIFFIN.
Feb. 1-1y- Pickens, A. C.
Furnished on 15 days test Trial when
he proper cont ract is signed.
if yout vant an organ of Reputtiol
Buy the Carpenter Organ.
LOW I ' PlVtICEFS VOlt CA-4l,
W. J. B. STILES.
Nov 9, 93
YEches, Diawouds & Joelry,
GREENVILLE, S. C.
REPAIRING A 8PECIAL.TY.
E now have for inspecti'mi the most
WVcomplete line of MILLINERY, DRESS
G00DS, NOTIONS AND LATEST NOVELTIES
ofth renk tselected in person in thme
45 Coffee Street,
Greenville, 8. C, Mfay ra Hous.
Has just opfono d l latlest stylos of
SpriNg aNd Svmr Milnery
A t tho lowest possiblo prices.
Main Streot, Groonvillo, S. C.
April 19, 1894.
co'sts only, *2.00 por 100 squaro feet,
Makes a good roof for years, and ally
one can put it on.
GUM - IiLASTIC PAINT1 cost only 60
cents per gal. in' bbl. lots, or $4.50
for 5 -gal. tubs. Color (lark red.
Will stop leaks in till or iron roofs,
andl will lamst for years. 'ray I'T.
Send stamps for samples, and full
GUM ELASTIC ROOFING 00,,
SD & 41 West Broadway, NEW YORK.
LOCAL AGENTs WANTED.
Feb. 8 1894.-6m.
Use Drown's firn HItr.
Physiciana recommend It.
Al .ele."e.I.: SI.'O pe bt.. '.Genuine
A. K. PARK.
DRY 00008 AND SOE8,
16 PENDLETON STREET,
oEENV1LLE, S. U.
Although our spring Sales have been
far above our expectation, we have
not allowed our stock, as yet, to suf
fer bioaks in any department, but
are still receiving new goods in al
most every line.
Oxford Ties. Our only trouble in
these goods have been getting then
fast enough to meet the demand. A
large and choice assortment of Black
and' Tan Oxfords arrived Friday.
Qualities better, styles newer, prices
lower than any previous offers.
Hess & Bro., E. - Banister's Hand
Sewed nan's $0.00 shoes at $4.00.
Chas. Hieisor's man's 11and-Sewed
$6.00 shoes at $3.75.
Lonsdale Cambric (no remnants but
best goods sold off the bolt) at 10
Yard Wide Fruit of thC Loom (not
7-8 or quantity restricted) at 7
40 inch Curtain Serim at, 5 cenk.
40 inch Silkaline, beauitifuil qual
ity at 10.
Very Sheer Satin Striped Lawns
in White, Cream and Cenary at 1.0
Ladies Swiss Ribbed and Lisle
Thread Undervests, exceptional val
ues 8 to 33 conts.
Nice Quality Men's Balbrigan I'n
dervests at 25 cents. .
Fans from 1 centlto-$,.00.
May 30th, 1894.
out of employment, or in -
a position that you do not
like? Possibly the solic-.
iting of Life Insurance is".
your special forte. Many i
:people have, after trial, j
!been surprised at their:i
Efitness for it. To all such
!it has proved a most cou- i
Sgenial and profitable occu- i
Spation. The Managemient:i
~in the Department of the -
jCarolinas, desires to add
i to its force, ,some agenits
i of character and ability. -
i Write for information.
i W. J. Roddey, Manager,
:Rock 11ill, 5. C.
wUFOR_ A CASE IT WIL.Li NO
An agroeablo Laxative and NERvE NO
Bold by ruggists or sent by mail. 250.,5We.
Bud $10 per package. Samples freeo.
Unptain Sweeney, U.s-A., Ran Diego, Ca.1
says: "8lhilh's Catarrhliiteily is tio' irsa.
medicino I havo over found~ t hat woldc do me10
any good." P'rico 50 c(.a. Sid by D~ruggiat3,
Peal lotcreft .IF roConmn p tin it nie
To in atton adfranetc.wi,,
t~oplt y anotiee given troo o Eargo
HOW GRANT BECAME A SMOKER. ,
An Incl~dent That Caused the General to Be
Overwhelmied With Cigar.
"My father, " said Colonel Grant,
"tried to sm'oko while at West Point,
but only because it was against the reg
ulations, and thou ho didn't succced '
very well at it. He really got; the habit
'rom smoking light cigars and cigarettes
during (ho Mexican, war, but it wasn't
a fixed habit. When ho left the army
and lived in the country, ho smoked a
pipe-not incessantly. I don't think
that ho was very fond of tobacco then,
and really there was always a popular i
misconeoption of tho amount of his
smoking. But he went on as a light
smoker, a casual smoker, until the day 1
of the fall of Fort Donelson. Then tho a1
gunboats having been worsted some- 0
what, and Admiral Foote having been
wounded, ho sont ashore for my father I
to como and seo him. Father went o
a.board, and the admiral, as is custom- '
ary, had his cigars passed. My fathor 1
took one and was smoking it when ho I
went ashore. There he was met by a
stafY officer, who told him that thero 1
was a sortie, and the right wing had
been struck and smashed in. Thon my
father started for the scene of opera- I
'dons. He let his cigar go out naturally,
but hold it between his fingers. lie rodo t
hither and yon, giving orders and direc- t
tions, still with the cigar stump in his o
hand. . 1;
"The result of his'exertions was that a
Fort Donelsou fell after he sent his mes- 1:
sage of 'unconditional surrender,' and
'I proposo to movo immediately upon i
your works.' With the messago wvas
sent all over the country the news that a
Grant was smoking throughout the bat- 0
tle when he only had carried this stump b
from Foote's flagship. But; the cigars I
began to come in from all over the Un- t
ion. He had 11,000 cigars on hand in a 0
very short time. He gave away all ho g
could, but he was so surrounded with P
cigars that he got to smoking them reg- I
ularly, but ho nover smoked as much as f
he seemed to smoke. He would light a P
cigar after breakfast and let it go out, 0
and then light it again, and then again 11
let it go out and light it, so that the s
one cigar would last until lunchtime. " 1
-From an Interview With Colonel I
Frederick D. Grant About His Father 8
in McCluro's Magazine.
A Gotham Inident. s
A sceno that attracted a crowd o
curredl in the Bowery very early one
morning. A girl not over 20 years old,
many of whose natural beauties of face 0
could be distinguished through her c
tears, Fat on. a doorstep of a saloon. Sho
-was well dressed. A group stood watch- t
ing her, and while some' of them in- 0
quirod sympathetically wvhy she seemed
so distressed a young miss wearing.the 1
eustoiury pok l)honiet of the Salvation
Army edged her way through the
Ire wd, and catchiming sight of the way
ward girl vent up to her. Tho Salva
tionist, resting upon one knee on the
stone step, throw'hor right arm over the
shoulder of the weeping girl, and tak
ing her by the hand drew her closo to
her and began talking to her earnestly
fin a tone too low to be heard by the by
standers. The itmost quiet prevailed,
although the crowd soon numbered sov
oral hundred. After a little while the
girl was noticed to have ceased crying.
She brightened up, and the blinding
moisture disappeared fromt her eyes. A
smile.took the place of the drawnt look '
on her face, and sie clung closely to her
comforter. She finally arose, embraced 1
the Salvationist warmly, and they both
started up toward Third avenue, the
arm of the Salvation Army lass in
twined around the waist of her appar
ently reclaimied sister. The crowd si
lently dispersed.--Now York Suni.
Enmgish Hlome.s and Arnmrean. Y
On entering an Englishman's house til
the first thing one notices is how well c'
his houso5( is adapted to him. On enter- bl
ing an American's house the first thing d
01n0 notices is how weoll lie adapts him
self to his house. In -England the estab- 9
lishmient is carried on wvith a primio view c
to the comfort of the man. In America M
the establishnieuit is carried on with a P
prime view to the comfort of the wom- 0
anm. Men are more selfish than wocimen;
conseqently the English home is, as a 01
rule, imre coumfortable than the Ami- 7
canl home. d
'An Enigl.ishiman is continually going s1
home; an Amecricani is continally going ti
to business. One is forever planning t
and scheming to get home, and to stay 0
home, and~ to enjoy the privileges of
homeit, while the ether is more apt to a
devote his energies to make his business V
a plaice to go to and in which to sponid a
himself. These minor details of deomes- C
tic life put their implress5 upon larger ~
matters of business and politics.--Price y
Collier in Forum.
A swallow flewv downt and plucked a li
small pice of wool from the back of a I.
sheep. Tiho sheop was very indignant c
aind den~ouncedl the swallowv in scathing I.
"'Why do you make such a fuss?'' o
asked the swallow. "'You niever say
anyt hing wheni the shepherd takes all pI
the wool y'ou hamvo on1 your hack. "' y
'"hat 's a different thing entirely, "' s
replied the sheep. "'If you know how to
take any wool without hurting moemam sj
the shepherd does, I would not object t<
This fable is merely intended to ex
plin why millions cain hec stnhin wi th
iimunity, while thme thef.t oif a pir~ of f;
botIs ar a loatf of breadu~ is punmished ti
wi; hi such l merity . -Texas Siftinigs, c4
(ouiek Tr''zan41. i
"Did yer' 'ver~ stopi ter thuink,"' said it
Meiandering Mlike, " 'bout this world's 01
turn ingt. onm it s axis once eve'ry 2.1 hours?" n
"Ct ourse I have, '" said Plouddiung Pete.
"'it's miighty fast travel, so fast thot ii
it don't seem wuth while tryin ter im- si
provo on it. Er feller that ain't content- ti
0(1 ter jes' sit down an slide with thme o
earth at that rate of speed is so (log- g
goned hard ten satisfy that his opinion a
ain't wuth list'nin to nohow. "--Wash- S
ingtoni Star. ., c
The riumber of cigar factorica
inI the United States is placed at a
a little more thlan 83,0Q% <d
M.HE INDIAN EMWJ?RE.
NTERESTING COMMENTS BY AN OB
'he Past and Future of a Great Country
and Reinarkablo rcople-Mado Poor by
the Spoliation of Foreigners - English
Language Coning Into General Uso.
We have traveled more than 2,500
iles in India, have seen its grandest
enery, its largest and 1ost interest
ig cities, its most fertile and some of
ts desert regions. We have found in
)elhi, Agra, Benares, Aibur and Ah
Madabad the boat examples of inludoo
iid Mohammedan architecture. Of
ourso thero is much we have not soon.
'ho Dravidical temples of the south of
ndia, remarkablo for their sizo and
laborato decorations, boat illustrated at
'anjore and Madura, we can only judge
y small specimens soon at Madras and
'ondichorry. The wonderful cave tem
les at Ellora, Ajunta and niany other
laces we have got a fair conception of
rom that of Elophanta. One could
pend years exploring India without ex
austing its layers of civilization. Wo
avo endeavored to intelligently study,
y observation and reading en route,
lie ethnology, sociology and theology
f the countiry. We have missed no op
ortunity to talk with British officials
nd educated natives. We bavo looked
ito the work of the missionaries and
omo to the conclusion that they are do
ig i great deal of good, though not ex.
otly in the way it is popularly under
:ood at home. I think I may say-that
ur travels in India have materially
roadened our views of Asiatic history.
speeially have we been impressed with
ic spectacle of an empire of 240,000,
00 people of different races -and reli
ions, governed by a handful of Euro
cans, and in the main well governed,
'ith a largo measure of liberty, as per
,ct protection of life and property as is
rovided in the most civilized countries
f Europe and increasing means of ed
cation. The universities and colleges
:attered over India are turning ou't an
ually thousands of educated natives.
t is a curious fact that the Indian who
peaks English speaks it without accent
nd rather better tlimi the averago of
:nglishi or Americans. Nearly all of tho
:hools above the primary grade teach
nglish, and in the majority of thon it
the imediuni of eduantion. More than
alf of the native news4papers and peri
dlicals, which are numerouis anl well
miducted, are printed in English.
I do not think it a wild prediction
hat English will hoe-esseniially the Im
unago of India a hundred years hence.
t is curious to contemplate what will
>o the political result of tho education
if the Indian people. Will they be con.
ent, especially those of the Aryan race,
apablo of high development, with thu
lhadow of a government which is some
imies driven to its wits' ends with iti
wn domestic problems, in a group o
ittlo islands 5, 000 miles away? For th<
)resent I (an scareoly conceive of r
p'entor enlai ty for India than the fail
tre of Great Britain to hold and govern
lie country. It would bo the signal for
narchy, which would entail the destruc
ion of the people and seriously obstruct
lie onward march of human progress.
India is a poor country. Its fabulous
mealth has been carried off by conquer
rs or gathered into colossal fortunes
y the few rich. The great body of the
cople are miserably poor. Thuey barely
eep body and soul together and do not
tor ump any vital fore to resist (disease.
'he failure of one crop entails wide
pread distress. The failure of two in
iccession means fain o for mill ions.
ho government is doing something to
uprovo the conditions. In the last five
earis canals have beeun built, increasing
io are~a under irrigation about 25 Per
mt Iow much advantage thme tiller of
10 soil gets from these improvements I
) not know. The government costs too
Luchl, and the people are taxed to the
mit of endurance. The British India
vil service is called the best in the
'eld. It is undoubtedly thn most ex
maive. it costs 211,000,000 ($5b5,
)0,000) a year. Tihe civil servant
rves in various capacities, from ai
ork to ai lieutenant governor, for 25
mars, four of which are given for holi
lys, and~ retires wvith ai minimum pen
on of ?1, 000 per annumn. The cost of all
his comles out of thle inudiani people, arnd
moir supeorsti t ions and cuustomsa rob them
Sa part of what is left.
There are grave p~rrblems inI India
ad more to come, and~ to solve thiem
'Ill require all the t alenit which can bo
acured. It is doubtful whether the mier
kmuts of London, the mnanufacturers of
[anichester or the hereditary aristocrats
'ho are sent to held vice regal courts in
'aleutta will solve thremu in the interest
f the people of India, who are today
bout the poorest fed, clothed and
oused pe~ople on earth, Vet I canmnot
ut think that theso people aro capablie
f groat things ini the future if they can
o properly niourishod and1( educated1.
'heir bright, distincetly Aryan faices look
ut appealingly thrrough su rroundingsn
C squalor and1( superstition and give
romniso of high developmenit unmder fa
oraiblo conit~iIions. ]ndeed'45 we see
)l&JIdidl spcuiimen~s of manlih~ood amnonig
wm11 todany, and( I heir giraeful courtesy
nuines our rudor numnlers. -Cor. lies
Dry toast should be served directly
onm tile toaster. When this is not prae
cal, Il It on a heated bread lafte,
>vern it with a rnaulkini and put it on
uo heart hi or in the oven. Toast is given
all slight, aittaceks of siecknessu because
is soi easily digested. The more thor
*ghu the (cunversiohn of ther starch the
oro easi ly and pt-infectlhy the systemu
ill ma~IInage it, for the change of starch
ito de'xtino by tihe action of heat is
niply docing (outside of thed body what
dkes place ini it, ini the ordinar~iy course
f dlige'stion, by the actioni of the (di
es8tive fluidS. There'fore whein this Is
ccompliished by art i fiial means nature
1 spared soe miuch energy. --Philadel
Theo p)oplar hoelief that May is
ni unlucky month for marriagos
atinn frnm Rnman.imolles
CLEMSON COLLEGE BURNED.
TUE HANDSOME MAIN BUILDING
DESTROYED BY FIRE.
Early Tuesday morning The
Register received a telegram stat.
ing that tho main building of
Clemson college had boon destroy.
Tho information was immedi
ately posted upon The Register's
bulletin board and from it the
news sproad throughout the city.
Tiolograis wore sont to Governor
Tillman and other officials, giving
I homn the startling news.
Expressions of sorrow could bo
hoard on ovory side. Clemson Col
lego has won a firm place in tlii
hearts of all citizens of South Car
olinla, not excepting those who
were at first its enemies. There
was no break in the general ox
prossion of sorrow at the destruc
tion of the magnificent main
building of the collogo at Fort
[Mill. Fr6m one and all camo ex
pression of the hopo that the work
of the college would not bo inter
forod by the disaster.
In thOe afternoon The Register
recoivod the following tologram
fron President Craighead:
Calhoun, Mayg 22.-Firo was
discovered in the museum on the
third floor about 4 a. m. The
mnuseun was filled with the Augus
ta exhibit and contained much
combustible material. Every ef
fort was mado to extinguish the
fire but to no purpose. The fire
company did hereic work and
saved the chapol adjoining the
main building. The dormitory
was not injurod at all. The cause
of the fire is unknown. A corner
of the mnuseuim was used for a reci
tation room. The building cost
$65,000. It was insured for $20,.
000. Many believes tho fire tc
ho tho work of an incondiary, Th(
houses of profeseors and other col.
logo buildings will be used as roci
tation rooms. Everything is quio
hero and there is no reason for an:
boys to go hemo. No one hurl
(Signed) E. B. CRAIGHEAD.
From another sourco the follow
ing account of the firo was obtain,
Charloston, S. C., May 22.-Fire
at Clemson College was discovered
about 4:30 this morning in the
third story of the main college
building. At first in did not ap
poar very largo, but soon made
great headway, enveloping the
whole building. The cadets wer
promp~tly awakened and formed
into a bucket brigade. Three lines
of hose wore turned on, but it was
soon apparent that the building
was dloomed. All offorts were di
rectedl to saving the chapel, which
joins the college, and the dormnito
rios just opposite. There was no
windi andl a slight rain had fallen.
The dormitory escaped, but the
chapel was sligntly injured. Some
things wore saved from the first
and second stories, and every
thing of valum, in the secretary and
treasurer's ollico was saved. Many
books in the library and reading
rooms were burned. The loss is
ostimauted at $50,000; insurance,
$20,000. The fire is supposed to
lbt the wvork of an incendiary. An
investigation will follow. Clasa
rooms will he fitted up at once in
the nowv mechanical hall, in the
chemistry building and other avail
able rooms and the college exor
cise will be resumed immediately.
The Board of Trustees have been
summoned by wvire to meet on the
25th instant. Until then, it is not
kno1wn) when I ho work of rebuild
ing wvill conmnence. A scant in
spectioni only has beon made of the
bild mug, but it will probably have
to he rebu.il t enti rely. The casual
ties to the cadlets wore slight, the
most serious being to J. E. Brog
doCn, who sp~rainod his anklo.
Credit is (1u1 the endo1ts and em
ployoos for their great efforts to
save the property.
Tfhe main building was a hand
some three-story brick building.
In it were located the class rooms,
the. library, the museum arid the
offico of the secretary and treasu
ror. The chapel adjoined it to the
East. It must have taken hard
work to save it. The large dormi..
tories are North of the main build
ing and about fifty yards from it.
The other buildings on the grounds
are at seine distance from the
Governor Tlllman was in Rook
Hill yesterday. He returned to
the city at an early hour this morn-.
May 21st, 1894.
There is some misunderstand.
ing with regard to the action of
the business committee of Nine
Forks Church in what was publish
od. Evory action must have a
causo, and the first part of their
report was made by the chairman
of the Business Connittoo of Nine
Forks Church, showiug the cause.
The report bogins at the words,
"wo the business comnnitto of
Nino Forks Church, ote." J. A.
Robinson was not present when
the report was adopted by the
Church, the first report was roject
ed, and the second one is the one
publiseod. By an action of Cross
Roads Church they have appoint
od a committoo to roply, to lot
theni reply. Wo will reply too.
It is claimed by some of their
members that our action was illo
gal. Was it logal for them to jerk
up a poor fathorloss girl, who is
working to keep her old mother
up, who is now sovonty years old,
and on the testimony of ono wit
noss, dating his chargo back sovon
years, and a very sorry witness at
that, and excludos her.
The b i hb1 e . says that in the
mouths of two or three witnesses
every word shall be established
But they say it was not legal for
members of other churches to sit
in council. Was it. legal for their
witnesses to volunteer and walk
live or six miles to give testimony?
Was it legal for their members to
go to Griffin church-was that le
gal? On the first Saturday in
May there was )eoplO from the
surrounding churches prosent and
from their membors we took sovon
ten to sit wi'th us in council, and
they dono it, and the report shows
wvho they was. Now, if' the peoplo
want to hoar it again, tho action
of couincil was basod ol sworn (vi
donico, and wo intend to do right
by our ministors and stand by
b them and all our mombers--a(
wO mean they shall all have juw
tice. J. P. ROBINSON,
Chairman of the Coin ittoo,
(For the Journal.
As I havo soon nothing in
your paper as to the demands of
the alliance concernmg the own
orship or control of public trans
portation I will write a little on
that lino for informa tiongiving the
facts as I have gatherod them.
Aloxandor 11. Stophons, of Georgia,
during tho latter years of his life,
predicted that if the peop1)1 of this
county ever camo to undlorstand the
injustice of the trosont financial
system thore would be the greatest
revolution the world has soon) sincoe
the crusados. In the tremendous op
pressiveness of the system the chief
factor of cruelty, groodl, corruption,
andl robbery is the corporation.
Judge Blandford, late of the Su
promo court of Georgia, saidl that
whenever half a dozon mon) made
up their mnindsl to swindl() somno
body they always went and incor
porate~d th mosolvoes. Tholi corpora
tion is a convenient cloak for the
rascality of the individual, it is al
so his protection, his share in the
profits has no limits save the
amount of the profits, while his
share of the losses is confined to
the stock he subcribes for, besides
he escapes mndividual odium. When
Jones steals a horse Jones must
face the music, but when a cor
poration composed of Jones and
thirty-nine others steals a rail.
road the corporation gets the
money, cuseing the corporation
dIosen't hurt Jones. It is like
fighting aL man's coat while the
man. is a milo off. These cor~
porations are thme feudall garons
of this century. Their (directors
live in lordly laces and castles.
Their yachts are on the sea.
Their p a r lo r cars on the
rails. They spread feasts that
would feed a t a r vin'g fac
tory town. Tihey throw away
on their directors of a ball room
enough to clothe the children of
a city. They keep bands of
mialitia to do their fighting. In
Pensylvania it is called the coal,
and iron police. In New York
and Illinois It Is called the Pmn
kerton's Detective Agency, at
the word of command the hire
ling assassins shoot down men,
women and children. Time and
again they 'have wai4n tha
streets run red with the blood of
innocent people are the murderw
eralnever punished,they are epir.
ted away on trains. Not only
do the corporations keep armed
retainers, they keep oily and
servile courtiers to do their bid
ding in other walks of life, their
paid lobby bribes the voter, their
paid editor feeds the public with
liers, their corrupt lawyers and
judges peddle out justice to the
highest bidder, their attorneys
go on the bench or into senate
to vote the will of their masters.
The ambitious young man,
their power is so terribly great,
the pulpit fears them. For the
plush-covered pow is the seat of
the milionaire, the pew over
awes the sacred dosk, they can
close up a magnificent natural
harbor like PortRoyal,on the Car
olina coast and keep it closed,
they can compel congress to givo
them millions of the taxes of the
people to prepare them an infe
rior harbor at another place at
few miles distant like Savannah,
they can destroy a city by a
change of freight rates, they can
steal my land under the law of
They can violate the law without
foar, as they do evory State in the
union. They are kings more cru
el than the Cwsars, marauders,
more sapacious than tho spanish
pizarros and Alvorados, conspira
tors more subtle in their designs
than the Bargias or Catalinos; cor
rupti onlist, more systematic, cold
bloodod and unscrupulous than
tho minions of the basest monarchs
ihat ever sat on a thone, combina
tion among thom have locked up
l'or gambling puriposs tho treasur
e'rs of t110 1m1111ose coal fie(s, minor
r-al disposits, tiiber lands, oil
w'l Is, gas wells, and kopt the bon
ofit nwy fron ) the public at large.
Tie markets of the world have
boon (cluthelid by tho throat, in vi
olation of law, and the price of
overyconinodity takeni vay from
compotition and givol to the trust,
small doalers overywhero in overy
thing, oxist at, the pleasure of the
largo doaler. 'Tho individual sinks
boforo the corporation. Tho ian
goos (low under the blows of the
"ring" money, combined monoy,
unprinciplod, law-piotected mo
noy, dominatos the stroot, the mar
kot, the court, the church, the Iv
gislaturo, the editorial room), the
Stato, the school-room, tih hnom.
Verily, verily, the rottenocss of
the latter (lays of Romeo of the
latter dlays of the French Mlonar
chiyis upon01 us. The quiestioni is,
do(es0 society coni th~ 1.1 e oods of
its own rodemption? Ar thoso
true men and true women oniough
to overturn and rebuild? To il
lustrate one of the ways in which
corpiorations victimize the public j,
lot us consider some examples of
watering stock. In 1869 the
Newv York Central and the Hudson
river railroad consolidated. Their
capital was . $45,000,000. They at
once watered it up to $90,000,000,
a clear steal of $45,000,000. Since
that time more "watered" has been
put in and the capitalization is
now $146,000,000 of this sum $110,
000,000 is fictitious. It exists by
virtue-of pen, ink, paper and ras
cality. It existe again by reason'
of the fact that the peoplo0 can he
made to submit to almost any
thing. No wv o n d e r Vanderbilt
scornfully said, "The public be,
damned." The Erie railroad is
just as bad. Its real capitalization
should be $65,000,000, but it has
boon watered up ito $160,601,000,
a steoal of nearly $100,000,000. On
these watereod stocks the public is
comipolled to pay dividends. La.
borers on the road have their wa
ges cut. down, and shippers have
their freight charges run up in or
der' that these enormous blocks of
fictitious stock shall yield an in..
come,.and thus have a value on
the market. To showv how far
reaching is the leprosy of this dis
honesty I state that when the
Richmond Terminal bandits got
hold of the Central railroads of'
Georgia, they. promptly watered
the concern to the tune, of $16,000,
000. The people pay the fiddlor.
The railroads of the United States
costs some $4,000,000. They were
built by donations of land. and
money and credit. The publ ic
(To be CQo1Uo4ge.og~ yeond page.g'
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