H1. PIE J R 1 N
Vol_________ C. THURSDAY, JANUARY 17,18..No.
All th choie st fabrics and
newest styles known to the
fashion world, are now display
83, Main St. Greenville, S. C.
These garments are the finest spocinmns of the taioriing
art and without exception the most tastefully--made good'
ever shown in Greenville,
Is it not to your interest to buy where you can combine
style quality and economy? This can be done at
IL -1 END " ftL0
83, Main, St, Greenville, S. C.
We are stoc'ied from Cellar
to Garritt with every thing
known to t.e 1o,4)( g trady
and at such prices las will sur
prise eveni th pa ;ser..by.
LOOK I CONIDER E
250 Suits at $6.50 Worth $10.00
350 " " 7.5'0 " 11.00
250 " " 8.50 " 12.50
175 '- " 12.00 " 16.50
275 " " 15.50 " 20.06
300 " ' 16.50 " ' 25.00
A full line of Boys land Childrens Shirts at the same
And as for Overcoats, and Rub~bers. "McIntosh" Coats,
we can compete with the world, in both styles, colors and
[lLiilTHESE GOODS Must be sold at once Regard
less of profit. Be sure to call at 83 Main Street, beforc
83 Main Street,
November, 1-941. GREENVILLE, S. C
(Sueccessor to Bates & lFerguson,])
S$pec i~ A Agnr o a us Uoes 1Iegant
Vehicles, Kentucky W a g o n Manufacturina
Co's "Old Hickory Wagons," the Pope Manu
facturing Co' Columbia Bicycles.
L-argcst Bii5, Yfa(OD and r~gs Ha8 11 l~e State.
Ureenyille, 8. V.
g ned t cr e a tIOVu (tef DY
b oerJoed enoY~ o ~ iiL ~ ,lih rl .,i ~A~iOy ~ ' of I r ctwed
I . ROBERT KIRKSEY,
Phsician and Surgeon
O 1i t 1 Mainiltreon
11. 0. BoWECN- .E .L~s
1OWEN & CHIILDRESS,
Attorneys at Law,
Oct. 5, 1893. Pickens, S. C,
DR. J. W. NORWOOD, Dentist, Dr
W. Ml. N<.nwoon, Assistant. Officol
885 Main Street, Greenville, S. 0.
Jan. 9, '92 y
JP. CARLISLE, Dentist Green.
ville, S. C. Office over Addison &
McGee's Drug Store.
DR. W. F. AUSTIN,
sENECA, S. C.
Will be at Central the 2nd, week and at
Pickens the 3rd. week In each ionth.
Autgust 23rd. 1894
DR. JBYJ Rs
PRACTICAL AND SCIENTIFIC
20 years experience. Graduate from first
Schools- under patronage of highest Medi
cal authority, makes an(I properly adjusts
any style Spectacles. Oilce over Dr. Ad
dison's Drug Store, Greenville, S. C.
June 28, 1894.
1. B0. IIAGOOD, J. Lj. THORNLEY, Jn%
L. C. THORNLEY.
HAGOOD & THORNLEY BROS.,
Livery, reed, Sale & Icha[o Stables,
Easley and Piokens, S. C..
Carriages, Buggies. and Saddle Horses, at
.iy" Your patronage solicited.
.A tE CLA R K. GEO. E. COOPER
Clark & Cooper,
Marble 2nd ranite Monuments,
M*0:ai BGSTON '3, of .:very description
Also. MANTErBS, SI'ATUARY, VASES
iand Wrought Iron FENCING, Greenville,
S. 0. Sept. 19, '91.
If you wn t the jinesL PIUTURES made
in the State, go lo
11:1 Mecoe Aveune Greenville, S. C
& Crayon Portrraits a specialty
Mltchos, iamodlls & Jewelly,
GREENVILLE, S. C.
REPAIRING A SPEOIALTY.,
IHas just opened all latest styleB of
At the lowest possible prices.
Main Stroot, Greenvillo, S. C.
A pril .19, 1894.
I NOW HAVE TWO GOOD
TWVO 1HI. RSE FARMS, for
which I want good Tuniants.
C. L. LHoLLINaswonTHf.
Oct, 1, 1894.
means so much more than
you imagine-serious and
fatal diseases result from
trifling ailments neglected.
Don't play with Nature's
1f you, are feelin~
out 6f sorts, wea$
n generally ex
~; cesc from thc
tert. and It's
iim m pk-a.sant to take.
Dyspepsi a, Kidney and Liver
Const, itifonl, Badl Blood
d.ial'irla, Nervous alments
Ge..t . 0 -I c ~ - it h;' crossed red
I'' n. : . n- pp~ r. A it oth'ers "re sub
- . f.' '.. CO. IY.LTI'AORCE. MD.
Are lrbron dou~ n F em 'ove; ttwrk or househ'old
r ess of ' vjou cure moiit I. (Get the genuine.
1K L AND
Everything in Readiness
for Cold Weather Wants.
PRICES I Well here are a few
11 White Blankets, 65c.
All wool Red flannel, 12Jc.
Extra heavy all wool rod twilled
White flannels from 12jc.Bto,
50c., per yard, guaranteed fully
twonty-fivc per cent, under value.
White Canton flannels at 5, 7, 8,
and 10 cents, that are world beat
JEANS I Here we are strictly in
it. Good Jeans at 10 cents and
20 cents, at 25 cents we sell you
the best makes (all wool filling)
of Georgia and Tennessee goods.
Ikens and Ladies plain and rib
bod winter weight under vest, from
25 cents to $2.00.
34 inch Henrietta and Cassi
mere in black and colors at 15c.,
36 inch all wool dress flannel at
54 inch all wool dress flannel at
25 Yards extra heavy Shirting,
21 Yards, yard wide Sea Island,
50 Dozen Childrens Heavy rib
bed Hose, at 5 cents, well worth
Our Shoe stock is just full of
good' things for Babies, Clildron,
Mon and Vonien. The best Ladies
$1.06 Shoes to be had anywhere.
Mail oriers will receive prompt
attention. Call on us at 15 Pen
Nov. 8-94. Greenville, S. C.
Jobbers of CigrS and Tobacco,
GREENVILLE, s. 0.
Now is the time for sowing
field seeds. When you want to
Crimson Clover Seed,
Red Clover Seed,
Kentucky Blue Grass Seeds.
Orchard Grass Seeds,
Silver Ball Onion Seed.
Pompeii Onion Seeds,
Or any other Seeds, go to
And when you want to buy
Coffee, (Seedl-tick, Rio,)
Or anything in the Grocery line,
go to FERGUSON BROS.,
107 Main-st., Greenville.
The management of the
Equitable Life Assurance
Society in the Department of
the Carolinas, wishes to se
cure a few Special Resident
Agents. Thuose who are fitted
for this work wvill find this
It isiwork, however, and those
who succeed best in it possess
character, mature j udgmnent,
tact, perseverance, and the
respect of their community.
Think this inatter over care
fully. There's an unusual
opening for somebody. If it
fits you, it will pay you. Fur
thmer information on request.
W. J. Roddey, Manager,
Rock Hill. S. C.
H Bow It Use Sapplanted tho O0 Ires P
practiao of ineooding.
An important epoch in the career of
Dr. Maillot, a distinguished French Ii
physician, who died in Paris lately at ti
the ago of ninety-nino years, illus- )
trated tho great timidity of medical ve
belence in taking up a new method of u
treatment or abandoning an old one. b<
Dr. Maillot is knoWn to the medical fa
world as the practical introducer into be
French practico of the use of quinine pr
en the treatment of malarial and other an
In 1832, when the French were con- of
ducting a campaign of conquest pu
in Algeria, the mortality among )ni
the troops and colonists there was be
frightful, says Pearson's Weekly. ve:
France was being continually called Wi
upon for fresh levies of men and youths bri
to supply this terrible loss, chiefly I
through fever incidental to the cli- fro
mate and the life the French in Al- get
geria were leading. At that timkio the ren
ractice of bleeding still prevailed. wil
'Bleed them until they are white," was fut
the injunction which Broussals, tho coil
medical master of the Frenclh, gavo to mu
his followers when the condition of the pen
soldier was reported to him. At Bone, per
in one year, out of an effectivo force of his
fifty-five hundred men, eleven hidred cei
died of illness in the hospital. rul
At that timo the effects of suilphate to <
of quinine were known, but few phy- til
sicians ventured to employ it. Maillot vii
had interested iniself in the new T1
remedy, and, going to Ione in the sur
medical service of the government, he ary
resolved to see if it would not reduce ma
the frightful mortality, which was one Wi.
to every three and a half men who en- cia
tored the hospital. A ilrst ho eiii- goo
p loyed the quinine meroly its an id
unct to tho bleeding. lIe soon found
that bleeding was cilling tle mien and ison
that quinine was saving them. Little
by olittle 'ho left off bleeding, to the 11
great scandal of the med0(iiCIl profes- ind
sion. Exactly in proportion as the ity
bleeding coased the deItLhs in the 1108- Foi
pital decreased. In two years the heti
deaths fell off from one in three and a doo
half of all who entered tho hospital to out
one in twenty-six, and finally to one in is c
Maillot quite naturally enough grew )as,
to be the opponent of bleeding, but h0 Kcg
was so ceaselessly villified by muiemhiers nor
of the medical professioI tht ie h0- a
came embittered toward his colleagues. wa
Nearly thirty years pa.sed before Mail- od,
lot saw the coiplete triumph of his thu
ideas. Doctors continued to bleed their wi
patients heartily for all manner of ills. of
But in 1860 Mlaillot was inado coin- fly
mander of the Legion of Honor and mul
chief of the medical staff of the French to ,
army, and his influence, with others, ate
in bringing about a. virtual revolution ter
in the practice of medicine was fully hgi
PEARLS ARE MANUFACTURED. T
And Oysteri foxC 4io Purpose Are Exten- '4
sively Oultltated in Chiioso WVaters. 13
The cultivation of the pearl oyster PI
has for years been carried on with bC
reat success in the bay of Ago, in ca1
Japan, under direction and restriction 11
of governmental supervision. The proc- anl
ess of nature is, however, too slow for na
modern requirements. A Frenhnian ho
has been boring holes in the shells of ab
pearl oysters and introducing therein PN
small glass beads and stopping up the su
holes with coric. In six months lie has
pure surface pearls with a glass founda- F
tion. The nacre of the pearl mollusks No1
varies in color, according to its loca
tion, and almost any color of pearl, as 'j
white, black, pink, or gray, can read- cox
ily be produced by lodging the nucleus sic:
on the appropriato part of the mol- of
husk's body. Thie Chinese are wvonder- Tb
fully expert in the manufacture of to
pearls. They introduce small balls of
earth inside the pearl mussel by very 0
delicately opening the shell and plac- Ir
ing the nuclei under the miouth of the hJi
animal and allowing the shell to closo. ant
This initial process occurs in May or tw
June; the mussels are then deposited Co:
in canals or pools and in November the fum
mollusks arc opened, the pearls re- !tel
moved, holes bored therein, the nuclei ifum
extracted, the hocllowv pearl filled with sti
melted resin and the orifice skillfully ar
filled with mother of pearl. T1heso er
Chinese pearls are flat on the bottom 'car
and are nearly hqmispherical in shape- car
Pearls can be made of almost any d(-0, to:
sired shade or color by chemical means. tio,
The black p earl, for instance, is indcli- Icor~
bly colored ini a bath of nitrate of dil
Pearls being partly of anial sub- but
stance are subject to deterioration and orat
decay, and nione of the famous pecarl~s in
of to-day can be traced back man'y *ro
Duchos and Parrot.
Thie duchess of Buckinghamnshire's,
effigy stands in Westmiinster abbey, It:
magnificently dressed in the splendid
brocaded gown she wore at the corona
tion of George U., just as for many stc
years it stood by the great tomb of her poi
husband. With her is her little son sp<
(who died at the age of three), quiainitly an<
clothed in a long red coat r'eachxing to i mi
his heels. Next to her is the bealutiflul hi4
Mary, duchess of Rtichimmond, kniown as5 a 1.
'"La Belle Stuart,". her liguro dressed da-:
"in the very robe her grace wore at I ab'
the coronation of Queen Anne." She is ij
said to have sat for the figure of Brit- heos
tannia on the coins issued in 16(65. Her wva
faithful parrot, who lived with her for nat
uxpwaLrds of forty years and( wvho dlied of coui
grief a fewv da'ys after the decath of his but
mistress, occupies a porch in the same wh
case andl enjoys the privilege of a rest- me
ing place in Westminster, thme only one j an
of his race so honored. w
Took It for a samuple.
As Biurton, the comedian, was travel
ing on a steamboat down the Hudson, rey
lie seated himself at the table and a
called for some beef steakc. Tihe waiter me
furnished him with a small strip of the me
article, such as travelers are usually
put off wvithi. Tadng it upon his fork 'a
and turning it over and examninin g it to
with one of his pecullar serious looks,
the comedian coolly remarked: "Yes, hie
that's it: brinzr me some." mE
Sir Jno. Thompson's Body 'on Board.
LONDON, December 24.-The cruissi a
Blenhein with Sir John Thompso' at
body, sailed from Portsmouth at SatI mi
*'lock yesterday morning. th
THE DOMINICAL LETTEr?.
Learned Lore on the Ohronology of Cycle
Abstrusoly St Fortl.
Take down your 1804 almanac an<
after wading through celipso tables
rules for finding the greatest elonga
Lion of polaris, tablo of ember days
etc., you will find a double column ol
#our lines ea0h entitled "Chronological
cycles," says an exchange. The first
thing in that table is this; "(1) Domin.
ical or Sunday letter, G." That tells
you very little, to be sure, but it is
really something valuable in the way
of keeping track of chronology, pro
viding you know how to use it. Find
ing the dominical letter will enable
one to tell what day of the week any
given date in the year is: and, further,
the dominical letter being known for
any one year, can be found for any
other by simply remombering that an
ordinary year has fifty-two weeks and
one day; a leap year fifty-two weeks
and two days.
I The rule is that the letter which falls
against the first Sunday in January
falls against every Sunday in that year,
unless it be a leap year, in which case
there are always two doininical let
ters. The whole problem reverts to a
simple calculation in arithnetlc. To
the number of the year add one-quar
ter of itself (negleotinig fractions) and
divide the same by seven, then, for the
nineteenth century, subtract the ro
mainder from eight, or if it i, 0, from
one, and the now remainder will Indi
cate the placa of the dominical letter
in the alphabet.
For the eighteenth century subtract
from seven; for the ,eventeenth, and
on back to 1582, th - year the Gregorian
ealendar was adopted, subtract from
six, or if the remainder be six, from
thirteen. For dates previous to 1582
subtract from three, or if the remain
der be three, from ten. But the do
ninical letter thus obtained for a leap
yeat belongs only to the time follow
lng February 29, and for the previous
two months it will be for the succeed
ing lotter in tie alphabet. This new
remainder is also the date of the first
Sunday in January for that year.
The same (late in February will fall
on Wednesday; in March on Wednes
dayl in April on Saturday, etc.; a's may
be scen from the fact that the first
days of the twelve muon ths have an
nexed to .them In the calendar the in
itials of the words: "At Dover dwells
George Brown, Esquire, Good Chris
topher Finch and David Friar."
Take this as a sample example; The
day of the week upon which New York
was incorporated, June 12. 10(15, is thus
found: 1605 added to 410, one-quarter
of itself, divided by seven, eqlwls 297,
with a remnindor of two; and it being
in the seventeenth century, six minus
two equals four, which shows that the
dominical letter for that year was the
fourth in the alphabet, or ). Then, as
June bogins with 1, J-une 1, 16435, was
Monday, and June 12 was a Friday.
A DASHING COUNTESS.
She Jumps Iler Horn Over a Dinin g
A late sensation in Paris was the re
sult of a novel bot made between two
leading lights-of the fashionable jockey
club n that city. It came about in this
way. 'During a dinner given in honor
of the winner of the grand autumn
races, the guests began to toll stories
of flue horsemanship. An elderly of
ficer present said that he thought the
young mesm of the generation did not
ride so well as they did in the good old
days. This lod to an animated dispute,
which ended by M~ax Lebaudy oil'ering
to bet that lhe kcnew a lady rider that
could do anything with a horse that
any man of this or any othe~r genera
tion had done.
The old officer accepted soo bet, stip
ulating that the lady should ride her
horse into the banquet hall, anid take a
flying leap over the table without dis
turbing or touching the wvine bottles,
flowcrs or any thing else on the table.
Nobody dreamed that the bet wvould
It was done, howvever, and next even
ing, wvh'n the sameo party waus gathered
around the festive boar-d, tihe event
took place. The world famous eques
trienne,Camilla von Wahlburg,miounated
on her favorite full-blooded Arabian
horse, and attired in thme reguar- rid
ing habit, suddenly appeared in: the
door of the dining-room. With a cheery
"Good evening, gentlemen," she gave
the spur to her animal, and, before the
thoroughly surprised and amazed dlin
ers had time to collect their thoughts,
she had been carried over the talo
in the most graceful and approved
fashion by her spirited horse. Not
even the filled wvine glasses were jarred,
and Max won his bet, and the crowd
did homage to and toastedl the dashing
ONLY A DIME.
One Calculamtor's Mist ako of Ten (Conts
Created a Peck of Troulio.
Once in a great whilie one of the
thirty odd banik clerks who are daily
delegated to rendler inlto thme P'rovi
dence caring humt the accunmts of
their respe.ct ive bankdC: maktes am error
in his '"flygers." Usu.maily thme session is
over in twenity aminumtes, but one day
recently it required anm extra hour for
thme finding of a 10-cent mnistahce in $1,-,
152,100, says time P'rovidenice Jouirnal.
As there is a money fine, which gath
ers double coimpoundi( comnmiuted in
terest, so to speatk, ats the mlinuites narc
piled ump by thle clockc, eacih young geni
tiemnan of the thirty odd ini oni pins anid
needles until time fellow who 1,; to
blame is discovered.
At nooni time clearing house tele
phone, which is that, of the Rioger
Williams bankc, began to ring, and
from that time unmtil thme session was
concluded biank after bank called up
to kcnow if its emissary had gone to
Canada and hmhd left everything but a
balance against the bankc. Officials
and clerks, who go to dinner ini rota
tion, stood with wates in hand and
saw their ears go by and felt an in
creasing and aching void at the "belt."
A bout 12:45 o'clock the $1,152,100 had
been squmared up to a cent and the 10
cent fellow who had shaken the bank
ing community to the pit of its stom
aech was laden with a crop of flnes as
thick as flies at the bunghole of a mo
THE END OF BOOKS.
Limainess of the Alaterials Now Used s
It has been pointed out by M. Delisle,
brarlan of the Biblotheque Nationale,
Lat paper Is now made of such inferior
aterials that it will soon rot, and
ry few of the books now published
mvo the chance of a long life. The
oks of the present day will all have
lion to pieces before the middle of
ixt contu'y. The gefnuine linen tag
per was really calculated to last,
d even the oldest books printed on it,
kept with duo care, show very little
the efect of time; but the woe
p paper now largely used, in t
Sing of which powerful acids hav6
3n employed, is so flimsy that the
y ink corrodes it, and tino alone,
bh the most careful handling, will
ng on rapid decay.
'erhaps, says All the Year Round,
rn one point of view this is not alto
her an unalloyed misfortune. Only
mants of present day literature
I survive for the Information of
ro generations, afid great national
ootions, such as that in the British
;eum library, formed at great ex
so, and intended to be complete and
nanout, will offer to the literary
ortn of, say, the twenty-first
tury, but a heterogeneous mass of
bish, physical laws thus consigning
)blivion a literature of which but a
to is intellectually worthy to sur
'he papermntIcer this unwittingly as
Ics the function of the great liter
censor of the age. ills criticism is
nly destructive, and it is too severe.
1hout tho power of selective appre
ion, he condenins to destruction
,d and bad alike.
HEAT AND LIGHT.
ke Curlous Fncts Regarding Their Re
lations to Each Other.
'he rays of heat and light are quite
opendent of each other in their abil
to penetrate different substances.
illustration, glass allows the sun's
t to pass through as readily as it
a the rays of light, and that with
heating the glitss, too. If the glass
mated with limphltcc, however, the
R of light are tirrested, but the heat
sea through as before, not a singi1
'reo's diTerenceo in the latter phe
aenoi being noticeable. Then,
iu, both heat and light pass through
ter providing it is clear. One of the
litles in Ihis connection is this: Al
ugh the ieat and light pass through
tcr in its normal state, the addition
a little powderod alum (which read
dissolves without leaving the least
rkiness) will arrest the rays of heat
meh an extent as to almost immedi
ly raise the tomperature of the wa
to ia pereeptible degree, yet the
it continues to pass through as be
ae, like glass, also transmits both
it and light. Dr. Sutherland, in
bservations Upon the Iee.bez.of
iMn's ilay," says: "* -A * Several
!ces of granite were found deeply im
(Ided in ice, without any communi
tions with outsido air. These were
rrounded with% what nightbe termed
atmosphero of water." The ex pla
tion of suci an oddity is this: The
rit passing t brongh the Jeo has been
sorbed by I ho stones until their tem
atire has been raised to a degree
hleleit to molt the ice around them.
IERFUME FROM POTATOES.
the Kind P'euliar to the liashery
here is one odorous essence in very
amen use, saidl an Indianapolis phy
an recently, of which the maj ority
people knowv nothing whatever.
is is potato ether, distilled from po.
> spirit. No one would supposo
t humble vegetable capable of
[ding a perfume. Yet it does yield
ce, and very good ones they are.
3y go by the names of pear, apple
i grape oil, fr'omi a renomiiblancO e.o
een their odors and theso fruits.
ifectioners use themi lirgely to por
no their fincst ezmndies. Chemistry
is somne queer stories about per
nies. It is found tha~ t the sole eon
,uonts of juniper oil, the otto of
emary atnd that of lemons and tur
tine are really the same, seven parta
bon,, with ouie of hyorogen. W0
not combine these substaucos so as
ormv any one of the perfumes men
ied, nor explain why, with the same
stituent parts, they' exhale odors so
erecn I. 10au dto cologne, which iyoni
to anid wealth for not only a family,
at city, is really indebted to the
nge for mo1(st of its charm, thero be
fouri di i~ereint pe rfumes distilled
n it wvhichi are used as ingredients
tnu do cologne.
SIZING UP A SENATOR.
a Not how Much lHe Knows, hut Hlow
Much lie Has Got, That Counts.
Onco upon a timec," remarked a
ry-telling congressman, "I hap
imed to 1)0 doing somie campaign
aking with the senator of my state,
I one of our engagements was at a
ill town consideraly off the main
hway and att a place where I thoughit
'nited States senatfor would be a nine
's' wonder, ntot to say4"-anything
mut what a pla in muemuber of congress
fht be. We were objects of more or
remark, I am free to confess, and I'
feeling ratheor proud of the combi
lon until I happened to overheat- a
versation. Ididn't intend to listen,
it happened that several womien
a had conmo to hear the epomnking
bin the hall right in front of thy door,
of eout'se the speakecrfo the ay
'0 the topic of conversation;
'Wichi one's ,theogenator?' asked
'That un that's got the whiskers,'
'llo don't look like lie knowed .any
re than t'other,' was the next comn
'I reckon lie don't,' said the third;
neither one don't seem (o have'any
~are i case they had to shueer it.'
H owcos he git to bo senatoi' et
don't know no more'nt the eo'igress
n?' asked tix) third.
"Jinhi' sniff'ed the other, 'tan't what j
enator knows that makes him a Ben
r, it's what he's got,' and then I
ade a noise to let them know that
sy must not be giving away state
3rets, and the wvay they wvent downr
a hall was a caution."
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