Newspaper Page Text
E EOPLE'S OURNA
Vol. 5. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 21
"Wihatmakes ye thtk so?" And Rati
gan changed hfs PosftiOn in his saddle
"Waal, w e uns mot her"
41 "Oh, Jakoy, please don't say WO uns,"
"Waial, whon wo not her outen th'
reaoh 0' you uns (Souri gavo a despair
Ing look, but said nothing) she talked
peart nuff, 'n she knowed me, too, but
when she passed mo on th' road t'other
day no'th o' th' Union army sho only
stared at me through her goggle eyes
'In didn't say nothin nohow. "
"And what do ye suppose that was
"Rookon she war in a hurry 'bout
Jonmep'n 'In didn't want ter stop 'n talk
"Did you speak to her?"
"I asked her of I o'd give her love ter
Rate when I sor him."
..orporal Ratigan's Irish good nature
triumphed over his desire to reach down
and give the boy a cuff. Jakoy's coun
tenance was solemn, as usual, and did
not break into a smile in response to
the corporal's emrbarrassed laugh. Ho
opened the gate, and Ratigan rodo
into the yard, followed by his troopers.
They refreshed themselves from a gourd
which hung in the wollbouso; thon, fill
ing their canteens, they rode away.
But Souri and Jakoy wore destined
soon to meet one who was of far more
consequence to both than Corporal Rati
gan. The next morning while Souri
was setting the houso to rights she heard
tho beating of innumerable horses'
hoofs. Going to the window and look
ing up the road, which Rtretched north
ward for a long distance, in full view
sle saw a oolumn of cavalry approach
Before the hond of the column had
reached the house the wholo Slack fam
ily were standing in the yard gaping.
Two regiments passed, though each
soomed like an army, for cavalry occu
pies three or four times the space of in
fantry. Between the second and third
regiments was a gap of a few hundred
yards. In this rode an officer especially
noticeable for his youth and manly bonu
ty, attended by his staff and escort. On
approaching the Slack cabin he motion
ed to these to go on, and wheeling his
horso from the road unattended rodo up
to the party of lookers on. Jakey, who
was standinL on the fence, gavo a
spring and was caught in his arms.
"Aha, littlo brother, wo moet again.
But there wero others to engago the
speaker's attention. Dropping the boy
to tho ground, ho dismounted and was
soon warmly shaking all by the hand.
"Yer Mark Malono, I reckon, " said
Farmer Slack, ''though y' don't look
muoh like the common sojer ez kom
'long hyar a year ago 'n changed yer
uniform fo' our Henory's store clothes. "
"Not Mark Malone-that was a fie
titious name-but Mark Maynard. No.
I'm not a private any longer-. I com
mand this brigade. And it's a splendid
body of men. I'm proud of it."
When Colonel Maynard camuo to sa
lute Souri, there was an unspeakable
interest, sympathy, even tenderness, in
her expressive eyes.
"Why, Souri, ybu're a woman. How
you have impr-oved!"
- A slight flush on her cheek showed
the pleasure the words gave her-.
"Haint't I improv1-eed?'' asked Jakey.
''Improvecd? Certainly3. Ihnve you con.
quiered your 0o(d habit of answering pee
plo with (au'-'t~in'"
"'Did I lick ,Johnny? Oh, yes," 'sud1
donly recolkcet ing hims;elf. "'I purty
nigh got over thet."
"So I perceive,"' said t ho colonel,
smilIing. "You'rtO a perfect paragon at
"Won't yer- come in 'n set down?'"
asked Mrs. Slack.
"Ndt now. I am going to meet my
wife, whomi I have not soon for nearly
a year. I expect to find her at her moth
er's plantation ntear Chattanooga. You
romenmber how she hid me when my
* neck wvas in a halter en that very plant
tation; how I camne north in disguise
* with her; how I came hero one night,
where I had left muy horse and uniform,
and (lashed away to the Union lines;
how she followed nme, anid we were
married by a chaplain. Well, I've nov
-.or soon her- since a week after our mar
iago. Old1 Pap is famous for not allow
lng wVomenu in camp, and lho muade no
exception in Mrs. Maynard's case ex
cept for one week's honoym-nooni in rec
ognition of service rendered the cause.''
"'And yer wife's gone back enter the
plantation?" said Mrs. Slack.
"'She has. You see, in June a reoruit
entered our family quarters in the eh ape
of a ton pounder boy. Before that hap
- poned Mrs. Maynard went through the
lines to join her mother, Mrs. Fain. As
the youngster Is not old enough to re
p orf to his father since his imlistmont,
-I suppose his father will have to report
"I reeken Mrs. Maynard'll bo tighut
glad yto see you," remarked Souri fool
"I shall certainly be right glad to see
S her. And that must aceount for my
$leaving you so soon. I ewe you all a
great deal In this household, and now
jthat our forces occupy the counitry, If
you require anything, lot me know it.
~ hat can I do for you?"
There was silence for a few me
Uents,which was broken by Mrs. Blaek.
"Waal, now, colonel, d'yo knewv I
bain't had a cup o' coffee fo' nigh enter
'You shall have some as soot' as I
Qain reach my commissary. Anything
S ouri frowned oven at the request of
n. mother, n no ne nam d any other
1e94 BY AMERICAN OAES$ ASSQCiA~tj0t.
"Jakey " said the colonel, "you I
haven't forkutton how, when I went
through hero a year ago, I asked you to
go with me on my way to Chattanooga I
to got information of the movements of
the Confederate army?"
"Hov I forgot when I war yer aid-or- j
eamp? Oh, no, no, I hain't forgot." I
"Well, I hadn't much inducement to I
offer you then unless the sharing of a
"I thank you cvryt much."
prison may be called an inducement.
Now, if you will go along, I'll promise 1
you the best that Mrs. Maynard can pro- I
vide at the plantation. Will you go?"
"Will I? Courso I will. Paw, can I
"Sartin, boy, " and the farmor turned
and wont to the barn.
"Won't you need a-a luncheon?"
asked Souri, whose hesitation was an
effort to avoid the word "snack, " the
only namo she had known for a cold
bite before she went north to sohool.
"Oh, no," said the colonel. "Wo
shall rido directly to the plantation.
We'll get plenty to eat when we arrive. "
Meanwhile Jakey had followed his
father to the barn. Mrs. Black stopped
into the house to make up a bundle for
the boy. Maynard and Souri sauntered
aimlessly in tho yard. Presently they
found themselves at the wollhouso. Sou
ri leaned over it and looked down into
the well. There was something she
wanted to say, but found it difficult.
"I thank you very much for what
you've done for me, " sho said.
"Why, Souri, what haivo I done for
you compared with what you did for
"Didn't you find me a 'poor white'
girl a year ago, and haven't you sent
me to school, with Jakey, and helped
me to look into a world that would have
been always closed to me except for
"And wouldn't my world have boon
entirely closedl to me except for you?"
Souri was silent.
"Souri, when you speak to me of ob
ligation you remind me how deeply I
am obliged to you. When I was imipris
cned at Chattanooga, charged with be
ing a spy, tried, convicted and about to
be hanged, you came and effected my
escape. Why, child, wocre It not for you
umy bones would this minute be molder
ing in the jailyard at Chattanooga."
"But Mrs. Maynard, sh"
Souri paused. She was bending low
over the side of the wellhouse, her face
in~ the palms of her hands, her elbows
resting on the board beside the bucket.
andl lookinig down na though seeking for
something ini the dark disk bolowv.
"She completed what you began, " thi
colonel finished for her.
"'It was imoro for her to do. 'Twasn't
noth-anythIiing for mo. You uns-you
was Union, andl so was I. She was Con.
Thore was a depth of feeling in Souri
which throw her off her guard and made
it dificoult for her to adhere to her train.
ing in expressing herself.
"Souri, I am indebted to two lovely
women for every breath I draw. You
opened my prison doors. She wvho is my
wvifo concealed me when I was hunted
for my life. Let us talk no more about
it. The very mention of the narrowness
of my escape gives me a choking sen
sation aibout tihe neck."
Jakoy camne trotting out of the barn
on Tom, the rim of his felt hat flapping
up and downx at each step.
The farmer followed, and Mrs. Slack
onme out with Jakey's, bundle. Then
with a handshaking all aroundl, hnd a
"G*od bless you, my little girl," from
Maynard to Souri, the two started on
their way, not on foot, as on their for.
mor journey, but each with a good
JAXIEY ENThn8 THlE ARMY.
The two wayfarcirs started in the di
reotion the cavalry had taken, but after
going a short distance Colonel Maynard
reined In his horse.
"Stop a bit, Madgo," ho said. "I
want to consult my staff as to the
route." Then to his attendant, "Jakoy,
I think I know a shorter route than
"So do I."
"The one you and I took when we
went to Ohttnog before."
"Ter bring baok information, " added
"Wo'll take it again, It's off the
main road, and we'll be less liable to be
murdered for our boots."
"Reckon," said Jakey, wrinkling his
brow and drawing down the cor1nerg of
his mouth with an intensely delibera
tive expression, as though, the problem
having been submitted to him, it be
hoovoed hin to considrm. arof.u-~
They rodo back past the hohse, ant
keoping on for about a mile turned into
% byway. This they followed till they
coachod the Chattanooga road.
Colonel Maynard was in the most ex
iborant spirits. He had turned over tho
iommand of his brigado for a day or
,wo to the colonel noxt in rank to him
lolf and was on his way to join his
roung wife, from whom he had parted
k week after his marriago. The two act
3d on his spirits like champagno. Ho
aughed without having anything to
augh at; he bantered Jakey; he talked
ovingly to his favorite horse, Madge.
n. short, Colonel Maynard appoared
ust what he was in years, little more
han a boy.
His services as a scout had attracted
he attention of the army and had led
ho general for whomi he scouted to ad
rance him. Ho had stepped from the
anks to a high position on the staff,
md soon after a cavalry regiment being
adly inl need of a lieutenant colonel,
ho colonel being inofilcient and some
unior officer being needed to practical
y command, Maynard was placed in
4ho position. When the colonel of the
egiment was got rid of, Maynard
vas mado colonel. Soon after his com
nand was attached to a brigade where
ii ho found himself the ranking rogi
nontal commander. This gave him the
bommand of the brigade.
He entered upon his duties with mis
livings. Ho know he was well fitted for
:he duties of a scout, but doubted if he
,ould command the respect of 8,000
nen. Besides he know there lurkod
vithin him a spirit of antagonism to
onveitionial methods; he foared im
?ulses that might wreck not only himi
ielf, but his brigade-porhaps a whole
irmy. True, there was often a kind of
legitimato nobility about. thoso im
pulses, but it did not render them any
bhe loss dangerous.
On hearing the news of his appoint
ment to the command of a brigade ho
zounted his horse and dashed over to
;ho headquarters of the general to whom
io owed nearly all his advancement,
ivith a view to protesting. On arriving
ihoro ho stammered out reasons which
mad no coherence and was dismissed by
ho general with the remark that he
vas suffering from an attack of ill tim
d modesty, the general adding, "You
ire a born soldier, Colonel Maynard,
mud if the war lasts long enough to Sive
rou an opportunity you will reach a
nuch higher command than that of a
Once on the road he and Jakey had
passed before on their journey together
to Chattanooga, Maynard took infinite
[1olight in talking over their "cam
paign, " as he called the mission they
had pursued. Jakey becamo more puff
od up with pride at having been with
Aho colonel oi that occasion than hav
ing ridden with him into Tullahoma.
Others had been on his staff on the lat
bor occasion, but ho, Jako Slack, alone,
had been his boon companion, his con
fldential friend, on his mission to Chat
.auooga.. When Jakey considered this
louble honor, he felt that ho must ocr
bainly have been born in uniform and
leprivod of it by some malignant fairy
oon after coming into the world.
The Chattanooga road was by no
means deserted. Wagons under guard,
-ouriors, staff officers followed by or
lorlics, citizens, negroes, indeed all
manner of people and vehicles passing
between the different corps of the Army
)f the Cumberland, met them or were
passed by them on the way.
" Jakey, " said the colonel, "I remenm
bor overy moment of the time when I
ame along this road on my way back
I'rom Chattanooga. .I was traveling, as
bho dignitaries say, inco."
"Yor mean by thot of they'd a know
id what a 'portant person y' war they'd
i showed ther rospoc' by hangin y'.''
"Exactly. They would have put sev
rir feet between mino and the waving
ummuor grass below. You have a for
,ible way of expressing yourself, but
ionsidering that I'm the subject of your
-omarks my throat feels clearer at my
)wni more delicate drawing of the pie
"'Rockon,"' said Jokey, with proper
;oloini ty, remnenbering that the top~io
Nas likely to wound the colonel's fool
"On that occasion, Ja~key, I did( not
m~eet eveni a mule without my heart
jump~ing up into my throat."'
"A rope harness must a skeored y'
auton yor skin.''
"'Especially when I noticed the knots
in it. But seriously, Jakey, that experi
moo has filled mo1 with a p~eculia~r dre~ad.
b~ow, suppose some day a Confederato
ipy should fall into my h~ands."
"Reckon yor'd hey lots o' fun hang;
"You're far out of the way thiere, miy
ittlo Solomon. I fear it would be abso
utely impossible for me to do such a
luty if required of mn."
"'Yer needn't take him, in tihe first
"'It might be my duty to do so.''
"Y' mnought do like Tom. Tom, ho
:an't never see me when I want ter
Irivo 'im outen pastur. Hoe can see well
imff when I get a ear o' corn fo' 'im,
"A good idea, Jakey. With that sub.
10 sophistry of yours you could reason
Methodist minister into dancing a
iornp~ipe, but I fear it's hardly sound
mnough to enable one so used to dceiv
ng others as 1 was when a scout to do.
~oive himself. I should do my best,
hould I take a spy, to turn him ever."
"S'posiin 'twar a woman?"
"Oh, Lord, Jakey, don't suppose any
much thing. I'd have to do my duty in
that ease just the same as if she were
a man. What kind of a looking 'go.
cart' is that comning down the road?''
A horse was visible in the distance,
its long nieck stretched out in front of
its body, coming toward them at a rapid
gait. The rattling of a buggy which it
dragged remindecd the colonel of tihe
band of a noewly recruited regiment.
Within sat a woman in a striped dress,
sunbonnet and glasses. In short, Jakey
Slack at once recognized his old friend,
"Hlowdy, Miss Bagga, " ho said as
she drove by.
Misa Baggs was the sphinx she had
been to Jakey when lie met her near
't'ullahna. She levnine1 her suotuclo
af lim,'but had no recognition what
ever for him.
"Who's your friend?" askod May. A IF
nard as the buggy rattled away.
"Thot's Miss Baggs," said Jakey. is
"And vio's Miss Baggs?"
Jakoy pausod a long while before ro- non(
plying. T::ero was a problem in his the
mind su cTd by the meeting of Miss wor
Baggs Ho sou:i after his conversation pub
with the colonel about capturing a
woman spy, for Jakey had a suspioion bud
that Miss Daggs was in some way a
"Waal, " ho said at length, "I rook- thiin
on she's sweet on Rats." pect
"Jakey, " said the colonel, "there is
ocoasionally a lucidity about your ox- year
planations, a shining brightness, which the I
makos my eyes blink. But on the pros- 61
ent occasion I think there is dust in ure
them. Would you mind giving me a publ
pointer as to your meaning? By Rats the
do you moan rodents?" whol
"What's rodents?" asked Jakoy. closc
Meanwhile the rattling of Miss Baggs' gome
buggy was dying away In the distance. stori
"Real rats are rodents. " and
"Not them uns. Rats is a corporal in "1
Major Burke's critter company." pen
"The corporal's name is quite appro- ly v
priato to the one you have given his the
regiment. The woman in the buggy each
looks as if she'd make a fit vivandicro and
to a 'oritter company' and a fit sweet- ly c
heart for a corporal of the name of E'ver
Rats. " booli
Jakey mado no reply to this. He was to 9
evidently weighed down with some con- wha
coaled responsibility. The colonel tried "I
to draw him again into conversation, cash
but even "their campaigns" were not to PL
sufficient. At last the colonel, realizing. a for
that they were near their destination as f
and his young wife, became occupied clel
by his own thoughts. Suddenly ho I for y
caught sight of a large framo houso set; com-'
back from the road. He gazed upon it ; cust<
with a singular mingling of different: acco
feelings. In it ho had first mot his wife, e
in It she had concealed him from men our
and hounds, and there she was now, our
his wife and the mother of their babe.
He gave his horse the spurs. Jakey end- is
&enly drew rein. hav
"Colonoll" he called. the
"Miss Baggs." the
"Confound Miss Baggal What of of t
"Reckon thar's somep'n wrong 'bout
her. " De
"What do yon mean?"
"Mobbo she's a 'Fodorto spy.'
"You little imp, why didn't you tell er
me that before?" cried the colonel an- die
"'Waal, I hnin't sart'in 'bout it no
how, 'n I thought yer moughtn't like wu
fo' to hold ontor a woman.,, as
"Jakey, '' said the colonel impressive- ov
ly, "you have don very wrong. You he
should have told me of your suspicions an
at once. Remember I'm a colonel com- v
nanding a brigado In tho Union army. 1' rot
The colonel sat irresolute. What rov
should lie do? M'iss Baggs wis now ch
miles away. Jakey only suspectod hor. wa
His young wife, whom lie bad not soon Ins
for nearly a year, was within a stono's pe
throw of him. Suddenly he drovo the Sco
spurs again into his horse's flanks and the
rodo oi to the gateway of tile planta- bee
tion. There was no need to open the vli.
gate, for there was no gato to open. The In :
two rode on to the houso through an fast
avenuo of troes, and Colonel Maynard chi
dismounted bofore his horse reached the shoi
foot of the stops leadhing up on to the wl<
veranda. A young woman flow through the
the open front door wvith all the ipulso the
of a summer stornm. In a momenit~ she lati<
and Colonel Maynard were closely lock- nal
ed in each other's arms. Isla
Jakoy sat on old Tomi, viewing this ouIs
collision very miuch as lie wouldl watch ipo~
two tempest clouds meet In tile sky. was
"Reckon them uns hoez got It bad, " ho witi
remarked sotto voce and with a solem- b~ett
nity that was intended to be reverential. O
Colonel Maynard's brigade woent into to c:
camp oni the river bankc some five or six stee
miles from the plantation. Tile colonel wa
insisted on having Jakoy Slack withi tho
himi permanently and sent him home to ta
ask his father's permission, Jakey at it" y
the same time hearing an inivitationl to "
is sister to visit Mrs. Maynard, re-en- anui
forcod by a special request froma the
colonel that it bo accepted. Jakey sue
ceeded in obtaining the desired permis
sioni, and after mluch hesitation Sourin
decided to accept. Jakey entered the
armiy as a drummer boy, but wvas not s
onllod1 up~on to flourish tile sticks. Hi otvs
was at onco detailed for dluty at brigade catl
headquarters as clerk In the assistant it h
adjutanit general's department as a coni-pa
veniont way of making himn confidential crn
factotumn to thie colomnel commianding. wviI
Upon getting on the bluo anid brass had
of a Union soldier Jakoy was very no r
protud of himself, antd when placed in sess
closo conhIential relidiatisip wit hi th one0,(2
commiiandicer of at brigado hie neatrly burs~t wihd
with the emotions gonloratedl by the dig- m
"IRck1on~ them 1(s1 her glot It bad." gati
nity of his position. Hio wats of great in r
use to the colonel, w ho at on1ce appoinit- ui
edl him dispatch bo'uer betwoon himnself a mi
and Mrs. Maynard. The domiestlo near. the
noess of this office only rendered the boy I con
mere conisequontial. Hie snubbed not s
only the orderlies attached to the head- hag
qtuarters of the brigade, but would oc- conl
ca9ionially approach disrspout~ toward Pas
tire officers of the sta!?. As this~ was w
largely their fault, for they wore con- "eO
tinually trying to amuse themselves at Th
Jakey's expense, they bore it good na- a ni
"Why don't you carry that note like ""'
any ether messenger, " said an aid to an<1
iA~-. 'ca day. "In your balt.?,, cha
ICon1tintiedI Next Week. ci
VERIFIED IN SECRET.
ature of lusiness Forformed by Publio
Accountants After Dark.
many a business olliee there is
sacted a business at night of which
of the employes are aware. It is
auditing of books, a feature of
c performed by several well-known
course in the majority of such
s the partners in the concern have
some reason to slispect some of the
3 force of dishonest practices. At
s, however, one partner may sus
another, or some reason may arise
,e the firm desire to ascertain their
dling at an unusual time of the
, and without its being known to
L Is by no means an unusual feat
'Af my work," said a well known
Ic accoun tant, inl speaking aboit
matter recently. Ma iy a time
ai a large mercantile house has
d for the night and everybody has
hoic, mly men have entered the
, taken the books from the safe
worked over them until daybreak.
, such cases they never touch a
>r pencil to the books. They mere
-rify the figures 'and transcribe
atries on paper. The result of
man's work is kept by itself,
turned over to another person in
nice, who obtains the final results.
y care is taken in handling the
s and replacing them in the safe
ive no grouinds for sulspicion of
b is going on.
Io doubt many a bookckeeper and
ier in this city would be surprised
op into his office at night and find
cc of men working over the books,
amiliarly as lie and his fellow
:s have been doing in the day time
cars. Tie night. force speedily be
acquainted with the names of
miers and the pages of the ledger
ints, turning to them without ref
,e to the index, like old hands.
ometimes, of course, the fact of
.vorking at night over the books
r becomes known to the clerics. If
accounts are found straight there
occasion to let them know they
i been suspected. At other thnes
r discover that th'eir figures have
i overhauled, when econfroted with
unmistakable evidence in figures
heir false entries."-N. Y. Herald.
AYOR OF RING'S I&LI!O.
th of an Odd cImChraier N 1ho i.a
Well Known in Missour1.
neC Ring, lnownr for a quarter of a
tury as the mayor of Iing's island,
ai recently at his home inl the mriddlo
he river, south of St. Joseph, Mo.,
. the St. Louis 1ost-l)ispartel. lie
i the ruler of the settlement known
iling's Island, rind exercised control
!rf all the iniabitaunts. At one tIneC
owned a greater part, of the island
I only leased the houses, but he met
h reverses and lost all hit; property.
died in a wreteled hovel, sur
nded by every evidence of poverty.
ing was one of the most daring
raeters ever known in the west. 11e
ifi n expert siviinier, anld inl the
, tenm years hIts saved hundreds of
ple from drowninig in the river.
res of people who have juimipd from
bridge with ,uicidal intent, have
n1 dragg~red mit of tihe water by Ring,
>Se home wus inl sight of tie bridge.
is boat he carriefl a hook, which lie
CIed in the clothes of would-be sil
s, while lie towed themri to the
'e. This Iethod was eilployed
n lie reco'(ver'ed dead hod ies fror
river, andiu few of them floated by
island unseen lby fling. Th'le popiu-.
>n of the islanmd isi madiue uip of crimi
elasses of the lowest kcindu. Thre
ia is under tihe 'onutrol of the city,
is pattrolle'd by the police, but there
been tuies when it was dlanger
for ofileers of the law to venture
it except ini large nuimbers. Ring
not a c'riinah, but11 he associiated~
titem, anid 'ouild conrtrol them far
er thaen the pol ice.
re of Ring's miost daring feats was
imbs to the topi of the hi ighiest chrchel
ple in tihe c'ity anid hang head downi
I for an hour. lie frequently swam
river wuhen tihe streamr was so) high
no0 other simmrner would venture
it. Larst winter' lie went into thIe
rim when it wais full of floratinig ce
rescued aL German collha rraker who
lunger;d from thre bridlge to (lie.
r dragged the marn by the hair,
re'd the floating ice, rand landed him
ly a ile beclow the bridge. Tihe
Lrmrak~er killed hrinmsel f aL few darys
l by tarkiing poisonr. tinag wais ofI
I1 statire rand his hread was far' be
the med(hnin size.. H~e had( rio edui
>n and~ was niot a fluent talker, but
is been admiiitte'd fr *years that. hie
essedl a stranrge influence over the
inalrs and deajperate ebarractersi
wvhom lie came in contarct. Ring
never herid of hrypnrotismn, anid had
rarme for the peculiar power lie pos
d. A false chai'ge of larceny was
made ragainrst It ing by an oflicer
was probmaly env'ious of the little
's power to control the reekless
hai on the island, and Ihe was ari
ne(d before a man jeistrate. Scor'es of
r'eck less clh anter'is from the iland
oilier places; attendel(d the tr'ial,
had Ring rnot b~eeni vindrhiated there
Id doubtless have beolien bloodshed
VANS' ANSWER TO TURNEY.
oes Writtern E:xpmlanat oor I ho Charges
roughat ami Maikn Coun~terCharrges.
Asumvmor.rm, Tenn11., Febhsruar'y 12.- H.
WEvanis, tire repbl)U13ican claiimant of
gove''rorshi p hais filedo his answver
ao char'ges of governor Tlurney. It
pi'ise's specified r'epl ies to the alle
uris of thre contecstaint as to frauds
epullican counties and then sets
.t. gr'eat length char'gec of fraud ini
niber of other counties to wvhiich
contestee miade objection in joint
verntion. Evans begins by emupha
ig hris pr'otes5t againrst tire pr'oceed
on the ground that they are un-'
stitutional, insists that the law
ted bry the present legislature is r'e
Ltive arnd asser'ts that governor TIur
's chiar'ges ar'e gl ittering generailtics.
paper denies that Tu'rney received
ajority of votes. it asserts that the
Itax law in foi'ee in this state is
ornstitutional. Evians imakie specific
lengthy answers to Turney's
r'ges and then makes counter
r'ges riot less striking than thos<
Whtt They Did Last Year and the Penal
ties They raid.
According to the annual report of the
commissioner of police thp statistics
for the past year record 509 cases of
burglary in the metropolis, as com
pared with 037 in 1892. Notwithstand
Ing this marked decrease In the number
of these offenscs, the convictions ob
tained were 147, as against 1.15 in the
previous year. In three eases, says the
Westminster Budget, the crime was ac
companied by acts of violence against
the person. In eight cases only did the
value of the property stolen exceed
?100. The net total loss of property by
burglaries, estimated by the owners,
w s 43,210, as compared with ?4,915 in
The cases of housebreaking num
bered 1,343, being 23 more than In 1892.
In none of these was any act of violence
against the person reported. The net
total loss was X13,398, as compared with
?10,070 in the preceding year. In 70 of
these cases the criminals found no
property which they thought worth
carrying away. In 115 cases the prop
erty stolen was valued by the owners
at less than ?1, and in 41 cases only did
the loss exceed ?50.
The vast majority of these crimes are
committed to the prejudice of the poor
er classes of the metropolis, at whose
expense gangs of professional thieves
habitually maintain themselves in idle
ness by a life of crime. Convictions
were obtained in 100 cases, but in 21
casca only were sentences of penal
servitude awarded, and these, with
four exceptions, were for terms of from
three to five years; the exceptions were
one sentence of ten years, one of eight
years and two of six years.
The 147 convictions for burglary were
followed by sentences of penal servi
tide in only .7 eases, and of these
there were but six instances in which
the term awarded exceeded five years.
The maximum sentence of ten years
was imposed in three instances.
The Vengnance of Nature.
The Boston Transcript says that of
the one hundred and forty-six inhab
itants of the little town of Chilmark,
on the island of Martha's Vineyard,
thirty-six, or almost exactly one
(iarter, are congenitally deaf and
dumb. 'I'le town r-cords show that
two of the original settlera of the
place, away back in the seventeenth
century, were deaif mid dumb, and the
infirmity hIals thus been t rasmitted to
our own lday. ''his hereditary influ
(.11ce shows no 111Plan of uniformity ill
its workixns, deif and duimb parents
hmving children in Nill possession of all
theIrbenses1, and vice veraa. This pe
Vuhit- comunity, shut in from the
out.ide' worldI, is, however, alive to till
the 1oeial and political inilue-nces of
the time, anl (oC. not (ifier in great.
der'(e' from I he thtousam nli a r( one se
hm!,cdi villages whi-eh dot our New
Inii!lbrl hills aml slore Ile. It aiflrds,
however, ar.ple opportiy for le
int e iInvest . iat IonI of lo, t the so.
ei4ei.t the st .udont of evoluition
Sind i hysioge i h cred it.y.
THE KAISER SHOWED HIM HOW.
W1illIam P'Lays the Part. of a sniflor with
a Mug of Heer.
ll;viig gradually filled many roles,
1EmperorWilliam has now added another
to his reportofy.
Alluding to it as a "good-natured joke
at Kiel," the London Daily News Berlin
correspondent tells the story thus:
As Emperor William was stepping
on board his yacht the other day he
was met by a sailor natmed Joerg, who
had in is hmand a mung of beer which he
was carrying Into the oficeers' cabin.
The emperor was very nmuch amused
at thte discomfiture of the poor fellow,
who did not know at first what to do,
and who finally saluted the emperor,
holding the beer mug convulsively
against the seam of his breeches. The
enmperor' stepped up to the sailor afid
addressed him most amiably:
"See, Joerg, you ha-c done that very
stupidly, and I will show you how one
should behave in such a situation. Go
up and imagine that you are the em
peror, and I shall be the sailor, Joerg."
The poor fellow did not (dare remon
stra te. ie hiad to come on board by the
implerial gangway, and Emperor WVil
liami met him below in his new role of a
sailor, with a beer lmug.
When ho saw Jocrg, the emperor af
facted some embarrassment, but he
then set the glass to his lips, emptied
it completely, put it down on the ship's
ledige, and then miade his salute.
"D~o you see, Joerg? That is th~e way
it must be done. Now remember. And
now go below and tell them to give you
antothter glass of beer, and one for you,
too. If they question you, just tell
them that I said so and that they
should not be angry, for t.he beer was
beautifully fresh and tasted very good."
HEAT OF THE HAND.
An lnstrument Whieh Accurately Indi
cates Its Intensity.
An illustration of the marvelous ac
curacy characterizing tools or instru
ments of measurement now employed
as compared with those of former times
is given, namnely, that, whereas former
ly .001 inch marked on a drawing would
have been objected to on the ground
that it was difilcult or impossible to
wvorkc so closely to measures as that, at
thle present time .0005 inch is measured
in every fine workshop, and dimensions
given in hundredths or even thou
sandths of an inch frequently appear on
drawings without objection on the part
of the workcmen. The instruments of
measurement are now made with such
a degree of refined accu racy thlat even
the warmth of thte hand may expand a
rodl 12 inches long so that the amount|
of expansion can be measured. It has
thus become Important in fine meas
urements to be careful that the temper
atura of the piece to be measured or
gauged should have the same tempera
ture as that of thle instrument by which
the size is determined. Bly first hand
ling a rod of the length named and
measuring it, particularly If the rod be
of brass or copper, and then, after al
lowing the rod to cool, handling the
gauge until the latter expands, It is
found that a discrepancy of fi-om 0.002
inch to 0.01 inch may be sometimes
made apparent, duo entirely to differt
ancnn of temperatur.
Money Londors at the Capital
Who Blood tho Clerks.
improvldont and Extravagant Govern# i
ment Employee Who ilorrow at
Exorbitiantiltatos of Iu
The United States government, aa a
rule, pays higher salaries to its eni
ployes than private firms pay for the
same class of work. Despite this fact
there is probably no class of clerks so
continually "hard up" as these same
government employes, says the Phila
ielphia Press. This is true at least in
Washington, where the majority of the
einployes are protected in their posi
Lions by the civil service laws, and
where it would be supposed there would
be more opportunity for saving than in
positions less sure of tenure.
The average department cleric re
ceives what would be considered a very
snug salary in most any other city, es
pecially in cities where metropolitanI
prices for living do not prevail. It would
be safe to place the average salary re
ceived at one thousand dollars per an
num. It can be stated as a rule alimot
that these clerics are in debt from one
year's end to the other. They are in
debt to the butcher, the baker and the
grocery man, and their frequent
changes of residence are lime to ia habit
they have of neglecting to pay rent for
their houses. This sort of thing iskept
up until their debts are brouglt to the
attention of their superiors in office,
when the alternative is given of paying
off their indebtednessit in monthly in
stallmnents to be kept out of their
salaries or of leaving the government
The faculty of the government eleric
to get in debt has created a class of Shy
locks in the various departments in.
Washington the like of which would be
hard to find in any other city. They are
appropriately called "ten per centers."
They feed upon the unfortunate cleric
who is living beyond his or her salary
lice vultures upon the strikcken deer.
They have their spies out in every
direction, and learn of the financial con
dition of their intended victims in ways
no lionorable person would iadopt. To
a cleric in distress for ready money they
appear and offer the ea'sh to meet press
ing wants. The bait is too tempting,
and the victim borrows under the
agrecinent that it shall be paid back at
the end of the month at the exorbitant
rate of ten per cent. interest for the
thirty days. If not net at the end of
tile time stipulated the loan, or part of
it, is continued at the same rate for
anlother monith, anid oftenl tlimies within
a twelvemonith the poor clerc has paid
more than the original sin1 in interest
Eiticing circulars are sent to the
clerics by these "ten per cemnttrs." Sums
ranging from ten dollars to live hun
dred dollars are offered as loans mider
the "strictest secrecy." 'he security
asked is mneroly nominal. Furniture is
usually the security ucggested in the
circulars. These sharics well know
that the clerk's nominal note issufficient
to guarantee a payittent of the loan, as
the presentation of it to the chief of
olice usually results in arr'imigem nents
being made for the return of time money
out of the monthly salary of the victim.
The local newspapers are full of tile
advertisements of these "ten per cent
er's." T1heir alluring offers ar'e esre
cilly intended for tihat class of em
ployes wilo dlesire to cnt ai figure In
W ashinmgton society, bu~t, whlo need ready
cash at timecs to indlke their ambition.
For instance, a lady in one of the de
partments feels that iL will add very
matcrially to her standing in society if
she were to give a "pink tea" or' somne
function of that sort. Sihe must do so
at a certainl periodc of' t he ye'ai-during
the social seasonm. Shxe lhs exhtausted
her credit at the grocery anud thle con
fectionery,sno a lit te re m~ady money in
hand is an absolute necessity for' the
accomplishxment of her plans. The en
ticinig circular of the "'ten per' center"
is brought to her' notice, and1( she can
not resist theo templitation. The money
is borrowcd, the social function passes
off, and the pool' victim (indcs herself in
the clutches of a inoney shark, who
will keep her stinted fox' the necessities
of life until his ten pet' cen't. a month
interest and( principal is patid.
This Shtylock business wats begun
years ago, and to the discredit of the
government wams largely car'ried onx by
employes of tile dlepar'tmenxts wvho were
in position to kcnowv the wantis and
mecessities of their fellow-cleriks. So
opp~ressive did the system become that
rutles w~ere adopted forbliddintg employca
of thte departmenxts to loan money to
thim ir fellow-employes. These rules
have been observed so strictly that the
"ten per1 cent." business has been pretty
well driven from thte deplartmecnts. It
is now carried on, as hats beeni sug
gested ab)ove, by means of circulars
and advertisceents in the daily news
paper's, and tile average government
cleric finds it as difflenit to get out of
debt as formerly. The suecess thatt
has attended this systein of monley
lendling has at last aroused competition.
Tile chronlo desire of government
clerks to borrow money hlas stimulated
thxe organization of a company that now
proposes to cut rates withx the old-time
Shlylocks, and offers to loan money at
three per cent. per month. This means
a yearly rate of thirty-six per cent.,
but that is quite a reduction from one
hundred and twenty, which is now
Sampson Pope to Lece n Vashiot.
WASHINGTON, February 11. --Dr.
Sampson P'ope, late candidate for Gov
ernor, is arranging to deliver here on
Saturday, the 28th inst., a lecture on
south Carolina polities.
All South Carolina Vegetables Desmtroyem.
CHAnLRsTON, S. C., February 9.--The
thermometer mere reached twelve de
grees this morning, the lowest on
record for February. 1Everything lin
the way of vegetation is destroyed.
To IUomplete the Charleston iuIldint
WASMINGToN, February 1.-The see
rotary of the treasury recommends an
additional appropriation of $10,000 to
complete the Charlesto'n pubice bitild
inpg. The limit of cost of this buildln n
-wase UsanQo- /